Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.

Capitulum vicesimum quartum.

RYCHARDE archebischop of Cawnterbery dedde, Baldewyne bischoppe of Worcestre was electe by consente of the kynge and of alle bischoppes, but monkes of Cawnterbery were con|trarious. To whom hit is seide that he did never eite flesche from the tyme that he was made monke unto his dethe; whom a olde woman mette in a tyme, inquirynge of hym wheþer hit were tru that he did eite noo flesche. The bischoppe seide hit was tru. The woman seide, "Hit is fals, thow hase eiten me Page  69, vol.8 to the bare boones, for thy officers have taken a kowe awey from me, with whom y was norischede." The bischop seide, "Truly thro the favor of God thow schalle have as goode a kowe restorede to the." A dissencion spronge betwene hym and the monkes of Cawnterbery for a newe place nye to theym in whom he hade intended to have putte prebendaryes, and to have assignede to þeim prebendes of þe monkes. Neverthelesse he was compelled by pope Urban to take downe that place made, whom he brouȝhte to Lambithe nye to London, anendes Westemynstre. Urbanus the thrydde succedid Lucius the pope as ij. yere, whiche dyede thro sorowe for the takynge of Ierusalem. In whiche tyme Heraclius patriarke of Ierusalem comme to Ynglonde to kynge Henricus, askenge helpe ageyne Page  71, vol.8 the Saracenys in the name of Criste, schewynge to hym the keyes of that hooly cite, and of the sepulcre of oure Lorde, and letters also of the promisse of that kynge made to go to the holy Londe. The kynge made promyse to ȝiffe an answere at London, and soone after þat moche peple merkede with the [folio 363b] signe of the crosse at the prechynge off Baldewyne the arche|bischoppe; the kynge seide he myȝhte not leve his cuntre withowte a governoure ageyn the cruellenes of men of Fraunce. But he seide he wolde ȝiffe grete goodes to men that wolde goe. To whom the patriarke seide, "Þow dose noȝhte: we desire a prince, and not money, for every parte of the worlde sendethe money to us, but we gette noo prince. Wherefore we desyre a prynce that nedethe money, and not money that nedethe a prynce." And so the patriarke returnede from the londe, whom the kynge folowede unto the see to mitigate his Page  73, vol.8 passion and tribulacion. To whom the patryarke seide, "Kynge, thow hase reignede in grete honoure unto this tyme, but from this tyme Criste schalle leve the, whom thow hase forsaken. Remembre what þinges God hathe ȝiffen to the, and how thow hase made recompensacion, fals to the kynge of Fraunce, and did sle seynte Thomas, and now thow de|spises the proteccion of Cristen peple." The kynge vexede with this communication, the patriarke offrede his hede and his nekke to hym, seyenge, "Do to me as thow did to Thomas, for hit is as leef to me to be sleyne of the in Ynglonde as of the Saracenys in Siria, for thow arte wors then eny Saracene." To whom the kynge seide, "And if alle my men were oon man, and spake with oon mowthe, thei durste not say in this wise to me." The kynge seide, "Y may not departe now, for my sonnes wolde trowble my realme in my absence." The patriarke seide, "Hit is noo mervayle, for thei comme from the develle, and thei scholde go to hym also." Page  75, vol.8 Kynge Henricus sende John his sonne into Yrlonde in þis yere, and returnede ageyne with lytelle profite. The Saracenys toke Jerusalem in this yere, takynge the holy cross with theyme, and did slee the maister of the Temple with mony noble men. That understonde, mony Cristen peple were merkede to go to the holy Londe, amonge whom Ricardus erle Pictavense, sonne of this kynge Henricus, was merkede with the signe of the crosse. Gregorius þe viiijthe succedid pope Urban iiij. monethes, whiche sende mony epistoles for the subsidy of the holy Londe; whom Clement the thrydde did succede iij. yere. Oure Savioure Criste Iesus apperede visibly in the aiere hongynge on the crosse at Dunstaple in Ynglonde, moche peple seenge that syȝhte. In whiche yere kynge Henricus made Ranulphus erle of Chestre knyȝhte, and toke to his wife Constance the Page  77, vol.8 cowntesse of Briteyne, doȝhter of Gaufride his sonne, with Briteyne the lesse, and with the cowntee of Rychemund. Kynges of Ynglonde and of Fraunce were merkede with the [folio 364a] signe of þe crosse, and Ricardus erle Pictavense, in the feste of seynte George, and other peple unto the nowmbre of cliijti M. Frederyke þe emperoure excommunicate goynge to the holy Londe and bryngynge hys hoste by Constantinopole, bathynge in a water nye to Armeny called Glotony of Sathanas, was drownede in hit, and somme men say by the spurrynge of his horse, and was beryede at Tyrus. And his eldeste sonne diede at the sege of Achon and Henricus the vthe, an oþer sonne, was emperoure in Alemayne viij. yere, whiche subduede to hym Apulia and Sicille. Neverthelesse the seide emperoure was excommunicate by Celestinus the pope, in that he toke kynge Richarde commynge from the holy Londe, and wolde not delyver hym untylle that he hade paiede a grete rawnson. Whiche emperoure dyenge in that sentence, cowthe not be beryede untylle the seide summe receyvede were paiede to kynge Page  79, vol.8 Richarde, or withowte he wolde ȝiffe licence that he scholde be beryede. A dissencion movede in this yere betwene the kynges of Ynglonde and of Fraunce, the money gedrede for the holy Londe was soone wastede. For the kynge of Fraunce and Ricardus erle his sonne, commynge ageyne kynge Henricus, the seide kynge causede the subarbes of the cite of Cenomanny to be brente, that the kynge of Fraunce scholde have noo socoure by hit. But the wynde returnede sette alle the cite in fyre, and compellede kynge Henricus to go from hit; whiche seide in departynge, "Thow God, in that thow hase taken from me that y luffede beste in this day so fowle, I schalle recompense the in lyke wyse. For after this tyme y schalle take from the that thynge whiche þow luffes beste in man, that is myn herte." At the laste this kynge vexede soore with the fevers at the cite Turonense, desirede to have pease of the kynge of Fraunce in this wyse, that he wolde submitte hym to his grace, his honoure and crowne of his realme salvede. But hit was in Page  81, vol.8 veyne, for he cowthe not have grace in eny wise withowte he wolde submitte hym to his grace utterly; and by meryte, for he grauntede not to seynte Thomas þat worde, "salvynge the honor of God, the dignite of his ordre and liberte off the churche." Wherefore kynge Henricus dyenge at þe castelle of Chinonense, men beynge abowte ȝafe to grete attendaunce to take and [folio 364b] purchase goodes, that the body of the kynge was bare by a longe season and space, untylle that a childe coverede the inferialle partes of his body. And then his name Courtmantell was fullefyllede, for the seide kynge brouȝthe a schorte mantell firste from Gascoigne unto Ynglonde. And somme men say þat while Ricardus his sonne was presente by that corse bothe the nostrelles of the kynge distillede bloode. Also by viij. daies afore the dethe of this kynge, fysches in a water in Normandy made so grete noyse with lepynge, that men commynge to see that syȝhte cowthe fynde unnethe oon fische in lyfe.