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Title: Art of the cabinet maker
Original Title: Menuisier en meubles
Volume and Page: Plates vol. 7 (1769)
Author: Unknown
Translator: Ann-Marie Thornton [Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey]
Original Version (ARTFL): Link
Source: Russell, Terence M. and Ann-Marie Ashworth. Architecture in the Encyclopédie of Diderot and D'Alembert : the letterpress articles and selected engravings. Scolar Press, 1993. Used with permission.
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URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2027/spo.did2222.0001.572
Citation (MLA): "Art of the cabinet maker." The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert Collaborative Translation Project. Translated by Ann-Marie Thornton. Ann Arbor: Michigan Publishing, University of Michigan Library, 2010. Web. [fill in today's date in the form 18 Apr. 2009 and remove square brackets]. <http://hdl.handle.net/2027/spo.did2222.0001.572>. Trans. of "Menuisier en meubles," Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers, vol. 7 (plates). Paris, 1769.
Citation (Chicago): "Art of the cabinet maker." The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert Collaborative Translation Project. Translated by Ann-Marie Thornton. Ann Arbor: Michigan Publishing, University of Michigan Library, 2010. http://hdl.handle.net/2027/spo.did2222.0001.572 (accessed [fill in today's date in the form April 18, 2009 and remove square brackets]). Originally published as "Menuisier en meubles," Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers, vol. 7 (plates) (Paris, 1769).

Containing Twenty Plates.

Plate I: Art of the Cabinet Maker, Seats

Figure 1. Footstool [frame] ready to be furnished by the upholsterer. A, A, the feet [legs]. B, B, the cross-rails.

Figure 2. 3. 4. and 5. Feet of the footstool. A, A, etc. their heads [stub-tenon joints]. B, B, etc. their feet.

Figure 6. 7. 8. and 9. Cross-rails of the footstool. A, A, etc., the tenons.

Figure 10. Plan of footstool. A, A, etc., the feet. B, B, etc., the cross-rails.

Figure 11. Section of beech wood, [the] wood usually used for these types of products, on which the pieces of the footstool are traced in order to be cut: A, A, the cross-rails. B, B, the feet.


Plate II: Art of the Cabinet Maker, Seats and Benches. [Conversion of timber sections from a beechwood plank, together with assembly details.]


Plate III: Art of the Cabinet Maker, Seats. [Constructional and decorative details of different types of ornamental legs.]


Plate IV: Art of the Cabinet Maker, Chairs. [Chair construction.]


Plate V: Art of the Cabinet Maker, Armchairs


Figure 1. Plan of a chair seat, which shows the first operation of the cane-worker, when he places the cane.

Figure 2. 3. and 4. Second, third, and fourth operations of cane-worker.

Figure 5. The first operation of the cane-worker in greater detail.

Figure 6. 7. and 8. Second, third, fourth and last operations.

Figure 9. Fauteuil à la reine. A, A, the back uprights. B, the top cross-rail of the chair back. C the bottom cross-rail of the chair back. D, D, the armchair arms. E, E, the consoles. F, the back cross-rail of the seat. G, the front cross-rails of the seat. I, I, the front legs. K, K, the back legs.

Figure 10. and 11. [Details of the] consoles of the arm rests of the armchairs. A, A, etc., the tenons.

Figure 12. 13. and 14. King-pins [fixing dowels].

Figure 15. and 16. Back uprights of the Fauteuil à la reine. [Shown as a partially jointed assembly.] A, A, the uprights. B, B, the legs.

Figure 17. Top cross-rail of the chair back. A, A, the tenons.

Figure 18. Bottom cross-rail of the chair back. A, A, the tenons.

Figure 19. Back cross-rail of the seat. A, A, the tenons.

Figure 20. Front cross-rail of the seat. A, A, the tenons.

Figure 21. and 22. Side cross-rails of the deat. A, A, the tenons.

Figure 23. and 24. Arm rests of the armchair. A, A, the tenons.

Figure 25. Small armchair. A, A, the back uprights. B, the top cross-rail of the chair back. C, the bottom cross-rail of the chair back. D, D, the arm rests of the armchair. E, E, the consoles. F, the back cross-rails of the seat. G, the front cross-rail of the seat. H, H, the side cross-rails of the seat. I, I, the front legs. K, K, the back legs.

Figure 26. and 27. Consoles of the arm rests of the armchair. A, A, etc., the tenons.

Figure 28. and 29. Back uprights. [Show as a partially jointed assembly.] A, A, the uprights. B, B, the legs.

Figure 30. and 31. Legs of the armchair. A, A, the mortices.

Figure 32. Arm rests of the armchair. A, the tenon.

Figure 33. Front cross-rail of the armchair. A, A, the tenons.

Figure 34. Top cross-rail of the chair back. A, A, the tenons.

Figure 35. Bottom cross-rail of the chair back. A, A, the tenons.

Figure 36. One of the side cross-rails of the armchair seat. A, A, the tenons.

Figure 37. Back ross-rail of the armchair seat. A, A, the tenons.

Plate VI: Art of the Cabinet Maker, Armchairs and easy chairs


Plate VII: Art of the Cabinet Maker, Easy chair and smal couch.


Plate VIII: Art of the Cabinet Maker, Couch


Plate IX: Art of the Cabinet Maker, Sofa


Figure 1. Sofa or lounge chair. A, A, the legs. B, the [ornate] cross-rail of the chair back. C, C, the arm rests. D, D, the consoles of the arm rests. E, the back cross-rail of the seat. H, H, the supports of the chair back. I, I, the cross-pieces [of the seat frame].

Figure 2. and 3. Angle-posts of the legs [assembled to the consoles]. A, A, the legs. B, B, the consoles.

Figure 4. and 5. Pegs [dowels].

Figure 6. and 7. Front and back legs. A, A, the tenons..

Figure 8. 9. and 10. Supports of the seat back. A, A, the tenons.

Figure 11. Centre leg. A, A, the mortices.

Figure 12. [Ornate] cross-rail of the seat back. A, A, the tenons.

Figure 13. Centre leg seen from the other side. A, A, the mortices.

Figure 14. Back half of the armrest. A, the scroll. B, the mortice.

Figure 15. Cross-rail of the seat back. A, A, the tenons.

Figure 16. Cross-rail of the seat front. A, A, the tenons.

Figure 17. 18. 19. and 20. Cross-rails of the seat back. A, A, etc., the tenons.

Figure 21. The other back half of the armrest. A, the scroll. B, the mortice.

Figure 22. and 23. The two other front parts of the armrest. A, A, the scrolls. B, B, the tenons.

Figure 24. Cross-pieces. A, A, the dove tails.

Figure 25. Section [of timber] on which the cross-rail of the seat front is traced in order to be shaped.

Figure 26. The same[cross-rail] after being shaped.

Figure 27. The same view [incorprorating] the tenons. A, A, the tenons.

Figure 28. The same [cross-rail] viewed from the other side. A, A, the tenons. B, the mortice for the foot.

Figure 29. The same [cross-rail] with ornate decoration.

Figure 30. The same view from the inside.

Figure 31. Section [of timber] on which the top cross-rail of the seat back is traced in order to be shaped.

Figure 32. The same [cross-rail] cut and shaped for thickness.

Figure 33. The same [cross-rail] cut and shaped for thickness.

Figure 34. The same [cross-rail] finished. A, A, the tenons.

Plate X: Art of the Cabinet Maker, Duchesse [day-bed or reclining sofa].


Plate XI: Furniture Carpenter Veilleuse [day-bed or reclining sofa].


Plate XII: Art of the Cabinet Maker, Day-bed or reclining sofa [with a circular frame].


Plate XIII: Art of the Cabinet Maker, Sideboard [with cabinet].


Plate XIV: Art of the Cabinet Maker, Wardrobe.


Figure 1. Wardrobe. A, A, the angle-posts [incorprorating] the feet. B, B, the doors. C, the side panel. D, D, etc., the cross-rails [to the carcase]. E, E, the cornice.

Figure 2. and 3. Angle-posts of the wardrobe. A, A, etc., the mortices. B, B, the mouldings [and rebates].

Figure 4. Wardrobe door. A, upright [stile] to single leaf door [ which butts with the adjacent door]. B, the hinged frame. C, C, C, the cross-rails. D, D, the panels.

Figure 5. Frame bearing the cornice. A, the cross-piece. B, the curved section. C, C, the tenons.

Figure 6. View of the back of the same cross-piece. A, A, the tenons.

Figure 7. Front of the cornice. A, the curved section.

Figure 8. Side part of the cornice.

Figure 9. Upper cross-rail of the wardrobe top. A, A, the tenons.

Figure 10. Side cross-rail of the wardrobe top. A, A, the tenons. B, B, the moulding.

Figure 11. Side cross-rail of the middle of the wardrobe. A, A, the tenons. B, B, the mouldings.

Figure 12. Side cross-rail of the bottom [of the wardrobe frame]. A, A, the tenons. B, the moulding.

Figure 13. Side panel of the bottom [of the wardrobe].

Figure 14. Lower cross-rail of the wardrobe bottom. A, A, the tenons.

Figure 15. Top side panel.

Figure 16. Top panel of one side of the doors.

Figure 17. Bottom cross-rail of the wardrobe front. A, A, the tenons.

Figure 18. 19. and 20. Small tail-pieces for the side parts.

Figure 21. Tail-piece for the wardrobe bottom. A, A, the dovetails.

Plate XV: Art of the Cabinet Maker, Polish Bed


Plate XVI: Art of the Cabinet Maker, French Bed


Plate XVII: Art of the Cabinet Maker, Italian Bed


Plate XVIII: Art of the Cabinet Maker, Templates


Plate XIX: Art of the Cabinet Maker, Templates


Plate XX: Art of the Cabinet Maker, Templates