Three more parallel texts of Chaucer's Troilus and Criseyde from ms. LI in St. John's college, Cambridge; ms. no. 61 in Corpus Christi college, Cambridge, and the Harleian ms. 1239 in the British museum; put forth by F.J. Furnivall ... with a note on Chaucer's borrowings from Benoît de Sainte-More by G.C. Macaulay ....
Chaucer, Geoffrey, -1400., Furnivall, Frederick James, 1825-1910., Macaulay, G. C. (George Campbell), 1852-1915., Benoît, de Sainte-More, active 12th century.
Page  169
Incipit Liber Quartus.
(5) (The Story)
LIggynge in ost as I haue seide or this. [fol. 68b] [ 29]
The grekys strounge abouten Troye toun.
Bifil þat whan þat Phebus shynnynge is.
Vpon the brest of hercules lyon. [ 32]
That Ector with ful many a bold baroun.
Caste on a day with grekys for to fighte.
As he was wont / to greue hem what he myghte.
Not I how longe or how short it was bitweyne. [ 36]
This purpos / and þat day thei issen mente.
But on a day wel armed bright and sheene.
with spere in honde and bigge bowes bente. [ 39]
Ector and many a worthy wight out wente.
And in the berd anon withouten lette.
Hir fomen in the felde hem faste mette. [ 42]
The longe day with speris sharp Igrownde. [ 43]
with arwes / dartes / swerdes / maces felle.
They fighte / and bryngen hors a man to grownde.
And with hir axes out the braynes quelle. [ 46]
But in the laste shour soth for to telle.
The folk of Troye hemseluen so myssledden.
That with the worste at nyght homward they fledden. [ 49]
At which day was taken Antenor. [ 50]
Maugre Polidamas .or Monestio.
Sartippe Sarpedon or Polynestor.
Polyte or ek the troian daun Rupheo. [ 53]
And oothre lasse folk as Phebuseo.
So þat for harm þat day þe folk of Troye.
Dredden to leese a gret part of hyr Ioye. [ 56]
Page  170(9)
But natheles a trewe was ther take. [ 57]
At gret requeste / and tho they gonnen trete.
Of prisoners a chaunge for to make.
And for tho surplis yiuen sommes grete. [ 60]
This thing anon was kouth in euery strete.
Bothe in thasage / in towne / and euery where.
And with the first it com to calkas eere. [ 63]
When kakkas knew this tretis sholde holde. [fol. 69a] [ 64]
In Consistorie among the grekis soone.
He gan in thryngen forth with lordes olde.
And sette hym there as he was wont to donne. [ 67]
And with a chaunged face hem bad a boone.
ffor loue of god / to don þat reuerence.
To stynt noyse / and yiue hym audyence. [ 70]
Than seide he thus / lo lordes myn ich was. [ 71]
Troian / as it is knowen out of drede.
And if þat yow remembre I am kalkas.
That aldirfirst yaf confort to yowr nede. [ 74]
And tolde wel how þat ye sholden spede.
ffor dredeles thorwgh yow shal in a stounde.
Ben Troye Ibrend / and beten down to grownde. [ 77]
And in what forme / or in what manere wyse. [ 78]
This towne to shende / and al yowr liste tacheue.
Ye han or this wel herde me yow deuyse.
This knowen ye my lordes as I leeue. [ 81]
And for the grekys weren me so leeue.
I com my self in my propre personne.
To teche in this how yow was beste to doone. [ 84]
Page  171(13)
Hauynge vnto my tresour ne my rente. [ 85]
Right no resport to respect of your ese.
Thus al my good I lefte and to yow wente.
wenynge in this my lordis yow to plese. [ 88]
But al this loos ne doth me no disese.
I vouchesaue as wisly haue I Ioye.
ffor yow to leese al þat I haue in Troye. [ 91]
Saue of a doughter þat I left allas. [ 92]
Slepynge at hom / whan out of Troye I sterte.
O stierne and cruel fader þat ich was.
How myghte ich haue in that so harde an herte. [ 95]
Allas .I. ne hadde Ibroughte hir in hir bar sherte.
ffor sorwe of which I wil nat lyue til morwe.
But yif ye lordes rewe vpon my sorwe. [ 98]
ffor by þat cause I say no tyme or now. [fol. 69b] [ 99]
Hir to deliuere / ich holden haue my pees.
But now or neuere yif it lyke yow.
I may hir han right soone douteles. [ 102]
O help and grace amonges al this prees.
Rewe on this olde kaytif in destresse.
Syn I thorwgh yow haue al this heuynesse. [ 105]
Ye han now kaught and fetred in prison. [ 106]
Troians Inowe / and yif your willes be.
My childe with oon may han redempcion.
Now for the loue of god and of bounte. [ 109]
Oon of so feele allas so yiue hym me.
what nede were it this preyere for to werne.
Syn ye shal bothe han folk and town as yerne. [ 112]
Page  172(17)
On peril on my lif I shal nat lye. [ 113]
Appollo hath me tolde it feithfully.
I haue ek fownde it by astronomye.
By sort and by augurie ek trewely. [ 116]
And dar wele seyn the tyme is faste by.
That fir and flaumbe on al the town shal sprede.
And thus shal Troye torne in assen dede. [ 119]
ffor certein Phebus and Neptimus bothe. [ 120]
They makeden the walles of the town.
Ben with the folk of Troye alwey so wrothe.
They wol eft brynge it to confusioun. [ 123]
Right for despit of kyng lameadon.
Bycause he nolde payen hem hir hire.
The town shal yit be set upon a fire. [ 126]
Tellynge his tale alwey this olde Greye. [ 127]
Humble in his speche and in his lokynge eke.
The salte teeris from his eyen tweye.
fful faste ronnen down by eyther cheeke. [ 130]
So longe he gan of socour hem beseke.
That for to heele hym of hise sikes soore.
They yaue hym Attenor withouten moore. [ 133]
But who was glad Inogh but kalkas tho. [fol. 70a] [ 134]
And of this thyng / ful soone hise nedes leyde.
On hem þat sholden for the tretis go.
And hem for Antenor ful ofte preyde. [ 137]
To bryggen hem kyng Thoas and Criseide.
And whan Priam his saue garde sente.
The Embassedours / to Troye streyghe they wente. [ 140]
Page  173(21)
The cause tolde of hir comynge. the olde. [ 141]
Priam the kyng ful soone in general.
Let her vpon his parlement to holde.
Of which the effect rehersen yow I shal. [ 144]
The Embassedours ben answerde for fynal.
Theschaunge of prisoners and al this nede.
Hem liketh wel. and forth in they procede. [ 147]
This Troilus was present in the place. [ 148]
whan axed was for antenor Criseide.
ffor which ful soone chaungen gan his face.
As he þat with tho wordes wel ney deide. [ 151]
But natheles he no word to it seide.
Liste men sholde his affeccioun espie.
with mannes herte he gan his sorwe drye. [ 154]
And ful of angwissch and of grysly drede. [ 155]
Abood what oother lordes wolde seye.
And yif they graunte as god forbede.
Theschaunge of hir /. than thought he thynges tweye. [ 158]
ffirst to saue hir honour and what weye.
He myght best theschaunge of hir withstonde.
fful faste he caste how al this myght stonde. [ 161]
Loue hym made al prest to don hir bide. [ 162]
Or rather deyen than she shulde go.
But reson seyde hym on þat oother syde.
without assent of hir ne do nat so. [ 165]
Yif thow debate it liste she be thy foo.
And seyn þat thorwgh thi medelynge is Iblowe.
Yowre bother loue ther it was erst vnknowe. [ 168]
Page  174(25)
Of which he gan deliberen for the beste. [fol. 70b] [ 169]
That though the lordes wolde al she wente.
He wolde late hem graunte what hem liste.
And telle his lady first what they mente. [ 172]
And whan þat she hadde seide hym hir entente.
Theraftir wolde he werken also bylyue.
Theygh al the world ayein it wolde stryue. [ 175]
Ector which þat wel the grekys herde. [ 176]
ffor Antenor how they wolde han Criseide.
Gan it withstonde / and sobrelich answerde.
Sire she nys no prisoner he seyde. [ 179]
I not on yow who þat this charge leyde.
But on my parte ye may eftsoone hem telle.
we ne vsen her no wymmen for to selle. [ 182]
The noyse of poeple vp sterte than at onys. [ 183]
As breme / as blase of straw Iset on fire.
ffor in fortnne it wolde for the nonys.
They sholden hir confusioun desire. [ 186]
Ector quod they what goost may yow enspire.
This womman thus to shilde and don vs leese.
Daun Antenor / a wrong weye now ye cheese. [ 189]
That is so wys / and ek so bold baroun. [ 190]
And we han nede of folk as men may se.
He is eke oon the grettest of this towne.
O. Ector lat tho fantasies be. [ 193]
O kyng Priam quod they thus syggen we.
That al oure voys is to forgon Criseide.
And to deliueren antenor they preyde. [ 196]
Page  175(29)
O Iuuenal lord soth it is thy sentence. [ 197]
That litel witen folk what is to yerne.
That they ne fynde in hir desir offence.
ffor cloude of errour lat hem nat discerne. [ 200]
what best / and lo her ensaumple as yerne.
This folk desiron now deliuerance.
Of Antenor / þat broughte hem to meschance. [ 203]
ffor he was after traytour to þat town. [fol. 71a] [ 204]
Of Troye / allas they quyte hym to rathe.
O nyce world / lo thy discrecioun.
Criseide which þat neuere dede hem scathe. [ 207]
Shal now no lenger in hir blisse bathe.
But Antenor he shal com hom to towne.
And she shal out thus seiden heere and howne. [ 210]
ffor which delivered was by parlament [ 211]
ffor Antenor to yelden out Criseide.
And hit pronouncede by the president.
Altheygh þat Ector nay ful ofte preyde. [ 214]
What fynaly what wight þat it withseide.
It was for naught / it moste ben and sholde.
ffor substaunce of the parlement it wolde. [ 217]
Departed out of parlament echone. [ 218]
This Troilus withoute wordes mo.
Into his chaumbre spedde hym faste allone.
But yif it were a man of his or two. [ 221]
The whiche he bad out faste for to go.
Bycause he wolde slepyn as he seyde.
And hastely vpon his bedde hym leyde. [ 224]
Page  176(33)
And as in wynter leuys ben biraft. [ 225]
Ech aftir oother til the tre be bare.
So þat ther nys but barke and braunch Ilaft.
Lith Troilus biraft of ech welfare. [ 228]
Ibounden in the blake barke of care.
Disposed wood out of his wit to breyde.
So soore hym sat the chaungynge of Criseide. [ 231]
He rist vp and euery dore he shette. [ 232]
And wyndow ek / and tho this sorwful man.
Vpon his beddesside adown hym sette.
fful like a ded ymage pale and wan. [ 235]
And in his brest the heped wo bigan.
Out breste / and he to werken in this wyse.
In his woodnesse. as I shal yow dewyse. [ 238]
Right as the wylde boole bygynneth sprynge. [fol. 71b] [ 239]
Now her now there Idarted to the herte.
And of hise wo rorith in compleynige.
Right so gan he abouthe chaumbre sterte. [ 242]
Smytynge his brest ay with his fistes smerte.
His hed to the wal his body to the grounde.
fful ofte he swapte himseluen to confounde. [ 245]
Hise eyen two for piete of herte. [ 246]
Out stremeden as swifte welles tweye.
The heyghe sobbes of hise sorwes smerte.
His speche hym refte vnnethes myght he seye. [ 249]
O deth allas / whi nyltow do me dye.
Acorsed be that day whiche þat nature.
Shoop me to ben a lyues creature. [ 252]
Page  177(37)
But aftir whan the furye and alle this rage. [ 253]
which þat his herte twiste and faste threste.
By lengthe of tyme somwhat gan aswage.
Vpon his bed he leyde hym don to reste. [ 256]
But tho biganne hise teeris moore out breste.
That wondir is the body may suffise.
To half this wo which þat I yow deuyse. [ 259]
Than seide he thus / fortune allas the while. [ 260]
what haue .I. don / what haue I thus agilt.
How myghtestow for routhe me bigile.
Is ther no grace / and shal I thus be spilt. [ 263]
Shal thus Criseide awey / for that thow wilt.
Allas how maystow in thy herte fynde.
To ben to me thus cruel and vnkynde. [ 266]
Haue I the naught honoured al my lyue. [ 267]
As thow wel woste aboue the goddes alle.
why wiltow me fro Ioye thus depryue.
O. Troilus what may men the calle. [ 270]
But wrechche of wrechches out of honour falle.
Into miserie / in which I wol bywaille.
Criseide allas / til þat the breth me faille. [ 273]
Allas fortune yif þat my lif in Ioye. [fol. 72a] [ 274]
Displesed hadde vnto thy foul enuye.
why ne haddestowe my fadir kynge of Troye.
Biraft the lif / or don my brothren dye. [ 277]
Or slayn myself þat thus compleyne and crye.
I combre world þat may of no thing serue.
But alwey dye / and neuere fuly sterue. [ 280]
Page  178(41)
Yif þat Criseide allone were me laft. [ 281]
Nought rought I whiderward thow woldest me steere.
And hir allas than hastow me byraft.
But euere mo lo this is thy manere. [ 284]
So reue a wight þat most is to hym deero.
To proeue in that thy gerful violence.
Thus am I lost ther helpith no defence. [ 287]
O verrey lord. o loue .o. god allas. [ 288]
Thow knowest best myn herte and al my thoughte.
what shal my sorowful lif don in this cas.
Yif .I. forgo þat .I. so deere haf boughte. [ 291]
Syn ye Criseide and me han fully broughte.
Into yowr grace / and both oure hertes seled. 1. [originally seyled]
How may ye suffre / allas it be repeled. [ 294]
What shal I don .I. shal while I may dure. [ 295]
On lyue / in torment and in cruel peyne.
This infortune. or this disauenture.
Allone as I was born Iwys compleyne. [ 298]
Ne neuere wol I sen it shynne or reyne.
But ende I wole as Edippe in dirknesse.
My sorwful lyf and deyn for destresse. [ 301]
O veery goost þat errest to and fro. [ 302]
why nyltow fleen out of the wofulleste.
Body / þat euere myghte on grownde go.
O soule lorkynge in this wo vnneste. [ 305]
file forth out of my herte and lat it breste.
And folwe alwey Criseide thy lady deere.
Thy right place is now no lengere heere. [ 308]
Page  179(45)
O woful eyen two syn yowr desport. [fol. 72b] [ 309]
was al to seen Criseides eyen bryghte.
what shal ye don / but for my desconfort.
Stondeth for naught / and wepyn out yowr syghte. [ 312]
Syn sho is queynt þat wont was yow to lighte.
In veyn fro this forth haue ich eyen tweye.
Iformed syn yowr vertu is aweye. [ 315]
O my Criseide. o. lady souereyne. [ 316]
Of thilk woful soule. þat thus cryeth.
who shal now yiue comforth to the peyne.
Allas no wight / but whan my herte dieth. [ 319]
My spirit which þat so vnto yow hyeth.
Resceyue in gre / for þat shal ay yow serue.
fforthy no fors is whan the body sterue. [ 322]
O ye loueris þat heyghe vpon the wheele. [ 323]
Ben set / of fortune in good auenture.
God leeue þat ye fynde ay loue of steele.
And longe mote yowr lif in Ioye endure. [ 326]
But whan ye comen by my sepulture.
Remembrith þat yowr felawe restith here.
ffor I loued ek / thogh ich vnworthy weere. [ 329]
O olde vnholsom and myslyued man. [ 330]
Kalkas I meene. allas what eyled the.
To ben a grek syn thow art born troian.
O kalkas which þat wilt my bane be. [ 333]
In corsed tyme was thow born for me.
As wolde blisful Ioue for his Ioye.
That I the hadde where I wolde in Troye. [ 336]
Page  180(49)
A thowsand sikes hotter than the gleede. [ 337]
Out of his brest ech after oother wenten.
Medled with pleyntes newe his wo to feede.
ffor which his woful teeris neuere stenten. [ 340]
And shortly so his peynes hym to renten.
And wax so maat . þat Ioye nor penaunce.
He feelith non but lith forth in a traunce. [ 343]
Pandare which þat at the parlament. [fol. 73a] [ 344]
Had herd what euery lord and burges seide.
And how ful graunted was by oon assent.
ffor antenor to yilden so Criseide. [ 347]
Gan wel neygh wood out of his wit to breyde.
So þat for wo he nyste what he mente.
But in a rees / to Troilus he wente. [ 350]
A certein knyght þat for the tyme kepte. [ 351]
The chaumbre dore vndide it hym anon.
And Pandare þat tendirliche wepte.
Into this dirke chaumbre stille as stoon. [ 354]
Toward the bed gan softely to gon.
So confus þat he nyste what to seye.
ffor verray wo hys wit was neygh aweye. [ 357]
And with hise chere and lokynge al totorne. [ 358]
ffor sorwe of this . and with his armes folden.
He stood this woful Troilus biforn.
And on his pitous face he gan biholden. [ 361]
But lorde so ofte gan his herte colden.
Seying his frende in wo / whos heuynesse.
His herte slough / as thoughte hym for destresse. [ 364]
Page  181(53)
This woful wight this Troilus þat felte. [ 365]
Hys frende Pandare Icomen hym to se.
Gan as the snowgh ayein the sonne melte.
ffor which this sorwful Pandare of pite. [ 368]
Gan for to wepe as tendreliche as he.
And specheles thus ben thise ilke tweye.
That neyther myght o word for sorwe seye. [ 371]
But at the laste this woful Troilus. [ 372]
Neygh ded for smert gan bresten out to roore.
And with a sorwful noyse he seyd thus.
Amonge his sobbes and hise sikes soore. [ 375]
Lo Pandare I am ded withoute moore.
Hastow nat herde at parlement he seyde.
ffor antenor how lost is my Criseide. [ 378]
This Pandarus ful dede and pale of hewe. [fol. 73b] [ 379]
fful pitously answerde and seide yis.
As wisly were it fals as it is trewe.
That I haue herde / and wot al how it is. [ 382]
O mercy god who wolde han trowed this.
who wolde haue wende þat in so litel a throwe.
ffortune oure Ioye wolde han ouerthrowe. [ 385]
ffor in this world ther nys no creature. [ 386]
As to my dome þat euere sawgh ruyne.
Straunger than this / thorwgh cas or auenture.
But who may al eschue or al deuyne. [ 389]
Swich is this world / forthy I thus deffyne.
Ne trust no wight to fynden in fortune.
Ay proprete /. hir yiftes ben commu[n]e. [ 392]
Page  182(57)
But tel me this whi thow art so mad. [ 393]
To sorwen thus / why listow in this wise.
Syn thy desire al holly hastow had.
So þat by right it ought Inought suffise. [ 396]
But þat neuere felte in my seruyse.
A frendly cheere / or lookynge of an eye.
Lat me thus wepe and waillen til I dye. [ 399]
And ouer al this as thow wel wost thyselue. [ 400]
This town is ful of ladyes al aboute.
And to my dome fayrer than swiche than xij.
As euere sho was shal I fynde in som route. [ 403]
Ye oon or two withouten any doute.
fforthy be glade my owen deere brothir.
Yif she be lost. we shal recouere a nothir. [ 406]
What god forbede alwey þat ich plesaunce. [ 407]
In o thing / were and in no oother wight.
Yif oon kan synge another can wel daunce.
Yif this be goodly þat is glade and lighte. [ 410]
And this fayre and þat kan good aryght.
Ech for his vertu holden is for deere.
Both heroner and faucon for ryuere. [ 413]
And ek as writ zanzis þat was ful wyis. [fol. 74a] [ 414]
The newe loue out chasseth often olde.
And vpon newe cas lieth newe auys.
Thynk ek thy lif to sauen arttow holde. [ 417]
Swich fir by proces moot of kynde coolde.
ffor syn it is but casuel plesaunce.
Som cas shal putte it out of remembraunce. [ 420]
Page  183(61)
ffor also seur as day comth after nyght. [ 421]
The newe loue labour or oother wo.
Or ellis selde seying of a wight.
Don olde affeccions alle ouere go. [ 424]
And for thy part / thow shalt han oon of tho.
Tabregge with thi bittre peynes smerte.
Absence of hir shal dryue hir out of herte. [ 427]
Thise wordes seide he for the nones alle. [ 428]
To help his frend / list he for sorwe deyde.
ffor douteles to don hise wo to falle.
He rought nat what vnthrift þat he seyde. [ 431]
But Troilus þat ney for sorwe deyde.
Took litel hede of al þat euere he mente.
Oon ere it herde. at oother out it wente. [ 434]
But at the last he answerde / and seide frende. [ 435]
This lechecraft. or heled thus to be.
were wel sittyng yif þat I were a fende.
To traysen hir þat trewe is vnto me. [ 438]
I prey god lat this conseil neuere the.
But do me rather sterue anon ryght heere.
Or I so do as thow me woldest leere. [ 441]
She þat I serue Iwys what so thow seye. [ 442]
To whom myn herte anhabit is bi right.
Shal han me holly heres 1. [over erasure] til þat I deye.
What Pandarus syn I haue hir bihight. [ 445]
I whil nat ben vntrewe for no wight.
But as hir man I whil ay lyue and sterue.
And neuere oothre creature serue. [ 448]
Page  184(65)
And ther thow seist thow shalt as faire fynde. [fol. 74b] [ 449]
As she / lat be make no comparisoun.
To creature Iformed her by kynde.
O leue Pandare in conclusioun. [ 452]
I wil nat ben of thy opynioun.
Towchynge al this forthy I the biseche.
So holde thy pees / thow sleeste me with thy speche. [ 455]
Thow biddest me I sholde loue another. [ 456]
Al fresshly newe and lat Criseide go.
It lith nat in my power leue brother.
And thought I myght I wolde nat do so. [ 459]
But kanstow pleyn raket to and fro.
Netle in / dookke out / now this now that Pandare.
Now fowle falle hir þat for thy wo þat care. [ 462]
Thow farest ek by me thow Pandarus. [ 463]
As he / þat whan a man is wo bigon.
He comth to hym a pas / and seyth 1. [over ensure.] right thus.
Thynk nat on smert. and thow shalt feele non. [ 466]
Thow most me first transmewen in a stoon.
And reue me my passions alle.
Or thow so lightly do me wo to falle. [ 469]
The deth may wel out of my brest departe. [ 470]
The lyf / so longe may this sorwe myne.
But fro my soule shal Criseides darte.
Out neuere mo / but down with proserpine. [ 473]
whan I am dede I wol go wone in pyne.
And ther I wol eternaly compleyne.
This wo / and how þat twynned be we tweyne. [ 476]
Page  185(69)
Thow hast her mad an argument for fyn. [ 477]
How þat it sholde a lesse peyne be.
Criseide to forgon for she was myn.
And lyuede in ese and in felicite. [ 480]
why gabbestow that seides thus to me.
That hym is worse þat is fro wele Ithrowe.
Than he hadde erst non of þat wele Iknowe. [ 483]
But sey me this syn þat the thinketh so light. [fol. 75a] [ 484]
To chaunge so in loue ay to and fro.
why hastow nat don bisyly thi myght.
To chaungen hir þat doth the al thi wo. [ 487]
Why nyltow late hir from thi herte go.
why nyltow loue another lady sweete.
That may thyne herte setten in quyete. [ 490]
Yif thow hast had in loue ay meschaunce. [ 491]
And kanst it naught yit fro thyn herte dryue.
I þat leuede in lust and in plesaunce.
with hir / as muche as creature on lyue. [ 494]
How sholde I þat foryete and þat so blyue.
Or where hastow ben hid so longe in muwe.
That kanst so wele and formaly arguwe. [ 497]
Nay Pandarus naught worth is al thy red. [ 498]
But douteles for aught þat may bifalle.
without wordes mo I wol be ded.
O. deth þat endere art of sorwes alle. [ 501]
Com now / syn I so ofte after the calle.
ffor sely is that deth soth for to seyne.
That ofte Iclipid comth and endith peyne. [ 504]
Page  186(73)
Wel wot I whil my lif was in quyete. [ 505]
Or deth me slowe .I. wolde han yiuen hire.
But now is comyng to me so sweete.
That in this world I no thinge so desire. [ 508]
O deth syn with this sorwe I am on fire.
Thow outher do me anon 1. [over erasure.] in teeris dreuche.
Or with thy colde stroke myn hete quenche. [ 511]
Syn þat thow slest so fele in sondry wyse. [ 512]
Ayeins hir wil vnpreyed day and nyght.
Do me at my requeste this seruyse.
Deliuere now the world thanne dostow right. [ 515]
Of me that am the wofulleste wyght.
That euere was / for tyme is þat I sterue.
Syn in this worlde of right naught may .I. serue. [ 518]
This Troilus in teris gan destille. [fol. 75b] [ 519]
As licour out of a lambek ful faste.
And Pandarus gan holde his tonge stille.
And to the grownd his eyen down he caste. [ 522]
But natheles thus thought he at the laste.
what parde rather than my felawe deye.
Yit shal I somwhat moore vnto hym seye. [ 525]
And seide frend syn thow haste swich destresse. [ 526]
And syn the list myn argumentȝ to blame.
why nylt thyseluen help to don redresse.
And with thy manhed letten al this grame. [ 529]
To rauysshe hir. ne kanstow nat for shame.
And outher lat hir out of town fare.
Or holde hir stille / and lef this nyce care. [ 532]
Page  187(77)
Artow in Troye and hast nat hardement. [ 533]
To take a womman which þat loueth the.
And wolde hir seluen ben of thy assent.
Now is nat this a nyce vanite. [ 536]
Rys vp anon / and lat this sorwe be.
And kith thow art a man / for in this houre.
I wil ben ded or she shal bleuen oure. [ 539]
To this answerde hym Troilus ful softe. [ 540]
And seide parde leue brother deere.
Al this haue I my self Ithought ful ofte.
And moore thing / than thow deuysest heere. [ 543]
But why this thing is left thow shalt wel heere.
And whan thow me hast yiuen a audience.
Therafter maist ow telle al thy sentence. [ 546]
ffirst syn thow wost this town hath al this werre. [ 547]
ffor rauyssynge of women so by nyght. 1. [sic]
It shulde nat ben suffered me to erre.
As it stant now / ne don so gret vnright. [ 550]
I sholde han also blame of euery wight.
My faderis graunt yif þat I so withstoode.
Syn she is chaunged for the townes goode. [ 553]
I haue thought so it were hir assent. [fol. 70a] [ 554]
To axe hir at my fadir of his grace.
Than think I this were hir accusement.
Syn wel I wote I may hir naught purchace. [ 557]
ffor syn my fadir in so heyght a place.
As parlament / hath hir eschaunge enseled.
He nyl for me his honour be repeled. [ 560]
Page  188(81)
Yit drede I most hir herte to perturbe. [ 561]
with violence / yif I do swich a game.
ffor yif I wolde yt opynly disturbe.
it moste ben disclaunder to hir name. [ 564]
And me were leuer be ded than hir defame.
As nolde god but yif I sholde haue.
Hir honour leuere than my lif to saue. [ 567]
Thus am I lost for aught þat I kan se. [ 568]
ffor certein is syn þat I am hir knyght.
I haue hir honour leuere yit than me.
And in euery cas as louere ought of Right. [ 571]
Thus am I with desir and reson twyght.
Desir for to destorben hir me redith.
And reson nyl nat so myn herte dredith. [ 574]
Thus wepynge þat he koude neuere cesse. [ 575]
He seide allas how shal I wreche fare.
ffor wele fele I alwey my loue encresse.
And hope is lasse / and lasse alwey Pandare. [ 578]
Encressen ek the causes of my care.
So weylawey why nyl myn herte breste.
ffor why in loue is litel hertes reste. [ 581]
Pandare answerde / frende thow maist for me. [ 582]
Don as the list / but hadde ich it so hoote.
And thyn estat she sholde go with me.
Though al this town cride on this thing by note. [ 585]
I nolde sette at al the noyse a grote.
ffor whan men han wel cried than lat hem rowne.
ffor wonder last but .ix. nyght neuere in towne. [ 588]
Page  189(85)
Deuyne nat in resoun ay so deepe. [fol. 76b] [ 589]
Ne preciously / but helpe thy selue anon.
Bet is þat oother than thi selue weepe.
And namely syn ye two ben al oon. [ 592]
Rys vp for by my hed she shal nat gon.
And rather be a lite in blame Ifownde.
Than sterue here as a gnat withoute wownde. [ 595]
It is no rape in my dom ne no vice. [ 596]
Hir to withholden. þat the louest moost.
Paraunter she may holden the for nyce.
To late hir go thus. to the grekys oost. [ 599]
Thynk ek fortune as wel thy seluen woost. *. [Audaces fortuna Iuuat]
Helpith hardy man to his Emprise.
And fleeth fro wrechches hir cowardise. [ 602]
And though thy lady wolde a lite hir greue. [ 603]
Thow shalt thy pees ful wel hiraftir make.
But as for me certein .I. kan nat leeue.
That she wolde it as now for yuel take. [ 606]
why sholde thanne of ferd thy herte quake.
Thynk how þat paris hath þat is thy broether.
A loue / and why shaltow nat haue another. [ 609]
And Troylus .o. thing I dar the sweere. [ 610]
That yif Criseide which þat is thy lief.
Now loueth yow / as wel as thow dost heere.
God helpe me so she nyl nat take a grief. [ 613]
Theygh thow do boote anon in this myschief.
And yif sho wilneth fro the forth to passe.
Thanne is she fals / so loue hir wel the lasse. [ 616]
Page  190(89)
fforthy take hede and think thus a kynght. [ 617]
Thorwg loue is broken alday euery lawe.
Kith now somwhat thy corage and thy myghte.
Haue mercy on thy self for any awe. [ 620]
Lat nat this wrechched wo thyn herte gnawe.
But manly set the world on sex and seuene.
And yif thow deye a martir go to heuene. [ 623]
I wil my self ben with the at this dede. [fol. 77a] [ 624]
Though ich and al my kyn vpon a stownde.
Shulle in a strete as dogges liggen dede.
Thorwgh girt with many a wid and bloody wonde. 1. [over erasure.] [ 627]
In euery cas I wol a frende ben fownde.
And yif the liste her steruen as a wreche.
A dieu. the deuyl haue hym þat rechche. [ 630]
This Troilus gan with tho wordes quyken. [ 631]
And seide frend Gramercy ich assente.
But certein thow maist nat so me pryken.
Ne peyne non may me nat so tormente. [ 634]
That for no cas it nys not myn entente.
At short wordes thought I deyen sholde.
Ne rauisshe hir but yif hirselu it wolde. [ 637]
Pandare answerde / of þat be as be may. [ 638]
But telle me thanne hastow hir wil assayed.
That sorwest thus / and he answerde nay.
wherof artow quod Pandare thanne amayed. [ 641]
That nost nat that she wol ben yuele apayed.
To rauysshe hir / syn thow hast nat ben there.
But any aungel tolde it in thyn ere. [ 644]
Page  191(93)
fforthy ris vp as naught ne were anon. [ 645]
And wassh thy face / and to kynge thow wende.
Or he may wondren why thow art thus gon.
Thow most with wisdom hym and oother blende. [ 648]
Or vpon cas he may aftir the sende.
Or thow be war / and shortly brother deere.
Be glad and lat me werke in this matere. [ 651]
ffor I shal shape it so þat sikirly.
Thow shalt this nyght som tyme in som manere.
Come spekyn with thy lady pryuyly.
And by hir wordes ek and by hir cheere. [ 655]
Thow shalt ful soone aparceyue and wel heere.
Al hir entente and of this case the beste.
And fare now wele for in this poynt I reste. [ 658]
The swifte fame which þat fals thinges. [fol. 77b] [ 659]
Egal reporteth lik the thynges trewe.
was thorwghout Troye Ifled with prest wynges.
ffro man to man and made this tale al newe. [ 662]
How Kalkas doughter with hir bryght hewe.
At parlement withoute wordes moore.
Igraunted was in change of antenore. [ 665]
The which tale anon right as Criseide. [ 666]
Hadde hard / she which þat of hir fadir roughte.
As in this cas right naught ne whan he deide.
fful bisily to Iupiter bysoughte. [ 669]
yiue hym meschaunce þat this tretys broughte.
But shortly list thise tales soth weere.
She dorste at no wight axen it for feere. [ 672]
Page  192(97)
As she þat hadde hir herte and al hir mynde. [ 673]
On Troilus biset so wonder faste.
That al thise world ne myghte hir loue vnbynde.
Ne troilus out of hir herte caste. [ 676]
She wil ben hise while þat hir lyf may laste.
And thus she brenneth bothe in loue and drede.
So þat she nyste what was beest to reede. [ 679]
But as men sen in townes al abouute. [ 680]
That wommen vsen frendes to visite.
So to Criseide of wemen com a route.
ffor pitous Ioye and wenden hir delite. [ 683]
And with hir tales dere Inoght a myte.
This wommen which þat in the Cite dwelle.
They sette hem down and seide as I shal telle. [ 686]
Quod first þat oon .I. am glad trewely. [ 687]
Bycause of yow þat shal yowr fader se.
Another seide Iwys so nam nat .I.
ffor al to lite hath she with vs be. [ 690]
The thridde answerde I hope Iwys þat she.
Shal bryngen vs the pes on euery side.
That whan she goth almyghty god hir gide. [ 693]
The wordes and the wommannysse thynges./ [fol. 78a] [ 694]
She herde ryght as thogh sho thennes wheere.
For al this while hir herte on oother thyng is.
Although the body sate among hem theere. [ 697]
God wot hir aduertence is elliswhere.
ffor Troilus ful faste hir sowle sought.
withoute word alwey on hym she thoughte. [ 700]
Page  193(101)
Thise wommen þat so wenden hir to plese. [ 701]
Aboute naught thus gonne hir tales spende.
Swich vanite ne can do hir no ese.
As she þat al this mene while brende. [ 704]
Of oother passioun than they wende.
So þat she wende anon right for to dye.
ffor wo and wery of þat compaignye. [ 707]
ffor which no lenger myghte she restreyne. [ 708]
Hir teeris so they gonnen vp to welle.
That yauen signes of the bittre peyne.
In which hir spirit was and moste dwelle. [ 711]
Remembryg hir fro heuen into whiche helle.
She fallen was / syn she forgothe the syghte.
Of Troilus and sorwfully she sighte. [ 714]
And thilke fooles sittynge hir aboute. [ 715]
wenden þat she wepte and sighte soore.
Bycause þat she sholde from þat route.
Beparte 1. [sic] / and neuere pleye with hem moore. [ 718]
And they þat hadde knowen hir of yoore.
Saye hir so weepe and thought it kyndenesse.
And ech of hem wep ek for hir destresse. [ 721]
And bisily they gonnen hir conforten. [ 722]
Of thing god wot on which she litel thoughte.
And with hir wordes wenden hir desporten.
And to be glad they often hir bisought. [ 725]
But swich an ese therwith they hir wrought.
Right as a man is esed for to feele.
ffor ach of hed / to clawen hym on his heele. [ 728]
Page  194(105)
But after al thys nyce vanyte. [fol. 78b] [ 729]
They took ther leue and hom they wenten alle.
Criseid ful of sorowful pytee.
Into the chaumbre vp wente out of the halle. [ 732]
And on hir bed for ded she gan to falle.
In purpos neuere thennes for to rise.
And thus she wroughte as I shal yow deuyse. [ 735]
Hir ownded her þat snowyssh was of hewe. [ 736]
She rente / and ek hir fyngrys longe and smale.
She wrong ful ofte and badde god hir rewe.
And with the deth do boote vpon hir bale. [ 739]
Hir hewe whilom bright þat tho was pale.
Bar witnesse of hir wo and hir constreynte.
And thus she spak / sobbynge in hir compleynte. [ 742]
Allas quod she out of this Regioun. [ 743]
I woful wrechche / and infortuned wight.
And born in cursed constellacioun.
Mot gon / and thus departen fro my knyght. [ 746]
wo worth þat day and namely þat nyght.
On which I saugh hym first with eyen tweyne.
That causeth me and Ich hym al thys peyne. [ 749]
(108) *. [[This stanza comes after 105 in St. John's MS.]
The salte teeris from hir eyne tweyne. [ 750]
Out ronne / as shoure in april swithe.
Hir white breste she bet / and for the peyne.
Aftir the deth she cried a thowsand sythe. [ 753]
Syn he þat wont hir wo was for to lythe.
She mot forgon / for which disauenture.
She held hirself / a forlost creature. [ 756]
Page  195(109)
What shal he don what shal I do also. [ 757]
How shal I lyue yif þat I from hym twynne.
O deere herte ek þat I loue so.
who shal þat sorwe sle þat ye ben Inne. [ 760]
O. Kalkas fader thyn be al thyis synne.
And corsed be þat day which that argyue.
Me of hir body bar to ben on lyue. [ 763]
To what fyne sholde I lyue and sorwen thus. [fol. 79a] [ 764]
How shulde a fissh without watir dure.
what is Criseide worth from Troilus.
How sholde a plaunte or oother creature. [ 767]
Lyue / withoute his kynde noriture.
ffor which ful ofte a byword here I seye.
That ertheles mot grene soone deye. [ 770]
I shal don thus syn noother swerde ne darte. [ 771]
Dar I non handle for the cruelte.
That ilke day I shal from yow departe.
yif sorwe of þat nyl nat my ban be. [ 774]
Ther shal no mete or drynke come in me.
Til I my sowle out of my breste vnshethe.
And thus myseluen wol I do to deth. [ 777]
And Troilus / my clothes euerychon. [ 778]
Shul blak ben / in tokenynge herte sweete.
That I am out of this world agon.
That wont was yow to holden in quyete. [ 781]
And of my ordre til þat deth me meete.
The obseruances euere in yowr absence.
Shal sorwe ben. comyleynte and abstinence. [ 784]
Page  196(113)
Myn herte and ek the woful goost therInne. [ 785]
Byquethe I with yowr spirit to compleyne.
Eternaly / for they shul neuere twynne.
ffor theygh in erthe Itwynned be we tweyne. [ 788]
Yit in the feld of pite out of peyne.
Ther pluto regneth shal we ben Ifeere.
As Orpheus. with erudice his feere. [ 791]
Thus herte myn for Antenor allas. [ 792]
I soone shal ben yolden as I weene.
But how shal ye don in this woful cas.
How shal yowr tendre herte thys sustene. [ 795]
But herte myn foryete this sorwe and teene.
And me also for sothly for to seye.
So ye wel fare I rechche nat to deye. [ 798]
How myghte it euere al red ben or Isonge. [fol. 79b] [ 799]
The pleynte þat she maad in hir destresse.
I. not but as for me my litel tonge.
Yif I discryue wolde hir heuynesse. [ 802]
It make shold hir sorwe seme lesse.
Than it was / and childisshly deface.
Hir heyghe compleynte / and therfor ich it pace. [ 805]
Pandare which þat sent fro Troilus. [ 806]
Was to Criseide / has ye han herde deuyse.
That for the best it was acorded thus.
And he ful glade to don hym this seruyse. [ 809]
Vnto Criseide in a ful secre wyse.
Ther as she lay in torment and in rage.
Com hir to telle al holly this message. [ 812]
Page  197(117)
And fonde that she hirseluen gan to trete. [ 813]
fful pitously / for with hir salte teeris.
Hir breste / hir face / Ibathed was ful weete.
The myghty tresses of hir sonnyssh heeris. [ 816]
Vnbroiden / hongynge al aboute hir eeris.
which yaf hym verray signal of matire.
Of deth / which þat for wo she gan desire. [ 819]
Whan she hym saugh / she gan for shame anon. [ 820]
Hir teery face atwixe hir armes hide.
ffor whiche this Pandare is so wobigon.
That in the chambre he myght vnnethe abide. [ 823]
As he þat pite felte on euery syde.
ffor yif Criseide hadde erst compleyned soore.
Tho gan she pleyne a thowsand tymes moore. [ 826]
And in hir aspre pleynte thus she seyde. [ 827]
Myn Em Pandare of Ioyes mo than two.
was cause causynge first to me Criseide.
That now transmuwed ben in cruel wo. [ 830]
wher shal I seyn to yow welcome or no.
Þat alderfyrst me broughte into seruyse.
Of loue allas þat endith in swiche wyse. [ 833]
Endith thanne loue in wo / ye or men lieth. [fol. 80a] [ 834]
And euery wordly Ioye as thinketh me.
The ende of loue ay sorwe it occupieth.
And who so troweth naught þat it so be. [ 837]
Lat hym vpon me woful wrecche Ise.
That my selfe hate and ay my burthe acorse.
ffelyng alwey fro wikke I go to worse. [ 840]
Page  198(121)
Whoso me seth . he seth sorwe al atonys. [ 841]
Peyne / torment / pleynte / wo / destresse.
Out of my sorwful body harm ther non is.
As angwysse / langour / cruel bitternesse. [ 844]
Anoy / smert / drede / furie / and ek siknesse.
I trowe Iwys from heuene teeris reyne.
ffor pite of myn aspre and cruel peyne. [ 847]
And thow my suster ful of disconforte. [ 848]
Quod Pandarus what thinkestow to do.
why ne hastow to thyseluen som resport.
why wiltow thus thyselue allas fordo. [ 851]
Lef al this werke / and take now hede to.
What I shal seyn / and herkne of good entente.
This þat by me thy Troilus the sente. [ 854]
Tornede hir tho Criseide a wo makynge. [ 855]
So gret / þat it a deth was for to se.
Allas quod she what wordes may ye brynge.
what will my deere herte seyn to me. [ 858]
which þat I drede neuere mo to se.
wil he han pleynte of teeris or I wende.
I haue Inowe yif he ther after sende. [ 861]
She was right swich to sen in hir visage. [ 862]
As is þat wight þat men on beer bynde.
Hir face lik of Paradis the ymage.
was al Ichaunged in another kynde. [ 865]
The pley / the laughtere men was wont to fynde.
In hir and oother Ioyes euerychone.
Ben fled / and thus for hem she lith allone. [ 868]
Page  199(125)
Aboute hir eyen two a purpre rynge. [fol. 80b] [ 869]
Bytrent / in sothfast tokenynge of hir peyne.
That to be holde it was a dedly thing.
ffor which Pandare myght nat restreyne. [ 872]
The teeris from his eyne for to reyne.
But netheles as he best myght he seyde.
ffor Troilus thise wordes to Criseide. [ 875]
Lo Nece .I. trowe wel ye han hard 1. [al how over erasure.] [ 876]
The kynge with oothre lordes for the beste.
Hath mad theschaunge of antenor and yow.
That cause is of this wo and this vnreste. [ 879]
But how this cas doth Troilus moleste.
That may no wordly mannys tonge seye.
As he þat shortly shapith hym to deye. [ 882]
ffor which we han so sorwed he and I. [ 883]
That into litel bothe it hadde vs slawe.
But thorugh my conseil this day fynaly.
He somwhat hath fro wepynge hym withdrawe. [ 886]
And semyth me þat he desireth fawe.
with yow to ben al nyght for to deuyse.
Remedy in this / yif ther where any wyse. [ 889]
This short and pleyne theffect of my message. [ 890]
As ek the beste / as my wit kan comprehende.
ffor ye ben of torment in swiche rage.
May to no long prologe as now entende. [ 893]
And hervpon ye may answere hym sende.
And for the loue of god my Nece deere.
So lef this wo or Troilus be heere. [ 896]
Page  200(129)
Gret is my wo quod she and syght soore. [ 897]
As she þat felith dedly sharp destresse.
But yit to me is sorwe is muche moore.
That loue hym bet than he hym self .I. gesse. [ 900]
Allas for me hath he swich heuynesse.
Kan he for me so pitously compleyne.
Now wys his sorwe doubleth al my peyne. [ 903]
Greuous to me god wot is for to twynne. [fol. 81a] [ 904]
Quod she / but yit it hardere is to me.
To sen hym in þat wo þat he is Inne.
ffor wel I wot it wel my bane be. [ 907]
And deye I wol in certeyn tho quod she.
But bid hym come / or deth þat thus me threteth.
Dryue out þat goost / which in myn hert he beteth. [ 910]
Thise wordes seid she on hir armes two. [ 911]
ffil gruf / and gan to wepon pitously.
Quod Pandarus allas whi do ye so.
Syn wel ye woot the tyme is fast by. [ 914]
That he shal com / aris vp softly.
That he yow naught bywopyn thus Ifynde.
But ye wol han hym wood out of his mynde. [ 917]
ffor wiste he þat ye ferde in this manere. [ 918]
He wolde hymseluen sle / and yif I wende.
To han thise fare. he sholde nat come heere.
ffor al þat good þat priam may dispende. [ 921]
ffor to what fyn he wolde anon pretende.
That wot .I. wel and therfore yit I seye.
Lat be this sorwe / or platly he wol deye. [ 924]
Page  201(133)
And shapith yow his sorwe for tabregge. [ 925]
And naught encresse o leue Nece sweete.
Beth rather to hym cause of flat than egge.
And with som wisdom ye his sorwe beete. [ 928]
what helpith it to wepyn ful a strete.
Or though ye bothe in salte teeris dreynte.
Bet is a tyme of cure ay than of pleynte. [ 931]
I meene thus. whan ich hym hedir brynge. [ 932]
Syn ye ben wise and bothe of oon assente.
So shapith how destorbe this goynge.
Or com ayein soone aftir ye ben wente. [ 935]
wommen ben wyse of short auysement.
And lat sen how yowr wit shal now auaille.
And þat that I kan helpe it shal nat faile. [ 938]
Go quod Criseide and vncle trewely. [fol. 81b] [ 939]
I. shal don al my myght me to restreyne.
ffro wepyng in his syght and bisily.
Hym for to glade .I. shal don al my peyne. [ 942]
And in my herte sekyn euery veyne.
Yif to this soore ther may ben fownden salue.
It shal nat lakke certein on my halue. [ 945]
Goth Pandarus and Troilus he soughte. [ 946]
Til in a Temple he fownde hym al allone.
As he þat of his lif no lenger roughte.
But to the pitous goddes euerychone. [ 949]
fful tendirly he preyde and made his moone.
To don hym soone out of this worlde to pace.
ffor wel he thoughte ther nas no oother grace. [ 952]
Page  202(137)
And shortly al the sothe for to seye. [ 953]
He was so fallen in despair þat day.
That outrely he shop hym for to deye.
ffor right thus was his argumentȝ alwey. [ 956]
He seide I am but lorn so weylaway.
ffor al þat comth by necessite.
Thus to be lorn it is my destyne. [ 959]
ffor certeinly this wot I wel he seyde. [ 960]
That for sighte of dyuine purueaunce.
Hath seyn alwey me to forgon Criseide.
Syn god seth euery thyng / out of dotaunce. [ 963]
And hem disponyth thorugh his ordinance.
In hir merites sothly for to be.
As they shul comen by predestyne. [ 966]
But natheles allas whom shal I leeue. [ 967]
ffor ther ben grete clerkes many on.
That destyne thurgh argumentȝ preeue.
And som men seyn þat nedly ther nys noon. [ 970]
But þat fre choys is yiuen euerychone.
O. weilawey so sleyght arn clerkes olde.
That I not whos opynioun I may holde. [ 973]
ffor some men seyn / yif god seth al biforn. [fol. 82a] [ 974]
Ne god may nat desceyued ben parde.
Than mot it fallen thought men hadde it sworn.
That purueaunce hath seyn biforn to be. [ 977]
wherfore I seye þat from eterne yif he.
Hath wist biforn / oure thought ek as oure dede.
we han no fre choys as these clerkes rede. [ 980]
Page  203(141)
ffor oother thought nor oother dede also. [ 981]
Myght neuere ben /. but swich as purueaunce.
which may nat ben deceyued neuere mo.
Hath feled biforn withouten ignoraunce. [ 984]
ffor yif ther myght ben a variaunce.
To writhen out fro goddes purueynge.
Ther nere no prescience of thing comynge [ 987]
But it were rather an opynyoun. [ 988]
Vnstidefast / and no certein forseying.
And certes þat were an abusioun.
That god shuld han no parfit cler wytynge. [ 991]
Mor than we men þat han doutous wenynge.
But swich a Errour vpon god to gesse.
were fals and foul / and wykked korsednesse. [ 994]
Ek this is an opynyon of som. [ 995]
That han hir top ful heyghe and smothe Ishore.
They seyn right thus / þat thing nys nat to come.
ffor that the prescience hath seyn it bifore. [ 998]
That it shal come / but they seyn þat therefore.
That it shal come therfore the purueaunce.
wot it biforn withouten ignoraunce. [ 1001]
And in this manere this necessite. [ 1002]
Retorneth in his part contrarie again.
ffor nedfully bihoueth it nat to be.
That thilke thynges fallen in certain. [ 1005]
That ben purueied / but nedly as they seyne.
Bihoueth it that thynges whiche þat falle.
That they in certein ben purueid alle. [ 1008]
Page  204(145)
I mene as though I laboured me in this. [fol. 82b] [ 1009]
To enqueren which thing cause of which thing be.
As wheither the presciense of god is.
The certein cause of the necessite. [ 1012]
Of thinges þat to comen ben parde.
Or yif necessite of thing comynge.
Be cause certein of the purueynge. [ 1015]
But now no enforce .I. me naught in shewinge. [ 1016]
How the ordre of causes stant / but wel wot .I.
That it bihoueth þat the bifallynge.
Of thinges wist biforn certeynly. [ 1019]
Be necessarie / al seme it nat therby.
That prescience put fallynge necessaire. 1. [last three letters over erasure.]
To thing to com al falle it foul or faire. [ 1022]
ffor yif ther sit a man yonde on a see. [ 1023]
Than by necessite bihouit it.
That certes thyn opynyon soth be.
That wenest or coniectest þat he sit. [ 1026]
And forther ouer now ayeinward yit.
Lo right so is it of the part contrarie.
As thus / now herkne for I wol nat tarie. [ 1029]
I seye þat if the opynyoun of the. [ 1030]
Be sothe for þat he sit than sey I this.
That he mot sitten by necessite.
And thus necessite in either is. [ 1033]
ffor in hym nede of sittynge is Iwys.
And in the nede of soth / and thus forsothe.
Ther mot necessite ben in yow bothe. [ 1036]
Page  205(149)
But thow maist seyn the man sit nat therfore. [ 1037]
That thin opynyoun of his sitting sothe is.
But rather for the man sit ther bifore.
Therfor is thyn opinioun soth Iwis. [ 1040]
And I sey though the cause of soth of this.
Komth of his sittynge / yit necessite.
Is entrechaunged bothe in hym and the. [ 1043]
Thus in this same wyse out of dotaunce. [fol. 83a] [ 1044]
I may wel maken as it semeth me.
My resonynge of goddes purueaunce.
And of the thinges þat to comen be. [ 1047]
By which resoun men may wel Ise.
That thiulke thinges þat in erth falle.
That by necessite they comen alle. [ 1050]
ffor although þat for thing shal com Iwys. [ 1051]
They ben purueid certeinly.
Nat þat it komth for it purueid is.
Yit natheles bihoueth it nedully. [ 1054]
That thing to com / be purueid trewely.
Or ellis thinges þat purueied be.
That they bitiden by necessite. [ 1057]
And this suffiseth right Inough certein. [ 1058]
ffor to destroye oure fre choes euery del.
But now is this abusioun to seyn.
That fallyth of the thinges temporel. [ 1061]
Is cause of goddes prescience eternal.
Now trewely þat is a fals sentence.
That thing to come shulde cause his prescience. [ 1064]
Page  206(153)
What myghte I wene and I hadde swich a thoughte. [ 1065]
But þat god purueith thing þat is to come.
ffor þat is to come and ellis naught.
So myghte I wene þat thinges alle and some. [ 1068]
That whilom ben bifalle and ouercome.
Ben cause of thilke souoreyn purueaunce.
That forwot al withouten ignoraunce. [ 1071]
And ouer al this yit seye I more þerto. [ 1072]
That right as whan I wot ther is a thing.
Iwis þat thing mot nedfully be so.
Ek right so whan I wot a thing commyng. [ 1075]
So mot it come / and thus the bifallynge.
Of thinges þat ben wist beforn the tide.
They may nat ben eschuwed on my syde. [ 1078]
Than seide he thus almyghty Ioue in trone. [fol. 84a] [ 1079]
That woost of al this thing sothfastnesse.
Rewe on my sorwe / and do me deyen soone.
Or bryng Criseide and me from this destresse. [ 1082]
And whil he was in al this heuynesse.
Disputyng with hym self in this matere.
Come Pandare in / and seide as ye shal heere. [ 1085]
O myghty god quod Pandarus in trone. [ 1086]
I who sey euere a wis man faren so.
why Troilus what thinkestow to don.
Hastow swich list to ben thy owen fo. [ 1089]
what parde yit nis nat Criseide ago.
why list the so thy self fordon for drede.
That in thyn hede thy eyen semen dede. [ 1092]
Page  207(157)
Hastow nat lyued of thy lyf biforn. [ 1093]
withouten hir and ferd ful wele at ese.
Artow for hir and for non other born.
Hath kynde Iwrought the ooly hir to plese. [ 1096]
Kanstow nat thinken thus in thy disese.
That in the dyse right as ther fallen chaunces.
In loue also ther com and gon plesaunces. [ 1099]
And yit this is my wonder most of alle. [ 1100]
why thow thus sorwest / syn thow nast nat yit.
Towchyng hir goynge how þat it shal falle.
Ne yif she kan hirself destorbent it. [ 1103]
Thow hast nat yit assayed al hir wit.
A man may al bytyme his nekke beede.
whan it shal of / and sorwen at the neede. [ 1106]
fforthy take hede what þat I shal the seye. [fol. 84b] [ 1107]
I haue with hir Ispoke and longe Ibe.
So as acorded was bytwixe vs tweye.
And euere mo me thinketh thus þat she. [ 1110]
Hath somwhat in hir hertes pryuyte.
wharwith she kan yif I shal rigght arede.
Stynt al this thing of which thow art in drede. [ 1113]
ffor which my conseil is whan it is nyght. [ 1114]
Thow to hir go and make of this a ende.
And blisful Iono thorwgh hir grete myght.
Shal as I hope hir grace vnto vs sende. [ 1117]
Myn herte seith certeyn she shal nat wende.
And forthy put thy herte a while in reste.
And hold thy purpos for it is the beste. [ 1120]
Page  208(161)
This Troilus answerde and syght soore. [ 1121]
Thow seist right wel and I wil don right so.
And what hym liste and seide to hym moore.
But whan þat it was tyme for to go. [ 1124]
fful pryuyly hymself withoute mo.
Vnto hir com / as he was wont to doone.
And how he wroughte .I. shal yow tellen soone. [ 1127]
Soth it is þat whan they gonnen first to meete. [ 1128]
So gan the sorwe hir hertes for to twiste.
That neither of hem oother myghte greete.
But hem in armes hente and softe kiste. [ 1131]
The lasse woful of hem bothe nyste.
what for to don ne myght .a. worde out brynge.
As I seide erst for wo and for sobbynge. [ 1134]
Tho woful teeris þat thei leten falle. [ 1135]
As bittre weren out of teeris kynde.
ffor peyne / as in ligne aloes or galle.
So bittre teeris wep nat thurght the rynde. [ 1138]
The woful Mirra writen as I fynde.
That in this world ther nys so hard a herte.
That nolde han rewed on hir peynes smerte. [ 1141]
But whan hir woful wery goostes tweyne. [fol. 85a] [ 1142]
Retorned ben ther as hem oughte dwelle.
And that somwhat to weiken gan the peyne.
By 1. [over erasure] lenght of pleynte and ebben gan the welle. [ 1145]
Of hir teeris / and the herte vnswelle.
with broken voys al hoors forshright Criseide.
To Troilus thise ilke wordes seide. [ 1148]
Page  209(165)
O loue I deye and mercy I beseche. [ 1149]
Help Troilus / and therwithalle hir face.
Vpon hise breste she leide and lost speche.
Hir woful spirit from his propre place. [ 1152]
Right with the world o point alwey to pace.
And thus she lith with hewes pale and greene.
That whilom fressh and fairest was to seene. [ 1155]
This Troylus þat on hir gan biholde. [ 1156]
Klepynge hir name / and she lay as for dede.
withoute answere / and felte hir lymes colde.
Hir eyen throwen vpward to hir hed. [ 1159]
This sorweful man kan now no maner red.
But ofte tyme hir colde mouth he kyste.
wher hym was wo god and hymself it wiste. [ 1162]
He rist hym vp and long streight he hir leide. [ 1163]
ffor signe of lif for aught he kan or may.
Kan he non fynde in no cas on Criseide.
ffor which is song ful ofte is weloway. [ 1166]
And whan he saught þat specheles she lay.
with sorful voys and herte of bliss al bare.
He seyde how she was fro this world Ifare. [ 1169]
So after þat he longe hadde hir compleyned. [ 1170]
Hise hondes wrong / and seid þat was to seye.
And with his teeris salte his breste bireyned.
He gan the teeris wipen of and dreye. [ 1173]
And pitously gan for the soule preye.
And seide lord þat set art in thy trone.
Rewe ek on me for I shal foolwe hir soone. [ 1176]
Page  210(169)
She cold was and withouten sentement. [fol. 85b] [ 1177]
ffor aught he wiste and breth ne felte he non.
And þat was hym a preignant argument.
That she was forth out of this world agon. [ 1180]
And whan he saught ther was no oother won.
He gan hir lymes dresse in swiche manere.
As men don folk / þat shul ben layd on beere. [ 1183]
And aftir this with sterne and cruel herte. [ 1184]
His swerd anon out of the shethe he twighte.
Himself to slen how soore þat it smerte.
So þat his soule hir sowle folwe myghte. [ 1187]
Ther as the dome of Minos wolde it dyghte.
Syn loue and cruel fortune it ne wolde.
That in this world he lengere lyuen sholde. [ 1190]
Than seide he thus fulfild of heygh desdayn. [ 1191]
O cruel Ioue / and thow fortune aduerse.
This al and som þat falsly han the slayn.
Criseide / and syn ye kan do me no werse. [ 1194]
ffy on yowr myght and werkes so diuerse.
Thus cowardly ye shal me neuere wynne.
Ther shal no deth me fro my lady twynne. [ 1197]
ffor I this world syn ye han slayn hir thus. [ 1198]
wol lete / and folowe hir spirit forth in hye.
Schal neuere louer seyn þat Troilus.
Dar nat for feere with his lady deye. [ 1201]
ffor certein I wol bere hir compaignye.
But syn ye nyl nat suffre vs lyuen heere.
Yit suffreth þat oure soules ben Ifeere. [ 1204]
Page  211(173)
And thow Cite which þat I lyue in wo. [ 1205]
And thow Priam and brethren al I feere.
And thow my modir farewel for I go.
Thow Attrepos þat is ful redy heere. [ 1208]
And thow Criseide sweete herte deere.
Reseyue now my spirit wolde he seye.
with swerde at herte al redy for to deye. [ 1211]
But as god wolde of swought therwith shebreide. [fol. 86a]
And gan to sike and Troilus she cride.
And he answerde herte myn Criseide.
Lyue ye yit and let his swerd down glide. [ 1215]
Ye herte myn Ithonked be Cipride.
Quod she / and therwithal she soore sighte.
And he bigan conforte hir as he myghte. [ 1218]
Tok hir in armes two and kiste hir ofte. [ 1219]
And hir to glade he dede al his entente.
ffor which hir goost þat flikered ay on lofte.
Ayein into hir herte al softe wente. [ 1222]
So at the laste as þat hir eye glente.
Aside / anon she gan his swerd espie.
As it lay bare / and gan for feere crye. [ 1225]
And axed hym why he it hadde out drawe. [ 1226]
And Troilus anon the case tolde.
And how hymself he wolde therwith aslawe.
ffor which Criseide vpon hym gan biholde. [ 1229]
And gan hym in hir armes faste folde.
And seide o mercy god lo which a dede.
Allas how neye we were bothe dede. [ 1232]
Page  212(177)
Thanne yif I nadde spoke as grace was. [ 1233]
Ye wolde han slayn yowr self a non quod she.
Ye doutles / and she answerd allas.
ffor by þat ilk lorde þat made me. [ 1236]
I nolde a forlong wey on lyue han be.
After yowr deth / to han ben crowned queene.
Of al the lond the sonne on schyneth sheene. [ 1239]
But with this selue swerd which þat her is. [ 1240]
My selue / I wolde han slayn 1. [over erasure] quod she tho.
But ho / for we han right Inoght of this.
And late vs rise and streight to bed go. [ 1243]
And there lat vs spekyn of oure wo.
ffor by the morter which þat I se brenne.
Knowe I ful wel þat day is nat fer henne. [ 1246]
Whan they were in hir bed in armes folden. [fol. 86b] [ 1247]
Noght was it lik the nyghtes her biforn.
ffor pitously ech oother gan biholden.
As they þat hadde hir Ioyes alle lorn. [ 1250]
Seying allas that euere they were born.
Til at the laste this woful wight Criseide.
To Troilus thise ilke wordes seide. [ 1253]
Lo herte myn wel wot ye this quod she. [ 1254]
That yif a wight alwey his wo compleyne.
And sekith naught how holpen for to be.
It nys but folye and encrees of peyne. [ 1257]
And syn þat here assembled be we tweyne.
To fynde boote of wo þat we ben Inne.
It were al tyme soone to bygynne. [ 1260]
Page  213(181)
I am a woman as ful wel ye woot. [ 1261]
And as I am auysed sodeynly.
So wol .I. telle it yow whil it is hoot.
Me thinketh thus / þat nouther ye nor .I. [ 1264]
Oughte half this wo to maken skilfully.
ffor ther is art Inought for to redresse.
That yit is mys / and slen this heuynesse. [ 1267]
Soth is that wo the which þat we be Inne [ 1268]
ffor aught I woot / for nothing ellis Is.
But for the cause þat we shullen twynne.
Considered al / ther nys no moore amys. [ 1271]
But what is thanne a remedy vnto this.
But þat we shape vs soone for to meete.
Thus al and som my dere herte sweete. [ 1274]
Now þat I shal wel bryngen it aboute. [ 1275]
To come ayein soone aftir þat I go.
Therof am I no maner thing in doute.
ffor dredeles withInne a wowke or two. [ 1278]
I shal ben heere / and þat it may ben so.
By alle right / and in a wordes fewe.
I shal yow wel a hep of weyes shewe. [ 1281]
ffor which I nyl nat maken long sermoun. [fol. 87a] [ 1282]
ffor tyme Ilost may nat recouered be.
But I wol go right to conclusioun.
And to the beste in aught þat I kan se. [ 1285]
And for the loue of god foryiue it me.
Yif I speke aught ayeines your hertes reste.
ffor trewely .I. seye it for the beste. [ 1288]
Page  214(185)
Makyng alwey a protestacioun. [ 1289]
That in effect this thing þat I shal seye.
Nys but to shewen yow my mocioun.
To fynde vnto oure help the beste weye. [ 1292]
And takith it non oother weys .I. preye.
ffor fynaly what so ye me comaunde.
That wol I don / for þat is no demaunde. [ 1295]
Now herkneth this / for ye han wel vndirstonde. [ 1296]
My goinge granted is by parlement.
So fertforth þat it may nat ben withstonde.
ffor alle this world as by my Iugement. [ 1299]
And syn ther helpith non auysement.
To leten it / lat it passe out of mynde.
And lat vs shape a bettre wey to fynde. [ 1302]
The soth is this / that twynnynge of vs tweyne. [ 1303]
wol vs disese and cruelich anoye.
But hym bihoueth som tyme han a peyne.
That serueth loue / if þat he wol han Ioye. [ 1306]
And syn I shal no ferther out of Troye.
Than I may ride ayein on half a Morwe.
It oughte lasse causen vs to sorwe. [ 1309]
So as .I. shal nat so ben hid in Muwe. [ 1310]
That day by day myn owen herte deere.
Syn wel ye wot þat it is now a truwe.
Ye shal ful wel al myn estat Iheere. [ 1313]
And or þat trewe is don I shal ben heere.
And thus han ye bothe Antenor Iwonne.
And me also / beth glad now yif ye konne. [ 1316]
Page  215(189)
And think right thus Criseide is now agon. [fol. 87b] [ 1317]
But what she shal come hastely ayein.
And whanne allas / by god 1. [over erasure] lo right anon.
Or dayes .x. that dar I safly seyne. [ 1320]
And thanne at erst shal ye ben so feyne.
That we shul eueremo to geddere dwelle.
That al this world ne myght oure Ioye telle. [ 1323]
I sei þat often ther as we ben now. [ 1324]
That for the beste oure conseil for to hide.
Ye spekyn naught with me nor I with yow.
In fourtenyght / ne se yow go ne ride. [ 1327]
May ye naught x dayes thanne abide.
ffor myn honour in swich an auenture.
Iwys ye mowen ellis lite endure. [ 1330]
Ye knowe ek how þat al my kynne is heere. [ 1331]
Oonly / but yif it my fader be.
And ek myn oothre thinges al Ifeere
And namely my dere herte ye. [ 1334]
whom þat I nolde leuen for to se.
ffor al this world as muche as it hath space.
Or elles se ich neuer Ioues face. [ 1337]
Why trowe ye my fader in this wyse. [ 1338]
Coueityth so to se me but for drede.
List in this town þat folkes me despise.
Bycause of hem / for his vnhappy dede. [ 1341]
what wot my fadir what lyf þat I lede.
ffor yif he wiste in Troye how wel I fare.
Vs neded for my going naught to care. [ 1344]
Page  216(193)
Ye sen þat euery day ek moore and moore. [ 1345]
Men trete of pees and it suposed is.
That men 1. [over erasure] the queene Eleyne shal restore.
And grekys vs restoren þat is mys. [ 1348]
So though ther nere confort non but this.
That men purposen pes on euery side.
Ye may the better at ese of herte abide. [ 1351]
ffor yif þat it be pees myn herte deere. [fol. 88a] [ 1352]
The nature of the pees mot nedes dryue.
That men moste entrecommen Ifeere.
And to and fro ek ride and go as blyue. [ 1355]
Al day as thikke as ben flen from a hyue.
And euery wight han liberte to bleue.
wher as him liste / the bet withouten leeue. [ 1358]
And though so be þat pees ther may be non. [ 1359]
Yit hider / though ther neuere pees ne weere.
I moste come / for whider shuld I gon.
Or how meschaunce shulde I dwellen theere. [ 1362]
Among tho men of armes euere in feere.
ffor which so wysly god my soule rede.
I kan nat sen wherof ye shulden drede. [ 1365]
Haue here another wey yif it so be. [ 1366]
That al this thing ne may yow nat suffise.
Mi fader as ye knowen wel parde.
Is olde / and elde is ful of coueitise. [ 1369]
And I right now haue fownden al the gyse.
withouten net / wherwith I shal hym hente.
And herkneth how yif þat ye wol assente. [ 1372]
Page  217(197)
Loo Troilus men seith þat harde it is. [ 1373]
The wolf ful and the whether hool to haue.
This is to seyn þat men ful ofte Iwis.
Mote spenden part the remanaunt for to saue. [ 1376]
ffor ay with gold men may the herte graue.
Of hym þat set is vpon coueitise.
And how I meene .I. shal it yow deuyse. [ 1379]
The moeble which þat I haue in this town. [ 1380]
Vnto my fader shal I take and seye.
That right for trist and for sauacion.
It sent is from a frend of his or tweye. [ 1383]
The which frendes feruently hym preye.
To senden aftir more and þat in hye.
whil þat this town stant thus in Iupartie. [ 1386]
And þat shal ben a huge quantite. [fol. 88b] [ 1387]
Thus shal I seyn is / but lest it folk espide.
This may be sent by no wight but by me.
I shal ek shewen hym yif pees bitide. [ 1390]
what frendes þat I haue on euery side.
Toward the court / to don the wrathe pace.
Of Priamus / and don hym stonde in grace. [ 1393]
So what for o thing / and for oother sweete. [ 1394]
I shal hym so enchaunten with my sawes.
That right in heuene his soule shal he meete.
ffor al appollo and or hise clerkes lawes. [ 1397]
Or Calkulyng auaileth thre hawes.
Desir of gold shal so his soule blende.
That as me list .I. shal wele make a ende. [ 1400]
Page  218(201)
And yif he wolde aught by his sort it preue. [ 1401]
Yif þat I lye / in certein I shal fonde.
Destourben hym and plukke hym by the sleue.
Makynge his sort / or beryn hym on honde. [ 1404]
He hath nat wel the goddes vndirstonde.
ffor goddes spekyn in amphibologies.
And for a soth they tellen .xx. lyes. [ 1407]
Ek drede fond first goddes .I. suppose. [ 1408]
Thus shal I seyn / and ek his coward herte.
Made hym amys the goddes text to glose.
whan he for fered out of delphos sterte. [ 1411]
And but I make hym soone to conuerte.
And don my red withInne a day or tweye.
I wil to yow oblige me to deye. [ 1414]
And trewelisch is writen wel I fynde. [ 1415]
Þat al this thing was seide of good entente.
And þat hir herte trewe was an kynde.
Towardis hym / and spak right as she mente. [ 1418]
And þat she sterf for wo neygh whan she wente.
And was in purpos euere to ben trewe.
Thus writen they þat of hir werkes knewe. [ 1421]
Thise Troilus with herte and eris spradde. [fol. 89a] [ 1422]
Herde al this thing deuysen to and fro.
And verraylisch hym semed þat he hadde.
The selue wit / but yit to lete hir go. [ 1425]
His herte mys foryaf hym euere mo.
But fynaly he gan his herte wreste.
To tristen hir / and took it for the beste. [ 1428]
Page  219(205)
ffor which the grete furie of his penaunce. [ 1429]
was queynt with hope and therwith hem bitweene.
Bygan for Ioye thamourouse daunce.
And as the briddes whan the sonne is shynne. [ 1432]
Deliten in hir song in leuis greene.
Right so the wordes þat they spake Ifeere.
Delited hem / and made hir hertes cleere. [ 1435]
But natheles the wendynge of Criseide. [ 1436]
ffor al this world ne may out of his mynde.
ffor which ful ofte ful pitousliche hir preide.
That of hir heste he myght hir trewe fynde. [ 1439]
And seid hir certes yif ye ben vnkynde.
And but ye come at day set into Troye.
Ne shal I neuere haue heele honour ne Ioye. [ 1442]
ffor also sothe as sonne vprist a morwe. [ 1443]
And god so wisly thow me woful wrechche.
At reste brynge / out of this cruel sorwe.
I. wil my self sle yif þat ye drechche. [ 1446]
But of my deth though litel be to rechche.
Yit or þat ye me causen so to smerte.
Dwel rather her myn owene deere herte. [ 1449]
ffor trewely myn owne lady deere. [ 1450]
Tho sleightes yit þat ich yow heere stere.
fful shaply ben to faillen alle Ifere.
And thus men seith þat oon thinketh the beere. [ 1453]
But al another thinketh his ledere.
Yowr sire is wise / and seid is out of drede.
Men may the wyse atrenne and naught atrede. [ 1456]
Page  220(209)
It is ful hard to halten vnespied. [fol. 89b] [ 1457]
Byfore a crepil for he can the craft.
Yowre fader is in sleyght as Argus eyed.
ffor al be þat his moeble is hym biraft. [ 1460]
His olde sleyghte is yit so with hym laft.
Ye shal nat blende hym for your wommanhede.
Ne feyne aright and þat is al my drede. [ 1463]
I not yif pees shal euere mo bitide. [ 1464]
But pees or no / for ernest ne for game.
I. wote syn kalkas on the grekys side.
Hath oonys ben / and lost so foule his name. [ 1467]
He dar no moore com her agayne for shame.
ffor which þat wey for oughte I kan espie.
To trusten on is but fantasie. [ 1470]
Ye shal ek sen yowr fader shal yow glose. [ 1471]
To ben a wyf and as he kan wel preche.
He shal som greke so preyse and wel alose.
That rauysshen he shal yow with his speche. [ 1474]
Or do yow don by force as he shal teche.
And Troilus of whom he nyl haue routhe.
Shal causeles so steruen in his trouthe. [ 1477]
And ouer al this yowr fader shal despise. [ 1478]
Vs alle / and seyn this Cite nys but lorn.
And þat the sege neuere shal arise.
ffor why the grekis han it alle sworn. [ 1481]
Til we be slayne / and down oure walles torn.
And thus he shal yow with his wordes feere.
That ay drede I þat ye wel bleuen there. [ 1484]
Page  221(213)
Ye shal ek sen so many a lusty knyght. [ 1485]
Amonge the grekys ful of worthynesse.
And ech of hem with herte wit and myght.
To plesen yow don al his besynesse. [ 1488]
That ye shul dullen of the rudynesse.
Of vs sely Troians but yif routhe.
Remorde yow / or vertu of yowr trouthe. [ 1491]
And this to me so greuous is to thinke. [fol. 90 a.]] [ 1492]
And fro my brest it wol the soule rende.
And dredeles in me ther kan not synke.
A good opynyoun yif þat ye wende. [ 1495]
ffor why your fadris sleyghte wol vs blende.
And yif ye gon as I haue told yow yoore.
So think I nam but ded withoute moore. [ 1498]
ffor which with humble trewe and pitous herte. [ 1499]
A thousand tymes mercy I yow preye.
So reweth on myne asprie peynes smerte.
And doth somwhat as þat I shal yow seye. [ 1502]
And lat vs stele aweye bitwixe vs tweye.
And think þat folye is whan men may cheese.
ffor accident is substance ay to leese. [ 1505]
I meene thus þat syn we mowe or day. [ 1506]
wel stele awey and ben togedir so.
what wit were it to putten in assay.
In cas ye sholden to your fadir go. [ 1509]
Yif þat ye myghten come ayein or no.
Thus mene I þat it weere a grete folye.
To putte þat sekirnesse in Iupartye. [ 1512]
Page  222(217)
And vulgarly to spekyn of substaunce. [ 1513]
Of tresour / may we bothe with vs leede.
Inogh / to lyue in honour and pleasaunce.
Til into tyme þat we shal be deede. [ 1516]
And thus we may eschuen al this dreede.
ffor euerich other wey ye can recorde.
Myn herte Iwis may therwith nat acorde. [ 1519]
And hardely ne dredeth no pouerte. [ 1520]
ffor I haue kyn and frendes elliswheere.
That though we comen in oure bare sherte.
Vs sholde neither lakken golde ne geere. [ 1523]
But ben honured whil we dwelten theere.
And go we anon / for as in myn entente.
Thise is the beste yif þat we 1. [sic] wol assente. [ 1526]
Criseide hym with a sik right in this wyse. [fol. 90b] [ 1527]
Answered / Iwis my deere herte trewe.
we may wele stele awey as ye deuyse.
And fyndyn swich vnthrifty weyes newe. [ 1530]
But aftirward ful soore it wol vs rewe.
And help me god so at my moste nede.
As causcles ye suffren al this drede. [ 1533]
ffor thilke day þat I for cherysshynge. [ 1534]
Or drede or fadir / or for oother wyght.
Or for estat / delite / or for weddynge.
Be fals to yow my Troilus my knyght. [ 1537]
Saturnes doughter Iuno thorwgh hir myght.
As wood as Athamante do me dwelle.
Eternalisch in Stix the put of helle. [ 1540]
Page  223(221)
And this on euerich god celestial. [ 1541]
I swere it yow / and ek on iche goddesse.
On euery nimphe and deyte infernal.
On satiry and fauny moore and lesse. [ 1544]
That halue goddes ben on wildernesse.
And antropos my thred of lyf to breste.
Yif I be fals / now trowe me yif yow leste. [ 1547]
And thow Symoys þat as an arwe cleere. *. [In marain: Parcas. cloto. lathesis. antropos]
Thorwgh Troye ay rennest downward to the see.
Ber witnesse of this word þat seide is heere.
That thilke day þat ich vntrewe be. [ 1551]
To Troilus myn owene herte fre.
That thow retorne bakward to thy welle.
And I with body and soule synke in helle. [ 1554]
But þat ye speke alwey thus for to go. [ 1555]
And leten al your frendes god forbeede.
ffor any womman þat ye sholde so.
And namely syn Troye hath now swiche nede. [ 1558]
Of help / and ek of on thing taketh heede.
yif this were wist my lyf lay in balaunce.
And your honour / god shild vs fro meschaunce. [ 1561]
And yif so be þat pees hereaftir take. [fol. 91a] [ 1562]
As alday happith aftir angur game.
why lord the sorwe and wo ye woldem 1. [sic] make.
That ye ne dorste come ayein for shame. [ 1565]
And or þat ye Iuparten so your name.
Beth naught to hastif in this hoote faare.
ffor hastif man ne wanteth neuere care. [ 1568]
Page  224(225)
What trowen ye the people ek al aboute. [ 1569]
wolde of it seye / it is ful light tarede.
They wolden seyn and swere it out of doute.
That loue ne drof yow naught to do this dede. [ 1572]
But lust voluptuous / and coward drede.
Thus were al lost Iwis myn herte deere.
Yowr honour which þat now shynneth so cleere. [ 1575]
And also thinketh on myn oneste. 1. [originally honesty; the h is erased.] [ 1576]
That floureth yit / how foule I sholde it shende.
And with what filthe it spotted shold be.
yif in this forme I sholde with yow wende. [ 1579]
Ne though I lyue le vnto the wordes 2. [sic] ende.
My name sholde I neuere ayeinward wynne.
Thus were I lost / and þat were routhe and synne. [ 1582]
And forthy sle with resoun al this heete. [ 1583]
Men seyn the suffrant ouercomth parde.
Ek whoso wol han lef / he lef mot leete.
Thus maketh vertu of necessite. [ 1586]
By pacience / and think þat lorde is he.
Of fortune ay / þat naught wol of hir rechche.
And she ne daunteth ne wight but a wrechche. [ 1589]
And tristeth this þat certes herte sweete. [ 1590]
Or phebus sustur lucyna the sheene.
The lyoun passe out of this ariete.
I wil ben here withouten any weene. [ 1593]
I meene as help me Iuno heuenes queene.
The tenthe day / but yif þat deth masayle.
I wil yow sen withouten any faile. [ 1596]
Page  225(229)
And now so this be sothe quod Troilus. [fol. 91b] [ 1597]
I shal wel suffre vnto the tenthe day.
Syn þat I se þat nede it moot be thus.
But for the loue of god yit if it be may. [ 1600]
So lat vs stelen pryuylich away.
ffor euere in oon as for to lyue in reste.
Myn herte seth þat it wol be the beste. [ 1603]
O mercy god what lyf is this quod she. [ 1604]
Allas ye sle me thus for verray teene.
I se wel now þat ye mystrusten me.
ffor by yowr wordes it is wel Iseene. [ 1607]
Now for the loue of Cinthea the sheene.
Mistrust me naught thus causeles for routhe.
Syn to be trewe I haue yow plyght my trouthe. [ 1610]
And thinketh wel þat somtyme it is wit. [ 1611]
To spende a tyme / a tyme for to wynne.
Ne parde lorn am I nat fro yow yit.
Though þat we ben a day or two atwynne. [ 1614]
Drif out the fantasies yow withInne.
And trusteth me / and leueth ek yowr sorwe.
Or her my trouthe I wil nat lyue til morwe. [ 1617]
ffor yif ye wiste how soore it doth me smerte. [ 1618]
Ye wolde cesse of this / for god thow woost.
The pure spirit wepith in myn herte.
To sen yow wepen þat I loue moost. [ 1621]
And þat I mot gon to the grekys oost.
Ye nere it þat I wiste remedye.
To come ayen / right here I wolde dye. [ 1624]
Page  226(233)
But certes I am nat so nyce a wight. [ 1625]
That I ne kan ymaginen a way.
To come ayein þat day þat I haue hight.
ffor who may holde a thing þat wol awey. [ 1628]
Mi fadir naught for alle his queynte play.
And by my thrift my wendynge out of Troye.
Another day shal torne vs alle to Ioye. [ 1631]
fforthy with alle myn herte I yow biseke. [fol. 92a] [ 1632]
Yif þat yow liste don aught for my preyere.
And for þat loue which þat I loue yow eke.
That or þat I departe fro yow heere. [ 1635]
That of so good a confort and a cheere.
I may yow sen / þat ye may brynge at reste.
Myn herte which þat is a 1. [over erasure.] point to breste. [ 1638]
And ouer al this I prey yow quod she tho. [ 1639]
Myn owne hertes sothfaste suffisaunce.
Syn I am thyn al hool withoute mo.
That whil þat I am absent no plesaunce. [ 1642]
Of oother / do me fro yowr remembrance.
ffor I am euere a gast / forwhy men reede.
That loue is thing / ay ful of bisy drede. [ 1645]
ffor in this world ther lyueth lady non. [ 1646]
Yife þat ye were vntrewe as god defende.
That so bitreised were or wo bigon.
As I þat al trouthe in yow entende. [ 1649]
And douteles yif þat I oother wende.
I ner but dede / and or ye cause fynde.
ffor goddes loue / so beth me naught vnkynde. [ 1652]
Page  227(237)
To this answerde Troilus and seide. [ 1653]
Now god to whom ther nys no thought I wrye.
Me glade / as wis I neuere vnto Criseide.
Syn thilk day I saught hir first with eye. [ 1656]
was fals / ne neuere shal til þat I dye.
At shorte wordes wel ye may me leeue.
I kan no more / it shal ben fownden at preue. [ 1659]
Gramercy good myn Iwys quod she. [ 1660]
And blisful venus lat me neuere sterue.
Or I may stonde of plesaunce in degre.
To quyte hym wel / þat so wel kan deserue. [ 1663]
And whil þat god my wit wel me conserue.
I shal so don so trewe I haue yow fownde.
That ay honour to meward shal rebounde. [ 1666]
ffor trusteth wel þat yowr estat real. [fol. 92b] [ 1667]
Ne veyn delite / nor oonly worthynesse. *. [[In margin: Iudus ad honorem Marlis]]
Of yow in werre or torney Marcial.
Ne pompe array / noblay nor ek richesse. [ 1670]
Ne made me to rewe on yowr destresse.
But moral vertu grownded vpon trouthe.
That was the cause I first hadde on yow routhe. [ 1673]
Ek gentil herte and manhod that ye hadde. [ 1674]
And that ye hadde as me thought in despit.
Euery thing þat sowned into badde.
As rudynesse and poeplissh appetit. [ 1677]
And þat yowr resoun bridlit yowr delite.
This made abouen euery erature.
That I was yowre and shal whil I may dure. [ 1680]
Page  228(241)
And this may lenghte of yeris naught fordo. [ 1681]
Ne remuable fortune deface.
But Iupiter þat of his myght may do.
The sowrful to be glad / so yiue vs grace. [ 1684]
Or nyghtes x. to meten in this place.
So þat it may yowre herte and myn suffise.
And fare now wel / for tyme is þat ye rise. [ 1687]
But after þat they longe Ipleyned hadde. [ 1688]
And ofte kist and streyte in armes folde.
The day gan rise and Troilus hym cladde.
And rewfully his lady gan biholde. [ 1691]
As he þat felte dethes cares colde.
And to hir grace he gan hym recomaunde.
wher hym was wo this holde I no demaunde. [ 1694]
ffor mannes hed ymaginen ne kan. [ 1695]
Nentendement considere or tonge telle.
The cruel peynes of this woful man.
That passen euery torment down in helle. [ 1698]
ffor when he saught þat she ne myght dwelle.
which þat is soule out of his herte rente.
withoute moore out of the chaumbre he wente. [ 1701]
Explicit liber quartus.