Polychronicon Ranulphi Higden maonachi Cestrensis; together with the English translations of John Trevisa and of an unknown writer of the fifteenth century.
Higden, Ranulf, d. 1364., Trevisa, John, tr. d. 1402., Caxton, William, ca. 1422-1491., Malverne, John, d 1415?, Babington, Churchill, ed. 1821-1889,, Lumby, J. Rawson ed. (Joseph Rawson), 1831-1895.

Capitulum quartumdecimum.

MOYSES beenge of lxxx. yere in age, and Aaron his brother of lxxxiij. yere in age, spake to Pharao that he scholde suffre the peple of God to goe and to do sacrifice; whose herte was made harde, wherefore Egipte was smyten Page  329, vol.2 with x. plages and diseases. Augustinus; libro 18o. In whiche tyme somme men of Egipte dredenge hit to per|esche, wente furthe with Cecrops; whiche sailenge in to Grece made a cite callede Atthen, and after that Athenes. ℞. Of whom hit is declarede afore, libro jo., capitulo 22o. Elladia other Corinthus, callede afore Epira, was edifiede v. yere afore the cite of Athenes. Petrus, libro secundo. There were mony other plages of Egipte, those x. famose plages excepte, wherefore somme daies be callede in the kalendary, the daies of men of Egipte, in whom Egipte was smyten with somme plages; for whiche cause ij. daies of theyme be annotede in the kalendary in euery monethe, thauȝhe þer were moo. Moyses ledde furthe the peple of Israel from Egipte in the xvthe day of the moone, after cccc.xxxti yere of the goenge furthe of Abraham from Carra Mesopotamie in to the londe of promission. As vjc. Page  331, vol.2 men goenge furthe from Egipte bare the boones of Ioseph with theyme, and also the boones of his xj. brether, whiche ar callede patriarkes, and beriede theyme in Sichem, as Seynte Ierom seythe. They toke floure with theyme, whiche thei did vse; and a pylloure off a clowde wente a fore theyme xxxti daies in the day, and a pillore of fire in the nyȝhte. And the Redde See was diuidede at the entrenge of men of Hebrewe, and drownede the men of Egipte folowenge theyme. Iosephus. The diuision of that see is not be ȝiffen to diffidence, sythe hit is redde the see Pam|philyke to haue bene diuidede afore grete Alexander the Conqueroure, and afore his hoste, in the persecucion of Darius. Petrus, libro secundo. The water of that see is not redde, but that water is infecte of the redde grownde beenge abowte hit, where gemmes be founde of redde coloure; whiche water is diuidede in to partes, as in to Persia and in to Arabia. Iosephus, libro tertio. The corne of the childer of Israel faylenge after the xxxti day of the goenge furthe of theyme from Egipte, God sende to them certeyne bryddes, angelles foode, and water from the ston of Oreb. Page  333, vol.2 Whiche place is habundaunte with water vn to this tyme, as God ministrede hit in that tyme by Moyses. Whiche Moyses ascendede in to the mownte of Syna, after iij. monethes of the egression of the peple of Israel from Egipte, fastenge by xlti daies afore and xlti nyȝhtes, toke a lawe of God, settenge his tabernacle þere by vij. monethes, as he was commaundede to do; and so the tabernacle was erecte in the secunde yere of the goenge furthe of the peple of Israel from Egipte, in the firste day of Aprile. From whiche tyme cccc.lxxx. yere be annumerate other nowmbrede vn to the edificacion of the temple. In whiche tyme, after somme men, Io goenge furthe from the Argyues vn to Egipte, callede there Isis, and mariede to Theolo|genes,*. [Here and below the proper names, which are considerably cor|rupt, have been left unaltered.] gate Epaphus. Petrus, libro quarto, capitulo decimo sexto. After the secunde yere of þe egression of the peple of Israel from Egipte, xij. meassyngers sende to the londe of promission, and returnede ageyne; for þe murmur and desperation off the peple, the childer of Israel hade in com|maundemente that thei scholde returne, whiche returnenge were afflicte in deserte by xlti yere, of whom eny entrede not in to the londe of promission, Iosue and Caleph ex|cepte. Page  335, vol.2 The temple of Apollo Delphicus was edifiede of Heristones in the vjthe yere of the egression of the childer of Israel. In whiche yere also Cranaus, the secunde kynge of men of Athenes, began to reigne, and reigned ix. yere. Of Athis, the doȝhter of whom, that londe callede Athica was namede, as hit is schewede afore, libro j., capitulo 22o., Elladia. In whiche tyme men of Hebrewe receyvede let|ters, and men of Grece vynes. Lacedemonia was edifiede oones of Lacedemon. Eructonius, the iiijthe kynge of men of Athenes, reignede lti yere. Archas, kynge of Argyues, namede Archadia after his name, whiche was callede afore Scicionia. Egiptus toke the name of hit of a man calledde Egiptus reignenge in hit, for hit was callede afore Aeria. Danaus, the xthe kynge of Arguyes, reignede lti yere. Orosius, libro primo; et Petrus, li. 2, 6o capitulo. Danaus and Egistus were brether, but Danaus, by his lti doȝhters, did slee in oon nyȝhte lti sonnes of Egistus, oon childe lefte oonly, whiche scholde reigne after hym; wherefore Danaus, the causer of that mischefe, wente to the Ar|gyues, expellede S[th]enelus by fraude, whiche norischede Page  337, vol.2 Danaus when he was in exile and pouerte, that he myȝhte reigne þer. Dionysus Bacchus is trawede to haue bene that tyme, whiche made feldes, and began the vse of vynes, amonge men of Grece. Augustinus de Civitate Dei, libro decimo octavo. The nowble Mercury is seide to haue bene in this tyme son to the doȝter of Atlas, geten of Maia, wise in mony artes, wherefore he was callede a godde after his dethe. After whom grete Hercules was. ℞. Whiche was otherwise callede Dasaneus, as Marianus rehersethe, libro jo, capitulo cxlvto. Also that is Hercules, whiche did slee Busiris*. [Busirus, MSS. and Cx.] the tyraunte, as Ouidius the poete dothe reherse. Josephus. This Hercules did mary Stea, the doȝhter of Affer, son of Madian; wherefore he wente furthe with Affer to make Libya subiecte to hym, whiche was callede after Affrica, after the name of Affer. Aaron hauenge a cxxiijti [yere] in age, in the xlti yere of the egression of the childer of Israel from Egipte, diede in Oreb; and Moises the same yere, in the c. and xxti yere of his age, diede in Abarim, ageynes Iherico, and was beriede of oure Lorde in the vale of Moab.