|Original Title:||Couteau à parer|
|Volume and Page:||Vol. 4 (1754), p. 408|
|Translator:||Abigail Wendler Bainbridge [West Dean College, email@example.com]|
|Original Version (ARTFL):||Link|
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|Citation (MLA):||"Paring knife." The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert Collaborative Translation Project. Translated by Abigail Wendler Bainbridge. Ann Arbor: Michigan Publishing, University of Michigan Library, 2011. Web. [fill in today's date in the form 18 Apr. 2009 and remove square brackets]. <http://hdl.handle.net/2027/spo.did2222.0002.653>. Trans. of "Couteau à parer," Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers, vol. 4. Paris, 1754.|
|Citation (Chicago):||"Paring knife." The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert Collaborative Translation Project. Translated by Abigail Wendler Bainbridge. Ann Arbor: Michigan Publishing, University of Michigan Library, 2011. http://hdl.handle.net/2027/spo.did2222.0002.653 (accessed [fill in today's date in the form April 18, 2009 and remove square brackets]). Originally published as "Couteau à parer," Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers, 4:408 (Paris, 1754).|
A paring knife is a tool which the Bookbinders use to thin the edges of the cover  that they prepared to cover a volume, so that it will glue better to the board, and the thickness of the skin isn’t an obstacle to the neatness of the work; see Covering. This knife is a large piece of steel, very thin at the cutting edge, and the other side inserted in a piece of wood that serves as the handle. Plate I of Bookbinding, fig. Q. 
When the leather is thick, one also pares the place of the spine; it is necessary to take this step for morocco.
1. The author(s) consistently use couverture, or covering, to refer specifically to leather of one sort or another; remember cloth bindings were yet to come, and paper bindings used in France only for very small, inexpensive volumes (see Brocher, Volume 2, page 431); for what would be considered a proper binding the covering at this time would almost always be leather, or sometimes parchment.