Promptorium parvulorum sive clericorum, dictionarius anglo-latinus princeps, auctore fratre Galfrido grammatico dicto, ex ordine fratrum Predicatorum, northfolciensi, circa A. D. M.CCCC.XL. Olim ex officina Pynsoniana editum, nunc ab integro, commentariolis subjectis, ad Fidem codicum recensuit Albertus Way, A. M.
Galfridus, Anglicus, active 1440., Way, Albert, 1805-1874, ed., British Library. Manuscript. Harley 221.
  • BABE, or lyttyle chylde. Infans, puerilus, pusillus, pusio, DIST.
  • BABEWYN, or babewen (babwyn, or babwen, P.) 1. ["Babwyne beest, baboyn." PALSG.]Detippus, C. F. ipos. figmentus, chimera.
  • BABYLN, or waveryn (babelyn, P.) Librillo.
  • BABELYNGE, or wauerynge. Va∣cillacio, librillacio.
  • BABULLE, or bable (babyll, P.) 2. ["Librilla, baculus cum corrigia plumbata ad librandum carnes. Pegma, baculus cum massa plumbi in summitate pendente, et ut dicit Cornutus tali baculo scenici lude∣bant." CATH. "Librilla dicitur instrumentum librandi, idem est percutiendi lapides in castra, i. mangonus, a bable, or a dogge malyote." ORT. VOC. In the Vocabulary, Roy. MS 17 C. XVII. f. 56, b. occur under Nomina armorum, with mase and other weapons, "Dog babulle, babrilla, Babulle, Pegma." Palsgrave renders "Bable for a foole, marotte." See Douce's Illustrations of Shakespeare, where will be found numerous representations of the bauble. Baubella, in old French babioles, trinkets, gewgaws.]Li∣brilla, CATH. pegma, C. F. CATH.
  • BABYRLYPPYD. Labrosus, CATH. 3. [Piers Ploughman describes Covetyse as "byttel browede and baberlupped." In old French the thick lips of some animals are called babeines. ROQUEF.]
  • BAKER or baxter (bakstar, P.) Pistor, panicius, CATH. pani∣ficus, panifex, panificator.
  • BACE, or fundament. Basis.
  • BACE, fysche. 4. ["Bace, ung bar." PALSG. "Lubin, a base, or sea wolfe. Bar, the fish called a base." COTGR. The basse, or sea perch, the lupus of the Romans, labrax lupus, CUV. seems to be the fish here intended, and not the coal-fish, according to the explan∣ation in Boucher's Glossary.]
  • BACE CHAMBYR. Bassaria, vel camera bassaria, sive camera bassa.
  • BACE PLEYE. Barrus. Barri, bar∣rorum, dantur ludi puerorum.
  • BACENETT. Cassis, CATH. in galeâ.
  • BACHELERE. Bacularius, bach∣illarius, bachalarius.
  • BACUN FLESCHE. Petaso, baco.
  • BAD, or wykyde. Malus.
  • BADDE, or nowght worthe. In∣validus.
  • BADLY, or wykkydl. Male, inique.
  • (BAFFYN as howndys, K. H. P. Baulo, baffo, latro.)
  • BAFFYNGE as howndys folowynge her pray. Nicto, CATH. UG. glatio.
  • BAFFYNGE or bawlynge of howndys. Baulatus, baffatus.
  • BAGE, or bagge of armys (badge, P.) 5. ["Badge of a gentylman, la deuise d'ung Seigneur." PALSG. It was a cognisance or ornament, forming part of the livery assigned by a chieftain to his followers, which led to the use of uniforms. The word is probably derived from A. S. beag, corona, ar∣milla. See in Harl. MS. 4632, an interesting list of badges of cognisance, printed in Collect. Topogr. et Ganealogica, vol. III. p. 54.]Banidium, bannidium, KYLW.
  • Page  21BAGGE, or poke (pocke, K.) Sac∣culus.
  • BAGGE, or sacchelle (sechelle, K.) Saccellus.
  • BAGGYN, or bocyn owte, quere infra in bocyn. Tumeo.
  • BAGGE PYPE. Panduca, KYLW.
  • (BAGGE PYPERE. Panducarius, P.)
  • (BAHCHE, or bakynge, K. batche, P. Pistura.)
  • BAY frute. Bacca.
  • BAY, or wyth-stondynge. Obsta∣culum.
  • BAYYD,as a horse (bay, P.) Ba∣dius, UG. et ibi nota omnes colores equorum.
  • BAYȲN, or berkyn a-yene (ageyne, P.) Relatro.
  • BAYNYD, as benys or pesyn. 1. [This word seems to signify shelled, and consequently prepared for the table, from bayn, ready. See Jamieson and Boucher. In Norfolk bein means pliant or limber, FORBY. Compare BEYN or plyaunte, which occurs hereafter.]Fre∣sus.
  • (BAKKE, flyinge best, K. bak, P. fleynge byrde, W. 2. ["Lucifuga, quedam avis lucem fugiens, a backe." ORT. VOC. "Backe, a beest that flyeth, chauvesouris." PALSG. "Vespertilio, a reremouse or backe." ELIOT. A. S. Hrere-mus.]Vesper∣tilio.)
  • BAKKE. Dorsum.
  • BAKKE of a beste. Tergus, CATH.
  • BAKKE of man, or woman. Ter∣gum, CATH.
  • BAKKE of egge toole. Ebiculum.
  • BAKKEBYTERE. Detractor, de∣tractrix, oblocutor, oblocutrix.
  • BAGBYTYN (bakbyten, P.) De∣traho, detracto, CATH.
  • (BAKBYTYNG, K. backebytinge, P. Detractio, oblocutio.)
  • BAKHOWSE, or bakynge howse. Pistrina, pistrinum, CATH.
  • BAKYN, or to bake. Pinso, pani∣fico.
  • BAKYN, or bake (baked, P.) Pistus.
  • BAKYN vnder þe askys (aschys, K.). Subcinericius.
  • BAKYNGE (or bahche, K.) Pis∣tura.
  • BAKYNGE howse. Panificium.
  • BAKWARD, or bakstale. 3. [Bakstale may be derived from A. S. stael, stal, locus, status. In German stellen signifies to place.]A retro.
  • BAXTER, supra in baker (bakstare, K. P.)
  • BAKUN, supra in bacun.
  • BAKWARDE. Retro, retrorsum.
  • BALLE of pley. Pila.
  • BALLE of þe ye (iye, P.) Pupilla.
  • BALKE yn a howse.
    "With his owen hand than made he ladders three,
    To climben by the renges and the stalkes
    Unto the tubbes honging in the balkes."

    CHAUC. Miller's Tale.

    A. S. Balc, trabs. "Trabes, a beame, or a balke of a hous." ORT. VOC. "Balke, pouste," i. e. poutre. PALSG.

    Trabes, trabecula, COMM.
  • Page  22BALPLEY, or pley (plainge, P.) at þe balle. Pililudus.
  • BALPLEYERE. Pililudius, lipi∣dulus idem est, ludipilus.
  • BALAUNCE. Statera, libra, fa∣lanx (balanx, P.) trutina.
  • BALDEMOYN (baldmony, K. balde∣monye, P.)
    "Look how a sick man for his hele
    Takith baldemoyn with the canele."


    Of the virtues attributed to this herb, see Roy. MS. 18 A. VI. "Genciana ys an herbe that me clepyth baldemoyne, or feldewort."

  • BALE, or bane. 2. [The signification here given to bale is uncommon; its usual meaning is mischief, woe or calamity. This Hampole, in the Pricke of Conscience, calls the day of doom "the day of bale and bitterness." A. S. Balew, exitium.]Mortiferum, toxicum, letiferum, letale.
  • BALE of spycery, or other lyke. Bulga, C. F.
  • BALLE, schepys name. Ballator, ballatrix (balator, P.)
  • BALEYS. 3. [Hereafter occurs in the Promptorium ȜERDE baleys, virga. Virga is rendered a ȝerde or a rodde, MED. and ORT. VOC.; and such the baleys seems to have been, and not a besom, balai, in the present sense of the word. Matthew Paris relates that in 1252, a person came to perform penance at St. Alban's, "ferens in manu virgam quam vulga∣riter baleis appellamus," with which he was disciplined by each of the brethren. Wats in the Glossary observes, "Ita Norfolcienses mei vocant virgam majorem, et ex pluribus longioribus viminibus; qualibus utuntur paedagogi severiores in scholis." Baleys occurs in Piers Ploughman in the same sense. Forby does not notice it: but the verb to balase occurs amongst the provincialisms of Shropshire; see Hartshorne's Salopia Antiqua.]Virga.
  • BALY (baley, P.) 4. [In the Wicliffite version Baili seems to imply the charge or office, "ȝelde reken∣ynge of thi baili, for thou myght not now be baylyf." Luc. 16. "He is my ryue and bayly, Inquilinus prediorum urbicorum et rusticorum." HORM.]Ballivus.
  • BALY, or seriaunt men arestynge. Angarius, CATH. apparitor.
  • BALLYD. Calvus.
  • BALLYDNESSE. Calvicies.
  • BALYSCHEPE (balyshype, K.) Balliatus.
  • BALKE in a howse, supra. Trabs.
  • BALKE of (on, P.) a londe eryd. 5. ["Crebro, a balke bitwyne two furrowes. Porca vorat furfur, aratrum vult ver∣tere porcam." MED. HARL. MS 2257. "He hath made a balke in the lande, scannum fecit, sive crudum solum et inmotum reliquit." HORM. "Baulke of lande, separaison." PALSG. A. S. Balc, porca. The word is still in use in Norfolk and Suffolk.]Porca, CATH.
  • BALKYN, or to make a balke yn a londe (in erynge of londe, P.) Porco, C. F. in porca.
  • BALKYN, or ouerskyppyn. Omitto.
  • BALHEW, or pleyn (balwe, or playne, P.) 6. [In Gawayn and the Green Knyȝt occur the expressions "a balȝ berg," and "balȝe hawncheȝ," which are explained by Sir F. Madden to mean ample, swelling. Mr. Stevenson, however, in Boucher's Glossary, interprets the word as smooth or unwrinkled.]Planus.
  • BANNARE, or cursere. Impre∣cator, imprecatrix, maledicus, maledica.
  • BANE, or poyson (supra in bale, P.) Vide supra. Mortiferum, exitium, intoxicum, letiferum.
  • BANE of a pley (or mariage, P.) Banna, coragium, C. F. (pre∣ludium, P.)
  • Page  23BANERE. Vexillum.
  • BANNYN, or waryyn. Imprecor, maledico, execror.
  • BANYNGE, or cursynge. Impre∣catio, maledictio.
  • BANYOWRE, or bannerberere. Vex∣illarius, vexillifer, primipilus, UG.
  • BANKE of watyr. Ripa.
  • BANKE of þe see. Litus.
  • BANKER. 1. [The banker was a cloth, carpet, or covering of tapestry for a form or bench, from the French "banquier, tapis pour mettre sur un banc, stragulum abaci." NICOT. COTGR. "Amphitapa est tapetum circumfilosum, a woll loke." ORT. "Tapes utrinque villosus." DUC.; denoting the coverings of arras and tapestry work, wrought, perhaps, on both sides, such as are enumerated in the Inventory of Sir John Fastolfe's effects, 1459. Archaeol. xxi. 257, 265. We there also find "Banker, hangyng tapestry worke," which may mean the tapestry commonly in use for hangings, or that the Banker was in this instance the covering of a high-backed seat, over which it was hung. In an earlier Inventory of the Priory, Durham, 1446, occur "iij Bankquerez paleat' de blodio intenso et remisso; costerae pro ornatu murorum ejusdem cameroe," these last being of the same suit as the Bankers, that is, of cloth of say, paly dark blue and light. Inventories published by the Surtees Society, i. 92. In the Teutonic, banck-werck is rendered by Kilian, "tapes, opus polymitum, vulgo bancalia, scamnalia, subsellii stragulum." A Vocabulary of nearly the same date as the Promptorium gives "pepotasina, bachis, ban∣quere." ROY. MS. 17. C. XVII. This word has been in Boucher's Glossary incorrectly explained to mean a table-cloth.]Scamnarium, amphi∣taba, C. F. UG.
  • BANYSCHYD (banysshed, P.) Ban∣nitus, exulatus.
  • BANSCHYN (banysshe, P.) Bannio.
  • BANNYSCHYNGE. Bannicio, ban∣nitus, exilium.
  • BAPTYM. 2. [Baptym is not an error of the scribes, but a singular corruption of ortho∣graphy. In the other MSS. as well as the printed editions, the same spelling occurs. In the Wicliffite version it is thus written, as also baptym, and baptem, in the Legenda Aurea. The observation would be trivial, did it not afford an evidence of the predomi∣nant influence of the French language in England at the period; the word is evidently thence received, and not from the Latin.]Baptismus, baptisma, CATH.
  • (BAPTYST, or baptisar, P. Bap∣tista.)
  • BAPTYZYN (baptyse, P.) Baptizo.
  • BARATOWRE. 3. [Compare hereafter DEBATE MAKER, or barator, incentor. FEYGHTARE, or baratowre, pugnax, which is distinguished from FEYGHTARE, pugnator, showing that the word implies one of a contentious disposition, and not an actual combatant.]Pugnax, CATH. rixosus, C. F. jurgosus.
  • BARBARYN frute. Barbeum, C. F.
  • BARBARYN tre (barbery, P.) Bar∣baris.
  • BARBICAN by-fore a castelle. 4. [Spelman explains the barbacan to be "munimen à fronte castri, aliter antemurale dictum; etiam foramen in urbium castrorumque moeniis ad tragicienda missilia. Sax. burgekening. Vox Arabica." Pennant asserts that the Saxons called the barbican to the north-west of Cripplegate, burgh-kenning; other writers have suggested a different etymology, A. S. burk-beacn, urbis specula. Bullet would derive it from the Celtic, bar, before, bach, an enclosure. Lye gives barbacan as a word adopted in the Anglo-Saxon language, and we must certainly not seek thence its derivation. The best specimens of the outworks to which this name was given were at York, and called the Bars, of which one still exists in good preservation.]Antemurale, KYLW.
  • BARBOURE. Barbitonsor.
  • Page  24(BARBORERY, or barborysh hous, K. barbours hous for shauynge. P. Barbitondium.)
  • BARBYLLE fysche (barbell fisshe, P.) Barbyllus.
  • BARBULLE, sekenes of þe mowthe. 1. [Burbul, papula. ROY. MS. 17 C. XVII. de infirmitatibus. It is probably the same as "barbes, pushes or little bladders under the tongues of horses and cattell, the which they kill, if they be not speedily cured. Barbes aux veaux, the barbles." COTGR.]
  • BARE. Nudus.
  • BARYN, or to make bare. Nudo, denudo.
  • BARYNE (bareyn, P.) Sterilis.
  • BAREYNTE (bareynesse, P.) Ste∣rilitas.
  • BARELLE. Cadus.
  • BARENESSE. Nuditas.
  • BARRE of a gyrdylle, or oþer harneys.

    2. The ornaments of the girdle, which frequently were of the richest description, were termed barres, and in French cloux; they were perforated to allow the tongue of the buckle to pass through them. Originally they were attached transversely to the wide tissue of which the girdle was formed, but subsequently were round or square, or fa∣shioned like the heads of lions, and similar devices, the name of barre being still re∣tained, though improperly. Thus a citizen of Bristol bequeathed in 1430, "zonam harnizatam cum barris argenti rotundis." In the description of the girdle of Richesse, in Chaucer's Romaunt of the Rose, we read,

    The barris were of gold full fine
    Upon a tissue of sattin,
    Full hevie, grete and nothing light,
    In everiche was a besaunt wight.

    In the original, "les cloux furent d'or epuré." The word was similarly applied to the ornaments of other parts of costume, such as the garter, worn by the Knight of the Order, or spur-leathers, as in Gawayn and the Green Knyȝt, i. 287.

    —"clene spures under
    Of bryȝt golde vpon silke bordes
    Barred ful ryche."
  • BARRE of þe schyttynge of a dore (shettinge, P.) Pessulum, re∣pagulum, vectis, clatrus, CATH.
  • BARRE abowte a graue or awter (barres, P.) Barre, plus. C. F. UG. in gero, (cerre, P.)
  • (BARRED as a girdell, P. Stipatus.)
  • BARRYD with yren̄. Garratus, UG. (cerratus, P.)
  • BARREN harnes. Stipo, constipo.
  • BARRYN dorys, (wyndowus, K.) or oþer shyttynge. Pessulo, repa∣gulo.
  • BARRYNGE of dorys (or other shettynge, P.) Repagulacio, obseracio.
  • BARRYNGE of harneys. Stipacio, constipacio.
  • BARRERE, or barreere (barryȝer, K.) Pararium, barraria, bar∣rus, C. F.
  • BARGAYNE (bargany, P.) Lici∣tacio, stipulacio, CATH.
  • BARGANYYN, or to make a bar∣gayne. Stipulo, CATH. mercor, licito, UG. C. F.
  • BARGE, schyppe. Barcha.
  • BARKE. Cortex.
  • BARKE, powdyr of (for, P.) lethyr. Ferunium (frunium, P.) CATH.
  • BARKERE (barkar, P.) Cerdo, frunio, C. F.
  • BARKARYS barkewatyr (barkars water, P.) Naucea, C. F.
  • Page  25BARKYN lethyr. Frunio, tanno, tannio, C. F.
  • BARKYNGE of lethyr (lethyr or ledyr, P.) Frunicio.
  • BARLYLEPE, to kepe yn corne (barlep, P.) 1. ["Sporta, a bere lepe, or basket." ORT. VOC. In one MS. of the Medulla it is rendered "a berynge lep." A. S. Bere, hordeum, leap, corbis. See BERINGE LEPE.]Cumera, UG. in camos.
  • BARLY CORNE. Ordeum, triticum, C. F.
  • BARLYSELE. 2. [In Norfolk at the present time the season of sowing barley is termed barley-sele, in Suffolk, barsel. FORBY, MOORE. A. S. sel, occasio.]Tempus ordeacium.
  • BARLYMELE. Alphita, UG. in al.
  • BARME. 3. ["And in hire barme this litel child she leid." CHAUC. A. S. bearm, gremium.]Gremium.
  • BARMCLOTHE, or naprun.

    4. Chaucer uses the word; it occurs in the Miller's Tale:

    A barme cloth as white as morrow milke
    Upon her lends, full of many a gore.

    The Medulla explains limas to be "vestis que protenditur ab umbilico usque ad pedes, quâ utuntur servi coci et femine. Anglice, barm cloth." A. S. barm-raeȝl, or barm∣clað, mappula, ELFRIC.

    Li∣mas, CATH.
  • BARNYSKYN (barme skyn, P.) 5. [The melotes is explained in the Catholicon to be "quedam vestis de pilis vel pel∣libus taxi facts, a collo pendens usque ad lumbos, quâ monachi utuntur. Et iste habitus est necessarius proprie ad operis exercitium, eadem ut pera ut dicunt." Uguitio says, "melota ex pellibus caprinis esse dicitur, ex unâ vero parte dependens." See Ducange. The King's MS. gives barniskyn, but the reading of the printed editions appears to be preferable, barme-skyn, implying simply an apron formed of the skin of a beast. Barm-skin is preserved in the dialect of Lancashire, where it means a leathern apron.]Melotes, CATH. C. F. melota, UG. in mellese.
  • BAROONE lorde (barun or baron, P.) Baro.
  • BARONESSE. Baronissa.
  • BARONYE. Baronia.
  • BARTRYN or changyn, or chafare oone thynge for a othere. Cam∣bio, campso, CATH.
  • BARTRYNGE, or changynge of chafyre. Cambium, C. F.

    6. A barowe or crowde was a small vehicle, whether precisely similar or not to the barrow of the present times, cannot be asserted. When Sir Amiloun was worn out with leprosy, and reduced to "tvelf pans of catel," the faithful Amoraunt expended that little sum in the purchase of a barowe, therein to carry the knight about.

    "Therwith thai went ful yare
    And bought hem a gode croude wain."

    Amis and Amiloun, 1867.

    A. S. berewe, vectula. "Cenovectorium, a berw. Instrumentum cum quo deportatur cenus." MED. See CROWDE, barowe.

    Cenovectorium, ce∣novium, UG. in cenon, C. F.

    7. The Baselard was a kind of long dagger, which was suspended to the girdle, and worn, not only by the armed knight, but by civilians, and even priests. Thus Piers Ploughman, in allusion to the neglect of clerical propriety, says,

    "Sir John and Sir Jeffery hath a girdle of silver,
    A baselard, or a ballocke knife, with bottons ouergilt."

    Knighton tells us that the weapon with which Sir William Walworth put Jack Straw to death was a basillard. Sir William was a member of the Fishmongers' Company, who still preserve the weapon traditionally recorded to have been used by him on this occa∣sion, and which he presented to the Company. Among Songs and Carols edited by Thos. Wright, is a spirited poem describing the baselard. "Pugio, a dagger or a baslarde." ORT. "A hoked baslarde (bizachius) is a perels wepon with the Turkes." HORM. In old French bazelaire, badelaire, from balthearis, ROQUEF. See Duncange, basalardus.

    Sica, C. F. cluna∣bulum, CATH. (pugio, BRIT. P.)
  • Page  26BASKET, or panyere (panere, P.) Calathus.
  • BASKET, or a lepe. 1. [See LEEP, or baskett. "Lepe, or a basket, corbeille." PALSG. A. S. leap, corbis.]Sporta, corbes (canistrum, cartallum, P.)
  • BASSENETT, supra in bacenett (basnet, P.)
  • BASONE wesselle (basun or bason, vessell, P.) Pelvis.
  • BAASTE, not wedloke (bast, P.) Bastardia.
  • BASTARDE. Bastardus, nothus.2. ["Bast, bâtard." ROQUEF. "He was bigeten o baste, God it wot." Artour and Merlin. Weber, iii. 360.]
  • BASTARDE, comyn of fadyr and modyr genteylle (comyn of un∣gentyl fadyr and gentyl moder, P.) Spurius, spuria, CATH.
  • BASTARDE, of fadyr gentylle, and modyr vngentylle. Nothus, notha, CATH.
  • BASTYLE of a castelle or cytye. 3. [Fascenia is explained to be "clausibilis vallatio circa castra et civitates que solet fieri quibusdam fascibus stipularum et lignorum." CATH. "Closture de bois, palis." CATH. ABBREV. Roquefort gives "Bastille, château de bois." In Caxton's boke of the Fayt of armes, part ii. c. XXIIII. of habillements that behouen to an assawte, are di∣rections at length respecting bastylles and bolwerks of wood, formed with palebordes called penelles, with defences after the manner of towers, and other batellements. See also C. XXXIV. Lord Berners, in his translation of Froissart, writes, "They landed lytell and lytell, and so lodged in Calays, and there about, in bastylles that they mae dayly."]Fascennia, UG. in facio.
  • BASTYN clothys. 4. ["This dublet was nat well basted at the first, and that maketh it to wrinkle thus, ce pourpoynt n'estoit pas bien basty." PALSG. Chaucer uses this word, Rom. of the Rose, "With a threde basting my slevis." "Besten. Fris. Sicambr. leviter consuere." KILIAN.]Subsuo, CATH. sutulo.
  • BASTYNGE of clothe. Subsutura, CATH.
  • BATAYLE. Bellum, pugna, du∣ellum.
  • BATTE staffe. 5. [This word occurs in the Wicliffite version, Matt. xxvi. 47, "Lo Judas, oon of the twelve, cam, and with him a greet cumpany with swordis and battis." A. S. batt, fustis.]Perticulus, CATH. fustis, batillus, UG. in bachis.
  • BATTYN, or betyn wyth stavys (battis, P.) Fustigo, baculo.
  • BATYN, or abaten̄ of weyte or mesure. Subtraho.
  • BATYN, or make debate. Jurgor, vel seminare discordias, vel dis∣cordare.
  • BATTFOWLERE. Aucubaculator, CATH.
  • BATFOWLYN (or go to take birdes in the nyght, P.) Aucubaculo.
  • BATTEFOWLYNGE. 6. ["Batfowlynge, la pipee." PALSG. The Catholicon explains hamis to be "fustis aucupabilis, scil. virgula que sustinet rhete in quo capiuntur fere, vel que levat rhete in quo capiuntur aves."]Aucubacu∣latus, (CATH. in hamis, P.)
  • BATHE. Balneum, balnearium, balneatorium, UG.
  • BATHYNGE. Balneacio.
  • Page  27BATYLDOURE, or wasshynge be∣tylle. 1. ["Batyldore, battouer à lessive, betyl to bete clothes with, battoyr." PALSG. Feri∣torium is explained in the Medulla to be "instrumentum cum quo mulieres verberant vesturas in lavando, a battyng staffe," "or a betyll." ORT. VOC.]Feretorium, DICC.
  • BATYLMENT of a walle. Pro∣pugnaculum.
  • BATOWRE of flowre and mele wyth water (batour, P.) Mola, C. F.
  • BAWDE, Leno.
  • BAWDEKYN clothe, or (of P.) sylke. Olosericus, C. F. olo∣serica, CATH. UG.
  • BAWDERYKE. 2. ["Baudrike, carquant, baldrike for a ladyes necke, carquan." PALSG. Thus is found in the Ort. Voc. "Anabola est ornamentum mulieris a collo dependens, a baudrik." The word had, however, a more general signification; it is derived, probably, from baudrier, a strap or girdle of leather, but was afterwards used to denote similar appliances of any material, and of costly decoration. In Gawayn and the Grene Knyȝt, bauderyk is the appellation of the guige, or transverse strap by which the shield was suspended round the neck. Hall relates that "Sir Thomas Brandon wore a great baudericke of gold, greate and massy, trauerse his body;" and he further describes the Earl of South∣ampton, Great Admiral of England, as "wearing baudrick-wise a chayne at the whych did hang a whistle of gold, set with ryche stones," which was a badge of office. It would appear that the bauderyke was properly a belt worn transversely, as was the "baudre de serico, argento munitum pro cornu Regis." LIB. GARDEROB. EDW. I. 1299. It signified also the cingulum, or military belt, and in the 16th century, the jewelled ornament worn round the neck both by ladies, and noblemen. See Hall's Chronicle, p. 508, baldrellus and baldringus in Ducange, and Boucher's Glossary.]Strophius, CATH.
  • BAWME, herbe or tre. Balsamus, melissa, melago.
  • BAWME, oyle (baume, P. beaume, J. N.) Balsamum.
  • BAWMYN (balmyn, P.). Balsamo.
  • BAWSTONE, or bawsone, or a gray (baunsey or bauston, best, P.) 3. ["Bawcyn, or brok, fiber, castor, taxus, melota." GARL. SYNONYM. These words are in the Medulla and Ortus explained as signifying the brocke. A. S. broc, a badger. The word bauseneȝ occurs Cott. MS. Nero, A. x. f.62: and baucines in William and the Werwolf. See Bawson in Boucher's Glossary.]Taxus, melota, CATH.
  • BEE, a beste. Apis.
  • BE BETYN. Vapulo.
  • BE BESY. Solicitor.
  • BE BORNE. Nascor.
  • BE BUXUM, or obedyent to anoþyr (obeyyn, K. Obedio.)
  • BESEGYDE. Obsessus.
  • BECEGYN. Obsideo.
  • BESEGYNGE. Obsidio.
  • BECEKYN, or prey (beseche or pray, P.)Rogo, oro, deprecor.
  • BESEKYNGE, or prayere. Depre∣cacio, supplicacio, oracio, ro∣gatus, rogacio.
  • BECEMYN. Decet.
  • BESEMYNGE, or comelynesse. De∣cencia.
  • BECHE, tre. Fagus, CATH.
  • BECYDYN. Juxta, secus.
  • BESYTTYN, or dysposyn (becettyn, K. besette, P.) Dispono.
  • BED. Lectus, thorus, stratus, stratorium, grabatum.
  • BEDCLOTHE, or a rayment for a bed. Lectisternium.
  • BEDE, or bedys. Numeralia, de∣preculae. C. F. (vagule, P.)
  • Page  28BEDE, or prayers. 1. [In the Latin-English Vocabulary, Roy. MS. 17 C. XVII. occurs "rogacio, oracio, deprecacio, a bede or prayer." A. S. bidde, oratio, biddan, petere.]Oracio, sup∣plicacio, interventus.
  • BEDMAN. Orator, supplicator, exorator.
  • BEDEWOMAN. Oratrix, suppli∣catrix.
  • BEDELE. Preco, bidellus.
  • BEDERED-MAN, or woman. 2. [A. S. bedredda, clinicus.]De∣cumbens, clinicus, clinica. CATH.
  • BEDYN, or proferyn. 3. [The verb is used in the sense of profeering in Gawayn and the Green Knyȝt, in Robert de Brunne's Chronicle, and in Sir Tristrem. A. S. beodan, jubere.]Offero, CATH.
  • BEDYNGE, or proferynge. Oblacio.
  • BEDDYNGE. Lectisternium, lec∣tuarium.
  • BEDYS, supra in bede.
  • BEDDYS syde. Sponda, KYLW. C. F.
  • (BEDLAWYR, supra in bedered. 4. [In the will of Sir Thomas de Hemgrave, dated 1419, among the Hengrave evidences in the possession of John Gage Rokewode, Esq. is the following bequest to the bed∣ridden poor in Norwich, "Item lego cuilibet pauperum vocatorum bedlawermen infra civitatem predictam, iiii d. ad orandum pro animâ meâ."] K. P. Decumbens.)
  • BE-DRABYLYD, or drabelyde. Pa∣ludosus.
  • BEDSTEDE. Stratum.
  • BE FAYNE, or welle plesyde. Letor.
  • BYFFE, flesche (beff, P.) Bo∣villa, bosor.
  • BEFYCE. Filius, (filinius, vel pul∣cher filius, P.)
  • BEFORESEYDE. Predictus, pre∣fatus.
  • BEFORESETTE. Prefixus.
  • BEFORETYME. Ante, antea.
  • BEFORNE a thynge (before, P.) Coram, ante.
  • BE-FOTE, or on fote (afote, P.) Pedestre, adv. vel pedestris, pedester, CATH.
  • BEGGAR. Mendicus, mendica.
  • BEGETARE as a fathyr. Genitor.
  • BEGETARE as mothere. Geni∣trix.
  • BEGETYN. Genero, gigno.
  • BEGETYNGE. Genitura, gene∣racio
  • BYGYLYN (begyle, P.) Decipio, fraudo, seduco, circumvenio.
  • BEGYLYNGE, or dysseyte. De∣cepcio, fraus.
  • BEGYLE. Fraus.
  • BEGGYN, or thyggyn (thigge, P.) 5. [See hereafter THYGGYNGE, mendicacio. A. S. piȝan, accipere cibum.]Mendico.
  • BEGGYN bodely fode, as mete and drynke. Victo, CATH.
  • BEGGYNGE. Mendicacio.
  • BEGYNNARE. Inceptor, inchoator.
  • BEGYNNYN. Incipio, inchoo.
  • BEGYN a-yene (ageyne, P.) Itero.
  • BEGYNNYNGE. Incepcio, incho∣acio, initium, exordium.
  • BEGYNNYNGE, or rote of a þynge. Origo, ortus.
  • BE GLAD, or mery. Letor, jo∣cundor.
  • BEHOLDERE, or lokar vpon yn seyynge. Inspector.
  • BEHOLDYN, or seen. Intuor, in∣spicio, aspicio.
  • BEHOLDYN, or bowndyn (beholde or bounde, P.) Obligor, teneor.
  • BEHOLDYNGE. Inspeccio, intuicio.
  • BE-HERTE. Cordetenus.
  • Page  29BEHESTE. 1. [See BEHOTYN, or make a beheste. In the Wicliffite version Acts ii. 39 is rendered, "the biheeste is to ȝou and to ȝoure sones." Horman speaks of making "behestes to God and sayntis. I haue behest a pygge to Saynt Antony, voto nuncupavi." "Nutio, i. promissio, a promyse, or behyghtynge. Promissio, a beheste." ORT.]Promissio.
  • BEHYNDE. Retro, a retro, pone.
  • BEHYNDE, or bakewarde. Re∣trorsum.
  • BEHOTYN, or make a beheste (or behestyn, H. behote or beheste, P.) 2. ["To behest or promesse, to behyght." PALSG. A. S. behatan, vovere. The Chronicler of Glastonbury, Douglas, relates amongst the miracles of St. Thomas of Lancaster, that a certain sick man "beheten to God and to Seinte Thomas thatte iff he werre hole thatte he shulde come thider to seke him" (at Pomfret.) Harl. MS. 4690, f. 64, b. In the Wicliffite version we read, "what euere God hath bihiȝt he is miȝti to do," Rom. iv. 21.]Promitto, pollicior.
  • BEHOUELY (behouable, P.) Opor∣tunus.
  • BEHOUELYNESSE (behouablenesse, P.) Oportunitas.
  • BEHOUYN. Oportet.
  • BEY, or boy. Scurrus.
  • BEYKYNGE, or streykynge (strek∣inge, J. N.) Protencio, extencio.
  • BEYN, or plyaunte (beyen, P.) 3. [Bane in the dialects of Yorkshire and Somerset signifies near, or convenient.]Flexibilis.
  • BEYTŌN hoorse.
  • BEYTŌN wyth howndys, berys, bolys, or other lyke. Commordio, CATH. vel canibus agitare, (oblatro, P.)
  • BEYTYNGE of horse. Pabulacio.
  • BEYTYNGE of bestys wyth howndys.Exagitacio.
  • (BEYTINGE of houndes, P. Obla∣tratus.)
  • BEK, or lowte. Conquiniscio, C. F. (inclinacio, P.)
  • BEK WATYR, rendylle. 4. ["Torrens, aqua sordida ex inundationibus pluviarum, a beke or ryndell." A. S. becc, rivulus. The word is commonly used in the North. See Brockett.]Rivulus, torrens.
  • (BEKE, tokyn, P. Nictus.)
  • (BEKEN with the iye, P. Annuto, conniveo. Connivet hic oculis, annuit ipse manu.)
  • BEKNYN (bekyn, P.) Annucio (annuo, P.) annuto, nuto, C. F. UG.
  • BEKNYNGE, or a bek (bekenynge, P.) Annutus, nutus (annic∣tus, P.)
  • BEEKNE, or fyrebome (bekne, K.) Far, C. F. et UG. in fos. (Pha∣rus, P.)
  • BE-LAGGYD. 5. [A passage in Gautier de Bibelesworth, where he speaks of one who has been splashed by horses in miry places, "Cy vent vn garsoun esclaté," or esclauoté, has this gloss in the margin, "bilagged wit swirting." Arund. MS. 220, f. 303. A. S. lagu, aqua.]Madidatus (palu∣dosus, P.)
  • BELAMY. Amicus pulcher, et est Gallicum, et Anglice dicitur, fayre frynde.
  • BE LAWFULLE. Licet.
  • BE LEFULLE, idem est.
  • BELDAM, moderys modyr. Bel∣lona, C. F.
  • BELDAM, faders and moders modyr, bothe (beldame, faders or moders whether it be, P.) 6. ["Recommaunde me to your bel-fadre, and to your beldame, à vostre tayon et à vostre taye." BOKE FOR TRAV. CAXT.]Avia, CATH. C. F.
  • Page  30BEELDYNGE, or byggynge (bild∣inge, P.) Edificacio, structura.
  • BELLE. Campana.
  • BELEVENESSE, or feythe. Fides.
  • BELLFRAY. Campanarium, UG.
  • BELY. Venter, alvus, uterus.
  • BELLYN, or lowyn as nette (ro∣ryn, P.) 1. ["Cheueraux cheyrist et tor torreye, kide motereth, bole belleth." G. DE BIBELESW. "de naturele noyse des bestes." This word is retained in the dialect of Shropshire, and in Somerset to belg has the same sense. See Hartshorne's Salopia Antiqua, and Jenning's Glossary. A. S. bellan, boare.]Mugio.
  • BELLYNGE, of rorynge of bestys (bellinge of nete, P.) Mu∣gitus.
  • BELSCHYD, or made fayre (belched, P.) Venustus, decoratus.
  • BELCHYN, or make fayre. De∣coro, venusto.
  • BELSHYNGE (belchinge, P.) Ve∣nustacio, decoracio.
  • BELSYRE, or belfather, faders or moders fader. Avus, CATH.
  • (BELT, or ax, P. 2. [This word apepars of rather questionable introduction: the printed editions in which it appears omit the next word BELTE, or gyrdylle. It is not found in the MSS.]Securis.)
  • BELTE, or gyrdylle. Zona.
  • BELOWE (belows, P.) Follis.
  • BELWEDYR, shepe. Titurus, C. F.
  • BELLEȜTARE (belleȝeter, K. bell∣yatere, P.) 3. [Campanarius is explained in the Catholicon to be a bell-founder. See hereafter ȜETYN metel, ȜETYNGE of metelle as bellys, fusio. A. S. ȝeotere, fusor.]Campanarius, CATH.
  • BE-LYTYLLE and lytylle. Para∣tim, paulisper, paulatim.
  • BEEME, or balke, supra. Trabs.
  • BEEME, or (of P.) lyȝhte (lyȝthe, K.) Radius.
  • BEME lygthte. Radio.
  • BEEME of webstarrys lome. Li∣ciatorium, CATH.
  • BE MERY and gladde. Jocundor, letor, jocor.
  • BENCHE. Scamnum.
  • BENDYNGE of bowys, or oþer lyke. Tencio.
  • BENDE bowys. Tendo, CATH.
  • BEEN, or to haue beynge (be or haue be, P.) Sum, existo, subsisto.
  • BEEN abowte yn bysynes, as wyvys and men̄ yn occupacyon (or ben besy, P.) Satago.
  • BEEN̄ abowtyn, or be abowte-warde (be abowte or am abowte, P.) Nitor, conor.
  • BEEN̄ A-KNOWE wyllfully. Con∣fiteor.
  • BE A-KNOWE a-geyne wylle, or be constreynynge. Fateor. (Con∣fiteor sponte, fateor mea facta coacte, P.)
  • BEEN̄ a-qweyntyd or knowyn (aqueynt, P.) Noscor.
  • BEEN a-schamyde. Erubeo, pudeo.
  • BEEN ydylle. Vaco.
  • BENE corne (been, P.) Faba.
  • (BENEDAY, P. 4. [A. Sax. bene, precatio, daȝ, dies. The word seems synonymous with A. Sax. bentiid, rogationum dies, by which name the three days preceding Ascension day were known.]Precare.)
  • BENEFYCE. Beneficium.
  • BENEFYȜYD. Beneficiatus.
  • BENETT, ordyr. 5. ["Exorcista, id est adjurator vel increpator, a benette or a conjurer." ORT. The lesser orders in the Christian churche were four, Ostiarius, Lector, Exorcista, Acolythus. The functions of the third extended to the expulsion of evil spirits by the imposition of hands upon persons possessed, recently baptized, and catechumens. The ceremony was always accompanied with aspersion, and the name benett was doubtless taken from the aqua benedicta, eau bénite, or, perhaps, from the vessel called in French bénitier, which contained the holy-water. In a will dated 1449 is a bequest of "a gret holy-water scoppe of silver, with a staff benature, the sayd benature and staff weyng XX nobles in plate." The staff benature was the aspersorium, termed in the Promptorium STRENKYL, halywater styc. Fox, relating the death of Hooper, states that it was part of the cere∣mony of degrading Bishops to "take from them the lowest vesture which they had in taking bennet and collect" (i. e. acolyte). Eccles. Hist. iii. 152, A. D. 1555. T. Becon, in the Reliques of Rome, says, "Boniface V. decreed that such as were but benet and colet should not touch the reliques of saints, but they only which are subdeacons, deacons, and priests." Edit. 1563, f. 183.]Exorcista.
  • Page  31BENETT, propyr name. Bene∣dictus.
  • BENETHYN (benethe, P.) Inferius
  • (BENWYTTRE, K. benewith tre, P.) 1. [This apepars to be the wood-bine, which in Swedish is called beenwed. Linn. Flor. Suec. Verelius explains the Icelandic beinwid to be ossea pericliminis species, a bony kind of honeysuckle, beinwid signifying bone-wood. Ivy is in the North called bind-wood. See Jamieson.]
  • BENGERE of corne (bengge, P.) 2. [See BYNGGER and BYNGE, theca, cumera. A. S. bin. In Norfolk and Suffolk still pronounced bing, as in Danish, bing, cumulus. FORBY.]Techa.
  • BENGERE of a mylle (bengge, P.) Ferricapsia, DICC.
  • BEPYR, or bewpyr (beawpere, P.) Pulcher pater.

    3. This is one of the number of words in which the A. S. Mael, pars, occurs in com∣position. The A. S. form of these adverbs is maelum, in parts, bit-maelum, dael-maelum, &c. We have retained piecemeal, but the rest are wholly obsolete. See in Nares, drop-meal, inch-meal, and limb-meal. P. Ploughman uses pounde-mele and percel-mele. In the Liber Festivalis we read that William Tracy, after the murder of St. Thomas of Canterbury, "fylle syke and roted all his body, in somoche that himselfe with his owne hondes cast away his owne flesshe lompe-mele." Palsgrave gives "by ynche-meale, menuement, par poulcees, and flock-meale, par troupeaux."

    "Only that point his peple bare so sore
    That flockmel on a day to him they went."

    CHAUC. Clerke's T.
    Particulariter, partitive.
  • BE-QWETHYN, or qwethȳn yn testament. Lego.
  • BERE, a drynke. Hummulina, vel hummuli potus, aut cervisia hummulina (berziza, P.)
  • BERE, or beryn. Porto, gero, fero.
  • BERYN a-way (or bere awey, P.) Asporto, aufero.
  • BERE downe, or presse downe. Com∣primo, deprimo.
  • BEERE downe vndyr þe fote. Sub∣pedito.
  • BERE DOWNE, or caste downe to grownde. Sterno, prosterno.
  • BERE fellyschyppe (felaweshepe or companye, P.) Associo.
  • BERE YN. Infero.
  • BERE OWTE. Effero.
  • BERE PARTE, or be partenere. Participo, CATH.
  • BERE WYTNESSE. Testificor.
  • BERBERYN tre, supra in barbaryn tre.
  • BEERDE (berde, P.) Barba, ge∣nobardum, CATH.
  • Page  32BERDE, or brynke of a wesselle, or other lyke. Margo.
  • BERDYD. Barbatus.
  • BERCEL (berseel, P.) Meta.1. [See hereafter BUT, or bercel.]
  • BERE, beste. Ursus.
  • BEERE of (for P.) dede men̄. Fe∣retrum, libitina, loculus.
  • BEREYNYD, or wete wyth rayne. Complutus, UG. in pluo.
  • BEREWARDE. 2. ["Bearwarde, gardeur d'ours." PALSG. A curious representation of the bear-ward, and baiting the bear, occurs in the Louteral Psalter, illuminated in the early part of the reign of Edw. III. It has been engraved in Vetust. Monum. VI. pl. xxiv. In the Household Book of the Earl of Northumberland in 1511, under the head of Rewards, is one of "6s. 8d. to the Kyngs or Queenes Barward, if they have one," when they come to the Earl. Ant. Rep. IV. p. 253. The Earl had also in his own family an official of the same kind, whose reward was 20s. Shakespeare uses the word, and also bearard or bear-yerd, which are synonymous.]Ursarius.
  • BERY, frute. Morum, CATH. C. F.
  • BERYL, precyous stone. 3. [Beryl is used by Chaucer and the authors of the XIVth and XVth centuries, to denote the precious stone so called, and also a finer description of crystal glass, which resembled it in transparency or colour. This distinction is not preserved here; but it is made by Palsgrave: "Berall, fyne glass, beril. Beryll, a precious stone, beril." Elyot renders "Glessum, crystal or berylle." See Whitaker's Cathedral of St. Germains, ii. 280.]Beril∣lus.
  • BERYNGE. Portagium, latura.
  • BERYNGE a-way. Asportacio, ab∣lacio.
  • BERYNGE yn. Illacio.
  • (BERINGE LEPE, P. 4. [One of the MSS. of the Medulla renders sporta, a berynge lep; in the Ortus, it is explained as a bere lepe, or basket. The word is perhaps synonymous with BARLY∣LEPE, to kepe yn corne, which occurs above, and in the printed editions is spelled BARLEP. A. S. bere, hordeum, leap, corbis.]Canistra, CATH.)
  • BERKAR, as a dogge. Latrator.
  • BERKYN. Latro, baffo, baulo.
  • BERKYNGE. Latratus.
  • BERME of ale or other lyke. Spuma, CATH.
  • BERMYN, or spurgyn as ale, or other lyke. 5. [A. S. beorma, fermentum. See hereafter SPORGYN, taken from the French, espurger.]Spumo.
  • BARNAKYLLE, byrde (bernack, K. bernak, P.) 6. [Alexander Neccham, who died in 1227, gives in his treatise de naturis rerum, a curious account "de ave que vulgo dicitur bernekke," which grew, as he asserts, from wood steeped in the sea, or trees growing on the shores. Roy. MS. 12G. XI. f. 31. The marvellous tales respecting this bgird, which has been supposed to be the chenalopeces, mentioned by Pliny as a native of Britain, are to be found at length in Gesner, Olaus Magnus, and many ancient writers. Giraldus gives in his Topographia Hiberniae, c. xi. a detailed account "de bernacis ex abiete nascentibus," as a phenomenon of which he had been an eye-witness on the Irish shores, and states that these birds were, on account of their half-fishy extraction, eaten during Lent. This indulgence, of which the propriety was argued by Michael Meyer in his treatise de volucri arboreâ, was sanctioned by the au∣thority of the Sorbonne. It is scarcely needful to observe that the origin of these strange statements is to be found in the multivalve shell-fish, the lepas anatifera, which attaches itself to submerged wood, or the bottoms of ships. "Ciconia, i. ibis, a ber∣nacle, a myrdrummyll or a buture." ORT. VOC. "A barnak." MED. GRAMM. Junius derives the name from the fabulous origin of the bird, A. S. bearn, filius, and ac, quercus. See Claik, in Jamieson, and barnache in Menage.]Barnacus, bar∣nita, barnites, C. F.
  • Page  33BERNAK for horse (bernakill, P.) 1. ["Chamus est quoddam genus freni, vel capistrm, an halter or bernacle." ORT. VOC. Junius derives the word from the French berner, comprimere petulantiam; and Ro∣quefort mentions a kind of torture practised by the Saracens, termed bernicles. The Wicliffite version renders 2 Kings, xix, 28, "y schal putte a sercle in þi nose þirlis, and a bernacle in þi lippis." Cott. MS. Claud. E. II.]Chamus, CATH.
  • BERNE of lathe (or lathe, P.)

    2. Berne is the contraction of A. S. bere, hordeum, and ern, locus. Lathe, which does not occur in its proper place in the Promptorium, is possibly a word of Danish introduc∣tion into the eastern counties, Lade, horreum, DAN. Skinner observes that it was very commonly used in Lincolnshire. It occurs in Chaucer:

    "Why ne hadst thou put the capell in the lathe."

    Reves Tale.

    "Horreum, locus ubi reponitur annona, a barne, a lathe." ORT. VOC. "Granarium, lathe." Roy. MS. 17 C. XVII. "A lathe, apotheca, horreum." CATH. ANGL.

    Horreum, C. F.
  • BERWHAM, horsys colere (beru∣ham for hors, P.)

    3. "Bargheame, epiphium." CATH. ANGL. This word is still retained in the North of England; see Barkhaam in Brockett's Glossary, Barkham, Craven dialect, Brauchin, Cumberland, Brechame, Jamieson. It occurs in the curious marginal gloss on Gautier de Bibelesworth, Arund. MS. 220, f. 302.

    "Les cous de chiuaus portunt esteles, hames (hamberwes, MS. Phill).
    Coleres de quyr, et bourle hoceles." beruhames.
    Ephiphium, epifium, CATH. vel collare equi.
  • BERWE, or schadewe (berowe or shadowe, P.) 4. [A. S. bearw, berwe, nemus.]Umbraculum, umbra.
  • BESAUNTE. Talentum, mna, dragma, UG. C. F.
  • BESME of besowme (besym, P.) Scopa, C. F.
  • BESTE, or alle the beste (aldyrbest, K.) Optimus.
  • BESTAD, or wythe-holdyn yn wele or wo (in hard plyt set, K. with∣holden in harde plyte or nede, P.) Detentus.
  • BERSTAYLE (bestali, K. bestayle, P.) 5. [The reading of the Harl. MS. seems here to be erroneous; the word is doubtless adopted from the French, bestail, cattle.]Armentum, CATH.
  • BESTE (beest, P.) Bestia, pecus, animal, jumentum.
  • BEESTELY, or lyke a beste (bestly, P.) Bestialis.
  • BESTYLYNESSE (bestlynesse, P.) Bestialitas.
  • BESTYLYWYSE. Bestialiter.
  • BE STYLLE, and not speke. Taceo, sileo, obmutesco.
  • BEESTNYNGE, mylke (bestnynge, K. P.) 6. ["Bestynge, colustrum." CATH. ANGL. "Colostrum, novum lac quod statim primo mulgetur post fetum, quod cito coagulatur, beestnynge. Colustrum, beestynge or ruddys." ORT. VOC. A. S. beost, bystinȝ, colustrum.]Collustrum, C. F. KYLW. UG. in colo.
  • Page  34BETAYNE, herbe (batany, or be∣tony, P.) 1. [See a curious account of the virtues attributed to betony in the XVth century, Roy. MS. 18 A. VI. f. 68, where it is said to be "also clepyd byschuppyswort." Horman observes that "nesynge is caused with byten (betonica) thrust in the nostril." The powdered root of hellebore was another homely sternutatory anciently much in request.]Betonica.
  • BETAKYN' a thynge to anothere. Committo, commendo.
  • BETE, or Betune, propyr name (Be∣tryse, K.) Beatrix.
  • BETHYNKYN'. Cogito, recogito, meditor.
  • BETYDĒN', or happēn'. Accidit, evenit.
  • BETYLLE. Malleus, malleolus, UG.
  • BETYN', or bete. Verbero, cedo.
  • BETYN', or smytyn'. Percucio, ferio.
  • BETYNGE. Verberacio, verber.
  • BETYNGE (instrument, P.) In∣strumentum, verberaculum, UG.
  • BETTYR. Melior.
  • BETTYR. Melius, adv.
  • BETYS herbe. Beta vel bleta.
  • BETONYE supra in BETAYNE.
  • BETRAYYN'. Prodo, CATH. trado.
  • (BEUER, drinkinge tyme, P. 2. ["Merendula, a beuer after none. Merenda, comestio in meridie, vel cibus qui declinante die sumitur." ORT. Harrison, in his description of England, prefixed to Holinshed's Chronicles, i. 170, remarks that "of old we had breakefastes in the fore∣noone, beuerages or nuntions after dinner, and therto reare suppers, generallie when it was time to go to rest, a toie brought into England by hardie Canutus; but nowe those are very well past, and ech one, except some yoong hungrie stomach that cannnot fast till dinner time, contenteth himself with dinner and supper." The higher classes, he observes, dine at 11 and sup at 5, merchants seldom before 12, and 6. This was written about 1579. Sherwood renders, "Bever, or drinking, un réciner, collation, gouster. To bever, réciner;" and Cotgrave explains un réciner as "an afternoones nuncheon, or collation, an Aunders-meat." See hereafter NUNMETE, which seems to have been much the same as the intermediate refection here called BEUER. The word bever still signifies in Suffolk an afternoon snack. MOORE.]Bi∣berrium.)
  • BEUERECHE, drynke (beueriche, P.) Hibria, biberia, KYLW. (bibina, P.)
  • BEVYR, beste.

    3. A. S. beofer, castor. That the beaver was anciently an inhabitant of these islands, the laws of Howel Dha, and the curious description of its habits given by Giraldus, in his Itinerary of Wales, l. ii. c. 3, satisfactorily prove. The fur of this animal was in estimation from an early period. Piers Ploughman says,

    "And yet vnder that cope, a cote hath he furred
    With foyns, or with fichewes, or with fyn beuere.

    "Me fyndeth furres of beuers, of lombes, pylches of hares and of conyes. On treuue fourrures d'escurieus," &c. CAXTON, Boke for Travellers. The beuer hat is mentioned by Chaucer as a part of female attire, and by Hall as worn by the Stradiote light horse∣men in 1513.

    Bever, C. F. cas∣tor, fiber.
  • BE WARE. Caveo, CATH. precaveo.
  • BE WOODE, or madde. 4. [See WOODE or madde. A. S. wod, furiosus.]Furio, insanio.
  • BEWONE, or vsyd (wonte, P.) Soleo.
  • BEWRAYER of counsel. Recelator, recelatrix, CATH. in celo. Et nota alia infra in LABLE.
  • BEWRETHYN', or wreyyn' (be∣wreyen, P.) Prodo, recelo, revelo.
  • Page  35BE WROTHE. Irascor.
  • BE WRATHE yn valewe (be worthe, P.) Valeo, CATH.
  • BEWTE (beawtye, P.) Decor, species, pulchritudo.
  • BY AND BY. Sigillatim.1. [The Medulla renders "sigillatim, fro seel to seel." Harl. MS. 2257.] BY THY SELFE (by the selfe, P.) Seorsum.
  • BY THY SELFE (by the selfe, P.) Seorsum.
  • BYARE. Emptor, institor, CATH.
  • BYBLE, or bybulle. Biblia.
  • BYCE, coloure. 2. [ Palsgrave renders byce by azur: the word is, however, probably taken from the French couleur bise, which properly means a brownish or blackish hue. In some curious instructions respecting the production of fine azure from lapis lazuli, it is ob∣served that to distinguish this last "from lapis almaine of whiche men maken a blewe∣bis azure," they should be exposed to fire, in which the inferior material turns rather black, and becomes "brokel." Sloan. MS. 73, f. 215, b. Probably byce, or rather blue byce, as it was in ancient times usually termed, was a preparation of zaffre, of a dim and brownish cast of colour, in comparison with the brilliancy of the true azure.]
  • BYDDYN', or comawndyn'. Mando, precipio, hortor, exortor.
  • BYDDYN' bedys, or seyn' prayers (bydde or pray, P.)

    3. A. S. biddan, orare. In the Book of Curtasye, the young child on coming to church is thus admonished,

    "Rede, or synge, or byd prayeris
    To Crist for all thy Cristen ferys."

    Sloane MS. 1986, f. 22 b.
  • BYDDYNGE, or commawndement (commaundinge, P.) Manda∣tum, preceptum, imperium.
  • BYDDYNGE, or praynge. Oracio, de∣precacio, exoracio, supplicacio.
  • BYE, or boye. 4. ["Bostio, an oxe dryver." ORT. Compare BEY or boy, scurrus.]Bostio, UG.
  • BYGGYN', or byldyn'. 5. ["To byge, fundare, condere, edificare. A bygynge, construccio, structura. Byg∣ynge vndyr erthe, subterraneus." CATH. ANGL. A. S. byȝȝan, aedificare. See Big, in Boucher's Glossary, and Jamieson.]Edifico.
  • BYGGYNGE, or beeldynge (byldinge, P.) Edificacio, structura.
  • (BYGGYNGE, or thyng that is byg∣gyd, H. Edificium.)
  • BYCCHE, hownde or bylke (bycke, P.) Licista, COMM.
  • BYKER, cuppe (bikyr, P.) 6. [What was the precise kind of cup called byker, or beaker, it is not easy to deter∣mine. This word occurs as early as 1348, in the accounts of the Treasurer of Edward, Prince of Wales; "ii magne pecie argenti, vocate Bikers, emellate in fundo, cum coo∣perculis cum batellis, et ex unâ parte deauratis." In this instance they were destined to be presented to ladies. (Beltz, Memor. of the Garter, p. 385.) Becher in German signifies a cup of goblet, as does beker in Dutch, and Teutonic; possibly we derived the vessel to which the name was originally given from Flanders or Germany. Of cognate derivation is the Italian bicchiero. In the later Latinity bacar, baccharium have the same meaning; see Ducange. The common root of these words was perhaps the Greek 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, vas habens ansas. MENAGE.]Cim∣bium, COMM.
  • BIKYR of fytynge (bykere or feight∣inge, P.) 7. ["Beckeryng, scrimysshe, mêslée. Bicker, fyghtyng, escarmouche." PALSG. "Anon after the fylde began to beker." HORM. Skinner suggests the Welsh bicre, conflictus, as the etymon of this word, which, however, he inclines to think of Anglo-Saxon origin.]Pugna.
  • Page  36BEKERYN', or fyghtyn' (bikker∣inge, P.) Pugno, dimico.
  • BYLLE of a byrde. Rostrum.
  • BYLLE of (or, P.) a mattoke. Ligo, marra.
  • BYLE, sore. Pustula, UG.
  • BYLLERNE, watyr herbe. 1. [The curious treatise of the nature and properties of herbs, Roy. MS. A. VI. f. 69, b. gives "Billura, an herbe that me clepyth billure; he ys much worth to rype bocch." Elyot explains lauer to be "an herbe growyng in the water, lyke to alisaunder, but hauyng lesse leaues. Some do call it bylders."]Berula, C. F.
  • BYLET, schyde. Tedula, CATH.
  • BYLET, scrowe (bille, K.) 2. [The Catholicon explains matricula to signify carta promissionis, and cites the life of St. Silvester, which says that he inscribed the names of widows and orphans "in matriculâ." Spelman gives A. S. bille, schedula; the word BYLET was, however, pro∣bably of French introduction, as also was scrowe or scroll, escrou.]Ma∣tricula, CATH. (billa, K.)
  • BOLLYN', or jowyn' wythe the bylle as byrdys (byllen or iobbyn as bryddys, K. iobbyn with the byl, H. P.) 3. [To job signifies still in Norfolk and Suffolk to peck with a sharp and strong beck. FORBY. Tusser calls the pecking of turkies jobbing.]Rostro.
  • BYLLYN' wythe mattokys. Ligo∣nizo, marro, CATH.
  • BYLLYNGE of byrdys. Rostratus.
  • BYLLYNGE of mattokys. Ligo∣nizacio, marratura.
  • BYNDE, or wode bynde. Corrigiola, vitella, CATH. (edera volubilis, K.)
  • BYNDE, a twyste of a wyne (vyne, P.) Capriolus, C. F.
  • BYNDYN' wythe bondys.Ligo, al∣ligo, vincio.
  • BYNDYN' wythe cōmawnt 4. [The word is thus written, but the correct reading probably is comnawnt. See hereafer CUMNAWNTE, pactum.] or scrip∣ture (comavndement, K. cum∣naunt, H. couenaunt, P.) Obligo.
  • BYNDYNGE, lyste of a sore lyme. Fasciola, KYLW. UG.
  • BYNDYNGE. Ligacio.
  • BYNGGER, supra in BENGERE.
  • BYYN a thynge. Emo, mercor, comparo.
  • BYYN' a-ȝēn' (ageyne, P.) Redimo.
  • BYYNGE. Empcio.
  • BYYNGE a-ȝen (ageyne, P.) Re∣demcio.
  • BYYNGE place, or place of byynge. Emptorium, C. F.
  • BYNGE. 5. [Forby gives bing in the dialect of East Anglia, Danish, bing, cumulus. A. S. bin, praesepe. The word binna occurs in a deed of the year 1263, in Chron. W. Thorn, 1912, where it signifies a receptacle for grain. Cumera is explained by Uguitio to be "vas frumentarium de festucis," and no doubt the bin was anciently formed of wicker-work, as in German benne crates, Belg. benn, corbis. In the Indenture of delivery of Berwick Castle, in 1539, occurs "in the pantre, a large bynge of okyn tymbar with 3 partitions." Archaeol. xi. 440.]Theca, cumera.
  • BYPATHE. Semita, orbita, callis, C. F. trames, UG.
  • BYRCHE tre. Lentiscus, cinus, CATH.
  • BYRDUNE (byrdeyne, P.) Pon∣dus, onus, sarcina.
  • BYRYN' (beryyn, H.) Sepelio, humo, funero.
  • BYRYYN', or grauyn', or hydde vndur the grownde. Humo, se∣pelio, UG.
  • Page  37BYRYYDE (biryed, P.) Sepultus, tumulatus.
  • BERYYNGE (biryinge, P.) Sepul∣tura, tumula.
  • BYRYELE (beryel, H. biriell, P. 1. [The more ancient sense of this word, as denoting the place, and not the act of in∣terment, is here distinctly preserved. A. S. byriȝels, sepulchrum. In the Wicliffite version biriel occurs often in this sense. "And the kyng seide, what is this biriel which I se? And the citeseyns of that cite answeriden to him, it is the sepulcre of the man of God that cam fro Juda." IVth Book of Kings, xxiii. 17. Harl. MS. 2249. In Mark v. 5, the demoniac is said to have "hadde an hous in birielis." So likewise in Leg. Aur. "It happed ater, that vpon the buryels grewe a ryght fayre flouredelyse." f. cxi. The Latin-English Vocabulary, Harl. MS. 1002, f. 145, gives "Mausoleum, a byryelle, anabatrum, a chrychestyle."]Sepulchrum, tumulus.
  • BYRTHE. Nativitas, partus.
  • BYSCHELLE, or buschelle (bysshell otherwyse called busshell, P.) Modius, chorus, bussellus.
  • BYSSHOPPE (byschop or buschop, H.) Episcopus, antistes, pon∣tifex, presul.
  • BYSCHYPRYCHE (bysshoperike, P.) Episcopatus, diocesis.
  • BYSY (besy, P.) Assiduus, so∣licitus, jugis.
  • BYSYLY. Assidue, jugiter.
  • BYSYNESSE. Assiduitas, diligencia, solicitudo, opera, CATH.
  • BYSCUTE brede (bysqwyte, H. bysket, P.) Biscoctus.
  • BYSȜYN' chyldur (bissyn chyldryn, K.) Sopio, nemor, lallo, UG.
  • BYSSYNGE of chyldyrne (bysȝing, H.) Sepicio, C. F.
  • BYSSYNGE songys (bysȝing, H.) Fascinnina, C. F. nenia, CATH.
  • BYTT of a brydylle. Lupatum, C. F.
  • BYTT or bytynge (byte, P.) Morsus.
  • BYTYLLE worme (bityl wyrme, K.) Buboscus.
  • BYTYN', or byte. Mordeo.
  • BYTYNGE. Morsura.
  • BYTYNGE or grevows fretynge. Mordax.
  • BYTTYR. Amarus.
  • BYTTYRNESSE. Amaritudo.
  • BYTTYRSWETE. 2. [The Solanum dulcamara, or woody nightshade.]Amarimellus, musceum, KYLW.
  • (BYȜING supra in byinge, H. By∣singe, P. Emptio.)
  • BLABBE or labbe, wreyare of cown∣sell (bewreyar, H. P.) 3. [See hereafter LABLE, or labbe, which occurs in Chaucer. This word is doubtless derived from the same source as blabbe and blaberyn. Skinner would derive the verb to blabber from the Latin, "q. d. elabiare, i. e. labiis quicquid occurrit effutire." Compare TEUT. blapperen, garrire, BELG. lapperen, blaterare.]Futilis, anubicus, CATH.
  • BLABERYN, or speke wythe-owte resone (with owtyn, K. oute of, P.) Blatero, CATH.
  • BLADE. Scindula.
  • BLADE of an herbe (blad or blade, P.) Tirsus, C. F.
  • BLADYN' haftys (bladen heftis, K. H. P.) Scindulo.
  • BLADYN' herbys, or take away the bladys. Detirso, CATH.
  • BLADSMYTHE. Scindifaber.
  • BLAFFOORDE or warlare (blad∣fard, H. blaffere, P.) 4. [This word signifies a person who stammers, or has any defect in his speech. The Ortus renders "traulus, a ratelare." It appears in Ducange that balbus and blesus are synonymous with traulus; the first of these is rendered in Cooper's Thesaurus, one "that cannot well pronounce wordes, a maffler in the mouth."]Traulus. (Traulus peccat in R, peccat in S sidunus, P.)
  • Page  38BLAK. Niger, ater.
  • BLAKENESSE. Nigredo.
  • BLAKYN', or make blake. Denigro, vitupero, increpo.
  • BLAKE THORNE. (Prunus, P.)
  • BLAME. Culpa, noxa, vitupe∣rium.
  • (BLAMEN, P. Culpo, vitupero, in∣crepo.)
  • BLAMEWORTHY. Culpabilis.
  • BLAMYNGE. Vituperium.
  • BLANKETT, vollon clothe. 1. [Blanket is taken from the French blanchet, woollen cloth, no doubt of a white colour; the distinction here made is not very clear, but lodix appears to have been a bed-covering, as we now use the word blanket, langellus, blanket cloth generally. "Langeul, langais, blanchet, drap de laine." ROQUEF. The Medulla explains lodex to be "a blanchet or a whytil;" the latter word, which is merely a version of the French, is still retained in North Britain to denote a woollen wrapper used by females. "Lodix, quicquid in lecto supponitur, et proprie pannus villosus, Anglice, a blanket." ORT. VOC. See hereafter DAGGYSWEYNE, lodix.]Lodix.
  • BLANKETT, lawngelle. Langellus.
  • BLASFEMARE. Blasphemator.
  • BLASFEMYN'. Blasfemo.
  • BLASFEMYNGE. Blasphemia.
  • BLASYN', as lowe of fyre (as doth the leme of a fyre, P.) Flammo.
  • BLASYN', or dyscry armys. De∣scribo.
  • BLASYNGE, or flamynge of fyre. Flammacio.
  • BLASYNGE of armys. Descripcio.
  • BLASTE of wynde. Flatus.
  • BLANKE plumbe (blavmblumbe, K. H. blawmblumb, otherwyse called whyte lede, P.) 2. [In Sloan. MS. 73 f. 213 are directions for making blanc plumb, album plumbum, with "strong reed wine drestis, and brode platis of newe leed, in a great erthen pot or barel, and closed for six wokis or more in hoot horsdunge." This MS. is of the close of the XVth century; an earlier receipt occurs in Sloan. MS. 2584, f. 6.]Album plumbum.
  • BLANCHYN' almandys, or oþer lyke (blaunchyn, P.) Dealbo, decortico.
  • BLANCHYNGE of almondys or other lyke. Dealbacio, decorticacio.
  • BLAWNDRELLE, frute (blaunderel, K.)

    3. Lydgate mentions this among the fruits more choice than "pechis, costardes, etiam wardons."

    "Pipus, quinces, blaunderelle to disport,
    And the pome-cedre corageos to recomfort."

    Minor Poems, p. 15.

    "Blaundrell, an apple, brandureau." PALSG. "Blanduriau, très blanc; pommes de Caleville blanc, qui venoient d'Auvergne." ROQUEF. "Blanduriau, très blanc; pommes de Caleville blanc, qui venoient d'Auvergne" ROQUEF. "Blandureau, the white apple, called in some parts of England, a blaundrell." COTGR.

    Melonis, C. F.
  • BLEDYN'. Sanguino, cruento.
  • BLEDYNGE. Sanguinacio, fleo∣botomia.
  • BLEDYNGE boyste. 4. [The Catholicon gives the following explanation: "Guna vel guina, vas vitreum, quod et Latinis a similitudine cucurbitae ventosa vocatur, quae animata spiritu per ig∣niculum in superficiem trahit sanguinem." PAPIAS; see Ducange. The operation of cupping, which is one of ancient use, was doubtless well known to the Friar of Lynn, who compiled the Promptorium, as one of the means resorted to when, according to the monastic institutions, there were at stated seasons (temporibus minucionis) general blood-lettings. See Martene de Antiq. Ritibus, and Mr. Rokewode's note on Chron. Joc. de Brakelonda, p. 11. In the Chirurgica of John Arderne, surgeon to Edw. III. where he speaks of cupping. "ventosacio," a representation is given of the bledynge boyste. Sloane MS. 65, f. 70. Compare the verb BOYSTON.]Ventosa, guna, CATH.
  • Page  39BLEDYNGE yryn. Fleosotomium, C. F. (fleobothomium, P.)
  • BLEDDYR. Vesica.
  • BLEDDERYD. Vesicatus.
  • BLEYKE of coloure.

    1. "Bleke, wan of colour, blesme." PALSG. A. S. baec, pallidus.

    "Some one, for she is pale and bleche."

    GOWER, Conf. Am. B. v.

    Bleek is still used in Norfolk to signify pale and sickly. FORBY.

    Pallidus, subalbus.
  • BLEYKCLOÞE, or qwysters (ble∣chen clothe, K. P. blekyn, H.) 2. [TEUT. bleycken, excandefacere insolando. A. S. ablaecan, dealbare.]Candido.
  • BLEYSTARE, or wytstare (bleyster, K. bleyestare or qwytstare, H. bleykester or whytster, P.) 3. [The Latin-English Vocabulary, Harl. MS. 1587, renders "Albatrix, candidaria, blecherre or lawnderre." "Whitstarre, blanchisseur de toylles." PALSG. See WHYT∣STARE.]Candidarius, CATH. C. F.
  • BLEYNE. Papula, CATH. et UG. in popa.
  • BLEKE (blecke, P.) 4. [Horman says, "Wrytters ynke shulde be fyner than blatche, atramentum scrip∣torium lectius esset sutorio." "Bleche for souters, attrament noyr." PALSG. A. S. blaec, atramentum.]Atramento.
  • BLEKKYN wythe bleke (blackyn with blecke, P.) Atramento.
  • (BLEXTERE, K. Obfuscator.)
  • BLEMSCHYDE (blemysshed, P.) Ob∣fuscatus.
  • BLENSCHYN' (blemysshen, P.) Ob∣fusco, CATH.
  • BLEMSCHYNGE. Obfuscacio.
  • BLEREYED (blereiyed, P.) 5. ["Lippus dicitur qui habet oculos lachrymantes cum palpebris euersatis, blered of the eye." ORT. VOC. In Piers Ploughman the verb to blere occurs, used metaphor∣ically. "He blessede hem with his bulles, and blerede hure eye." "To bleare ones eye, begyle him, enguigner." PALSG.]Lippus.
  • BLERYDNESSE (blere iyednesse, P.) Lippitudo.
  • BLERYNGE or mowynge wythe the mowthe. Valgia.
  • BLERYNGE wythe mowe makynge. 6. ["I gyue him the best counsayle I can, and the knaue bleareth his tonge at me, tirer la langue," PALSG. See MOWE, or skorne.]Patento, valgio.
  • BLESE or flame of fyre (blase or lowe, P.) Flammela.
  • BLESCHYN', or qwenchyn' (blessh∣yn, P.) Extinguo.
  • BLESCHYNGE, or qwenchynge of fyre (blensshinge, P.) Ex∣tinctio.
  • BLETYN', as a schepe. Balo.
  • BLETYNGE of a schepe. Balatus.
  • BLEVYN, or levyn aftyrwarde (ble∣vyn or abydyn, K. P.) Remaneo, restat.
  • BLEVYNGE, or releve, or relefe (or levynge or relef, K.) 7. [See RELEEF, or brocaly of mete.]Reliquia, vel reliquiae.
  • Page  40BLEYLY, or gladely (blythely, P.) Libenter, sponte, spontanee.
  • BLYNDE. Cecus.
  • BLYNDEFYLDE (blyndfellyd, H.) Excecatus.
  • BLYNDYN', or make blynde. Exceco.
  • BLYNDFELLĒN', idem est.
  • BLYNDNESSE. Cecitas.
  • BLYNNYN, or cesun, or leve-warke.

    1. Hampole, in the Pricke of Conscience, terms the day of final doom, "the day of sorowe that neuer salle blyne." Harl. MS. 6923. Fabyan, in the Prologe to vol. ii. speaks of the great devotion that occupied, without any intermission, the nuemrous religious houses in London,

    "When one hath done, another begyn,
    So that of prayer they neuer blyn."

    "To blynne, rest or cease of cesser. He neuer felt wo or neuer sall blynne, that hath a bysshoppe to his kin." PALSG. A. S. blinnan, cessare.

    Desisto, cesso.
  • BLYSSE. Beatitudo, gaudium.
  • BLYSSYD, hevynly. Beatus.
  • BLESSYD, erthely, Benedictus, felix.
  • BLYSSYN', or blesse. Benedico.
  • BLESSYNGE. Benedictio.
  • BLYTHE and mery. Letus, hillaris.
  • BLYM, or gladde, or make glad (blyym or glathyn in herte, K. blithen or gladden, P.) Letifico.
  • BLYTHYN', or welle-cheryn'. Ex∣hillero.
  • BLOO coloure. Lividus, luridus, C. F.
  • BLO ERYE (blo erthe, P.) 2. [The reading of the Harl. MS. ERYE may at first sight appear to be corrupt; it is, however, retained, because hereafter there occur ERYE, or ERTHE, and ERYYN, or of the erthe.]Argilla.
  • BLOBURE (blobyr, P.)

    3. This word occurs in Chaucer, Test. of Creseide.

    "And at his mouth a blubber stode of fome."

    "Blober upon water (or bubble) bouteillis." PALSG. The verb to blubre occurs in an analogous sense, in Syr Gawayn and the Grene Knyȝt, lin. 2174. "The borne blubred ther inne as hit boyled hade." Blubber still signifies in Norfolk a bubble, from blob, as Forby says. See Bleb in Skinner, and Jamieson.

    Burbu∣lium, UG. burbalium, C. F.
  • BLODE. Sanguis, cruor.
  • BLOODE hownde. Molosus, C. F.
  • BLODY. Sanguinolentus.
  • BLOODE LATARE. Fleobotomator, C. F.
  • BLOKE or stoke (blooc, H.) 4. ["Blocke of a tree, tronchet, tronc. Blocke of tynne, saumon d'estain." PALSG.]Truncus, codex, CATH.
  • BLOME, flowre. Flos.
  • BLOMYN', or blosmyn' (blosym, P.) Floreo, floresco.
  • BLONESSE. Livor.
  • BLORYYN' or wepyn' (bleren, P.) 5. [Skinner gives blare as an English word, from Belg. blaren, mugire. Teut. blerren, clamitare. It is retained in the dialect of Norfolk, as applied to calves, sheep, asses and children. FORBY. Blore signifies a roaring wind, as in the Mirrour for Magistrates, p. 838, "hurried headlong with the south-west blore."]Ploro, fleo.
  • BLORYYNGE or wepynge (bloringe, P.) Ploratus, fletus.
  • Page  41BLOSME, or blossum. Frons.
  • BLOSMYNGE, or blossummynge. Frondositas.
  • BLOTTE vpōn a boke. Oblitum, C. F.
  • BLOTTYN' bokys. Oblitero.
  • BLOTTYNGE. Oblitteracio.
  • (BLOTTYD, P. Oblitteratus.)
  • BLOWYN' as wynde. Flo.
  • BLOWYN' wythe horne. Corno, C. F. cornicino, KYLW.
  • BLOWN̄ as a man wythe honde (blowen with sounde, P.) Ex∣sufflo, sufflo (insufflo, P.)
  • BLOYNGE (blowynge, P.) Flacio, flatus.
  • BLEWE of coloure. Blodius, blue∣tus, DICC.
  • BLUNDERER or blunt warkere (wor∣ker, P.) Hebefactor, hebeficus.
  • BLUNDERYNGE, or blunt warkynge. Hebefaccio.
  • BLUNESSE, supra in BLONESSE.
  • BLUNT of wytte. Hebes.
  • BLUNT of edge, and bluternesse (bluntnesse, P.) quere post in DUL and DULNESSE.
  • BOBET. 1. ["Bobet on the heed, coup de poing." PALSG.]Collafa, collafus, CATH.
  • BOBETTYN'. Collaphizo.
  • BOBETYNGE. Collafizacio.
  • BOOC or boos, netystalle (boce, K. bose, netis stall, H. P.) 2. [In the midland and Northern counties, a stall where cattle stand all night in winter, is called a boose, in Scotland, a bowe. See Craven Dialect, and Jamieson. Ang. Sax. bosȝ, praesepe.]Boscar, CATH. bucetum, presepe.
  • BOCE or boos of a booke or oþer lyke (booce, H.) Turgiolum, UG.
  • BOCYN' owte, or strowtyn'. 3. [This word occurs in Palsgrave as a verb active. "To booce or boce out as worke∣men do a holowe thynge to make it seem more apparent to the eye, endocer. This brod∣erer hath boced this pece of worke very well."]Tur∣geo, C. F. UG.
  • BOCYNGE or strowtynge. Turgor.
  • BOCHERE. Carnifex, macellarius.
  • BOCHERYE. Macellum, CATH. carnificina.
  • BOCLE or boculle (bocul, K. H. bokyll or bocle, P.) Pluscula, DICC. KYLW.
  • BOCLYD as shone or botys (boke∣led, P. Plusculatus.
  • BODE or massage (boode, H.) 4. [A. S. bod, jussum.]Nuncium.
  • BODY. Corpus.
  • BODYLY. Corporaliter.
  • BODYLY. Corporalis.
  • BOFFETE. Alapa.
  • BUFFETYN', or suffetyn' 5. [The word suffetyn', which occurs here only, and is not found in the other MSS., or the printed editions, may be an erroneous reading, but possibly it is a corruption of the French word souffleter, to cuff on the ear. Jamieson gives the verb to souff, or strike.] (bofeten, P.) Alapizo, alapo, CATH.
  • BOFETYNGE. Alapizacio.
  • BOFET, thre fotyd stole (boffet stole, P.) 6. [Skinner gives, "Buffet-stole, vox agro Linc. usitatissima, est autem sella levior portatilis, sine ullo cubitorum aut dorsi fulcro, credo parùm deflexo sensu à G. buffet, mensa; mensae enim vicem satis commodè supplere potest." The buffet, however, was the court-cupboard, in France termed also the credence, and under this a low stool without a back might be placed, but for what special purpose does not appear. Hickes derives the word from A. S. beod, mensa, and faet, vas. Forby explains the buffet-stool in Norfolk to be a four-legged stool set on a frame like a table, and serving as the poor man's sideboard, stool, or table. In the History of Hawsted by Sir John Cullum, p. 25, the bequest occurs in 1553, of "a buffed stool," which is explained to be an oval stool, without a back, and generally having a hole in the seat, for the con∣venience of lifting it. The Inventory of the effects of Katharine Lady Hedworth, 1568, comprises the following articles: "In my Ladyes Chamber, 2 cupbords, 6s. 8d. 2 cup∣bord stoulles, 3s. 4d. 3 buffett formes, 3s. one litle buffet stole, 6d." Wills and Invent. i. 282, printed by the Surtees Society. See hereafter BUFFETT stole.]Tripes.
  • Page  42BAGGYSCHYN (boggysche, K. H. boggisshe, P.) Tumidus.
  • BOGGYSCHELY. Tumide.
  • BOCHCHARE, or vn-crafty (bot∣char, P.) 1. [Palsgrave gives the verg "to botche, or bungyll a garment as he dothe that is nat a perfyte workeman, fatrouiller." "Thou hast but bodchyd and countrefeat Latten, imaginarie umbratilsque figure." HORM.]Iners, C. F.
  • (BOTCHARE of olde thinges, P. Re∣sartor.)
  • BOHCHE, sore (botche, P.) Ulcus, CATH.
  • BOCHMENT (botchement, P.) Ad∣ditamentum, amplificamentum, CATH. augmentum, auctorium.
  • BOY, supra in BEY. Scurrus.
  • BOYDEKYN, or bodekyn. Subucula, perforatorium.
  • BOYSTE, or box. 2. ["A buyste, alabastrum, pixis, hostiarium pro hostiis." CATH. ANGL. "Lechitus est vsa olei amplum, vel ampulla ampla que auricalco solet fieri, Anglice, a boyste or kytte for oyle." ORT. VOC. This word is from the old French boiste, bostia, in late Latinity bustea, or bustula, and these are derived from pyxis, or, as Menage sup∣poses, from buxus, the material chiefly employed. See Buist. in Jamieson.]Pix (pixis, P.) alabastrum, C. F.
  • BOYSTŌN'. 3. [See above BLEDYNGE BOYSTE.]Scaro, ventosi, UG.
  • BOYSTOWS. 4. ["Bustus, rudis, rigidus. To be bustus, rudere." CATH. ANGL. "Rudis, indoctus, inordinatus, quasi ruri datus, boystous. Rudo, to make boystous." ORT. VOC. "Boy∣stous, styffe or rude, lourd, royde. Unweldy, boystouse, lourd. Boystousnesse, roydeur, impetuosité." Chaucer uses the word thus, "I am a boistous man, right thus say I." Manciple's Tale. The Wicliffite version renders Matt. ix. 16, "No man puttith a clout of boystous cloth into an olde clothing" in the original the sense is raw, unwrought cloth.]Rudis.
  • BOYSTOWS garment. Birrus, CATH.
  • BOYSTOWESNESSE (boystousnesse, P.) Ruditas.
  • BOOK (boke, P.) Liber, codex.
  • BOOKBYNDER, or amendere. So∣sius, UG. in soros.
  • BOKELERE. Pelta, ancile, KYLW. C. F. parma, CATH.
  • BOKELYN, or spere wythe bokylle. Plusculo.
  • BOKERAM, clothe. 5. ["Buckeram, bougueram." PALSG. In medieval Latinity boquerannus. DUC. If it signified a coarse-grained cloth, the name may be of French derivation, from bourre, flocks of wool, and grain, but some ancient writers describe it as telae subtilis species, See MENAGE. William Thomas, in his Principal Rules of Italian Grammar, 1548, renders "bucherame, buckeramme, and some there is white, made of bombase, so thinne that a man mai see through it."]
  • BOKETT. Situla, mergus, C. F.
  • BOKULLE, supra in BOCLE (bokyll, P.)
  • BOKULLE makere. Pluscularius, DICT.
  • BOLAS frute (bollas, P.) Pepulum, mespilum, KYLW. CATH.
  • BOLAS tre. 6. ["A bulas tre, pepulus." CATH. ANGL. "Pepulus, a bolaster." ORT. VOC.]Pepulus.
  • Page  43BOOLDE, or hardy (bolde, P.) Audax, animosus, magnani∣mus.
  • BOLDE, or to homely. Presump∣tuosus, effrons, C. F.
  • BOLDELY, or hardely. Audacter.
  • BOLDELY, or malapertly. Effronter, C. F. presumptuose.
  • BOLDENESSE, or hardynesse. Au∣dacia.
  • BOLDENESSE, or homelynesse (to∣homlynes, K.)Presumpcio.
  • BOOLE, a beste (bole, net, beste, H.) Taurus.
  • BOLLE, vesselle. Concha, luter, C. F. UG.
  • BOLLE, dysche. Cantare.
  • BOLLE of a balaunce, or skole (scoole, H.) Lanx, CATH.
  • BOYLYD mete.
  • BOLYYN', or boylyn'. Bullio.
  • BOYLYN ouyr, as pottys on þe fyre (bullyn, H.) Ebullio.
  • BOLYYNGE, or boylynge of pottys or othere lyke. 1. ["Bulla, tumor laticum, i. aquarum, a bollynge or a bloure." GARLAND. EQUIV.]Bullicio, bullor.
  • BOLLYNGE owere as pottys plawyn. Ebullicio, C. F.
  • BOLKE, or hepe. Cumulus, acervus.
  • BOLKYN'. 2. ["Ructo, to bolkyn." MED. GR. "Bolke nat as a bene were in thy throte, ne route point." PYNSON, boke to lerne French. "To bocke, belche, roucter. Bolkyng of the stomake, routtement." PALSG. A. S. bealcan, eructare. Skinner gives "Boke, vox agro Lincolniensi familiaris, significat nauseare, eructare." See Boke, or Voke, Forby.]Ructo, eructo, orexo, CATH. C. F.
  • BOLKYNGE, or bulkynge. Orexis, eructuacio, C. F.
  • BOLNYD. Tumidus.
  • BOLNYN'. 3. [In the Wicliffite version, 1 Cor. v. 2, "Ghe ben bolnun with pride." Chaucer speaks of "bollen hartes." "Bollynge yes out se but febely, oculi prominentes." HORM. "Bolnyng or swellyng of a bruise or sore. See how this tode bolneth, s'enfle." PALSG.]Tumeo, turgeo, tumesco.
  • BOLNYNGE. Tumor.
  • BOLSTYR of a bedde. 4. ["Bolstarre, trauersin, chevecel." PALSG. A. S. bolster, cervical.]Culcitra.
  • BOLTE. Petilium, tribulum, KYLW.
  • BONE. Os.
  • BONDE. Vinculum, ligamen.
  • BONDAGE. Servitus.
  • BONDE, as a man or woman. Ser∣vus, serva.
  • BONDMAN. Servus nativus.
  • BONDSCHEPE. Nativitas.
  • BONDOGGE (bonde dogge, P.) 5. ["A bande doge, Molosus." CATH. ANGL. Skinner conjectures that the word bandog is derived from "band, vinculum, q. d. canis vinctus, ne scilicet noceat; vel si malis, ab A. S. bana, interfector."]Molosus.
  • BONE, or graunte of prayer (boone, P.) Precarium, CATH. C. F. peticio.
  • BONET of a seyle. Artemo, CATH. sirapum, C. F.
  • BONY, or hurtynge (of hurtynge, K. H. P.) 6. [The Catholicon explains flegmen to be, "tumor sanguinis. Item flegmina sunt quando in manibus et pedibus callosi sulci sunt." It would appaer to be the same as a bunnian, the derivation of which has been traced from the French, "bigne, bosse, en∣flure, tumeur." ROQUEF. Cotgrave renders it a bump or knob, and he gives also "Bigne, club-footed." Sir Thos. Browne, Forby, and Moore, give the word bunny, a small swelling caused by a fall or blow; in Essex "a boine on the head." In Cullum's Hawsted, among the words of local use, is given bunny, a swelling from a blow.]Fleumon, CATH. fleg∣men, C. F. (tumor, P.)
  • Page  44BONY, or grete knobbe (knowe, W.) Gibbus, gibber, callus, CATH.
  • BONSCHAWE, sekenesse (bonshawe, P.) 1. ["The baneschawe, oscedo." CATH. ANGL. "Oscedo, quedam infirmitas quo ora infantium exulcerantur, i. e. oscitatio, oris apertio, a boneshawe." ORT. "De in∣firmitatibus. Baneschaw, cratica, i. passus." Roy. MS. 17 C. XVII. f. 40. John Arderne, who was surgeon to Edward III., says in his Chirurgica, "ad guttam in osse, que dicitur bonschawe, multum valet oleum de vitellis ovorum, si inde ungatur." Sloan. MS. 56, f. 18 b. In Sloan. MS. 100, f. 7, is given the recipe for "a good medicyn for boonschawe. Take bawme and feþirfoie, þe oon deel bawme, and þe þridde parte feþirfoie, and staumpe hem, and tempere hem wiþ stale ale, and lete þe sike drinke þerof." In Devonshire the sciatica is termed bone-shave, and the same word signifies in Somerset an horny excrescence on the heel of an horse.? A. S. sceorfa, scabies."]Tessedo, sciasis.
  • BOORE, swyne. Aper, verres, CATH.
  • BORAGE, herbe. Borago. Stultis, leprosis, scabidis, tumi∣dis, furiosis, Dicit borago, gaudia semper ago.
  • BOORDE. Tabula, mensa, asser.
  • BORDECLOTHE. Mappa, gausape, C. F.
  • BOORDE, or game. 2. ["A bowrde, jocus. A bowrdeword, dicerium, dictorium." CATH. ANGL. "Mis∣tilogia, a bourde, i. fabula. Nugaciter, bourdly." ORT. VOC. "Bourde or game, jeu. Bourdyng, jestyng, joncherie. To bourde or iape with one in sporte, truffler, border, iouncher." PALSG.]Ludus, jocus.
  • BOORDON̄, or pleyyn' (bordyn, P.) Ludo, jocor.
  • BORDELE. Lupanar, prostibulum.
  • BORDYOURE, or pleyare (bordere, P.) 3. ["A bowrder, mimilarius, mimilogus, lusor, joculator, et cet' ubi a harlotte." CATH. ANGL. "Mistilogus, a bourder, i. fabulator vel gesticulator." ORT. VOC.]Lusor, joculator.
  • BORDURE abowte a thynge (bor∣dore, K. round a-bowtyn, H.) Limbus, orarium, C. F. ora.
  • BORDERYN', or to make a bordur (maken a border about, P.) Limbo.
  • BORE, or hole. Foramen.
  • BORYN', or holyn (make an hole, P.) Perforo, penetro, cavo.
  • BORYNGE, or percynge. Perfo∣racio, cavatura.
  • BORMYN', or pulchyn' (bornyn, K. P. boornyn, H.)

    4. "Bornysch, burnir." PALSG. Chaucer and Gower use burned in this sense fre∣quently, as in the Knightes tale, "wrought all of burned steele."

    "An harnois as for a lustie knight,
    "Which burned was as silver bright."

    Conf. Am.

    The word is taken from the old French word, burni, in modern orthography, bruni.

    Polio, CATH.
  • BORWAGE (borweshepe, K. boro∣wage, P.) Fidejussio, C. F.
  • BORWARE (borower, P.) Mutu∣ator, C. F. sponsor, CATH.
  • BORWYNGE. Mutuacio, mutuum.
  • (BORWE for a-nothire person, K. borowe, H. P.

    5. "A borgh, fidejussor, vas, sponsor, obses. To be borghe, fidejubere, spondere." CATH. ANGL. "Fidejussor, a borowe, qui pro alio se obligat, a suerty." ORT. VOC. The word occurs in Piers Ploughman's Vision, line 13951.

    "Ne wight noon wol ben his borugh,
    Ne wed hath noon to legge."

    It is found also not infrequently in Chaucer and Spenser.

    "That now nill be quitt with baile nor borow."

    Sheph. Cal. May.

    "Vas, i. sponsor vel fidejussor, Anglice a borowe" (borghe, in another Edition). GAR∣LAND, Equiv. "Borowe, a pledge, pleige." PALSG. A. S. borh, foenus, fidejussor.

    Fidejussor, sponsor.)
  • Page  45BOROWE, or plegge (borwe, K. H.) Vas, CATH.
  • BOROWYN' of anodur (borwyn of another, K. borowen, P.) Mu∣tuor.
  • BORWON owt of preson, or stresse (borvyn, H. borwne, P.) 1. ["If thou be taken prisoner in this quarrell, I wyll nat borowe the, I promesse the, je ne te pledgeray point." PALSG.]Vador, CATH.
  • BOSARDE byrde. Capus, vultur.
  • BOSOME, or bosum'. Sinus, UG. gremium.
  • BOST (boost, P.) Jactancia, ar∣rogancia, ostentacio.
  • BOSTARE, or bostowre. Jactator, arrogans, philocompus, C. F.
  • BOOSTON'. Jacto, ostento.
  • BOOT. Navicula, scapha, simba.
  • BOTE for a mannys legge (bote or cokyr, H. coker, P.) 2. [See BOTEW, and COKYR, botew. "Boote of lether, houseau." PALSG.]Bota, ocrea.
  • BOTE of (or, P.) helthe. Salus.
  • BOTELLE, vesselle. Uter, obba.
  • BOTELLE of hey. 3. ["Botelle of haye, botteau de foyn. Aske you for the hosteller, he is aboue in the haye lofte makynge botelles (or botels) of hay, boteller." PALSG. In Norfolk it de∣notes the qantity of hay that may serve for one feed. FORBY.]Fenifascis.
  • BOTLERE (boteler, P.) Pincerna, promus, propinator, acaliculis, CATH.
  • BOTERAS of a walle. 4. ["Bottras, portant." PALSG. "Arc boutant." COTGR.]Machinis, muripula, muripellus, fultura.
  • BOTERYE. Celarium, boteria, pin∣cernaculum (promptuarium, P.)
  • BOTEW. Coturnus, botula, crepita.
  • BOOTHYR. Potomium, CATH. C. F.
  • BOTWRYTHE (botewright, P.) Na∣vicularius, UG.
  • BOTYNGE, or encrese yn byynge. 5. ["To boote in corsyng," (horse-dealing) "or chaunging one thyng for another, gyue money or some other thynge aboue the thyng. What wyll you boote bytwene my horse and yours? mettre ou bouter dauantaige." PALSG. A. S. betan, emendare.]Licitamentum, CATH. liciarium, C. F.
  • BOTUNE, 6. [The correct reading is probably BOTME. "A bothome, fundus." CATH. ANGL.] or botum' (botym, P.) Fundum.
  • BOTUN, or yeue more owere in bargaynys (botyn, or ȝeue more∣ouere in barganynge, K. botown, H. bote, P.) Licitor, CATH. vel in precio superaddo.
  • BOTME, or fundament (botym, P.) Basis.
  • BOTME of threde, infra in CLOW∣CHEN, or clowe (botym, P.) 7. ["A bothome of threde, filarium." CATH. ANGL. "Bottome of threde, gliceaux, plotton de fil." PALSG. Skinner derives it from the French, boteau. fasciculus.]
  • BOTOWRE, byrde (botore, K. P.) Onocroculus, botorius, C. F.
  • BOTWN (botun, P.) Boto, fibula, nodulus, DICT.
  • Page  46BOTHON clothys (botonyn, K. bo∣ton, P.) Botono, fibulo.
  • BOTURE (botyr, K.) Butirum.
  • BOTURFLYE. Papilio.
  • BOWE of a tre (boughe, branche, P.) Ramus.
  • BOWALLE, or bowelle (bowaly, K. H. bawelly, P.) Viscus.
  • BOWALYNGE. Evisceracio, exen∣teracio.
  • BOWAYLYN', or take owte bowalys. Eviscero, CATH.
  • BOWDE, malte-worme (boude of malte, P.) 1. [Bouds, in the Eastern counties, are weovils in malt. TUSSER, FORBY, MOORE.]Gurgulio, KYLW.
  • BOWE. Arcus.
  • BOWETT, or lanterne. 2. [Among appliances for sacred use in the Latin-English Vocabulary, Roy. MS. 17. C. XVII. f. 46, are "absconsa, sconsse, ventifuga, bowyt, crucibulum, cresset." The word was no doubt taken from the French boëte, in Latin, boieta, capsula.]Lucerna, lanterna.
  • BOWȜERE (bowyere, P.) Arcu∣arius, architenens, DICT.
  • BOWYN'. Flecto, curvo.
  • BOWYN', or lowtyn' (lowyn, bulkyn, or bowyn, H. P.) Inclino.
  • BOWGE. Bulga, C. F.
  • BOWLE. Bolus.
  • BOWLYN, or pley wythe bowlys. Bolo.
  • BOWNDE, or marke. Meta, limes.
  • BONTYVASNESSE (bountyuous∣nesse, P.) Munificentia, libe∣ralitas, largitas.
  • BONTYVESE (bountyuous, P.) Mu∣nificus, liberalis, largus.
  • BOWRE, chambyr. Thalamus, conclave.
  • BOX, or buffett. Alapa.
  • (BOX, or boyste, K. H. P. Pixis.)
  • BOX tre. Buxus.
  • BOTHE, or bothyn (bothen, P.) Uterque, ambo, CATH.
  • BOÞE, chapmannys schoppe. Pella, selda (opella, apotecha, P.)
  • BOYUL or bothule, herbe, or cow∣slope (bothil, H. boyl, P.) 3. [In the treatise of herbs and their qualities, Roy. MS. 18 A. VI. f. 72 b. is mentioned bothume, "Consolida media is an here that me clepyth wyth bothume, or whyte goldys, thys herbe hath leuys that beth enelong."]Vac∣tinia, C. F. menelaca, marciana, C. F.
  • BRACE, or (of, P.) a balke. Un∣cus, loramentum, C. F.
  • BRACE of howndys.
  • BRACYN, or sette streyte. Tendo.
  • BRAGETT, drynke (bragot or bra∣ket, K. H. P.) 4. ["Bragott, idromellum." CATH. ANGL. "Hire mouth was swete as braket or the meth." CHAUC. Milleres Tale. Skinner explains bragget to be "species hydromelitis, vel potius cerevisiae melle et aromatibus conditae Lancastrensibus valde usitate." The Welsh bragod has the same signification. Grose says bracket is in the North a drink compounded of honey and spices. See bragwort, in Jamieson and Nares. Harrison, who lived in Essex about 1575, relates in his description of England, prefixed to Ho∣linshed's Chronicles,ii. c. 6, how his wife was accustomed to make brackwoort, re∣serving a portion of the woort unmixed with hops, which she shut up close, allowing no air to come to it till it became yellow, calling it brackwort, or charwort, to which finally she added arras, and bay-berries powdered.]Mellibrodium, bragetum (sed hoc est fictum, P.)
  • BRAY, or brakene, baxteris instru∣ment. Pinsa, C. F.
  • Page  47BRAYNE. Cerebrum.
  • BRAYYN' in sownde (brayne in sowndynge, P.) 1. ["The moders of the chyldren" (slain by Constantine) "camen cryenge and bray∣enge for sorowe of theyr chyldern." LEGEND. AUR. "To bray as a deere doth, or other beest, brayre. There is a deer kylled, for I here hym bray." PALSG.]Barrio, CATH.
  • BRAYYN', as baxters her pastys (brayn, vide in knedying, K.) Pinso, CATH.
  • BRAYYN, or stampyn in a mortere. Tero.
  • BRAYYNGE, or stampynge. Tri∣tura.
  • BRAYYNGE yn sownde. Barritus, C. F.
  • BRAYNYN' (brayne, P.) Excerebro.
  • BRAYNYD, or kyllyd. Excere∣bratus.
  • BRANYD, or fulle of brayne. Ce∣rebrosus, cerebro plenus.
  • BRAYNYNGE, or kyllynge. Ex∣cerebracio.
  • BRAYNLES, Incerebrosus.
  • BRAKE, herbe, or ferne 2. ["A brakane, filix, a brakanbuske,filicarium." CATH. ANGL. "Filix, Anglice, ferne or brakans." ORT. VOC. "Brake, ferne, fusiere." PALSG. In the Household Book of the Earl of Nothumberland 1511, it appears that water of braks was stilled yearly, for domestic use. Ray gives the word brakes as generally used; it is retained in Norfolk and Suffolk. See FORBY and NARES.]Filix.
  • BRAKEBUSHE, or fernebrake. Filicetum, filicarium, UG. in filaxe.
  • BRAKENE, supra in BRAY (brake∣nesse, J.) 3. ["A brake, pinsella, vibra, rastellum." CATH. ANGL.]
  • BRAKYN, or castyn, or spewe. 4. ["He wyll nat cease fro surfettynge, tyll he be reddy to parbrake." HORM. "To parbrake, vomir. It is a shrewde turne, he parbraketh thus." PALSG. This word does not occur again in its proper place in the Promptorium. See Braking, in Jamieson.]Vomo, CATH. evomo.
  • BRAKYNGE, or parbrakynge. Vo∣mitus, evomitus.
  • BRANDELEDE (branlet, K. branlede or treuet, P.) Tripes, NECC.
  • BRAS (brasse, P.) Es.

    5. It is not a little singular to find so many notices as occur of Brasil-wood, con∣siderably anterior to the discovery of Brasil, by the Portuguese Captain, Peter Alvarez Capralis, which occurred 3d May, 1500. He named it the land of the Holy Cross, "since of store of that wood, called Brasill." Purchas's Pilgrimes, vol. i. It is probable that some wood which supplied a red dye, had been brought from the East Indies, and received the name of Brasil, long previous to the discovery of America. See Huetiana, p. 268. In the Canterbury Tales, the host, commending the Nonne's preeste for his health and vigour, says,

    "Him nedeth not his colour for to dien,
    With Brasil, ne with grain of Portingale."

    Among the valuable effects of Henry V. taken shortly after his decease in 1422, there occur "ii. graundes peces du Bracile, pris vi. s. viii. d." ROT. PARL. In Sloan. MS. 2584, p. 3, will be found directions "for to make brasil to florische lettres, or to rewle wyth bookes."

    Gaudo, DICC. vel lignum Alexandrinum.
  • BRASYN' (brased, P.) Ereus, eneus.
  • BRASYERE. Erarius.
  • BRAS-POTT. Emola, BRIT.
  • Page  48BRAWLERE. Litigator, litigiosus, jurgosus.
  • BRAWLYN', or strywen'. Litigo, jurgo. Quere plura in STRY∣VĒN.
  • BRAWLYNGE. Jurgium, litigium.
  • BRAWNE of a bore.

    1. Brawne, which Tooke conjectured to be boaren, flesh being understood, was applied anciently in a more general sense than at present. The etymology of the word may be traced with much probability to the Latin, aprugnum, callum. Piers Ploughman speaks of "brawn and blod of the goos, bacon and colhopes;" and Chaucer in the Knight's Tale applies the word, as it has been here, to the muscular parts of the human frame.

    "His limmes gret, his braunes hard and strong."

    The gloss on Gautier de Bibelesworth gives the word in this sense,

    "En la jambe est la sure, (the caalf.)"
    E taunt cum braoun rest ensure. (the brahun)."

    Arund. MS. 220, f. 298.

    "þe brawne of a man, musculus." CATH. ANGL. "Lacerna, vel lacertus, proprie superior pars brachii vel musculus, brawne of the arme." MED. Harl. MS. 2257. "He hath eate all the braune of the lopster, callum." HORM. "Braon, le gras des fesses." ROQUEF. Roman de Rou.

  • (BRAWNE of a checun, H. cheken, P. Pulpa, C. F.)
  • BRAWNE of mannys leggys or ar∣mys. Musculus, lacertus, pul∣pa, C. F.
  • BRANCHE of a tre. Palmes, C. F. (ramus, ramusculus, P.)
  • (BRAWNCHE of a vyny, K. P. Palmes.)
  • BRAWNDESCHYN' (brawnchyn as man, K,) Vibro.
  • BRAWNDYSCHYNGE (brawnchyng, K.) Vibracio.
  • BRECHE, or breke. 2. ["Breke, bracce, femorale, perizoma, saraballa. Breke of women, feminalia." CATH. ANGL. A curious illustration of the use by the fair sex of this last mentioned article of dress is supplied by the Roll of expenses of Alianore, Countess of Leicester, A. D. 1265, edited by Mr. Botfield for the Roxburghe Club. "Item, pro vi pellibus baszeni ad cruralia Comitissae, per Hicqe Cissorem, xxi d. pro iii ulnis tarentinilli ad eadem, per eundem, xii d. pro plumâ ad eadem, xxi d." page 10. "Bathini dicuntur vestes linee usque ad genua pertinentes, a breche." ORT. VOC. "Breche of hosen, braiette, braie, braies." PALSG. Elyot gives in his Librarie, a quaint synonmye in his rendering of the word "subligaculum, a nether coyfe or breche."]Braccae, plur.
  • BREDDE or hecchyd, of byrdys (hetched, P.) Pullificatus.
  • BREDE, mannys fode. Panis.
  • BREDE twyys bakyn, as krakenelle, or symnel, 3. [See CRAKENELLE, brede, and SYMNEL.] or other lyke (twyes bake, or a craknell, P.) Ru∣bidus, C. F. (artocopus, P.)
  • BREDE, bysqwyte, supra (bred cle∣pyd bysqwyte, H. P.) Biscoctus.
  • BREDE, or lytylle borde. Men∣sula, tabella, asserulus.
  • BREDE-HUCHE (bredhitithe, P.) Turrundula, UG. in turgeo.
  • BREDECHESE (bredchese, P.) 4. [Juncata, which is written also juncta, juncheta, and jumentata, is explained to be "lac concretum, et juncis involutum, mattes or crude." ORT. VOC. In French jonchée, which is "a greene cheese or fresh cheese made of milke that's curdled without any runnet, and served in a fraile of green rushes." COTGR. Bred in the Eastern counties signifies at the present time the board used to press for cheese, somewhat less in circumference than the vat; the bred-chese may have been one freshly taken from the press, or perhaps so called as being served on such a "bred," or broad platter.]Jumtata (junctata, P.)
  • Page  49BREDE of mesure.1. ["Brede or squarenesse, croisure." PALSG. A.S. braed, latitudo.]Latitudo.
  • BREDYN' or hetchyn', as byrdys (foules or birdes, P.) Pullifico.
  • BREDYN', or make more brode. Dilato.
  • BREDE vermyne. Vermesco.
  • BREDYNGE, or brodynge (or forthe bringinge, P.) of birdys. Ebro∣cacio, focio, CATH. fomentacio.
  • BREDYNGE, or makynge brode. Dilatacio.
  • BREYDE lacys. Necto, torqueo, UG. laqueo, fibulo.
  • BREDYNGE of lacys, or oþer lyke. Laqueacio, nectio, connectio.
  • BREYDYN', or vpbreydyn'. Impro∣pero.
  • (BRAYDE, sawte, or brunt, P.2. ["Brayde, or hastynesse of mynde, colle. At a brayde, faisant mon effort. At the first brayde, de prime face. To brayde or take a thyng sodaynly in haste, je me mets à prendre hastiuement. I breyde, I make a brayde to do a thing sodaynly, je m'efforce. I breyde out of my slepe, je tressaulx." PALSG. See brade, in Jamieson.]Impetus.)
  • BREKE, or brekynge. Ruptura, fractura.
  • BREKYN' or breston̄' (brasten, P.) Frango.
  • BRAKYN' a-sunder cordys and ropis and oþer lyke. Rumpo.
  • (BREKEN claddis, P.3. ["Occo, scindere, glebas frangere, Anglice to clotte." ORT. VOC. Compare BRESTYN clottys.]Occo, UG.)
  • BREKYNGE. Fraccio.
  • BREME, fysche. Bremulus.
  • BREN, or bryn, or paley.4. [See PALY or bryne. "Paille, chaffe, the huske wherein corn lieth." COTGR. From the Latin palea.]Can∣tabrum, furfur, CATH.
  • BRENNAR, or he þat settythe a thynge a-fyre. Combustor.
  • BRENNYN, or settyn' on fyre, or make brēn'. Incendo, cremo, comburo.
  • BREN', by the selfe (brenne, P.) Ardeo.
  • BRENNYNGE. Ustio, combustio, incendium.
  • BRENT. Combustus, incensus.
  • BRERE, or brymmeylle (bremmyll, or brymbyll, P.) Tribulus, vepris.
  • BRESE.5. ["A brese, atelabus, brucus, vel locusta." CATH. ANGL. "Atelabus, a waspe or brese." ORT. VOC. "Brese or long flye, prester," PALSG. A.S. briosa, tabanus.]Locusta, asilus, UG.
  • BREST, or wantynge, of nede (at nede, P.)

    6. Hampole uses this word in the Pricke of Conscience.

    "Lorde, when sawe we the hafe hunger or thriste,
    Or of herbar haue grete briste."

    Harl. MS. 6723, f. 84.

    It is perhaps taken from the Danish, "bröst, default, have bröst, to want or lack a thing." WOLFF.

  • BREESTE of a beste. Pectus.
  • BREESTE-BONE. Torax, UG. in torqueo.
  • (BRASTEN, supra in BREKEN, P.)
  • Page  50BRESTYN', or cleue by þe selfe (brasten, P.) Crepo.
  • BRESTE clottys, as plowmen (clod∣des, P.) Occo.
  • BRESTE downe (brast, P.) Sterno, dejicio, obruo.
  • BREKE cōuenant. Fidifrago.
  • BREKE lawys. Legirumpo.
  • BRESTYN owte. Erumpo, eructo.
  • BRESTYNGE downe. Prostracio, consternacio.
  • BETRAX of a walle (bretasce, K. bretays, H. P.)

    1. "A bretasynge, propugnaculum." CATH. ANGL. The Catholicon says, "dicuntur propugnacula pinne murorum sive summe partes, quia ex his propugnatur." In the Treatise "de Utensilibus," written by Alex. Neccham, about the year 1225, in the chapter relating to a castle, the French gloss renders propugnacula, brestaches, and pinne, karneus. Cott. MS. Titus, D. XX. f. 196. "Bretesse, breteche, bretesque, forteresse, tour de bois mobile, parapet, creneaux, palissade." ROQUEF. This word was applied rather indefinitely to denote various appliances of ancient fortification. See bretachiae, in Ducange. It more properly signified the battlements; thus it is said of the valiant Normans,

    "As berteiches monterent, et au mur guernelé."

    Roman de Rou.

    In Lydgate's Troy we read that,

    "Every tower bretexed was so clene."

    In a contract made at Durham in 1401, is the clause, "Et supra istas fenestras faciet in utroque muro ailours, et bretissementa battellata."

    Propugnacu∣lum, DICC.
  • BRETHE. Anelitus, alitus, spi∣ramen.
  • BRETHYN', or ondyn'. Spiro, anelo, aspiro.
  • BREUETOWRE. Brevigerulus, CATH.
  • BREYEL. Brollus, brolla, miser∣culus.
  • BRYBERY, or brybe. Manticulum, C. F.
  • BRYBYN'. Manticulo, latrocinor.
    "Who saveth a thefe when the rope is knet,
    With some false turne the bribour will him quite."


    In Piers Ploughman bribors are classed with "pilors and pikeharneis." In Rot. Parl. 22 Edw. IV. n. 30, are mentioned persons who "have stolen and bribed signetts," that is, young swans. "A bribur, circumforaneus, lustro, sicefanta." CATH. ANGL. "To bribe, pull, pyll, briber, Romant, dérobber. He bribeth, and he polleth, and he gothe to worke." PALSG.

    Manticulus, man∣ticula, CATH.
  • BRYD. Avis, volucris.
  • BRYDALE. Nupciae.
  • BRYDALE howse. Nuptorium, CATH.
  • BRYDBOLT, or burdebolt. Epi∣tilium.
  • BRYDE, infra in SPOWSE (man or woman, infra in spowse, P. mayde or woman, W. Spon∣sus, sponsa.)
  • BRYDYLLE (bridell, P.) Frenum, erica, CATH.
  • BRYDELYN'. Freno.
  • BRYDELYN', or refreynyn'. Re∣freno.
  • BRYDELYME. Viscus.
  • BRYGE, or debate (bryggyng, K.)3. [This word occurs in Chaucer, T. of Melib. "min adversaries han begonne this debat and brige by his outrage." Roquefort gives "Briga, querelle, démêlé, combat. Brigueux, querelleur:" and Cotgrave "Brigue, contention, altercation." Skinner would however trace the word to A.S. brice, ruptura. Horman says, "beware of such brygous matters (abstineas omni calumniâ), for thou oughtest nat to hold cour∣rishly ageynst thy maister." See Briga, in Kennett's Glossary.]Briga, discensio.
  • Page  51BRYGGE. Pons.
  • BRYGYRDYLL.1. ["Lumbare, Anglice a breke-gyrdle, cingulum circa lumbos, et dicitur a lumbis, quia eo cinguntur et religantur, vel quia lumbis inhereat. Item dicitur et coxale, et bracharium, et renale, sed proprie renale quod renibus assignatur, sicut ventrale circa ventrem cingulum." ORT. VOC. from the Catholicon. "Braccale, braccarium, a breke∣girdul. Marcipium, a brigirdele." MED. "Perisoma, braygurdylle." Harl. MS. 1002, f. 116. The terms brekegirdle and bygirdle are occasionally confounded together, and it may be questioned which of the two was here intended: the latter is the Anglo-Saxon biȝyrdel, zona, saccus, fiscus, which properly signifies a purse attached to the girdle. In this sense it occurs in P. Ploughman, "the bagges and the bigirdles." Vision, lin. 5072. "A bygyrdylle, marsupium, renale." CATH. ANGL. "Renale, a bygyrdyll, est zona circa renes. Brachile, i. lumbare, dicitur etiam cingulum renum, a bygyrdell. Cruma vel crumena est bursa, vel saccus pecunie, vel marsupium, a by∣gyrdell." ORT. VOC. On the Northern coast of Norfolk, opposite Burnham Westgate, is an island of singular shape, resembling the letter S: it is about a mile in length, following the direction of its tortuous form, and very narrow throughout. It still bears the name of Bridgirdle, evidently from its supposed similarity to the ancient article of dress called the BRYGYRDYLE. See No. LXIX. of the Ordnance Survey.]Lumbare, renale.
  • BRYGOWS, or debate-makar. Bri∣gosus.
  • BRYLLARE of drynke, or schen∣kare (drinkshankere, P.) Pro∣pinator, propinatrix.
  • BRYLLYN', or schenk drynke.2. ["To byrle, propinare, miscere." CATH. ANGL. Ang. S. byrlian, haurire, byrle, pincerna. Jamieson gives the same sense of the verb to birle. See hereafter SCHENKYN drynke. A.S. scencan, propinare.]Propino.
  • BRYLLYNGE of drynke (of ale, K.) Propinacio.
  • BRYM, or fers.3. [This word occurs in R. Brunne, and Chaucer. See also Gawayn and Golagros. "He come lyke a breme bare." Sir Amadas. "Brimme, feirse, fier." PALSG. A.S. bremman, furere. In the dialects of Norfolk and Suffolk, brim is retained only in the following sense, "a brymmyng as a bore or a sowe doth, en rouyr." PALSG. "To bryme, subare." CATH. ANGL. Elyot renders "subo, to brymme as a boore doth, whan he getteth pygges." See further in Ray, Jamieson, and Forby.]Ferus, ferox.
  • BRYMBYLL, supra in BRERE.
  • BRYNGARE. Allator, lator.
  • BRYNGE to. Affero, perduco.
  • BRYNGE forthe chyldyr, or chyl∣drun. Parturio, pario, edo.
  • (BRYNGYN forthe, or shewyn forthe, K. P. Profero.)
  • BRYNGE forthe frute. Fructifico.
  • BRYNGE forthe kynlynge. Feto.
  • BRYNGE yn to a place. Infero, induco.
  • BRYNGYN, or ledyn. Induco, in∣troduco.
  • BRYNGE to mynde. Reminiscor, commemoro.
  • BRYNGE owte of place. Educo.
  • BRYNGYNGE. Allatura.
  • BRYNE, or brow of þe eye. Su∣percilium.
  • (BRYNNE of corn, K. Cantabrum, furfur.)
  • BRYNE of salt. Salsugo, CATH. C. F.
  • Page  52BRYNKE of a wesslle. Margo.
  • BRYNKE of watyr, supra in BANKE.
  • BRYSYDE (brissed, P.) Quassatus, contusus.
  • BROSYN or qwaschyn' (brysyn, K. bryszyn, H. brissen, P.)1. ["To bryse, quatere, quarsare. Brysille, fragilis, fisilis, fracticius, fractilis." CATH. ANGL. A.S. brysan, conterere. The word bryse is, however, probably taken more directly from the French. Palsgrave gives "to brise or bray herbes or suche like in a morter, briser." In the curious treatise of the virtues of herbs, Roy. MS. 18 A. VI. f. 72 b. is mentioned "bryse-wort, or bon-wort, or daysye, consolida minor, good to breke bocches."]Briso, CATH. quasso, brisco, C. F. allido.
  • (BRISYNG, or brissoure, K. bryss∣ynge or bryssure, H. Quas∣satio, contusio, collisio.)
  • BRYSTYLLE, or brustylle (burs∣tyll, P.) Seta.
  • BRYGHTE. Clarus, splendidus, rutilans.
  • BRYHTENESSE. Splendor.
  • BRYGHTE SWERDE. Splendona.
  • BROCALE, or lewynge of mete (brokaly of mete, P.)2. [Elyot renders "Analecta, fragmentes of meate whiche falle vnder the table. Ana∣lectes, he that gadereth vp brokelettes."]Frag∣mentum, COMM.
  • BROCHE of threde. Vericulum.
  • BROCHE, juelle (jowell, P.)3. [The broche was an ornament common to both sexes; of the largesse of Queen Guenever it is related, "Everych knyȝt she ȝaf broche other ryng." LAUNFAL MILES. "Fibula, a boton, or broche, prykke, or a pynne, or a lace. Monile, ornamentum est quod solet ex feminarum pendere collo, quod alio nomine dicitur firmaculum, a broche." ORT. VOC. The jewel which it was usual about the commencement of the XVIth Cen∣tury to wear in the cap, was called a broche. Palsgrave gives "Broche for ones cappe, broche, ymage, ataiche, afficquet. Make this brotche fast in your cappe. Broche with a scripture, deuise." The beautiful designs of Holbein executed for Henry VIII. and preserved in Sloan. MS. 5308, afford the best examples of ornaments of this descrip∣tion. See also the Privy Purse Expenses of the Princess Mary, edited by Sir F. Madden.]Mo∣nile, armilla.
  • BROCHE for a thacstare.4. [Broaches are explained by Forby to be "rods of sallow, or other tough and pliant wood split, sharpened at each end, and bent in the middle; used by thatchers to pierce and fix their work. Fr. broche."]Fir∣maculum.
  • BROCHE, or spete (without-yn mete, H. withoute, P.)5. ["A soudear for lacke of a brotche or a spyt, rosteth his meate upon his wepon made lyke a broche." HORM. Thomas, in his Principal Rules of Italian Grammar, 1548, renders "stocco, an armyng swoorde made like a broche." In the Earl of Northumberland's Household Book, 1511, it appears that the broches were turned by a "child of the keching." ANT. REP. IV. 233. Palsgrave alludes to the same primi∣tive usage, "when you haue broched the meate (embroché) lette the boye tourne, and come you to churche." See also Leland's Coll. VI. 4.]Veru.
  • (BROCHE or spete, whan mete is vpon it, P. Verutum.)
  • BROCHE for spyrlynge or herynge.6. ["A sperlynge, ipimera, sperlingus." CATH. ANGL. "Spurlin, a smelt. Fr. esperlan." SKINNER. The name is retained in Scotland; see sparlyng and spirling in Jamieson.]Spiculum, COMM.
  • BROCHYN', or settyn a vesselle broche (a-broche, K. P.) Atta∣mino, clipsidro, KYLW.
  • BRODE, or wyde. Latus, amplus.
  • Page  53BRODE, or large of space. Spa∣ciosus.
  • BRODE of byrdys. Pullificacio.
  • BRODE hedlese nayle. Clavus acephalus.
  • BROOD arowe (brodarwe, K.)1. [The Catholicon explains catapulta to be "sagitta cum ferro bipenni, quam sagit∣tam barbatan vocant." Palsgrave renders broad arrow, "raillon:" and Cotgrave gives "fer de flèche à raillon, a shoot-head, a forked or barbed head."]Catapulta, CATH.
  • BROOD axe, or exe. Dolabrum, CATH.
  • BRODYN, as byrdys (and fowles, P.) Foveo, fetifico, C. F. in alcyon.
  • BRODYNGE of byrdys. Focio, CATH. (focacio, P.)
  • BROYDYN (broyded, P.) Laqueatus.
  • BROYLYD. Ustulatus.
  • BROYLYD mete, or rostyd only on þe colys. Frixum, frixitura.
  • BROLYYN', or broylyn'. Ustulo, ustillo, torreo, CATH.
  • (BROLYYD, supra in BROYLYD, K.)
  • (BROLYYNGE, or broylinge, K. Us∣tulacio.)
  • (BROK, best, K. brocke, P.2. [See above BAWSTONE. "Fiber, id est castor, a brocke. Fibrina vestis que tra∣mam de fibri lanâ habet, a clothe of brocke woll." ORT. VOC. "Brocke a best, taxe." PALSG. The Wicliffite version renders Hebr. XI. 37, "Thei wenten about in brok skynnes, and in skynnes of geet." A.S. broc, grumus.]Taxus, castor, melota, pictorius.)
  • BROKE, watyr. Rivulus, torrens.
  • BROKE bakkyde. Gibbosus.
  • BROOKE mete, or drynke (broken, P.)3. ["To brooke meate, digerer, aualer. I can nat brooke this pylles. He hath eaten raw quayles, I fear me he shall neuer be able to brooke them." PALSG. A.S. brucan, frui. Margaret Paston, writing about the sickness of her cousin Bernay, 14 Edw. IV. 1476, 7, says, "I remember yat water of mynte, or water of millefole, were good for my cosyn Bernay to drynke, for to make hym to browke." Paston Corresp. V. 156.]Retineo, vel digerendo re∣tinere.
  • BROKYNGE of mete and drynke. Retencio (retencio cibi vel potus, digestio, P.)
  • BROKDOL, or frees (brokyl or fres, H. brokill or feers, P.) Fragilis.
  • BROME, brusche. Genesta, mirica, CATH. tamaricium, C. F.
  • BRONDE of fyre. Facula, fax, ticio, torris, C. F.
  • BRONDYDE. Cauterizatus, C. F.
  • BRONNYN' wythe an yren' (brondyn, P.) Cauterizo.
  • BRONDYNGE. Cauterizacio, C. F.
  • BRONDYNGE yren'. Cauterium, C. F.
  • BROSTYN, or broke. Fractus, ruptus.
  • BROSTYN man, yn þe cod. Her∣niosus, C. F.
  • BROTHE. Brodium, liquamen, C. F.
  • BROWDYD, or ynbrowdyd (brow∣dred, or browden, P.) Intextus, acupictus, C. F. frigiatus, UG.
  • BROWDYN', or inbrowdyn' (in∣browdyr, P.) Intexo, C. F. frigio, UG. in frigiâ.
  • BROWDYOURE (browderere, P.) In∣textor, C. F. frigio, CATH. UG.
  • BROWE. Supercilium.
  • BROWESSE (browes, H. P.)

    4. Skinner explains brewse to be "panis jure intinctus," which is the precise meaning of brewis in the North of England. BROCKETT. Huloet, in the reign of Edward VI. speaks of "browesse, made with bread and fat meat."

    "A proverbe sayde in ful old langage,
    That tendre browyce made with a mary-boon,
    For fieble stomakes is holsum in potage."

    Ludgate, Order of Fooles, Harl. MS. 2251, f. 303.

    The Latin-English Vocabulary, Roy. MS. 17. C. XVII. gives "browys, adepatum, brewett, garrus," distinguishing these two words, as the Promptorium does. Brewes is derived from the plural of A.S. briw, jusculum, but brewett is a word adopted from the French, brouet, potage or broth. Palsgrave, however, gives "brewesse, potage of fysshe or flesshe, brouet."

    Adi∣patum, C. F.
  • Page  54BROWETT.1. [In the Forme of Cury, and other books of ancient cookery, will be found a variety of recipes for making brewets, such as brewet of Almony, or Germany, of ayrenne, or eggs, eels and other fish in bruet. In a MS. of the XVth century, in the possession of Sir Thomas Phillipps, No. 8336, occur "Bruet seec, bruet salmene, and bruet sara∣zineys blanc." The word seems to have been applied generally to any description of potage, but Roquefort defines the original meaning of brouet as "chaudeau, et ce que les nouveaux mariés donnoient à leurs compagnons pour boire, le jour de leurs noces."]Brodiellum.
  • BROWNE. Fuscus, subniger, ni∣gellus, C. F. UG. in A.
  • BROWNE ale, or other drynke (brwyn, K. P. bruwyn, H.2. [Gautier de Bibelesworth, in his Tretyz de Langage, written in the reign of Edward I. gives a detailed and curious account of malting and brewing, "de breser, et de bracer." Arund. MS. 220. In Harrison's Description of Britaine, Book ii. ch. 6. prefixed to Holinshed's Chronicles, will be found a minute description of the process of brewing, as practised in the Eastern counties in the XVIth century.] browyn, W.) Pandoxor.
  • BROWSTAR, or brewere. Pan∣doxator, pandoxatrix.
  • BROTHYR. Frater.
  • BRODYR yn lawe. Sororius, C. F.
  • BRODYR by the modyr syde onely (alonly by moder, P.) Ger∣manus.
  • BROWNWORTE herbe (brother wort, P.) Pulio, peruleium (puleium, P.)
  • BRUNSTONE, or brymstone. Sul∣phur.
  • BRUNSWYNE, or delfyne.3. [In Anglo-Saxon mere swyn signifies a dolphin; the epithet brun, fuscus, is pro∣bably in reference to the colour of the fish. It is the porpesse, perhaps, which is in many places called sea-swine, in Italian porcopesse, that is here intended.]Foca, delphinus, suillus, CATH.
  • BRUNT.4. ["Brunt, hastynesse, chavlde-colle. Brunt of a daunger, escousse, effort." PALSG.]Insultus, impetus.
  • BRUNTUN, or make a soden stert∣ynge (burtyn, P.) Insilio, CATH.
  • BRUSCHE. Bruscus, C. F.
  • BRUSCHALLE (brushaly, K.) Sar∣mentum, CATH. ramentum, UG. in rado, ramalia, arbustum.
  • (BRUSTYL of a swyne, K. P. Seta.)
  • BUDDE of a tre. Gemma, C. F. botrio, frons, UG. in foros.
  • BUDDUN' as trees. Gemmo, C. F. pampino, pululo, frondeo.
  • BUFFETT. Alapa.
  • (BUFFETYN, K. H. P. Alapo, alapizo, CATH.)
  • Page  55BUFFETYNGE. Alapacio.
  • BUFFETT stole.1. [See above, BOFET, thre fotyd stole.]Scabellum, tripos, trisilis, C. F.
  • BUGGE, or buglarde.2. ["Bugge, spectrum, larva, lemures." BARET. This word has been derived from the Welsh bwg, larva. Higins, in his version of Junius' Nomenclator, 1585, renders "lemures nocturni, hobgoblins or night-walking spirits, blacke bugs. Terriculamentum, a scarebug, a bulbegger, a sight that frayeth and frighteth." See Nares, and Boggarde and Bogith in Jamieson. St. Augustin and other writers mention "quosdam daemones quos Dusios Galli nuncupant," namely incubi. See Ducange. To this word Ducius, by which the bugge is here rendered, the origin of the vulgar term, the deuce, is evi∣dently to be trace.]Maurus, Ducius.
  • BUGLE, or beste (bugyll, P.)3. ["Bugle beest, bevgle." PALSG. "Bugle, buffle, boeuf sauvage." ROQUEF. "Buffle, buffes or bugles, wild beasts like oxen, uri. Buffe leather, aluta bubalina." BARET. "Preciouse cuppis be made of bugull hornys, urorum cornibus, non bubalorum." HORM. The bugle was introduced into England in 1252, as a present to Richard, Earl of Cornwall, brother of Henry III. "Missi sunt Comiti Richardo de partibus transma∣rinis, Bubali, pars vero sexus masculini, pars feminini, ut in his partibus occidentalibus, ipsa animalia non prius hic visa multiplicarentur. Est autem Bubalus genus jumenti bovi consimile, ad onera portanda vel trahenda aptissimum, cocodrillo inimicissimum, undis amicum, magnis cornibus communitum." Matt. Paris.]Bubalus.
  • BUK, best. Dama.
  • BUK, roo. Caprius (caprinus, P.)
  • BULLE (of the Pope, K.) Bulla.
  • BULLOK. Boculus, biculus.
  • BULTE flowre. Attamino, CATH. taratantarizo, UG. in tardo.
  • BULTURE (bultar, P.) Taratan∣tarizator, politrudinator.
  • BULTYD.4. ["Bulted, sassé, boultyng clothe or bulter, bluteau. To boulte meale, bulter." PALSG. He gives the word also in a metaphorical sense, "to boulte out a mater, trye out the trouthe in a doubtfull thynge, saicher." See bulter-cloth, in Kennett's Glos∣sary.]Taratantarizatus.
  • BULTYNGE. Taratantarizacio.
  • BULTE POOKE, or bulstarre. Ta∣ratantarare, C. F. taratantarum, UG. in tardo, politrudum.
  • BOMBON' as been' (bummyn or bumbyn, K. H. P.)5. ["To bomme as a fly dothe, or husse, bruire. This waspe bommeth about myne eare, I am afrayed leste she stynge me." PALSG.]Bombizo, CATH. bombilo, bombio.
  • BUNCHŌN'.6. ["To bounche or pusshe one; he buncheth me and beateth me, il me pousse. Thou bunchest me so that I can nat syt in rest by the." PALSG. "He came home with a face all to bounced, contusá." HORM.]Tundo, trudo.
  • BUNCHYNGE. Tuncio.
  • BUNDELLE. Fasciculus.
  • BUNNE, brede. Placenta.
  • BUNKYYDE (bunne kyx. Cala∣mus, K.)7. [The Harl. MS. appears here to be faulty, and the correct reading probably is, BUNNE, kyx. See hereafter KYX, or bunnes or drye weed. A.S. bune, fistula. In Joh. Arderne's Chirurgica, Sloane MS. 56, p. 3, in a list of French and English names of plants, occurs "chauynot, i. bunes;" the reading should probably be chenevette, which signifies the stalk of hemp. Forby and Moore give bunds or bund-weed, as the name by which in the Eastern counties weeds infesting grass land are known. Jamieson explains bune to be the inner part of the stalk of flax, or the core.]
  • BUNGE of a wesselle, as a tonne, Page  56 barelle, botelle, or othere lyke (kyx of vessell, P.) Lura, CATH. C. F.
  • BUNTYNGE, byrde. Pratellus.
  • BURBLON, as ale or oþer lykore (burbelyn, P.) Bullo.
  • BURBULLE, or burble (burbyll, P.)1. ["Bulliculus, id est parvus bullio, a burble, tumor aque. Bullio, a wellynge." ORT. VOC. "Burble in the water, bubette. To boyle up or burbyll up as a water dothe in a spring, bouillonner." PALSG.]Bulla, C. F.
  • BURDŌN' of a boke. Burdo.
  • BURRE. Lappa, glis.
  • BURGEYS. Burgensis.
  • BURGYN, or burryn as trees.2. ["Gramino, to burion, or kyrnell, or sprynge." ORT. VOC. "Burryon or budde of a tree, burion. To burgen, put forthe as a tree dothe his blossomes, bourgonner." PALSG.]Germino, frondo, CATH. gemmo, frondeo, supra.
  • BURGYNYNGE (burgynge, K. P.) Germen, pullulacio.
  • BURLE of clothe (a clothe, P.) Tumentum, CATH. C. F.
  • BURMAYDĒN'.3. [This word is compounded of A.S. bur, conclave, casa, and maeden, puella, a bower-maiden, a chamber-maid: in like manner as bur-þegn signifies a chamberlain.]Pedissequa, ancilla.
  • BURNET colowre. Burnetum, bur∣netus, DICC. KYLW.
  • BURTARE, beste (burter, P.) Cor∣nupeta.
  • BURTŌN', as hornyd bestys. Cor∣nupeto, arieto.
  • BURTYNGE. Cornupetus, C. F.
  • BURWHE, sercle (burrowe, P.)4. [Burr signifies in Norfolk, according to Forby, a mistiness around the moon; and in North Britain a halo is termed brugh, brogh, or brough; Jamieson suggests from its encircling the moon like the circular fortifications which are also called brugh. Ang. S. beorȝ, munimentum. The expression, "a burre about the moone" occurs in "Whim∣zies, or a new cast of Characters," p. 173. The same derivation may possibly apply to the terms, burr of a lance, which is a projecting circular ring that protected the hand; as also the burr of a stag's horn, or projecting rim by which it is surrounded close to the head.]Orbiculus, C. F.
  • BURWHE, towne (burwth, K. burwe, H. burrowe, P.) Burgus.
  • BUSCEL (buschelle, K.) Modius, (chorus, buscellus, P.)
  • BUSKE, or busshe.5. ["A buske, arbustum, dumus, frutex, rubus." CATH. ANGL. Buske or boske, as bush was anciently written, occurs in R. Brunne and Chaucer. Spenser uses the word buskets, and boskie is to be found in Shakespeare, Tempest, Act IV. In old French bosc and boschet. ROQUEF.]Rubus, du∣mus.
  • BUSCHOPE (busshop, P.) supra in BISSHOPPE.
  • BUSCHEMENT, or verement. Cun∣eus, C. F.
  • BUT, or bertel, or bysselle (ber∣sell, P.)6. [Buttes are explained by Bp. Kennet to be the ends or short pieces of land in arable ridges or furrows. "Limes, buttynge or bound in fields." ELYOT. Celtic, but, limes.]Meta.
  • BUT, fysche.7. [Yarrell, in his History of British Fishes, observes that the flounder is called at Yarmouth a butt, which is a Northern term; the name is likewise given by Pennant, but does not occur in the Glossaries of Northern dialect.]Pecten.
  • BUTTOK. Nates, CATH. piga.
  • BUTTON̄', or caste forthe (butt, P.) Pello.
  • BUTTYR, or botyr (butture, K.) Buturum.
  • Page  57BUXUM'.
    "Ne yan sal na man be boxsome,
    Ne obedyent to ye kirke of Rome."

    Hampole, Prick of Conscience, Harl. MS. 6923, f. 58, b.

    "And be lofande to hym and bouxsome," namely, to God, ib. f. 101, b. "Boxome, obedient, obeissant." PALSG. A.S. bocsum, obediens.

  • BUXUM, or lowly or make (lowe or meke, K. P.) Humilis, pius, mansuetus, benignus.
  • BUXUMNESSE, mekenesse and good∣lynesse. Humilitas, mansue∣tudo, benignitas.
  • BUXUMNESSE. Obediencia, obe∣ditio, CATH.