The English register of Oseney abbey
Clark, Andrew, 1856-1922.

[XVII. Of Kidlington]

[94.]

Reference to nos. 12, 13, 14, 18, 19 and to no. 37.

Hit*. [Marginal note: 'Nota bene.'] is to be myndid that þabbot of Osney hath þe church of Cudelynton of þe yifte of Robert Doylly þe secunde; and confirmacion of Kyng Henry þe soone of Willyam Page  88 bastarde, and of Aliȝaunder Bisshop of lincoln, and of pope Eugenye þe iij., and also of þe chapiter of lincoln: as hit is i|schewed above in 'þe fundacion of Osney.' Also we haue a confirmacion of seynte*. [St. Hugh of Avalon, died 1200.] Hugh Bisshop of lincoln, þe which is in þe title 'How þe church of Seynte George was i-ȝefe to þe chanons of Oseney.'

[95.]

Kidling|ton.

In*. [Marginal note: 'Nota bene.'] þe Baylyschepe of Cudelynton ben þese townes i-conteyned:—Cudelynton, Goseforde, Coggeswoode, Thrope, Shipton, Hensynton, Wythhull.

[96.] Charter of Henry Doylly þe secunde of þe tithis of Cudelynton and of oþer thynges.

About 1220. Grant to Oseney, by Henry Doyly II, of tithe of hay of his demesne|land and tenants' lands in four manors, for the infirmary of Oseney.

[folio 23a] TO all þe soones of owr holy modur þe church to see or to hyre this present letters, Henry Doyly, owre lorde þe Kynges constable, helth. Knowe ȝe me willefully*. ['gratis.'], for þe oonly loue of goddis goodenes, for my helth and of my aunceturs, to haue i|ȝeve and to haue i-grauntid and to haue i-confermed to my most dere chanons of Oseney all þe tithis of heye bothe of my demaynys and of my men tenauntes of my ffee in my maners of Hokenorton, of Cudelynton, of Weston, of Cleydon, to þe susteynyng*. [Marginal note: 'Nota: for pitaunces for seke men and for medicines.'] of þoo thynges þe which ben necessarye In pitaunces and medicynys of brethren i-leyde in the infirmarye. and, þat this ȝifte of this my almes be sure and hoole to þe saide howse for Euer, this present writyng with my seele I-made hit to be strengthd. These witnesses, et cetera.

[97.] A sentence diffinitiffe vppon mortuarijs In þe parishe of Cudelynton.

1273, July 21. Oseney, as rector of Kidlington, claimed from the executors of Ralph Frensh, of Thrupp, in Kidling|ton parish, according to the ancient custom, his second best beast, as due to the church as a 'mor|tuary.' The ex|ecutors re|fused, and pleaded that horses at least were not included in the custom. Evidence being taken, verdict was given that the church was en|titled to the second best beast of deceased, whether horse or other. This verdict to be en|forced by church censure, against the executors and their supporters.

THESE thynges were i-actid or doo In þe conuentuall church of Seynte ffrideswith at oxonforde, In þe vigile of Seynte marye Mawdelen, in þe ȝere of owr lorde anno MlCClxxiij., afore vs, officiall of my lorde Archedecun of oxonforde, by ordinary Juris|diccion knowyng, in þe cawse þe which vppon a mortuary is i-sterid, bitwene religiouse men thabbot and couent of Oseney, Page  89 actors, by ffrere Roger Waldis of þe same place chanone (here procuratour lawfully ordeyned) comperyng, of þe oon partie, and Robert Synat, Thomas yenge, and moolde the lefte of Raph ffrensh of thrope, executors of þe testament of þe same Raph dede, gylty*. ['reos.'], personally comperyng of þe oþer partie: þat is to say, whenne hit was i-schewed þe seyde gilty*. ['reos.'] at þe same day and place lawfully and peremptoryly to haue be i-callid, of þe saide religiousmen, þe procuratour aforsaide agaynst þe same gilty*. ['reos.'] here Intent purposed in þe name of here lordis in-to þis maner:—

Afore ȝow, my lorde Juge, I, ffrere Roger Waldis, procuratour of þabbot and couent of Oseney, þe churche of Cudelynton holdyng in full ryȝght and of þe same church persons, in þe name of my lordis, say and purpose agaynst Robert Synat, Thomas yenge, and Moolde, relicte of Raph ffrensh of Thrope sumtyme parisshen of þe saide church of Cudelynton, executours of þe testament of þe saide Raph dede, þat where, of goode and preysable custom in parishe of þe saide church, hooly obserued fro þe tyme of þe which is no mynde, Hit is i-goote*. ['sit optentum.'] that for men dying in þe same parishe his secunde best beest (be hit horse or b[e]est of oony oþer maner kynde) þat he hath gete in þe daye of his dethe hit be i-payde to þe saide church and to my lordis In þe name of a Mortuarye. Now þe saide execu|tours, þe saide custom forsakyng, for þe forsaide Raph of thrope, of þe saide church parisshen, in*. ['in eiusdem ecclesie parochia.'] þe same church parishe deyng, þe secund best Beest that in þe tyme or his deth he had In þe name of a mortuary to graunte þe[y] agaynesay vnryȝghtfully. Wherfore, In þe name of my lordys, I axe þe saide Executours to þe forsaide best (of what-so-Euer kynde þe Beeste be) to þe saide church of Cudelynton and to my lordis aforsaide, after þe forsaide custom, in þe name of A mortuarye to be i-grauntid, sentencially and diffinityfly to be condempned, and þe same Executours, so i-condempned to þe saide best In þe name of a mor [folio 23b] tuarye grauntyng, by þe censure of þe church, to be i|compellid.

To þe which sothly*. ['quidem.'] entente þe forsaide Executours stryffe, saying thynges i-tolde in þe saide Entencion, as they ben i|tolde, Page  90 not to be true, and þerfore thynges i-axid, as þei ben i|axid to be doo, not to be dewe; To*. ['ad sui quoque deliberationem adii|cientes, predictam consuetudinem non [esse]. . .optentam.'] here also deliueryng castyng to, þe fore custom not of horsis but of oþer bestis i-obserued and i-obteyned. and þe parties here and þere of þe trowth to be saide i-swore, þe saide Executours, i-swere, denyed, as þey dyde afore.

Wherfore þe saide partie doer, to þe forsaide here Entent to be i-grauntid, fowre witnesse Browght forth, that is to say, William, person of þe church of Wyuelcote; Roger, Vicar of Cudelynton; Thomas, decune*. ['diaconum.'] of þe same; and William of Hampton: þe which i-receyued, i-swore, i-examined, and þere wordes or sayinges (of þe consent of [the] parties) [published*. [Added from the Latin.], and altercation about them having been had between the parties];

of þe same parties consent, in þe saide cawse concludyng, to þe diffinityffe sentence we haue i-procedid in-to this maner:— In Dei nomine amen. We, officiall of my lorde Archedecun of oxonforde, i-herde and i-vndurstande þe meritis of þe saide cawse, for*. ['quia.'] [that*. [Added from the Latin.] the above-writ intention of the said abbot and convent of Oseneye and of their above-named procurator] of*. ['per dictorum testium depositiones plene probatam esse comperimus, et fundatam.'] þe saide witnessis deposicions fully i-preued we haue i|founde, and i-groundid, þe saide executours to þe saide beest, be hit horse or of oony oþer kynde beest, of þe saide Raph dede þat in þe tyme of his deth he had, for þe same Raph, of þe saide church parisshen, and in þe same church parisshe dede, to þe saide church of Cudelynton, to þe forsaide religiouse men, and to þere procuratour in there name, after þe forsaide custom, in þe name of mortuarye to be i-ȝeve, sentencially and diffinitiffly in writyng we condempne; and þe same, so i-condempned to þe saide beeste ȝevyng In þe name of a mortuary, by þe Vicar of Cudelynton by all church censure to be i-compellid pronuncyng*. ['pronunciantes.'], This*. ['istius sentencie executionem.'] sentence executyng to þe same Vicarye committyng*. ['committendo,' instead of 'commit|tentes.'], agaynesayers and rebellis (if*. [The bracketed clause is strangely dis|joined by the intrusion of interpolated words, by an erroneous repetition. The Latin is: 'si quos inuenerit.'] oony) to þe same Vicarye com|mittyng Page  91 (he fynde) with like censure to be restreyned by þe same Vicar naþeles by this present writyng to þe same chargyng*. ['eidem demandando,' instead of 'man|dantes.']. In-to þe witnesse of þe which writyng þe seele of þe officiall|hoode*. ['officialitatis.'] of oxonforde to this present writyng we willid to be i-put to: þe date, in þe place day and yere afore i-notid.

[98.] A sentence diffinitiffe vppon þe smale tithis of Cudelynton.

1277, May 24. Oseney, as rector of Kidling|ton, claimed from the parish|ioners small tithes, i.e. of fruits of gardens, and of milk. Verdict in favour of Oseney, with arrears accruing since last payment. Verdict to be enforced by church censure.

THESE thynges were i-doo In þe church of Erdynton, In þe moneday next afore þe fest of Seynte Austen, þe yere of our lorde anno MlCClxxvij., afore vs, þe officiall of my lorde Arche|decon of oxonforde, by auctorite ordinarye knowyng, in cawsis the*. ['in causis que coram nobis.' Read probably 'the which': but the definite article is found used as relative, as in German der.] were i-stered bitwene thabbot and Couent of Oseney, the parisshe of Cudelinton in-to þere owne vses obteynyng and of þe same church persons, actors, by Robert Kenyworth*. ['de Kenelingwrth.'] (clerk, here procuratour lawfully i-sette or ordeyned) comperyng, vppon þe oon partie, and Henrye of þe chamber, et cetera.*. [The Latin gives seven other names, among them 'Nicholaum piscatorem.'] of þe saide church of Cudelynton parisshens, gilti, by Wymunde (procuratour of þe same lawfully i-ordeyned) comperyng, of þe oþer partie, et cetera.

Afore*. [Summary of the claim by the procura|tor for Oseney.] yow my lorde Jugge, et cetera. Agaynste þe saide procura|toure and parysshyns for tithis of þer gardeynes comyng forth and*. [Omit 'and,' which has no place in the Latin. The claim was for tithe (a) 'fructuum ortorum,' (b) 'lactis, a vaccis suis a tempore ablactationis vitulorum, et ab ovibus a tem|pore separationis agnorum, provenientis.' Ewe-milk was therefore taken, and tithe|able.] of all frutes and of mylke of þere kyne fro þe tyme of þe wenyng of þe calues and [of their ewes fro þe time] of departyng of lombes, al so longe as mylke dureth. Þe saide procuratour of thabbot afore-saide, et cetera. after þer forme of lawe i-declarid, et cetera.

To þe sentence diffinitiffe we haue i-procedid In-to this maner [folio 24a] In dei nomine Amen: ffor-asmuche we officiall afore|saide, et cetera. we haue i-founde, þe saide Henry and all and euerych oþer afore i-write, and þe saide Wymund procuratour of þe same, to þe tithe of all frutes of here gardeynes within þePage  92 parisshe i-sett comyng forthe*. ['provenientium,' in agreement with 'fructuum.'] and to þe tithe of mylke of bestis within þe saide parisshe after*. ['imposterum ab eisdem percipiendi': i.e. 'percipiendi,' in agreement with 'lac|tis'; 'ab eisdem' = by Oseney.] of þe same to be take, to þe forsaide church of Cudelynton, and to þe religiouse men þe same church in-to þere owne vsis hauyng, and to þere pro|curatour in þere name, hereafter, from tyme of þe wenyng (to*. [Omit the bracketed words, brought in, without meaning, from below.] be paide to-gedur) of caluys and departyng of lambys, al so longe as þe same Milke shall dure, fully, hooly, and withoute all lessenyng to be payde, to-gedur with arerages fro þat tyme that they paide last moneye In þe name of þe tithe of þe mylke aforsaide, sentencially and diffinityffly in this writyng we con|dempne; and þat þe same tithe, also*. ['una cum.'] with arerages, to þe myndid religiouse men and to þe forsaide church, as hit Is i|saide [before*. [Inserted from the Latin.], they pay, we order, decreeing all and sundry above-written], after thre monicions or warnynges (by þe vicare of Cudelynton or*. ['vel eius vices gerentem.'] his stedys beryng to þem to be*. [Read 'to be made,' i.e. 'monicionem.'] paide), at*. ['ad solucionem.'] þe paying of þe saide tithis and of Arerages aforesaide, as hit is i-saide afore, (to*. [Superfluous: not in the Latin.] be i-payde), by all maner censure of þe church to be i-compellid. Date and actid þe day and þe ȝere abovesaide.

[99.] A charter of Sir Hugh plesettis of v. s. ȝerely In Cudelinton.

About 1280. Grant to Oseney, by Hugh of Plessets, of 5s. rent|charge in Kidlington, issuing out of Walter of Crox|ford's lands, for pittances, with powers of distraint, but reserv|ing to the manor all other feudal superi|orities.

KNOWE all men þat I, Hugh plesettis, haue i-ȝefe, grauntid, and with my present charter confermed, to William*. [William of Sutton, abbot 1268-84.] Abbot of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, in-to pure and perpetuell almes, for þe helth of my Sowle and of my Aunceturs and successours, v. s. ȝerely for Euer to be take of þe tenauntes þe which Water Croxford helde of me In Cudelynton, by þe handis of þe same Water and of all these tenementes after heldyng, þat is to say, [at*. [Inserted from the Latin. The donor no doubt bargained for commemoration in the conventual prayers on these five fes|tivals. The payments would provide a 'pittance' on these days.] the feast of St. John Baptist, ix. d., at the feast of St. Michael, xxi. d., at the feast of St. Thomas Page  93 Apostle, ix. d.] at þe ffest of þe Annunciacion of owre lady ix. d., and at Estur xij. d. I baue i-grauntid also, for me and my heyres, þat þe forsaide Abbot and Chanons maye distreyne þe forsaide Water þorowgh all þe forsaide tenementys, In all maner of Distreynyng, to pay to þem fully þe forsaide yerely rente, if at þe for-namyd termes þey fayle, Sauyng to me and to my heyres all maner oþer thynges, seruices, and customs, þe which of þe saide tenementes been dewe. And I þe forsaide Hugh, and my heyres, to þe forsaide Abbot and chanons þe forsaide ȝerely rente of v. s. as fre and perpetuell almes agaynste all pepull shalle warantyȝe, aquite, and defende for euer. In-to witnesse of þe which thyng þis present wrytyng with my seelys pryntyng I haue i-strengthid hit. These witnesses, et cetera.

[100.] An obligacion of Water Croxforde of þe Same v. s.

About 1280. Acknow|ledgement to Oseney, by Walter of Croxford, of obliga|tion to pay the quit|rent, as in no. 99.

KNOWE all men þat I, Water Croxforde, haue i-grauntid, for me and my heyres for euer, to paye to Willyam Abbot of Oseney and to þe Couent þer seruyng god, v. s. ȝerely at þe termes in þe charter þe which þey haue of Sir Hugh plesettis of þe for|saide rent contente. And þe forsaide Abbot and chanons may distreyne me and my heyres In all maner of distreynyng þorowgh Alle londes and tenementes the [folio 24b] which I holde in Cudelynton, and*. [Read 'and all (omnes) the said lands and tenements holding (tenentes),' i. e who hold.] all þe saide londes and holdyng þe tenementes, to*. ['ad solvendum . . . redditum.'] be i-paide to þe forsaide Abbot and chanons þe forsaide ȝerely rente, at þe termes i-sett, If we fayle (þat god forbede). In-to witnesse of þe which thyng, this present writyng with my seeles Empryntyng I haue i-strengthid hit. These witnessis, et cetera.

[101.] A composicion Bitwene vs and Sir Hugh plesettis of chauntery chapell of Cudelynton and oþer thynges.

About 1280. Oseney, as rector of Kidlington, granted Hugh of Plessets a private chapel.

IN dei nomine Amen. A thyng i-sprunge late, Bitwene re|ligiouse men William Abbot and Couent of þe Monastery of Oseneye of the oone partie, and a worthy man Sir Hugh plesettis of þe oþer, vppon a chapell of þe forsaide Sir Hugh Page  94 plesettis in his courte at Cudelynton i-sett, a*. [Governed by 'vppon,' mentally re|peated.] chauntery, with þe libertee of þe same chapell and oþer thynges þe mater of þe question towchyng: þe striffe bitwene them restid with a ffrendely composicion vndur this forme, that is to say, þat the fosraide abbot and Couent, hauyng þe parisshe church of Cude|lynton vn-to þere owne vses. This composicion is all i-write In þe title of 'Hedynton.'

[102.] A charter of Henry Doylly of a ȝerde londe In Cudelinton and rent of þe Mille and other thynges.

About 1230. Grant to Oseney, by Henry Doyly II, of rent|charges to value of £5; made up of, in Kidling|ton, £3 out of the mill (with sur|render of other feudal rights in said mill), the quit|rents out of a yardland, messuage, and croft; and, in Hooknorton, 13s. 4d. out of three yardlands, and 8s. out of half a hide, with sur|render of feudal rights over the said lands. Grant also of a meadow in Hook|norton.

KNOWE they þat be present and to be þat I, Henry Doylly, ȝafe and grauntid, and with my present charter confermed, to god and to þe church of Seynte marye of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, for my helth and of myne, both pre|decessours [and*. [Added from the Latin.] successours], and specially for þe Sowle of Sibill my wiffe and of moolde my dowȝtter, a hundred shelyng|worth of Rente ȝerely, for þe which I haue*. ['attornavi eis.'] a-tourned to þem lx. s. þe which I was i-woned to take ȝerly of my Mille of Cudelynton, and homage and seruice of Helie myller and of his heyres, and what-so-Euer thynge in þe forsaide mylle fully*. ['plenius et melius.'] and better I Euer had, with his pertinences, (or*. [The broken order in this instance is copied from the Latin.] myȝght haue), without Eny withholdyng. I haue i-ȝeve also and haue i|grauntid in þe same my maner, in-to ffree pure and perpetuell almes, j. ȝerde of londe, þat is to say, þat*. ['illam scilicet quam tenuit Radulphus.'] helde Raph Reuelyng, with a mese and crofte and all his oþer pertinences, withinne þe towne and without þe towne, withoute oony withholdyng. ffurþermore I haue i-ȝeve and haue i-grauntid to þe nowe saide chanons In my maner of Hokenorton j. marke of Siluer, þe which was i-woned to paye to me Raph Bernarde Euery ȝere for thre ȝerdes of londe, with his pertinences, þe which he helde of me in þe same towne. I ȝafe also to þem viij. s. of Ster|lynges, þe which I was i-woned to*. [MS. 'to to take.'] take ȝerely of Roger Olicrante*. ['Olicrance.'] for dj. an hide of londe, þe which he had with moolde his wife þe dowȝghter of philippe clerke, and of me Page  95 helde in þe same maner, with homage and seruices of þe saide Robert Bernarde and of Roger Olicrante and of here heyres, and what-so-Euer thyng [in] nowe þe saide*. ['iam-dictis.'] londes I had or myȝght haue, withoute oony withholdyng. I have also [given] to þe fornamed chanons In my maner of Hokenorton oon mede that Is i-called Cuham, In-to pure and perpetuell almes, and all thyng þat I had In þe for [folio 25a] saide mede or myȝght have, withoute oony reteynyng. ffor this cawse, I wille ande Surely ordeyne, for me and my heyres, þat [þe*. [Added from the Latin.] forsaide Chanons all] þe forsaide thynges have and holde for Euer, well pesible and worschipfully, with all liberteis and his fre customs, in-to ffre and perpetuell almes, as oony almes better*. ['melius et liberius.' Obviously, the writer did not care to form by inflection a comparative for words like 'freely.'] and frely myȝght be i-ȝeve of oony or to be holde. I also Henry Doyly, and my heyres, all þe fornamyd thynges with here pertinences to þe saide chanons agaynste all pepull shalle warantiȝe and aquite: and that this my ȝifte, graunte, and warantiȝyng, and aquite, be sure and stabull for Euer, hit with my present seeles puttyng to have I strenghthid. These witnesses. et cetera.

[103.] A charter of Warine ffiȝht Helie of þe Mille of Cudelinton.

About 1238. Sale to Oseney, by Warin the miller, of all his interest in the mill (as in no. 102), with the reversion of his mother's jointure|share. Purchase money, £6.

KNOW þey that ben now and to be þat I, Waryne ffiȝt Helie myller*. ['molendinarii.'] of Cudelinton, have i-ȝeve and grauntid, deliuered and quyte-claymed, and confermed with my charter, for me and my heyres for Euer, to god and to þe church of Seynte Marye of Oseneye and to þe chanons In hit seruyng god, all my mylle of Cudelynton, with þe pertinences, þat I helde of þe chanons, payng to þem þerof yerely lx. s., and*. [Read 'saving to Moolde.'] all þat moolde þe relicte of my fadur þe thridde parte of þe same Mille for her dowry al so longe as she leueth, payng þerof ȝerely to þe same chanons þe thridde parte of þe forsaide lx. s., that is to say, xx. s., for þe forsaide thridde parte of þe forsaide mylle while she leueth, þe which also þe forsaide thridde parte after þe decese of þe forsaide moolde all shall abide in-to þe handes of þe forsaide chanons, and þenne þey shall haue all þe forsaide mylle, with Page  96 all his pertinences, hooly, to be holde and to be had and*. [Omit 'and.'] to þe same, well and In pece, frely and quietely fro all seculer seruice exaccion and demaunde, withoute reclaymyng of me and of my heyres for Euer. And I Waryne and my heyres all þe forsaide thynges to þe saide church and chanons shall warantiȝe agaynste all for Euer. And for this ȝifte, graunte, deliveryng, quite-claymyng, and confermyng, þe saide chanons for-ȝafe to me ix. marke of siluer, þe which I owyd to þem. In-to witte|nesse of þe which þyng to this present writyng my seele I haue i-put to: þese witnesses*. [One was John of Tew, sheriff of Oxfordshire 1236-9.], et cetera.

[104.] A charter of petur Meles of þe Mese Euen agaynste þe Mille.

About 1280. Grant to Oseney, by Peter of Mules, of a messu|age, subject to 8d. yearly to maintain a lamp in the church.

KNOWE þey þat be present and to be that I, petur of Meles, ȝafe grauntid and quyte-claymed, and with this my present charter confermed, to god and to þe church of Seynte marye of Oseney and to þe chanons in hit seruyng god, that Mese, with þe Curtilage or garden and all his oþer pertinences, þat I had in þe town of Cudelynton, þe which truly mese is i-sett euen agaynste þe mylle of þe same Abbot and Couent in þe same towne of þe sowth partie by þe water: to be holde and i-had, to þe church and chanons, of me and of my heyres, In-to ffre pure and perpetuell almes, ȝeldyng þerof to þe church of Cude|lynton viij. d. to þe susteynyng of oon lampe, afore þe crucifixe In þe same church, for þe sowles of Sir Henry Doylly and of all sowles, as þe same tenement of oolde was i-wonyd to paye, for all thyng þe which, of þe londe and for þe londe, may, or shall mowe, to be [folio 25b] axid for Euer. And I petur and my heyres þe forsaide Mese, with all his pertinences, to þe church and chanons agaynste all cristen men and Juys shall warantiȝe aquite and defende for Euer. And that this my ȝifte be rate and stable for Euer, to þis writyng my seele haue I put to. These witnesses, et cetera.

[105.] A confirmacion of Sir Hugh plesettis of þe same.

About 1280. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Hugh of Plessets, of no. 104, subject to the charge for the lamp.

KNOWE all men þat I, Hugh of plesettis, haue i-grauntid, and with my present charter confermed, to god and to þe church Page  97 of Seynte marye of Osneye and to Sir William, Abbot, and to þe chanons in hit seruyng god, þe ȝifte þe which petur of Meles made to þem of oone mese with þe pertinences In Cudelynton. And I graunte, for me and my heyres, þat þey haue and holde hit, in-to pure and perpetuell almes, al so much as to me and my heyres perteyneth for Euer, Sauyng naþeles viij. d. to þe church of Cudelynton to þe sustenyng of oone lampe afore þe crucifixe for þe sowles of Henry Doylly and of my aunceturs and of my successours. In-to witnesse of þe which thyng.

[106.] A charter bitwene vs and Water Croxforde of þe londe of ffrees.

About 1260. Grant by Oseney, to Walter of Crox|ford, of the Frees.

KNOWE all men that In this wise hit was a-cordid Bitwene Richard, Abbot of Oseney, and þe Couent of þe same place, of þe oone partie, and Water Croxforde, of þe other partie, that is to say, þat þe saide Abbot and Couent lete and toke to þe forsaide and to his heyres a crofte or þat telth þe which is Euen agaynste þe chapell of þe ffrees of þe west side, with dichis, medis, and oþer pertinences: to be i-holde and i-had to þe forsaide and to his heyres to perpetuell ferme, payng þerof ȝerely to þe saide Abbot and Couent dj. marke at Osneye, that is to say, in þe daye of Seynte Mighell or a-fore xl. d. and In þe day of þe Anunciacion of seynte marye or a-fore xl. d.: and þe forsaide Water and his heyres all burdons of þe same crofte or telth towchyng, with þer costis, shall susteyne and aquite. And hit shall not be lawfull to þe saide Water and to his heyres the saide crofte or telth to oony man to sell ȝeue or bequeth or in oony maner to aliene. And if he doo or his heyris doo, hit shall be lawfull to þe forsaide Abbot and to his successours þe saide crofte or telth to Entre and for Euer to haue, withoute lettyng of þe saide Water or of his heyris. And þat this lettyng and of perpetuell ferme takyng be sure and stable for Euer, þe parties to this writyng In-to þe maner of a charter i|made, euerych to oþer, her seeles haue putte. These wit|nesses, et cetera.

Page  98

[107.] Letters*. [Marginal note:—'Nota.'] of Walter Archiebisshope of Yorke and co-executours of þe same of þe ȝifte of John bisshop of Norwhich of þe woode of Coggese and of the church of Swerforde with þe Chapell of Sevewell.

1217. Convey|ance to Oseney, by the execu|tors of bp. John de Grey, of Cogges wood, of Swerford church, and of Showell chapel.

TO all þe Soones of owr holy modur þe church to whome þese present letters shall come, Walter, By þe grace of god Archiebisshop of ȝorke*. [Walter de Grey, archbishop of York 1216-55, was nephew to John de Grey, bishop of Norwich 1200-14.], a primat of Ingelonde, and master Ralph of Warham*. [Ralph of Warham, elected bishop of Chichester, Dec. 1217.], officiall of Norwhich, and mayster R., Archede [folio 26a] con of yippeswike, helth in owr lorde. Knowe ȝe all John Gray, of goode Mynde, sumtyme Bisshop of Northwich, a woode þe which is i-callid Goggeswode*. [The spelling 'Goggeswode' is an alter|native to 'Coggeswode.'] to þe towne of Cude|linton sumtyme perteynyng, and þe church of Swerforde, with þe chapell of Seuewell*. [Showell, in Swerford parish.], and his pertinences, þe which þe for|saide Bisshop of þe yifte of Sir Henry Doylly gate, to þe church of Seynte Marye of Osneye and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, for þe helth of his sowle, In his laste will to haue i-lefte. We truly, sith In þe forsaide Bisshoppis testament executours [we] were i-ȝeve, to þe same chanons þe forsaide woode and þe saide church with þe chapell and pertinences, after that þe Office of owr execucion axid, haue assined. But [lest] þat þe trowth of this thyng by succession of tyme myȝht be in-to dowte i-callid, we of*. ['predictorum assignationem.'] Þe aforethynges assinyng to þe afore-saide chanons of vs i-maade In*. ['in scripturam redegimus.'] writyng haue i-maade hit, þe which þe puttyng-to of owr seeles haue i-thowȝght worþy to strengh, et cetera.

[108.] A confirmacion of Henry Doylly of þe same woode.

About 1217. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by Henry Doyly II, as feudal superior, of Cogges wood, as in no. 107, with power to disforest it or sell it.

KNOWE tho þat be present and to be that I, Henry Doylly, of owr lorde Kyng constable, haue i-grauntid, and with this present charter confermed, to god and to þe church of Seynte marie of Osneye and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, in-to pure and perpetuell almes, all þe woode of Cudelynton*. [Names noted in margin.] þe which Is i-callid Coggeswode*. [Names noted in margin.] with his pertinences, withoute Page  99 oony withholdyng, [þe which] þe same chanons hauen of þe yifte of Sir or lorde John Gray, Bisshope sumtyme of Norwhich, þe which also woode I Henry Doylly ȝafe and with my charter confermed to lorde John Bisshop of Norwhich. Wherfore I wille þat þe forsaide chanons þe forsaide woode holde and haue for Euer with all pertinences, in-to ffre pure and perpetuell almes, quite fro all seculer seruice þat to me or my heyres perteyneth. And be hit lawfull to þe forsaide chanons of Oseney to þe forsaide woode to Copice*. ['assartare.'], to ȝeve, or to sell to whome-so-Euer þey willen or to religious men or to oþer. And I, Henry Doylly, and my heyres, þe forsaide woode to þe fornamyd chanons or to whome-so-Euer þey will assine hit agaynste all men for Euer schall warantize. And that this my graunte and confirmacion bide sure and stable for Euer, hit whith my present writyng with my seeles puttyng-to haue i-strenghthid hit: þese witnesses.

[109.] A charter of Adam ffiȝt Thomas of Cudelynton of londes In þe Same and In Shipton.

About 1280. Grant to Oseney, by Adam, son of Thomas, in Kidling|ton, of 2 acres, subject to ½ d. quit|rent; 1 acre, sub|ject to quit|rent of a root of ginger; ½ acre arable and ½ acre meadow, subject to ½d. quit|rent; and in Shipton of a mes|suage, 6 acres arable, ½ acre meadow, subject to ¼d. quit|rent.

KNOWE þey that be present and to Be that I, Adam ffiȝt Thomas of Cudelynton, ȝafe, grauntid, and with my present charter confermed, to god and to þe church of Seynte Marie of Oseney and to ffrere William*. [Probably William of Sutton, abbot 1268-84.] Abbot and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, ij. acres of Arable londe In þe territorye or grownde of Cudelynton, þe which I had of þe ȝifte and graunte of William of Wotton, for j. ob. to þe same and to his heyres for all thynges at þe ffest of Seynte Myghell ȝerely to be i-paide. Item, I ȝafe and grauntid j. acre of Arable londe, þe which I had of þe yifte and graunte of William of Cutlynton, for j. roote of gooyng*. [Read 'ginger': 'pro una radice gingi|beri.'] to þe same and to his heyres for all thynges at Estur ȝerely to be i-paide; And j. dj. acre of Arable londe and dj. an acre of mede, þe which I had of þe ȝifte and graunte of William ffiȝt petur of Dunynton, [folio 26b] for j. ob. to þe same and to his heyris for all thynges at þe ffest of Seynte Miȝghell ȝerely to be i-paide. Item, I ȝafe and grauntid to þe saide church Page  100 abbot and chanons j. mese, vj. acris of Arable londe, and dj. one acre of mede with þe pertinences in þe towne and ffelde of Shipton*. [Name noted in margin.], þe which I had of þe yifte and grauntyng of William Toky, for j. ferthyng to þe same and to his heyres at þe fest of Seynte Miȝghell ȝerely to be i-payde, for all seculer seruices, Sutes, wardis, relefs, heriettes, and for all other thynges þe which of þe londe or for þe londe may be axid for euer: to be holde and to be had, to þe saide church abbot and chanons and to þere successours, in-to ffree pure and perpetuell almes, al so much as to me and my heyres perteyneth, payng þerof to þe chefe lordis seruices afore-i-write. And þat þis my ȝifte, graunte, and confirmacion be sure and stable for Euer, to this writyng my seele I haue put to, and to more Surete of þe þyng, all Instrumentes and munimentes to þe saide londis and tenementes þat I haue, afore worþy men I have deliuered [to*. [Inserted from the Latin.] the said abbot and conuent]. These witnesses.

[110.] A quite-clayme of Water ffiȝt John of Thrope of j. li. of Comyn.

About 1280? Grant to Oseney, by Walter son of John of Thrupp, of a quit|rent of 1 lb. of cummin, due by land assigned to maintain a lamp in Kidlington church.

KNOWE þey that be present and to be that I, Water ffiȝt John of thrope, ȝafe and quite-claymed, to god and to þe church of Seynte Marye of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, for þe helth of my Sowle, j. li. of Comyn, In-to ffree pure and perpetuell almes, al so muche*. [This clause is not represented in the Latin.] as to me [longeth], þe which the same chanons oftid to me yerely at þe ffest of Seynte Miȝghell for ij. acris of arable londe In stotfolde and j. acre of Mede In Cannham, the which (þat is to say) iij. acris Robert Clerke of Cudelynton ȝafe to þe church of Cudelynton to j. lampe to be susteyned In þe same church. And þat þis my ȝifte and quite|clayme be sure and stable for Euer, hit with my writyng and of my seele puttynge to haue I strengthid hit. These witnesses.

[111.] A charter of John ffiȝt John philippe of vj. acris of Arable londe and of oþer thynges.

About 1280. Grant to Oseney, by John son of John son of Philip of Cotes, of the 6 acres arable of a quarter|yardland, described by strips.

KNOWE þey that be present and to be þat [I], John ffiȝt John philippe of Cotes, ȝafe, grauntid, and with my present charter confermed, to god and to þe church of Seynte Marye of Osney Page  101 and William, Abbot, and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, vj. acris of Arable londe In þe ffeldes of Cudelynton, with all oþer pertinences, þe which I had of þe ȝifte of my ffadur, of the [which] j. acre and dj. and j. Rodde lyen in Stodfolde by þe commune pasture of Cudelynton with þe Diche lying aboute, and iij. Roddis lyen In þe telth þe which Is i-callid Schelde, and j. dj. hede acre In schalt euell, and iij. Roddys In þe same telth, and iij. Roddys lyen In Medelforlong, and j. dj. acre In Hanginde londe, and j. acre vppon vourtene acris By þe wey: to be holde and to be had, to þe saide church and chanons, In-to pure and perpetuell almes, of me and my heyres for Euer. And I John and my heyris þe saide vj. acris of londe, with all þere pertinences, to þe forsaide church and chanons agaynste all cristen men and Juys schall warantiȝe, aquite, and defende, as owre ffree pure and perpetuell almys: and þat my ȝifte et cetera.

[112.] [folio 27a] A confirmacion of John philippe þe ffadur of þe saide John of þe forsaide ȝifte.

About 1280. Confirma|tion to Oseney, by John son of Philip, of his son's gift (no. 111).

KNOWE all men þat I, John þe soone of philippe of Cude|lynton, grauntid, and with my present charter confermed, to god and to þe church of seynte marie of Oseney and to þe chanons þer seruyng god, þe yifte þat John my sone made to them of vj. acres of arable londe and of a diche [and other pertinences] in þe feldes of Cudelynton, In-to ffre pure and perpetuell almes, as þe charter of þe same John þe which he made to þem of þe ffeffement fully witnesseth. And I John and my heyres and myne assines þe saide vj. acris with þe Diche and oþer pertinences to þe forsaide church and chanons agaynste all cristen men and Juys shall warantiȝe, aquite, and defende, as ffre pure and perpetuell almes. And þat this my graunte, et cetera.

[113.] A charter of William off Hampton of a Hamme i-callid Stoniham.

About 1290? Grant to Oseney, by William of Hampton, of a meadow|patch.

KNOWE thoo þat be present and to be þat I, William of Hampton*. [Hampton Gay or Hampton Poyle.], for þe helth of my sowle and of my wiffe aliȝ and of my aunceturs, ȝafe and grauntid, and with my present charter confermed, to god and to þe church of þe blessed virgen marye Page  102 of Oseney and to þe chanons þere seruyng god, þat hamme, with all his pertinences, þe which lieth bitwene þe hamme þe which was sumtyme of Helie Clerke of Cudelynton and þe mede þat is i-callid Bradeham, In-to ffree pure and perpetuell almes, as oony londe better*. ['melius et liberius.'] and freliyst maye be i-ȝeve: to be had and to be holde, to þe same church and chanons þere seruyng god, of me and of my heyres, frely and quietly, well and In pece, withoute oony quarell and Demaunde and seculer exaccion. And I þe forsaide William and my heyres shall warantiȝe, aquite, and defende þe forsaide hamme, with all his pertinences, for Euer to þe forsaide church & to þe saide chanons agaynste all men and women. And þat this my ȝifte, et cetera.

[114.] A charter off Henry Doylly off þe ffisshing of Cudelinton.

About 1220? Sale to Eli miller, by Henry Doyly (? II), of fishing|rights in the mill|ponds and mill|streams of Kidlington, quit-rent to be half the fish taken. Purchase|money, 13s. 4d.

KNOW tho that be present and to be þat I, Henry Doylly*. [If it were Henry Doyly I, then the date is 'About 1160?'], my lorde the Kynges constable, toke and grauntid, and with my present charter confermed, to Helie Miller and to his heyres and*. ['and' in MS., by a slip for 'all.'] my ffisshyng of Cudelinton, withoute oony [retaining], vndur*. ['sub molendino et subtus [? lower down than] molendinum.'] þe Mille and Bi the Mille, with [the] excluse of þe Mille and with þe ponde and with all thinges to þe ffisshyng perteynyng, In-to ffee-ferme to ffisshe to*. ['ad piscandum ad medietatem.'] halfe: to be had and to be holde, to þe fforsaide Helie and to his heyres, frely and quietly, of me and myne heyres, by seruice off ffisshyng to halfe*. ['per servicium piscandi ad medietatem.']. And for this graunte, takyng, and confermyng, þe forsaide Helie ȝafe to me j. marke of siluer, et cetera.