The Canterbury tales

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The Canterbury tales
Chaucer, Geoffrey, d. 1400
Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin

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This text has been made available through the Oxford Text Archive for personal scholarly use only. OTA number: U-1678-C

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"The Canterbury tales." In the digital collection Corpus of Middle English Prose and Verse. University of Michigan Library Digital Collections. Accessed May 24, 2024.


The Tale of Melibee

A yong man called melibeus, myghty and Line 967 Riche, bigat upon his wyf, that called was prudence, Line 967 a doghter which that called was sophie./ Line 968 Upon a day bifel that he for his desport is Line 968 Went into the feeldes hem to pleye./ His wyf Line 969 And eek his doghter hath he left inwith his hous, Line 969 Of which the dores weren faste yshette./ Thre Line 970 Of his olde foes han it espyed, and setten laddres Line 970 To the walles of his hous, and by wyndowes Line 970 been entred,/ and betten his wyf, Line 971 And wounded his doghter with fyve mortal Line 971 woundes in fyve sondry places, -- / this is to Line 972 Seyn, in hir feet, in hire handes, in hir erys, in Line 972 Hir nose, and in hire mouth, -- and leften hire Line 972 For deed, and wenten awey./ Line 973 Whan melibeus retourned was in to his hous, Line 973 And saugh al this meschief, he, lyk a mad man, Line 973 Rentynge his clothes, gan to wepe and crie./ Line 974 Prudence, his wyf, as ferforth as she dorste, Line 974 Bisoghte hym of his wepyng for to stynte;/ but Line 975 Nat forthy he gan to crie and wepen Line 975 Evere lenger the moore./ Line 975 This noble wyf prudence remembred Line 976 Hire upon the sentence of ovide, in his book Line 976 That cleped is the remedie of love, where as Line 976 He seith/ he is a fool that destourbeth the Line 977 Mooder to wepen in the deeth of hire child, Line 977 Til she have wept hir fille as for a certein tyme;/ Line 978 And thanne shal man doon his diligence with Line 978 Amyable wordes hire to reconforte, and preyen Line 978

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Line 978 Hire of hir wepyng for to stynte./ For which Line 979 Resoun this noble wyf prudence suffred hir Line 979 Housbonde for to wepe and crie as for a certein Line 979 Space;/ and whan she saugh hir tyme, she Line 980 Seyde hym in this wise: allas, my lord, quod Line 980 She, why make ye youreself for to be Line 980 Lyk a fool?/ for sothe it aperteneth nat Line 981 To a wys man to maken swich a sorwe./ Line 982 Youre doghter, with the grace of god, shal Line 982 Warisshe and escape./ And, al were it so that Line 983 She right now were deed, ye ne oughte nat, as Line 983 For hir deeth, youreself to destroye./ Senek Line 984 Seith: the wise man shal nat take to greet disconfort Line 984 for the deeth of his children;/ but, Line 985 Certes, he sholde suffren it in pacience as wel Line 985 As he abideth the deeth of his owene Line 985 Propre persone. -- / Line 986 This melibeus answerde anon, and Line 986 Seyde, what man, quod he, sholde of his Line 986 Wepyng stente that hath so greet a cause for Line 986 To wepe?/ jhesu crist, oure lord, hymself Line 987 Wepte for the deeth of lazarus hys freend./ Line 988 Prudence answerde: certes, wel I woot attempree Line 988 wepyng is no thyng deffended to hym Line 988 That sorweful is, amonges folk in sorwe, but it Line 988 Is rather graunted hym to wepe./ The apostle Line 989 Paul unto the romayns writeth, -- man shal rejoyse Line 989 with hem that maken joye, and wepen Line 989 With swich folk as wepen. -- / ut though attempree Line 990 wepyng be ygraunted, outrageous Line 990 wepyng certes is deffended./ Line 991 Mesure of wepyng sholde be considered, Line 991 after the loore that techeth us senek:/ Line 992 -- whan that thy frend is deed, -- quod he, -- lat Line 992 Nat thyne eyen to moyste been of teeris, ne Line 992 To muche drye; although the teeris come to Line 992 Thyne eyen, lat hem nat falle;/ and whan thou Line 993 Hast forgoon thy freend, do diligence to gete Line 993 Another freend; and this is moore wysdom than Line 993 For to wepe for thy freend which that thou has Line 993 Lorn, for therinne is no boote. -- / and therfore, Line 994 If ye governe yow by sapience, put awey sorwe Line 994 Out of youre herte./ Remembre yow that Line 995 Jhesus syrak seith, -- a man that is joyous and Line 995 Glad in herte, it hym conserveth florissynge Line 995 In his age; but soothly sorweful herte Line 995 Maketh his bones drye. -- / he seith eek Line 996 Thus, that sorwe in herte sleeth ful many Line 996 A man./ Salomon seith that right as motthes Line 997 In shepes flees anoyeth to the clothes, and Line 997 The smale wormes to the tree, right so anoyeth Line 997 Sorwe to the herte./ Wherfore us oghte, as wel Line 998 In the deeth of oure children as in the los of Line 998 Oure othere goodes temporels, have pacience./ Line 999 Remembre yow upon the pacient job. Whan Line 999 He hadde lost his children and his temporeel Line 999 Substance, and in his body endured and receyved Line 999 ful many a grevous tribulacion, yet Line 999 Seyde he thus:/ -- oure lord hath yeve it me; Line 1000 Oure lord hath biraft it me; right as oure lord Line 1000 Hath wold, right so it is doon; blessed Line 1000 Be the name of oure lord! -- / Line 1001 To thise forseide thynges answerde Line 1001 Melibeus unto his wyf prudence: alle thy Line 1001 Wordes, quod he, been sothe, and therto profitable; Line 1001 but trewely myn herte is troubled with Line 1001 This sorwe so grevously that I noot what to Line 1001 Doone./ Line 1002 Lat calle, quod prudence, thy trewe Line 1002 Freendes alle, and thy lynage whiche that been Line 1002 Wise. Telleth youre cas, and herkneth what Line 1002 They seye in conseillyng, and yow governe after Line 1002 Hire sentence./ Salomon seith, -- werk alle thy Line 1003 Thynges by conseil, and thou shalt never repente. Line 1003 Thanne, by the conseil of his wyf prudence, Line 1004 This melibeus leet callen a greet congregacion Line 1004 Of folk;/ as surgiens, phisiciens, olde folk and Line 1005 Yonge, and somme of his olde enemys reconsiled Line 1005 as by hir semblaunt to his love and Line 1005 Into his grace;/ and therwithal ther Line 1006 Coomen somme of his neighebores that Line 1006 Diden hym reverence moore for drede than for Line 1006 Love, as it happeth ofte./ Ther coomen also Line 1007 Ful many subtille flatereres, and wise advocatz Line 1007 lerned in the lawe./ Line 1008 And whan this folk togidre assembled weren, Line 1008 This melibeus in sorweful wise shewed hem his Line 1008 Cas./ And by the manere of his speche it Line 1009 Semed that in herte he baar a crueel ire, redy Line 1009 To doon vengeaunce upon his foes, and sodeynly Line 1009 desired that the werre sholde bigynne;/ Line 1010 But nathelees, yet axed he hire conseil Line 1010 Upon this matiere./ A surgien, by licence Line 1011 and assent of swiche as weren Line 1011 Wise, up roos, and to melibeus seyde as ye may Line 1011 Heere:/ Line 1012 Sire, quod he, as to us surgiens aperteneth Line 1012 that we do to every wight the beste that Line 1012 We kan, where as we been withholde, and to Line 1012 Oure pacientz that we do no damage;/ wherfore Line 1013 it happeth many tyme and ofte that whan Line 1013 Twey men han everich wounded oother, oon Line 1013 Same surgien heeleth hem bothe;/ wherfore Line 1014 Unto oure art it is nat pertinent to norice werre Line 1014 Ne parties to supporte./ But certes, as to the Line 1015 Warisshynge of youre doghter, al be it so that Line 1015 She perilously be wounded, we shullen do so Line 1015

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Line 1015 Ententif bisynesse fro day to nyght that with Line 1015 The grace of God she shal be hool and Line 1015 Sound as soone as is possible./ Line 1016 Almoost right in the same wise the Line 1016 Phisiciens answerden, save that they seyden a Line 1016 Fewe woordes moore:/ that right as maladies Line 1017 Been cured by hir contraries, right so shul men Line 1017 Warisshe werre by vengeaunce./ Line 1018 His neighebores ful of envye, his feyned Line 1018 Freendes that semeden reconsiled, and his flatereres/ Line 1018 maden semblant of wepyng, and empeireden Line 1019 and agreggeden muchel of this matiere Line 1019 in preisynge greetly melibee of myght, of Line 1019 Power, of richesse, and of freendes, despisynge Line 1019 The power of his adversaries,/ and seiden outrely Line 1020 that he anon sholde wreken hym on Line 1020 His foes, and bigynne werre./ Line 1021 Up roos thanne an advocat that was Line 1021 Wys, by leve and by conseil of othere that were Line 1021 Wise, and seide:/ lordynges, the nede for Line 1022 Which we been assembled in this place is a ful Line 1022 Hevy thyng and an heigh matiere,/ by cause Line 1023 Of the wrong and of the wikkednesse that hath Line 1023 Be doon, and eek by resoun of the grete damages Line 1023 that in tyme comynge been possible to Line 1023 Fallen for this same cause,/ and eek by resoun Line 1024 Of the grete richesse and power of the parties Line 1024 Bothe;/ for the whiche resouns it were a Line 1025 Ful greet peril to erren in this matiere./ Line 1026 Wherfore, melibeus, this is oure sentence: Line 1026 we conseille yow aboven alle thyng Line 1026 That right anon thou do thy diligence in Line 1026 Kepynge of thy propre persone in swich Line 1026 A wise that thou ne wante noon espie ne Line 1026 Wacche, thy persone for to save./ And after Line 1027 That, we conseille that in thyn hous thou sette Line 1027 Sufficeant garnisoun so that they may as wel Line 1027 Thy body as thyn hous defende./ But certes, Line 1028 For to moeve werre, ne sodeynly for to doon Line 1028 Vengeaunce, we may nat demen in so litel Line 1028 Tyme that it were profitable./ Wherfore we Line 1029 Axen leyser and espace to have deliberacion in Line 1029 This cas to deme./ For the commune proverbe Line 1030 Seith thus: -- he that soone deemeth, Line 1030 Soone shal repente. -- / and eek men seyn Line 1031 That thilke juge is wys that soone under- Line 1031 Stondeth a matiere and juggeth by leyser;/ for Line 1032 Al be it so that alle tariyng be anoyful, algates it Line 1032 Is nat to repreve in yevynge of juggement ne Line 1032 In vengeance takyng, whan it is sufficeant Line 1032 And resonable./ And that shewed oure lord Line 1033 Jhesu crist by ensample; for whan that the Line 1033 Womman that was taken in avowtrie was broght Line 1033 In his presence to knowen what sholde be doon Line 1033 With hire persone, al be it so that he wiste wel Line 1033 Hymself what that he wolde answere, yet ne Line 1033 Wolde he nat answere sodeynly, but he wolde Line 1033 Have deliberacion, and in the ground he wroot Line 1033 Twies./ And thise causes weaxen deliberacioun, Line 1034 and we shal thanne, by the grace of Line 1034 God, conseille thee thyng that shal be profitable./ Line 1034 n=11035>Up stirten thanne the yonge folk atones, and Line 1035 The mooste partie of that compaignye han Line 1035 Scorned this olde wise man, and bigonnen Line 1035 to make noyse, and seyden that/ Line 1036 Right so as, whil that iren is hoot, men Line 1036 Sholden smyte, right so men sholde wreken hir Line 1036 Wronges whil that they been fresshe and newe; Line 1036 And with loud voys they criden werre! Line 1036 Werre!/ Line 1037 Up roos tho oon of thise olde wise, and with Line 1037 His hand made contenaunce that men sholde Line 1037 Holden hem stille and yeven hym audience./ Line 1038 Lordynges, quod he, ther is ful many a man Line 1038 That crieth -- werre! werre! -- that woot ful litel Line 1038 What werre amounteth./ Werre at his bigynnyng Line 1039 hath so greet an entryng and so large, that Line 1039 Every wight may entre whan hym liketh, and Line 1039 Lightly fynde werre;/ but certes what ende Line 1040 That shal therof bifalle, it is nat light to Line 1040 Knowe./ For soothly, whan that werre is Line 1041 Ones bigonne, ther is ful many a child Line 1041 Unborn of his mooder that shal sterve yong by Line 1041 Cause of thilke werre, or elles lyve in sorwe and Line 1041 Dye in wrecchednesse./ And therfore, er that Line 1042 Any werre bigynne, men moste have greet conseil Line 1042 and greet deliberacion./ And whan this Line 1043 Olde man wende to enforcen his tale by resons, Line 1043 Wel ny alle atones bigonne they to rise for to Line 1043 Breken his tale, and beden hym ful ofte his Line 1043 Wordes for to abregge./ For soothly, he that Line 1044 Precheth to hem that listen nat heeren his Line 1044 Wordes, his sermon hem anoieth./ For jhesus Line 1045 Syrak seith that musik in wepynge ia a noyous Line 1045 Thyng; this is to seyn: as muche availleth to Line 1045 Speken bifore folk to which his speche anoyeth, Line 1045 as it is to synge biforn hym that Line 1045 Wepeth./ And whan this wise man Line 1046 Saugh that hym wanted audience, al Line 1046 Shamefast he sette hym doun agayn./ For Line 1047 Salomon seith: ther as thou ne mayst have Line 1047 Noon audience, enforce thee nat to speke./ Line 1048 I see wel, quod this wise man, that the commune Line 1048 proverbe is sooth, that -- good conseil Line 1048 Wanteth whan it is moost nede. -- / Line 1049 Yet hadde this melibeus in his conseil many Line 1049 Folk that prively in his eere conseilled hym Line 1049

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Line 1049 Certeyn thyng, and conseilled hym the contrarie Line 1049 in general audience./ Line 1050 Whan melibeus hadde herd that the gretteste Line 1050 partie of his conseil weren accorded that Line 1050 He sholde maken werre, anoon he consented to Line 1050 Hir conseillyng, and fully affermed hire Line 1050 Sentence./ Thanne dame prudence, Line 1051 Whan that she saugh how that hir Line 1051 Housbonde shoop hym for to wreken hym on Line 1051 His foes, and to bigynne werre, she in ful humble Line 1051 wise, whan she saugh hir tyme, seide to Line 1051 Hym thise wordes:/ my lord, quod she, I Line 1052 Yow biseche as hertely as I dar and kan, ne Line 1052 Haste yow nat to faste, and for alle gerdons, as Line 1052 Yeveth me audience./ For piers alfonce seith, Line 1053 -- whoso that dooth to thee oother good or harm, Line 1053 Haste thee nat to quiten it; for in this wise thy Line 1053 Freend wole abyde, and thyn anemy shal the Line 1053 Lenger lyve in drede. -- / the proverbe seith, -- he Line 1054 Hasteth wel that wisely kan abyde, -- and in Line 1054 Wikked haste is no profit./ Line 1055 This melibee answerde unto his wyf prudence: Line 1055 I purpose nat, quod he, to werke by Line 1055 Thy conseil, for many causes and resouns. Line 1055 For certes, every wight wolde holde me Line 1055 Thanne a fool;/ this is to seyn, if I, for Line 1056 Thy conseillyng, wolde chaungen thynges Line 1056 That been ordeyned and affermed by so manye Line 1056 Wyse./ Secoundely, I seye that alle wommen Line 1057 Been wikke, and noon good of hem alle. For -- of Line 1057 A thousand men, -- seith salomon, -- I foond o Line 1057 Good man, but certes, of alle wommen, good Line 1057 Womman foond I nevere.--/ and also, certes, Line 1058 If I governed me by thy conseil, it sholde Line 1058 Seme that I hadde yeve to thee over me Line 1058 The maistrie; and God forbede that it so Line 1058 Weere!/ for jhesus syrak seith that -- if the Line 1059 Wyf have maistrie, she is contrarious to hir Line 1059 Housbonde./ -- and salomon seith: -- nevere in Line 1060 Thy lyf to thy wyf, ne to thy child, ne to Line 1060 Thy freend, ne yeve no power over thy- Line 1060 Self; for bettre it were that thy children aske Line 1060 Of thy persone thynges that hem nedeth, than Line 1060 Thou see thyself in the handes of thy Line 1060 Children. -- / and also if I wolde werke Line 1061 By thy conseillyng, certes, my conseil Line 1061 Moste som tyme be secree, til it were tyme Line 1061 That it moste be knowe, and this ne may noght Line 1061 Be./ (car il est escript, la genglerie des Line 1062 Femmes ne puet riens celler fors ce qu' elle ne Line 1062 Scet./ Apres, le philosophre dit, en mauvais Line 1063 Conseil les femmes vainquent les hommes: et Line 1063 Par ces raisons je ne dois point user de ton conseil.)/ Line 1063 n=11064>Whanne dame prudence, ful debonairly and Line 1064 With greet pacience, hadde herd al that hir Line 1064 Housbonde liked for to seye, thanne axed she Line 1064 Of hym licence for to speke, and seyde in this Line 1064 Wise:/ my lord, quod she, as to youre firste Line 1065 Resoun, certes it may lightly been answered. Line 1065 For I seye that it is no folie to chaunge conseil Line 1065 Whan the thyng is chaunged, or elles whan Line 1065 The thyng semeth ootherweyes than it Line 1065 Was biforn./ And mooreover, I seye Line 1066 That though ye han sworn and bihight Line 1066 To perfourne youre emprise, and nathelees ye Line 1066 Weyve to perfourne thilke same emprise by Line 1066 Juste cause, men sholde nat seyn therfore that Line 1066 Ye were a liere ne forsworn./ For the book Line 1067 Seith that -- the wise man maketh no lesyng Line 1067 Whan he turneth his corage to the bettre. --/ Line 1068 And al be it so that youre emprise be establissed Line 1068 and ordeyned by greet multitude of folk, Line 1068 Yet that ye nat accomplice thilke ordinaunce, Line 1068 But yow like./ For the trouthe of thynges and Line 1069 The profit been rather founden in fewe folk that Line 1069 Been wise and ful of resoun, than by greet multitude Line 1069 of folk ther every man crieth and clatereth Line 1069 what that hym liketh. Soothly swich multitude Line 1069 is nat hones./ And as to the seconde Line 1070 Resoun, where as ye seyn that alle wommen Line 1070 Been wikke; save youre grace, certes ye despisen Line 1070 alle wommen in this wyse, and -- he that Line 1070 Al despiseth, al displeseth, -- as seith the Line 1070 Book./ And senec seith that -- whose Line 1071 Wole have sapience shal no man dispreyse, Line 1071 but he shal gladly techen the science Line 1071 That he kan withouten presumpcion or pride,/ Line 1072 And swiche thynges as he noght ne kan, he Line 1072 Shal nat been ashamed to lerne hem, and enquere Line 1072 of lasse folk than hymself. -- / and, sire, Line 1073 That ther hath been many a good womman, Line 1073 May lightly be preved./ For certes, sire, oure Line 1074 Lord jhesu crist wolde nevere have descended Line 1074 To be born of a womman, if alle wommen hadden Line 1074 been wikke./ And after that, for the grete Line 1075 Bountee that is in wommen, oure lord jhesu Line 1075 Crist, whan he was risen fro deeth to lyve, Line 1075 Appeered rather to a womman than to Line 1075 His apostles./ And though that salomon Line 1076 seith that he ne foond nevere womman Line 1076 good, it folweth nat therfore that alle wommen Line 1076 ben wikke./ For though that he ne foond Line 1077 No good womman, certes, many another man Line 1077 Hath founden many a womman ful good and Line 1077 Trewe./ Or elles, per aventure, the entente of Line 1078 Salomon was this, that, as in sovereyn bounte, Line 1078 He foond no womman;/ this is to seyn, that ther Line 1079

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Line 1079 Is no wight that hath sovereyn bountee save Line 1079 God allone, as he hymself recordeth in hys Line 1079 Evaungelie./ For ther nys no creature so good Line 1080 That hym ne wanteth somwhat of the Line 1080 Perfeccioun of god, that is his makere./ Line 1081 Youre thridde reson is this: ye seyn that Line 1081 If ye governe yow by my conseil, it sholde Line 1081 Seme that ye hadde yeve me the maistrie and Line 1081 The lordshipe over youre persone./ Sire, save Line 1082 Youre grace, it is nat so. For if it so were that Line 1082 No man sholde be conseilled but oonly of hem Line 1082 That hadden lordshipe and maistrie of his persone, Line 1082 men wolden nat be conseilled so ofte./ Line 1083 For soothly thilke man that asketh conseil of Line 1083 A purpos, yet hath he free choys wheither he Line 1083 Wole werke by that conseil or noon./ And as Line 1084 To youre fourthe resoun, ther ye seyn that the Line 1084 Janglerie of wommen kan hyde thynges that Line 1084 They wot noght, as who seith that a womman Line 1084 Kan nat hyde that she woot;/ sire, thise wordes Line 1085 Been understonde of wommen that been Line 1085 Jangleresses and wikked;/ of whiche Line 1086 Wommen men seyn that thre thynges Line 1086 Dryven a man out of his hous, -- that is to seyn, Line 1086 Smoke, droppyng of reyn, and wikked wyves,/ Line 1087 And of swiche wommen seith salomon that -- it Line 1087 Were bettre dwelle in desert than with a woman Line 1087 that is riotous. --/ and sire, by youre leve, Line 1088 That am nat I;/ for ye han ful ofte assayed my Line 1089 Grete silence and my grete pacience, and eek Line 1089 How wel that I kan hyde and hele thynges that Line 1089 Men oghte secreely to hyde./ And soothly, as Line 1090 To youre fifthe resoun, where as ye seyn that Line 1090 In wikked conseil wommen venquisshe men, Line 1090 God woot, thilke resoun stant heere in Line 1090 No stede./ For understoond now, ye Line 1091 Asken conseil to do wikkednesse;/ and if Line 1092 Ye wole werken wikkednesse, and youre wif Line 1092 Restreyneth thilke wikked purpos, and overcometh Line 1092 yow by reson and by good conseil,/ Line 1093 Certes youre wyf oghte rather to be preised Line 1093 Than yblamed./ Thus sholde ye understonde Line 1094 The philosophre that seith, -- in wikked conseil Line 1094 Wommen venquisshen hir housbondes. -- / and Line 1095 Ther as ye blamen alle wommen and hir resouns, Line 1095 I shal shewe yow by manye ensamples Line 1095 That many a womman hath ben ful good, and Line 1095 Yet been, and hir conseils ful hoolsome Line 1095 And profitable./ Eek som men han seyd Line 1096 That the conseillynge of wommen is Line 1096 Outher to deere, or elles to litel of pris./ But al Line 1097 Be it so that ful many a womman is badde, and Line 1097 Hir conseil vile and noght worth, yet han men Line 1097 Founde ful many a good womman, and ful discret Line 1097 and wis in conseillynge./ Loo, jacob, by Line 1098 Good conseil of his mooder rebekka, wan the Line 1098 Benysoun of ysaak his fader, and the lordshipe Line 1098 Over alle his bretheren./ Judith, by hire good Line 1099 Conseil, delivered the citee of bethulie, in Line 1099 Which she dwelled, out of the handes of olofernus, Line 1099 that hadde it biseged and wolde have al Line 1099 Destroyed it./ Abygail delivered nabal hir Line 1100 Housbonde fro david the kyng, that wolde Line 1100 Have slayn hym, and apaysed the ire of the Line 1100 Kyng by hir wit and by hir good conseillyng./ Line 1100 hester, by hir good conseil, Line 1101 Enhaunced greetly the peple of God in Line 1101 The regne of assuerus the kyng./ And the Line 1102 Same bountee in good conseillyng of many a Line 1102 Good womman may men telle./ And mooreover, Line 1103 Whan oure lord hadde creat adam, oure Line 1103 Forme fader, he seyde in this wise:/ -- it is nat Line 1104 Good to been a man alloone; make we to Line 1104 Hym an helpe semblable to hymself. -- / heere Line 1105 May ye se that if that wommen were nat Line 1105 Goode, and hir conseils goode and profitable,/ Line 1105 oure lord God of hevene wolde Line 1106 Nevere han wroght hem, ne called hem Line 1106 Help of man, but rather confusioun of man./ Line 1107 And ther seyde oones a clerk in two vers, Line 1107 -- What is bettre than gold? jaspre. What is Line 1107 Bettre than jaspre? wisedoom./ And what is Line 1108 Better than wisedoom? womman. And what is Line 1108 Bettre than a good womman? nothyng. -- / and, Line 1109 Sire, by manye of othre resons may ye seen Line 1109 That manye wommen been goode, and hir Line 1109 Conseils goode and profitable./ And therfore, Line 1110 sire, if ye wol triste to my conseil, I shal Line 1110 Restoore yow youre doghter hool and Line 1110 Sound./ And eek I wol do to yow so Line 1111 Muche that ye shul have honour in this Line 1111 Cause./ Line 1112 Whan melibee hadde herd the wordes of his Line 1112 Wyf prudence, he seyde thus:/ I se wel that Line 1113 The word of salomon is sooth. He seith that Line 1113 -- Wordes that been spoken discreetly by ordinaunce Line 1113 been honycombes, for they yeven swetnesse Line 1113 to the soule and hoolsomnesse to the Line 1113 Body. -- / and, wyf, by cause of thy sweete Line 1114 Wordes, and eek for I have assayed and preved Line 1114 Thy grete sapience and thy grete trouthe, I wol Line 1114 Governe me by thy conseil in alle thyng./ Line 1115 Now, sire, quod dame prudence, and syn Line 1115 Ye vouche sauf to been governed by my conseil, Line 1115 I wol enforme yow how ye shul governe Line 1115 Yourself in chesynge of youre conseillours./ Line 1115 ye shul first in alle youre werkes Line 1116 Mekely biseken to the heighe God that Line 1116

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Line 1116 He wol be youre conseillour;/ and shapeth yow Line 1117 To swich entente that he yeve yow conseil and Line 1117 Confort, as taughte thobie his sone:/ -- at alle Line 1118 Tymes thou shalt blesse god, and praye hym Line 1118 To dresse thy weyes, and looke that alle thy Line 1118 Conseils been in hym for everemoore. -- / seint Line 1119 Jame eek seith: -- if any of yow have nede of Line 1119 Sapience, axe it of god. -- / and afterward Line 1120 Thanne shul ye taken conseil in youreself, and Line 1120 Examyne wel youre thoghtes of swich thyng Line 1120 As yow thynketh that is bes for youre Line 1120 Profit./ And thanne shul ye dryve fro Line 1121 Youre herte thre thynges that been contrariouse Line 1121 to good conseil;/ that is to seyn, ire, Line 1122 Coveitise, and hastifnesse./ Line 1123 First, he that axeth conseil of hymself, certes Line 1123 He moste been withouten ire, for manye Line 1123 Causes./ The firste is this: he that hath greet Line 1124 Ire and wratthe in hymself, he weneth alwey Line 1124 That he may do thyng that he may nat do./ Line 1125 And secoundely, he that is irous and Line 1125 Wrooth, he ne may nat wel deme;/ and Line 1126 He that may nat wel deme, may nat wel Line 1126 Conseille./ The thridde is this, that he that is Line 1127 Irous and wrooth, as seith senec, ne may nat Line 1127 Speke but blameful thynges,/ and with his Line 1128 Viciouse wordes he stireth oother folk to angre Line 1128 And to ire./ And eek, sire, ye moste dryve Line 1129 Coveitise out of youre herte./ For the aposthe Line 1130 seith that coveitise is roote of alle Line 1130 Harmes./ And trust wel that a coveitous Line 1131 Man ne kan noght deme ne thynke, but Line 1131 Oonly to fulfille the ende of his coveitise;/ and Line 1132 Certes, that ne may nevere been accompliced; Line 1132 For evere the moore habundaunce that he hath Line 1132 Of richesse, the moore he desireth./ And, sire, Line 1133 Ye moste also dryve out of youre herte hastifnesse; Line 1133 for certes,/ ye ne may nat deeme for Line 1134 The beste by a sodeyn thought that falleth in Line 1134 Youre herte, but ye moste avyse yow on it Line 1134 Ful ofte./ For, as ye herde her biforn, the Line 1135 Commune proverbe is this, that -- he that Line 1135 Soone deemeth, soone repenteth. -- / sire, Line 1136 Ye ne be nat alwey in lyk disposicioun;/ Line 1137 For certes, somthyng that somtyme semeth to Line 1137 Yow that it is good for to do, another tyme it Line 1137 Semeth to yow the contrarie./ Line 1138 Whan ye han taken conseil in youreself, and Line 1138 Han deemed by good deliberacion swich thyng Line 1138 As yow semeth bes,/ thanne rede I yow that Line 1139 Ye kepe it secree./ Biwrey nat youre conseil Line 1140 To no persone, but if so be that ye wenen Line 1140 Sikerly that thurgh youre biwreyyng youre Line 1140 Condicioun shal be to yow the moore profitable./ Line 1140 for jhesus syrak seith, -- neither Line 1141 To thy foo, ne to thy frend, discovere nat Line 1141 Thy secree ne thy folie;/ for they wol yeve yow Line 1142 Audience and lookynge and supportacioun in Line 1142 Thy presence, and scorne thee in thyn absence. Line 1142 -- / another clerk seith that -- scarsly Line 1143 Shaltou fynden any persone that may kepe conseil Line 1143 secrely. -- / the book seith, -- whil that thou Line 1144 Kepest thy conseil in thyn herte, thou kepest Line 1144 It in thy prisoun;/ and whan thou biwreyest Line 1145 Thy conseil to any wight, he holdeth Line 1145 Thee in his snare. -- / and therfore yow Line 1146 Is bettre to hyde youre conseil in youre Line 1146 Herte than praye him to whom ye han biwreyed Line 1146 Youre conseil that he wole kepen it cloos and Line 1146 Stille./ For seneca seith: -- if so be that thou Line 1147 Ne mayst nat thyn owene conseil hyde, how Line 1147 Darstou prayen any oother wight thy conseil Line 1147 Secrely to kepe? -- / but nathelees, if thou wene Line 1148 Sikerly that the biwreiyng of thy conseil to a Line 1148 Persone wol make thy condicion to stonden in Line 1148 The bettre plyt, thanne shaltou tellen hym thy Line 1148 Conseil in this wise./ First thou shalt make no Line 1149 Semblant wheither thee were levere pees or Line 1149 Werre, or this or that, ne shewe hym nat thy Line 1149 Wille and thyn entente. / for trust wel that Line 1150 Comunli thise conseillours been flatereres,/ Line 1150 namely the conseillours of grete Line 1151 Lordes;/ for they enforcen hem alwey Line 1152 Rather to speken plesante wordes, enclynynge Line 1152 To the lordes lust, than wordes that been trewe Line 1152 Or profitable./ And therfore men seyn that the Line 1153 Riche man hath seeld good conseil, but if he Line 1153 Have it of hymself./ Line 1154 And after that thou shalt considere thy Line 1154 Freendes and thyne enemys./ And as touchynge Line 1155 thy freendes, thou shalt considere which Line 1155 Of hem been moost feithful and moost wise Line 1155 And eldest and most approved in conseillyng;/ Line 1155 and of hem shalt thou aske Line 1156 Thy conseil, as the caas requireth./ I Line 1157 Seye that first ye shul clepe to youre conseil Line 1157 Youre freendes that been trewe./ For salomon Line 1158 Seith that -- right as the herte of a man deliteth in Line 1158 Savour that is soote, right so the conseil of trewe Line 1158 Freendes yeveth swetnesse to the soule -- / he Line 1159 Seith also, -- ther may no thyng be likned to the Line 1159 Trewe freend;/ for certes gold ne silver ben nat Line 1160 So muche worth as the goode wyl of a Line 1160 Trewe freend. -- / and eek he seith that Line 1161 -- A trewe freend is a strong deffense; Line 1161 Who so that it fyndeth, certes he fyndeth a Line 1161 Greet tresour. -- / thanne shul ye eek considere Line 1162 If that youre trewe freendes been discrete and Line 1162

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Line 1162 Wise. For the book seith, -- axe alwey thy conseil Line 1162 of hem that been wise. -- / and by this same Line 1163 Resoun shul ye clepen to youre conseil of youre Line 1163 Freendes that been of age, swiche as han seyn Line 1163 And been expert in manye thynges and been Line 1163 Approved in conseillynges./ For the book seith Line 1164 That -- in olde men is the sapience, and in longe Line 1164 Tyme the prudence. -- / and tullius seith that Line 1165 -- Grete thynges ne been nat ay accompliced by Line 1165 Strengthe, ne by delivernesse of body, but by Line 1165 Good conseil, by auctoritee of persones, and by Line 1165 Science; the whiche thre thynges ne been nat Line 1165 Fieble by age, but certes they enforcen Line 1165 And encreescen day by day. -- / and Line 1166 Thanne shul ye kepe this for a general Line 1166 Reule: first shul ye clepen to youre conseil a Line 1166 Fewe of youre freendes that been especiale;/ Line 1167 For salomon seith, -- manye freendes have thou, Line 1167 But among a thousand chese thee oon to be Line 1167 Thy conseillour. -- / for al be it so that thou first Line 1168 Ne telle thy conseil but to a fewe, thou mayst Line 1168 Afterward telle it to mo folk if it be nede./ But Line 1169 Looke alwey that thy conseillours have thilke Line 1169 Thre condiciouns that I have seyd bifore, that Line 1169 Is to seyn, that they be trewe, wise, and of Line 1169 Oold experience./ And werke nat alwey in Line 1170 Every nede by oon counseillour allone; for somtyme Line 1170 bihooveth it to been conseilled by Line 1170 Manye./ For salomon seith, -- salvacion Line 1171 Of thynges is where as ther been manye Line 1171 Conseillours. -- / Line 1172 Now, sith that I have toold yow of which Line 1172 Folk ye sholde been conseilled, now wol I Line 1172 Teche yow which conseil ye oghte to eschewe/. Line 1173 First, ye shul eschue the conseillyng of fooles; Line 1173 For salomon seith, -- taak no conseil of a fool, Line 1173 For he ne kan noght conseille but after his Line 1173 Owene lust and his affeccioun. -- / the book Line 1174 Seith that -- the propretee of a fool is this: he Line 1174 Troweth lightly harm of every wight, and lightly Line 1174 Troweth alle bountee in hymself. -- / thou shalt Line 1175 Eek eschue the conseillyng of alle flatereres, Line 1175 Swiche as enforcen hem rather to preise youre Line 1175 Persone by flaterye than for to telle yow Line 1175 The soothfastnesse of thynges./ Wherfore Line 1176 tullius seith, -- amonges alle the Line 1176 Pestilences that been in freendshipe the gretteste Line 1176 is flaterie. -- and therfore is it moore nede Line 1176 That thou eschue and drede flatereres than any Line 1176 Oother peple./ The book seith, -- thou shalt Line 1177 Rather drede and flee fro the sweete wordes of Line 1177 Flaterynge preiseres than fro the egre wordes Line 1177 Of thy freend that seith thee thy sothes. -- / salomon Line 1178 seith that -- the wordes of a flaterere is a Line 1178 Snare to cacche with innocentz. -- / he seith also Line 1179 That -- he that speketh to his freend wordes of Line 1179 Swetnesse and of plesaunce, setteth a net biforn Line 1179 his feet to cacche hym. -- / and therfore Line 1180 Seith tullius, -- enclyne nat thyne eres to flatereres, Line 1180 ne taak no conseil of the wordes Line 1180 Of flaterye. -- / and caton seith, -- avyse Line 1181 Thee wel, and eschue the wordes of swetnesse Line 1181 and of plesaunce. -- / and eek thou shalt Line 1182 Eschue the conseillyng of thyne olde enemys Line 1182 That been reconsiled./ The book seith that -- no Line 1183 Wight retourneth saufly into the grace of his Line 1183 Olde enemy. -- / and isope seith, -- ne trust nat Line 1184 To hem to whiche thou hast had som tyme Line 1184 Werre or enemytee, ne telle hem nat thy Line 1184 Conseil. -- / and seneca telleth the cause why: Line 1185 -- it may nat be. -- seith he, -- that where greet Line 1185 Fyr hath longe tyme endured, that ther Line 1185 Ne dwelleth som vapour of warmness. Line 1185 -- / and therfore seith salomon, -- in Line 1186 Thyn olde foo trust nevere. -- / for sikerly, Line 1187 Though thyn enemy be reconsiled, and maketh Line 1187 thee chiere of hymylitee, and lowteth to Line 1187 Thee with his heed, ne trust hym nevere./ For Line 1188 Certes he maketh thilke feyned humilitee moore Line 1188 For his profit than for any love of thy persone, Line 1188 By cause that he deemeth to have victorie over Line 1188 Thy persone by swich feyned contenance, the Line 1188 Which victorie he myghte nat have by strif or Line 1188 Werre./ And peter alfonce seith, -- make no Line 1189 Felawshipe with thyne olde enemys; for if thou Line 1189 Do hem bountee, they wol perverten it into Line 1189 Wikkednesse. -- / and eek thou most eschue Line 1190 The conseillyng of hem that been thy servantz Line 1190 and beren thee greet reverence, for Line 1190 Peraventure they seyn it moore for drede Line 1190 Than for love./ And therfore seith a philosophre Line 1191 in this wise: ther is no wight Line 1191 Parfitly trewe to hym that he to soore dredeth. Line 1191 -- / and tullius seith, ther nys no myght Line 1192 So greet of any emperour that longe may endure, Line 1192 but if he have moore love of the peple Line 1192 Than drede. -- / thou shalt also eschue the conseiling Line 1193 of folk that been dronkelewe, for they Line 1193 Ne kan no conseil hyde./ For salomon seith, Line 1194 -- ther is no privetee ther as regneth dronkenesse. Line 1194 -- / ye shul also han in suspect the conseillyng Line 1195 of swich folk as conseille yow o thyng Line 1195 Prively, and conseille yow the contrarie Line 1195 Openly./ For cassidorie seith that -- it Line 1196 Is a manere sleighte to hyndre, whan he Line 1196 Sheweth to doon o thyng openly and werketh Line 1196 Prively the contrarie. -- / thou shalt also have Line 1197 In suspect the conseillyng of wikked folk, for Line 1197

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Line 1197 The book seith, -- the conseillyng of wikked folk Line 1197 Is alwey ful of fraude. -- / and david seith, -- blisful Line 1198 is that man that hath nat folwed the con -- Line 1198 Seilyng of shrewes. -- / thou shalt also eschue Line 1199 The conseillyng of yong folk, for hir conseil is Line 1199 Nat rype./ Line 1200 Now, sire, sith I have shewed yow of Line 1200 Which folk ye shul take youre conseil, and of Line 1200 Which folk ye shul folwe the conseil,/ Line 1200 now wol I teche yow how ye shal Line 1201 Examyne youre conseil, after the doctrine Line 1201 of tullius./ In the examynynge thanne Line 1202 Of youre conseillour ye shul considere manye Line 1202 Thynges./ Alderfirst thou shalt considere that Line 1203 In thilke thyng that thou purposest, and upon Line 1203 What thyng thou wolt have conseil, that verray Line 1203 Trouthe be seyd and conserved; this is to seyn, Line 1203 Telle trewely thy tale./ For he that seith fals Line 1204 May nat wel be conseilled in that cas of which Line 1204 He lieth./ And after this thou shalt considere the Line 1205 Thynges that acorden to that thou purposest for Line 1205 To do by thy conseillours, if resoun accorde Line 1205 therto;/ and eek if thy myhgt may Line 1206 Atteine therto; and if the moore part and Line 1206 The bettre part of thy conseillours acorde therto, Line 1206 Or noon./ Thanne shaltou considere what Line 1207 Thyng shal folwe of that conseillyng, as hate, Line 1207 Pees, werre, grace, profit, or damage, and Line 1207 Manye othere thynges./ And in alle thise Line 1208 Thynges thou shalt chese the beste, and weyve Line 1208 Alle othere thynges./ Thanne shaltow considere Line 1209 of what roote is engendred the matiere of Line 1209 Thy conseil, and what fruyt it may conceyve Line 1209 And engendre./ Thou shalt eek considere Line 1210 Alle thise causes, fro whennes they been Line 1210 Sprongen./ And whan ye han examyned Line 1211 youre conseil, as I have seyd, and Line 1211 Which partie is the bettre and moore profitable, Line 1211 and han approved it by manye wise folk Line 1211 And olde,/ thanne shaltou considere if thou Line 1212 Mayst parfourne it and maken of it a good Line 1212 Ende./ For certes, resoun wol nat that any Line 1213 Man sholde bigynne a thyng, but if he myghte Line 1213 Parfourne it as hym oghte;/ ne no wight sholde Line 1214 Take upon hym so hevy a charge that he Line 1214 Myghte nat bere it./ For the proverbe seith, Line 1215 -- he that to muche embraceth, distreyneth Line 1215 litel. -- / and catoun seith, -- assay Line 1216 To do swich thyng as thou hast power to Line 1216 Doon, lest that the charge oppresse thee so Line 1216 Soore that thee bihoveth to weyve thyng that Line 1216 Thou hast bigonne. -- / and if so be that thou Line 1217 Be in doute wheither thou mayst parfourne a Line 1217 Thing or noon, chese rather to suffre than bigynne./ Line 1217 and piers alphonce seith, -- if thou hast Line 1218 Myght to doon a thyng of which thou most Line 1218 Repente, it is bettre nay than ye. -- / this is Line 1219 To seyn, that thee is bettre holde thy tonge Line 1219 Stille than for to speke./ Thanne may ye understonde Line 1220 by strenger resons that if thou hast Line 1220 Power to parfourne a werk of which thou shalt Line 1220 Repente, thanne is it bettre that thou suffre Line 1220 than bigynne./ Wel seyn they that Line 1221 Defenden every wight to assaye a thyng Line 1221 Of which he is in doute wheither he may parfourne Line 1221 it or noon./ And after, whan ye han Line 1222 Examyned youre conseil, as I have seyd biforn, Line 1222 And knowen wel that ye may parfourne youre Line 1222 Emprise, conferme it thanne sadly til it be at Line 1222 And ende./ Line 1223 Now is it resoun and tyme that I shewe yow Line 1223 Whanne and wherfore that ye may chaunge Line 1223 Youre conseillours withouten youre repreve./ Line 1224 Soothly, a man may chaungen his purpos and Line 1224 His conseil if the cause cesseth, or whan a newe Line 1224 Caas bitydeth./ For the lawe seith that -- upon Line 1225 Thynges that newely bityden bihoveth Line 1225 Newe conseil. -- / and senec seith, -- if thy Line 1226 Conseil is comen to the eeris of thyn enemy, Line 1226 chaunge thy conseil. -- / thou matst also Line 1227 Chaunge thy conseil if so be that thou fynde Line 1227 That by errour, or by oother cause, harm or Line 1227 Damage may bityde./ Also if thy conseil be Line 1228 Dishonest, or ellis cometh of dishonest cause, Line 1228 Chaunge thy conseil./ For the lawes seyn that Line 1229 -- alle bihestes that been dishoneste been of no Line 1229 Value -- ;/ and eek if so be that it be inpossible, Line 1230 or may nat goodly be parfourned Line 1230 Or kept./ Line 1231 And take this for a general reule, that Line 1231 Every conseil that is affermed so strongly that Line 1231 It may nat be chaunged for no condicioun that Line 1231 May bityde, I seye that thilke conseil is wikked./ Line 1231 n=11232>This melibeus, whanne he hadde herd the Line 1232 Doctrine of his wyf dame prudence, answerde Line 1232 In this wyse:/ dame, quod he, as yet into Line 1233 This tyme ye han wel and covenably taught me Line 1233 As in general, how I shal governe me in the Line 1233 Chesynge and in the withholdynge of my conseillours./ Line 1233 but now wolde I fayn that ye wolde Line 1234 Condescende in especial,/ and telle me how liketh Line 1235 yow, or what semeth yow, by oure conseillours Line 1235 that we han chosen in oure present Line 1235 nede./ Line 1236 My lord, quod she, I biseke yow in al Line 1236 Humblesse that ye wol nat wilfully replie agayn Line 1236 My resouns, ne distempre youre herte, thogh I Line 1236

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Line 1236 Speke thyng that yow displese./ For God woot Line 1237 That, as in myn entente, I speke it for youre Line 1237 Beste, for youre honour, and for youre profite Line 1237 Eke./ And soothly, I hope that youre benyngnytee Line 1238 wol taken it in pacience./ Trusteth me Line 1239 Wel, quod she, that youre conseil as in this Line 1239 Caas ne sholde nat, as to speke properly, be Line 1239 Called a conseillyng, but a mocioun or a moevyng Line 1239 of folye,/ in which conseil ye han Line 1240 Erred in many a sondry wise./ Line 1241 First and forward, ye han erred in Line 1241 Th' assemblynge of youre conseillours./ For ye Line 1242 Sholde first have cleped a fewe folk to youre Line 1242 Conseil, and after ye myghte han shewed it Line 1242 To mo folk, if it hadde been nede./ But certes, Line 1243 Ye han sodeynly cleped to youre conseil a greet Line 1243 Multitude of peple, ful chargeant and ful anoyous Line 1243 for to heere./ Also ye han erred, for theras Line 1244 Ye sholden oonly have cleped to youre conseil Line 1244 Youre trewe frendes olde and wise./ Ye han Line 1245 Ycleped straunge folk, yonge folk, false flatereres, Line 1245 And enemys reconsiled, and folk that Line 1245 Doon yow reverence withouten love./ Line 1246 And ekk also ye have erred, for ye han Line 1246 Broght with yow to youre conseil ire, coveitise, Line 1246 And hastifnesse,/ the whiche thre thinges been Line 1247 Contrariouse to every conseil honest and profitable;/ Line 1247 the whiche thre thinges ye han nat Line 1248 Anientissed or destroyed hem, neither in youreself, Line 1248 ne in youre conseillours, as yow oghte./ Line 1249 Ye han erred also, for ye han shewed to youre Line 1249 Conseillours youre talent and youre affeccioun Line 1249 To make werre anon, and for to do vengeance./ Line 1250 They han espied by youre wordes to Line 1250 What thyng ye been enclyned;/ and Line 1251 Therfore han they rather conseilled Line 1251 Yow to youre talent that to youre profit./ Line 1252 Ye han erred also, for it semeth that yow Line 1252 Suffiseth to han been conseilled by thise Line 1252 Conseillours oonly, and with litel avys,/ Line 1253 Whereas in so greet and so heigh a nede Line 1253 It hadde been necessarie mo conseillours Line 1253 And moore deliberacion to parfourne youre emprise./ Line 1253 ye han erred also, for ye ne han nat Line 1254 Examyned youre conseil in the forseyde manere, Line 1254 ne in due manere, as the caas requireth./ Line 1255 Ye han erred also, for ye han maked no division Line 1255 bitwixe youre conseillours; this is to Line 1255 Seyn, bitwixen youre trewe freendes and Line 1255 Youre feyned conseillours;/ ne ye han Line 1256 Nat knowe the wil of youre trewe Line 1256 Freendes olde and wise;/ but ye han cast alle Line 1257 Hire wordes in an hochepot, and enclyned Line 1257 Youre herte to the moore part and to the gretter Line 1257 Nombre, and there been ye condescended./ Line 1258 And sith ye woot wel that men shal alwey Line 1258 Fynde a gretter nombre of fooles than of wise Line 1258 Men,/ and therfore the conseils that been at Line 1259 Congregaciouns and multitudes of folk, there as Line 1259 Men take moore reward to the nombre than to Line 1259 The sapience of persones,/ ye se wel that in Line 1260 Swiche conseillynges fooles han the maistrie./ Line 1260 Melibeus answerde agayn, and seyde, Line 1261 I graunte wel that I have erred;/ but there Line 1262 As thou hast toold me heerbiforn that he nys Line 1262 Nat to blame that chaungeth his conseillours in Line 1262 Certein caas and for certeine juste causes,/ I am Line 1263 Al redy to chaunge my conseillours right as thow Line 1263 Wolt devyse./ The proverbe seith that -- for Line 1264 To do synne is mannyssh, but certes for to persevere Line 1264 longe in synne is werk of the devel. -- / Line 1265 To this sentence answered anon dame Line 1265 Prudence, and seyde:/ examineth, Line 1266 Quod she, youre conseil, and lat us see Line 1266 The whiche of hem han spoken most resonably Line 1266 And taught yow best conseil./ And for as Line 1267 Muche as that the examynacion is necessarie, Line 1267 Lat us bigynne at the surgiens and at the phisiciens, Line 1267 that first speeken in this matiere./ I sey Line 1268 Yow that the surgiens and phisiciens han Line 1268 Seyd yow in youre conseil discreetly, as hem Line 1268 Oughte;/ and in hir speche seyden ful wisely Line 1269 That to the office of hem aperteneth to doon to Line 1269 Every wight honour and profit, and no wight Line 1269 For to anoye;/ and after hir craft to doon greet Line 1270 Diligence unto the cure of hem which Line 1270 That they han in hir governaunce./ Line 1271 And, sire, right as they han answered Line 1271 Wisely and discreetly,/ right so rede I that they Line 1272 Been heighly and sovereynly gerdoned for hir Line 1272 Noble speche;/ and eek for they sholde do the Line 1273 Moore ententif bisynesse in the curacion of Line 1273 Youre doghter deere./ For al be it so that they Line 1274 Been youre freendes, therfore shal ye nat suffren Line 1274 that they serve yow for noght,/ but ye Line 1275 Oghte the rather gerdone hem and shewe Line 1275 Hem youre largesse./ And as touchynge Line 1276 The proposicioun which that the phisiciens Line 1276 encreesceden in this caas, this is to seyn./ Line 1277 That in maladies that oon contrarie is warisshed Line 1277 By another contrarie,/ I wolde fayn knowe hou Line 1278 Ye understonde thilke text, and what is youre Line 1278 Sentence./ Line 1279 Certes, quod melibeus, I understonde Line 1279 It in this wise:/ that right as they han Line 1280 Doon me a contrarie, right so sholde I Line 1280 Doon hem another./ For right as they Line 1281

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Line 1281 Han venged hem on me and doon me wrong, Line 1281 Right so shal I venge me upon hem and doon Line 1281 Hem wrong;/ and thanne have I cured oon contrarie Line 1282 by another./ Line 1283 Lo, lo, quod dame prudence, how lightly Line 1283 Is every man enclined to his owene desir and Line 1283 To his owene plesaunce!/ certes, quod she, Line 1284 The wordes of the phisiciens ne sholde nat Line 1284 Han been understonden in thys wise./ For Line 1285 Certes, wikkednesse is nat contrarie to wikkednesse, Line 1285 ne vengeance to vengeaunce, ne Line 1285 Wrong to wrong, but they been semblable./ Line 1285 and therfore o vengeaucne is Line 1286 Nat warisshed by another vengeaunce, Line 1286 Ne o wroong by another wroong,/ but everich Line 1287 Of hem encreesceth and aggreggeth oother./ Line 1288 But certes, the wordes of the phisiciens sholde Line 1288 Been understonden in this wise:/ for dood and Line 1289 Wikkednesse been two contraries, and pees and Line 1289 Werre, vengeaunce and suffraunce, discord and Line 1289 Accord, and manye othere thynges./ But certes, Line 1290 Wikkednesse shal be warisshed by goodnesse, Line 1290 Discord by accord, werre by pees, and Line 1290 So forth of othere thynges./ And heerto Line 1291 Accordeth seint paul the apostle in Line 1291 Manye places./ He seith: -- ne yeldeth nat Line 1292 Harm for harm, ne wikked speche for wikked Line 1292 Speche;/ but do wel to hym that dooth thee Line 1293 Harm, and blesse hym that seith to thee harm./ Line 1294 And in manye othere places he amonesteth pees Line 1294 And accord./ But now wol I speke to yow of Line 1295 The conseil which that was yeven to yow Line 1295 By the men of lawe and the wise Line 1295 Folk,/ that seyden alle by oon accord, Line 1296 As ye han herd bifore,/ that over alle Line 1297 Thynges ye shal doon youre diligence to kepen Line 1297 Youre persone and to warnestoore youre hous; Line 1297 And seyden also that in this caas yow oghten Line 1297 For to werken ful avysely and with greet deliberacioun./ Line 1297 and, sire, as to the firste point, that Line 1298 Toucheth to the kepyng of youre persone,/ ye Line 1299 Shul understonde that he that hath werre Line 1299 Shal everemoore mekely and devoutly Line 1299 Preyen, biforn alle thynges,/ that jhesus Line 1300 Crist of his mercy wol han hym in his Line 1300 Proteccion and been his sovereyn helpyng at Line 1300 His nede./ For certes, in this world ther is no Line 1301 Wight that may be conseilled ne kept sufficeantly Line 1301 Withouten the kepyng of oure lord jhesu Line 1301 Crist./ To this sentence accordeth the prophete Line 1302 david, that seith,/ -- if God ne kepe the Line 1303 Citee, in ydel waketh he that it kepeth. -- / Line 1304 Now, sire, thanne shul ye committe the kepyng Line 1304 of youre persone to youre trewe freendes, Line 1304 That been approved and yknowe,/ and Line 1305 Of hem shul ye axen help youre persone Line 1305 For to kepe. For catoun seith: -- if thou hast Line 1305 Nede of help, axe it of thy freendes;/ for ther Line 1306 Nys noon so good a phisicien as thy trewe Line 1306 Freend. -- / and after this thanne shul ye kepe Line 1307 Yow fro alle straunge folk, and fro lyeres, and Line 1307 Have alwey in suspect hire compaignye./ For Line 1308 Piers alfonce seith, -- ne taak no compaignye by Line 1308 The weye of a straunge man, but if so be that Line 1308 Thou have knowe hym of a lenger tyme./ And Line 1309 If so be that he falle into thy compaignye Line 1309 Paraventure, withouten thyn assent,/ enquere Line 1310 thanne as subtilly as thou mayst of Line 1310 His conversacion, and of his lyf bifore, and feyne Line 1310 Thy wey; seye that thou wolt thider as thou Line 1310 Wolt nat go;/ and if he bereth a spere, hoold Line 1311 Thee on the right syde, and if he bere a swerd, Line 1311 Hoold thee on the lift syde. -- / and after this Line 1312 Thanne shul ye kepe yow wisely from all swich Line 1312 Manere peple as I have seyd bifore, and hem Line 1312 And hir conseil eschewe./ And after this Line 1313 Thanne shul ye kepe yow in swich manere/ Line 1314 That, for any presumpcion of youre strengthe, Line 1314 That ye ne dispise nat, ne accompte nat the Line 1314 Myght of youre adversarie so litel, that ye lete Line 1314 The kepyng of youre persone for youre Line 1314 Presumpcioun;/ for every wys man Line 1315 Dredeth his enemy./ And salomon Line 1316 Seith: -- weleful is he that of alle hath drede;/ Line 1317 For certes, he that thurgh the hardynesse of Line 1317 His herte, and thurgh the hardynesse of Line 1317 Hymself, hath to greet presumpcioun, hym shal Line 1317 Yvel bityde. -- / thanne shul ye everemoore contrewayte Line 1318 embusshementz and alle espiaille./ Line 1319 For senec seith that -- the wise man that Line 1319 Dredeth harmes, eschueth harmes,/ ne Line 1320 He ne falleth into perils that perils eschueth. Line 1320 -- / and al be it so that it seme that Line 1321 Thou art in siker place, yet shaltow alwey do Line 1321 Thy diligence in kepynge of thy persone;/ this Line 1322 Is to seyn, ne be nat necligent to kepe thy persone, Line 1322 nat oonly for thy gretteste enemys, but Line 1322 Fro thy leeste enemy./ Senek seith: -- a man Line 1323 That is well avysed, he dredeth his leste enemy. Line 1323 -- / ovyde seith that -- the litel wesele Line 1324 Wol slee the grete bole and the wilde Line 1324 Hert. -- / and the book seith, -- a litel Line 1325 Thorn may prikke a kyng ful soore, and Line 1325 An hound wol holde the wolde boor. -- / but Line 1326 Nathelees, I sey nat thou shalt be so coward Line 1326 That thou doute ther wher as is no drede./ The Line 1327 Book seith that -- somme folk han greet lust to Line 1327 Deceyve, but yet they dreden hem to be deceyved. Line 1327

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Line 1327 -- / yet shaltou drede to been empoisoned, Line 1328 and kepe the from the compaignye of Line 1328 Scorneres./ For the book seith, -- with scorneres Line 1329 make no compaignye, but flee hire Line 1329 Wordes as venym. -- / Line 1330 Now, as to the seconde point, where Line 1330 As youre wise conseillours conseilled yow to Line 1330 Warnestoore youre hous with gret diligence,/ Line 1331 I wolde fayn knowe how that ye understonde Line 1331 Thilke wordes and what is youre sentence./ Line 1332 Melibeus answerde, and seyde, certes, I understande Line 1332 it in this wise: that I shal warne -- Line 1332 Stoore myn hous with toures, swiche as han Line 1332 Castelles and othere manere edifices, and armure, Line 1332 and artelries;/ by whiche thynges I may Line 1333 My persone and myn hous so kepen and deffenden Line 1333 that myne enemys shul been in drede Line 1333 Myn hous for to approche./ Line 1334 To this sentence answerde anon prudence: Line 1334 Warnestooryng, quod she, of heighe toures Line 1334 And of grete edifices apperteyneth somtyme Line 1334 to pryde./ And eek men make Line 1335 Heighe toures, and grete edifices with Line 1335 Grete costages and with greet travaille; and Line 1335 Whan that they been accompliced, yet be they Line 1335 Nat worth a stree, but if they be defended by Line 1335 Trewe freendes that been olde and wise./ And Line 1336 Understoond wel that the gretteste and strongeste Line 1336 garnysoun that a riche man may have, as Line 1336 Wel to kepen his persone as his goodes, is/ Line 1337 That he be biloved with hys subgetz and with Line 1337 His neighebores./ For thus seith tullius, that Line 1338 -- ther is a manere garnysoun that no man may Line 1338 Vanquysse ne disconfite, and that is/ a lord to Line 1339 Be biloved of his citezeins and of his Line 1339 Peple. -- / Line 1340 Now, sire, as to the thridde point, Line 1340 Where as youre olde and wise conseillours Line 1340 Seyden that yow ne oghte nat sodeynly ne Line 1340 Hastily proceden in this nede,/ but that yow Line 1341 Oghte purveyen and apparaillen yow in this caas Line 1341 With greet diligence and greet deliberacioun;/ Line 1342 Trewely, I trowe that they seyden right wisely Line 1342 And right sooth./ For tullius seith: -- in every Line 1343 Nede, er thou bigynne it, apparaille thee with Line 1343 Greet diligence. -- / thanne seye I that in vengeance- Line 1344 takyng, in were, in bataille, and Line 1344 In warnestooryng,/ er thow bigynne, I Line 1345 Rede that thou apparaille thee therto, Line 1345 And do it with greet deliberacion./ For tul Line 1346 Lius seith that -- longe apparaillyng biforn the Line 1346 Bataille maketh short victorie. -- / and cassidorus Line 1347 seith, -- the garnysoun is stronger, whan Line 1347 It is longe tyme avysed. -- / Line 1348 But now lat us speken of the conseil that Line 1348 Was accorded by youre neighebores, swiche Line 1348 As doon yow reverence withouten love,/ Line 1349 Youre olde enemys reconsiled, youre flatereres,/ Line 1349 that conseilled yow certeyne Line 1350 Thynges prively, and openly conseilleden Line 1350 Yow the contrarie;/ the yonge folk also, that Line 1351 Conseilleden yow to venge yow, and make Line 1351 Werre anon./ And certes, sire, as I have seyd Line 1352 Biforn, ye han greetly erred to han cleped Line 1352 Swich manere folk to youre conseil,/ which Line 1353 Conseillours been ynogh repreved by the re/ Line 1354 Souns aforeseyd./ But nathelees, lat us now Line 1355 Descende to the special. Ye shuln first Line 1355 Procede after the doctrine of tullius./ Line 1356 Certes, the trouthe of this matiere, or of Line 1356 This conseil, nedeth nat diligently enquere;/ Line 1357 For it is wel wist whiche they been that han Line 1357 Doon to yow this trespas and vileynye,/ and Line 1358 How manye trespassours, and in what manere Line 1358 They han to yow doon al this wrong and al this Line 1358 Vileynye./ And after this, thanne shul ye examyne Line 1359 the seconde condicion which that the Line 1359 Same tullius addeth in this matiere./ For tullius Line 1360 put a thyng which that he clepeth Line 1360 -- consentynge -- ; this is to seyn,/ who been Line 1361 They, and which been they and how Line 1361 Manye, that consenten to thy conseil in thy Line 1361 Wilfulnesse to doon hastif vengeance./ And Line 1362 Lat us considere also who been they, and how Line 1362 Manye been they, and whiche been they, that Line 1362 Consenteden to youre adversaries./ And certes, Line 1363 As to the first poynt, it is wel knowen whiche Line 1363 Folk been they that consenteden to youre hastif Line 1363 Wilfulnesse;/ for trewely, alle tho that conseilleden Line 1364 yow to maken sodeyn were ne been nat Line 1364 Youre freendes./ Lat us now considere whiche Line 1365 Been they that ye holde so greetly youre Line 1365 Freendes as to youre persone./ For al Line 1366 Be it so that ye be myghty and riche, Line 1366 Certes ye ne been but allone,/ for certes ye ne Line 1367 Han no child but a doghter,/ ne ye ne han Line 1368 Brotheren, ne cosyns germayns, ne noon oother Line 1368 Neigh kynrede,/ wherfore that youre enemys Line 1369 For drede wholde stinte to plede with yow, or Line 1369 To destroye youre persone./ Ye knowen also Line 1370 That youre richesses mooten been dispended Line 1370 in diverse parties,/ and whan Line 1371 That every wight hath his part, they ne Line 1371 Wollen taken but litel reward to venge thy Line 1371 Deeth./ But thyne enemys been thre, and they Line 1372 Han manie children, bretheren, cosyns, and Line 1372 Oother ny kynrede./ And though so were that Line 1373 Thou haddest slayn of hem two or tree, yet Line 1373

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Line 1373 Dwellen ther ynowe to wreken hir deeth and Line 1373 To sle thy persone./ And though so be that Line 1374 Youre kynrede be moore siker and stedefast Line 1374 Than the kyn of youre adversarie,/ yet nathelees Line 1375 youre kynrede nys but a fer kynrede; Line 1375 they been but litel syb to yow,/ Line 1376 And the kyn of youre enemys been ny Line 1376 Syb to hem. And certes, as in that, hir condicioun Line 1376 is bet than youres./ Thanne lat us considere Line 1377 also if the conseillung of hem that conseilleden Line 1377 yow to taken sodeyn bengeaunce, Line 1377 Wheither it accorde to resoun./ And certes, ye Line 1378 Knowe wel -- nay. -- / for, as by right and resoun, Line 1379 Ther may no man taken vengeance on no wight Line 1379 But the juge that hath the jurisdiccioun of it,/ Line 1380 Whan it is graunted hym to take thilke vengeance Line 1380 hastily or attemprely, as the lawe Line 1380 Requireth./ And yet mooreover of thilke Line 1381 Word that tullius clepeth -- consentynge, Line 1381 -- / thou shalt considere if thy myght and Line 1382 Thy power may consenten and suffise to thy Line 1382 Wilfulnesse and to thy conseillours./ And certes Line 1383 Thou mayst wel seyn that -- nay. -- / for sikerly, Line 1384 as for to speke proprely, we may do Line 1384 No thyng, but oonly swich thyng as we may Line 1384 Doon rightfully./ And certes rightfully ne mowe Line 1385 Ye take no vengeance, as of youre Line 1385 Propre auctoritee./ Thanne mowe ye Line 1386 Seen that youre power ne consenteth Line 1386 Nat, ne accordeth nat, with youre wilfulnesse./ Line 1387 Lat us now examyne the thridde point, that Line 1387 Tullius clepeth -- consequent. -- / thou shal understonde Line 1388 that the vengeance that thou purposest Line 1388 for to take is the consequent;/ and Line 1389 Therof folweth another vengeaunce, peril, and Line 1389 Werre, and othere damages withoute nombre, Line 1389 Of whiche we be nat war, as at this tyme./ Line 1390 And as touchynge the fourthe point, Line 1390 That tullius clepeth -- engendrynge, -- / Line 1391 Thou shalt considere that this wrong Line 1391 Which that is doon to thee is engendred of the Line 1391 Hate of thyne enemys,/ and of the vengeance- Line 1392 Takynge upon that wolde engendre another Line 1392 Vengeance, and muchel sorwe and wastynge Line 1392 Of richesses, as I seyde./ Line 1393 Now, sire, as to the point that tullius clepeth Line 1393 -- causes, -- which that is the laste point,/ thou Line 1394 Shalt understonde that the worng that thou hast Line 1394 Receyved hath certeine causes,/ whiche that Line 1395 Clerkes clepen oriens and efficiens, and causa Line 1395 Longinqua and causa propinqua, this is Line 1395 To seyn, the fer cause and the ny cause./ Line 1396 The fer cause is almyghty god, that is Line 1396 Cause of alle thynges./ The neer cause is thy Line 1397 Thre enemys.// the cause accidental was hate./ Line 1399 The cause material been the fyve woundes of Line 1399 Thy doghter./ The cause formal is the manere Line 1400 Of hir werkynge that broghten laddres Line 1400 And cloumben in at thy wyndowes./ Line 1401 The cause final was for to sle thy doghter. Line 1401 it letted nat in as muche as in hem was./ Line 1402 But for to speken of the fer cause, as to what Line 1402 Ende they shul come, or what shal finally bityde Line 1402 Of hem in this caas, ne kan I nat deeme but Line 1402 By conjectynge and by supposynge./ For we Line 1403 Shul suppose that they shul come to a wikked Line 1403 Ende,/ by cause that the book of decrees seith, Line 1404 -- seelden, or with greet peyne, been causes Line 1404 Ybroght to good ende whanne they been baddely Line 1404 bigonne. -- / Line 1405 Now, sire, if men wolde axe me why that Line 1405 God suffred men to do yow this vileynye, certes, Line 1405 I kan nat wel answere, as for no soothfastnesse./ Line 1405 for th' apostle seith that -- the Line 1406 Sciences and the juggementz of oure Line 1406 Lord God almyghty been ful depe;/ ther may Line 1407 No man comprehende ne serchen hem suffisantly. Line 1407 -- / nathelees, by certeyne presumpciouns Line 1408 and conjectynges, I holde and bileeve/ Line 1409 That god, which that is ful of justice and of Line 1409 Rightwisnesse, hath suffred this bityde by juste Line 1409 Cause resonable./ Line 1410 Thy name is melibee, this is to seyn, Line 1410 -- a man that drynketh hony. -- / thou hast Line 1411 Ydronke so muchel hony of sweete temporeel Line 1411 richesses, and delices and honours of Line 1411 This world,/ that thou art dronken, and hast Line 1412 Forgeten jhesu crist thy creatour./ Thou ne Line 1413 Hast nat doon to hym swich honour and reverence Line 1413 as thee oughte,/ ne thou ne hast nat Line 1414 Wel ytaken kep to the wordes of ovide, that Line 1414 Seith,/ -- under the hony of the goodes of Line 1415 The body is hyd the venym that sleeth Line 1415 The soule -- / and salomon seith, -- if thou Line 1416 Hast founden hony, ete of it that suffiseth;/ Line 1416 for if thou ete of it out of mesure, thou Line 1417 Shalt spewe, -- and be nedy and povre./ And Line 1418 Peraventure crist hath thee in despit, and hath Line 1418 Turned awey fro thee his face and his eeris of Line 1418 Misericorde;/ and also he hath suffred that thou Line 1419 Hast been punysshed in the manere that thow Line 1419 Hast ytrespassed./ Thou hast doon Line 1420 Synne agayn oure lord crist;/ for certes, Line 1421 The three enemys of mankynde, that is to Line 1421 Seyn, the flessh, the feend, and the world,/ Line 1422 Thou hast suffred hem entre in to thyn herte Line 1422 Wilfully by the wyndowes of thy body,/ and Line 1423 Hast nat defended thyself suffisantly agayns Line 1423

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Line 1423 Hire assautes and hire temptaciouns, so that they Line 1423 Han wounded thy soule in fyve places;/ this is Line 1424 To seyn, the deedly synnes that been entred into Line 1424 Thyn herte by thy fyve wittes./ And in the Line 1425 Same manere oure lord crist hath woold and Line 1425 Suffred that thy three enemys been entred Line 1425 into thyn house by the wyndowes,/ Line 1426 And han ywounded thy doghter in the Line 1426 Forseyde manere./ Line 1427 Certes, quod melibee, I se wel that ye Line 1427 Enforce yow muchel by wordes to overcome Line 1427 Me in swich manere that I shal nat venge me Line 1427 Of myne enemys,/ shewynge me the perils and Line 1428 The yveles that myghten falle of this vengeance./ Line 1428 but whoso wolde considere in alle Line 1429 Vengeances the perils and yveles that myghte Line 1429 Sewe of vengeance-takynge,/ a man wolde Line 1430 Nevere take vengeance, and that were Line 1430 Harm;/ for by the vengeance-takynge Line 1431 Been the wikked men dissevered fro the Line 1431 Goode men,/ and they that han wyl to do wikkednesse Line 1432 restreyne hir wikked purpos, whan Line 1432 They seen the punyssynge and chastisynge of Line 1432 The trespassours./ Line 1433 (et a ce respont dame prudence, certes, Line 1433 Dist elle, je t' ottroye que de vengence vient Line 1433 Molt de maulx et de biens;/ mais vengence Line 1434 N' appartient pas a un chascun fors seulement Line 1434 Aux juges et a ceulx qui ont la juridicion sur Line 1434 Les malfaitteurs.)/ and yet seye I moore, that Line 1435 Right as singuler persone synneth in Line 1435 Takynge vengeance of another man,/ Line 1436 Right so synneth the juge if he do no Line 1436 Vengeance of hem that it han disserved./ For Line 1437 Senec seith thus: -- that maister, -- he seith, -- is Line 1437 Good that proveth shrewes. -- / and as cassidore Line 1438 seith, -- a man dredeth to do outrages Line 1438 Whan he woot and knoweth that it despleseth Line 1438 To the juges and the sovereyns. -- / and another Line 1439 Seith, -- the juge that dredeth to do right, maketh Line 1439 men shrewes. -- / and seint paul the apostle Line 1440 seith in his epistle, whan he writeth unto Line 1440 The romayns, that -- the juges beren nat Line 1440 The spere withouten cause,/ but they Line 1441 Beren it to punysse the shrewes and mysdoers, Line 1441 and for to defende the goode men./ If ye Line 1442 Wol thanne take vengeance of youre enemys, ye Line 1442 Shul retourne or have youre recours to the juge Line 1442 That hath the jurisdiccion upon hem,/ and he Line 1443 Shal punysse hem as the lawe axeth and requireth./ Line 1443 A! quod melibee, this vengeance liketh Line 1444 Me no thyng./ I bithenke me now and take Line 1445 Heede how fortune hath norissed me fro my Line 1445 Childhede, and hath holpen me to passe Line 1445 Many a stroong paas./ Now wol I assayen Line 1446 hire, trowynge, with goddes help, Line 1446 That she shal helpe me my shame for to Line 1446 Venge./ Line 1447 Certes, quod prudence, if ye wol werke Line 1447 By conseil, ye shul nat assaye fortune by Line 1447 No wey,/ ne ye shul nat lene or bowe unto Line 1448 Hire, after the word of senec;/ for -- thynges that Line 1449 Been folily doon, and that been in hope of Line 1449 Fortune, shullen nevere come to good ende. -- / Line 1450 And, as the same senec seith, -- the moore cleer Line 1450 And the moore shynyng that fortune is, the Line 1450 Moore brotil and the sonner broken she Line 1450 Is -- ./ Trusteth nat in hire, for she nys Line 1451 Nat stidefast ne stable;/ for whan thow Line 1452 Trowest to be moost seur or siker of hire help, Line 1452 She wol faille thee and deceyve thee./ And Line 1453 Where as ye seyn that fortune hath norissed Line 1453 Yow fro youre childhede,/ I seye that in so Line 1454 Muchel shul ye the lasse truste in hire and in Line 1454 Hir wit./ For senec seith, -- what man that is Line 1455 Norissed by fortune, she maketh hym Line 1455 A greet fool. -- / now thanne, syn ye desire Line 1456 and axe vengeance, and the vengeance Line 1456 that is doon after the lawe and bifore Line 1456 The juge ne liketh yow nat,/ and the vengeance Line 1457 That is doon in hope of fortune is perilous and Line 1457 Uncertein,/ thanne have ye noon oother remedie Line 1458 but for to have youre recours unto the sovereyn Line 1458 juge that vengeth alle vileynyes and Line 1458 Wronges./ And he shal venge yow after that Line 1459 Hymself witnesseth, where as he seith,/ -- leveth Line 1460 the vengeance to me, and I shal Line 1460 Do it. -- / Line 1461 Melibee answerde, if I ne venge me Line 1461 Nat of the vileynye that men han doon to me,/ Line 1462 I sompne or warne hem that han doon to me Line 1462 That vileynye, and alle othere, to do me another Line 1462 Vileynye./ For it is writen, -- if thou take no Line 1463 Vengeance of an oold vileynye, thou sompnest Line 1463 Thyne adversaries to do thee a newe vileynye. -- / Line 1464 And also for my suffrance men wolden do Line 1464 Me so muchel vileynye that I myghte neither Line 1464 Bere it ne susteene,/ and so sholde I Line 1465 Been put and holden overlowe./ For Line 1466 Men seyn, -- in muchel suffrynge shul Line 1466 Manye thynges falle unto thee whiche thou Line 1466 Shalt nat mowe suffre. -- / Line 1467 Certes, quod prudence, I graunte yow Line 1467 That over -- muchel suffraunce is nat good./ But Line 1468 Yet ne folweth it nat therof that every persone Line 1468 To whom men doon vileynye take of it vengeance;/ Line 1468 for that aperteneth and longeth al Line 1469

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Line 1469 Oonly to the juges, for they shul venge the Line 1469 Vileynyes and injuries./ And therfore tho two Line 1470 Auctoritees that ye han seyd above been Line 1470 Oonly understonden in the juges./ For Line 1471 Whan they suffren over-muchel the Line 1471 Wronges and the vileynyes to be doon withouten Line 1471 punysshynge,/ the sompne nat a man Line 1472 Al oonly for to do newe wronges, but they Line 1472 Comanden it./ Also a wys man seith that the Line 1473 Juge that correcteth nat the synnere comandeth Line 1473 and biddeth hym do synne. -- / and the juges Line 1474 And sovereyns myghten in hir land so muchel Line 1474 Suffre of the shrewes and mysdoeres/ that they Line 1475 Sholden, by swich suffrance, by proces of Line 1475 Tyme wexen of swich power and myght that Line 1475 They sholden putte out the juges and the Line 1475 Sovereyns from hir places,/ and atte laste Line 1476 Maken hem lesen hire lordshipes./ Line 1477 But lat us now putte that ye have leve to Line 1477 Venge yow./ I seye ye been nat of myght and Line 1478 Power as now to venge yow;/ for if ye wole Line 1479 Maken comparisoun unto the myght of youre Line 1479 Adversaries, ye shul fynde in manye thynges Line 1479 That I have shewed yow er this that hire condicion Line 1479 is bettre than youres./ And therfore Line 1480 Seye I that it is good as now that ye suffre Line 1480 and be pacient./ Line 1481 Forthermoore, ye knowen wel that Line 1481 After the comune sawe, -- it is a woodnesse a Line 1481 Man to stryve with a strenger or a moore Line 1481 Myghty man than he is hymself;/ and for to Line 1482 Stryve with a man of evene strengthe, that is Line 1482 To seyn, with as strong a man as he is, it is Line 1482 Peril;/ and for to stryve with a weyker man, it Line 1483 Is folie. -- / and therfore sholde a man flee stryvynge Line 1484 as muchel as he myghte./ For salomon Line 1485 Seith, -- it is a greet worshipe to a man to Line 1485 Kepen hym fro noyse and stryf. -- / and Line 1486 If it so bifalle or happe that a man of Line 1486 Gretter myght and strengthe than thou art do Line 1486 Thee grevaunce,/ studie and bisye thee rather Line 1487 To stille the same grevaunce than for to venge Line 1487 Thee./ For senec seith that -- he putteth hym in Line 1488 Greet peril that stryveth with a gretter man Line 1488 Than he is hymself. -- / and catoun seith, -- if a Line 1489 Man of hyer estaat or degree, or moore myghty Line 1489 Than thou, do thee anoy or grevaunce, suffre Line 1489 Hym;/ for he that oones hath greved thee, Line 1490 May another tyme releeve thee and Line 1490 Helpe. -- / yet sette I caas, ye have bothe Line 1491 Myght and licence for to venge yow,/ I Line 1492 Seye that ther be ful manye thynges that shul Line 1492 Restreyne yow of vengeance-takynge,/ and Line 1493 Make yow for to enclyne to suffre, and for to Line 1493 Han pacience in the wronges that han been Line 1493 Doon to yow./ First and foreward, if ye wole Line 1494 Considere the defautes that been in youre Line 1494 Owene persone,/ for whiche defautes God hath Line 1495 Suffred yow have this tribulacioun, as I Line 1495 Have seyd yow heer-biforn./ For the Line 1496 Poete seith that -- we oghte paciently Line 1496 Taken the tribulacions that comen to us, whan Line 1496 We thynken and consideren that we han disserved Line 1496 to have hem. -- / and seint gregorie Line 1497 Seith that -- whan a man considereth wel the Line 1497 Nombre of his defautes and of his synnes,/ the Line 1498 Peynes and the tribulaciouns that he suffreth Line 1498 Semen the lesse unto hym;/ and in as muche Line 1499 As hym thynketh his synnes moore hevy and Line 1499 Grevous,/ in so muche semeth his peyne Line 1500 The lighter and the esier unto hym. -- / Line 1501 Also ye owen to enclyne and bowe youre Line 1501 Herte to take the pacience of oure lord jhesu Line 1501 Crist, as seith seint peter in his epistles./ Line 1502 Jhesu crist, -- he seith, -- hath suffred for us and Line 1502 Yeven ensample to every man to folwe and Line 1502 Sewe hym;/ for he dide nevere synne, ne nevere Line 1503 cam ther a vileyns word out of his mouth./ Line 1504 Whan men cursed hym, he cursed hem noght; Line 1504 And whan men betten hym, he manaced hem Line 1504 Noght. -- / also the grete pacience which the Line 1505 Seintes that been in paradys han had in tribulaciouns Line 1505 that they han ysuffred, withouten Line 1505 Hir desert or gilt,/ oghte muchel stiren Line 1506 Yow to pacience./ Forthermoore ye Line 1507 Sholde enforce yow to have pacience,/ considerynge Line 1508 that the tribulaciouns of this world but Line 1508 Litel while endure, and soone passed been and Line 1508 Goon,/ and the joye that a man seketh to have Line 1509 By pacience in tribulaciouns is perdurable, Line 1509 After that the apostle seith in his epistle./ The Line 1510 Joye of god, he seith, is perdurable, Line 1510 That is to seyn, everelastynge./ Also Line 1511 Troweth and bileveth stedefastly that he Line 1511 Nys nat wel ynorissed, ne wel ytaught, that kan Line 1511 Nat have pacience, or wol nat receyve pacience./ Line 1511 for salomon seith that -- the doctrine Line 1512 And the wit of a man is knowen by pacience. -- / Line 1513 And in another place he seith that -- he that is Line 1513 Pacient governeth hym by greet prudence. -- / Line 1514 And the same salomon seith, -- the angry and Line 1514 Wrathful man maketh noyses, and the pacient Line 1514 Man atempreth hem and stilleth. -- / he seith Line 1515 Also, -- it is moore worth to be pacient Line 1515 Than for to be right strong;/ and he Line 1516 That may have the lordshipe of his Line 1516 Owene herte is moore to preyse than he that Line 1516 By his force or strengthe taketh grete citees. -- / Line 1517

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Line 1517 And therfore seith seint jame in his epistle that Line 1517 -- pacience is a greet vertu of perfeccioun. -- / Line 1518 Certes, quod melibee, I graunte yow, Line 1518 Dame prudence, that pacience is greet vertu Line 1518 Of perfeccioun;/ but every man may nat have Line 1519 The perfeccioun that ye seken;/ ne I nam Line 1520 Nat of the nombre of right parfite men,/ Line 1521 For myn herte may nevere been in pees Line 1521 Unto the tyme it be venged./ And al be it so Line 1522 That it was greet peril to myne enemys to do Line 1522 Me a vileynye in takynge vengeance upon me,/ Line 1523 Yet tooken they noon heede of the peril, but Line 1523 Fulfilleden hir wikked wyl and hir corage./ Line 1524 And therfore me thynketh men oghten nat Line 1524 Repreve me, though I putte me in a litel peril Line 1524 For to venge me,/ and though I do a greet Line 1525 Excesse, that is to seyn, that I venge Line 1525 Oon outrage by another./ Line 1526 A, quod dame prudence, ye seyn Line 1526 Youre wyl and as yow liketh,/ but in no caas Line 1527 Of the world a man sholde nat doon outrage Line 1527 Ne excesse for to vengen hym./ For cassidore Line 1528 Seith that -- as yvele dooth he that vengeth hym Line 1528 By outrage as he that dooth the outrage. -- / and Line 1529 Therfore ye shul venge yow after the ordre of Line 1529 Right, that is to seyn, by the lawe, and noght Line 1529 By excesse ne by outrage./ And also, if ye Line 1530 Wol venge yow of the outrage of youre adversaries Line 1530 in oother manere than right comandeth, Line 1530 ye synne./ And therfore seith senec Line 1531 That -- a man shal nevere vengen shrewednesse Line 1531 by shrewednesse. -- / and if ye seye that Line 1532 Right axeth a man to defenden violence by violence, Line 1532 and fightyng by fightyng,/ certes ye seye Line 1533 Sooth, whan the defense is doon anon withouten Line 1533 intervalle or withouten tariyng or delay,/ Line 1533 for to deffenden hym and nat for to Line 1534 Vengen hym./ And it bihoveth that a man Line 1535 Putte swich attemperance in his deffense/ Line 1535 that men have no cause ne matiere Line 1536 to repreven hym that deffendeth Line 1536 Hym of excesse and outrage, for ellis were it Line 1536 Agayn resoun./ Pardee, ye knowen wel that Line 1537 Ye maken no deffense as now for to deffende Line 1537 Yow, but for to venge yow;/ and so seweth Line 1538 It that ye han no wyl to do youre dede attemprely./ Line 1538 and therfore me thynketh that pacience Line 1539 is good; for salomon seith that -- he that Line 1539 Is nat pacient shal have a greet harm. -- / Line 1540 Certes, quod melibee, I graunte yow that Line 1540 Whan a man is inpacient and wrooth, of that Line 1540 That toucheth hym noght and that aperteneth Line 1540 Nat unto hym, though it harme hym, it Line 1540 Is no wonder./ For the lawe seith that Line 1541 -- he is coupable that entremetteth hym or Line 1541 Medleth with swych thyng as aperteneth nat Line 1541 Unto hym. -- / and salomon seith that -- he that Line 1542 Entremetteth hym of the noyse or strif of another Line 1542 man is lyk to hym that taketh an hound Line 1542 By the eris. -- / for right as he that taketh a Line 1543 Straunge hound by the eris is outherwhile biten Line 1543 With the hound,/ right in the same wise is it Line 1544 Resoun that he have harm that by his inpacience Line 1544 medleth hym of the noyse of another Line 1544 Man, wheras it aperteneth nat unto hym./ But Line 1545 Ye knowen wel that this dede, that is to seyn, Line 1545 My grief and my disese, toucheth me Line 1545 Right ny./ And therfore, though I be Line 1546 Wrooth and inpacient, it is no merveille./ Line 1547 And, savynge youre grace, I kan nat seen that it Line 1547 Myghte greetly harme me though I tooke vengeaunce./ Line 1547 for I am richer and moore myghty Line 1548 Than myne enemys been;/ and wel knowen ye Line 1549 That by moneye and by havynge grete possessions Line 1549 been alle the thynges of this world governed./ Line 1549 and salomon seith that -- alle Line 1550 Thynges abeyen to moneye. -- / Line 1551 Whan prudence hadde herd hir housbonde Line 1551 avanten hym of his richesse and of his Line 1551 Moneye, dispreisynge the power of his adversaries, Line 1551 she spak, and seyde in this wise:/ Line 1552 Certes, deere sire, I graunte yow that ye been Line 1552 Riche and myghty,/ and that the richesses been Line 1553 Goode to hem that han wel ygeten hem and wel Line 1553 Konne usen hem./ For right as the body of a Line 1554 Man may nat lyven withoute the soule, namoore Line 1554 May it lyve withouten temporeel goodes./ And Line 1555 By richesses may a man gete hym grete Line 1555 Freendes./ And therfore seith pamphilles: Line 1556 -- if a net -- herdes doghter, -- seith Line 1556 He, -- be riche, she may chesen of a thousand Line 1556 Men which she wol take to hir housbonde;/ Line 1557 For, of a thousand men, oon wol nat forsaken Line 1557 Hire ne refusen hire. -- / and this pamphilles Line 1558 Seith also: -- if thow be right happy -- that is to Line 1558 Seyn, if thou be right riche -- thou shalt fynde Line 1558 A greet nombre of felawes and freendes./ And Line 1559 If thy fortune change that thou wexe povre, Line 1559 Farewel freendshipe and felaweshipe;/ for thou Line 1560 Shalt be alloone withouten any compaignye, Line 1560 But if it be the compaignye of povre Line 1560 Folk. -- / and yet seith this pamphilles Line 1561 Moreover that -- they that been thralle and Line 1561 Bonde of lynage shullen been maad worthy and Line 1561 Noble by the richesses. -- / and right so as by Line 1562 Richesses ther comen manye goodes, right so Line 1562 By poverte come ther manye harmes and Line 1562 Yveles./ For greet poverte constreyneth a man Line 1563

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Line 1563 To do manye yveles./ And therfore clepeth Line 1564 Cassidore poverte the mooder of ruyne,/ that Line 1565 Is to seyn, the mooder of overthrowynge Line 1565 Or fallynge doun./ And therfore seith Line 1566 Piers alfonce: -- oon of the gretteste adversitees Line 1566 of this world is/ whan a free man by Line 1567 Kynde or of burthe is constreyned by poverte Line 1567 To eten the almesse of his enemy, -- / and the Line 1568 Same seith innocent in oon of his bookes. He Line 1568 Seith that -- sorweful and myshappy is the condicioun Line 1568 of a povre beggere;/ for if he axe nat Line 1569 His mete, he dyeth for hunger;/ and if he axe, Line 1570 He dyeth for shame; and algates necessitee Line 1570 constreyneth hym to axe. -- / and Line 1571 Seith salomon that -- bet it is to dye than Line 1571 For to have swich poverte. -- / and as the same Line 1572 Salomon seith, -- bettre it is to dye of bitter deeth Line 1572 Than for to lyven in swich wise. -- / by thise Line 1573 Resons that I have seid unto yow, and by manye Line 1573 Othere resons that I koude seye,/ I graunte yow Line 1574 That richesses been goode to hem that geten Line 1574 Hem wel, and to hem that wel usen tho richesses./ Line 1574 and therfore wol I shewe yow hou ye Line 1575 Shul have yow and how ye shul bere yow in Line 1575 Gaderynge of richesses, and in what Line 1575 Manere ye shul usen hem./ Line 1576 First, ye shul geten hem withouten Line 1576 Greet desir, by good leyser, sokyngly and nat Line 1576 Over-hastily./ For a man that is to desirynge Line 1577 To gete richesses abaundoneth hym first to Line 1577 Thefte, and to alle othere yveles;/ and therfore Line 1578 seith salomon, -- he that hasteth hym to Line 1578 Bisily to wexe riche shal be noon innocent. -- / Line 1579 He seith also that -- the richesses that hastily cometh Line 1579 to a man, soone and lightly gooth and Line 1579 Passeth fro a man;/ but that richesse that Line 1580 Cometh litel and litel, wexeth alwey and Line 1580 Multiplieth. -- / and, sire Line 1581 Richesses by youre wit and by youre Line 1581 Travaille unto youre profit;/ and that withouten Line 1582 Wrong or hamr doynge to any oother persone./ Line 1583 For tha lawe seith that -- ther maketh no man Line 1583 Himselven riche, if he do harm to another Line 1583 Wight. -- / this is to seyn, htat nature deffendeth Line 1584 and fordedeth by right that no man make Line 1584 Hymself riche unto the harm of another persone./ Line 1584 and tulliur seith that -- no sorwe, ne no Line 1585 Drede of deeth, ne no thyng that may Line 1585 Falle unto a man,/ is so muchel agayns Line 1586 Nature as a man to encressen his owene Line 1586 Profit to the harm of another man./ And Line 1587 Though the grete man and the myghty men Line 1587 Geten richesses moore lightly than thou, / yet Line 1588 Shaltou nat been ydel ne slow to do thy profit, Line 1588 For thou shalt in alle wise flee ydelnesse. -- / for Line 1589 Salomon seith that -- ydelnesse techeth a man to Line 1589 Do manye yveles. -- / and the same salomon Line 1590 Seith that -- he that travailleth and bisieth Line 1590 Hym to tilien his land, shal eten breed;/ Line 1591 But he that is ydel and casteth hym to Line 1591 No bisynesse ne occupacioun, shal falle into Line 1591 Poverte, and dye for hynger. -- / and he that is Line 1592 Ydel and slow kan nevere fynde covenable Line 1592 Tyme for to doon his profit./ For ther is a Line 1593 Versifiour seith that -- the ydel man excuseth hym Line 1593 In wynter by cause of the grete coold, and in Line 1593 Somer by enchesoun of the greete heete. -- / for Line 1594 Thise causes seith caton, -- waketh and enclyneth Line 1594 nat yow over -- muchel for to slepe, for overmuchel Line 1594 reste norisseth and causeth manye Line 1594 Vices. -- / and therfore seith seint jerome, Line 1595 -- dooth somme goode dedes that the devel, Line 1595 Which is oure enemy, ne fynde yow nat Line 1595 Unocupied. -- / for the devel ne taketh Line 1596 Nat lightly unto his werkynge swiche as Line 1596 He fyndeth occupied in goode werkes./ Line 1597 Thanne thus, in getynge richesses, ye mosten Line 1597 Flee ydelnesse./ And afterward, ye shul use Line 1598 The richesses which ye have geten by youre wit Line 1598 And by youre travaille,/ in swich a manere that Line 1599 Men holde yow nat to scars, ne to sparynge, ne Line 1599 To fool-large, that is to seyen, over-large a Line 1599 Spendere./ For right as men blamen an avaricious Line 1600 man by cause of his scarsetee and Line 1600 Chyncherie,/ in the same wise is he to Line 1601 Blame that spendeth over-largely./ And Line 1602 Therfore seith caton: -- use, -- he seith, -- thy richesses Line 1602 that thou hast geten/ in swich a manere Line 1603 That men have no matiere ne cause to calle Line 1603 The neither wrecche ne chynche;/ for it is a Line 1604 Greet shame to a man to have a povere herte Line 1604 And a riche purs. -- / he seith also: -- the goodes Line 1605 That thou hast ygeten, use hem by mesure, -- Line 1605 That is to seyn, spende hem mesurably;/ Line 1605 for they that folily wasten and Line 1606 Despenden the goodes that they han,/ Line 1607 What they han namoore propre of hir owene, Line 1607 They shapen hem to take the goodes of another Line 1607 Man./ I seye thanne that ye shul fleen avarice;/ Line 1608 usynge youre richesses in swich manere Line 1609 That men seye nat that youre richesses been Line 1609 Yburyed,/ but that ye have hem in Line 1610 Youre myght and in youre weeldynge./ Line 1611 For a wys man repreveth the avaricious Line 1611 Man, and seith thus in two vers:/ -- wherto and Line 1612 Why burieth a man his goodes by his grete Line 1612 Avarice, and knoweth wel that nedes moste Line 1612 He dye?/ for deeth is the ende of every man Line 1613

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Line 1613 As in this present lyf. -- / and for what cause or Line 1614 Enchesoun joyneth he hym or knytteth he hym Line 1614 So faste unto his goodes/ that alle hise wittes Line 1615 Mowen nat disseveren hym or departen Line 1615 Hym from his goodes,/ and knoweth Line 1616 Wel, or oghte knowe, that whan he is Line 1616 Deed he shal no thyng bere with hym out of Line 1616 This world?/ and therfore seith seint austyn Line 1617 That -- the avaricious man is likned unto helle,/ Line 1618 That the moore it swelweth. The moore desir it Line 1618 Hath to swelwe and devoure. -- / and as wel as Line 1619 Ye wolde eschewe to be called an avaricious Line 1619 Man or chynche,/ as wel sholde ye kepe yow Line 1620 And governe yow in swich a wise that Line 1620 Men calle yow nat fool-large./ Therfore Line 1621 seith tullius: -- the goodes, -- he seith, Line 1621 -- of thyn hous ne sholde nat been hyd ne kept Line 1621 So cloos, but that they myghte been opened Line 1621 By pitee and debonairetee; -- / that is to seyn, to Line 1622 Yeven part to hem that han greet nede;/ -- ne Line 1623 Thy goodes shullen nat been so opene to been Line 1623 Every mannes goodes. -- / afterward, in getynge Line 1624 Of youre richesses and in usynge hem, ye shul Line 1624 Alwey have thre thynges in youre herte,/ that Line 1625 Is to seyn, oure lord god, conscience, Line 1625 And good name./ First, ye shul have Line 1626 God in youre herte,/ and for no richesse Line 1627 Ye shullen do no thyng which may in any Line 1627 Manere displese god, that is youre creator Line 1627 And makere./ For after the word of salomon, Line 1628 -- it is bettre to have a litel good with the love Line 1628 Of god,/ than to have muchel good and tresour, Line 1629 and lese the love of his lord god./ And Line 1630 The prophete seith that -- bettre it is to been Line 1630 A good man and have litel good and Line 1630 Tresour,/ than to been holden a shrewe Line 1631 And have grete richesses. -- / and yet seye Line 1632 I ferthermoore, that ye sholde alwey doon youre Line 1632 Bisynesse to gete yow richesses,/ so that ye Line 1633 Gete hem with good conscience./ And th' apostle Line 1634 seith that -- ther nys thyng in this world Line 1634 Of which we sholden have so greet joye as Line 1634 Whan oure conscience bereth us good witnesse. Line 1634 -- / and the wise man seith, -- the substance Line 1635 of a man is ful good, whan synne Line 1635 Is nat in mannes conscience. -- / afterward, Line 1636 in getynge of youre richesses and Line 1636 In usynge of hem,/ yow moste have greet bisynesse Line 1637 and greet diligence that youre goode Line 1637 Name be alwey kept and conserved./ For salomon Line 1638 seith that -- bettre it is an moore it availleth Line 1638 a man to have a good name, than for Line 1638 To have grete richesses. -- / and therfore he Line 1639 Seith in another place, -- do greet diligence, Line 1639 Seith salomon, -- in kepyng of thy freend and Line 1639 Of thy goode name;/ for it shal lenger abide Line 1640 With thee than any tresour, be it never Line 1640 So precious. -- / and certes he sholde nat Line 1641 Be called a gentil man that after god Line 1641 And good conscience, alle thynges left, ne Line 1641 Dooth his diligence and bisynesse to kepen his Line 1641 Goode name./ And cassidore seith that -- it is Line 1642 Signe of a gentil herte, whan a man loveth and Line 1642 Desireth to han a good name. -- / and therfore Line 1643 Seith seint austyn that -- ther been two thynges Line 1643 That arn necessarie and nedefulle,/ and that Line 1644 Is good conscience and good loos;/ that is to Line 1645 Seyn, good conscience to thyn owene persone Line 1645 Inward, and good loos for thy neighebor Line 1645 Outward. -- / and he that trusteth hym so Line 1646 Muchel in his goode conscience/ that he Line 1647 Displeseth, and setteth at noght his goode Line 1647 Name or loos, and rekketh noght though he Line 1647 Kepe nat his goode neam, nys but a crueel Line 1647 Cherl./ Line 1648 Sire, now have I shewed yow how ye shul Line 1648 Do in getynge richesses, and how ye shullen Line 1648 Usen hem,/ and I se wel that for the trust Line 1649 That ye han in youre richesses ye wole moeve Line 1649 Werre and bataille./ I conseille yow that ye Line 1650 Bigynne no were in trust of youre richesses, Line 1650 For thay ne suffisen noght werres to Line 1650 Mayntene./ And therfore seith a philosophre, Line 1651 hthat man that desireth and Line 1651 Wole algates han werre, shal nevere have suffisaunce;/ Line 1651 for the richer that he is, the gretter Line 1652 Despenses moste he make, if he wole have worshipe Line 1652 and victorei. -- / and salomon seith that Line 1653 -- the gretter richesses that a man hath, the mo Line 1653 Despendours he hath. -- / and, deere sire, al be Line 1654 It so that for youre richesses ye mowe have Line 1654 Muchel folk,/ yet bihoveth it nat, ne it is nat Line 1655 Good, to bigynne werre, whereas ye mowe in Line 1655 Oother manere have pees unto youre Line 1655 Worshipe and profit./ For the victorie Line 1656 Of batailles that been in this world lyth Line 1656 Nat in greet nombre or multitude of the peple, Line 1656 Ne in the vertu of man,/ but it lith in the wyl Line 1657 And in the hand of oure lord God almyghty./ Line 1658 And therfore judas machabeus, which was Line 1658 Goddes knyght,/ whan he sholde fighte agayn Line 1659 His adversarie that hadde a gretter nombre and Line 1659 A gretter multitude of folk and strenger than Line 1659 Was this peple of machabee,/ yet he reconforted Line 1660 his litel compaignye, and seyde Line 1660 Right in this wise:/ -- als lightly, -- quod Line 1661 He, -- may oure lord God almyghty yeve Line 1661 Victorie to a fewe folk as to many folk;/ for the Line 1662

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Line 1662 Victorie of a bataile comth nat by the grete Line 1662 Nombre of peple,/ but it cometh from oure Line 1663 Lord God of hevene. -- / and, deere sire, for as Line 1664 Muchel is ther is no man certein if he be Line 1664 Worthy that God yeve hym victorie, (ne plus Line 1664 Que il est certain se il est digne de l' amour de Line 1664 Dieu), or naught, after that salomon seith,/ Line 1665 Therfore every man sholde greetly drede Line 1665 Werres to bigynne./ And by cause that Line 1666 In batailles fallen manye perils,/ and Line 1667 Happeth outher while that as soone is the grete Line 1667 Man slayn as the litel man;/ and as it is writen Line 1668 In the seconde book of kynges, -- the dedes of Line 1668 Batailles been aventurouse and nothyng certeyne,/ Line 1668 for as lightly is oon hurt with a spere Line 1669 As another; -- / and for ther is gret peril in Line 1670 Werre; therfore sholde a man flee and eschue Line 1670 Werre, in as muchel as a man may Line 1670 Goodly./ For salomon seith, -- he that Line 1671 Loveth peril shal falle in peril -- / Line 1672 After that dame prudence hadde spoken in Line 1672 This manere, melibee answerde, and seyde:/ Line 1673 I see wel, dame prudence, that by youre faire Line 1673 Wordes, and by youre resouns that ye han Line 1673 Shewed me, that the werre liketh yow no Line 1673 Thyng;/ but I have nat yet herd youre conseil, Line 1674 How I shal do in this nede./ Line 1675 Certes, quod she, I conseille yow that ye Line 1675 Accorde with youre adversaries and that Line 1675 Ye have pees with he./ For seint jame Line 1676 Seith in his epistles that -- by concord and Line 1676 Pees the smale richesses wexen grete,/ and by Line 1677 Debaat and discord the grete richesses fallen Line 1677 Doun. -- / and ye knowen wel that oon of the Line 1678 Gretteste and moost sovereyn thyng that is in Line 1678 This world is unytee and pees./ And therfore Line 1679 Seyde oure lord jhesu crist to his apostles in Line 1679 This wise:/ -- wel happy and blessed been they Line 1680 That loven and purchacen pees, for they Line 1680 Been called children of god. -- / Line 1681 A, quod melibee, now se I wel that Line 1681 Ye loven nat myn honour ne my worshipe./ Line 1682 Ye knowen wel that myne adversaries han Line 1682 Bigonnen this debaat and bryge by hire outrage,/ Line 1682 and ye se wel that they ne requeren ne Line 1683 Preyen me nat of pees, ne they asken nat to be Line 1683 Reconsiled./ Wol ye thanne that I go and meke Line 1684 Me and obeye me to hem, and crie hem Line 1684 Mercy?/ for sothe, that were nat my Line 1685 Worshipe./ For right as men seyn that Line 1686 -- over-greet hoomlynesse engendreth dispreisynge, Line 1686 -- so fareth it by to greet hymylitee Line 1686 Or mekenesse./ Line 1687 Thanne bigan dame prudence to maken Line 1687 Semblant of wratthe, and seyde:/ certes, sire, Line 1688 Sauf youre grace, I love youre honour and youre Line 1688 Profit as I do myn owene, and evere have Line 1688 Doon;/ ne ye, ne noon oother, seyn nevere Line 1689 The contrarie./ And yit if I hadde seyd that Line 1690 Ye sholde han purchaced the pees and the Line 1690 Reconsilacioun, I ne hadde nat muchel Line 1690 Mystaken me, ne seyd amys./ For the Line 1691 Wise man seith, -- the dissensioun bigynneth Line 1691 by another man, and the reconsilyng bygynneth Line 1691 by thyself. -- / and the prophete seith, Line 1692 -- flee shrewednesse and do goodnesse;/ seke Line 1693 Pees and folwe it, as muchel as in thee is. -- / Line 1694 Yet seye I nat that ye shul rather pursue to Line 1694 Youre adversaries for pees than they shuln to Line 1694 Yow./ For I knowe wel that ye been so hard- Line 1695 Herted that ye wol do no thyng for Line 1695 Me./ And salomon seith, -- he that hath Line 1696 Over-hard an herte, atte laste he shal Line 1696 Myshappe and mystyde. -- / Line 1697 Whanne melibee hadde herd dame prudence Line 1697 Maken semblant of wratthe, he seyde in this Line 1697 Wise:/ dame, I prey yow that ye be nat displesed Line 1698 of thynges that I seye,/ for ye knowe Line 1699 Wel that I am angrey and wrooth, and that is Line 1699 No wonder;/ and they that been wrothe witen Line 1700 Nat wel what they don, ne what they Line 1700 Seyn./ Therfore the prophete seith that Line 1701 -- troubled eyen han no cleer sighte. -- / but Line 1702 Seyeth and conseileth me as yow liketh, for I Line 1702 Am redy to do right as ye wol desire;/ and if Line 1703 Ye repreve me of my folye, I am the moore Line 1703 Holden to love yow and to preyse yow./ For Line 1704 Salomon seith that -- he that repreveth hym Line 1704 That dooth folye,/ he shal fynde gretter grace Line 1705 Than he that deceyveth hym by sweete Line 1705 Wordes. -- / Line 1706 Thanne seide dame prudence, I Line 1706 Make no semblant of wratthe ne anger, but Line 1706 For youre grete profit./ For salomon seith, Line 1707 -- he is moore worth that repreveth or chideth Line 1707 A fool for his folye, shewynge hym semblant Line 1707 Of wratthe,/than he that supporteth hym and Line 1708 Preyseth hym in his mysdoynge, and laugheth Line 1708 At his folye. -- / and this same salomon seith Line 1709 Afterward that -- by the sorweful visage of a Line 1709 Man, -- that is to seyn by the sory and hevy contenaunce Line 1709 of a man,/ -- the fool correcteth Line 1710 And amendeth hymself. -- / Line 1711 Thanne seyde melibee, I shal nat Line 1711 Koone answere to so manye faire resouns as ye Line 1711 Putten to me and shewen./ Seyeth shorthly Line 1712 Youre wyl and youre conseil, and I am al redy Line 1712 To fulfille and parfourne it./ Line 1713

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Line 1713 Thanne dame prudence discovered al hir Line 1713 Wyl to hym, and seyde,/ I conseille yow, Line 1714 Quod she, aboven alle thynges, that ye make Line 1714 Pees bitwene God and yow;/ and beth Line 1715 Reconsiled unto hym and to his grace./ Line 1716 For, as I have seyd yow heer biforn, god Line 1716 Hath suffred yow to have this tribulacioun and Line 1716 Disese for youre synnes./ And if ye do as I sey Line 1717 Yow, God wol sende youre adversaries unto Line 1717 Yow,/ and maken hem fallen at youre feet, Line 1718 Redy to do youre wyl and youre comande -- Line 1718 Mentz./ For salomon seith, -- whan the condicioun Line 1719 of man is plesaunt and likynge to god,/ Line 1720 He chaungeth the hertes of the mannes adversaries Line 1720 and constreyneth hem to biseken Line 1720 hym of pees and of grace. -- / and Line 1721 I prey yow lat me speke with youre adversaries Line 1721 in privee place;/ for they shul nat Line 1722 Knowe that it be of youre wyl or of youre adsent./ Line 1722 and thanne, whan I knowe hir wil and Line 1723 Hire entente, I may conseille yow the moore Line 1723 Seurely./ Line 1724 Dame, quod melibee, dooth youre wil and Line 1724 Youre likynge;/ for I putte me hoolly in Line 1725 Youre disposicioun and ordinaunce./ Line 1726 Thanne dame prudence, whan she Line 1726 Saugh the goode wyl of hir housbonde, delibered Line 1726 and took avys in hirself,/ thinkinge how Line 1727 She myghte brynge this nede unto a good conclusioun Line 1727 and to a good ende./ And whan she Line 1728 Saugh hir tyme, she sente for thise adversaries Line 1728 To come unto hire into a pryvee place,/ and Line 1729 Shewed wisely unto hem the grete goodes that Line 1729 Comen of pees,/ and the grete harmes Line 1730 And perils that been in werre;/ and Line 1731 Seyde to hem in a goodly manere hou Line 1731 That hem oughten have greet repentaunce/ of Line 1732 The injurie and wrong that they hadden doon Line 1732 To melibee hir lord, and unto hire, and to hire Line 1732 Doghter./ Line 1733 And whan they herden the goodliche wordes Line 1733 Of dame prudence,/ they weren so supprised Line 1734 And ravysshed, and hadden so greet joye of Line 1734 Hire that wonder was to telle./ A, lady, quod Line 1735 They, ye han shewed unto us the blessynge Line 1735 Of swetnesse, after the sawe of david the Line 1735 Prophete;/ for the reconsilynge which Line 1736 We been nat worthy to have in no manere,/ Line 1736 but we oghte requeren it with greet contricioun Line 1737 and humylitee,/ ye of youre grete Line 1738 Goodnesse have presented unto us./ Now se Line 1739 We wel that the science and the konnynge Line 1739 Of salomon is ful trewe./ For he seith that Line 1740 -- sweete wordes multiplien and encreescen Line 1740 Freendes, and maken shrewes to be debonaire Line 1740 and meeke. -- / Line 1741 Certes, quod they, we putten oure Line 1741 Dede and al oure matere and cause al hooly in Line 1741 Youre goode wyl/ and been redy to obeye to Line 1742 The speche and comandement of my lord melibee./ Line 1742 and therfore, deere and benygne lady, Line 1743 We preien yow and biseke yow as mekely as we Line 1743 Konne and mowen,/ that it lyke unto youre Line 1744 Grete goodnesse to fulfillen in dede youre goodliche Line 1744 wordes./ For we consideren and knowelichen Line 1745 that we han offended and greved Line 1745 My lord melibee out of mesure,/ so ferforth Line 1746 that we be nat of power to maken Line 1746 His amendes./ And therfore we oblige and Line 1747 Bynden us and oure freendes for to doon al Line 1747 His wyl and his comandementz./ But peraventure Line 1748 he hath swich hevynesse and swich wratthe Line 1748 To us -- ward, by cause of oure offense,/ that he Line 1749 Wole enjoyne us swich a peyne as we mowe Line 1749 Nat bere ne susteene./ And therfore, noble Line 1750 Lady, we biseke to youre wommanly Line 1750 Pitee/ to taken swich avysement in this Line 1751 Nede that we, ne oure freendes, be nat Line 1751 Desherited ne destroyed thurgh oure folye./ Line 1752 Certes, quod prudence, it is an hard Line 1752 Thyng and right perilous/ that a man putte Line 1753 Hym al outrely in the arbitracioun and juggement, Line 1753 and in the myght and power of his enemys./ Line 1753 for salomon seith, -- leeveth me, and Line 1754 Yeveth credence to that I shal seyn: I seye, -- Line 1754 Quod he, -- ye peple, folk and governours of Line 1754 Hooly chirche,/ to thy sone, to thy wyf, Line 1755 To thy freend, ne to thy broother,/ ne Line 1756 Yeve thou nevere myght ne maistrie of Line 1756 Thy body whil thou lyvest. -- / now sithen he Line 1757 Deffendeth that man sholde nat yeven to his Line 1757 Broother ne to his freend the myght of his Line 1757 Body,/ by a strenger resoun he deffendeth and Line 1758 Forbedeth a man to yeven hymself to his enemy./ Line 1758 and nathelees I conseille you that ye Line 1759 Mystruste nat my lord,/ for I woot wel and Line 1760 Knowe verraily that he is debonaire and Line 1760 Meeke, large, curteys,/ and nothyng desirous Line 1761 ne coveitous of good ne richesse./ Line 1762 For ther nys nothyng in this world that he Line 1762 Desireth, save oonly worshipe and honour./ Line 1763 Forthermoore I knowe wel and am right seur Line 1763 That he shal nothyng doon in this nede withouten Line 1763 my conseil;/ and I shal so werken in this Line 1764 Cause that, by the grace of oure lord god, ye Line 1764 Shul been reconsiled unto us./ Line 1765 Thanne seyden they with o voys, worshipful Line 1765 lady, we putten us and oure goodes Line 1765

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Line 1765 Al fully in youre wil and disposicioun,/ Line 1766 And been redy to comen, what day that Line 1766 It like unto youre noblesse to lymyte us or assigne Line 1766 us,/ for to maken oure obligacioun and Line 1767 Boond as strong as it liketh unto youre goodnesse,/ Line 1767 that we mowe fulfille the wille of yow Line 1768 And of my lord melibee./ Line 1769 Whan dame prudence hadde herd the answeres Line 1769 of thise men, she bad hem goon agayn Line 1769 Prively;/ and she retourned to hir lord melibee, Line 1770 and tolde hym how she foond his Line 1770 Adversaries ful repentant,/ knowelechynge Line 1771 ful lowely hir synnes and trespas, Line 1771 And how they were redy to suffren al peyne,/ Line 1772 Requirynge and preiynge hym of mercy and Line 1772 Pitee./ Line 1773 Thanne seyde melibee: he is wel worthy Line 1773 To have pardoun and foryifnesse of his synne. Line 1773 That excuseth nat his synne,/ but knowelecheth Line 1774 It and repenteth hym, axinge indulgence./ For Line 1775 Senec seith, ther is the remissioun and Line 1775 Foryifnesse, where as the confessioun is -- ;/ Line 1776 For confessioun is neighebor to innocence./ Line 1776 and he seith in another place that -- he Line 1777 That hath shame of his synne and knowlecheth Line 1777 It, is worthy remissioun. -- and therfore I assente Line 1777 and conferme me to have pees;/ but it Line 1778 Is good that we do it nat withouten the assent Line 1778 And wyl of oure freendes./ Line 1779 Thanne was prudence right glad and joyeful, Line 1779 and seyde:/ certes, sire, quod Line 1780 She, ye han wel and goodly answered;/ Line 1781 For right as by the conseil, assent, and Line 1781 Help of youre freendes ye han been stired to Line 1781 Venge yow and maken werre,/ right so withouten Line 1782 hire conseil shul ye nat accorden yow Line 1782 Ne have pees with youre adversaries./ For the Line 1783 Lawe seith: -- ther nys no thyng so good by wey Line 1783 Of kynde as a thyng to be unbounde by hym Line 1783 That it was ybounde. -- / Line 1784 And thanne dame prudence, withouten delay Line 1784 or tariynge, sente anon hire messages for Line 1784 Hire kyn, and for hire olde freendes which Line 1784 That were trewe and wyse,/ and tolde hem Line 1785 By ordre in the presence of melibee al this mateere Line 1785 as it is aboven expressed and declared,/ Line 1785 and preyden hem that they Line 1786 Wolde yeven hire avys and conseil what Line 1786 Best were to doon in this nede./ And whan Line 1787 Melibees freendes hadde taken hire avys and Line 1787 Deliberacioun of the forseide mateere,/ and Line 1788 Hadden examyned it by greet bisynesse and Line 1788 Greet diligence,/ they yave ful conseil for to Line 1789 Have pees and reste,/ and that melibee sholde Line 1790 Receyve with good herte his adversaries Line 1790 To foryifnesse and mercy./ Line 1791 And whan dame prudence hadde herd Line 1791 The assent of hir lord melibee, and the conseil Line 1791 of his freendes/ accorde with hire wille Line 1792 And hire entencioun,/ she was wonderly glad Line 1793 In hire herte, and seyde:/ ther is an old Line 1794 Proverbe, quod she, seith that -- the goodnesse Line 1794 that thou mayst do this day, do it,/ Line 1795 And abide nat ne delaye it nat til tomorwe. Line 1795 -- / and therfore I conseille that Line 1796 Ye sende youre messages, swiche as been Line 1796 Discrete and wise,/ unto youre adversaries, Line 1797 Tellynge hem on youre bihalve/ that if they Line 1798 Wole trete of pees and of accord,/ that they Line 1799 Shape hem withouten delay or tariyng to comen Line 1799 Unto us./ Which thyng parfourned was Line 1800 In dede./ And whanne thise trespassours Line 1801 and repentynge folk of hire folies, Line 1801 That is to seyn, the adversaries of melibee,/ Line 1802 Hadden herd what thise messagers seyden unto Line 1802 Hem,/ they weren right glad and joyeful, and Line 1803 Answereden ful mekely and benignely,/ yeldynge Line 1804 graces and thankynges to hir lord melibee Line 1804 and to al his compaignye;/ and shopen Line 1805 Hem withouten delay to go with the messagers, Line 1805 And obeye to the comandement of hir Line 1805 Lord melibee./ Line 1806 And right anon they tooken hire wey Line 1806 To the court of melibee,/ and tooken with hem Line 1807 Somme of hire trewe freendes to maken feith Line 1807 For hem and for to been hire borwes./ And Line 1808 Whan they were comen to the presence of Line 1808 Melibee, he seyde hem thise wordes:/ it standeth Line 1809 thus, quod melibee, and sooth it is, that Line 1809 Ye,/ causelees and withouten skile and Line 1810 Resoun,/ han doon grete injuries and Line 1811 Wronges to me and to my wyf prudence, Line 1811 And to my doghter also./ For ye han entred Line 1812 Into myn hous by violence,/ and have doon Line 1813 Swich outrage that alle men knowen wel that Line 1813 Ye have disserved the deeth./ And therfore Line 1814 Wol I knowe and wite of yow/ wheither ye Line 1815 Wol putte the punyssement and the chastisynge Line 1815 And the vengeance of this outrage in the wyl Line 1815 Of me and of my wyf prudence, or ye Line 1815 Wol nat?/ Line 1816 Thanne the wiseste of hem thre answerde Line 1816 for hem alle, and seyde,/ sire, quod Line 1817 He, we knowen wel that we been unworthy Line 1817 To comen unto the court of so greet a lord and Line 1817 So worthy as ye been./ For we han so greetly Line 1818 Mystaken us, and han offended and agilt in Line 1818 Swich a wise agayn youre heigh lordshipe,/ Line 1819

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Line 1819 That trewely we han disserved the deeth./ But Line 1820 Yet, for the grete goodnesse and debonairetee Line 1820 That al the world witnesseth of youre Line 1820 Persone,/ we submytten us to the excellence Line 1821 and benignitee of youre gracious Line 1821 Lordshipe,/ and been redy to obeie to alle youre Line 1822 Comandementz;/ bisekynge yow that of youre Line 1823 Merciable pitee ye wol considere oure grete Line 1823 Repentaunce and lowe submyssioun,/ and Line 1824 Graunten us foryevenesse of oure outrageous Line 1824 Trespas and offense./ For wel we knowe that Line 1825 Youre liberal grace and mercy strecchen hem Line 1825 Ferther into goodnesse than doon oure outrageouse Line 1825 giltes and trespas into wikkednesse,/ Line 1825 al be it that cursedly and Line 1826 Dampnablely we han agilt agayn youre Line 1826 Heigh lordshipe./ Line 1827 Thanne melibee took hem up fro the ground Line 1827 Ful benignely,/ and receyved hire obligaciouns Line 1828 And hir boondes by hire othes upon hire plegges Line 1828 And borwes,/ and assigned hem a certeyn day Line 1829 To retourne unto his court,/ for to accepte and Line 1830 Receyve the sentence and juggement that Line 1830 Melibee wolde comande to be doon on Line 1830 Hem by the causes aforeseyd./ Whiche Line 1831 Thynges ordeyned, every man retourned Line 1831 To his hous./ Line 1832 And whan that dame prudence saugh hir Line 1832 Tyme, she freyned and axed hir lord melibee/ Line 1833 What vengeance he thoughte to taken of his Line 1833 Adversaries./ Line 1834 To which melibee answerde, and seyde: Line 1834 Certes, quod he, I thynke and purpose me Line 1834 Fully / to desherite hem of al that evere they Line 1835 Han, and for to putte hem in exil for Line 1835 Evere./ Line 1836 Certes, quod dame prudence, this Line 1836 Were a crueel sentence and muchel agayn resoun./ Line 1836 for ye been riche ynough, and han Line 1837 No nede of oother mennes good;/ and ye Line 1838 Myghte lightly in this wise gete yow a coveitous Line 1838 name,/ which is a vicious thyng, and Line 1839 Oghte been eschued of every good man./ For Line 1840 After the sawe of the word of the apostle, Line 1840 -- coveitise is roote of alle harmes. -- / Line 1841 And therfore it were bettre for yow to Line 1841 Lese so muchel good of youre owene, than for Line 1841 To taken of hir good in this manere;/ for bettre Line 1842 it is to lesen good with worshipe, than it Line 1842 Is to wynne good with vileynye and shame./ Line 1843 And everi man oghte to doon his diligence and Line 1843 His bisynesse to geten hym a good name./ Line 1844 And yet shal he nat oonly bisie hym in kepynge Line 1844 of his good name,/ but he shal also enforcen Line 1845 hym alwey to do somthyng by Line 1845 Which he may renovelle his good name./ Line 1846 For it is writen that -- the olde good loos Line 1846 Or good name of a man is soone goon and Line 1846 Passed, whan it is nat newed ne renovelled. -- / Line 1847 And as touchynge that ye seyn ye wole exile Line 1847 Youre adversaries,/ that thynketh me muchel Line 1848 Agayn resoun and out of mesure,/ considered Line 1849 The power that they han yeve yow upon hemself./ Line 1849 and it is writen that -- he is worthy Line 1850 To lesen his privilege, that mysuseth the Line 1850 Myght and the power that is yeven Line 1850 Hym. -- / and I sette cas ye myghte enjoyne Line 1851 hem that peyne by right and by Line 1851 Lawe,// which I trowe ye mowe nat do,/ I seye Line 1853 Ye mighte nat putten it to execucioun peraventure,/ Line 1853 and thanne were it likly to retourne Line 1854 To the werre as it was biforn./ And therfore, Line 1855 If ye wole that men do yow obeisance, Line 1855 Ye moste deemen moore curteisly;/ this Line 1856 Is to seyn, ye moste yeven moore esy sentences Line 1856 and juggementz./ For it is writen that Line 1857 -- he that moost curteisly comandeth, to hym Line 1857 Men moost obeyen. -- / and therfore I prey yow Line 1858 That in this necessitee and in this nede ye caste Line 1858 Yow to overcome youre herte./ For senec seith Line 1859 That -- he that overcometh his herte, overcometh Line 1859 Twies. -- / and tullius seith: -- ther is no Line 1860 Thyng so comendable in a greet lord/ as Line 1861 Whan he is debonaire and meeke, and Line 1861 Appeseth him lightly. -- / and I prey yow that ye Line 1862 Wole forbere now to do vengeance,/ in swich Line 1863 A manere that youre goode name may be kept Line 1863 And conserved,/ and that men mowe have Line 1864 Cause and mateere to preyse yow of pitee and Line 1864 Of mercy,/ and that ye have no cause to Line 1865 Repente yow of thyng that ye doon./ Line 1866 For senec seith, -- he overcometh in an Line 1866 Yvel manere that repenteth hym of his victorie. Line 1866 -- / wherfore I pray yow, lat mercy been in Line 1867 Youre herte,/ to th' effect and entente that Line 1868 God almighty have mercy on yow in his laste Line 1868 Juggement./ For seint jame seith in his epistle: Line 1869 -- juggement withouten mercy shal be doon Line 1869 To hym that hath no mercy of another wight. -- / Line 1870 Whanne melibee hadde herd the grete skiles Line 1870 And resouns of dame prudence, and hire Line 1870 Wise informaciouns and techynges,/ his Line 1871 Herte gan enclyne to the wil of his wif, Line 1871 Considerynge hir trewe entente,/ and conformed Line 1872 hym anon, and assented fully to werken Line 1872 After hir conseil;/ and thonked god, of whom Line 1873 Procedeth al vertu and alle goodnesse, that Line 1873 Hym sente a wyf of so greet discrecioun./ And Line 1874

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Line 1874 Whan the day cam that his adversaries sholde Line 1874 Appieren in his presence,/ he spak unto Line 1875 Hem ful goodly, and seyde in this wyse:/ Line 1876 Al be it so that of youre pride and heigh Line 1876 Presumpcioun and folie, and of youre necligence Line 1876 and unkonnynge,/ ye have mysborn yow Line 1877 And trespassed unto me,/ yet for as muche as Line 1878 I see and biholde youre grete humylitee,/ and Line 1879 That ye been sory and repentant of youre Line 1879 Giltes,/ it constreyneth me to doon yow Line 1880 Grace and mercy./ Wherfore I receyve Line 1881 Yow to my grace,/ and foryeve yow outrely Line 1882 alle the offenses, injuries, and wronges that Line 1882 Ye have doon agayn me and myne,/ to this Line 1883 Effect and to this ende that God of his endelees Line 1883 mercy/ wole at the tyme of oure diynge Line 1884 Foryeven us oure giltes that we han trespassed Line 1884 To hym in this wrecched world./ For doutelees, Line 1885 if we be sory and repentant of the synnes Line 1885 And giltes which we han trespassed in Line 1885 The sighte of oure lord god,/ he is so Line 1886 Free and so merciable/ that he wole foryeven Line 1887 us oure giltes,/ and bryngen us to the Line 1888 Blisse that nevere hath ende. Amen. Line 1888
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