Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.

Capitulum tricesimum sextum.

INNOCENCIUS the iiijthe succedid Celestinus the pope, xj. yere and vj. monethes; whiche fullefyllede the voide seetes of cardinalls with honeste persons, and made Hewe frere of the ordre Precheours a cardinalle; whiche postillate alle the bible, and compilede grete concordances on the bible. This pope kepede a cownsaile at Lugdune in Fraunce, grawntenge the canoni|zacion Page  237, vol.8 of seynte Edmund in the vijthe yere after his dethe, and decrete Frederyke the emperoure to be deposede for his re|bellion. A Jewe diggenge in this yere at Tholetum in Speyne to amplifye his vyneyerde founde a stonne holle on every syde, in the myddes of whom he founde a booke after the quantite of a sawter, with levys of tre wryten in Hebrewe, Grewe, and in Latyn, spekynge of the threfolde state of the worlde from Adam unto Antecriste, expressynge the proprytes of men, puttynge the begynnynge of the thrydde worlde in Criste in this maner: "The Sonne of God schalle be borne of Mary a virgyn in the thrydde worlde, whiche schalle suffre dethe for the redempcion of man." Suche a derthe of corne was in Ynglonde in this yere, that a quarter of whete was solde for xvj. s. Seynte Edmunde was translate in this yere, and Frederyke emperour diede excommunicate; Manfredus the naturalle sonne of whom Page  239, vol.8 occupiede that realme untylle that he was sleyne by Charls broþer to the kynge of Fraunce. This Frederyke dedde, Innocencius the pope procurede that the chosers of the empire scholde electe diverse men. A solenne procession was made at London in this yere to mete the precious bloode of Criste, whiche was sende to kynge Henricus from the patriarke of Jerusalem in the thrydde idus of October. Lodowicus kynge of Fraunce wente to the Holy Londe in this yere, and toke a [folio 380a] cite callede Damieta, and the seide kynge of Fraunce was taken of the Soldan in the nexte yere folowynge. A c. and lti M. schepardes or kepers of bestes merkede with the signe of the Page  241, vol.8 crosse come in this yere to Parisius, by whom the universite was troublede moche, and mony scolers were sleyne by theyme also. Kynge Henricus ȝafe to Edwarde his eldeste sonne Vasconia, Yrlonde, Wales, and Chestreschire. In whiche yere the erthe was made soe drye by fervente hete that hit ȝafe noo fruite, and in the ende of herveste were so moche wete and reyne that the erthe myȝhte not receyve the waters, whereby mony incommodites folowede. Seynte Robert callede Grosse|hede, and bischop of Lincolne, diede in this yere þe vijthe idus of October; whiche was instructe excellentely in alle the artes liberalle, and made mony compendious werkes, specially in logyke, moralle philosophy, and in astrology. Whiche sende to pope Innocencius the iiijthe a notable epistolle whiche began "Dominus noster Jesus Christus," in that he began to vexe the churches of Ynglonde with undewe exaccions and inconsuete. And also he ȝafe to Frederyke sonne of his broþer a prebende in the churche of Lincolne with the nexte vacacion of that seete also, whom the seide bischoppe wolde not admitte. And the rescription of the bischop began, "Noverit discrecio vestra," and hit was his answere also to the archidiacon off Cawnterbery and to an oþer man, whiche was the collector of the pope in Ynglonde, whiche tweyne receyvede the bulle of the pope to Page  243, vol.8 inducte the seide Frederyke into the prebendary of the churche of Lincoln. But the seide bischop seide moore over that he awe not ne wolde not admitte oon to the cure of sawles that cowthe not governe hym selfe. Wherefore this Robert called to the cowrte of Rome and excommunicate, appelled from the cowrte of Innocencius the pope unto the hie juge Allemyȝhty God. Wherefore hit happede that the seide bischop apperede to that pope beynge in bedde, as hit is seide, after his dethe, induede with his vesture pontificalle, and seide to hym, "Aryse wrecche, and comme to juggemente;" and he prikkede hym anoon with his pastoralle staffe in the lyfte side unto the herte; and so the bedde was founde fulle of blodde, and the pope was dedde. Wherefore the bischoppes off Rome wylle [folio 380b] not suffre that holy bischop to be canonizede, thauȝhe that he have doen mony miracles. Alexander the iiijthe did succede Innocencius. vij. yere and iiij. monethes. Also pease was Page  245, vol.8 reformed this yere betwene kynge Henricus and Lewelyn prynce of Wales at mownte Gomeryke in this forme, that the seide prynce of Wales and his successours from that tyme scholde do homage to the kynges of Ynglonde. Also kynge Henricus receyvede of hym iij. M. marke, on whiche thynges the kynge made a chartoure roborate by auctorite of the pope. In whiche tyme kynge Henricus made so ryche his iiij. halfe breþer to hym, that thei despisede alle other gentylle men of the realme. For whiche cause Symon Mowntefort, erle of Leicestre, Ricardus of Clare, erle of Glowcestre, with mony oþer noble estates, mette at Oxenforde in the feste of the Trinite, and electe xij. discrete men by the cownsaile of whom thei chaunged the ministres off þe kynge and expellede the iiij. halfe breþer of the kynge from the londe. Kynge Henricus saylede into Fraunce in this yere, and makynge a concorde to be schamede with the kynge of Fraunce, delyverede to hym Normandy with other provinces over see in this condicion, that he myȝhte rejoyce holly the cuntre of Gascoigne. Urbanus the Page  247, vol.8 iiijthe succedid pope Alexander allemoste iiij. yere; this pope was patriarke of Jerusalem afore, whiche grawntede to Charls broþer of the kynge of Fraunce the realme of Sicille, if he cowthe expelle Mainfredus, and so he did. Abowte this tyme a Jewe felle into a sege at Theoskesbery on theire sabbathe day, and wolde not suffre to be drawen from the sege in that day for the reverence of theire sabbat. And Richard of Clare, erle of Glowcestre, beynge þer þat tyme, and understondynge and knowynge of that Jewe, wolde not suffre hym to be taken furthe on Sonneday for reverence of his sabbat day, and so the Jewe diede in the sege.