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Check for portfolio Record Accession Number Label Description
Full Record: x-96-11-168ab/168-SU.TIF

96-11-168AB

Superior

This cranium is missing all teeth except for LM1. The RP3-M3 and LP3-4 alveoli are resorbed, and there are moderate carabellis on LM1. The left styloid process is broken, and the right styloid process is held on by adherent soft tissue. Overall, this cranium has a large vault relative to the face, termed “megalocephalic.” There is a pterygo-spinous fossa on the right, and the left side is possibly broken. The medial pterygoid hamuli is missing or broken. The left jugular foramen is greatly reduced. Additionally, the coronal suture is asymmetrical and contains wormian bones; there are also many wormian bones on the lambdoidal suture (viz. right). The posterior sagittal suture is beginning to obliterate, while the anterior suture deviates to meet coronal slightly to the right. There is a possible healed fracture to the inferior nasal bone. Overall, given the great weight of the skull and the size of the vault, it is unclear whether the entire endocranial cavity is enlarged, or if the vault bone is especially thick. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) retains only RP3-4, and the molar alveoli are mostly resorbed. There are odd, doubled lingulae (bilateral), and what appear to be relatively small mental fa.

2012-04-06 12:10:43

Full Record: x-96-11-168ab/168-RL.TIF

96-11-168AB

Right Lateral

This cranium is missing all teeth except for LM1. The RP3-M3 and LP3-4 alveoli are resorbed, and there are moderate carabellis on LM1. The left styloid process is broken, and the right styloid process is held on by adherent soft tissue. Overall, this cranium has a large vault relative to the face, termed “megalocephalic.” There is a pterygo-spinous fossa on the right, and the left side is possibly broken. The medial pterygoid hamuli is missing or broken. The left jugular foramen is greatly reduced. Additionally, the coronal suture is asymmetrical and contains wormian bones; there are also many wormian bones on the lambdoidal suture (viz. right). The posterior sagittal suture is beginning to obliterate, while the anterior suture deviates to meet coronal slightly to the right. There is a possible healed fracture to the inferior nasal bone. Overall, given the great weight of the skull and the size of the vault, it is unclear whether the entire endocranial cavity is enlarged, or if the vault bone is especially thick. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) retains only RP3-4, and the molar alveoli are mostly resorbed. There are odd, doubled lingulae (bilateral), and what appear to be relatively small mental fa.

2012-04-06 12:10:42

Full Record: x-96-11-168ab/168-PO.TIF

96-11-168AB

Posterior

This cranium is missing all teeth except for LM1. The RP3-M3 and LP3-4 alveoli are resorbed, and there are moderate carabellis on LM1. The left styloid process is broken, and the right styloid process is held on by adherent soft tissue. Overall, this cranium has a large vault relative to the face, termed “megalocephalic.” There is a pterygo-spinous fossa on the right, and the left side is possibly broken. The medial pterygoid hamuli is missing or broken. The left jugular foramen is greatly reduced. Additionally, the coronal suture is asymmetrical and contains wormian bones; there are also many wormian bones on the lambdoidal suture (viz. right). The posterior sagittal suture is beginning to obliterate, while the anterior suture deviates to meet coronal slightly to the right. There is a possible healed fracture to the inferior nasal bone. Overall, given the great weight of the skull and the size of the vault, it is unclear whether the entire endocranial cavity is enlarged, or if the vault bone is especially thick. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) retains only RP3-4, and the molar alveoli are mostly resorbed. There are odd, doubled lingulae (bilateral), and what appear to be relatively small mental fa.

2012-04-06 12:10:40

Full Record: x-96-11-168ab/168-LL.TIF

96-11-168AB

Left Lateral

This cranium is missing all teeth except for LM1. The RP3-M3 and LP3-4 alveoli are resorbed, and there are moderate carabellis on LM1. The left styloid process is broken, and the right styloid process is held on by adherent soft tissue. Overall, this cranium has a large vault relative to the face, termed “megalocephalic.” There is a pterygo-spinous fossa on the right, and the left side is possibly broken. The medial pterygoid hamuli is missing or broken. The left jugular foramen is greatly reduced. Additionally, the coronal suture is asymmetrical and contains wormian bones; there are also many wormian bones on the lambdoidal suture (viz. right). The posterior sagittal suture is beginning to obliterate, while the anterior suture deviates to meet coronal slightly to the right. There is a possible healed fracture to the inferior nasal bone. Overall, given the great weight of the skull and the size of the vault, it is unclear whether the entire endocranial cavity is enlarged, or if the vault bone is especially thick. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) retains only RP3-4, and the molar alveoli are mostly resorbed. There are odd, doubled lingulae (bilateral), and what appear to be relatively small mental fa.

2012-04-06 12:10:39

Full Record: x-96-11-168ab/168-IN.TIF

96-11-168AB

Inferior

This cranium is missing all teeth except for LM1. The RP3-M3 and LP3-4 alveoli are resorbed, and there are moderate carabellis on LM1. The left styloid process is broken, and the right styloid process is held on by adherent soft tissue. Overall, this cranium has a large vault relative to the face, termed “megalocephalic.” There is a pterygo-spinous fossa on the right, and the left side is possibly broken. The medial pterygoid hamuli is missing or broken. The left jugular foramen is greatly reduced. Additionally, the coronal suture is asymmetrical and contains wormian bones; there are also many wormian bones on the lambdoidal suture (viz. right). The posterior sagittal suture is beginning to obliterate, while the anterior suture deviates to meet coronal slightly to the right. There is a possible healed fracture to the inferior nasal bone. Overall, given the great weight of the skull and the size of the vault, it is unclear whether the entire endocranial cavity is enlarged, or if the vault bone is especially thick. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) retains only RP3-4, and the molar alveoli are mostly resorbed. There are odd, doubled lingulae (bilateral), and what appear to be relatively small mental fa.

2012-04-06 12:10:37

Full Record: x-96-11-168ab/168-AN.TIF

96-11-168AB

Anterior

This cranium is missing all teeth except for LM1. The RP3-M3 and LP3-4 alveoli are resorbed, and there are moderate carabellis on LM1. The left styloid process is broken, and the right styloid process is held on by adherent soft tissue. Overall, this cranium has a large vault relative to the face, termed “megalocephalic.” There is a pterygo-spinous fossa on the right, and the left side is possibly broken. The medial pterygoid hamuli is missing or broken. The left jugular foramen is greatly reduced. Additionally, the coronal suture is asymmetrical and contains wormian bones; there are also many wormian bones on the lambdoidal suture (viz. right). The posterior sagittal suture is beginning to obliterate, while the anterior suture deviates to meet coronal slightly to the right. There is a possible healed fracture to the inferior nasal bone. Overall, given the great weight of the skull and the size of the vault, it is unclear whether the entire endocranial cavity is enlarged, or if the vault bone is especially thick. The mandible associated with this cranium (b) retains only RP3-4, and the molar alveoli are mostly resorbed. There are odd, doubled lingulae (bilateral), and what appear to be relatively small mental fa.

2012-04-06 12:10:36

Full Record: x-96-11-161ab/161-SU.TIF

96-11-161AB

Superior

This cranium is fairly weathered and microcephalic (diminutive). The right nasal bone is missing. All alveoli are resorbed, resulting in very short lower face, anteriorly up to the incisive canal. The metopic suture is unfused, and the sagittal suture is moderately obliterated; this obliteration may be the result of weathering. The distal alveolar margins and maxillary tuberosities are weakly/barely attached to the pterygoid plates. There is bony remodeling and/or deposition on the left lacrimal fossa, in the superolateral orbital corner. The supraorbital region is highly vascularized. There are relatively large pterygopalatine fossae (bilateral), and the fa. ovale is incompletely closed, posteriorly (bilateral). The mandible associated with this cranium, (b), has no teeth present and all alveoli resorbed.

2012-04-06 12:10:35

Full Record: x-96-11-161ab/161-RL.TIF

96-11-161AB

Right Lateral

This cranium is fairly weathered and microcephalic (diminutive). The right nasal bone is missing. All alveoli are resorbed, resulting in very short lower face, anteriorly up to the incisive canal. The metopic suture is unfused, and the sagittal suture is moderately obliterated; this obliteration may be the result of weathering. The distal alveolar margins and maxillary tuberosities are weakly/barely attached to the pterygoid plates. There is bony remodeling and/or deposition on the left lacrimal fossa, in the superolateral orbital corner. The supraorbital region is highly vascularized. There are relatively large pterygopalatine fossae (bilateral), and the fa. ovale is incompletely closed, posteriorly (bilateral). The mandible associated with this cranium, (b), has no teeth present and all alveoli resorbed.

2012-04-06 12:10:33

Full Record: x-96-11-161ab/161-PO.TIF

96-11-161AB

Posterior

This cranium is fairly weathered and microcephalic (diminutive). The right nasal bone is missing. All alveoli are resorbed, resulting in very short lower face, anteriorly up to the incisive canal. The metopic suture is unfused, and the sagittal suture is moderately obliterated; this obliteration may be the result of weathering. The distal alveolar margins and maxillary tuberosities are weakly/barely attached to the pterygoid plates. There is bony remodeling and/or deposition on the left lacrimal fossa, in the superolateral orbital corner. The supraorbital region is highly vascularized. There are relatively large pterygopalatine fossae (bilateral), and the fa. ovale is incompletely closed, posteriorly (bilateral). The mandible associated with this cranium, (b), has no teeth present and all alveoli resorbed.

2012-04-06 12:10:32

Full Record: x-96-11-161ab/161-LL.TIF

96-11-161AB

Left Lateral

This cranium is fairly weathered and microcephalic (diminutive). The right nasal bone is missing. All alveoli are resorbed, resulting in very short lower face, anteriorly up to the incisive canal. The metopic suture is unfused, and the sagittal suture is moderately obliterated; this obliteration may be the result of weathering. The distal alveolar margins and maxillary tuberosities are weakly/barely attached to the pterygoid plates. There is bony remodeling and/or deposition on the left lacrimal fossa, in the superolateral orbital corner. The supraorbital region is highly vascularized. There are relatively large pterygopalatine fossae (bilateral), and the fa. ovale is incompletely closed, posteriorly (bilateral). The mandible associated with this cranium, (b), has no teeth present and all alveoli resorbed.

2012-04-06 12:10:30

Full Record: x-96-11-161ab/161-IN.TIF

96-11-161AB

Inferior

This cranium is fairly weathered and microcephalic (diminutive). The right nasal bone is missing. All alveoli are resorbed, resulting in very short lower face, anteriorly up to the incisive canal. The metopic suture is unfused, and the sagittal suture is moderately obliterated; this obliteration may be the result of weathering. The distal alveolar margins and maxillary tuberosities are weakly/barely attached to the pterygoid plates. There is bony remodeling and/or deposition on the left lacrimal fossa, in the superolateral orbital corner. The supraorbital region is highly vascularized. There are relatively large pterygopalatine fossae (bilateral), and the fa. ovale is incompletely closed, posteriorly (bilateral). The mandible associated with this cranium, (b), has no teeth present and all alveoli resorbed.

2012-04-06 12:10:29

Full Record: x-96-11-161ab/161-AN.TIF

96-11-161AB

Anterior

This cranium is fairly weathered and microcephalic (diminutive). The right nasal bone is missing. All alveoli are resorbed, resulting in very short lower face, anteriorly up to the incisive canal. The metopic suture is unfused, and the sagittal suture is moderately obliterated; this obliteration may be the result of weathering. The distal alveolar margins and maxillary tuberosities are weakly/barely attached to the pterygoid plates. There is bony remodeling and/or deposition on the left lacrimal fossa, in the superolateral orbital corner. The supraorbital region is highly vascularized. There are relatively large pterygopalatine fossae (bilateral), and the fa. ovale is incompletely closed, posteriorly (bilateral). The mandible associated with this cranium, (b), has no teeth present and all alveoli resorbed.

2012-04-06 12:10:27

Full Record: x-96-11-158/158-SU.TIF

96-11-158

Superior

This cranium is missing the lateral incisors, and has broken crowns on the central incisors and LC. There are modest Carabelli's cusps on the M1s, which is stronger on the left, and dysplasia of the RM2 hypocone.There is a large pit or depression in the right middle cranial fossa on the greater wing, just anterior to the f. rotundum. There is blunted growth of the anterior clinoid processes (bilateral) and huge petrosal growth into the right sigmoid sinus. There is a palatine torus on posterior to the incisive foramen on the palatal maxilla. The right occipital condyle is atrophied. Additionally, the sagittal suture deviates to the left anteriorly, and the coronal suture is asymmetrical. The left lambdoidal suture is essentially a series of wormian bones, though there are less wormian bones on the right side, there are two large ones medially. The internasal suture deviates to the left superiorly. There is also an antero-posteriorally oriented groove on the right sella turcica only, which may be related to the possible lesion on the middle cranial fossa.

2012-04-06 12:10:26

Full Record: x-96-11-158/158-RL.TIF

96-11-158

Right Lateral

This cranium is missing the lateral incisors, and has broken crowns on the central incisors and LC. There are modest Carabelli's cusps on the M1s, which is stronger on the left, and dysplasia of the RM2 hypocone.There is a large pit or depression in the right middle cranial fossa on the greater wing, just anterior to the f. rotundum. There is blunted growth of the anterior clinoid processes (bilateral) and huge petrosal growth into the right sigmoid sinus. There is a palatine torus on posterior to the incisive foramen on the palatal maxilla. The right occipital condyle is atrophied. Additionally, the sagittal suture deviates to the left anteriorly, and the coronal suture is asymmetrical. The left lambdoidal suture is essentially a series of wormian bones, though there are less wormian bones on the right side, there are two large ones medially. The internasal suture deviates to the left superiorly. There is also an antero-posteriorally oriented groove on the right sella turcica only, which may be related to the possible lesion on the middle cranial fossa.

2012-04-06 12:10:24

Full Record: x-96-11-158/158-PO.TIF

96-11-158

Posterior

This cranium is missing the lateral incisors, and has broken crowns on the central incisors and LC. There are modest Carabelli's cusps on the M1s, which is stronger on the left, and dysplasia of the RM2 hypocone.There is a large pit or depression in the right middle cranial fossa on the greater wing, just anterior to the f. rotundum. There is blunted growth of the anterior clinoid processes (bilateral) and huge petrosal growth into the right sigmoid sinus. There is a palatine torus on posterior to the incisive foramen on the palatal maxilla. The right occipital condyle is atrophied. Additionally, the sagittal suture deviates to the left anteriorly, and the coronal suture is asymmetrical. The left lambdoidal suture is essentially a series of wormian bones, though there are less wormian bones on the right side, there are two large ones medially. The internasal suture deviates to the left superiorly. There is also an antero-posteriorally oriented groove on the right sella turcica only, which may be related to the possible lesion on the middle cranial fossa.

2012-04-06 12:10:23

Full Record: x-96-11-158/158-LL.TIF

96-11-158

Left Lateral

This cranium is missing the lateral incisors, and has broken crowns on the central incisors and LC. There are modest Carabelli's cusps on the M1s, which is stronger on the left, and dysplasia of the RM2 hypocone.There is a large pit or depression in the right middle cranial fossa on the greater wing, just anterior to the f. rotundum. There is blunted growth of the anterior clinoid processes (bilateral) and huge petrosal growth into the right sigmoid sinus. There is a palatine torus on posterior to the incisive foramen on the palatal maxilla. The right occipital condyle is atrophied. Additionally, the sagittal suture deviates to the left anteriorly, and the coronal suture is asymmetrical. The left lambdoidal suture is essentially a series of wormian bones, though there are less wormian bones on the right side, there are two large ones medially. The internasal suture deviates to the left superiorly. There is also an antero-posteriorally oriented groove on the right sella turcica only, which may be related to the possible lesion on the middle cranial fossa.

2012-04-06 12:10:21

Full Record: x-96-11-158/158-IN.TIF

96-11-158

Inferior

This cranium is missing the lateral incisors, and has broken crowns on the central incisors and LC. There are modest Carabelli's cusps on the M1s, which is stronger on the left, and dysplasia of the RM2 hypocone.There is a large pit or depression in the right middle cranial fossa on the greater wing, just anterior to the f. rotundum. There is blunted growth of the anterior clinoid processes (bilateral) and huge petrosal growth into the right sigmoid sinus. There is a palatine torus on posterior to the incisive foramen on the palatal maxilla. The right occipital condyle is atrophied. Additionally, the sagittal suture deviates to the left anteriorly, and the coronal suture is asymmetrical. The left lambdoidal suture is essentially a series of wormian bones, though there are less wormian bones on the right side, there are two large ones medially. The internasal suture deviates to the left superiorly. There is also an antero-posteriorally oriented groove on the right sella turcica only, which may be related to the possible lesion on the middle cranial fossa.

2012-04-06 12:10:20

Full Record: x-96-11-158/158-AN.TIF

96-11-158

Anterior

This cranium is missing the lateral incisors, and has broken crowns on the central incisors and LC. There are modest Carabelli's cusps on the M1s, which is stronger on the left, and dysplasia of the RM2 hypocone.There is a large pit or depression in the right middle cranial fossa on the greater wing, just anterior to the f. rotundum. There is blunted growth of the anterior clinoid processes (bilateral) and huge petrosal growth into the right sigmoid sinus. There is a palatine torus on posterior to the incisive foramen on the palatal maxilla. The right occipital condyle is atrophied. Additionally, the sagittal suture deviates to the left anteriorly, and the coronal suture is asymmetrical. The left lambdoidal suture is essentially a series of wormian bones, though there are less wormian bones on the right side, there are two large ones medially. The internasal suture deviates to the left superiorly. There is also an antero-posteriorally oriented groove on the right sella turcica only, which may be related to the possible lesion on the middle cranial fossa.

2012-04-06 12:10:18

Full Record: x-96-11-150ab/150-SU.TIF

96-11-150AB

Superior

This cranium is from a subadult. The calotte is wired on loosely, and the cranium is missing a large portion of the left parietal bone overlain by sphenoid and temporal squamae. Additionally, both nasal bones are completely missing. This cranium has an odd dentition and malocclusion, which include: diminutive and malformed (possibly permanent) incisors; absent RC or P3 (the crown is broken, so it is difficult to distinguish which it is); a slightly distally rotated LP3; an LP4 or dm2 that is diminutive and resembles the lower premolar; M2 crowns barely erupted from the crypt and which have reduced and possibly absent hypocone (bilateral); partially-formed M3 crowns which are visible in maxillary tuberosities and an RM3 occlusal surface which may be facing the M2 root. There are linear enamel hypoplasias on the LM3, as well. Additionally, there is a healed fracture on the right pterygoid medial plate and an asymmetrical vomer alae. The tympanic plates have thin bone, with holes (bilateral), and there are wormian bones at lambda, which are larger and more numerous on the left side than the right. There is a juvenile mandible that is associated with the 150A cranium, although it maloccludes with this cranium. It is missing a few teeth, which probably occurred premortem. There is also anomalous dentition cf. the maxillary teeth, and the incisor alveoli are either resorbing or completely resorbed. There is only one premolar between LC and M1, but it may be that the LC was glued into the incorrect alveolus. This premolar has a small rootlet visible just distal to LC. The RP3 is rotated mesially 90 degrees, and there are two resorbing rootlets or alveoli between RP3 and M1. The M2 crowns are barely exposed in their crypts, and LM2 shows similar dysgenesis of the distolingual cusp as maxillary M2s.

2012-04-06 12:10:17

Full Record: x-96-11-150ab/150-RL.TIF

96-11-150AB

Right Lateral

This cranium is from a subadult. The calotte is wired on loosely, and the cranium is missing a large portion of the left parietal bone overlain by sphenoid and temporal squamae. Additionally, both nasal bones are completely missing. This cranium has an odd dentition and malocclusion, which include: diminutive and malformed (possibly permanent) incisors; absent RC or P3 (the crown is broken, so it is difficult to distinguish which it is); a slightly distally rotated LP3; an LP4 or dm2 that is diminutive and resembles the lower premolar; M2 crowns barely erupted from the crypt and which have reduced and possibly absent hypocone (bilateral); partially-formed M3 crowns which are visible in maxillary tuberosities and an RM3 occlusal surface which may be facing the M2 root. There are linear enamel hypoplasias on the LM3, as well. Additionally, there is a healed fracture on the right pterygoid medial plate and an asymmetrical vomer alae. The tympanic plates have thin bone, with holes (bilateral), and there are wormian bones at lambda, which are larger and more numerous on the left side than the right. There is a juvenile mandible that is associated with the 150A cranium, although it maloccludes with this cranium. It is missing a few teeth, which probably occurred premortem. There is also anomalous dentition cf. the maxillary teeth, and the incisor alveoli are either resorbing or completely resorbed. There is only one premolar between LC and M1, but it may be that the LC was glued into the incorrect alveolus. This premolar has a small rootlet visible just distal to LC. The RP3 is rotated mesially 90 degrees, and there are two resorbing rootlets or alveoli between RP3 and M1. The M2 crowns are barely exposed in their crypts, and LM2 shows similar dysgenesis of the distolingual cusp as maxillary M2s.

2012-04-06 12:10:16

Full Record: x-96-11-150ab/150-PO.TIF

96-11-150AB

Posterior

This cranium is from a subadult. The calotte is wired on loosely, and the cranium is missing a large portion of the left parietal bone overlain by sphenoid and temporal squamae. Additionally, both nasal bones are completely missing. This cranium has an odd dentition and malocclusion, which include: diminutive and malformed (possibly permanent) incisors; absent RC or P3 (the crown is broken, so it is difficult to distinguish which it is); a slightly distally rotated LP3; an LP4 or dm2 that is diminutive and resembles the lower premolar; M2 crowns barely erupted from the crypt and which have reduced and possibly absent hypocone (bilateral); partially-formed M3 crowns which are visible in maxillary tuberosities and an RM3 occlusal surface which may be facing the M2 root. There are linear enamel hypoplasias on the LM3, as well. Additionally, there is a healed fracture on the right pterygoid medial plate and an asymmetrical vomer alae. The tympanic plates have thin bone, with holes (bilateral), and there are wormian bones at lambda, which are larger and more numerous on the left side than the right. There is a juvenile mandible that is associated with the 150A cranium, although it maloccludes with this cranium. It is missing a few teeth, which probably occurred premortem. There is also anomalous dentition cf. the maxillary teeth, and the incisor alveoli are either resorbing or completely resorbed. There is only one premolar between LC and M1, but it may be that the LC was glued into the incorrect alveolus. This premolar has a small rootlet visible just distal to LC. The RP3 is rotated mesially 90 degrees, and there are two resorbing rootlets or alveoli between RP3 and M1. The M2 crowns are barely exposed in their crypts, and LM2 shows similar dysgenesis of the distolingual cusp as maxillary M2s.

2012-04-06 12:10:14

Full Record: x-96-11-150ab/150-LL.TIF

96-11-150AB

Left Lateral

This cranium is from a subadult. The calotte is wired on loosely, and the cranium is missing a large portion of the left parietal bone overlain by sphenoid and temporal squamae. Additionally, both nasal bones are completely missing. This cranium has an odd dentition and malocclusion, which include: diminutive and malformed (possibly permanent) incisors; absent RC or P3 (the crown is broken, so it is difficult to distinguish which it is); a slightly distally rotated LP3; an LP4 or dm2 that is diminutive and resembles the lower premolar; M2 crowns barely erupted from the crypt and which have reduced and possibly absent hypocone (bilateral); partially-formed M3 crowns which are visible in maxillary tuberosities and an RM3 occlusal surface which may be facing the M2 root. There are linear enamel hypoplasias on the LM3, as well. Additionally, there is a healed fracture on the right pterygoid medial plate and an asymmetrical vomer alae. The tympanic plates have thin bone, with holes (bilateral), and there are wormian bones at lambda, which are larger and more numerous on the left side than the right. There is a juvenile mandible that is associated with the 150A cranium, although it maloccludes with this cranium. It is missing a few teeth, which probably occurred premortem. There is also anomalous dentition cf. the maxillary teeth, and the incisor alveoli are either resorbing or completely resorbed. There is only one premolar between LC and M1, but it may be that the LC was glued into the incorrect alveolus. This premolar has a small rootlet visible just distal to LC. The RP3 is rotated mesially 90 degrees, and there are two resorbing rootlets or alveoli between RP3 and M1. The M2 crowns are barely exposed in their crypts, and LM2 shows similar dysgenesis of the distolingual cusp as maxillary M2s.

2012-04-06 12:10:13

Full Record: x-96-11-150ab/150-IN.TIF

96-11-150AB

Inferior

This cranium is from a subadult. The calotte is wired on loosely, and the cranium is missing a large portion of the left parietal bone overlain by sphenoid and temporal squamae. Additionally, both nasal bones are completely missing. This cranium has an odd dentition and malocclusion, which include: diminutive and malformed (possibly permanent) incisors; absent RC or P3 (the crown is broken, so it is difficult to distinguish which it is); a slightly distally rotated LP3; an LP4 or dm2 that is diminutive and resembles the lower premolar; M2 crowns barely erupted from the crypt and which have reduced and possibly absent hypocone (bilateral); partially-formed M3 crowns which are visible in maxillary tuberosities and an RM3 occlusal surface which may be facing the M2 root. There are linear enamel hypoplasias on the LM3, as well. Additionally, there is a healed fracture on the right pterygoid medial plate and an asymmetrical vomer alae. The tympanic plates have thin bone, with holes (bilateral), and there are wormian bones at lambda, which are larger and more numerous on the left side than the right. There is a juvenile mandible that is associated with the 150A cranium, although it maloccludes with this cranium. It is missing a few teeth, which probably occurred premortem. There is also anomalous dentition cf. the maxillary teeth, and the incisor alveoli are either resorbing or completely resorbed. There is only one premolar between LC and M1, but it may be that the LC was glued into the incorrect alveolus. This premolar has a small rootlet visible just distal to LC. The RP3 is rotated mesially 90 degrees, and there are two resorbing rootlets or alveoli between RP3 and M1. The M2 crowns are barely exposed in their crypts, and LM2 shows similar dysgenesis of the distolingual cusp as maxillary M2s.

2012-04-06 12:10:11

Full Record: x-96-11-150ab/150-AN.TIF

96-11-150AB

Anterior

This cranium is from a subadult. The calotte is wired on loosely, and the cranium is missing a large portion of the left parietal bone overlain by sphenoid and temporal squamae. Additionally, both nasal bones are completely missing. This cranium has an odd dentition and malocclusion, which include: diminutive and malformed (possibly permanent) incisors; absent RC or P3 (the crown is broken, so it is difficult to distinguish which it is); a slightly distally rotated LP3; an LP4 or dm2 that is diminutive and resembles the lower premolar; M2 crowns barely erupted from the crypt and which have reduced and possibly absent hypocone (bilateral); partially-formed M3 crowns which are visible in maxillary tuberosities and an RM3 occlusal surface which may be facing the M2 root. There are linear enamel hypoplasias on the LM3, as well. Additionally, there is a healed fracture on the right pterygoid medial plate and an asymmetrical vomer alae. The tympanic plates have thin bone, with holes (bilateral), and there are wormian bones at lambda, which are larger and more numerous on the left side than the right. There is a juvenile mandible that is associated with the 150A cranium, although it maloccludes with this cranium. It is missing a few teeth, which probably occurred premortem. There is also anomalous dentition cf. the maxillary teeth, and the incisor alveoli are either resorbing or completely resorbed. There is only one premolar between LC and M1, but it may be that the LC was glued into the incorrect alveolus. This premolar has a small rootlet visible just distal to LC. The RP3 is rotated mesially 90 degrees, and there are two resorbing rootlets or alveoli between RP3 and M1. The M2 crowns are barely exposed in their crypts, and LM2 shows similar dysgenesis of the distolingual cusp as maxillary M2s.

2012-04-06 12:10:09

Full Record: x-96-11-149/149-SU.TIF

96-11-149

Superior

This is a neonatal skull, which is extremely fragile and has a major superio-inferiorly running crack on each parietal through the boss. There are many soft-tissues and fontanelles still present. The mandible is attached to the cranium by adherent soft tissue. There are some falx cerebri and tentorium cerebelli visible endocranially. The face, primarily the orbits, appear to be superio-inferiorly compressed.

2012-04-06 12:10:08

Full Record: x-96-11-149/149-RL.TIF

96-11-149

Right Lateral

This is a neonatal skull, which is extremely fragile and has a major superio-inferiorly running crack on each parietal through the boss. There are many soft-tissues and fontanelles still present. The mandible is attached to the cranium by adherent soft tissue. There are some falx cerebri and tentorium cerebelli visible endocranially. The face, primarily the orbits, appear to be superio-inferiorly compressed.

2012-04-06 12:10:06

Full Record: x-96-11-149/149-PO.TIF

96-11-149

Posterior

This is a neonatal skull, which is extremely fragile and has a major superio-inferiorly running crack on each parietal through the boss. There are many soft-tissues and fontanelles still present. The mandible is attached to the cranium by adherent soft tissue. There are some falx cerebri and tentorium cerebelli visible endocranially. The face, primarily the orbits, appear to be superio-inferiorly compressed.

2012-04-06 12:10:04

Full Record: x-96-11-149/149-LL.TIF

96-11-149

Left Lateral

This is a neonatal skull, which is extremely fragile and has a major superio-inferiorly running crack on each parietal through the boss. There are many soft-tissues and fontanelles still present. The mandible is attached to the cranium by adherent soft tissue. There are some falx cerebri and tentorium cerebelli visible endocranially. The face, primarily the orbits, appear to be superio-inferiorly compressed.

2012-04-06 12:10:03

Full Record: x-96-11-149/149-IN.TIF

96-11-149

Inferior

This is a neonatal skull, which is extremely fragile and has a major superio-inferiorly running crack on each parietal through the boss. There are many soft-tissues and fontanelles still present. The mandible is attached to the cranium by adherent soft tissue. There are some falx cerebri and tentorium cerebelli visible endocranially. The face, primarily the orbits, appear to be superio-inferiorly compressed.

2012-04-06 12:10:01

Full Record: x-96-11-149/149-AN.TIF

96-11-149

Anterior

This is a neonatal skull, which is extremely fragile and has a major superio-inferiorly running crack on each parietal through the boss. There are many soft-tissues and fontanelles still present. The mandible is attached to the cranium by adherent soft tissue. There are some falx cerebri and tentorium cerebelli visible endocranially. The face, primarily the orbits, appear to be superio-inferiorly compressed.

2012-04-06 12:10:00

Full Record: x-96-11-146/146-SU.TIF

96-11-146

Superior

This is the partial cranium of a neonate. It is missing the parietals and the squamous portion of the occiput, though the basilar and condylar parts are present. Some dura are present endocranially. The pathology present is unclear.

2012-04-06 12:09:58

Full Record: x-96-11-146/146-RL.TIF

96-11-146

Right Lateral

This is the partial cranium of a neonate. It is missing the parietals and the squamous portion of the occiput, though the basilar and condylar parts are present. Some dura are present endocranially. The pathology present is unclear.

2012-04-06 12:09:57

Full Record: x-96-11-146/146-PO.TIF

96-11-146

Posterior

This is the partial cranium of a neonate. It is missing the parietals and the squamous portion of the occiput, though the basilar and condylar parts are present. Some dura are present endocranially. The pathology present is unclear.

2012-04-06 12:09:55

Full Record: x-96-11-146/146-LL.TIF

96-11-146

Left Lateral

This is the partial cranium of a neonate. It is missing the parietals and the squamous portion of the occiput, though the basilar and condylar parts are present. Some dura are present endocranially. The pathology present is unclear.

2012-04-06 12:09:54

Full Record: x-96-11-146/146-IN.TIF

96-11-146

Inferior

This is the partial cranium of a neonate. It is missing the parietals and the squamous portion of the occiput, though the basilar and condylar parts are present. Some dura are present endocranially. The pathology present is unclear.

2012-04-06 12:09:52

Full Record: x-96-11-146/146-AN.TIF

96-11-146

Anterior

This is the partial cranium of a neonate. It is missing the parietals and the squamous portion of the occiput, though the basilar and condylar parts are present. Some dura are present endocranially. The pathology present is unclear.

2012-04-06 12:09:51

Full Record: x-96-11-145/145-SU.TIF

96-11-145

Superior

This is the cranium of a neonate. It is extremely delicate with some soft-tissues, including fontanelles and some dura (falx and tentorium) present endocranially. The pathology present is unclear.

2012-04-06 12:09:49

Full Record: x-96-11-145/145-RL.TIF

96-11-145

Right Lateral

This is the cranium of a neonate. It is extremely delicate with some soft-tissues, including fontanelles and some dura (falx and tentorium) present endocranially. The pathology present is unclear.

2012-04-06 12:09:48

Full Record: x-96-11-145/145-PO.TIF

96-11-145

Posterior

This is the cranium of a neonate. It is extremely delicate with some soft-tissues, including fontanelles and some dura (falx and tentorium) present endocranially. The pathology present is unclear.

2012-04-06 12:09:46

Full Record: x-96-11-145/145-LL.TIF

96-11-145

Left Lateral

This is the cranium of a neonate. It is extremely delicate with some soft-tissues, including fontanelles and some dura (falx and tentorium) present endocranially. The pathology present is unclear.

2012-04-06 12:09:45

Full Record: x-96-11-145/145-IN.TIF

96-11-145

Inferior

This is the cranium of a neonate. It is extremely delicate with some soft-tissues, including fontanelles and some dura (falx and tentorium) present endocranially. The pathology present is unclear.

2012-04-06 12:09:43

Full Record: x-96-11-145/145-AN.TIF

96-11-145

Anterior

This is the cranium of a neonate. It is extremely delicate with some soft-tissues, including fontanelles and some dura (falx and tentorium) present endocranially. The pathology present is unclear.

2012-04-06 12:09:41

Full Record: x-96-11-143/143-SU.TIF

96-11-143

Superior

This cranium is missing its calotte and most teeth. There may be healed fractures, or resorption, of the left nasal bone, and some alveolar resorption as well. The greatly projecting temporal spines may appear this way in relation to the Eustachian tube, but we are unsure. There is osteophytic growth of the temporal and occipital bones into the jugular fa (bilateral; right f. completely bifid). The sagittal sinus, adjacent to the weak frontal crest, is extremely deep and narrow. There is remodeling of the distal right anterior clinoid process, and bony medially-pointing processes on the petrosal crests (bilateral). The temporo-occipital suture is slightly open in the endocranial region, at the base of the left sigmoid sinus. There appear to be accessory infraorbital foramina lateral to the actual infraorbital foramen and at the zygomaxillary suture (bilateral). Additionally, there is hypertrophy of the inferior tympanic bone, part of the inferior extra-auditory meatus.

2012-04-06 12:09:40

Full Record: x-96-11-143/143-RL.TIF

96-11-143

Right Lateral

This cranium is missing its calotte and most teeth. There may be healed fractures, or resorption, of the left nasal bone, and some alveolar resorption as well. The greatly projecting temporal spines may appear this way in relation to the Eustachian tube, but we are unsure. There is osteophytic growth of the temporal and occipital bones into the jugular fa (bilateral; right f. completely bifid). The sagittal sinus, adjacent to the weak frontal crest, is extremely deep and narrow. There is remodeling of the distal right anterior clinoid process, and bony medially-pointing processes on the petrosal crests (bilateral). The temporo-occipital suture is slightly open in the endocranial region, at the base of the left sigmoid sinus. There appear to be accessory infraorbital foramina lateral to the actual infraorbital foramen and at the zygomaxillary suture (bilateral). Additionally, there is hypertrophy of the inferior tympanic bone, part of the inferior extra-auditory meatus.

2012-04-06 12:09:38

Full Record: x-96-11-143/143-PO.TIF

96-11-143

Posterior

This cranium is missing its calotte and most teeth. There may be healed fractures, or resorption, of the left nasal bone, and some alveolar resorption as well. The greatly projecting temporal spines may appear this way in relation to the Eustachian tube, but we are unsure. There is osteophytic growth of the temporal and occipital bones into the jugular fa (bilateral; right f. completely bifid). The sagittal sinus, adjacent to the weak frontal crest, is extremely deep and narrow. There is remodeling of the distal right anterior clinoid process, and bony medially-pointing processes on the petrosal crests (bilateral). The temporo-occipital suture is slightly open in the endocranial region, at the base of the left sigmoid sinus. There appear to be accessory infraorbital foramina lateral to the actual infraorbital foramen and at the zygomaxillary suture (bilateral). Additionally, there is hypertrophy of the inferior tympanic bone, part of the inferior extra-auditory meatus.

2012-04-06 12:09:37

Full Record: x-96-11-143/143-LL.TIF

96-11-143

Left Lateral

This cranium is missing its calotte and most teeth. There may be healed fractures, or resorption, of the left nasal bone, and some alveolar resorption as well. The greatly projecting temporal spines may appear this way in relation to the Eustachian tube, but we are unsure. There is osteophytic growth of the temporal and occipital bones into the jugular fa (bilateral; right f. completely bifid). The sagittal sinus, adjacent to the weak frontal crest, is extremely deep and narrow. There is remodeling of the distal right anterior clinoid process, and bony medially-pointing processes on the petrosal crests (bilateral). The temporo-occipital suture is slightly open in the endocranial region, at the base of the left sigmoid sinus. There appear to be accessory infraorbital foramina lateral to the actual infraorbital foramen and at the zygomaxillary suture (bilateral). Additionally, there is hypertrophy of the inferior tympanic bone, part of the inferior extra-auditory meatus.

2012-04-06 12:09:35

Full Record: x-96-11-143/143-IN.TIF

96-11-143

Inferior

This cranium is missing its calotte and most teeth. There may be healed fractures, or resorption, of the left nasal bone, and some alveolar resorption as well. The greatly projecting temporal spines may appear this way in relation to the Eustachian tube, but we are unsure. There is osteophytic growth of the temporal and occipital bones into the jugular fa (bilateral; right f. completely bifid). The sagittal sinus, adjacent to the weak frontal crest, is extremely deep and narrow. There is remodeling of the distal right anterior clinoid process, and bony medially-pointing processes on the petrosal crests (bilateral). The temporo-occipital suture is slightly open in the endocranial region, at the base of the left sigmoid sinus. There appear to be accessory infraorbital foramina lateral to the actual infraorbital foramen and at the zygomaxillary suture (bilateral). Additionally, there is hypertrophy of the inferior tympanic bone, part of the inferior extra-auditory meatus.

2012-04-06 12:09:34

Full Record: x-96-11-143/143-AN.TIF

96-11-143

Anterior

This cranium is missing its calotte and most teeth. There may be healed fractures, or resorption, of the left nasal bone, and some alveolar resorption as well. The greatly projecting temporal spines may appear this way in relation to the Eustachian tube, but we are unsure. There is osteophytic growth of the temporal and occipital bones into the jugular fa (bilateral; right f. completely bifid). The sagittal sinus, adjacent to the weak frontal crest, is extremely deep and narrow. There is remodeling of the distal right anterior clinoid process, and bony medially-pointing processes on the petrosal crests (bilateral). The temporo-occipital suture is slightly open in the endocranial region, at the base of the left sigmoid sinus. There appear to be accessory infraorbital foramina lateral to the actual infraorbital foramen and at the zygomaxillary suture (bilateral). Additionally, there is hypertrophy of the inferior tympanic bone, part of the inferior extra-auditory meatus.

2012-04-06 12:09:32

Full Record: x-96-11-142/142-SU.TIF

96-11-142

Superior

This cranium is missing its calotte. Most teeth are present, but as broken crowns, and there are severe enamel hypoplasias. There is also a malformed canine, and an oddly diminutive and premolar-like LM2. There appear to be deep lesions on the inferolateral corners of the frontal bone, located endocranially. There are also endocranial lesions in the region of the cruciform eminence. The petrosal bone over the right inner ear is very thin; this may be true for the left side, but that bone is broken so it is difficult to tell. There is also a healed wound, possible infection, of the left mastoid process.

2012-04-06 12:09:31

Full Record: x-96-11-142/142-RL.TIF

96-11-142

Right Lateral

This cranium is missing its calotte. Most teeth are present, but as broken crowns, and there are severe enamel hypoplasias. There is also a malformed canine, and an oddly diminutive and premolar-like LM2. There appear to be deep lesions on the inferolateral corners of the frontal bone, located endocranially. There are also endocranial lesions in the region of the cruciform eminence. The petrosal bone over the right inner ear is very thin; this may be true for the left side, but that bone is broken so it is difficult to tell. There is also a healed wound, possible infection, of the left mastoid process.

2012-04-06 12:09:29