Three more parallel texts of Chaucer's Troilus and Criseyde from ms. LI in St. John's college, Cambridge; ms. no. 61 in Corpus Christi college, Cambridge, and the Harleian ms. 1239 in the British museum; put forth by F.J. Furnivall ... with a note on Chaucer's borrowings from Benoît de Sainte-More by G.C. Macaulay ....
Chaucer, Geoffrey, -1400., Furnivall, Frederick James, 1825-1910., Macaulay, G. C. (George Campbell), 1852-1915., Benoît, de Sainte-More, active 12th century.
Page  229

Incipit Liber. Quintus.

(1) (Proem)
AProchen gan the fatal destyne. [fol. 118b] *. [[Teseide IX. i.]]
That Ioues hath in disposicioun.
And to ȝow Angry Parcas sustren thre.
Committeth to don execucioun. [ 4]
ffor which Criseyde moste oute of the towne.
And Troilus shal dwellen forth in pyne.
Til Lathesis his threde no lenger twyne. [ 7]
(2) (The Story)
The goldtressed Phebus heighe on lofte. [fol. 119a] *. [[Teseide II. i.]]
Thrieȝ hadde al with hise bemes clere.
The snowes molte and ȝepherus as ofte.
Ibroughte aȝeyn the tendre leues grene. [ 11]
Syn that the sone I Troilus of Ecuba the queene.
Bigan to loue hire first for whom his sorwe.
was al that she deperte sholde amorwe. [ 14]
(3)
fful redy was at prime Diomede. [ 15]
Criseyde vnto the grekis oost for to lede.
ffor sorwe of which she felt hire herte blede.
As she that nyste what was best to rede. [ 18]
And trewely as men in bokes rede.
Men wiste neuere womman han the care.
Ne was so loth out of a town to fare. [ 21]
(4)
This Troilus withouten reed or loore. [ 22]
As man that hath hise Ioies ek forlore.
was waytyng on his lady euere more.
As she that was sothefast crop and more. [ 25]
Of al his lust or Ioies heretofore.
But Troilus now far wel al thi Ioie.
ffor shaltow neuere sen hire eft in Troie. [ 28]
Page  230(5)
Soth is that while he bood in this manere. [ 29]
He gan his wo ful manly for to hide.
That wel vnnethe it sene was in his chere.
But at the ȝate ther she sholde out ride. [ 32]
with certeyn folk he houed hire tabide.
So wo bigon al wolde he naught hym pleyne.
That on his hors vnnethe he sat for peyne. [ 35]
(6)
ffor Ire he quook so gan his herte gnawe. [ 36]
whan Diomede on hors gan hym dresse.
And seyde to hymself this ilke sawe.
Allas quod he thus foule a wrecchednesse. [ 39]
whi suffre ich it whi nyl ich it redresse.
were it nat bet atones for to dye.
Than euere more in langour thus to crye. [ 42]
(7)
Whi nyl .I. make atones riche and pore. [fol. 119b] [ 43]
To haue Inough to doone er that she go.
why nyl I brynge al Troie vpon a roore.
Whi nyl I slen this Diomede also. [ 46]
why nyl I rather with a man or two.
Stele hire away whi wol I this endure.
whi nyl I helpen to myn owen cure. [ 49]
(8)
But why he nolde don so fel a dede. [ 50]
That shal I seyn and whi hym liste it sparre.
He hadde in herte alweyes a manere drede.
List that Criseyde in rumour of this fare. [ 53]
Sholde han ben slayn lo this was al his care.
And ellis certeyn as I seyde ȝore.
He hadde it don withouten wordes more. [ 56]
Page  231(9)
Criseyde whan she redy was to ride. [ 57]
fful sorwfully she sighte and seyde allas.
But forth she moot for aught that may bitide.
And forth she rit ful sorwfully a pas. [ 60]
Ther is non other remedie in this cas.
what wonder is though that hire sore smerte.
whan she forgoth hire owen swete herte. [ 63]
(10)
This Troilus in wise of curteysie. [ 64]
with hauke on honde and with an huge route.
Of knyghtes rood and did hire companye.
Passyng al the valeye fer withoute. [ 67]
And ferther wolde han riden oute of doute.
fful fayn and wo was hym to gon so sone.
But torne he moste and it was ek to done. [ 70]
(11)
And right with that was Antenor ycome. [ 71]
Out of the grekis ooste and euery wight.
was of it glad and seyde he was welcome.
And Troilus al nere his herte light. [ 74]
He peyned hym with al his fulle myght.
Hym to withholde of wepyng atte leeste.
And Antenor he kiste and made feste. [ 77]
(12)
And therwithal he moste his leue take. [fol. 120a] [ 78]
And caste his eye vpon hire pitously.
And neer he roode his cause for to make.
To take hire by the honde al sobrely. [ 81]
And lord so he gan wepen tendrely.
And he ful softe and sleighly gan hire seye.
Now holde ȝoure day and do me nat to deye. [ 84]
Page  232(13)
With that his courser torned he aboute. [ 85]
with face pale and vnto Diomede.
No word he spak ne non of al his route.
Of which the sone Diomede of Tideus took hede. [ 88]
As he that koude more than the Crede.
In swich a craft and by the reyne hire hente.
And Troilus to Troie homward he wente. [ 91]
(14)
This Diomede that ledde hire by the bridel. [ 92]
whan that he saugh the folke of Troie aweye.
Thoughte al my labour shal nat ben on ydel.
If that I may for somwhat shal I seye. [ 95]
For at the werste it may ȝet shorte oure weye.
I haue herde seyd ek tymes twelue.
He is a fool that wole forȝete hymselue. [ 98]
(15)
But natheles this thoughte he wel ynough. [ 99]
That certeynlich I am aboute nought.
If that I speke of loue or make it tough.
ffor douteles if she haue in hire thought. [ 102]
Hym that I gesse he may nat ben ybrought.
So soon awey but I shal fynde a meene.
That she naught wite as ȝet shal what I mene. [ 105]
(16)
This Diomede as he that koude his good. [ 106]
whan this was don gan fallen forth in speche.
Of this and that and axed whi she stoode.
In swich disese and gan hire ek biseche. [ 109]
That if that he encresse myghte or eche.
with any thyng hire ese that she sholde.
Comaunde it hym and seyde he don it wolde. [ 112]
Page  233(17)
ffor treweliche he swore hire as a knyght. [fol. 120b] [ 113]
That ther nas thyng with which he myghte hire plese.
That he nolde don his peyne al his myghte.
To don it for to don hire herte an ese. [ 116]
And preyde hire she wolde hire sorwe apese.
And seyde Iwis we Grekis kan haue Ioie.
To honouren ȝow as wel as folk of Troie. [ 119]
(18)
He seyde ek thus I woot ȝow thynketh straunge. [ 120]
Ne wonder is for it is to ȝow newe.
Thaquayntaunce of thise Troians to chaunge.
ffor folk of Grece that ȝe neuere knewe. [ 123]
But wold neuere god but if as trewe.
A greke ȝe sholde among vs alle fynde.
As any Troian is and ek as kynde. [ 126]
(19)
An by the cause I swore ȝow right lo now. [ 127]
To ben ȝoure frende and helply to my myght.
And for that more aquayntaunce ek of ȝow.
Haue ich hadde than another straunger wight. [ 130]
So fro this forth I pray ȝow day and nyght.
Comaundeth me how soore that me smerte.
To don al that may like vnto ȝoure herte. [ 133]
(20)
And that ȝe me wolde as ȝoure brother trete. [ 134]
And taketh naught my frenshipe in despite.
And though ȝoure sorwes be for thynges grete.
Not I nat whi but oute of more respite. [ 137]
Myn herte hathe for tamende it grete delite.
And if I may ȝoure harmes nat redresse.
I am right sory for ȝoure heuynesse. [ 140]
Page  234(21)
ffor though ȝe Troians with vs grekes wrothe. [ 141]
Han many a day ben alwey ȝet parde.
O. god of loue in soth we seruen bothe.
And for the loue of god my lady fre.
whom so ȝe hate as beth nat wroth with me.
ffor trewely ther kan no wyght ȝow serue.
That half so loth ȝoure wratthe wold disserue. [ 147]
(22)
And nere it that we ben so neigh the tente. [fol. 121a] [ 148]
Of Calcas which that sen vs both may.
I wolde of this ȝow telle al myn entente.
But this enseled til anothir day. [ 151]
Ȝeue me ȝoure honde I am and shal ben ay.
God helpe me so while that my lyf may dure.
Ȝoure owene abouen euery creature. [ 154]
(23)
Thus seyde I neuere er now to womman born. [ 155]
ffor god myn herte as wisly glade so.
I loued neuer womman here biforn.
As paramours ne neuere shal no mo. [ 158]
And for the loue of god beth nat my fo.
Al kan I naught to ȝow my lady deere.
Compleyne aright for I am ȝet to leere. [ 161]
(24)
And wondreth nought myn owen lady bright. [ 162]
Though that I speke of loue to ȝow thus blyue.
ffor I haue herde er this of many a wight.
Hath loued thyng he neuere saigh his lyue. [ 165]
Ek I am nat of power for to stryue.
Aȝeyns the god of loue but hym obeye.
I wole alwey and mercye I ȝow preye. [ 168]
Page  235(25)
Ther ben so worthi knyghtes in this place. [ 169]
And ȝe so fayre that euerich of hem alle.
wol peynen hym to stonden in ȝoure grace.
But myght me so faire a grace falle. [ 172]
That ȝe me for ȝoure seruant wolde calle.
So lowely ne so trewely ȝow serue.
Nil non of hem as I shal til I sterue. [ 175]
(26)
Criseyde vnto that purpos lite answerde. [ 176]
As she that was with sorwe oppressed so.
That in effect she naught hise tales herde.
But her and ther now here a word or two. [ 179]
Hire thoughte hire sorwful herte brast atwo.
ffor whan she gan hire fader fer espie.
wel neigh down of hire hors she gan to sye. [ 182]
(27)
But natheles she thonketh Diomede. [fol. 121b] [ 183]
Of alle his trauaile and his good cheere.
And that hym list his frendshipe hire to bede.
And she accepteth it in good manere. [ 186]
And wol do fayn that is hym lief and dere.
And tristen hym she wolde and wel she myght.
As seyde she and from hire hors shalight. [ 189]
(28)
Hire fader hathe hire in hise armes nome. [ 190]
And twenty tyme he kiste his doughter sweete.
And seyde .o. deere doughter myn welcome.
She seyde ek she was fayn with hym to mete. [ 193]
And stood forth muwet milde and mansuete.
But here I leue hire with hire fader dwelle.
And forth I wol of Troilus ȝow telle. [ 196]
Page  236(29)
To Troie is come this woful Troilus. [fol. 122a] [ 197]
In sorwe abouen alle sorwes smerte.
with feloun look and face dispitouse.
Tho sodeynly doun from his hors he sterte. [ 200]
And thorugh his paleis with a swollen herte.
To chaumbre he wente of nothyng took he hede.
Ne non to hym dar speke a word for drede. [ 203]
(30)
And ther his sorwes that he spared hadde. [ 204]
He ȝaf an issue large and deth he criede.
And in his throwes frenetik and madde.
He corseth Ioue Appollo and ek Cupide. [ 207]
He corseth Ceres Bacus and Cipride.
His burthe hymself his fate and ek nature.
And saue his lady euery creature. [ 210]
(31)
To bedde he gothe and weyleth ther and torneth. [ 211]
In furie as dothe he in helle.
And in this wise he neigh til day soiorneth.
But tho bigan his herte a lite vnswelle. [ 214]
Thorugh teris which that gounen vp to welle.
And pitously he cryde vpon Criseyde.
And to hymself right thus he spak and seyde. [ 217]
(32)
Wher is myn owene lady lief and deere. [ 218]
wher is hire white brest wher is it where.
wher ben hire armes and hire eyen cleere.
That ȝesternyght this tyme with me were. [ 221]
Now may .I. wepe allone many a teere.
And graspe aboute I may but in this place.
Saue a Pilowe I fynde naught tenbrace. [ 224]
Page  237(33)
How shal I do whan shal she come aȝeyn. [ 225]
I not allas whi lete ich hire to go.
As wolde god ich hadde as tho ben sleyn.
O. herte myn Criseyde O swete fo. [ 228]
O. lady myn that I loue and na mo.
To whom for euermo myn herte I dowe.
Se how I dey ȝe nyl me nat rescowe. [ 231]
(34)
Who seth ȝow now my right lode sterre. [fol. 122b] [ 232]
who sit right now or stant in ȝoure presence.
who kan conforten now ȝoure hertes werre.
Now I am gon whome ȝeue ȝe audience. [ 235]
who speketh for me right now in myn absence.
Allas no wight and that is al my care.
ffor wel woot .I. as yuele as I ȝe fare. [ 238]
(35)
How sholde I thus ten dayes ful endure. [ 239]
whan I the firste nyght haue alle this tene.
How shal she don ek sorwful creature.
ffor tendernesse how shal she this sustene. [ 242]
Swich wo for me .o. pitous pale grene.
Shal ben ȝoure fresshe wommanliche face.
ffor langoure er ȝe torne vnto this place. [ 245]
(36)
And whan he fille in any slomberynges. [ 246]
Anon bygynne he sholde for to grone.
And dremen of the dredefulleste thynges.
That myght ben as mete he were allone. [ 249]
In place horrible makyng ay his mone.
Or meten that he was amonges alle.
His enemys and in hire hondes falle. [ 252]
Page  238(37)
And therwith al his body sholde sterte. [ 253]
And with the sterte al sodeynliche awake.
And swiche a tremour fele aboute his herte.
That of the fere his body sholde quake. [ 256]
And therwithal he sholde a noyse make.
And seme as though he sholde falle depe.
ffrom heighe olofte and thanne he wolde wepe. [ 259]
(38)
And rewen on hymself so pitously. [ 260]
That wonder was to here his fantasie.
Another tyme he sholde myghtyly.
Conforte hymself 1. [MS. hymself] and seine it was folie. [ 263]
So causeles swich drede for to drye.
And eft bygynne his aspre sorwes newe.
That euery man myght on his sorwes rewe. [ 266]
(39)
Who koude telle aright or ful discryue. [fol. 123a] [ 267]
His wo his pleynt his langoure and in pyne.
Naught alle the men that han or ben on lyue.
Thow redere maist thiself ful wel deuyne. [ 270]
That swich a wo my wit kan nat diffyne.
On ydel for to write it sholde .I. swynke.
whan that my wit is wery it to thynke. [ 273]
(40)
On heuene ȝet the sternes waren seene. [ 274]
Although ful pale . ywoxen was the moone.
And whiten gan the orisente shene.
Al estward as it wont is to doone. [ 277]
And Phebus with his rosy carte soone.
Gan after that to dresse hym vp to fare.
whan Troilus hath sent after Pandare. [ 280]
Page  239(41)
This Pandare that of al the day biforn. [ 281]
Ne myghte han comen Troilus to se.
Although he on his hed it hadde sworne.
ffor with the kyng Priam alday was he. [ 284]
So that it lay nought in his libertee.
Nowher to gon but on the morwe he wente.
To Troilus whan that he for hym sente. [ 287]
(42)
ffor in his herte he koude wel deuyne. [ 288]
That Troilus for sorwe al nyght wooke.
And that he wolde telle hym of his pyne.
This knewe he wel ynough withoute booke. [ 291]
ffor which to chaumbre stregh the wey he tooke.
And Troilus tho sobrelich he grette.
And on the 1. [MS. th] bed ful sone he gan hym sette. [ 294]
(43)
My Pandarus quod Troilus the sorwe. [ 295]
which that I drye I may nat longe endure.
I trowe I shal nat lyuen til tomorwe.
ffor which I wolde alweys on auenture. [ 298]
To the deuysen of my sepulture.
The fourme and of my moeble thow dispone.
Right as the semeth best is for to done. [ 301]
(44)
But of the fir and flaumbe funeral. [fol. 123b] [ 302]
In which my body brynnen shal to glede.
And of the feste and pleyes palestral.
At my vigile I prey the tak good hede. [ 305]
That that be wel and offre Mars my steede.
My swerde myn helm and leue brother deere.
My swerde to pallas ȝef that shyneth cleere. [ 308]
Page  240(45)
The Poudre in which myn herte ybrend shal torne. [ 309]
That preye I the thow take and it conserue.
In a vessell that men clepeth an vrne.
Of gold and to my lady that I serue. [ 312]
ffor loue of whom thus pitouslich I sterue.
So ȝeue it hire and do me this plesaunce.
To preyen hire to kepe it for a remembraunce. [ 315]
(46)
ffor wele I fele by my maladie. [ 316]
And by my dremes now and ȝore ago.
Al certeynly that I mot nedes dye.
The owle which that hette Escaphilo. [ 319]
Hath after me sright al thise nyghtes two.
And god Mercurye of me now woful wrecche.
The soule gyde and whan the liste it fecche. [ 322]
(47)
Pandare answerde and seyde Troilus. [ 323]
My deere frende as I haue tolde the ȝore.
That it is folye for to sorwen thus.
And causeles for which I kan namore. [ 326]
But whoso wil nought trowen reede ne loore.
I kan nat sen in hym no remedie.
But lat hym worthen with his fantasie. [ 329]
(48)
But Troilus I prey the tel me now. [ 330]
If that thow trowe er this that any wight.
Hath loued paramours as wel as thow.
Ȝe god woot and fro many a worthi knyght. [ 333]
Hath his lady gon a fourtenyght.
And he nat ȝet made haluendel the fare.
what nede is the to maken al this care. [ 336]
Page  241(49)
Syn day by day thow maist thiseluen se. [fol. 124a] [ 337]
That from his loue or ellis from his wif.
A man mote twynnen of necessite.
Ȝe though he loue hire as his owene lif. [ 340]
Ȝet nele he with hymself thus maken strif.
ffor wel though woost my leue brother deere.
That alwey frendes may nat ben yfeere. [ 343]
(50)
How don this folk that seen hire loues wedded. [ 344]
By frendes myght as it bitit ful ofte.
And sen hem in hire spouses bed ybedded.
God woot they take it wisly faire and softe. [ 347]
fforwhi good hope halt vp hire herte .o.lofte.
And for they kan a tyme of sorwe endure.
As tyme hem hurt a tyme doth hem cure. [ 350]
(51)
So sholdestow endure and laten slide. [ 351]
The tyme and fonde to ben glad and lighte.
Ten dayes nys so longe nought tabide.
And sen she the to comen hath bihyghte. [ 354]
She nyl hire heste breken for no wighte.
ffor drede the nat that she nyl fynden weye.
To come aȝein my lif that dorste I leye. [ 357]
(52)
Thy swennes ek and al swich fantasie. [ 358]
Drif out and lat hem faren to meschaunce.
ffor they procede of thi malencolie.
That dothe the fele in slepe al this penaunce. [ 361]
A strawe for alle sweuenes signifiaunce.
God helpe me so I counte hem nought a bene.
Ther woot no man aright what dremes mene. [ 364]
Page  242(53)
ffor prestes of the temple tellen this. [ 365]
That dremes ben the reuelaciouns.
Of goddes and as wel they telle ywis.
That they ben infernals Illusiouns. [ 368]
And leches seyne that of complexiouns.
Proceden they or fast or glotonye.
who woot in soth thus what thei signifie. [ 371]
(54)
Ek oother seyn that thorugh impressiouns. [fol. 124b] [ 372]
As if a wight hath faste a thyng in mynde.
That therof cometh swiche auysiouns.
And other seyn as they in bokes fynde. [ 375]
That after tymes of the ȝere by kynde.
Men dreme and that theffect goth by the moone.
But leue no dreme for it is nought to doone. [ 378]
(55)
Wel worthe of dremes ay thise olde wiues. [ 379]
And treweliche ek augurye of thise fowles.
ffor fere of which men wenen lese here lyues.
As Rauenes qualyn or shrichyng of thise owles. [ 382]
To trowen on it bothe fals and foul es.
Allas allas so noble a creature.
As is a man shal dreden swiche ordure. [ 385]
(56)
ffor which with al myn herte .I. the biseche. [ 386]
Unto thiself that al this thow forȝyue.
And ris now vp withowten more speche.
And lat vs caste how forth may best be dryue. [ 389]
This tyme and ek how fresshely we may lyue.
whan that she comth the which shal be right soone.
God helpe me so the beste is thus to doone. [ 392]
Page  243(57)
Ris lat vs speke of lusty lif in Troie. [ 393]
That we han ledde and forth the tyme dryue.
And ek of tyme comyng vs reioie.
That bryngen shal oure blisse now so blyue. [ 396]
And langour of thise twyes dayes fyue.
we shal therwith so forȝete oure oppresse.
That wel vnneth it don shal vs duresse. [ 399]
(58)
This town is ful of lordes al aboute. [ 400]
And trewes lasten al this mene while.
Go we pleye vs in som lusty route.
To Sarpedoun nat hennes but a myle. [ 403]
And thus thow shalt the tyme wel bygile.
And dryue it forth vnto that blisful morwe.
That thow hire se that cause is of thi sorwe. [ 406]
(59)
Now rise my deere brother Troilus. [fol. 125a] [ 407]
ffor certes it non honour is to the.
To wepe and in thi bedde to Iouken thus.
ffor trewelich of o thyng truste to me. [ 410]
If thow thus ligge a day or two or thre.
The folk wol wene that thow for cowardise.
The feynest sik and that thow darst nat rise. [ 413]
(60)
This Troilus answerde o brother deere. [ 414]
This knowen folk that han ysuffred peyne.
That though he wepe and make sorwful cheere.
That feleth harm and smerte in euery veyne. [ 417]
No wonder is and though ich euere pleyne.
Or alwey wepe I am no thyng to blame.
Syn I haue loste the cause of al my game. [ 420]
Page  244(61)
But syn of fyn force I mot arise. [ 421]
I shal arise as soone as euere I may.
And god to whom myn herte I sacrifice.
So sende vs hastely the tenthe day. [ 424]
ffor was ther neuere fowel so fayn of May.
As I shal ben whan that she comth in Troie.
That cause is of my torment and my Ioie. [ 427]
(62)
But whider is thi reed quod Troilus. [ 428]
That we may pleye vs best in al this town.
By god my conseil is quod Pandarus.
To ride and pleye vs with kyng Sarpedoun. [ 431]
So longe of this they speken vp and down.
Til Troilus gan at the laste assente.
To rise and forth to Sarpedoun they wente. [ 434]
(63)
This Sarpedoun as he that honourable. [fol. 125b] [ 435]
was euere his lyue and ful of heigh prowesse.
with al that myghte yserued ben on table.
That deynte was al coste it grete Richesse. [ 438]
He fedde hem day by day that swich noblesse.
As seyden bothe the mooste and ek the leeste.
was neuere ere that day wist at any feste. [ 441]
(64)
Nor in this world ther is non Instrument. [fol. 126a] [ 442]
Delicious thorugh wynde or touche of corde.
As fer as any wight hath euere ywent.
That tonge telle or herte may recorde. [ 445]
That at that feste it nas wel acorde.
Ne of ladys ek so faire a compaignie.
On daunce er tho was neuere Iseye with Ie. [ 448]
Page  245(65)
But what auaileth this to Troilus. [ 449]
That for his sorwe nothyng of it roughte.
For euere in on his herte pietous.
fful bisyly Criseyde his lady soughte. [ 452]
On hire was euere al that his herte thoughte.
Now this now that so faste ymagenynge.
That glade Iwis kan hym no festenynge. [ 455]
(66)
Thise ladies ek that at this feste ben. [ 456]
Syn that he saugh his lady was aweye.
It was his sorwe vpon hem for to sen.
Or for to here on Instrumentes to pleye. [ 459]
ffor she that of his herte berth the keye.
was absent lo this was his fantasie.
That no wight sholde maken melodie. [ 462]
(67)
Nor ther nas houre in al the day or nyght. [ 463]
whan he was there as nought myghte hym heere.
That he ne seyde o lufsome lady bryght.
How haue ȝe faren syn that ȝe were there. [ 466]
welcome ywis myn owne lady deere.
But weylaway al this nat but a Maze.
ffortune his howue entended bet to glaze. [ 469]
(68)
The lettres ek that she of olde tyme. [ 470]
Hadde hym ysent he wolde allone rede.
An hondred sithe atwixen noon and prime.
Refiguryng hire shap hire wommanhede. [ 473]
withInne his herte and euery word or dede.
That passed was and thus he drof tanende.
The ferthe day and seyde he wolde wende. [ 476]
Page  246(69)
And seyde leue brother Pandarus. [fol. 126b] [ 477]
Intendestow that we shal here bleue.
Til Sarpedoun wol forth congeyen vs.
Ȝet were it fairer we toke oure leue. [ 480]
ffor goddes loue lat vs now soone at eue.
Oure leue take and homward lat vs torne.
ffor treweliche I nyl nat thus soiourne. [ 483]
(70)
Pandare answerde be we comen hider. [ 484]
To fecchen fire and rennen home aȝein.
God help me so I kan nat tellen whider.
we myght gon if I shal sothly seyn. [ 487]
Ther any wight is of vs more feyn.
Than Sarpedoun and if we hennes hye.
Thus sodeynly I holde it vilanye. [ 490]
(71)
Syn that we seyden that we wolde bleue. [ 491]
with hym a wowke and now thus sodeynly.
The ferth day to take of hym owre leue.
He wolde wondren on it trewely. [ 494]
Lat vs holden forth oure purpos fermely.
And syn that ȝe bihighten hym to bide.
Holde forward now and after lat vs ride. [ 497]
(72)
This Pandarus with al peyne and wo. [ 498]
Made hym to dwelle and at the wikes ende.
Of Sarpedoun they toke hire leue tho.
And on hire wey they spedden hem to wende. [ 501]
Quod Troilus now lord me grace sende.
That I may fynde at myn home comyng.
Criseyde comen and therwith gan he syng. [ 504]
Page  247(73)
Ȝe haselwode thoughte this Pandare. [ 505]
And to hymself ful softeliche he seyde.
God woot refreyden may this hote fare.
Er Calkas sende Troilus Criseyde. [ 508]
But natheles he Iaped thus and seyde.
And swor ywys his herte hym wel bihighte.
She wolde come as soone as euere she myghte. [ 511]
(74)
Whan they vnto the paleys were ycomen. [fol. 127b] [ 512]
Of Troilus they doun alighte.
And to the chambre hire wey than they nomen.
And into tyme that it gan to nyghte. [ 515]
They spaken of Criseyde the brighte.
And after this whan that hem bothe leste.
They spedde hem fro the soper vnto reste. [ 518]
(75)
On morwe as soone as day bygan to clere. [ 519]
This Troilus gan of his slepe tabrayde.
And to Pandare his owen brother deere.
ffor loue of god ful pitously he sayde. [ 522]
As go we sen the palais of Criseyde.
ffor syn we ȝet may haue namore feste.
So lat vs sen hire paleys atte leeste. [ 525]
(76)
And therwithal his meyne for to blende. [fol. 128a] [ 526]
A cause he fond in town for to go.
And to Criseydes hous they gonnen wende.
But lord this sely Troilus was wo. [ 529]
Hym thoughte his sorwful herte braste atwo.
For whan he saugh hire dores spered alle.
wel neigh for sorwe adoun he gan falle. [ 532]
Page  248(77)
Therwith whan he was war and gan biholde. [ 533]
How shet was euery wyndow of the place.
As frost hym thoughte his herte gan to colde.
ffor which with chaunged dellich 1. [sic] pale face.
withouten word he forthby gan to pace.
And as god wholde he gan so faste ride.
That no wight of his contenance espide. [ 539]
(78)
Than seide he thus .o. paleys desolat. [ 540]
O. hous of houses whilom best I hight.
O. paleys empty and disconsolat.
O. thow lanterne of which queynt is the light. [ 543]
O. Paleys whilom day that now art nyght.
wel oughtestow to falle and I to dye.
Syn she is wente that wont was vs to gye. [ 546]
(79)
O Paleis whilom Crowne of paleis alle. [ 547]
Enlumyned with sonne of alle blisse.
O. ryng fro which the rubie is out falle.
O. cause of wo that cause hast ben of lisse. [ 550]
Ȝet syn I may no bet fayn wolde I kisse.
The colde dores dorste I for this route.
And farwel shryne of which the seynt is oute. [ 553]
(80)
Therwith he caste on Pandarus his eye. [ 554]
with chaunged face . and pitous to biholde.
And whan he myghte his tyme aright aspie.
Ay as he roode to Pandarus he tolde. [ 557]
His newe sorwe and ek hise Ioies olde.
So pitously and with so dede an hewe.
That euery wight myghte on his sorwe rewe. [ 560]
Page  249(81)
Fro thennesforth he rideth vp and down. [fol. 128b] [ 561]
And euery thyng come hym to remembraunce.
As he rood forby places of the town.
In which he whilom hadde al his plesaunce. [ 564]
Lo ȝonder saugh ich myn owene lady daunce.
And in that temple with hire eyen clere.
Me kaught first my righte lady dere. [ 567]
(82)
And ȝonder haue I herde ful lustyly. [ 568]
My dere herte laugh and ȝonder pleye.
Saugh ich hire ones ek ful blisfully.
And ȝonder ones to me gan she seye. [ 571]
Now goode swete loue me wel I preye.
And ȝond so goodly gan she me biholde.
That to the deth myn herte is to hire holde. [ 574]
(83)
And at that corner in the ȝonder hous. [ 575]
Herde I myn alderleuest lady deere.
So wommanly with vois melodious.
Syngen so wel so goodly and so cleere. [ 578]
That in my soule ȝet me thynketh ich here.
The blisful sown and in that ȝonder place.
My lady first me took vnto hire grace. [ 581]
(84)
Thanne thoughte he thus o blisful lord Cupide. [ 582]
whan I the processe haue in memorie.
How thow me hast wereyed on euery syde.
Men myght a book make of it lik a storie. [ 585]
what nede is the to seke on me victorie.
Syn I am thyn and holly at thi wille.
what Ioie has thow thyn owen folk to spille. [ 588]
Page  250(85)
Wel hastow lord ywroke on me thyn Ire. [ 589]
Thow myghty god and dredefull for to greue.
Now mercy lord thow woost wel I desire.
Thi grace moost of alle lustes leeue. [ 592]
And lyue and dye I wol in thy byleue.
ffor which I naxe in guerdoun but a bone.
That thow Criseyde aȝein me sende sone. [ 595]
(86)
Distreyne hire herte as faste to retorne. [fol. 129a] [ 596]
As thow doost myn to longen hire to see.
Than woot I wel that she nyl naught soiorne.
Now blisful lord so cruel thow ne be. [ 599]
Unto the bloode of Troie I prey the.
As Iuno was vnto the blood Thebane.
ffor which the folk of Thebes caughte hire bane. [ 602]
(87)
And after this he to the ȝates wente. [ 603]
Ther as Criseyde out rood a ful good paas.
And vp and down ther made he many a wente.
And to hym self ful ofte he seyde allas. [ 606]
ffro hennes rood my blisse and my solas.
As wolde blisful god now for his Ioie.
I myghte hire sen aȝein come into Troie. [ 609]
(88)
And to the ȝonder hille I gan hire gyde. [ 610]
Allas and ther I took of hire my leue.
And ȝond I saugh hire to hire fader ride.
ffor sorwe of which myn herte shal to cleue. [ 613]
And hider home I com whan it was eue.
And here I dwelle out caste from al Ioie.
And shal til I may sen hire eft in Troie. [ 616]
Page  251(89)
And of hymself ymagened he ofte. [ 617]
To ben defet and Pale and waxen lesse.
Than he was wont and that men seyden softe.
what may it be who kan the sothe gesse. [ 620]
whi Troilus hathe al this heuynesse.
And al this nas but his malencolie.
That he hadde of hymself swich fantasie. [ 623]
(90)
Another tyme ymaginen he wolde. [ 624]
That euery wight that wente by the weye.
Hadde of hym routhe and thay seyn sholde.
I am right sory Troilus wol deye. [ 627]
And thus he drof a day ȝet forth or tweye.
As ȝe haue herde swich lif right gan he lede.
As he that stood bitwixen hope and drede. [ 630]
(91)
ffor whiche hym likede in his songes shewe. [fol. 129b] [ 631]
Thenchesoun of his wo as he beste myghte.
And made a songe of wordes but a fewe.
Somwhat his woful herte for to lighte. [ 634]
And whan he was from euery mannes syghte.
with soft vois he of his lady deere.
That absent was gan synge as ȝe may heere. [ 637]
(92) (Troylus's Song for Cressid)
O sterre of which I lost haue al the light. *. [Canticus Troili] [ 638]
with herte soore wel oughte I to biwaille.
That euere derk in torment nyght by nyght.
Toward my deth with wynd in steere I saille. [ 641]
ffor which the tenthe nyght if that I faille.
The gydyng of thi bemes bright an houre.
My shippe and me Carikdis wol deuoure. [ 644]
Page  252(93)
This song when he thus songen hadde soone. [ 645]
He fil aȝeyn into hise sikes olde.
And euery nyght as was his wone to doone.
He stood the brighte moone to byholde. [ 648]
And al his sorwe he to the moone tolde.
And seyde ywis whan thow art horned newe.
I shal be glad if al the world be trewe. [ 651]
(94)
I saugh thyn hornes olde ek by the morwe. [ 652]
whan hennes rood my right lady dere.
That cause is of my torment and my sorwe.
ffor which o brighte latona the clere. [ 655]
ffor loue of god ren faste aboute thy spere.
ffor whan thyne hornes newe gynnen sprynge.
Than shal she come that may my blisse brynge. [ 658]
(95)
The dayes moore and lenger euery nyghte. [ 659]
Than they ben wont to ben hym thoughte tho.
And that the sonne went his cours vnrighte.
By lenger weye than it was wont to do. [ 662]
And seyde ywis me dredeth euere mo.
The sonnes sone Pheton be on lyue.
And that his fader carte amys he dryue. [ 665]
(96)
Vpon the walles faste ek wolde he walke. [fol. 130a] [ 666]
And on the grekis oost he wolde se.
And to hymself right thus he wolde talke.
Lo ȝonder is myn owene lady free. [ 669]
Or ellis ȝonder ther tho tentes be.
And thennes comth this Eyre that is so soote.
That in my soule I fele it doth me boote. [ 672]
Page  253(97)
And hardily this wynde that more and moore. [ 673]
Thus stoundemele encresseth in my face.
Is of my ladis depe sikes soore.
I preue it thus for in noon othere place. [ 676]
Of al this town saue onliche in this space.
ffele I no wynde that sowneth so like peyne.
It seyth allas whi twynned be we tweyne. [ 679]
(98)
This longe tyme he dryueth forth right thus. [ 680]
Til fully passed was the nynthe nyghte.
And ay bisyde hym was this Pandarus.
That bisily did al his ful myghte. [ 683]
Hym to conforte and make his herte lighte.
Ȝeuyng hym hope alwey the tenthe morwe.
That she shal come and stynten al his sorwe. [ 686]
(99)
Vpon that other syde ek was Criseyde. [fol. 130b] [ 687]
with wommen fewe among the Grekis stronge.
ffor whiche ful ofte a day allas she seyde.
That I was born wel may myn herte longe. [ 690]
After my deth for now lyue I to longe.
Allas and I ne may it nat amende.
ffor now is wors than euere ȝet I wende. [ 693]
(100)
My fader nyl for nothyng do me grace. [ 694]
To gon aȝeyn for naught I kan hym queme.
And if so be that I my terme pace.
My Troilus shal in his herte deme. [ 697]
That I am fals and so it may wel seme.
Thus shal ich haue vnthonke on euery side.
That I was born so weilaway the tide. [ 700]
Page  254(101)
And if that I me putte in Iupertie. [ 701]
To stele awey by nyght and it bifalle.
That I be kaught I shal be holde a spie.
Or elles lo this drede I moost of alle. [ 704]
If in the hondes of som wrecche I falle.
I nam but lost al be myn herte trewe.
Now myghty god thow on my sorwe rewe. [ 707]
(102)
fful pale ywexen was hire brighte face. [ 708]
Hire lymes lene as she that al the day.
Stood whan she dorste and loked on the place.
Ther she was born and she dwelt hadde ay. [ 711]
And al the nyght wepyng allas she lay.
And thus despeired out of al cure.
She ladde hire lif this woful creature. [ 714]
(103)
fful ofte a day she sighte ek for destresse. [ 715]
And in hireself she wente ay purtrayng.
Of Troilus the grete worthynesse.
And al his goodly wordes recordyng. [ 718]
Syn first that day hire loue bigan to spring.
And thus she sette hire woful herte afire.
Thorugh remembraunce of that she gan desire. [ 721]
(104)
In al this world ther nys so cruel herte. [fol. 131a] [ 722]
That hire hadde herde compleynen in hire sorwe.
That nolde han wepen for hire peynes smerte.
So tendrely she wepte bothe eue and morwe. [ 725]
Hire neded none teris for to borwe.
And this was ȝet the werste of alle hire peyne.
Ther was no wight to whom she dorste hire pleyne. [ 728]
Page  255(105)
fful rowfully she loked vpon Troie. [ 729]
Bihelde the toures heigh and ek the halles.
Allas quod she the plesance and the Ioie.
The which that now al torned into galle es. [ 732]
Haue ich had ofte withInne the ȝonder walles.
O Troilus what dostow now she seyde.
Lord wheyther thow ȝet thenke vpon Criseyde. [ 735]
(106)
Allas .I. ne hadde trowed on ȝoure loore. [ 736]
And went with ȝow as ȝe me redde er this.
Than hadde I now nat siked half so soore.
we myghte haue seyde that I hadde don amys. [ 739]
To stele awey with swich oon as he ys.
But alle to late comth the letwarie.
Whan men the cors to graue carie. [ 742]
(107)
To late is now to speke of that matere. [ 743]
Prudence allas oon of thyne eyen thre.
Me lakked alwey er that I come here.
On tyme ypassed wel remembred me. [ 746]
And present tyme ek koud ich wel Ise.
But future tyme er I was in the snare.
Koude I nat sen that causeth now my care. [ 749]
(108)
But natheles bityde what bityde. [ 750]
I shal to morwe at nyght by est or west.
Out of this oost stele on some manere syde.
And gon with Troilus where as hym lest. [ 753]
This purpos wol ich holde and this is best.
No fors of wikked tonges Ianglerie.
ffor euere on loue han wrecches hadde enuye. [ 756]
Page  256(109)
ffor whoso wol of euery word take hede. [fol. 131b] [ 757]
Or reulen hym by euery wightes wit.
Ne shal he neuere thryuen out of drede.
For that that sommen blamen euere ȝit. [ 760]
Lo other manere folk comenden it.
And as for me for al swich variaunce.
ffelicite elepe I my suffisaunce. [ 763]
(110)
ffor which withouten any wordes mo. [ 764]
To Troie I wole as for conclusioun.
But god it wot er fully monthes two.
She was ful fer fro that entencioun. [ 767]
ffor bothe Troilus and Troie town.
Shal knotteles thorughout hire herte slide.
ffor she wol take a purpos for tabyde. [ 770]
(111)
This Diomede of whom ȝow telle I gon. [fol. 132a] [ 771]
Goth now withInne hymself ay arguyng.
with al the slegthe and al that euere he kan.
How he may best with shortest tarying. [ 774]
Into his net Criseydes herte bryng.
To this entent he koude neuere fyne.
To fisshen hire he leyde out hook and lyne. [ 777]
(112)
But natheles wel in his herte he thoughte. [ 778]
That she nas nat withoute a loue in Troie.
ffor euere sythen he hire thennes broughte.
Ne koude he sen hire laughe or maken Ioie. [ 781]
He nyst how best hire herte for tacoye.
But for tasay he seyde naught it ne greueth.
ffor he that naught nasaieth naught nacheueth. [ 784]
Page  257(113)
Ȝet seide he to hymself vpon a nyght. [fol. 132b] [ 785]
Now am I nat a fool that woot wel how.
Hire wo for loue is of another wight.
And hereupon to gon assaye hire now. [ 788]
I may wel wit it nyl nat ben my prow.
ffor wise folk in bookes it expresse.
Men shal nat wowe a wight in heuynesse. [ 791]
(114)
But whoso myghte wynnen swich a floure. [ 792]
ffrom hym for whom she morneth nyght and day.
He myghte seyn he were a conqueroure.
And right anon as he that bold was ay. [ 795]
Thoughte in his herte happe how happe may.
Al sholde I dye .I. wol hire herte seche.
I. shal namore lesen but my speche. [ 798]
(115)
This Diomede as bokes vs declare. [ 799]
was in his nedes prest and corageous.
With sterne vois and myghty lymes square.
Hardy testif strong and Chiualerous. [ 802]
Of dedes lik his fader Tideus.
And som men seyn he was of tonge large.
And heir he was of Calydoigne and arge. [ 805]
(116)
Criseyde mene was of hire stature. [ 806]
Therto of shap of face and ek of cheere.
Ther myghte ben no fairere creature.
And ofte tymes this was hire manere. [ 809]
To gon ytressed with hire heres clere.
Doun by hire coler at hire bak byhynde.
which with a thred of gold she wolde bynde. [ 812]
Page  258(117)
And saue hire browes Ioyneden yfere. [ 813]
Ther nas no lakke in aught I kan espien.
But for to speken of hire eyen cleere.
Lo trewely they writen that hire syen. [ 816]
That Paradis stood formed in hire eyen.
And with hire riche beaute euere more.
Strof loue in hire ay which of hem was more. [ 819]
(118)
She sobre was ek symple and wys withal. [fol. 133a] [ 820]
The best ynorisshed ek that myghte be.
And goodly of hire speche in general.
Charitable estatlich lusty fre. [ 823]
Ne neuere mo ne lakked hire pite.
Tendre herted slydynge of corage.
But trewely I kan nat telle hire age. [ 826]
(119)
And Troilus wel woxen was in highte. [ 827]
And complet formed by proporcioun.
So wel that kynde it nought amenden myght.
Ȝong fressh strong and hardy as lyoun. [ 830]
Trewe as steel in ich condicioun.
Oon of the beste entecched creature.
That is or shal whil that the world may dure. [ 833]
(120)
And certeynly in storye it is yfounde. [ 834]
That Troilus was neuere vnto no wight.
As in this tyme in no degree secounde.
In duryng don that longeth to a knyght. [ 837]
Al myghte a geant passen hym of myght.
His herte ay with the first and with the beste.
Stood peregal to durre don that hym leste. [ 840]
Page  259(121)
But for to tellen forth of Diomede. [ 841]
It fel that after on the tenthe day.
Syn that Criseyde oute of the Citee ȝede.
This Diomede as fressh as braunche in May. [ 844]
Come to the tente ther as Calkas lay.
And feyned hym with Calkas han to doone.
But what he mente I shal ȝow tellen soone. [ 847]
(122)
Criseyde at shorte wordes for to telle. [ 848]
welcomed hym and down hym by hire sette.
And he was ethe ynough to maken dwelle.
And after this withouten longe lette. [ 851]
The spices and the wyne men forth hem fette.
And forth they speke of this and that yfeere.
As frendes don of which som shal ȝe heere. [ 854]
(123)
He gan first fallen of the werre in speche. [fol. 133b] [ 855]
Bitwixen hem and the folk of Troie town.
And of thassege he gan hire ek biseche.
To tellyn hym what was hire opynyoun. [ 858]
ffro that demaunde he so descendeth down.
To axen hire if that hire straunge thoughte.
The grekis gise and werkes that they wroughte. [ 861]
(124)
And whi hire fader tarieth so longe. [ 862]
To wedden hire vnto som worthy wight.
Criseyde that was in hire peynes stronge.
ffor loue of Troilus hire owen knyght. [ 865]
As ferforth as she konnyng hadde or myght.
Answerde hym so but as of his entente.
It semed nat she wiste what he mente. [ 868]
Page  260(125)
But natheles this ilk Diomede. [ 869]
Gan in hymself assure and thus he seyde.
If ich a right haue taken of ȝow hede.
Me thynketh thus .o. lady myn Criseyde. [ 872]
That syn .I. first hond on ȝoure bridel leyde.
Whan ȝe out come of Troie by the morwe.
Ne koude I neuere sen ȝow but in sorwe. [ 875]
(126)
Kan I nat seyn what may the cause be. [ 876]
But if for loue of som Troian it were.
The which right sore wolde athynken me.
That ȝe for any wight that dwelleth there. [ 879]
Sholden spille a quarter of a tere.
Or pitously ȝoureseluen so bigile.
For dredeles it is nought worth the while. [ 882]
(127)
The folk of Troie as who seyth alle and some. [ 883]
In prisoun ben as ȝe ȝoureseluen se.
ffor thennes shal nat oon lyue come.
ffor al the gold atwixen sonne and se. [ 886]
Trusteth wel and vnderstondeth me.
Ther shal nat oon to mercy gon on lyue.
Al were he lord of worldes twies fyue. [ 889]
(128)
Swiche wreche on hem for fecchynge of Eleyne. [fol. 134a] [ 890]
Ther shal ben take er that we hennes wende.
That manes whiche that goddes ben of peyne.
Shal ben agast that grekes wol hem shende. [ 893]
And men shul drede vnto the worldes ende.
ffrom hennesforth to rauysshen any queene.
So cruel shal oure wreche on hem be seene. [ 896]
Page  261(129)
And but if Calkas lede vs with ambages. [ 897]
That is to seyn with double wordes slye.
Swiche as men clepen a word with two wisages.
Ȝe shal wel knowen that I naught ne he. [ 900]
And al this thynge right sen it with ȝoure eye.
And that anon ȝe nyl nat trowe how sone.
Now taketh hede for it is for to doone. [ 903]
(130)
What wene ȝe ȝoure wise fader wolde. [ 904]
Han ȝeuen Antenor for ȝow anon.
If he ne wiste that the Cite sholde.
Destroied ben whi nay so mote I gon. [ 907]
He knew ful wel ther shal nat scapen oon.
That Trian is and for the grete feere.
He dorst nat ye dwelte lenger there. [ 910]
(131)
What wol ȝe more lufsom lady deere. [ 911]
Lat Troie and Troian fro ȝoure herte pace.
Drif oute that bittre hope and make good cheere.
And clepe aȝeyn the beaute of ȝoure face. [ 914]
That ȝe with salte teris so deface.
ffor Troie is brought in swich a Iupertie.
That it to saue is now no remedie. [ 917]
(132)
And thenketh wel ȝe shal in Grekis fynde. [ 918]
A moore perfit loue er it be nyght.
Than any Troian is and more kynde.
And bet to seruen ȝow wol don his myght. [ 921]
And if ȝe vouchesauf my lady bright.
I. wol ben he to seruen ȝow myselue.
Ȝe leuere than be lord of Greces twelue. [ 924]
Page  262(133)
And with that word he gan to waxen rede. [fol. 134 b.]] [ 925]
And in his speche a litel wight he quoke.
And caste asyde a litle wight his hede.
And stynte a while and afterward he woke. [ 928]
And sobreliche on hire he threw his loke.
And seyde I am al be it ȝow no Ioie.
As gentil man as any wight in Troie. [ 931]
(134)
For of 1. [sic] my fader Tideus he seyde. [ 932]
Ilyued hadde ich hadde ben er this.
Of Calydoyne and arge a kyng Criseyde.
And so hope I that I shal ȝet Iwis. [ 935]
But he was slayn allas the more harm is.
Vnhappily at Thebes al to rathe.
Polymyte and many a man to scathe. [ 938]
(135)
But herte myn syn that I am ȝoure man. [ 939]
And ben the first of whom .I. seche grace.
To serue ȝow as hertely as I kan.
And euere shal whil I to lyue haue space. [ 942]
So er that I deperte out of this place.
Ȝe wol me graunte that I may tomorwe.
At bettre leyser tellen ȝow my sorwe. [ 945]
(136)
What sholde I telle his wordes that he seyde. [ 946]
He spak Inough for o day at the meeste.
It preueth wel he spak so tha 2. [sic] Criseyde.
Graunted on the morwe at his requeste. [ 949]
ffor to speken with hym at the leeste.
So that he nolde speke of swiche matere.
And thus to hym she seyde as ȝe mowe here. [ 952]
Page  263(137)
As she that hadde hire herte on Troilus. [ 953]
So faste that ther may it non arace.
And strangely she spak and seyde thus.
O. Diomede .I. loue that ilk place. [ 956]
Ther I was born and Ioues for his grace.
Delyuere it soone of alle that doth it care.
God for thy myghte so leue it wel to fare. [ 959]
(138)
That grekis wolde hire wrath on Troie wreke. [fol. 135a] [ 960]
If that they myght .I. knowe it wel Iwis.
But it shal naught byfallen as ȝe speke.
And god toforn and forther ouere this. [ 963]
I woot my fader wys and redy is.
And that he me hath bought as ȝe me tolde.
So deere I am the more vnto hym holde. [ 966]
(139)
That grekis ben of heigh condicioun. [ 967]
I woot ek wel but certeyn men shal fynde.
As worthi folk withInne Troie town.
As konnyng and as perfit and as kynde. [ 970]
As ben bitwixen Orkadas and Inde.
And that ȝe koude wel ȝowre lady serue.
I trowe ek wel hire thank for to deserue. [ 973]
(140)
But as to speke of loue ywis she seyde. [ 974]
I hadde a lord to whom I wedded was.
The whos myn herte al was til that he deyde.
And other loue as help me now pallas. [ 977]
Ther in myn herte nys ne neuere was.
And that ȝe ben of noble and heigh kynrede.
I haue wel herde it tellen oute of drede. [ 980]
Page  264(141)
And that doth me to han so grete a wonder. [ 981]
That ȝe wol scornen any womman so.
Ek god woot loue and I ben fer ysonder.
I am disposed bet so mot I go. [ 984]
Unto my deth to pleynen and maken wo.
What I shal after don .I. kan nat seye.
But trewelich as ȝet me list nat pleye. [ 987]
(142)
Myn herte is now in tribulacioun. [ 988]
And ȝe in armes bisy day by day.
Herafter whan ȝe wonnen han the town.
Peraunter so it happen may. [ 991]
That whan I se that I neuere er say.
Than wol I werk that I neuere wroughte.
This word to ȝow ynough suffisen oughte. [ 994]
(143)
To morwe ek wol .I. speken with ȝow fayn. [fol. 135b] [ 995]
So that ȝe touchen naught of this matere.
And whan ȝow list ȝe may come here aȝayn.
And er ȝe gon thus muche I sey ȝow here. [ 998]
As help me pallas with hire heres clere.
If that I sholde of any greke han routhe.
It sholde be ȝoureseluen by my trouthe. [ 1001]
(144)
I say nat therfore that I wol ȝow loue. [ 1002]
Ny say nat nay but in conclusioun.
I mene wel by god that sit aboue.
And therwithal she caste hire eyen down. [ 1005]
And gon to sike and seyde .O. Troie town.
Ȝet bidde I god in quiete and in reste.
I may ȝow sen or do myn herte breste. [ 1008]
Page  265(145)
But in effect and shortly for to seye. [ 1009]
This Diomede al fresshly newe aȝeyn.
Gan presen on and faste hire mercy preye.
And after this the sothe for to seyn. [ 1012]
Hire gloue he took of which he was ful feyn.
And finaly whan it was woxen eue.
And al was wel he roos and toke his leue. [ 1015]
(146)
The brighte venus folwede and ay taughte. [ 1016]
The wey ther brede Phebus down alighte.
And Cynthea hire charehors ouerraughte.
To whirle out of the leoun if she myghte. [ 1019]
And signifer hise candels sheweth brighte.
whan that Criseyde vnto hire bedde wente.
Inwith hire fadres faire brighte tente. [ 1022]
(147)
Retornyng in hire soule ay vp and down. [ 1023]
The wordes of this sodeyn Diomede.
His grete estat and perel of the town.
And that she was allone and hadde nede. [ 1026]
Of frendes help and thus bygan to brede.
The cause whi the sothe for to telle.
That she took fully purpos for to dwelle. [ 1029]
(148)
The morwen com and gostly for to speke. [fol. 136a] [ 1030]
This Diomede is come vnto Criseyde.
And shortly list that ȝe my tale breke.
So wel he for hymself spak and seyde. [ 1033]
That alle hire sikes soore adown he leyde.
And finaly the soth for to seyne.
He refte hire of the grete of alle hire peyne. [ 1036]
Page  266(149)
And after this the storie telleth vs. [ 1037]
That she hym ȝaf the faire baye stede.
The which he ones wan of Troilus.
And ek a broche and that was litel nede. [ 1040]
That Troilus was she ȝaf this Diomede.
And ek the bet from sorwe hym to releue.
She made hym were a pencel of hire sleue. [ 1043]
(150)
I fynde ek in stories elleswhere. [ 1044]
whan thorugh the body hurt was Diomede.
Of Troilus tho wepte she many a teere.
whan that she saugh hise wyde wowndes blede. [ 1047]
And that she took to kepen hym good hede.
And for to helen hym of his sorwes smerte.
Men seyen I not that she ȝaf hym hire herte. [ 1050]
(151)
But trewely the storie telleth vs. [ 1051]
Ther made neuere woman moore wo.
Than she whan that she falsed Troilus.
She seyde allas for now is clene ago. [ 1054]
My name of trouthe in loue for eueremo.
For I haue falsed oon the gentileste.
That euere was and oon the worthiest. [ 1057]
(152)
Allas of me vnto the worldes ende. [ 1058]
Shal neyther ben ywriten nor ysonge.
No good wood for thise bokes wol me shende.
O. rolled shal I ben on many a tonge. [ 1061]
Thorughoute the world my belle shal be ronge.
And wommen moost wol haten me of alle.
Allas that swich a cas me sholde falle. [ 1064]
Page  267(153)
Thei wol seyen in as muche as in me is. [fol. 136b] [ 1065]
I haue hem don dishonour weylaway.
Al be I nat the first that dide amys.
what helpeth that to don my blame awey. [ 1068]
But syn I se ther is no bettre way.
And that to late is now for me to rewe.
To Diomede algate I wol be trewe. [ 1071]
(154)
But Troilus syn I no bettre may. [ 1072]
And syn that thus deperten ȝe and .I.
Ȝet prey I god so ȝeue ȝow right good day.
As for the gentileste trewely. [ 1075]
That euere I say to seruen feythfully.
And beste kan ay his lady honour kepe.
And with that word she braste anon to wepe. [ 1078]
(155)
And certes ȝow ne haten shal I neuere. [ 1079]
And frendes loue that shal ȝe han of me.
And my good word al sholde I lyuen euere.
And trewely I wolde sory be. [ 1082]
fforto seen ȝow in aduersitee.
And gilteles I woot wel I ȝow leue.
But al shal passe and thus take I my leue. [ 1085]
(156)
But trewely how longe it was bytwene. [ 1086]
That she forsoke hym for this Diomede.
Ther is non autour telleth it I wene.
Take euery man now to hise bokes heede. [ 1089]
He shal no terme fynden out of drede.
ffor though that he bigan to wowe hire soone.
Er he hire wan ȝet was ther more to doone. [ 1092]
Page  268(157)
Ne me ne list this sely womman chyde. [ 1093]
fforther than the storye wol deuyse.
Hire name allas is punysshed so wide.
That for hire gilte it oughte ynough suffise. [ 1096]
And if I myghte excuse hire any wise.
ffor she so sory was for hire vntrouthe.
Iwis .I. wolde excuse hire ȝet for routhe. [ 1099]
(158)
This Troilus as I byfore haue tolde. [fol. 137b] [ 1100]
Thus driueth forth as wel as he hath myghte.
But oft was his herte hoot and colde.
And namly that ilk nynthe nyghte. [ 1103]
which on the morwe she hadde hym bihighte.
To com aȝeyn god woot ful litel reste.
Hadde he that nyght nothyng to slepe hym leste. [ 1106]
(159)
The laurer crowned Phebus with his heete. [fol. 138a] [ 1107]
Gan in his course ay vpward as he wente.
To warmen of the Est see the wawes weete.
And nysus doughter song with fressh entente. [ 1110]
whan Troilus his Pandare after sente.
And on the walles of the town they pleyde.
To loke if they kan sen aught of Criseyde. [ 1113]
(160)
Tyl it was noon they stoden for to se. [ 1114]
who that ther come and euery mane wight.
That com fro fer they seyden it was she.
Til that thei koude knowen hym aright. [ 1117]
Now was his herte dul now was it light.
And thus byIaped stonden for to stare.
Aboute naught this Troilus and Pandare. [ 1120]
Page  269(161)
To Pandarus this Troilus tho seyde. [ 1121]
ffor aught .I. woot byfor noon sikirly.
Into this town ne comth nat here Criseyde.
She hath ynough to doon hardyly. [ 1124]
To wynnen from hire fader so trowe .I.
Hire olde fader wol ȝet make hire dyne.
Er that she go god ȝeue hys herte pyne. [ 1127]
(162)
Pandare answerede it may wel be certeyn. [ 1128]
And forthi lat vs dyne .I. the byseche.
And after noon than maystow come aȝeyn.
And hom they go withoute more speche. [ 1131]
And comen aȝeyn but longe may they seche.
Er that they fynde that they after cape.
ffortune hem bothe thenketh for to Iape. [ 1134]
(163)
Quod Troilus I se wel now that she. [ 1135]
Is taried with hire olde fader so.
That er she come it wol neigh euen be.
Com forth .I. wole vnto the ȝate go. [ 1138]
Thise porters ben vnkonnyng euere mo.
And wol don hem holden vp the ȝate.
As naught ne were although she come late. [ 1141]
(164)
The day goth faste and after that come eue. [fol. 138b] [ 1142]
And ȝet come nought to Troilus Criseyde.
He loketh forth by hegge by tre by greue.
And fer his hede ouere the walle he leyde. [ 1145]
And at the laste he torned hym an seyde.
By good I woot hire menyng now Pandare.
Almoost ywys al new was my care. [ 1148]
Page  270(165)
Now douteles this lady kan hire goode. [ 1149]
I. woot she meneth riden pryuely.
I. comende hire wisdome by myn hoode.
She wol nat maken peple nycely. [ 1152]
Gaure on hire whan that she comth but softly.
By nyghte into the town she thenketh ride.
And deere brother thynke not longe tabide. [ 1155]
(166)
We han naught elles for to don ywis. [ 1156]
And Pandarus now woltow trowen me.
Haue here my trouthe I se hire ȝond she is.
Heue vp thyn eyen man maistow nat se. [ 1159]
Pandare answerede nay so mote I the.
Al wronge by god what saistow man where arte.
That I se ȝond nys but a fare carte. [ 1162]
(167)
Allas thow seyst right soth quod Troilus. [ 1163]
But hardily it is naught al for nought.
That in myn herte I now reioysse thus.
It is aȝeyns som good I haue a thought. [ 1166]
Not I nat how but syn that I was wrought.
Ne felte I swich a comfort dar I seye.
She comth to nyght my lif that dorste I leye. [ 1169]
(168)
Pandare answerde it may be wel ynough. [ 1170]
And helde with hym of alle that euere he seyde.
But in his herte he thought and softe lough.
And to hymself ful sobreliche he seyde. [ 1173]
ffrom haselwode there Ioly Robyn pleyde.
Shal come al that thow abidest heere.
Ȝe fare wel al the snough of farnȝere. [ 1176]
Page  271(169)
The warden of the ȝates gan to calle. [fol. 139a] [ 1177]
The folk which that withoute the ȝates were.
And bad hem dryuen in hire bestes alle.
Or all the nyght they moste bleuen there. [ 1180]
And fer withInne the nyght with many a teere.
This Troilus gan homward for to ride.
ffor wel he seth it helpeth naught tabide. [ 1183]
(170)
But natheles he gladed hym in this. [ 1184]
He thought he miscounted hadde his day.
And seyde .I. vnderstonde haue al amys.
For thilk nyght .I. last Criseyde say. [ 1187]
She seyde .I. shal ben here if that I may.
Er that the moone .o. deere herte swete.
The leoun passe out of this ariete. [ 1190]
(171)
ffor which she may ȝet holde al hire byheste. [ 1191]
And on the morwe vnto the ȝate he wente.
And vp and down by west and ek by este.
Upon the walles made he many a wente. [ 1194]
But al for nought his hope alwey hym blente.
ffor which at nyght in sorwe and sikes sore.
He wente hyym home withouten any more. [ 1197]
(172)
His hope al clene out of his herte fledde. [ 1198]
He nath wheron now lenger for to honge.
But for the peyne hym thoughte his herte bledde.
So were hise throwes sharpe and wonder stronge. [ 1201]
ffor whan he saugh that she abood so longe.
He nyst what he Iuggen of it myghte.
Syn she hath broken that she hym bihighte. [ 1204]
Page  272(173)
The thridde ferth fifte sexte day. [ 1205]
After tho dayes ten of which I tolde.
Bitwixen hope and drede his herte lay.
Ȝet somwhat trustyng on hire hestes olde. [ 1208]
But whan he saugh she nolde hire terme holde.
He kan now sen non other remedie.
But for to shape hym soon for to dye. [ 1211]
(174)
Therwith the wikked spirit god vs blesse. [fol. 139b] [ 1212]
which that men clepeth the woode Ialousie.
Gan in hym crepe in al this heuynesse.
ffor which by cause he wolde soone dyne. [ 1215]
He ne ete ne drank for his malencolye.
And ek from euery compaignye he fledde.
This was the lif that al the tyme he ledde. [ 1218]
(175)
He so defet was that no manere man. [ 1219]
Unneth hym myghte knowen ther he wente.
So was he lene and therto pale and wanne.
And feble that he walketh by potente. [ 1222]
And with his Ire he thus hymselue shente.
And whoso axed hym wherof hym smerte.
He seyde his harm was al aboute his herte. [ 1225]
(176)
Priam ful ofte and ek his moder deere. [ 1226]
Hise bretheren and his sustren gon hym freyne.
whi he sorwful was in al his cheere.
And what thyng was the cause of al his peyne. [ 1229]
But al for naught he nolde his cause pleyne.
But seyde he felte a greuouse maladie.
Aboute his herte and fayn he wolde dye. [ 1232]
Page  273 [Stanzas 177-182 not in C. C. C. MS.]
Page  274(183)
Pandare answerde and seyde allas the whiles. [ 1275]
That .I. was born haue I nat seyde er this.
That dremes many a maner man bigiles.
And whi for folk expounden hem amys. [ 1278]
How darstow seyn that fals thy lady ys.
ffor any dreme right for thyn owene drede.
Lat be this thought thow kanst no dremes rede. [ 1281]
(184)
Peraunter ther thow dremest of this boor. [ 1282]
It may so be that it may signifie.
Hire fader which that old is and ek hoor.
Aȝeyn the sonne lith o poynt to dye. [ 1285]
And she for sorwe gynneth wepe and crie.
And kisseth hym ther he lith on the grounde.
Thus sholdestow thi dreme aright expounde. [ 1288]
Page  275(185)
How myghte I than don quod Troilus. [fol. 110a] [ 1289]
To knowe of this ȝee were it neuere so lite.
Now seystow wisly quod this Pandarus.
My rede is this syn thow kanst wel endite. [ 1292]
That hastily a lettre thow hire write.
Thorugh which thow shalt wel byngyn 1. [sic] it aboute.
To know a soth of that thow art in doute. [ 1295]
(186)
And se now whi for this I dar wel seyn. [ 1296]
That if so is that she vntrewe be.
I kan nat trowen that she wol write aȝeyn.
And if she write thow shalt fulsone yse. [ 1299]
As wheither she hath any liberte.
To come aȝeyn or ellis in som clause.
If she be lette she wol assigne a cause. [ 1302]
(187)
Thow hast nat writen hire syn that she wente. [ 1303]
Nor she to the and this I dorste lay.
Ther may swich cause ben in hire entente.
That hardily thow wolt thiseluen say. [ 1306]
That hire abode the best is for ȝow tway.
Now write hire thanne and thow shalt feele sone.
A soth of al ther is namore to done. [ 1309]
(188)
Acorded ben to this conclusioun. [ 1310]
And that anon thise ilke lordes two.
And hastily sit Troilus adown.
And rolleth in his herte to and fro. [ 1313]
How he may best discryuen hire his wo.
And to Criseyde his owen lady deere.
He wrot right thus and seyde as ȝe may here. [ 1316]
Page  276(189) (Troilus's Letter to Criseyde)
Right fresshe floure whos I ben haue and shal. [ 1317]
withouten parte of elleswhere seruyse. *. [litera Troili]
with herte body lif lust thought and al.
I. woful wyght in euerich humble wise. [ 1320]
That tonge telle or herte may deuyse.
As ofte as matere occupieth place.
Me recomaunde vnto ȝoure noble grace. [ 1323]
(190)
Liketh ȝow to witen swete herte. [fol. 140b] [ 1324]
As ȝe wel knowe how longe tyme agon.
That ȝe me lefte in aspre peynes smerte.
whan that ȝe wente of which boot non. [ 1327]
Haue I non had but euere wors bigon.
ffro day to day am I and so mot dwelle.
while it ȝow list of wel and wo my welle. [ 1330]
(191)
ffor which to ȝow with dredful herte trewe. [ 1331]
I write as he that sorwe drifth to write.
My wo that euerich houre encresseth newe.
Compleynyng as I dar er kan endite. [ 1334]
And that defaced is that may ȝe wite.
The teris whiche that fro myn eyen reyne.
That wolden speke if that they koude and pleyne. [ 1337]
(192)
Ȝow first biseche .I. that ȝoure eyen clere. [ 1338]
To loke on this defouled ȝe nat holde.
And ouere al this that ȝe my lady deere.
Wol vouchesauf this lettre to byholde. [ 1341]
And by the cause ek of my cares colde.
That sleth my wit if aught amys masterte.
fforȝeue it me myn owen swete herte. [ 1344]
Page  277(193) (Troilus's Letter to Criseyde, continued)
If any seruant dorst or oughte of right. [ 1315]
Upon his lady pitously compleyne.
Thanne wene .I. that ich oughte be that wight.
Considered this that ȝe thise monthes tweyne. [ 1348]
Han taried ther ȝe seyden soth to seyne.
But dayes ten ȝe nolde in oost soiourne.
But in two monthes ȝet ȝe nat retourne. [ 1351]
(194)
But for as muche as me moot nedes like. [ 1352]
Al that ȝow liste I dar nat pleyne moore.
But humbly with sorwful sikes sike.
Ȝow write ich myn vnresty sorwes soore. [ 1355]
ffro day to day desiryng euere moore.
To knowen fully if ȝoure wille it weere.
How ȝe han ferde and don while ȝe be theere. [ 1358]
(195)
The whos welfare and hele ek god encresse. [fol. 111a] [ 1359]
In honour swich that vpward in degree.
It grewe alwey so that it neuere cesse.
Right as ȝoure herte ay kan my lady free. [ 1362]
Deuyse I prey to god so moot it be.
And graunte it that ȝe soone vpon me rewe.
As wisly as in al I am ȝow trewe. [ 1365]
(196)
And if ȝow liketh knowen of the fare. [ 1366]
Of me. whos wo ther may no wit discryne.
I. kan namore but chiste of euery care.
At wrytyng of this lettre I was on lyue. [ 1369]
Al redy out my woful gost to dryue.
which I delaye and holde hym ȝet in honde.
Upon the sighte of matere of ȝoure sonde. [ 1372]
Page  278(197) (Troilus's Letter continued)
Myn eyen two in weyn with which .I se. [ 1373]
Of sorwful teris salte arn waxen welles.
My songe in pleynte of myn aduersitee.
My god in harm myn ese ek woxen helle is. [ 1376]
My Ioie in wo I kan sey ȝow naught ellis.
But torned is for which my lif I warie.
Eueriche Ioie or ese in his contrarie. [ 1379]
(198)
Which with ȝoure commyng home aȝeyn to Troie. [ 1380]
Ȝe may redresse and more a thousand sithe.
Than euere ich hadde encressen in me Ioie.
ffor was ther neuere herte ȝet so blithe. [ 1383]
To han his lif as I shal ben as swithe.
As I ȝow se and though no manere routhe.
Commeue ȝow ȝet thynketh on ȝoure trouthe. [ 1386]
(199)
And if so be my gilt hath deth deserued. [ 1387]
Or if ȝow list namore vpon me se.
In guerdoun ȝet of that I haue ȝow serued.
Byseche I ȝow myn owen lady free. [ 1390]
That herevpon ȝe wolden write me.
ffor loue of god my right lode sterre.
There deth may make an ende of al my werre. [ 1393]
(200)
If other cause aught doth ȝow for to dwelle. [fol. 141b] [ 1394]
That with ȝoure lettre ȝe me recomforte.
ffor though to me ȝoure absence is an helle.
with pacience I wol my wo comporte. [ 1397]
And with ȝoure lettre of hope I wol desporte.
Now writeth swete and lat me thus nat pleyne.
with hope or deth deliuereth me fro peyne. [ 1400]
Page  279(201) (Troilus's Letter continued)
Iwis myne owene deere herte trewe. [ 1401]
I woot that whan ȝe next vpon me se.
So loste haue I myn hele and ek myn hewe.
Criseyde shal nought konne knowen me. [ 1404]
Iwys myn hertes day my lady free.
So thursteth ay myn herte to byholde.
Ȝoure beute that my lif vnnethe I holde. [ 1407]
(202)
I say namore al haue .I. for to seye. [ 1408]
To ȝow wel more than I telle may.
But wheither that ȝe do me lyue or deye.
Ȝet praye I god so ȝeue ȝow right good day. [ 1411]
And fareth wel goodly faire fresshe may.
As ȝe that lif or dethe 1. [[an erasure here.]] may me comande.
And to ȝoure trouthe ay me recomande. [ 1414]
(203)
With hele swich that but ȝe ȝeuen me. [ 1415]
The same hele I shal none hele haue.
In ȝow lith whan ȝow liste that it so be.
The day in which me clothen shal my graue. [ 1418]
In in ȝow my lif in ȝow myght for to saue.
Me fro disese of alle peynes smerte.
And far now wel myn owen swete herte. [ 1421]
le vostre T.
[Letter ends.]
(204)
This lettre forth was sent vnto Criseyde. [ 1422]
Of which hire answere in effect was this.
fful pitously she wroot aȝeyn and seyde.
That also sone as that she myghte ywys. [ 1425]
She wolde come and mende al that was mys.
And fynaly she wroot and seyde hym thenne.
She wolde come ȝe but she nyst whenne. [ 1428]
Page  280(205)
But in hire lettre made she swich festes. [fol. 142a] [ 1429]
That wonder was and swerth she loueth hym beste.
Of which he fonde but botmeles bihestes.
But Troilus thow maist now est or west. [ 1432]
Pipe in an Iuy lef if that the lest.
Thus goth the world god shilde vs fro meschaunce.
And euery wight that meneth trouthe auaunce. [ 1435]
(206)
Encressen gan the wo fro day to nyght. [ 1436]
Of Troilus for tarying of Criseyde.
And lessen gan his hope and ek his myght.
ffor which al down he in his bed hym leyde. [ 1439]
He ne eet ne dronk ne slep 1. [MS. sleple] ne worde seyde.
Ymagynyng ay that she was vnkynde.
ffor which wel neigh he wex out of his mynde. [ 1442]
(207)
This dreme of which .I. tolde haue ek byforn. [ 1443]
May neuere come out of his remembraunce.
He thought ay wel he hadde his lady lorn.
And that Ioues of his purueyaunce. [ 1446]
Hym shewed hadde in slepe the signifiaunce.
Of hire vntrouthe and his disauenture.
And that the boor was shewed hym in figure. [ 1449]
(208)
ffor which he for Sibille his suster sente. [ 1450]
That called was Cassandre ek al aboute.
And al his dreme he tolde hire er he stente.
And hire bisoughte assoilen hym the doute. [ 1453]
Of the stronge boor with tuskes stoute.
And fynaly withInne a litel stounde.
Cassandre hym gan right thus his dreme expounde. [ 1456]
Page  281(209)
She gan first smyle and seyde o brother deere. [ 1457]
If thow a soth of this desirest knowe.
Thow most a fewe of olde stories heere.
To purpos how that fortune ouerthrowe. [ 1460]
Hath lordes olde thorugh which withInne a throwe.
Thow wel this boor shalt knowe and of what kynde.
He comen is as men in bokes fynde. [ 1463]
(210)
Diane which that wroth was and in Ire. [fol. 142b] [ 1464]
ffor grekis nolde don hire sacrifice.
Ne encens vpon hire auter sette afire.
She for that grekis gonne hire so despise. [ 1467]
wrak hire in a wonder cruel wise.
ffor with a boor as grete as ox in stalle.
She made vp frete hire cornes and vynes alle. [ 1470]
(211)
To sle this boor was al the contre raysed. [ 1471]
Amonge which ther come this boor to se.
A mayde oon of this world the beste ypreysed.
And Meleagre lord of that contree. [ 1474]
He loued so this fresshe mayden free.
That with his manhod er he wolde stente.
This boor he slough and hire the hed he sente. [ 1477]
(212)
Of which as olde bokes tellen vs. [ 1478]
Ther ros a contek and a grete enuye.
And of this lord descended Tideus.
By ligne or ellis olde bookes lye. [ 1481]
But how this Meleagre gan to dye.
Thorugh his moder wol I naught telle.
ffor al to longe it were to dwelle. [ 1484]
Page  282(213)
She tolde ek how Tideus er she stente. [ 1485]
Unto the stronge Citee of Thebes.
To cleymen kyngdome of the Citee wente.
ffor his felaw daun Polymytes. [ 1488]
Of which the brother daun Ethiocles.
fful wrongfully of Thebes held the strengthe.
This tolde she by processe al by lengthe. [ 1491]
(214)
She tolde ek how Hemonydes asterte. [ 1492]
whan Tideus slough fifty knyghtes stoute.
She tolde ek alle the prophecyes by herte.
And how that seuen kynges with hire route. [ 1495]
Bysegeden the Citee al aboute.
And of the holy Serpent and the welle.
And of the furies al she gan hym telle. [ 1498]
[Argument of the 12 Books of Statius's Thebais.]
Associat profugum Tideo primus polymytem. [fol. 143a]
Tidea legatum docet Insidias-que secundus.
Tercius hemoduden canit et vates latitantes.
Quartus habet Reges Ineuntes prelia septem.
Mox furie lenne quinto narratur et anguis. 1. [MS. aguis]
Archymory bustum sexto ludique leguntur.
Dat Grayos Thebes et vatem septimus vmbris.
Octauo cecidit Tideus spes vita pelasgis.
Ypomedon nono moritur cum Parthonopea.
ffulmine percussus. decimo Capaneus superatur.
Undecimo sese perimunt per vulnera fratres.
Argiua flentem narrat duodenus et ignem.
Page  283(215)
Of Archymoris burying and the pleyes. [ 1499]
And how Amphiorax fil thorugh the grounde.
How Tideus was sleyn lord of Argeyes.
And how ypomedoun a litel stounde. [ 1502]
was dreynt and dede Parthonope of wownde.
And also how Capaneus the proude.
with thonder dynt was slayn that cride loude. [ 1505]
(216)
She gan ek telle hym how that eyther brother. [ 1506]
Ethiocles and polymyte also.
At a scarmuche ech of hem slough othere.
And of argyues wepynge and hire wo. [ 1509]
And how the town was brent she tolde ek tho.
And so descendeth down from gestes olde.
To Diomede and thus she spak and tolde. [ 1512]
(217)
This ilke boor bitokneth Diomede. [ 1513]
Tideus sone that down descended is.
ffro Meleagre that made the boor to blede.
And thy lady wherso she be ywis. [ 1516]
This Diomede hire herte hathe and she his.
wepe if thow wolt or lef for out of doute.
This Diomede is Inne and thow art oute. [ 1519]
(218)
Thow seyst nat soth quod he thow sorceresse. [fol. 143b] [ 1520]
with al thy fals goost of prophecye.
Thow wenest ben a grete deuyneresse.
Now sestow nat this fool of fantasie. [ 1523]
Peyneth hire on ladys for to lye.
Awey quod he ther Ioues ȝeue the sorwe.
Thow shalte be fals peraunter ȝet to morwe. [ 1526]
Page  284(219)
As wel thow myghtest lien on alceste. [ 1527]
That was of creatures but men lye.
That euere weren kyndest and the beste.
ffor whan hire housbonde was in Iupertye. [ 1530]
To dye hym self but if she wolde dye.
She ches for hym to dye and gon to helle.
And starf anon as vs the bokes telle. [ 1533]
(220)
Cassandre goth and he with cruel herte. [ 1534]
fforȝat his wo for angre of hire speche.
And from his bedde al sodeynly he sterte.
As though al hool hym hadde ymad aleche. [ 1537]
And day by day he gan enquere and seche.
A sooth of this with al his ful cure.
And thus he drieth forth his auenture. [ 1540]
(221)
ffortune which that permutacioun. [ 1541]
Of thynges hath as it is hire comitted.
Thorugh purueyaunce and disposicioun.
Of heigh Ioue as regnes shal be flitted. [ 1544]
ffro folk in folk ar when they shal be smytted.
Gan pulle awey the fetheres brighte of Troie.
ffro day to day til they ben bare of Ioie. [ 1547]
(222)
Among al this the fyn of the Parodie. [ 1548]
Of Ector gan aprochen wonder blyue.
The fate wolde his soule sholde vnbodye.
And shapen hadde a mene it out to dryue. [ 1551]
Aȝeyns which fate hym helpeth nat to stryue.
But on a day to fighten gan he wende.
At which allas he caught his lyues ende. [ 1554]
Page  285(223)
ffor whiche me thynketh euery manere wight. [fol. 144a] [ 1555]
That haunteth armes oughte to biwaille.
The deth of hym that was so noble a knyght.
ffor as he drough a kyng by thauentaille. [ 1558]
Unwar of this Achilles thorugh the maille.
And thorugh the body gan hym for to ryue.
And thus the worthi knyght was brought of lyue. [ 1561]
(224)
ffor whom as holde bokes tellen vs. [ 1562]
was made swich wo that tonge it may nat telle.
And namely the sorwe of Troilus.
That next hym was of worthynesse welle. [ 1565]
And in this wo gan Troilus to dwelle.
That what for sorwe and loue and vnreste.
fful ofte a day he bad his herte breste. [ 1568]
(225)
But natheles though he gan hym dispaire. [ 1569]
And dradde ay that his lady was vntrewe.
Ȝet ay on hire his herte gan repaire.
And as thise loueres don he soughte ay newe. [ 1572]
To gete aȝeyn Criseyde brighte of hewe.
And in his herte he wente hire excusyng.
That Calkas caused al hire tariyng. [ 1575]
(226)
And ofte tyme he was in purpos grete. [ 1576]
Hymself like a Pilgrym to desgise.
To seen hire but he may nat contrefete.
To ben vnknowen of folk that weren wise. [ 1579]
Ne fynde excuse aright that may suffise.
If he amonge the grekis knowen were.
ffor which he wep ful ofte and many a tere. [ 1582]
Page  286(227)
To hire he wroot ȝet ofte tyme al newe. [ 1583]
fful pitously he lefte it nought for slouthe.
Bisechyng hire syn that he was trewe.
That she wol come aȝeyn and holde hire trouthe. [ 1586]
ffor which Criseyde vpon a day for routhe.
I take it so touchyng this matere.
wrote hym aȝeyn and seyde as ȝe may here. [ 1589]
(228) (Criseyde's Letter to Troilus)
Cupides sone ensample of goodly heede. [fol. 144b] [ 1590]
O. swerde of knyghthode sours of gentilesse. *. [litera Criseyde]
How myght a wight in torment and in drede.
And heleles ȝow sende as ȝet gladnesse. [ 1593]
I herteles .I. sik I in destresse.
Syn ȝe with me nor I with ȝow may dele.
Ȝow neyther sende ich herte may nor hele. [ 1596]
(229)
Ȝoure lettres ful the papir al ypleynted. [ 1597]
Conceyued hath myn hertes pietee.
I haue ek seyn with teris al depeynted.
Ȝoure lettre and how that ȝe requeren me. [ 1600]
To come aȝeyn which ȝet ne may nat be.
But whi list that this lettre founden were.
No mencioun ne make I now for feere. [ 1603]
(230)
Greuouse to me god woot is ȝoure vnreste. [ 1604]
Ȝoure haste and that the goddes ordinaunce.
It semeth nat ȝe take it for the beste.
Nor other thyng nys in ȝoure remembraunce. [ 1607]
As thynketh me but only ȝoure plesaunce.
But beth nat wroth and that I ȝow biseche.
ffor that I tarie is al for wikked speche. [ 1610]
Page  287(231) (Criseyde's Letter continued)
ffor I haue herde wel moore than I wende. [fol. 145a] [ 1611]
Touchyng vs two how thynges han ystonde.
which I shal with dissymelyng amende.
And beth nat wroth I haue ek vnderstonde. [ 1614]
How ȝe ne do but holden me in honde.
But now no force I kan nat in ȝow gesse.
But al trouthe and 1. [MS. and and] alle gentilesse. [ 1617]
(232)
Come I wole but ȝet in swich disioynte. [ 1618]
I stonde as now that what ȝer or what day.
That this shal be that kan I naught apoynte.
But in effecte I pray ȝow as I may. [ 1621]
Of ȝoure good word and of ȝoure frendship ay.
ffor trewely while that my lif may dure.
As for a frend ȝe may in me assure. [ 1624]
(233)
Ȝet preye ich ȝow an yuel ȝe ne take. [ 1625]
That it is short which that I to ȝow write.
I dar nat ther I am wel lettres make.
Ne neuere ȝet koude I wel endite. [ 1628]
Ek grete effect men write in place lite.
Thentente is al and nat lettres space.
And fareth now wel god haue ȝow in his grace [ 1631]
[Letter ends.]
(234)
This Troilus this lettre thoughte al straunge. [fol. 145b] [ 1632]
whan he it saugh and sorwfullich he sighte.
Hym thoughte it lik a kalendes of chaunge.
But fynaly he ful ne trowen myghte. [ 1635]
That she ne wolde hym holden that she hyghte.
For with ful yuel wille list hym to leue.
That loueth wel in swiche cas though hym greue. [ 1638]
Page  288(235)
But natheles men seyen that at the laste. [ 1639]
ffor any thyng men shal the sooth se.
And swich a cas bitidde and as faste.
That Troilus wel vnderstode that she. [ 1642]
Nas nought so kynde as that hire oughte be.
And fynaly he woot now out of doute.
That al is lost that he hath ben aboute. [ 1645]
(236)
Stood on a day in his malencolie. [ 1646]
This Troilus and in suspecioun.
Of hire for whom he wende for to dye.
And so bifel that thorughoute Troye town. [ 1649]
As was the gise Iborn was vp and down.
A manere cote armure as seith the storie.
Byforn Deiphebe in signe of his victorie. [ 1652]
(237)
The whiche cote as telleth Lollius. [fol. 146a] [ 1653]
Deiphebe it hadde rent fro Diomede.
The same day and whan this Troilus.
It saugh he gan to taken of it hede. [ 1656]
Auysyng of the lengthe and of the brede.
And al the werk but as he gan byholde.
fful sodeynly his herte gan to colde. [ 1659]
(238)
As he that on the coler fonde withInne. [ 1660]
A broche that he Criseyde ȝat that morwe.
That she from Troie moste nedes twynne.
In remembraunce of hym and of his sorwe. [ 1663]
And she hym leyde aȝeyn hire feith to borwe.
To kepe it ay but now ful wel he wiste.
His lady nas no lenger on to triste. [ 1666]
Page  289(239)
He goth hym home and gan ful soone sende. [ 1667]
ffor Pandarus and al this newe chaunce.
And of this broche he tolde hym worde and ende.
Compleynyng of hire hertes variaunce. [ 1670]
His longe loue his trouthe and his penaunce.
And after deth withouten wordes moore.
fful faste he cride his reste hym to restore. [ 1673]
(240)
Than spak he thus .o. lady my Criseyde. [ 1674]
where is ȝoure feith and where is ȝoure biheste.
where is ȝoure loue where is ȝoure trouthe he seyde.
Of Diomede haue ȝe now al this feeste. [ 1677]
Allas I wolde han trowed atte leeste.
That syn ȝe nolde in trouthe to me stonde.
That ȝe thus nolde han holden me in honde. [ 1680]
(241)
Who shal now trowe on any othes mo. [ 1681]
Allas I neuere wolde han wende er this.
That ȝe Criseyde koude han chaunged so.
Ne but I hadde agilt and don amys. [ 1684]
So cruel wende I nought ȝoure herte ywis.
To sle me thus allas ȝoure name of trouthe.
Is now fordon and that is al my routhe. [ 1687]
(242)
Was ther non other broche ȝow liste lete. [fol. 116b] [ 1688]
To feffe with ȝoure newe loue quod he.
But thilk broch that I with teris wete.
Ȝow ȝaf as for a remembraunce of me. [ 1691]
Non other cause allas ne hadde ȝe.
But for despit and ek for that ȝe mente.
Al outrely to shewen ȝoure entente. [ 1694]
Page  290(243)
Thorugh which I se that clene out of ȝoure mynde. [ 1695]
Ȝe han me caste and I ne kan nor may.
ffor al this world 1. [MS. word] withInne myn herte fynde.
To vnlouen ȝow a quarter of a day. [ 1698]
In corsed tyme I born was weilaway.
That ȝow that doon me al this wo endure.
Ȝet loue I beste of any creature. [ 1701]
(244)
Now god quod he me sende ȝet the grace. [ 1702]
That I may meten with this Diomede.
And trewely if I haue myght and space.
Ȝet shal I make I hope his sydes blede. [ 1705]
O god quod he that oughtest taken heede.
To fortheren trouthe and wronges to punyce.
whi nyltow don a vengeaunce of this vice. [ 1708]
(245)
O Pandarus that in dremes forto triste. [ 1709]
Me blamed haste and wont art oft vpbreyde.
Now maistow se thiself if that the liste.
How trewe is now thi Nece brighte Criseyde. [ 1712]
In sondry formes god it woot he seyde.
The goddes shewen bothe Ioie and tene.
In slepe and by my dreme it is now sene. [ 1715]
(246)
And certeynly withouten moore speche. [ 1716]
ffrom hennesforth as ferforth as I may.
Myn owen deth in armes wol I seche.
I recche nat how soone be the day. [ 1719]
But trewely Criseyde swete may.
whom I haue ay with al my myghte yserued.
That ȝe thus doon I haue it nat deserued. [ 1722]
Page  291(247)
This Pandarus that al thise thynges herde. [fol. 147a] [ 1723]
And wiste wel he seyde a sothe of this.
He nought a word aȝeyn to hym answerde.
ffor sory of his frende sorwe he is. [ 1726]
And shamed for his Nece hath don amys.
And stante astoned of thise causes tweye.
As stille as ston a word ne kowde he seye. [ 1729]
(248)
But at the laste thus he spak and seyde. [ 1730]
My brother deer I may do the namore.
what sholde I seyen I hate ywys Criseyde.
And god woot I wol hate hire euermore. [ 1733]
And that thow me bisoughtest don of ȝoore.
Hauyng vnto myn honour ne my reste.
Right no rewarde I dide al that the liste. [ 1736]
(249)
If .I. dide aught that myghte liken the. [ 1737]
It is me lief and of this tresoun now.
God woot that it a sorwe is vnto me.
And dredeles for hertes ese of ȝow. [ 1740]
Right fayn I wolde amende it wiste I how.
And fro this world almyghty god I preye.
Deliuere hire soon .I. kan namore seye. [ 1743]
(250)
Grete was the sorwe and pleynte of Troilus. [ 1744]
But forth hire cours fortune ay gan to holde.
Criseyde loueth the sone of Tideus.
And Troilus moot wepe in cares colde. [ 1747]
Swich is this world who so it kan byholde.
In ech estat is litel hertes reste.
God leue vs for to take it for the beste. [ 1750]
Page  292(251)
In many cruel bataille oute of drede. [ 1751]
Of Troilus this ilke noble knyght.
As men may in this olde bokes rede.
was seen his knyghtehode and his grete myghte. [ 1754]
And dredeles his Ire day and nyghte.
fful cruwely the grekis ay aboughte.
And alwey moost this Diomede he soughte. [ 1757]
(252)
And ofte tyme I fynde that they mette. [fol. 147b] [ 1758]
with blody strokes and with wordes grete.
Assayinge how hire speres weren whette.
And god it woot with many a cruel hete. [ 1761]
Gan Troilus vpon his helm to bete.
But natheles fortune it naught no wolde.
Of oothers honde that eyther deyen sholde. [ 1764]
(253)
And if I hadde ytaken for to write. [ 1765]
The armes of this ilke worthi man.
Than wolde ich of his batailles endite.
But for that I to writen first bigan. [ 1768]
Of his loue I haue seyde as I kan.
Hise worthi dedes whoso list hem heere.
Rede dares he kan telle hem alle Ifeere. [ 1771]
(254)
Bysechyng euery lady bright of hewe. [fol. 148a] [ 1772]
And euery gentil womman what she be.
That al be that Criseyde was vntrewe.
That for that gilte she be nat wrothe with me. [ 1775]
Ȝe may hire giltes in other bokes se.
And gladlier .I. wol write if ȝow leste.
Penolopes trouthe and good alceste. [ 1778]
Page  293(255)
Ne sey nat this al oonly for thise men. [ 1779]
But moost for wommen that bitraised be.
Thorugh fals folk god ȝeue hem sorwe amen.
That with hire grete and sublilite. 1. [sic] [ 1782]
Bytraise ȝow and this commeueth me.
To speke and in effect ȝow alle I preye.
Beth war of men and herkneth what I seye. [ 1785]
(256)
Go litel boke go litel myn tregedye. [ 1786]
Ther god thi makere ȝet er that he dye.
So sende myght to make in some comedye.
But litel book no makyng thow nenvie. [ 1789]
But subgit be to alle Poyesye.
And kis the steppes where as thow seest space.
Uirgile . Ouide . Omer . Lucan . and Stace. [ 1792]
(257)
And for ther is so grete diuersite. [ 1793]
In Englissh and in writyng of oure tonge.
So prey I to god that non myswrite the.
Ne the this mysmetre for defaute of tonge. [ 1796]
And red wherso ȝow be or elles songe.
That thow be vnderstonde god biseche.
But ȝet to purpos of my rather speche. [ 1799]
(258)
The wrath as I bigan ȝow for to seye. [ 1800]
Of Troilus the grekis boughten deere.
For thousandes hise hondes maden deye.
As he that was withouten any peere. [ 1803]
Saue Ector in his tyme as I kan heere.
But weilawey saue only goddes wille.
Despitously hym slough the fierse Achille. [ 1806]
Page  294(259)
And whan that he was slayn in this manere. [fol. 118b] [ 1807]
His lighte goost ful blisfully is went.
Up to the holughnesse of the seuenthe spere.
In conuers letyng euerich element. [ 1810]
And ther he saugh with ful auysement.
The erratik sterres herkenyng armonye.
with sownes ful of heuenyssh melodie. [ 1813]
(260)
And down from thennes faste he gan auyse. [ 1814]
This litel spot of erthe that with the se.
Embraced is and fully gan despise.
This wrecched world and held al vanite. [ 1817]
To respect of the pleyn felicite.
That is in heuene aboue and at the laste.
Ther he was slayn his lokyng down he caste. [ 1820]
(261)
And in hymself he lough right at the wo. [ 1821]
Of hem that wepten for his deth so faste.
And dampned al oure werk that foloweth so.
The blynde lust the which that may nat laste. [ 1824]
And sholden al oure herte on heuen caste.
And forth he wente shortly for to telle.
Ther as Mercurye sorted hym to dwelle. [ 1827]
(262)
Swich fyn hath lo this Troilus for loue. [ 1828]
Swiche fyn hath al his grete worthynesse.
Swiche fyn hath his estat real aboue.
Swich fyn his lust swich fyn hath his noblesse. [ 1831]
Swych fyn hath false worldes brotelnesse.
And thus bigan his louyng of Criseyde.
As I haue told and in this wise he deyde. [ 1834]