The English register of Oseney abbey
Clark, Andrew, 1856-1922.
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OSENEY CARTULARY ENGLISHED

[V.*. [For convenience of reference, the 'ti|tuli' of the Latin Register by which old quotations are often made, have their own Roman number assigned them. The Eng|lish follows their order without giving the numbers.] Of the Foundation of St. George's Church]

[1.] [folio 1a] Of þe ffundacion off þe Chapell of Seynte George.

Notice of Robert Doyly I, favourite of William I, builder of Oxford Castle, 1072, and co|founder, 1074, of St. George's church, for secular canons.

IT is to be myndyd that Robert Doyly and Roger of Iuory, sworne brethren and*. ['i-confederyd or i-bownde' is an alter|native rendering of the one word 'con|federati.' This double rendering, first by a Latinism, then by an English word attached to the first by 'or,' is a frequent, and sometimes a confusing, feature of this translation.] i-confederyd or i-bownde euerich to other by feythe and sacrament, come to the conquest of Inglonde with Kyng William bastarde. ¶ This Kyng ȝafe to the saide Roberte tweyne baronyes of doylyfys and of saynte Walerye. ¶ In the ȝere fro the Incarnacion of our lorde anno Ml lxxij.*. ['Septuagesimo primo,' in the Latin.] was i-belde the castell of oxonforde, in the tyme of Kyng William a-forsaide. This robert doylly ȝafe to his sworn broþer Roger a-forsaide A baronye, the which is nowe i-callid of seynte Walerye. ¶ In the ȝere of our lorde anno Ml thre score and xiiij. was i-foundid the church of saynte george in the castell of oxonforde, of Robert Doylly the firste and of Roger of Iuory, in þe tyme of Kyng William bastarde, the which*. [The writer uses 'the which,' for the relative, alike for singular and plural, mas|culine and neuter, subject and object. Latin is 'qui. . .instituerunt.'] sett in the seyde church seculer chanons, and certeyne rentes of the tweyne baronyes afore-saide to the seyde chanons asseyned, of churchis, londis, tithis, and possessions, and other thynges.

[2.] A*. [This 'charter' cannot be genuine, since it mentions 'king Henry' (succeeded 1100). It was possibly forged to establish title in some dispute with St. Frideswyde's priory.] charter of Robert Doylly þe ffirst, of þe ffunda|cion of þe church of Seynte George i-ȝefe to þe Seculer chanons þe which vnderfoloweth.

Claims to be about 1074. Robert Doyly I granted, to the secular Canons in St. George's church, St. Mary Magdalene church, and other possessions.

¶ BE hit i-knowe to the feythfull men of holy church both present and to be þat I, Robert Doylly, willyng and grauntyng Page  6 Aldithe my wiffe and my brethren Nigelle & Gilberte*. [Robert Doyly I had a brother Guido, but (so far as is known) not Gilbert.], ȝafe and graunted, and with this present charter confermed, in-to pure ande perpetuall almes, to god and to þe church of Seynte george in þe castell of Oxonforde and to the chanons in hit seruyng god and to þere successoures, the church the which [I founded], for the helth of Kyng Henry and the welfare of all þe reame Also*. ['necnon et pro mea ac uxoris et fra|trum, parentum, et amicorum nostrorum salute.' Elsewhere 'parentum' is rendered 'kynnesfolkes.'] and for myne helth, and of my wiffe, and brethren, fadurs and modurs, and of our frendes, all þynges, tenementes, tithis, and possessions vndur-write: that is to say, þe church of seynte*. [Marginal note: 'Mary Magdalen's church in Oxon.'] marye Mawdeleyn the which is i-sett in the subbarbis of oxonforde, with thre hides of londe in Walton, and medys, and tithis to the same church perteynyng, (as hit is conteyned with-inne 'How*. [i.e. in Tit. VII (p. 20).] the church of Seynte george come.' et cetera.*. [The compositor has represented the varying symbols of the MS. for 'etcetera' by special types.])

[3.] A confirmacion of Roger of Iuorye of þe ȝifte of þe saide Robert.

About 1074. Confirma|tion by Roger of Iveri (no. I), of his brother-in|arm's (Robert Doyly I's) foundation.

¶ KNOWE þey that be present and to be þat I, Roger of Iuorye, for the helth of our lorde Kynge and of all the reame and also for the helth of my lorde Robert Doylly and Aldithe his wiffe and the helth of myne, haue i-graunted, and with my present charter confermed, to god and to the church of seynte george þe which is i-sett in the Castell of Oxonforde, all londis and tenementes, tithis, rentis and possessions, the which the saide Robert Doylly of his baronyis ȝafe and graunted and assyned to god and to the church of seynte george Afore-saide and to the chanons þere seruyng god: that is to say, the church of Seynte Marye Mawdeleyne the which is i-sett in the subarbis of oxonforde, and with thre hides in Walton, ande þe londe of twenty-acre. et cetera. (as þey been conteyned with-inne in the title 'Howe*. [i.e. Tit. VII.] the church was i-ȝefe of seynte george to the chanons of oseneye': vide notam et cetera).

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[4.] A charter*. [Of doubtful genuineness: being ante|dated. The land, however, was actually a possession of Oseney, and is so found in the Hundred Rolls.] of Thomas Deen i-made to þe Seculer chanons of a Crofte called Denys Crofte.

About 1140? Grant to St. George's church, by Thomas deen, of Deen's|croft, subject to 6s. quit-rent to the chief lord.

¶ BE hit i-knowe to all Christine men that I, thomas Deen, ȝafe and graunted, and with þis my present charter confermed, to god and to the church of Seynte george in the castell of oxonforde and to the chanons þere seruyng god, all my Crofte with the pertynences [folio 1b] the which is i-called Denyscrofte, in-to free pure and perpetuall almes, alsomuch as to me ande to myne heyres longyth, to the chefe lorde ȝeldyng þerof ȝerely for me and myne heyres to the chefe lorde*. [The dittography is in the English MS., not in the Latin.] vj. s. of sterlynges for all thynges. And I, thomas, and myne heyrys, the sayed crofte, with the pertinences, to the forsaied church and chanons a-gayenst all mortall men for euer shall warantiȝe. In-to the witnesse of the which thyng, to this writyng my sele I haue i-putt. Thes witnesses et cetera.

[5.] A charter of Brummanne of Walton i-made to þe chanons aforsaide of here londe In Walton ande twentiacre.

About 1140? Grant to St. George's church, by Brumman, of land in Walton and Twenty|acre (see in no. 6).

BE hit i-know to all the children of the church that I, brummanne of Walton, for the helth of my sowle and of myne and of all cristen, haue i-ȝefe and graunted, and with my present charter confermed, to god and to the church of seynte George in the castell of oxonforde & to the chanons þere seruyng god, willyng and grauntyng my lorde Robert Doylly, all my londe, with medys and oþer pertinences, the which I helde of hym in Walton and twentyacre: to be holde and had, to the forsaied church and chanons and to here successoures, in-to free pure and euerlastyng almys. And I, brummanne, and myne heyres, the saied londe, with medys and other pertinences, to the forsaied church And chanons aȝenste all cristen men and Juys*. [This warranty against Jews is quite out of place at this date, and is fatal to the genuineness of the deed. The insertion of such clauses in leases and grants belongs to the next century (1230-80). Attention is drawn to the peculiarity by a marginal note 'warrantiȝe: note.' A motive for forgery is suggested by the necessity of repelling St. Frideswyde's priory claims in St. Mary Magdalene parish, which were backed by a forged deed (see no. 54). The property was actually owned by Oseney.], as owre free pure and perpetuall almys, shall warantiȝe Aquyte Page  8 and defende. And that this my yife*. [Sic. Read 'yifte.'] and graunte be sure and stable, to this present wrytyng my sele I haue put to. Thes witnesses et cetera.

[6.] A confirmacion of Robert Doylly of þe ȝiftes of þe Saide thomas and Brummanne.

About 1140. Alleged confirma|tion to St. George's church, by Robert Doyly II, of no. 4, and no. 5.

KNOW all pepull that I, Robert Doylly, graunted & [con|fermed], to god and to the church of seynte George in the castell of oxonforde and to the chanons of the same church and to there successours, the yife*. [Sic. Read 'yifte.'] that to them made Thomas Deen of a Crofte in subarbys of Oxonforde the which is i-called Denyscrofte, of my fee, ȝeldyng to me and to myne heyres vj. s. ȝerly for all thynges. To*. ['Ad hec.'] thes þynges, I haue grauntyd, and with this my charter confermed, to the sayde church and chanons and to þere successours, þe ȝifte the which to þem made brumman of Walton of*. ['de una carucata terre.'] oon caruke or plowlonde of grounde and a mese [and*. [Added from the Latin.] xxiv. acres of mead, which he held of me in Walton,] and xxti. acris with a pasture with þe pertinences, the which he helde of me in þe subarbis of oxonforde for his seruyce: To be holde and had, to the forsayde church [and] chanons and to there successoures, in-to pure free and perpetuall almys, as the charter of þe forsayde brummann, þe which to þe forsayde church and chanons [he] maade, fully witnysseth. and that þis my graunte and confirmacion be ferme and stable for euer, to thys wrytyng my sele I haue i-putt. Thes wit|nesses. et cetera.

[7.] A confirmacion of Kyng Henry*. ['Henry I,' in margin. A genuine charter: original at Christ Church. Among witnesses is Geoffrey, cancellarius (1124-35).] þe sone of Kyng William Bastarde i-maade to þe chanons of Seynte George.

About 1130. Confirma|tion to St George's church by Henry I, of Robert Doyly I's gifts (as in no. 2), and grants of exemp|tion from king's courts and king's taxes, and of feudal juris|diction.

HENRY, Kyng of Inglonde And Duke of Normandye, to Archiebisshops bysshops Abbotes Erles Barons Justices shrevys mynsters and to all his trew men frenshe and Englishe helth. Know ȝe me to haue i-graunted and confermed euer, in-to perpetuall almys, to god and to the church of saynte George Page  9 þe which Robert Doylly foundid in the castell of oxonforde and to the chanons of the same church, all þynges and possessions the which the sayde Robert and his successours to þe same church ȝafe: that is to say, the church of seynte Marye Maude|leyne*. ['Mari Magdalene,' in margin.] the which is i-sette in the strete with-owt the Northȝate and. . .*. [i.e. and [the rest as given in no. 21]. Latin has 'etc.']. Wherefore I wylle and surely commaunde þat þe forsayde [folio 2a] church and chanons haue and holde, well and in peece, frely and worschipfully, ande hoolely, and that all þe tenementes of the same church and men of þe chanouns be quyte*. ['francheis: note the ffredoms,' in mar|gin.] of schyres and hundredys and wardys and danegeldys and all pleys, (and*. [This clause is out of place, and 'of' ought to be 'with.' The clauses which go before and come after conferred exemptions from attendance at, and fees or fines to, certain of the king's courts, and from con|tributing to certain taxes. This clause gave the church of St. George feudal juris|diction over its own tenants and servants. A correct statement is found in no. 13. In the Latin the clause is out of place, but 'cum' is given.] of sake and soc, tol and teme, and infan|genethefe), and of all other quarels or playntes and exaccions, owtake murthur and thefte i-preued. Thes witnesses et cetera.

[8.] This charter afore i-write is fully innewyd*. ['innovata.'] By Kyng Henry*. ['Henry III,' in margin.] the Sone of Kyng John, þe which ȝe shall fynde In þe charters folowyng vndur*. ['subsequentibus.'] 'of þe ffredoms of Oseneye.'

About 1220.

Confirma|tion by Henry III.

[9.] A Brefe of Kyng Henry*. ['Note: Henry the I,' in margin: but it should be Henry II.] þe Sone*. [In error for 'grandson,' as is seen in the king's style, as also by the attached witness, John (of Oxford), dean of Salis|bury 1165-75. The error has been copied into Wood's City of Oxford, ii. 187.] of Kyng William Bastarde of þe Crofte of Walton.

About 1166. Order by Henry II, ordering restoration to St. George's church of a croft of the prebend of Walter, arch|deacon.

HENRY, by the grace of god Kyng of Inglond Duke of Normandye And of gyen and Erle of Aungy, to Hugh*. [Hugh of Plugenet, lord of Heading|ton manor, and so feudal lord in the north suburb of Oxford: Wigram's Cartulary of St. Frideswide, ii. 24-6.] pleg helth. I charge the þat, ryȝghtfully and with-owte differryng, þou make to be ȝelde oon crofte of londe of Walton, with all his pertinences, to the church of seynte george of oxonforde, þe which perteyneth (or longeth) to the prebende the which was of Page  10 Walter*. [Walter, archdeacon of Oxford, died 1151.] Archedecun, And suffer not thereof ony wronge to þe forsaide church to be do, or hit with vnryȝghtfull customs to be vexid. And but þou wylle doon myn commaundement, lete my Justice of oxonford do hit, last*. ['ne inde amplius querelam audire debeam.'] þere-of more playnyng to here I ofte. John, Deen of Salisbury, Witnesse: at clarendon.

[10.] Termes to Be declared for Euidence afore i-write, and also folowyng after.

Explana|tion of manorial terms: see nos. 7, 13, &c.

Nota. Soc is sute of your homage in your courte, after the custome of þe Reame. Sacke ys pleys and amendys of mys|doynges of your men in your courte, for sacke in Englysh is cheson in frensh, and hit is i-saide 'for the which sake,' id est, 'pur quele encheson,' and sacke also is a forfete. Tol is that ye and youre men and all your homage be quyte in all mercates of tol i-axid of thynges i-bowghte or solde. Teme is that ȝe haue all auereyne of your bonde men, with here sute and catell, where-so-euer in Inglonde þey be i-founde, oute-take that if a bonde man quietely a yere and A day in oony towne pryvylegyd haue i-dwellyd so that in here communite (that is to say, in-to þere yilde) haue be receyuyd and as a cytysyn haue be receyvyd, evyn þerwith fro his bondage is delyuered. Infangenthefe is that thefs i-take in your lordeship and in ȝour fee convictyd be Juggyd in your courte. Owtefangenethefe*. ['outfangthief' does not occur in any grant or confirmation among these docu|ments. Cp. Godstow Register, p. 650.] is þat þefes of your lordeship or fee i-take with thefte be callyd agayne to your fee And there to be i-Juggyd.

[VI. Of the Foundation of Oseney]

[11.] Sequitur ffundacio Oseneye.

Notice of Robert Doyly II, founder, in 1129, of Oseney, for Regular Canons, at the instance of his wife Edith.

HIT is to be know to all trewe men of holy church þat Robert Doylly the fyrst And Nygell Doylly where carnall breþren, the which come with Kyng William conquerour bastard in-to Inglonde. The sayde Robert dyed withoute heyres of his body; the saide Nygell his brother succedyd hym in-to þe hery|tage as heyre, þe which Nygell gate Robert Doylly the secunde.

¶ In the ȝere of our lorde a þowsande hundrede and Page  11 xxixti. Robert Doylly the secunde, þe soone of Nygell Doylly aforsaide, founded the church of saynte Marye in þe Ile of oseney, consentyng*. ['Consenting' in the primate's case refers to a later (no. 34) confirmation. Theobald of Bec was not elected arch|bishop till Dec. 1138. Alexander was bishop of Lincoln 1123-47.] Theodbalde Archiebisshop of Caunterbury, And Aliȝaundur bisshop of [folio 2b] lincoln; in the tyme of Kyng Henry the ffyrst (þe soone, that is to say, of William Bastarde conqueroure of Inglonde), at þe peticion of Edythe (þe dowghter of fforn) wyfe of þe forsayde Robert Doylly, foundid was þe saide church.

[12.] A charter of Robert Doylly þe secunde, foundar of þe Howse of Oseneye: Off þe ffirst ffeffyng.

1129. Grant to Oseney, by its founder, Robert Doyly II, of (a) all his land in Oseney isle; (b) War|ham-bank; (c) tithes of Oxford Castle mills; (d) six rectories; (e) in Oxford, feudal superiori|ty over eighteen holdings; (f) a rent|charge of 2s.; (g) tithe; (h) in Hook|norton, superiori|ty over a hide, and a yardland; (i) near Oxford castle, a house; (k) Water|eaton manor; with manorial rights to wood, fishing, pasture.

BE hit i-knowe to all true men of holy church, bothe present and to be, þat I, Robert Doylly, wyllyng and grauntyng Edythe my wiffe and my soonys Henry and gilbert, yefe ande graunt, in-to perpetuall Almes, to þe church of god and of saynte marye his moder and to þe chanons in hit seruyng god, þe which [I] (Aliȝaundur by the grace of god bysshop of lincolne yevyng counseyle and confermyng) founded in the Ile þe which is i-called Oseney, for the helth of the Kyng and the welfare of all the Reame And also for myne helth and of my wyffe and of my soonys parentis and frendes, alle þat is myne in þe forsaide Ile; with all dwellynges þe which I had vppon the were*. [Marginal note: 'Weyres & Mylles by the Castell.' The 'were' mentioned was the narrow strip of land between the eastern boundary stream of Oseney (i.e. South Oseney) island and the feeder of the Castle mills: Wood's City of Oxford, i. 313. See more of it in no. 43.] the which is of myne myllys þe which been by þe castell of Oxonforde; and tithynges of the same Myllys; And þese churches*. [The six names are noted in the margin. Kidlington, Weston-on-the-Green, Hooknorton, Chesterton, are in Oxfordshire; Claydon is in Bucks. 'Sheneston,' the sixth, was not in Lincoln diocese, as is shown by its absence from the Lincoln confirmations, e.g. nos. 14, 19, 26. It is Shenstone in Staffordshire.] of my londe, of Cudelyngton, of Weston, of Hokenorton, of Cleydon, of Sheneston, of chesterton; with-in the borowgh of oxonford, londys þe which helden Engerike, Raymunde, Ailnoth, Good|wyne the soone of Edwachere, Ermenolde, Goodwyne Nicuma, Suetyng Cadica, Rauenyng, Segryn by the Walle, Henry Corueser, leofwyne Haltyng*. ['claudus,' in the Latin.], Goodwyne money-maker*. ['monetarius.'], Page  12 Brychrik money-maker, Godrike, William, Raph Baker, Leof|wyn budda, Geffrey Miller; and twey shelyngworth of Rent þe which helde fromunde chapeleyne; And tithyng of Nichol of Stodeham, þe which þe same fromunde chapeleyn helde; with|in Hokenorton (myne Maner), halfe an hide of londe þe which was off Hugh ffraunceys, And j. ȝerde-londe, the which Maurice chanon helde and after hym þe sone of the same; and by the castell of oxonford, vndur the wall, a dwellyng þe which was of Waryn chapeleyne; Eton*. [Marginal note: 'Eton.'] all my towne, with all thynges þe which longe to hit (outetake þe Mille þe which I haue yefe to a-nother church*. [i.e. to St. Frideswyde's Priory, about 1125: Wigram's Cartulary of St. Frides|wide, ii. 208. This is the mill, called Hulk's mill (from the tenant), which comes in nos. 76-7.], And sperwesaye*. ['Sperwesaye,' here excepted, was after|wards given (no. 24) by Henry Doyly I. 'Sparsey Mead' is still the name of the large meadow, east of Cherwell, opposite Watereaton Manor Farm.]), And so that þat parte þe which my modur holdeth, whenne-so-euer she stynteth*. ['destiterit.'] to holde hit, þat hit come in-to þe lordeship of the church to þe vse of the breþrynne: Wherefore I woll and pray þat well & in peece, fully and worschipfully, the forsaide thynges þe forsaide church holde, with all customs and fredoms*. [Marginal note: 'Note þe ffredoms agaynste Cudelynton & Hokenorton,' i.e. against the Plecy family, who acquired these manors, after the Doylys died out, and were rather unfriendly to Oseney.], þat is to say, in wode and playne, in Medes and ffedynges, in waters*. [Marginal note: 'fisshing.'], in wayes and patthis, and all other places, as euer oony oþer man beste afore hit helde or my-selfe helde while þey were in my lorde|ship. These witnesses Walter, Archedecun et cetera.

[13.] A confirmacion of Kyng Henry þe ffirst, þe Sone of William Bastarde, of þe forsaide ȝevyng.

About 1129. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Henry I, of the founder's grants (as in no. 12) viz.— (a); (k); (e); (d) the six churches, with Watlington added, with manorial juris|diction, and exemptions from courts and taxes (as in no. 7).

HENRY, Kyng of Inglonde and Duke of Normandye, to Archibisshops bisshops Abbotes Erles Barons Justices Shrevys Mynsters and to all his true men of all Inglonde helth. Know ȝe me to haue i-graunted and confermed, in-to perpetuall almys, þe yefte þe which Robert Doylly maade to þe church of saynte Marye þe which he foundid in the Ile of Oseneye ande to the chanons þere servyng god, all þat was his in the same Ile; and all Eton with his lordeship (outetake a mylle); And, with-in the borowgh of oxonford, men And londys the which he had Page  13 in his lordeship; and all churches of his lordeship (þat is to say, þe church [folio 3a] of Cudelynton, the church of Hokenorton, the church of Chesterton, the church of sheneston, the church of Watlyngton*. [The church of Watlington was ulti|mately (about 1170) the gift of William Paganell (no. 37), confirming his father-in|law's (Halinad de Bidun's) grant. It had probably been granted by Robert Doyly II with the others in no. 12, but before Oseney could obtain possession (by death of the rector), King Stephen took the manor (1142) from the Doylys. The new lord (William de Chesney) gave the church to Oseney, about 1150, but the manor was taken from him, about 1154, before Oseney obtained possession. It seems to have been erased from no. 12, but retained here.], the church of cleydon, the church of Weston), with all thynges to þe same perteynyng in tithis And londes and men And medys and fedynges: Wherefore I will and surely charge þat þe forsaide church and chanons holde, welle and in pece, worschipfully, with*. [Marginal note: 'lybertyes,' attached by a bracket to the lines which follow.] sacke And soc tol and teme and Infangenthefe, and that they and all tenementes and þere men be quyte of shyrys and hundredis and wardys ande daneyeldis and comyn pleys and all other exaccions and playntes, outetake murther and thefte i-preued. Witnesse these: Aliȝaundur, bisshop of lyn|colne; Symon, bisshop of Wyrcetur; Robert, Erle of Glowcetur; et cetera.

[14.] A confirmacion of Aliȝaunder Bisshop of lincoln of þe fundacion of þe Howse of Oseneye.

About 1145. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by the diocesan, of all its estates, particu|larly (i) the founder's gifts, viz.—six churches (five as in no. 12 d, and, in addition, Stone); also, lands in Oxford as in no. 12 a, b, c, e; Watereaton manor, 12 k; rent|charge and tithe, 12 f, g; in Hook|norton, as in 12 h; (ii) King Stephen's gifts, of 60s. rent, and of 5s. 5¾d. rent; (iii) queen dowager Alice's gift (no. 83); (iv) Lang|ney island; (v) Robert Foliot's land; (vi) Ralph, son of Siward's land. Anathema against violators of this con|firmation.

ALIȜAUNDER, by the grace of god bisshop of lincoln, to all in criste well i-loved soones of the church*. [i.e. of Lincoln diocese.] to the which he is hede (god*. ['deo auctore.'] beyng the doer), helth and the blesshyng of god and his. To the peticion, þe which to the stabylyng of religion and*. ['et [ad] animarum salutem.'] of sowles helth we know to perteyne, hit befalleth vs to assent swyftely and to make sure; where*. ['Quo circa.'] abowte, of owre mooste deer soone Wygoode prior*. [The head of Oseney was originally styled prior; Wood's City of Oxford, ii. 210. Wigod, after ruling as prior for nearly 16 years (1138-54), assumed the title of abbot, possibly granted him by the pope when he visited Rome (1151).] of Oseney and of his brethrynne, to þere ryȝghtfull peticions lyȝght*. ['facilem assensum.'] assent we ȝevyng, to þe church of saynte Marye (in the which þey been i-ȝefe to þe servyse of god) þe which in the Ile þe which is i-called Oseney is i-foundid and sett, vndur þe defense of seynte mary and owre to be defendid we take, and with þe surenesse*. ['sanctione.'] of þis present letters we make sure, by þe Auctorite of þe office that we vse, ordeyn|yng Page  14 þat all maner possessions, all maner goodes, nowe this same church by the offryng of true men ryȝghtfully and lawfully hath, vndewyd*. ['inviolata.'] to þem, and to þere successours sure and vnbroke*. ['inconcussa.'] Abyde. In the which, these we have avised*. ['duximus.'] to be schewed in þere owne namys: þat is to say, þe church*. [The six names are noted in the margin. 'Sheneston' is not mentioned (p. II, note 3). Stanes church (Stone near Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire) was the gift of William Bracy (no. 37).] of Cudelyngton, of Weston, of Hokenorton, of cleydon, of chesterton, of Stanes; and þat was of Robert Doylly (of this church founder) in Oseney, with all dwellynges þe which he had vppon þe were þe which is of þe Milles þe which ben by þe castell of oxonforde, and tith|ynges of þe same Milles, and all þe londe þe which to þe same church with-inne the borowghe of oxonford the same forsaide Robert yafe and with his charter confermed; alle Eton, with alle thynges to hit perteynyng (oute-take þe Mille, ande sperwe|say), and twey shelyngworth of Rent þe which helde fromunde chapeleyne, And tithynges of Nicholl of Stodeham; with-inne Hokenorton, free seruyce of Hugh ffraunceys*. ['Hugonis franci.'] of halfe an hide, And oon ȝerde of londe; and of þe yifte of Kyng stephyn ande of thempryce, prebende of lx. s. (of bensynton, xxiiij.; of bamton, xxiiij.; of Hedyndon, xij.), And of v. s. v. d. ob. qua. with-in the borowgh of oxonforde of that londe þe which*. ['quae dicitur Octovirgate regis.'] is viij. ȝerdys of the Kynge, with all thynges perteynyng to hit, with customes and liberteys; of the londe*. ['de dono.'] of quene Alyȝ, oon hide the which lyeth by Hanberge And longeth to staunton; langeneye, with all pertinences, of the howse*. [Read 'gift.' The translator has mis|read 'ex dono' as 'ex domo' (cp. no. 26). Langney was one of the islands, formed by streams of Thames, in the river-flat north|west of Oxford.] of Geffrey chamburleyne of Glymton; And the londe of the ffee of Robert ffolioth, of the yifte of the same, þe which lieth in the grete strete*. [No. 26 shows that this is Cornmarket Street (not High Street).] of Oxon|forde; and the londe that Raph fiȝth sywarde yafe; And what|so-euer thyng in tyme to be (god beyng mercyfull) by grauntyng or ȝevyng of princis, or by offryng of true men, or in other ryȝghtfull maners, may be i-purchased*. ['poterunt adipisci.'], to þem or to þere successours (Reguler lyfe i-professed) vnbroke*. ['inconcussa et illibata, eorum omni|modo usibus profutura.'] and undefylyd Page  15 [folio 3b] abyde, to þe vsys of all þem to profete, sauyng dignytees and customs of the bisshop and of the church of lincolne: þerfore of this owre confirmacion agayne-sayers*. ['contradictores atque convulsores.'] and pluckers a-waye, and of this church robbers of goodes and wasters, if tweys and þe thirde tyme i-warned to satisfaccion wille not come, with the bonde of curse we bynde hym; Ande to alle to þe same place here ryȝghtes kepyng, be peece of oure lorde Ihu criste, þat here þe frute of goode workyng þey take, and, in tyme to be, rewardis of euerlastyng Joy geete þey. Amen.

[15.] A charter of Robert Doylly the secunde vndur|write, of þe Encresynges to þe forsaide writynges.

About 1140? Grant to Oseney, by the founder, in addition to the gifts in no. 12, of (l) in Oxford, the house of William son of Helga; (m) in Watereaton, a garden; land of Wido reeve; and one cottar's land.

BE hit i-knowe to alle true men of holy church boþe present and to be þat I, Robert Doylly, above thes thynges þe which I haue i-ȝefe to þe church of god and to saynte Marye of Oseney whenne I foundid hit, for my helth and my wyfes and of my soones & aunceturs and my parentis, ȝefe and graunte these encresynges*. [But four of them had been included in his former gift: viz. no. 12 (a), (b), (f), (g); and it is possible that his house here called of William is Waryn's house, no. 12 (i).], to þe same church and chanons in hit seruyng god, perpetuelly to be had:—a dwellyng of William fiȝht Helg; and*. [Marginal note: 'Weyres & tithings of Mylles Oxon. &c.'] all mansions þe which I had vppon the were; and þe tithynges of my mylles þe which ben by þe castell of oxonforde; ande ij. shelyngworth of rente, ande þe tithyng of Nichol of stodeham, þe which fromunde Capeleyne helde; and my gar|deyne with þe londe that longeth to hym of Eton; And Wydon reve, with all his tenure; And the londe*. ['terram unius cotarii.'] of oo cotarye. These witnessys, ffowke Doylly, et cetera. Þis yifte I made, grauntyng my soonys Henry And gilberte and my wife and my broþer ffowke.

[16.] A charter confermyng, of Henry Doylly þe ffirst, of þe ȝiftes of Robert Doylly the Secunde his ffadur.

About 1152. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Henry Doyly I, of his father's grants, as in no. 12, with addition of Watling|ton church, as in no. 13, with manorial privileges.

BE hit i-knowe to true men of holy church boþe present and to be þat I, Henry Doylly, graunte and with my charter con|ferme, in-to perpetuell almes, to þe church of god and of saynte marye his modur and to the chanons in hit seruyng god—þe Page  16 which my ffader foundid in þe Ile þe which is Called Oseney—for þe helth of þe Kyng and þe wellefare of all þe Reame and also for myne helth and of my wife and of soonys kynnesfolkes and frendes, all such thynges þe which my ffadur to þe same church yafe and with his charter confermed, þat is to say, all that was his in the foresaide Ile of Oseney vnto þe mylles*. [Marginal note: 'Mylles, Oxon.'] of þe castell; and the tythe of þe mylles; And þese churches, with here pertinences, þe church*. [Names of all seven noted in margin.] of Cudelyngton, of Weston, of Cleydon, of Hokenorton, of chesterton, of Scheneston, of Wat|lynton; And with-in þe borowgh of oxonforde londes þe which helde Engerike and oþer, as his charter witnesseth; and þe tithe of Nichol Stodeham, þe which ffromunde chapeleyne helde; and with-in Hokenorton dj. hide the which was of Hugh ffraunceys, and j. ȝerde which was of maurice chanon; and Eton and all þat longeth to hit (oute-take þe Mille). Wherefore I wille and surely ordeyne þat nowe þe saide church alle þe forsaide possessions and tenentryes holde, welle and in peece, and worschipfully and fully, with all liberteis and his ffree customs, in men, in howses, in woode and playne, and in all other thynges and places, as euer oony other afore best helde hit. These witnyssis et cetera.

[17.] A confirmacion of Robert [folio 4a] Doylly þe thirdde, þat is to Say, þe sone of Henry Doylly þe ffirst aforesaide and Broþer off Henry Doylly þe Secunde.

About 1185. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Robert Doyly III, of the gifts of his grand|parents, of his father, and of his elder brother.

BE hit i-knowe to all true men of holy church that I, Robert Doylly þe sone of Henry Doylly, grauntid and with this present confermyd, to þe church of saynte Marye of Oseney ande to þe chanons þer seruyng god, for þe sowles of my predecessours and of my kynnysfolkes, for my helth and of Henry my broþer and of all myne, all þe tithynges*. ['tithynges' in error for 'yevynges,' donaciones of the Latin being misread as decimaciones.] þe which Robert my beele sire and Edithe my beele Dame and Henry my ffadur and Henry my broþer to þe same church maden, in churchis and tithis and men and londis and medis and fedynges and in all þynges tenentries and liberties, as þe charter of þe forsaide Henry Page  17 witnesseth the which (me beyng present and assent yevyng) to þeme he yafe. I haue i-grauntid also and confermed alle tithynges*. [See p. 16, note 3.] þe which men of the ffee of my fadur to þe same church & chanons maaden, as þe forsaide Henry my broþer (me beyng present ande assent yevyng) with his charter to þem confermyd. These witnysses: Henry Doylly my broþer, et cetera. mony oþer.

[18.] A Bull of Eugenye pope iij confermyng þe forsaide ȝevynges.

About 1146. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by pope Eugenius III, under protection of the papacy, of all their estates, and, by name, of those in|cluded in the diocesan's confirma|tion (no. 14), also of (no. 12) Shenstone, and, in addition, (vii) Ston|nall in Shenstone, Staffs.; (viii) El|ueue pulchyn's gift; (ix) Hugh of Pole|sted's gift; (x) Stone church. Right to hold services during interdict. Right to bury in the conventual cemetery all canons and ser|vants of Oseney itself, and all visitors to Oseney who die there. Anathema against violators of this charter.

EUGENYE, bisshop, seruaunte of þe seruauntes of god, to my louyd soonys Wigoode prior of Oseneye and his breþeryn both present and to be (reguler lyfe i-professid, et cetera) of*. [English darkened by following the Latin order: 'apostolice sedis . . . nos hortatur auctoritas.'] þe Apostlis see, to þe which*. [i.e. the see of Rome: cp. similar roundabout description of the see of Lincoln, 13/14.] (owre lorde disposyng) þowgh vnworthy we bee hede, vs sterith auctorite to ryȝghtfull axynges with dewe bonnys*. ['benignitate,' boon-ness.] to fauere, to þem namely þe which (wor[l]dly plesaunce i-put by-hynde) after*. ['secundum regularis vite propositum.'] þe purpose of reguler lyfe religiously to leve and to þe almyȝghty lorde been*. ['militare noscuntur.'] knowe to serue: for this cause, of*. [Omit 'of.' The Latin is in vocative case.] my belouyd soonnys in our lorde, to yowre ryȝghtfull axynges we mercifully*. ['clementer annuimus.'] graunt, and þe church of the blessid marye moder of god and euer Virgyn in þe which ye been sett to goddis seruice vndur þe proteccion of saynte petur and our we take, and with þe priuyIege of this writyng we make stronge, ordeynyng þat all maner possessions, all goodis, now ryȝgh[t]fully and lawfully ȝe haue, or in tyme to come by graunt|yng of bisshopis, liberalnys of kynges, yevyng of pryncis, offryng of true pepuls, or in oþer ryȝghtfull maners (oure lorde graunt|yng) ȝe*. ['poteritis adipisci.'] shall be of powre to purchase, sure to yow and to your successours and vntaxid*. ['illibata.'] abyde. In þe which, these thynges we haue avised to be i-schewed in there owne names:—þe church*. [The names of the six churches are noted in the margin.] of Cudelyngton, þe church of Weston, þe church of Hokenorton, þe church of Cleydon, þe church of Scheneston*. [The marginal spelling is 'Shenston.'], Page  18 þe church of Chesterton; all þat was of Robert Doylly in Oseney, with alle Dwellynges þe which he had vppon þe were þe which is of þe Milles the which ben by þe Castell of oxon|ford; And tithynges of þe same Milles; with-in þe borowgh of oxonford, all rentis of londis þe which þe forsaide Robert ȝafe to þe same church, ij. s. of rent þe which helde ffromunde chapeleyne, þe tythe of Nychol Stodeham; with-in Hokenorton, free seruice of Hugh ffraunceys of halfe j. hide, and j. ȝerde of londe; alle Eton with all thynges to hit perteynyng (outetake þe mylle, and sperwesaye); of þe yifte of Kyng stephyn, A pre|bende of lx. s. (of bensynton, xxiiij.; of Bampton, xxiiij.; of Hedyndon, xij. s) and v. s. v. d. ob. qua. with-inne þe borowgh of oxonforde of þat londe þe which is i-called viiij. [folio 4b] yerdys of þe Kynges, with all customs to hit perteynyng; Of þe yifte of Alide quene, j. hide þe which lyith at Hanberge and longeth to Staunton; of þe yifte of Geffrey Chamburleyne of Glymton, langeneye, with alle thynges to hit perteynyng; Of þe yifte of Robert ffolioth, þat londe of his ffee þe which lieth in þe grete strete of Oxonforde; Of þe yifte of Hugh tywe, Stanhale, with all thynges to hit longyng; The londe Also þe which was of Raph ffiȝt sywarde, and elueue pulchyn, to yow resonablie was yeve; Of þe yifte of Hugh palestede*. [Hugh of Polested in Suffolk (H. Salter).], dj. hide in þe same town, with þe consent of Henry of Estsexe*. ['Essexa,' in Latin.]; Of þe ffee of William Bracy, þe church of Stanes*. [Name noted in margin.]. We haue also ordeynyd þat if þe fforsaide Castell of oxonforde fro diuinis seruices by chaunce be Enterdited, hit shall be lefull to yow notwithstondyng, yates i-closed and cursed men or enterdited i-putt owte, in lowe voice to saye diuine seruice*. [Marginal note: 'Note this priuilege to say diuine seruice, þe londe Enterdited, In þe castell.']; and your howseholde, and all them of your*. [Read 'other': 'et eos omnes de alienis parochiis, qui apud vos hospitalitatis causa diuerterint.'] paryssis þe which at ȝowe turne inne by cause of hospitalite and þerre hap to be sike and to dye, in your churchȝerde ffree faculte to berye we graunt to yow. ffor*. ['Decernimus ergo ut.'] þis, we decree þat hit be not lawfull to oony manne to troble frowardely þe forsaide monastery, or þe possessions of hit to take aweye, or i-take awey to withholde, to lesson, or with ony greuaunces to make wery, Page  19 but all þynges hoole be kepid for gouernyng*. ['gubernatione.'] and susteynyng of them þe which þey*. ['concessa sunt vsibus omnimodis profi|tura.'] were i-grauntid to profite in all maner vsis, sauyng þe auctorite of Apostlis see and þe lawfull ryȝght and reuerence of þe bisshop Diocesane. þerfore if oony man of þe church or seculere persone, knowe*. [Read 'knowing,' 'sciens.'] this writyng of owre ordin|aunce, will ataste*. ['temptaverit.'] to come agaynste hit, þe secund or þe þirde tyme i-warnyd, if he amende not with conuenient satisfaccion, lacke*. ['potestatis honorisque sui dignitate ca|reat.'] (or lese) he þe dignyte of his powre and of his worschip, and know he hym-selfe gilty in þe Dome of god of þe wikednysse i-doo, and be he maade straunge and ferre fro the most holy body and blode of god and of oure lorde agayne-byer Ihu criste, And be he vndur*. [i.e. subject to the strait vengeance at the last judgement.] to þe streyte veniaunce in þe last dome; And the kepers and conseruatoures be filled with goddis blesshyng, & Joy they with þe rewarde of Euerlastyng blisse. Amen.

[19.] A confirmacion of þe chapiter of lincoln of þe churchis of Hokenorton, Cudelinton, Waterperye, Cleydon, and Stanes.

About 1200. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by the dean and chapter of Lincoln, of five rectories.

TO all soonys of owr modur þe church to þe which this present writyng shall come, Roger*. [Roger de Rolveston, dean of Lincoln, 1195-1223.], Deen, and the chapiter of lincolne, euerlastyng helth in our lorde. Know ye all we to haue i-grauntid, and as muche þat perteyneth (or longeth*. [Alternative rendering of 'pertinet.']) to vs to have i-confermed, to the church of saynte marye of Oseneye and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, churchis*. [Stone and Waterperry, as in no. 37; the others, as in no. 12.] of Hokenorton, of Cudelyngton, of Waterperye, of Cleydon, of Stanes, with all þere pertinences, in to þere owne vsis, to be had and to be holde, also hooly and pesibli as þey holde and haue i-holde of grauntyng of worschipfull ffadurs bisshops of þe church of lincoln. And that þis grauntyng and confirmacion abide clere in tyme to be, this present writyng, with þe streng[t]h of oure seele we haue i-made hit myȝghty and stronge. These witnyssys .et cetera.

Page  20

[VII. How St. George's Church was given to Oseney]

[20.] Howe þe church of Seynte George was i-Ȝeve to þe chanons of Oseneye.

Fiction that Robert Doyly II, founder of Oseney, ob|tained, in 1149, transference to his own found|ation (no. 12), of his uncle's (Robert Doyly I) foundation (no. 2).

[folio 5a] IN*. [An unskilful forgery. Robert Doyly II died September 1142, about a fortnight before Stephen began the siege of Oxford (Oseney Chronicle). St. George's was transferred to Oseney in 1149, by Henry Doyly, the founder's son. No. 21 is also a forgery. Whatever was 'de fundatione domus' was specially secure in the eyes of the law; and there was a strong tempta|tion to attribute later accessions to the founder himself. The true grant is no. 23.] the ȝere of our lorde anno MlCxlix (in the tyme of Eugenye pope iij, and of Kyng stheephyn, and of theobalde Archiebisshop of Canturbery, and of Robert of chesnet bisshop of lincoln), of Robert Doylly þe ij (þe which was sone of Nigell Doylly) was i-ȝeve the church of saynte George, with all his pertinences, to þe regular chanons of Oseney, and of Geffrey of Iuory confermyd—þe which afore was i-ȝefe to þe seculer chanons in þe castell of Oxonforde: in þese wordes—

[21.] Þe principall charter of þe same Robert Doylly þe Secunde, of þe saide yifte.

Pro|fessedly 1149. Pretended confirma|tion to Oseney, by Robert Doyly II, of his gifts at Oseney and in Oxford, as in no. 12 (a, b, e); and grant of St. George's church (no. 2), with all its property, viz. (1) St. Mary Magdalene with lands, meads, and tithes, to the north and west of Oxford; (2) Cowley church, 2 hides, and meadows; (3) Cutslow, 3 hides; (4) Frees chapel and land; (5) Arncott, 2 hides; (6) Stowe, church and land; (7) Morton, chapel and land; (8) Worton, land and tithe; (9) Sand|ford, land; (10) Forest|hill, chapel and land; (11) Stonnall, Staffs.; (12) Black|bourton; (13) Hook|norton, land; tithes ofthe Doyly and Iveri demesnes, viz. (14) of six manors by Banbury; (15) of nine manors by Woodstock; (16) of fourteen manors by Bicester; (17) of twelve manors chiefly in Bucks; (18) of six manors by Bampton; (19) of ten manors, Oxford to Boarstall; (20) of seven manors in Gloucester|shire; (21) of six manors by Watling|ton; (22) of nine chiefly Berk|shire manors; (23) of some twelve dispersed manors; with manorial privileges (no. 39); exemption from service to courts and mills of Doyly manors; right to fines im|posed on their tenants; right to common pasture for sheep, pigs, and cattle; right to pay damage done by their cattle, by arbitra|tion, not by sentence of the manor|ial court.

BE hit i-knowe to all cristen men þat I, Robert Doylly, willyng and grauntyng Edithe my wiffe and my soonys Henry and gilbert, ȝefe and graunt, in-to pure and perpetuell almys, to the church of god and of Seynte marye his modur and to þe reguler chanons in hit seruyng god And of*. [This second 'and of saynte marye his moder' is unrepresented in the Latin.] saynte marye his moder þe which (counseylyng and confermyng Robert*. [In error. Alexander was bishop of Lincoln at the foundation of Oseney.] by þe grace of god Bisshop of lincoln) I foundid in þe Ile þe which is i-called Oseney, for þe helth of þe Kyng and þe welefar of all þe Reame and also for myne own helth and of my wife and soones, kynnesfolkes, and of owre frendes, alle þat is myne in þe forsaide Ile; with alle Dwellynges þe which I had vppon þe where*. ['super waram.'] þe which is of my mylles; and alle þat I had in þe borowgh of oxonforde or in þe subarbys; and þe church*. [Marginal note: 'the graunte of the Churche of saint George to Osney with his appurtenaunce; the tythes of all the Castell, &c. & others: note.'] of Seynte George the which is i-set in þe Castell of oxonforde, with all churchis and chapells londis rentis tenauntries and tithes possessions and other thynges to þe saide church of seynte Page  21 George perteynyng: þat is to say, þe church of marye Mawde|leyne, þe which is i-set in þe subarbes of oxonforde, with iij. hides in Walton, and þe londe of*. [The land called 'Twenty acres' lay in the north suburb of Oxford in the neigh|bourhood of the modern Walton Street. At the present day there is a field called 'Twenty acres' ('Twenty pound Meadow') in the west suburb, opposite the modern St. Frideswyde's parish church. The co|incidence of name has sometimes caused confusion.] xxti. acres, and þe tithe of þe same londes, and with þe mede þat is i-called Brummannys mede, with þe tithes of þe same mede, And with þe tithe of Northam*. [A meadow by Cherwell, whose name survives in the modern Norham Road.], Wyueleye, And lynch*. [See note in no. 54.], and of all [the*. [Added from the Latin.] lands and meads and other titheable things which are between] þe castell of Oxonforde and Henxsey or botely (þat is to say, in oxonforde shire), ande with oþer thynges and tithis to þe saide church of saynte Marye Mawdelen perteynyng; and*. [The clauses are out of order. The Latin gives, correctly, 'and the church of Cowley, with two hides of land and the meads of Sydenham and Froggemore, and other pertinences; and three hides of land in Cutslowe with men, tithes, and other pertinences.' Cutslow, two miles north of Oxford, is a member of Kidlington (Wood's Life and Times, i. 353).] þe church of Cowlay, with iij. hides of londe in Cudeslawe and other pertinences, and iij. hides of londe, and medis*. [These meadows lay east of the Cher|well, opposite Christ Church meadow: see 'Sidnam' in Wood's City of Oxford, i. map ii.] of Sidenham and ffrogmore, with men tithes and pertinences; and þe chapell of þe ffrees, with þe dwellyng or mansion and þe londe evyn ageynst þe chapell towarde þe west, with ffedynges and pastures and his oþer pertinences; And ij. hides in Ernycote, with þe woode and oþer pertinences; and þe church of Stowe, with alle þe towne, and with þe chapell of morton, and ij. hides of þe ffee of saynte George in þe same town, to-gedur with þe woodes and other thynges and libertees to þe church of saynte George perteynyng; and þe londe of Worton, with the tithe of j. hide in þe same towne; and j. hide with þe pertinences in Saunforde; and þe londe of fforsthull, and of Burton, and of bothe Stoonehale, with þe chapells in þe same, woodis, villenages, rentes, and tithis and other thynges of my ffee, to þe church of Saynte george perteynyng; And half j. hide and j. ȝerdelonde in Hokenorton, with þe pertinences; and ij. parties of tithe of alle thyng þe which is i-wonyd to be tithid of all demaynes*. [i.e. demesne-lands: Latin 'de omnibus dominicis utriusque honoris.'] of ayther honowr þe which lye to þe Castell of Oxenforde, þat Page  22 is to saye, of Hokenorton*. [Noted in margin. Of the six, three are in Chadlington hundred, three in Bloxham hundred.], Swerforde, Bereforde*. [Barford.], Wigynton, and of j. hide and dj. in Edburbury*. [Adderbury.], and of j. hide and þe thirde parte [of half] of j. hide in Cornewell; and of Cudelyngton*. [Kidlington.], Throp*. [Thrupp.], Withhull*. [White-hill, in Tackley parish.], Hensynton*. [Hensington, in Bladon parish.], and Northlye*. [Northleigh.], and of j. hide and dj. in Barthon Odonis*. [Little Barton: see no. 128.], and Rolesham*. [Rousham.] of eyþer [folio 5b] courte, and of dunstywe, ledewell*. [Ledwell or Lodwell, in Wootton parish.]; and Heyforde, of Hampton*. [Hampton Gay: this set is in Ploughley hundred.] with Northbroke gaytorum, & blechesdon*. [Bletchingdon.], of Weston*. [Weston-on-the-Green.], Burcetur*. [Bicester.] with Wrechwike*. [A hamlet in Bicester parish.], Buckenhull*. [Bucknell.], Ardusley*. [Ardley. 'Ardulfleyn' in Henry III's Inspeximus.] with northbroke by Somerton, of Mixbury, Willauston*. [Woolaston in Mixbury parish.], ffullewell, Hordewyke*. [Hardwick.]; Tynforde*. [Thenford in Northants.], Westbury, Shaleston, Turesmere*. [Tusmore, near Cottisford.], Stratforde*. [Water Stratford.], Turueston*. [Turweston.], and Caldewell*. [Not identified. 'Goldewelle' in the Latin.], of Wyke*. [Wyke = Wick-Dyve, Northants.], Thorneton, Thorne|borowgh, Radeclyue, Haseley*. [Haseley, in Radclive parish, Bucks.]; of Burton*. [Blackbourton, in Bampton hundred.], Kencote, Northton*. [Brize Norton.], Bampton, Dukelynton, Escoote*. [Ascot D'oyly.] doylyuorum; of bekeley*. [Beckley, in Bullingdon hundred.] of all þe towne, Horthton*. [Horton, in Beckley parish.], Morkote*. [Mercot, in Charlton-on-Otmoor.], and of dj. hide in stodeleye*. [Studley.] þat longeth to bekeleye, and of Asshe*. [Probably Nash, in Beckley parish.], of Wodepwye*. [Woodperry.], and pure*. [(Water)perry.], Elfelfelde*. [Elsfield.], Ocle*. [Oakley, by Boarstall.], and Horspathe; of Turkedyn*. [Turkdean.], litull Rysynden*. [Rissington.], Treton*. [Tretone, now called Bruerne.], Hampton*. [Hampnett, Glouc.], Tetbury, cherynton, and Heselden*. [Haselton, Glouc.]; of Watlynton, Goryng, Weston by chiltre*. [Chiltre = the Chilterns: and so South|weston in Pirton hundred.], Estcote*. [Ascot, in Great Milton parish, in Thame hundred.] (by Holcombe) of the fee that longeth to þe castell of oxonforde, Euere*. [Iver, Bucks.], and of ayther courte of shyrburn; Ardynton, Page  23 Betrynton*. [Batterton, Berks.], Harewell, ledecumbe, and in Elflynton*. [Elfreton in Welford parish, Berks.] of thre hides and of þe mylle, of Craneforde*. [Cranford in Northts., near Kettering.], leyes*. [Leyes is probably Northleigh, supra.], tenesshe*. [Tenesshe is perhaps Asshe, supra.], Tenyeth*. [Tenyeth (or Peryeth, as in the Latin) is probably Woodperry, supra.]; Haurugge*. [Hawridge, Cotslow hundred, Bucks.], Koleston*. [Coleston- or Colston-Basset, Notts.], Messeworth*. [Marsworth, Cotslow hundred, Bucks.], and clop|pam*. [Clapham, Beds.]; and all þe tithe of þe Demayne of Wolgarcote*. [Marginal note: 'Note for tithes of the demesne of Wulgarcote,' i.e. Wolver|cote.], and in Baldynton*. [Baldon, Oxon.] of thre hides, and in Wauerton*. [Waverton, or Warton, in Leominster parish, Herefordshire.], of þe demayne, of Croftes*. [Croftes seems to be another name for the manor in Waverton, which paid tithe to Oseney.] and Tewycrosse*. [Twycross in Orton-on-the-hill parish, Leicestershire.] ij. parties of all maner tithes, ande in Ibston þe tithe of oon hide, and in Cutlynton*. ['Curtlinton' in the Latin, i.e. Kirt|lington.], þe tithe of j. hide, ande in Cawdewell þe tithe of three ȝerdes. Wherefore I wille and surely charge þat þe chanons of þe foresaide church and pere successours haue and holde, well and in peece, all tenementes londis rentis tithis and possessions þe which þey haue in all þe forsaide maners, and also of me and my eyres or my men may geete in tyme to come, with all liberteis*. [Marginal note: 'Note and marke þe liberties.'] and free customs þe which I euer had or oony of myne aunceturs; and þat pey haue þere courte ffre of here men of all maner transgressions or mysdoynges*. [As usual, the word introduced by 'or' is an alternative English word for the pre|ceding Latinism. The Latin is 'de omni|modis transgressionibus et defaltis.'] ande defautes; and been quyte, bothe they and there tenauntes, of all maner sutes of my cowrte, and of sute of my myllis, and of all demaundis or axynges*. [Latin: 'de omnimodis demandis ex|cepta iustitia mortis et membrorum.'], outetake Justice or ryȝght of deth or of membres. And if þey or there men be amercid agaynst me or myne eyres of*. [Read 'or': 'seu.'] my baylyffs for oony cause, trespas, or forfete, all mercys*. [Marginal note: 'Note for ffynes & amerciamentes, &c.'] and mercymentes and all fynes and all profytes and all outegoynges*. [Latin, 'exitus.'] of pleys þat comen forthe of þem or of þere men shall be of þe chanons selfe, withoute oony agayne-holdyng to me or to myne heyres, weþer hit be for defautes or for oony other cawse. Also I will and charge surely þat þe saide chanons ande þere suc|cessours Page  24 and þere tenauntes haue fre entryng ande goyng oute ande fre commune to þere shepe and hogges and to all here bestes in all my maners, and that þey be not inparked or y-poyned*. ['or y-poyned' is an English equivalent of the preceding word: Latin is merely 'ne possint imparcari.'] but þey be i-founde in open harme; þat*. ['quod si contigerit.'] if hit happen, þey maye receyue þere bestes*. [i.e. out of the pound, on giving surety for payment of damage: cp. nos. 39, 40. The Latin is 'per vadimonium averia sua recipiant.'] and by the syȝght of lawfull men þe harme þat þere bestis haue i-do, owte of my courte, to make to be amendid: and that this my yifte and graunt ande confyrmacion of this charter be Sure and stable for euer, To this wrytyng I haue put to my seele. Thes witnesses, Theobalde archiebisshop of Canterbury, Bisshop of Wircetur Symon, Thurstane*. [Another mark of forgery. Thurstan died 1140. If the charter were genuine, it would have been witnessed by Henry Murdac, archbishop 1147-53.] archiebisshop of Yorke, Robert Bisshop of lyncoln, Gilbert ffilioth Herforde, Henry Doyly and Gilbert his brother, and other.

*. [[NOTE.—As far back as Anthony Wood's time (City of Oxford, ii. 190-2) the preceding section of the Oseney Register was felt to be a puzzle, and many of the names in it long remained untraced. The Rev. H. E. Salter, by collation of the original Oseney deeds as well as of the Registers, has solved the problem of the section and identified its names. The 'charter,' he points out, must have been invented after 1191, by tacking together several grants of earlier and later dates, without the least attempt to make them fit in with each other. The charter, by its witnesses, professes to be of date 1149, but Robert Doyly II died seven years before that. The bishop of Lincoln at the foundation of Oseney was Alexander, not Robert. The constructor of the charter may have taken the name Robert either from Alexander's predecessor, Robert Bloet (1093-1123), who during his episcopate seems to have granted a confirmation-charter to St. George's church; or from Alexander's successor, Robert de Chesnei (1147-68), who in 1149 sanctioned the grant, by Henry Doyly I, of St. George's church and its possessions to Oseney. The deed makes Oseney in 1149 possessed of Frees chapel, which in fact was the gift of Thomas of St. Walery about 1191; and of the tithes of Twycross and Warton obtained in 1187-9 by an exchange, which is fully described in the Oseney Cartulary. The list of places is confused by the jumbling together of names taken from different confirmations. Thus, the scribe gives both Perieth and Woodperry, but they are probably the same; so also, probably, Leyes and Northlye; Asshe and Tenesse; Cawdewell (Caldewell) and Goldwell.]]

[22.] A confirmacion off Geffrey of Iuory þe sone of Roger of Iuory off þe Same yifte.

About 1100. Pretended confirma|tion to Ose|ney (about 1249), by Jeffrey of Iveri, joint|patron (nos. 1, 3) of St. George's church, of no 21.

All men knowe that I, Gefferye of Iuorye, grauntid, and with this my present charter con [folio 6a] fermed, to god And to þe Church Page  25 of Saynte marye of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, all londis churchis rentis tithis and possessions þey hauen in all my maners, of the yifte of Robert Doyly and the grauntyng of Roger of Iuorye my fadur, in-to pure and perpetuell almes, as þe charters of þe forsaide Robert and roger þe which they haue fully witnysse: and, for that I wyll þe yevyng and graun|tyng of þe forsaide Robert and Roger be sure and stable for euer, with my seele imprentyng this present writyng I haue i-seelid: These witnysse Robert, by þe grace of god Bisshop of lincoln; Robert Doyly þe yungur, et cetera.

*. [NOTE.—The charter, as it stands, cannot be genuine, because the Iveri family became extinct about 1110, several years before Oseney was founded. A genuine deed, by which Jeffrey of Iveri confirmed its possessions to the church of St. George, seems to have been adapted to strengthen the forgery (no. 21), by substituting 'Marye of Oseney' for 'George.']

[23.] A confirmacion of Henry Doylly þe ffirst þe Sone*. [MS. has 'the Sone the Sone.' This is a genuine deed, extant as Brit. Mus. Add. Charter 20,361.] of þe saide Robert Doylly his ffadur off þe saide thynges.

A D. 1149. Grant to Oseney, by Henry Doyly I, of St. George's church.

BE hit i-knowe to all trew men of holy church that I, Henry Doylly, with þe consent and grauntyng of my Broþer Gilbert, and with þe counsell of Syre Robert (þe soone of Roger*. [A most misleading slip. The Latin has 'domini Roberti filii regis'; i.e. of lady Edith's son by Henry I.]) my broþer and of my modur and of oder ffrendes and of my men, yefe and graunte, in-to perpetuell almys, for þe sowle of Kyng Henry and for þe sowle of my ffadur Robert Doylly and other kynnesfolkes and of myne aunceturs and for my helth and of my modur and of my brethryn and of oþer of my ffrendes and for þe state and welefare of all þe realme, to þe church of Saynte marye þe which my ffadur fundid in þe Ile þe which is i-called Oseney and to þe chanons in hit seruyng god, my church of Saynte George the which is in þe Castell of Oxonforde, with all thynges þe which ben of my fee and perteynyng to hit, þat is to say, in howses in tithis in playne in woode in ryvers and in ffedynges and in all oþer thynges, with customs & liberteis þe which he*. [Read 'it'; i.e. the church.] helde in þe Page  26 tyme of my aunceturs þe which foundid hit. Wherefore I wille and surely ordeyne þat þe forsayde church of Saynte George*. [A strange error. Latin has, correctly, 'prefata sancte Marie ecclesia'; i.e. Ose|ney.], of þe which my ffadur was foundur and of þe which I am patrone and advocate, This addyng*. ['additamentum.' This 'adding,' really by Henry Doyly I, is attributed to his father in the spurious deed (no. 21).] to þencresyng of my ffadurs almys þe which*. ['quam,' scil. eleemosinam. The refer|ence is to the foundation-gift (no. 12).] be ordeyned þere, hit holde, of me and of all myne heyres and successours, quietly and worschipfully, all exaccion i-put*. ['postposita.'] a-bak, fro this tyme nowe and for Euer Witnesses: Daniell, Abbot of Mussendene; Alurede*. [Alfred, abbot of Dorchester, 1146-63.], Abbot of Dorchester, et cetera.

[24.] A confirmacion of þe same Henry off þe forsaide thynges and off other ȝiftes of his modur.

About 1155. Confirmation to Oseney, by Henry Doyly I (died 1163), of (I) St. George's church; (II) in Hooknorton, I hide of villein|age, ȝ hides of demesneland, & 24 acres meadow; (III) in Claydon, 2 hides of villein|age, of lady Edith's gift (died 1152); ½ hide in ex|change; ½ hide given by Philip Hampton (with surrender of feudal superi|ority); 8 'tilths' given by lady Edith, with a ½ hide and meadow, a croft, and a volate; free pannage, house-bote, hedge-bote, and fire-wood; (IV) In Weston|on-the-Green, 3 yardlands of villeinage, ȝ of demesne-land, of lady Edith's gift; (V) in Water|eaton, Spare|wesaye; (VI) in Walton, 'Twenty acres,' with pasture and other rights; with rights of common pas|ture in all Doyly manors.

BE hit i-knowe to all trew men of holy church that I Henry Doylly, yefe and graunt, and with my charter Conferme, in-to ffre and pure almes, to þe church of God and of Saynte marye his modur and to þe chanons in hit seruyng god (þe which my ffadur foundid in þe Ile þe which is i-called Oseney), þe church of Saynte George, with all thynges perteynyng to hit of my ffee; and in Hokenorton, j. hide of villenage, and Prestfelde and butur|hulle for thre hides, and of þe mede of my lordeship as much as perteyneth to three hides (þat is to say, ij. acre, euerych yerde); In cleydon, ij. hides of villenage, þe which my modur ȝafe to þe same church, and halfe an hide (also of villenage) þe which I ȝafe to þem in-to an Es|chaunge of dj. oon hide (also of villenage) þe which is in Weston, & dj. an hide of þe yifte of philippe of Hampton ande of his wiffe and of his soone, of þe which I clayme nowe quyte to þe sayde church þat þe same philippe and his heyres ofte*. ['debebant.'] to me þere-of, and al-so-much of my lorde|ship as [folio 6b] my fader*. [A slip. Latin has, correctly, mater. 'She' ('ipsa') follows lower down.] yafe to þem (that is to say, Medehulle and Senesham and the redelande and Sibrecrofte and Page  27 Kynges bruggehale and stodefolde and prettesthorn and benetebrech), and dj. an hide þe which was of Geffrey, with þe mede þat she with þe same londes assynyd to þem, And j. crofte and a volate þat Hemmying preste was i-wonyd to haue, and pannage of here owne hogges, and in woode in þe same towne that*. ['quod necesse fuerit domibus et sepibus suis reficiendis, et ad focum faciendum.'] is nede to howsis and hegges to be made and to fyre to be made; In Weston, j. hide and dj. [that is to say], thre ȝerdes of villenage (þat is to say*. [cp. no. 26.], a ȝerde where þe mansion of þe chanons is, and a ȝerde þe which Robert holdeth, [and*. [Added from the Latin.] a yerde the which Herbert holdeth]), and thre yerdes of þe lordeship, as my modur maade to be deliuered to þem; In Eton, Sparewesaye*. [Reserved to the lord in the former grant (no. 12).] for j. hide; and XXti acris of Walton, with men, and medis and ffedynges; and in all my maners pasture for þere owne oxon & þere shepe and hogges commune with myne. Wherefore I wille and surely ordeyn þat þe saide church alle þe forsaide tenures and possessions haue & hold, well and in pece, and worschipfully and fully, with all liberteis and his ffre customs in men in howsis in londis in woode in playne and in all other thynges and placis. Witnyssis, Water of Tywe, et cetera.

[25.] A confirmacion of Henry Doylly þe ij. of his ȝifte aforesaide.

About 1182. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Henry Doyly II (died 1232), of the grants made, (a) by his grand|father (no. 12); (b) by his father (no. 24); (c) and grand|mother (no. 24). Grant to Oseney, by said Henry Doyly II, of meadow and land near Ose|ney, and a strip of land at Kidlington, Oseney re|linquishing 2 'tilths' at Claydon, no. 24 (III).

BE hit i-knowe to all true men of holy church that I, Henry Doylly þe soone of Henry Doylly, with þe consent and assent of Robert my broþer and with þe counsell of myne free men, grauntid, and with my charter confermed, to the church of saynte marye of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, for þe sowles of my predecessours and of myne kynnesfolkes and for my helth and of myne, in-too free and perpetuell almes, all þe yevynges the which Robert*. [Latin: 'Robertus avus meus.'] Beele my ffader maade to þe same church and Edith my Beele moder and Henry my ffader, þat is to say;

Of þe yefte of Robert my Beele Sire (the which þe forsaide Page  28 church founded), all þe forsaide Ile of Oseney, with all dwellynges þe which been of my ffee vppon the weer in the same Ile, and tithynges of þe mylles þe which ben by the castell of oxonforde; and vnder þe wall, j. dwellyng þe which was of Waryne chapeleyne; and þes churches of my ffee, þe church of Cudelyngton, þe church of Weston, þe church of Hokenorton, þe church of Cleydon, þe church of shenston, þe church of chesterton; with-in þe borowgh*. [MS. repeats 'within þe borowgh.'] of oxonforde þe londes þe which helden Engerike, Raymunde, Ailnot, Godwyn þe son*. ['Godwinus filius Edwaker' in the Latin: so the translator did not venture to say 'the son of Edwarcher.'] Edwacher, ermenolde, Godwyne Nicuma, Swetyng Cadica, Rauenyng, Segryne by the Wall, Henry Corueser, leofwyn Haltyng*. ['Leofwinus claudus.'], Godwyn money maker, Brythrik money maker, Godrik, William, Raph Backster*. ['pistor.'], leofwyne Budda, Geffrey Miller; and*. ['et duas solidatas redditus quas.'] ij. s. þe which helde fromunde chapeleyne, and þe tithyng of Nicoll of Stodeham the which þe same ffromunde helde; and Eton all þe towne in þe lordeschip and villenage and free fee (oute-take þe mylle, and Sparwesaye); within Hokenorton, dj. an hide þe which was off Hugh ffraunceys, and j. ȝerde londe þe which helde Morice.

Of þe yifte of Henry my ffadur, þe church of Seynte George, with all thynges þe which [folio 7a] longe to hit of my ffee; þe church of Watlynton; In Hokenorton, j. hide of villenage, and prest|felde*. [The Latin adds 'et Buterhull.'], and of þe mede of the lordeschip al-so-muche as longeth to thre hides (that is to say, two acris to euery ȝerde); In Eton, sparewesay; and XXti acris*. [Marginal note: 'Note: XXti acres of Walton with men & meades and fedinges to the same.'] of Walton, with men & medes and ffedynges longyng to þe same.

Of þe yifte of my Bele Dame Edithe also, and of my ffadur, in Cleydon, ij. hides and dj. ande of þe lordeschip of the same towne Suenesham and the redelande and Sibcrofte and Kynges bruggehale and Stodefolde and Benet breche, and dj. hide þe which was of Geffrey with a mede þe which perteyneth to þe same londes, and j. crofte and a volate*. ['Et unam croftam et volatam.'] the*. [Probably 'the [which] Hemming,' but 'the' by itself is found in this MS. as a relative. Latin has 'quam Hemmingus presbiter solebat habere.'] Hemimnyng preste was i-woned to have, and pannage of here owne hogges, and in Page  29 the woode of þe same towne that is nede to them to howses and hegges to be i-made and to be ffire to be made; In Weston j. hide and dj. [that is to say] iij. ȝerdes of villenage (that is to say, j. ȝerde where þe dwellyng of þe chanons is, and a ȝerde þat Robert holdeth [and a yerde that Herbert holdeth*. [Added from the Latin.]]), and thre ȝerdes of þe lordeschip, with the mede; and in all my maners commune pasture to þere owne oxon [and to their sheep*. [Added from the Latin.]], and to þere hogges, with myne.

Ffurþermore, I haue i-ȝefe to þe forsaide chanons in-to Encresyng*. ['in augmentum.'], for þe sowle of my ffadurs and modurs*. ['pro animabus parentum.'] and for myne helth and of myne, all my mede þe which is at þe west of here courte of osney (now*. [The bracketed words are a later ex|planation. In the Latin they occur as a marginal note.] hit is i-called ffullyngmylleham*. [Name noted in the margin.] and þe hurst*. [Name noted in the margin.] with þe mede lying þere-to), in-to perpetuell almys, ffre and quite for all seruice, and purpresture*. [Name noted in the margin.] of here Gardeyne of Cudelynton; and þe chanons quite-claymed to me two telthis in Cleydon, that is to say, Medehalle and prestes|thorn, þe which þey claymed agaynste me of þe ȝifte of my Beledame and of my ffadur.

This grauntyng and ȝevyng and confirmacion I made with þe wille and assent of Robert my broþer and with þe counsell of my ffre men, and vppon þe Auter of saynte marye in þe forsaide church of Oseney I offerid, and my body to be i-beried after my deth I vowid. Wherfore I will that þe forsaide church and chanons alle þe fornamed thynges haue and holde for euer as ffrely and quietly fro all seruice þat to me or myne eyres perteyneth as oony of my predecessores helde þem most fre and most quietly whanne þey were in my lordeschip These witnesses, Robert my Broder*. ['Roberto de Witefeld tunc vicecomite Oxenefordie' follows in the Latin. Robert of Witefeld was sheriff from Easter 1182 to Easter 1185: List of Sheriffs (Publ. Rec. Office, 1898).], et cetera.

[26.] A confirmacion of Robert Bisshop of lincoln of þe fforsaide thynges and of Bladen and Midlee and of oþer ȝiftis of þemperice and off oþer.

About 1158. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Robert of Chesney (bp. of Lin|coln 1148-66), of ten churches in his diocese; of Robert Doyly II's gift (no. 12); of Henry Doyly I's gift (no. 24); of king Stephen's gift (no. 14); and, of new acquisi|tions, of the lock (59, 61), and lands near Oseney; also, con|firmation of dowager queen Alice's gift (no. 83); of Langney (14), and Medley (69); of lands in Oxford (14, 18) and elsewhere; and, ofnew, lands in Foresthill, Watling|ton, Cote, Bletching|don, Ful|broke (in Hogshaw, Bucks).

ROBERT, By the grace of God, Bisshop of lincoln et cetera. Wherefore we, ȝevyng lyȝght assent to þe ryȝghtfull prayers of owr moste Page  30 Dere soone Wigoode Abbot*. [See n. 7, p. 13.] of Oseney ande of his Brethryn, the church of Saynte marye in þe which þey be i-ȝeve to goddis seruice, [the which] in þe Ile the which is i-callid Oseney was i-foundid and made, with all thynges with-inne the costis to yowr parisshe perteynyng, vndur þe Defence of Saynt mary and owre we take, and with þese letters we make hit strong: in the which, these thynges to be i-schewed we have avised in here owne names, that is to say:

Þe church of Saynte George, with all his holenysse*. ['cum omni integritate sua.']; þe church of Cudelinton, þe church of Weston, þe church of Hokenorton, þe church of Cleydon, þe church of Chesterton, þe church of Watelinton, þe church of Stanys, þe church of Cowley, and þe chapell of fforsthull; and all that was of Robert Doylly founder of this church, and of Henry his sone, in Oseney, with all Dwellynges þe which been vppon the were of þe Milles, and all þe londe þat þey had withinne þe Borowgh of Oxonforde; And all Eton*. [Name noted in margin.], with all þynges to hit [folio 7b] per|teynyng (but þe Mille); and in Hokenorton, dj. hide þe which was of Hugh ffraunceys, and j. ȝerdelonde þe which was of Morice; þere also j. hide of londe with iiij. men of Warlande*. ['cum quattuor hominibus de War|land.'], and of þe lordeship prestesfelde and buturhull, and of þe mede of þe lordschip al-so-muche as longeth to iij. hides; In Weston iij. ȝerdes of londe of Warlant*. [Sic: and so also in the Latin.] and iij. of þe lordeschip with þe mede; In cleydon, ij. hides of Warlant, and vj. of Cotlane*. [Read 'and vi. cotlands.' Latin has '& sex cotlanz.' A cotagium or cotland was 2 acres, or 4 acres, attached to a cottar's house.], and of þe lordeship prestesthorn and benetbrech and stodeforde and in a-noþer felde Medelham with þe mede in þe hedis, of*. [Omit 'of.' Latin 'le Redeland.'] Redelande and Sibcrofte and Kynges bruggehale; and xxti Acris*. [Marginal note: 'the prebend of peue|rell; xxte acres in Walton, with meades & fedinges. Note.'] in Walton, with medys and ffedynges; and ij. s. of Rent þe which ffromunde Chapeleyne helde, and þe tithe of Nichol of Stodeham;

And of Kyng Henry and of themperice, a prebende þe which was of peuerell of lx. s., and with-inne þe borowgh of Oxon|forde iij.*. ['v. s.' in the Latin, and in nos. 14, 18.] s. v. d. ob. qua. of viij. ȝerdes of þe Kynge, and þe lok*. [Marginal note: 'The locke.']Page  31 or goter þat Hildewyn helde þe which was of Henry Costentine, and þe londe þe which was of Geffray and William Brethryn*. ['fratrum.'], and þe londe þe which was of Theodorike le bere, and þe lond þe which was of Godefrey at seynte Judook*. ['apud sanctum Buoc' in the Latin.], and þe londe þe which was of Nigelle of Gardeyne, and þere-by þe londe the which Hisumwharde helde;

And of þe ȝifte of quene Adelide, and grauntyng of them|perice, j. hide by þe brygge of Bladone, with the lordeship and þe mede;

And þe*. [Marginal note: 'the Ile of Langney & Mydley: note.'] Ile of langeneye, of þe ȝifte of Geffrey Chamburleyne and of themperice; and a-noþer Ile of Mideley, of þe ȝifte of þe Citecyns of oxonford; and j. dwellyng by the northe ȝate of þe ȝifte of Robert ffolioth; and þe londe þe which Raph ffiȝt sywarde ȝafe; and þe londe þat Elue*. ['Alueua.'] pulcyn yafe; And, of þe ȝifte of Hugh Tywe*. [The English is here confused. The Latin shows that it should run 'Of the gift of Hugh of Tew, in Forsthull, two hides; in Burton, two hides; in Cleydon. . .' In the English one clause is brought in too late; the other dropt out. The places are Foresthill, near Wheatley; Blackbourton, near Bampton.]; In Cleydon, of þe ȝifte of philip Hampton, dj. hide; In fforsthull, ij. hides; In Watlynton, of þe ȝifte of Halinalde of Bidun, j. ȝerde of londe of þe lordeship; In cote þe which is a membur of Cudelinton, j. hide of þe ȝifte of Raph Bretun; In blechesdon, of þe ȝifte of Raph amary, j. ȝerde of londe of þe lordship and anoþer of Warlonde; of þe ȝifte of Wigan, in ffulebrok, j. hide of londe:

Sauyng þe dignite of þe church of lincoln. þerfore of this our confirmacion, et cetera. ut supra.

[27.] A confirmacion of Moolde themperice of þe church of Seynte George with all his pertinences.

A.D. 1149. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Maud, em|press, of St. George's church, with its belongings (as after|wards transferred to Oseney, no. 23, by Henry Doyly I), with full manorial jurisdic|tion.

MOOLDE, themperice, Kyng Henry dowȝghter, and lady of yngelonde, to Archiebisshops Bisshops Abbotes Erles Barons shreves Mynsters and all here men, ffrenshe and English, of all Englonde, helth. Know ȝe me to have i-graunted, and con|fermed, to god and saynte Mary of Oseney and to þe Prior and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, in-to perpetuell almys, for the Page  32 helth of my lorde and myne and our ffre children*. ['ffre children' occurs several times: a mis-rendering of 'liberorum nostrorum'.] and for þe sowle of Kyng Henry my ffadur and ffor þe sowle of quene Moolde my modur and of owr oþer aunceturs, þe church of Saynte George þe which is in þe castell of Oxonford, with all his pertinences: þat is to say, the church of Saynte Mary mawdelen þe which is in þe strete with-oute þe northȝate, and þe londe of Walton of bothe parte*. [Marginal notes: 'Walton on Euery side of þe wey as the goo from Walton to the Castell.' 'the same was parcell of the prebend of Peuerell.'] of þe weye*. ['ex utraque parte vie per quam itur de Waltona.'] by þe which hit is i-goo fro Walton to þe castell as Waltere Archedecon helde hit, and þe londe of Cudeslawe, and of Covelay*. [Marginal notes: 'Cowley.' 'Note the lande in Cowley with the churche & ffredoms.'] (with þe church), And þe londe of stowe and of morton (with þe church and þe chapell), and þe londe of Worton, and of Saunforde, and ij. hides of Ernycot, with all oþer thynges to þe forsaide church of Saynte George perteynyng in tithis in men [in lands*. [Added from the Latin.]] in howses and Medis and ffedynges in woode and in playne, as þe forsaide church helde fro þe tyme of them þe which foundid hit, and as Hemy Doylly and John of seynte [folio 8a] John*. [The family of St. John had succeeded the Iveri family (nos. 3, 22) as co-patrons of St. George's church. The grant of John de St. John is not given in the cartulary, but is extant as Brit. Mus. Add. Charter 20, 360.] grauntid and with þere seeles confermed. Wherefore I will and Surely commaunde þat þe forsaide church and chanons the forsaide tenauntries haue and holde, well and in pece, and worschipfully ffrely and quietly, with sock and sack, tol and theam, and Infangenthef, with all other customs and fredoms*. [Marginal note: 'the fredoms.'] þe which þey had in the tyme off Kyng Henry my fadur. Witnesses:—Robert*. [Robert, Henry Doyly's half-brother, was son of Edith Forne by Henry I. Wood (City of Oxford, i. 277) wrongly identifies him with Robert (Consul or 'de Caen'), earl of Gloucester, who died 1147. Joscelyn of Bailol is another witness; he was consecrated bishop of Sarum in 1142. The place is Devizes.] þe sone of þe Kyng my broþer.

[28.]

About 1158. Confirma|tion by Henry II.

Henry*. [Marginal note: 'Henry the second.' The place is Salisbury. One witness is Thomas [Becket], chancellor.], Kyng of Inglonde, Duke of Normandy and Gyen, And Erle of Angye, euyn like to þe charter of themperice afore i-write of þe forsaide ȝiftes, et cetera.

Page  33

[29.] A confirmacion of Robert Belnet*. [Read 'de Chesneto,' bishop 1148-66. The error arose from an erroneous addition 'Bluet,' by a later hand, in the endorsement of the original charter, now in Christ Church Treasury.], Bisshop of lincoln, of þe church of Seynte George with his pertinences.

About 1150. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by the diocesan, of St. George's church and its pro|perty, as granted by Henry Doyly I (no. 23), subject to the life|interests of the Secular Canons in their 'pre|bends,' and to the mainten|ance for ever of a two-priest chantry for Robert Doyly I.

ROBERT, by þe grace of god Bisshop of lincoln, et cetera. Wherefore we, grauntyng to þe Axynges of owre most dere Children chanons þat is to say of Oseney, graunte and with this present writyng in-to perpetuell almes conferme, to þem and to þe monastery in þe which þey ben i-sett to goddis seruice, þe church of Seynte George þe which is i-sett in the castell of oxonford, with all tenauntries and possessions to þe same church perteynyng, þat is to say, in churchis in tithis in men in howses in londes In waters in Medis and pasturs in woode in playne and in all oþer thynges, with all customs and liberteis þe which þe same church of Saynte George had in þe tyme of our aunceturs þe which founde*. [Read 'founded': 'fundauerunt.'] hit, þat is to say, in that ordre þat, after þe decese of þe clerkes the which now ben lordes to þe possessions, þe same possessions and rentes with all holenesse shall go in-to þe vsis and þe lordeship of the Brethrin nowe of þe saide church of Oseney, so, notwithstandyng*. [Marginal note: 'Take hede & be ware.'], þat of þe same Benefices so moch schall be reserued and keped to þe seruice of now þe saide church of Saynt George*. [For this chantry see Wood's City of Oxford, ii. 184.], after þe Disposicion of vs and of þe patrone and prelate of þe monastery of þe reguler clerkes (þat*. [Interpolated explanation. Not in the Latin.] is to say, of þe chanons), whereof two prestes may be susteyned. Þerefore of this our ordeynyng trobelers, we denunce them i-cursed; And þe conseruatours and kepers, to haue goddis blesshyng and our. Amen.

[30.] A confirmacion*. [Marginal note: 'Ricardus Ius.'] of Kyng Ricarde Corþelion of þe firedoms of Shires and Hundredes.

1189, Nov. 12. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Richard I, of exemp|tion from certain king's courts and taxes, as in no. 13.

RICARDUS, by þe grace of god Kyng of Inglonde, Duke of Normandy and of Gyen, and Erle of Aungie, to Archiebisspos*. [Sic.], et cetera, and to Erles Barons Justices Shrefes Mynsters Ballyffys and to all his true men of Inglonde helth. We commaunde þat alle Page  34 þe londe and men of thabbot and chanons of Oseney be quite and lose*. ['soluti.'] and ffree*. [Marginal note: 'A grete fredome.'] of shires and hundredis and of wardes and commune pleys*. ['placitis.'] & quarels and all oþer þynges, oute-take murther and thefte i-preuede. And we forbede þat vppon þat ye do not to þem or to oþer*. [Read 'þer': 'suis.'] men wronge despite or grevaunce or þat ȝe suffur to be do them of oony men. Witnesses*. [William of Longchamp, Chancellor, Nov. 12, at Westminster. The year is not given.], et cetera.

[31.] A confirmacion of Kyng John of þe church of Seynte George with his pertinences.

1199, June 16. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by king John, of St. George's church (no. 23), as in nos. 27, and 28; with ex|emptionsas in no. 13.

JOHN, by þe grace of god Kyng of Inglonde, lorde of Irlonde, Duke of Normandy and of Gien, and Erle of Aungie, to Archie|bisshops bissphos*. [Sic.] Abbotes Erles Barons Justices Shreves Revys and to all Baylyffes and to his true men helth. Knowe ȝe me to haue [folio 8b] i-graunted, and confermed, to þe church of god and of Saynte Marye of Oseney and to þabbot and chanons þere seruyng god, for our helth and of oures, in-to perpetuell almes, and for þe sowle of Kyng Henry beelesire of my ffadur and for þe sowle of Kyng Henry oure ffadur and of oþer kynnesfolkes, þe church of Saynte George þe which is i-set in þe castell of Oxonford, with all his pertinences, þat is to say þe church of Saynte Mary Mawdelen þe which is in þe strete with-oute þe Northȝate, and þe londe of Walton*. [Marginal note: 'Walton.'] of both sides of þe waye by þe which men goth fro Walton to þe castell (as Walter Archedecon hit helde), and þe londe of Cudeslawe, and of Couelay (with þe church), and þe londe of Stowe and of Morton (with þe church and Chapell), And þe londe of Worton, and of Sanforde, and ij. hides of Ernycote, with all other þynges to þe same church perteynyng, In tithis In men In howses In londes And Medes and ffedynges In woode In playne, As þe forsaide church held fro þe tyme of þem þe which hit foundid and as þe Modur of our ffadur the lady themperice and Kyng Henry our fadur hit to þem graunted and with his charter confermed. Wherefore we will and Surely commaunde þat þe forsaide church and Chanons þe forsaide holdes*. ['predictas tenaturas.'] have Page  35 and holde, well and In pece and worschipfully, frely and quietly, with*. [Marginal note: 'Lybertyes.'] sock and sack, tol and theam, and Infangenthefe, and with all other liberteys and customs þe which þey had in þe tyme of Henry beelsire of our fadur and in þe tyme of Kyng Henry our fadur. Witnesses, et cetera. At*. [Read 'W. London., G. Roffense, epi|scopis,' &c. The place is Hadloo. The Latin gives the date.] london.

[32.] A confirmacion of Kyng*. [For Henry 'III': see note to no. 33.] Henry þe iiij. of the liberteis and of þe church of Seynte George and oþer thynges.

1235, April 2, Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Henry III, of no. 12, of no. 23, and of land, newly ac|quired, in Marsh Gibbon: also con|firmation of exemp|tions, and of juris|diction, as in no. 13.

HENRY, by þe grace of god Kyng of Inglonde, lorde of Irlonde, et cetera. Knowe ȝe me to haue, for god sake, i-graunted and with this our Charter confermed, for vs and our heyres, to god and to þe church of Saynte Marye of Osneye and to þabbot and chanons in þe same place seruyng god, all or*. [Sic, probably for 'all þe yiftes or yev|ynges.' Latin is 'omnes donationes sub|scriptas.'] yiftes yevynges vndur-write, þat is to say, of þe ȝefte of Robert Doylly, the Ile of Osneye, with all his pertinences, and all men and londes þe which he had in his lordeship within þe borowgh of Oxonforde, with his pertinences; of þe yifte of Henry Doylly, þe church of Saynte George the which is i-sette in the castell of oxonford, with all thynges þe which been of his fee, þe which to þe same church perteynen; of þe ȝefte of Master Geffrey Gibwyn, all his londe in þe town of Mersche, with all his pertenences: to be had and to be holde, to þe same Abbot and chanons and to here successours, in-to perpetuell almes. And þat þey haue and holde þe ffredoms þe which Henry the Kyng of Inglonde beelsire of Kyng Henry our beelsire, And also þe same Henry Kyng, graunted to þem by his Charters, that is to say, þat þey and all here tenementes and here men been quite*. [Marginal note: 'Note the fredoms of this Monasteri.'] of Shires and hundredes and wardes and daneȝeldes and commune pleis and all oþer exaccions and quarels, outetake murther & thefte i-preued; with sock and sack, tol and them, and Infangenthefe, as þe chartors [*. [Added from the Latin.]of the] aforesaide Kynges of Inglonde our predecessours and of oþer yevers aforsaide, [þe*. [Added from the Latin.] which þe aforesaide abbot and chanons haue of them, in] Page  36 þe which þe forsaide yevynges fredoms and quitynges fully ben conteyned, resonably witnyssen. [folio 9a] Wherefore we will and surely commaunde, for vs and our heyres, that þe forsaide Abbot & chanons and þer successours foreuer haue and holde and*. [By a slip for 'all': 'omnes predictas terras.'] þe forsaide londis and þe forsaide tenementes with all here per|tenences, and that they haue þe forsaide fredoms and quiet|ynges*. ['quietancias.'] well and In peece, frely and quietly, fully and worschip|fully, in-to perpetuell almes, with all fredoms and fre customs to them perteynyng as hit is i-saide before. These*. [The Latin supplies the date.] wit|nesses, et cetera.

[33.] Grauntyng and confermyng beste*. [Latin order: 'confirmacio optima.'] of Kyng*. [This frequently repeated reckoning of Henry, King of England 1216-72, as Henry 'IV,' comes from taking into the list as Henry 'III', Henry (eldest son of Henry II), crowned at Westminster 1170, died 1183. The words 'not Derby' show that the translator adequately distinguished the grantor of this charter from Henry, King of England 1399-1413 (Henry IV), who was styled 'earl of Derby' from 1380, during the lifetime of his father John 'of Gaunt,' Duke of Lancaster, who had mar|ried the heiress of Henry Plantagenet (died 1361), Earl of Derby.] Henry the iiij. not Derby, vppon þe grete charter*. [i.e. the spurious no. 21, invented after 1235 (no. 32), and now, 1267, accepted as genuine. See no. 38.] and oþer ffredoms.

1266/7, Jan. 23. Henry III, recites no. 21, viz. Robert Doyly II's pretended grant to Oseney, of Oseney island, &c. and of St. George's church, and confirms it. He also confirms exemptions as in no. 13. Grant of ex|emption from view of frank|pledge and sheriff's tourns throughout England; and of freedom of their woods, if within the royal forests, from control of the foresters, subject only to making good wilful 'waste' by sentence of the assise of the forest. Confirma|tion of their forest rights in Hildesden, Forest|hill, and Stowe, Oxon.

HENRY, by the grace of god Kyng of Inglonde, lorde of Irlonde, and Duke of Gyen, to Archiebisshops Bisshops Abbotes priors Erles Barons Justices Shreves Revys Minsters & to all Bayleffes and to his true men helth. We have i-see þe charter þe which sometyme Robert Doylly maade to god and to saynte Marye and to þe chanons of Oseney In thes wordes:

Be hit i-know to all cristen men that I, Robert Doylly, willyng and grauntyng Edithe my wiffe and my soones Henry and Gilbert, yeve and graunt, in-to pure & perpetuell Almes, to þe church of god and of saynte marye his modur and to þe chanons regulers in hit seruyng god þe which I (counsellyng and confermyng Robert by the grace of god Bisshop of lincoln) foundid in þe Ile þe which is i-called Oseney, for þe helth of þe Kyng and þe welth of all þe Reame and also for my helth and of my wiffe and of my soones, of kynnesfolkes, and of our frendes, all that is myne In the forsaide Ile, with all dwellynges þe which I had vppon þe were the which is of myne Milles, Page  37 and all that I hadd in the Borowghe of Oxonforde or in þe Subarbes, and þe church of seynte George the which is i-set in the castell of oxonforde, with all churches and chapels, londes Rentes tenementes tithis and possessions and oþer thynges to þe saide church of saynte George perteynyng, þat is to say, the church of saynte Marye Mawdelen þe which is i-set in þe subarbes of oxonforde, and oþer thynges as þey ben i-conteyned in the saide charter of Robert Doylly, the which is þe first of this title: and þese witnesses.

Addicion of the Kyng to þe forsaide thynges, saying: We truly þe forsaide yevyng, and grauntyng hauyng ferme and lefe*. ['ratas habentes et gratas.'], them, for vs and our heyres, [*. [Added from the Latin.]grant, and confirm . . . Besides, we have granted for us and our heyres] to god and seynte Marye of Oseney and to þabbot and chanons þere seruyng god and for euer to serue, that þey as to alle here demaynys londes*. ['quoad omnes dominicas terras.'] and tenementes be quite for euer of all maner sutes of Shires and Hundredes and of our oþer courtes, and that thabbot aforesaide and [his] successours be quite*. [Marginal notes: 'Nota well this priuelege.' 'Nota for þe lawe day quite thorowgh þe Reame.' The part of the char|ter from this point to the foot of the page is emphasized by a marginal line, and out|side it 'nota.'] for euer fro lawe day*. ['de visu franci plegii.'] in euery place in oure reame, And also of turnys of schreuys, [*. [Added from the Latin.]whether by our sheriffs] or by our bayllyffes, in what-so-euer places þey be holde. We haue i-grauntid also, for vs and our eyres, to þabbot and chanons aforsaide that they foreuer, of here wodes*. [Marginal note: 'Nota fredom of þe forest.'] beyng within þe bondes*. ['infra metas.'] of our forest in þe shire of oxonforde and of Buckynham, frely and with-oute vywe and Deliueryng and daunger of þe forsters or verders or of our ony oþer Baylyffes, maye take and carye here storys*. ['estovers': 'estoveria.'], with-oute occasion and lette, with-oute waste or destruccion or copies*. [Read 'coppice'; i.e. disforesting the ground. Latin: 'absque vasto seu destru|ctione vel assartis inde faciendis.'] therof to be i-made, so that if wast*. [Read 'coppice'; i.e. disforesting the ground. Latin: 'absque vasto seu destru|ctione vel assartis inde faciendis.'] or Destruccion þerof þey make by sellyng, or in oþer-wise, therof they be i-punysshed after þassise of our forest, savyng naþeles to thabbot and to þe forsaide chanons, in all and þorowgh all, þere fredoms [folio 9b] þe Page  38 which þey haue by the charter of worthy remembraunce of lorde John sumtyme Kyng of Inglonde our fadur, of þere wodes*. [Marginal note: 'Nota Hildesden by Kyng John charter afore.' Hildesden was in Forest-hill parish, but held of the royal manor of Brill, Bucks (Rotul. Hundred. i. 22, col. I).] of Hildesden in the forsaide shire, and sauyng to þem here parkes and groves of fforsthull*. [Names noted in the margin.] and stow*. [Names noted in the margin.] i-closed, with ffredom and quietyng the which in þe same hiderto þey have i-woned to haue. These witnesses et cetera. þe date, et cetera.

[34.] A confirmacion of Theobalde Archiebisshop of Caunterbury of all owr Goodes.

About 1150. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by archbishop Theobald, of all their estates, present and to be acquired. Anathema against injurers.

THEOBALDE, By the grace of god Archiebisshop of Caunter|bery, and of all Inglonde primate, & popis legate, to brodur Wigoode prior of Osney helth, et cetera. To ryȝghtfull peticions et cetera. we ȝevyng assent, all churchis and londes and tithis and howse rentes*. ['domorum redditus.'] and all thynges þe which the church of Saynte Marye, to þe which þou art hede (by the help of god), lawfully hath i-purchased*. ['adepta est.'], or in tyme to be by ryȝghtfull wysys*. ['iustis modis.'] may be i-purchased, with this present writyng we conferme hit, and by the autorite of þe office that we haue we make hit strong, pluckers awey of them, and pullers*. ['et distractores.'], afore þe sete of þe euer|lastyng Jugge to be i-dampned we denunce, and fro this present churche we sequestre them but þey leve and with meke satis|faccion cristes patrimonye be besy to reforme hit; and to þe kepers peece be of our lorde Ihesu criste þe which when he was riche for vs was i-made powre þat he wolde make vs riche whith his pouerte and wolde hele with his infirmite*. [The general absence of rubrics from this point indicates that the treatise was never brought to a conclusion.].

[35.]

About 1163. Confirma|tion to Ose|ney, by archbishop Thomas Becket, of St. George's church and its property, as in no. 26. Anathema against violators.

THOMAS, By the grace of god Archiebisshop of Cauntur|berye, and of all Inglonde primate, and popis legate, to all true men of our holy modur the church þorowgh Inglonde beyng, both now and to be, both clerkes and laye men, helth and blesshyng. Of the office i-committid to vs, to þe peticions which we knowe to perteyne to þe Encresyng of religion, lyȝht*. ['Admonemur . . . facilem ac benignum prebere assensum.' Notice how the slavish following of the Latin order darkens the English. 'We be "constered" . . to grant light and benign assent' is meant.]Page  39 and benynge to graunt assent we ben constered. Wherefore of our most dere soonys (chanons, that is to say, of Seynte marye of Oseney) we*. ['piis postulationibus annuentes.'] grauntyng to þere meke axinges, graunte, and with this present writyng in-to perpetuell almes conferme, to them and to þe monasterj, in the which þey ben i-ȝeve to goddis seruice, the church of Seynte George þe which is i-sett in the castell of oxonforde, with all tenauntries and possessions and with all thynges to þe same church perteyning, In tithis In londis In men In fredoms and in all other rentes, as our worschipfull broþer [Robert*. [Added from the Latin.]] bisshop of lincoln to þem grauntid, with þe wilfull*. ['unanimi consensu.'] consent of þe Kyng and of the Aduocates of the same church, and with his charter confermed, þe which with owr hyes we saw, and as his charter witnessith. Of this our confirmacion trowblers we denunce the perell of dampnacion to be wyȝthe them, And to the kepers of hit goddis blesshyng and our haue. ffare ye well.

[36.]

About 1155? Letter of archbishop Theobald, ordering due pay|ment of tithes to Oseney, on pain of excom|munica|tion,

THOMAS*. [Marginal note: 'Nota and marke this letter & execute hit.' The beginning in the Latin is 'T. dei gracia': the en|dorsement was originally 'T. Cantuariensis,' but a later hand prefixed 'Sci.' The Rubric in the Latin takes up the error: 'Item littera eiusdem Sancti Thome.' The original deed in Christ Church Treasury has preserved its seal, which is that of Theobald. I owe all this information to the Rev. H. Salter.], By the grace of god Archiebisshop of Cauntur|bury, of all Inglonde primate, and popes legate, to all Bisshops Archedecons and prestis, In whoos powre and parish been tithis to þe church of Seynte Marie of Oseney perteynyng, helth. Owre mooste dere soonys chanons of Oseneye have i-playned to vs summe tithis to the ryght of þere church longyng, agaynste ryȝght, of summe men to be with-holde. therfore be this wry [folio 10a] tyng we chargh ȝow that ȝe call them streytly þe which holde the ryȝght of the forsaide church and ster*. ['admoneatis.'] them that þey hooly restore þem. And if they will not restore, restreyne ye þe same fro the brynkes [or] bondis*. ['brinks or bounds' is the usual alter|native rendering of one Latin word: 'a limitibus sancte ecclesie.'] of þe church*. [MS. repeats 'of þe church.'], ffare ȝe well.

[37.]

About 1195. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by the bishop of Lincoln, the dioce|san, of their property, especially their churches, viz. five of the foun|der's gift (no. 12); also of St. George's (no. 23); St. Mary Magdalene; Stowe; Cowley; Iffley; Watling|ton; Stone, with Southcote; Forest-hill; Water|perry; Hampton Gay; Steeple Barton, with Sand|ford St. Martin and Ledwell; Black|bourton.

To all cristen men to þe which this present wrytyng shall come, Hugh*. ['Confirmatio sancti Hugonis' in the Latin.], By the grace of god Bisshop of lincoln, helth Page  40 and goddis blesshyng. Peticions, et cetera. ffor this cawse, of our most dere brethryn, Abbot and chanons of the church of seynte Marye of Oseney, we to þere ryȝghtfull axinges grauntyng*. ['graunting' = assenting: 'annuentes.'], þem and þere monastery in the which þey ben i-ȝefe to goddis seruice vndur the proteccion of god and of the holy church of lincoln and our we take: possessions also and rentes, and namely*. ['precipue.'] churchys or chapells with vicarages [and tithes*. [Added from the Latin.]] and other thynges to them perteynyng þe which in þe bisshoprich of lincoln þe same brethryn resonably haue i-purchasyd, to them By the auctorite that we haue [we] conferme. In the which, þese to be i-schewed in there owne names wee*. ['duximus.'] have a-vised:—

Of the yfte of Robert Doylly of the forsaide monastery fundar and also off Henry Doylly the ffirste and of Henry Doylly and Robert the soones of hym, the churches*. [The names of 18 churches and chapels are noted in the margin, in the same order as in the text, 'Iveteleye' being left out.] of Cudelynton, of Weston, of Cleydon, of Hokenorton, of chesterton;

Also of Henry Doylly the firste and of Henry and Robert the soonys of hym and also of the yifte of John of Seynte John and of Bernarde of Seynte Walerye and of Bernarde his soone and principally of Moolde themperice and of here soone Kyng Henry þe secunde, the church of Seynte George þe which is i-sett in the castell of oxonforde, with the church of Seynte Marye Mawdelen, and the churchis of stowe, of Coveleye, and Iueteleye*. [In the English MS. the first letter or letters of this name are vaguely formed, and might be either Ine or Me, as though the writer felt doubtful of the name. In the Latin it is 'Iuetele,' i.e. Iffley (Ifteley or Yefteley).], and with all oþer to þe church of seynte george pertinences, sauyng the composicion i-maade bytwene the church of Oseney and Robert of Seynte Remye vppon the church of Iueteleye*. [In the English MS. the first letter or letters of this name are vaguely formed, and might be either Ine or Me, as though the writer felt doubtful of the name. In the Latin it is 'Iuetele,' i.e. Iffley (Ifteley or Yefteley).] the which for-asmuch that we wille hit to be Sure with this writyng we conferme hit.

Also of the yifte of Henry Doylly the ffirst and of Henry and Robert his soonys and also of the yifte of Halinalde of Bidun and of William Paganell and sare his wiffe, the church of Watlynton;

Of þe yifte of William Bracy and of gilbert his soone, the church of Stanes, with the chapell of Suthcote; Page  41

Of the yifte of [Hugh of] Tywe, the chapell of fforsthull, sauyng þe composicion*. [See the Latin text in Wigram's Cartu|lary of St. Frideswide's, ii. 199.] i-maade Bitwene the church of Oseneye and the church of seynte ffrideswith vppon the same chapell;

Of the yifte of William fyȝht Elie and of Emme his wiffe and of William þere soone, the church of Waterperye;

Of the yifte of Robert Gayti, þe church of Hampton gayte;

Of the ȝifte of Roger of seynte John and of William his broþer, þe church of Barton, with the chapell of Saunforde and of ledewell;

And of þe yifte of Raph Murdac and Hugh of Burton, þe chapell of Burton.

Þerfore we wille and sadly*. ['firmiter.'] ordeyne that now the seyde church and Brethryn of Oseney all the fornamed thynges frely and holy foreuer have and be possessed, sauyng the bisshopis customs and the Digniteis of the church of lincoln. And that this our confermyng, et cetera.

[38.]

1259, June 23. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by the diocesan, of St. George's church; St. Mary Magda|lene.

To all soones of our hooly modur the church to þe which this present writyng schall come, et cetera. Richard*. [Richard of Gravesend, bishop of Lin|coln 1258-81. This confirmation appears to be one of the deeds which were used in the fabrication of no. 21. It brings in tithe of a hide in Cassington, not hitherto mentioned.], by the Mercy of god Bisshop of lincoln, euerlastyng helth in owr lorde. Knowe ȝe all þat we, of the consent and will of our loued soone, Robert*. [Robert de Mariscis, dean of Lincoln 1258-60.], Deen, and of the chapiter of lin [folio 10b] coln, for goddis sake, we graunte, and By the bisshops auctorite we conferme, to the church of seynte Marye of Oseney and to the chanons there seruyng god, the church of seynte George þe which is i-sett in the castell of oxonford, with all his Integrite or holenysse, and with all his pertinences and particlis in the seyde diocese beyng or i-sett, In tithis Rentes londis and þere possessions and in all oþer thynges and places to the same sayde church perteynyng; in-to þere owne vsys for euer to be had and to be possessed and*. [Alternative rendering: 'et conver|tenda.'] to be conuertid or turnyd: In the which, þese in here own names we will expresse, that is to say, the church of seynte Marye Mawdelen þe which is i-sett in the strete withoute þe Page  42 Northȝate of Oxonforde, and iij. hides of londe of Walton, with þe tithis of the same londe; and the londe of Cudeslawe; and the londe of Coveley, with the church; and the londe of stowe, with the church; and ij. hides of Morton; and the londe of Worton; and j. hide of Sannforde; and ij. hides of Ernycote; and j. ȝerde of londe in Hokenorton; and ij. parties of tithe of all thyng þe which is wonyd to be tithid in the demayne of these maners, that is to say, of Berencester, Erdynton, Beter|inton, Tenesshe, Perieth*. ['Tenyeth,' in no. 21.], Tywe, Wyke, Erdufley, Heyforde, Thrope, Bereforde, Shireburn of Eyþer courte, Withhull, Thorneton, Kencote, Norton, Horspathe, Hensynton, ludwell, Rodelsham of eyþer courte, Blechesdon, Weston, Buckenhull, Stratforde, Westbury, Thorneborowgh, Weston by Ciltre, Wygyn|ton, Swereforde, Goryng, Estcote of the ffee that longeth to þe castell of oxonford, leges, Shaldeston, Elsfelde, Herdewyke, Turesmer, Craneforde, Tynforde, Treton, Euere, Radcliue, Bampton, Haurugge, Coleston, Messeworth, Clopham, Duke|lynton; In Wolgarcote all the tithe of the demayne; In bekeley, ij. parties of tithe of all þe towne; in Garsynton*. ['Karsintona' in the Latin; i.e. Cas|sington.], tithe of j. hide; In Baldynton, tithe of iij. hides; In Acle, tithe of all the town: therefore we will and sadly charge or ordeyne þat now þe saide church and chanons i-myndid of Oseney all the fornamed thynges, of our grauntyng and confirmacion and speciall grace, frely and hooly, in-to here owne vses haue and possesse, savyng in all thynges þe Bisshops customs and the dignite of þe church of lincoln. In-to witnenysse of þe which þynge, to this present writyng our seele, to-geder with þe seele off our Chapiter of the church of lincoln, we haue i-maade to be put to. Þe Date ix. kk. Julij In þe ȝere of our lorde M CC lix. and In þe ffirste ȝere of our Bisshiphode.

[39.]

About 1140. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Robert Doyly II, the founder, of all property acquired from himself or his tenants, with all per|quisites; and grant of exemptions from his feudal superiority, viz, right to hold court for their own tenants, free of suit to Doyly court|baron or Doyly view of frank|pledge, or Doyly mills or Doyly feudal claims; right to felon's goods of their own tenants; right to such escheats of their property as fall to the Doylys as lords of the manor; right to fines imposed on their tenants; exemption of Oseney and Oseney tenants from forced labours, or imprison|ment; grants of fishery and pan|nage rights, except in enclosed fish-ponds and parks; of common pasture; of right to take out of pound, on giving surety, cattle im|pounded, and to make good the damage by private treaty; of wood to repair houses and fences, and for fuel; of right to choose their own head, and to appoint and dismiss all their stewards.

KNOW all Cristen men that I, Robert Doylly*. [Name noted in margin.], haue grauntid, and with this present charter confermed, for me and myne heyres, to god and to þe church of Seynte Marye of Oseneye and to þe chanons there seruyng god foreuer, for my helth and of Edithe my wiffe, kynnesfolkes*. ['et parentum.'], and of my ffrendes, Page  43 in-to ffree pure et perpetuell almes, all londes Rentes tithes tenementes and possessions, both of þe church and of þe layse*. ['layfee' (i.e. lay fee) in the recitation in no. 93: 'tam laicas quam ecclesiasticas'; i.e. temporal and spiritual.], þe which þey haue of my yifte and of þe yiftes of my men, and which of me or my heyres and of my men þey may gete in tyme to be, in all my maners, with all liberteis and fre customs þe which euer I have i-hadde, or ony of my aunceturs, or in tyme to be [I] maye*. ['perquirere potero.'] gete or my heyres maye gete.

And I have i-grauntid also to þe same chanons and to þere successours, for me and for my heyres, that þey haue þere [folio 11a] courte foreuer fre*. [Marginal note: 'liberties.'] in all my maners of all þere men for all mysdoynges or defawtes wheresoeuer and whansoeuer and*. ['et undecunque evenerint.'] of what-soeuer þey happe; and þat þey and there men be quite foreuer fro all maner sutes of my courte foreuer fre in all my maners and of my heyres, and of lawday, and of such thynges þe which longen to vywe or lawday, and of all sutes of my mylles, and of all helpis tallages exaccions quarels or playntes and demaundis; and if*. [Marginal note: 'bona felonum.'] for fleyng or felonye oony of there men ofte to lese his catell, þey shall be of the chanons, withoute oony withholdyng to me or to my heyres; And if bestes or catall in londis or tenementes of the same chanons or of there men tenauntes*. ['vel eorum tenencium.'] be i-founde or arestid, I graunt, for me and my heyres, to þem and to þere successours what-soeuer*. [Marginal note: 'escaeta.'] thyng þerof to me or to oony of myne by lawe maye falle or shall*. ['vel poterit in perpetuum.'] mowe foreuer; Also if they or oony of þer men be*. [Marginal note: 'amerciamenta & fines.' The distinction, a vague one, be|tween these was, that 'amercements' were penalties imposed by the judgement of the affeerers where there was no fixed penalty; 'fines' were penalties where statute or cus|tom fixed the amount. This deed seems one of those used in fabricating no. 21.] amercyd agaynste me or my heyres or my Baylyffes or my men, for what-soeuer cause or trespase or forfete, all þe mercys and merciamentes and all fines and all profites and all owtynges of pleys þe which come forth of them or þere men shall be of þe same chanons, withoute oony withholdyng to me or to my heyres, wheþer hit be for a defawte or for oony oþer cawse. I have Page  44 i-grauntid also to þe same chanons, and to þere successours, þat noþer I noþer my heyres noþer none in owre name or*. ['vel ex nostris.'] of owre maye here-after axe of the forsaide chanons or þere succes|sours or þere men oony custom or seruice or bondage, noþere*. [Marginal note: 'not to imprison any man except for open theft or manslaughter.'] [þere] men in-to prison or in-to bondis or in-to stokke putte for oony trespace or forfete, but with open thefte or mansslautter vppon my demayne londis they be take and attachid. I will also, and surely commaunde, for me and my heyres, þat þe for|saide chanons and þere successours and þere men haue well and in peece*. [Marginal note: 'Nota fredom grete: fre fishings (commune).'], in all my maners wodis and waters pondis and ffischynges, fre fisshyng, and fre entrye and goyng oute and pannage of þere hogges quyte, outetake stywys and my parkes closid in. And that þey haue fre commune to þere shepe and hogges and to all other bestes in all my maners in*. [Read 'and': 'et boscis meis.'] wodis, and that þey be not Inparkid or pownyd but þey be i-founde in open harme; And if that happe, by borowgh þey receyue here bestes, and after by þe syȝght of lawfull men þe harme that þere bestes haue i-doo, oute of my courte, þey make hit to be amendid. To þese thynges we haue i-grauntid for me and my heyres howsebote and haybote and to be brenned resonably at here graunges, of my wodis*. [Marginal note: 'Nota: Marke well.'] in there places where I have wodis. Also I will and graunte, for me and my heyres foreuer, that þe saide chanons and successours mowe chese to þem and ordeyne*. [Marginal note: 'Nota this grete priuelege.'] a prelate to þere will, after þe decese of euery prelate, withoute lette of me or of my heyres; And þat þey maye putte, haue, and putt awey, in all here granges and þynges, kepers suche as semyeth to þem and to þere howse to be goode*. ['expedire.']. And þat þis my yifte graunt and confirmacion of this charter be stable and sure foreuer, To this writyng my seele I haue i-putte to. These witnesses*. [Enumerated in the recitation, no. 93.]et cetera.

[40.]

About 1200. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Henry Doyly II, of all grants made by his ances|tors and his tenants; and of the privileges and exemp|tions con|ferred in no. 39.

BE hit i-know to all cristen men both present and to be that I, Henry Doylly*. [Marginal note: 'Henry Doylly 2.'] þe soone of Henry Doylly, my lorde þe Kynges constable, haue i-grauntid, and with this present charter Page  45 have i-confermed, to god and to þe church of Seynte Marye of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, for my helth and of Sibille my wiffe and of Moolde my dowȝghter and for þe sowles of my fadur and modur and for þe sowle of my broþer Robert Doylly and for þe sowles of all my aunceturs, in-to free and perpetuell almys, all þe possessions of þe church and layfee þe which þey haue [folio 11b] of þe ȝiftes of myne aunceturs and of my ȝifte and of þe ȝiftes of my men, as þe charters of them witnysse, with all fredoms and fre customs and quytynges. I haue i|grauntid also to þe forsaide chanons that þey haue þere courte of þere men where-euer they will; and I haue relesed and quyte|claymed þem for euer, both Abbot and þe Couent of Oseneye and þere men, in all my maners fro þe sute of my courte, and fro sute of my Milles, and of all oþer sutes, but of these were*. ['ubi.'] lyfe and membre lyith to*. ['adiacet.'], And to þe lawday; so naþeles þat all mercys and mercementes and all fines and all profites and all goynges oute of pleis þe which come of þere men, vppon Euery side and whenne-soeuer and wheresoeuer þey falle, schall be of þe forsaide chanons, withoute oony withholdyng, oþere hit be for defawte or for [any other*. [Added from the Latin.]] cawse; and if oony of þere men for oony forfete hath i-flowe*. ['fugerit.'] and to ryȝght he wille not stande, and þe forfete be such for þe which his catell he ofte to lese, þey shall be fully of þe chanons. Also I haue i-grauntid*. [Marginal note: 'liberties.'] to þe forsaide chanons, for me and myne heyres, that noþer I, noþer my heyres, noþer none of our, maye hereforth or hereafter axe of þe forsaide chanons, noþer of þere men, oony custom or seruice or bondage, noþer þere men to put in-to prison or bondis or in|to stocke, but þe forfete be such for þe which he ofte to lese lyfe or membre. I will also and surely charge that þe forsaide chanons and þere men have well and in pece in all my maners here pasture to þere bestes and to þere shepe and hogges, as þe charters of my aunceturs and myne witnysse; and that þey be not Inparked or pynnyd, but þey be founde in harmyng, Where (A*. [i.e. a surety being given.] wodde I-ȝefe) þey may receyue þere catall, and after*. ['secundum legem provincie.'] þe lawe of þe contree for þe harme satisfye. I haue i-graunted to þem also (þat is to say, to þe forsaide chanons) that þey maye Page  46 ffrely putte, and haue, and putte aweye, in all þere þynges or goodis, the kepers such as þey know not*. ['quales sibi et domui sue noverint expedire.' The translator, thinking of dis|missal for incompetence, inserts the nega|tive.] to be goode to þem and to þere howse, & þat þis my ȝifte, et cetera.

[41.]

1152. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by pope Eugenius III, of all their estates, viz. of St. George's church and its belong|ings as in nos. 29 and 34, and a grant in|corporated in the spurious no. 21, with tithe in Cassing|ton, and of the churches of Bibury, Turkdean, Rissington, Marsworth, Hawridge, Letcombe, Foresthill; and of lands in Black|bourton. Anathema against violators of this deed.

EUGENYE, Bisshop, seruaunte of seruauntes of god, to his loued soonys Wigoode prior of seynte Marye of Oseney and to his brethren, both present And to be, chanons, et cetera. the for|saide church, in þe which ȝe ben i-ȝefe to goddis seruice, vndur seynte petur & our proteccion we take, and with þe priuilege of this present writyng we make stronge, ordenyng þat all pos|sessions and all goodis of*. [For 'of' read 'which.'] þe same church nowe ryȝghtfully and lawfully hath in possession, or in tyme to be by þe graunte of Bisshopis, ȝevyng of Kynges or of princys, by offryng of cristen men, or by oþer ryȝghtfull maners (our lorde grauntyng) ye may purchase, sure to ȝow and to ȝowr successours and vntastid*. ['illibata.'] byde þey. In the which, þese we wille in þere owne names to be schewed:—the church of Seynte George, with all his ryȝght that he hath within þe wall of Oxonforde and abowte, as owr worschipfull broþer Robert, Bisshop of lincoln, with resonable avise hath i-grauntid yow, and boþe he and our worschipfull fadur Theobalde, Archiebisshop of Caunturberye, popis legate, with þaffermyng of þere writynges haue i-made stronge; and, to þe same church longyng and hangyng, þe church of Seynte Marye Mawdeleyn, þe londe of Walton, with þe medys and other þynges longyng to hit, and þe tithe of þe same londe; In Cudeslawe, iij. hides of londe, with men and his oþere pertinences; In Ernycote, ij. hides of londe, with þe woode and his oþere pertinences; þe londe of Worton, with his pertinences; þe londe of Stowe, with his pertinences, and þe church of þe same towne; In sanforde, j. hide of londe, with his pertinences; Twey [folio 12a] parties of tithys of þese maners vndur|write, Hokenorton, Cudelynton, Burcetur, Harewell, Watlynton, Ardynton, Botrynton, ledecumbe, Burton, Asshe, pirye, Tywe, Wyke, Erdufley, Heyforde, Hampton gaytorum, ffullewell, Thrope, Bereforde, Shireburn of both courtis, Tetteburye, Whithull, Treton, Kenycote, Norton, Horspathe, Hensynton, Page  47 ludwell, Rolesham of both courtes, Blechesdon, Weston, Boken|hull, Stratforde, Westbury, Thornborowgh, Weston, Wygynton, Swerforde, Escote of þe fe þe which perteyneth to oxonforde; In clopham halfe of þe tithe of þe Demayne; In Barton, þe tithe of j. hide; In Garsynton*. ['In Kersintona' in the Latin; i.e. Cassington.], ij. parties of þe tithe of j. hide.

ffurþermor, of our worschipfull broþer John*. [John de Pageham, bishop of Wor|cester 1150/1-57.] bisshop of Wyrcetur, the church of Bibury*. [Name noted in margin.], with chapells, tithis and oþer pertinences, and þe tithe of here salte of þe Wyche*. [Marginal note: 'tithe of salt of Wyche.']; þe church of turkeden; the church of Rysynden; þe church of Messe|wurth; þe church of Haurugge; þe church of ledecumbe; þe church of fforsthull, with his pertinences; of þe yifte of Hugh Tywe, his londis of Burton*. [Name noted in margin. The Latin adds: 'and of Forsthull with their perti|nences.' Burton is Blackbourton. Wood's conjecture (City of Oxford, ii. 191) is wrong.].

ffor this we decree that hit be not lawfull to no man vtturly*. ['ut nulli omnino hominum liceat.' The double negative is a feature of this transla|tion.] frowardly to trobull þe forsaide church, or his possessions to take aweye, or to withholde them i-take awey, to make þem lasse, or to wery þem with oony vexacions, but that þey all clenly and hooly be keped for þe gouernyng And susteynyng of þem of þe which þey haue be grauntid to profite in all maner vsys, Sauyng þe lawfull ryȝght of the Bisshopis Diocesanys. Þerfore if oony persone of the church or seculer this writyng of our confirmacion will tempte frowardly to come agaynste hit, twyis or thryis i-warned, but he correcte his presumpcion with conuenient satisfaccion, he lacke or lese the dignite of his power and worschip, and lete hym know hym-selfe gilty to be to goddis Juggement of his wikudnesse i-do, and that he is alienyd or i-put fro the mooste holy body and bloode of god and of our lorde Ihu criste our agayne-byere Ihu criste, and be he vndur to þe streyte veniaunce in the laste doome. And to all kepyng to þe same place þere ryȝghtes be peece of our lorde Ihu criste, that both here þe frute off goode doyng þey take, and afore þe streyte Jugge þe rewardis of euerlastyng life fynde þey. Amen. In the yere of our lorde Ml Clij. of the Bisshiphode of pope Eugenye the iij., vij. ȝere.

Page  48

[42.] Thomas of saint Walerys confirmacion.

About 1192? Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Thomas of St. Valerie, of all grants made of his fee, with ex|emption from scu|tage.

KNOW þey that ben present and to be that I, Thomas of Seynte Walerye, by the counsell and peticion of Ele my wiffe and of goode men, haue i-grauntid [and] confermyd, for my helth and of myne and for the sowles of my aunceturs and of my Brethryn, to þe church of seynte Marye of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, all the possessions of my ffee to þe church of Seynte George þe which in the castell of Oxonforde is i-sett perteynyng, both of my lordshippis and of my tenaun|tries of my men, In men In londis and tithys and in all oþer thynges: to be holde, in-to fre and pure and perpetuell almys. And I will and commaunde that þe londis of them þe which*. ['terre eorum que de feodo meo sunt, solute sint et quiete.'] ben of my ffee be lose and quite fro scuage, tallage, & all oþer seculer exaccions to me perteynyng. These witnesses, et cetera.

[43.] a composicion betwene the towne of Oxford & Osney tempore Edwardi tercij confirmand. omnes libertates usque bokebynders brudge.

1376/7, Feb. 22. The dis|pute be|tween Oseney, and Oxford, as to juris|diction in Oseney and Warham|bank (no. 12), where Oseney claimed feudal lordship (as in no. 13), and the town of Oxford claimed municipal rights, was re|ferred to arbitration of the diocesan, whose verdict was that (i) Oseney should have abso|lute lord|ship within the site of the abbey, and in Oseney island and in War|ham-bank as far as Book|binders Bridge (which bridge is defined to be the bridge nearest Castle|Mills-pond), except that Oseney tenants within these limits shall pay their fair share of taxes granted by parliament to the king, and of the expenses of sending burgesses to par|liament, according to the old rate cus|tomary in the west suburb; (ii) Oxford should have full jurisdic|tion, east of Book|binders bridge between Hythe|bridge (north) and that bridge of the Cas|tle Mills which is near the Greyfriars (south), over Oseney tenants living there, reserving to Oseney tenants free use of the river|water and of the soil.

SITH*. [In the Christ Church MS. this agree|ment is in French, at this place; and an English version is given at folio 323.] diuerse debatis and Chalenges haue i-be i-mevid afore þese owres, betwene thabbot and Couent of Osney of the oone partie, and the Mayre and communite of oxonforde on the oþer partie, of the Kynges ffrauncheses and other thynges towchyng them, that is to say, of all þe partie of the Ile of Oseneye that longeth to þe Abbot and Couent, to-gedur with all ten [folio 12b] auntes vppon þe weer of þe Millis of þe castell of oxon|ford the which were the saide Abbot and Couent claymyn as parcelle of þere parte of þe Ile aforsaide, with-in þe which parte of þe Ile aforsaide to-gedur also with þe forsaide were þey claymyn vywe*. [MS. has 'rywe,' by a slip.] of franciplege (or lawday), and al-so-muche as longeth to þe laweday, catellys of ffugityfs and felons, sock sack tol tem and Infangenthefe, and that þe saide Abbot and couent, there tenauntes and men, shall be quyte of Shires hundredis wardes Daneyeldys & all pleis and oþer exaccions and quarels, outetake murthur and thefte i-preuyd; and with-in the same boundis the mayre and communes of oxonford claymyn all maner ffranchises as þey haue with-in þe towne of oxonforde, as Page  49 a parcelle of þe subarbes of þe sayde town; of þe which debates and chalanges þe parties aforsaide haue i-putte þem-selfe in sub|mittyng and ordinaunce of the bisshop of lincoln*. [John Bokingham, bishop 1363-98.] prayng hym as þere fadur spirituell to do bytwene them a finall discussyng and a goode a-corde in þat partie: þe saide bisshop sawe þe Euidences of þe oone partie and of þe oþer, and consideryng þe saide Ile*. [Marginal note: 'the Ile of Osney parte of the honour of saint Walery.'], al so well*. ['si bien la part . . . comme la part.'] þe partie of þe saide Abbot and Couent as the partie of the honowre of Seynte Walerye, and the ffraun|chises of þem, by goode avisement*. ['par bone deliberacione.'] in this wise he declared and Juggid*. [Marginal note: 'Note þe Juggement.'] finally in manere the which suyth: that is to say, þe saide Abbot and Couent haue ryȝght, as of þe fundacion of here church, to haue and to Enioye all þe ffraunchises and quytynges aforesaide, to þem and to þere successours, tenauntes, and receuauntes*. ['reseantz.'], in all þe Abbey of Oseneye and in all þe remanent of þe partie of þe saide Abbot of þe saide Ile of Osney as [far as] to*. [Marginal note: 'Nota, to bokebynder brugge the liberties of Osney to holde.' French: 'tanque al pont.' Oseney had its own court for its manor of Oseney; and claimed that the whole of Warham-bank was parcel of that manor, and so exempt from the mayor's jurisdiction. This claim was allowed only in part.] þe Brygge, and in all þe Brygge i-callid Boke|bynderbrugge, and in all the water*. [Marginal note: 'Waters.'] þe which renneth vndur the same brugge vnto þe Ryuer of themse towarde þe sowth and towarde þe North vnto þe Ende of þere ffree tenauntes so that no mylle*. [The town of Oxford (Wood's City of Oxford, i. 404) had acquired one moiety of the Castle Mills (the other moiety re|maining in the king's hands) and so coveted the water-power there. Hence the pro|hibition here stated.] þere be leuyd or sett*. [Alternative rendering: 'soit leue.']; And for alteracion*. [Should be 'because of dispute about': 'et par altercacione del nom du dit Pont.'] of the name of the saide Brugge*. [There were three bridges over the most easterly stream of Thames: (a) Hythe|bridge, most to the north; (b) Quaking|bridge, nearer to, but still north of, the Castle Mills; (c) a bridge south of the Castle Mills, possibly the one here called Bookbinders Bridge. The ground here at this time is shown tentatively in map iii, at end of Wood's City of Oxford, i.], for be-cawse þere be two brigges nyȝhe to|gedur, In this wise it is declarid by the saide Bisshop þat þe brigge þe which streecheth ouer the streme rennyng more nyȝhe þe Mille ponde of þe castell of oxonforde in þe west parte of þe saide ponde is þe saide brigge i-callid þe bokebynderbrygge; and that þe saide Maier and communes, þere heyres, ne succes|sours, by them, ne by þere mynsters, ony demaunde clayme or Page  50 execucion by cawse of Jurisdiccion or oony oþere cawse may do within þe precyncte aforsaide, outetake þat þabbot and Couent lette not þe saide tenauntes and receyuauntes that been or shall be with-in þe precyncte above-sayde to be contributours*. [Marginal note: 'with the comminaltie of Oxford to paye the Dyme, xvtene, sub|sidie, & to the brugijs [i.e. burgesses] of parliament expenses.'] with þe communite of oxonforde to þe dyme or quinsyme or fiftene or oþer subsidye*. [Alternative rendering: 'au disme ou quinszime ou autre subside.'] i-grauntid or to bee grauntid to þe Kyng In playne parlement*. ['en plein parlement.'] by the communyte of the Realme and to þe Burgeys spense*. ['et a les dispenses.'] to such a parlement i-chose, and so in þe same manere as þe tenauntes and receyuauntes the which been or shall be within the honowr of Seynte Walerye Doone and shall doo tyme to come and after þe saying of that þat*. ['et ce selonc l'afferant de ceo que.'] in olde tyme was i-woned to be sett in the parishe*. [i.e. St. Thomas' parish, with its north|ern districts, Stockwell (where Walton Street now is), and Twenty-acre (about Lit|tle Clarendon Street). Wood's City of Oxford, ii. 115, mistakes the meaning of the phrase.] of Seynte Thomas Stokewelle and Twentyacre þe which were i-wonyd in commune at such a contribucion to do*. ['a tiel contribucione faire.'] withoute Encrese vppon them by oony cawse to come or that maye Aryse in tymys to come, so that þe saide mayer and communite, here heyres, and successours, aquyte and discharge the sayde tenauntes and re|ceyuauntes of þe sayde Abbot and Couent that been or shall be within þe precyncte [folio 13a] abovesaide that þey shall charge at such contribucion with none oþere foreynys*. ['qils ne seront chargez a tiele contri|bucione faire ouesque (= avec) autres foreynz queconques.']. And also þe saide Bisshop hathe declarid and Juggid that þe saide Mayer and communyte, here heyres, and successours, haue ryȝht*. [Marginal note: 'liberties perteynyng to the Maire & commynaltye of Oxford & howe farre their liberties do extend.'] to haue and to Enioye all þe franchises and Jurisdiccion fro þe saide Brygge i-callid Bokebynderbrygge towarde þe Est bytwene þe Brigge i-callid the Hithebrigge and þe Brigge by-nethe the Millys of the castell of Oxonforde towarde þe ffrere Menoures of all here tenauntes and receyuauntes of the saide Abbot and Couent vppon þe were þere as þey haue within þe town of Oxonford, so that þe saide tenauntes and receyuauntes þe which been or shall be vppon the were above-saide be not i-lettid to vse And to haue frely þere Esement of þe water of themse*. [Marginal note: 'Nota.'] in honest Page  51 manere, and safe to þe sayde Abbot and Couent and to þere successours there free tenementes rentes and seruices and þere soyle*. [Marginal note: 'reserued to Osney the soyll on the water goyng to the mylles of the Castell.'] vppon þe same were as ryȝght of þe fundacion of þere church. And vppon þat as well þe sayde Abbot as þe saide mayre and communys haue greably assentid to þe sayde Declara|cion and Juggement so i-doo by þe sayde Bisshop, as above hit is i-sayde, And þey holde and afferme for a-corde and fynall Juggement and discussion for all dayes of þe oon parte [and of the other*. ['et de l'autre.']] withoute gyle or Euyll Engyne. In-to witnysse of þe which þynge to þe oone parte of this Endenture abydyng to þe saide mayre and communyte þe saide Abbot and Couent haue i-put þere seele, and to þe oþer parte of þe Same Endentur abydyng to þe saide Abbot and Couent þe saide mayre and communyte haue i-put þere commune seele. And for gretter and more surete and witnysse of þe acorde and of þynges abovesaide þe saide Bisshop hath i-putt his seele to þe oone and to þe oþer parte of þe same Endenturs: i-ȝefe, or þe Date, at london the xxij. day of ffeuerer the yere of þe regne of our lorde Kyng Edwarde þe iij. after þe Conquest þat is to say of Inglonde lj. and of ffraunce xxxviij.

[VIII. Of the Meadows beside Oseney*. [Titul. VII, somewhat incorrectly, was supposed to continue to this point: i.e. 'Howe þe church of Seynte George was i-ȝeve to the chanons of Oseney.' The English MS. had, however, ceased to give it as a headline.]]

[44.]

Explana|tion of phrase in no. 12.

NOTA that whenne hit is i-saide in A Charter of Robert Doylly owr foundar 'And all þat is myne in the forsaide Ile of Osneye' hit is to be vndurstande of all þabbey of Osney, with hegges, wallys, and Gardeyns, with þe mede i-ioyned to hit that is i-callyd Orchardysmede.

[45.]

Reference to no. 12, and to its confirma|tion in no. 25.

SEKE þe forsaide charter above In þe title of þe funda|cion of Oseney And furþermor how 'I Henry Doylly þe secunde haue i-ȝeve to þe forsaide chanons for þe sowles of my kynnes|folkes and for my helth and of myne all my mede þe which is at þe weste of þere Courte of Oseneye in-to perpetuell almes free and quyte fro all seruice,' et cetera.

Page  52

[46.]

About 1240. Extract from charter by Philippa, countess of Warwick, granting two mea|dows near Oseney, and pas|ture-rights in West|Oseney.

KNOWE all men, et cetera. withinne ffurþermor that þe seyde Countesse*. [Philippa Basset, co-heiress of Thomas Basset, lord of Headington, widow of Henry de Newburgh (died 1229), 6th earl of Warwick.] hath i-grauntid for her and for her heyres to þe Abbot and Couent and [folio 13b] to þere successours that þey haue þere closes in goode pece and holde þem foreuer, þat is to say, þe close of þe hamme [of the fee*. [Added from the Latin.]] of Doylly and of Seynte Walerye be-hynde þe fullyng [mill*. [Added from the Latin.]] of Oseney, and þe close that þey haue of þe ffee of Henry Symeon, et cetera. as within þe title of 'Hedynton,' in þe which charter is i-conteyned that 'þabbot may haue xxti bestys in Westoseney*. [An island, between streams of Thames, immediately to the west of the abbey, as figured in map ii. to Wood's City of Ox|ford.] after þe hey is i-mowe and i-leuyd vn-to Myȝhelmasse and after myȝhelmasse as many as he will.'

[47.]

About 1180? Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Henry Doyly (? I), of meadow.

TO all cristen pepull to þe which þis present writyng shall come Henry Doylly, our lorde Kynge's constable, helth. Know ȝe all þat mede*. [Marginal note: 'Mede.'] that lyeth be-yonde [þe] water the which is i-called Eldee towarde þe west and is nyȝhe to þe Burgeys medis of oxonforde þe which [are] of the ffee of Hedyndon, that*. ['quod videlicet pratum . . . est col|latum.'] is to say, þe mede to þe chanons of Oseney of me for my helth and of my aunceturs is i-yeve, is of my ffee and of my aunceturs. In-to wittnysse of this þynge, to this present writyng my seele I haue putt to. Witnysses, et cetera.

[48.]

1239, Aug. I. Sale to Oseney, by Humphrey de Monte, of 16 acres in Bulstake mead, subject to quit-rents of 1d. to the mesne lord, and 5s. to the chief lord, with 8d. 'to the mower.' Purchase|money, £4.

Know þey that been present and to be that I, vmfrey of þe mounte þe Soone of Gylberte of þe mounte, for my sowle helth and of þe sowles of my aunceturs, ȝafe and grauntid, and with my charter confermed, for me and myne heyres for euer, to god and to þe church of Seynte Mary of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, all my mede with þe pertinences that I had in the mede þat is callid þe mede of Bolestake*. [Marginal note: 'bolestake Mede.'], withoute oony agayne-holdyng to me or to my heyres for euer, þat is to say, xvj. acris, were-of x. acris lyen bytwene the mede [of*. [Added from the Latin.] Henry son of Henry and the mead of William de gardino of Botelee, and vi. acres lie between the mead] þat Roger of Page  53 Boteley helde and þe mede that Robert Mercer sumtyme helde: to be had and to be holde, to þe saide church and chanons for euer, in-to ffre and perpetuell almes, with all þe ryȝght that longeth to þe same mede (with þe pertinences) [that] I haue or I had or Euer myȝght haue, well and in peece, ffrely and quietly, yeldyng þerof yerly to me and my heyres j. d. at Estur at Oseney for all seculer seruice exaccion custom Sevtes and Demaundes in all thynges þe which of my lond or for my londe may be axid, Savyng to þe chefe lorde of þe ffee the rent of v. s. in tyme of heying and to þe mower viij. d., þe which þe same chanons shall quyte. And I vmfrey and my heyres all þe forsaide thynges to þe forsaide church and Chanons for Euer shall warantize agaynste all men and women, that, if, for Defaute of my warantyzing or my heyres, harmys or Expensis þey renne in, whe shall satisfye them by the syȝht of lawfull men of our oþer londis. And for þys yevyng grauntyng and warantizyng þe saide chanons yafe to me vj. marke of siluer. This charter was i-maade at Oseney att þe feste Seynte petur Ad uincula, The ȝere of þe reyne of Kyng Henry*. [Marginal note: 'Henricus 3, Rex Anglie.'] þe sone of Kyng John xxiij. And that this my ȝevyng grauntyng and warantiȝyng abide sure and stable for Euer, with this present wrytyng and puttyng to of my seele I haue i-strengthit hit. The witnyssis, et cetera.

[49.] Quyte-clayme of xxiiij. s. goyng owt of bolestake Mede & other parcelles.

1248, June 10. Surrender to Oseney, by Henry III, of rent|charges over Oseney property, viz., in Oxford|shire, out of Bulstake mead, 9s.; and out of meads at Bampton, 5s. and 3s. 4d.; and in Bucks, in Southcot, 6s. 8d.

HENRY, By the grace of god Kyng of Inglonde, lorde of Irlonde, Duke of Normandy, and Erle of Aungye, to all Baylyffes and his true men helth. Knowe ȝe vs in the waye of cheryte to haue i-relesid to thabbot and Couent of Oseney and þem quyte to haue i-claymed, for vs and our heyres for Euer, of xxiiij. s. ȝerly to be i-ȝelded of þe londes the which þey holden of oure [folio 14a] seriaunt Mys*. ['seriaunt Mys' in MS., in error for 'serjauntyes': 'de nostris seriantiis.'], that is to saye, in Oxonforde-shire of þe mede of Bolestake withoute Oxonforde þat is of þe seriaunty of Gilbert of Mountes ix. s., And of A mede withoute Bampton þe which is i-callid Huntmede that is of þe seriauntye of Richard de la mare v. s. And of þe mede that is i-called Page  54 Burewege that is of þe Seriauntye of Henry de la mare iij. s. iiij. d. And In Bokyngham-shire of j. ȝerdelonde with þe pertinences in Suthcote þat is of þe Seriauntye of William of Seynte Clare dj. marke. In-to witnysse of this thyng these our letters we haue i-made to be i-made patent, My-selfe witnesse, at Wynchester x. daye of June In the yere of our reame xxxij.

[50.]

About 1170. Excerpt from grant to Oseney, by Ralph Boterell, of meadow at Oseney, as in no. 217, and confirmed in no. 218.

BE hit i-knowe to all true men of holy church þat I, Raph Boterell, prayng and willyng Julyan my wife and Johan her Dowghter, ȝafe and grauntid, in-to ffre and perpetuell almys, to þe church of god and of Seynte marye of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, et cetera. And within et cetera And þe mede*. [Marginal note: 'Mede.'] that is by þe courte of Oseney of þe oþer side of þe water: for þe which mede þey shall yelde Euery seynte John Baptiste day euery yere to þe church of seynte ffrideswith for me xiij. d. for all seruice. [This*. [Added from the Latin.] grant I have made to them free and quit from all service] bothe ryalle and oþer and all exaccion, in þe chapiter of þem afore þe Couent, And vppon þe Auter, also with my wife I offerid hit: þese witnyssys. This my*. [Omit 'my.'] Charter is i-write hole in þe title of Hokenorton. And note þat we haue a con|firmacion of William Horevile and of Johan his wife vppon þe forsaide charter, þe which is Above in þe title of Hokenorton, et cetera.

[51.] quyte-clayme of ij. s. et cetera owt of Gocesham.

About 1190. Grant to Oseney, by Thomas de la grave, of meadow, subject to 2s. quit|rent to Heading|ton manor.

KNOWE þey that present be and to be that I, Thomas ffiȝt ffulcon. de la Grave, yeve and graunte, in-to fre and perpetuell almys, to þe church of Seynte Marye of Oseney and to þe chanons þer seruyng god, all my mede of Gocesham that Geffrey ffiȝt Durande helde: to be holde ffrely and quietly, sauyng ij. s. þe which þe same chanons of þe same mede yelden for me and my heyres to þe maner of Hedynton yerely at þe feste of Seynt M[i]chȝhell. Truly I toke in my hande for me and my heyres to warantiȝe to þe same chanons þat tenement ouer all and agaynste all men. Of this our yifte, et cetera. Þe witnysse, et cetera.

Page  55

[52.]

About 1210. Sale to Oseney, by Adam, porter, of 2 acres and 4 butts of meadow, subject to quit-rents, 2d. to the mesne lord, 3s. to the chief lord, with 2d. to the mower. Purchase|money, £4.

KNOWE þey that been present and to bee þat I, Adam Porter of Oseney, haue i-ȝefe, grauntid, and with my charter confermed, to þabbot of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, all my mede that I holde of Water Cole þat lieth bytwene Bolestake and þe mylle of Boteley, that is to say, ij. acres and iiij. buttes: to be holde of me and of my heyres for Euer, ffrely and quietly, worschipfully and hooly, yeldyng þerof*. [Marginal note: 'Mede.'] to me and to my heyres yerly ij. d. at Myȝhelmasse and to Water Cole iij. d.*. [Latin: 'iii. solidos.'] and to þe Mower ij. d. for all seculer seruice. And I Adam porter and my heyres shall warantiȝe to þe forsaide Abbot and Couent þe forsaide mede agaynste all men and women. And if þe forsaide ij. Acris and iiij. Buttes to þe forsaide Abbat and Couent we may not warantiȝe, all my londe of his ffee that I haue in seynte Thomas parish [folio 14b] shall abide quyte to þem. And for this yifte and graunte the forsaide Abbot and Couent ȝafe to me in Rewarde*. ['in gersummam.'] vj. marke of siluer. And þis yifte graunte and warantiȝyng truly to be holde I adam porter for me and my heyres haue I-pliȝght my trowth and with my seele puttyng to haue i-strenghthe hit. These witnyssys, et cetera.

[53.]

1226, July 14. Agreement between Oseney and Einsham abbey, in respect of counter claims about tithes, Oseney receiving a perpetual lease of Einsham interest in meadows near Ose|ney, paying 5s. to Heading|ton manor, excusing 6s. due from Cassington by Einsham, and paying to Einsham 13s. on July 20. Oseney also is to pay the mower.

TO all cristen men to þe which this wrytyng shall come, prior of lantony, Archedecun and Deene of Gloucetur, helth in our lorde. Knowe ye all þat whenne, by diurese letters afore vs and afore þabbot and prior and Deene of Abendon of Delegatye of our lorde þe pope Honory þe iij., whas a plee betwene þe lorde Abbot and Couent of*. ['Oseney' follows in MS., and ought to have been struck out.] Enysham of þe oon partye, and lorde Richard, Abbot, and Couent of Oseney of þe oþer partie, vppon tithis of heye of þe saide Munckes of þere medys by Oseney liyng, and vppon a yerly rente of vj. s. for þe ferme of þe tithis of þe saide chanons of Kersynton*. [i.e. Cassington.], and vppon þe peyne of xl. s. [and] vppon interesse of þe same chanons by-cause agaynste þe mynchuns of Wrokeshale and vppon summe despites, at þe laste after many altercacions vppon þe saide all axynges of Euerych oþer and mony wronges vnto þe tyme of makyng of this writyng i-meved, þe stryves*. ['lites.'] betwene þe saide howses thys frendely restyd: þat is to say, þe Page  56 saide Abbot and Couent of Enysham grauntid and toke*. ['concesserunt et tradiderunt.'] to þe saide Abbot and Couent of Oseney all þere mede of Bolestoke*. [Marginal note: 'betwene thabbotes of Eynesham & Osney for bolestake mede & the hammys &c.'], with ij. hammys lyyng be-hynde þe courte of Oseney towarde þe sowth, to be holde of þem and to be had in þe name of a perpetuell ferme, for xxiiij. s. yerly in þis maner to be payde, þat is to say, v. s. to þe chefe lorde of Hedyndon at þe terme of Seynte John Baptiste, and vj. s. by relese þe which þe saide chanons maade to þe saide Munkes vppon þe vj. s. in þe which þe same Munkes were i-holde to þem for þe saide tithis [of] Kersynton for*. ['pro solutis habendis.'] i-paide i-had, And þe xiij. residue s. at þe fest of Seynte Margarete at Oseney to þe Secresten of Enynsham or to his certeyn messynger þe saide chanons yerly withoute agayne|saying and Cauillacion shall paye, And euermore þe saide chanons ofte to susteyne þe Burdon*. ['onus' in the Christ Church MS.; 'onus consuete mercedis messarii,' in the Cotton MS.] of þe mower of þe saide mede: And þe saide Munkes been i-holde to þe warantiȝyng of þe saide fferme. Also þe bothe parties haue i-subiecte þem-selfe by goode feyth to our Jurisdiccion, of þe consent*. ['de consensu'; scil. of the parties.], for euer to constreyne both by censure of þe churche (apelyng i-put aweye) to þe kepyng of þe forsaide thynges, notwithstandyng þe com|posicion betwene þe parties a-noþer tyme vppon þe saide tithis i-made, þe which naþelesse in oþer artikuls in þe composicion i-contente in þere surenysse shall abide. And that this com|posicion sure and stable abide for euer, both parties also with our seeles haue i-strengeth hit with þere seeles. Thes thynges were i-doo at Oxonforde in seynte Marye church þe thride fferie after þe ffeste of þe translacion of Seynte Benet, þe yere of þe Incarnacion of our lorde MlCC xxvj., afore Master Roger Caunt|lowe and Reginalde Chapeleyn of þe church of Seynte Oolde of Oxonford vndur*. ['subdelegatis nostris.'] our Delegates, þe dede of þe which we by þe popes auctorite strengthe. Þese witnysse:—

[54.] betwene thabbot of Osney & the Pryor of ffrys|wyse [about] the tyth hey of the meades of Northam, Pytmeade, Hallcwer, Brademore [et cetera].

1225, May 22. Contro|versy be|tween Oseney and St. Frides|wyde's, about tithes of hay and corn in several places near Oxford, were re|ferred to arbitrators, by whose offices Oseney surren|dered to St. Frides|wyde's all claim to tithes in Thomley; and to cer|tain tithes in Put|mead, Halkwere and Brad|more; and to half of tithe of Wyvelsey: St. Frides|wyde's sur|rendered to Oseney all claim to tithes of meadows west of Oseney and to tithes of Nor|tham: the tithe of 'the lynch' to go with that of the meadow to which it belongs, or to be divided: expense of getting tithe-hay of Wyvel|sey to be shared. Oseney to have tithe|hay of Andrew of Cowley; and tithe of Hulc mills so long as held by present tenant. Oseney also to have a quit-rent (challenged by St. Frides|wyde's) of 9d. in St. Mary Mag|dalen parish.

KNOWE*. [The Latin text is in Wigram's Cart. S. Frid., ii. 31. The Oseney Latin text is more correct.] all cristen men that whenne, bytwene Richard, Page  57 Abbot, and Couent of Oseney and Simon, prior of Seynte ffrideswith, moony stryves were i-meved afore Jugges fro þe pope Delegate and also afore Arbitrars of þe commune consent of parties i-chose, that is to say, Archedecon of Wircetur and his co-arbitrars, vppon tithe of heye of all medes of þe ffee of Hedyndon withoute þe courte of Oseney towarde þe west liyng; [folio 15a] and vppon þe tithis of þe heye of þese medis, Northam, Pitmede, Halcwere, Brademore; and vppon þe tithe of Corne and heye of Andrewe of Coveley; and vppon þe tithe of þe corn of all þat porcion of telthe lying be-yonde þe Hospitall of seynte Bartholomew towarde þe Est þe which was commune pasture of Coveley; and of þe tithis of Corne of þe prior and Couent of seynte ffrideswith in Cudeslawe, with*. ['Comyng-therof-offrynges' is an alter|native rendering with 'obvencions,' for a single Latin word. So also 'profittes' and 'prouentes.' The Latin runs:— '[super] obuencionibus, oblacionibus & aliis parochialibus prouentibus servientium suorum ibidem degencium.'] þe obuencion[s] or comyng þerof offrynges, offrynges, and oþer parishall prouentes or profittes of þere seruauntes þere levyng; and vppon þe tithis of corne and heye of half j. hide of þe prior þe which was of Henry Bewfiȝt in Thumele*. [Thomley, a hamlet of Waterperry parish: Wigram, Cart. S. Frid., ii. 154, 157.], with þe obuencions, offrynges, small tithis, and parishe servyng*. ['et parochiali sequela.'] of þere men þere levyng; with þe tithis of þe telthe þe which is i-called Bradmore berewes: with þe tithes of A telthe þe which is i-callid Gilbers*. ['giberis,' a 'cultura' in Walton.]; with*. [Latin [et super] 'gravamine': the grievance being that St. Frideswyde's had bolstered up some claims by producing forged deeds: cp. no. 5. Wigram's Cart. S. Frid., i. 44, describes a forged deed, purporting to be of date, 1201.] þe greve that hath i-come by þe rente Encresed of langeneye, In the charter of Eldrede*. [The Foundation Charter of Ethelred, 1004, is printed in Wigram's Cart. S. Frid., i. 2.] Kyng and [in] þoo oþer Instrumentes by þe which þe church of seynte Marye Mawdelen, or oony thyng in hit, oþer tithis of Northam, may be i-calengid of*. ['of' = 'by': 'decime . . . vendicari possint a Canonicis S. Frid.'] þe chanons of seynte ffrideswith, with renouncyng of þe vse of suche Instrumentes of periury of þe same chanons; and vppon þe tithis of þe Milles gryndyng corne in þe courte of Oseney, And of all officis þe which been i-sett be-yonde*. ['ultra veterem cursum illius aque que vocatur Ealde-ee versus occidentem.'] þe oolde curse of þem þat is i-callid Eldee and towarde þe weste, and vppon obuencions and oþer parysshall profites of seruauntes in þe same Page  58 offices lyvynge; and vppon þe tithis bothe of corne and of heye of Middeleye, with þe obuencions and oþer parisshall profites of seruauntes and of oþer men þere levyng; and vppon þe tithis of all þe telthe þe which lieth vppon þe Kynges hye weye nyhe to þe telthe of Wynterbroc vnto þe Hospitall of seynte Bartholo|mewe; and vppon þe processions*. [Ascension-day long retained, and still in some places retains, its processions 'beat|ing the bounds' of parishes: cp. Wood's Life and Times, iii. 15.] of þe churchis of seynte George and of seynte marye Mawdelen in þe assencion daye of our lorde; and vppon þe tithis of þe heye and of þe Milles and of þe ffisshynges of Robert Hulc; and vppon [þe tithis*. [Added from the Latin: 'omnium ter|rarum cultarum de feodo de H.'] of all the tilled lands of the fee of Hedendon on] þe weste partie of Charewell, outetake þe tilthis of Northam, berecrofte, and oþer tilthes with-in þe bondes*. ['limites.'] of Seynte Marye Mawdelen: at þe laste, by masters Robert officiall of lincoln and [the] Archedecun [of Lincoln] and Adam Archedecun of oxonforde mediatours bytwene þem, all þe saide controuersies whare i-sesed frendely for Euer in this maner:—Þat is to say, for þe goode of per|petuell peece, þe saide Abbot and Couent of Oseney haue i|grauntid to þe saide prior and Couent of seynte ffrideswith all þe tithes of Corne and heye þe which þey were i-woned to take of þe hide of þe prior In thumele; and also all small tithis and tithis of heye of putmede and Halcwere; and tithis of heye In Bradmore when þey haue i-gete hit*. ['eas,' scil. decimas.]; & half þe tithis of heye of Wyuelseye*. [Or Wyueleye. The boundaries of Cut|slow (Wigram, Cart. S. Frid., ii. 207) suggest that this was a meadow there.]: And saide prior and Couent of Seynte ffrides|with haue i-grauntid to þe saide Abbot and Couent of Oseneye that þey haue pesible all tithis of medis of þe ffee of Hedyndon withoute þe Courte of Oseney towarde west, and that þey ioye pesible þe tithis of þe Medis of Northam, all quarelyng for Euer vppon þe saide tithis relesyng to þe saide Abbot And Couent afore i-meved: And if þe litull mede that is i-callid lynch haue i-be longyng of Northam or Halcwere*. [Northam was on the north of Oxford, on the Cherwell. 'Lynch' was a meadow, surrounded by a stream of Cherwell, which might go either with Northam on the south or with Halcwere on the north.], þat hangyng*. ['appendicium.'], shall be of þat parte to þe which hit is hangyng*. ['appendicium.'], and if it be of noþer hangyng, be hit departid betwene parties: and þey Page  59 haue*. [So also in Latin, but must be in error. St. Frideswyde's has already received its half; this should have been given as Oseney half.] i-grauntid to þe chanons of ffrideswith þe oþer partie of tithes of heye of Wyuesley, of þe which mede þe tithes with commune conselles and expenses of[t] to be i-gete and gaderid. Ouermore, þe tithes of þe heye of Andrewe of Coveley, fully and pesible, shall be i-paide to þabbot and Couent of Oseneye: Also þe tithes of þe heye and of þe mylles and of þe ffisshynges of Robert Hulc as longe as he is parisshen of Cudelynton by *. ['ratione illius tenementi.']skele of þat tenauntrye, And if (after þat same mannys decese R.*. ['R.' is deferred out of its right place. 'Si autem, post decessum eiusdem R., canonici. . .'] [the] chanons of Seynte ffrideswith wille holde hit in here owne hande with pertinences, hit*. ['erit de dictis decimis, sicut ius dicta|verit.' For the final agreement as to this point see no. 76.] shall be of þe saide tithis as þe lawe yeveth: and other peticions And quarels (vppon oþer [folio 15b] þynges above i-named, and vppon small*. ['Small' is in error for 'mutual' or cross-actions. 'super mutuis [in the Cotton MS.: mis-read in the Christ Church MS. minutis] peticionibus pene L. marcarum.'] peticions almoste of l. marke, and of axynges of Expenses by-cawse of Stryves i|maade) i-mevid, both parties to euerche oþer haue i-relesed for Euer; thynges i-doo afore naþelese and composicions of lange|neye and vppon þe church of Seynte Marye Mawdelen sumtyme betwen parties i-maade þorowgh all here articles in þere strenght abidyng. Þe chanons also of Seynte ffrideswith full restitucion of A rent of ix. d. of A grounde sumtyme*. ['de terra quondam Siredi.'] fired in þe parisshe of Seynte Marye Mawdelen to þe same church shall do; and to*. [Omit 'to.' 'et canonici Oseneye. . . remiserunt.'] þe chanons of Oseney þere accion Haue relesed, and quarell vppon that rent i-mevid. Also both parties consentid that þe compromisse i-maade to-gedur bytwene þem of þe saide thynges be nawȝht and be i-cancellid; and hit is renouncid to þynges i-purchased*. ['et renunciatum est impetratis, quan|tum ad. . . .'] as to þo contrauersys and þynges above-named. And þe saide Abbot of Oseney and prior of Seynte ffrideswith, for þem-selfe and þere couentes, seyng the holy þynges, that in goode feithe and withoute Gile this composicion þey shall kepe in all thynges and neuer shall Imagyne*. ['nunquam aliquid in eius preiudicium machinabuntur.'] vnto oony preiudice of hit. Þese thynges were doo þe yere of þe Incarnacion of our Page  60 lorde MlCCxxv, xj. kk of June, in þe Chapell of Seynte Nicholas at Osneye: and that all these thynges abide sure for Euer, they ben i-seeled with þe seeles of Both Howses, and of þe saide Abbot and prior, also and with seele of þe worschipfull Archedecuns, et cetera.

[55.] betwene thabbot of Osney & the pryoresse of lytlemore.

1223/4, Febr. 3. Agreement between Oseney and Littlemore priory, by which Oseney granted Littlemore a perpetual lease of the tithes of hay of a meadow near Ose|ney, for 2s. quit-rent.

THIS is Covenaunt i-maade Betwene sire Richard Abbot and Couent of Oseney of þe oone party, and þe lady priorisse and Couent of litulmore of þe oþer partye, þat where þe saide Abbot and Couent had i-Drawe þem in-to plee, afore Jugges of our lorde pope delegate, vppon tithis of heye of þer mede þat is betwene þe court of Oseney and of Henxhey and Is i-callid Snellesey: at þe laste, ffrendely þe saide chanons grauntid to þem þe saide tithis for ij. s. yerly, in þe name of A fferme of them to be holde for Euer, in two termes of þe yere to þem to be i-paide, that is to sey, At Estur xij. d. and at þe fest of seynte Miȝhell xij. d.; and, last by procese of tyme oony strife or question be i-sprunge vppon þe saide tithis, or þat þat is i-doo of þe same tithis betwene parties to be callid agayne in-to dowte or to be made vnsure by oony maner, þis writyng is i-made, of þe which oon partye i-seled with seelis of þe saide chanons abideth to þe saide prioresse and couent, And þe oþer partye i-seled with seelis of þe same mynchons to þe saide chanons. Also þe forsaide Abbot and Couent þe forsaide tithis as þere owne with þere owne costes [shall*. [Added from the Latin.] defend] for þem-selfe and for þe saide Minchons. Þese þynges were i-doo at Abendon in þe grete church In þe morowe of þe purificacion of þe blessed virgyn, þe yere fro þe Incarnacion Ml CC xxiij.

[56.] friswid gyueth to osnye iij. s. yerly rent for relese of ij. s. vj. d.

About 1180. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by St. Frides|wyde's, of a meadow held of their house by quit|rent of 3s., and accept|ance, by way of pay|ment, of surrender of 2s. 6d. due to Oseney for tithes, and of 6d. out of an Oxford quit-rent due to Oseney.

PHILIPPE*. [The Latin text of the Oseney grant to St. Frideswyde's is in Wigram's Cart. S. Frid., ii. 244.] prior of Seynte ffrideswith and all þe Couent of þe same place to all true men of our holy modur þe church Page  61 helth. Knowe ye vs to have i-grauntid, and with our seele pryntyng to haue confermed, to þe chanons of Oseney that yifte þe which William Hereville and Johan his wiffe [made*. [Supplied from the Cottonian MS., communicated by Rev. H. Salter.] to them of the meadow which the said William and Joan his wife] holde of vs for iij. s. yerly to be i-paide at þe ffest of Seynte John Baptiste for all seruice, that is to say, that lieth by þe courte of Oseney be-yonde þe water, whereof þe forsaide William maade to vs homage and hath our Charter, sa þat þe forsaide chanons of Oseney þo iij. s. þe which þe saide William and his heyres ofte to vs þerof, for hym and for his heyres, to vs ȝerly at þe forsaide terme shall paye, And þat þe chanons of [folio 16a] Oseney, for þese iij. s. and for here deliueryng, relesed to vs xxx. d. þe which we haue i-owyd to pay to þem ȝerely for summe tithis of Escote (vppon þe which hit*. ['Super quibus transactum fuit inter nostram ecclesiam,' i.e. 'translacion' for 'transaccion.'] was A translacion whas i-maade betwene our church and þem afore Jugges Delegate), and for vs haue assined þe oþer vj. d., þe which he shall paye Euery daye at þe saide terme of seynte John, to thomas ffiȝt Eilrice and þe heyres of hym, of a londe þe which he holdeth of þe forsaide chanons of Oseney within þe Borowgh of oxonforde for ij. s. ȝerely, so þat we no-thyng more*. ['nihil amplius quam vi d.'] of þe same thomas and his heyres maye axe. These witnesse, et cetera.

[57.]

1223/4, March. Decision in favour of Oseney, by papal commis|sioners, appointed April 28, 1220, in a suit against various Oxford citizens, for tithe of hay of meadows near Ose|ney, and award of costs of the suit to Oseney.

TO all cristen men to þe which þis writyng shall come Robert by þe mercy of god [abbot] and Osbert prior of Haben|don euerlastyng helth in owr lorde. To all yowre knowlege we wille hit come, vs to haue i-take owre lorde þe pope-is com|maundement in þe wordes:—

Honory, Bisshop, seruaunt of þe seruantes of god, to yowre*. [Read 'our.'] beloued sonnys, Abbot*. [Omit 'Abbot.'] of Redyng and of Abendon Abbotes, and prior of Abendon, of Saresbury Diocese, helth and þe apostels Benyson: our beloued sonnys Abbot and Couent of Oseney in here planyng shewed þat Richard Clerke and summe oþer of lincoln and Saresbury dioceses, vppon tithis possessions and oþer thynges to þere church of Seynte George of ryȝght longe*. [Read 'longing': 'de iure spectantibus.'], wronge*. [i.e. do wrong: 'iniuriantur.'] to þe same. Þerfore to yowre discrecion, by þe Page  62 apostels writyng, we commaunde (þat þe partes i-callid) ye hire þe cause, and þat that is ryȝght (appelle i-put a-backe) ye ordeyne, makyng þat þat ye ordeyne by þe censure of þe church surely to be kepid, and þe witnysses that ben i-named (if þey, for grace, hatrede, or drede, with-drawe þem) by þe same censure (appelle cesyng) constreyne to bere witnesse to þe trowthe; and if ye all to þese þynges to be executid may not be*. ['non . . . potueritis interesse.'] atte hit, ȝit at þe leste tweyne doo execucion. Date at Viterbe, þe iiij. kk. of may, of our Bisshophode þe iiij. ȝere.

Þen for*. [Read 'þerefore': 'igitur.'], by þe auctorite of this maundement, abbot of Redyng, our ffelawe Jugge, hym-selfe at*. ['ad totam causam.'] all þe cause excusyng, þe which was i-meved betwene Richard Abbot and Couent of Oseneye, of þe oon party, and Henry ffiȝt Symon, Philippe Miller, Symon Balehorn, Rordan rede*. ['rufum.' Read 'Iordan.'], William Were*. ['Bere.'], Oriot wydwe of Oeyen, Anneys wydwe of John Burewalde, John Pady, Richard Stocwell, Alurey Elmel, Robert oerre, Andrewe Halegoode, Milon Baker*. ['pistorem.'], of the oþer party; Abbot and Couent of Osneye by a procutor*. ['per procuratores': 'procutor' seems to be a shortening, in the direction of 'proctor.'], Philip Miller, S. Balehorne, and John Rede*. ['Iordano ruffo.'], in here owne persones, and oþer afore-named by procutours*. ['per procuratores': 'procutor' seems to be a shortening, in the direction of 'proctor.'] in our presence i-sette, þe striffe vppon tithis of heye of þe forsaide men, that is to saye, of þe medes þe which lye withoute the courte of Oseneye towarde þe west i-witnessed, and witnesses to*. ['ad probandam intentionem.'] þentente of þabbot and Couent of Osneye to be proued afore vs i-browght forth and examined, by*. [Omit 'by.' 'iuris ordine, circa publica|cionem attestacionum dictorum testium productorum et partium disputacionem, per omnia observato.'] ordre of lawe abowthe þe pubblisshyng of [the attestations] þe saide witnisses i-browthȝ forth and þe disputyng of parties thoroght all thynges i-kepid: When*. ['Cum nobis de causa liqueret, renuncia|tionibus productionum testium et allega|cionum hinc inde factis': i.e. both parties declared they had no more oral testimony (testes) or written statements (allegaciones) to produce.] it was opyn of plee, renuncyng of þe bryngyng forth of witnesses and the allegacions hidis*. [Read 'hidir' (hither and thither).] and þere i-doo, whenne fully it was i-preued by feythfull men þat þe saide medis*. [Marginal note: 'vppon the tythes of certeyn Mede lying without the Courte of Osney towardes the west.'] of þe forsaide places of oxonforde was of þe parish Page  63 of þere church of seynte George, or of seynte Marye Mawdelen þe which longeth to þe same church of seynte george, and noþyng whas i-proued in-to contrarye, þe grace of þe holy goste i-called*. ['invocata.'], þe tithis of heye of þe forsaide mede i-axid, with þe counsell of wise men and of men of lawe sittyng*. ['assidentium.'] to vs, þe saide [aduersaries*. [Added from the Latin.] being present, and of the said] aduer|sariis beyng absent þe procutours in þere name beyng to, þe tithis of þe hey of þe forsaide medes*. [Marginal note (of later date): 'quaere if it be not the meades that mr. president of corpus christi colledge;' referring no doubt to Botley causeway, constructed about 1530 by Dr. John Claymond across these meadows: Wood's City of Oxford, i. 437.] to be i-paied for parish ryȝght for euer to þabbot and Couent of Oseneye by [folio 16b] sentence diffynyng*. ['per sententiam diffinitivam.'], we haue i-Jugged. Moreouer we haue þe forsaide aduersariis in-to resonable expensis to þe saide Abbot and Couent condempned. In-to þe strengh and witnysse of this thyng, to þis writyng present owre seelis we haue i-Juggid worthy to put to. These thynges were i-do in þe chapell of Seynte Nicholas at Abendon, In þe moneth of Marche, þe yere of þe Incarnacion of our lorde anno Ml CC xxiij.

[58.]

About 1220. Excerpt from a grant to Oseney, by Simon Balehorn, of (amongst other gifts) 6 acres of meadow.

KNOWE þey þat ben nowe and to be þat I, Symon Balehorne of oxonforde, haue i-ȝeve grauntid lefte and haue deliuered and with þis present charter confermyd, for me and my heyres, to god and to þe church of Seynte Marye of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, all þe londe, et cetera. Also vj. acris of mede*. [Marginal note: 'Mede.'], where-of iiij. lye by þe mede that sumtyme whas of Robert Mercer, of*. ['de quibus eciam sex acris.'] þe which also vj. acris alyne Smyth*. ['Alanus faber.'] helde sumtyme ij. acris, and Hugh Carpenter oþer ij. acris, and John Sewy oþer ij. acris, and þey lye By þe mede of þe lorde of that ffee, and all þo vj. acris strecche þem-selfe vn-to þe water þat floweth fro Bolestake, et cetera. This charter is i-write hole with|inne þe title of 'þe parish of Seynte Marye' of þe Borowgh of Oxonforde.

Page  64

[IX. Of the Weir near Oseney]

[59.] The locke of Osney.

About 1180. Grant to Oseney, by Bernard of St. Valerie, of a lock on Thames, and the water|course which fed Oseney mills.

BE*. [The MS. marks nos. 59, 60 with a big marginal bracket, and has, opposite the beginning of 59, the marginal note: 'shewe the Rolle in latten for this.'] hit i-knowe to all true men of holy church þat I, barnarde of Seynte Walerye, haue i-ȝeve and grauntid, and with my present charter confermed, to þe church of god and of Seynte marye of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, my goter or locke*. ['gurgitem meum.'] by themse, with þe course of water þe which rennyth to þe myllis of þe Same chanons In osneye, in-to ffre pure and perpetuell almes, [quiet] fro all Seculer seruice and Demaunde, for þe helthe of my lorde þe Kyng Henry and myne and of Anor my wife and of Bernarde my Soone and of my oþer ffrendes. These witnesses, Gerarde my nevowe þe Vicounte*. ['vicedomino de Pinkeni.'] of pinkeny, Master John of Brideporte, and oþer.

[60.]

1315. After sworn evidence of a jury of fourteen, Oseney had leave to put a board in Oseney lock, and, if neces|sary, also a 'fillet.'

A INQUISICION i-made for þe planke and philete to be i-put in þe loke.

Inquisicion i-take By William of Hakeburn, þen Baylyffe of þe hundrede withoute þe Northȝate of oxonford, þe yere of Kyng Edwarde*. [Marginal note: 'Edward 2.'] þe Soone of Kyng Edwarde þe ix, by þe oþe of Gilberte Shipton, william of Eynysham, of Adam Tilhurste, Robert queynton*. ['Quenintone.'], William Broun, Robert Grynder, Water Wareborowgh, Hugh of Barton, John leyge, [Richard*. [Added from the Latin.] of Blox|ham, Walter of Hereford, Walter mareschal, Robert of Legge] William Weston, þe which seyne by þere othe that þabbot of Oseneye shall put in his locke on table*. ['ponet . . . unam tabulam.'] of þe brede of ij. fote and dj. with iij. borys or holys, And if hit be nede and lacke of water he*. ['su[per]ponet unum filetum.'] shall vppon put oon philet of þe brede of halfe a foote. In-to witnysse of thys thyng þe forsaide swore men haue put to þere seelys. i-ȝeve at oseney þe day and þe yere a-forsaide.

Page  65

[61.]

About 1142. Grant and confirma|tion to Oseney, by Maud, empress, of (a) Ald|were, exempted from quit|rent of 4s.; (b) quit|rent of 5s.5d.½d.¼d. (see no. 14); (c) Lang|ney; (d)dowager|queen Alice's gift (no. 83); with manorial jurisdic|tion.

MOOLDE themperice, þe dowghter of Kyng Henry, and lady of Englissh men, to Archiebisshops Bisshops Abbotes Erles Barons Justices Schreves Mynsters and to all her true men Englisshe and ffrenshe*. [The Latin observes the Norman order, 'omnibus fidelibus suis, Francis et Anglis.'] of all Inglonde helth. Knowe ye me to haue i-yeve and to haue i-grauntid, in-to perpetuell almes, to god and to seynte Marye of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, for þe state and stabylnesse of þe Reame of Inglond & þe helth and welefare of my lorde Erle of Aungye and of my*. ['et liberorum meorum.'] ffree childron and for my [folio 17a] ne and for þe sowle of Kyng Henry my fadur and of quene moolde my Modur & of our aunceturs and for þe helth of my sowle and remission of my synnes, þe goter or locke*. [Marginal note: 'The locke called aldewere.' Oseney rentals place it in St. Michael at South Gate parish. It was, perhaps, the lasher of that mill which afterwards became the mill of the Black Friars.] þat is i-callid aldewere, fre and quite, þe which was i-woned to pay by yere to my fferme of Oxonforde iiij. s.; And with-in þe borowgh of oxonforde, v. s. v. d. ob. qua. þe*. ['quos reddere solebant, de Langabulo per annum, de terra illa qu[a]e dicitur "Octovirgate regis" cum burgabulo et omnibus aliis rebus.' Landgable was a small payment to the Crown by certain houses in towns. Oseney charters indicate that perhaps one house in five paid it. In 1142 Oseney held about twenty houses in Oxford, the landgable of which amounted to this 5s. 5¾d. This landgable was col|lected by the bailiff of the king's property in Beaumont, called the 'Ehtyerds of the King,' 'octo virgate regis,' being two hides in extent. In the Pipe Rolls the allow|ance to Oseney of these exemptions of 4s. and 5s. 5¾d. is regularly recorded.] which þey woned to pay of þe langabule by yere of þat londe of þe londe of þe Kyng viij. yerdes, with Burbabull*. [In an original charter of King Stephen to Oseney (now at Christ Church) the word appears as 'Brugable.' It was a pre-Norman tax paid by certain houses for the right to brew. When (in 1280) the Cartulary was compiled, the scribe seems not to have known the meaning of the word, and to have tried to explain the word as 'burg-gable.'] and all oþer thynges and customs to þe same londe perteynyng; And þe Ile of langeneye with all thynges perteynyng to hit, þe which Geffrey Chamburleyne of Glymton a-fore me*. [i.e. in my presence: 'coram me.'] to þem in-to almes grantid and quite-claymed; and j. hide of londe of Staunton þe which lieth at Hanborowgh by þe Brigge of Bladon as quene Adelide ȝafe hit to þem, for þe sowle of Kyng Henry my fadur and with her charter confermed. Wherefore I will and surely charge þat þe forsaide church and chanons þe forsaide tenauntries holde, well and in peece, worschipfully frely and quietly, with socke, sacke, tol, and them, and Infangenthefe, Page  66 and all oþer customs and fredoms þe which they had whenne þey were in þe Kynges lordeship. These witnesse, et cetera.

[62.]

About 1225? Quit-claim to Oseney, by William (son of Elias), fisher, of his in|terest in Aldwere.

TO all cristen men to þe which this present wrytyng shall come William ffiȝt Helie ffissher*. ['piscator.'] helth in our lorde. Knowe ye all me to haue relesed and quite-claymed, for me and myne heyres for euer, to Richard*. [Probably Richard de Grey,abbot 1221-9.] Abbot of oseneye, my locke*. [Marginal note: 'The said locke.'] or goter þe which is i-callid Aldewere, and all my ryȝght in hit þat I had or myȝght haue. And þat [this] relese and quyte|clayme be sure and stabull for euer, This present writyng with my scele I haue i-strengthid. These witnesses, et cetera.

[X. Of the Chapel of St. Thomas]

[63.]

Legend that St. Thomas's church was built be|tween Sept. and Dec. 1142.

Duryng*. [The heading in the Latin is, 'De Capella sancti Thome.' In the English MS. there is a (later) marginal note here: 'Saint Nicholas Churche.'] þe sege of þe castell of oxonforde of Kyng sthephyn, þe which moolde themperice in þe saide castell longe segid, was beeldid þe chapell of Seynte thomas (for þe parisshons of Seynte George in-to þe castell myȝht not come ne entre): and hit is to be knowe þat hit was i-beeldid vppon þe ffee of Seynte Walerye vppon þe halfe of þe x. and vij. acris þe which to vs ȝafe bernarde of Seynte Walerye, as hit is i-schewed by þe charter folowyng.

*. [[NOTE.—This is not the place to discuss a very interesting, but most obscure, point in Oxford topography, as to which Anthony Wood himself is more than usually hesitating (City of Oxford, ii. 112-7). Still, since it is distinctly brought up in these documents, the facts may be briefly set down. (A) Between Oxford Castle and the site of Oseney stands St. Thomas' parish church, now, and for long back, the mother church of the west suburbs of Oxford: see Map at beginning of Wood's City of Oxford, ii. (B) No. 66 describes the founding of a chapel near the gate of Oseney. Were (A) and (B) separate or the same? What were the date and occasion of their foundation and refoundation, or dates and occasions of their foundations? Oseney tradition, set out in no. 63, may at once be dismissed. Could a church have been built, on the sudden inroad of war into Oxford west suburb, between Sept. and Dec. 20, 1142? Could a church have even been begun, almost within bow-shot of a hotly-besieged castle? The most probable solution of the difficulty is to take nos. 64 and 66 together, and no. 65 as referring to a distinct building. In no. 65 we have the grant by the diocesan of a semi|domestic chapel, apparently within Oseney island, probably destroyed at the dis|solution. After Oseney, in 1152, obtained possession of St. George's in the Castle (no. 23), the abbey may reasonably be supposed to have provided a more convenient church for its large parish in the west suburb of Oxford. This would account for the Church of St. Thomas the Martyr, which seems to be implied in no. 66.]]
Page  67

[64.]

About 1180. Grant to Oseney, by Bernard of St. Valerie, of the mediety of 17½ acres beside Oseney.

KNOWE all men bothe present and to be that [I], Bernarde of Seynte Walerye, ȝafe and grauntid, and with this present charter confermed, to þe church of god and of Seynte Marye of Oseney and to þe chanons þer seruyng god, halfe of x. and vij. acris and halfe j. acre of my lordeship in oseney, þe which lye at þe northe next to þe courte of þe same chanons and to þe tenement, of þe which acris þe lenght Is i-strechid fro þe wey by þe which me goeth*. ['a via qua itur.'] fro Oseney to þe church of Seynte George, vnto þe water þe which rennyth to þe Millis of þe same chanons, in-to fre and pure almys fro all seruice, sauyng þe ryȝght of our lorde Kyng, for þe helth of my lorde Kyng Henry and myne and of Anor my wife and of Bernard my sone [and*. [Added from the Latin. The repetitions are singular, and suggestive of forgery.] of my other children and 'parents' and my friends, and specially for the soul of Reginald my son] and for þe sowles of my fadur and modur*. ['pro animabus patris et matris.'] and of moolde my wife and of Symon my vncle and of oþer kennesfolkes*. ['parentum.'] and of my frendes, (and*. [The bracketed clause is brought in here by the translator, who had noticed his omission, as above.] speciall for þe Sowle [folio 17b] of reynolde my sone). This yifte I made in þe Abbey of Oseney where I a-boode In a lente*. ['cum moram facerem in ea in quadam quadragesima'; also suspiciously vague.].

[65.]

About 1190. Grant to Oseney, by the diocesan, of a chapel just outside Oseney gate, for use of ser|vants and guests, free from synodals, and privi|leged as Oseney itself.

TO all cristen men to þe which þis present writyng shall come, Hugh*. [The witnesses—Stephen, chancellor of Lincoln; Roger of Rolueston (became dean of Lincoln 1195, died 1223); Nigel, dean of Oxford,—attach this to Hugh of Avalon, bishop 1186-1200.], by þe grace of god Bisshop of lincoln, helth euerlastyng in our lorde. Knowe ye all owr beloued Sones Abbot and chanons of Oseney A chapell of our assent and wille afore þe ȝate of here courte in þere owne grownde to haue i-made, to þat specially that in hit to þere seruantes and giftes*. [Read 'gestes': 'hospitibus.'] or also to þere parisshons in*. ['in ipso confinio.'] that cooste dwellyng, whenne*. ['cum commodum eis fuerit, divina celebrenter.'] hit is goode to þem, diuine thynges to be done: and laste þe same brethrin, by cause of this chapell, with vnryghtfull vexynges or exaccions here-after be i-weried, We decree þat chapell for Euer free to be fro Sinodall and to Enioy all þe Immunitees þe which þe monastery Enioyeth. Þat this be rate and ferme with Page  68 this writyng and our seele puttyng to we avised to be strengthid. Þese witnesseses, et cetera.

[66.]

About 1222. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by the pope, of a chapel, possibly dedicated to St. Nicholas.

HONORYE*. [Honorius III, pope 1216-27.], Bisshoppe, seruaunt of þe Seruauntes of god, to þe beloued soones Abbot and Couent of Oseney helth and the apostls blessyng. Þe apostell see is woned to graunte to þe goode desires and honest praieres of axers beniuolente fauor to parte*. ['to graunte . . . to parte' translates the one word 'impartiri.']. Þerfore, our beloued Soones in our lorde, to yowr ryȝghtfull praiers Inclined, þe chapell of Seynte Thomas with his pertinences, all ye*. [For 'all ye' read 'as': 'sicut.'] ryȝghtfully lawfully and pesible ye haue hit, [to you], and by*. ['vobis, et per vos monasterio vestro.'] ȝow to your monastery, by thapostels auctorite we conferme and with þe help of this writyng we make hit stronge. Þerfore to [no] man vtturly*. ['nulli ergo omnino hominum liceat.'] be hit lawfull this writyng of our confirmacion to breke or to hit come agayne*. ['vel ei contraire.'] with frowarde boldenysse: and if oony man that to assay wille presume, indignacion of almyȝghty god and of þe Blessed apostls petur and powle knowe þey þem-selfe to haue i-cumme inne. Þe Date at lateranne, et cetera.

[67.]

About 1200. Grant to Oseney, by Thomas of St. Valerie, of two strips at North Oseney to make a road along|side of the land in no. 64, and of a right of ford there, provided that his meadow is not damaged. and that if the grant exceed 6d. in yearly value Oseney pay the excess as a quit|rent.

KNOW þey that be present and to be þat I, Thomas of Seynte Walerye, haue i-yeve, grauntid, and confermed with my present charter, to god and to þe church of Blessid marye of Osney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, for me and my wife and for þe sowles of my fadur and my modur and of my aun|ceturs, in-to pure and perpetuell almes, ij. sellions or buttes of lond to a wey*. [Marginal note: 'a waye.'] to be made at northoseney*. [North Oseney (afterwards the site of Rewley abbey) was an island, amid streams of Thames, next Oseney to the North: map ii. in Wood's City of Oxford, ii.] by þe Diche of þe londe of þe forsaide chanons þe which*. [i.e. londe.] Bernarde my fadur ȝafe to þem with þe roses pathe*. ['cum Roseo': possibly, the 'rushy' path.] that is bitwen þe forde that is i-callid Uuerforde*. [Marginal note: 'Vuerford.' Cotton MS. reads 'Were-ford.'] and þe londe of þe chanons, þe wey In lenght strecchyng hit-selfe fro þe forsaide forde vnto þe howse þe which [was sometime] of Water lingedraper: þe forde also (that is of my ryȝght), and*. ['et, in utraque parte, ascensionem et descensionem.'] In eyþer [part] goyng vppe and goyng downe with-oute*. [MS. has 'downe with with oute.'] harmyng of my mede. And hit Page  69 is to be know that I haue forgefe to þe same afore*. [Read 'to the same afore-named chanons the ferme': 'condonavi canonicis prenominatis firmam.'] many chanons of ferme of vj. d. if so moche be to be paid; And if oony thyng ouer þoo vj. d. to be paied, þey shall paye hit to my cheker at þe fest of Seynte Myȝghell. This wey, with þe Above-saide thynges, to þe forsaide chanons I graunte, to be holde of me and myne heyres, frely and quietly, well and pesible for Euer, with-oute vexyng. And [þat] this my ȝifte and graunte sure & vnbroke abide, hit with þe witnesses of this present writyng and puttyng to of my seele, [I] þowght worþy to strenghte: þese witnisses, et cetera

[XI. Of Medley (near Oxford)]

[68.]

Note that Oseney and the Wyke were held of Oxford town, at a quit-rent of 13s. 4d.

HIT is to be remembrid howe we haue Midleye and þe Wike and oþer pertinences of þe yifte of þe Burgesis of oxon|forde, paying to þe same for þe yifte and warantiȝyng j. marke of [folio 18a] siluer, þe which truly marke þe saide Burgesis asseyned to þe priory of ffrideswith [to*. [Added from the Latin.] be paid by our hands, for the penalty laid on them] for þe deth of clerkes sumtyme hangid of*. [i.e. by them: 'ab eisdem.'] þe same.

*. [[NOTE.—Two things, widely apart in time, are to be distinguished in this memorandum. First, is the conveyance (reason not stated) of Medley to Oseney by Oxford town in 1147, the quit-rent (no. 69) being 6s. 8d. Afterwards, this quit-rent was doubled (no. 70), on fresh warranty being given. A sufficient reason for this warranty is found in the claim made for possession of Medley by St. Frideswyde's priory (Wigram's Cart. S. Frid., i. 36-8), which the town staved off (1191) by agreeing to pay 8s. yearly to the priory. In 1209 happened the 'sus|pensio clericorum,' for which the town was laid under interdict. In 1214, the town submitted and agreed to pay a sum yearly to the University through St. Frides|wyde's and Oseney; changed in 1219, to through Einsham. The assignment of the 13s. 4d. quit-rent to St. Frideswyde's by the town is no doubt part of the 1214 arrangements. Wood's City of Oxford, i. 330, wrongly dates the affray in 1144, to make it coincident with the original conveyance of the island.]]

[69.] Mydley: of the gyfte of the Citiȝens of Oxford.

1147. Grant to Oseney, by Oxford town, of Medley island, quit-rent 6s. 8d.

BE hit i-knowe to all true men of holy church both present and to be that we, Citesyns of oxonforde, of þe commune of þe Cite and þe yelde of marchauntes, for þe stabulnese of all þe Page  70 reame and state and welth of our Kyng ande quene and of here Soones also and for owr helth and of all our and for þe Sowles of our fadurs and modurs and of our aunceturs, yefe and graunte, in-to perpetuell almes, to þe church of god and of Seynte Marye of Osney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, our Ile þe which is i-callid Midley, with all thynges to hit perteynyng In londes & medes and in pastures, with all þe same liberteis and customs þe which þere owr aunceturs had with ffre grauntyng of Kynges, and we after them, so naþeles that euery ȝere þe same chanons pay dj. a marke of Siluer for that same tenure or holde*. ['or holde' is an alternative rendering of 'tenura.'] where we shall commaunde. This yevyng and grauntyng we haue i-maade with þe commune assent in portemannet*. ['portmanmot.'], and this we made in þe chapiter of Oseney Afore þe chanons of þe same place, and In þe presence of William Chenet our Aldirman, and*. ['et per eum et postea cum ipso super altare cum textu obtulimus.' Does 'cum textu' refer to the oath on the gospels, as in nos. 154, 219?] by hym and afterwarde with hym vppon þe Auter with texte we offerid hit. Of this ȝifte and graunte Witnisse Edwarde*. [Should be Everard.] Abbot of Thame: þese witnesses, et cetera.

[70.]

About 1192. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Oxford town, of Medley, as in no. 69, but with 6s. 8d. added to the quit|rent be|cause of warranty now given.

BE hit i-knowe bothe to men that be nowe and to be þat we, Citisens of Oxonford, of þe commune of þe Cite and of þe Marchaundis yelde, for owr helth and of our and for þe Sowles of our kennesfolkes and of our aunceturs, graunte, and with our present charter conferme, to þe Church of Seynte marye of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, þe yifte þe which our aunceturs maade to þem of þe Ile of Midley with his pertinences, so that Euery yere at þe fest of Seynte Mighell þe same chanons paye dj. j. marke for þis tenure where we shall commaunde þem, as witnesseth þe charter of our aunceturs þat þey maade to þem of þe yifte of þe same Ile. ffurþermore, for|asmoche as we haue i-take in our hande, for vs and for our heyres, to warantiȝe þe forsaide Ile to þe same chanons in Euerych place and*. ['et versus omnes homines.'] to all men, þey for this warantiȝynge shall paye to vs and to our heyres Euery ȝere at Estur a-noþer dj. marke, þe which þey shall take*. ['tradent.'] to whome we wille bidde; and we and our heyres feyȝhtfully shall warantiȝe to þem þe Page  71 forsaide tenement by þe seruice of þe forsaide marke yerly for all thynges and all seruices. This our grauntyng and con|firmacion we haue i-made with þe commune counsell of þe Cite, and with þe communall Seele haue i-confermed hit. And þese ben þey þe which þis grauntyng and confermyng haue i-made Nigell that tyme Deene of Oxonforde, John Kepeherme and Henry fiȝt Sigrim þen Aldirman, laurence Kepeherme and thomas of tadmarton, þen pretores or pletoures*. [Latin is simply 'tunc pretores.'], petur ffiȝt Geffrey, and other*. [Latin is 'etc.'], and all þe commune of þe Citisyns of þe Cite of oxonford.

[71.]

About 1155. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Henry II, of no. 69.

HENRY, Kyng of Inglonde, Duke of Normandye and of Gien, and Erle of Aungie, to Robert*. [Robert de Chesney, bp. of Linc. 1148-66.], Bisshoppe [folio 18b] of lincolu, and to þe Barons of oxonfordeshire and to þe Citisyns of oxon|forde helth. Knowe ȝe me to haue i-grauntid, and to haue i-confermed, to þe church of god and of Seynte Marye of Osney and to þabbot and Couent þere seruyng god, for my helth and of myne, þat ȝifte þe which þe Citisyns of Oxonforde haue i-maade to þe church of Seynte Marye of Osney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god [of] þe Ile*. ['de insula.'] þe which is i-callid Midleye, so þat Euery ȝere þe forsaide chanons paye dj. a marke of Siluer for þat tenure where þe same Citisyns wille com|maunde, as þe charter of þe forsaide Citisyns witnesseth. Wherefore I will and*. ['et firmiter precipio'; 'or charge' is an alternative rendering.] Surely commaunde or charge þat þe chanons holde well and In peece, and frely and worschipfully, nowe þe saide Ile*. ['iamdictam insulam.'], as Euery*. [Read 'ever': 'unquam.'] oony man hit best or worschip|fulliste helde. Witnisses Thomas*. [Thomas Becket, chancellor 1154-62.] owr chaunceler, Richard of Hum, Gocell, of*. [Joscelyne de Bailol.] Bayll.: at Sausburye.

[XII. Of Walton (in north suburb of Oxford)]

[72.]

Reference to nos. 2. and 21.

HIT is to be membrid that þabbot of Oseney hath in Walton Diuerse londes and tenementes perteynyng to þe Chapell of Seynte George, as hit is i-schewed above in þe title of Page  72 'þe ffundacion of þe saide chapell of Seynte George' and in þe title 'How þe church of Seynte George was i-ȝeve to vs.'

[73.] [Controversy] betwene Osney & Godstowe.

1192. Contro|versy between Oseney and Godstow, about tithes and parish dues in north suburb of Oxford, ended by Oseney conceding them to Godstow, and God|stow promising to offer yearly 2 wax|candles at Oseney as homage.

TO all þe soones of our holy modur þe church to þe which this present writyng shall come, W. and W. of Cumbe and of Thame Abbotes, helth in our lorde Euerlastyng. Knowe ȝe all þat whenne, bitwene þabbot and chanons of Oseney ande thabbesse and Minchons of Godestow, was i-stered*. ['controversia verteretur': 'or strife,' as usual, is an alternative rendering of the Latinism.] a con|trouersie or strife, vppon þe tithis of men of þe forsaide chanons and Walton and parisshens and tithis of xxti acris, þe chanons saying þe same parisshens and tithis to longe to þe church of Seynte George (þe which is þere owne) of olde ryȝght, and þe Minchons affermyng þe same parisshens and tithis to longe to þe church of Seynte Gile (þe which þey haue) of ryȝght: at þe laste, this maner Ende*. ['huiusmodi finem controversia ipsa sortita est.'] that controuersie or stryfe fortunyd to take. Truly þabbot and Couent or chanons of Oseney, for þe love of god and of þe forsaide Mynchons religion sake, grauntid to þem in-to perpetuell almes all þe forsaide parisshens And tithis, of them for Euer to be holde, payng þerof ȝerely ij. Serges*. ['duos cereos.'] of iij. li. of waxe, þe which (semely made or diȝth*. ['quos (decenter paratos).']) vppon þe Auter of Seynte Marye of Oseney in þe vigile of þe Assumpcion of her afore Euensonge þey ofte to Offer. for this cawse we, to þe which our lorde pope Celes|tine þe iij. this cause committid to be herde and (apell i-put awey) with dewe Ende to be termined, þis forsaide composicion, By þe Autorite i-ȝeve to vs by þe pope, conferme hit and [by] þe puttyng to of owr Seeles we make hit Sure: The which also to more Surete, with þe seele of Bothe Chapiters Is i-strengthid. This composicion was i-maade þe ȝere fro þe Incarnacion of owr lorde anno Ml anno*. [Dittography in MS.] C. iiij.xx. xij.

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[XIII. Of Water-eaton (north of Oxford)]

[74.]

Reference to nos. 12, 16, 13, 14, 18.

HIT*. [All the property, up to this point, had been 'in the bailiffship of Oseney.'] is to be Mynded þat we haue the towne of Eton of þe ȝifte of Robert Doylly þe soone of Nigell Doylly, with þe pertinences; and of þe confirmacion of Henry his soone, And of Kynge Henry þe ffirst, and of Aliȝaunder Bisshop of lincoln, and of pope Eugenye þe iij., as hit is aboue in þe title of 'þe fundacion of Oseneye.'

[75.]

Water|eaton on Cherwell.

IN þe Baylifhoode of Eton*. [Nos. 74 and 75 are enclosed by a bracket, and noted 'Eton.'] ben i-conteyned þese vndur-write:—Eton, Carsinton*. [i.e. Cassington.], Woodeton, þe Mill of Hulc, Cudeslawe, ffrees, Hanborowgh, and Worton.

[76.] [Controversy] betwene Osney & ffryswys.

1227/8, Jan. 19. Agreement between Oseney and St. Frides|wyde's, as to tithe of Hulk mills, a point left unsettled in no. 54, that at any time dur|ing which the priory has the mills in hand 2s. yearly shall be paid to Oseney in commuta|tion of tithe, but when the mills are farmed out the ten|ant shall pay tithe to Oseney in the usual way. St. Frides|wyde's servants in the mills to pay parish dues to Kidlington.

BE hit*. [Latin text of the St. Frideswyde's deed is given in Wigram's Cart. S. Frid., ii. 211.] i-knowe to all men that when, bitwene Sire Richard Abbot and Couent of Osney of þe oon partie and Sir Symon prior and couent [folio 19a] of Seynte ffrideswith of þe oþer partie, was i|sterede a controuersie [vppon*. [Added from the Latin.] þe tithis] of þe Mille[s] of þe same chanons of Seynt ffrideswith, þe which Robert Hulc helde in þe towne of Watereton; and vppon þe tithis of heye of þe mede to þe same Milles perteynyng; and vppon tithis of ffisshyng per|teynyng to þe same milles, whenne þe Article vppon þe same mille[s] and tithis in þe composicion i-begunne bytwene parties vppon þe tithis and oþer thynges abode vndetermined: at þe last, þey consentid with oone wille vppon Maister Roger Cauntelow and mayster N. of þe Woode that by þem þe ques|tion shuld be determined: so, at þe last, strife and controuersie afore þem i-mevid in this maner frendely hit restid, that is to say, þat þe saide chanons of Seynte ffrideswith [in the name of tithes of the church of Cudelinton] shall paye for þe saide tithes to þe chanons of Osney [ii. s.] ȝerely at þe ffest of Seynte Miȝghell; and if hit hap that þe saide chanons of Seynte ffrides|with þe saide Milles to*. [An excellent place for the double meaning of take = (i) to give, (ii) to take. The Latin is: 'Si . . . canonici . . . molen|dina aliis quibuscunque tradiderint, tunc qui receperint illa molendina . . . solvant,' etc.] oony oþer take, þen þei which take þe Page  74 Milles, while þey holde þem [shall pay] þe tithe[s] of þe for|saide Milles mede and ffisshyng to þe saide chanons of Osney (þe chanons of Seynte ffrideswith in þe mene-while fro þe ȝevyng of þe saide ij. s. Deliuered); but if þe same Milles with þe pertinences þey take agayne, lete*. ['Currat praefata solutio dictorum ii. s. sicut prius.'] renne þen þe payng of ij. s. as afore, so þat no more, in þe name of tithis, of þem al so longe as þey holde þem in þere handes may be axid. The chanons of Seynte ffrideswith haue i-grauntid also þat þere seruantes in þe forsaide Milles parisshe ryȝghtes to þe church of Cudelyngton pertey[ny]ng (in þe parisshe of þe which þe Saide Milles ben i-sette) doo, as þey haue i-woned and ofte*. ['Debuerunt.']. Þese thynges were i-actid att Seynte ffrideswith afore þe saide Masters R. and N. þe daye*. ['die Mercurii.'] of Woden nexte afore þe feste of Seynte Vincente þe ȝere of þe Incarnacion of owr lorde anno Ml CC xxvij. In-to þe strength and witnesse of þe which thyng þe forsaide parties, to-gedur with þe Seeles of þe saide masters, to þis present writyng put to þere seeles. Þese witnesses, et cetera.

[77.] A charter*. [Wigram, ii. 209-10, has Latin text both of the Oseney grant by abbot Clement (died this year, 1221), and of this St. Frideswyde's grant by prior Simon.] of þe prior of Seynt ffrideswith and of þe chanons of þe same place of þe sute of Eton.

1221. Grant to Oseney, by St. Frides|wyde's that Oseney de|mesne-land and tenants shall be free from suit, and from multure|fines, to Hulc mills, and that if Oseney or Oseney tenants choose to have corn ground there, their doing so will not be made a pretext to revive the claims; Oseney sur|rendering 2s. tithe|rent-charge in Elsfield and agree|ing to pay 6s. 8d. yearly.

TO all cristen men to þe which þis present writyng shall come Symon þe saide prior of Seynte ffrideswith and þe Couent of þe same place helth in our lorde. Knowe ȝe all vs to haue quyte-claymed and vtturly to haue relesed to þabbot and Couent of Oseney þe Sute of þere men in Eton and Cudeslawe, now beyng and to come, þe which Sute þey had i-woned to doo of Olde to owr Mylle that Is i-callid Hulces Mylle, or*. ['siue ex gratia siue ex debito.'] of grace or of Dewte, noþer*. ['nec unquam, obtentu antique con|suetudinis, aliquid in eorum molitura vendicabimus.'] neuer by þe olde chalenge getyng of custom comyng in þere gryndyng shall chalenge, noþer of þe Demayne of þe forsaide Abbot And Couent, and what-so-Euer of ryȝght we haue in þe forsaide gryndyng of þem or of þere aforsayde men we relese hit for Euer, with-oute reclaymyng; And if in oony tyme hit will please to þe forsaide Abbot and chanons Page  75 or Couent of Oseney*. [Insert 'that.' The Latin is: 'Si . . . placuerit . . . conuentui Oseneie familiam proprie curie . . . siue homines suos . . . accedere, nullius secte debitum, huiusmodi occasione, exigemus.'] the maynye of here owne Courte of Eton, or þere men, for cawse of gryndyng, to our Mille Come, of no Sute Dewte, by such maner, we shall axe or chalenge of þe forsaide maynye or men. And for this renuncyng and quite|claymyng, þe forsaide Abbot and Couent of Osney remittyng to vs ij. s. þe which we paide to þem ȝerely for certeyne tithis in El[s]efelde of oolde, þe forsaide Abbot and Couent shall paye to vs ȝerely halfe a marke of Siluer in þe ffest of Seynte Myȝghell. And þese thynges of Both parties beth feythfully and spedely to be kepid we haue Surely behestid*. ['promisimus.'], with-oute Gile or Cauilla|cion. And that this Couenaunt betwene vs i-begunne abide sure and vnbroke, with þe surete of this present writyng and by puttyng to of owre seele we haue i-strenghtid hit. Þese witnesses,*. [Vivian, son of Ralph, sheriff of Ox|ford: which was 5-6 Henry III, 1220-2.]et cetera.

[78.] A composicion bitwene vs and þe Howse of Enesham of þe Demayne of amise in Karsynton*. [Marginal note: 'Kersynton and Wodeton.'] & fisshyng in Wodeton.

1222, June 21. Oseney and Einsham being at variance about cer|tain tithe in Cassing|ton, and arrears of rent of a fishery at Wood|eaton, Einsham accepted payment of 2s. in lieu of the arrears, and leased the fishery|rights to Oseney for 2s. yearly quit-rent, which Ose|ney paid by surrender|ing to Ein|sham a tithe-rent|charge of 2s. in Wor|ton (no. 91). Einsham granted Oseney a 6 ft. strip along Cher|well to make a dam, on condi|tion that Einsham meadow shall suffer no harm. Oseney granted Einsham a perpetual lease of Oseney tithes in Cassington for 6s. yearly. Penalty of £2 on the breaker of this agree|ment.

TO all chiddren of our holy modur þe church to þe which this present writyng shall coome, of Euesham & [folio 19b] Wyncchecumbe Abbotes and prior of Euesham helth in our lorde. Knowe ȝe all þe contrauersye þe which was i-stered afore vs, by þe auctorite of our lorde pope, bytwene thabbot and Couent of Enynsham of þe oone party, and thabbot and Couent of Osney of þe oþer partie, vppon*. [i.e., two-thirds of the tithe: see no. 21.] two sheves of tithis of þe Demayne of Amise of Wodestoke in Carsinton, and vppon a summe of moneye ȝerely for þe ffisshyng of Woodeton, with þe arerages of iiij. yere of þe same, by a frendely composicion in this maner hit restid: that is to say, that þe saide Abbot and Couent of Eynysham with goode wille relesed to þe saide Abbot & Couent of Osney iiij. s. iiij. d. of vj. s. iiij. d. þe which þey axed of þem in þe name of þe ffisshyng of Woodeton, þe which ffisshyng þey grauntid to þe same chanons of Osney (that is to say, all þe parte of þere water of Woodeton, with þe ffisshyng, fro þat place Page  76 where þe water begynneth to be here*. [i.e. theirs; 'sua.'] towarde yhtesleye vnto þat place where*. ['ubi antiquitus gurges fuit, ad faciendam ibi exclusam, vel gurgitem, si voluerint, vel ad alios usus sibi necessarios.'] in oolde tyme was a locke or goter, to an scluse to be maade, or locke if þey will, or to oþer necessarye vses to þem) to be holde for ij. s. ȝerely for all exaccion for Euer, for þe paying of þe which ij. s. yerly þe saide chanons forȝafe to þe saide Abbot and Couent of Eignysham ij. s. ȝerely þe which þey paied yerely to þe saide chanons for tithis of Worthon. They grauntid also to þe forsaide Abbot and chanons a Brynke*. ['ripam secus ipsam aquam.'] by þe water, in length*. [Read 'breadth.'] of vj. fote, fro þe locke or goter vnto þe Arable londe, þe which Brynke (if þey make þere a goter or locke), or*. [The translation here breaks down by neglecting the change from the subjunctive to the indicative. Read 'if they there shall make a lock or excluse, they must raise that bank (ripa) with their own earth, and keep it always mounded up (elevatam), in such wise that no hurt shall happen to Einsham mead, by overflow of water (inundatio) or damming of the stream (obstaculum) caused by Oseney.'] will arere vp An scluse of here londe and will kepe hit in all tyme, þey shall so kepe hit, so (þat is to say) that by noo goyng ouer of water or oony oþer withstandyng (while þe saide chanons make hit) to þe mede of þe saide Munkes maye harme come; And if by-cawse*. ['si forte.'] þere come hyn|deryng*. [i.e. harm: 'detrimentum.'] þerof, þe saide chanons, withoute differryng*. [deferring: 'dilacione.'] or occasion, competently shall Amende hit. And þe forsaide chanons haue i-grauntid to þe forsaide Abbot and Munkes þe saide tithis of Carsynton, to be holde of them for euer to fferme, for vj. s. of sterlynges ȝerely at two termes to be i-paied, þat is to saye, at þe ffest of Myȝghelmasse iij. s. and at Estur iij. s. and if oony of þe saide parties agaynste þe saide composicion be come, to þe oþere partye he shall paye þe peyne of xl. s. and that this com|posicion be Sure and stable for Euer, hit with our Seeles, to|gedur with þe seeles of þe parties, we haue i-strenghtid. These thynges were i-doo In þe vigile of Seynt Albon prothomartir of Inglonde in þe church of Seynte Marye Mawdelen of oxonforde, þe ȝere fro þe Incarnacion of our lorde, anno Ml CC xxij. These witnysses, et cetera.

Page  77

[XIV. Of Cutslowe and Frees*. [The MS. draws triple attention to this section—by a marginal note 'Note Cudes|lawe And ffrees,' by ink-markings in the heading, and by an elaborate sketch of a hand, opposite no. 80, pointing upwards. Wood's Life and Times, i. 217-8, describes Frice as a pasture-ground on the south borders of Yarnton and Kidlington parishes.] (north of Oxford)]

[79.] A Charter of Robert Doylly þe secunde, of Cudes|lawe and ffrees.

Pro|fessedly 1149? Excerpt from the pretended grant to Oseney by Robert Doyly II, of Frees chapel (belonging to St. George's church) as in no. 21.

BE hit i-knowe to all cristen men that I, Robert Doylly, willyng and consentyng Edithe my wife and my soones Henry and Gilbert, ȝefe and graunt, in-to pure and perpetuell almes, et cetera. Et Infra, 'thre hides of londe in Cudeslawe, with men, tithis, and oþer pertinences; and þe Chapell of ffrees, with þe mansion and londe agaynste þe Chapell towarde þe west, with ffedynges and pasturis and his oþer pertinences,' et cetera. Seke this charter in þe title 'Howe þe church of Seynte George was i-ȝefe to þe chanons of Osneye.'

*. [[NOTE.—Nos. 79 and 80 bring us back into the circle of forgery and blunder. Frees (no. 79) was not a Doyly property at all, but belonged to the St. Valerie family. Roger of Ivri, who died before 1100, is made, in the title of no. 80, to con|firm a grant by Robert Doyly II, who did not come into his estate till after 1115.]]

[80.] A confirmacion of Roger of Iuory of þe same.

Excerpt from no. 3, and refer|ence to no. 22.

'KNOWE þey that be present and to come þat [folio 20a] I, Roger of Iuory, for þe helth of our lorde Kyng and of all þe Reame and also for þe helth of my lorde Robert Doylly and of Aldithe his wife and þe helth of myne, haue i-grauntid and with my present charter haue i-confermed' as hit is i-write above in 'þe fun|dacion.' Also hit is to be notid that we haue confirmacion of Geffrey of Iuorye vppon þe same aforsaide, and many oþer confirmacions of þe same also.

[81.] A charter i-yeve to Richard, Erle of Cornwayle, of þe commune In Erdynton.

About 1245. Undertak|ing by Ose|ney, to ac|cept a mes|suage at Frees, without claiming pasture|rights in Yarnton.

TO all cristen men to þe which this present writyng shall come, ffrere John*. [John de Reading, abbot 1229-35, or John Leech, abbot 1235-49.], By þe mercy of god Abbot of Oseney, and þe Couent of þe same place, helth. Knowe ȝe all that whenne lorde Richard Erle of Cornewayle had i-grauntid to vs a mese that Adam porter*. ['pontarius' in the Latin. Thomas of St. Valerie had bound Oseney to keep up the causeway (calcia) at Frees. This Adam probably attended to that duty.] helde sumtyme with his pertinences at ffrees, Page  78 we bownde vs to þe same and to his heyres by our present writyng that, by-cawse of þe saide mese with þe pertynences, commune of pasture in his maner of Erdyngton we maye not axe. In-to witnesse of þe which thynges we haue i-put to oure seele, et cetera.

[82.] A charter bitwene vs and Water of Croxforde of þe crofte of þe ffrees.

About 1260. Grant by Oseney, to Walter of Croxford and heirs, of land at Frees, at quit|rent of 6s, 8d., tenants to pay all burdens, and not to convey the land to others: re|peated in no. 106.

KNOWE all men that in this wise hit was a-Cordid bitwene Richard*. [Richard of Apletre, abbot 1254-67.] Abbot of Osneye and þe Couent of þe same place of þe oone partie, and Water Croxforde of þe oþer, that is to say, that þe seide Abbot and Couent lete*. ['dimiserunt et tradiderunt.'] and toke, to þe saide Water and to his heyres, a crofte, or þat telth, þe which is agaynste þe Chapell of ffrees of þe west partie, with Dichis, medis, and oþer pertinences: to be holde and had, to þe forsaide Water and to his heyres, to perpetuell fee-ferme, ȝeldyng þerof ȝerely to þe saide Abbot and Couent dj. a marke at Osney, that is to say, in þe Daye of Seynte Myȝghell or a-fore xl. d. and in þe day of þe Annunciacion of owr lady Seynte marye or a-fore xl. d.; and þe same Water and his heyres shall susteyne and aquite all burdons towchyng þe same crofte or telth with his owne costis; and hit shall not be lawfull to þe saide Water and to his heyres þe saide crofte or telth to sell ȝefe or bequeth to oony man or in oony wise to aliene. [And if] that he doo or his heyres doo, hit shall be lawfull to þe forsaide Abbot and Couent and to here successours þe saide crofte or telth to Entre and to haue for Euer, withoute Impediment or lett of þe saide Water or his heyres: and*. ['et ut h[a]ec dimissio et perpetue firme tradicio.'] þat [this] dimission or lettyng and of perpetuell farme takyng be sure and stable for Euer, [þe] parties to þis writyng in maner of A charter i-maade, Eueryche agaynste oþer have i-put to þere seeles. These witnysses. et cetera.

[XV. Of Handborough]

[83.] A charter of quene Adelide of Hanborowgh.

About 1140. Grant to Oseney, by queen|dowager Alice, of a hide, with manorial privileges and juris|diction.

ADELIDE*. [Adelicia of Louvaine, second wife of Henry I (died 1135), died 1151.], By þe grace of god, quene of Inglonde, to Archie|bisshops Bisshops and Abbotes Erlys Barons and Vicountes, and Page  79 to all true men of holy church helth. Knowe ye that I Adelide, Dowghter of Godfray Duke of loreyne*. ['Lotharingie.'], þe which was wife of þe moste noble Kyng Henry of Inglonde and Duke of Nor|mandye, haue i-grauntid and i-ȝeve to þe church of Seynt Marye in Oseneye, j. hide of londe þe which lieth at Hanborowgh and longeth to Saunton*. ['Stanton' in the Latin, i.e. Stan|ton Harcourt.] my maner, for þe Remedye of þe Sowle of þe mooste noble Kyng Henry of Inglond my lorde and my helth and*. ['et parentum suorum et meorum.'] of kynnesfolkes of his and Myne and for þe Sowles of all cristen men dede. Wherfore I will and praye þat well and in peece & worschipfully [folio 20b] þe forsaide londe þe forsaide church holde, as my lorde Henry Kyng of Inglond euer best and moste honestly in his lordeship helde and aftur to me in þe same lordeship ȝafe and grauntid to me, that is to say, in woode and In playne, In medes and ffedynges, in waters weyes and In patthis, and in all oþer places, with sock and sack, tol and team, and Infangenthef, and all oþer customs and fredoms, as I held hit best while hit was in my lordeship. Witnesse: Symon, Bisshop of Wircetur, et cetera.

[84.]

Reference to no. 61, &c.

A*. [Marginal note: 'Nota.'] confirmacion of Moolde themperice of þe Same after þe forme of quene Adelide; and so after, a confirmacion of Kyng Henry, and a-noþer of Kyng John, worde by worde in substaunce. This charter and tweyne afore been fully write above in þe title of 'Aldewere.'

[85.] A confirmacion of Kyng Henry*. [i.e. Henry III: see note 5, p. 36.] iiij. þe soone of Kyng John of þe same and of oþer thynges.

1231, July 14. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Henry III, of queen Alice's gift (no. 83); and of ex|changes of 18s. and 6s. rent|charges in Bensington for lands in Holcombe and War|borough.

HENRY, By þe grace of god Kyng of Inglonde lorde of Irelond Duke of Normandye and of Gyen and Erle of Aungie, to Archie|bisshops Bisshops Abbotes Priores Erles Barons Justices Vicountes Prouestes Mynsters and to all Baylyfs and his true men helth. Knowe ȝe vs, for god sake and for þe helth of our sowle and of þe sowles of owr aunceturs and heyres, to haue i-ȝelded, haue i-grauntid, and with this owr charter haue i-confermed, for vs and owre heyres, to thabbot and Couent of Seynte Marye of Oseney and to here successours, in-to ffre almes pure and per|petuell, Page  80 þe yifte and graunte þe which Adelide or Alice sumtyme quene of Inglonde maade, to god and to þe church of Seynte Marye of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, [of] j. hide of londe þe which heth at Hanborowgh*. [Name noted in the margin.] By the Brygge of Bladon. we haue i-ȝelde also, and haue i-grauntid, and with this owr charter confermyd, for vs and owr heyres, to þe forsaide Abbot and Couent and to here successours, in-to ffre pure and perpetuell almes, þe londe of Holcumbe*. [Name noted in the margin.] þe which Geffrey of Iuory*. [In error for 'luoy.'] assined to them for xviij. s. þe which þey oftyd ȝerely to haue in Hensynton*. [In error for 'Bensington.'], with þe londe of Wareborowgh*. [Name noted in the margin.] þe which þe same Geffrey assyned to þem for vj. s. Wherefore we will and surely charge þat þe forsaide chanons and þere successours haue and holde, in-to free pure and perpetuell almys, þe for|saide hide of londe þe which lieth at Hanborowgh, and þe forsaide londe of Holcumbe, with þe forsaide londe of Ware|borowgh, well and in pece, frely and quietly and holy, as þe charter of þe forsaide Geffrey and þe confirmacion of Kyng Henry owr Beelesire, þe which þey haue þerof, resonably wit|nessen. These witnesses, et cetera.

[86.] A Jugement i-made afore þe Justices of owr lorde Kyng Henry*. [Marginal note: 'Henry 3.'] þe sone of Kyng John of þe londe of Hanborowgh.

1248, Nov. 7. Henry III having claimed for the Crown the hide (in no. 83), Oseney pro|duced its title-deeds (nos. 83, 61, &c.) and the confirma|tion (no. 85), and was confirmed in posses|sion.

HIT is to be Remembrid that in þe ȝere of Kyng Henry þe soon of Kyng John xxxiij., þe next saturday afore þe fest of Seynt Martyn, afore Jeremye Kacston, Henry of Breton*. [Bretton (or Bracton).], and Henry de la Mare, Justices sittyng in þe stede of owre lord þe Kyng, Hit was I-Jugged for þabbot of Osneye of A plowe of londe with þe pertinences In Hanborowgh;

vppon þe which owre lorde Kyng impletid hym in his courte by breve 'precipe,' of þe which such was þe tenour, Henry By the grace of god Kyng of Inglonde, et cetera. to þe schereref of oxon|forde-shire he[l]th. Commaunde thabbot of Oseney that he ȝelde to vs a plowe of londe with þe pertinences In Hanborowgh, and*. ['et nisi fecerit, summone eum.'] but he do, sumne hym by a goode sumnyng that he be afore vs fro þe day of Seynt Myȝghell in-to þe xv. Dayes to Page  81 schewe whye he schall not Doo hit; and haue þu þis brefe. [folio 21a] Myne owne selfe witnesse, et cetera.

that þe same Abbot, By þe charter of Adelide or Alis sum|tyme quene of Inglonde, and By þe charter of Moolde themperice, and By confirmacion of Kyng Henry, and by confirmacion of Kyng John, And By charter of Kyng Henry nowe reynyng (by the which þe same Kyng to þabbot and chanons of Oseney þe same londe with þe pertinences ȝeldyng*. [Read 'yelded': 'reddidit.'] as his ryȝght) full ryȝght hath in þe same, & hath and holdeth in-to ffree and perpetuell almes, after þe tenour of þe charters aforesaide, as*. ['sicut est in seisina.'] hit is in þe sesynyng; and that Adam Berners, chanon, attor|neye of þe same Abbot, yed with-owte daye. These þynges were i-doo of þassent of owr lorde Kyng selfe, of þe counsell of his counsellers þen beyng present with owr lorde Kynge, that is to say, John Maunsell; Robert passell; Raph ffiȝt Nicholl; Bertram of Orrell; Peter chaceporter, Kynges tresorer; Edwarde of Westmynyster, chaunceler of þe Checurr; And hit is to be i-Mynded that owr lorde Kyng apered by his attorneye, laurence of Beoc*. ['Broc.'], to here þe Juggement, þe which also abode In þe mercy of Kyng.

[87.] A charter agaynste John of Hanborowgh and William of Seynte Eweyne of þe Shepehowse.

About 1240. Contro|versy be|tween Oseney, and two inhabitants of Hand|borough, about a sheep|house, and pasture|rights, ended by Oseney giving half|an-acre in exchange for land beside the sheep|house; undertak|ing not to send an excessive number of beasts to common pasture; and paying 13s. 4d., and 6s. 8d.

BE hit i-knowe to all men that whenne, bytwene John of Hanborowgh and William of Seynte Eweyne of þe oon partie, and John*. [Probably John Leche, abbot 1235-49.] Abbot and Couent of Oseney of þe oþer partie, was i-meved a controuersye vppon a Shepehowse of þe same chanons at Hanborowgh (þe which*. ['quam dicebat idem Iohannes levatam [esse] ad nocumentum liberi tenementi sui.'] þe same [John] saide hit leuyed to nothyng of his ffree tenement), and vppon ouerchargyng of pasture in þe same towne: at þe laste, by counsell of worthy men, all þe strifes i-meved restid in-to this maner,

that is to say, þat þe forsaide John all his quarell, that he had, or myȝght haue, by þe occasion of þe saide shepehowse, to þe saide chanons, for hym and his heyres for Euer, remittyng*. [Read 'remitted,' 'remisit': 'or re|leased' is the translator's usual alternative addition.]Page  82 or relesid by a chaunge*. [i.e. exchange: 'per escambium.'] i-maade Bytwene parties, þat is to say, that þe said Abbot and Couent, for a Butte*. [MS. has 'for A But a Butte.'] of londe of þe same John by þe which þe seide Shepehowse whas i-sett, þey ȝafe to hym and to his heyres, in-to a perpetuell Escaunge, dj. acre, that is to say, In telth þe which is i-callid longelonde by a|noþer dj. Acre of þe same chanons.

The forsaide also John and William þe accion vppon þe ouer|chargyng vppon þe pasture i-meved relesed, so (that is to say) þat þe saide Abbot and Couent to þe saide John & William grauntid that [they*. [i.e. (the Abbot & convent) 'contra egem terre non super(h)onerabunt.']] þe pasture of þe feldes of Haneborowgh agaynste þe lawe shall not ouer-charge hit, so þat naþeles þe same chanons haue ffree goyng*. ['accessum et regressum ad communes pasturas suas extrinsecas ad omnia averia sua et pecora.'] away to here commune pastures owtewarde to all here bestes and Bestialles withoute lett of John and William and þere heyres; and for this graunte, Eschaunge, and relese, þey ȝafe to þe saide John j. Marke and to þe saide William dj. marke. In-to witnysse of þe which thyng to this present writyng þey put to þere seeles: These wittenesses, et cetera.

[88.] A charter of Willyam of Seynte Eweyen of þe londe in þe felde of Hanborowgh and of þe mede of Cumede.

About 1270. Grant to Oseney, by William of St. Ewen, of land and meadow, subject to IIs. 3d. quit-rent to the chief lords.

KNOWE they that be now and to be that I William of Seynte Eweyne, soone and heyr of William of Seynte Eweyn, ȝafe, grauntid, and with this present charter confermed, to god and to þe church of Seynte Marye of Oseney and to William Abbot and to þe chanons þere seruyng god and for Euer to serue, that telth in þe ffelde of Hanborowgh þe which is i-callid þe Breche, with hayis and his oþer pertinences, and a Mede þe which is i|callid Cumede, with þe pertinences, [folio 21b] þe which Water of New fforest sumtyme helde; and vj. acris in le Brech, with hayis and his oþer pertinences, þe which lien by þe londe of [Adam] de la Dunhalle of þe Est partie; and þat telth In þe Brech, with hayes and his oþer pertinences, þe which lieth by Hugh of Blowende of þe weste partie In þe same ffelde: to be had and to be holde, to þe forsaide church and Chanons, of me and of my heyres, In-to ffre and perpetuell almes, al so much as longeth Page  83 to me and to my heyres, ȝeldyng þerof ȝerely for me and my heyres to þe heyres of Water of Newe fforest xj. s. iij. d. (that is to say, at þe ffest of Seynte Myȝhell v. s. and at þe ffest of Seynte John þe Baptiste vj. s. iij. d.) for all thyng þe which of þat londe or for þat londe may*. ['exigi potest vel poterit.'] or shall mowe to be axid for Euer. And I William and my heyres or myne assines all þe forsaide thynges to þe forsaide church and Chanons agaynste all cristen men and Juys as our pure almes shall warantiȝe, & of all maner Sutes of Courte and fforeyne seruice shall aquite and defende, outetake þe xj. s. iij. d. þe which þe saide chanons shall aquite as hit is afore i-saide. And þat this my yifte, graunte, and of my charter confirmacion, be sure and stable for Euer, to this wrytyng I haue i-put my seele. These witnesse, et cetera.

[XVI. Of Worton]

[89.]

Reference to nos. 2, 21, 3, 23, &c.

Thabbot of Osney hath þe londe of Worton of þe yifte of Robert Doylly; and confirmacion of Roger of Iuorye, and of Henry Doylly, and of Bisshops, and of þe chapiter*. [MS. repeats 'of the chapiter.'] of lincoln, and of Kynges of Inglonde, as hit is i-schewed In þe title 'How þe church of Seynte George was i-ȝefe to þe chanons of Oseney.'

[90.] Bourton*. ['Bourton' must be in error for 'Wor|ton,' where Oseney held 2½ hides. Oseney had land at (Black-)bourton, but not of that extent, nor would it come in this titulus.] The Booke of ffeys seyeth þat thabbot of Oseney holdeth ij. hides of londe and dj. in Borton in-to ffre almes of þe prebende of Seynte George.

Worton: see in no. 21.

[91.]

About 1170. Agreement between Oseney, and Einsham, about tithes in Worton, Einsham taking a perpetual lease of the tithes at quit-rent of 2s. (see no. 78).

B. by þe Grace of god Bisshop of*. ['of Lincoln or' is inserted by the translator and 'I.' EXPANed to John, without warrant of the Latin. The names are Bartholomew, bishop of Exeter 1161-84; and Jordan de Meleburn, dean of Chichester up to 1178. The first of the witnesses is Simon, abbot of St. Alban's 1166-88.] lincoln or of Exceter and John*. ['of Lincoln or' is inserted by the translator and 'I.' EXPANed to John, without warrant of the Latin. The names are Bartholomew, bishop of Exeter 1161-84; and Jordan de Meleburn, dean of Chichester up to 1178. The first of the witnesses is Simon, abbot of St. Alban's 1166-88.] Deen of Chichester to all cristen men helth. Knowe ȝe all a stryfe (þe which was longe i-stered bytwene thabbot of Eynesham and N. clerke of Karsynton and thabbot Page  84 of Oseney vppon tithis of j. hide of londe in Worton þe*. ['qu[a]e dominium eiusdem villule esse perhibetur.'] which is i-sayde to be þe lordeship of þe same litull towne) In this maner in owr presence, be transaction, to be decidid: that þe church of Eynesham þe forsaide tithis shall holde for Euer, þerof ȝeldyng euery ȝere to þe church of Oseney ij. s. at þe ffest of Seynte Myȝghell. So truly, afore vs [the which] (of owr lorde þe pope commaundement) that cawse to be i-know and i-termined hade i-hāke*. [So in MS. The Latin shows 'h' ought to be 't,' and the stroke over 'a' to be a bungled correction of the error: ead 'i-take.' 'Coram nobis, qui ex domini pape mandato causam illam cogno|scendam terminandamque susceperamus.'] hit, ffeyth of eyþer parte i-plyȝght betwen þem: at Newberye hit was i-doo.

[92.] An Inquisicion i-maade in þe hundrede of Wotton of þe ffredoms or liberteys of þe same.

1259, Nov. 26. On inquisi|tion, whether Oseney and its tenants (in Worton and Hens|ington) owed suit to Wootton hundred, Oseney pro|duced nos. 13 and 31 establish|ing exemp|tion.

HIT is to be remembrid that, when þer was i-maade an In|quisicion In þe full hundrede of Wotton by þe commaundement of owr lorde Kyng Henry þe soone of Kyng John þe ȝere of his reyne xliiij., in þe full hundred of Wotton, Weþer þabbot of Oseney and his men of Worton and Hensynton oftid or were i-wonyd to do sute to þe forsaide hundred, ffrere William Sutton, procuratour of Oseney, schewed charters of lordis Kynges of Inglonde of liberteis or ffredoms, that is to say, a charter of Kyng Henry þe j., and A charter of Kyng Henry þe Sone of Kyng John, In þe which openly was i-conteyned that thabbot of Oseney and his men of Worton and of Hensynton be quite of Schires, Hundredis, Danyȝeldes, all maner Sutes, commune pleys, (with Sock sack [folio 22a] tol and theam and Infangenthefe), and of all maner exaccions and Demaundis, outetake murthur i|preued. The which also i-rede and i-vndurstande, þe hundrede with oone assent and consent Juggid þe saide Abbot and all his men of Worton and of Hensynton of all maner of Sutes of þe hundrede of Wotton to be quite for Euer. And in-to witnesse of this thyng Robert Kyngton, þen Baylyfe of þe hundrede of Wotton, and Sir Gilbert of Hide, Knyȝght, and Robert Romely, and Aleyne Romely þe yongur, and Robert of Worton*. [Wotton, in the Latin.], and Page  85 William of litull Barton, clerke, and Petur of þe same, and Roger of Wodestoke, and John of Barton, clerke, and John labanc, and Thomas of ffule*. ['Fulewelle': no 'and Will.' occurs in the Latin. Possibly the translator meant 'Fullandwell,' for 'Fulwell.'] and Will., þe which at þe hun|dred were present whenne þe fore thynges were Inquired or axid and Juggid, to this writyng put to þere seeles þe day that is to say of Wodenysday afore þe fest of Seynte Andrew þe ȝere of þe reyne of Kyng Henry þe soone of Kyng John xliij[j]*. [Marginal note: 'Henry 3.' The year is xliv in the Latin, and above.]

[93.] A confirmacion of Syr Hugh Plesettis of liberteys and ffredoms.

1300, June 8. Recitation, by Hugh of Plessets, of no. 39, i.e. of Robert Doyly II's renuncia|tion of feudal rights over Oseney, and con|firmation of it.

TO all cristen men this present writyng to see or to here, Hugh of plesettis*. [Hugh of Plessets succeeded (no. 260) in 1291 to the barony of Hooknorton (formerly of the Doyly family); was summoned to Parliament as baron in Feb. 1299/1300; died 1301.], Knyȝth, helth in owre lorde. Knowe ȝe me to*. ['inspexisse cartam.'] haue i-lokyd or seen þe charter þat which Robert Doylly maade to god and to seynte Marye and to þe chanons of Oseney, conteynyng these wordis:—

Know all cristen men that I, Robert Doylly, grauntid and with my charter confermed, for me and my heyres, to god and to þe church of Seynte Mary of Oseney and to þe chanons þer seruyng god and for Euer to serue, for my helth and of Edith my wife and my kynnesfolkes and of my ffrendes, in-to ffre pure and perpetuell almes, all londes rentes tithis tenementes and possessions both of þe church and of þe layfee þe which þey haue off my ȝifte and of þe ȝiftes of my men, and þe which of me or my heyres or my men they maye gete in tyme to be, in all [my] maners, with all fredoms*. [Marginal note: 'Note þe fredoms of þe founder.'] and free customs þe which I Euer had or oony of my aunceturs or in tyme to be maye gete or oony of my heyres maye gete. I grauntid also to þe same chanons and to here successours, for me and my heyres, that þey haue þer courte for Euer ffre in all my maners*. [In the margin: 'Cudelynton' with underneath a carefully drawn hand pointing to it.] of all þere men for all maner transgressions and Defautes where-so-Euer and whenne-so-Euer and of what-Euer thyng þe[y] happe; And that þey and þere men be quite for Euer fro all maner sutes of Page  86 my courte and of my heyres, and of vywe [of] freplegges all*. ['all' in error for 'or.' In no. 39, p. 43/15 the corresponding clause is 'and of lawday.' The court-leet represented the delegated jurisdiction of the king exercised by the lord of the manor.] courte riall, and of þoo thynges that longe to vywe, and of all sutes of my Milles, and of all helpes tallages exaccions quarels and demandis; And [if] for flyȝght or felonye oony of þere men ofte to lese his catall, þey shall be of þe same chanons, withoute oony withholdyng to me or of my heyres; and if*. [Lines dropped out: cp. no. 39, p. 43/21, 22, 23, 24.] þere tenauntes of þe same chanons haue be i-founde or i-arested I graunte for me and my heyres to þe saide chanons and to þere successours what-so-Euer thyng þere*. [Lines dropped out: cp. no. 39, p. 43/21, 22, 23, 24.] mowe to fall for Euer; Also, if they or þere men be amercid agaynst me or my heyres or my baylyffes or my men, for oony maner cawse trespase or forfet, all þe mercynges and mercementes and all fynys and all profettes and all owte-goynges of pleys þe which come forthe of them or of þere men shall be of þe same chanons, withoute oony with|holdyng to me or to my heyres, wheþer hit be for a defawte or for oony oþer cawse. I haue i-grauntid also to þe same chanons and to þere successours that noþer I, noþer my eyres, noþer none In owre name, noþer of owr, maye hereafter axe of þe forsaide chanons or of her successours or of þere men ony custom or seruice or bondage, noþer to put þere men in preson or in-to bondys or in-to stocke for oony trespase or forfet, but with open thefte or manslawȝtter vppon [folio 22b] my demayne londis þey haue be take and attached. I will also and surely charge, for me and my heyres, þat þe forsayde chanons and þere successours and þere men haue well and in pece, In all my maners wodes and waters pondys and ffischynges, fre fisshyng and fre Entre and owte-goyng and pannage of þere hogges quyte (oute-take styvys and my parkes i-closid in): and [that] þey haue ffre commune to þere shepe and hogges, and to all oþer bestis In all my maners and in woodis, and [that] þey be not Imparkid or poynyd but þey be i-founde In open harme: that, if hit happe, by a wedde*. [i.e. surety.] þey maye receyue þere bestes; and after, by þe vywe of lawfull men, þe harme þat þere bestes haue i-doo, owte [of] my courte, þey may make to [be] emendid. To þese thynges I haue i-grauntid, for me and my heyres, þat þey haue housboote Page  87 and heyboote and to be i-brendid resonably at þere granges in my woodys In þoo places where I haue woodys. Also I graunte, for me and my heyres for Euer, þat þe saide chanons and þere successours may chese to þem and ordeyne a prelate to þere will after þe decese of Euery prelate, with-oute lette of me or of my heyres: and þat þey may put, haue, and doo awey, In all here granges, kepers suche as þey seme expedient to þem and þere howse: and that this my ȝifte, graunte, and charter confirma|cion, be stable and sure for Euer, to this writyng I haue i-put my seele. These witnesses: Geffrey arthor, Roger of Amery, ffulke of Oyly, Hugh of Tywe, Robert ffiȝt Widon, philippe of Hampton, Raph ffiȝt Raph, Roger testarde, Roger of Amory, and oþer.

ffor þis*. ['Ego igitur.'], I, þe forsaide Hugh of plesettis, all þe ȝiftis grauntes and confirmacions above i-write, as hit is above i-write, I-maade to god and to þe church of Seynte Marye of Osney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, hauyng*. ['ratas habens et gratas.'] i-confermed and plesid, for me and my heyres, them to god, to þe church of Seynte marye of Oseney above-saide, and to þe chanons In hit seruyng god, graunte, ande for Euer-more with this present writyng conferme. In-to witnesse of this thyng this present writyng with my seeles pryntyng I haue i-strengthid hit. These witnysses: Henry thisteldene, that tyme shreve of Oxonforde; John of Elfesfelde*. [i.e. Elsfield.], Richard of Amory, John of prewes, Walter of Wyȝhthull, Knyȝthtes; Symon of Grenehull, þat tyme stywarde of Walyngforde; Roger of Bewbeche, Hugh of Barton, Henry of Dichele, and oþer. i-ȝefe and i-doo at Osney, þe Wodenysday nexte afore þe fest of seynte Barnabe thapostele, þe ȝere of our lord MlCCC., and In the ȝere of þe regne of Kyng Edwarde þe soone of Kyng Henry xxviij.

[XVII. Of Kidlington]

[94.]

Reference to nos. 12, 13, 14, 18, 19 and to no. 37.

Hit*. [Marginal note: 'Nota bene.'] is to be myndid that þabbot of Osney hath þe church of Cudelynton of þe yifte of Robert Doylly þe secunde; and confirmacion of Kyng Henry þe soone of Willyam Page  88 bastarde, and of Aliȝaunder Bisshop of lincoln, and of pope Eugenye þe iij., and also of þe chapiter of lincoln: as hit is i|schewed above in 'þe fundacion of Osney.' Also we haue a confirmacion of seynte*. [St. Hugh of Avalon, died 1200.] Hugh Bisshop of lincoln, þe which is in þe title 'How þe church of Seynte George was i-ȝefe to þe chanons of Oseney.'

[95.]

Kidling|ton.

In*. [Marginal note: 'Nota bene.'] þe Baylyschepe of Cudelynton ben þese townes i-conteyned:—Cudelynton, Goseforde, Coggeswoode, Thrope, Shipton, Hensynton, Wythhull.

[96.] Charter of Henry Doylly þe secunde of þe tithis of Cudelynton and of oþer thynges.

About 1220. Grant to Oseney, by Henry Doyly II, of tithe of hay of his demesne|land and tenants' lands in four manors, for the infirmary of Oseney.

[folio 23a] TO all þe soones of owr holy modur þe church to see or to hyre this present letters, Henry Doyly, owre lorde þe Kynges constable, helth. Knowe ȝe me willefully*. ['gratis.'], for þe oonly loue of goddis goodenes, for my helth and of my aunceturs, to haue i|ȝeve and to haue i-grauntid and to haue i-confermed to my most dere chanons of Oseney all þe tithis of heye bothe of my demaynys and of my men tenauntes of my ffee in my maners of Hokenorton, of Cudelynton, of Weston, of Cleydon, to þe susteynyng*. [Marginal note: 'Nota: for pitaunces for seke men and for medicines.'] of þoo thynges þe which ben necessarye In pitaunces and medicynys of brethren i-leyde in the infirmarye. and, þat this ȝifte of this my almes be sure and hoole to þe saide howse for Euer, this present writyng with my seele I-made hit to be strengthd. These witnesses, et cetera.

[97.] A sentence diffinitiffe vppon mortuarijs In þe parishe of Cudelynton.

1273, July 21. Oseney, as rector of Kidlington, claimed from the executors of Ralph Frensh, of Thrupp, in Kidling|ton parish, according to the ancient custom, his second best beast, as due to the church as a 'mor|tuary.' The ex|ecutors re|fused, and pleaded that horses at least were not included in the custom. Evidence being taken, verdict was given that the church was en|titled to the second best beast of deceased, whether horse or other. This verdict to be en|forced by church censure, against the executors and their supporters.

THESE thynges were i-actid or doo In þe conuentuall church of Seynte ffrideswith at oxonforde, In þe vigile of Seynte marye Mawdelen, in þe ȝere of owr lorde anno MlCClxxiij., afore vs, officiall of my lorde Archedecun of oxonforde, by ordinary Juris|diccion knowyng, in þe cawse þe which vppon a mortuary is i-sterid, bitwene religiouse men thabbot and couent of Oseney, Page  89 actors, by ffrere Roger Waldis of þe same place chanone (here procuratour lawfully ordeyned) comperyng, of þe oon partie, and Robert Synat, Thomas yenge, and moolde the lefte of Raph ffrensh of thrope, executors of þe testament of þe same Raph dede, gylty*. ['reos.'], personally comperyng of þe oþer partie: þat is to say, whenne hit was i-schewed þe seyde gilty*. ['reos.'] at þe same day and place lawfully and peremptoryly to haue be i-callid, of þe saide religiousmen, þe procuratour aforsaide agaynst þe same gilty*. ['reos.'] here Intent purposed in þe name of here lordis in-to þis maner:—

Afore ȝow, my lorde Juge, I, ffrere Roger Waldis, procuratour of þabbot and couent of Oseney, þe churche of Cudelynton holdyng in full ryȝght and of þe same church persons, in þe name of my lordis, say and purpose agaynst Robert Synat, Thomas yenge, and Moolde, relicte of Raph ffrensh of Thrope sumtyme parisshen of þe saide church of Cudelynton, executours of þe testament of þe saide Raph dede, þat where, of goode and preysable custom in parishe of þe saide church, hooly obserued fro þe tyme of þe which is no mynde, Hit is i-goote*. ['sit optentum.'] that for men dying in þe same parishe his secunde best beest (be hit horse or b[e]est of oony oþer maner kynde) þat he hath gete in þe daye of his dethe hit be i-payde to þe saide church and to my lordis In þe name of a Mortuarye. Now þe saide execu|tours, þe saide custom forsakyng, for þe forsaide Raph of thrope, of þe saide church parisshen, in*. ['in eiusdem ecclesie parochia.'] þe same church parishe deyng, þe secund best Beest that in þe tyme or his deth he had In þe name of a mortuary to graunte þe[y] agaynesay vnryȝghtfully. Wherfore, In þe name of my lordys, I axe þe saide Executours to þe forsaide best (of what-so-Euer kynde þe Beeste be) to þe saide church of Cudelynton and to my lordis aforsaide, after þe forsaide custom, in þe name of A mortuarye to be i-grauntid, sentencially and diffinityfly to be condempned, and þe same Executours, so i-condempned to þe saide best In þe name of a mor [folio 23b] tuarye grauntyng, by þe censure of þe church, to be i|compellid.

To þe which sothly*. ['quidem.'] entente þe forsaide Executours stryffe, saying thynges i-tolde in þe saide Entencion, as they ben i|tolde, Page  90 not to be true, and þerfore thynges i-axid, as þei ben i|axid to be doo, not to be dewe; To*. ['ad sui quoque deliberationem adii|cientes, predictam consuetudinem non [esse]. . .optentam.'] here also deliueryng castyng to, þe fore custom not of horsis but of oþer bestis i-obserued and i-obteyned. and þe parties here and þere of þe trowth to be saide i-swore, þe saide Executours, i-swere, denyed, as þey dyde afore.

Wherfore þe saide partie doer, to þe forsaide here Entent to be i-grauntid, fowre witnesse Browght forth, that is to say, William, person of þe church of Wyuelcote; Roger, Vicar of Cudelynton; Thomas, decune*. ['diaconum.'] of þe same; and William of Hampton: þe which i-receyued, i-swore, i-examined, and þere wordes or sayinges (of þe consent of [the] parties) [published*. [Added from the Latin.], and altercation about them having been had between the parties];

of þe same parties consent, in þe saide cawse concludyng, to þe diffinityffe sentence we haue i-procedid in-to this maner:— In Dei nomine amen. We, officiall of my lorde Archedecun of oxonforde, i-herde and i-vndurstande þe meritis of þe saide cawse, for*. ['quia.'] [that*. [Added from the Latin.] the above-writ intention of the said abbot and convent of Oseneye and of their above-named procurator] of*. ['per dictorum testium depositiones plene probatam esse comperimus, et fundatam.'] þe saide witnessis deposicions fully i-preued we haue i|founde, and i-groundid, þe saide executours to þe saide beest, be hit horse or of oony oþer kynde beest, of þe saide Raph dede þat in þe tyme of his deth he had, for þe same Raph, of þe saide church parisshen, and in þe same church parisshe dede, to þe saide church of Cudelynton, to þe forsaide religiouse men, and to þere procuratour in there name, after þe forsaide custom, in þe name of mortuarye to be i-ȝeve, sentencially and diffinitiffly in writyng we condempne; and þe same, so i-condempned to þe saide beeste ȝevyng In þe name of a mortuary, by þe Vicar of Cudelynton by all church censure to be i-compellid pronuncyng*. ['pronunciantes.'], This*. ['istius sentencie executionem.'] sentence executyng to þe same Vicarye committyng*. ['committendo,' instead of 'commit|tentes.'], agaynesayers and rebellis (if*. [The bracketed clause is strangely dis|joined by the intrusion of interpolated words, by an erroneous repetition. The Latin is: 'si quos inuenerit.'] oony) to þe same Vicarye com|mittyng Page  91 (he fynde) with like censure to be restreyned by þe same Vicar naþeles by this present writyng to þe same chargyng*. ['eidem demandando,' instead of 'man|dantes.']. In-to þe witnesse of þe which writyng þe seele of þe officiall|hoode*. ['officialitatis.'] of oxonforde to this present writyng we willid to be i-put to: þe date, in þe place day and yere afore i-notid.

[98.] A sentence diffinitiffe vppon þe smale tithis of Cudelynton.

1277, May 24. Oseney, as rector of Kidling|ton, claimed from the parish|ioners small tithes, i.e. of fruits of gardens, and of milk. Verdict in favour of Oseney, with arrears accruing since last payment. Verdict to be enforced by church censure.

THESE thynges were i-doo In þe church of Erdynton, In þe moneday next afore þe fest of Seynte Austen, þe yere of our lorde anno MlCClxxvij., afore vs, þe officiall of my lorde Arche|decon of oxonforde, by auctorite ordinarye knowyng, in cawsis the*. ['in causis que coram nobis.' Read probably 'the which': but the definite article is found used as relative, as in German der.] were i-stered bitwene thabbot and Couent of Oseney, the parisshe of Cudelinton in-to þere owne vses obteynyng and of þe same church persons, actors, by Robert Kenyworth*. ['de Kenelingwrth.'] (clerk, here procuratour lawfully i-sette or ordeyned) comperyng, vppon þe oon partie, and Henrye of þe chamber, et cetera.*. [The Latin gives seven other names, among them 'Nicholaum piscatorem.'] of þe saide church of Cudelynton parisshens, gilti, by Wymunde (procuratour of þe same lawfully i-ordeyned) comperyng, of þe oþer partie, et cetera.

Afore*. [Summary of the claim by the procura|tor for Oseney.] yow my lorde Jugge, et cetera. Agaynste þe saide procura|toure and parysshyns for tithis of þer gardeynes comyng forth and*. [Omit 'and,' which has no place in the Latin. The claim was for tithe (a) 'fructuum ortorum,' (b) 'lactis, a vaccis suis a tempore ablactationis vitulorum, et ab ovibus a tem|pore separationis agnorum, provenientis.' Ewe-milk was therefore taken, and tithe|able.] of all frutes and of mylke of þere kyne fro þe tyme of þe wenyng of þe calues and [of their ewes fro þe time] of departyng of lombes, al so longe as mylke dureth. Þe saide procuratour of thabbot afore-saide, et cetera. after þer forme of lawe i-declarid, et cetera.

To þe sentence diffinitiffe we haue i-procedid In-to this maner [folio 24a] In dei nomine Amen: ffor-asmuche we officiall afore|saide, et cetera. we haue i-founde, þe saide Henry and all and euerych oþer afore i-write, and þe saide Wymund procuratour of þe same, to þe tithe of all frutes of here gardeynes within þePage  92 parisshe i-sett comyng forthe*. ['provenientium,' in agreement with 'fructuum.'] and to þe tithe of mylke of bestis within þe saide parisshe after*. ['imposterum ab eisdem percipiendi': i.e. 'percipiendi,' in agreement with 'lac|tis'; 'ab eisdem' = by Oseney.] of þe same to be take, to þe forsaide church of Cudelynton, and to þe religiouse men þe same church in-to þere owne vsis hauyng, and to þere pro|curatour in þere name, hereafter, from tyme of þe wenyng (to*. [Omit the bracketed words, brought in, without meaning, from below.] be paide to-gedur) of caluys and departyng of lambys, al so longe as þe same Milke shall dure, fully, hooly, and withoute all lessenyng to be payde, to-gedur with arerages fro þat tyme that they paide last moneye In þe name of þe tithe of þe mylke aforsaide, sentencially and diffinityffly in this writyng we con|dempne; and þat þe same tithe, also*. ['una cum.'] with arerages, to þe myndid religiouse men and to þe forsaide church, as hit Is i|saide [before*. [Inserted from the Latin.], they pay, we order, decreeing all and sundry above-written], after thre monicions or warnynges (by þe vicare of Cudelynton or*. ['vel eius vices gerentem.'] his stedys beryng to þem to be*. [Read 'to be made,' i.e. 'monicionem.'] paide), at*. ['ad solucionem.'] þe paying of þe saide tithis and of Arerages aforesaide, as hit is i-saide afore, (to*. [Superfluous: not in the Latin.] be i-payde), by all maner censure of þe church to be i-compellid. Date and actid þe day and þe ȝere abovesaide.

[99.] A charter of Sir Hugh plesettis of v. s. ȝerely In Cudelinton.

About 1280. Grant to Oseney, by Hugh of Plessets, of 5s. rent|charge in Kidlington, issuing out of Walter of Crox|ford's lands, for pittances, with powers of distraint, but reserv|ing to the manor all other feudal superi|orities.

KNOWE all men þat I, Hugh plesettis, haue i-ȝefe, grauntid, and with my present charter confermed, to William*. [William of Sutton, abbot 1268-84.] Abbot of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, in-to pure and perpetuell almes, for þe helth of my Sowle and of my Aunceturs and successours, v. s. ȝerely for Euer to be take of þe tenauntes þe which Water Croxford helde of me In Cudelynton, by þe handis of þe same Water and of all these tenementes after heldyng, þat is to say, [at*. [Inserted from the Latin. The donor no doubt bargained for commemoration in the conventual prayers on these five fes|tivals. The payments would provide a 'pittance' on these days.] the feast of St. John Baptist, ix. d., at the feast of St. Michael, xxi. d., at the feast of St. Thomas Page  93 Apostle, ix. d.] at þe ffest of þe Annunciacion of owre lady ix. d., and at Estur xij. d. I baue i-grauntid also, for me and my heyres, þat þe forsaide Abbot and Chanons maye distreyne þe forsaide Water þorowgh all þe forsaide tenementys, In all maner of Distreynyng, to pay to þem fully þe forsaide yerely rente, if at þe for-namyd termes þey fayle, Sauyng to me and to my heyres all maner oþer thynges, seruices, and customs, þe which of þe saide tenementes been dewe. And I þe forsaide Hugh, and my heyres, to þe forsaide Abbot and chanons þe forsaide ȝerely rente of v. s. as fre and perpetuell almes agaynste all pepull shalle warantyȝe, aquite, and defende for euer. In-to witnesse of þe which thyng þis present wrytyng with my seelys pryntyng I haue i-strengthid hit. These witnesses, et cetera.

[100.] An obligacion of Water Croxforde of þe Same v. s.

About 1280. Acknow|ledgement to Oseney, by Walter of Croxford, of obliga|tion to pay the quit|rent, as in no. 99.

KNOWE all men þat I, Water Croxforde, haue i-grauntid, for me and my heyres for euer, to paye to Willyam Abbot of Oseney and to þe Couent þer seruyng god, v. s. ȝerely at þe termes in þe charter þe which þey haue of Sir Hugh plesettis of þe for|saide rent contente. And þe forsaide Abbot and chanons may distreyne me and my heyres In all maner of distreynyng þorowgh Alle londes and tenementes the [folio 24b] which I holde in Cudelynton, and*. [Read 'and all (omnes) the said lands and tenements holding (tenentes),' i. e who hold.] all þe saide londes and holdyng þe tenementes, to*. ['ad solvendum . . . redditum.'] be i-paide to þe forsaide Abbot and chanons þe forsaide ȝerely rente, at þe termes i-sett, If we fayle (þat god forbede). In-to witnesse of þe which thyng, this present writyng with my seeles Empryntyng I haue i-strengthid hit. These witnessis, et cetera.

[101.] A composicion Bitwene vs and Sir Hugh plesettis of chauntery chapell of Cudelynton and oþer thynges.

About 1280. Oseney, as rector of Kidlington, granted Hugh of Plessets a private chapel.

IN dei nomine Amen. A thyng i-sprunge late, Bitwene re|ligiouse men William Abbot and Couent of þe Monastery of Oseneye of the oone partie, and a worthy man Sir Hugh plesettis of þe oþer, vppon a chapell of þe forsaide Sir Hugh Page  94 plesettis in his courte at Cudelynton i-sett, a*. [Governed by 'vppon,' mentally re|peated.] chauntery, with þe libertee of þe same chapell and oþer thynges þe mater of þe question towchyng: þe striffe bitwene them restid with a ffrendely composicion vndur this forme, that is to say, þat the fosraide abbot and Couent, hauyng þe parisshe church of Cude|lynton vn-to þere owne vses. This composicion is all i-write In þe title of 'Hedynton.'

[102.] A charter of Henry Doylly of a ȝerde londe In Cudelinton and rent of þe Mille and other thynges.

About 1230. Grant to Oseney, by Henry Doyly II, of rent|charges to value of £5; made up of, in Kidling|ton, £3 out of the mill (with sur|render of other feudal rights in said mill), the quit|rents out of a yardland, messuage, and croft; and, in Hooknorton, 13s. 4d. out of three yardlands, and 8s. out of half a hide, with sur|render of feudal rights over the said lands. Grant also of a meadow in Hook|norton.

KNOWE they þat be present and to be þat I, Henry Doylly, ȝafe and grauntid, and with my present charter confermed, to god and to þe church of Seynte marye of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, for my helth and of myne, both pre|decessours [and*. [Added from the Latin.] successours], and specially for þe Sowle of Sibill my wiffe and of moolde my dowȝtter, a hundred shelyng|worth of Rente ȝerely, for þe which I haue*. ['attornavi eis.'] a-tourned to þem lx. s. þe which I was i-woned to take ȝerly of my Mille of Cudelynton, and homage and seruice of Helie myller and of his heyres, and what-so-Euer thynge in þe forsaide mylle fully*. ['plenius et melius.'] and better I Euer had, with his pertinences, (or*. [The broken order in this instance is copied from the Latin.] myȝght haue), without Eny withholdyng. I haue i-ȝeve also and haue i|grauntid in þe same my maner, in-to ffree pure and perpetuell almes, j. ȝerde of londe, þat is to say, þat*. ['illam scilicet quam tenuit Radulphus.'] helde Raph Reuelyng, with a mese and crofte and all his oþer pertinences, withinne þe towne and without þe towne, withoute oony withholdyng. ffurþermore I haue i-ȝeve and haue i-grauntid to þe nowe saide chanons In my maner of Hokenorton j. marke of Siluer, þe which was i-woned to paye to me Raph Bernarde Euery ȝere for thre ȝerdes of londe, with his pertinences, þe which he helde of me in þe same towne. I ȝafe also to þem viij. s. of Ster|lynges, þe which I was i-woned to*. [MS. 'to to take.'] take ȝerely of Roger Olicrante*. ['Olicrance.'] for dj. an hide of londe, þe which he had with moolde his wife þe dowȝghter of philippe clerke, and of me Page  95 helde in þe same maner, with homage and seruices of þe saide Robert Bernarde and of Roger Olicrante and of here heyres, and what-so-Euer thyng [in] nowe þe saide*. ['iam-dictis.'] londes I had or myȝght haue, withoute oony withholdyng. I have also [given] to þe fornamed chanons In my maner of Hokenorton oon mede that Is i-called Cuham, In-to pure and perpetuell almes, and all thyng þat I had In þe for [folio 25a] saide mede or myȝght have, withoute oony reteynyng. ffor this cawse, I wille ande Surely ordeyne, for me and my heyres, þat [þe*. [Added from the Latin.] forsaide Chanons all] þe forsaide thynges have and holde for Euer, well pesible and worschipfully, with all liberteis and his fre customs, in-to ffre and perpetuell almes, as oony almes better*. ['melius et liberius.' Obviously, the writer did not care to form by inflection a comparative for words like 'freely.'] and frely myȝght be i-ȝeve of oony or to be holde. I also Henry Doyly, and my heyres, all þe fornamyd thynges with here pertinences to þe saide chanons agaynste all pepull shalle warantiȝe and aquite: and that this my ȝifte, graunte, and warantiȝyng, and aquite, be sure and stabull for Euer, hit with my present seeles puttyng to have I strenghthid. These witnesses. et cetera.

[103.] A charter of Warine ffiȝht Helie of þe Mille of Cudelinton.

About 1238. Sale to Oseney, by Warin the miller, of all his interest in the mill (as in no. 102), with the reversion of his mother's jointure|share. Purchase money, £6.

KNOW þey that ben now and to be þat I, Waryne ffiȝt Helie myller*. ['molendinarii.'] of Cudelinton, have i-ȝeve and grauntid, deliuered and quyte-claymed, and confermed with my charter, for me and my heyres for Euer, to god and to þe church of Seynte Marye of Oseneye and to þe chanons In hit seruyng god, all my mylle of Cudelynton, with þe pertinences, þat I helde of þe chanons, payng to þem þerof yerely lx. s., and*. [Read 'saving to Moolde.'] all þat moolde þe relicte of my fadur þe thridde parte of þe same Mille for her dowry al so longe as she leueth, payng þerof ȝerely to þe same chanons þe thridde parte of þe forsaide lx. s., that is to say, xx. s., for þe forsaide thridde parte of þe forsaide mylle while she leueth, þe which also þe forsaide thridde parte after þe decese of þe forsaide moolde all shall abide in-to þe handes of þe forsaide chanons, and þenne þey shall haue all þe forsaide mylle, with Page  96 all his pertinences, hooly, to be holde and to be had and*. [Omit 'and.'] to þe same, well and In pece, frely and quietely fro all seculer seruice exaccion and demaunde, withoute reclaymyng of me and of my heyres for Euer. And I Waryne and my heyres all þe forsaide thynges to þe saide church and chanons shall warantiȝe agaynste all for Euer. And for this ȝifte, graunte, deliveryng, quite-claymyng, and confermyng, þe saide chanons for-ȝafe to me ix. marke of siluer, þe which I owyd to þem. In-to witte|nesse of þe which þyng to this present writyng my seele I haue i-put to: þese witnesses*. [One was John of Tew, sheriff of Oxfordshire 1236-9.], et cetera.

[104.] A charter of petur Meles of þe Mese Euen agaynste þe Mille.

About 1280. Grant to Oseney, by Peter of Mules, of a messu|age, subject to 8d. yearly to maintain a lamp in the church.

KNOWE þey þat be present and to be that I, petur of Meles, ȝafe grauntid and quyte-claymed, and with this my present charter confermed, to god and to þe church of Seynte marye of Oseney and to þe chanons in hit seruyng god, that Mese, with þe Curtilage or garden and all his oþer pertinences, þat I had in þe town of Cudelynton, þe which truly mese is i-sett euen agaynste þe mylle of þe same Abbot and Couent in þe same towne of þe sowth partie by þe water: to be holde and i-had, to þe church and chanons, of me and of my heyres, In-to ffre pure and perpetuell almes, ȝeldyng þerof to þe church of Cude|lynton viij. d. to þe susteynyng of oon lampe, afore þe crucifixe In þe same church, for þe sowles of Sir Henry Doylly and of all sowles, as þe same tenement of oolde was i-wonyd to paye, for all thyng þe which, of þe londe and for þe londe, may, or shall mowe, to be [folio 25b] axid for Euer. And I petur and my heyres þe forsaide Mese, with all his pertinences, to þe church and chanons agaynste all cristen men and Juys shall warantiȝe aquite and defende for Euer. And that this my ȝifte be rate and stable for Euer, to þis writyng my seele haue I put to. These witnesses, et cetera.

[105.] A confirmacion of Sir Hugh plesettis of þe same.

About 1280. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Hugh of Plessets, of no. 104, subject to the charge for the lamp.

KNOWE all men þat I, Hugh of plesettis, haue i-grauntid, and with my present charter confermed, to god and to þe church Page  97 of Seynte marye of Osneye and to Sir William, Abbot, and to þe chanons in hit seruyng god, þe ȝifte þe which petur of Meles made to þem of oone mese with þe pertinences In Cudelynton. And I graunte, for me and my heyres, þat þey haue and holde hit, in-to pure and perpetuell almes, al so much as to me and my heyres perteyneth for Euer, Sauyng naþeles viij. d. to þe church of Cudelynton to þe sustenyng of oone lampe afore þe crucifixe for þe sowles of Henry Doylly and of my aunceturs and of my successours. In-to witnesse of þe which thyng.

[106.] A charter bitwene vs and Water Croxforde of þe londe of ffrees.

About 1260. Grant by Oseney, to Walter of Crox|ford, of the Frees.

KNOWE all men that In this wise hit was a-cordid Bitwene Richard, Abbot of Oseney, and þe Couent of þe same place, of þe oone partie, and Water Croxforde, of þe other partie, that is to say, þat þe saide Abbot and Couent lete and toke to þe forsaide and to his heyres a crofte or þat telth þe which is Euen agaynste þe chapell of þe ffrees of þe west side, with dichis, medis, and oþer pertinences: to be i-holde and i-had to þe forsaide and to his heyres to perpetuell ferme, payng þerof ȝerely to þe saide Abbot and Couent dj. marke at Osneye, that is to say, in þe daye of Seynte Mighell or a-fore xl. d. and In þe day of þe Anunciacion of seynte marye or a-fore xl. d.: and þe forsaide Water and his heyres all burdons of þe same crofte or telth towchyng, with þer costis, shall susteyne and aquite. And hit shall not be lawfull to þe saide Water and to his heyres the saide crofte or telth to oony man to sell ȝeue or bequeth or in oony maner to aliene. And if he doo or his heyris doo, hit shall be lawfull to þe forsaide Abbot and to his successours þe saide crofte or telth to Entre and for Euer to haue, withoute lettyng of þe saide Water or of his heyris. And þat this lettyng and of perpetuell ferme takyng be sure and stable for Euer, þe parties to this writyng In-to þe maner of a charter i|made, euerych to oþer, her seeles haue putte. These wit|nesses, et cetera.

Page  98

[107.] Letters*. [Marginal note:—'Nota.'] of Walter Archiebisshope of Yorke and co-executours of þe same of þe ȝifte of John bisshop of Norwhich of þe woode of Coggese and of the church of Swerforde with þe Chapell of Sevewell.

1217. Convey|ance to Oseney, by the execu|tors of bp. John de Grey, of Cogges wood, of Swerford church, and of Showell chapel.

TO all þe Soones of owr holy modur þe church to whome þese present letters shall come, Walter, By þe grace of god Archiebisshop of ȝorke*. [Walter de Grey, archbishop of York 1216-55, was nephew to John de Grey, bishop of Norwich 1200-14.], a primat of Ingelonde, and master Ralph of Warham*. [Ralph of Warham, elected bishop of Chichester, Dec. 1217.], officiall of Norwhich, and mayster R., Archede [folio 26a] con of yippeswike, helth in owr lorde. Knowe ȝe all John Gray, of goode Mynde, sumtyme Bisshop of Northwich, a woode þe which is i-callid Goggeswode*. [The spelling 'Goggeswode' is an alter|native to 'Coggeswode.'] to þe towne of Cude|linton sumtyme perteynyng, and þe church of Swerforde, with þe chapell of Seuewell*. [Showell, in Swerford parish.], and his pertinences, þe which þe for|saide Bisshop of þe yifte of Sir Henry Doylly gate, to þe church of Seynte Marye of Osneye and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, for þe helth of his sowle, In his laste will to haue i-lefte. We truly, sith In þe forsaide Bisshoppis testament executours [we] were i-ȝeve, to þe same chanons þe forsaide woode and þe saide church with þe chapell and pertinences, after that þe Office of owr execucion axid, haue assined. But [lest] þat þe trowth of this thyng by succession of tyme myȝht be in-to dowte i-callid, we of*. ['predictorum assignationem.'] Þe aforethynges assinyng to þe afore-saide chanons of vs i-maade In*. ['in scripturam redegimus.'] writyng haue i-maade hit, þe which þe puttyng-to of owr seeles haue i-thowȝght worþy to strengh, et cetera.

[108.] A confirmacion of Henry Doylly of þe same woode.

About 1217. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Henry Doyly II, as feudal superior, of Cogges wood, as in no. 107, with power to disforest it or sell it.

KNOWE tho þat be present and to be that I, Henry Doylly, of owr lorde Kyng constable, haue i-grauntid, and with this present charter confermed, to god and to þe church of Seynte marie of Osneye and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, in-to pure and perpetuell almes, all þe woode of Cudelynton*. [Names noted in margin.] þe which Is i-callid Coggeswode*. [Names noted in margin.] with his pertinences, withoute Page  99 oony withholdyng, [þe which] þe same chanons hauen of þe yifte of Sir or lorde John Gray, Bisshope sumtyme of Norwhich, þe which also woode I Henry Doylly ȝafe and with my charter confermed to lorde John Bisshop of Norwhich. Wherfore I wille þat þe forsaide chanons þe forsaide woode holde and haue for Euer with all pertinences, in-to ffre pure and perpetuell almes, quite fro all seculer seruice þat to me or my heyres perteyneth. And be hit lawfull to þe forsaide chanons of Oseney to þe forsaide woode to Copice*. ['assartare.'], to ȝeve, or to sell to whome-so-Euer þey willen or to religious men or to oþer. And I, Henry Doylly, and my heyres, þe forsaide woode to þe fornamyd chanons or to whome-so-Euer þey will assine hit agaynste all men for Euer schall warantize. And that this my graunte and confirmacion bide sure and stable for Euer, hit whith my present writyng with my seeles puttyng-to haue i-strenghthid hit: þese witnesses.

[109.] A charter of Adam ffiȝt Thomas of Cudelynton of londes In þe Same and In Shipton.

About 1280. Grant to Oseney, by Adam, son of Thomas, in Kidling|ton, of 2 acres, subject to ½ d. quit|rent; 1 acre, sub|ject to quit|rent of a root of ginger; ½ acre arable and ½ acre meadow, subject to ½d. quit|rent; and in Shipton of a mes|suage, 6 acres arable, ½ acre meadow, subject to ¼d. quit|rent.

KNOWE þey that be present and to Be that I, Adam ffiȝt Thomas of Cudelynton, ȝafe, grauntid, and with my present charter confermed, to god and to þe church of Seynte Marie of Oseney and to ffrere William*. [Probably William of Sutton, abbot 1268-84.] Abbot and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, ij. acres of Arable londe In þe territorye or grownde of Cudelynton, þe which I had of þe ȝifte and graunte of William of Wotton, for j. ob. to þe same and to his heyres for all thynges at þe ffest of Seynte Myghell ȝerely to be i-paide. Item, I ȝafe and grauntid j. acre of Arable londe, þe which I had of þe yifte and graunte of William of Cutlynton, for j. roote of gooyng*. [Read 'ginger': 'pro una radice gingi|beri.'] to þe same and to his heyres for all thynges at Estur ȝerely to be i-paide; And j. dj. acre of Arable londe and dj. an acre of mede, þe which I had of þe ȝifte and graunte of William ffiȝt petur of Dunynton, [folio 26b] for j. ob. to þe same and to his heyris for all thynges at þe ffest of Seynte Miȝghell ȝerely to be i-paide. Item, I ȝafe and grauntid to þe saide church Page  100 abbot and chanons j. mese, vj. acris of Arable londe, and dj. one acre of mede with þe pertinences in þe towne and ffelde of Shipton*. [Name noted in margin.], þe which I had of þe yifte and grauntyng of William Toky, for j. ferthyng to þe same and to his heyres at þe fest of Seynte Miȝghell ȝerely to be i-payde, for all seculer seruices, Sutes, wardis, relefs, heriettes, and for all other thynges þe which of þe londe or for þe londe may be axid for euer: to be holde and to be had, to þe saide church abbot and chanons and to þere successours, in-to ffree pure and perpetuell almes, al so much as to me and my heyres perteyneth, payng þerof to þe chefe lordis seruices afore-i-write. And þat þis my ȝifte, graunte, and confirmacion be sure and stable for Euer, to this writyng my seele I haue put to, and to more Surete of þe þyng, all Instrumentes and munimentes to þe saide londis and tenementes þat I haue, afore worþy men I have deliuered [to*. [Inserted from the Latin.] the said abbot and conuent]. These witnesses.

[110.] A quite-clayme of Water ffiȝt John of Thrope of j. li. of Comyn.

About 1280? Grant to Oseney, by Walter son of John of Thrupp, of a quit|rent of 1 lb. of cummin, due by land assigned to maintain a lamp in Kidlington church.

KNOWE þey that be present and to be that I, Water ffiȝt John of thrope, ȝafe and quite-claymed, to god and to þe church of Seynte Marye of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, for þe helth of my Sowle, j. li. of Comyn, In-to ffree pure and perpetuell almes, al so muche*. [This clause is not represented in the Latin.] as to me [longeth], þe which the same chanons oftid to me yerely at þe ffest of Seynte Miȝghell for ij. acris of arable londe In stotfolde and j. acre of Mede In Cannham, the which (þat is to say) iij. acris Robert Clerke of Cudelynton ȝafe to þe church of Cudelynton to j. lampe to be susteyned In þe same church. And þat þis my ȝifte and quite|clayme be sure and stable for Euer, hit with my writyng and of my seele puttynge to haue I strengthid hit. These witnesses.

[111.] A charter of John ffiȝt John philippe of vj. acris of Arable londe and of oþer thynges.

About 1280. Grant to Oseney, by John son of John son of Philip of Cotes, of the 6 acres arable of a quarter|yardland, described by strips.

KNOWE þey that be present and to be þat [I], John ffiȝt John philippe of Cotes, ȝafe, grauntid, and with my present charter confermed, to god and to þe church of Seynte Marye of Osney Page  101 and William, Abbot, and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, vj. acris of Arable londe In þe ffeldes of Cudelynton, with all oþer pertinences, þe which I had of þe ȝifte of my ffadur, of the [which] j. acre and dj. and j. Rodde lyen in Stodfolde by þe commune pasture of Cudelynton with þe Diche lying aboute, and iij. Roddis lyen In þe telth þe which Is i-callid Schelde, and j. dj. hede acre In schalt euell, and iij. Roddys In þe same telth, and iij. Roddys lyen In Medelforlong, and j. dj. acre In Hanginde londe, and j. acre vppon vourtene acris By þe wey: to be holde and to be had, to þe saide church and chanons, In-to pure and perpetuell almes, of me and my heyres for Euer. And I John and my heyris þe saide vj. acris of londe, with all þere pertinences, to þe forsaide church and chanons agaynste all cristen men and Juys schall warantiȝe, aquite, and defende, as owre ffree pure and perpetuell almys: and þat my ȝifte et cetera.

[112.] [folio 27a] A confirmacion of John philippe þe ffadur of þe saide John of þe forsaide ȝifte.

About 1280. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by John son of Philip, of his son's gift (no. 111).

KNOWE all men þat I, John þe soone of philippe of Cude|lynton, grauntid, and with my present charter confermed, to god and to þe church of seynte marie of Oseney and to þe chanons þer seruyng god, þe yifte þat John my sone made to them of vj. acres of arable londe and of a diche [and other pertinences] in þe feldes of Cudelynton, In-to ffre pure and perpetuell almes, as þe charter of þe same John þe which he made to þem of þe ffeffement fully witnesseth. And I John and my heyres and myne assines þe saide vj. acris with þe Diche and oþer pertinences to þe forsaide church and chanons agaynste all cristen men and Juys shall warantiȝe, aquite, and defende, as ffre pure and perpetuell almes. And þat this my graunte, et cetera.

[113.] A charter of William off Hampton of a Hamme i-callid Stoniham.

About 1290? Grant to Oseney, by William of Hampton, of a meadow|patch.

KNOWE thoo þat be present and to be þat I, William of Hampton*. [Hampton Gay or Hampton Poyle.], for þe helth of my sowle and of my wiffe aliȝ and of my aunceturs, ȝafe and grauntid, and with my present charter confermed, to god and to þe church of þe blessed virgen marye Page  102 of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, þat hamme, with all his pertinences, þe which lieth bitwene þe hamme þe which was sumtyme of Helie Clerke of Cudelynton and þe mede þat is i-callid Bradeham, In-to ffree pure and perpetuell almes, as oony londe better*. ['melius et liberius.'] and freliyst maye be i-ȝeve: to be had and to be holde, to þe same church and chanons þere seruyng god, of me and of my heyres, frely and quietly, well and In pece, withoute oony quarell and Demaunde and seculer exaccion. And I þe forsaide William and my heyres shall warantiȝe, aquite, and defende þe forsaide hamme, with all his pertinences, for Euer to þe forsaide church & to þe saide chanons agaynste all men and women. And þat this my ȝifte, et cetera.

[114.] A charter off Henry Doylly off þe ffisshing of Cudelinton.

About 1220? Sale to Eli miller, by Henry Doyly (? II), of fishing|rights in the mill|ponds and mill|streams of Kidlington, quit-rent to be half the fish taken. Purchase|money, 13s. 4d.

KNOW tho that be present and to be þat I, Henry Doylly*. [If it were Henry Doyly I, then the date is 'About 1160?'], my lorde the Kynges constable, toke and grauntid, and with my present charter confermed, to Helie Miller and to his heyres and*. ['and' in MS., by a slip for 'all.'] my ffisshyng of Cudelinton, withoute oony [retaining], vndur*. ['sub molendino et subtus [? lower down than] molendinum.'] þe Mille and Bi the Mille, with [the] excluse of þe Mille and with þe ponde and with all thinges to þe ffisshyng perteynyng, In-to ffee-ferme to ffisshe to*. ['ad piscandum ad medietatem.'] halfe: to be had and to be holde, to þe fforsaide Helie and to his heyres, frely and quietly, of me and myne heyres, by seruice off ffisshyng to halfe*. ['per servicium piscandi ad medietatem.']. And for this graunte, takyng, and confermyng, þe forsaide Helie ȝafe to me j. marke of siluer, et cetera.

[XVIII. Of Gosford]

[115.] A composicion*. [A translation of the deed, made from the Latin of the Oseney cartulary at Christ Church, is printed in Stapleton's Three Oxfordshire Parishes (1893), p. 360: but the technical term trentale is mis-read.] Bitwene vs and þe Hospitalariys of þe chapell of Goseforde.

1234/5, March 19. In spite of opposition by Oseney, as rector of Kidlington, the Knights Hospitallers, by papal privi|lege, were al|lowed a chapel in their house at Gosford, but on condition of excluding ordi|nary parishion|ers, and of refusing fees for saying yearly or monthly intercessory masses for souls of persons deceased. Same terms to apply, if needed, in other Oseney parishes.

THE prior and Supprior of Dunstable, by þe Commaundement of pope gregorye*. [Commission dated at Spoleto, July 14, 1232.], after Diuerse altercacions i-made bitwene þe Page  103 parties et cetera. þe strife bitwene them this frendely Ende restid, that is to say, that þe saide Hospitalarijs haue þe saide oratorye of Goseforde, after þe tenour of þere priuileges to þem i-ȝeve of þe pope, and þe procuratour of þe same Hos|pitalarijs, to*. [i.e. appointed to represent them in this suit.] þat specially i-ȝeve In Jugement, in the name of þe Hospitalarijs with goode feith promised noþer the Hospitalar*. ['nec hospitalarius nec canonicus secularis.'] noþer the seculer Chaplen parisshens of þe modur church to Diuine shall admitte In the same, noþer also Annale or trentale or oony other thyng that to þe modur church is dewe, [folio 27b] by the Occasion of the saide ora|torie, In-to preiudice or harme of the modur churche, shall receyue or make; also þe saide procuratour promised, In the name of his lordis In Juggement, that his lordis þe saide thynges shall kepe and of there Sugetes make hit to be i-keped: þat same, if hit happe to þe saide Hospitalarijs in oþer parisshis of þe saide chanonns oratorijs to make, fully In goode ffeith hit shall be keped. We then, louers of pece, this composicion approuyng, with owr seles puttyng-to conferme hit, et cetera.

[XIX. Of Hensington]

[116.] The Booke of þe ffeis seith þat þabbot of Oseney holdeþ In Hensinton dj. an hide londe in ffre almes & ȝeueth none scuage.

Note about land in Hensington.

*. [[NOTE.—Hensington is a hamlet in Bladon parish. The translator, at this point, falls into extraordinary and unexplained errors. Not only does he bring into the text (as is usual with him) what is the marginal introduction (no. 116) in the Latin copy, but he places it after the rubric of no. 117, and suddenly in the middle of no. 117 leaves the deed he is translating and goes on with the second half of the next. The error is the stranger because the names and property have little in common.]]

[117.] A charter of þe Kyng bitwene Eustach ffiȝt Raph and deenys Scorchebefe.*. [In the MS. no. 116 came in here.]

1218, Dec. 14. Suit by which Eustace son of Ralph established his rights over a mes|suage and two acres, held of Denyse Scorchebef by quit-rent of 10½d. Purchase|money, 10s.

THIS*. ['Hensinton' in marginal note.] Is the ffinall acorde i-made In þe Courte of owr lorde*. [MS. 'londe,' by a slip.] Kyng at Oxonforde, In the ȝere of þe reyne of Kyng Henry the Page  104 Sone of Kyng John the iij., in the morowe of Seynte lucie virgen, afore Richard, Bisshop of Salesburye, mathewe ffiȝt Hereberte, Raph Hareng, Water ffolioth, James of Poterne, Water de ripariis, Morice Tureville, John Wykenolte, Justices iorneying, and oþer true men of owr lorde þe Kyng þere then beyng present, betwene Eustache ffiȝt Raph, axar, and Deenys Escorchebefe, tenaunt, of j. mese and ij. acris of londe with þe pertinences In Hensynton Whereoff 'assisa of the deth of aunceturs' whas i-sumned bitwene them In the forsaide Courte: that is to say, þat þe forsaide [Deenys*. [Added from the Latin.] acknowledged the said mese and the said two acres of land, with the pertinences, to be the right of said Eustache: to be hold and to be had, to the same Eustache and his heirs, of the forsaid Deenys and her heirs, by the service of ten pence halfpenny to be paid yearly. And for this acknowledgement and fine and accord the foresaid Eustache gave to the foresaid Deenys x. s. of sterlings.

117* A. A charter of the King between Deenys Schor|chebef, asker, and William son of Wymund and Richard son of Ralph about 1 hide.

1199, Aug. 28. Suit by which Denyse Scorchebef, after estab|lishing her rights over a hide, granted it out as a freehold, to be held by 7s. quit|rent. Purchase|money, £1.

THIS is the final accord made in the court of our lord king at Oxonforde, on Saturday next after the feast of Seynt Bar|tholomew, in the first year of the reign of king John, before Alan, abbot of Tewkesbury, Simon of Pateshull, John of Gestling, Richard Flandrensis, William of Faleise, justices, and other barons of our lord king then there present, between Deenys Scorchebef, axer, and William son of Wymund and Richard son of Ralph, tenaunts, of I. hide of land, with the pertinents, in Hensinton: whereof 'acknowledgement of great assise' was summoned between them in the foresaid court: that is to say, that the foresaid] William*. [The English MS. resumes after the omission.] and Richard maade knowlege all þe forsaide londe with þe pertinences to be þe ryȝght and þe heritage of the forsaide Deenes, And for that ffine and acorde and knowleggyng þe forsaide Deenes*. [Words like 'gave all the forsaid land' have dropped out.] to þe forsaide William and Richard, with þe pertinences, to be holde of her and her heyres, to þem and to þere heyres for Euer, by ffre seruice of Page  105 vij. s. by ȝere for all seruice, to be i-paide at þe ffest of Seynte Martyne. And for this graunt þe forsaide William and Richard ȝafe to þe forsaide Deenes xx. s. of sterlynges.

[118.] A*. [An obscure marginal note says:—'A charter; nota pro nigro.'] charter of Symon Scorchebef ffiȝt Geffrey Scorchebeff of Shipton.

About 1255. Grant to Oseney, by Simon Scorchebef, of the rent|charge of 7s. (as in no. 117*) over 4 yardlands, with all other feudal superiori|ties.

[KNOW*. [Added from the Latin.] all men, et cetera. that I Simon Scorchebef, et cetera.] At the Instance of Water Shipton, Chapleyne, for my helth and of myne, ȝafe and grauntid and with this present charter confermyd, for me and my heyres for Euer, to god and to þe church of Seynt marye off Oseney, in-to ffre pure and perpetuell almes, vij. s. off rent in Hensynton ȝerly to be take In the ffest of Seynt Martine at Osney of iiij. ȝerdis of londe þe which Eustache meyllour, Richard Spenser, Symon Cat, Geffrey Miller, Helewise þe relicte of William ffrankelyne, sumtyme helden in Hensynton, with homage and seruice of þe same and of here heyres, and what of Ryȝght In them or In þere tene|mentes I had or myȝght have, without oony withholdyng to me or to my heyres: to be holde and to be had, to þe saide chanons, of me and off my heyres for Euer, well and In peece, ffrely & quietly fro all seculer seruice exaccion and Demaunde. And I Symon and my heyres all the forsaide thynges to þe forsaide chanons for Euer shall warantiȝe agaynste all men and women: and if perauenture, by oony case happenyng to them, þe forsaide thynges we may not warantiȝe we shall make an Escaunge in Shipton of my londe to þe value of vij. s. of Rent. And that this my ȝift, et cetera.

[119.]

About 1255. Grant to Oseney, by Eustace son of Ralph of Hensing|ton, of a man|sion, croft, 2 acres meadow, and 41 acres arable.

[folio 28a] KNOWE that*. [Read 'they.'] that be nowe and to be þat I, Eustach ffizt Raph of Hensinton, ȝaf and graunted, and haue confermyd with this my present charter, to god and to þe church of Seynte Marye of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, all my londe In Hensinton, and *. ['et quicquid.'] all that I had or myȝght haue [in*. [Added from the Latin.] the same land], þat is to say, xlj. acris of arable londe, with my chefe mansion and Crofte, and Medis, and þere pertinences: to Page  106 be had and to be holde, of me and my heyris, with all þere liberteys and here ffree customs, In-to pure and perpetuell almes for Euer. And I and my heyres þe fornamed xlj. acris and chefe Mansion and Crofte and Mede with all þe pertinences to þe saide Church and chanons shall warantize, defende, and Aquite, agaynste all cristen men and Juys as ffre pure and owre perpetuell almys ffor euer. Ande that þese above-write þynges opteyne strenghe, to this present charter my seele I have i-put to, et cetera.

[120.]

1257, Oct. Suit by which Oseney received from Eus|tace son of Ralph, the property in no. 119, paying a 'sparhauke sowre.'

THIS is þe ffinall acorde i-maade In the Kynges Courte at Westmynster, fro þe day of Seynt Miȝghell in-to þe xv. day In þe ȝere off þe reyne of Kyng Henry þe soone of Kyng John xlj., afore Henry of Bathe and Robert Brywes, Justices, and oþer true men of þe Kynges þenne þere beyng present, bitwene Richard, Abbot of Osney, playnyng, by William lech i-sette in his stede to gete or to lese, and Eustach ffiȝt Raph of Hensinton, deforcyng, of j. mese, j. tofte, xlj. acris of londe, and ij. acris of mede with þe pertinences In Hensinton*. [Marginal note:—'Hensyngton.'], Where-of a*. ['placitum conventionis summonitum fuit.'] plee of Couenaunte was i-sumned Bitwene þeme in þe same Courte: þat is to say, that the forsaide Eustach knowlechid all þe forsaide tenement with þe pertinences to be þe ryȝght of the same Abbot and of his church of Osney, þat þe saide abbot and his church hauen of þe ȝifte of the fforsaide Eustach, to be had and to be holde, to þe same Abbot and to his successours and to his church aforsaide, of the chefe lordis of that ffee ffor Euer, doyng þerof all seruices the which perteynyn to þe forsaide tenement. And for this Recognicion, ffine and acorde þe same Abbot ȝafe*. ['dedit . . . unum spervarium sorum.'] to þe fforsaide Eustach j. sparhauke Sowre, et cetera.

[121.]

About 1290? Grant to Oseney, by Eustace son of Jeffrey, of a messuage, garden, croft, and 27¼ acres arable, with meadow, and a quit|rent of Id. over two acres, with all feudal su|periorities.

KNOWE þei that ben present and to be þat I, Eustach ffiȝt Geffrey off Hensinton, with oon assent and consent of Moolde my wiffe and of Henry my first boor sone, ȝafe and grauntid, and with this my present charter confermed, to god and to þe church of Seynte Mary off Osneye and to þabbot and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, In-to ffree pure and perpetuell Page  107 almes, oon mese with a Curtilage (or Gardeyne) and Crofte þat I had in þe towne of Hensinton*. [Marginal note:—'Hensyngton.'], with þe pertinences, and xxvij. acris and j. Rodde of Arable londe In þe ffeldes of Hen|sinton, with þe pertinences, and all my mede that I had In þe medis of Hensinton, with þe pertinences, and a ȝerely rent of j. d. at þe ffest of Seynte Marten, þe which mayster John Maȝon was i-wonyd to ȝelde to me for ij. acris þe which he helde of me In the feldes off Hensinton, with homage and seruice of þe same Master John, and all that I had or myȝght haue in þe fforsaide thynges, withoute oony withholdyng to me or to my heyres [folio 28b] for euer: to be hold and to be had, to the saide abbot and chanons and to þere successours, of me and myne heyres, in|to free pure and perpetuell almes for euer: and I, Eustach, and my heyres, to þe forsaide Abbot and chanons and to þere suc|cessours, all the forsaide thynges agaynste all pepull for euer schall warantiȝe aquite and defende. And that this my ȝifte, graunte, and of this my charter confirmacion be sure and stabull here-after, this presente charter with my seelys enprentyng haue I strengthid hit. Thes witnessys, et cetera.

[122.]

1258, Nov. 28. Confirma|tion by Oseney, to Richard Forster and heirs, of the grant by Eustace son of Ralph, of a messu|age, 2 acres in the North field, and 2 acres in the South-field, at quit-rent of 2s. 6d., with suit of court and homage.

TO*. [In MS. this deed is marked by a big bracket and the name 'Hensynton' written beside it. The holding of Richard Forster here mentioned is one of those involved in nos. 117, 118.] all cristen men, et cetera. Knowe ȝe all vs to haue i-graunted and to haue confermed to Ricarde fforster*. ['le forester' in the Latin.] of Hen|senton and to hys heyres, for his homage ande seruice, þe ȝifte and graunte þe which to hym made Eustach ffiȝt Raph of j. mese and iiij. acris in þe feldes of Hensynton, with here pertinences,

that is to say, that mese, with þe pertinences, that Symon Kat sumtyme helde; and ij. Acris of Arable londe in þe North|felde, of þe which j. dj. Acre lyeth by Dene bache*. ['Linche' in the Latin.], and j. forere lyeth by slichy*. ['iuxta Rithi.'], and ij. dj. Acres lyen in the telth þe which is i-called Orchardes fforlong; In the Sowthfelde, j. dj. Acre lyeth euyn Aȝenst þe howse þe which is of william lang hals, And j. halfe Acre lyeth at Wowyne*. ['Woluyne.'] Hegge, And j. dj. Acre lieth abowe þe wey the which ledeth to Trope, and j. dj. acre lieth bitwene þe þycke þurne path and grene wey: to be holde and Page  108 to be had, to þe saide Richard and to his eyres, for ij. s. and vj. d. ȝerely to vs and to our successours in the day of Seynte Marten at Hensenton for euer to be payde for all seruice, sauyng to vs and to our successours sute of our courte of the forsaide Richard and his heyres, and sauyng to vs homage aforsaide, And that hit schall not be lefull to the forsaide Richard and to his eyres oony thyng of the forsaide londes and mese to oony man to ley to wedde*. ['invadiare.'], selle, or to bequeth, without speciall licens of thabbot of Oseneye and the Couent. Of þe which thyng, et cetera.

[123.]

Reference to no. (?) 21.

HIT*. [In the MS. the four deeds (nos. 123-6), are marked by brackets, and in each case 'Nota' in the margin.] is to be mynded that thabbot of Oseney hath in the towne of Hensynton þe tithe of j. hide [of] londe perteynyng to the church of Seynte George of þe ȝifte of Robert Doyly, as hit is open in the title of 'the*. [Apparently in error for 'How St. George's church was given to Oseney': p. 22/4.] ffundacion of the Howse of Oseney,' the which londe þe templarijs holden.

[124.]

Reference to nos. (?) 120-1.

ALSO þabbot hath j. hide of londe in the same towne, with A mese, medys, and oþer pertinences.

[125.]

Reference to no. 92.

ALSO note that we [have] a thyng to be remembrud of*. ['habemus memorandum de inquisi|tione.'] An Inquisicion i-made of our ffredoms in Hensynton of Sute not to be doo at þe Hundrede of Worton*. ['de Wottona,' correctly, in the Latin.].

[XX. Of White-hill in Tackley parish]

[126.]

Reference to nos. 21, 26, 29, 41.

ABBOT of Oseneye hath in Whithull ij. parties of þe scheves of all the Demayne sumtyme of Sire Hugh Wythulle, Knyȝht, and of ryȝht of all thyng the which is wonyd to be tithed perteynyng to the church of Seynte George, of þe ȝifte of [the] Doyllys, and confirmacion of Bisshopes and of þe chapiter of lincoln and of popis of Rome.

[XXI. Of Great Barton]

[127.]

Reference to nos. 129, 37, 133-4, 136.

[folio 29a] HIT is to be knowe what*. [Read 'that': 'Sciendum quod habemus.'] we haue in grete Bar|ton þe church with þe chapell of Sanforde and lodewell of þe Page  109 ȝifte of Roger of Seynte John, and þe graunte of Hugh and Robert Bysshops of lincoln and of the chapiter of þe same, and confirmacion of Guale cardinalle and legate, with þe confirmacion of pope Honorye the thirdde.

[128.]

IN*. [Nos. 128-34 are marked in the MS. with a line drawn right down the leaf; and several of them have 'Nota' or other marginal mark.] the Baylyfwyke of Barton ben conteyned þese: þat is to say, Grete Barton or þe more Barton, Barton odonis, Westcote Barton, Saunforde, ledewell, Groue, Rowlesham, Heyforde, litull Tywe, þe more Tywe, and Dunstywe.

[129.]

About 1190? Grant to Oseney, by Roger (I) of St. John, of the rectory of Great Bar|ton (see in no. 37).

TO all þe soonys of holy church to þe which þis present writyng shall come Roger i. of Seynte John helth in our lorde. Knowe ȝe all [me], with assent and consent of William my Broþer, to haue i-ȝefe and to haue i-graunted, and with this present charter haue i-confermed, to þabbot and chanons of þe church of Seynte marie of Oseneye, for my helth and of myne and for þe Sowles of my aunceturs, þe church of Barton, in-to ffree and pure almes, with his pertinences, in tithis, in londes, in men, in howses, in medys and pastures, in weyes and pathis, and in all oþer thynges and fredoms and free customs the which þe forsaide church euer had in tyme of oony of my aunceturs whenne þeye had þeme best*. ['melius et plenius.'] and fulliest. And this my ȝifte, that hit þe moor surer and stedfaster here-after may be, I maade hit in þe presente*. [By a slip for 'presence.'] of lorde John of Constances, Archedecun, and of all þe chapiter at Oxenforde. These witnysses, et cetera.

[130.]

About 1215. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by John (I) of St. John, of his father's gift as in no. 129.

TO all cristen men to the which this present writyng schall come John of saynte John helth in our lorde. Knowe ȝe all me, for my helth and of myne, to haue i-grauntid, and with this present charter to haue i-confermed, to god and to the church of saynte marie of Oseneye and to the chanons there seruyng god, the ȝifte the which Roger of Seynte John my fadur made to the same church and chanons vppon the church of Barton: to be had and to be hold to the same, in-to pure free and perpetuell almes, with all his pertinences, In tithis, In Page  110 londes, men, howses, medys and pastures, weyes, patthis, and in all other thynges, fredoms, and fre customs, the which euer had þe forsaide church in the tyme of oony of my aunceturs when hit had theme best and fulliest, as þe charter of my saide fadur (the which vppon [this] þey haue) witnesseth. And that this my graunte and confirmacion bide sure and stedfaste for Euer, et cetera.

[131.]

Reference to no. 141.

BARTON. The charter of John ij. of Seynt John seke after, the which was Nevywe of the helder John and the soone of Roger the secunde.

[132.]

About 1170. Grant to Steeple Barton church, by Roger (I) of St. John, of a quarter|yardland, viz. 3¼ acres in North|field, and 3¼ acres in South|field, with a bond|widow ten|ant and her son, and ½ an acre of meadow, for leave to have a chantry in his chapel, except on five chief days when he and his household must attend the parish church. His chaplains to take oath not to injure the parish church. His wife is to be churched at the parish church and to pay her offer|ing there. His household is to make Easter con|fession at the parish church

TO all soonys of our hooly modur the church to the which this present charter shall come Roger of Seynt John helth. To the knowlegyng of ȝow all I wyll hit come me to haue i-ȝeve, and to haue i-grauntid, to god and to the church of Seynte marie of Barton, in-to pure and perpetuell almes, thre acris of londe and the iiij. parte of j. acre in oon feld; and al so much in a-nother felde; In the Northfelde, ij. acris and the iiij. parte of j. acre [folio 29b] þe which lien Above Wadbrech, and the thirde Acre þe which lieth by Bryctewelle nyȝgh be the wey; In the Sowthfelde, gorys the which godric helde the which maken ij. acres, and the thirde acre the which is the hede of the gorys, and the iiij. parte of j. acre the which lyith by that londe*. [Read 'acre.' The words which follow are probably part of the boundaries of this rood, and not a further item of the grant.] and that londe the which lyith bitwene þe courte of the person of the nowe-saide church and the howse of Ailmare as the newe Diche and the wall of my Barton*. ['de bertona mea.' For this word see in no. 178.] closeth: ffurþer|more, I haue i-ȝeve and i-grauntid, to god and to þe forsaide church, anneys my natife or bonde-woman*. [An alternative rendering. The Latin is 'Agnetam nativam meam que fuit.'] (the which was the wife of Odo), with Raph the soone of the same Anneys; and dj. Acre of mede at Rogheford the which lieth to*. ['adiacet prato.'] the mede of Water ffrankeleyne: to be hold, of me and my heyrys, frely and quietly, fro all seruice and seculer exaccion. This ȝifte and graunt I made for A chaunterye to be had in my chapell of Barton, free and quietly fro the subieccion of the modur church, outetake that þat at v. days solemne*. ['ad quinque dies solemnes.'] (þat is to say, of the Page  111 Birth of our lorde; In the Daye of goodefridaye; In the Daye of Estur; In Witsondaye; and In the Daye of the Assumpcion of our laydy) I and my howsold to the modur church schall come, if by case*. ['si forte tunc temporis.'] in that tyme hit happen me þere to Abide; and whatsoeuer chapeleyne I holde*. ['retinuero.'], By the sacrament of feith hee schall be bownde that to the modur church and to the mynsters þere seruyng god [he] shall kepe feythe; and, as þe custom is, if hit happe my wife to be i-spedde in child-beryng at Barton, at þe modur church her purificacion sche [shall] make; And if hit happe me thorogh all the lent to tary or to Abide*. [Alternative rendering of the one word 'morari.'] at Barton, my howsholde, þe which shall be with me, of the chapeleyne of the modur church confession shall take. And that this my ȝifte, et cetera.

[133.]

1217/8, Jan. 19. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Gualo, cardinal and legate, of Great Barton church and Sandford chapel, as in no. 134. Anathema against violators.

GUALE, By the mercy of god, title of Seynte Marteyne preste cardinall, popis legat, to the loued Soones Abbot and chanons of Oseneye helth in our lorde. To ryȝghfull desires of axer it is worthy vs to ȝeve liȝght assent and the Desires the wich discorde not fro the pathe of reson with*. ['effectu prosequente complere.'] effecte (or doyng) folowyng to fulfille. Þerfore, beloued Soones in oure lorde, to ȝowr ryȝghtfull axynges with free assent we hauyng course, þe church of Barton with the chapell of Sanforde and with oþer her pertinences, þe which to ȝow the worschipfull fadur, Hugh, Bisshop of lincoln, of the consent of his chapiter, with the saide chapell and oþer pertinences, in-to þere*. [Read 'your': 'in usus proprios.'] owne vsis, to þe sus|teynyng of poor men and pilgrimes, graunted, as hit appereth by his open*. ['publicum.'] instrument to ȝow and by ȝow to ȝowr church as in that Instrument fully Is i-conteyned, By the auctorite of the legacie the which we haue we conferme and with the help of this present writyng we make sure. Therfore hit shall not vtturly be lawfull to oony man to Breke this our writyng or to goo agaynste hit with a frowarde boldenes; and if oony man this presume to attempte, the Indignacion of Almyȝghty god and of the hooly church of rome knowe ȝe hym-selfe to be runne Page  112 in. Datum at Abendon the xiiij. kk of ffebruare, of the Bisshop|hoode of lorde [folio 30a] Honorye þe thirde the secunde ȝere.

[134.]

1217, Oct. 14. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by the diocesan, of Steeple Barton rectory, as in no. 129, to sustain poor men and pil|grims, as also the chapel of Sandford, the rela|tion be|tween which and Barton church is obscure (subject to the life|interest of William of St. John, now rector), the services to be undertaken by perpetual vicars. The vicar of Barton shall have (a) the al|tarage, (b) half a hide of land, (c) a house; the vicar of Sandford shall have (a) the al|iarage, (b) the small tithes, (c) 4½ acres of land; one or other to serve Ledwell chapel, and take ⅓rd of the tithes of Grove. Said vicars to pay ecclesiasti|cal charges, but not to be subject to 'her|borogh' of bishop or arch|deacon.

TO all cristen men to the which this present charter shall come Hugh*. [Hugh of Wells, bishop of Lincoln, 1209-35.], By the grace of god Bisshop of lincoln, helth in oure lorde. We attendyng þe Religion and honest conuersa|cion of oure loued soones thabbot and chanons of Oseneye, for the sake of goddis mercy, we haue Decreyd, of the assent of the deen and chapiter of lincoln, the church of Barton with þe per|tinencis (whoos aduocacion they hauen of the ȝifte of Roger of Seynte John, of the same church patrone) in-to þere owne vses, to þe susteynyng of powre men and pilgrymys to graunte and By the Bisshopes auctorite to conferme. Truly, for-asmuch as þey*. [Read 'some': 'quidam dicebant.'] saide the church of Saunforde to be þe modur church, And oþer seyde hit to be a chapell to þe church of Barton per|teynyng, we, willyng vppon þis fully to be i-certified, [caused] an Inquisicion þerof to be maade diligent*. ['diligentem': agreeing with 'inquisi|tionem.'] By the Archdecun of the place and by feithfull men in the chapiter*. [i.e. of the rural deanery.]. Þe which all, i-swore, vndur þe Dewte of þere oothe seide hit to be per|teynyng as a chapell to þe church of Barton. But naþelees as A modur church we haue i-founde hit, of all Burdons and customs Episcopals and Archidiaconals answeryng. Whereof a*. [Read 'the consent': 'Unde habito con|sensu.'] counsell i-had of the deen and of owr chapiter, of the counsell of wise men, þe forsaide church of Barton, with þe chapell of Sannforde, with oþer pertinences, to þe forsaide Abbot & couent for Euer we haue i-grauntid in-to þer owne vses; to þe susteynyng of hospitalite A-forsaide to be conuertid or turne*. [Alternative rendering of 'converten|dam.'], sauyng þe Bisshop and archedecons customs of þe forsaide chapell of Saunforde, of*. [Read 'as of a': 'tanquam de ecclesia matrice.'] þe modur church as wee haue i-saide afore, sauyng also to william of Seynte John persone of þe church of Barton and of Saunforde in*. [Omit 'in.' The translator has for|gotten that he is rendering an ablative absolute: 'salva . . . possessione.'] his pesible pos|session while he leueth. Also we ordeyne that, after þe decese of þe forsaide person, a conuenient chapeleyne to vs & to our Page  113 successours to þe perpetuell vicariage of þe church of Barton, of thabbot and couent, be presentid, þe which shall take, In þe name of þe perpetuell vicariage, all þe Auterage of þe same church, with dj. hide of londe to þe same church perteynyng, and with an howse þe which Thomas Senex helde; and to þe perpetuell vicariage of þe chapell of Saun|forde be presentid also to vs & to our successours a conuenient chapeleyne, þe which shall take all þe obuencions (or*. [An alternative rendering: 'omnes ob|venciones altaris.'] vayles) of þe Auter of þe same chapell, with þe smale tithis, and with iiij. acris and dj. to þe smale*. [Read 'same': 'ad eandem capellam.'] chapell perteynyng. And the vicare to þe which hit longeth to serue þe chapell of ledwell shall make hit to be i-seruyd as hit ofteth, and he shall take þe thride parte of all tithis of grove*. [Marginal note:—'Grove.'] for nedefull susteynyng of a chapeleyne and þe forsaide vicares all burdons of þe forsaide church and chapell at*. [Read 'of': 'de.'] Saunforde shall susteyne Episcopals and archidiaconals i-wonyd*. [Note the plural suffixes of the adjec|tives: 'onera . . . episcopalia et archidiacona|lia consueta.'], oute|take þe herborogh*. ['hospitium.'] of þe Bisshop and of þe Archidecon. And þat all þese aforethynges sure and vnbroke Abide, þem with this present writyng and with our [seal] we haue i-willed to be confermed, Sauyng in all thynges þe Bisshops customs and þe dignite of þe church of lincoln. Thes witnesses, et cetera.

[135.]

About 1190? Confirma|tion to Oseney, by the diocesan, of Black|bourton chapel, and Steeple Barton Church.

TO all cristen pepull to þe which this present writyng schall come Hugh*. [It is possible that this confirmation is by Hugh of Avalon, bishop of Lincoln 1186-1200. The preceding charter, ap|pointing vicarages, is by Hugh of Wells, but is placed first through the prevalent error which ascribes Hugh of Wells's acts to his more famous predecessor. Rev. H. Salter notes that the original of no. 134 (in Christ Church Treasury) is correctly endorsed 'Carta Hugonis episcopi, quon|dam archidiaconi Wellensis,' but that an early hand has inserted 'Sci.' before Hugonis.], By þe grace of god Bisshop of lincoln, helth in our lorde. Leste þoo Benefettes þe which ben i-ȝeve to religiouse by for-getyng ofttymes*. [Read 'of times': 'temporum obliuione possint sepeliri.'] to be i-beried mowe, and to be withdrawe by schredenes*. [i.e. shrewdness: 'malignorum pravi|tate.'] of cursed men, we haue i-willed to take*. ['commendare.'] þem to þe Surenysse of writyng and to make hit sure with þe help of our seele: þerefore to þe knowlegyng of Page  114 ȝow all we will hit come vs to haue ferme, and to conferme with þe present charter, þe ȝiftes, as þey haue i-be made resonably, to god and to þe church of Seynte marie of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, of our i-loued soones [folio 30b] in criste Raph Murdac [gap: 1] and Hugh of Bourton vppon the chapell of Bourton, and of Roger of Seynte John vppon the church of Barton. The which that hit may be had ferme and sure with this present writyng and with our seele we haue i-wylled to be i-strenghthid, et cetera.

[136.]

1220, Apr. 20. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Hono|rius III, of no. 134. Anathema against violators.

HONORY, Bisshop, seruaunt of þe seruauntes of god, et cetera. To ryȝghtfull peticions hit is worþi vs to ȝeue lyȝht consentyng and to fille Effectually þe Desires þe which discorde not fro the path of reson: Þerfore, well beloued soones in our lorde, to ȝour ryȝghtfull axinges we willyng with goode assent, þe church of Barton with þe chapell of Sanforde and þere oþer pertinences, þe which our worschipfull Brother Bisshop of lincoln, diocesan of the place, with consent of his chapiter and of þe patrones of þe same church comyng-to*. ['accedente' agreeing with 'consensu.'], to ȝow, to ȝour sustenaunce, with goode and wise liberalnesse hath i-grauntid (as in the same Bisshops letters is i-conteyned), to ȝow, and by ȝow to ȝowr church, By the Apostles auctorite, we conferme and make sure with þe help of this writyng. Þerfore of our confirmacion or to goo Agaynste hit schall not be vtturly to noo man lefull or to goo Agaynste hit with frowarde boldenesse; And if oony to attempte presumyth, þe Indignacion of Almyȝghty god & of his Blessed apostles petur and paule knowe he hym-self to haue i-Runne In. The Date, at Viterbe, the xij. kk of May, of his Bisshop-hode þe iiij. ȝere.

[137.]

About 1220? Grant to Oseney, by John of St. John, of pasture for 6 oxen, 2 cows, 2 bullocks (or steers), 60 sheep, and 20 pigs.

KNOW they that be present and to be that I, John of Seynte John*. [Died 1230.], ffor my helth and of my aunceturs, haue i-ȝeve, graunted, and with my present charter [confermed], to god and to þe church of seynte Marye of Oseneye and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, in-to ffree pure and perpetuell Almes, pasture*. ['Nota' in margin.] in my Demayne to vj. oxen and ij. kyne and to two bestes*. ['averia.'] where Page  115 my shepe*. [Read 'oxen': 'boves' in Latin.] of Barton feede, and to lx. shepe where my shepe feede, and free Entryng and owte-gooyng to þe same pastures, and pasture to xx. of there hogges where my hogges fede: and in-to witnesse of this thyng to þis present writyng my seele I haue i-put. These witnesses, et cetera.

[138.]

1247, June. Agreement between Oseney and Roger (II) of St. John by which Roger of St. John granted to Oseney (a); and (b); (with leave to enclose the land in Steeple Barton and its appen|dent pas|ture absolutely to the use of Oseney, except for a foot-path), and (d). In return Oseney recognized Roger (II) of St. John's right to ten acres and meadow in Steeple (i.e. Great) Barton, obtained by exchange from Oseney.

THIS is þe finall accorde i-made In þe courte of our lorde Kyng at oxonforde, fro þe Day of þe Holy trinite in-to þe xv. Dayes, in þe ȝere of the reyne of Kyng Henry þe soone of Kyng John xxxj., afore Roger of Turkelby, Gilbert of preston, Mayster Symon of Bampton*. ['de Bauton,' in Latin: read Wauton.], and John Goveham*. ['Cobeham,' in Latin.], Justices Jorneying, and other feythfull men of our lorde þe Kyng thenne þere beyng present, Bitwene John, Abbot of Oseney, playner, and Roger of Seynte John, deforc.*. ['deforciantem.'], of xxv. acris of londe and j. Mille, with þe pertinences, in Odebarton*. [Name noted in margin. Ode-Barton = Barton Odonis, a manor in the parish of Great Barton.], and of xv. acris of londe and iij. Mesys, with þe pertinences, in stepulbarton and oxenforde, whereof þe plee*. ['placitum conventionis.'] of 'conuencion' whas i-summonyd bitwene them in þe same courte*. ['Nota' in margin.]: and bitwene thabbot, playner, and þe forsaide Roger, letter*. ['impedientem.'], of þe pasture to vj. oxen, twey kyne, and two bestes*. ['duos afferos.'], lx. shepe, and xxti hogges, in þe Demayne pasture of þe same Roger in stepulbarton, and whereof [the*. ['placitum warancie carte.'] plea of] 'warantiȝe of A charter' was i-summonyd bitwene þem in the same courte, þat is to say, that þe same Roger aforsaide receyuyng*. [Read 'acknowledged': 'recognovit.'] þe forsaide xv.*. [The Latin has, correctly, 'xxv.'] acris of londe and þe forsaide Mille, with þe pertinences, in Odebarton, also with þe ponde and water of þe same Mylle and fisshyng of þe same water, as muche as to þe same Roger and to hys heyres perteynyth, how*. [i.e. as far as the enclosure belonging to the abbot of Oseney reaches.] muche þe clo [folio 31a] se of þe same Abbot durith, and also the forsaide iij. mesys, with the pertinences, in oxonforde, that is to say, j. mese that is Bitwene Segrym of the corner and the lond that was of Andrewe tod, and that mese that Roger pompe sumtyme helde in the parisch of seynt Mildrith, and that mese that Water Brehull sumtyme helde in the parisch of seynte Page  116 John Baptiste, to be the ryȝght of the same Abbot and of his church of Oseneye, and them he relesed and quite-claymed, of hym-selfe and of his heyres, to the forsaide Abbot and to his successours and to his church for Euer; and furþermore þe same Roger remittid And grauntid the forsaide xxv. acris*. [The Latin has, correctly, 'xv.'] of londe, with the pertinences, in Stepulbarton to be thee ryȝght of the same Abbot and of his church of Oseneye, so that hit schall be lawfull to þe same Abbot and to his successours to close [the foresaid] xv. acres of londe, and also all the pasture of the same Abbot the wich lieth Bitwene þe forsaide xv. acris of the londe And the churchȝerde of the church of stepulbarton and the courte of the same Abbot in þe same towne, with walle, dich, or haye, and hit in-to defence to put and*. [i.e. 'and to do (i.e. make) his profit.' The English follows the Latin order.] his profite þerof at his wylle to doo, withoute agayne-saying to*. [Read 'of.'] the same Roger and to*. [Read 'of.'] his heyres, withoute oony clayme or*. [Read 'of': 'absque aliquo clamio ali|cuius iuris vel commune.'] oony ryȝght or commune þe which þe same roger or his heyres mowen*. ['poterunt clamare.'] clayme or axe within þe forsaide close for Euer, sauyng to þe same Roger and to his heyres A pathe þorowgh þe middull of þe same close fro þe stile of þe forsaide church of*. [Read 'to': 'usque ad.'] þe forsaide Mille of Odebarton By the which hym-selfe and all his men may goo and to come for here wylle vppon foote allonly as þat pathe was þe day in þe which þis Acorde whas i-maade: and also þe same Roger receyued*. [Read 'acknowledged': 'recognovit.'] þe forsaide pasture to vj. oxen, ij. kyne, ij. bestes, lx. schepe, and xx. hogges, in þe Demayne pasture of the same Roger and of his heyres*. [MS. repeats 'in the Demayne pasture of the same Roger and of his heyres.'] in the same towne where the Demayne bestes of the same roger and of his heyres fede, that is to say, to oxen with oxen, to kyne with hys kyne, to bestes with his Bestes, to shepe with his shepe, to hogges with his hogges, to be the ryȝght*. [MS. adds 'of the ryȝght,' in error.] of the same Abbot and hys aforesaide church, as hit þe which þe predecessours of the same Abbot [and*. [Added from the Latin.] his foresaid church have had of the gift of John son of Roger, father of said Roger, whose heir he is. And the same Abbot] and his successours schall haue and holde þe fore|saide Page  117 xv. acris and*. [Read 'of.'] londe, and the forsaide pasture, with his pertinences, of þe forsaide Roger & his [heirs], in-to pure and perpetuell almes, frely and quietly fro all seculer seruice and exaccion for Euer: and the same Roger and his heyres schall warantiȝe, aquite, and Defende, to the same Abbot and to his successours and to his church aforesaide, þe forsaide xv. Acris of londe, and all þe foresaide pasture, with his pertinences, as it is i-saide afore, as ffree pure and his perpetuell almys, agaynste all men for Euer. And as*. [Omit 'as.'] for this relese, ande quyte-clayme, warantiȝyng, acquityng, defendyng, fine, and concorde, þe for|saide Abbot recognized and grauntid x. marke*. [Read 'acres,' as in the Latin, and lower down.] of londe, with þe pertinences, in the foresaide towne of stepulbarton, þat is to say, all that telth, with þe pertinences, þe which lieth Bitwene þe howse þe which whas sumtyme of Richard prynke and Brec|forlonge, with the mede of Blacwell that to þo þe*. [Omit 'þe.'] x. acris of londe perteyneth, as*. [i.e. 'to be the right': 'esse ius.'] ryȝght of the same Roger, as þoo þe which þe aunceturs of the same Roger had in-to Eschaunge for the*. [Omit 'the.'] x. acris of londe of the forsaide xv. acris within the for|saide close: to be had and to be holde, to the same Roger and to his heyres, free and quiete fro all [secular] seruice and exaccion for Euer: And the same Abbot and his successours schall warantiȝe, acquite, and defende, to þe same Roger and to his heyres, the foresaide x. acris of londe, with the foresaide mede, and all his other pertinences, free ande [folio 31b] quite fro all seculer seruice & exaccion agaynste all men for Euer.

[139.]

About 1222. Perpetual lease to Oseney, by St. John's Abbey, Col|chester, of Colches|ter tithes and lands in this district, for £3 yearly, under penalty of £6 13s. 4d. on occasion of each fail|ure to pay the rent; with obliga|tion to en|tertain at Oseney the Abbot of Colchester, his retinue, and eight horses, for three days on each occasion of his coming near Ox|ford. Lease to begin upon expiry of the ex|isting lease to John son of William of St. John. Colchester to give war|ranty, if needed, but Oseney to pay the costs. Provisions for re-writ|ing and re|sealing the deed, in case of damage. Each new abbot of Oseney (personally or by de|puty) to re|new these covenants at Colches|ter, and offer a bezant of gold, under penalty as above. Oseney to discharge all burdens due by said titho.

THIS is the conuencion*. [In 1222, about June, a council was held at Oxford, to make canons conform|able to those of the Lateran Council of 1215. The abbot of Colchester may well have attended this, and talked over the Barton property with the abbot of Oseney. Oseney had just acquired (no. 136) the rectory of Barton. See The Essex Review, xiv. 149.] i-maade bitwene thabbot and Couent of Colchester of the oone parte, and thabbot and Couent of Oseney of the oþer, that is to say, þat the foresaide Abbot and munkes haue i-grauntid and take to þe saide chanons all the tithis (both more ande smale) towchyng them in the pariches [of*. [Added from the Latin.] the churches] of Barton*. [Names noted in the margin: but spelling 'Sandeford.'] and of Sanforde*. [Names noted in the margin: but spelling 'Sandeford.'] and in ledewell*. [Names noted in the margin: but spelling 'Sandeford.']Page  118 Ande in Groue, of the londe of John of Seynte John, with ij. Acris of londe the which þey had in Barton for A mansion (or*. [Alternative rendering of 'pro manso.'] Dwel|lyng), [and*. [Added from the Latin. The inverted order of words is also in the Latin. Read: 'and with j. acre of londe that they had at Sanforde for one mansion þere.'] for one mansion] that they had at Sanforde with j. Acre of londe þere, þe which John of Seynte John, clerke, helde of the same: to be had and to be holde, to the saide chanons, of the forsaide Munckes, in the name of A perpetuell ferme, ȝeldyng þerof ȝerely lx. s. of Sterlynges within viij. dayes nexte goyng befor þe feste of the natiuite of Seynte John Baptiste at colchester. And if the foresaide chanons, at þe terme i-sett, the foresaide rent pay not to the foresaide place, þat þey schall ȝeve to the foresaide Munckes al so ofte as hit happeneth x. marke in the name of A peyne, at þe warnyng of þabbot of colchester, in A certeyne day of hym i-ȝeve, to be i-browght In; And if nede call þabbot of Colchester in-to þe Cuntreis*. ['in partes Oxon.'] of oxon|forde, hit schall be Dewe to þe same Abbot and to his men and to viij. horsis*. ['et viii. equitaturis.'] in the Howse of Osney conuenient purueyng*. ['procuracio competens.'], by thre Dayes, if the same Abbot so longe þere if*. [Omit 'if.'] will Abide; and safe schall Abide and be to John ffiȝt William of Seynte John, clerke, of*. ['dictorum monachorum firma sua.'] þe saide monkes his ferme vppon þe same tithis and aforsaide londes the which he holdeth of theme, vnto his full terme and not by-ȝonde; and if within þe terme hee dye or els*. ['vel aliter.'] lefe to haue thoo tithis, þe foresaide chanons all þoo tithis anone schall take and haue, and froo that tyme forthe for them þe foresaide money ȝerely to pay schall Begynne, so (that is to say) that, in the ffirst ȝere after þey haue bee in possession of þe foresaide tithis, afore þe takyng of þe ffrutis of the ffirst ȝere, þey schall pay afore-handes to þe foresaide Munckes þe rent of all oone hoole ȝere hooly, that is to say, lx. s. and after|[wards*. [Added from the Latin.], after having received the fruits of the second year, the foresaid yearly rent] þay schall pay in the foresaide terme and place i-sett: and the ryȝght of þe foresaide tithis been i-holde thabbot and Munckes of Colchester to the same chanons, with þe costis of þe same chanons, to warantiȝe. Also hit is to be knowe þat*. [i.e. 'that, lest by any vetustas, etc.'] by noone oldenysse fro þe mynde of men þy*. [Read 'this': 'dimissio ista.']Page  119 lettyng-owte, as hit is above i-write, hit be i-callid agayne*. ['auocetur, quod, quocies visum fuerit monachis expedire, debet ista scriptura.'], þat, al so of[t] hit is i-say to þe munckes to be goode, þis scripture (or writyng) of[t] to be renewed with newe selynge of þe seale of þe chapiter of Oseneye. Also þe prelate of þe church of Osney i-chaungid the which is nowe, all þe prelates succedyng to hym, the prelates*. [Repeated unnecessarily.] by them-selfe or þere procuratour, in þe chapiter of Seynte John of Colchester, with-in xl. dayes fro þere introni|zacion, to come they ofte to make ffewte vppon the foresaide thynges, to offer oone Besaunte of goolde þere in-to þe hande of þe presidente, þe same chanons with þe foresaide peyne to be i-punyssed and*. ['And' = 'if': 'si et hoc non fuerit ob|servatum.'] this be not obserued. Also þe same Abbot and chanons charchis*. [sic. The Latin is 'onera eisdem decimis incidentia.'] Burdons to þe same tithis schall Euer sus|teyne. And in-to þe strengh of þe same thyng perpetuell*. ['perpetuum' agreeing with. 'robur.'], and witnesse, the foresaide parties to this present writyng in-to two parties diuided (or departid), oyþer to oþer, there seales haue i-putt. Of the which writyng partis at*. ['penes memoratos monachos.'] þe remembrid munckes and chanons Euerich to other Abiden.

[140.]

1273, June 21. Dedication of St. Mary's church, Great (i.e. Steeple) Barton, by deputy of the dio|cesan, with grant of indulg|ence at the anni|versary.

[folio 32a] THE dedicacion of the church of Barton*. [Name noted in margin. The dedica|tion may have been on occasion of rebuild|ing the church: but Rev. H. Salter tells me that, at this period, there were so many dedications in Lincoln diocese that it is difficult to account for them by the re|building theory. The English greatly con|denses the Latin.], By rey|nolde*. [i.e. Reginald, bishop of Cloyne. In 1273 he dedicated the churches of Weston|on-the-Green, Waterperry, Stone, and Barton, and a cemetery at Forest-hill. He died that year.] Bisshop Clonense, in the diocese of lincoln, þe which church he halowed in the stede of worschipfull ffadur Richard*. [Richard de Gravesend, bishop of Lin|coln (1258-81).] By þe grace of god Bisshop of lincoln, xj. kk of Jule In the ȝere of owre lorde Mo CC lxxiij., with þe Auters of þe same church, grauntyng to all men and women, verely contrite and confessid, þe same church euery ȝere, the same saide day and þorowgh þe vtase, causa*. [Latin word left untranslated, by a slip.] of deuocion, visityng or*. ['seu aliqua de bonis sibi a deo collatis pie impenderint subsidia caritatis.'] oony goode dedes doyng, xl. dayes of pardon of penaunce to þem enionyd, in the stede, and by the auctorite, of þe saide lorde Bisshop of lincoln, to þe which he put to his seale: i-ȝeve þe daye and ȝere aforenamyd.

Page  120

[141.]

1284/5, Jan. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by John (II) of St. John, of a mill & 5 yardlands at Weston|on-the Green, of Steeple Barton rectory, and of all his pre|decessors' grants,

TO all men this writyng to se or to hire, John of Seynte John, lorde of more Barton, helth. Knowe ȝe me to haue relesid and vtturly to haue quite-claymed, for me and my heyres and myne assynes, to god and to þe church of Seynte marye of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, all the ryȝght and clayme that I had, or in any maner wise myȝght haue, (in the*. [Omit the bracketed words, repeated in error from above.] ryȝght and clayme) in the*. [Read 'a.'] Mille, and v. ȝerdes of londe, with all the pertinences, in the town of Weston*. [Name noted in margin.] with-oute Burcetur*. [Bicester.], þe which is i-called Symones londe. I haue i-grauntid also and confermed, for me and my heyres and myne assynes for Euer, to þe saide church and chanons, the church of more Barton, the which they haue in-to propur vsis, with all here pertinences, and also all maner tenementis, with all possessions and fredoms, the which they haue of ȝiftes and confermynges of myne aun|ceturs: to be had and to be holde, in-to free and perpetuell almes, so that nother I, nother myne assynes, nother noone in owre name, oony ryȝght or clayme in the fore-put thynges hereafter may axe or chalenge. In-to witnesse of the which, to this present writyng my seele I haue put to. These witnesses, Sire Richard Willamscote*. [Of Kiddington, Sheriff of Oxfordshire this year.], et cetera.

This*. ['Nota' in margin.] writyng was i-made afore sir Salomon of Rowchester and his felaw Justices Jurneyng in oxforde-schire, after the fest of Saynte Hillarye in the ȝere of the rayne of Kyng Edwarde the Soone of Kyng Henry xiijo.

[142.]

Notice of the St. John family.

NOTE*. ['Nota' in margin.] that this John of Saynte John was the soone and heyre of Roger of Saynte John (the which ȝafe to vs the church of Barton), and gate Roger the which was i-sley in the Batell of Eyuesham*. ['in bello de Euesham.'], and that Roger gate John of Saynte John.

{illustration}

[NOTE.—That is to say:— . . . St. John
Roger (I) of St. John
John (I), died Jan. 1230
Roger (II), killed 1265
John (II), a minor in 1243*. [Testa de Neville, p. 100 b.].
William
John (no. 143)Page  121
It appears by no. 37 that William of St. John of no. 143 was brother of Roger (I). This will be noted as an instance of the marriage of clerics: cp. no. 147.]

[XXII. Of Barton Odonis]

[143.]

Descent of Barton mill (as in no. 145), as con|firmed in no. 147.

HIT is to be noted that Odo of Barton feffid sumtyme Willyam of Saynte John, person of the church of more Barton, of owr Mille of Barton, that Robert of Arsich confermyd to hym. The saide Willyam, person aforesaide, feffid John of Saynte John, clerke*. ['clericum suum.'], ys soon, of the saide Mille with londes and his pertinences; and the same Iohn in his laste wille Bequathe[d] saide mylle with londes and other pertinences to the Howse of Oseney, as hit is open By his testament*. [Printed in Engl. Hist. Review, April 1905.] seelyd with his seale and of his executours, the which ȝe schall fynde i-write with-in þe title of 'the Borowgh of oxonforde,' and confirmacion vppon the same Mille folowen in this title of 'Barton Odo.'

[144.]

Unfinished draft of no. 145.

[folio 32b] KNOWE thoo that Be present and to be that I, William of Saynte John, ȝafe, grauntyd, and confermed and Deliuered, to John my norysch*. [The word 'norisch' = 'alumnus' was perhaps chosen because of the disrepute attaching to the marriage of clerics. In nos. 143, 147, William is said to be father, and John, son. The Latin is: 'Iohanni nutrito meo.'], the Mille of Barton, with all his pertinences, that I held and had of Odo, Knyȝght of Barton, and of his heyres, the which is of the fee of Sir Robert Arsic and Dame lorette of ffontaynes and of Robert ffolioth, for hom|age and his seruice, with the mese and crofte and all the felde.

[145.]

About 1200. Grant to John of St. John, clerk, by his father William, of a mill, messuage, and viz. in one field,8 acres of old land and 6 of increase; and, in the other field, the same amount.

KNOWE thoo that be present and to be that [I], William of Saynte John, ȝafe, grauntid, and deliueryd, to John my norisch*. [The word 'norisch' = 'alumnus' was perhaps chosen because of the disrepute attaching to the marriage of clerics. In nos. 143, 147, William is said to be father, and John, son. The Latin is: 'Iohanni nutrito meo.'], the mylle of Barton, with all his pertinences, that I held and had of Odo, Knyȝght of Barton, and of his Eyres, that is of the ffe of Sir Robert Arsic and of Dame lorette of ffontaynes and of Robert ffolioth, for his homage and seruice, with a mese and crofte and*. ['et cum tota terra campestri, que pertinet.'] all the felde londe the which longeth to the same Mille, Page  122

that is to say, in j. felde, ij. acris in Dennessewey*. [Demnesweye.], and ij. acris Bi the mede, and ij. acris in Willanesdene*. [Wylauesdene.], and ij. vndur the langehale, and ij. By schuckelawe, and ij. By-ȝonde the way of Bamforde, and halfe j. By foxwell, and halfe j. By Caldewell, and j. By langlaslade*. [Langlaweslade.]; and in the oþer felde, ij. acris in the northe of the crosse By the wey, and halfe j. in Raggeweyfurlong*. [Rugweyesfurlung.], and iij. half-acris in Crotlande, and iij. halfe-acris in myddulfurlong, and ij. at slo tre forde, and j. in the Northe of the way, and j. atte sloo tre forde, and j. halfe in Etefurlonge, and ij. in langefurlong, and ij. at sloo tre forde By the way, whereof vj. acris ben of newe feffement of myne Demayne, and viij. aforenamed of olde feffement of iij. feys, Euenlike and*. [For 'and' read 'in': 'Similiter in alio campo.'] the other felde: to be had & to holde, to hym and to hys Eyres, of me, or [to] whome-so-Euer (or*. [Omit the bracketed words, inserted in error.] all other) to ȝeve, to selle, or assyne he willeth, frely quietly and pesibly, and quite fro all seruice and exaccion al so much as longeth to me or to myne, as charters and confirmacions the which of the foresaide Mille I had, By seruyce of the chefe lordes, witnesse. Thes witnesses, et cetera

[146.]

About 1240? Grant to Oseney, by Henry of Saundon, of lands in Barton and Rousham, with man|orial rights, Oseney to pay the king's de|mands, and quit-rents of 3s. to the chief lords, and 13s. 4d. to the mesne lord, and scutage when scu|tage is asked.

KNOWE thay that be now and to Be that I, Henry of Saunder*. ['de Saundone.'], clerck, ȝafe grauntid toke & deliuered, and with this present charter confermed, for me and myne heyres for Euer, to god & to þe church of Saynte mary of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, all my londe that I had in þe towne of Barton and in the towne of Rolesham, with all seruices and seruages*. ['seruiciis et seruagiis.'], men, rentys, medis, fedynges and pastures, with all my courte, and with all the pertinences of the same londe, and what-so-Euer thyng in the foresaide towne of Barton and Rolesham, or withoute, I had or myȝght haue, withoute oony withholdyng to me and to my heyres: to be holde and to be had for Euer to a ffree ferme*. [Read 'fee-ferme': 'ad feodifirmam.'], of me and my heyres, well and in pece, frely and holy and quietly fro all seculer seruice exaccion and Demaunde to me or to my heyres longyng, and the same chanons schall Bere all Burdons of the foresaide londe Page  123 in all thynges towarde the Kyng and the chefe lordes, ȝeldyng þerof ȝerely to me and to my heyres j. marke of Siluer at ij. termes, that is to say, at þe ffest of Saynte Marke [half*. [Added from the Latin.] a mark] and at the ffest of Saynte Myȝghell dj. a marke, at Barton, for all seruice, saue the seruice of iij s. that þe saide chanons schall aquite towarde the Chefe lordes, [folio 33a] that is to say, <at*. [Omit the bracketed words, which are brought in in error.] þe ffest of Saynte Marye> towarde Richard ffitȝ Odo, xvi. d.*. ['xvi. d.,' correctly, in the Latin. The English in error has 'xv. d.'] (that is to say, at Estur, viij. d. [and*. [Added from the Latin.] at the feast of Saint Myȝghell, viii. d.); and to Richard Foliot, iiii. d. (that is to say, at Easter, ii. d.,] and at þe ffest of Saynte Myȝghell ij. d.); Also to John De la Vessell vj. d. at þe ffest of Saynt Myȝghell; Also to Richard of morton x. d. at þe ffest of Seynte Myȝghell; and saue scutage, whenne hit goth thorowgh the londe, that þe foresaide [canons] schall aquite towarde Richard ffiȝt Odone and his heyres (þat is to say, ij. s. iiij. d., how that euer þe scutage goo, weþer it be more or lasse), and saue to Richard ffolioth and to his heyres for scutage [xviii d.*. [Added from the Latin.] in the same manner, and save to Richard of Morton and his heirs scutage] as hit longeth*. ['secundum quod pertinet.'] to j. ȝerde londe and j. dj.*. [MS. repeats 'dj.' in error.], the which is of his ffee. And I, Henry, and my heyres, all þe foresaide thynges to þe saide chanons schall warantiȝe agaynste all men and women: and if*. [i.e. 'and if anything occur to prevent our warantizing the aforesaid things to the said canons.'] oony case happe, þoo thynges that ben aforesaide that we may not warantiȝe the foresaide chanons in all or in parte, for so moch porcion as I and my heyres may not warantiȝe to them, we schall ȝeve to them sufficient Eschaunge, by the vewe of lawfull men, in my othir londes to a conuenient valewe [and*. [Added from the Latin.] we shall satisfy them for losses and expenses, if they have in|curred any towards any persons,] for the Defaute of warantiȝing [of*. [Added from the Latin.] me or of my heirs. And that this my grant] Be sure and stedefast for Euer, hit with this present wrytyng and By the puttyng to of my seale I have i-strengthid. These witnesse.

[147.]

About 1240? Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Richard son of Odo, as feudal superior, of (a) that part of no. 146 which is of his fee, subject to 1s. 4d. quit|rent to his manor, and a fixed charge of 2s. 4d. when scutage is asked; (b) the be|quest of John of St. John, clerk, as in no. 143, and in no. 145, subject to quit-rent of 1s. to his manor; with re|nunciation of all other feudal claims, Oseney paying £1 6s. 8d. to the con|firmer, and 6s. 8d. to his wife.

TO all cristen men to þe wich this present writyng schall come, Richard ffiȝt Odone helth. Knowe ȝe all me to have i-grawntid, and with this present charter to haue i-con|fermed, Page  124 for me and my heyres for Euer, to god and to þe church of Saynte mary of Oseney & to þe chanons in hit seruyng god, þe ȝifte and Graunte þe which Henry of Saunder*. [Saundone,], clerke, made to them by his charter of his londe, with þe pertinences, þe which hee helde of my ffee in the towne of Barton, and all that he held of me in þe foresaide towne of þe foresaide fee, within the towne or with-owte, and all that he helde or myȝght holde: to be holde and to be had, to þe saide chanons for Euer, of the foresaide Henry and his heyres to fee ferme, well and in pece, frely hooly and worschipfully, in Medys fedynges pasturis, In waters wayes and patthis and Esementes, with fre Entryng and gooynge owte, with fredoms and customs to þe foresaide londe perteynyng, quietly fro all seculer seruice exaccion or demaunde to me or to my heyres perteynyng, ȝeldyng to me þerof ȝerely to me and to my heyres xvj. d. (that is to say, at Estur viij. d. and at þe ffest of Saynte Mighell viij. d.), saue to me and to my heyres ij. s. iiij. d. of scutage [when] that renneth þorowgh þe londe, how-so-euer þe scutage renneth, whe|þer at more or at lasse. ffurþermore, I, Richard, for the helth of my sowle and of myne aunceturs, grauntid and with this present charter confermed to þe foresaide chanons, and*. [Omit 'and.'] for me and myne heyres for euer, al so [much] as longeth to me and myne heyres, the mylle of Barton, with þe mese, and Crofte, and all þe felde londe to þe same Mille perteynyng, and with all his pertinences in the towne and withowte þe towne, the which Mille, with all his pertinences, John of Saynte John, Clerke, to the Howse of Oseney ȝafe, be-quethid, and assined: to be holde and to be had, to the saide chanons for Euer, in-to free and perpetuell almes, well and in pece, with all the integrite or hoolenysse in the which William of Saynte John, the fadur of the saide John clerke, all þe foresaide thynges had and holde, ȝeldyng to me and to my heyres ȝerely at Estur xij. d. for all seculer seruice exaccion and Demawnde to me or to my heyres lengyng. And I, Richard, and my heyres, to þe foresaide chanons for Euer quite have i-clay [folio 33b] med of*. ['Canonicos. . .quietos clamavimus de wardis.'] wardes, relefs, Eschetes, and of Sutes of my cowrte and of my heyres, and of all exaccions, quarels, and Demaundes, seruices, Bondages*. ['servitutibus.'], and all Page  125 maner Burdons, so that nother I, nother noone of my heyres or successours, oony thyng of all the same Demaundes, Burdons, seruices, or Bondages, of þe foresaide chanons, noþer of none oþer, may axe for Euer, as*. ['quantum ad.'] to all þe foresaide tenementes with all there pertinences, saue to me and to myne heyres allonly the foresaide rentys, Also*. ['simul et.'] and the foresaide scutage. And for [this] graunte, quite-clayme, and confirmacion þe saide chanons ȝafe to me ij. marke, and to Aliȝ my wife j. marke. And that my graunte, et cetera.

[148.]

About 1240? Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Richard Foliot, as feudal superior, of that part of no. 146 which is of his fee, subject to quit-rents of (a) 4d., with 1s. 6d. for scutage, and (b) a lb. of cummin, with 1s. 6d. for scutage; with re|nunciation of all other feudal claims, Oseney pay|ing £3 for this con|firmation.

TO all cristen [men] to whome this presente writyng schall come Richard ffolioth of Rolesham helth. Knowe ȝe all me to have grauntid, and with my present charter to have confermed, for me and my heyres for Euer, to god and to the church of Saynte Marye of Oseney and to the chanons þere seruyng god, the ȝifte and Graunte the which to them made by his charter Henry of Saunder*. [Sandone.], clerke, of all his londe, with his pertinences, the which he helde of my ffee in Barton and Role|sham, that they [may] have and holde, hooly, frely, and pesibly, ȝeldyng ȝerely to me and to my heyres for the foresaide londe of Barton iiij. d. (that is to say, at Estur ij. d. and at þe feste of Saynte Mighell ij. d.) and for scutage xviij. d. when and who*. [i.e. 'how-so-ever': 'qualitercunque.'] so Euer it renne þorowgh all*. [MS. reads 'þorowgh all þorow.'] þe londe. Also for the foresaide londe of Rolesham, j. li. of Comyn at cristemasse, and xviij. d. for scutage whenne and whoo*. [i.e. 'how-so-ever': 'qualitercunque.'] so euer it renne þorowgh alle*. [MS. reads 'þorowgh alle þorow.'] þe londe, for all seculer seruice exaccion and Demaunde. ffurþermore, I, Richard, for me and myne heyres, quite-clayme the foresaide chanons and þere men and the londes aforenamed, with þe pertinences oft hem, for euer, of relefs, all wardes, [and escheats] and sutes of my courte and of myne heyres, and of all other sutes, claymes, and Demaundes, and Burdons or charges, the which may be axid of that londe, al so moche as to me and myne heyres longeth, sauyng þe fornamed rentes and scutages. And for this graunte, confermyng, and quite-claymyng, the foresaide chanons ȝafe to me iiij. marke of siluer and dj. And that this graunte and quite-clayme, et cetera.

Page  126

[149.]

About 1240? Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Roger son of Richard of Morton, of that part of no. 146 which is of his fee, subject to 10d. quit|rent to his manor, and 1s. 8d. when scutage is asked.

TO all cristen men to the which this present writyng schall come Roger ffiȝt Richard of Morton helth in owre lorde. Knowe ȝe that I, Roger, graunte, and conferme with this present charter, ffor me and myne heyres and myne assynes for Euer, to god and to þe church of Saynte Marye of Oseneye and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, all londes, medys, fedynges, pastures, and tenementes, the which they have of the ȝifte of Henry of Saundon and By the confirmacion of my ffadur, in the towne of Barton and withowte, of my ffee: to be holde and to be had, to þe saide chanons and to þere successours, in-to per|petuell almes, sauyng to me and to my heyres the rent of x. d. ȝerely at þe ffest of saynte Miȝghell, and sauyng to me and to my heyres for scutage xx. d. allonely, whenne scutage renneth generally thorowgh all Inglonde, for all thyng the which of the londe or of*. [Read 'for.'] the londe may or schall mowe to be axid for Euer. And I, Roger, and myne heyres or my assynes, all the foresaide thynges with the pertinences, for [folio 34a] the foresaide ȝerely rent and for þe forsaide scutage, agaynste all men for Euer schall warantiȝe, aquite, and Defende: and that this my graunte, et cetera.

[150.]

1247, June. Surrender to Oseney, by Henry of Barton, of two yard|lands in Barton and Rousham, subject to 13s. 4d. quit-rent to his manor, Oseney con|ceding him commemo|ration in the con|ventual prayers.

THIS is a finall concorde i-made In the Cowrte of owr lorde the Kyng at oxonford, fro the Daye of þe Holy trinite in-to the xv. Daies, In the ȝere of the Reyne of Kynge Henry the soone of Kyng John xxxjo, afore Roger of Turkelby, Gilbert of preston, Master Symonde of Bampton*. ['de Bautone': read 'Wauton.'], and John of Cobbe|ham, Justices Journeyng, and other true men of owre lorde the Kyng þenne þere Beyng present, Bitwene John, Abbot of Ose|neye, playner, and Henry of Barton, letter*. ['impedientem.'], of two plow-londes with the pertinences in Barton and Rolesham, Whereof plee*. ['placitum warantie carte.'] of 'warantiȝe of the charter' whas i-summoned Bitwene them in the same cowrte, that is to say, that þe same Henry knowlegid to*. [Omit 'to.'] þe foresaide londe to be the Ryȝght of the same Abbot and of is church of Oseney, þat*. [In the Latin, 'ut illam quam.' The translator, having taken 'ut' as 'that' (instead of 'as'), had to insert 'þey haue hit' (not in the Latin) to make sense.] that þe which þe same Abbot and the foresaide church hauen þey haue hit of the ȝifte of the saide Henry: to be had and to be holde to þe same Abbot and Page  127 to his successours and to his church aforesaide, in-to ffre and perpetuell almes for Euer, ȝeldyng þerof ȝerely j. marke of Siluer at ij. termes At Barton, videlicet medietatem, þat is to say, halfe, at þe ffest of Seynte Miȝghell, & the other halfe at þe ffeste of Saynte Miȝghell*. [Read 'Mary in March,' i.e. Ladyday.] In marche, And Doyng þerof to þe chefe lordes of that ffee all other seruices þe which to þe foresaide londe perteynen. And the same Henry and his heyres schall warantiȝe to þe forsaide Abbot and his successours and to the church a-foresaide þe foresaide londe, with his pertinences, as ffre and his perpetuell almes, By the foresaide seruices, agaynste all men for Euer. And the saide Abbot receyued þe foresaide Henry and his heyres in alle Benefettes and prayers þe which hereafter schall Be Doone In his church aforesaide for Euer.

[151.]

About 1240. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Richard Foliot, as feudal superior, of the legacy in no. 143, as in no. 145, subject to 2s. quit|rent to his manor.

KNOWE þoo that Be present and to come that I, Richard ffolioth of Rolesham, for þe helth of my sowle and of þe sowles of my aunceturs and successours, haue i-grauntid and with my present Charter confermed, to*. [Read 'for': 'pro me.'] me and my heyres for Euer, as muche as to me and my heyres perteyneth, to god and to þe church of Saynte Marye of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, the Mille of Barton, with þe mese, and Crofte, and all þe felde londe to þe same Mille perteynyng, and with all his pertinences in the towne and withowte þe towne, þe which Mille, with all his pertinences, John of Saynte John, clerke, to þe same Howse of Osenaye ȝafe, Bequethid, and assined: to Be holde & to Be had, to þe saide chanons for Euer, in-to ffree and perpetuell almes, well and in pece, with all integrite or þe holenesse In the which William of Saynte John, the ffadur of þe saide John clerke, all þe foresaide thynges had and helde, ȝeldyng to me and to myne heyres ȝerely ij. s. off sterlynges at iiij. termes (that is to say, at cristmasse vj. d., and at Estur vj. d., and at þe ffest of saynte John þe Baptiste vj. d., and at þe ffest of Saynte Miȝghell vj. d.) for all seruice, secular exaccion, and Demaunde, to me or to my heyres per|teynyng. And that this My graunte, et cetera.

[152.]

About 1240. Grant to Oseney, by Hugh de la Vescele, of a quit|rent of 6d. held as feudal superiority over land and meadow, part of no. 146, reserving 1d. quit|rent.

A*. ['Nota' in the margin.] quite-clayme of Hugh De la Vesselle of A Rent of vj. d. ȝerely. Page  128

[folio 34b] To alle cristen men these present letters to see or hire, Hugh de la Vesselle, soone and heyre of John de la Vesselle, helth in owre lorde. Knowe ȝe all me, for the helth of my sowle, to haue relesid, and to haue quite-claymed, for me and myne heyres for Euer, to god and to þe church of saynte marye of Oseneye and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, a ȝerely rente of vj. d. the which I was i-wooned to receyue, of the saide chanons of Saynte marye of Oseneye, By the reson of xxxij. acris [of land] with mede and his pertinences, þe which all*. ['quae omnia iidem Canonici.'] þe same chanons hauen in the feldes of the more Barton and*. [Omit 'and.'] of the ȝifte of Henry Saundon (to þe which*. ['to þe which' = to whom.] my ffadur all þese thynges sumtyme ȝafe By his charter, for his homage and seruice) vnto þente*. [sic, for 'unto þe rente': 'usque ad redditum.'] of j. d. ȝerely to be i-ȝelded to me and to my heyres, at Oseneye, At þe ffest off Saynte Miȝghell ȝerely. In-to witnesse, et cetera.

[153.]

About 1245. Grant to Oseney, by Hugh, clerk, of 4s. rent|charge in Barton Odonis (to be a pittance at Oseney), with all manorial rights re|presented by it.

KNOWE ȝe that Be present and to come that I, Hugh Clerke*. ['clericus.'] of Barton, for the helth of my sowle and of þe Sowles of my ffadur and modur and of my Benefeturs, haue i-ȝeve, grauntid, and with my present charter confermed, for me and my heyres for Euer, to god and to þe church of Saynte Marye of Oseneye and to þe chanons þer seruyng god, a Rente of iiij. s. ȝerely in Barton Odonis, the which to me was i-woned to pay John ffiȝt Warner of the same Barton, my kynnesmanne*. ['gener meus.'], for dj. an hide of londe with þe pertinences in the same Barton, to*. [Read 'the.'] which to hym I ȝafe for his homage and seruice: to be holde and to be had, to þe saide church and chanons for Euer, in-to ffre and perpetuell almes, to pietaunce of þe Couent, with all the ryȝght that in the same Rent I had or myȝght haue, to be take By the handes of the saide John and of his Eyres ȝerely in the ffurst*. [i.e. on the first Monday in Lent: 'prima die lune.'] Day of the mone of lente, well and in pece, ffrely and quietly fro all secular seruice, exaccions, customes, sutes, and Demaundis. And I, Hugh Clerke, and my heyres, the saide Rente to the saide chanons and church ffor Euer schall warantiȝe agaynste all men & women, and schalle Defende; Page  129 and of all thynges the which of suche ffeffement, or [for] suche, may be i-axid, we schall aquite. And that this my ȝifte, et cetera.

[154.]

1245, June 3. Acknow|ledgement to Oseney, by Johnson of Warner, of obliga|tion to pay the rent|charge, as in no. 153, Oseney promising him com|memora|tion in the conventual prayers.

TO all cristen men to þe which this present wrytyng schall come, John ffiȝt Warnere of Barton helth. To all ȝour knowlege I will hit to come, me, of þe assynyng of Hugh clerke my ffadur in lawe, to be holde and to Be Bownde to John, Abbot, and to þe couent of the church of Seynte mary of Oseney, and to þere successours for Euer, to a payment of a ȝerely rente of iiij. s., to A petaunce of the same couente, þe which rente to pay I whas i-woned to þe saide Hugh for dj. an hide of londe with þe pertinences in Barton Odonis, þe which to me ȝafe þe same Hugh for my homage and seruice: þerfore this rente I, John, and my heyres, to þe saide church and chanons for Euer withoute*. ['sine difficultate.'] hardenysse schall pay, to þe forsaide petaunce, þe moneday nexte of lente Euery ȝere at Oseney, of þe which rente soo i-paide they have þe charter of þe saide Hugh, and of þe which rente so [to be] i-paide I*. ['de quo redditu sic solvendo, fidelita|tem feci.'] made sewte with an othe, for me and myne heyres, In the chapiter of Oseneye, vppon the texte of the same church, the*. ['qu[a]e me alias suscepit.'] which me in A-nothir time toke me in-to here prayers and Benefetes of there Bretherhede, [and] In counsells to me and to [folio 35a] myne heyres or my children [is] not to fayle. This writyng was i-made At Oseney In the Vigile of Witsonday, þat is to say, in the Day*. [This second date is a difficulty. In 1245 Whitsun-Eve was June 3, i.e. Pega Virgo. Osith, Regina et Martyr, is Oct. 7.] of saynt Osith Virgine, In the ȝere of þe Rayne of Kyng Henry þe soone of Kyng John xxix. In-to þe strengh, et cetera.

[155.]

About 1245. Grant to Oseney, by Odo, son of Warner, of 5 acres in North field, in strips; and 5 acres in the South field, in strips.

KNOW þoo that Be present and þoo that Be to come that I, Odo ffiȝt Warnere of Barton, ffor my helth and of myne, ȝafe and grauntid, and with my present charter confermed, for me and myne heyres for Euer, to god and to þe church of Saynte marye of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, In-to ffree pure and perpetuell almes, x. acris of londe, with þe pertinences, in the feldes of Barton,

of þe which v. acris lien in the Northfelde In-to this maner: þat is to say, j. acre lieth in Halfurlonge, and ij halfe-acris In Page  130 Vtfurlonge, and ij. halfe-acris In longefurlonge, and j. halfe-acre stretcheth In-to Senewellyslade and j. dj.-acre In-to*. [Read 'in.'] Hurstane|furlong þe which is towarde þe North, and j. hede for j. dj.-acre at Crotteslondes*. [Croftes londes.] Ende, and dj. be-ȝonde þe slade;

And In the sowthfelde lyen v. acris In this maner: that is to say, j. acre in the Ende of þe towne, and j. acre at stanelawe, and j. acre in Middulforlonge, and ij. [half]-acris in Huntfur|longe, and j. acre in longefurlonge:

to be holde and to be had, to þe saide chanons for Euer, well and in pece, ffrely [and] quietly fro all seculer seruice exaccion and Demaunde, In-to ffre pure and perpetuell almes. And I and myne heyres all þe fornamed thynges to þe saide chanons schall warantiȝe agaynste all pepull and schall defende and aquite agaynste the chefe lordes and all men ffor Euer*. [MS. repeats 'for Euer.'] of all seruices and seruages and Demaundes and of all thynges that may be axid. In-to witnesse, et cetera.

[156.]

About 1245. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by John son of Warner, of his brother's gift, as in no. 155.

KNOW þo that Be present and to Be that [I], John ffiȝt Warnere off Barton, for myne helth and of myne, grauntid and with my charter confermed, for me and myne heyres ffor Euer, to god and to þe church of Saynte Marie off Oseneye and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, þe ȝifte þe which to þem made Odo fiȝt Warnere my Broþer of x. acris of londe with þe per|tinences in Barton of þe which v. acris lien in the Northfelde et cetera, and hit is in the charter afore-writen.

[157.]

About 1245. Grant to Oseney, by John, clerk, son of Warner, of a meadow|patch, Oseney promising commemo|ration in the con|ventual prayers.

KNOW þoo þat Bene now and to Be that I, John Clerke*. ['clericus.'] ffiȝt Warnere is sone*. ['is sone' is superfluous. The Latin is 'filius Warneri de Barthona.'] of Barton Odonis, ȝafe and grauntid, with þe assent and wille of Richard my ffurst sone and heyre, and with my present charter confermed, for the helth of my sowle and of margerye my wyfe and of myne aunceturs and successours, j. litull parte of my mede In Medham Bitwene ij. poles, in-to pure perpetuell and ffree almes, to god and to saynte Marye of Oseneye and to þe chanons þere seruyng god and owr lady saynte Marye, that for Euer my sowle and the sowles of my aunceturs and of my successours in þere prayers Page  131 þay haue i-commendid. And I John and myne heyres the for|saide litull parte of mede to þe same chanons schall warantiȝe and Defende for Euer agaynste all pepull, et cetera.

[158.]

1220. Suit between Oseney and Fécamp abbey in Normandy, about tithes, decided by papal com|missioners, appointed Dec. 2, 1219, Oseney claiming ⅔rds of the tithe of the de|mesne land of Little Barton; but accept|ing the offer by Fécamp abbey of a perpetual lease of the tithes at a quit-rent of 10s. to be paid to Cogges priory. Penalty of £1 on the breaker of this agree|ment.

TO all cristen men this present writyng to see thabbot of Enysham and the Dene of Oxonforde Euerlastyng helth in owr lorde. Know ȝe all vs þe Maundement of owr lorde the pope to haue i-take in these wordes—

Honorye, Bisshop, seruaunte of the seruauntes of god, to his Beloued soones, thabbot of Enysham, Prior of saynte [folio 35b] ffrides|withe, and the Deene of oxonforde of lincoln Diocesy, helth and the popes Blesshyng. Þat*. [Omit 'that.'] þe Beloued ssones, thabbot and couent of Oseney, of the ordre of saynte Austen, to vs playnyng, have i-schewed that where thabbot and Couent of lyre*. ['de Lyra.'] of þe ordre of Saynte Benedicte and summe oþer of Hereford and Wyrcetur diocese and of lincoln Diocese vppon tithis and other thynges doo wronge to þem. Therefore truly to ȝour discrecion, By the popes writyng, we charge that, þe parties i-called, ȝe hyre þe cause and (apelyng removed) with Dew Ende ȝe endid*. [Read 'end it.'], doyng*. ['facientes quod decreveritis. . .obser|vari.'] þat ȝe Decree By censure of þe church to be i-kepid. And þe witnesses that Be i-called, if they þem-selfe for grace, hate, or drede, withdrawe them, By þe same censure (appelyng cesyng) ȝe constrayne to Bare witnesse: And if that ȝe all to þese thynges to Be executid may not Be att*. ['interesse.'], tweyne of ȝow þoo thynges, not-witstandyng, do execute. The Date at la|teranys, iiijo none of December, of owr Bisshopehoode þe iiij. ȝere.

Þerfore By the auctorite of these letters, thabbot and Couent of Oseney, By there procuratour in owre presence i-sette, ij. parties of þe tithis of þe Demayne of Robert Arsic In litull Barton saide, of þe commune lawe, to þere church of grete Barton to perteyne, þe which of thabbot of ffescampe vtterly they axid, The which By his procuratour, that is to say, Roger thenne or that tyme prior*. ['tunc temporis prior.'] of Cogges, afore vs thenne com|peryd. Thenne when þe same procuratour, at*. ['procurator, ad totam causam motam . . . datus.'] all þe cawse Page  132 i-meved vppon þe saide tithis Bitwene þe forsaide Abbotes and Couentes [i-sett], letters of procuresyis i-ȝeve afore vs in Jugge|ment he*. [Read 'had.'] schewed, in the which was i-conteyned that Abbot and Couent of ffescampe woolde and willed to be ferme what that Euer*. ['quicquid.'] þe saide prior in that cawse did. At þe last, after many altercacions Bitwene parties, þe strife ffrendely in this restid, þat is to say, that þe foresaide procuratour of thabbot and Couent off ffescampe to thabbot and Couent of Oseney the forsaide tithis to A perpetuell fferme grauntid, and the same in|to Bodely possession ledde in*. ['induxit.'], for x. s. of sterlinges Euery ȝere, at Oseneye, to þe prior of Cogges, at þe ffest of Seynte Miȝghell or within þe vtas of þe same, to Be paide; and if oony of þe saide parties agaynste þe saide composicion come, to þe oþer partie xx. s. he schall paye. For this cawse we, hauyng this composicion ferme, By the Auctorite of owr lorde pope hit haue i-Juggid to conferme. In-to witnesse of the which and perpetuell mynde, et cetera.

[159.]

1350, Oct. 13. Exchange between Oseney and Sir William of Shares|hull, Oseney giv|ing messu|ages, a mill, land, and meadow in Barton and Rousham, and taking messuages, a mill, land, and meadow in Little Tew, Sandford, and Oxford, under licence in mortmain, with re|servation to Oseney of certain lands in Barton, and of rights of common pasture.

KNOW thoo þat Be nowe and to Be that we, thomas, By the suffryng of god Abbot of Oseney, and of þe same place Couente, have i-ȝeve, grauntid, and with this present charter confermed, to be-loued to vs in criste, Sir William Scharehull, Knyȝght, vj. meses, j. water mylle, xvj. ȝerdes of londe and vj. acris of mede, with þe pertinences, in Barton Odonis and Rowlesham (that is to say, all þe tenementes þe which in Bar|ton Odonis And Rowlesham we had, excepte j. gardeyne, j. crofe, and x. acris of londe, with þe pertinences, in the towne of Barton Odonis aforesaide) In-to an Eschaunge for viij. mesis, iij. cogates*. [In error. Latin is 'tribus cotagiis.'], j. water mylle, xiiij. ȝerdes of londe, xxti acris of mede, and j. schoppe, with þe pertinences, in litull tywe, Sanforde, and oxonford, þe which sothely tenementes in litull tywe, Sanforde, and oxonford we had of þe ȝifte and feffement of þe foresaide Sir William in-to þe Above-saide Eschaunge, as in the charter of the licence of þe Kynge of Inglonde and of ffraunce Bothe to vs and to þe forsaide Sir William þer-of i-grauntid fully is conteyned: to be had and to holde to*. [Omit 'to.'] the Page  133 forsaide vj. mesis, mylle, xvj. ȝerdes of londe, and vj. Acris [of mead], with the pertinences, in Barton Odonis and Rowle|sham, to þe forsaide William, his Eyres, and his assynes, of þe chefe lordes of that ffee By seruices þerof Dewe and wonyd for Euer, that is to say, all the tenementes [folio 36a] the which we had in the forsaide townes of Barton Odonis and Rowlesham,

except the forsaide gardeyne, crofte, and x. acris of londe, with ther pertinences, in the towne of Barton Odonis aforesaide, the which we reserue and reteyne to vs and to owr successours to A-Bide, with there pertinences in Euery place, as ffree comune of pasture to owre Bestes all maner of kynde to Be fedde in feldes and pasturis of þe towne of Barton Odonis aforesaide, also with ffree Entre and Goyng owte in Euery place, as we and owre predecessours to*. [Omit 'to.'] have be i-wooned in tymes a-passid, þe which also gardeyne and crofte in the towne of Barton Odonis Been i-ioyned to þe gardeyne of owre dwellyng in grete Barton, as forthe By*. ['prout per.'] the hegges and walles to-gedur they ben i-closed inne, And the forsaide x. acris By places lien in the Northefelde of the foresaide towne with owre syne woonyd i-seeled. In-to witnesse of þe which thyng we haue i-put to owr commune seale. Date at Oseney, In owr chapiter Howse, the Wodenysday nexte after þe xv. day of seynte Miȝghell Archangell, In the ȝere of the Rayne of Kynge Edwarde of Inglonde and of ffraunce, that is to say, of Inglonde xxiiij. of ffraunce xjo.

[XXIII. Of Westcot Barton]

[160.]

About 1260. Grant to Oseney, by Thomas of Hide, of 25 acres in Westcote Barton, viz. 12 in North field, 12 in South field, 1 in Moyles Breche, with their pasture-rights, free of all manorial burdens.

KNOWE þoo that Be now and to Be that I, thomas of Hide, ȝafe grauntid and confermed, to god and to þe church of seynte Marye of Oseney, and to sir Richard*. [Richard of Apletre, abbot 1254-68.] Abbot of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, xxv. acris of arable londe, with all þere pertinences, in the ffeldes of Westcote Barton, In-to pure and perpetuell almes, whereof xij. acris of londe lien in the North felde at Radawelle, that is to say, in þe telth þe which is i-called Brerefurlonge; And in the sowthfelde, Page  134 (þe*. [Omit 'þe which.'] which) vppon Ramme dune, iij. telthis, þe which conteynen xij. acris; And j. acre in Moyles Breche, By the londe of petur of Barton: to be holde and to Be had, to the saide church and chanons and to þere successours, well and in pece, frely and quietly, in fedyng and pasturis, with ffree Entre and goyng owte þorogh all þe felde of Westcote Barton for Euer. I have i-grauntyd Also, for me and myne heyres and myne assynes, þat þe saide Abbot and chanons and there successours ben quite for Euer of all maner sutes of courtes, helpys, tallages, scutages, and of all exaccions and Demaundes for Euer. And I thomas and myne heyres or myne assynes þe forsaide xxv. acris, with all þere pertinences, to þe saide Abbot and chanons and to þere successours, agaynste all cristen men and Jues schall warantiȝe, Aquite, and defende, as pure and perpetuell almes. And that þis my ȝifte, et cetera.

[161.]

About 1260. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Peter of Westcote Barton, of no. 160.

KNOWE all men that I, petur of Westcote Barton, haue i-grauntid, for me and my heyres and myne assynes, and with this present charter have i-confermed, to god and to þe church of Seynte Marye of Oseney and to þe chanons in hit ser|uyng god, þe ȝevyng the which to theme maade Thomas of Hide of londis and tenementes the which Ben of my ffee in Westcote Barton: to Be holde [and] to be had to þe saide church and chanons, in-to pure and perpetuell almes, as þe charters þe which they have of ffeffement fully witnessen. In-to wit|nesse, et cetera.

[162.]

About 1270. Grant to Oseney, by John le free, of an acre, with its pasture|rights.

KNOWE ȝe that Be present and to Be that I, John lee ffree of Westcote Barton, ȝafe, grauntid, and with this present charter confermed, to god and to þe church of saynte marye of Oseneye and to þe chanons in hit seruyng god, j. acre of Arable londe in the ffelde of Westcoote Barton, with all his pertinences, þe which acre lieth in the telth the which is i-callid Doddendenes Holde: to Be holde and to Be had, to þe saide church and chanons, in-to pure and perpetuell almes, with ffre Entre and gooyng-owte þorowgh all the felde of Westcote Bar|ton. And I, John, and my heyres or myne Assynes, þe [folio 36b] said Page  135 acre, with the pertinences, to þe saide church and chanons schall warantiȝe, aquite, and Defende, agaynste all cristen men And Juys. And that this my ȝifte, et cetera.

[163.]

About 1270. Grant to Oseney, by John le free, of half-an|acre, and half|an-acre.

HIT is to Be i-knowe that we haue:—To all cristen men to þe which this present writyng schall come John lee ffre of litull Barton helth in owre lorde. Know ȝe all me to haue i-ȝeve, grauntid, and with this present charter confermed, to god and to seynte Marie and to ffrere William Sutton*. [Abbot 1268-84.] By þe suffryng of god Abbot of Oseneye and to þe chanons of the same place þere seruyng god, j. acre of my arable londe, with all his pertinences, In the ffelde of litull Barton, for the helth of my sowle and of the helth of my aunceturs, of þe which j. dj.|acre lieth of þe Est parte of Sondeway towarde Dunstue By the londe of William Geffray, And a-nother dj.-acre in the same ffelde, that is to say, In Wolkelonde*. [Wowelonde.], By the londe of the same William Geffray: to Be had and to Be holde that Acre, with his pertinences, In-to pure and perpetuell almes, for my sowle and þe sowle of my aunceturs for Euer. And [I] John, and my heyres, þe saide acre of londe, with his pertinences, to god and to saynte Mary and to the saide William, Abbot, and to þe saide chanons, schall warantiȝe, defende, & aquite, agaynste all mor|tall men for Euer. And that this my ȝifte, et cetera.

[XXIV. Of Sandford]

[164.]

Reference to no. 139(?).

HIT is to Be i-know that we have j. Dwellyng and j. acre of londe in þe towne & ffelde of Saunford of þe ȝifte of Munckes of Colchester as it is opyn By the composicion Bitwene theme and vs, as hit is i-schewed In the title of þe 'grete Barton.'

[165.]

About 1250? Grant to Oseney, by John (? II) of St. John, of a messu|age, 2 curti|lages, and a dovehouse, subject to 3s. quit|rent to his manor.

KNOWE tho that Be present and to Be that I, John of Seynte John, ȝafe, grauntid, and confermed with this present charter, to god And to þe church of Seynte Marye of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, that mese at Sanforde that is nexte to þe church towarde þe sowth, with þe curtilage that Page  136 is towarde þe sowth, [and] with þe curtilage that is towarde þe Est By the Coluerhowse, and with þe same Coluerhowse: to Be holde and to Be had, to þe same chanons for Euer, of me and myne heyres, ffrely quietly pesibly and hooly, ȝeldyng þerof ȝerely In ij. termes of the ȝere iij. s. (that is to say, at þe ffest of Seynte Miȝghell, xviij d.; and in þe Annunciacion of Saynte Marie, xviij. d.) for all seculer seruice, exaccion, and Demaunde, to me or to my heyres perteynyng. And I and myne heyres schall warantiȝe the saide Mese to þe saide chanons for Euer agaynste all men. And in-to witnesse, et cetera.

[166.] A charter Agaynste Walter, Vicar of Sanforde, of þe mese & curtilage.

About 1260. Grant by Oseney, to Walter, vicar of Sandford St. Martin, of life-rent of nos. 164 and 165, quit-rent to be either 5s., or 3s., with gift of a lamprey on eve of Palm|Sunday, and, at his death, a heriot.

KNOWE all men that in this maner hit was A-cordid Bitwene Richard*. [Probably Richard of Apletre, abbot 1254-68.] Abbot of Oseney and þe Couent of þe same place of þe oone partie, and Sir Water Vicar of Saunford of þe oþer, þat is to say, þat þe saide Abbot and couent toke and lete to þe forsaide Water, alonly to his wife*. [Read 'life'; 'tantum ad vitam suam.'], ij.*. ['quaedam messuagia.'] meses at Saunforde, with þer pertinences, þe which ij. mesys*. ['qu[a]e quidem messuagia.'] ben nexte i-Joyned to þe howses þe which to þe Vicarage of Saunforde perteynen of þe Sowth partye, with þe curtilage þe which is towarde þe sowth, and with þe curtilage þe which is towarde þe Est abowte þe Coluerhowse, and with þe same Coluerhowse, with all his oþer pertinences, for v. s. ȝerely, or for iij. s. and j. lam|prey, to þe saide Abbot and Couent and to þere successours ȝerely to Be paide (þat is to say, at þe Annunciacion of Seynte Marie, xviij. d.; and in the Vigill of palmes, j. lamprey or ij. s.; and at þe ffest of Seynte Mighell, xviij. d.) for all seruice, sauyng naþeles to saide Abbot and Couent and to þere successours þe Best best*. ['best'= beast.] of the foresaide Water whenne he in-to deth passith. In-to witnesse, et cetera.

[167.] Dedicacion of the chapell of Saunford.

1273, June 20. Dedication of Sandford St. Martin chapel by the de|puty of the diocesan: indulgence to worship|pers on the anni|versary.

[folio 37a] REYNOLDE, By the grace of god Bisshop of Clone*. [i.e. Cloyne: see no. 129. The English cuts down the deed. In the Latin, 'the chapel of St. Martin of Sanford' is said to be 'subject to the parish church of Great Barton.'], et cetera, In the stede of þe worschipfull ffadur lorde Richard, Bisshop of Page  137 lincoln, In the xij. kk. of Julie In the ȝere of oure lorde Ml CC Lxxiij., halowed the Chapell of Saunforde and the high auter, In the Bisshoprich of lincoln, In the stede of þe worschip|full ffadur lorde Richard, Bisshop of lincoln; and By his auctorite, trustyng of þe mercy of all-myȝghty god and of seynte marie Euer virgyne and meritis of saynte martine and of all sayntys, to all very contrite pepull and confessid þe which þe Above-saide chapell Euery ȝere in þe saide Daye and þorowgh þe Vtas for cause of Deuocion wille visite hit, or*. [This clause is a paraphrase: see the Latin formula in no. 129.] oony goodes or goode dedis of charite [shall do there], xl. daies of penaunce to þem enioyned relesid. In-to witnesse, et cetera.

[XXV. Of Ledwell]

[168.] A Sentence diffinitife agaynste Drue of Preaus of þe tithis in ledwell.

1239/40, March 5. Suit by Oseney, against the rector of Great Tew, decided by papal com|missioners, said rector allowing Oseney ⅔rds of the tithes and parish dues from two holdings in Ledwell, Oseney re|mitting arrears and asking no costs in the suit.

TO all cristen pepull to whome this presente writyng schall come Robert dene*. [Robert de Hertford, dean 1238-57.] & A. chaunceler of þe church of Salisbury euerlastyng helth in owr lorde. Þe maundement of owr lorde pope In-to þese wordes Gregorius*. [Gregory IX, pope 1227-41. The commission was issued June 8, 1239.] seruus seruorum dei, et cetera. Our Beloued Soones thabbot and Couent of Oseney, et cetera. By the auctorite of this maundement we haue i-cited Drue*. [Drogo.], person of þe church of more Tywe, at þe Instaunce of þe saide Abbot and Couent, et cetera. vppon the tithis and all parisch ryȝght þe which þe same Drue, In the name of his church of Tywe, whas i-woned to take within the Bondes of theme*. ['infra limites parochie eorum de Bar|thona.'] of Barton, þe which of commune ryȝght þay axid, þe parties By procuratours In Jugge|ment comperyng, et cetera. At þe laste, procuratour of þe saide Drue, of þe Entent of the saide Abbot and Couent in Juggement fully confessid, bothe þe saide tithis & parisch ryȝght, that þe saide Drue of þe parisshens of theme at ledewell (that is to say, of William of Dichelle and Adam of Hide) to take whas i-wooned, ffrely and quietly to þem hee grauntid, And that to þem oony Impediment here-after vppon þe same he schall not procure, Page  138 noþer þem let schall that they mow not all the saide thynges take, In goode feithe he be-heete*. ['promisit.']. þenne, þe Entente of þe saide Abbot and Couent i-harde and confession of þe contrarie partie, þe forsaide tithis and parisch ryȝght to þe forsaide chanons, By cawse of there church of Barton, sentencially whe haue i-Juggid for Euer, silence to þe saide Drue to all þe saide thynges puttyng: to þe Execucion of þe same sentence to Be do, to Archedecon of Oxonforde decreyng to Be Demaundid or axid. And þe procuratour of þe saide Abbot and couent of Oseneye to þe forsaide Drue arrerages and Expensis in þe strife relesid vtterly, þe which were made vppon this mater. And we, of the consent of the parties, have reserved to vs Jurisdic|cion [for] Euer to þe constreynyng of þe parties to Be doo, if eyþer partie (that god forbide) wille Begynne agayne. And to witnesse of this thyng, to this writyng owr seales we haue i-putt to, et cetera., with the seale of the procuratour of the saide Drue: the Date, ffro þe Incarnacion of owr lorde In the ȝere MoCC xxxix, at Newe Salysbury, þe [iii.] Nonas marcij.

[169.] ffor þe heth of ledewell.

1413, Dec. 28. Survey, by the neigh|bours, of the boun|dary-marks of the Heath and L'in|land belonging to Oseney, with a view to their being en|closed. Verdict that there exist no rights of common in said lands, and no rights of way over them.

ÞE þundurday*. ['die Iovis.'] nexte after the ffest of þe Birth of owr lorde In the ȝere of the Reyne of Kynge Henry the v. after the con|queste jo Come John Wilcotys, [folio 37b] squier, and all his tenauntes of þe Moore Barton, ledewell, and Saunforde (were*. [Omit the bracketed words, brought in, in error, from below.] well i-sett and stiked) [to*. ['ad videndum quod mete et meer|stones . . .'] see] that þe Bondis and merestones Bitwene j. felde i-called þe heth ande linlonde and þe londe of þe tenauntes and also þe Demayne londe of þe lorde of ledewell and Saunforde where [well] i-sette and stiked*. ['fuerunt bene assesse et fixe.' Is this 'stike' for 'stick,' or an early example of the diphthongation of 'stake,' which is now found, e. g. in Essex.]. And at þat tyme, In the presence of þe forsaide John Wilcotes, of the parte of Sir Sencleres*. ['ex parte domini Senclers' = 'on behalf of the lord of Senclers manor.'] þere Beyng, and of John langston of the parte of thabbot of Oseney and of þe Couent, þe forsaide Bondis and Merestones where i-stiked and i-sett By the tenauntes vndur|write and moony othir þere i-examined and i-swore to þe Page  139 trowght þere-of to Be saide and to Be i-performed, þat is to say, By John Duke, Richard Webbe, Geoffrey plestow, Richard Cow|per, William Ȝorke, Richard plestow, Symond Wesey*. [Veysy.], John tailour, Thomas Kyng, John cockes, Thomas ffox, Thomas Collys, John Bosseby, Richard Boveton, and moony other þenne þere Beyng present. And then John langston, after þe strikyng*. [Read 'stiking'; 'post fixionem.'] of þe foresaide Boundis and Merestones, declared to all þe tenauntes aforesaide þat thabbot and Couent above-saide purposenne and Entende to close*. ['ad includendum.'] all þe forsayde ffelde of le heth and lynlonde as here seuerell in all the tymes of þe ȝere, And he axid of þe tenauntes and oþer þere Beyng if [any] of þem wolde*. ['vellet vel sciret aliquid dicere.'] or knewe oony thyng to say why that he ofte not to close þe saide felde and heth as his seuerell, and all saide that he myȝght well and neuer saide þe contrarye. And for Euidence þey say that þe forsaide feld sumtyme was parcelle of þe Demayne londe of the lorde*. [MS, has 'londe,' by a slip: 'dominice terre domini ibidem.'] there, and þey say þat all the Demayne londe is seuerell*. ['separalis.'] thorowgh þe ȝere. And ffurþermore þe forsaide John langston axid of them if they or oony of them oony waye or pathe in þe forsaide ffelde or in oony parcelle of þe same in oony tyme of þe ȝere wolde chalenge or [claim*. [Blank in MS.: 'calumpniare' in Latin.]], And they answered all nay; But þay saide that þe forsaide Abbot and Couent and his pre|decessours had A Grene waye fro the towne of ledewell unto þe forsaide felde to Dryue all his maner of Bestis þere to Be ffedde and to Be i-Browght agayne whenne-so-Euer hit plesid them, and none oþer But by the leve of them, et cetera.

[XXVI. Of Lodewell]

[170.]

Reference to no. 21.

*. ['Nota' in margin.]HIT is to Be i-myndyd that we have the tithis in ledewell of þe ȝifte of Robert Doylly, as it is i-schewed In the grete charter of þe same, þe which is Abofe In the title 'How that þe church of Seynte George was i-ȝeve to þe chanons of Oseneye.'

Page  140

[171.]

1257(?). Registra|tion of an inquiry held 1257(?), June 11, as to the tithe of the demesne lands in Ledwell, of which Oseney claimed ⅔rds and conceded the other ⅓rd to the rector of Wootton, by sworn witnesses, before the neighbours, resulting in the defining of the portions from which Oseney took tithe, viz. of 37½ acres in the West field, and of 40 acres in the East field. Dated at Oseney 1257(?), Aug. 31.

*. ['Wotton & ledewell' in margin.]KNOWE all men þis present letters to see or to hire that where thabbot and Couent of Oseney have i-take pesibly in the parisch of Wotton, fro the tyme of þe which is no mynde, ij. parties of tithes comyng forth of þo Demayne of ledewell of þe honowr of Walyngforde and longyng to þe church of Seynte George In the castell of oxonford, and the person of Wotton the thirde parte of the tithis of þe saide Demayne had i-take, naþeles, ouerþat*. ['ex (h)abundanti.'] and to more surtye, an Inquisicion was i-made, in the Day of Bartholomew þepostle, In the ȝere of owr lorde*. [1257 in the Latin.] Mo CC lxvijo, vppon the forsaide tithis By feithfull men i-swore, that is to say, Petur gigur, Water fiȝt Gilbert, John ffiȝt Rey|nolde, Geffray ffiȝt John William*. ['filium Iohannis le Wal.'], Henry*. ['Herueum.'] ffiȝt William, þe which (an othe i-made) saide,—afore ffrere Robert Vel*. ['le Bel.'], chanon of oseney; Hymbert of the towre, servaunte of master Artolde, thenne person of the church of Wotton; John, lorde of ledewell; Robert of Wotton; John Ermyne; Henry Ermyne; Thomas of ffulwell; John, chapeleyne of Glymton; Jordan, clerke; and oþer,—that thabbot and Couent of Oseney tooke of oolde tyme ij. parties of tithis comyng forth of þe londes vndurwrite, that is to say,

In the Westfelde of ledewell, In þe sowthe parte of the lordes garden of vij. acris þe which Ben i-called Wrighedelonde, Also of ij. acris [in] Hangenlonde, Also [of] ij. Acris In myddil|furlonge next of the Grene, [folio 38a] Also of j. acre the which is i-called þe smocacre In the Sowth parte of þe lordys gardyne, Also of iij. acris In langelonde, Item of ij. acris By longe mede, Also of iij. acris at Almyvede*. ['Aluyvedene.'] Item of ij. acris In litelledene ffurlong, Also of iiij. acris In Rammedenysheued, Also of iij. acris and an dj. In longe Rammesden, Also of ij. acris In Byke Weyffurlonge In þe Est parte, Also of iij. acris In litelleden In the Est parte, Also of iij. Acris In the Crofte of Petur gigur:

In the Este felde, of all þe Crofte of Henry, Holdyng*. ['de tota crofta Henrici continente tres acras.'] iij. acris, Also of all þe pece þe which Is i-called ley pecche con|teynyng iij. acris (owte*. ['excepta una acra.'] j. acre By aylerychesmede), Also of ij. acris withoute þe lordes Berne In the North parte, Also Page  141 of v. acris In longe crofte, Also of ij. acris at þe Gore Above litelmede, Also of ix. acris In hanghendelonde, Also of j. acre þe which is i-called Meyshendelonde*. [Meysheuedlonde.], Also of iij. acres þe which Ben i-called þe Goore, Also of iij. acris strecchyng þem-selfe to Rammeswelle, Also of vj. acris In the telth þe which Is i-called fyfyerde, Also of ij. acris Above Mapeldoor Welle Hulle, Also of ij. acris In Grene Diche ffurlonge.

And that þe saide Inquisicion may come to perpetuell mynde thabbot of Oseney and master artolde þen person of Wotton to this writyng, In-to þe maner of A charter i-made, þer seeles i-put to, of þe which oone partie abidithe to þabbot and Couent of Oseney And a-noþer partie to þe saide Artold. This writyng was made at Oseney In the Vigile of Seynte Gile Abbot In the ȝere of owr lorde aforenamyd.

[XXVII. Of Grove]

[172.]

Reference to no. 139.

THABBOT of Oseney hath In Grove twey parties of more and lasse tithis of þabbot of Colchester, as it is opyn By composicion, the which is afore In the title of 'more Barton': And the Vicar of Saunforde taketh þe þirdde parte of all maner of tithis.

[ROWLESHAM.]

[173.]

Reference to no. 21.

THABBOT hath In Rolesham of þe ȝifte of Doylys, and with þe Graunte of Kynges & of Bisshopis of lincoln with þe chapiter, ij. partys of scheves of þe Demayne of Richard Erle of Cornewaile and of William ffiȝt Richard ffolioth, longyng to þe church of saynte George, as it is i-schewed above In þe title 'Who*. ['Who' for 'How.'] the church of Seynte George was i-ȝeve to þe chanons of Oseney.'

[174.]

? 12—. Grant to Oseney, by Robert Foliot, of land in Rousham.

KNOWE þoo that Be present and to Be that I, Robert ffolioth, with assent of William my soone, ȝefe and graunte & with my present charter conferme, In-to ffree and perpetuell almes, to þe church of saynte marye of Oseney and to þe chanons*. [Name noted in margin.]Page  142 þere seruyng god, for my helth and of myne and By name ffor þe sowle of philippe*. [Philippi de Nouilla, in the Cotton MS.] of Neville, all þe londe with þe Curtilage þe which Hawyse þe wife of Milo helde In Rowlesham, þat is to say, that loude þe which is at þe Ryȝght hande of þe way By the which it is i-goo to my Courte. This almes I and myne heyres to þe same chanons schall warantiȝe In Euery place, and to*. ['et versus omnes homines.'] or Agaynste all men, ffree and quite fro all seruice: Þes witnesses.

[175.]

Reference to nos. 146, 150, &c.

ALSO we haue oþer charters and confirmacions þe which Ben of Barton Odo.

[176.]

Boundaries of Rousham parish.

ÞE Endys Costis and Boundis of londis feldys and groundis of þe bothe courtys of Rowlesham.

With-In the*. [Omit 'the.'] writen Ben þe Endes and Boundis of londis, feldis, and groundys, of þe bothe Courtes of Rowlesham.

In þe ffirst, it is to knowe þat þere is a floode or water þe which is In the commune i-called Charewell In the Est parte or plage of þe [folio 38b] parisch of þe parisch church of Rowlesham of lincoln Diocise, goyng [across] þe which sothely flode or water is þe Ende and Bownde Bitwene*. [Marginal note: 'The boundes of Rowlesham.'] þe parisch aforesaide and þe parisshe of þe parische church of Heyforde þe neþer for the space of A place of þe lenghe In-to al so muche as þe saide parisshis them-selfe fro oþer towchyn*. ['ab invicem attingunt.']: And the londes, feldes and growndes aforesaide begynne fro A Brigge vppon the saide water, þe which truly Brygge comunely is i-called Heyforde Brigge In the Est parte of þe ffeldes, groundis and londes of þe forsaide courtis and of them eyþer i-sette. And fro that welle*. [Read 'bridge.' The translator has misread 'ponte' as 'fonte.'], goyng Downe By þe courte*. [Read 'course': 'per cursum.'] of þe floode or water aforesaide vnto a well, þe which communely is i-called Merwell, þe whiche verily well is A Bounde Bitwene þe parisch of Rowlesham aforesaide and þe parische of þe parische church of Tackeley [of*. [Added from the Latin.] the said diocese of Lincoln. And from that well, by a boundary, near] and By*. ['iuxta.'] that well þe [which] is i-callid nowe Wylloghgore Page  143 In the sowthe parte þe lengh of þe which is Above*. [Read 'about': 'circiter.'] þe lenghe of j. myle; and fro the Bounde or Ende nexte Before saide vnto an hye-waye, þe which In the commune is i-callid 'the hye-waye,' þe which is þe hye-way Bitwene þe towns of Oxon|forde & Dadyngton of þe weste parte; and By þe way aforesaide (and*. [Omit the bracketed words, inserted in error.] the lenghe afore) and þe lenghthe of þe same vnto A-noþer hye-waye aforesaide*. ['Aforesaid' is represented in the Latin by 'antedictam,' but ought to be omitted.] [stretching*. [Added from the Latin.] itself, which is called Denes|wey, which way stretches itself from the foresaid highway] of*. [Read 'on.'] þe Northe partye of [the foresaid] londes, groundes, and feldes, i-sette*. ['situata,' agreeing with 'which way.'], [and continues*. ['et durat.']] vnto þe Brygge aforesaide By the which Is i-Begunne þe Endys and Boundys of londis, groundys, and ffeldes, of eyþer of þe courtes aforesaide.

[XXVIII. Of Heyford]

[177.]

Reference to no. 21.

THABBOT hathe In Heyforde ij. partys of scheves, of lambys and of pyggys and of other smalle tithis, of all þe Demayne of Thomas Breute, perteynyng to þe church off Saynte George In the castell of Oxonforde, as hit is i-schewyd abowfe In the title 'How þe church of Saynte George was i-ȝeve to þe chanons of Oseneye.'

[178.]

About 1240. Grant to Oseney, by Margaret of Rivers, of a site for a tithe|barn; tithe to taken at the door of the demese|barn; the demesne to thresh the tithe-corn in said barn, and receive the chaff and straw in return for the labour; if Oseney thresh it elsewhere, the de|mesne to have sole use of the said barn.

KNOWE þoo that Be nowe and to Be that I, Merget*. [Margareta.] of Riuers, for me and myne heyres, haue i-ȝeve, grauntid, and Deliuered, and with my present charter confermed, for my helth and of myne, bothe auncetours and successours, to god and to þe church of saynt marie of Oseney and to þe chanons þere to god seruyng, in-to ffree and perpetuell almes, in my verthon*. [Latin, 'in berthona mea.' See 'barton' in New Eng. Dict. The 'verthon' form may be a peculiar pronunciation, or the translator may have blundered between the easily confused v and b of this period.], at Heyforde*. [Name noted in the margin.] my maner, a place Bitwene my Berne and þe fore|saide towne, to an howse to Be i-made to there tithis to Be laide, þe which at þe dore of my Barne to take þay ofte, as þey Page  144 were i-woned of olde tyme, with ffre Entre & goyng-owte to Carye and to bere, as to þem beste semeth to doo. And if it happen that þe saide chanons wille that þere corne þere Be thresshe In the forsaide howse, þen I and myne heyres schall make it to Be thresshe, and þe· chaffe schall Abide to|gedur with þe strow to me and to my heyres. And if they will not þat hit Be þere i-thresshe, then it schall Be ffre to theme, whenne þay [will], to Bere awey all þere corne in scheves hoole, ande when it is i-Bore awey, that howse schall turne In-to myne vses, till eftesoones*. ['iterum.'], her*. [Probably 'her[st]' = harvest. Latin is: 'redeunte tempore autumpnali.'] come agayne, ther corne In-to þe same will put in; And I and myne heyres that howse schall kepe vn-hurt, that hit Be not i-hyndred or apeyred*. [Both words form a duplicate rendering of 'deterioretur.'] By owr vse; and this almes to þe saide chanons we schall warantiȝe for euer agaynste all pepull & schall Defende. And that all þese thynges Be fferme, et cetera.

[179.] Writyng of Symon, person of Heyforde Waryn, for hym and his successours al so muche as is in hym neuer to trouble thabbot and Couent of Oseneye for here tithis of Heyforde.

1293. Promise made to Oseney, by the rector of Heyford|Warren, to allow Oseney quiet pos|session of two-thirds of the tithes (great and small) of the de|mesne-land (as in no. 21).

TO all cristen men to þe which þese present letters schall come, Symon, þe person of [folio 39a] the church of Heyforde Waryn, helth in owre lorde. Knowe me to haue Be-holde þe Instru|mentes of Religiouse men Abbot and Couent of Oseneye, þat is to say, of þe patronys Bisschopis and Chapiter of lincoln and confirmacion of þe pope, [in] þe which Euidently and sufficiently Is conteyned that ij. partis of the tithis (Bothe of grete and smale) of the Demayne In the saide towne comyng forthe, By þe cawse of þe church of Seynte George In the castell of oxonforde, þe which to þem þe haue i-approprid, and chefely of telthis within i-write, þat is to say, Croftfurlonge, And Inlonde, Ruelle|ffurlong*. [Ruelles-, Nambres-, Meres-.], Nambreffurlonge, Moreffurlong, to þe same longen. I, the saide Symon, for me and (al so muche as in me is) for my successours, say and knowlege, By the tenour of this present writyng, to þem of speciall ryȝght to longe, and*. ['et de eorum tranquilla et non inter|rupta possessione promittens.'] of þere stille Page  145 and not Inturrupte (or breke) possession by-hotyng, þat, fro þe tyme of þe Date of þese presente thynges, noþer By me, noþer by oony in my name, noþer By my successours (that of*. [= as far as by: 'quatenus ex.'] suffer|aunce of þe lawe þem I may Bynde), no lettyng, no puttyng away, or agayne-sayng, vppon þe takyng of þe saide tithis (of þe forsaide Demaynes comyng forthe) schall suffre here-after. And as to þe takyng of þe smale [or] lasse tithis, namely*. ['maxime quoad.'] as to chese and piggis, submittyng me to þe constreynyng and compellyng of Euery Jugge (Ordinarie or Delegate) or conservatour, the which þe saide Religiouse men or þere successours wille to Be chose, as by all censure of þe church, vppon all and Euerich of þe premisses, me (as hit is Above-saide), withowte*. [The English is dark because it follows the obscure Latin constructions: 'ut. . .me . . .sine strepitu iudiciali et causae cogni|tione, quantum ad observacionem, et im|pedimentum non inferendum, possint com|pellere.'] hurlyng of Juggement and knowlech of plee, as to þe kepyng & lette not to Be i-browght, may compelle. In-to witnesse of þe which, et cetera., the forsaide Symon put to his seale. Þe Date at Oseney, In the ȝere of owr lorde Mo CCo Nonagesimo 3o.

[180.]

1445. Grant by Oseney, to the rectory of Heyford|Warren, of a perpetual lease of Ose|ney share of the tithes, at quit-rent of 13s. 4d., lessee to pay the tenths voted to the king by convoca|tion.

IN the ȝere of owr lorde*. [The date in the Latin is, correctly, 1445. William Alnwick, bishop 1436-49.] Mo CCCCmo vto, with the consent and confirmacion of lorde William, Bisshop of lincoln, and also of þe consent of þe keper or warden and of þe college of Seynte marie of Whinchester of Oxforde, patronys of þe parisch church of Heyforde*. [Name noted in the margin.], was i-maade A Reall composicion bytwene vs and the person þere, þat is to say, that þe saide person and all his successours hereafter have owre porcion þere, ȝeldyng þerof ȝerely In the ffestes of Saynte Miȝghell & of Estur xiij. s. iiij. d. in Euyn porcions vndur payne of xx. s. so ofte to Be paied al so so ofte as he faileth to vs, and also he schall paye for the Kynges Dyme when that hit happeneth By the clergy to be i-grauntid, undur the same payne, that is to say, for an hoole Dyme iij. s.

[XXIX. Of Little Tew]

[181.]

About 1200? Grant to Oseney, by Robert (of Nevile) son of Jeffrey, of a messu|age, half his demesne|land, and half a hide and 3 yard|lands of land held in villeinage, back. with all privileges.

KNOWE all men Both present and to Be that I, Robart ffiȝt Geffrey, ȝafe & grauntid, and with my present Page  146 charter confermed, to god and to þe church of Saynte marie of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, half of my Demayne In litull Tywe, with all þe mese of my Demayne, and of v. ȝerdes of londe of vilenage (or of bonde-holde*. [Alternative rendering: 'terre de vile|nagio.']), þat is to say, dj. an hide the which Godwyn helde, and j. ȝerde þe which is i-callid the ȝerde of Salomon, and the ȝerde þe which William of Tackeley helde, & j. ȝerde þe which Richard of Saunforde helde: these londis I ȝafe and grauntid to the foresaide church, with my body that*. ['quod illuc devovi.'] thedur I wo[w]id, In-to free pure and perpetuell almes, with all thynges þe which to þe foresaide lon [folio 39b] dys per|teynen, bothe In mesis, and in Medes and ffedynges, In weyes and patthis, and In waters, and in all other thynges & places: to Be i-holde, of me and of myne heyres, ffrely & quietely fro all seruyce, Sauyng þe Kynges seruice: þese witnessis, et cetera.

[182.]

About 1250? Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Alan son of Matthew of Rumeley, as feudal superior, of nos. 181 and 183, with re|nunciation of feudal rights (ex|cept scut|age), Oseney pay|ing him £3 6s. 8d.

KNOWE þey that ben now and to Be that I, Aleyne of Eston, þe soone of mathew of Rumeley, for my helth & of myne, haue i-grauntid and with this my present charter haue i-confermed, for me and my heyres for Euer, to god and to þe church of Saynte mary of Oseneye and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, þe ȝifte that Robert ffiȝt Gaufride maade to þem of all his londe*. [MS. has 'bonde,' by a slip.] In litull tywe, with all his pertinences, Bothe of þe Demayne & of þe villenage (or bondage), In-to ffre and per|petuell almes, sauyng þe Kynges seruice, as the charter of þe foresaide Robert þe which þe same chanons haue witnesseth. I haue i-grauntid also for me and myne heyres for Euer to þe foresaide church & chanons þat [they] the same londe, with all his pertinences, haue and holde, well and in pece, hooly & ffrely, quite of Relefs and all exaccions and Demaundes, Sutes, & all thynges þe which may be axid of þe londe, Sauyng þe Kynges seruice. And I Aleyne and my heyres þe forsaide londe, with all his pertinences, and with all þe foresaide thynges, to þe myndyd church and chanons for Euer schall warantiȝe agaynste all pepull: and for this graunte confirmacion and warantiȝyng þe saide chanons ȝafe to me vque. marke*. [i.e. 'quinque marke': cp. 148/21.] of Siluer. In-to witnesse of þe which, et cetera.

Page  147

[183.]

About 1200? Grant to Oseney, by Robert (of Nevile) son of Jeffrey, of land bought for £26 13s. 4d. viz. three hides and feudal superiority over half a hide, with all privileges, to be held by service of one knight.

BE hit i-knowe both to þem þat Be nowe and to Be that I, Robert ffiȝt Gaufride, ȝafe and grauntid, and with my present charter confermed, to god and to þe church of Saynte marie of Oseneye & to þe chanons þere seruyng god, In-to pure and perpetuell almes, all my londe in litull Tywe, þe which londe I Bowȝght of Aleyn ffiȝt Gaufride my Broþer for xl. marke of siluer, that is to say, thre hides (with*. ['cum toto dominio;' meaning that the three hides were in hand (as demesne|land), and not leased out as freehold or otherwise.] all þe lordeschip), and seruice*. ['servicium,' in accusative, going back to 'hydas.'] of dj. an hide the which Raph ffiȝt Henry helde with his pertinences (that is to say, vj. d. and foreyne*. ['forense servitium.'] seruice). This londe, with his pertinences, I ȝafe and grauntid, for my helth and of myne & for the sowles of my ffadur and modur and of Aleyne my Broþer and of alle my kynnesfolkes, to þe foresaide church & to þe foresaide chanons, as*. ['sicuti empcionem meam.'] my Bying: to be holde, ffrely, quietely, hooly, and worschipfully, with medes and pas|tures, In weyes and patthis, with all ffredoms and ffree Customs to þe same londe perteynyng By seruice of j. knyȝght to Be doo to Mathewe ffiȝt Aleyne my Broþer & to his Eyres. Þese witnesse, et cetera.

[184.]

About 1200? Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Matthew of Rumeley, as feudal superior, of nos. 181 and 183.

KNOWE all men Bothe present and to Be that I, Mathew of Rumeley, þe soone of Adam of Eston, grauntid, and with my present charter confermyd, to god and to þe church of Saynte marie of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, for my helth and of myne & for the sowles of all my aunceturs, þat ȝifte þe which Robert þe soone of Geffrey my heine*. ['patruus meus.'] maade to þem of all his londe In litull tywe, with all his pertinences, Bothe of þe Demayne and of þe vilenage, In-to perpetuell almes, sauyng þe seruice of owr lorde Kyng, as þe charter of þe foresaide Robert witnessith.

[185.] A charter of þe Kyng of þe same londe and of other in the same towne [folio 40a] Bitwene vs and Gilberte of Hide.

1211, Oct. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Gilbert of Hide, nephew of Robert of Nevile the donor, of no. 181, and of no. 183, Oseney paying him £6 13s. 4d.

ÞIS is A finall acorde In the Courte of owre lorde þe Kyng at Westmynster, fro þe Daye of Saynte Miȝghell In-to xv. daies, Page  148 of þe Rayne of Kyng John þe xiijo, afore þe Kyng hym-selfe, Symon of pateshull, Jamys of poterne, Henry of pounte alde|mare, Robert of Aumare, Roger Huscarle, Justices, and oþer true men of owre lorde þe Kynge þenne þere present; Bitwene Gilbert of Hide, axer, and clement, Abbot of Oseneye, holder, By Roger, chanon, i-sett in his stede to wynne or to lese: of vj. ȝerdes of londe, and j. mese, with þe pertinences, In litull tywe: whereof hit was i-pletid Bitwene them, In the same Courte: that is to say, þe same aforesaide Gilbert relesid and quite-claymed, of hym-selfe and of his heyres, to þe forsaide Abbot and to his successours & to þe church of seynt Marie of Oseney, all þe Ryȝght and clayme that he had In the forsaide vj. ȝerdes, and the foresaide mese, with þe pertinences, for Euer. And ffurþermore the same Gilberte relesid and quite-claymed, of hym-selfe and of his Eyres, to þe same Abbot and to his suc|cessours, all þe right and clayme þat he had or myȝght haue In viij. ȝerdes [of land], with þe pertinences, the which Robert of Neuile, þe huncle of the same Gilberte, ȝafe to þe church of Saynte marie of Oseney In-to pure and perpetuell almes. And for this relese, and quite-clayme, fyne, and acorde, þe forsaide Abbot ȝafe to þe same Gilberte xcem marke*. [i.e. 'decem,' retaining the Latin.] of Siluer, et cetera.

[186.]

1217. Decision of a suit be|tween Ose|ney and the rector of Great Tew, by papal commis|sioners, appointed 1216, Aug. 3, about pay|ment of small tithes at Little Tew, from which Oseney claimed exemption, and obtained it, on condi|tion of pay|ing 4s. yearly to Great Tew church.

TO all soones of owr holy modur the Church to þe which this present writyng schall come, Hugh*. ['H.' incorrectly EXPANed by the trans|lator. Henry Blount, abbot of Gloucester, 1212-24.], By the grace of god Abbas of glowcetur*. [In MS. 'writynge shall come' follows, by dittography.], G. prior of lantone; and M.*. [Maurice of Arundel, 1210-45.] Archedecun of Glowcetur, Euerlastyng helth In owr lorde. To all ȝowr knowlege we wulle hit come, we the maundement of owr lorde þe pope Honorye the iij. to haue i-take, In-to these wordes:—

Honorye, bisshop, seruaunte of seruauntes of god, to ȝowr*. [Read 'owr.'] i-loved soones thabbot of Glowcetur & prior of lantone and Arche|decun of glowcetur, of þe Diocise of Wircetur, helth & thaposteles blessyng. Owr Beloued Soones thabbot and Couent of Oseneye have Greuously i-playned to vs that owr worschipfull Broþer þe Bisshop of Couentre and summe prelates of churchis and mony oþer clerkes and lay-men of lincoln and Wircetur Diocise, Page  149 vppon these thynges they*. [Read 'that': 'qu[a]e.'] been i-ȝeve to þere monasterie By the weye of charite, þem and the same monasterie (agaynste þe priueleges of þe pope, and pardons, and ffredoms i-ȝeve of goode Deuocion of cristen men) grevyn mony-foldely and trowblyn. Whereof þay prayd vs mekely, þat to þem In such maner þynges we prouidyng, wolde whochesafe to þe same monasterie, vppon þes thynges þe which of þere goodes Ben alienyd vnlawfully and Distracte, by þe Benefete of Reuokyng to succurre. Wherefore to ȝowr Discrecion, By thaposteles writyng, [we] charge þat ȝe, not suffryng the Abbot and Couent aforesaide to Be greued agaynste þe tenour of þe pardouns and oþer fredoms of þem, þoo thynges, þe which of þe goodys of þe monasterie ȝe fynde i-alienyd In-to there hurt, or with-Drawe, ȝe labour*. [The English is dark because verbally following the Latin: 'studeatis ad ius et proprietatem ipsius [monasterii] legitime revocare.'] to ryȝght, and propurte of þem lawfully to reuoke, grevowres and vndewe aȝene-saiers by streitnesse which is con|uenient ȝe compellyng (Appellyng i-put A-Backe). And ȝif ȝe all may not Be at þese thynges [folio 40b] to Be Executid, tweyne of ȝow naþelesse execute þem. Þe date at peruse þe iijo non. of Auguste, In þe ffirst ȝere of oure Bisshophoode.

Þerefore, By the auctorite of this maundement, þabbot and Couent standyng In owre presence By þere procuratour of þe oone partie, and W. person of þe church of More tywe (Also By A procuratour) of þe oþer, In whos procusies*. ['in quorum procuratoriis.'] whas i-con|teyned that þabbot and Couent of Oseney and þe foresaide person where to haue rate and sure what-so-Euer thyng þere procuratours wholde doo afore vs, or*. ['siue confitendo, siue cedendo, siue liti|gando, siue componendo.'] In knowlegyng, or In ȝevyngvppe, or In stryuyng, or In compownyng; þe procuratour of thabbot and Couent of Oseney purposid*. ['proposuit.'] agaynste þe pro|curatour of þe foresaide W. þat þe same W. whas*. ['nitebatur extorquere.'] Abowte to take Aweye fro þem vnryȝghtfully the smale tithis [of*. ['de nutrimentis animalium suorum.'] the nourishing] of þere Bestes at litull Tywe Abidyng, Where that*. ['where that' = whereas, when: 'cum.'] (By þe auctorite of here priuileges of the pope i-ȝeye to þem) fro þe ȝevyng of small tithis þey ofte to Be not partyng*. ['not partyng' is intended to render 'immunes.']. This*. [Read 'The.']Page  150 which priuileges i-schewed afore vs, and of þe procuratour of þe saide W. i-say*. ['inspectis et intellectis.'] and vndurstande, þe same procuratour afore vs knowlegid hym-selfe noþyng to*. ['scire vel posse, de iure.'] knowe or to mowe of ryȝght to þe saide priueleges to Obiecte, or oony þyng to purpose, But þat thabbot and Couent aforesaide, after þe tenour of þe fore|saide priuileges, fro þe ȝevyng of þe smale tithis ofte to Be Dischargid or immune. Þerfore whe, with þe consaile of wise men sittyng with vs, syth to ryȝht disposicions noþyng of tarying ofte to Be browȝght, what*. ['cum.'] of þe Intencion of thabbot and of þe Couent of Oseney, what*. ['tum.'] By confession of þe pro|curatour of þe saide W., what*. ['tum.'] By the seyng of þe same priuileges, hit was i-schewid Euidently, þabbot and Couent aforesaide fro þe Axyng of þe saide W. vppon þe ȝevyng of þe smale [tithes] we wille þem to Be assoyled, puttyng silence to þe same W., sentencially Decreyng thabbot and Couent afore|saide to Be immune (or partles*. [Alternative rendering of 'immune.']) fro þe ȝeuyng of þe foresaidesmale tithis. And þe mynded Abbot and Couent, with goode-wille and of grace, to þe church of more Tywe, as longe as litull Tywe þay In þere hande helde, iiij. s. ȝerely, In the ffest of pentecost Euery ȝere at þe foresaide church to be i-payde, þey grauntid. And (at*. [Omit 'at.' 'Laste' = lest: 'ne. . .']) laste By lengh of tyme, or By malice of men, to be denyed or to be broke or also*. ['etiam.'] in Dowte hit may be callid, þoo þynges, þe which in owre presence Be doo by the auctorite of owr holy ffadur and lorde pope, In-to perpetuell memorye in|to this present writyng we haue i-turned, and the same with þe puttyng to of owr seelys we haue i-strenghtidh. Thes wit|nessis, et cetera.

[187.]

About 1260. Grant to Oseney, by Robert Brock of a messu|age and curtilage, subject to 4d. quit|rent, and of 3½ acres in North field, and 3½ in South field, with rights of pasture.

KNOWE þoo that Be present and to be þat I, Robert Brock, ȝafe, grauntid, and with my present charter confermed, to god and to þe church of Seynte Marye of Oseney and to Richard*. [Richard of Apletre, abbot 1254-68.] Abbot and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, A mese with þe Curtilage In litull Tywe, with all his pertinences, þat is Vndur my gardyn of þe Northe parte: to be holde and to Be had, to þe saide church and chanons and to here successours, in|to Page  151 free and perpetuell almes, ȝeldyng þerof ȝerely to me & to my heyres iiij. d. at Estur for all thynges þe which of þe londe or for þe londe may or schall mowe to be axid for Euer. Also I have i-ȝevyd to þe saide church and chanons & to þere succes|sours, In-to pure and perpetuell almes, seven acris of my Arable londe In þe feldes of litull Tywe, with ffre Commune, and ffre Entryng & goyng owt, þorowgh [folio 41a] all my londes of litull Tywe: of þe which j. acre lieth In the Northefelde At White Otehulle by þe londe þe which was of William Tackle, And j. acre lieth At depecathalle*. [Depe Kathole.] By the londe of þe prior of Cogges, And j. lieth At litull slade, And j. dj.-acre lieth at Ha[n]gyndelonde by þe londe of þe prior of Coges; And In þe sowthfelde, j. acre lieth In Brode slade by þe londe of þabbot of Oseney, And j. acre lieth In Coppede More By the londe of Roger Belamy, And j. acre lieth at Shendegifte stamdelf*. [Shendegiste Stanidelf.], & dj. acre lieth in shorte londe.

And I, Robert, and my heyres or myne assynes, þe saide mese, with þe Curtilage, and with all liberteis and ffree customs, by the foresaide seruice of iiij. d. ȝerely, &*. [Omit '&.' It occurs also in the Latin.] þe foresaide vij. acris, with þere pertinences, and ffre commune and ffre Entre and goyng-owte, as hit is i-saide afore, to þe foresaide church & chanons and to þere successours, agaynste all cristen men and Juys schall warantiȝe, and of all maner Sutes of Courte, helpis, tallages, scutages, exaccions, & demaundys, schall Aquite and Defende for Euer. And þat this my ȝifte, graunte, and con|firmacion, et cetera.

[188.]

1268, June 11. Agreement (cp. no. 193) between Oseney, with other freeholders of Little Tew, and the lord of Great Tew manor (who had, (a) contrary to manorial rotation, put lands into inhook and cropped them, and (b) excluded Oseney and the others from com|mon pas|ture on cer|tain fallow lands), that Oseney and the others shall have their pas|ture-rights undis|turbed, they allow|ing him to gather most of this year's crop from the lands in question.

IN þe ȝere of our lorde Kyng Henry þe sone of Kyng John lijo, In the daye of Saynte Barnabe thapostle, was þis couenaunt i-made, Bitwene ffrere William Abbot of Oseney and þe prior of Coges and Dame Katerine louell and Robert Broc lordes of þe towne of litull Tywe and oþer ffre tenauntes of þe same towne of þe oone party, and John of pratell lorde of more tywe of þe oþer, þat is to say, whenne þe saide John had i-sowe and In-hokam*. [i.e. fenced it with hurdles to protect the crop: 'inhokam fecisset de quadam cultura.'] had i-doo of his telth þe which Is i-callid Costowe agaynste þe will of þe saide Abbot and of oþer afore|namyd, Page  152 and*. ['et insuper in defensum posuisset.'] ouermore In-to forbedyng had i-put þe commune pasture of all [the] warecte or leylonde Bitwene þe wey þe which Is i-callid Wodewey and litull Tywe, þe which commune þe aide Abbot, and þe fornamyd, claymed of olde to Be his ryȝght for certeyne seruice þat to þe same John and to oþer certeyne lordys of þe same towne By*. [Read 'by their custumaries yearly they do': 'annuatim per custumarios suos faciunt.'] þe custumarijs doon: At þe last, it was A-cordid bitwene [them] in this forme, þat þe saide John grauntid, for hym-selfe and his heyres, þat the saide Abbot and oþer lordis aforenamyd haue commune pasture In þe forsaide places & telthes, as þey were i-woned and*. ['et debent.'] often. And he agayne*. [Renders 'recognovit.'] knowlechid hit*. ['illam,' i.e. common pasture in the stubble and fallow.] to be þe Abbotes ryȝght and of oþer lordes aforenamed & of þer men, al so ofte a[s] fro þe saide telthis corn is i-Borne awey and þe londe Be not i-sowe. And he Bunde hym-selfe and his heyres for Euer, By his ffeitht and þis present writyng, þat he neuer of þe saide pasture schall sowe no-þyng, noþer In-hokam schall doo, In|to preiudice of þe saide Abbot and of oþer lordis afore-named, But of þe consent of þe parties, or By Juggement of þe Kynges Courte. And, for þe*. [Read 'þis.'] recognicion and graunte, (of*. [Omit 'of.']) þe saide Abbot and oþer lordes aforenamed; after a parte of þe saide telth i-sowe By þere Beestes [they] haue*. ['paverunt.'] i-fedde, of þere grace haue i-suffrid þat þe saide John the vestiture (or grasse*. ['vestituram eiusdem culture qu[a]e remansit:' i.e. the standing crop.]) of þe same telthe þe which Abode, withoute þere lette, In this ȝere alone may gadur & haue, so naþelese that þis grace to þe same here-after Be not i-turned In-to preiudice & greuaunce. And that this conuencion, recognicion, and graunte, Be sure & stabull for Euer, And*. [Read 'the.'] partijs to this writyng In-to the maner of A Charter i-maade to Euerich wordes*. [Read 'other.'] þay haue i-put to þere seales: Þese witnessis, et cetera.

[189.]

About 1270. Grant to Oseney, by Kathe|rine Lovell, of a yard|land, with its messu|age and meadow, paying quit-rent of 5d. to the chief lords.

KNOWE þoo that Been nowe present and to Be þat I, Katerine Lovuell, for þe helth of my sowle and of my aunceturs, In free widewhoode and my lavfull power, ȝafe, and Page  153 grauntid, ande [folio 41b] with þis my charter confermed, to god and to þe church of seynte marie of Oseney and to William*. [William of Sutton, abbot 1268-84.], Abbot, and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, j. ȝerde of londe with A mese, with medes, & with his oþer pertinences, In litull Tywe þe which I had of Robert ffiȝt Robert of Brocke and of Richard of Sandeforde: to be holde and to Be had, of me and of my heyres, In-to pure and perpetuell almes, al so muche as longeth to me and to myne heyres, ȝeldyng þerof ȝerely to Robert of Brock and to his heyres v. d. at cristmasse for all thynges þe which of þe londe or for þe londe maye or schall mowe to Be axid for Euer. And I Katerine and my heyres þe saide ȝerde|londe, with þe mese and oþer pertinences, to þe forsaide Abbot and chanons, as pure and owr perpetuell almes, agaynste all pepull schalle warantiȝe aquite and Defende. And that this my ȝifte, et cetera.

[190.]

About 1270. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Robert of Brock, as feudal superior, of no. 189, subject to 5d. quit|rent to his manor.

KNOWE all men that I, Robert fiȝt Robert of Brock, grauntid, and with this present charter confermed, to god and to þe church of Seynte Marie of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, j. ȝerde of londe, with A mese, medes, and oþer pertinences, þe which þey have of þe ȝifte of Dame Katerine louelle In litull Tywe: to Be had ande to Be holde, of me and of my heyres, to þe saide chanons for Euer, ȝeldyng þerof ȝerely to me and to my heyres v. d. at cristmasse for all thynges þe which, of þe londe, or for þe londe, maye or schall mowe to Be axid ffor Euer. And I Robert and my heyres þe saide ȝerde of londe, þe which Richard of Sanforde sumtyme helde, with mese, medys, and oþer pertinences, to þe forsaide chanons, agaynste all cristen men and Juys, By þe foresaide seruice, schall warantiȝe aquite and Defende for Euer, et cetera.

[191.]

About 1275. Grant to Oseney, by Robert of Brock, of the quit|rent reserved in 189, 190.

KNOWE ȝe that Be present and to Be þat I, Robert of Brocke, ȝafe, grauntid, and with my present charter con|fermyd, to god and to þe church of seynte marie of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, v. d. of ȝerely rent, þe which to me þay were i-woned to ȝelde for þat ȝerde of londe, the which Richard of Sanford sumtyme helde In þe towne of litull Tywe: to be had and to Be holde, to þe saide church and Page  154 chanons, In-to pure and perpetuell almes. And I Robert and myne heyres or assynes þe saide ȝerely v. d. to þe foresaide church and chanons agaynste all cristen men and Juys schall warantiȝe aquite & defende for Euer as our perpetuell almys, et cetera.

[192.]

About 1275. Grant to Oseney, by Robert of Brock, of a messu|age and croft, and a yard|land with its meadow, along with its bond|widow tenant and her children.

KNOWE þoo that Be present and to Be that I, Robert sone and heyre of Robert Brocke*. [Roberti de Broke.], ȝafe, grauntid, and with this my present charter confermed, to god and to þe church of Saynte marie of Oseney and to William, Abbot, and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, that mese, with þe Crofte and oþer pertinences, that Alice relicte of William pateshull sumtyme of me helde In litull Tywe, And j. ȝerde of londe Euery ȝere to Be sowe, with medys, and oþer pertinences, þe which þe saide Alice of me helde In the feldys of litull Tywe, And to þe þynges*. ['Ad h[a]ec.'], I ȝafe and haue i-grauntid to þe forsaide Abbot and Couent þe saide Aliȝ sumtyme my Natife, And Roger and Robert and Aliȝ childron of þe saide Aliȝ, with catall and sequelis of þem, and all thyng that In þe foresaide tenementes, natyfs, sequelis, or þere catall, I had or myȝght haue, withoute oony withhol [folio 42a] dyng agayne to me or to myne heyres or assynes: to Be holde and to be had, to þe foresaide church and to þe chanons, of me and of myne heyres or myne assynes, In-to pure and perpetuell almes. And I Robert and myne heyres or Assynes all Above-saide thynges to þe foresaide church and chanons agaynste all cristen men and Juys schall warantiȝe aquite & Defende as owr pure & perpetuell almes. And that this my ȝifte, et cetera.

[193.]

1288, June 5. Agreement (cp. no. 188) between Oseney, with other freeholders of Little Tew, and the lord of Great Tew manor and the rector of Great Tew (who had unright|fully put certain lands into inhook, and had ex|cluded Oseney, &c. from pas|ture-rights on certain fallow), that, im|mediately after the corn is re|moved, Ose|ney and the others may pasture in the stubble till the winter|sowing, or till the spring-sow|ing, as the case may be; and that Oseney (with the others) shall be un|disturbed in their pasture|rights under penalty of £10; and that Oseney, &c. may pas|ture this year on the enclosed land; and that Great Tew manor pay £6 13s. 4d. as fine for unlawful enclosure, Oseney (after put|ting in cattle to vindicate their right to pasture the whole) allowing the crop to be gathered.

IN the ȝere of þe Reyne of Kyng Edwarde þe sone of Kyng Henry þe xvj., daye of þe Saturday nexte afore þe feste of saynte Barnabe thapostle, was i-made þis couenaunt, Bitwene ffrere Roger, Abbot of Oseney, and þe prior of Coges and John Broke, lordes of þe towne of litull Tywe, and oþer ffree-holders of þe same towne, of þe oone parte, and John of pratell (&*. [Omit '&.']) lorde of þe more tywe and Stephan of pratell and John þenne seruaunte of þe person of þe same of þe oþer [parte], that is to say, whenne þe saide John, stephen, and John, had i-sowe and In-hoke had i-doo of a telthe the which Is i-called Costowe agaynste þe wille Page  155 of þe saide Abbot and of oþer lordes aforenamed; & furþermore, In-to fforbedyng had put þe commune of all þe (pasture*. [Omit 'pasture.']) warecte or leylonde Bitwene*. [MS. repeats 'bitwene.'] þe waye þe which Is i-callid Wodewey and litull Tywe, the [which] commune þe saide Abbot and þe fornamed claymed of olde to Be þe[re] right: At þe last, hit whas acordid Bitwene them in this forme, þat þe saide John and oþer grauntid, for þem and þere heyres and assynes, þat þe saide Abbot and oþer lordes aforenamyd haue comune pasture In þe forsaide places and telth as þey were i-wonyd to haue,

[that*. [Added from the Latin.] is to say] that oone ȝere þey Be sowe, and after þe corne In the saide telthis i-gederyd to-gedur*. ['post bladum . . .adunatum.'], In the same ȝere þey Entre with all þere Bestes, to fede vn-to þe tyme of wyntur seede (and*. [Omit 'and.']) in oþer ȝere*. [The pasture, in one case, would be from Michaelmas to October next; in the other, from Michaelmas to March.] folowyng, if with lente*. [Read 'winter': 'si semine hiemali debeant seminari.'] seede hit ofte to Be sowed; or vn-to þe tyme*. ['tempus seminis quadragesimalis.' In Essex, the terms 'Lent seed,' 'Lent sow|ing,' though still remembered by country people, are no longer in actual use.] of lente sede of þe seyde ȝere folowyng, if with lente sede þey ofte to Be sowe: so, þat is to say, that By*. [Read 'after': 'post seminationem.'] the sowyng, mowyng of corne, gadryng or heepyng to-gedur of þe same noo gile Be doo, so*. [i.e. to prevent the commoners from having: 'quin . . . habeant.'] þat foresaide comuners haue þere forsaide commune In conueniente tyme: and hit [is] to Be knowe, þat þe saide telthes In oone ȝere schall Be sowe and In A-noþer ȝere lye leye.

And they maade a knowlege (þat is to say, þe forsaide John, Stephen, and John) þe foresaide commune to Be ryȝght of þe saide Abbot and of oþer lordes aforenamyd and of þere men whenne-so-Euer In the saide telthis þe corne Be i-gaderyd In the forme aforesaide, And they haue i-Bownde þem-selfe and þere heyres and assynes, By goode ffeith & By this present writyng, þat neuer of þe saide pasture they schall*. [Omit 'schall.'] oony thyng schall sowe, noþer in-hoke schall Doo, agaynste þe forme afore|saide; & if þay doo, þey graunte, for þem-selfe, and for here heyres and assynes, that þey schall pay to þe saide Abbot and to oþer lordes Above-saide of litull Tywe x. li. of sterlynges for Page  156 þe transgression or lette*. ['seu impedimento.'] of þe commune aforesaide; And ouermore, hit schall Be lawfull to þe saide Abbot, and to oþer lordes of litull Tywe, and to þere men, þe saide pasture or In-hoke, In the ȝere of þe makyng of this presente writyng, with all þere Bestes to Entre and pesibly to fede; And, for In|hokam in the ȝere of þe makyng of this present writyng vn|ryȝghtfully i-doo, þe saide John [folio 42b] of pratell for hym-selfe, frely*. [Read 'his free tenants': 'libere tenen|tibus.'], and his custumarijs, he pleggid*. ['vadiavit.'] to þe saide Abbot x. marke of sterlynges, puttyng hym-selfe þere-of In the Abbotes grace, and to Be payde at litull Tywe at þe nexte Estur aftyr þe makyng of this writyng, and þere-of he ffounde plegge, þat is to say, Robert le Eyre thenne Baylyff of Wodestoke, Edmunde of þe parke of þe same, Robert of Tackle; and for þe recognicion and graunte, þe saide Abbot and oþer of litull tywe aforenamed, after a parte of þe saide pasture, or In-hoke vnryȝghtfully i-doo, by here Bestes were i-fedde, of the[ir] grace suffrid, þat þe saide John of pratell, and his aforesaide, þe vestiture of þe saide In|hoke the which abode, withoute lette, allonly In the ȝere of þe makyng of this writyng myȝght gedur and Bere awey, so naþeles þat þat grace to þe saide Abbot and to oþere i-named after*. [Read 'afore': 'prenominatis.'] Be not i-turned In-to preiudice and greffe. In-to witnysse of this thyng, parties to þis writyng In-to þe maner of A charter i-made to euerich oþere here seeles haue i-putt: These witnesses Sir John fiȝt Nygell þe ȝunger, John Gyffarde þe ȝunger, Knyȝghtes, Robert le Eyre þenne Baylyffe of Wodestoke, William of Seynt Ewenne, Walter of Tackle, Edmunde of þe parke of Wodestoke, John leye, and oþer.

[194.]

About 1280. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by John of Brock, of his father's grants (as in nos. 187, 190-2), to be held by quit|rent of 4d., which he will pay back as rent for the site of a dove-house.

TO all cristen men to þe which this present writyng schall come, John of Broc, of litull Tywe, helth in owr lorde. Knowe ȝe all me to haue i-grauntid and with myne present charter confermed*. [Omit 'confermed.'] to haue i-confermed, for me and my heyres for Euer, to god and to þe church of Seynte marie of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, þe ȝiftes and grauntes þe which to þem made By his charters Robert Broc my ffadur and all my predecessoures, of londes and rentes, with here per|tinences, Page  157 þe which þey holden of my ffee In litull Tywe, þat þey holde ande haue þem, quietly holy ffrely and pesibly, paying ȝerely to me and to my Eyres or to myne assynes iiij. d. at Estur for all thynges þe which, for þe lond, or of þe londe, may Be axid or schall mowe to Be axid for Euer, þe which iiij. d. I schall aȝene paye In the same daye and terme for A place vppon þe which A Culuerhowse is i-fundid [in*. [Added from the Latin.] my court]. And I John of Broc and my heyres or myne assines þe forsaide londes and rentes, with all þere pertinences, agaynste all cristen men and Jues schall warantiȝe Aquite and Defende and that this graunte et cetera.

[XXX. Of Great Tew]

[195.]

Reference to no. 186.

A SENTENCE diffinitife Agaynste William, person of þe church of more tywe, i-ȝefe By thabbot of gloucetur prior of lantonye and þe Archedecon of gloucetur of þe smale tithis In litull Tywe, above In the titull of 'litull Tywe.'

[196.]

Reference to no. 188.

A CHARTER agaynste John of Pratell of A commune, i-ȝefe In þe ȝere of þe Reyne of þe Kyng Henry þe soone of Kynge John [lii], above In þe titull of 'litull Tywe.'

[XXXI. Of Dunstew]

[197.]

Reference to no. 21.

THABBOT of Oseney hath In Dunstywe, of þe ȝifte of Robert Doylly, and confirmacions of Kynges of Inglonde, and confirmacion and graunte of Bisshopes and of [folio 43a] þe chapiter of lincoln, ij. parties of tithes of scheves of þe Demayne of Hugh of Tywe, as hit is i-schewed In þe grete charter of þe feffyng of þe same þe which is Above In þe title 'Howe þe church of Saynte George whas i-ȝefe to the chanons of Oseney.'

[198.]

About 1200. Agreement between Oseney and Merton priory, about tithes of a yard|land in Great Tew, Oseney re|linquishing all claim on condi|tion of Mer|ton priory paying a yearly quit|rent of 1s.

BE hit i-knowe to all cristen menne to þe which þese present letters schall come, that, where A question whas i-maade, Bitwene Hugh*. [Hugh of Buckingham, abbot 1184-1205.], Abbot of Oseneye, and þe Couent Page  158 of þe same place of þe oon partie, and Water*. [Walter, prior 1198.] prior of Merton of þe oþer partie, vppon the tithis of A ȝerde of londe In þe towne of tywe, of þe which tithis chanons of Oseney ij. scheves to þem and iij. scheves*. [In Latin also 'tres garbas,' but pro|bably in error for 'the third sheaf,' accord|ing to the division in no. 21.] to þe chanons of Merton saide to per|tayne, þe which ȝerde was of Raph ffiȝt lambert, þe*. [The Cotton MS. has 'which at the time of the controversy Richard son of Alured held.'] which he helde In þe tyme of þe controuersie of Aurede ffiȝt Richard: at þe laste, parties i-called to-gedur, at Wodestoke, afore wor|schipfull men Robert Abbot of Enysham and Geffrey Abbot of Bruern and Aliȝaundur prior of Esseby, þenne Jugges, In that cause, of þe pope, delegate, such Bitwene theme come*. ['Come bitwene' is a literal rendering of a Latin compound verb: 'talis inter eos intercessit compositio.'] bitwene the composicion, þat is to say, that þe chanons of Oseney all ryȝght þat in þe saide tithis þaye saide hem-selfe to haue, and thoo tithis, to þe chanons of Merton holy for Euer to be had, þay relesed, for þe goodenesse of pece, and quite-claymed, and that here-after, vppon*. ['super hoc, questionem eis non move|bunt.'] þat, question or playnte schall not meve, noþer greuaunce doo; And þe chanons of Merton to þe chanons of Oseney xij. d. euery ȝere schall paye, In þe ffest of Seynte Miȝghhell to be paide at Oseneye. And that this composicion, In tyme to Be, be sure and vnbroke, to þe oone halfe of þe charter þe which hauen the chanons of Oseneye was i-putte the seele of þe Couent of merton, and to þe other halfe þe which hauen þe chanons of Merton whas i-put þe Seele of þe Couent of Oseneye: Þese witnesses.

[199.]

1225. Sale to Oseney, by Ralph of Melkys|ham, of a yard|land in Dunstew, with its messuage, and its privileges, to be held by yearly payment of a half|penny pair of gloves to the chief lord: purchase|money, £5.

KNOWE þey that Be nowe and to Be that I, Raph of Melkysham, for myne helth and of myne, ȝafe, grauntid, and with my present charter confermed I haue, to god and to þe church of Seynte marye of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, j. ȝerde of londe In Dunstywe þe which was of þe Demayne of stephyn Runcyn, with a mese nexte to þe howse of Wymunde of Dunstywe, and with all oþer pertinences, þat is to say, þe ȝerde of londe the which Petur*. ['Petrus filius Stephani sacerdotis de Orton.'], ffiȝt Stephyn (preste of Orton), for homage and my seruice, ȝafe to me and to my Page  159 heyres or to whoome I wolde assyne, the which also londe with þe pertinences I Raph dischargid by assyse afore Sir Martyn Patessehull and oþer Justices of our lorde þe Kynge at oxon|forde agaynste þe foresaide petur soone of þe preste, Roger Runcyn, and Henry Ruffun, clerke: to be holde and to Be had, to the saide chanons for Euer, in-to ffree and perpetuell almes, well and In peece, worschipfully and holy, with the mese afore|saide, and all pertinences, In medes, pastures, weyes & patthis, with all fredoms, and fre customs, and all other thynges and places to þe foresaide londe [pertaining], & what-soo-Euer þyng of Ryȝght In þe same londe with the pertinences I had or myȝght [folio 43b] haue, withoute oonye withholdyng, paying ȝerely to þe fore|saide petur, and too his heyres, j. peyre of gloves of j. ob. at Estur, for all seculer seruice, exaccion, and Demaunde, sauyng foreyne*. ['salvo forinseco servicio.'] seruice. Vppon þe ȝeldyng of þe foresaide gloves the foresaide chanons I haue attorned to þe foresaide petur and to his heyres, and I and myne heyres þe saide londe with all thynges aforenamyd to þe saide chanons for Euer schall waran|tiȝe agaynste all pepull. And for þis ȝifte graunte confermyng and warantiȝyng þe forsaide chanons ȝafe to me, of þe charite of þere howse, a C. s. of sterlynges. And that þis my ȝifte*. [The first witness is Walter Foliott, sheriff of Oxfordshire (1225).], et cetera.

[200.]

1225. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Peter of Shipton, as feudal superior, of no. 199, subject to the gloves quit-rent.

KNOWE þoo that Be present and to be þat I, petur of Shipton, þe soone*. ['filius Stephani sacerdotis de Orton.'] of stephyn preste of Orton, for myne helth and of myne, Sure and well had grauntid, & with my present charter confermed for Euer, to god and to þe church of Seynte marie of Oseney and to þe chanous þere seruyng god, þe ȝifte That to them made Raph of Melkysham of j. ȝerde of londe In Dunstywe, þe which was of þe Demayne of Stephyn Runcyn, with the mese mooste Nyȝeste to the howse of Wymunde of Dunstywe, and with all oþer pertinences, þe which londe with þe pertinences þe same Raph discharged by assise afore Martyn of Pateshull and oþer Justices of our lorde þe Kynge at oxon|forde agaynste me and Roger Runcyn ande Henry Reede clerke: to be holde and to be had, to þe same chanons for Euer, of me and of myne heyres, well and In pece, holy and worschipfully, with all the pertinences, In all thynges and places to þe same Page  160 londe perteynyng, ȝeldyng þereof ȝerely to me and to myne heyres j. payre of gloves of j. ob. at Estur for alle seruice, exaccion, and Demaunde, sauyng foreyne seruice. Vppon þe ȝerely ȝeldyng of þe which gloves þe same Raph þe same chanons to me and to myne heyres attorned, as þe charter of þe same Raph þe which vppon that they hauen witnesseth. In-to witnesse*. [Among them: 'Simone Schorchebef, Iohanne filio sacerdotis de Hantona.'], et cetera.

[201.]

About 1230. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Roger Runcyn, as feudal superior, of no. 199, and of Peter of Shipton's quit-claim of the gloves (named in 200), reserving to his manor only 'foreign service' (i.e. to the king).

KNOWE þoo that Be present and to be þat I, Roger Runcyn þe soone of Stephyne Runcyn, for myne helth of*. [Read 'and of.'] and myne, grauntid, and with this present charter confermed, to god and to þe church of Seynte marie of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, þe ȝifte that to þem made Raph of Melkysham of j. ȝerde of londe In Dunstywe, the which whas of þe Demayne of þe same Sthephyn my fadur, with the mese nexte to þe howse of Wymunde of Dunstywe, and with all þe pertinences, whereof þay have a charter of þe foresaide Raph. I grauntid also, & with this present charter confermed, to þe foresaide chanons, þat relese and quite-clayme þe which made to þem petur of Shipton, þe soone of Sthephyn preste of Orton, of a ȝerely rente of a payre of Gloves of j. ob. at Estur þe which to hym to doo þey were i-woned ȝerely for the same ȝerde of londe, whereof they hauen a charter of þe same [folio 44a] Petur. I wille also and graunte, for me and for myne heyres for Euer, that þe foresaide chanons haue and holde þe foresaide ȝerde of londe, with all þe pertinences, & all liberteis and Esementes In the foresaide charter of þe foresaide Raph i-conteyned, In-to ffre and perpetuell almes, welle and In pece, ffrely and worschip|fully, with the foresaide relese and quite-clayme of þe foresaide petur, and quite fro all seculer seruice exaccion and Demaunde, sauyng foreyne seruice. And that this graunte, et cetera.

[202.]

About 1260. Sale to Oseney, by Hugh of Tew, of his right in the site of a house, and ac|knowledge|ment of a right of way, as marked out by an inquisition of the hundred: Oseney paying 13s. 4d.

TO all men to þe which this presente writyng schall come, Hugh of Tywe helth. To ȝour all knowleche I wille hit come [me], for me and myne heyres for Euer, to haue i-relesed and quite-claymed, to þabbot and Couent of Oseney, all þe ryȝght and clayme that I had, or myȝght haue, In parte of an howse of Roger of Dunstywe, tenaunte of them, vppon my Page  161 londe leuyd, and I wille and graunte for me and myne heyres that þe waye Bitwene þe londe of þe same Roger and my londe by*. ['iuxta.'] þe curtilage or gardeyne of hym be in þe same state in þe which it whas i-purueyed*. ['provisa fuit.'] by þe siȝght of lawfull men of þe hundrede In the tyme of theobalde of Bray, sum-tyme my keper*. ['quondam custodis mei.'], when the hundrede whas þere i-callid to-gedur in the tyme of John of Worton*. ['de Wottona.'] baylyff of þe same hundrede, And þat, as*. ['sicut tunc limitacio facta fuit.'] þenne markyng whas i-sette by boundes i-sett by the foresaide lawfull men by*. [Read 'between': 'inter.'] the londe of þe same Roger and my londe by þe dwellyng of hym, Surely and vnmevabely [hit] be keped. And, for this relese and quite-clayme, ȝafe to me þe saide Abbot j. marke of siluer. And þat þat sure and vnbroke hit Abide, et cetera.

[203.]

1442/3, Jan. 27. Grant by Oseney, to Merton priory, of a per|petual lease of Oseney rights in the tithe of the de|mesne|lands of Dunstew, at a quit-rent of £1 6s. 8d., Merton to discharge all burdens due by the tithe, with penalty of 13s. 4d. on each occasion of the quit|rent being in arrear.

TO all cristen men to þe which these presente letters Endentid schall come, Thomas, Abbot of Oseney of lincoln diocise, and John, prior of þe priory of Merton of Wynchester diocise, and of the same places couentes, helth In the Sauiour of all men and vndowtefull feith to þese presente writynges to ȝeve. Where, bitwene vs þe saide Abbot and Couent of Oseneye of þe oone partie, and þe foresaide prior and Couent of Merton proprietaries and persons of þe parisch church of Dunstywe of þe saide lincoln diocise to vs and to our priorye vnyed*. ['unite.'] and annexid and Incorporate of þe oone*. [Read 'other': 'ex parte altera.'] partie, by occasion and sake of a porcion of tithis of þe lordeschip and of þe Demayne londes of þe lordeschip of Dunstywe allias*. ['alias.'] tywe (withinne þe saide parisch of Dunstywe i-sette) comyng forth, grete dis|sencions and discordes were i-sprunge, we þe saide Abbot and Couente of Oseney affermyng ij. parties of þe tithis of þe fore|saide lordeschip to vs and to our monastery, bothe by þe strenght of an oolde ȝifte and graunte of þe foresaide tithis to vs and to our monastery aforesaide In þe fundacion of oolde tyme to be maade, and also of oolde & laudabile and lawfully prescripte custome, to haue i-conteyned*. [Read 'i-perteyned': 'pertinuisse.'], to perteyne, and*. ['et pertinere debere in futurum.'] to perteyne Page  162 to be dewe In tyme to Be; and to vs*. [For 'to us,' read 'we.' An ablative absolute is translated as if it had been dative.] aforesaide prior and couent of þe priory of Merton proprietaries and persons the foresaide In contrarie affirmyng þe porcion of þe foresaide tithis and þoo tithis to vs and to our priorye aforesaide by ryȝght and name of our parisch church aforesaide of Dunstywe to perteyne: At þe laste, we, þe foresaide [abbot] & prior [folio 44b] and Couentes aforesaide, stryves controuersies and discordes (as hit is i-put afore) bytwene vs i-sprunge and*. [i.e. and those which.] þe which (by þe occasion of þe fore-put þynges) myȝght fall or happe In tyme to be likely*. [Goes with 'myght': 'verisimiliter pos|sent euenire.'] to put awey willyng, after diuerse tretynges In þis parte i-had, owr ffrendes comyng Bitwene, couetyng to avoyde þe hurtes of stryves, of þe consent and wille of Reuerende ffadur In criste and of lorde Sir*. ['domini.'] william (chaddeworth*. [Omit 'Chnddeworth,' inserted in error and not in the Latin. William Alnwick, bishop 1436-49, is meant. John Ched|worth was bishop 1451-71.]) by þe grace of god Bisshop of lincoln ordinarie of þe place, haue i-compownyd and haue i-acordid In-to this maner: þat is to saye, that we þe fore|saide Abbot and couent of þe foresaide monastery of Oseney, for vs and owr successours, all þe foresaide tithis in þe saide parisch of Dunstywe (how-so-Euer we haue i-had, haue, or scholde ofte to haue), and*. [i.e. and in consideration of those things which: 'et pro hiis qu[a]e.'] for them þe which to vs of þe foresaide prior and couent vndur been i-grauntid, to þe same prior and Couent and to þere successoures we ȝeve, relese, and (to*. [Omit 'to.']) þe same tithis to þe same prior and Couent & þere successours we graunte for Euer and conferme. And we, þe foresaide prior and Couent of þe priory of Merton, for þe porcion of þe tithis above-saide, ȝeve and graunte to þe foresaide Abbot and Couent of þe monas|tery of Oseney of*. [Read 'and.'] þere successours for Euer, a perpetuell rente or cense or ȝerely *. ['prestacionem annuam.']graunte [of] xxvj.s, viij. d.: to be had and to be take of vs and of our successours (of þe saide church of Dunstywe, proprietarijs and persons), at Oseney aforesaide, In the ffest of all Seyntes Euery ȝere tyme*. ['in futurum.'] to be, And also all charges to þe saide tithis longyng we (prior and Couent afore|saide of Merton and our successours) schalle bere and schall vndergoo for Euer. And ouer, we graunte, for vs and our Page  163 successours, that if hit happe þe foresaide rente, moneye, or preste*. ['prestacionem.'] after oony terme [when] (as hit is i-saide afore) hit ofte to be payde, withinne*. [i.e. by the space of: 'per.'] vj. monethis (and*. [Omit the bracketed words, inserted in error.] if hit) Be by-hynde vnpaied, or [we] þe forsaide charges and Eueriche to þe saide tithis longyng not to bere or to paye, þat þenne we (þe foresaide prior and Couent of Merton be i-holde to þe foresaide Abbot and couent of þe monastery of Oseney and to þere successours for euery lacke or Defawte of this maner of payment xiij. s. and iiij. d. for Euer. In-to witnesse, et cetera. The date xxvij. daye of þe moneth of Jenyvere*. ['Iunii,' in the Latin.] In the ȝere of our lorde MlCCCCmoxliijo, And In the ȝere of þe Reyne of Kyng Henry þe vj. after the conqueste xxjo.

[XXXII. Of Adderbury]

[204.]

Note of the hide owned by Oseney in Adderbury, as in nos. 205, 206, and its liability to scu|tage as half of a knight's fee, and to suit to the hun|dred court.

THABBOT of Oseneye In Edburbury hath j. plowe of londe, with a mese, and oþer pertinences, þe which Hugh of Tywe sumtyme Knyȝght ȝafe to Nicoll of Weston, And þe saide Nycoll to þe Howse of Oseneye. And hit is to be knowe that þat londe [is] of þe litull ffee*. ['de parvo feodo.'] of Stafforde, and ȝeldith scutage al so moche as longeth to þe halfe of j. scute, and þabbot maketh sute to þe hundrede of Bloxham for þe same.

[205.]

1269. Sale to Nicholas of Weston, by Hugh of Tew, of a messu|age, 2 crofts, and a hide, with manorial privileges, with pro|hibition to part with it to Jews, at a quit|rent of 6d. Purchase|money, £150.

KNOWE þey þat be present and to Be that I, Hugh of Tywe, ȝafe and grauntyd and with this present charter con|fermyd, for me and myne heyres, to Nicoll of Weston, Mar|chaunte, j. mese with ij. croftes and all oþer pertinences In the towne of Edburbury, and j. plowe of londe In the feldes of þe same towne, with all his pertinences, þat is to say, Medes, pastures, weyes, patthis, waters, and with the [folio 45a] rentys of my free tenauntes, and homages, wardis, and relefs, and eschetes, and with all seruices of my Custumaris, & all þat in the saide towne and feldes I haue or may haue or to me or to myne heyres by oony ryȝght maye falle: to be had and to be holde, to þe foresaide Nycoll and to his heyres or assynes, or*. ['vel cuicunque dare . . . voluerit.'] to oony man Page  164 to ȝeve selle or bequethe or to assyne he wille bothe to religiouse men and to oþer (Juys owetake), frely quitely holy well and In pece for Euer, ȝeldyng þerof ȝerely to me and to my heyres or to myne assynes, at Adburbury, vj. d. at cristemasse, for all seculer seruices, Sutes of courtes, helpis, tallages, exaccions, and all oþer demaundes in what-so-Euer maner or name they bee i-callid, the which of þe londe or for that londe maye be axid or schall mowe, al so muche as to me or to my heyres perteynyth, And doyng to þe chefe lordes*. [MS. has 'londes' by a slip.] of þe ffee dewe seruice and i-wonyd. And I, Hugh, and myne heyres or assines, þe fore|saide mesis and Croftes and plowe of londe, with all þere pertinences, to þe foresaide Nycoll and to his heyres or assynes all (except Juys), agaynste all men and women, cristen and Juys, for þe foresaide seruice schall warantiȝe for Euer, aquite, & defende. And for this ȝevyng and of this present charter confermyng and warantiȝyng aquite & defendyng, þe foresaide Nycoll ȝafe to me Cl. li. of goode & lawfull moneye by-fore handes in weryson. And that all these thynges before-namyd Sure and stabull for Euer abide, et cetera. The witnesse, Sir thomas of Seynte Wygor, þenne srhreue of oxonforde; Sir Raph of Dyue, Knyȝghtes, et cetera.

[206.]

About 1275. Sale to Oseney, by Nicholas of Weston-on|the-Green, of a hide, with messuage, crofts, and meadow (as in 205), with its bond men, subject to 6d. quit|rent to Tew manor (as the mesne lord). Purchase|money, £150.

KNOWE tho that been present And to bee þat I, Nycoll of Weston, ȝafe and grauntid, and with my present charter confermyd, to god and to þe church of Seynte marie of Oseney and to William Abbot and to þe chanons þere seruyng [God], where I haue i-wollyd me to be i-beried, j. plowlonde, with the pertinences, In the towne and feldis of Edburbury, with my chefe mese, as with medis and Croftes, and with homages and seruices of my free tenauntes, and with my bonde men and þere catall and seruices & sequelis, and all þat in the foresaide towne or feldis I had or myȝght haue, withoute oony reteynyng to me or to myne heyres: to be had and to be holde, to þe saide church ande chanons, of me and myne heyres, In-to pure and perpetuell almes, al so moch as perteyneth to me and to myne heyres, ȝeldyng þerof for me and my heyres to Sir Hugh of Tywe vj. d. ȝerely, and Dewe seruices to the chefe lordes of the ffee. And I, Nycoll, and myne heyres, the foresaide Page  165 plowe of londe, with all his pertinences, to the saide church and chanons, agaynste all cristen men and Juys, by the foresaide seruice, schall warantiȝe, aquite, And Defende. And if we mowe not, we schall ȝeve agayne to þem CC. marke and xxv. the which for the foresaide londe to me before-handes þaye paied, with-inne A moneth In the which þay been i-axid, vndur payne of xx. li. to be payde to þe Kyng. In-to witnesse, et cetera.

[207.]

About 1275. Sale to Oseney, by Adam son of Nicholas of Weston, of his in|terest in no. 206. Purchase|money, £26 13s. 4d.

KNOW þaye that Been present And to come þat I, Adam, Soone And heyre of Nycoll [folio 45b] of Weston, grauntid and quite-claymyd, and with this present charter confermyd, to god and to þe church of Seynte marie of Oseneye and to ffrere William, Abbot, and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, þe ȝifte that Nycoll my ffadur to þem yafe in the towne and feldes of Edbur|bury, of j. dwellyng with the pertinences, and j. plowe of londe, with medis, seruices of ffree men, and his custumarys, in the same towne: to be holde and to be had, to þe foresaide church and chanons, In-to pure and perpetuell almes, al so moche as longeth to me and to myne heyres, as þe charter þe which þe saide Abbot and Couent of þe saide Nycoll my ffadur hauen fully witnessith, doyng þerof to þe Chefe lordes of þe ffee dewe seruice & i-wonyd. And for this graunte, quite-clayme, and confirmacion, þe foresaide Abbot And Couent yafe to me xl. marke of sterlynges. And that this my graunte, et cetera.

[208.]

1276, May 15. Formal confirma|tion to Oseney, by Adam son of Nicholas, of his grant (no. 207), viz. a mes|suage, 112 acres arable, 10 acres meadow, and 18s. of quit-rents. Purchase|money as in 207.

THIS is the ffinall corde i-maade bitwene vs and the same Adam of the same londe, In owre lorde the Kynges Courte, At Westmynyster, In the morowe of þassencion of owre lorde, In the ȝere of the Rayne of Kynge Edwarde þe soone of Kyng Henry the iiijth*. [i.e. Henry III, see note 5, p. 36.], Afore Master Roger offSeyton, Master Richard Stanes, John of Cobeham, Master Raph off ffrenyngham, Thomas Welonde, And John louetofte, Justices, and other true men of the Kynges thenne there present, bitwene Adam of Weston, axer, & William, Abbot of Oseney, holder, of j. mese, Cxij. acris [of land], x. acris of mede, xviij. s. of Rente, with the pertinences, In Adburbury, Whereof it was i-pletid bitwene þeme in the same Courte, þat is to Say, that þe foresaide Adam knowleggid the foresaide tenement, with the pertinences, to Be the ryȝght Page  166 of þe saide Abbot and of his Church of Oseney, and that he relesed and quite-claymed [it] of hym and of his heyres, to þe foresaide Abbot, and to his successours, and to his church for Euer. And for this reconiȝaunce, Relese, quite-clayme, fyne, and Acorde, þe same Abbot yafe to þe foresaide Adam xl. marke of Siluer.

[209.]

1288. Suit against Oseney, by the king(re|presented by William of Gisling|ham), to recover a hide in Adderbury; and call by Oseney on the co-heir|esses of Hugh of Tew to ful|fil said Hugh's warranty of no. 205, as in 205, and in 206. Richard of Lions as|serted that he and his wife held the hide in question, by grant of Hugh of Tew, who unjustly took it from them; and there|fore they claimed it. Oseney case re|stated. The case was sent for trial.

OUR lorde þe Kynge, by William of Gysilyngham, the which pursuyth for þat*. [A mistranslation: read 'for him,' 'pro eo' = for the king.], (he*. [Omit 'he.']) axith agaynste þabbot of Oseney j. plowe of londe, with the pertinences, In Adburbury as his ryȝght, et cetera, þe which þe foresaide Abbot to our lorde Kyng defortid*. [By a slip for 'deforcid.'], et cetera.

And Anoþer tyme þabbot i-callid þere-of to ware*. ['ad warantiam.'] Richard of lyonns And Emme his wife, Raph the Soone of Ranulph of Astrop and William*. ['Willelmam.'] his wife, and Hugh of Hynton and molde his wife, the which nowe come by summornenyng*. [= summoning.] and axe to be schewed to þem by what thyng þey bee holde to ware*. ['warantizare.'].

And þabbot sayeth þat þe foresaide tenauntries were of Hugh Tywe (whoos heyres þe foresaide Emme, William and molde Been), þe which þe foresaide tenementes ȝafe to Nycoll of Wes|ton, to be had and to be holde to hym and to his heyres, and Byndeth hym-selfe and his heyres to*. ['ad warantizandum.'] ware, to þe same Nycoll and to his heyres and to his assynes, þe foresaide tene [folio 46a] mentes; And he sayeth that he is þe Assyne of þe foresaide, and as asyne is i-callid*. [Passive substituted wrongly for the active: 'and as assign he calls to the warranty thereof. . .'] þere-of to the ware aforesaide Emme, William And molde, Also with here husebandes, heyres of þe foresaide Hugh, And bryng[eth] a charter of the foresaide Hugh, the*. ['the which,' or article used as relative. Cp. p. 167, n. 1; p. 170, n. 2.] witnessith that the same Hugh yafe to þe foresaide Nicoll the foresaide londe And Byndith hym-selfe and his heyres to ware to þe foresaide Nicoll and to his heyres and to his assynes, et cetera. He Bryngeth also Anoþer charter vndur the name of þe foresaide Nicoll, the*. ['the which,' or article used as relative. Cp. p. 167, n. 1; p. 170, n. 2.] witnyssith that the Same Nicoll yafe to þe Same Page  167 Abbot and to his successoures the foresaide londe, and Byndeth hym-selfe and his heyres and assynes to ware, et cetera.

And Richard and Emme sayen that the foresaide Hugh of Tywe In a tyme ffeffed them of the foresaide tenement, the*. ['the,' apparently for 'who': 'qui fue|runt inde in seisina.' Cp. p. 166, n. 10.] where þere-of (þe *. [Omit 'þe.']) Insesonyd by that ffeffyng by longe tyme, till þe foresaide Hugh of Tywe þem after*. [Read 'after[wards] there[of] dissei|sined': 'postea inde disseisionauit.'] þere dissesonyng; wherefore þerof*. [Read 'he asks, having been thereof disseisined.'] he axith dissesonyd that they haue accion to the tenement aforesaide to be axid, by the dissesonyng to þem i-made, as it is i-saide afore, if þey be holde ware to þe foresaide Abbot þe foresaide tenement.

Ande, fore þe saide Richard [and the others] may not vnsay but þat þe saide Hugh of Tywe yafe to þe foresaide Nicoll and to his heyres the foresaide tenement, and Bownde hym-selfe and his heyres of þe foresaide Hugh of Tywe to ware to þe fore|saide Nicoll his heyres And his assynes, et cetera.; hit*. [Read (still governed by 'unsay') 'nor that the foresaid abbot is not the assign': 'nec quin predictus abbas sit assignatus.'] may not be þat the foresaide Abbot be þassyne of þe foresaide Nicoll; noþer but that saide Richard and oþer also, with here wyffes, been þe heyres of the foresaide Hugh of Tywe, and þay saye none oþer thyng why they ofte not to be to ware, hit is to be truste*. ['Consideratum est.'] that þay [shall] warantiȝe, and been in mercy for afore þey warantiȝed not, et cetera.

And the foresaide Richard and other defende þere ryȝght and sesynyng*. ['seysinam domini Regis consanguinei.'] of owr lorde Kynges blode, et cetera. as of ffee and ryȝght, et cetera. and putteth hym-selfe in*. ['in iure patrie': i.e. to be tried in the county, and not at Westminster.] lawe of þe Cuntre In the stede of A grete assise of owr lorde þe Kynge, And axith reconysaunce to be made where thay haue more ryȝght by warancie In the foresaide londe, or þe Kyng. Þerfore it is to be say quod þe schreve make make to come þem afore owr lorde Kyng, fro the Daie of Estur In-to xij. *. [Read 'i.' The number of the jury has been prefixed to the date of summons. Latin: 'in unum mensem xii. [probos viros etc.] ad recognicionem etc.']moneth, et cetera. To Recognicion, et cetera.

[210.]

1289. At the Ox|ford assises, in the suit against Oseney by Richard of Lions to recover a messuage, a hide, and rent|charges, Oseney's guarantors (co-heir|esses of Hugh of Tew) stated that Hugh of Tew, giving his daughter Emma in marriage to Richard son of Roger of Lions, settled on her and him said hide to be held by rent of £7 6s. 8d. till he made other provision for them, but that Hugh got back from them said hide on set|tling lands in Swerford on them; but Richard of Lions denied that he had land in Swer|ford in ex|change for the Adder|bury hold|ing. The sheriff ordered inquisition by a jury of 12. At last a quit-claim made by Richard of Lions him|self to the co-heiresses was pro|duced, and he lost his case and was fined.

OXONFORD. Richard of liouns, by his atturney, axith þat*. [Read 'against': 'versus.'] thabbot of Oseney j. mese, j. plowlonde, & x. s. of Page  168 Rente, with the pertinences, In Edurbury, in the which þe same Abbot hath noone Entre but after þe dissesonyng the which Roger of lyuns þereof vnryȝghtfully And withoute Jugge|ment maade to þe Same Richard after the ffyrst, et cetera. And þabbot come and else i-callid þerof to ware the foresaide Richard of lyouns And Emme his wiffe, Raph the Soone of Ranulph of Astrop Ande William his wiffe, Hugh of Hyngton And moolde his wiffe, the which nowe come By summenyng And to hym ware and Defende his ryȝght quando, et cetera.

And saye that In a tyme Appelyng afore*. ['dicunt quod aliquo tempore quaedam prelocutio facta fuit.'] whas i-maade [between] oon Hugh of Tywe (fadur [folio 46b] of the foresaide Emme, William, and Moolde) and on Roger of liouns (ffadur of þe fforesaide Richard) [when] þat the Same Richard weddid the foresaide Emme, so that the Same Hugh [gave] to þem (Richard and Emme) þe foresaide tenementes, as mariage of the Same Emme, to be holde In tenauntie By the seruice of xj. marke by yere, till þe Same Hugh had i-made to hym In Eschaunge for the foresaide tenementes to þe valour of An C. silynworth of londe in A certeyne place; þe*. ['qui quidem Hugo.'] which Sothely Hugh assined to theme A C. schelyngworth of londe In Swere|forde, of the which thay been In sesenyng: by the which þe foresaide tenementes, nowe i-axid, to the foresaide Hugh were i-returned, whereof Defawtith*. [This word seems to be a guess at a contraction in the Latin, possibly 'de facto,' = as a matter of fact.] þe foresaide Richard is in sesenyng of the foresaide C. s. of londe in Swereforde for*. [In exchange for: 'pro.'] the foresaide tenementes In Edburbury. Axid*. [The party that had urged the above argument.] Jugge|ment.

And Richard Saieth that hee Allone whas i-ffeffid of the foresayde tenementes In Edburbury by the foresaide Hugh of Tywe while hee whas withinne Age, and, withoute oony condicion, and withinne age, dissesined by the foresaide Roger; and saithe that he noone londe holdeth In Swereforde In Eschaunge for þe foresaide tenementes In Edburbury, And of that he putteth hym-self vpon the Cuntre; And þe foresaide Richard and other also.

Þerefore hit whas i-commaundid to the schreve þat he schulde Page  169 make come here, fro the daye of Estur bithyn*. [By a slip for 'within.'] xv. daies xij.*. [i.e. 'probos homines.'], et cetera. per quos, bi the which, et cetera. And the which, et cetera., to the Recognicion, et cetera., quia tam, et cetera. Aftirwarde fro the Daye of Estur In|to iij. wokes of our reine nowe þe xvij. come parties And the foresaide Raph and William, Hugh & Moolde, Saien that þe foresaide Richard none ryȝght clayme maye In the foresayde tenementes for he*. [Read 'they say': 'qui dicunt.'] Saieth that he hym-selfe relesed and quitc|claymed, of hym-selfe and his heyres aforesaide, to Raph and Willyam, Hugh and moolde, all the ryȝght & clayme [that he had] in þe foresaide tenementes for Euer, by A writyng of A quite-clayme that þay schowen in*. [The meaning is plain, but the grammar even in the Latin is confused.] that witnysseth, And the foresaide Richard maye not þat vnsaye, but*. ['immo illud concedit.'] that hee grauntith. Þerfor þe Saide Raph and oþer þerof withoute daye. And Richard for false clayme In mercy.

[211.]

Reference to the re|cords of the Court of Common Pleas, for no. 210.

PLEIS at Westmynster, afore Thomas of Weylonde*. [Thomas of Weyland, Justice of Com|mon Pleas 1274, Chief Justice 1278-88.] and his ffelaws Justices of owr lorde Kynge of the Banke, fro þe terme of Seynte Myȝghell, In the ȝere of the Reyne of Kynge Edwarde the Soone of Kynge Henry xv, Weylonde begynnynge xvj. Weylond Michaell xv.

[XXXIV*. [Titulus XXXIII is either missing, or that figure has been dropped out in the numeration.]. Of Hooknorton]

[212.]

Reference to nos. 12, 16, 13, 14, 19, 18.

ÞABBOT of Oseney hathe In Hokenorton, of the yifte of Robert Doylly, and confirmacion of Henry Doylly, and of Kynges of Inglonde, and of Bisshops, And of the Chapiter of lincoln, and confirmacion of Pope Eugenie the iij., þe church [folio 47a] of Hokenorton, and j. hide of londe, with the pertinences, of the Dowre of þe Church, as it is open Abofe In the title of 'þe ffundacion of þe Church.'

[213.]

Reference to no. 12.

BE hit i-knowe to true men of Holy church, bothe present and to be, þat I, Robert dolly, willyng and consentyng Page  170 Edithe my wiffe and my Soones Henry and Gilberte, ȝefe and Graunte, In-to perpetuell Almes, to þe Church of god and of Seynte marie his modur and to þe chanons In hit Seruyng god, et cetera., as abofe, In the title of 'þe ffundacion of Oseneye,' In the ffirst and principall charter.

[214.]

About 1150. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Henry Doyly I, in Hook|norton, of Prest field, and two hides granted by Robert Doyly II (as in no. 24).

BE hit i-know to true men of holy church that I, Henry Doylly, willyng and grauntyng fi . . .*. [The erasure suggests that something was felt to be wrong. The Latin is 'con|cedente Roberto filio regis, fratre meo.' Edith, daughter of Forn, bore to Henry I a son, Robertus filius regis, who was half|brother to Henry Doyly, married a Devon|shire heiress, and died about 1170.] my Broþer and oþer ffrendes and my men, yefe and graunte, In-to ffree and perpetuell almes, to þe Church of Seynte marie of Oseney, for þe Sowle of Kyng Henry, and for þe Sowle of my ffadur Robert Doylly þe*. [Either 'the [which],' or article for relative: 'qui eandem ecclesiam fundavit.'] þat same church foundid, ande for þe Sowle of Gillebert my Broþer, and for þe Sowles of oþer myne aunceturs, & for þe sowle*. [Read 'welfare'; 'pro salute.'] of my lorde Henry and myne And all my ffrendes, X. li. (pownde*. [Omit 'pownde,' as already given in the contraction 'li.']) worth of londe, that is to saye, In Hoke|norton my maner, the londe þe which Is i-callid preste felde (þe which sumtyme to þe church of þe Same towne longed) after*. [i.e. at its estimated value: 'secundum quod probabitur valere per iuramentum proborum hominum.'] þat hit schall be preued to Availe By the oþe of men, And ij. hides of londe In the Same maner, þe which þe foresaide church sumtyme had of þe Graunte of my ffadur, after his value*. ['secundum valentiam suam.']; And if oony þynge lacke*. ['siquid defuerit ad perficiendas decem libratas, ego perficiam.'] to be performed X. pownde worthe, I schall performe hit, or in the nowe Saide towne or in myne oþer londes, after that we maye Beste purueye, et cetera.

[215.]

About 1160. Grant to Oseney, by Henry Doyly I, of a half|hide, with messuage, meadow, and other rights, with a bondman|tenant, his mother, and sister, 3 messu|ages (each with a garden), and a piece of land.

BE hit i-knowe to all Cristen men that I, Henry Doylly, owre lorde þe Kynges constable, yafe and grauntid, and with my present charter confermyd I haue, to god And to þe church of Seynte Marie of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, In-to ffree pure and perpetuell Almes, for þe Sowle of my modur and of myne aunceturs, j. dj.-hide of londe in Hokenorton, þat, þat is to say, the which thomas la burne helde, with mesis, and all oþer þynges to þe foresaide londe Page  171 perteynyng, both In medes and pastures, In weies and patthis, and in all oþer thynges, with þe Same thomas and his modur & his Suster, with all þere goodes; ffurþermore, A mese with A Crofte that Richard Hirelonde*. ['Hiberniensis.'] helde, And A mese with þe Gardeyne that Roger Weuer helde, And A mese with þe Garden that Guinylde widow helde, And also þe londe vnto þe church yerde. Þese londes I wille and Surely charge þat þe forsaide church and Chanons of Oseney haue and holde, welle and in pece, fully and worschipfully, with all fredoms and fre customs þat I, or oony of myne aunceturs, In thoo londes have i-had while they were in owr hande. These witnyssis.

[216.]

About 1184. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Henry Doyly II, as feudal superior, (a) of both Stonehales, given by Hugh of Tew; (b) in Clay|don, Philip of Hamp|ton's gift (as in no. 24), and Leonard of Whitfield's gift of a yard-land with its serf-tenant and 24 acres, (c) in Hook|norton, of no. 217, and of 219, and 218; (d) in Perry, of the rec|tory with the advow|son, and a half-hide, with man|sions, croft, & meadow; (e) in Weston-on|the-Green, 3 acres and a meadow, held by quit-rent of I lb. of pepper; (f) in Bletching|don, 2 yard|lands and 2 acres.

BE it i-know to all true men of holy church that I, Henry Doylly, þe Soone [folio 47b] of Henry Doylly, with þe consent and assent of Robert my Broþer and with þe counsell of my ffre men, grauntid, & with this present charter confermyd, to the Church of god and of Seynte marie of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruynge god, all þoo yiftes the which men of my ffee to the Same church made, as þe charters of þe Same witnyssen, þat is to saye, of þe yifte of Hugh of Tywe þe londe of bothe stanehale, with all þynges to þe Same londe perteynynge, of þe which Robert my Beelesire and Henry my ffadur quite|claymed to þe foresaide church all þe Seruice þat to þem and to þere heyres þere-of whas dewe; In Cleydon, of the yifte of philipp of Hampton, dj. an hide whereof my ffadur all þe Seruice that to hym and to his heyres whas dewe quite-claymed to þem; In the same towne, of þe yifte of leonarde of White|felde, j. yerde of londe þe which Gilbert corbeller*. ['corbeiller.'] helde, with þat man and all his childron, and xij. acris in spetesham, and vj. acris at þe woode at Harestaine, and vj. acris at Wytereden; In Hokenorton, of the yifte of Sibille the wiffe of Robert ffiȝt Gye & of Raph boterelle and of Julian his wiffe, XX. acris þe which been in the crofte*. [Read 'end': 'in fine.'] of prestesfelde by Widecumbe; and v. mansuris or dwellynges withinne Hokenorton, j. agaynste þe howse of Adam clerke, Another agaynste þe howse of Elfwyne Reve, þe þirde agaynste þe howse of þe Same Elfwyne of þe oþer parte of the weye with the Crofte and Garden þe which Page  172 William Calcebote helde, þe fowrthe By the howse of Elfwyne Sputi, þe fifte bitwene the howse of Edwarde palmer and swyne þe soone of Beatrige; The sixte, of þe yifte of William of Heteuille*. [Hereville.] & of Johan his wife, the which William of Hampton helde, with that man [and all his], and an*. [The text seems doubtful even in the Latin.] halle (þe which is i-set bitwene the dwellyng of William Derby & the dwellyng of William Burgeys) and all his parte In the mede of Smededell, and þoo twoo acris (of*. [Omit 'of.']) þe which þe Incluse In Hokenorton in Almys helde, and j. acre of the me[de] of Heme mede; of the yifte of William ffiȝt Helie and of Emme his wiffe þe church of Pyrye & the ryȝght of Aduocacion of the same, And halfe an hide of londe In ledehale, with ij. mansions þe which been bitwene the dwellyng of Gilbert and the dwellyng of Sawakar, with the crofte to þe same dwellyng perteynyng, & with the mede to the halfe-hide perteynyng; In Weston, of the yifte of William ffiȝt Moolde, ij. acris and all the mede that is in the hedis of them At Bakesmulne, and the þride acre þe which is in the hede of the mede þe which is i-callid Aldefelde, to be holde for Euer of hym and of his heyres by oon li. of pepur yerely; Of the yifte of Raph of Aumery, In blechesdon, j. yerde of the lordeschip, And A-noþer yerde of þe vilenage (or towne*. [Read 'bonde': alternative rendering of 'vilenage.']) þe which whas of Raph Blund; Of the yifte of ffowke de la Graue, ij. acris at Haraldes [folio 48a] Welle. Of this graunte and confirmacion been witnesse Robert my Broþer, et cetera*. [One is Robert de Witefeld (Sheriff of Oxon. 1182-5).]

[217.]

About 1160. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Ralph Boterell, of his mother-in|law Sibill's gift of 20 acres and 5 houses, and a meadow, subject to 13d. quit-rent to St. Frides|wyde's priory.

BE hit i-knowe to all true men of Hooly Church that I, Raph boterell, prayng and willyng Julian my wyffe and Johan her Dowȝghter, yafe and grauntid, In-to ffree and per|petuell almes, to þe Church of god and of Seynte Marie of Oseney and to the chanons þere seruyng god, XXti acris of my londe þe which Been in the yende*. ['in fine.'] of prestefelde By Wyde|cumbe, the which Sibill þe modur of my wiffe ȝafe to the Same church; and Vque dwellynges withinne Hokenorton, j. agaynste þe howse of Adam Clerke, Another Agaynste þe howse of Elfwyne Reve, the thirde agaynste þe howse of the Same Page  173 Elfwyne of þe oþer parte of þe wey with the Crofte And Gardeyne the which William Calcebote helde, The iiij. By the howse of Elfwyne Sputi, The v. bitwene the howse of Edwarde palmer and Sueyne ffiȝt Betriche; And A mede the which is by the Courte of Oseney of the oþer parte of þe water, for the which mede they schall paye Euery yere to þe Church of Seynte ffrideswithe for me xiij. d. In the Daye of Seynte John Baptiste for all seruice. This yifte I made to þeme ffree and quite for all seruice, both riall and other, and all exaccion in there Chapitre afore the Couent, and vppon þe Auter, to-gedur with my wiffe, I offeryd hit. Þese witnysses, et cetera.

{illustration}

[NOTE.—The stem given in this and the deeds which follow is:—
Guy
Robert m. Sibil (217)
. . . . . m. Juliana m. Ralph Boterell
Joanna m. William of Herevile (216, 218, 219)
William, flor. 1225 (220).]

[218.]

About 1180. Sale to Oseney, by William of Hereville and wife, of 2 acres. Purchase|money, £1 to husband; 2s, to wife.

BE hit i-knowe to all ffeyȝghtfull men of holy church that I, Willyam of Hereville, willyng and grauntyng Johan my wiffe, ȝafe, and with my present charter confermed, to god & to the church of Seynte marie of Oseneye, In-to ffree and perpetuell almes, thoo twoo acris of londe þe which þe Incluse of Hoke|norton vnto his dethe helde In almys, that is to say, j. acre vppon Otehulle, And j. in Watbrach; and j. acre of mede In Heme Mede, to be holde ffrely And quietly and fro all Seculer seruice. In-to witnesse of the which yifte þe chanons of þe Same church yafe to me xx. s. and to my wiffe j. Besaunte, þese witnesse, et cetera.

[219.]

About 1180. Grant to Oseney, by William of Hereville and wife, of land with its serf-tenant, and a share of common meadow.

BE hit i-knowe to all þe Childron of our holy modur the Church that I, William of Hereville and Johan my wiffe, [ȝafe], and with this present charter confermyd, In-to ffree and perpetuell almys, to þe church of god and of Seynte Marie of oseneye and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, j. dwellyng of londe In Hokenorton, that is to Say, þe which Willyam of Hampton [helde], with þat man and all his, the [folio 48b] which is i-set Page  174 By the dwellyng of William Kywy And þe dwellyng of John burgeys; and all our parte In the mede of Smededell þe which longeth to owr ffee. This owre yifte and confermyng, free froo all seruice, both riall and oþer, and all exaccion for Euer to be kepid and maynteyned, In the Chapiter of Oseney, Afore the Couent, vppon the texte whee sware, both I and my wiffe. These witnesses.

[220.]

1225. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by William son of William of Hereville, of nos. 217-9, and grant of a serf or serfs.

KNOWE þaye that Be present and to Bee that I, Willyam of Hereville, ffiȝt William of Hereville and of Johan his wiffe, grauntid, and with this present charter confermed, In|to ffree pure and perpetuell almes, to god and to þe Church of Seynte Marie of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, all þe londes & possessions and ffredoms, In feldes, In medes, Mesis, men, homages, and seruices, Sutes, and all oþer thynges, þe which þey haue of þe yiftes of myne Aunceturs In Hoke|norton & at Oseney, to be had and to Be i-holde for Euer, of me and of my heyres, frely and quietly fro all seruice Both ryall and other and all exaccion and Demaunde, as þe charters of my aunceturs, þat is to Saye, of Raph Boterell & of Julian his wiffe myne Beeledame, And the charters of William my ffadur and of Johan my modur, the which þe Saide chanons hauen, witnessen. I haue i-grauntid also to þe Saide chanons, for me and myne heyres, philip Corbyn; And if oony oþer man of myne þey haue fro*. [Read 'on.'] þe daye In the which this charter whas i-made, or afore. I also, William, and myne heyres, the foresaide thynges possessions and ffredoms and all oþer thynges, agaynste all men, to the foresaide chanons schall aquite and schall warantiȝe for Euer. And that this myne yifte and confirmacion, Aquityng and warantiȝyng ferme And stable for Euer Abide, hit with this present writyng And By the puttyng to of my seale have I strengthid hit. And this charter whas i-made In the nynghthe yere of Kyng Henry þe Soone of Kyng John: Þese witnesse, et cetera.

[221.]

About 1230. Agreement by Oseney, to relieve a half-hide of the works due by it to the manor, on condi|tion of the holders surrender|ing their interest in a croft, and in certain pieces of land, paying an addition of 6s. to their rent, and re|maining subject to other manorial claims.

BE hit i-knowe to all true men that when Bitwene J.*. [John de Reding, abbot 1229-35.] Abbot And Couent of Oseney, of the oone parte, And John*. [i.e. Johanna.] of Hokenorton, the Relicte [of] Thomas of Burne, and William Page  175 the Soone of hym, of the oþer parte, whas i-stered A controuersie In þe Courte of the Saide Abbot vppon seruices and seruages, that is to say, In erynges, cariages, Medesutes*. ['metsuris.'], Mowynges*. ['falcaturis.'], and all other Seruages to þat dj. hide of londe the which þe Saide Johne of the Saide chanons helde In Hokenorton. At þe laste, at þe Peticion of Sire Henry Doyley and of Moolde his wiffe, þe saide chanons relesid and quite-claymed to þe Saide Johne and to William her Soone (relesid*. [The bracketed words are brought in here out of place from below.] and quite-claymed to þe saide chanons all þe Ryȝght) and to the heyres of them þe foresaide Seruices And seruages And for this relese & [folio 49a] quite-clayme þe saide Johne and Willyam her Soone relesid [and*. [Inserted from the Latin.] quit-claimed to the said canons all the right], for her-selfe and her heyres for Euer, that they had or myȝght haue In oone Crofte the which Is i-callid Parroc [gap: 1] . they relesid and also quite-claymed to þe Same chanons thre hedis þe which þe Saide chanons closid inne with walle, ffurþermore and*. [Verbatim from the Latin. Possibly it means that they gave up the three 'heads,' and did not ask for the land promised in exchange.] Eschange þat þey had assyned for þoo thre hedis. And ffurþermore, for þe foresaide seruices and seruages þay schall paye yerely vj. s. Also, with viij. s. þe which they were i-woned to paye for þe foresaide dj. hide of londe, at two termes of the yere, that is to say, At þe Anun|ciacion of Seynte Marie vij. s. And at þe fest of Seynte Miȝghell vij. s., sauyng to þe saide chanons homages, relefis, wardis, Eschetes, and Sutes of þere courte. And that þese þynges, þe which [are] aforesaide, Abide for Euer stable, þe parties to þis present writyng put to þere seeles: Þese witnessis, et cetera.

[222.]

About 1270. Exchange between Oseney and Ralph of Swerford, Oseney giv|ing a piece of land next Ralph's hall, and re|ceiving 2 roods.

ÞIS is A perpetuell Eschange i-maade At Hoke|norton, Bitwene ffrere W.*. [Probably William of Sutton, abbot 1268-84.] Abbot of Oseney and the Couent of þe Same place of þe oone partie, And Raph of Swereforde clerke of þe other partie; þat is to Say, that þe saide Abbot And Couent yafe and grauntid to the foresaide Raph and to his heyres A place By the halle of þe same Raph of the Northe parte þe which bygynneth of*. ['a strata publica.'] þe hie-weye And strecchith vnto the Ende of his Curtilage and By the hie-weye hit conteyneth Page  176 xviij. foote In Brede And In the Ende of þe Same place allonly xiiij. foote; And the foresaide Raph, In-to þe Eschange of þat place, yafe and grauntid to þe foresaide Abbot And Couent, In|to pure and perpetuell Almes, j. rodde of Arable londe vppon Otehulle at forthsheter, þat is to say, the more weste Rodde, And anoþer rodde of londe the which lieth In the Mershe In a telthe þe which Is i-callid longefurlonge. And that þis Eschange be sure and Stable for Euer, the parties to this writyng, In-to the maner of A charter i-made, þere Seales euerich agaynste other haue i-put to: Þese witnessis John of Herevile, et cetera.

[223.]

About 1270. Grant to Oseney, by Roger son of Philip, of a half-yard|land (15¼ acres), viz. in the West field, 3 acres, 11 half-acres, 3 roods; in East field, 1 acre, 10 half acres; and an acre of meadow.

KNOWE þoo that Be Nowe and to Bee that I, Roger ffiȝt Philip of Hokenorton, yafe and grauntid and with this present charter confermed, for me And myne heyres and myne assynes for Euer, to god and to þe church of Seynte Marie of Oseney & to þe chanons þere seruyng god & for Euer to serue, In-to ffree pure and perpetuell almes, j. dj.-yerde of londe with þe pertinences, þat is to say:

In the Westfelde, j. dj.-acre at Mikell mere, In Wacbreche, And j. dj.-acre in Medulfurlonge In the mershe, And j. dj.-acre agaynste Kyngstrowstrete, And j. Rodde towarde smalestrete, And j. dj.-acre towarde thremthorn, And j. dj.-acre In-to Wode|weye, And j. dj.-acre At mylborews [slade*. [Added from the Latin.], and j. dj.-acre at Wowelonde, and j. dj.-acre at Braylesweye], And j. Rodde By smalebroke, And j. dj.-acre vppon Maydenberowe, And j. dj.-acre vppon Hokernesse, And j. dj.-acre at Sholdreswelle*. ['schokereswelle.'], And iij. Acris And j. Rodde Abowte Scapullhulle*. ['Stapenhulle.']:

And in the Estfelde, dj. an Acre at Northlonge slade, And j. dj.-acre agaynste Otehull Diche, And j. dj.-acre At Oldegore, And j. dj.-acre towarde Wlsi [folio 49b] eswelle, And j. dj.-acre In North|halfe lambecotestrete, And j. [dj.]-acre*. ['half-acre' in the Latin.] At þe ffyfe Acris, And j. dj.-acre In Gerardislake, And j.-acre towarde þe Stowre, And j. dj.-acre At Threme Welle, And j. dj. acre At Whichemestrete, And j. dj.-acre By Gerardislake:

And j. dj.-acre*. ['an acre,' in the Latin, which is (as stated in no. 24) the normal amount.] of mede In Heme mede:

to Be holde and to be had, to þe Saide churche and chanons, Page  177 welle and In pece, ffrely and quietly for Euer. And I, Roger and my heyres and myne assines, to*. [Omit 'to.'] þe Saide halfe yerde of londe with the pertinences to the saide church and Chanons agaynste all Juys and men schall warantiȝe Aquite and Defende for Euer, as ffree pure and owr perpetuell almes. And that þis my yifte graunte, et cetera.

[224.]

About 1270. Grant to Oseney, by John of Chorleton, of a quit|rent of 4s. as feudal superiority over a yard|land, with the reversion|ary rights implied by it.

KNOW þoo that been nowe And to Be that I, John of Chorleton, yafe, grauntid, And with this presente my charter confermyd, to ffrere William, Abbot of Oseney, and to þe chanons þere Seruyng god and for Euer to serue, iiij. shelyngworth of yerely rent with the pertinences In Hokenorton, In-to ffree pure and perpetuell almys, the which thomas ffrankelyne yerely to me was i-wonyd to paye for j. yerde of londe and A Crofte þat is i-callid Rokeshull, to Be take of þe Same thomas and his heyres or his assines at two termes of þe yere, that is to say, at þe fest of Seynte Myȝghell ij. s. And at þe ffeste of Seynte Marie in Marche ij. s. I haue i-grauntid also, to þe foresaide Abbot and chanons, all that Euer in the foresaide rente, with his per|tinences, I had or myȝght have, withoute oony agayne-holdyng to me or myne heyres or myne Assines perteynyng, with wardis, Relefis, Hariettes, And Eschetes, And helpis, and all other thynges to þe same rente perteynyng for Euer. And I, John, And myne heyres or myne assynes, the foresaide iiij. shelyng|worth of rente with all his pertinences aforesaide, to the foresaide Abbot And chanons for Euer schall warantiȝe, defende, And Aquite, agaynste all cristen men And Juys And women, as ffree pure And owr perpetuell almes. In-to witnesse of the which thyng to this present writyng my seale I haue i-put to. Þese witnesses, et cetera.

[225.]

About 1270. Acknow|ledgement to Oseney, by Thomas le franklin, that he is bound to pay them the quit|rent, as in no. 224.

KNOWE all men that I, Thomas lee ffrankaleyne, Grauntid, for me and myne heyres or myne assynes for Euer, to paye to William, Abbot of Oseneye, and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, iiij. s. yerely at þe termes In the charter that they hauen of John Chorleton of þe foresaide rente i-contente, And þat þe foresaide Abbot And chanons may distrayne [me*. [Inserted from the Latin.] and Page  178 my heirs or my assigns by whatever kind of distraint] þorowgh all the londes and tenementes (holdyng*. [Omit, out of place: unless it is '[or] holdyng[s],' an alternative rendering.]) the which I holde In Hokenorton, and all*. ['all. . .holding' =all who hold: 'omnes . . . tenentes' = omnes, qui tenent. . .] the foresaide londis and tenementes holdyng, to paye to the foresaide Abbot and chanons þe foresaide yerely rente at þe termes i-set, if wee fayle (that god forbede). In-to witnesse, et cetera.

[226.]

About 1270. Grant to Oseney, by John of Chorleton, of a quarter|acre.

KNOWE þoo that Been nowe and to bee þat I, John Chorleton, yafe & graun [folio 50a] tid, and with this my present Charter confermed for me and myne heyres & for the helth of my Sowle and of moolde my wiffe And of Sibille my modur and for þe Sowle of my ffadur, In-to pure and perpetuell almes, to god and to þe church of Seynte Marie of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, þe fourth parte of j. acre þe which lieth By the pasture the which Is i-callid Helecumbe*. [Holecumbe.] and strecchith In|to another fourth parte of j. acre of þe foresaide chanons of þe weste parte At Wiggelanam*. ['apud Wyggelewam.']. And I, John, and myne heyres, the foresaide fourth parte of j. acre to þe foresaide church and chanons agaynst all men and women for Euer schall warantiȝe. And that this my ȝevyng, et cetera.

[227.]

About 1280. Grant to Oseney, by John son of John of Chorleton, of an en|closure on which stood a sheephouse.

KNOWE þoo that Be nowe and to Bee that I, John, the Soone of*. [Read 'and.'] þe heyre of John Cherlton, yafe and Grauntid and with this my charter confermyd, for me and myne heyres or myne Assynes, to god and to þe church of Seynte Marie of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god and for Euer to serue, for my helth and of Cristine my wiffe and of my children And for þe helth of my ffadur & modur and myne Aunceturs, In|to ffree pure And perpetuell Almes, that*. ['illam placeam cum toto incluso.'] place with all the closyng Inne, In Hokenorton, vppon the which stode þe shepe|howse of John Sumtyme my Beelesire And of John Sumtyme my ffadur, the which lieth By the Abbotes londe of Oseneye of þe Northe parte: to be holde and to Be had, to þe Saide chanons and to þer Successours, of me and of my heyres or my assines, as ffrely as I John or oony of myne aunceturs hit with all the closid Inne euer mooste ffrely helde, withoute oony Page  179 withholdyng. And I, John, and myne heyres or myne Assynes, the Saide place, with alle the close, to þe foresaide church and chanons and to þere successours, agaynste all men, cristen And Juys, schall warantiȝe, Aquite, and defende, as our pure and Euerlastyng almes. And þat my yifte & graunte and of charter confirmacion, et cetera.

[228.]

1232. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Thomas, earl of Warwick, of all grants by his pre|decessors in the barony of Hook|norton, and by men of their fee, with all manorial privileges.

TO all cristen men to the which this present writyng schall come, Thomas*. [Thomas of Newburgh, succeeded as 6th earl of Warwick in 1229, died 1242, had inherited the barony of Hooknorton from his mother Margery, sister and heiress of Henry Doyly II.], Erle of Warwike, the Soone of Henry Erle of Warwike helth. To all your knowlege I will it to come, for the helth of my Sowle and of the Sowle of my aun|ceturs, [me] to haue i-grauntid and with this present charter to haue i-confermyd, for me Ande myne heyres for Euer, to god and to þe church of Seynte marie of Oseney and to þe Chanons In hit Seruyng god, all the londes, goodes, and possessions, bothe*. ['possessiones tam ecclesiasticas quam laicas.'] of the Church and of the lay fee, yiftes, grauntes, confir [folio 50b] macions, and ffredoms, to þem i-yefe (to*. [The bracketed words are in error for 'of the gifts'; 'eis collatas de donis advo|catorum suorum.' Here 'advocati' is used in the technical sense of the 'patrons' (i.e. the Doyly family) of Oseney.] þem) of there Aduocates, that is to Say, of Robert Doylly and of Edithe his wiffe, of Henry Doylly the ffirst, of Henry Doylly þe Secunde, and*. ['et omnium liberorum hominum tenen|cium de feodo de Oylli.'] of all his ffree men tenauntes (or holders) of the ffee of Doylly, as þe charters of þem (all þe which þe Same chanons vppon these thynges hauen) witnessen: to be holde and to Be had, to þe saide chanons for Euer, In-to ffree pure and perpetuell almes, welle and In pece, ffrely and quietly, hooly and worschipfully, In there owne Demaynes, & villenages, In wodys, playnys, medes, ffedynges, pasturis, Communes, waters, Milles, poundes*. [i.e. ponds: '(in) stagnis.'], ffyssheweres, stewys, weyis, Patthis, and in all other thynges and places, with all liberteis and ffree customs, quietaunces, and with all thynges [pertaining*. [Added from the Latin.], in town and without town, as in the charters of all the beforesaid more] ffully Been conteyned. And this Grauntyng, et cetera. And*. [i.e. the copyist now brings in the words he has dropped two lines above.] all-soo with all liberteis and with all pertinences, In towne and owte of towne, as In charters Page  180 of all þe foresaide thynges fully Been conteyned. Þese Been witnesse Godefrey of Graucumbe*. [Godfrey of Crawcumbe was sheriff of Oxfordshire, 10-16 Henry III, 1226-31: Davenport's Oxfordshire (1888), p. 25.], þenne schrewe of oxon|forde, et cetera.

[229.]

About 1260? Grant to Oseney, by Simon of Hereville, of his in|terest in a stream, to supply their mill|pond.

TO all cristen men, Symon of Hereville helth In our lorde. Knowe ye all me to haue i-grauntid*. [Marginal note: 'Kersewell lake to cum to their myll which lake is called the shere Lake & lyeth above Kerseis were.'] and quite to haue i-claymed, for me and myne heyres, to Sir Richard*. [Probably Richard de Apletre, abbot 1254-68.] Abbot of Oseney, and to þe chanons þere Seruyng god, all the ryȝght and clayme þat I had or myȝght have In the litull Riuer that is i-callid Karsewelle lake, so that þe Saide chanons the saide lake vppon þere Demayne maye turne hit to þere Mille and quietly maye haue hit, withoute oony agayne-saying of me or of myne heyres for Euer. In-to witnesse, et cetera.

[230.]

About 1270. Grant to Oseney, by William le Brune, of an acre of meadow.

KNOWE*. [Marginal note: 'Hokenorton.'] they that Been nowe And to Bee that [I], William lee Brune yafe & Grauntid, toke and Deliuered, and with my present charter confermyd, for me and myne heyres for Euer, to god and to þe church of Seynte Marie of Oseneye and to þe chanons þere seruing God and for Euer to Serue, j. acre of mede In the commune mede of Hokenorton In Smechdole: to be holde and to Be had, to þe saide church and Chanons, welle and In pece, ffrely and quietly, In-to ffree pure and perpetuell almes for Euer. And I William and myne heyres the Saide acre of mede, to þe fforesaide chanons of Oseney, agaynste all pepull (Juys and cristen men), schall warantiȝe, Aquite, And Defende for Euer. In-to witnesse, et cetera.

[231.]

About 1270. Grant to Oseney, by William le Brune, of a half|acre.

KNOWE thoo that Be nowe And to Bee that I, William lee Brune of Hokenorton, yafe and Grauntid and with this present charter confermyd, for me & for myne heyres for Euer, to God and to þe church of Seynte Marie of oseney and to the Chanons þere Seruyng and for Euer to Serue, j. dj.-Acre of [folio 51a] Arable londe In the Weste Crofte Att Botted Dich: to Be holde and to Be had, to þe Saide church and chanons þere Seruyng god, well and in pece, ffrely and quietly, In-to ffree Page  181 and perpetuell almes for Euer. And I, William lee Brune, and myne heyres, þe Saide dj.-acre of londe, to the Saide churche and chanons of Oseneye, agaynste all men and women, schall warantiȝe Aquite and Defende ffor Euer. In-to witnesse, et cetera.

[232.]

About 1270. Grant to Oseney, by William le Brune, of a quit|rent of 1d., as feudal superiority over lands (cf. 224), with the reversion|ary and other rights implied by it.

KNOWE þoo that Ben nowe and to Bee þat I, William lee Brune of Hokenorton, yafe Grauntid and with this present charter confermyd, for me and myne heyres for Euer, to God and to the church of Seynte Marie of Oseney and to þe chanons þere Seruyng, a yerely rente of j. d. In the towne of Hokenorton, the which thomas ffrankaleyne of Hokenorton was i-wonyd to paye to me In the Daye of Seynt John Baptiste, and what-So-Euer þyng maye happe of the Same rente, withoute reteynyng to me and to myne heyres for Euer: to be holde and to Be had, to the saide Church and chanons þere Seruyng god, well and In peece, ffreely and quietly, In-to ffree pure and per|petuell almys for Euer. And I, William Browne, and myne heyres, þe foresaide rente with þe pertinences, to the Saide church and chanons, agaynste all men, schall warantiȝe Aquite And Defende ffor Euer. In-to witnysse, et cetera.

[233.]

About 1270. Grant to Oseney, by William le Brune, of a half|acre, and a rood.

KNOWE þoo that Bee nowe and to Bee that I, William lee Brune, yafe Grauntid and with this present charter confermyd, for me And myne heyres for Euer, to God And to þe church of Seynt Marie of Oseneye and to þe chanons þere Seruyng god and for Euer to Serue, j. dj.-acre of Arable londe In the ffelde of Hokenorton agaynste thremthorn By-Side the londe of William Sweyne, And j. Rodde of londe the wich strecchith hit-Selfe In lambecotestrete By the londe of William Sweyne: to be holde and to be had, well and In peece, ffrely and quietly, In-to ffree and perpetuell almes for Euer. And I, William, and myne heyres, þe Saide dj.-acre and j. rodde of londe, to þe fore|saide church and chanons þere seruyng god, agaynste all men and women, schall warantiȝe Aquite And Defende for Euer. In-to witness, et cetera.

[234.]

About 1270. Grant to Oseney, by William le Brune, of a half|acre and 2 butts, subject to quit-rent of 1s. 6d.

KNOWE þoo that Bee present and to Be that I, William Brune, yafe and Grauntid toke and Deliuered and with this present charter confermed, for me and myne heyres for Euer, Page  182 to god and to þe church of Seynte marie of Oseneye and to þe chanons þere Seruyng god and for Euer to Serue, for my helth and of Anneys my wiffe and of my Aunceturs, In-to ffree pure and perpetuell almes, j. dj.-Acre of Arable londe, with ij. Buttes, Att Hertelfeet*. ['Hertelston.'] In the ffelde of Hokenorton, sauyng [folio 51b] A rente of xviij. d. to*. [Read probably 'by'; but the Latin is 'predictis Canonicis' not 'a predictis.'] the foresaide chanons at ij. termes In the yere to Be payd: to Be holde and to be had, to þe Saide church and chanons, well and in pece, ffrely and quietly for Euer. And I, William, and my heyres, the Saide londe with the pertinences, to the saide church and chanons, Agaynste all men, Juys and Cristen, schall warantiȝe, Aquite, & Defende for Euer. In-to witnesse, et cetera.

[235.]

About 1230. Grant to Oseney, by Robert Bernard, of feudal superiority over a free|hold, repre|sented by 5s. quit|rent. Purchase|money, £2.

KNOWE þoo that been nowe and to Bee that I, Robert Bernarde of Hokenorton, for my helth and with thassente of ffelice My wyffe and of Geffrey my ffirst Borne Soone, yafe and Grauntid, and with this present charter confermyd, to God and to the church of Seynte Marie of Oseneye and to þe chanons þere seruynge god, all the ryȝght that I had or myȝght haue In j. acre*. [Read 'yardland': virgata.] of londe, with þe pertinences, at Hokenorton, that is to Say, þe which that philippe of Hampton helde of me, paying to me yerely v.s., [that is to say], at þe Birth of our lorde ij. s. vj. d. and at þe Natiuite of Seynte John Baptiste ij. s. vj. d.: to be had and to Be holde, to þe Same chanons for Euer, with homages of þe Same philippe, and with all pertinences, ffrely And pesibly, hooly and quietly, fro all Seculer seruice, exaccion, and Demaunde, sauyng þe Tenure of þe Same philippe and of his heyres. And I, the Saide Robert, and myne heyres, the saide yevyng to the Saide chanons schall warantiȝe and Defende for Euer agaynste all men and women. And for this yevyng Grauntyng con|fermyng and warantiȝyng [the*. [Added from the Latin.] said canons gave me, of the charity of the house, iij. marks. And that this my gift may] Abide Sure and Stedefast (also confermyng and warantiȝyng), hit, with this present writyng and puttyng too of my Seale, I have i-strenghthid hit: Þese witnessis, et cetera.

Page  183

[236.]

About 1230. Grant to Oseney, by Robert Bernard, of 4 acres in one field, and 4 in another, and a half|acre in one field, and a half-acre in another.

KNOW thoo þat Bee nowe and to Bee that I, [Robert] Bernarde of Hokenorton, for þe helth of my Sowle and of the Sowles of my aunceturs, yafe and grauntid and with this present charter confermyd, to god and to þe church of Seynt marie of Oseneye and to þe chanons þere Seruyng god, viij. acris of londe in the feldis of Hokenorton, that is to Say, iiij. acris In j. felde and iiij. a ris in a-nother ffelde, the which (that is to Say) viij. acris Dame sibille sumtyme wiffe of Henry Doylly to fferme of me helde; And ffurþermore j. acre, that is to Say, dj. an acre agaynste Suddonam [in] j. felde, and dj. an acre In Wulstanescropte In the other ffelde: to be holde and to be had, to the Saide chanons for Euer, In-to ffree pure and perpetuell almes, welle and In peece, ffrely and quietly, fro all Seruise, seculer exaccion, and Demaunde. And I and myne heyres the foresaide londe to þe Saide chanons for Euer schalle [folio 52a] warantiȝe, Defende, And Aquite, agaynste all men And women. In-to witnesse of the which, et cetera.

[237.]

About 1230. Grant to Oseney, by Robert Bernard, of 3½ acres arable in strips, and 2 acres meadow in strips,

KNOWE yee that Bee nowe and to Bee that I, Robert Bernarde of Hokenorton, yafe and Grauntid and with this present writyng confermed, for me and myne heyres for Euer, to God and to þe church of Seynte marie of Oseneye and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, iij. acris of Arable londe and j. dj. In the ffeldis of Hokenorton: þat is to Say, dj. an acre by-yonde Northfurlonge slade vppon Otehulle, and j. acre and a dj. In the crofte of the saide Robert and of John Charleton the which hit|selfe strecchith in-to þe Brynge*. ['in ripam.'], And j. dj.-acre the which strecchith hit-selfe In-to the length of the Diche bitwene the Crofte of the Erle and the Crofte of the Saide Robert of the Sowthe partie, And j. dj.-Acre In Wadbrech the which strecchith hit-selfe In-to lambecotestrete, and dj. an acre In the Mershe, that is to say, In medefurlonge*. ['Medfurlunge.'] by the mede*. ['iuxta terram.'] of John Chorle|ton; And ij. acris of mede, that is to Say, In merewellfurlonge dj. an acre, And in Slogfurlonge dj. an acre, And vppon lode|well Hille dj. an acre, And [at] thremewell dj. an acre: to be holde and to be had, with all pertinences, to þe saide churche and chanons, In-to ffre pure and perpetuell almys, welle and In Page  184 peece, frely and quietly fro all Seculer seruice and Demaunde for Euer. And I, Robert, & myne heyres, all the foresaide thynges, with the pertinences, to þe foresaide churche and chanons schall warantiȝe and Defende Agaynste all pepull for Euer. In-to witnessis, et cetera.

[238.]

About 1230. Grant to Oseney, by Robert Bernard, of 2 acres.

KNOWE thoo þat be nowe and to Bee that I, Robert Bernarde of Hokenorton, yafe and Grauntid, and with this present charter confermyd, to God and to Seynte marie of Oseneye and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, for þe sowle of my ffadur and of my modur and of myne aunceturs, ij. acris of londe In the towne of Hokenorton, that is to saye, In the northfelde, j. acre þe which turneth towarde the waye of Smalebroc; In felde towarde þe Est, dj.-acre þe which turneth towarde fiffacram*. ['super Siffacram.'], and dj.-acre þe which turneth vppon Karswelle lake: to be holde, In-to pure and perpetuell almys. Þese witnessis, et cetera.

[239.]

About 1230. Sale to Oseney, by Robert Bernard, of a half|acre and a piece of land, a half-acre, and a rood. Purchase|money, £1,

KNOWE þey that Bee nowe and to Bee that I, Robert Bernarde of Hokenorton yafe and Grauntid, and with my present charter confermyd, for me and for myne heyres for Euer, to God and to þe church of Oseney and to þe chanons [folio 52b] þere seruyng God, In-to ffree and perpetuell almys, j. dj.-acre of londe, that is to say, the ffirst dj.-acre of my crofte In the Este partie, with A litull parte of lond lying to, þe which is i-callid le Schelde; And anoþer dj.-acre Euyn agaynste ye courte of John chorleton, that is to say, þe ffyrst þe which*. ['qu[a]e curtatur.'] is i-schortid; and j. Rodde In Wadbrecche, that is to say, In mydullfurlonge nexte of the forewe: to be holde and to be had to þe saide chanons for Euer, well and In peece, ffrely and quietly fro all Seculer seruice exaccion and Demaunde. And I and myne heyres þe saide londe with [the pertinences] to þe saide chanons for Euer schall warantiȝe [and] defende agaynste all pepull, and of all seruice seculer & exaccion schall aquite and defende. And for this yifte Graunte and waran|tyȝyng þe saide chanons relesid to me all þe Dette that*. ['quod eis debebam.'] I wowid of the arrerage of my rente, that is to say, xx. s. Page  185 of siluer. And that this yifte Graunte and warantiȝyng sure and stable for Euer to Abide, to this present writyng hee put to his seale: Þese witnessis, et cetera.

[240.]

About 1230. Sale to Oseney, by Robert Bernard, of a quit|rent of 2s. out of a messuage, and his other in|terest in the messu|age. Purchase|money, £1.

KNOWE þoo that been nowe and to Bee that I, Robert Bernarde of Hokenorton, for my helth and of myne, with þassent of ffelice my wiffe and of Geffrey my ffirste soone, yafe, Grauntid, and with this present charter confermyd, to god and to þe church of Seynte Marie of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, all the ryȝght that I had or myȝght have In oone mese at Hokenorton that Adam Sparowe helde þe which is nexte to my dwellyng, of þe which þe same Adam yeldith to me yerely ij. s., þat is to say, at cristmasse xij. d. and at þe ffest of Seynte John Baptiste xij. d.: to be holde and to be had, to the saide chanons for Euer, of me and myne heyres, with homage and Seruice and the foresaide rente of the foresaide Adam, sauyng þe tenure or holdyng of þe same and his heyres, well and In peece, hooly and quietly fro all seculer seruice demaunde and exaccion, Also with the foresaide homage, seruice, and rente aforesaide, of the saide heyres of Adam. And I ande myne heyres all the foresaide þynges to þe foresaide chanons schall warantiȝe agaynste all pepull. And for þis yevyng, Grauntyng, confermyng, and warantiȝyng, þe saide chanons yafe to me xx. s. of sterlynges of charite of here howse. And that this yevyng, et cetera.

[241.]

About 1230. Sale to Oseney, by Robert Bernard, of a quit|rent of 6d. out of 4 acres, and his other in|terest in these acres. Purchase|money, 5s.

KNOWE þoo that been nowe and to Bee that I, Robert Bernarde of Hokenorton, for me and myne heyres, yafe Grauntid and with this pre [folio 53a] sent charter confermyd, for my helth and of myne, for Euer to God and to þe church of Seynte Marie of Oseneye and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, þe Rente of vj. d. In Hokenorton, þe which Stephyn Mody was i-wonyd yerely to yelde to me for [iiij.] acris of my londe In the Same towne, that is to say, ij. acris In oone felde, and ij. in A-nother, and what-so-Euer thyng in the same rente I had or myȝght haue, withoute oony withholdyng-agayne to me and to myne heyres: to be hold and to be had, to þe saide chanons for Euer, well and In peece, ffrely and quietly fro all seculer seruice exaccion and Demaunde. And I and myne heyres the saide Page  186 rente of vj. d. to þe saide chanons for Euer schall warantiȝe agaynste all pepull, schall defende and aquite. And for this yevyng Grauntyng and warantiȝyng þe saide chanons yafe to me before-handes v. s. In-to witnesse, et cetera.

[242.]

About 1230. Grant to Oseney, by Robert Bernard, of a piece of land.

KNOWE þey that been now and to bee þat I Robert Bernarde of Hokenorton yafe Grauntid and with this present charter confermyd, for me and myne heyres for Euer, to god and to þe church of Seynte marie of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, all that parte of the londe the which [is] of my courte þe which lieth bitwene my chefe howse and the howse of Adam Sparewe and hit conteyneth þe Space of xxxviij. fote In brede and xxviij. fote In þe lenght: to be hold and to be had, to þe saide chanons, In-to ffre pure and perpetuell almys, well and In pece, ffrely and quietly, to be i-bildid and i-disposid after þat þey seme best to þem to be goode. And I Robert and myne heyres all the foresaide thynges to þe saide chanons schall warantiȝe and all seculer seruice exaccion and Demaunde schall Aquite and Defende agaynste all pepull for Euer. And that this yevyng, et cetera.

[243.]

About 1232? Sale to Oseney, by Jeffrey son of Robert Bernard, of his messuage and all his lands, with all his in|terest in them. Purchase|money, £1 10s. with a quarter of wheat and one of rye.

KNOWE þoo that ben nowe and to be that I, Geffrey Bernarde, þe Soone of Robert Bernarde of Hokenorton, yafe and Grauntid and with this present charter [confirmed] and quite|claymed for me and myne heyres for Euer, to god and to the church of Seynte marie of Oseney and to þe chanons in hit seruyng god, all my londe with the pertinences the which to me by heritage descendit of the same Robert my ffadur, with the mese that whas of my ffadurs*. ['patris mei.'], & with all other pertinences to the same londe perteynyng, And all the ryȝght þat I had or myȝght have in all the foresaide thynges, withoute oony holdyng-agayne to me or to myne heyres for Euer: to be holde and to be had, to the saide church and to þe chanons for Euer, well and In peece, ffrely [folio 53b] and quietly fro all seculer seruice exaccion and demaunde. And I and my heyres þe saide londe, with the mese and with all pertinences and his ryȝghtes, to þe saide church and chanons schall warantiȝe for Euer agaynste all men and women. And for this yevyng Grauntyng quite-claymyng Page  187 and warantiȝyng, the saide chanons yafe to me xxx. s., and ij. quarters of corne, þat is to say, dj. of whete and dj. of Rye. And that this yevyng, et cetera.

[244.]

About 1280? Grant to Oseney, by Thomas Cotterell, of a half|acre, a half-acre, and a half|acre.

KNOWE þoo that ben nowe and to Be that I, thomas Koterell of Hokenorton, yafe and Grauntid and with this present charter confermyd, for me and myne heyres for Euer, to god and to þe church of Oseneye and to þe chanons þere seruyng God and for Euer to serue, In-to ffree pure and perpetuell almes, j. dj.-acre of Arable londe In the West ffelde of Hoke|norton strecchyng in-to roleheme mere by the londe of philip Aylwarde, And A-nother dj.-acre of londe at Stapell by the londe of Symon Coterell, And in the Est ffelde dj.-acre of londe strecchyng in-to fforew by the parke of Swereforde bytwene the londe of thomas Sparowe and Symonde Coterell: to be holde and to be had, to the saide church and chanons þere seruyng god, well ande In peece, ffrely and quietly, In-to free pure and perpetuell almys for Euer. And I, thomas, and myne heyres, the sade dj.-acres, with the pertinences, to þe saide church and chanons þer seruyng god, agaynste all men and women schall warantiȝe aquite and Defende for Euer. In-to witnesse, et cetera.

[245.]

About 1280? Grant to Oseney, by Simon Cotterell, of two half-acres.

KNOWE þoo that ben nowe and to bee that I, Symonde Coterell of Hokenorton, yafe and Grauntid, and with this present charter confermyd, for me and myne heyres for Euer, to God and to þe church of Seynte marie of Oseneye and to þe chanons þere seruyng God and for Euer to serue, In-to ffree pure and perpetuell almys, j. dj.-acre of Arable londe In þe West ffelde of Hokenorton strecchyng In-to roleheme Mere by the londe of thomas Coterell [and *. [Added from the Latin.] another half-acre of land in the East field, between the land of Robert le Lay and Thomas Coterel] strecchyng in þe fforewe by the Parke of Swereforde: to be holde and to Be had, to þe saide church and chanons þere seruyng God, well and in peece, ffrely and quietly, In-to ffree pure ande perpetuell almes for Euer. And I, Symonde, and myne heyres, the foresaide dj.-acre of londe, with the pertinences, to þe saide church and chanons þere seruyng Page  188 God, agaynste all men and women schall warantiȝe Aquite and defende for Euer. In-to witnesse, et cetera.

[246.]

About 1280? Grant to Oseney, by Robert Chapman, of a half|acre.

KNOWE þoo that Been nowe and to Bee that I, Robert chapman of Hok[enorton], y [folio 54a] afe and Grauntid, and with this present charter haue confermyd, for me and my heyres for Euer, to God and to þe church of Seynte marie of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng God and for Euer to serue, (ij. rodes*. [By a singular mistake the translator at this point brings in the substance of no. 247. It runs in the Latin 'one half-acre of land at the Holegore, next the land of John of Cherlton.'] of londe In the ffelde of Hokenorton vppon Stapulhulle by the londe of fflorence of mydylynton): to be holde and to be had, to the saide church and chanons þere seruyng god, well and In peece, ffrely and quietly, In-to ffree pure and perpetuell almys for Euer. And I and myne heyres þe saide londe to þe saide church and chanons agaynste all pepull schall warantiȝe aquite ande defende for Euer. In-to witnesse, et cetera.

[247.]

About 1280? Grant to Oseney, by Alice of Whichford, of 2 roods.

KNOWE þoo that ben nowe and to Bee that I Aliȝ of Whicheforde yafe ande Grauntid, with and this present charter confermyd, for me and myne heyres for Euer, to god and to þe church of Seynte marie of Oseneye and to the chanons þere seruyng god and þere to Serue for Euer, ij. roddis of londe In the ffelde of Hokenorton vppon stapulhulle By the londe of fflorence of Midelynton: to Be holde and to be had to the saide church and chanons þere seruyng God, well and In peece, ffrely and quietly, In-to ffree pure and perpetuell Almes for Euer. And I Aliȝ and myne heyres the forsaide roddis of londe to þe foresaide church and chanons þere seruyng god agaynste all men And women schall warantiȝe Aquite and Defende. In-to witnesse, et cetera.

[248.]

About 1280? Grant to Oseney, by Henry Dymock, of 1 rood.

KNOWE þoo that Been nowe and to bee that I, Henry Dymmoc of Hokenorton, yafe and Grauntid, and with this present charter confermyd, to God and to þe Church of Seynte marie of Oseneye and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, j. rodde of Arable londe agaynste Rowein Hulle, Bitwene the Page  189 londe [of John] de la burne and the londe of the lorde Abbot In the ffelde of Hokenorton: to be holde and to be had, to þe saide church and chanons þere seruyng god, well and In peece, ffrely And quietly, in-to ffree pure and perpetuell almes for Euer. And I Henry Dymmoc and myne heyres þe saide rodde afore|i-namyd to þe foresaide church and Chanons of Oseney agaynste all men and women schall warantiȝe aquite and Defende for Euer. In-to witnesse, et cetera.

[249.]

About 1280. Grant to Oseney, by Adam the shep|herd, of 3 half|acres.

KNOWE þoo that Been nowe and to bee that I, Adam Bercar*. ['Adam de Hokenortona, bercarius.'] alias scheperde, yafe, Grauntid, and with this present charter confermyd, to God and to þe chanons of Seynte marie of Oseney and to ffrere William*. [William of Sutton, abbot 1268-84.] Abbot and to þe chanons there seruyng god and for Euer to serue, iij. dj.-acris of Arable londe In þe ffeldis of Hokenorton, with all the pertinences, whereof j. dj.-acre lieth at [folio 54b] Shokeressewell, and a-nother dj.-Acre In Wadbrech In the Westefelde, And þe iij. dj.-acre lieth vppon Otehull in the Estefelde: to be holde And to be had, to þe saide church Abbot and Couent and to þere successoures, of me and of myne heyres, In-to pure and per|petuell almes. And I and my heyres and myne Assynes þe saide dj.-acres all iij. of londe, with the pertinences, to þe fore|saide church Abbot and chanons and to þere successours, agaynste All cristen men and Juys schall warantiȝe Aquite and Defende, as owr pure and perpetuell Almes. And that this my yifte, et cetera.

[250.]

About 1260. Grant to Oseney, by William Olicronke, of a quit|rent of 1s. out of a freehold messuage and lands, with all the feudal rights im|plied by it.

KNOWE þoo that Been nowe and to bee that I, William Elicronke*. [or 'Olicronc.'] of Hokenorton, yafe, Grauntid, and with this my charter confermyd, for me and myne heyres and myne Assynes, to God and to þe church of Seynte Marie of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, In-to pure and perpetuell almes, xij. d. of yerely rente the which I was i-wonyd to take yerely of John ffiȝt William Millere for oone mese with A Curti|lage and iij. Acres of Arable londe þe which he helde of me In Hokenorton for his homage and Seruise. I yafe also to þe Saide church and chanons homage and Seruise of þe saide John Page  190 and of his heyres, and what-so-Euer thyng in the foresaide rente, mese, Curtilage, and Arable londe, with the pertinences, I had or myȝght haue, as In homage, Eschetes, Wardys, Relefs, Sutes, Helpis, and in all maner exaccions and Demaundes, withoute any reteynyng to me or to myne heyres or myne Assynes. [And I William and mine heirs] all the foresaide thynges, to þe foresaide church and chanons, agaynste all cristen men And Jues schall warantiȝe, aquite, and Defende, as our pure and perpetuell almys. In-to witnesse, et cetera.

[251.]

About 1260. Sale to Godstow, by William Olicronc, of part of a curtilage, and of 8 acres in West field, lying in 14 half|acres, and 4 roods; and 7½ acres 1 rood in East field, lying in 14 half|acres and 3 roods, and an acre in the common meadow. Purchase|money, £2 13s. 4d., and extinc|tion of the quit-rent by which it was held from Oseney.

KNOWE þoo that Bee nowe and to Bee that I, William ffiȝt Roger Olicronc, relesid and quite-claymed, for me and myne heyres for Euer, to Sir Richard*. [Probably Richard of Apletre, abbot 1254-68.] Abbot of Oseney and to þe chanons þere Seruyng god and to þere successoures, halfe of my gardeyne or Curtilage, with the pertinences, In the Est parte In Hokenorton;

and viij. acres of Arable londe In the Weste ffelde, of the which dj. acre lieth at ffayrewell*. ['Seyrewell.']; and dj. acre vppon Stapul|hulle; and dj. acre at Botoddich; j. rodde vppon fflexhulle; dj. acre in Mershe strecchith hit-selfe in-to the mede; dj. acre in Middullfurlonge, in mershe; j. rodde, In longefurlonge; dj. acre, vndur Hokernesse; dj. acre, at Shokeiwelle more; dj. acre, In longe Swynesdich; dj. acre strecchith hit-selfe (in*. [Omit 'in.' For some reason the trans|lator retains the Latin word 'post.']) post, id est, after longe smale broke; dj. acre, aboue Martyns Mille; dj. acre By-yonde Milburges slade; dj. acre strecchit hit|Selfe post, id est, after longe Wodefordesweye; dj. acre in Stowre in the weste parte of langedene; dj. acre in Alueshammes furlonge strecchith hit-Selfe in Smalestrete, [1 rodde*. [Added from the Cotton MS.] in Smale strete] in Wadbrech, and j. rodde In Kyngessetrowstrete;

and vij. acres and dj. and j. rodde In the Est ffelde, of þe which dj. an acre lieth vppon the downe In the hye-weye of Icheforde, dj. acre at thremewell, [folio 55a] dj. acre In the crofte more weste, j. acre*. ['1 acre' also in the Latin, but should perhaps be 'j -acre,' since the items are half-an-acre in excess of the total.] and j. Rodde In the Same crofte, dj. acre In Wolstam crofte, j. rode vppon the downe, j. dj. acre at*. ['ad pontem de Astwelle.'] the Page  191 welle of Aftwelle, dj. acre at fifborogh*. [Or 'Fisborogh.'], dj. acre at Weste rugge weye, dj. acre at Otehulle diche, dj. acre at Katesbreyne, dj. acre at ffayrewelle, dj. acre at Rugge weye by the fforowe of William Sweyne, dj. acre at*. ['contra.'] Monekenlake, dj. acre at*. ['sub.'] Ruydon, and j. rode At Astwellebrugge;

and j. acre of mede Euery yere In the commune mede of the same towne;

with all his pertinences, in the towne And withoute the towne, withoute oony reteynynge to me or to myne heyres, So (that is to say) that nother I noþer myne heyres in the fore|saide halfe curtilage, londe, and mede, with the pertinences clayme or oony other ryȝght here-after may clayme, noþer to haue. And for this relese and my quite-clayme þe foresaide Abbot and Couent yafe to me iiij. marke of Siluer, and relesid to me and to myne heyres ij. s. vj. d. of rente þe which for the saide londe to þe foresaide Abbot and Couent yerely I was i-woned to paye. And that this my relese and quite-clayme, et cetera.

[252.]

About 1260? Grant to Oseney, by John of Tew, of a half|acre and a rood arable, and a rood of meadow.

KNOWE þey that been nowe and to Bee that I, John of tywe, yafe and Grauntyd, and with my present charter confermyd, for me and myne heyres for Euer, to god and to þe church of Seynte marie of Oseneye and to þe chanons þere seruyng God, j. dj.-acre of Arable londe In the ffelde of Hoke|norton, þe which [half] acre strecchith In-to Rowenhulles diche; and j. rodde, In-to stapulhulle of the Sowthe partie, by the londe of Florence of Midulton; And j. rodde of mede, In-to merewelle ffurlong [and*. [Added from the Latin.] one rodde of mede, into Swche|wirthbede: to be holde and to be had] to þe Saide church and chanons þere seruyng god, welle and In peece, ffrely and quietly, in-to ffree pure and perpetuell almys for Euer. And I John and myne heyres þe foresaide londe to þe foresaide church and chanons þere seruyng god agaynste all men and women schall warantiȝe And aquite ande Defende for Euer. In-to wit|nesse, et cetera.

[253.]

About 1260? Grant to Oseney, by John of Tew, of 3 roods arable.

KNOWE þoo that Been nowe and to Bee that I, John of Tywe, yafe And Grauntid, and with this charter confermyd, Page  192 for me and myne heyres ffor Euer, to god and to þe church of Seynte marie of Oseneye and to þe chanons þere seruyng god & for Euer to serue, iij. roddis of Arable londe In the ffelde of Hokenorton At Wlsiwelle By the roddys of Richard Reve*. ['Ricardi prepositi.']: to be holde and to be had to þe saide church and chanons þere seruyng god, well and In peece, ffrely and quietly, In-to ffree pure ande perpetuell almys for Euer. And I John and myne heyres þe foresaide iij. rodys off londe to þe saide church and chanons þere seruyng God agaynste all men and women schall warantiȝe aquite and Defende for Euer as pure and perpetuell almys. In-to witnesse, et cetera.

[254.]

About 1230. Grant to Oseney, by Thomas, son of Roger, of a half|yardland (but with|out its messuage), which he had held from Oseney by quit-rent of I lb. pepper.

KNOW þoo that Be nowe and to bee þat I, thomas ffiȝt Roger of Hokenorton, ffor the helth of my Sowle and of my aunceturs, quite-claymed relesid and Deliuered, and with this present charter confermyd, ffor me and myne heyres, to God and to the [folio 55b] church of Seynte Marie of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, In-to ffree And perpetuell almes, dj. yerde of londe, with all his pertinences, oute-take a mese, In Hokenorton, þat is to say, dj. yerde of londe þe which lieth by the londe of Swetyng, þe which londe afore I helde of them: to be had and to be holde for Euer, well and In peece, ffrely and quietly, holy and worschipfully, In weyes and In pathis, playnys, ffedynges, ande pastures, and In all oþer thynges and places, to þe same londe perteynyng, And what-so-Euer thynge in the Same londe I had or myȝght haue, withoute oony reteynyng to me or to myne heyres, quietly fro all seculer seruice exaccion and Demaunde. And the saide chanons me and myne heyres quite|claymed of þe seruice þat I was i-wonyd to doo to þem for þe same londe, that is to Say, of j. li. of pepur. In-to witnesse, et cetera.

[255.]

About 1240. Grant to Oseney, by James le blund of Fawler, of a messu|age and lands, to be held by quit|rent of £1 6s. 8d., and to be subject to 1s. for scutage.

KNOWE þoo that been nowe And to Bee þat [I], Jamys lee blunde ffiȝt William lee blunde of ffauflore*. [i.e. Fawler.], yafe, Grauntid, toke, and, with this my charter confermyd, for me and myne heyres for Euer, to god and to þe church of Seynte marie of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, all my londe*. [From the Cotton MS. Rev. H. Salter points out that the amount was 2 yard|lands, and 12 acres.] þe which I helde in the towne of Hokenorton, with Page  193 a mese, and with all his pertinences and ffredoms to þe same londe longyng, and all þat I in them had or myȝght haue: to be holde and to be had, to þe saide chanons, of me and myne heyres for Euer, in-to ffree and perpetuell almys, quietly and worschipfully and ffrely, paying þerof yerely to me and to myne heyres ij. marke of siluer at iiij. termys of the yere (þat is to say, at cristmasse, dj. a marke; at Estur, dj.-marke; At mydsomer, dj.-marke; and at myȝghelmasse, dj.-marke) for all seruice sauyng the Kynges seruice, þat is to say, allonly xij. d. when scuage renneth. And I Jamys and myne heyres þe saide londe with þe mese agaynste all pepull and of seculer seruice and of All Sutes exaccions and Demaundys schall aquite and Defende by the foresaide Seruice. And if perauenture the saide londe with þe pertinences to þe saide chanons we may not warantiȝe whee schall make to þem an Eschaunge to þe value by the wiwe of lawfull men of owr oþer londes where þay may seme beste to spede to theme. And [if] ffor defawte of waran|tiȝyng aquityng and Defendyng of me or of myne heyres þe saide chanons harmys or expensis renne ynne, wee schall satisfie þem, withoute dyfferryng and Difficulte, By the vywe of lawfull men. And that þis my yeuyng, et cetera.

[256.]

1255/6, Feb. 2. Surrender to Oseney, by James le Blund, of the quit-rent reserved in no. 255.

TO all cristen men to þe which þis present writyng schall come Jamys lee Blunde of ffauflore helth. To þe know|lege of all yowe I wille hit come me, for me and for myne heyres, at Candelmasse the yere of our lorde Ml CClv., [to*. [Added from the Latin.] have quit-claimed the canons of Oseney for ever of two marks of silver] In the which þey were i-holde to me yerely by cause of ij. roddis*. [Read 'yardlands': 'racione duarum virgatarum'; see no. 255.] of londe with a mese þe which þay haue i-holde of me In Hokenorton, (þat*. [Brought in by the translator when he found he had made the omission above noted.] is for to saye, quite to haue i-clamyd to þe chanons of Oseneye ffor Euer of ij. marke yerely); wherefore I wille yff that oony writyng obligatorie, of þoo ij. marke makyng mencion, in oony tyme maye bee ffounde, þat hit be broȝght fforth and hit [folio 56a] to be i-had for nowȝght. In-to witnesse, et cetera.

[257.]

About 1200. Grant to Oseney, by Henry Doyly II, of leave to shut up a way.

KNOWE þoo that bee nowe and to Bee that I, Henry Doylly, the lorde Kynges constable, yafe and Grauntid, and Page  194 with this present writyng confermyd, to the worschip of God and of Seynte marie, to þabbot of Oseney and couent or chanons of the same place, In Hokenorton licence to close a wey that was bitwene my courte and þe courte of þe foresaide chanons for the Emendyng of eyþer courte; And þe foresaide weye, ffor þe Sowles of my aunceturs, In-to pure and perpetuell almes, to þe Encresyng of þere courte to þe foresaide chanons yafe ande Grauntid. In-to witnesse*. [William of Hereville is one.], et cetera.

[258.]

About 1270. Grant by Oseney, to Henry Dymock and heirs, of a messu|age and curtilage: probably in exchange for no. 259.

TO all cristen men to home this present writyng schall come, ffrere Willyam*. [William Sutton, abbot 1268-84.] By Goddis mercy Abbot of Oseneye and of the same place couent helth. Knowe ye vs to haue i-yeve and grauntid, and with this present writyng to haue i-confermyd, to Henry Dymmoc, and to his heyres, a mese, with A curtilage, that Willyam Kewy helde of vs In Hokenorton, that is bitwene þe dwellyng of þe same Henry and þe Dwellyng of Raph clerke: to be holde and to be had, to þe foresaide Henry and to his heyres, of vs and our successoures, ffrely and quietly fro all seculer seruice and Demaunde. And we and our successoures þe saide mese with þe curtilage to þe foresaide Henry and to his heyres agaynste all cristen men and Juys schall warantiȝe aquite and defende for Euer, And þat þis our yevyng, et cetera.

[259.]

About 1270. Grant to Oseney, by Henry Dymock, of a messu|age and curtilage, probably in exchange for no. 258.

KNOWE þoo þat been nowe and to Bee that I, Henry Dymmoc, yafe, grauntid, and with this my present charter con|fermyd, to God and to þe church of Seynte marie of Oseney and to William Abbot and to þe chanons seruyng god þere, A mese, with A curtilage, and oþer pertinences, þe which I helde and had of þe yifte of Roger ffiȝt Alyne In Hokenorton, þat is to say, they been Euyn agaynste þe Shepehouse of the same chanons Bitwene the Kynges hye weye and the mese þe which William Kewy helde of William of colunce: to be holde and to be had, to þe foresaide church ande chanons, of me and of myne heyres [or] of myne assynes, In-to pure and perpetuell almys. And I, Henry, and myne heyres or myne assynes, þe saide mese, with þe Curtilage, and oþer pertinences, to þe foresaide Page  195 church Abbot and Couent, agaynste all cristen men and Juys schall warantiȝe, aquite, and Defende, as pure and perpetuell almys. In-to witnesse, et cetera.

[260.]

About 1270. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Hugh of Plessets, as feudal superior, of no. 259.

KNOW all men that I, Hugh of plesettis, Knyȝght, Sawe þe charter þat Henry dymmoc made to God And to þe church of Seynte marie of Oseneye And to þe cha [folio 56b] nons þere seruyng God, In-to þese wordys 'Sciant praesentes & futuri,' et cetera. vt supra. And I, Hugh, þe foresaide yevyng hauyng rate and Goodely*. ['ratam et gratam habens.'], hit with my seale printyng to þe foresaide chanons, In-to pure and perpetuell almys, for me and myne heyres or myne assynes, graunte and conferme. These witnessis, et cetera.

*. [[NOTE.—Henry Doyly II, died 1232, was the last male of the family. His sister and heir, Margery, had issue Thomas, earl of Warwick (no. 228), and Margaret, who became heir to her brother. This Margaret became second wife (1247) of Henry III's favourite, John of Plessets, who obtained in 1253 a grant of the barony of Hooknorton, which had been resumed by the crown. In this he was succeeded in 1263 by Hugh, his son by his first wife, who died 1291. For this Hugh's son Hugh, see no. 93.]]

[261.] A recorde of þe banke*. ['banke' is 'bench,' i.e. the record is of the court of law, in a suit raised by Jews. The indebtedness of the Blund family is shown in a deed quoted by Rev. H. Salter from the Cotton MS., in which James le Blund, making surrender as in no. 256, acknowledges payment of £17 6s. 8d. 'ad urgentissimam necessitatem,' a phrase which in Godstow book generally implies debt in the Jewry.] of þe Juys of london ffor the londe of William lee Blunde of Hoke|norton whoos rollyng Inne schall be ffounde In the ffeste of the holy trinite In the yere of þe reyne of Kyng Edwarde xiij.

1285, May. Claim against Oseney, by a Jewess of London for £1 6s. 8d., and inter|est (accrued before the statute of 1275), being half of a mortgage over lands of William le Blund now held by Oseney. Oseney maintained that at the time of making of the mort|gage the lands be|longed to Oseney, and that Wil|liam le Blund had no power to mortgage them. Inquiry was ordered by the sheriff, but did not take place. Inquiry was again ordered by Robert of Lode|ham, to whom the jury returned that Oseney had been feoffed of the lands in question for more than 40 years, and there|fore before the mort|gage (whose date was 1275, Aug. 27). The Jewess was there|fore non|suited and fined.

JOYE*. ['Joya.'] the which was þe wiffe [of] diey de Burforde, by his*. [Read 'her.'] atturney, made to come thabbot of Oseney, holdyng a parte of londys þe which were of William lee Blunde, & axith of hym ij. marke of catalle and*. ['et lucrum inde emersum.'] wynnynges þerof i-come afore þe statute of the Kyng, the which*. [scil. 'marcas.'] hee oweth to hym*. [to her.] by þe occasion of the foresaide londes þe which hee holdeth þe which were of þe foresaide William (and*. [Omit 'and diey,' brought in out of place.] diey) by a charter of Page  196 iiij. markes vndur þe names of þe foresaide William and diey whereof*. [Read 'whereof the other part is in the record-office of deeds at London, as it is alleged:' 'unde altera pars est in arch[ivis] cir[ographorum] Lond[inii], ut dicitur.'] þe oþer partie in the which of the charter of london as he saith.

The foresaide Abbot By his atturney comyth and Saith that hit is not his dede and axith day to þengyng*. [i.e. 'thinking,' 'diem premeditandi.'] afore, and hath in-to þe viij. daye off seynte miȝghell, et cetera. To*. ['ad quem diem.'] the which daye, þe fforesaide Abbot by his atturneye cometh and Saieth that he is not i-holde of þe saide dette to answere, in-asmoch as hee whas i-ffeffid of the londys and tenementes the which he holdeth þe which [were] of þe foresaide William or*. ['Or' = before: 'antequam.'] þe fforesaide William to*. ['dicto Iudeo.'] the foresaide Juye by his charter in the saide dette bounde hym-selfe: and of that he puttith hym-selfe vppon the cuntre. And the fforesaide*. ['predicta Iudea.'] Juee by her atturney also. And hit was i-commaundid to the schreve þat he schulde make come coram, et cetera. In the morowe of Seynte martyne xij.*. [[probos homines] etc.], et cetera. By the which, et cetera. qui nullam, et cetera. at þe returne quibus daye and yere to þe which daye þe Inquisicion come not, noþer the schreve returned not*. [Read 'the writ': 'breve.']. And hit was i-commaundid*. [i.e. to the sheriff, i.e. to hold inquiry.], as in the oþer tyme, ffro þe daye of Seynt Hillarie In-to xv. daies; as*. [For 'as,' read 'and.'] þe fforesaide Abbot and Jues*. [Jewess: 'Iudea.'], by there atturneys, haue þe same daye, but*. [unless: 'nisi.'] Robert lodeham interim, et cetera. withinne*. ['Infra': i.e. before.] þe which daye, afore the same Robert of lodeham, whas i-take þe Inquisicion of þe londys and tenementes aforesaide, by þe othe of Reynalde Waltham, Nicoll off Gardyn, and oþer, as it is i-schewed amonge þe Inquisicions of the terme off Seynte Hillarie returnyd, þe which sayen that þe foresaide Abbot whas i-ffeffyd of þe londys and tenementes aforesaide xl. yere and more; And ffor-asmuch as it is opyn by the Date of þe charter of iiij. markes In the which þe foresaide William to þe saide Jue whas i-holde, of þe which charter actum is 'the twesdaye nexte after þe ffest of Seynte Bartholomew in the yere of the regni regis Edwarde iijo.', That þe fforesaide Abbot whas i-ffeffyd of the londys and tenementes abovesaide or*. ['Or' = before: 'antequam.'] þe saide William lee blunde In the saide dette Page  197 to the [folio 57a] saide Juye bounde hym-selfe, hit is i-consederyd that þe foresaide N.*. [Possibly 'nomen,' a legal formula. Roger de Coventre was abbot 1284-96. In the Latin it is 'abbas.'] of the saide dette is quite And that þe foresaide Juys*. ['Iudea.'] by cause of þe foresaide londys of þe foresaide Abbot noþyng takith, And the same Jues ffor þe false clayme In mercy.

[262.] Assise i-take at Henele*. [Henley.] afore John Inge and afore John Treuaignon, Justices of our lorde Kynge, at þe assisis in the Shire of Oxonford to be take assyned þe moneday In the ffest of Seynte Margarete Virgyn In the yere of regni regis Edwarde the iijde fro the conqueste þe sexte.

1332, July 20. Suit by Henry atte Bourne, against five residents in Hook|norton, to obtain possession of a messu|age, a yard|land, and 4 acres of meadow. Defendants, summoned to answer, did not appear. The jury found a ver|dict against three of the defenders, and Henry atte Bourne obtained the property and 6s. 8d. damages, but was mulcted for his false claim against two of the defenders.

ASSISE come to knowlege if John of Chelleworth, vicar of þe church of Hokenorton; John, lee vicarsman of Hokenorton; William peytour of Hokenorton; Adam bouer*. ['le Bouere.'] of Shipton, chapeleyne; and molde, þe which was þe wiffe of John Atte bourne of Hokenorton, vnryȝghtfully, et cetera. dissesynet Henry atte bourne of Hokenorton of his ffree tenement In Hokenorton postquam, et cetera. And where-of hit is i-playned that þey disseuyd*. [sic, for 'disseisined.'] hym of j. mese, j. yerde of londe, And of iiij. Acres of mede, with the pertinences, et cetera.

And John of Chelleworth and other come not: And þe ffore|saide John of Chelleworth whas i-tachid By John atehulle and Adam at Gate; And þe foresaide John, vicaresman, whas i-tachid By adam atte Gate and John attehull; And þe foresaide William whas attachid By John atehulle and adam at Gate; And þe fforesaide adam whas attachid By adam atte Gate And John Atehulle; And þe fforesaide mawde whas attachid By John attehull and adam at Gate. Þerfore þey been in merciment & þassise is i-take agaynste þem by defawte.

Jurriors sayen vppon þere othe þat þe foresaide John vicars|man of Hokenorton, William, and mawde, vnryȝghtfully, et cetera dissesynyd þe foresaide Henry of þe foresaide tenement with þe pertinences, and þat oþers In the Brefe i-namyd where not atte þe foresayde dissesynyng to be doo. Therefore hit is i-consideryd Page  198 that þe foresaide Henry schulde reteyne*. ['recuperet.'] þerof his sesynyng By the Siȝght of þe recognitourse*. ['Recognitors' was a name for 'the Jury empanelled upon an assise.' (Dr. John Cowell).], and hys harmys (þe which been taxid by the same at dj. marke). And þe foresaide John vicaresman of Hokenorton, William, and moolde, In mercement by*. [Read 'for the.'] dissesynyng, et cetera. And also the foresaide Henry In merce|ment ffor þe ffalse clayme ayenst þem In the Brefe, et cetera.

[XXXV. Of Wigginton]

[263.]

1283, May 4. Suit by Oseney, to compel the rector of Wiggin|ton to pay 5s. yearly on March 20, as tithe|rent-charge due to St. George's church, long paid but now withheld. Verdict in favour of Oseney.

ACTes In the prebendall church of Buckeden, þe twysday nexte after þe ffest of þe Inuencion of the holy crosse, In the yere of our lorde Mo CC lxxxiij., afore vs olyuere*. [Oliver Sutton, bishop 1280-99. This deed is one in which the translator appears at his worst.] By the mercy of God Bisshop of lincoln, by ordinarie auctorite knowyng, in plee þe which was bitwene religiouse men Abbot and Couent of Oseneye (the church of Seynte George with-yn the castell of oxonforde In-to þere owne vses opteynyng), actorres, by ffrere Robert i-callid Maynarde, þere chanon, procuratour of the same actors i-ordeyned, comperyng, of þe oone partie, and Master Richard Malyngton, person of [folio 57b] þe church of Wigynton, gilty, personally comperyng, of þe oþer partie. I-purposid*. ['Proposito, videlicet.'] (that is to Say) In Juggement agaynste þe saide person By the foresaide procuratour þat when þe saide siris, for cause (of þem-selfe*. [A misrendering; 'sui' has been taken from its proper noun 'siris' and put into the next clause. Read 'the said his lords, by reason of the said church of St. George.']) of þe saide church of Seynte George, had be In possession, or*. ['vel quasi': i.e. if not in actual, then in practical possession.] as, by*. ['iure' goes with 'percipiendi,' 'of taking by right.'] ryȝght, of takyng v. s. euery yere, In the ffest of Seynte Cuthbert, of þe personys of þe saide church of Wigynton, þe which þere for þe tyme had be, at Oseney to Be payed, In the name of ij. parties of tithe for all thynge that is i-wonyd to be i-tithid of the Demayne of Wygynton comyng forth, to þe saide church of Seynte George, and longyng*. ['canonice spectantium': should come in, at end of the clause, after 'men.'] lawfully to þe saide religiouse men, and þe Same v. s. summot|longe*. ['aliquamdiu.'] þey haue i-take hit and lawfully haue i-had hit In Page  199 possession, or*. ['vel quasi.'] as: nowe þe saide person þe foresaide v. s. yerely withdrawyng, [and] theme (agayne*. [Omit 'agayne,' 'eosque solvere contradicendo.']) for to pay ynne agayne-sayng and þe Same tithis occupying [and] the myndyd religiouse men þat þey myȝght not ij. parties of þe tithes*. ['Wygynton' in margin.] aforenotyd lawfully take in lettyng and trowyng*. [Read 'trow[bl]ing': 'et perturbando.'], thoo his lordys of þe v. s. yerely in*. [Read 'of'; Latin: '. . .solidorum. . . de possessione. . .spoliavit.' The English is mirk-dark through following the Latin order.] the (Such*. [Omit the bracketed words, brought in in error.] maner of spoylyng) for|namyd possession, or*. ['vel quasi.'] as, he*. [i.e. the parson.] agaynste ryȝght hath i-spoylyd, or*. ['vel quasi.'] as, oþerellys*. [Latin 'seu.'] such maner of spoylynges to be [do] hee commaundyd, or hit i-doo in his name had it rate, in-to his same lordys preiudice grete*. ['non modicum.'] and grefe. Wherefore þe saide procuratour axid ffor his fforesaide lordis and hym-selfe to be restoryd and to be browȝght to þe state and possession to take*. ['possessionem percipendi.'], In the Saide terme, þe foresaide v. s. yerely to Oseney, as hit is dew, of þe foresaide persons of þe saide church of Wygynton In to be*. ['in futurum.'], aud þe same person of þe church of Wygynton aforesaide to þe foresaide v. s. yerely, at Oseney (as hit is i-put afore), here-after to be i-payed, sentencially by vs to be condempnyd, and i-condempnyd to be i-compellyd to the paying, and ryȝght*. ['iustitiam.'] to hys lordys and to hym In all thynges and axinges [to*. ['exhiberi.' The whole sentence de|pends on 'axid' above.] be done]. [The*. [Added from the Latin.] aforesaid parson having heard and fully understood the statement and demand] aforesaide, afore vs Judicially he knowlegyd playne*. [openly: 'de plano.'] þoo*. ['narrata.'] thynges i-tolde, as þey were i-tolde, to be true, And þerfore þe axinges*. ['petita.'], as þey were i-axid, to ofte to bee doo. Wherefore we, þe same persones confession and oþer techynges lawfulle*. ['alia documenta legitima.'] folowyng, the foresaide religiouse men, and þere procuratur aforesaide In there name, sentencially restore and reduce to þe state and possession to take þe Saide v. s. of þe personys of þe saide church of Wygynton, at oseney, In the ffest of Seynte Cutbert yerely hereafter, to be i-payde, And the myndyd person Page  200 of the foresaide church of Wygynton þe which for þe tyme [shall be] to pay In the tyme to come the fforesaide v. s. yerely at Oseneye, as hit Is i-put afore, by Sentence of commaundyng we condempne, of þis our sentence [the execution], to our officere and to our Archedecun of oxonforde or to his officiall or to euerich of them, al so ofte as cavse axith, committyng. Þe Date and Acte, þe daye, yere, and place, aforenotyd.

[264.]

1271/2, March 16. Suit by Oseney, to compel the rector of Wiggin|ton to pay 5s. tithe-rent|charge on March 20, due to St. George's church, now with|held, with arrears and damages. Verdict in favour of Oseney, who with|drew claim for arrears and damages. Verdict accepted by defendant.

ACTes in Seynte Petur church In the Est of Oxon|forde, þe Saturdaye [folio 58a] nexte affore þe ffeste of Seynte Cutberthe Bysshop, In the yere of our lord Mo[CC]lxxj., afore Master Richard Mepham, Archedecun of oxonforde, by Jurisdiccion ordinarie knowyng, In plee þe which was bitwixst religiouse men Abbot and Couent of Oseney, actors, by master Geffray Brom, clerke, þere procuratour lawfully i-sett, comperyng, of þe oone partie, and Sir Symonde ffiȝt Symonde, person of the church of Wygynton, gilty, by John of Sutton his procuratour, sufficient hauyng commaundement, also comperyng, of the oþer; that is to say, when that hit was i-knowe to vs*. [i.e. that . . . Simon . . . had been sum|moned.] þe saide sir Symonde at þe same daye and place lawfully and peremptorye to haue be callyd, parties*. ['partes tam procuratorii quam certifica|torii copiam ex decreto nostro obtinuerunt.'] bothe procuratours and also the copye of the certificatorie of our decre þey opteynyd: and, of the parte of the saide religiouse men whas i-purposid A libelle vndur this forme:

'Afore yow, lorde Jugge, seyn and purposyn þabbot and couent of Oseney agaynste Symonde ffiȝt Symonde, person of the church of Wygynton*. [Name noted in the margin.], þat, sith fro the tyme of þe which is no mynde þey were in possession, or*. ['vel quasi.'] as, in*. [Mis-rendered: read 'of takings (in the name of two parts. . .) v. s.'] þe name of takyng of ij. parties of the tithis of þe Demayne of Wigynton v. s. euery yere, in the ffest of Seynte cutberth, at Oseney, of the personys of þe saide church of Wigynton the*. [Read 'the [which].' Otherwise, article for relative: 'qui ibidem pro tempore fuerant.'] had bee for þe tyme, And þe same v. s. yerely lawfully had possessid, or*. ['vel quasi.'] as: Nowe þe saide person syr Symonde v. s. yerely abovesaide with|drawyng, of*. [i.e. has spoiled of the possession of the v. s.] þe same v. s. yerely in possession afore-namyd, or*. ['vel quasi.']Page  201 as, hath i-spoylyd, and þe same to þem to pay agayne-saithe*. ['contradicit.'], vnryȝghtfully: Wherefore þey axe hem-selfe to be i-browȝght ayene and to be restoryd to the state and possession to take þe saide v. s. yerely, and þe same sir Symonde, person of the church of Wigynton aforesaide, and þe personys of þe church the which been for the tyme, to þe v. s. yerely, at Oseney, yerely In the ffest of Seynte Cutbert, hereafter to be payde to þem, to be condempned. Þey axe þe arrerages and expenses i-made yn þe stryffe, makyng*. [i.e. reserving power to claim additional expenses, if incurred: 'de faciendis protes|tando.'] a protestacion in them too be doo.'

And in*. [Mis-rendered: read 'And in the same way, the case, and the letter of procurator|ship, of Simon, being produced.'] the same libelle and the procutour*. ['procuratorio' (abl. absol.).] of þe same symonde obteynyd, And sumwhat a while*. ['aliquamdiu.'] a deliberacion (hereafter*. [Omit.]) i-had, þe same procutour of the entent of þe saide religiouse men knowlegyd in this maner: 'I, John of Sutton, procutour of Symonde ffiȝt symonde, person of þe church of Wygynton, in the name of my lorde, of certeyne knowyng, knowlegh þoo thynges i-toolde In the libelle of þabbot and couent of Oseney aforenamyd, as þey been i-tolde, to be true, and þerfore þe þynges i-axid, as þey ben i-axid, to ofte to be doo.'

Wherefore we, Richard of Mepham, Archedecun of oxonforde, þe*. [The English needs to be re-arranged to bring together the participles and their nouns: heard and understood the merits—of the plea moved—upon 5 shillings con|tained—in the forenoted libel.] merites of þe plee i-herde and i-vndurstande, vppon v. s. yerely in the libell afore-notid i-comprehendyd, i-mouyd bituene thabbot and couent of Oseney, actorrs, of þe oone partie, and þe saide Sir Symonde, gilty, of þe oþer, and of his procuratour confession and oþer þynges þe saide plee towchyng with diligence rehersid, þat þentent of þe saide Abbot and Couent of Oseney lawfully i-fundyd or groundyd we haue i-founde and preuyd; þe same Abbot and couent, & the saide þeyre procuratour in there name, by this owr sentence diffinitife, re [folio 58b] duce and restore to þe state and possession to take þe saide v. s. yerely; and þe [said] symonde, person of þe church of Wigynton aforesaide, and personys þe which þere for þe tyme shall be, to þe foresaide Page  202 v. s. yerely, at Oseneye, yerely in the feste of saynte Cutberth bisshop, hereafter to be paide to þe same religiouse men, we condempe, þat same sir Symonde, and þe saide John his procuratour, fro*. ['ab impetitione predictorum religio|sorum procuratoris.'] the impeticion of foresaide religiouse men procuratorye vppon þe arrerages and expenses assoylyng. Þe which our sentence þe saide John, of*. [Read 'procuratour of þe saide sir Sy|monde.'] þe saide procuratour sir Symonde, in the name of his lorde, v. s., of*. ['ex causa superius expressa.'] þe plee aboue expressid, in our presence, nyȝghe*. ['cominus dictorum religiosorum pro|curatore antedicto.'] of þe religiouse men procuratour aforesaide, in þere name to be payde, acceptid hit*. [Even in the Latin the grammatical structure is impossible, and we have to be contented with the general sense.].

[265.]

1270/1, March 19. Letter of the rector of Wiggin|ton, appointing a procura|tor to represent him in the suit, as in no. 264.

TO the worschipfull man and dyscrete Syre, Arche|decun of Oxonforde, hys deuote clerke, Symonde ffyȝt Symonde, person of þe church of Wygynton, helth in our lorde. Þe vice of collusion i-repreued*. [i.e. although the terms of the verdict to be given have been settled by compro|mise between the parties, the agreement is an honest, not a collusive, one.], naþeles of þe Arrerages*. ['Wyggynton' in the margin.] fyrst not to be axyd (yf þere bee oony) fulle surete Is i-maade*. [In Latin is in the ablative absolute = 'With the proviso that arrears are not to be asked, I name my proctor to acknow|ledge my liability for 5s. yearly.'], In the plee þat ys bytwene þe lordys Abbot and Couent of Oseney, of þe oone partie, and me, of þe other, vppon a yerely rent of v. s. in the name of ij. parties of tithys comyng forth of þe demayne of Wygynton, my beloued John of Sutton, þe brynger of þys presentes, to knowlege expressely me to haue i-yeve, to þe Abbot and couent, v. s. yerely, in the name of þe tithis comyng forth of ij. partyes of þe Demayne of Wygynton, my procuratour [I] ordayne, rate*. ['ratum habiturus.'] to haue what-soo-Euer thyng by hym In the sayde plee, after*. ['secundum quod dictum est coram nobis.'] þat that hath be sayde afore vs, hit*. ['hit' takes up 'thyng,' and is super|fluous.] was i-actyd; for him Also I*. ['iudicatum solvi promitto.'] promitte i-Juggyd to be i-payde, þe same to þe parte Agaynste*. ['parti advers[a]e.'] signyfying. I-yeve at Tew, þe þursday after þe ffest of Seynte gregory pope, In the yere of our lorde a[nno] Ml CC lxx.

Page  203

[XXXVI. Of Swerford]

[266.]

About 1258. Suit raised against Oseney, by Regi|nald son of Peter, lord of Swerford manor, to compel Oseney tenants at Hook|norton to do suit to his mill, decided (by virtue of no. 40) in favour of Oseney.

HIT is to be remembryd that Syre Reynolde ffiȝt petur drowe Richard of Appulltre Abbot of Oseney in-to plee, axyng of hym and of his men of Hokenorton sute to his mylle of Hokenorton þat ys by swereford. To þe which þe saide Abbot Answeryd that noþer he noþer hys men oony sute oftyd to þat myll. In-somoch that A quiteclayme þay had of þat maner of sute afore þe sayde Reynolde whas y-ffeffyd of þe sayde Mylle; and that hee preuyd by A charter þe which made mencion of Sibille þe ffyrst wyfe of [folio 59a] Henry Doylly, þe which charter Is in the title 'How þe church of saynte George was i-yeve to þe chanons of Oseney.' And of þat he put hym-selfe vppon Assise. Robert Bradenston and raph Dichelle*. [Ditchley.] and oþer that were in the Assise, makyng knowlege, sayde þat þe sayde Abbot and hys men been quite of þe sute of þe sayde Mylle.

Þe[s] þynges weer i-do at Oxonforde In þe laste Jorney of Gylbert Preston and of hys ffelawes In the yere of þe raynyng of Kynge Henry þe son of Kyng John.

[267.]

1259. Another suit against Oseney, by Reginald son of Peter, to same effect as in 266: see no. 272.

AND hit is to be knowe that Reynolde impletyd þe sayde Abbot of þe sayde sute by A-noþer brefe In the yere of þe Reyne of Kyng Henry þe soone of Kyng John xliij. And þis recorde begynneth, In the Rolle of þe banke or benche, 'Philipp basset,' et cetera. Where þabbot Answeryd þat þe sayde reynolde had no mylle in Swereford whereof þe same raynolde axyd to A better brefe to perquired.

[268.]

Reference to nos. 270, 271.

Þabbot ha[th] þe Aduowrie of þe church of Swereforde, with þe chapell of sevewell, of þe yifte of John Gray, Bysshop of Norwych, and Graunte of Henry doylly, as hit is opyn by the charters vndurwrite.

[269.]

About 1210. Grant to bishop John Grey, by Henry Doyly II, of Cogges|wood, and of Swerford church and Seuewell chapel, with a view to founding a monastery.

TO all cristen men thys present charter to see Henry doylly helth. Knowe ye me to haue y-yefe, and to haue i-grauntyd, and with thys my charter to haue i-confermyd, to lorde John Gray, bysshoppe of Norewych, all my woode of Cudelyngton þe which is i-callyd Goggeswoode*. [Name noted in the margin. 'Kogges|wude' in the Latin.], withoute oony reteynyng, and þe church of Swereforde*. [Name noted in the margin.], with þe Chapell of Sevewell*. [Name noted in the margin.], with alle þere pertinences, to be assynyd and Page  204 to i-yeve to þe religiouse howse þe which he hath i-wyllyd to founde, In-to ffre pure and perpetuell almys; And yf by case*. ['si forte.'] þe same noo religiouse howse founde, lete hym assyne hit to whoome he wylle. And I and myne heyres shall warantiȝe þem to þe same Bysshop, and to Euery man þat he wylle assyne þem, agaynste all mortall men: Þese witnysses.

[270.]

About 1217. Convey|ance to Oseney, by bishop John Grey's executors, of Cogges|wood, &c. (as in no. 269).

TO all þe soonys of owre hooly modur þe church to þe which þese present letters shall come, Walter by the grace of god Archiebisshope of yorke, of Inglond A primate, and master Ranulph of wareham, officiall of Norwich, and master R., Archedecun of yippeke*. [Perhaps Robert de Tywe, archdeacon of Suffolk (gippeswic=Ipswich)], helth in owr lorde. Knowe ye all John Gray, of goode mynde, sometyme bysshope of Norwich, a woode that some tyme was callyd Coggeswode to the towne of Cud|lyngton perteynyng and the church of Swereforde with the chapell of Sevewell and there pertinences, [folio 59b] the which the sayde Bysshop of the yifte of Syr Henry Doylly gate, to the church of Saynte marye of Oseneye and to the chanons þere seruyng god, for the helth of his sowle, in his laste wylle lefte. Nowe we in the testament of the foresaide Bysshop executours have be i-yefe, to the saide chanons the foresaide woode and the saide church with the chapell and pertinences after that the office of owr execucion axith we have assynyd. But, last that the trowth of this thyng by succedyng of tyme myȝght be callyd in-to dowte, we þe assynyng of the foresaide thynges to the foresaide chanons of vs i-made haue i-turnyd in-to scripture, the which we thowght worthy with the puttyng to of owr sealys to strenghte.

[271.]

About 1217. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Henry Doyly II, as feudal superior, of no. 270.

TO all þe chyldren of owr holy modur the church to the which thys present wrytyng shall come Henry Doylly, owr lorde the Kynges constable, helth. Knowe ye all John Gray, sometyme Bysshop of Norewhich, the church of Swereforde, with þe chapell of Sevewell, and the pertinences, the which he Gate of owr yifte, as owr charter the which þerof he had witnesseth, to the church of Saynte marye of Oseneye, and to the chanons there seruyng god, in his laste wille to haue i-lefte. And we, þat that of the foresaide Bysshope vppon Page  205 þe foresayde church with the pertinencis whas i-doo hauyng*. ['ratum habentes et gratum.'] rate and kyndely or plesyd, the same church, with his per|tinences, to be had to the foresayde chanons haue i-Grauntyd and conferme. And that this owre graunte rate And ferme abyde foreuer, hit with this present writyng and owre seale suryng make stronge. The witnessys, et cetera.

[272.]

1259, Nov. 30. Agreement between Oseney, and Regi|nald son of Peter, on all points in dispute be|tween them on Nov. 24 (except as to suit of his mills which is to be tried in the king's court: see no. 267), Sir Regi|nald agree|ing to allow Oseney to collect its tithes in Swerford, provided he is caused no expense, Oseney granting Sir Regi|nald and his family commemo|ration in the con|ventual prayers.

HIT is to be mynded that, whenne in the yere of grace A[nno] Ml CClix., in the morne of saynte clement, at Henrade*. [Hendred, in Berkshire.], bitwene lordys Abbot and Couent of Oseney, of the oone party, and Syr Raynolde ffyȝt petur, of the other partye, vppon summe despites or probris, harmys, violences, and oþer moony wronges, of men of bothe partie to euery partye euerych agaynste other i-doo, bitwene the foresaide parties in forme of pece to be had a lytull while hit was i-tretyd. At the laste, in forme vndurwrite, all playntys and stryfys, vppon the foresayde despites, harmys, violences, and wronges, bitwene the foresaide parties vnto the forenamyd daye i-mevyd, for euer frendely ben i-cesyd or sospite (but the question, in the courte of owre lord Kynge hangyng, vppon the sute of his myllys of Sybforde*. [Name noted in the margin. So also in the Christ Church MS. In the original deed (Bodl. Oseney Charter 418) it is Swereford], the which playnly the foresayde Syr Raynolde exceptid froo the afore writyng) that is to say, that the foresaide Abbot and couent to the foresayde Raynolde, for goode pece, And*. [An excellent instance of verbal trans|lation issuing in utter nonsense: 'et ut securum ad eum de cetero in agendis suis tanquam patronum et defensorem habeant refugium.' i.e. And that they may have safe recourse to him, in future, in their busi|ness, as (if he were) their patron and de|fender.] as A sure to hym in his of thynges to be doo and as patrone and de [folio 60a] fender haue refute, all there accions vnto the fornamyd day, agaynste hym or þeme*. [i.e. his men.] i-meuely*. [Read 'i-meved': 'motas.'], playnly haue relesyd to þe sayde same, Syr*. [Ablative absolute: 'domino Regi|naldo . . . totaliter remittente.'] Raynolde to þe foresaide Abbot and couent all accions agaynste þem, to*. ['sibi competentes' = which were in his power.] þem acordyng (owttake the playnyng of the foresaide myllys), for fauour of religion and þe instaunce of the prayours of Syr philippe (fforde*. [Omit the bracketed words inserted out of place from below.] bothe more and lasse) Basset, (all*. [Omit 'all.']) remittyng, and Page  206 to the same to gader there tithis at Swereford*. [Name noted in the margin. Com|mencing at the middle of this name, five words have been taken out of place and in|serted above.] bothe more and lasse and frely to bere a-waye whider þay willen, naþelese in curteys wyse, withoute harme and greuaunce of the saide Syr Raynolde and of his men leve grauntyng: of the which cause the saide Abbot and couent þe same Syr Raynolde and Aliȝ his wyfe and his free*. ['et liberos suos.'] soonys, in spirituall benefettis (the which ben i-doo in Oseney), for euer thay haue admitted parteners: and*. ['Debet autem utraque pars in foro, in quo fuit actrix, supersedere.'] bothe parties ofte in Jugement in the which that was A dooer to cese, and playnly to procure that the oþer partie be i-kepid harmeles. Wherefore, In-to witnesse of the foresaide, to this writyng, in-to A maner of A charter twyys partid, euerych to other the parties haue i-put there sealys. Þe Date, in saynte Andrews day, In the yere afore i-namyd.

[XXXVII. Of Barford]

[273.]

Reference to no. 21.

THABBOT hath in Bereforde of the yifte of Doyl|liuorum and confirmacion of bysshopys and of the chapiter of lincoln, ij. parties of all tithis of the Demayne of Syr Richard of seyton and of Raph Dyue and of Gilbert clerke and of Symond Smyth*. ['fabri.'] the which holde dj. a yerde londe of the Demayne, and of A crofte of Aliȝaundur Smyth*. ['fabri.']: and hit is to be knowe þat thabbot of Oseneye taketh all the tithe holy of ix. acris i-chose of all the Demayne of Richard Seyt

[274.]

About 1260. Suit by Oseney, to compel the rector of Barford to allow Oseney ⅔rds of the tithe of the demesne|land. Verdict for Oseney, who did not press for arrears and costs.

KNOWE all men to the which this present writyng schall come that where A strife was i-mevyd, by the popys auctorite, afore the lordys Deene and chaunceler of Sarisbury, bitwene þabbot and couent of Oseneye, of the oone partie, and Hugh person*. ['rectorem,' in the Latin, is always Englished 'parson' in this book.] of Bereforde, of the other, vppon ij. parties of smale tithis comyng forthe of the Demayne of Syr Roger Verdun of Bereford*. [Name noted in the margin.], of þe which tithis the saide chanons by the same Hugh saide them-selfe i-spoylyd, At þe laste, the stryfe, of the consent of bothe parties, vndur this forme restid: þat is to say, the saide Hugh, as to the foresaide tithis, Page  207 of the saide chanons the ryȝght fully knowlegid-agayne*. ['recognovit.'], and þoo tithis ffrely and quietly to take to them he grauntid, and hee schall not let hem but that thaye mowe take the saide tithis, and þese hee byhete*. ['promisit.'] by goode feyth; And the sayde chanons, to the same Hugh, arrerages of the foresaide tithis, and expenses in the stryfe i-made, relesyd: And, of the consente of the parties, [there*. [Added from the Latin.] was reserved jurisdiction to the judges to compel the parties] to the kepyng of the saide composicion. And in-to witnesse of this thyng, to this [folio 60b] composicion were i-hanged the synes of the Jugges, also with the parties.

[275.]

About 1225. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Agnes of Cheyney, widow of Simon Maidwell, of Simon Maidwell's grants (nos. 276, 277) of a site for a tithe-barn and other houses, with 2 acres of land, and the tithe of 9 acres.

KNOW thoo þat ben now and to be that I, Anneys of chayney, in my pure widowhoode, yafe and graunted, and with this my present charter confermed, to god and to the church of saynte marie of Oseneye and to the chanons þere seruyng god, In-to ffree pure and perpetuell almes, for the helth of the sowle of Symonde maydewell (sometyme my husbande) and for the helth of my sowle and of my ffadur and of my modur and of my aunceturs and of my successours, all that curtilage In bereforde*. [Name noted in margin.] that is i-callyd Westbecten*. ['Westleicton' in Christ Church MS.; 'Westlectune' in Cotton MS.], to make A howse to the tithis to be layde and to howses to be made the which, to whoome-so-euer they wille, they maye sett or lette, and ij. acrys of londe in the feldes of Bereforde, that is to saye; j. acre at the crosse and at the thorne bitwene Bereforde and Neunton*. ['Neutone' in Cotton MS.] vndur the hyȝgh-waye and butteth In-to the hygh|waye, and j. acre agaynste*. ['ex opposito illius acre.'] euen of the same acre In A-noþer felde [uppon] langdoune; and the tithe of ix. acres of my best corne in bereford, the which my aunceturs to whome-so-euer þaye wolde yafe hit, of the which the church of Bereforde receyueth no parte And*. [Read 'because that' 'eo quod.'] that the church of Blokesham j. acre of my demayne euery yere receyueth. I wyll also that the foresayde chanons and there tenauntes the foresaide tenement haue and holde and*. ['et possideant in perpetuum': i.e. 'yifte and' is brought in, in error, from below. An explanation of the many errors of this sort is that the translator began on the wrong line, and then went back to the proper place, without erasing his false start.] haue possession (yifte and) for euer, free Page  208 and quite fro all seruice. And, that this my yifte [and] graunte abyde sure and stabull for euer, þis present writyng with the puttyng-to of my seale I haue i-strenghtid hit, et cetera.

[276.]

About 1220. Grant to Oseney, by Simon Maidwell and wife, of site for a tithe-barn or cottages.

KNOW þoo that ben now and to be þat I, Symonde maydewell, by the counesell and assent of Anneys my wyffe, yafe and grauntyd, and with this my charter confermyd, to god and to the church of Saynte marye of Oseney and to the chanons þere seruyng god, In-to free pure and perpetuell almys, for the helth of my sowle and of Anneys my wyffe and of my heyres and for the sowle of Willyam of chaney and of all myne aunceturs and successours, all that curtilage In Bereforde*. [Name noted in margin.] þat is i-callyd Westbecton*. ['Westleicton,' in Latin.], [to*. [Added from the Latin. The translator has run together two separate deeds.] build a house for the storing of their tithes, or to erect houses which they may let to whom|soever they please. I will also that the foresaid canons have, hold, and possess the foresaid tenement, free and quiet of all service. And that this, &c. These witnesses, Richard of Beauchamp, &c.

[277.]

About 1220. Grant to Oseney, by Simon Maidwell and wife, of tithe of nine acres.

KNOW þoo that ben now and to be þat I, Symonde maydewell, . . . yafe*. [Terms of introduction as in no. 276.] . . . to . . . Oseney . . . the] tithe*. [The English version resumes after the omission.] of ix. acris of my best corne In bereforde, the which myne aunceturs yafe to whoome þaye wold, of the which the church of Bereforde noo parte receyueth, in al so moche as the church of Blokesham receyueth oone acre euery yere of my demayne. [folio 61] And þat this my yevyng, et cetera.

[278.]

1311, May 14. Agreement between Oseney and the rector of Barford St. Michael, about ap|portion|ment of the tithes.

KNOWE all men to the which this wrytyng schall come that when, vppon ij. partes of all tithes more and lasse and*. [Read 'in' in place of 'and.'] all the oolde demaynes of the maner of Sayton, that in oolde tyme was i-founde and callyd maydewell, ande in the maner of Dyue, in the towne and feldes of bereforde*. [Name noted in margin.] seynte Myȝghell, of what-soo-euer and howsoeuer comyng forthe, bitwene the religiouse men Abbot and couent of the monastery of saynte marye of Oseneye of lincoln diocese, actors, of þe Page  209 oone parte, and syre Willyam Ropele, persone of þe church of Bereforde of the foresaide same diocese, gilty, of the other party, by A prouacion*. ['prouocacionem.'] and appele of the parte of the saide religiouse men to the pope, and for*. ['pro tuicione.'] tuicion to the courte of canturbery for*. ['ob quasdam causas suggestas rite et legitime interiectas.'] certen causes i-stered by custome & lawfully i-cast . . .

*. [[NOTE.—The book ends in the middle of a sentence. The substance of the composition is that Oseney is to have (a) of the old demesne-lands, two-thirds of the tithe-sheaves; (b) of the manor of Maidwell, the whole tithe of nine acres (as in no. 277), and half of certain specified small tithes (viz. of wool, of lambs, and of calves); (c) of the manor of Dyue, half of the same small tithes; while the rectory of Barford St. Michael is to have (a) the other third, or half, of said tithes, with the whole tithe of certain specified tilths; (b) the whole tithe of all novalia, meadows, mills, and foraria; (c) the whole tithe of milk of the manors of Maidwell and of Dyue; (d) the whole tithe of a dovehouse and of a specified placea in Dyue. This deed brings us to leaf 93 back of the Christ Church Latin Register.]]