A Chapter Summary of ‘Emerging Viruses’ for Reporters

Page  1 A C a t r S u0 r f E m r i g V r u e o0e p r e a c i a i g a a l fa d c i n t f i i I OverviewReconciling the origin of AIDS and Ebola is important for at least three reasons: 1) victims of AIDS should not be blamed for starting the epidemic, 2) new therapies might be developed from a better understanding of HIV's origin; and 3) the events precipitating such epidemics should never be allowed to happen again. This is the first in-depth exploration into the origins of HIV and Ebola. Claims that these "emerging viruses" naturally evolved and then jumped species from monkey to man seem grossly unfounded in light of the compelling evidence assembled in this extraordinary text. Alternatively, the possibility that these bizarre germs were laboratory creations, accidentally or intentionally transmitted via tainted vaccines in the U.S. and Africa-as numerous authorities have alleged-is investigated herein. This book reviews the bounty of viral vaccine studies conducted simultaneously in New York City and Central West Africa by a narrow network of virologists working for major military-medical contractors under the auspices of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the World Health Organization (WHO). Included is Dr. Robert Gallo, the co-discoverer of the AIDS virus. The text presents bizarre and horrifying facts about the biological weapons race of the 1960s and early 1970s when these researchers developed countless immunesystem-ravaging viruses, and experimented with an assortment of antidote vaccines allegedly for "defense" and cancer prevention. * The accidental and intentional theories of AIDS are meticuously explored within the social and political context of this stormy period of American military science. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) activities and foreign policy initiatives in $29,95 Central Africa in response to the threats posed by communism, (+ s & H) black nationalism, and Third World populations are examined. The important roles played by political leaders including National Security Advisor Dr. Henry Kissinger, Department of Health, Education and Welfare directors Frank Carlucci, Jr. and rid Joseph Califano, presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford, g Group and economic notables Nelson and Laurance Rockefeller are considered. The text hauntingly dissects the potential motives 508 5469226 and administrative mechanisms underlying the prevalent belief iedron.org that HIV and Ebola may have been deliberately deployed. J Reference Edition, 592 pp., Hardcover ISBN 0-923550-12-7 New For Review From: Tetrahectro,rpeniearoundthe wor Heath science comnuoicaticsblshin 20 Drumlin Road * Post Office Box 402* Rsckport, MA 01966. 508 546 6586 * Fax E-mail: Tetrahedron.org * Web Site: http://www. Tetra Dr. Leonard G. Horowitz, is an internationally known authority in public health education and a Harvard credentialed independent investigator. He received his doctorate from Tufts University in dental medicine, a Master of Public Health degree in behavioral science from Harvard University, and a Masters of Arts degree in health education from Beacon College. He served on the faculties of Tufts and Harvard Universities and Leslie College's Institute for the Arts and Human Development, directed a multidisciplinary health center for over a decade, and has provided educational programs for hundreds of organizations and institutions throughout North America. A prolific author with 10 books and more than 80 scientific and lay publications to his credit, Dr. Horowitz has been a frequent guest on nationally syndicated radio and television talk shows throughout North America and England.

Page  2 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE A Th~hrbITh7hT AmTrxNTCIr -i-m I o Summay ofChaper- P.Scientif:. Bcgroun A RORIK1ATJUINSo JU 19/U Chapter 1. The "World Health Organization Theory" SOVIET CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL WEAPONSof AIDS- During the past decade, at least six internationally Mr. Sncs. The statements indicate that the Soviets have made ex- known authorities advanced theories that the AIDS virus tensive progress in chemical and hiological weapons. I would like you to provide for the record a statement which shows what they are doing (HIV) was developed by biological weapons researchers and in this area and with some indication of their capabilities in this area.. bo giare ach s Mr.Pioo. Weiwill be happy to provide that. either accidentally or intentionally transmitted with the help (The information follows:)Yy The Soviet Unionis er equipped deesively. ofenvely, ilitariy,d of d States Public Health Service (USPHS) and the world. She has placed a great deal of emphasis on these systemos in her military a Utilizing a wide spectrum of chemical munitions, the Soviets cotsider \Vorld Health Organization (WHO). A document like that ons or separately, as the case may dictate The Soviet agent stockpiles include a variety of agents and atittitioits caalte odl intg a wide ratige fmeects ot thle t db E" "A"~t'tsinyp us cog g..s n:,:::;; ohtie byone investigator, through the Freedom of Inforbattlefield. The Soviet soldier is well equipped defensively. tic trainis vigo.rous ly ob ind yoeivstg orth uhteFed mofI o and for long periods of time utilizing his equipment. He looks upon chemical as a real pttssibility it attyfItuire conillict, titd respects his tro tective cm iilpumet Thte f~'l c nw resetrchi"protgraiii l theSoviet tiiorlctceitcsalwarfare adbitlogicalagentiIs mation Act, is shown here-a DOD appropriations request has encompassed every facet from incapacitating to lethal effects, both offensively atid defeitsively. tie for $10 million for the development of AIDS-like viruses. (Addilititnal classified ititortitatiottss'as stiuplied ti thte cotitteelIce Includinth testimony belowj.) SYNTHETIC BIOLOGICAL AGENTS 'Ih e re a re tw o th in g s a b o u t lt h t b i tg ic l a g e n t fie ld I I w o u ld lik e 1Op.ssn tt mtenititti. Onte is ilie pi ssilitty t I Iechnllol gical surprise. Mtltlular Witi n the next 5 to 10 years, it would probhitlttgy is a field that is advancing very rapidly and emninent ltitltigists beieve that within a period o5 10 tyeasitwodbepossiblto ably be possible to make a new infective microorproduce a synthetic biological agent, an agent that does not naturally exist and fortwhich no natural intnuity could have been acquired. which could differ in certain importan Dr. MAcARTHUR. We are not.r1n aMr. SlKS. Why not? Lack of money or lack of interest?pykorgan Dr. MACARTHUR. Certainly ntt lack of interest. wn SIKEs. Would you provide for our records information on what isms. Most important of these is that it might be wol erequired, what the advalitages tif such a program would he, the time and the cost involvedvr ap o refractory to the immunological and therapeutic Dr. MACARThUR. We will he very happy to.p (The information follows:),processes upon which we depend to maintain ou investigate the relevance of this field of science to biological warfare. A small group of experts considered this matter and provided the following observa- r6IalVe freedom from infectious disease. 1. All biological agents up to the present time are representatives of naturally occurring disease, and are thus known by scientists throughout the world. They are easily available to qualified scientists for research, either for offensive or 2. ithin the nest to 10 years, it wutldl probably he possible to ntake a tiewv infective nmicroorganism which citulds differ in certait imnportantt aspects trttn Chapter 2. WHOPlyinteBgL aus eisr lit'i nano 7 go e hatr2 H Plays in the Big Leagues-Begins Dr. atty known disease-causitng organtismis. Most inmportant of ttese is that it mnigtt be refractory to the intunological ans terapeuticprocesses upon which we Horowitz's search for the origin of AIDS. Archival WHO 3. Aresearchi proigratm to esplsire Ite easiblty oftis 5conud e ctitmtietedl in approxiiiately 5 years at a total cost of $ Ilmillion. i. It would he very difficult to establish such a program. Molecular biology documents are explored along with links to American health Is a relatively new science There ate not many highly comluitent scientists in te field, almost all are in university laboratories, and they are generally adetiuately supported from sources other than 1)D However, it was considered possible agencies, including the Centers for Disease Control and Pr to i nit te aeuat program th rough the National Academy of Sciencesof tiwe agecieeicludnghheCentescfrlDieasACotrolandPre 5 h aewsiuitt he NAS-NR( and tentati wt eritai vention (CDC) and National Cancer Institute (NCI). These tintaeteprogram. However. sectreasittg funiss Ini CB. grotwinig criticism sir the CB progratm, ansI our retuctanice to Iinvottve the NAS-NRC Ili suclt a 5coh- ~XJC ia trsiversianevh to poistpnsit tie years ble sitel institutions played leading roles in the WHO's early viral rersacshldotibe tiiierttikett test iiItltyet tiltitlertme thttdiofitmassive se chn woNte kitligsitlargeouilatitns. Ontheotlst,withsut tiestunscietiic lw SechDetwork. During the 1960s and early 1970s the WH edlge that such a weapot s potssible, uaitt ainttitterstattditg sif lie ways It coultds te uoe, there is little tist canii dheilte o devise defetsive titeastites Stilit iian etnty devel it there is little doubt hat tisaninprtant atea ofpotentiat served as the omnipotent supplier of the world's pharmaceuntilitary technological inferiority i hc hr sn adequate reseaircht protical, bacteriological, and viral test reagents. Investigations revealed the NCI, a branch of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), functioned as the WHO's chief distributor of viruses and viral testing reagents during the late 1960s. By 1968, the WHO had provided technical advisors and supplies of "prototype virus strains" for more than "120 laboratories in 35 different countries." By 1969, this number increased to "592 virus laboratories." In this one year, four of the most active centers, including the NCI and CDC, distributed 2,514 strains of viruses, 1888 ampoules of experimental vaccines, and about 100 samples of cell cultures throughout the network. 70,000 virus isolations were reported by 1970. Chapter 3. Cold War, Biological Weapons and World Health -The international scientific community's efforts to stop biological warfare and biological weapons (BW) research and development are reviewed here. The chapter reveals how, why, and to what extent tJ. S. biological weapons research continued despite staunch foreign and domestic opposition. President Nixon's false claims that BW research and development ceased after signing the Geneva Accord in 1969 are documented, as arc the WIHO's objections to safeguarding genetic engineering of mutant viruses for biological warfare and cancer research. In March of 1970, WHO consultants noted that it was "possilbl that biological agents may be used... to achieve the siuhltalneous inflecti101 of key groufps of people, aId %d~ fitary col1equncl1Cs Iligilt well be of major importance...." They noted the"calculated risk that a virulent mutant might appear and spread rapidly to produce an uncontrollable epidemic on a large scale. In addition, if mutants are deliberately produced in the laboratory," they wrote, " there is the ever-present risk of an accidelnlal escape." t)

Page  3 The consultants also lpredicted Ihat as a onse(ltiic.' of a biological attack, "mass illnesses, deaths, and epi-.. * e. demics" would require the WI l()to (urnish suppliesI al In I') /1 n(allo and cowOt5kers reported that a sin personnel to deal with the medical emergencies. Theseoirus (S " --a ommon conaminant Theemnonkey kidney cells used to make vaccines- wats fti contingencies and more are documented and discussed. "only one" ot 27 thcn known retroviruses,acontaining reverse transcriptase, that could not cause cancer in humans s' For this reason, little attempt to remove them from cancer virus cell cultures and viral vaccines was Chapter 4. The Road to Fort Detrick Runs made Through Bethesda- The first viruses and retroviruses Rhesus Monkey used for biological weapons research passed through the NCI. This chapter reviews the massive chemical and bio- Bionisro tuhn pacted teNCIcand tton of other simian viruses (SV40)," and inlogical war research campaign centered in Frederick fused their empty viral shells with RNA from other viruses, including those that FELV (Fort Detrick), Maryland, and chronicles the viral re- caused cat and chicken leukemia, and the prominent features of AIDS, including search that was ongoing here and in surrounding labs. A WBC dysfunction, sarcomas, progressive wasting, and ultimate death. 10- 11-1 All this in premier lab, specifically researching, developing, and the likely presence of easily mutated SFV contaminants. testing immune system destroying viruses, was the Cell Tumor Biology Laboratory at the NCI. This was headed Avian Mytobtastosis virus -hFinally, Gallo etsalinjeted y these new mutant viruses into huby Dr. Robert Gallo-the co-discoverer of the AIDS vi- AVmnWBCuluetenablethen to ifect humans and transmit the rus. The chapter ends by asking, "When did Gallo dis- sone nes -- cover HIV? In 1984, as reported, or in 1970? blo ce white blood cell (WBC) culture Chapter 5. The Emperor's New Virus-Provides This work foreshadowed the ohseran expose on the suspicious behavior of Dr. Robert Gallo vation made ten years later by the CDC's AIDS? chief AIDS researcher, Don Francis, who A D as chronicled by bestselling author Randy Shiuts and oth- noted the "laundry list" of feline leuke- AIDSmia-like diseases associated with like ers. The chapter also begins a critical evaluation of the AIDS." virus information, discrepancies, and apparent disinformation o- RD t14 cat leukemia/sarcoma RNA suitable for humans 9- 70S RNA found in chicken irmmunodefciency retrovirus. in Shilts's book And the Band Played On. The French/ -- Viral shell or envelope proteins, produced in human WBC cultures, functionally similar to HIV's GPl20s. American AIDS fracas is reconsidered. Discussions also '-eqoiwat RNA front sinian foamy virus withtbe/- gene focus on how and why Gallo and his NCI colleagues attempted to block others from discovering the AIDS virus. The stage is set for the next chapter which reviews Gallo's research from 1967-1974. Readers learn that every step needed to create and test the AIDS virus was conducted in Gallo's lab by 1971. Chapter 6. Gallo's Research Anthology: The AIDS Buck and Virus Stops Here-Gallo's early publications document his intimate association with Litton Bionetics-a subsidiary of the leading military contracting firm, Litton Industries. Through Litton Bionetics, a major biological weapons contractor, Gallo engineered simian (monkey) viruses to cause a variety of cancers; especially leukemias, sarcomas, and wasting diseases in humans. This chapter documents the incredible fact that Gallo's team extracted the nucleic acids from humanly benign simian viruses, and then infused the empty monkey virus shells with cat leukemia RNA and chicken leukemiasarcoma RNA to produce mutants that could produce the laundry list of diseases seen in AIDS patients. Then, to enable the virus to infect humans, Gallo and company cultured these germs in human white blood cells so they could 'jump species." Most astonishing, this chapter documents that Gallo presented this research, and the protocol for developing AIDS-like viruses, to NATO's military scientists in Mol, Belgium in 1970. Chapter 7. An Interview with Dr. Robert Strecker-One of the half dozen physician/researchers throughout the world who alleged the military's involvement in the creation of AIDS, Strecker explains his theory on: I-low and why the AIDS virus was synthetically manufactured; * Why the "green monkey theory" and the "patient zero theory" is nonsensical; and * What AIDS experts have said about his thesis that AIDS was a military development designed for use as a biological weapon for population control. -3 -

Page  4 Chapter 8. HIV-1, HIV-2, and the "Big Bang"- The scientific literature is reviewed here in an effort to critically evaluate the man-made theory of HIV-1, HIV-2, and allegations that HIV had been found in tissues of people who had died during the 1950s and 1960s. The analysis identifies both inconsistencies in these conclusions, along with little known evidence that HIV emerged during the early 1970s. The association of early cancer virus network associates of Dr. Gallo, including Drs. Luc Montagnier (Institute Pasteur), Donald Francis (CDC), Peter Duesberg (U. of C.), and Max Essex (Harvard), and their activities, is examined in contrast to circulating disinformation. HIV-2, discovered by Max Essex, is examined as both the purported "missing link" to HIV-1, and the monkey virus laboratory contaminant it was ultimately determined to be. Clearly, molecular genetics shows that something major happened in the early 1970s to convert HIV-2 or similar simian immunodeficiency viruses into HIV-l. The discussion focuses on how HIV-2, a known monkey virus laboratory contaminant, not found in monkeys in the wild, could be circulating, in the wild, primarily in African women? Vaccines, tainted by monkey virus mutants produced accidentally or intentially, appear to be the only plausible explanation. Most astonishing, chimpanzees-carriers of SIVcpz, the closest primate relative to HIV-1-were used to develop the earliest hepatitis B vaccines tested in New York City and Central Africa in 1973-1974. The chapter then advances a new, more rational, and scientific, theory on the iatrogenic (man-made) origin of AIDS. Clearly, viruses such as these emerged from the laboratory, but the question of accidental versus genocidal transmission remained to be explored. Part II. Political Background Chapter 9. Early Targeting of Minority America-The targeting of gay rights leaders and groups at home and abroad by the FBI and CIA during and after the McCarthy era is documented and discussed. The gay rights movement was seen by most conservative lawmakers and public officials as communist inspired. The chapter also reviews the targeting of civil rights groups by the CIA from the late 1960s through the 1980s in their efforts to: 1) Prevent the coalition of militant black nationalist groups and the beginning of a "true black revolution;" and 2) Prevent the rise of a black "messiah." The chapter also discusses the development of 360 disruptive American intelligence operations under the COINTELPRO Black Nationalist Hate Group's umbrella, including "Operation Chaos" which ran from 1966 until 1974. The pivotal role of National Security Advisor, Dr. Henry Kissinger, who during the Nixon era personally oversaw major CIA and FBI intelligence operations and directed the military chiefs of staff, is considered. Chapter 10. African Foreign Policy and Population Control- Only days after the DOD requisitioned $10 million from Congress to fund the development of AIDS-like viruses, on July 29, 1969, the House Republican committee, chaired by the Honorable George Bush of Texas, cited the urgent need for population control activities to fend off "a growing Third World crisis." This chapter documents and discusses "American displeasure with Black African culture," and "the roots of Third World foreign policy." Intriguing revelations here include: * Nixon's special presentation before the Population Conference in which he appealed for urgent action; * Economic, military, and "humanitarian" policies and projects implemented under Nixon and Carter; * Subsequent World Bank, NASA, and the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) activities in Africa; * Henry Kissinger's leading role in establishing and directing African foreign policy and "diplomatic" affairs; * USAID and WHO sponsored immunization programs in central Africa; and * American intelligence connections to USAID and African health care initiatives. Chapter 11. Henry Kissinger's "New- World Order"- This fascinating chapter tracks Henry Kissinger's rise to prominence in America's intelligence community. Details about Kissinger's relationships with the Rockefellers, Richard Nixon, Alexander Haig, and other Nixon White House officials are examined along with Kissinger's leading role in the development of nuclear and biological weapons.

Page  5 Control and Direction of United States Foreign The philosophy and purpose of the "New World OrIntelligence Within the National Security System der" as articulated by President Bush, and advanced in Kissinger's 1955 Harvard Ph.D. thesis- The Meaning THE PamRErN of History, is reviewed. Kissinger argued that there will OFFICE OF never be peace on earth. Instead, he called for a stable PRESIDENTS FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE & BUDGET ADVISORY BOARD (PFIAB) economic order of nations which could be maintained INTELLIGENCE OVERSIGHT BOARD by creating ongoing "small wars," with financial advanNATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL tages for weapons developers. PRESIDENT SECRETARY OF STATE NSC STAFF This chapter also documents: VICE-PRESIDENT SECRETRY OF DEFENSE * Kissinger's appointment by Nelson Rockefeller to head the nuclear weapons study group of the nongovernmental Council on Foreign Relations. OMMtITEE ON DIRECTOR OF OPERATIONS ADVISORY * Kissinger's appointment as National Security AdFOREIGN INTELLIGENCE CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE GROUP AP/NSA SEC. STATE visor-the most influential position in the Nixon White SEC. DEF. C/JCS DCI House-instead of Roy Ash, the President of Litton InI40 COMMITTEE _ dustries. * Litton military contracts, during the first Nixon INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY USIB USIB COMMITTEE administration, exceeding $5 billion; $10 million of (IC) STAFF ISTUTR I FMO sTRUCTURE which went to Litton Bionetics, the BW contractor with ___ ___ __whom Robert Gallo worked to develop AIDS-like viV1T1 I e-+.h~ I I I ruses at that time. SERVICE INTEL. NSA DIA CIA STATE TREAS FBI FROA COMONENTs *INR* Kissinger's "Great Power Grab" as director of national security, and his ordering of Alexander Haig and Adapted from John Stockwell's In Search of Enemies. New York: W.W. Norton & Cornpany, Inc., 1978, p. 261. Mr. Stockwell was the Chief of the CIA's Angola Task Fosce J. Edgar Hoover to wiretap Nixon and others to produce during the late 1960s and early '70s. the infamous "White House tas" * Kissinger's control over The Defense Program Review Committee, which considered the funding requests for biological weapons; and The 40 Committee which authorized covert actions by the CIA in Central Africa in the vicinity where AIDS and Ebola first broke out. Chapter 12. Silent Coup in American Principle Cancer Virus Researchers, Program Intelligence-Reviews increasing evidence Administrators, and Their Geopolitical Connections that the CIA not only co-opted the Executive Branch of the U.S. Government while being directed by Dr. Henry Kissinger during the,Africa Nixon era, but apparently carried out efforts i. I - to replace J. Edgar Hoover. This, at the time t n Kissinger directed the CIA to continue esca- West '0o iag Philadelphia Germany Goteb CIA c Landon WiStarlInstl lating foreign and domestic espionage opera- GemnyCLalo Uof P tions under COINTELPRO against black LARC--WHO T nb Behsa s02. s'" Merck. ToaroPoiesz Szmuness Krugmiaa Mricans and American homosexuals. FmceMaak~ * coc NYUMc/ Montagnier, Gall Hellman Francis Scacer BlO0d Bank Chapter 13. US AID and New York N's avy..nst Newo Blood- Under Kissinger's national security 'Califomnia council directives, USAID began focusing Uofc vast resources on controlling Third World Dueberg populations. A computer search of "US AID" Source: Deadly Dipl/omacy: Creating 'a New World Order' by Dr. Leonard Horowitz. Rockport, MA: Tetrahedron Press, 1996. Note: CDC is based in Atlanta. "Population Control," "Vaccines," and "World Health Organization" literature between 1970 and 1975 revealed 733 "USAID-Population Control" studies. The same search after 1975 found none. The entire field of "Population Control" had vanished from medlar! The subject heading had been terminated and replaced with the more comforting "maternal and child health." -5 -

Page  6 A review of Department of State Bulletins revealed that by 1976 Joseph Califano, who had advised Kissinger to appoint Alexander Haig as his White House assistant, took the lead in attacking "rapid population growth" in the Third World. His subsequent policies are discussed as are Califano's links to Merck, Sharp and Dohme (MSD)the world's largest supplier of AIDS-related drugs. Had Califano authorized USAID funds for Merck related hepatitis B vaccine studies in central Africa during his stint as secretary of DHEW? Apparently so. Moreover, Chapter 13 examines a paper trail in the scientific literature linking MSD investigators with viral researchers who conducted hepatitis B vaccine studies on retarded children and gay volunteers in NYC. Through the New York City Blood Bank (NYCBB) and the biological weapons contractors at the New York University Medical Center (NYUMC), as early as 1969, that is, shortly after Kissinger became NSC director, the first humans were inoculated with experimental vaccines composed of live or attenuated viruses that had only been tested on monkeys. Moreover, the viruses had been grown in chimpanzees likely infected with a varity of other viruses with similarities to HIV. Most astonishing, the text documents that MSD researchers worked in cooperation Gallo's group at the NCI and Litton Bionetics, and that combined, they conducted similar studies in Central Africa under U. S. Army and USAID contracts. Moreover, the "Drug Development Branch" of the NCI served as a conduit of experimental viruses, vaccines, and drugs between Gallo and company and MSD. Thus, the alleged channel through which HIV tainted hepatitis B vaccines passed between the NCI and MSD was operating by 1970. Chapter 14. Central African Vaccine Trials-Documents the specific African vaccine studies and immunization campaigns waged by the suspected scientific network in an effort to investigate the accidental and intentional theories of AIDS. The text details the: * 20 country immunization program supported by USAID, the CDC, the WHO and MSD; * The NCI's method of turning taxpayer funded research dollars into private enterprise profits; * Obvious conflicts of interest and scientific misconduct demonstrated when CDC and MSD authorities attempted to rebut widespread allegations that the spread of AIDS followed Merck hepatitis vaccine study routes; * The support Gallo received from at least a third of the Army's top eighteen biological weapons contractors including Bionetics, Hazleton, and Dow Chemical; * Plans to prompt Congressional legislation freeing MSD and other vaccine producers from liability and costly litigation from personal injury claims; * Protocol for administering African "jet gun" immunization programs and documented propaganda campaigns; * The view of leading government scientists that race, class, and "national security" is the principle motive behind Third World immunization practices. Chapter 15. The CIA/Detrick Operation- In 1975, following the storm of public outrage over the CIA's involvement in Watergate, the agency was investigated and chastised by the Rockefeller Commission and two Congressional committees. That year, word had leaked from the Army's Special (that is, secret) Operations Division at Fort Detrick, that the CIA was illegally stockpiling deadly bacteria, viruses, and other toxins. As a result, a Select Committee To Study Governmental Operations With Respect to Intelligence Activities met to investigate. Senator Frank Church presided. The Church hearings exposed much about the illegal storage of BW by the CIA, and their intended use in covert operations. Unfortunately, the American news media failed to report the most incriminating testimonies. The testimonies implicated congressional investigators as Dr. Kissinger was shielded from indictments along with other chief decision makers. Chapter 16. The CIA's Top Secret PROJECT: MKNAOMI-Discusses the CIA's BW operation. CIA Director William Colby's admission that the agency's interest in BW was for offensive uses during covert opera -6 -

Page  7 tions at the time the CIA was operating at full force in Zaire, Angola, and Sudan-ground zero for the AIDS and Ebola outbreaks-is documented. Nathan Gordon, Chief of the chemistry branch of the Technical Services Division of the CIA gave additional testimony of the agency's possible use of extensive virus stockpiles to assistant intelligence agency scientists in their work on mass immunization projects, vaccine development, and cancer research-exactly the work conducted by scientists at the NCI, including Robert Gallo, in association with Litton Bionetics in Bethesda and their affiliates in Uganda, and in cooperation with MSD, CDC, and New York collaborators. Moreover, discussions focus on congressional testimony which documented that the CIA had, in fact, been receiving "deadly poison[s]" manufactured by the USPHS and delivered to Fort Detrick for use in human experiments and covert operations. Chapter 17. The CIA's Human Experiments-Reviews an extensive array of illegal, unethical, immoral, and racist CIA BW experiments conducted on unsuspecting human populations. Chapter 18. Nazi Roots of American Central Intelligence: The Biological Warfare Industry-This chapter delivers an eye-opening expose on the Nazi medical officers who escaped prosecution through their service to American intelligence under a top secret "Project Paperclip." The "excessive zeal" with which U. S. Army intelligence and later CIA personnel protected war criminals, including the infamous "Angel of Death" Joseph Mengele; his assistant, "the butcher of Lyon," Klaus Barbie; Walter Rauff, the SS mobile gas chambers supervisor; Friederich Schwend, another mass murderer, and others including Erich Traub, in charge of biological warfare for the Reich Research Institute, where his research specialty was viral diseases. Of the approximately 2,000 Nazis drafted into American military service by intelligence officers including Henry Kissinger under General Bolling-the "Godfather" of "Project Paperclip"-many went on to become the leaders of America's military-medical industrial complex (MMIC). This chapter discloses the ties between the CIA and the two powerful organizations which gave rise to Nazi intelligence and Hitler's SS-The Gehlen Organization and Merk Network. These links are discussed with regard to the initial development of the CIA under Truman, and the post-WWII boom of the MMIC. The CIA, initially established as a cover and oversight agency for the Gehlen Organization, was thus rooted in racism and white supremacist ideology. Further investigation revealed how the Gehlen Organization and CIA were able to launder approximately $300 million from the Third Reich's war chest through the Paris branch of Rockefeller's Chase Manhattan Bank. This money was ultimately used to fuel the Kissinger-Rockefeller directed MMIC and possibly MSD's pharmaceutical empire. Chapter 19. The CIA in Africa-Between 1970 and 1975, American cold war efforts focused on Zaire and Angola. Following the withdrawal of American forces from Vietnam, Henry Kissinger ordered the CIA to begin a major covert military operation against MPLA (communist bloc backed) "rebels" in Angola. Indebted by over $4.5 billion to the International Monetary Fund, Zaire, headed by President Mobutu-paradoxically regarded as one of the world's richest men with "a personal fortune put at $2,939,200,000 [1984 estimate] banked in Switzerland,"was wooed by NATO allies during the 1970s, to be a staging area for CIA backed, Portuguese, French, and South African mercenaries. American corporate investment, notably in copper and aluminum, doubled following a 1970 visit by Mobutu to the United States. Major investors included Rockefeller's Chase-Manhattan Bank. This chapter details how, in 1975, Mobutu turned against NATO allies, proclaimed his intention to nationalize foreign owned enterprises, expelled the American ambassador, and arrested most of the CIA's Zairian agents, placing some of them under death sentences. The following year, in October 1976, the Ebola virus broke-out in fifty five Zairian villages, first killing people who had received injections. Mobutu then ordered his army to seal off the Bumba Zone with roadblocks and shoot anyone trying to leave. By the end of 1976, the Zairian leader had reconciled his differences with American intelligence and, thereafter, continued to reap his western allies' economic and "humanitarian" aid. This chapter details these events along with the CIA's covert operations in the region. -7 -

Page  8 Chapter 20. OTRAG: Links to Nazis, NATO, NASA, the NCI and AIDS-This chapter provides astonishing information regarding a "secret agreement" between NATO and a Nazi-linked West German companyOTRAG (Orbital Transport-und Raketen-Aktiengesellschaft)-and Zaire's president Mobutu. This company leased 260,000 square kilometers of eastern Zaire for military/industrial purposes in 1975. The contract gave OTRAG sovereign rights to territories inhabited by 760,000 people, not far from what is now called "The AIDS Highway," and the region in which Ebola erupted. Said to be of military and intelligence gathering significance to NATO, OTRAG's principals included several Nazi scientists including Dr. Kurt H. Debus, who worked as director of the Cape Canaveral space program until 1975 before transferring to Zaire. Richard Gompertz, OTRAG's technical director, presided over NASA's Chrysler space division. Lutz Thilo Kayser, OTRAG's founder and manager, when young was quite close to the Nazi rocket industry, often called 'Dadieu's young man,' a reference to Armin Dadieu, his mentor, who served as prominent SS officer and as Goring's special representative for a research program on storing uranium. According to United States Army reports, the "outlandish claim" that the AIDS virus was developed as a biological weapon for the Pentagon was communist propaganda. Recently, however, a high ranking Soviet press official, Boris Belitskiy, offered an alternative account regarding the origin of the AIDS virus-Both OTRAG and the Pentagon were implicated by his revelations. In 1977, at the height of OTRAG's activity in Zaire, Litton Industries received $5 million for medical electronic equipment from its Hellige division, in Freiburg, West Germany. Much of Litton's NATO and West German sales during this period appear to have been earmarked for OTRAG. Concurrently, the chapter discusses cooperative ventures between NATO and the World Health Organization with regard to the international control of pharmaceuticals, and preparations for facing possible outbreaks from biological warfare. More revelations point to the fact that the recent outbreaks of the world's most feared and deadly viruses-Marburg, Ebola, Reston, and AIDS-share the dubious distinction of breaking out in or around areas of CIA/NATO operations. Chapter 21. Marburg, Ebola, and Chilling Propaganda in The Hot Zone-Discloses the scientific facts about the dreaded Ebola and Marburg viruses, in contrast to the New York Times bestselling "nonfiction" book The Hot Zone by Richard Preston. Critical examination in this chapter reveals Preston's book is undoubtedly counterintelligence propaganda seemingly intended to prepare the world for future epidemics and additional virus outbreaks. Chapter 22. The Special Virus Cancer Program- Highly incriminating documents published in 1971 and 1972 by the NIH were serendipitously discovered by Dr. Horowitz. These NCI "Summary Reports," unavailable at most medical libraries including the NCI's library at Fort Detrick, describe the network's earliest efforts to find a cure for cancer by first creating thousands of mutant viruses capable of jumping from animals into humans. These "cancer models" were used by researchers who believed that viruses were responsible for most cancers. Thus, viruses were tracked, isolated, and genetically modifed to produce a variety of cancers in the hope of discovering a vaccine. This rationale was used by BW developers to defend their work, and the entire NCI program was administered by Litton Bionetics. This chapter reviews what was done to produce AIDS, Ebola, Marburg and Reston-like viruses, where and when the experiments took place, who was involved, and even how much they were paid. This chapter uncloaks the NCI's "special virus" research network and the horrifying experiments they conducted in the name of medical science. Chapter 23. The Man-Made Origin of Marburg and Ebola-Presents startling evidence that the Hazleton monkey house, site of the Reston virus outbreak, was intimately involved in creating cancer viruses similar to those produced by Robert Gallo and coworkers at Litton Bionetics. Moreover, scientific documents revealed the unreported source of Hazleton's Reston virus contaminated monkeys was apparently Litton Bionetics. Additional documents reveal a specific experiment conducted by Litton Bionetics chief Dr. John Landon as the most plausible source of the original Marburg virus outbreak in Europe. Most astonishing, in an obscure scientific report, Dr. Seymour Kalter, the NCI's chief simian virus expert in charged of classifying newly developed viruses that -8 -

Page  9 emerged during laboratory experiments, stated for the record that the Marburg hemorrhagic fever virus was manmade. Chapter 24. Ebola Kikwit and the Sloan/Hot Zone/Plague Connection-This concluding chapter critically examines the 1995 Ebola virus outbreak in Kikwit, Zaire. Apparently, contrary to popular belief and news coverage, the virus was too similar to the 1976 strain to have emerged naturally. A final serendipitous discovery identified The Hot Zone's Richard Preston, as the recipient of a $20,000 literary grant from the Sloan Foundation. Further investigation revealed the foundation: (1) supported black educational initiatives consistent with the COINTELPRO Black Nationalist Hate Group campaign; (2) administered "public management" research and mass-media-public-persuasion experiments completely consistent with the CIA's Project MKULTRA; (3) funded many of the earliest cancer research experiments involving the genetic engineering of mutant viruses; (4) funded population control studies by Planned Parenthood-World Population, New York, N.Y.; (5) funded the Community Blood Council of Greater New York, Inc., the "council of doctors" who established the infamous New York City Blood Bank; (6) maintained Laurance S. Rockefeller, the director of the Community Blood Council of Greater New York and the president of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, as chairman of the board of the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, and a trustee for the Foundation; (7) gave in excess of $20,000 annually to the Council on Foreign Relations; and (8) maintained among its "marketable securities," 16,505 shares of Chase Manhattan Bank stock (in 1967) along with 24,400-53,000 shares issued by Merck & Co., Inc. (at least until 1973). In the end, Litton Bionetics and Hazleton Research Labs were sold to a subsidiary of Dow-Corning, whose president, Richard Hazleton, is currently seeking congressional approval for legislation aimed at freeing corporations from product liability claims, such as those caused by immune-system-ravaging silicon breast implants and Norplant~ for population control. In addition, it was also learned that Laurie Garrett, author of The Coming Plague, also received major financial support from The Sloan Foundation. Chapter 25. Smoking Guns and Conclusions-The book closes by questioning the covert operations of the military-medical-industrial complex and its effect on America's health and democracy, but not before revealing "a smoking gun." Maurice Hilleman, in charge of MSD's hepatitis B vaccine experiments in New York and Central Africa, admits to having been intimately involved importing AIDS infected monkeys into his labs at Merck, and thus beginning the North American AIDS epidemic, just as Dr. Horowitz concluded from the scientific evidence presented in chapter 13. Most troubling, hard evidence is presented that NCI and NIH insiders knew, as early as 1961, that MSD's polio (and later, hepatitis B) vaccines were laced with live simian lentiviruses that would likely produce human cancer epidemics for decades to come. Even more incredible, many monkey viruses are still being spread to humans by currently administered vaccines, while the FDA, by law, cannot do anything about it! For political and financial reasons, those who knew about such risks simply remained silent, or actively blocked efforts to alert the public. The result is--just about everyone is at greater risk today of developing cancer, and a host of other illnesses, or passing these cancer genes, or active viruses, on to their children for generations to come. Readers are encouraged to help make a difference by contacting their congressional representatives to urge an independent investigation of current live viral vaccine contaminants along with the FDA regarding their role in developing the hepatitis B vaccine and keeping the public misinformed. In addition, the tainted vaccine lots allegedly in safe keeping at the FDA should be evaluated and may hold the keys to discovering the whole true story of the origin of AIDS. 0 Note to Journalists: For more information about this extraordinary text, or for an interview with Dr. Horowitz, please contact Jacqueline Lindenbach at Tetrahedron Publishing Group, Post Office Box 402, Rockport, Massachusetts 01966; Telephone: 508-546-6586. Fax inquiries to 508-546-9226. E-Mail: Tetrahedron.org * Web Site: http://www.Tetrahedron. org