Sammlung altenglischer legenden, grösstentheils zum ersten male hrsg. von C. Horstmann.
Horstmann, Carl, b. 1851., Jacobus, de Voragine, ca. 1229-1298.
Page  [191]

7. Dorothe.*. [Diese Leg. ist eine freie Uebertragung der lat. Leg. de s. Dorothea in d. Leg. Aur. — Eine andere Hs. ders. Leg., Ms. Arund. 168, ist vielfach verderbt, besonders durch Auslassung von Versen, enthält aber den in Ms. Harl. ausgefallenen Schluss (V. 235-244). — Varianten des Ms. Ar.:]

aus Ms. Harl. 5272.

O glorious virgyne and mertir Dorothe,*. [glorius. o st. and. martire.]
Whos fader was called Dorotheus,
Thy moder was named Theodore:
Thow vowdest chastite vnto þi spouse Jhesus,*. [þou vowede castite to.]
Lyke as thy stori schewith vnto vs,*. [leke os (= as) the storye.]
     5
And comest of the noble blode of senatours*. [commyste. of vor sen. fehlt.]
Of Rome. but then betyde hit thus*. [þane betydede þus.]
That there were many persecutours,*. [þer. many fehlt.]
Tyrans cruelle that wolde not suffre*. [tirandes. suffire.]
Cristis servantis in pees to be.
     10
Wherefore thi fader as goddis lovere,*. [loffere.]
Dispisynge alle here ydolatrie,*. [desirynge(!). her.]
Lefte Rome for there iniquite
And alle his londis and grete possessione*. [landes.]
That he had there, and toke the se
     15
For drede of there persecucione,
With his trewe wife Theodore,*. [true wiffe.]
And dowghtris II, Cristem and Kalixtem,*. [Cristiane & Kalixtiane.]
And come in to Capadocie,*. [came]
A worthy kyngdom, a noble reaume.*. [reine.]
     20
When they were passed thorow the streme,*. [ouer st. thorow.]
They come to the cite of Cesare;*. [came in to. Cesarie.]
There woned he like a pilgryme,
And begate the, o blissed Dorothe! —*. [the fehlt.]
Of whos life and conuersacione
     25
I purpos in Englissch for to write.*. [purpose. ynglishe.]
Sche comme of the Romayne generacione,*. [come. romans.]
And put in Jhesu alle hire delite,
Sche lefte the customes and the ryȝt
Of ydoles worschip and of here sacrifice:*. [þer st. here.]
     30
Therefore sche was had in grete despite
For kepynge of the cristen gyse. —
This virgyne, as sone as sche was bore,*. [os she. ybore.]
Was baptiȝed fulle prevely*. [baptisyde.]
And enformed in Cristis lore*. [of. st. in.]
     35
Of the holy bischop Appol(i)nary,*. [worthi st. holy. appolionaer.]
That gaue hire to namen one eythire partye,*. [gaf. name. of owþer.]
Of fader and moder, by composicione:*. [of hire fadire & hire modire bi compassione(!).]
So sche was named Dorothe*. [was she.]
Thorow that holy mann is discrecion.*. [the st. that. mans.]Page  192
     40
Sche was replet with goddis grace,
A vesselle chosen vertuous to holde,*. [chosyne vertuse.]
Fayrest of beawte that in that kyngdom was:
Therefore hire name fulle faire was tolde;*. [ferre st. faire.]
Sche was a schepe of Cristis owne folde*. [fadirs enf.]
     45
And folowid hire fader is informacione;*. [wurchupe.]
Worldis worschip, tresowre and golde
Sche had in grete abhominacione.*. [in grette domynacione(!).]
Sche lyved in devout chastite,*. [lyffede in fulle devoute.]
In thowȝt and worde and dede also.*. [and vor worde fehlt.]
     50
The fende envied at hir virginite,*. [In vyede. (Harl. hat hinter virginite noch: bothe two).]
That cruelle enemy, that cursed foo:
Many a sotillte caste he tho*. [sotille. thoo.]
To haue withdrawen hire purpos trewe;*. [Tho.]
But sche loved one trewely, and no moo,
     55
That was hire lord and spouse Jhesu.*. [spose.]
This fendis malice myȝt not suffre*. [The fendes malys. suffire.]
This blessid virgyne in pees to be:*. [blissede.]
Anone he styred a carnalle luferre*. [fehlt.]
Withe the flamynge darte of lecherie —*. [flaumynge.]
     60
His name was Fabricius, and was bayly
Of that londe —: whan thardoure of con|cupiscence*. [whome þe ardowre (Harl. whan = wham).]
Had so ouercome that he sent for Dorothe,
To haue hire to his obedience.*. [at st. to. obidience.]
He promysed to wed hir after the lawe
     65
And to geve hire tresoure infenyte.*. [giffe.]
Alle thes profers they were but rawe*. [there st. thes.]
Nor nothynge plesynge to hire delite:
By ryches and deynte this sche set but lite,*. [be. deyntes she sette bo lyte.]
In heuen was hire conuersacion,
     70
Therefor sche helde but in dispite*. [helde it.]
The goodis of worldly dominacione.*. [goddis.]
Withe stable purpos and trewe entent
Sche seide: "I haue vowed my virginite,*. [saide.]
And I schalle trewly pay my rent
     75
To the seconde persone in trinite:*. [trenite.]
He is my spouse, and euermore schalle be,
That for me schedde his precious blode;*. [shede. precius.]
There is no loue so trewe as he*. [law st. loue.]
That deyde for me vpone the rode".*. [for me dyede one.]
     80
When Fabricius this wordes herde,*. [whane. thies wordis harde.]
That sche was stedefaste in Cristis byleve,
Lyke a wode mane than he ferde.*. [thene. farde.]
He thowȝt that mayden for to greve*. [þe st. that.]
And from hire purpos hire to meve:*. [fro.]
     85
He ordeyned of boylynge oyle a tonne,*. [ordeynde. oyle fehlt.]
The virgines constaunce for to preve:*. [constans.]
Thorowȝ drede he wend hire loue haue wonne.*. [thoroughte. went. lofe for (to) haue.]
But sche abode stedefastly,*. [bot. fulle stedfastely.]
And thowȝt hit a fulle esy payne:*. [it. easi. 91 und 92 fehlen.]
     90
Thorow Cristes helpe that was nye
Sche felt grete ioy in stede of payne,
Anoynted in bawme as sche had leyne;*. [baine. loyne.]
Sche made suche contenaunce (& suche chere)*. [& suche chere (fehlt in Harl.).]
That for the myracle that there was seyne*. [mirakylle. seene.]
     95
Many there turned, goddis law to lere.
Fabricius seide that thorow enchauntment.
And wichecraft that sche had wrouȝt*. [have wrouthe.]
The feruor of the oyle was schent.
Sche scholde not scape so sone, he thowȝt:*. [shuld noȝt sckape.]
     100
He put here in prison in a voghte;*. [But her in a prisoune he then brought (dieser Vers ist später am Rande u. in den Text eingetragen).]
IX dayes and nyȝtis there sche was stille,
Of mete ne drynke sche had ryȝt nouȝt:*. [& st. ne.]
He thowȝt that virgine forto spille. Page  193
But with angels mete fed sche was*. [bote. fede.]
     105
And swetly norysschynge alle that sesone:*. [Ms. norysschynge with þe fode of grace.]*. [And swetely norysshede. this st. that.]
Sche was fulfilled with the fode of grace,
That, whan sche come oute of prisone,
Hit semed a verry gostly visione*. [Ite semyde. very gostely.]
To beholde hire face fulle of beaute:
     110
Sche was moche fairere to loke vppone*. [myche.]
Than euer sche was wonte to be.*. [thene.]
The peple mervayled sche was so faire
And was so longe without fode*. [withoutyne.]
And closid in prisone from the eyre.*. [fro.]
     115
But then Fabricius with egre mode*. [þane. egure.]
Bade the virgine, there as sche stode,*. [Behelde þe.]
Worschip his goddis, or sche schulde deye.*. [Ande bade hire worchippe. die.]
But with parfite herte and reson gode*. [hert.]
Alle his ydols sche did defye.*. [dide.]
     120
"I schalle worschip" seide Dorothe,
"God that made alle thynge of nouȝt;
For alle thi goddis deuelis be,*. [alle fehlt. devyls.]
Enemys to hym þat alle thynge wrouȝt.*. [enmys. thingis.]
Jhesu Crist, that with thy precious blode me bouȝt,*. [Crist fehlt. has boughte, me fehlt.]
     125
Knelynge on grounde y prey to the:*. [one þi grounde. pray.]
Turne this ydole in to ryȝt nouȝt*. [thies ydolls vneto.]
Thorow power of thy mageste!*. [thorowe.]
Schew that there is no god but one!"
Then Fabricius lifte vp on hie*. [Ms. liften.]
     130
A pilere of a mawment there vpone,*. [a peloure & a.]
So schewid forthe his ydolatrie.*. [schewede he.]
But angels of heuen were there fulle nye*. [heuyne þer were.]
And cast (hit) downe in wondire wise.*. [caste theme.]
Amonge the partees of þe pilere þei found hit lye;*. [par|tis. pilours. fonde it.]
     135
Hit had no power to aryse.*. [agayne to ryse.]
The fendis that in that ydole were*. [þe ydolls.]
Withe lowde noyse cryed "o Dorothe"
In diuerse partyes of the eyre,*. [fehlt.]
"Whate have we displesid the?*. [tres|passede to the.]
     140
In paynys and turmentis wastethe we be*. [wastede.]
Thorow thi prayere that persithe hevene".*. [pershyde.]
There were conuertid opynlye*. [conuertede were oppenly.]
Many one that hird that stevene;*. [harde.]
And alle they suffred martirdom*. [suffirde.]
     145
That folowid the lore of Dorothe.
And in a gybbet sche was nome,*. [gebet. wonne st. nome.]
Hire feet hangynge toward the skye,*. [fete hangyde.]
And alle to-raced was hire body*. [fehlt.]
Withe hokys of yren, and with roddis bete,*. [of hyrne. bette.]
     150
Withe fleylis brusched fulle cruelly:*. [flailis brysyde.]
This to here lawes they did hire threte.*. [þus to theire. trete.]
Ȝit wolde they schewe more tyranny:*. [yitte. schew hire. tyrantrie.]
Brennynge fagottis ordeyned were,*. [brynnynge.]
Vnto hire pappes they did ham tye —*. [pappis. heme.]
     155
This to this virgyn they did there.*. [Thus þis, to fehlt. dere st. there.]
After this tormentrie and this fere
Sche was put in prison, halfe dede and more,*. [Thei pute hire.]
Vnto the morow that sche schulde appere*. [morne. apere.]
Openly this tyrans tofore.*. [Openly vneto þe tyrandis as sche dide before.]
     160
When that sche come in here presence,*. [came. þer st. here.]
Sche was alle hole, without infirmyte:*. [withoutyne.]
Alle that were comen to that audience*. [come into.]Page  194
Merveyled how that hit myȝt be.*. [that fehlt. myghte so be.]
Then seide the president: "O fayre may|den Dorothe,*. [maide.]
     165
Turne to oure lawes and do honoure*. [vneto.]
Vnto oure goddis that myȝti be,
And ȝe schalle haue the more favoure.*. [ȝe st. þou.]*. [ande þou schalte.]
Thow art chastisede ynow for thyne offence*. [þi.]
And that thow hast oure goddis defyed".*. [In þat.]
     170
Sche bowid not for alle his eloquence —*. [noȝt. alle fehlt.]
Hire hert in Criste was trewly tyed.*. [god st. Criste.]
And oþer crafte then he aspied:*. [Anoþer.]
And send Cristem and Kalixtem, hire sustres bothe,*. [sent for. sisturs.]
That for fere of dethe hadden denyed*. [hade.]
     175
Goddis lawe, thowȝ they were lothe:*. [thow.]
For that they schulde revoke the spirite*. [that fehlt. speryte.]
Of god that was hire sustere withynne.
But sche was stedefaste and wolde not flytte*. [178-9: of gode þat was stedfaste & wolde not flitte.]
In no wise, to consent to synne.
     180
But mekely then sche did begynne
To stable hire sustris in goddis lawe*. [sistire.]
And put awey the errour that they were ynne:*. [and to pute awaie.]
And they consented vnto hire sawe.*. [consentynge to.]
When Fabricius herd of there conuer|sacione,*. [whane, þer.]
     185
He comaunded the sustres bothe two*. [sistirs. too=two.]
Bake to bake forto be boundene*. [boundene st. boundon.]
And than in fyre forto be doo.*. [than fehlt. fier.]
They were b(r)ennyd and martird soo,
The sustres II, Cristenn and Kalixtem,*. [thies sisters too.]
     190
And passid oute of this exile and this woo*. [exille.]
Evene streyȝt to the blisse of heuene.*. [Euyne forthe to.]
Then seide Fabricius to Dorothe:*. [vneto.]
"How longe schalle we suffre this dery|sione*. [dirisione.]
Withe thi wichecraft and thy sorcery?*. [socerie.]
     195
Hit is to vs a grete abhusione.*. [abusione.]
Do sacrifice to oure goddis anone,
Or ellis fulle sone thow schalt be dede;
For ordeyned is thi confusione:*. [confucione.]
Do sacrifice or lees thyne hed".*. [or elles lose þi hede.]
     200
Dorothe answerd with glad chere:
"Brynge forthe alle thi turmentrie,
And thow schalt fynde me redy here*. [shalle.]
To suffre alle thi tiranny
For Jhesu, my spous, whom worschip y:
     205
For in his gardyn of delycis*. [delice.]
Aples and roses that smelle swetely,*. [appuls. swetly.]
I schalle plante, with oþer spicis:
There schalle y be mery for euermore,
In his blisse, eternally,
     210
For trew kepyng of his lore".
At hire wordis Fabricius had envie,
In his wodenesse he seide (sche) schulde abye.
Withe staves hire visage they al to-rent,
Tille they that bete hire were wery.*. [to = till.]
     215
This virgyn suffred alle here turment.*. [hire.]
Hire face was swellid and alle to-blowe,*. [alle to-blowe st. also blo.]*. [and also blo.]
Alle to-raced and alle torne.*. [rasyde. to-torne.]
To prison sche was comaunded soo,
There to abyde vnto the morne.
     220
But he that was of a wirgyne borne,*. [But fehlt. God st. he.]
Hire lorde and spous, Criste Jhesu,
Made hire fresche as rose on thorne,*. [as freche os.]
Bryȝt of colowre and fayre of hewe.*. [hew.]Page  195
Vppone the morow sche was forthe browȝt.*. [morne.]
     225
Then seide Fabricius with egre con|tenaunce:*. [egire.]
"Thow schalt haue now that thow haste sowȝt,
Oure goddis on the schalle take ven|geaunce,*. [shalle take on the.]
Thow schalt do hem no more grevaunce.*. [theme.]
This day thow schalt lese thyne hed:*. [daie. shalle lose thie hede.]
     230
This is thy jugement and thi penaunce:
For blasphem of oure goddis thow schalt be dede".*. [blasphemynge. shalle. ded.]
As sche was lad vnto hire martirdom*. [led to.]
Witheout the wallis of the cite,
Seide to hire in skorne and illusione*. [said.]
     235
Theophilus, the prothonotarye*. [Ms. prothonatorye.]*. [þane sais the prothanarie(!).]
Of that reame: "O thow virgyne Dorothe,*. [reine.]
Of the roses and aples þat in þi spouses gardyn growe*. [and of þi appels. spouse. grow.]
I prey the sende some vnto me".*. [pray. send. to st. vnto.]
Sche seide: "I schalle sende the inowe".*. [send. ynow.]
     240
Ȝit this was in the wyntire is sesone*. [wynter, is fehlt.]
Contrarye to nature and to kynde,*. [vneto.]
Nothyng acordynge vnto resone,*. [frute of floures.]
Frute and floure that tyme to fynde.
But on hire spous was alle hire mynde,
     245
To whom sche felle on kneys to pray:*. [knes.]
"My lorde, that alle may lose and bynde,
Take hede whate thi seruaunt wolle seye!*. [wol saie.]
I prey for alle that with devocione*. [pray. that fehlt.]
Vnto the prey with trewe entent,*. [y pray.]
     250
That mynde haue one thi seruantis pas|sione,*. [of st. on.]
In hirynge or redynge, that take talent*. [herynge. that fehlt.]
But to my name: that thow assent*. [but to st. vnto?]*. [Vnto.]
To delyuere hem from here disese,*. [theme. fro þer disease.]
From angre and from combrement,*. [fro. comprement.]
     255
And that they mow the trewly please,*. [may.]
From false name and schamefulle pouerte,
And afore there ende trew contricion,
From myschefe that they delyuered be,
And graunte hem of here synnes remys|sione;*. [theme. þer.]
     260
And they that bene in oure ladyes prysone,*. [Also theme. be. lady presone.]
That with childe-byrthe bene grevid,*. [childis byrth. agreuyd.]
Graunt hem sone ease of here burdone,*. [sone fehlt. byrdene.]
Thorow my preyere to be releuyd!
And where the story is of my passione,*. [my fehlt.]
     265
In howse or eny dwellynge place,*. [any.]
Neyther fyre ne leven hit ouercome!"*. [noþer fier nor leuyne. one comme.]
And whan hire preyere ended was,
A voyce was hirde thorow goddis grace,*. [And was(!) herd.]
That seide: "o virgyne Dorothe,
     270
Alle thi preyere purchased thow haste.*. [haste st. has.]*. [has st. haste.]
Come, swete trewe-loue and spous, to me!"*. [trulofe.]
Then the virgyne leyde downe hire hede,*. [layde.]
Redy vnto the turmentowre.
And sodenly in hire siȝt apperid*. [appered.]
     275
A childe, that clothed was in purpure,
Barfote, white loxe crispe and pure,*. [Ms. white st. withe.]*. [with lokes bothe crispe.]
Fulle of goldyn sterrys was his garment;*. [gold ster|res.]
A baskot he helde of swete odowre*. [basket.]
Withe roses and aples, hire to present.*. [appuls.]
     280
Then seide that virgyne vnto the childe:*. [þe st. that. þat childe.]
"Myne owne gode lorde, now I þe pray*. [my nowne.]
In the lowlyeste wise with wordis mylde:*. [& with.]
Bere this to Theophle the scrybe, and seye*. [to þe phile þe scribe(!). saye.]Page  196
That I haue kept my promysse and my day".*. [promyse.]
     285
And so sche toke hire martyrdom,
This virgyne Dorothe, this blessid may,
Deoclisian and Maximian þene emper|ouris of Rome,*. [þe st. þene. emperour.]
Of Fabricius here bayly in that contrey,*. [And st. of. þer. cuntre.]
That put hire to hire passione
     290
The VIII day from the Idus of Februarij;*. [fro Idus of februare.]
The date from Cristis incarnacione
IIC IIIIXX VIII yeris were gone*. [and VIII yers.]
That sche suffred dethe for Crist Jhesu*. [Ms. Jhesus.]*. [deth. Criste.]
And alle hire enemys so ouercome,*. [enmyse.]
     295
This blessid Dorothe that was so trewe.
This childe come vnto Theophle,*. [childe fehlt. Theophile.]
In the president palis as he stode,*. [presidente place. as fehlt.]
And schewid hym the roses and the aples,*. [hym fehlt. þe appuls and roses.]
And seide: "Dorothe, my suster good,
     300
That promysed the, whan that sche yode*. [that nach whan fehlt. ȝoode.]
To suffre dethe, after thi desyre,
Aples and roses, there as thow stode:*. [she st. thow.]
Now hast thow that thow dedest require:*. [diddyste.]
From the paradis of hire spous Jhesus*. [fro.]
     305
Sche hathe sende the this present".*. [sent.]
The childe vanyssched, when he had seide this.*. [thus.]
Then Theophle loued god omnipotent
That suche comfort to hym had sent,
He seide there was no god but the god of Dorothe;*. [bot god, the fehlt.]
     310
Alle his mysbeleue he did repent,
And worschippid one god in trenite,*. [worchupe.]
"That in the monthe of Februarie,*. [mo|neth. februare.]
When grete colde congeileth the grownde,
Sendithe aples and flowris swete and savourie,*. [Ms. savioure.]*. [and flowris fehlt. saverie st. sauioure.]
     315
There as he wolle his grace be founde.*. [wille. be vor founde fehlt.]
He may lose alle that is bownde:
Blessid be his holy name,
That hathe browȝt me in this stownde*. [has me broughte into.]
Out of the fendis cursed frame".*. [fame.]
     320
Then thorow Theophle is predicacione*. [is fehlt.]
Alle that cite conuerted was.*. [couerted.]
When the tyran see alle theire conuer|sione,*. [tirande saw alle þis couersacione.]
He cryed out and seide: "alas!
This is a wondirfulle cas
     325
That alle owre goddis bene this forsake".*. [alle fehlt. þus.]
Withe mo peynes the scribe he did deface
Then Dorothe suffred for Crist is sake;
At last, to schew his tyranny,*. [at þe laste. tirannye.]
He leet hewe his body in pecis smale,*. [lete hew. smalle.]
     330
And cast hit in dyuerse partie,
That wilde bestis to hit schulde falle*. [shuld to it.]
And oþer fowlis devowre hit alle.*. [oder foules devowred.]
But afore that Theophilus*. [Theophelus.]*. [(Der Schluss fehlt, da ein Blatt im Ms. ausgerissen ist; derselbe lautet in Ms. Arund. 168:)]
With grete devocione did crie and calle
     335
To Dorothe spouse, Criste Jhesus,
After cristene feith was baptiȝed,
And receyued oure lord in fourme of brede:
And went, with martirdome glorified,
To þe prince of martris and þe hede, Page  197
     340
That rose vp aftir þat he was III daies dede.
Þus endith þe storie of blessed Dorothe.
Criste graunte vs with hire to fede
In presence of þe holy Trinite.
Explicit vita sancte Dorothee.
Darauf folgt in lateinischen Versen:
In quacunque domon(ome)n fuit vel imago
Virginis eximie Dorothee virginis alme,
Nullus abortiuus infans nascetur in illa
Nec domus nec ignis furtique pericula sentit.
Nec quisquam inibi poterit mala morte perire,
Celestique pane moriens qui moriatur (!).

Deuota oracio ad sanctam Dorotheam.

Sancta Dorothea virgo & martir, o casti|tate fallerata(!), humilitate coronata, pa|ciencia ornata, virtutum floribus fulcita, temperancia pollita, o preciosa margarita, sancta virgo Dorothea, cor mundum in nobis crea.