Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.

Capitulum vicesimum quintum.

THE Romayns ordeyneþ*. [ordeyned, Cx.] a bataille aȝenst*. [aȝenes, γ., semper.] þe Sampnites, þat beeþ*. [buþ, γ.] bytwene Campania and Apulia, and haveþ*. [habbeth, γ.] armour of gold and of silver.*. [selver, γ.] Þe cause of þe*. [þe] om. Cx.] bataille was þe lond of Campania, þat is best lond and most pleyn; þe chief citee þerof is Capua, and is peer to Rome and to Cartage in hugenesse*. [hogenes, γ.; gretenesse, Cx.] and in plente. Þanne Lucius Papirius, dictator Page  375, vol.3 [or oratour]*. [Cx.] of Rome, was sent*. [send, γ.] aȝenst þe Sampnites, and he tornede aȝen to Rome, and heet*. [and heet] a het, γ.] Quintus Fabius, maister of þe horsmen, þat he schulde nouȝt fiȝte while he were aweie. Noþeles Quintus sigh*. [siȝ, β.; syȝ, γ.; sawe, Cx.] and fond occasioun, and fauȝt wel*. [wel] om. α., γ., and Cx.] and spedde [wel],*. [From α., β., γ., and Cx.] and sconfited*. [skomfyte, Cx.; scomfitede, β.; scomfytede, γ.] þe Sampnites; and by cause þerof þe dictator dampned hym, for he hadde i-fouȝte*. [fouȝten, β.] aȝenst his heste and [in]*. [From α., β., γ., and Cx.] his absence. Noþeles he was de|lyvered and saved by grete favour of knyȝtes of þe peple, and so grete strif was arered aȝenst Papirius þat he was nygh i-slawe.*. [in jopardy of his lyf, Cx.] But afterward in a place þat hatte Fyntule*. [Furcule, α., β., and Cx.; Fer|cule Candius, γ.] Candius þe Sampnites hadde þe Romayns i-closed in narwe weies and streite, and overcome hem wiþ so grete schame þat hem was levere kepe hem*. [ham, γ., et infra.] on*. [α, Cx.; alyve, β.] lyve to schame and to schend|schip,*. [schendes, α., β.; shenship, Cx.; schendnes, γ.] þan slee hem so i-closed, and made hem caste of her armour and here cloþes, and goo in*. [on, Cx.] a longe rewe under þe hille*. [hul, γ.] side, and had of hem*. [had of hem] ȝaf ham, γ.] a condicioun, þe whiche*. [whuch, γ.] con|dicioun ȝif þe Romayns hadde i-holde þey hadde be dede oþer bonde men to þe Sampnites. Titus Livius. Þe duke and [the]*. [Cx.] ledere of þe Sampnites, þat heet Poncius, hadde i-ordeyned*. [hadde ordeygned, Cx.]Page  377, vol.3 his oost bysides Fucule*. [Furcule, α., β., and Cx.; Fer|cule Caudines, γ.] Caudynes, þere*. [where, Cx.] þe Romayns schulde passe. Þat place is closed wiþ hilles on eiþer side, and haþ a pleyn in þe myddel by twene hiȝe landes,*. [hiȝ laundes, β.; by twey hyȝ laundes, γ.] wiþ streiȝt*. [streit, β.; streyt, γ.] entrynge*. [streyte entre, Cx.] and streiȝt*. [streit, β.; streyt, γ.] out goynge. Poncius hadde i-sent som of his knyȝtes to fore*. [bifore, Cx.] i-cloþed as herdes*. [heordes, β.] þat kepeþ bestes, and [that they]*. [Cx.] schulde answere þe oost of Romayns þat wolde passe and axe after þe Sampnites where þey were,*. [whar hy were, γ.] and þe knyȝtes schulde seie*. [sygge, γ.; to answer, Cx.] þat þe Sampnites were apassed to besege*. [passed to besiege, Cx.] Lucrecia, a citee*. [a citee] om. Cx.] þat was confethered*. [confedered, β.; comfedred, Cx.] wiþ the Romayns: and whanne þe Romayns herde*. [hurde, γ.] þat, anon þey wente swiftliche in to þe valey of Fircule,*. [Furcule, Cx.] as it were forto spede hem to socour*. [socre, γ.] þe citee þat was byseged;*. [besieged, Cx.] but in þe mene tyme þe Sampnites knyȝtes and oþere hewe doun knyȝtes*. [treen, β.; tren, γ.; trees, Cx.] and stopped þe in goynge*. [the entre, Cx.] and þe out goynge of þe wey,*. [valey, Cx.] and sette hem in þe coppes*. [wente into the toppes, Cx.] of þe hilles, and so þe Romayns were compelled by meschef*. [meschyef, Cx.] to axe pees*. [pes, γ.] of þe Sampnites, Page  379, vol.3 oþer a bataille of knyȝtes. Þanne Pocius the duke*. [Poncius the duc, Cx.] an|swerede*. [answherede, γ.] and seide now þe bataille is i-doo,*. [batel is doon, β.] and graunted pees*. [pes, γ.] uppon þese condiciouns,*. [þes condicions, γ.; this condi|cion, Cx.] þat þe Romayns schulde ȝelde*. [ȝulde, γ., et infra.] up here cloþing and her armure,*. [armour, Cx.] and goo al naked save her prive*. [sauf her preuee, Cx.] membres in a long rewe under þe hille side, and ȝelde*. [yelded, Cx.] up plegges þre hondred horsmen of [the]*. [Cx.] Romayns. [T.]*. [Cx.]Eutropius. Þe ȝere of*. [of] om. α. and Cx.] þat folowede after, by heste of þe senatoures, þe dictator Lucius Papirius scomfitede*. [scomfyted, Cx.] þe Sampnites. Orosius, libro 3o. After þat victorie þere fel*. [fille, β.; ful, γ.] so grete pestilense*. [pestylence, Cx.] in Rome of deth and of liȝtninge, þat al þe citee made sorwe of*. [for, Cx.] deed men and for sike.*. [seke, β.] Þan þei lokede þe bookes of Sibile*. [Sibil, β.; Sibylle, Cx.] þe wise, and took counsaille,*. [toke counseylle, Cx.] and sente into Epidauru, a citee of Grees,*. [Grece, β. and Cx.] forto have a mawmet,*. [habbe a mamet, γ.] þe ymage of Esculapius. He is i-feyned god of medicyn, and scheweþ hym to his worschippers in [the]*. [Cx.]Page  381, vol.3 liknes of a serpent. Item Orosius. Wifes*. [Wyues, β. and Cx.] of Rome brennynge in a wood love*. [in a wod, γ.; in wode loue, Cx.] towarde here owne housbondes made as þe*. [þey, α. and Cx.; þei, β.; hy, γ.] trowede drinkes*. [dryngkes, γ., et infra.] of love, noþeles*. [and yet, Cx.] þe drynkes were verray poysoun*. [veray poyson, Cx.] and deeþ. A wenche [þat]*. [From α. and Cx.] knewe þat doynge, and*. [and] om. α., β., and Cx.] warnede þe senatoures þerof; þanne þe wifes*. [wyues, γ. and Cx.] were compelled to drinke of þe same [manere]*. [manere] added from α.; Cx. omits manere drynke.] drynke; þanne meny of hem fil*. [of ham ful, γ.] doun deed sodenly*. [and by the vyolent poyson of that drynk many of them felle downe sodenly deed, Cx.]; and two hondred wifes and seventy, þat were maistres of þat*. [þe, Cx.] doynge, were i-dampned to the deth. Aboute þat tyme Gwytelinus,*. [Guytelinus, Cx.] Gurgunsius his sone, regnede in Bretaigne:*. [Brytayn, Cx.] his wif Marcia [was right connyng],*. [Cx.] couþe al manere*. [and coude many maner, Cx.] craftes, and*. [she, Cx.] made þe lawe þat hatte Marcene*. [Mercene, γ.] lawe. ℞. Loke more hereof in þe first book, capitulo de legibus. Gaufridus. Also þis*. [þens, γ.] Marcia regnede somwhat of tyme after her housbondes deþ; and after here regnede Sisillius, and after hym Kymarus; after Page  383, vol.3 Kymarus, Damus*. [Danius, γ., bis.]; after Damus, Morindus,*. [Kymarus Dauius, after Dauius Morindus, Cx.] þat was ful cruel,*. [cruwel, β.; fol cruwel, γ.] but at þe laste a beste devoured*. [devorede, γ.] hym.