Three more parallel texts of Chaucer's Troilus and Criseyde from ms. LI in St. John's college, Cambridge; ms. no. 61 in Corpus Christi college, Cambridge, and the Harleian ms. 1239 in the British museum; put forth by F.J. Furnivall ... with a note on Chaucer's borrowings from Benoît de Sainte-More by G.C. Macaulay ....
Chaucer, Geoffrey, -1400., Furnivall, Frederick James, 1825-1910., Macaulay, G. C. (George Campbell), 1852-1915., Benoît, de Sainte-More, active 12th century.
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[MS. Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, 61.]

(1) (Proem.)
THe double sorwe of Troilus to tellen. [fol. 1a] [ 1]
That was the kyng Priamus sone of Troye.
In louynge how his auentures fellen.
ffro wo to wele and after out of Ioie. [ 4]
My purpos is er that I parte froye.
Thesiphone thow help me for tendite.
Thise woful vers that wepen as I write. [ 7]
(2) (Invocation.)
To the clepe I thow goddesse of torment. [ 8]
Thow cruwel furie sorwynge euere yn peyne.
Help me that am the sorwful Instrument.
That helpeth loueres as I kan to pleyne. [ 11]
ffor wel sit it the sothe for to seyne.
A woful wight to han a drery feere.
And to a sorwful tale a sory chere. [ 14]
(3)
ffor I that god of loues seruantȝ serue. [ 15]
Ne dar to loue for myn vnliklynesse.
Preyen for speed al sholde .I. ther fore sterue.
So fer am I from his help in derknesse. [ 18]
But natheles if this may don gladnesse.
To any louere and his cause auaille.
Haue he my thonk and myn be this trauaille. [ 21]
Page  2(4)
But ȝe loueres that bathen in gladnesse. [ 22]
If any drope of pyte in ȝow be.
Remembreth ȝow on passed heuynesse.
That ȝe han felt. and on the aduersite. [ 25]
Of othere folk. and thynketh how that ȝe.
Han felt that loue dorste ȝow displese.
Or ȝe han wonne hym with to grete an ese. [ 28]
(5)
And preieth for hem that ben in the cas. [ 29]
Of Troilus. as ȝe may after here.
That loue hem brynge in heuene to solas.
And ek for me preieth to god so dere. [ 32]
That I haue myght to shewe in som manere.
Swiche peyne and wo. as loues. folk endure.
In Troilus vnsely auenture. [ 35]
(6)
And biddeth ek for hem that ben desespeired. [fol. 1b] [ 36]
In loue that neuere nyl recouered be.
And ek for hem that falsly ben apeired.
Thorugh wikked tonges be it he or she. [ 39]
Thus biddeth god for his benignite.
To graunte hem soone owt of this world to pace.
That ben desespeired out of loues grace. [ 42]
(7)
And biddeth ek for hem that ben at ese. [ 43]
That god hem graunte ay good perseueraunce.
And send hem myght hire ladies so to plese.
That it to loue be worship and plesaunce. [ 46]
ffor so hope I my sowle best auaunce.
To prey for hem that loues seruauntȝ be.
And write hire wo and lyue in charite. [ 49]
Page  3(8)
And for to haue of hem compassioun. [ 50]
As though I were hire owne brother dere.
Now herkneth with a good entencioun.
ffor now wil I gon streght to my matere. [ 53]
In which ȝe may the double sorwes here.
Of Troilus in louynge of Criseyde.
And how that she forsook hym er she deyde. [ 56]
(9) (Story.)
YT is wel wist how that the grekes stronge. [fol. 3a]
In armes with a thousand shippes wente.
To Troiewardes and the Cite longe.
Assegeden neigh ten ȝer er they stente. [ 60]
In diuerse wise and in oon entente.
The rauysshyng to wreken of Eleyne.
By Paris doun they wroughten al hir peyne. [ 63]
(10)
Now fel it so that in the town ther was. [ 64]
Dwellynge a lord of gret auctorite.
A gret deuyn that clepid was Calkas.
That in science so expert was that he. [ 67]
Knewe wel that Troie sholde destroied be.
By answere of his god that highte thus.
Dann Phebus or Appollo Delphicus. [ 70]
(11)
So whan this Calkas knewe by calkulynge. [ 71]
And ek by answer of this Appollo.
That grekes sholden swich a peple brynge.
Thorugh which that Troie moste ben for do. [ 74]
He caste anon oute of the town to go.
ffor wel wiste he by sort that Troye sholde.
Destroyed ben ȝe wolde who so nolde. [ 77]
Page  4(12)
ffor which for to departen softely. [ 78]
Took purpos ful in this for knowynge wise.
And to the grekes oost ful pryuely.
He stal anon and they in curteys wise. [ 81]
Hym diden bothe worship an seruyce.
In trust that he hath konnynge hem to rede.
In euery peril which that is to drede [ 84]
(13)
The noise vp ros whan it was first aspied. [ 85]
Thorugh al the town and generaly was spoken.
That Calkas traitour fals fled was and allied.
With hem of Grece and casten to be wroken. [ 88]
On hym that falsly hadde his feith so broken.
And seyden he and al his kyn atones.
Ben worthi to be brent felle and bones. [ 91]
(14)
Now hadde Calkas lost in this meschaunce. [fol. 3b] [ 92]
Al vnwist of this false and wikked dede.
His doughter which that was in gret penaunce.
ffor of hire lif she was ful sore in drede. [ 95]
As she that nyst what was best to rede.
ffor bothe a widewe was she and allone.
Of any frend to whom she dorste hir mone. [ 98]
(15)
Criseyde was this lady name a right [fol. 4a] [ 99]
As to my doom in al Troies Cite.
Nas non so fair for passynge euery wight.
So aungelik was hir natif beaute. [ 102]
That lik a thing inmortal semed she.
As doth an heuenyssh perfit creature.
That down were sent in scornynge of nature. [ 105]
Page  5(16)
This lady which that alday herd at ere. [ 106]
Hire fadres shame his falsnesse and tresoun.
wel neigh out of hir wit for sorwe and fere.
In widewes habet large of Samyt broun. [ 109]
On knees she fil biforn Ector a down.
with pitous vois and tendrely wepynge.
His mercy bad hir seluen excusynge. [ 112]
(17)
Now was this Ector pitous of nature. [ 113]
And saugh that she was sorwfully bigon.
And that she was so faire a creature.
Of his goodnesse he gladede hire anon. [ 116]
And seyde lat ȝoure fadres treson gon.
fforth with meschaunce and ȝe ȝoure self in Ioie.
Dwelleth with vs whil ȝow good list in Troie. [ 119]
(18)
And al thonour that men may don ȝow haue. [ 120]
As ferforth as ȝoure fader dwelled here.
Ȝe shul haue and ȝoure body shal men saue.
As fer as I may ought enquere or here. [ 123]
And she hym thonked with ful humble chere.
And ofter wolde and it hadde ben his wille.
and took hire leue and hom and held hir stille. [ 126]
(19)
And in hire hous she abood with swich meyne. [ 127]
As til hire honour nede was to holde.
And whil she was dwellynge in that Cite.
Kepte hir estat. and both of ȝonge and olde. [ 130]
fful wel biloued and wel men of hir tolde.
But wheither that she children hadde or noon.
I rede it naught ther fore I late it goon. [ 133]
Page  6(20)
The thynges fellen as they don of werre. [fol. 4b] [ 134]
Bitwixen hem of Troie and grekes ofte.
ffor som day boughten they of Troie it derre.
And eft the grekes founden no thing softe. [ 137]
The folk of Troie and thus fortune on lofte.
Now vp now down gan hem to whilen bothe.
Aftir hir cours ay whil that thei were wrothe. [ 140]
(21)
But how this town com to destruccion. [fol. 5a] [ 141]
Ne falleth naught to purpos me to telle.
ffor it were a long disgression.
ffro my matere and ȝow to long to dwelle. [ 144]
But the Troian gestes as they felle.
In omer or in dares or in dite.
who so that kan may reden hem as they write. [ 147]
(22)
But though that grekes hem of Troie shetten. [ 148]
And hir Cite biseged al aboute.
Hire olde vsage nolde they nat letten.
As for to honour hir goddes ful deuoute. [ 151]
But aldirmost in honour out of doute.
Thei hadde a relik heet Palladion.
That was hire trist abouen euerichon. [ 154]
(23)
And so bifel whan comen was the tyme. [ 155]
Of aperil whan clothed is the mede.
with newe grene of lusty veer the pryme.
And swote smellen floures white and rede. [ 158]
In sondry wises shewed as I rede.
The folk of Troie hire obseruaunces olde.
Palladions feste for to holde. [ 161]
Page  7(24)
And to the temple in al hir beste wise. [ 162]
In general ther went many a wight.
To herknen of Palladion the seruyce.
And namely so many a lusty knyght. [ 165]
So many a lady fressh and mayden bright.
fful wel arayed both moeste meyne and leste.
ȝe both for the seson and the feste. [ 168]
(25)
Among thise othere folk was Criseyda. [ 169]
In widewes habit but natheles.
Right as oure first lettre is now an .A.
In beaute first so stood she makeles. [ 172]
Hire goodly lokyng gladed al the prees.
Nas neuere ȝet seyn thyng to ben preysed derre.
Nor vnder cloude blak so bright a sterre. [ 175]
(26)
As was Criseyde as folk euerichone. [fol. 5b] [ 176]
That hir behelden in hir blake wede.
And ȝet she stood ful lowe and stille allone.
Byhynden other folk in litel brede. [ 179]
And neiȝ the dore ay vndre shames drede.
Simple of atire and debonaire of chere.
with ful assured lokyng and manere. [ 182]
(27)
This Troilus as he was wonte to gide. [fol. 6a] [ 183]
His ȝonge knyghtes lad hem vp and down.
In thilke large temple on euery side.
By holding ay the laddies of the town. [ 186]
Now here now there for no deuocion.
Hadde he to non to reuen hym his reste.
But gan to preisen and lakken whom hym leste. [ 189]
Page  8(28)
And in his walke ful faste he gan to wayten. [ 190]
If knyght or squyer of his compaignie.
Gan for to syke or lete his eighen baiten.
Or any womman that he koude espye. [ 193]
He wolde smyle and halden it folye.
And seyde hym thus god woot she slepeth softe.
ffor loue of the whan thow turnest ful ofte. [ 196]
(29)
I haue herd tolde perdieux of ȝoure lyuynge. [ 197]
Ȝe loueres and ȝoure obseruaunces.
And which a labour folk han in wynnyng.
Of loue and in kepyng which doutaunces. [ 200]
And whan ȝoure prey is lost woo and penaunces.
O. veray fooles nyce and blynde be ȝe.
Ther nys 1. [[n (nys) erased.]] nat on kan war by other be. [ 203]
(30)
And with that worde he gan caste vp the browe. [ 204]
Ascaunces loo is this naught wisely spoken.
At which the god of loue gan loken rowe.
Right for despit. and shope for to ben wroken. [ 207]
He kidde a non his bowe nas naught broken.
ffor sodeynly he hitte hym atte fulle.
And ȝet as proude a pekok kan he pulle. [ 210]
(31)
O blynde worlde .o. blynde entencioun. [ 211]
How often falleth al the effect contraire.
Of surquiderie and foule presumpcioun
ffor kaught is proud and kauȝt is debonaire. [ 214]
This Troilus is clomben on the staire.
And litel weneth that he moot descenden.
But al day faileth thing that fooles wenden. [ 217]
Page  9(32)
As proude bayard gynneth for to skippe. [fol. 6b] [ 218]
Out of the weye so pryketh hym his corn.
Til he a lasshe haue of the longe whippe.
Than thynketh he though I praunce al byforn. [ 221]
ffirst in the trays ful fat and new shorne.
Ȝet am I but an hors and horses lawe.
I moot endure and with my feres drawe. [ 224]
(33)
So ferde it by this fierse and proude knyght. [fol. 7a] [ 225]
Though he a worthy kynges sone were.
And wende no thing hadde had swiche myghte.
Aȝeyns his wille that shuld his herte stere [ 228]
Ȝet with a look his herte wax a fere.
That he that now was moost in pride aboue.
wax sodeynly moost subgit vnto loue. [ 231]
(34)
fforthy ensample taketh of this man. [ 232]
Ȝe wise proude and worthi folkes alle.
To seruen loue which so soon kanne.
The fredom of ȝoure hertes to hym thralle. [ 235]
ffor euere it was and euere it shal by falle.
That loue is he that alle thing may bynde.
ffor may no man for don the lawe of kynde. [ 238]
(35)
That this be soth hath preued and doth ȝet. [ 239]
ffor this trowe I ȝe knowen alle or some.
Men reden nat that folk han gretter witte.
Than they that han be moste with loue ynome. [ 242]
And strengest folk bien ther with ouercome.
The worthiest and grettest of degree.
This was and is and ȝet men shalle it see. [ 245]
Page  10(36)
And trewelich it set wel to be so. [ 246]
ffor alderwisest han ther with ben plesed.
And they that han ben aldermost in wo.
with loue han ben comforted moost and esed. [ 249]
And ofte it hath the cruel herte apesed.
And worthi folk maad worthier of name.
And causeth moost to dreden vice and shame. [ 252]
(37)
And sith it may nat goodly ben with stonde. [ 253]
And is a thing so vertuouse in kynde.
Refuseth nat to loue for to ben bonde.
Syn as hym seluen liste he may ȝow blynde. [ 256]
Tho ȝerde is bet that bowen 1. [The n is erased in CCC.] wole and wynde.
Than that that brest and therfore .I. ȝow rede.
To folowen hym that so wele kan ȝow lede. [ 259]
(38)
But for to tellen forth in special. [fol. 8a] [ 260]
Of this kynges sone of which I tolde.
And leten other thinges collateral.
Of hym thenke I my tale forth to holde. [ 263]
Bothe of his Ioie and of his cares colde.
And al his werk as touching this matere.
ffor I it gan I wol therto refere. [ 266]
(39)
With Inne the temple he wente hym forth pleyinge. [ 267]
This Troilus of euery wight aboute.
On this lady and now on that lokynge.
where so she were of town or with oute. [ 270]
And vp on cas bifelle that thorugh a route.
His sighte procede and so depe it wente.
Til on Criseyde it smote and ther it stente. [ 273]
Page  11(40)
And sodeynly he wax ther with astoned. [ 274]
And gan hir bet biholde in thrifty wise.
O mercy god thoughte he wher hastow woned.
That art so feyre and goodly to deuise. [ 277]
Therwith his herte gan to sprede and rise.
And softe sighed lest men myghte hym here.
And cauȝt aȝeyn his firste pleyinge chere. [ 280]
(41)
She nas nat with the leste of hire stature. [ 281]
But alle hire lymes so wel answerynge.
weren to wommanhode that creature.
was neuere lasse mannyssh in semynge. [ 284]
And ek the pure wise of hire meuynge.
Shewed wel that man myght in hire gesse.
Honour estat and wommanly noblesse. [ 287]
(42)
To Troilus right wonder wel with alle. [ 288]
Gan for to like hire meuynge and hire chere.
which somdel deignous was for she lete falle.
Hire look a lite a side in swich manere. [ 291]
Ascaunces what may I nat stonden here.
And after that hir lokynge gan she lighte.
That neuere thoughte hym seen so good a syghte. [ 294]
(43)
And of hire look in him ther gan to quyken. [fol. 8b] [ 295]
So grete desire and such affeccioun.
Than in his herte botme gan to stiken.
Of hir his fixe and depe impressioun. [ 298]
And though he erst hadde poured vp and down.
He was tho glad his hornes in to shrinke.
Unnethes wiste he how to loke or wynke. [ 301]
Page  12(44)
Lo he that leet hym seluen so konnynge. [ 302]
And scorned hem that loues peynes dryen.
was ful vnwar that loue hadde his dwellynge.
with Inne the subtile stremes of hur eighen. [ 305]
That sodeynly hym thoughte he felte deyen.
Right with hire look the spirit in his herte.
Blissed be loue that kan thus folke conuerte. [ 308]
(45)
She this in blak likynge to Troilus. [fol. 9a] [ 309]
Ouer al thing he stood for to biholde.
Ne his desire ne wherfore he stood thus.
He neither cher made ne worde tolde. [ 312]
But fram a fer his manere for to holde.
On other thinges his look som tyme he caste.
And ofte on hire while that seruyse laste. [ 315]
(46)
And after this nat fullich al awhaped. [ 316]
Oute of the temple al esilich he wente.
Repentynge hym that he hadde euere I iaped.
Of loues folk. lest fully the descente. [ 319]
Of scorne fille on hym self. but what he mente.
Lest it were wist on any manere syde.
His woo he gan dissimulen 1. [MS. dissimilen.] and hide. [ 322]
(47)
Whan he was fro the temple thus deperted. [ 323]
He streght anon vnto his paleys torneth.
Right with hire look thorugh shoten and thorugh darted.
Al feyneth he in lust that he soiourneth. [ 326]
And alle his chere and speche also he borneth.
And ay of loue seruantȝ euery while.
Hym self to wrey at hem he gan to smyle. [ 329]
Page  13(48)
And seyde lord so ȝe lyue al in lest. [ 330]
Ȝe loueres for the konnyngeste of ȝow.
That seruen most ententiflich and best.
Hym tit as often harm ther of as prowe. [ 333]
Ȝoure hire is quyt aȝeyn ȝe god woot howe.
Nought wel for wel. but scorne for good seruyse.
In feith ȝoure ordre is piled in good wise. [ 336]
(49)
In veyn certeyn ben alle ȝoure obseruaunces. [ 337]
But if it a sely fewe pointes be.
Ne no thing asketh so gret attendaunces.
As doth ȝoure lay and that knowe alle ȝe. [ 340]
But that is nat the worste as mote .I. the.
But tolde I ȝow the worste point I leue.
Al seyde I soth ȝe wolden at me greue. [ 343]
(50)
But take this that ȝe loueres ofte eschuwe. [fol. 9b] [ 344]
Or elles doon of good entencioun.
fful ofte thi lady wol it mys construwe.
And deme it harm in hire oppynyoun. [ 347]
And ȝet if she for other enchesoun.
Be wroth than shaltow haue a groyne a non.
Lord wele is hym that may of ȝow ben oon. [ 350]
(51)
But for al this whan that he say his tyme. [fol. 10a] [ 351]
He held his pees non other boote hym gaygned.
for loue bigan his fetheres so to lyme.
That wel vnnethe vn til his folk he fayned. [ 354]
That other besy nedes hym destrayned.
ffor wo was hym that what to doon hym nyst.
But bad his folk to gon wher that hem liste. [ 357]
Page  14(52)
And whan that he in the chambre was allone. [ 358]
He doun vp on his beddes feet hym sette.
And first he gan to sike and efte to grone.
And thought ay on hire so with outen lette. [ 361]
That as he satte and wooke his spirit mette.
That he hire sauȝ and temple and alle the wise.
Right of hire look and gan it newe a vise. [ 364]
(53)
Thus gan he make a mirour of his mynde. [ 365]
In which he saugh al holy hire figure.
And that he wel koude in his herte fynde.
It was to hym a right good auenture. [ 368]
To loue swich oon and if he dede his cure.
To seruen hir ȝet myghte he falle in grace.
Or ellis for oon of hire seruantȝ pace. [ 371]
(54)
Imagenynge that trauaille nor grace. [ 372]
Ne myghte for so goodly oon be lorne.
As she. ne hym for his desire ne shame.
Al were it wist but in pris and vp born. [ 375]
Of alle louers wel more than biforn.
Thus argumented he in his gynnynge.
fful vnauysed of his woo comynge. [ 378]
(55)
Thus took he purpos loues crafte to suwe. [ 379]
And thoughte he wolde werken pryuely.
ffirst to hiden his desire in muwe.
ffrom euery wight yborn al outrely. [ 382]
But he myghte ought recouered be therby.
Remembryng hym that loue to wide yblowe.
Ȝeldeth bittre fruyt though swete seed be sowe. [ 385]
Page  15(56)
And ouere al this ȝet muchel more he thoughte. [fol. 11a] [ 386]
What for to speke and what to holden Inne.
And what to arten hire to loue he soughte.
And on a songe a non right to bygynne. [ 389]
And gan loude on his sorwe for to wynne.
ffor with good hope he gan fully assente.
Criseyde for to loue and nought repente. [ 392]
(57)
And of his songe naught only the sentence. 1. [MS. setence] [ 393]
As writ myn auctour called Lollius.
But pleinly saue oure tonges difference.
I dar wel seyn in al that Troilus. [ 396]
Seyde in his songe loo euery word right thus.
As .I. shal seyn. and who so list it here.
Loo next this vers he may it fynde here. [ 399]
(58) (Troilus's Song, from Petrarch's 88th Sonnet.)
If no loue is o god what fele .I. so. *. [Cantieus Troili.] [ 400]
And if loue is. what thinge and which is he.
If loue be good from whennes commeth my woo.
If it be wikke a wonder thynketh me. [ 403]
whenne euery torment and aduersite.
that cometh of hym may to me sauory thinke.
ffor ay thrust I the more that ich it drynke. [ 406]
(59) (From Petrarch.)
And if that at myn owen lust I brenne. [ 407]
ffrom whennes cometh my waillynge and my pleynte.
If harme a gree me wherto pleyne I thenne.
I noot. ne whi vnwery that I feynte. [ 410]
O quik deth o swete harme so queynte.
How may of the in me swich quantite.
But if that I consente that it be. [ 413]
Page  16(60) (From Petrarch.)
And if that I consente .I. wrongfully. [ 414]
Compleyne .I. wis thus possed to and fro.
Al sterlees with Inne a boot am .I.
Amydde the see bitwixen wyndes two. [ 417]
That Inne contrarie stonden euere mo.
Allas what is this wondre maladie.
ffor hote of colde for colde of hote I dye. [ 420]
(End of Troilus's Song from Petrarch's 88th Sonnet.)
(61)
And to the god of loue thus seyde he. [fol. 11b] [ 421]
with pitouse voise .o. lord now ȝoures is.
My spirit which that oughte ȝoures be.
Ȝow thanke I lord that han me broughte to this. [ 424]
But wheither goddesse or womman .I. wis.
She be I note which that ȝe do me serue.
But as hire man .I. wol ay lyue and sterue. [ 427]
(62)
Ȝe stonden in hir eighen myghtily. [fol. 12a] [ 428]
As in a place vnto ȝoure vertue digne.
wherfore lord if my seruice or .I.
May liken ȝow so beth to me benigne. [ 431]
ffor myn estat roial I here resigne.
In to hire honde and with ful humble chere.
Bi come hir man as to my lady dere. [ 434]
(63)
In hym ne deyned spare bloode roiale. [ 435]
The fyre of loue wherfro god me blisse.
Ne him forbar in no degree for alle.
His vertue or his excellent prowesse. [ 438]
But hilde hym as his thralle lowe in destresse.
And bringe hym so in soundry wise ay newe.
That sexti tyme a day he loste his hewe. [ 441]
Page  17(64)
So muche day by day his owene thought. [ 442]
ffor lust to hire gan quiken and encresse.
That euery other charge he sett at noughte.
fforthi ful ofte his hote fire to cesse. [ 445]
To sen hire goodly loke he gan to presse.
ffor ther by to ben esed wel he wende.
And ay the ner he was the more he brende. [ 448]
(65)
ffor ay the ner the fire the hatter is. [ 449]
This trowe I knoweth al this compaignye.
But were he fer or ner I dar sey this.
By nyght or day for wisdome or folye [ 452]
His herte which that is bresteȝ eighe.
was ay on hire that fairer was to sene.
Than euere were Eleyne or Polixene. [ 455]
(66)
Ek of the day ther passed nouȝt an houre. [ 456]
That to hym self a thousand tyme he seyde.
God goodly to whom serue I laboure.
As I best kan. now wolde god Criseyde. [ 459]
Ȝe wolden on me rewe er that I deyde.
My dere herte allas myn hele and hewe.
And lif is lost but ȝe wol on me rewe. [ 462]
(67)
Alle other dredres weren from him fledde. [fol. 12b] [ 463]
Both of thassege and his sauacioun.
Nyn him desire noon other fewnes bredde.
But argumentes to his conclusioun. [ 466]
That she of him wolde han compassioun.
And he to ben hire man while he may dure.
Lo here his lif and from the deth his cure. [ 469]
Page  18(68)
The sharpe shoures fil of armes preue. [fol. 13a] [ 470]
That Ector or his other brother diden.
Ne made hym only ther fore ones meue.
And ȝet was he where so men wente or riden. [ 473]
ffounde on the beste and longest tyme abiden.
Ther peril was and dide ek swich trauaille.
In armes that to thenke it was merucille. [ 476]
(69)
But for non hate he to the grekes hadde. [ 477]
Ne also for the rescouse of the towne.
Ne made hym thus in armes for to madde.
But only lo for this conclusioun. [ 480]
To liken hire the bet for his renoun.
ffro day to day in armes so he spedde.
That the grekes as the deth him dredde. [ 483]
(70)
And fro this forth tho refte hym loue his slepe. [ 484]
And made his mete his foo 1. [Between the lines in a different hand.] and ek his sorwe.
Gan multiplie that who so tok kepe.
It shewed in his hewe both eue and morwe. [ 487]
Thefor a title he gan him for to borwe.
Of other siknesse lest men of hym wende.
That the hote fire of loue hym brende. [ 490]
(71)
And seyde he hadde a feuere and ferd amys. [ 491]
But how it was serteyn kan I nat seye.
If that his lady vnderstood nat this.
Or feynede hire she nyste on of the tweye. [ 494]
But wel I rede that by no manere wey.
Ne semed it that she of hym roughte.
Or of his peyne. or what so euere he thoughte. [ 497]
Page  19(72)
But thanne felte this Troilus swich wo. [ 498]
That he was wel neigh wood for ay his drede.
was this. that she som wight hadde loued so.
That neuere of hym she wolde han taken hede. [ 501]
ffor which hym thoughte he felte his herte blede.
Ne of his wo ne dorste he nat bygynne.
To tellen hir. for al this worlde to wynne. [ 504]
(73)
But whan he hadde a space from his care. [fol. 13b] [ 505]
Thus to hym self ful ofte he gan pleyne.
He seyde o fool now artow in the snare.
That whilom Iapedest at loues peyne. [ 508]
Now artow hente gnaw thin owen cheyne.
Thow were ay wonte eche louere reprehende.
Of thing fro which thow kanst the nat defende. [ 511]
(74)
What wol now euery louere seyn of the. [fol. 14a] [ 512]
If this be wist but euere in thin absence.
Laughen in scorne and seyn loo ther goth he.
That is the man of so grete sapience. [ 515]
And held vs loueres leest in reuerence.
Now thanked god he may gon in the daunce.
Of hem that loue list fiebli for to auaunce. [ 518]
(75)
But .o. thow woful Troilus god wolde. [ 519]
Sith thow most louen thorugh thi destine.
That thow beset were on swich oon that sholde.
Know al thi wo al lakked hir pitee. [ 522]
But also colde in loue towardes the.
Thi lady is as frost in wynter moone.
And thow fordon as snow in fire is soone. [ 525]
Page  20(76)
God wold I were aryued in the porte. [ 526]
Of deth to which my sorwe wol me lede.
A lord to me it were a grete comforte.
Than were I quyte of languisshyng in drede. [ 529]
ffor by myn hidde sorwe I blowe on brede.
I shal by Iaped ben a thousand tyme.
More than that folk of whos folie men ryme. [ 532]
(77)
But now help god and the swete for whome. [ 533]
I pleyne. I. kaught the neuere wight so faste.
O mercy dere herte and help me from.
The deth. for I while that my lyf may laste. [ 536]
More than my self wole loue ȝow to my laste.
And with som frendly loke gladeth me swete.
Though neuere more thing ȝe me heete. [ 539]
(78)
Thise wordes and ful manye an other to. [ 540]
He spak and called euere in his compleynte.
Hire name. for to tellen hire is wo.
Til neiȝ that he in the salte teres dreynte. [ 543]
Al was for nought she herde nat his pleynte.
And whan that he bythought on that folie.
A thousand folde his wo gan multiplie. [ 546]
(79)
By wayling in his chambre thus alle one. [fol. 11b] [ 547]
A frend of his that called was Pandare.
Com oones in vnwar and herd hym groone.
And say his frende in swich destresse and care. [ 550]
Allas quod he who causeth al this fare.
O mercy god what vnhap may this meene.
Han now thus soone grekes maad ȝow leene. [ 553]
Page  21(80)
Or hastow some remors of conscience. [fol. 15a] [ 554]
And art now falle in deuocioun.
And wailest for thi synne and thin offence.
And hast for fered caught attricioun. [ 557]
God saue hem that biseged han oure towne.
That so kan leye oure Iolite on presse.
And bringe oure losty folk to holynesse. [ 560]
(81)
This wordes seyde he for the nones alle. [ 561]
That with swich thinge he myght hym angry maken.
And with angre don his wo to falle.
As for the tyme and his corage awaken. [ 564]
But wel he wist after as tonges spaken.
Ther nas a man of gretter hardinesse.
Thanne he ne more desired worthinesse. [ 567]
(82)
What cas quod Troilus and what auenture. [ 568]
Hath gided the to sen me lange wisshinge.
That am refus of euery creature.
But for the loue of god at my preyinge. [ 571]
Go hennes awey for certes my deyinge.
wol the disese and I mot nedes deye.
Therfore go wey ther is na more to seye. [ 574]
(83)
But if thow wene I be thus sik for drede. [ 575]
It is naught so and therfore scorne nouȝt.
Ther is a nother thing .I. take of hede.
wel more than aught the grekes han ȝet wrought. [ 578]
which cause is of my deth for sorowe and thought.
But though that I now telle it the no leste.
Be thow nauȝt wroth I hide it for the beste. [ 581]
Page  22(84)
This Pandare that neigh malt wo and routhe. [ 582]
fful ofte seyde allas what this be.
Now frend quod he if euere loue or trouthe.
Hath ben or is bitwixen the and me. [ 585]
Ne do thow neuere swich a crueltee
To hiden fro thi frende so grete a care.
wistow nauȝt wele that it am I Pandare. [ 588]
(85)
I wol parten with the alle thi peyne. [fol. 15b] [ 589]
If it be so I do the no comforte.
As it is frendes right soth for to seyne.
To entreparten wo as glad desporte. [ 592]
I haue and shal for trewe or fals report.
In wronge and right I loued the al my lyue
Hid nat thi wo fro me but telle it bilyue. [ 595]
(86)
Than gan this sorwful Troylus to syke. [fol. 16a] [ 596]
And seide hym thus god leue it be my beste.
To telle it the for sith it may the like.
Ȝet wol I telle it though myn herte breste. [ 599]
And wel woot I thow mayst do me no reste.
But leste thow do me I truste nat to the.
Now herke frende for thus it stant with me. [ 602]
(87)
Loue aȝeins the which wo so defendeth. [ 603]
Hym seluen most hym alderlest auaylleth.
with disespeyre so sorwfulli me offendeth.
That streight vnto the deth myn herte failleth. [ 606]
Therto desire so brynnyngly me assailleth
That to ben slayn it were a gretter Ioie.
To me than kyng of grece ben and Troye. [ 609]
Page  23(88)
Suffiseth this my fulle frende Pandare. [ 610]
That I haue seyde for now wostow my wo.
And for the loue of god my cole care.
So hide it wel .I. tolde it neuere to mo. [ 613]
ffor harmes myghten fallen mo than two.
If it were wist but be thow in gladnesse.
And lat me sterue vnknowe of my destresse. [ 616]
(89)
How hastow thus vnkyndly and longe. [ 617]
Hid this fro me. thow fole quod Pandarus.
Peraunter thow myghte after swich oon longe.
That myn auys anoon may helpen vs. [ 620]
This were a wonder thing quod Troilus.
Thow koudest neuere in loue thi seluen wisse.
How deuel maistow brynge me to blisse. [ 623]
(90)
Ȝe Troilus now herke quod Pandare. [ 624]
Though .I. be nyce it happeth often so.
That oon that excesse doth ful yuele fare.
By good counseil kan kepe his frende ther fro. [ 627]
I haue my self ek seyn a blynde man goo.
Ther as he felle that couth loken wide.
A fool may ek a wiseman oft gide. [ 630]
(91)
A wheston is no keruyng instrument. [fol. 16b] [ 631]
But ȝet it maketh sharpe keruyng tolis.
And there thow woost that I haue auȝt myswent.
Eschuwe thow that. for swich to the scole is. [ 634]
Thus often wise men ben war by foolys.
If thow do so thi wit is wel bewared
By his contrarie is euery thyng declared. [ 637]
Page  24(92)
for how myghte euere swetnesse nan ben knowe. [ 638]
To him that neuere tasted bitternesse.
Ne no man may ben Inly glad I trowe.
That neuere was in sorwe or som destresse. [ 641]
Eke with by blak by shame ek worthinesse.
Ech set by other more for other semeth.
As men may se and so the wyse it demeth. [ 644]
(93)
Sith thus of contraries is o lore. [fol. 17a] [ 645]
I that haue in loue so ofte assayed.
Greuances oughte konne and wel the more.
Counseillen the of that thow art amayed. [ 648]
Ek the ne aughte nat ben yuel appayed.
Though I desyre with the for to bere.
Thyn heuy charge it shal the lasse dere. [ 651]
(94)
I woot wel that it fareth thus be me. [ 652]
As to thi brother Paris and herdesse.
with 1. [(sie)] that Icleped was Oenone.
wrote in a compleynte of hir heuynesse. [ 655]
Ȝee say the lettre that she wrote I gesse.
Nay neuere ȝet ywys quod Troilus.
Now quod Pandare herkne it was thus. [ 658]
(95) (Oenone's Letter to Paris. 1 st.)
Phebus that first fand art of medicyne. [ 659]
Quod she. and couthe in euery wightes care.
Remedye and rede by herbes she knewe fyne.
Ȝet to hym self his konnyng was ful bare. [ 662]
ffor loue hadde hym so bounden in a snare.
Al for the doughter of the kyng amete.
That alle his crafte ne koude his sorwes bete. [ 665]
Page  25(96)
Right so fare .I. vnhapply for me. [ 666]
I loue one best and that me smerteth sore.
And ȝet peraunter kan I redden the.
And nat my selue repreue me na more. [ 669]
I haue no cause I woot wel for to sore.
As doth an hauke that listeth for to pleye.
But to thin helpe ȝet somwhat kan I seye. [ 672]
(97)
And of o thyng right siker maistow be. [ 673]
That certein for to dyen in the peyne.
That I shal neuere mo discoueren the.
Ne by my trouthe I kepe nat restreyne. [ 676]
The fro thi loue theigh that it were Eleyn.
That is thi brother wif if ich it wiste.
Be what she be and loue hire as the liste. [ 679]
(98)
Therfore as frende fullich in me asseure. [fol. 17b] [ 680]
But telle me plat what is theuchesoun.
And finaly cause of wo that the endure.
ffor douteth no thyng myn entencioun. [ 683]
Nis nat to ȝow of reprehencioun
To speke as now for no wight may byreue.
A man to loue tyl that hym list to leue. [ 686]
(99)
And witteth wel that both two ben vices. [ 687]
Mistrusten alle or elles alle leue.
But wel I woot ȝe menen of it no vice es.
ffor to trusten som whight is a preue. [ 690]
Of trouth. and forthi wol I fayne remeue.
Thi wronge conseyte. and do the som wyght triste.
Thi wo to teel He. and tme if the liste. [ 693]
Page  26(100)
The wise seith wo hym that is allone. [fol. 18a] [ 694]
ffor and he falle he hath non helpe to ryse.
And sith thow hast a felawe tel thi mone.
ffor this nys naught certein the nexte wyse. [ 697]
To wynnen loue as techen vs the wyse.
To walwe and wepe as Nyobe the queene.
whos teres ȝet in marble ben yseene. [ 700]
(101)
Lat be thy wepyng and thi drerynesse. [ 701]
And lat vs lissen wo with oother speche.
So may thy woful tyme seme lesse.
Delyte nat in wo thi for to seche. [ 704]
As don thise foles that hire sorwes eche.
with sorwe whan thei han mysauenture.
And listen naught to seche hem other cure. [ 707]
(102)
Men seyn to wrecche is consolacioun. [ 708]
To haue another felawe in hys peyne.
That owghte wel ben oure opynyoun.
ffor bothen thow and I of loue we pleyne. [ 711]
So ful of sorwe am I soth for to seyne.
That certeinly namore harde grace.
May sitte on me. for why ther is no space. [ 714]
(103)
If god wol thow art nat agast of me. [ 715]
Lest I wolde of thi lady the bygyle.
Thow woost thy self whom that I loue parde.
As I beste kan. gon sithen longe while. [ 718]
And sith thow woost I do it for no wyle.
And sith I am he that thow trusteth mooste.
Telle me somwhat syn al my wo thow wooste. [ 721]
Page  27(104)
Ȝet Troilus for al this no worde seyde. [ 722]
But longe he ley as stylle as he dede were.
And after this with sikynge he abreyde.
And to Pandarus vois he lente his ere. [ 725]
And vp hise eighen caste that in feere.
was Pandarus. lest that he in frenesie.
Sholde falle or elles soone dye. [ 728]
(105)
And cryde awake ful wonderlich and sharpe. [fol. 18b] [ 729]
what slombrestow as in a litargie.
Or artow lik an asse to the harpe.
That hereth sown whan men the strynges pleye. [ 732]
But in his mynde of that no melodie.
May sinken hym to gladen for that he.
So dul ys of his bestialite. [ 735]
(106)
And with that Pandare of his wordes stente. [ 736]
And Troilus ȝet hym no thyng answerde.
ffor why to tellen nas nat his entente.
To neuere no man for whom that he so ferde. [ 739]
ffor it is seyde man maketh ofte a ȝerde.
with which the maker is hym self ybeten.
In sondry manere as thise wyse treten. [ 742]
(107)
And namlich in his counseil tellyng. [fol. 19a] [ 743]
That toucheth loue that ought ben secree.
ffor of him self it wol ynough oute sprynge.
But if that it the bet couered be. [ 746]
Ek som tyme it is a crafte to seme fle.
ffro thyng whyche in effect men hunte faste.
Al this gan Troilus in his herte caste. [ 749]
Page  28(108)
But natheles whan he hadde herde hym crye. [ 750]
Awake{punctel} he gan to syken wonder soore.
And seyde frende though that I stylle lye.
I am nat deef now pees and crye namore. [ 753]
ffor I haue herd thi wordes and thi lore.
But suffre me my meschief bywaille.
ffor thi prouerbes may me naught auaille. [ 756]
(109)
Nor other cure kanstow non for me. [ 757]
Ek I nyl nat ben cured I wol deye.
what knowe I of the queene Nyobe.
Lat be thyne olde ensaumples I the preye. [ 760]
No quod Pandarus therfore I seye.
Swyche is delite of foles to bywepe.
Hire wo. but seken bote they ne kepe. [ 763]
(110)
Now knowe I that ther reson in the failleth. [ 764]
But telle me if I wiste what she were.
ffor whom that the al this mysauenture ailleth.
Dorste thow that I tolde in hire ere. [ 767]
Thi wo. sith thow darst naught thi self for feere.
And hire bysoughte on the to han som routhe.
why nay quod he by god and by my trouthe. [ 770]
(111)
What nat as bisyly quod Pandarus. [ 771]
As though myn owene lyf lay on this nede.
No certes brother quod Troilus.
And whi for that thow scholdest neuere spede. [ 774]
wostow that wel ȝe that is out of drede.
Quod Troilus for al that the konne.
She nyl to noon swich wrecche as I ben wonne. [ 777]
Page  29(112)
Quod Pandarus allas what may this be. [fol. 19b] [ 778]
That thow dispeired art thus causeles.
what lyueth nat thi lady bendiste.
How wostow so that thow art graceles. [ 781]
Swich yuel is nat alwey bootles.
why put nat impossible thus thi cure.
Syn thyng to come is oft in auenture. [ 784]
(113)
I graunte wel that thow endurest wo. [ 785]
As sharp as dothe he Ticius in helle.
whos stomak foughles tiren euere moo.
That hightyn volturie as bokes telle. [ 788]
But I may nat endure that thow dwelle.
In so vnskilful an oppynyoun.
That of thi wo is no curacioun. [ 791]
(114)
But oones nyltow for thy coward herte. [fol. 20a] [ 792]
And for thyn Ire and folissh wilfulnesse.
ffor wantrust tellen of thy sorwes smerte.
Ne to thyn owen help don bysynesse. [ 795]
As muche as speke a resoun moore or lesse.
But list as he that lest of no thyng recche.
what womman koude louen swich a wrecche. [ 798]
(115)
What may she demem oother of thy deeth. [ 799]
If thow thus deye and she not why it is.
But that for feere is ȝolden vp thy breth.
ffor grekes han biseged vs I wys. [ 802]
Lord which a thonke than shaltow han of this.
Thus wol she seyn and al the town attones.
The wrecche is ded the deuel haue his bones. [ 805]
Page  30(116)
Thow mayst allone here wepe and crye and knele. [ 806]
But loue a womman that she woot it nought.
And she wol quyte that thow shalt nat fele.
Unknow vnkist and lost that is vnsoughte. [ 809]
what may a man hath loue ful deere ybought.
Twenty wynter that his lady wiste.
That neuere ȝet his lady mouth kiste. [ 812]
(117)
What sholde he therfore fallen in dispayre. [ 813]
Or be recreant for his owne tene.
Or slen hym self al be his lady faire.
Nay. nay. but euere in oon be fresshe and grene. [ 816]
To serue and loue his deer hertes queene.
And thynk it is a guerdon hire to serue.
A thousand fold moore than he kan deserue. [ 819]
(118)
Of that word took hede Troilus. [ 820]
And thoughte a non what folie he was Inne.
And how that sothe hym seyde Pandarus.
That for to slen hym self myght he nat wynne. [ 823]
But bothe don vnmanhod and synne.
And of his deth his lady naught to wite.
ffor of his wo god woote she knewe ful lite. [ 826]
(119)
And with that thought he gan ful sore syke. [fol. 20b] [ 827]
And seyde allas what is me beste to do.
To whom Pandare answerde if the like.
The beste is that thow telle me al thi wo. [ 830]
And haue my trouthe but thow it fynde so,
I be thi boote er that it be ful longe.
To pieces do me drawe and sithen honge. [ 833]
Page  31(120)
Ȝe so thow seyst quod Troilus tho allas. [ 834]
But god woot it is naught the rather so.
fful hard were it to helpen in this cas.
ffor wel fynde I that fortune is my fo. [ 837]
Ne al the men that riden konne or go.
May of hire cruel whiel the harme withstonde.
ffor as hire list she pleyeth with free and bonde. [ 840]
(121)
Quod Pandarus than blamestow fortune. [fol. 21a] [ 841]
ffor thow art wroth ȝe now at erst I see.
woost thow nat wel that fortune is comune.
To eueri manere wight in som degree. [ 844]
And ȝet thow hast this comfort lo perde.
That as hire Ioies moten ouergone.
So mote hire sorwes passen euerechone. [ 847]
(122)
ffor if hire whiel stynte any thyng to torne. [ 848]
Than cessed she fortune anon to be.
Now sith hire whiel by no way may soiourne.
what woostow if hire mutabilite. [ 851]
Right as thy seluen list wol don by the.
Or that she be naught fer fro thyn helpynge
Paraunter thow haste cause for to synge. [ 854]
(123)
And therfore wostow what I the biseche. [ 855]
Lat be thy wo and tornyng to the grounde.
ffor who so list haue helyng of his leche.
To hym byhoueth first vnwre his wownde. [ 858]
1. [This line omitted in CCC MS.] To Cerberus yn helle ay be I bounde.
were it for my suster al thy sorwe.
By my wil she sholde al be thyn to morwe. [ 861]
Page  32(124)
Look vp I seye and telle me what she is. [ 862]
Anon that I may gon aboute thy nede.
Knewe ich hire aught for my loue telle me this.
Thanne wolde I hopen rather for to spede. [ 865]
Tho gan the veyne of Troilus to blede.
ffor he was hit and wax al reed for shame.
A ha quod Pandare here bygynneth game. [ 868]
(125)
And with that word he gan hym for to shake. [ 869]
And seyde thef thow shalt hyre name telle.
But tho gan sely Troilus for to quake.
As though men sholde han led hym in to helle. [ 872]
And seyde allas of al my wo the welle.
Thanne is my swete fo called Criseyde.
And wel neigh with þe word for feere he deide. [ 875]
(126)
And whann that Pandare herde hire name neuene. [fol. 21b]
Lord he was glad and seyde frende so deere.
Now fare aright for Ioues name in heuene.
Loue hath byset the wel be of good cheere. [ 879]
ffor of good name and wisdome and manere.
She hath ynough and ek of gentilesse.
If she be fayre thow woost thy self I gesse. [ 882]
(127)
Ne neuere saugh a more bountevous. [ 883]
Of hire estat. na gladder. ne of speche.
A frendlyer na more gracious.
ffor to do wel ne lasse hadde nede seche. [ 886]
what for to don and al this bette to eche.
In honour to as fer as she may strecche.
A kynges herte semeth by hyrs a wrecche. [ 889]
Page  33(128) *. [[Thynne 1532, Fol. C. lxxv.]]
[And for thy loke of good comforte thou be *. [[ed. 1542, Fol. clxxii.]
For certainly the first poynt is this *. [[certaynly fyrst thys]
Of noble corage / and wele ordayne the *. [[well]
A man to haue peace with him selfe ywis *. [[wyth hym ywys]
So oughtest thou / for nought but good it is *. [[, for /]
To louen wel / and in a worthy place
The ought nat clepe it happe / but grace] *. [[not , for /]]*. [[This stanza not in Caxton or Pynson.]]
(129)
And also thynk and therwith glade the. [fol. 22a] [ 897]
That sith thy lady vertuous is al.
So foloweth it that there is som pitee.
Amonges alle thise other in general. [ 900]
And forthi se that thow in speciale.
Requere naught that is aȝeyns hyre name.
ffor vertue streccheth naught hym self to shame. [ 903]
(130)
But wel is me that euere that I was borne. [ 904]
That thow biset art in so good a place.
ffor by my trouthe in loue I dorste haue sworne.
The sholde neuere han tid thus fayre a grace. [ 907]
And wostow why for thow were wonte to chace.
At loue in scorn. and for despit hem calle.
Seynt Idyot lord of thise foles alle. [ 910]
(131)
How often hastow maad thi nyce Iapes. [ 911]
And seyde that loues seruantz euerichone.
Of nycete ben verray goddes apes.
And some wolde mucche hire mete allone. [ 914]
Liggyng a bedde and make hem for to grone.
And som thow seydest hadde a blaunche feuere.
And preydest god he sholde neuere keuere. [ 917]
Page  34(132)
And som of hem took on hym for the colde. [ 918]
More than ynough so seydestow ful ofte.
And som han feyned ofte tyme and tolde.
How that they waken whan that thei slepen softe. [ 921]
And thus they wolde han brought hem self alofte.
And natheles were vnder at the laste.
Thus seydestow and Iapedest ful faste. [ 924]
(133)
Ȝet seydestow that for the moore parte. [ 925]
Thise loueres wolden speke in general.
And thoughten that it was a siker arte.
ffor fallyng for tassain ouere al. [ 928]
Now may I Iape of the if that I shal.
But natheles though that I sholde deye.
That thow art non of tho I dorste say. [ 931]
(134)
Now bet thi breste and sey to god of loue. [fol. 22b] [ 932]
Thy grace lord for now I me repente.
If I myspak for now my self I loue.
Thus sey with al thyn herte in good entente. [ 935]
Quod Troilus a lord I me consente.
And preye to the my Iapes thow forȝiue.
And I shal neuere more whyle I liue. [ 938]
(135)
Thow seist wel quod Pandarus and now I hope. [ 939]
That thow the goddes wrathe hast al apesed.
And sithen thow haste wopen many a drope.
And seyde swych thyng wherwith thi god is plesed. [ 942]
Now wolde neuere god but thow were esed.
And thynk wel she of whom rist al thi wo.
Hereafter may thy comfort be also. [ 945]
Page  35(136)
ffor thilke grownde that bereth the wedes wikke. [fol. 23a]
Bereth ek thise holsom herbes as ful ofte.
Next the foule netle rough and thikke.
The rose waxeth swoote and smothe and softe. [ 949]
And nexte the valeye is the hulle olofte.
And next the derk nyght the glade morwe.
And also Ioie is next the fyn of sorwe. [ 952]
(137)
Now loke that a tempre be thi bridel. [ 953]
And for the beste ay suffre to the tyde.
Or elles al oure laboure is on ydel.
He hasteth wel that wisely kan abyde. [ 956]
Be diligent and trewe and ay wel hide.
Be lusty fre perseuere in thy seruyse.
And al is wel if thow werke in this wyse. [ 959]
(138)
But he that deperted is in eueri place. [ 960]
Is nowher hole as writen clerkes wyse.
what wonder is though swich oon haue grace.
Ek wostow how it fareth of som seruice. [ 963]
As plaunte a tree of herbe in sondry wyse.
And on the morwe pulle it as blyue.
No wonder is thought it may neuere thryue. [ 966]
(139)
And sith that god of loue hath the bistowed. [ 967]
In place digne vnto thi worthinesse.
Stonde faste for to good porte hastow rowed.
And of thi self for any heuynesse. [ 970]
Hope alwey wel for but if drerinesse.
Or ouere haste oure bothe labour shende.
I hope of this to maken a goode ende. [ 973]
Page  36(140)
And wostow why I am the lasse afered. [ 974]
Of this matere with my Nece trete.
ffor this haue I herde seyde of wyse lered.
was neuere man or womman ȝet bigete. [ 977]
That was vnapte to suffren lyues hete.
Celestial. or elles loue of kynde.
fforthy som grace I hope in hire fynde. [ 980]
(141)
And for to speke of hire in specyal. [fol. 23b] [ 981]
Hire beaute to bithynken and hire youthe.
It sit it naught to ben celestial.
As ȝet though that hire liste bothe and kowthe. [ 984]
But trewely it sate hire wel right nowthe.
A worthi knyght to louen and cherice.
And but she do I holde it for a vice. [ 987]
(142)
Wherfore I am and wol ben ay redy. [ 988]
To peyne me to do ȝow this seruyse.
ffor bothe ȝow to plese thus hope I.
Herafterward for ȝe ben both wyse. [ 991]
And konne it counseil kepe in swych a wyse.
That no man schal the wiser of it be.
And so we may ben gladed al thre. [ 994]
(143)
And by my trouthe I haue right now of the. [fol. 24a] [ 995]
A good conceyte in my wit as I gesse.
And what it is I wol now that thow se.
I thenk. sith that loue of his goodnesse. [ 998]
Hath the conuerted out of wikkednesse.
That thow shalt ben the best post I leue.
Of al his lay and moost his foos to greue. [ 1001]
Page  37(144)
Ensample why se now thise wise clerkes. [ 1002]
That erren aldermost aȝeyn a lawe.
And ben conuerted from hire wikked werkes.
Thorugh grace of god that list hem to hym drawe. [ 1005]
Thanne arn thise folk that han moost god in awe.
And strengest feythed ben I vndirstonde.
And konne an errowre alderbest withstonde. [ 1008]
(145)
Whan Troilus hadde herde Pandare assented. [ 1009]
To ben his help in louyng of Cryseyde.
Weex of his wo as who seith vntormented.
But hotter weex his loue and thus he seyde. [ 1012]
with sobre chere although his herte pleyde.
Now blisful venus help er that I sterue.
Of the Pandare I mowe som thank deserue. [ 1015]
(146)
But deere frende how shal my wo be lesse. [ 1016]
Til this be doon and good ek telle me this.
How wiltow seyn of me and my destresse.
Lest she be wrothe this drede I moost ywys. [ 1019]
Or nyl nat here or trowen how it is.
Alle this drede I. and eke for the manere.
Of the hire Em she nyl no swich thyng here. [ 1022]
(147)
Quod Pandarus thow hast a ful grete care. [ 1023]
Lest that the Cherl may falle oute of the moone.
Whi lord I hate of the thi nyce fare.
Whi entremete of that thow hast to doone. [ 1026]
ffor goddes loue I bidde the a boone.
So lat malone. and it shal be thi beste.
whi frende quod he now do right as the leste. [ 1029]
Page  38(148)
But herk Pandare o word for I nolde. [fol. 24b] [ 1030]
That thow in me wendest so grete folie.
That to my lady I desiren sholde.
That toucheth harm or any vilenye. [ 1033]
ffor dredeles me were leuere dye.
Than she of me aught elles vnderstode.
But that that myghte sownen in to goode. [ 1036]
(149)
Tho lough this Pandare and anon answerde. [ 1037]
And I thi borugh fy no wight doth but so.
I roughte naught though that she stood and herde.
How that thow seist. but farewel I wol go. [ 1040]
A dieu be glad god spede vs bothe two.
Ȝef me this labour and this bisynesse.
And of my spede be thyn al that swetnesse. [ 1043]
(150)
Tho Troilus gan doun on knees to falle. [fol. 25a] [ 1044]
And Pandare in his armes hente faste.
And seyde now fy on the Grekes alle.
Ȝet Pandare god shal helpe vs atte laste. [ 1047]
And dredelees if that my lyf may laste.
And god to forn lo som of hem shal smerte.
And ȝet mathenketh that this auant me sterte. [ 1050]
(151)
Now Pandare I kan na more seye. [ 1051]
But thow wis thow woost thow maist thow ar al.
My lif my deth hole in thyn honde I leye.
Help now quod he ȝis is my trowthe I shal. [ 1054]
God ȝelde the frend and this in special.
Quod Troilus that thow me recomande.
To hire that to the deth me may comande. [ 1057]
Page  39(152)
This Pandarus tho desirous to serue. [ 1058]
His fulle frende than seyde in this manere.
ffarwell and thenk I wol thi thank deserue.
Haue here my trowthe and that thow shalt wele here.
And went his wey thenkyng on this matere.
and how he best myghte hire biseche of grace.
And fynde a tyme therto and a place. [ 1064]
(153)
ffor eueri wight that hath an hous to founde. [ 1065]
Ne reynneth naught the werk for to bygynne.
with rakel hond but he wol bide a stounde.
And sende his hertes line out fro withInne. [ 1068]
Aldirfirst his purpos for to wynne.
Al this Pandare in his herte thoughte.
And caste his werk ful wisely or he wroughte. [ 1071]
(154)
But Troilus lay tho no lenger down. [ 1072]
But vp a non vpon his stede bay.
And in the feld he pleyde tho leoun.
who was that greke that with hym mette a day. [ 1075]
And in the town his manere tho forth ay.
Soo goodly was and gat hym so in grace.
That ecch hym loued that loked on his face. [ 1078]
(155)
ffor he bicome the frendliest wight. [fol. 25b] [ 1079]
The gentilest and ek the moost fre.
The thriftiest and oon the best knyght.
That in his tyme was or myght be. [ 1082]
Dede were his Iapes and his cruelte.
His heigh port and his manere estraunge.
And ecche of tho gan for a vertue chaunge. [ 1085]
Page  40(156)
Now lat vs stynte of Troilus a stounde. [ 1086]
That fareth like a man that hurte is soore.
And is som deel of akyngge of his wownde.
Ylissed wel but heeled no deel moore. [ 1089]
And as an esy pacyent the loore.
Abit of hym that gooth aboute his cure.
And thus he dryeth forth his auenture. [ 1092]
Explicit liber primus.