The english register of Godstow nunnery, near Oxford : written about 1450
Godstow nunnery., Clark, Andrew, 1856-1922.
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THE ENGLISH REGISTER OF GODSTOW

*. [This and other running numbers are added for cross-reference. They extend to No. 903.] [folio I(13)] The*. [The 'Prologe' and 'Cronicle' have been printed from this MS. in Dugdale's Monasticon (edit. 1846), iv. 369, but with the pronoun forms 'her,' 'hem,' altered to 'ther,' 'them.'] prologe of the englyssh register.

Prologue, about 1460. Reading begets under|standing, and under|standing begets care|fulness and safety. Nuns can't read Latin readily, and yet the documents necessary for proper manage|ment of their estates are in Latin. Godstow nuns are well-read in English. To help them with their estates, a well-wisher has made their Latin Register in|to English, giving the sense of it page by page: Alice Henley, be|ing Abbess.

THE wyseman tawht hys chyld gladly to rede bokys, and hem well vndurstonde; for, in defaute of vndyrstondyng, is ofttymes causyd neclygence, hurte, harme, and hynderaunce, as experyence prevyth in many a place. And, for as muche as women of relygyone, in redynge bokys of latyn, byn excusyd of grete vndurstondyng, where it is not her modyr tonge; Therfore, how be hyt that they wolde rede her bokys of remem|braunce and of her munymentys wryte in latyn, for defaute of undurstondyng they toke ofte tymes grete hurt and hyndraunce; and, what for defaute of trewe lernyd men that all tymes be not redy hem to teche and counsayl, and feere also & drede to shewe her euydence opynly (that oftyntyme hath causyd repentaunce), Hyt wer ryht necessary, as hyt semyth to the undyrstondyng of suche relygyous women, that they myght haue, out of her latyn bokys, sum wrytynge in her modyr tonge, where-by they myht haue bettyr knowlyge of her munymentys, and more clerely yeue informacyon to her seruauntys, rent gedurarys, and receyuowrs, in the absent of her lernyd councell. Wher-fore, a pore brodur and welwyller [. . . *. [Gap left in MS. for insertion of the translator's name.]] to the goode Abbas of Godstowe, Dame Alice henley, and to all hyr couent, the whych byn for the more party in englyssh bokys well y-lernyd, hertyly desyryng the worshyp, profyt, and welfare of that deuoute place, that, for lak of vndurstondyng her muny [men]tys, sholde in no damage of her lyflod her aftur fallyn, In the worship of our lady and seynt John Baptist, patron of thys seyd monastery, the sentence for the more partye of her munymentys Page  26 conteynyd in the boke of her regystr in latyn, aftyr the same forme and ordyr of the seyd boke, hath purposyd with goddys grace to make, aftur hys conceyt, fro latyn in-to englyssh, sentencyosly, as foloweth thys symple translacion.

The cronicle*. [The Chronicle is in French.] Of the hows and Monasteri of Godstow makyth mensyon how that place wace fowndyde fyrst by reuelacyon in thys wyse in wynchestre.

Story of the foundation, which took place about 1130. Edyve of Win|chester, a lady dear to God, widow of Sir William Lancelyne, obeyed the warning of a vision, and came to Binsey near Oxford. Here, a voice bade her build a nunnery where she should see light from heaven falling upon earth. Henry I helping, Godstow nunnery was built for 24 nuns, Edyve, foundress and first abbess.

IN wynchester was a lady bore of the worthyest blood of thys reme; dame Edyfe was she callyd; hyr fadyr and modyr had no mo chyldyr, but her onely; and for that, she was more lovyd and cherysshed. She was fayre and comly, and well was with the kyng almyhty; and syth was maryd to a knyht, syr william lavncelne*. ['Wylleam Launcelene' in the Ex|chequer MS.]. By the grace of god they had thre chyldre to-gedyr, that muche were fayre and euinaunt*. ['Mult estoint beauz e[t] avenaunz,' ibid.], oon*. ['Un fiz jeanoit, que de eux fu ne, a Abindone estoit puz abbe.' This seems to add a John to the list of abbots of Abing|don, probably between Ingulph (died 1158) and Roger (abbot 1175-84).] sonne and too dowhtyrs: the sonne was Abbot of Abendon. Now of the lady y shal yow sey, in whych maner and in whych wyse she lyuyd in goddys seruise. Aftyr the decese of her housbond, ofte to her come by a vysyon that she shulde goo nye to the Cyte that Oxenford was I-callyd, and there she shold a-byde anone to þe tyme she se a tokyn of the kyng allmyhty, how and what wyse she shold byeld a place to godes seruise. To bynsey is thys lady come, as in a vysion her was sent in her orisouns; there she dwellyd and muche holy lyfe she ledde. One voyce in a nyht she herd, the whych to her seyd what she shold do:—"Edyue*. ['Ediz,' fet il, 'sus levez et saunz demorance yalez au lu ou lumer desent au tere du firmament,' ibid.], Edyue, ryse the up, and, with-oute abydyng, go ye there where the lyht of heuyn a-lyhtyth to the erthe from the firmament, and there ordeyne ye Mynchyns to the seruise of god, xxiiij. of the moost gentylwomen that ye can fynde." And thus was furst thys abbey founded. Now syth is thys lady Edyue to the kynge, henry the fyrst, I-goo; and all him hath shewyd what god in a vysyon her had sende. Whanne Page  27 the kynge had herd all that she say wolde, by-twene hem they hathe I-commund*. [Mis-read 'they hathen and commaund how,' in Dugd. Monast.] how and what wyse they myht brynge thys good dede to an ende. And so be they besy in goddys seruise how they myht best bylde a chyrch in the worshyp of god, and of our lady, and seynt John Baptist. Now is thys lady, dame [folio Ib(13b)] Edyue, the Abbas in her chyrche, and xxiiij. ladys with her. Of hyr too dowhtyrs, the eldeste, Dame Emme was her name, the prioras of thys hows; and Dame Hauis, the secunde dowhtyr, the secunde prioras so longe as she lyuyd. Now byn they to god commendyd, that was of þe modyr bor, that for us synners wolde fowchesafe to dye. He us graunt, yf hym plesyde, to hys Joy to come. Amen.

*. [[NOTE.—In the Latin copy (Exchequer MS., at top of first page of table of contents) is a notice of the foundress which the translator has omitted:—'Tempore regis Henrici primi locus iste cepit esse domus Dei in vigilia paschae per bone memorie dominam Edivam Lancelene, primam abbatissam, que domum istam rexit L. et unum annos et in senectute bona obiit in domino.']]

The chartur of syr John synt Iohn of the londe of Godestowe.

About 1135. Grant to Godstow, by John of St. John, of the island called 'Godstow,' with pro|viso that the nuns should elect their own abbess at each vacancy.

THE*. [The Latin is printed in Monast. iv. 363.] sentence of thys dede is, how John of synt John hathe grauntyd and yeue to Edyue, fyrst Abbas of Godstowe, to all the Mynchyns of hyr congregacion, and to all hyr successours, the lande I-callyd Godstow and all thynge perteynyng ther-to, to-hole*. ['solidè' in the Latin.] and quietly, in perpetuall almus, for hys fadyr and modyr soule and for the soulis of the antecessours that the seyd lande fyrst gate and purchasyd, þat, aftyr the dethe of the forseyde Ediue, sholde non odyr gouerner ne Abbas be take or chose but of the same congregacion in the same plase. Thys wytnessyth Alysaunder, of lyncolne bysshop, and many odyr; and thys was confyrmyd a-fore the bysshop of Salysbury in the tyme of herry the fyrst, kynge of ynglond.

*. [[NOTE.—Among the witnesses are Alexander, bishop of Lincoln (1123-47), and the second Robert D'Oylly (died 1142). Roger, bishop of Salisbury (1102-39), was regent for Henry I (1100-35).]]
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The*. [Printed in Dugd. Monast. (1846) iv. 369-70, and the Latin, ibid. iv. 362-3.] dedycacion of the churche of Godestowe by Alysaunder bysshop of lincolne.

Consecration, 1138/9 Consecration of Godstow by Alexander, bishop of Lin|coln, built by Edyve with her own money, in presence of King Stephen and his queen. Recital of early benefactions, including (not mentioned in separate deeds) gifts by the following:— Matilda of Boulogne, queen consort; prince Eus|tace; arch|bishop Theo|bald; Herebert, Abbot of West|minster; In|gulph, abbot of Abingdon; John of St. John, in Wolvercote; Milo of Glou|cester; Oxford city; Seuar, of Oxford. Confirmation by the pope's legate by the primate and his suffragans. Anathema against violators. Grant of in|dulgence. Confirma|tion by the mother church of Lincoln.

THE sentence of thys letter testimonial makyth mension that Alexander, busshop of lincolne, dedified*. [In all these deeds the Exchequer MS. (Latin) has the first person, and is there|fore much clearer. Here the English version is very brief. There is no word exactly corresponding to this: the nearest phrase being 'misterium dedicationis.'] and halowed the chyrche of Godstowe the yer of our lord anno Mo. C. xxxviij., the fowrthe yer of the reygne of kynge Stephyn, the tyme of Edyue Abbas, that noble modyr, that*. [The Latin gives more prominence to the co-operation of benefactors contemporary with the foundress: 'loci illius ecclesiam proprio sumptu et labore collatisque fide|lium elemosinis . . . a primo lapide pru|denter edificavit.'] with hyr propur labour costys and almys edified the sayd churche in the honour of oure lady and seynt Iohn Baptist fro the fyrst ston, beynge present the seyd kynge Stephyn and hys quene Matild, with mony erels, barons, lordys, & busshoppys in the seyd lettyr rehersyd.

Also it makyth mension of the grete yftys that the seyd lordys indowyd the seyde churche. The kynge grawntyd, of hys propur lorshyp, C. shillings valour in land in the [folio II(14)] stret callyd walton; Also Matild the quene, x. mark worth lande; Also Ewstachius her son, yerly C. shillings in money, vn-to the tyme that he myht purchas so moche land & valour; Also Theobald, busshop of Cawntyr|bury in lifelode, C. shillings; Also the seyd alisawnder, busshop of lincolne, of the tol of Banbury ȝerly C. shillings; Also Robert, busshop of exetur, yerly xl. shillings, viz. xx. shillings in a pension of seynt Mari chyrch of Glowcetur I-callid the Crist, & xx. shillings in a pension of the churche of farindon in hampton-shyre; Also Roger, busshop of Salisbury, a mylle I-callyd boye-mille with the lande that lyeth ther-to; Also the Abbot of Westmynster, yerly lx. shillings; Also Ingulf, the Abbot of Abendon, lx. shil|lings; Also John of seynt John, a mille of iiij lj. of rent in wlgarcote, & the mansions of ij men with the pertin|ence, & a parcel of land a-fore the yate of the forseyd chyrch in the yland that lyeth bytwene ij. waters, & half Page  29 the medew that is callid lambey; Also of Robert of olley, that odyr half of the seyd mede of lambei, and a busshel of whete euery yer; Also Mile of Glovcester, constable, xx. shillings worth; Also the Citteseyns & burges of Oxenford, the land in pormeneit*. [The Latin has, more correctly, 'Port|man eit.'] that segrim held*. [In Stephen's confirmation, no. 872, sum|marized in the English version, the Latin (printed in Monast. iv. 363) adds here the clause:—'and of the gift of Ralph, the chancellor of the queen, a marc of silver until he get land' (to that value).]; Also Robert, erel of leycester & hys wyf Amice, Countesse, lx. shillings in land in hals; Also Hugo of tywe, ix. shillings in Oxenford; Also Seuarus, in the same town, vij. shillings; Also*. [In Stephen's confirmation, the Latin puts Senarus' gift at iiis., and the East|cheap land at xis.], at london, in est chepe, ix. shillings; Also Roger of almeryk, xxv. acris erable euery yere in Blechyndon and *. [The Latin is: 'xxv. acras unoquoque anno ad seminandum in Blechesdona et totidem ad ware[c]tandum,' i. e. fifty acres in the common fields, one half to be under crop, and one half to be in fallow.]as mony to warenyd; Also Galtere of pery, a yerd lond & v. acris in the same town; Also Reynold of seynt walery, heryngysham, & boieham, & the fysshynge were with the pertynance, & al the yland betwene to briggis*. [The Latin adds: 'et supradicta quae Iohannes de sancto Honore dedit in dedi|catione memoratae ecclesiae.' Here 'Ho|nore' is a slip for 'Iohanne.' The clause is a confirmation of John of St. John's gift (p. 27) by Reginald of St. Valerie, who (as Rev. H. Salter informs me) held from 1154 to 1166 the properties formerly held by John of St. John.]; Also Edwyn*. [Latin 'Elwinus.'] the son of Godgose, the churche of seynt Gylys with-out Oxenford, and on that othyr party of the same town, toward Abendon, xviij shillings; Also Robert of Wyhtham, the parte of the mede be-sydes the seyd churche of Godstow; Also Raph, Rogers son, v. shillings in Shyptonne; Also Nicholas Basset, j hyde of londe at risendynne; Also simon of wahelle, half the churche of pattyshul with the pertenence; Also the seyd kynge Stephyn hathe I-graunted*. [A marginal note is added: '¶For the feyere.'] them the feyre of iij days in the fest of seynt Iohn Baptist; Also Galtere, archydiacon of Oxen|ford, the tythe of hys lorshyp of Cudeslaue.

Alle these yftys a-boue I-sayd the lord busshop & pope's legate Albericus, that tyme in Engelond, by the popis auctorite hathe halouid & annexit to the seyd churche of Godstowe.

And all these yftys kynge Stephyn by the priuilege by king Stephen, of hys regal power haþe strenghyd & confermid. Page  30

And all the seyd yftys the seyd busshop of Cavnturbury, with alle the hole company of busshoppys ther present, by her holy busshoppys power & autorite confermyd, so all they, with on assent, on will, & on voyce, decreyd the sentens*. [In margin: '¶ þe curse agaynst alle mysdoers of this churche.'] of cursynge to all hem that aftur that tyme maliciously take a-wey, or lesse make*. [In Latin: 'minuere.'], hurte, or in-to worsse chaunge*. [In Latin: 'in deterius mutare.'], eny of the seyd yftys, or eny odur in tyme to come her-aftur in augmentacion profit or dotacion of the seyd church, with-out satisfaccion & dewe penaunce or he passyd.

Fyrthyrmore the seyd legate, by the popis power, gafe grete perdon to all good doers & visitours or comforters of the seyd place*. [In margin: 'Se the pardon.'].

Thys wrytyn, vndur the sel of the busshop of lincoln, was confermid by the hole chaptyr of the churche of lincolne, amen.

*. [[NOTE.—The translator strangely cuts short the indulgence. Its terms are (Monast. iv. 363) 'to the bestowers of the above benefits the legate Alberic, by apostolic authority, released one year of penances enjoined; and he granted 40 days indulgence in each year to all who with devout heart visited Godstow church die Prece virginis (Prisca V.=Jan. 18) or on Nativity of S. John Baptist (June 24).']]

[folio IIb(14b)] A graunt*. [Printed in Monast. iv. 364.] I-made to the kynge by bernarde of seynt walery.

About 1180. Grant to Henry II and his successors in the Crown, by the St. Valerie family, of the patronage of Godstow abbey, in order to make Godstow a royal foundation, and also of the manor of Wolver|cote, to be bestowed as Henry II pleased.

THE sentence of thys dede is, how Bernard forsayd, with wyll & consent of hys wyf [Anorid] & of hys sons (Reginald*. [The MS. omits the wife's name, and adds 'Reginald,' who is not in the Ex|chequer MS.]) Bernard & Thomas, hathe yeue & grauntyd for euyr to kynge henry the secund the place of the abbey of Godstowe & all the lordshyp, right, & patron|age, & the advoydans of the seyd abbasye*. [The Latin is: 'sedem abbatiae et totum dominium et ius advocationis eiusdem ab|batiae.'] that I*. [The translator accidentally retains the first person of the Latin.] haue hadde in the same house, fre & quite, for me & all myn eyrys, from all seruice & seculer exaccione, to hym & hys successours, kyngys of ynglond, So that the Page  31 forseyd Abbey here aftur be had fre & in the chef crowne of the kynge, as*. [In the margin is added: '¶the fredom as gret as of seynt Edmundisbury.'] the Abbey of seynt Edmund & odyr real Abbeys*. [Latin is: 'libera et in capite coronae, sicut aliae regales abbatiae.'] of Englonde, except only to hym*. [i.e. to Bernard of St. Valerie.] & to hys eyrys the preyours almys & suffragijs of the seyd Mynchyns. Also the hole maner of wolgarcote*. ['Wolgariscote,' in the Latin.] with all hys pertenaunce hathe yeue & grauntyd to the seyd kynge, with the consent & the wyll of hys seyd wyf & hys eyrys, holdynge ferme & stable what euyr he wolde do ther-with, & neuyr to haue more clayme, ne eny of hys eyrys, for euyr-more: and thys ys with|out date.

*. [[NOTE.—About 1170-5 Godstow seems to have experienced some sense of in|security; see the protections by Henry II, nos. 883-5. Rosamond Clifford's burial there (about 1176) perhaps commended the place to Henry II's larger patronage. The patronage, vested in the heirs of John of St. John (no. 3), had now come to his son-in-law, Bernard of St. Valerie (p. 29, n. 5). Accordingly, to permit of Godstow becoming a royal foundation, Bernard of St. Valerie, by a ceremonial act, transferred his rights in the abbey to the Crown. See Henry II's third charter, 1182, no. 892, which recites this transference.]]

[Lincoln-records.] Presentation by Godstow to the conventual church.

1533, Oct. 13. To John Longland, bishop of Lincoln (1521-47), Godstow presents Matthew Smythe, D.D. (prin|cipal of Brasenose College, 1510-48), for institution to the rectory of Godstow.

REUERENDO in christo patri et domino, domino Iohanni permissione diuina Lincolniensi Episcopo, vestrove vicario in spiritualibus generali et officiali principali seu commissario cuicunque vestro, humiles et deuote in christo filie, margareta Tewxburye dei paciencia abbatissa domus siue monasterij beate marie virginis et diui Iohannis baptiste de godstowe ordinis sancti benedicti et lincolniensis diocesis et eiusdem loci conventus, omnimodas obedientias et reuerentias tanto Reuerendo patri debitas cum honore. Ad Rectoriam ecclesie parrochialis de Godstowe iuxta ecclesiam conventualem nostram predictam site et eidem annexe, iam legitime vacantem et ad nostram presenta|cionem pleno Iure spectantem, cum suis Iuribus et pertinenciis vniuersis dilectum nobis in christo magistrum matheum Smythe, sacre theologie professorem, vestre Reuerende paternitati intuitu charitatis presentamus, humiliter et deuote supplicantes qua|tenus Page  32 eundem magistrum matheum ad eandem ecclesiam admit|tere velitis, eumque in eadem canonice instituere, atque curam ibidem tam secularem quam abbatisse et monialium ibidem committere, atque ipsum in realem possessionem eiusdem ecclesie fore introducendum pronunciare (cum suis Iuribus et pertinen|ciis vniuersis, Rectori ibidem ab antiquo debitis, et a nobis antea qualitercunque concessis) dignemini graciose, Ceteraque peragere et facere que vestro in hac parte incumbunt officio pastorali. Datum in domo nostra capitulari sub sigillo nostro communi xiijo die mensis octobris Anno domini Millesimo quingentesimo xxxiijo.

[Endorsed:] Oxonie. xiiio (?) octobris Anno domini 1533o apud ...personaliter fuit admissus, et rector institutus canonice in eadem, etc. Iuramentum canonice obedientiae [cepit] & cetera.]

*. [[NOTE.—Extant drawings and measurements, old and modern, show that, immediately to the north of the convent, there stood a large church, fifty yards long by nineteen yards wide. The inmates of the convent had access to it by a private passage from their own buildings. Outsiders entered by a door, beside a large square western tower, outside of the conventual enclosure. The above deed, found by Mr. T. Austin among the Exchequer Gate Records at Lincoln, shows that this church served as the parish church for the district around Godstow. There is attached a broken seal, 2 inches high by 1½ inches wide, showing windows at the top and a doorway arch at the foot.]]
Page  33

GODSTOW ESTATES

BERKSHIRE

BLEWBERRY: see also in North Moreton.
[folio 92] A Charter of Iohane, the doughtir of Iohn Tureuyle, confermynge ij. hydys of lond in Blebyry.

About 1265. Grant to Godstow, by Joan Turvyle, of two hides held of the convent of Nimgun, and a messuage, subject to a pension of 20s. to Nimgun.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Iohane, the doughtir of Iohn Tureuyle, with the consent and the assent of her husbond*. [The name 'Osbert Turpin' is given in the Latin copy.], yaf and graunted & cetera, for the helþe of the soules of his fadirs and modirs and of all his aunceturs and successours, to god & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestowe there seruyng god, ij. hydys of lond in blebyry, that is to sey, tho that they held of the priour and couent of Nimgun*. ['Nimgun' also in the Latin copy.]; with the mese where they were wonyd to abide in the same towne; and with all other pertynentis and fredomes longyng to the same lond, in toftis in croftis, in wode and mede, in weyes and pathes, in londes I-telyd and not I-telyd: To be hold and to be had, frely and quyetly, worshipfully and in pease for euer, and that in the most fre and best wise as euer they held hit of the Monkis, yeldyng therof yerely xx. shillings, at Mighelmasse to the forsaid priour and monkis of Nimgun for all seruyce longyng to the same priour and Couent, sauyng the kyngis seruyce. And she and her heires warantized the forsaid lond with all his pertynentis aforseid to the forsaid mynchons of Godestowe ayenst all men and women, & cetera*. [Witnesses: William, Walerand, Hu|bert, Henry, chaplains of Godstow; Sir Ralph Harange; Reginald Basset.].

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CUMNOR
[folio VIb(18b)] A charter of huge Abbot of Abendon for iiij. burthyns of thornys.

About 1190. Confirma|tion to God|stow, by Abingdon abbey, of an old grant of faggots every day.

THE sentence of thys charter is, that Huge, Abbot of Abendon, & all the Couent of the same place, with oone assent, yaf & grauntyd to the Mynchons of Godstow, for the loue of god, in-to pur & perpetual almys, fowre burdyns of thornys of her wood of Cumnore, to be hadde euyry day thorow the yere by the syht of her forester, as they haue be wonyd to haue in tyme here a-fore: & that they be not greuid, ne let by the gryef of any man, in any tyme, of these burduns of thornys to be hadde. The forseyde Abbot & his couent confermyd the same graunt with her wrytynge, & settynge to of her seeles: these beynge wytnes: & is with-out date.

DUXFORD, on the Thames, in Longworth parish. *. [[NOTE.—The probability is that the abbess and convent of Bertincourt in Normandy held the feudal superiority of this property, and that therefore the tenant, Henry of St. Valerie, could not impose a rent-charge on it without their permission. For this leave they imposed the problematical rent, that Godstow should acknowledge the overlordship of Bertincourt by payment of 12d. when the abbess of Godstow visited Bertincourt. Godstow seems afterwards to have accepted a smaller rent|charge in consideration of obtaining powers of distraint for arrears. The rent-charge does not occur either in Pope Nicholas IV's Taxatio Ecclesiastica, 1291, or at the dissolution in 1540.]]
[folio 150] A Charter of henry of seynt walerye, for the mylle of dudekesforde to the holy mynchons of Godestowe.

About 1235. Grant to Godstow, by Henry of St. Valerie, of 12s. rent|charge on the mill, subject to a casualty to Bertin|court abbey, Nor|mandy.

THE sentence of this charter is, that henry of seynt walerye yaf, & cetera, to god & cetera and to the holy mynchons of Godestowe ther seruyng god, for the helth of his soule and of his auncetours and of his heires, xij. shillings of yerely rent of the mylle of dudekesford, with all encrese that myght come of the mylle, as hit is conteyned in the charter that he made of the abbesse and covente of Bertancourte: To be had and to be hold, into fre and perpetuel almesse, by service that he ought to do to the said abbesse of Bertancourte, that is to sey, by xij. Page  35 [pence*. [The Latin copy supplies the tenure: 'per duodecim denarios reddendos apud Bertincurt cum abbatissa de Godestowe ibidem personaliter fuerit, pro omni ser|vitio.']] to be yelded at Bertancourte whan the abbesse of Godestowe were ther personally: these beyng witnes.

A Charter of the abbesse of Bertoncourte for the mylle of Dudesforde, confermyng the yifte of henry of seynt Walerye, the which yaf and confermed hit to the abbesse and covent of Godestowe, of xij. shillings of yerely rente of the mylle of Dudekes|forde.

About 1235. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Bertin|court abbey, of no. 9.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Margarete, by the grace of god abbesse of Bertancourte, and all the Couent of the same place, graunted and confermed with ther charter, the yifte of Henry of seynt Walerye the whiche he made and confermed with his charter to the abbesse and Couente of Godestowe of xij. shillings of yerely rente in the mylle of dudekesforde, with encresyng and makyng more that may come of the forsaid mylle*. [This clause suggests that the sum of 12s. may have been fixed by way of tithe, and was to increase if the mill became more profitable.], as hit is conteyned in the charter that the said henry of seynt walerye had of them. Thise beyng witnesse, & cetera.

A-nother Charter of the same abbesse of Bertan|court, I-made to the mynchons of Godestowe, for the mylle aforsaid.

1246, July. Confirma|tion to God|stow, by Bertincourt abbey, of no. 9, apparently on a change of owner|ship of the mill, with grant of power of distraint.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Margarete, by the grace of god abbesse of Bertancourte, and the couent of the same place, ordeyned the abbesse of Godestowe to resceive of ther rente in Inglond, that is to sey, vpon xij. shillings yerely of the mylle of dudekesford, with the pertynentis, the whiche [folio 150b] henry fitȝ henry fitȝ Symeon of Oxenford held of them. They graunted also to the said abbesse the same power that they had in that mylle, to distreyne the forsaid henry, and who-so-euer held þat mylle, after the lawes and customes of the Reame of Englond, but he yelded the said rente to the same abbesse at the termes I-sette. And into witnesse of this thynge they made ther lettres Page  36 patentis, for ever to dure to the forenamed abbesse, And that hit be levied to the same abbesse in euery courte as to them surely for them and vpon ther thyngis to be do. The date the yere of oure lord a Ml. CCxlvjti, in the moneth of Iule.

[folio 150] A Charter of the Abbesse of Bertancourte, I-made to the abbesse of Godestowe, for xij. shillings, yerely.

1246. Orders by Bertin|court abbey, to their tenant, Henry, son of Henry Simeon of Oxford, to pay 8 years' arrears of the rent|charge (as in no. 9), and to pay it duly in future, with con|firmation to Godstow of power of distraint.

THE sentence of this Charter is, that Margarete, by the grace of god, abbesse of Bartancourte, and the Couent of the same place, comaunded to her welbeloued henry the sone of fitȝ henry, and bad that he shold lette not to yelde ther rente of the mylle of dudekesford, that is to sey, xij. shillings yerely, to the abbesse of Godestowe that was for the tyme, with the arreragis of viij. yere, without ony agayn saiyng: they made the abbesse of Godestowe ther resceive of the said rente, yeldyng to the same all her power to distreyne them and euery holder of the same mylle for the forsaid yerely rente, also ofte tyme as hit were nede, so moche therof makyng that they have no more vexacion by yow. Farewel: god kepe you. The date at Bertoncourte, the yere of oure lord a thowsand, two hundred, fourty and Sixe.

[folio 151] A couenaunte bitwene dame Emme Bluet, abbesse of Godestow, and Henry Symeon for vj. shillings of yerely rente of the mylles of Dudekes|forde.

About 1255. Acknow|ledgement to Godstow, by Henry Simeon, of his obli|gation to pay 6s. quit|rent out of the mills, with power of dis|traint,

THE sentence of this couenaunte is, that there was a cou|enaunte I-made, bitwene dame Emme Bluet, abbesse of Gode|stowe, and the couent of the same place of the one partie, and henry Symeon of the other partie, that is to sey, that the same henry Symeon knowleched hym-self and his heires or his assignes to be hold to the mynchons of Godestow and to ther successours in vj. shillings of yerely rente, of the mylles of dudekesford with ther pertynentis, frely vtterly and quyetly for ever, that is to sey, at the fest of myghelmasse iij. shillings and at the natiuite*. ['Nativity' of Mary is September 8. No doubt the term meant is 'Annunciation,' March 25.] of our lady iij. shillings. And yf hit happened Page  37 that the same Henry Symeon or his assignes or his heires paied not at the termes afore-named the seid rente, hit shold be lawfull to the seid mynchons and to ther successours to distreyne and nyme, by ony certayn seruant, in the said mylles or in ther pertynentis, the said henry or his heires or his assignes, tille hit were fully I-satisfied to the said mynchons and to ther suc|cessours. And the said abbesse and mynchons of Godestow and ther successours shold acquyte and defende the forsaid henry and his heires or his assignes ayenst the abbesse and couente of Berhemcourte, and of the vj. shillings of yerely rente kepe them harmelesse. And that this afore couenaunt, & cetera.

A lettre of attorney to William Wurth and Roger Fynacourte, I-made of the abbesse of Godestowe, to aske the arreragis of the mylle of Dudekesforde.

1297, Nov. 12. Claim by Godstow, for 18 years' arrears of the rent|charge on the mill (as in no. 9).

THE sentence of this lettre attorney is, that Alice Gorges, abbesse of Godestowe, and the couente of the same place, made, ordeyned, and sette, theire welbeloued in crist William Wurth and Roger Fynacourte, to axe and to take in ther name all the arreragis dew to them of the yerely rente of xij. shillings of the mylle of Dudekesford, the whiche ben behynde to them of xviij. yere and more, yevyng to theym or to the other of them power for the same, in the mylle aforsaid or in his pertynentis wher|so-euer they saw hit best to spede, to neme or to distreyne tille hit were fully I-satisfyed to them in ther name or them of the forsaid arreragis, also with the yerely rente in the termes after|ward of þe forsaid mylle with his pertynentis to be paid. Into witnesse of the which thynge, they made these her lettres patentes to them. The date at Godestowe, the Tewesday next aftir the fest of seynt Martyn, the xxv. yere endyng of the reigne of kyng Edward.

[folio 150b] A Charter of Iohn at the Grove of Longeworth, I-made to the mynchons of Godestowe, for x. shillings of yerely rente at Mighelmasse of the mylle of Dudekesford.

1298, April 24. Acknow|ledgement to God|stow, by John at grove, of obligation to pay 10s. rent-charge out of the mill, and of Godstow's right of distraint over all his property, even if the mill is destroyed by fire or otherwise.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Iohn of the Grove of Longeworthe bound hym-self to the lady abbesse of Godestowe, Page  38 and to the covent of þe same place, in x. shillings of yerely rente yerely to be paid for euer to the same in the same house of Godestowe at Mighelmasse of the mylle of dudekesforde. And to that paiyng of the forsaid rente, he bound hym-self, his heires and assignes, and all his londes and tenementis in longeworth, and in all other places, that, trewly and without gile, to be do for euer, to the same and to ther successours, yerely at the forsaid terme x. shillings, into whos-so-euer handis they come, also with the mylle aforsaid, waters, fysshweres, and all other pertynentis, to the constreynyng and distreynyng of þe forsaid abbesse, Couente, or ther baillifis, that they myght distreyne them and reteyne the distreynyngis tille the arreragis of the forsaid rente of x. shillings, yf ther were ony (that god forbede), also with the harmes and expensis, yf the forsaid abbesse and Couente susteyned ony by that occasion, they shold be fully I-paid. And yf hit happened the forsaid mylle, in ony case fallyng, to falle downe, to be cast downe, or vtterly to be distroyed, or to be brennyd, þat (that notwithstondyng) he shold be bounde, for hym and his heires, and also for all other holdyng afterward his londes and tenementis, to the forsaid abbesse and covente, in the forsaid x. shillings of yerely rente for euer, of the forsaid londis and tenementis, at the forsaid terme euery yere fully to paye, as hit is aforsaid, by the forsaid distreynyng. And to more suerte of the same of the paiyng of the forsaid rente, as hit is I-seid before, to be do, he bounde hym-self and his heires to the distreynyng of ony maner Iuge of the chirch the which the forsaid abbesse and couente wolde chese, that they myght compelle them by the censure of the chirche to the forsaid paiyng, all excepcions I-put be-hynde. Into witnesse of this he put to his seale. The date at Godestowe, the thursday next after the fest of seynt George, the xxvj. yere of the reigne of kyng Edwarde the sone of kynge Henry.

KNIGHTON, in Compton Beauchamp parish.

[NOTE.—Early in the history of the convent, Godstow's interest in this parish was forgotten, and consequently erroneous readings have crept in at most mentions of it in the Registers, both Latin and English. A branch of the St. Valerie family possessed considerable lands here. About 1200 Wido of St. Valerie (possibly a younger brother of Bernard) gave Godstow a rent-charge (nos. 16, 17) of 6s. 8d. over these lands to endow an obital service for his father. About 1225 Wido's Page  39 son, Reginald, sold his Knighton property to St. Frideswyde's priory (Wigram's Cartulary of St. Frideswide, 1896, ii. 297-306). The Rev. H. Salter has shown me that Mr. Wigram, following Dugdale, has assigned the sale to the great Reginald (died 1166), whereas the conveyance is dated 'in die Translacionis B. Thome Martiris,' and cannot therefore be earlier than 1224. In 1286, in an exchange of rent-charges over each other's property, Godstow (no. 509) gave up this Knighton rent-charge to St. Frideswyde's priory. The service for the founder's father was provided for by transferring the obligation to Godstow property in North Oxford, where, at the dissolution in 1540, we find this 6s. 8d. still charged (Monasticon, iv. 370). When, some 150 years later, the compiler of the Latin Register transcribed the deeds about the obit, he could not make out the locality. He had recourse to two subterfuges. Two deeds (nos. 17 and 18), owing to the founder's name, he attached to St. Valerie donations elsewhere. A third (no. 16) he put into his un|identified set at the end, under Cniscetuna (for Cnigtetuna). In the general charters he has even wandered into Cumberton.]

[folio 151b] A Charter of Wyde of Seynt Walerye for half a marke [in] Cniscetun.

About 1200. Grant to Godstow, by Wido of St. Valerie, of a rent|charge of 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Wydo of seint Walerye, for his soule and for his fadir and modir and brother sowles, yaf and graunted half a marke, to god & cetera and to the holy mynchons of Godestow there seruyng god, in-to perpetuel almesse, in cniscetun every yere in the anniuersarye of his fadir aforsaid. These beyng witnesse, & cetera.

[folio IIb(14b)] A chartur of wydo of seynt walery of halfe a marke of syluer I-gyfe to the couent of Godestowe.

About 1200. Duplicate of pre|ceding. Obit for Wido's father, on Sept. 1.

THE sentence of thys dede is that Wydo of seint walery, by the consent of hys wyfe Aubreche*. ['Albredra' in Latin.] and Reynald hys heyr, hath Ȝyf & grauntyd to the Mynchyns [folio III(15)] of Godstowe, in perpetual almys, half a mark of syluyr euyry yere, to be take in the obit of hys fadur, at the fest of seynt Geyle, of the land that Gerard hath hold: thys wytnesith Thomas, Chapeleyn of Godstowe, & many othyr with-in rehersyd; & is with-out date.

A chartur I-made by Reynolde fiȝt wydo.

About 1200. Confirma|tion to God|stow, by Reginald of St. Valerie, of no. 16.

THYS is a confirmacion of Reynold of seynt walery of the yft of Guido a-boue seyd, of the seyd halfe marce, as it is a-boue rehersyd in the next dede a-fore: theyes wytnes, & cetera. And is with-out date.

LANGFORD: see Langford in Oxfordshire.

Page  40
NORTH MORETON.

[NOTE.—The Godstow lands in North Moreton were held by tenants on payment of quit-rents, which are returned at £5 6s. 8d. a year, both in 1291 in pope Nicholas IV's Taxatio Ecclesiastica and in 1540 at the dissolution (Monast. iv. 374-5).]

[Exchequer-MS. folio 92b] Charter of Osbert Turpin and his wife Ioan of North Morton.

About 1255. Grant to Godstow, by Osbert and Joan Turpin, of the mediety of (a) 4 yard|lands in demesne, (b) a croft, (c) certain meadows, (d) and three yard|lands in villeinage: tenure = 1 lb. of cumin.

OSBERT and Ioan Turpin, for the welfare of themselves and for the souls of their ancestors and successors, gave to Godstow a mediety of all their holding in North Morton, viz. of 7 yardlands, 4 being in demesne*. ['In dominicis,' 'in villenagiis.'], and 3 in villenage.

In demesne:—in Est felde 6 acres which are called Hang|indelond on the east, and 14 acres against the ditch on the west, and in middel forlong 10 acres towards the north and 10 in Blakelond next the north. In West felde 22 acres, viz. in Northlongelonde towards the north, and in Westlongelond 20 acres towards the north at the head of the same land with a 'furrow.' And, in addition, half of the whole messuage which is called Parthes*. ['Parc' in no. 21.] next the north and half of all the meadow called Souene acre on the south and half of the meadow which is called Riscroft towards the north, and 3 acres of meadow in North meade. And 6d. of yearly rent at Michaelmas from Richard Turepin and his heirs.

In villeinage:—Iohn Suth, with all his land and all his sequela and their chattels; and Matilda, widow of Thomas Brun, and all her land and all her sequela and their chattels; and Alice, widow of Iohn of Withham, and all her land and all her sequela and their chattels.

All this was given to Godstow in free alms, to be held by Godstow by 1 lb. of cumin at Michaelmas.

Witnesses:—Sir Henry Basset; Sir Philip of Sanderuill; Sir William of Seuekesworth; Sir Henry of Baywerthe.

[Exchequer-MS. folio 92] Charter of Henry Basset of Northmorton.

About 1255. Confirmation to God|stow, by Henry Basset, feudal superior of no. 19. Purchase money, £6.

HENRY BASSET confirms to Godstow the gift by Osbert Turpin and his wife Joan of the mediety of their lands Page  41 belonging to his fee of Northmorton. For this con|firmation Godstow gave him 9 marks of silver.

Witnesses:—Sir William of Wyldesor; Sir Philip of Sanderuill; Sir Henry of Baywerth; 'Sir' Nicholas, then steward of Abingdon; Peter Torold*. [Peter son of Torald died 1257: Wood's City of Oxford, iii. 460.] of Oxford; Richard Threstwald of Dunsingeton.

[Exchequer-MS. folio 93b] Charter of William son of Iohn of Northmorton.

About 1255. Confirmation to Godstow, by William, son of John, perhaps heir of the donor, of no. 19. Purchase money, 6s. 8d.

Said William for the health of his soul and of the souls of his heirs and ancestors, confirmed to godstow the gift of Osbert Turpin and Ioan of Blebiri, viz. of half of the croft called parc and of half] [Rawl.-MS. folio 92] of*. [The English Register begins again after a lost leaf.] the vij. yerdis of lond with ther pertynentis in northmorton: To be had and to be hold, to the said mynchons and to ther successours, into fre and perpetuell almesse, after as the charter of the said Osbert and of Iohane his wyf the which they made therof shewith and witnessith. And for this graunte and confirmacion of this charter, the forsaid mynchons yaf to hym I [half*. [Added from the Latin.]] mark of siluer. And that this his graunte shold be sure, & cetera*. [Witnesses are: Sir William of Seuekesworth; Sir Roger of Withtham; Sir Henry of Bayworthe; James, steward of Godstow. 'Sir,' in some instances, no doubt describes the parish priest, not a knight.].

[Exchequer-MS. folio 92b-93] Charter*. [Given in duplicate.] of Ioan of Blebiri, formerly wife of Osbert Turpin of Northmorton.

About 1265. Grant to Godstow, by Joan of Blew|berry, of the other half of lands described in no. 19, and confirmation of the former gift.

IOAN of Blebiri in her lawful widowhood, for the welfare of her own soul and of the soul of her late husband Osbert Turpin, [folio 93] gave to Godstow half of all her holding in Northmorton with all its pertinents, viz. half of 7 yardlands (4 in demesne and 3 in villeinage), to be held by Godstow on payment of 1 lb. of cumin for all services, except foreign service; and confirmed the gift made by her husband and herself.

Witnesses:—Sir William of Wyndlesore; Robert Basset; John of Hakeburne; Philip of Sandrevile; Hugh of Kenetwode; Milo of Morton; James of Hauehunt*. ['De Hauncia,' in the duplicate.].

Page  42
[Rawl.-MS. folio 92] A Charter of Milo Basset of Northmorton re|myttyng and quyte-claymyng to the abbesse and mynchons of Godestowe all his right and clayme that he had toward the forsaid abbesse and myn|chons vpon homage and relefe, & cetera.

About 1265. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Milo Basset, feudal superior, of no. 22, and quit|claim of manorial rights. Purchase money, £5 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Milo Basset remitted and furthermore quyte-claymed, for hym and his heires for euer, to the abbesse of Godestowe and to the mynchons there seruyng god, all the right and clayme that he had or myght haue toward the forsaid abbesse and the forsaid mynchons vpon homage, relefe, warde, and sute of courte, of the tenement that þei held of hym in northmorton, the which tenement they had of the yifte of Iohane Turpyne of Blebyry, So that nother he nother his heires myght no thynge axe after-ward of the forsaid abbesse and mynchons of the forseid homagis relefis wardis and sutis of courte, but all only the kyngis seruyce, as they were I-wonyd to do afore. And for this remyttyng and quyte-claymyng the forsaid abbesse and mynchons yaf to hym viij. mark of silver. And because hit shold be sure, & cetera*. [Witnesses: Sir Alan of Fernham, Robert of Sandervill, &c.].

[Exchequer-MS. folio 92] Charter of Ioan of Turevile of Morton.

About 1265. Grant to Godstow, by Joan Turevile, of 2 yard|lands, tenure — pair of gloves.

IOAN of Turevile, in her lawful widowhood, confirmed to Godstow 2 yardlands in the fee of Morton, viz. a yardland which Thomas of Harewelle once held to farm of her, and a yardland which Alice widow of Fulc held, to be had and held by God|stow [folio 92b] by payment of 1 pair of gloves or 1d. at Michaelmas for all service, the convent also making said Ioan partaker of all good deeds and alms which should be done at Godstow.

Witnesses:—Sir William of Suuekewerthe; Sir Roger of Withtham; Robert of Botteleye; William Calamund; James, steward of Godstow; Henry, porter.

SEACOURT or SECKWORTH.

[NOTE.—Seuecurda, Seukeworth, Seckworth (Wood's City of Oxford, i. 325-8), and, more recently, Seacourt, was once a considerable village in Berkshire, between Wytham and North Hincksey, of which little now survives except the name (now pronounced 'Sec-urth' by Wytham folks). Its decay probably dates from the con|struction Page  43 of the Seven Bridges Road (formerly, Botley Causeway) which gave a more convenient access from Oxford across the many-streamed Thames valley to the road to Bath and the west. Before that, the route went north from Oxford through Walton for about a mile; then turned westward; crossed the main Thames at Binsey ford; and thence advanced across various branches of Thames by bridges, whose abutments remained till living memory, to Seukeworth, just south of the branch of Thames which parts Oxfordshire from Berkshire. There is some confusion about the dates of the de Seukeworth family. Wood, basing his judgement on Brian Twyne's excerpts, assumed that William of Seuke|worth gave the tithe of his mills (no. 25) to Godstow at the foundation, in 1138/9. This cannot be, since the first list in which the grant is mentioned is Henry II's second charter (no. 879), i.e. about 1165. The family descent seems to be—Robert of Seukeworth, about 1140; William, about 1165; Robert, 1200; Sir William, 1230; Dionysia, 1260. The church (no. 27), or chapel-of-ease, of Seukeworth was a benefaction of the family to Studley Priory in Oxfordshire. At the dissolution, 1540, Godstow still owned (Monast. iv. 375) a parcel of meadow called Secourt ham, valued at 3s. 4d. a year, and then reckoned to be in Wytham parish.]

[folio VI(18)] A chartur of William of Sewkeworth of the tythe of ij. myll & oþer commodyteys in ye same.

About 1165. Grant to Godstow, by William of Sewke|worth, as a nun's dower, of the tithes of two mills there, and grant of five acres of meadow. Also con|firmation of his (step?) son's gift of Easington church (no. 438) with land and tithe in Easington.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, that William of Sewekeworth willith to be know that he grauntyd & gaf to god & to our lady seynt Marye, & to the churche of Godstowe, & to the holy mynchyns there seruinge god, for the helthe of hys sowle, & of hys chyldyrn, & of hys aunceters, with hys wyfe also, the whyche he toke*. ['Take' is used as equivalent to 'give.' The Latin is: 'cum uxore mea, quam in illis praefatis sanctimonialibus ad deo servien|dum commisi.'] to kepe to the forseyd holy mynchons to serue god:— that is to say, he grauntyd & gaf to the holy my[n]chons a-foreseyde tethe of hys too Millis of Sewekeworth in corne, money, & fysshes; Also v. acris of hys demayne medewe, namede heahitte*. [Latin is: 'heaheite.']; Also, by hys owne consent & meuynge of hymselfe & of hys wyf, Turstyne, hys sone of wedloke, gaf & grauntyd to the forseyd churche of Godstowe the churche of esdome & a yerde of londe of hys owne demayne, & tythe of the same towne a-fore-sayd. He, hys wyf, & hys sone, gafe & grauntyd*. [In margin is put: '¶ for Sewkeworth.'] all these thynges to be hadde for euyr in almys to the churche of Godstowe, And gaf goddys-curs to all aduersaries & by-nemers*. [Latin is: 'ablatores.'] of thys gyft, & prayed veniaunce of god to falle to hem: these beynge wytnes: & is with-out date.

Page  44
A chartur of Robert of Seuecorthe for the same.

About 1200. Grant to Godstow, by Robert of Seuke|worth, of the tithes of two full|ing-mills.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, that Robert of Sevecowrthe gaf & grauntyd & confirmyd wīth hys chartur, with the assent of hys eyerys, to god & to our lady Seynt Marie & to seynt John Baptist of Godstowe, & to the mynchons there seruinge god, for the helthe of hys sowle, & of hys aunceturs, in-to pure & perpetual almes, tythe of hys two myllis fuleree in Seve|cowrthe, & that hys gyft shulde be sure, & neuer be broke, he made hyt stronge by settynge to of hys seele; these beynge wytnes: & is with-out date.

*. [[NOTE.—The mills of which the tithes were given by the father (no. 25) were corn-mills (the Latin having 'in bladis et nummis et piscibus'). These, in the son's gift, must be different, being fulling-mills for the felting of woollen-cloth ('decimas duorum molendinorum meorum fuleree in Seuecordia').]]
[Exchequer-MS. folio 2] Grant by William, lord of Seuekeworthe, to the church of St. Mary of Sewkeworth.

About1240. Grant by William of Sewke|worth, to the church there, of tithe of the meadow held by Godstow (no. 25).

I, William of Seuekeworthe, grant to the church of Sewke|worth the tithe of that meadow which my ancestors gave to Godstow, and, in augmentation of the tithes, if they are in|sufficient, pasture for two oxen in my meadows with my own oxen in wood and plain, etc., and the half of the water-course of Dudwell. Confirmed by the seal of the bishop of Salisbury. Witnesses:—Thomas, then vicar of Sewkeworth; William Moreton, archdeacon of Berkshire and dean of Abingdon; Walter of Sewkeworth; Robert of Boteley.

WYTHAM.
[Charters about Godstow conduit.]
[folio III(15)] A chartur I-made to the couent of Godstowe by Robert fiȝt vincent.

About 1135. Grant to Godstow, by Robert, son of Vincent, of a site near Wytham, for a collecting|reservoir, and of leave to bring the connecting pipe over his lands.

THE sentence of thys dede is, that Robert*. [See his gift of land in 1138/9 (no. 4).] the sone of vyncent, lord of Wyhtham, hath grauntyd & confirmyd to the Mynchyns of Godstowe, for the helthe of hys soule & many othyr rehersyd, a plase to make an hede of her water cundit, to haue Page  45 for euyr vppon hys londe the whyche lyeth be-twene the londe of the church of Wyhtham & the lond of Iohn of appelford in the secund furlonge of the longe more toward Wyhtham. Also he hathe grauntyd to the same Mynchyns, to make & brynge the seyde water cundit to the cowrt of Godstowe, as wel by hys arable lond, Medewe, & al maner londes of hys tenauntes for euyr, vndur the same condicion that the damage in the defaute of the reparacion [folio IIIb(15b)] of the same mow be satysfyed, as it is seyd in the dede next a-fore*. [Now no. 29.]. And is with-out date.

a chartur of Robert calamunt for the cundit.

About 1135. Grant to Godstow, by Robert Calamunt, of rights, as in no. 28.

THE sentence of thys dede is, that Robert Calamunt*. [Probably the same as Robert, son of Vincent.] of Wyhtham hath grauntyd & confermyd to the Mynchyns of Godstowe free lycence to make a cundit to her cowrt of God|stowe bothe by hys arable londe & also by hys medewe, vndur the condicion that they satisfye & make good to hym thorow whose londys they make her cundyt for the harmys, by the discrescion of neyburs, for his hurt in the defaute of reparacion of the same: & is with out date.

[folio III(15)] a chartur of Robert Newman made to þe couent of Godestowe of þe cundit at wytham.

About 1200?. Grant to Godstow, by Robert Newman, of an en|largement of the reser|voir-site, and right of entry to repair.

THE sentence of thys dede is, how that Robert Newman of wyhtham yaf and grauntyd, in pure & perpetual almys, for hym & hys eyrys, to the Mynchyns of Godstowe & here successours, a parcell of lond, xij. fete of lengyth & x. of brede, in largeing & augmentynge the hede of the cundyte & for the howse byldynge there-vppon, the whyche hede was grauntyd of Robert the sone of Vincent, as hyt shal be more playnly shewyd in the next dede folowynge*. [Now no. 28.], with fre entres and re-intres to belde & repayre the same. Also he grauntyd that the forsayd Mynchyns mowe repayre & amend the forseyd cundyt, aftur her owne wyll, as oft as nede requiryth, so that for the harmys be made amendes by the dyscresion of Neyburs to hem that be hurtyd by occasyon of suche reparacion, & cetera. And is with-out date.

*. [[NOTE.—I take this conduit to be for the supply of drinking water to the nunnery. Somewhere beyond the village of Wytham, a reservoir seems to have been con|structed to catch one of the springs which gush out of the foot of the Berkshire Page  46 hills. Mr. H. Hurst points out the difficulty of supposing engineers at that date to be capable of conducting a stream of water under the branches of Thames which lie between Wytham and Godstow. But Oseney Abbey (Wood's City of Oxford, ii. 205) was supplied by a reservoir at North Hincksey, and portions of the lead-pipe (enclosed in stone), by which the water was conveyed across the Thames valley and probably under the streams, have been dug up in modern times. Otho Nicholson's conduit (Wood, i. 441) at Carfax, built in 1610, of which the reservoir|house still stands on the slope of Hincksey hill, is a later and more famous example. Mr. Hurst has drawn my attention to a remarkable work to supply the tanks within the nunnery enclosure and the large fishponds outside. To the west of Godstow there is a small, winding branch of Thames, called 'Wytham brook.' From this, by a straight artificial canal, a stream of water was led along most of the west side of the gardens, parallel to the convent. When near the south-west corner, this canal turned sharply eastwards, was brought under the west wall by a fourteenth|century arch (which still remains), formed within the court two largish baths or ponds, passed through the east wall by an arch, no doubt fed the fishponds (which had one arm 65 yards by 9 yards, another 23 yards by 8 yards, both of about 4 feet deep: all filled up in 1887) which lay just south of the convent; and thence escaped to the Thames by a channel which was filled up in 1885. This was called the 'Sanctuary Stream.' The field enclosed between this stream on the west and the convent buildings on the east is called 'Sanctuary Field'; that west of it is called 'Sentry Field,' probably from memory of the 1645-6 campaigns. At the point where Sanctuary stream leaves Wytham brook, an elm-tree was blown down in 1899. The cattle, trampling over the spot, brought out the foundations of a rectangular building which had no doubt been erected to keep the water in the canal at a just level. Mr. Hurst, who made the discovery, thinks that this is the 'head' described in no. 28. I do not agree, for I cannot find here any 'arable land,' for the crossing of which (nos. 28, 29) permission had to be obtained. I must, how|ever, add that Mr. Hurst opines that the levels of the water round Godstow have been greatly altered, and that lands now meadow may have been formerly plowable.]]
[Dispute about tithe at Wytham.]
[folio IIIb(15b)] A chartur I-made by dyuers iuggys a-geynst þe person of wyhtham.

1244/5, Febr. 13. Commis|sioners appointed by pope GregoryIX, March 27, 1241, to determine a tithe-suit. Robert, parson of Wytham, claimed tithes of a croft in Wytham, and arrears for six years. Godstow claimed exemption, by papal privilege, because the croft is novale.

THE sentence of thys dede is, that the Prior of seynt Iamys of Northampton had receyuyd a maundment of Gregori pope, as hyt a-peryth by the wrytyng there "Nouerit vniuersitas vestra me mandatum domini pape," & sequitur,

Gregorius episcopus seruus seruorum dei, how that Robert, person of wyhtham, shewyd to hym & playnyd that the Abbas of Godstowe & here couent, Iohn lucy, prest, Roger wytham, & othyr clerkes & lay men of the diocesis of Lincolne & Salisbury, wrongyd hym & dyd vnryht to hym vpon certen possessions, tethys, dewteys & othyr thynges; wherefore oure holy fadur the pope be-fore rehersyd commaundid that the seyd Prior of seynt Page  47 Iamys shuld calle the partyes & here the cause by-twene hem, appele put a-syde, wronge & vnryhtful withholdynge cesynge; & that he shuld make a dewe ende by-twene hem. Also, that that he decreyd & ordeynyd be-twene hem, he shold charge ferme & stabiliche, to be kepyd by the censur of the churche. The wytnes that be callyd, yf they wythdrawe hem to sey the trowth, for fauor, haterede, or drede, that he shuld constreyne hem vndur peyne of curse, appele ceassynge & set a-syde. I-gyf at sent Iohn lateranense, the Modur churche of rome, the syxt kalendes of aprile the xv. yere of hys popehede.

By the autorite of thys maundement, the seyd prior before callyd the Abbas of Godstowe & her couent a-fore hym aftur the ordyr of lawe. A-geynst whom the seyd Robert, person of wyhtham, purposyd hys entent in thys maner. Robert, person of wyhtham, seyth a-geynyst the Abbas & couent of Godstowe that they a-geynst sey*. [i. e. refuse: 'contradicunt.'], a-yeynst ryht, to pay to hym, & to hys churche, tethys comynge forth of a croft callyd wydehey with in the boundes termys or markys of hys churche of Wyhtham, & longynge to hym aftur the comyn lawe: for thys cause, he askyth the seyd Abbas & couent of Godstowe to be constreynyde, by censur of the churche, to a graunt to be made of the seyd tethys to hym & to hys churche. Also he askyth in the name of arreragis of tethys take of the seyd crofte for vj. yerys passyd xviij. shillings aftur estymacion, the whych he desyrythe the seyd Abbas & Couent to be condempnyd in by the arbitriment of the forseyd prior: furthyrmore makynge a protestacion that, yf hyt be shewyd in ony wyse the seyd Abbas & couent to be free & excusyd by ony special priuilege for*. [Read 'from.'] the [folio III(16)] grauntynge of the seyd tethys, that, as the lawe iuggyth, he to leue of hys askynge & peticion. To whose intent was it answeryd in thys maner:—The Abbas & couent of Godstow seyn that the place markyd or shewyd, aftur, & in entent of, the seyd person, actor & doer, is not with-in the bondes of hys parisshe of wyhtham, & so he may not aske tethys ther-of by the commune lawe; &, yf the same place be with-in the boundes of the seyd parisshe, they be not bound to pay the tethys of hyt, for hyt is 'nouale,' that is to sey, a feld yerly tyllyd, or ellys euyry othyr yere. Also they byn excusyd & priuilegid by the pope fro the graunt of Page  48 suche tethis; &, to preue thys, they haue shewyd in iuggement the priuylege of the pope excusynge hem fro the payment of tethys of feldys yerly or euery othyr yer unmed*. [The translator has blundered over the contraction-form 'immunes,' and made it 'unmed.' The clause in the Latin is: et ips[a]e immunes sunt a petitione deci|marum de noualibus.']. It was askyd of the seyd person whether the seyde place wer of suche condicion or none. With hys owne mowþe he seyd: so*. [Read probably 'Some,' i. e. 'partly.' The Latin is: when it was asked of the plaintiff 'an dictus locus esset novale, con|fessus fuit in iudicio, viva voce, quod novale fuit pars.']. And vppon thys they*. [i. e. Godstow.] browht forth wytnes more in euyry excepcion*. [Latin: 'omni exceptione maiores,' i. e. too weighty to be cavilled at.] to preue that it was so. Then, whenne hyt was shewyd that the seyd person preuyd nothynge of hys entent, & hyt was shewyd opynly by confession made of the part in iuggement, & what by laweful preuynge & by preuylege of the pope, that they shuld be cler fro gyfynge of such maner tethys, we haue gyf for the sake of god the sentens in thys maner.

In nomine patris & f[ilii] & s[piritus] s[ancti] amen. Visis & inspectis & ce[tera].

Decision in favour of Godstow.

By the autorite of our holy fadur the pope we assoyle & lowse, sentencially & by iuggement, the Abbas & couent of Godstowe & her successours, in the name of the monastery, fro the vnryhtful askynge of the seyd Robert, person of the churche of wyhtham, of the gefynge of tethys askyd, & we put hym, hys successours, & hys churche, to perpetual silence vppon askynge of the seyd tethys.

To the whyche wrytynge hys seel I-put to is wytnes: The yere of the incarnacion of our lorde a thowsand two hundurd & fowrty. iiiio. Idus februarij in the church of seynt petur at Northehampton.

[Early charters about lands in Wytham.]

[NOTE.—At the dissolution, 1540, the only piece of Godstow property separately noticed (Monast. iv. 375) is 'Our Lady's House,' rented at 10s. The other Godstow lands in this parish were no doubt reckoned in with lands in Wolvercote as forming the home-farm of the convent, as described in Monast. iv. 376.]

Page  49 [folio IIIb(15b)] A chartur of vincent of wyhtham for the londe of Myddylhey.

About 1160. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Vincent, lord of Wy|tham, of his father's gift of Middle-ei and grant of a meadow (Revenere

THE sentence of thys dede is, that Vincent of Wyhtham hath grauntyd & confermyd to the Mynchyns of Godstowe the londe that is callyd midelei, the whyche Robert hys fadur gaf to the seyd Mynchyns, in perpetual almys, with hys thre dowhters in the same place Mynchyns. Also he hathe grauntyd, with assent & consent of mold hys wyfe & hys eyrys*. [An initial 'h' has been erased.], to the seyd Mynchyns, with hys two dowhters there I-sacryd to god, v. acrys of medewe of hys owne herytage, the whyche medewe is callyd reuenere, with all the purtenaunce, frely, for the helthe of hys sowle & aunceturs: & is with-out date.

*. [[NOTE.—The Latin is printed in Monast. iv. 363: Witnesses are Vincent's sons Robert, William, and John. The father Robert's gift was made at the foundation (no. 4).]]
[folio VIb(18b)] A chartur of Roger abbot of abendon of þe londe callyd pedderysham.

About 1180. Grant to Godstow, by Abing|don abbey (Roger, abbot, 1175|84), of a meadow, on petition of Henry II.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, that Roger, Abbot of Abendon, & all the couent of þe same place, by her commune assent yaf & grauntyd to the Mynchons of Godstow, for the loue of god & askynge of the kynge, in-to perpetual almys, the londe that is callid pedderesham. Thys londe is nyhe & boundynge to the gardyn of the Mynchons, conteynynge v. acris, & they willid that these v. acris sholde be firme & clene with|out ony c[h]alenge to the seyd Mynchons for euyr; & is with-out date.

[Later Charters about lands in Wytham.]
[folio 100] A Chartere of Richard Ieodewyne, of wightham, and Alice his wyf, confermyng to Thomas Pacokes a mesuage with a crofte and half an acre of arrable lond in the towne of wyghtham.

1369, June 29. Grant to Thomas Pacokes, by Richard and Alice Jeodewyne, of a mes|suage, croft, and half|acre, subject to quit-rent to Cale|mondes|place, and to the ward of Windsor, ½d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Richard Ieodewyne*. [This name is of Oxford interest, as giving a reasonable derivation of 'Jaw|dewyn's Lane,' 'Jaudewin's Market (Wood's City of Oxford, i. 132, 371).] of wyghtam and Alice his wyf hath yovene and graunted and by Page  50 there present chartire confermed to Thomas Pacokes a mesuage with a Crofte and an half acre of arrable lond liyng in the towne of wygtham, which they had of the yifte and graunte of Symond Ieodewyne, the which is sette bitwene the mesuage of Henry Boltere toward the Sowthe, and bitwene the lond of Richard Foxe toward the Northe: To have and to hold all the forsaid mesuage, with the forsaid Crofte and half acre of arrable lond, with all his other pertynentis, to the forsaid Thomas his heires and his assignes, Of the chief lordes of that fee, by seruice dewe and of right accustomed, for ever more, yeldyng therof yerely to the lord of a messuage which is called Calemondesplace viij. d. at the termes of Seynt Thomas the appostle, the Annunciacion of oure lady, the Natiuite of Seynt Iohn Baptist, and Seynt Michell the Archaungell, by evyne porcions; And to the warde of wyndesore, whan hit comyth, at every terme I-sette by the yere, i. obolus, For all other seruycis. And the forsaid Richard and Alice his wyf and ther heires, all the forsaid mesuage with the forsaid crofte and half acre of arrable lond, with all ther other pertynentis, to the forsaid Thomas his heires and his assignes ayenst all maner of peple shall warantiȝe for ever|more. In witnesse wherof to this present chartir they sette to there seales. Thise beyng witnesse, Robert of wygtham, william of Sanford, Raaf wheler, Thomas atte Hole, walter Mason, Symond Corpel, and many other. The date at wygt|ham, the xxix. day of Iuyn, In the yere of the reigne of kyng Edward the thirde after the conquest xliijti.

A Chartere of Thomas Pocokes of wytham confermyng to william Brothure of the same, and Edithe his wyf, Luce and Alexandre theire children, a mesuage and an acre of arrable lond, to the same mesuage liyng, in wytham, called Cartersplace.

1369/70, Febr. 3. Grant to William Brothur, by Thomas Pocokes, of Carter's|place (no. 34).

THE sentence of this charter is, that Thomas Pocokes of Wytham hath yoven and graunted and by his present charter confermed to William Brothure of the same, and to Edithe his wyf, Luce and Alexandre [folio 199b] theire children, a mesuage and an acre of arable lond liyng to the same mesuage, in wytham aforsaid, the whiche is called Cartersplace, and hit is I-sette Page  51 next the mesuage that is called Boltaresplace: To haue and to holde, the forsaid mesuage and the said acre of lond with all his pertynentis, to the forsaid William, Edithe, Luce and Alexandre and to theire heires and to theire assignes, Of the chief lordes of that fee, by seruycis therof dewe and of right accustomed, for evermore. And the forsaid Thomas and his heires the forsaid mesuage and the seid acre of lond with all his pertynentis, to the forsaid William, Edithe, Luce, and Alexandre, and to there heires and theire assignes, ayenste all maner of peple shall warantiȝe and defende for ever-more. In witnesse wherof to this present charter he sette to his seale. These beyng witnesse, Robert of Wytham, Sire walter, person of the chirche of wytham, Symond Cogbel, Thomas of wormenhale, Clerk, and many other. The date at wytham, the Sonday next aftir the fest of the Purificacion of oure Lady seynt Marie, In the yere of the reigne of kyng Edward the thirde aftir the conquest xliiijti.

A Chartere of Symond Ieodewyne of wyghtham confermyng to Raynold atte wykes and to william atte wykes all his place in wyghtham and half a yerde lond with medis lesues pastures and all other pertynentis longyng to the same place.

1378, June 6. Grant to Reginald at Wyke, by Simon Jeodewyne, of a mes|suage and a half yard|land, called Young|Cale|mond's|place.

THE sentence of this charter is that Symond Ieodewyne of wyghtham yaf graunted and by his charter confermed to Ray|nold atte wykes and to william atte wykes all his place in wyghtham aforsaid, and one half yerde of lond, with medis, lesues, pasturis, and all other pertynentis, liyng to the same place: Whiche forsaid place is called yonge Calemondesplace: To haue and to hold, the forsaid place and half yerde lond, with medys, lesues, pasturis and other his pertynentis, to the forsaid Raynold and william and to theire heires and theire assignes, Of the chief lordis of that fee, by seruyce therof dewe and of right accustomed, for evermore. And the forsaid Symond and his heires the forsaid place and half yerde lond, with medys, lesues, pastures and other his pertynentis, to the forsaid Reynold and William and to there heires and there assignes ayenste all maner of peple shall warantiȝe for evermore. Also the forsaid Symond yaf and graunted vnto the same Raynold and william [folio 200] all his goodes and catalles, mevable and vnmeuable, which he Page  52 had in the towne and feldis of wyghtham aforsaid or in any other place in any wise for hens-forthe to be chalenged of them or ony of them. In witnesse whereof to this present chartere he put to his seale. These beyng witnesse, Robert of wightham, Thomas atte hole, william Tatyn, william Sandford, Thomas Padbury, Walter Daundeseye, Robert Carter and othere. The date at wightham, the vjte. day of Iuyne, In the yere of the reigne of kyng Richard the Seconde after the conquest the First.

A Charter of Alexandre, the sone of Edithe late the wyf of william Brethere of wyghtham, confer|myng to Symond Ieodewyne the yonger of wight|ham, and to Iuliane his wyf, a mesuage with a crofte and half an acre of arable lond.

1382/3, Jan. 6. Grant to Simon Jeodewyne, junior, by Alexander Brothur, of no. 35.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Alexandre, the sone of Edithe late the wyf of william Brether of wightham, hath yoven and graunted and by his charter confermed to Symond Ieodewyne the yongere of wightham and to Iuliane his wyf a mesuage, with a crofte and half an acre of arable lond to the same mesuage liyng, and his pertynentis, in wightham aforsaid, which mesuage is I-sette bitwene the tenement which at that tyme Richard Bolles held on the south partye, and the crofte called Chalcrofte of the north partie, and the same acre of arable lond lieth in the same crofte: To haue and to hold, the forsaid mese and Crofte, with half an acre of arable lond and the pertynentis, to the forsaid Symond and Iulian his wyf and to the heires and assignes of the seid Symond for evermore, Of the chief lordis of that fee, by seruyces therof dewe and accus|tomed. And the forsaid Alexandre and his heires the forsaid mese and crofte, with half acre of arable lond, and his perty|nentis, to the forsaid Symond and Iuliane his wyf and to the heires and the assignes of the same Symond ayenst all maner of peple shall warantiȝe and defende for euermore. In witnesse wherof to this charter he sette to his seale. These beyng wit|nesse, Robert of wightham, william Tatyn, Symond Ieodewyn the eldire, Thomas atte hole, Thomas Padbury, walter Daundesey, and othere. The date at wyghtham, the vj.te day of Ianyvere, In the yere of kyng Richard the seconde after the conquest of Englond the vjte.

Page  53A relese and quyteclayme of Alexandre, the sone of Edithe late [folio 200b] the wyf of william Brethere of wightham, I-made to Symond Ieodewyn the yonger of wightham and to Iuliane his wyf [of] all the right that he had in a mese and a crofte and half acre of londe.

1382/3, Jan. 12. Quit-claim to Simon Jeodewyn junior, by Alexander Brothur, of all right in no. 35.

THE sentence of this quyte-clayme is, that Alexandir, the sone of Edith late the wyf of william Brether, relesed and all-wey for hym and for his heires for euermore quyteclaymed to Symond Ieodewyn the yonger of wightham, and to Iuliane his wyf, and to the heires and assignes of the same Symond, for euermore, all the right and clayme which he had or myght haue in any maner wise in a mese with a crofte and half an acre of arable lond liyng to the same with his pertynentis in the towne and feldes of wightham, So that neither the forsaid Alexandre, neithere his heires, nor none other in his name, ony maner right or clayme in the forsaid mese with crofte and half acre of arable lond and his pertynentis nor in no parte therof fro hens-forth make ony chalenge for euer, But fro all maner of right and clayme in the same by this present writyng for euermore to be vttirly excluded. Furthermore, the forsaid Alexandre and his heires the forsaid mese with crofte and half acre of arable lond and his pertynentis to the forsaid Symond and Iuliane and to the heires and assignes of the same Symond ayenst all maner of peple shall warantiȝe for euer. In witnesse wherof to this presente writyng he hath sette to his seale. These beyng witnesse, Robert of wightham, William Tatyn, Symond Ieodewyn the eldire, Thomas atte hole, Thomas Pad|bury, Walter Daundeseye, and other. The date at wightham, the xij. day of Ianyvere, In the yere of the reigne of kyng Richard the seconde after the conquest of Englond the vjte.

A Chartere of william Tatyn the Elder and Iohn Missenden of Abyndon confermyng to Symond Iudewyn the Yonger of wytham there tenement beyng in the towne of wytham next to the mese of Richard Bollus.

1388/9, Jan 10. Quit-claim to Simon Jeodewyn junior, by W. Tatyn and J. Missenden (possibly husbands of William Brothur's widow and daughter: no. 35), of all right in no 38.

THE sentence of this charter is, that william Tatyn the elder and Iohn Mussyndene of Abendon hath yoven and Page  54 graunted and by there present charter confermed to Symond Iudywyne the yongere of wytham a tenement beyng in the towne of wytham next to the mese of Richard Bollus; To haue and to hold, all the forsaid tenement, with all his pertynentis all about, Of the chief lordes of that fee, to the forsaid Symond his heires or his assignes, frely quyetly holy wele and in pease, rightfully for euermore, by seruyce therof dew and of right accustomed. And the forsaid william and Iohn and [folio 201] there heires the forsaid tenemente, with all his pertynentis all aboute, to the forsaid Symond his heires and assignes, ayenst all maner of peple shall warantiȝe and surely defende for ever-more. In witnesse wherof to this present charter they sette to there seales. These beyng witnesse, Robert of wytham, walter Daundeseye, william Sanford, Thomas Padbury, Iohn Pynche, and othere. The date at witham, the x. day of the moneth of Ianyvere, In the yere of the reigne of kyng Richard the Seconde after the conquest the xij.

A Charter of Symond Ieodwyne of wightham and Iuliane his wyf confermyng to william atte wyk and to Raynold his sone an acre and an half acre of arable lond, and an acre of mede, & cetera.

1396, June 21. Grant to William at Wyke by Simon Jeodewyne, of land and meadow, possibly as security for a loan.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Symond Ieodwyne of wightham and Iuliane his wyf hath yoven and graunted and by there present charter confermed to william atte wyk and to Raynold his sone an acre and one half acre of arable lond and one acre of mede, wherof one half acre of lond aforsaid lieth in the vppirmost feld of the towne of wightham towarde the Cotage of the parson of wightham, and one half acre lieth in the Rede lond, and another half acre lieth in Depford, And half an acre mede lieth in the mede aboue vndir Godestowe, and a yerde of mede lieth in Schedday, And a-nothere yerde mede lieth in Horshey: To haue and to hold, the forsaid ij. acres and half acre of lond and mede, with all theire pertynentis, to the forsaid William and Raynold his sone and to there heires and assignes, Of the chief lordes of that fee, by seruyces ther-of dew and of right accustomed, for evermore. And the forsaide Page  55 Symond and Iuliane and there heires, the forsaid ij. acres and an half of lond and mede with all his pertynentis, to the forsaide william and Raynold his sone and to there heires and assignes, ayenst all maner of peple shall warantiȝe for evermore. In witnesse wherof to this present charter they have putte to there seales, Thise beyng witnesse, Robert of wightham, william Tatyn, Robert Carter, Thomas Paddebury, walter Daundeseye, Thomas Pocok, Iohn Lye, and other. The date at wightham, in the fest of whitsontyde, In the yere of the reigne of kyng Richard the second aftir the conquest of Englond the xix.

A Charter of william atte wyk and of Raynold his sone confermyng to Symond Ieodwyne and to Iuliane his wyf an acre and an half [folio 201b] of arable lond and an acre of mede in Wightham.

1398, June 2. Grant to|Simon Jeodewyne by William at Wyke, of land and meadow, as in no. 40.

THE sentence of this charter is that william atte wyk and Raynold his sone yaf graunted and by ther present charter confermed to Symond Ieodewyne of wightham and to Iuliane his wyf an acre and an half of arable lond and an acre of mede: Wherof one half acre of the forsaid lond lieth in the vppirmost feld of the towne of wightham toward the Cotage of the parson of wightham, and anothere half acre lieth in Redelond, and another half acre lieth in Depford, And half an acre of mede lieth in the mede aboue*. [i. e. 'above Under-Godstow,' a part of the village.] vndir Godestowe, and a yerde mede lieth in Shedday, and another yerde mede lieth in Horshey: To have and to hold, the forsaid ij. acres and an half of lond and mede, with all his pertynentis, to the forsaid Symond and Iuliane his wyf and to the heires and assignes of the forsaid Symond, frely to-gedir and in pease for euer-more, Of the chief lordes of that fee, by seruyce therof dew and of right accustomed. In witnesse wherof to this present charter they sette to ther seales. These beyng witnesse; Robert of wightham, william Tatyn, Robert Cartere, walter Daundeseye, Thomas Pokok, and other. The date at wightham, in the fest of the holy Trynyte, In the yere of the reigne of kyng Richard the second after the conquest of Engelond xxj.

Page  56A Charter of william Caldecote of Aylesbury and of Elizabeth his wyf confermyng to Symond Iede|wyne of wightham an acre and a butte of arable lond and a butte of mede, & cetera.

1404, Aug. 10. Grant to Simon Jeodewyne by William Caldecote, of a portion of the land described in no. 40.

THE sentence of this charter is, that William Caldecote of Aylesbury and Elizabeth his wyf hathe yoven and graunted and by ther present chartire confermed to Symond Iedewyne of wightham and to his heires and his assignes an acre of arable lond liyng in Byrweye in the feldis of wightham called Carters, and a butte of arable lond liyng in Litell Chaleueye, and also a butte of mede liynge in Shorte shuddaye at Stonelake, strecchyng hit-self into the water of Thamyse: To haue and to hold, the forsaid acre and butte of arable lond and the forsaid butte of mede, with his pertynentis, to the forsaid Symond and to his heires and to his assignes, for euermore, Of the chief lordis of that fee, by seruyce therof dewe and accustomed. And the forsaid William and Elizabeth the forsaid acre and butte of [folio 202] arable lond and the forsaid butte of mede with his pertynentis to the same Symond Iedewyne and to his heires and to his assignes ayenst al maner of peple shall warantiȝe and defende. In-to witnesse of the which thynge to this present charter they sette to there seales. Thise beyng witnesse, Robert wightham, Richard wightham, Roger Fulbeck, Thomas Pocok, Iohn Hote|hale, and other. The date at wightham, the x. day of August, In the yere of the reigne of kyng henry the Fourthe after the conquest of Englond the vth.

A Charter of Symond Iedewyne of wightham grauntyng and confermyng to Richard Bannebury, Richard Mountegu and Iohn Otale all his londes and tenementis that he had in the towne and feldes of wightham.

1408, July 8. Grant to three feof|fees by Simon Jeodewyne, of all his lands in Wytham, possibly on mortgage.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Symond Iedewyne of wightham yaf, graunted, and by his present charter confermed, to Richard Bannebury, Richard Mountegu, and Iohn Otale, all the londes and tenementis which he had in the towne and feldes of wightham aforseid; To haue and to hold, all the forsaid londes and tenementis, rentes and seruycis, with medys lesues and Page  57 pasturis, and all ther other pertynentis, to the forsaid Richard Bannebury, Richard Mountegu, and Iohn Otale, yeldyng therof yerely vnto the chief lordes of that fee seruyces dew and accustomed; And the forsaid Symond and his heires all the forsaid londes and tenementis, with all his pertynentis, to the forsaid Richard Bannebury, Richard Mountegu, and Iohn Otale, [and] to ther heires and assignes, ayenst all maner of peple shall warantiȝe and defende for euermore. Into witnesse wherof vnto this present charter he putte to his seale, These beyng witnesse: Iohn Eburton, Richard Wightham, Iohn Coventre, and many other. The date, the viij. day of Iuyll, In the yere of the reigne of kyng henry the iiij. after the conquest viij.

A charter of Iohn Leyot, deane of Chestire, con|fermyng to William Golafre an acre of arable lond called Carters and ij. Buttis of lond and mede in the feldis of Wightham.

1410, Sept. 14. Grant to William Golafre, by John Leyot, of land and meadow, as in no. 42. Quit-rent, 2½d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Iohn Leyot, deane of Chestire, yaf, graunted, and by his present charter confermed, to William Golafre an acre of arable lond called Carters liyng in Byrweye in the feldes of wightham, with ij. Buttis of lond and mede liyng in the feldes aforsaid, wherof one Butte of arable lond lieth in litell Chalueye, [folio 202b] And another Butte of mede lieth in Shorte shoddaye at Stanelak and hit strecchith into the watir of Thamyse: To haue and to hold, the forsaid acre of lond with the forsaid ij. Buttis and all there other pertynentis, to the forsaid william Golafre and to his heires and his assignes, frely to-gedire and in pease, Of the chief lordes of that fee, by seruyces therof dewe and of right accustomed, for euermore, yeldyng therof vnto the forseid Iohn Leyot, his heires, and to his assignes, in the fest of Seynt Mighell the archaungell ij. d. obolus of yerely rente duryng euermore for all othere seruyces and demaundes. And the forsaid Iohn Leyot and his heires the forsaid acre of arable lond with the forsaid ij. Buttis of lond and mede, with all there pertynentis, to the forsaid william Golafre and to his heires and his assignes ayenst all maner of peple shall warantiȝe and defende for euer in the forme aboueseid. In witnesse wherof to this present chartire he sette to his seale, These beyng witnesse: Iohn Golafre, Edmond Spersholt, Richard Page  58 wightham, walter daundeseye, Richard wodeford, Iohn Otale, Roger Bosse, and other. The date at wightham, the xiiij. day of Septembre, The yere of the reigne of kyng henry the Fourthe after the conquest the xjth.

A Charter of Robert Schelleston of Bokelond and Margery his wyf late the wyf of Symond Iedewyne of wightham confermyng to Iohn woderove of wightham and to Isabelle his wyf a mese called Cartersplace in wightham, & cetera.

1428/9, March 3. Grant to John Woderove, by Margery, widow of Simon Jeodewyne and now wife of Robert Schelles|ton of Buckland, Berkshire, of Carter's|place; as in no. 34.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Robert Schelleston of Bokelond and Margery his wyf late the wyf of Symond Iedewyne of wightham hath yoven and graunted and by theire present chartir confermed to Iohn woderove of wightham and to Isabelle his wyf a mese called Cartersplace, in wightham aforsaid, which is I-sette bitwene a voide place called Bolters of the South parte, and the lond that is called Prynkeshalfacre on the north parte: To haue and to hold, the said mese with londis, medis, lesues*. [i.e. lesues, leswes, or leasowes = pastures.], and pastures, with the pertynentis, to the forsaid Iohn woderove and Isabelle his wyf, to there heires and there assignes, for euermore, Of the chief lordes of that fee, by seruyces therof dew and of right accustomed. Into witnesse of the which thynge, to this present charter they sette to there seales, These beyng witnesse: Thomas Denton, Richard Burton, Thomas Gibbes, Richard Iedewyne, Mighell Norton, and other. The date at wightham, the thirde day of Marche, The yere of the reigne of knyge henry the Sixte aftir the conquest the vijth.

[folio 203] A Chartere of Iohn Wylcokys and Richard Smert confermyng to Iohn Woderove of wightham and to Iohane his wyf all that tenemente with gardeyne liyng to in wightham called Cartersplace with londes, medis, lesues, pastures, wodes, with all other pertynentes.

1430/31, Febr. 22. Grant to John Woderove, by two feoffees, of Carter's|place (as in no. 34), and lands which go with it, perhaps as cancelling of a mort|gage.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Iohn wilcokys and Richard Smert hath yoven, and by there present charter con|fermed, to Iohn woderove of wightham, and to Iohane his wyf, all that tenement with gardeyne liyng to, in wightham aforsaid, Page  59 called Cartersplace, with londes medowes lesues pastures wodes and all other pertynentis liyng to the same tenement, Which the forsaid Iohn wilcokkis and Richard late had of the yifte and feffement of the forsaid Iohn woderove as in the charter of the same Iohn woderove to them made more playnly hit appereth: To haue and to hold, the forsaid tenemente with gardeyne liyng to, londes, medis, lesues, pastures, wodis, and all his other pertynentes, to the forsaid Iohn woderove and Iohane his wyf and to ther heires and assignes, frely quyetly wele and in pease for euer, Of the chief lordes of that fee, by seruyces therof dewe and of right accustomed. And the forsaid Iohn wilcokkis and Richard and ther heires, the forsaid tenement and gardeyne liyng to, londes, medis, and all other pertynentis, to the forsaid Iohn woderove and Iohane his wyf and to ther heires and assignes, ayenst all maner of peple shall warantiȝe and defende for ever. In witnesse of the which thynge to this present charter they sette to theire seales, These beyng witnesse: Iohn Golafre, Squyere, william Fitȝ waryne, Hugh Roose, Thomas Denton, Henry Lucas, and other. The date at wightham, the thursday next before the fest of Seynt Mathie the Appostle, The yere of the reigne of kynge henry the Sixte after the conquest of Englond the ixth.

A Chartere of Iohn woderof of wightham and Iohane his wyf confermyng to Richard Stonley there cosyne all that tenement with gardeyne liyng to, in wightham, called Cartersplace, with londes medis lesues pastures and all other pertynentis.

1442, Nov. 5. Grant to Richard Stonley, by John Woderove, of Carter's|place (as in no. 34) and of parcel of Chalcroft, on entail.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Iohn woderof of wightham in the Counte of Berkshire and Iohane his wyf hath yoven, and graunted, and by there present charter confermed to Richard Stonley ther cosyne all that tenement with gardeyne liyng to, in wightham aforsaid, called Cartersplace, with londes, medis, lesues, pastures, wodes, and all other pertynentis longyng to the same tenement, which the forsaid Iohn and Iuliane late to-gedir had of the yifte and feffement [folio 203b] of Iohn Wylcokkys and Richard Smert of Bynsey, in the towne and feldes of wightham aforsaid, as in a charter of the said Iohn wylcokkys and Richard to them made playnly appereth. Also they yaf, and Page  60 graunted, and by ther present charter confermed, to the same Richard Stonley, iiij. Buttes of lond liyng in the north parte in Chalcrofte in wightham aboueseid: To haue and to hold, the forsaid tenement, gardeyne, lond, medys, lesues, wodis, and his pertynentis, and the forsaid iiij. Buttis of lond in Chalcrofte, to the forsaid Richard Stonley and to the heires of his body lawfully begote, Of the chief lordes of that fee, by seruyces therof dew and accustomed, for euer. And yf hit happe the same Richard Stonley with out heire of his body lawfully begote to dye, that than they wolle and graunte, by this present writyng, that the forsaid tenemente, gardeyne, lond, mede, lesues, wodes, and there pertynentis, And also the iiij. Buttis of lond in Chalcrofte aforsaid, shall remayne vnto kateryne, the modir of the forsaid Richard Stonley, and to her heires and assignes for evere: To be holde, of the chief lordes of that fee, by seruyces aboueseid, for euer. And the forsaid Iohn and Iohane his wyf and ther heires, the forsaide tenemente with gardeyne londis medis lesues wodes and there pertynentis, And also the forsaid iiij. Buttes of lond in Chalcrofte aboveseid, to the forsaid Richard Stonley and to the heires of his body lawfully begoten, and also, for defaute of such heires of the same Richard Stonley, to the forsaid kateryne Stonley and to her heires and to her assignes, ayenst all maner of peple they shall warantiȝe for ever. In witnesse of which thyng to this present charter they sette to there seales: These beyng witnesse: Robert Harecourt, knyght, Richard Harecourt, Squyere, william Gyles, Richard Blakeman of Eynesham, Robert Mulleward of the same, and other. The date at wightham aforseid, the v. day of the moneth of Nouembere, The yere of the reigne of kyng Henry the vjte after the conquest of Englond xxjti.

A Charter of Richard Stonley and kateryne Stonley confermyng to Thomas wylcokkis Clerk all that mese or tenement with a gardeyne liyng to in wightham called Cartersplace with all other pertynentis longyng to the same.

1453, July 4. Grant to Thomas Wilcocks, by Richard Stonley, of Carter's|place, and of parcel of Chalcroft.

[folio 204] THE sentence of this charter is, that Richard Stonley and kateryne Stonley hath yoven, and graunted, and by ther present charter confermed, to Thomas wylcokkis, Clerk, all that mese or Page  61 tenemente with gardyne liyng to, which is I-sette in wightham in the Counte of Berkshire, called Cartersplace, with londes, medis, lesues, and pastures, wodes, and all pertynentis to the same mese or tenement perteynyng in any maner wise: which forsaid tenement or mese, with all other before named, and ther pertynentis, the forsaid Richard late had of the yifte and feffement of Iohn woderof, late of wightham aforsaid, and of Iohane his wyf. Also they yaf, and graunted, and by ther present charter confermed, to the forsaid Thomas iiij. Buttes of arable lond liyng in a crofte called Chalcrofte, in the north parte of the same crofte, in wightham aforsaid: To haue and to hold, the forseid tenemente or mese, with gardeyne, lond, medis, lesues, pastures, wodes, and all other pertynentis, And also the forsaid Buttes of arable lond, with ther pertynentis, to the forsaid Thomas his heires and to his assignes, Of the chief lordes of that fee, by seruyces therof dew and of right accus|tomed, for ever. And the forsaid Richard and kateryne and ther heires, the forsaid tenemente or mese with gardyne, and also the forsaid iiij. Buttis of lond, and all that is before I-named, with all ther other pertynentis, to the forsaid Thomas and to his heires and to his assignes, ayenst all maner of peple shall warantiȝe for euer. In witnesse of the which thynge to this present charter they have putte to ther seales, These beyng witnesse: Thomas Denton the eldir, Thomas Denton the yonger, William Ielys, Iohn Langfeld, Iohn Denton, and other. The date at wightham aforsaid, the iiijth day of Iuyll, The yere of the reigne of kyng henry the vj. after the conquest xxxj.

A Charter of Thomas wylcokkis, Clerk, con|fermyng to Alexandre Martyne, Edmond Argenteine and Iohn Rudyng Clerkis all that mese with gardeyne liyng to called Cartersplace with londes, medis, lesues, pastures, wodis, vndirwodis and iiij. Buttes of arable lond with all ther pertynentis in wightham.

1465, Sept. 6. Grant to feoffees, by Thomas Wilcocks, of Carter's|place, and of parcel of Chalcroft.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Thomas wylcokkys, Clerk, yaf, graunted, and by his present charter confermed, to Alexandre Martyne, Edmond Argenteine, and to Iohn Rudyng, Clerkis, all that his mese, with gardeyne liyng to, in the towne Page  62 of wightham [folio 204b] in the Counte of Berkshire, called Cartersplace, with londes, medis, lesues, pastures, wodes, vndirwodes, and all other pertynentis overall. And also he yaf, graunted, and by his charter confermed, to the forsaide Alexandre, Edmond, and Iohn, iiij. Buttes of arable lond liyng in a crofte called Chal|crofte, in the north parte of the same crofte, in wightham aforsaid: which forsaid mese, with londes, medys, and all other before rehersed, late I*. [The translator retains the first person, by a slip.] had of the yifte and feffement of Richard Stoneley and kateryne his modir: To haue and to hold, the forsaid mese, with a gardeyne liyng to, londes, medes, and all his pertynentis, to the forsaid Alexandre, Edmond, and Iohn, to there heires and to ther assignes, Of the chief lordes of that fee, by seruyces therof dewe. And the forsaid Thomas and his heires, the forsaid mese, with gardeyne, and all other before named, to the forsaid Alexandre and Edmond and Iohn to there heires and to there assignes, ayenst all maner of peple shall warantiȝe for evermore. In witnesse of the which thynge, to this present charter he sette to his seale; These beyng witnesse: Iohn Denton, Thomas Peny, Clerk, William Hows, John Hows, John Fermere, and other. The*. [The last few deeds seem to have been copied into this English Register just subsequent to the completion of the trans|lation of the Latin Register. They are incomplete, affording no clue as to how these lands and houses came to Godstow.] date at wightham aforsaid, the vjte. day of Septembre, The yere of the reigne of kyng Edward the Fourthe after the conquest vte. [folio 204b]

Page  63

BUCKINGHAMSHIRE

BOARSTALL: see under Oakley

DINTON

[NOTE.—In pope Nicholas IV's Taxatio Ecclesiastica, 1291, the Godstow properties at Dinton and Little Missenden are put together as being in Wendover rural deanery, and are estimated to be worth £1 7s. 8d. yearly. At the dissolution, 1540, Godstow received (Monast. iv. 374) from 'Donyngton' rectory and the yardland at Ford £16 10s. yearly, and paid 2s. quit-rent to the earl of Huntingdon, and 8s. 5d. to the poor, by doles at St. Thomas the Apostle and Easter. The deeds relating to the hamlet of Ford are given under its own name.]

[folio XXVb(36b)] Chartur of Aliȝ of Mynchonsey of iij acris in doninton.

About 1170. Grant to St. Peter's church, Dinton, by Agnes of Myn|chonsey, of three acres, and the tithe of hay.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat Aliȝ*. [Agnes de Monte Canisio, or de Mun|chenesei, a great benefactress to Oseney (Rev. H. Salter).], þe dowhter of pagane þe sone of Iohn, gaf & grauntid, to god & to þe churche of seint petur of doninton, iij. acris of londe of her lordshippe, þe whyche lien vppon Ackenham nihe [folio XXVb(36b)] þe londe þat was bawdewyne fraunces, & all þe tithe of all her hei of doninton, in-to pure & fre & perpetuel almis, for the helthe of her sowle & of all her aunceturs: & þat her gifte sholde not be reuokyd a-geine, she strengthid hit with her writinge, & with her seele: & is with-oute date.

[folio XXVb(36b)] Chartur of Anneis of Mynchonsy þe dowhter of pagane þe sone of Iohn of a winde-mille in donynton.

About 1180. Grant to Godstow, by Agnes of Myn|chonsey, of a wind|mill and four acres.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat agneis*. [Agnes de Monte Canisio, or de Mun|chenesei, a great benefactress to Oseney (Rev. H. Salter).], þe dowhter of pagane þe son of Iohn, for þe helþe of his*. ['his' should be 'her.' The translator often makes this mistake in charters where a lady is the donor.] sowle & for þe helþe of all his*. ['his' should be 'her.' The translator often makes this mistake in charters where a lady is the donor.] aunceturs & of all his*. ['his' should be 'her.' The translator often makes this mistake in charters where a lady is the donor.] heiris, gaf & grauntid, in-to pure & fre & perpetuel almis, to god & to þe churche of our lady & of seint Iohn baptiste of Godestowe, & to þe Mynchons ther seruinge god, his*. [Agnes de Monte Canisio, or de Mun|chenesei, a great benefactress to Oseney (Rev. H. Salter).] winde-mille þat stondit vppon hoge wiþ-oute Page  64 þe towne of doninton, nyhe þe hy wei þe whiche strecchith fro Oxenford toward Alisburi, & iiij. acris of his*. [i. e. her.] londe þat bin next to þe wei & to þe mille & strecchen fro þe mille toward þe est, to be had for euir & to be hold, freli & quietli fro all seculer seruice: & þat her graunt shold be sure & sad*. ['Coram viris honestis fide confirmavit.'], she strengthid hit with her seele & is with-oute date.

[folio XXV(36)] A Chartur of agnes the dowhter of Pagane of þe churche of donington.

About 1180. Grant to Godstow, by Agnes of Mynchon|sey, of the rectory of Dinton, for endow|ment of the infirmary at Godstow, with a re|quest for a cell of Godstow at Dinton.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat agnes, þe dowhtur of pagane þe sone of Iohn, gaf & grauntid, to god & to þe churche of oure lady & of seint Iohn baptiste of Godestowe & to þe holi minchons þere seruinge god, nameliche to þe susteininge of seke mynchons of þe infirmarie*. for seke mynchons, note in margin.], for þe helþe of þe sowle of lorde henri kynge & of his sonis & of his grauntesire kynge henri & for þe helth of his*. [i. e. her.] owne sowle & of his*. [i. e. her.] predecessours & of his*. [i. e. her.] successours, his*. [i. e. her.] churche of donington, in-to perpetuell almis, fre & quiete fro all seculer seruice & exaccon, with all his pertinences, in tithis & offeringis, in londis & medis & pasturis. He*. [i. e. She.] grauntid also to þe foreseide holi minchons, if hit plesid god & þe Abbas of þe churche of Godestowe & to all þe couent, an howse of her profession to be sette in þe foreseide donington: & is with-oute date.

An oþer chartur of donington.

About 1180. The grant to Godstow, by Agnes of Mynchon|sey, of the rectory of Dinton (no. 52) is sub|ject to the life interest of the in|cumbent, who is to pay God|stow a pension of £6 13s. 4d. yearly. Request for a cell of Godstow at Dinton.

THE sentence of this chartur is, þat annes, þe dowhtur of pagane þe [folio XXVb(36b)] sone of Iohn, gaf & grauntid þe churche of doninton*. [MS. 'dominton.'], with all his pertinences, to þe Infirmarie of Godestowe to susteine seke minchons, in-to perpetuel almis & quiete fro all ertheli seruice, vndur this condicion þat Bartholmewe þe clerke, þe sone of Iohn clerke, sholde holde þe fore-seide church in-to a perpetuel vicariage, þat is to sei, in medis in pasturis & in londis, in tithis & in offeringes, & in all þinges perteininge to þe same churche, painge yerli to þe fore-seide minchons x. mark of siluer at iiij. termis, at cristemas, ij. marke & j halfe; at estur, ij. marke & j halfe; at þe fest of petur & poule, ij. marke Page  65 & j halfe; & at Mihelmas, ij. marke & j halfe: & þe fore-namid Bartholmewe sware & confirmid a-fore honest men, by his trowthe, þat he sholde finde þe sonys & þe dowhters of Iohn clerke his broþer aftur his power & aftur þat his goode miht suffise: &, aftur þe decese of þe fore-namid Bartholomew, þe fore-namid churche shold bide vtturli quite to the fore-seide minchons. Also if þe abbas & þe conuent of þe churche of Godestowe wolde make an abbey þat minchons shold dwell þere, if þei sawe þat hit were to þe profite & availe of all þe couent: and is wyth-oute date.

[folio XXVI(37)] The institucion of doninton bi Robert Archi|decun of Bukingeham.

About 1180. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Robert (of Burn|ham), arch|deacon of Bucking|ham, of no. 52.

THE sentence of this institucion is, þat Robert, archedecun of bukingham, willid to be know, to all pepull at þat time & þat were to come afterward, þat he had laufulli institute, & sette in, þe abbas of Godestowe, & all þe Couent of the same place, in þe churche of Doninton & in all his pertinences, & þat at þe peticion, axinge, and presentacion, of anneis of Minchonsey: & þat þis institucion sholde be ferme & sure, he confirmid hit with his seele & writinge.

Chartur of Raph of Mynchonsey of þe churche of doninton.

About 1180. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Ralph of Mynchon|sey, of his mother's gift, as in no. 52.

THE sentence of þis writinge is, þat raph of Minchonsei gaf & grauntid, & confirmid with his writinge, to god & to þe churche of our lady & of seint Iohn baptiste of Godestowe & to þe minchons þere seruinge god, þe churche of doninton, with all his pertinences, in-to perpetuell almis, fre & quiete fro all seculer seruice & exaccion, as anneis hir modur gaf & grauntid to þe foreseid Minchons, & as hir writinge wittnessith: & is with-oute date.

[folio XXXIX(49)] Chartur bitwene hugh aldrede of forde & william helie.

About 1330. Sale to William Helie, by Hugh Aldred, of 2½ acres, described in half-acre strips. Quit-rent, 5d.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat hugh aldred of forde gaf, grauntid, & confirmid, to william helie, for his homage & seruice, ij. acris & j half of his arable londe with all his pertinences, Page  66 liinge in þe bowndis of þe towne of donington: where-of j halfe acre lieth of þe weste side of þe gardine of þe courte of donington, bitwene þe londe of william hirke of þe sowþe side & þe londe of walter bisshopiston of þe norþe side, & strecchithe him-selfe towarde þe west in-to þe forowe of wature kniht & towarde þe est in la grene diche of þe west side of þe fore-seide gardine; & j acre liethe vppon goshei of þe weste parte, bitwene þe londe of Robert blake of þe sowthe parte & þe londe þat was of Gefrei burgeis of þe northe parte, & strecchithe him-selfe in-to þe kinges wei toward þe est, & j halfe acre of þe same acre more sowther strecchithe in-to þe forowe of edithe blakistan & an|oþer halfe acre more northe strecchiþe him-selfe in-to þe forowe of william paumer; & j halfe acre strecchith him-selfe in lengthe vppon þe hill fro þe felde of hedenham vn-to þe londe þat Richard albod helde toward þe est, & liethe in brede bitwene þe londe þat Richard cniht helde & þe londe þat Thomas fitȝ Godwine helde; & j halfe acre strecchith him-self in lengthe fro þe londe þat Robert dunston helde vn-to þe wei þat ledith to hedenham, & liethe in brede bitwene þe tenement þat william hirk hilde & þe arable londe of þe fore-seide william hirke: to be had & to be hold, of him & of his heiris, to þe fore-seide william of heilei & to his heiris or to whom-so-euir or whenne|þat-euir he wolde gif, biqueþe, selle, or assine hit for riht heritage, freli quietli pesibli & holli for euire, painge þerof yerli to him & to his heiris v. d of siluer at iiij. termis of þe yere, þat is to sei, at mihelmas j d qua., at martinmas j d qua., at cristemas j d qua., and at estur I-flowrid j d qua., for all seruices customs & demaundis: & for þis gifte graunt & confirmacion þe fore|seide william heilei gaf to him xl. shillings of siluer in warison: & þe fore-seide hugh aldred & his heiris warantiȝid acquitid & defendid þe fore-seide ij. acris & j halfe of arable londe with all his pertinences to þe fore-seide william heilei, & to his hei [folio XXXIXb(49b)] ris or to his assinis, ageiniste all men liuinge for euir, bi þe fore|seide seruice. In-to witnes þer-of he sette to his seele: & is with-oute date.

Page  67
FORD, in Dinton parish; see p. 63.
[Deeds about land.]
[folio XXXVIIIb(48b)] Chartur of philip fitȝ hugh west de la forde of j mese with þe pertinencis in the same towne.

About 1282. Sale to Godstow, by Philip West, of a croft and meadow, held of Godstow. Purchase money, £8 13s. 4d.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat philip fitȝ hugh west de la forde gaf, grauntid, & confirmid, to god & to þe churche of our ladi & of seint Iohn baptiste of Godestowe & to þe minchons þer seruinge god & to serue for euir, all his mese, curtilage, his hole crofte & mede dichid rownde a-boute & closid, in þe towne of forde, euin as þe markis shewin, bitwene þe seide mese & þe mese of henri bacun vppon þe est side & þe londe that sum-time was of pikot vppon þe west side, þe whiche mese curtilage and hole crofte & mede hugh his fadur helde sum time of þe fore-seide minchons in fee & heritage; to be had & to be holde, with all her pertinences, in medis pasturis & waters & all oþer fredoms longinge to þe fore-seide mese curtilage crofte & mede, of him & of his heiris or his assinis, to þe fore-seide minchons & to here successours, in-to pure & perpetuell almis, with-oute oni agein holdinge to him & to his heiris or his assinis for euir; & þe seide philip & his heiris or his assinis warantiȝid acquitid & defended for euir to þe fore-seide minchons & to here succes|sours þe fore-seide mese curtilage croft & mede, with all her pertinences, in all places & fredoms & eschetes, ageiniste alle men & women boþe Iues & cristinmen, with here owne costes: & for þis gifte graunt warantiȝinge acquitinge defendinge & confirminge, þe fore-seid minchons gaf to him xiij. marke of siluer a-fore hondis in warisone. Furþermore þat his gift graunt warantiȝinge aquityng and defendinge sholde be sure and stable for euir, he put to this writinge his seele: & is with-oute date.

[folio XXXIX(49)] A quiete-claime of henri weste de la forde of j mese with þe pertinences.

1282, April 23. Quit-claim to Godstow, by Henry West, brother of the vendor, of all title in no. 57.

THE sentence of þis quiete-claime is, þat henri west de la forde, þe sone of hugh west, relesid & vtturli quiete-claimid, for him & his heiris, to þe abbas of Godestowe & to þe minchons þere seruinge god, all þe riht & claime þat he had or in oni Page  68 wise miht haue in all þat mese, curtilage, crofte & mede I-dichid in euiri side & I-closid, as þe markis shewin, in þe town de la forde, bitwene þe mese & þe crofte of henri bacun & þe londe þat was sum time of Iohn pikot, þe whiche mese curtilage crofte & mede with all here pertinences philip his brother gaf & incharterid to þe fore-seide abbas & minchons of Godestowe, so þat noþer he ne none of his heiris sholde neuer aske ne chalenge oni riht or claime in all þat mese or in parte of þe curtilage crofte & mede a-fore namid. In-to witnes of þis þinge he sette to his seele: þe date at Godestowe, in seint Georgis dai þe martir, þe x. yere of þe reine of kinge Edwarde.

[folio XXXIXb(49b)] A quiete-claime of william heri for ij. cotages & ij. curtilages in þe town of ford.

1340/41, Febr. 19. Quit-claim to Godstow, by William Heri, of all right in two cottages.

THE sentence of þis quiet-claime is, þat william heri*. [Cp. 'Helie,' p. 65.] re|mittid relesid & vtturli quiet-claimid, for him & for his heiris, to dame margeri dine, abbas of Godestowe, & to þe couent of þe same place & to here successours, all his riht & claime þat he had or miht haue in oni wise in ij. cotages, with ij. curtilages liinge þer-to, in þe town of ford, þe whiche cotages with þe curtilages bin bitwene þe mese of agneis bacun & le buri wei, as certen markes þere yeuin & shewin; so þat noþer he noþer his heiris ne non oþer in his name miht not aske ne chalenge here-aftur in þe seide cotages with curtilages liinge þer-to oni riht or claime in time to come. In-to witnes here-of he put to his seele: þe date at Godestowe, þe monedai next aftur þe feste of seint valentine, þe xiiij. yere of þe reine of kinge Edwarde.

*. [[NOTE.—'14 of king Edward' would be 1285/6, but Margery Dine was abbess in Edward III's reign: and so it must be 14 Edward III.]]
[Deeds about the chapel of Ford.]
[folio XXXIXb(49b)] Courte*. [In the Latin copy: 'Curia tenta franci plegii pro canteria de la ford.']franciplege or lawdais I-holde for þe chaunteri of forde.

1313, May 1. Proceed|ings against Robert, vicar of Dinton, forneglect to supply services in the chapel of Ford, as provided for by an endow|ment, and fines imposed on him.

DONINGTON, at*. ['Ad visum franci plegii, tentum.'] þe lawdai, I-holde þe twisdai in þe feste of þe apostolis philip & Iacob, þe vj. yere of þe reine of kinge Page  69 Edwarde, william edrich, tetheman, & his felawis I-swore, pre|sentid þat þe chaunteri þat was wonid to be do in þe chapel of forde bi thre dais in euiri woke of þe yere, hit is withdrawe now bi sire Robert þe vicari þat is nowe; & þat þe seide chauntri of þe seide chapel was do [folio XL(50)] fro þe time of þe fundacion of þe seide chapell bi þe persons of donington, þe which haddin of þe lorde þat was þat time j yerde of londe in forde in-to helpe to þe seid chapel to be susteinid & þe seide chaunteri to be do; Also þei sein plainli þat, aftur þe churche of donington was gif to þe abbas of Godestowe, þe seide chauntri*. ['Dicta canteria semper extitit facta per quoscunque vicarios suos usque adven|tum cuiusdam Alani qui ibidem fuit vicarius per magistrum Robertum de Kenellworthe, qui maliciose et fraudulenter ad exher[ed]itationem domini.' Something seems left out.] was euer I-do bi all her vicaris vn-to þe comin of j alein þat was her vicare bi Mastur Robert kenelingworthe, whiche withdrowe maliciusli & gilfulli þe seide chauntri, to þe disheritinge of þe lorde; & for-asmuche as þe abbas of Godestowe, þe whiche holdiþe þe same yerde londe, iustifieth not her vicare to þe seide chauntri to be don, ideo*. ['Dicta canteria semper extitit facta per quoscunque vicarios suos usque adven|tum cuiusdam Alani qui ibidem fuit vicarius per magistrum Robertum de Kenellworthe, qui maliciose et fraudulenter ad exher[ed]itationem domini.' Something seems left out.] & cetera in mercemente; & for þat, þat sir Robert, þat was þat time vicare, knowlichith for to do þe fore-seide chauntri in full courte, & did hit not bi too yere to-gedur but with-drowe hit in-to preiudice of þe lorde, ideo*. [The ordinary formula of the manorial courts on finding a person guilty is 'ideo ipse est in misericordia,' the 'mercy' im|plying a fine not fixed by statute, but assessed by the two 'affeerers' of the court itself.] & cetera.

*. [[NOTE.—The date is given as '6 Edward,' which, if Edward I, would be 1278, but in that year May-day fell on a Sunday. The year is probably 6 Edward II (see preceding section), 1313, in which May-day fell on Tuesday. The proceedings were taken in the court leet of Dinton manor, on presentation by the sworn jury of tithing-men (decenarii).]]
[folio XXXIXb(49b)] An eschete ageinist þe vicari of doningto[n] for þe chaunteri of þe forde.

About 1356. Proceed|ings in the king's court for Bucking|hamshire against Thomas Malet, vicar of Dinton, for failing to provide services in Ford chapel.

THE sentence of þis euidence is, þat petur of Salford, escheter of þe kinges in bokingham-shire, to Iohn Stokes, Richard wedon, & hugh michel, of þe kinges be-halfe commaundid, to the[m] I-ioinid to-gedur & to eueriche of hem, þat all þei or on of hem sholde distreine Thomas, vicari of þe churche of donington, þorow all his londis & catall in his bailif-wike, & þat þei sholde answere of þe getinge of þe same to þe kinge, so þat he Page  70 shulde finde a chaplein to singe masse in þe chapel of forde euiri woke in þe yere bi thre dais, where-to þe seide Thomas & all his successours bin bounde fro time oute of minde for j yerde|londe þat þe ladi of donington gaf to þe seide abbas of Godestowe in-to pure and perpetuel almis, & for to satisfi for þe time of withdrawinge of þe fore-seid chauntri bi viij. yere apaste & more, as hit is I-preuid bi inquisicion I-made a-fore me: & how þe commaundiment is executid, let me haue knowliche at next shire. In-to witnes of þis þinge þe seele of þe foreseid shreuehode was put þer-to.

[folio XL(50)] Sentence vppon þe chaunteri of þe chapell of Forde.

1356, Sept. 20. Promise by Thomas Malet, vicar of Dinton, made in the ec|clesiastical court, that he will provide the services in Ford chapel.

[folio XLb(50b)] THE sentence is þis, þat sir Thomas malet, vicari of þe churche of donington of lincolne diocese, comperinge personalli a-fore mastur william downe, officiall of lincolne, in þe dai & place with-in I-wrete, seide þat he wolde cese strife I-meuid a-geiniste him a-fore þe discrete man, mastur Iohn Cudington, person of þe churche of Staunton seint Iohn, his commissarie special in þis parte, at þe instance of þe religious women, abbas & couent of þe monasteri of Godestowe of þe seide lincolne diocese, for þe occasion of with-drawinge of a chaunteri in þe chapell of Forde with-in þe parisshe of þe seide church of donington sette. þe fore-seide vicari offred him-selfe a-redi to stonde to þe lawe thorowe all þinges & to supporte þe burdon of þat chaunteri aftur þe custome of time I-passid a-fore; (& so forth hit folowith, euin þe same sentence worde for worde as hit is I-write in þe iuggement a-fore*. [Now no. 64.].) & vppon þis he gafe iuggement þat, aftur his owne wilful confession he sholde be bownde to kepe þe seide chaunteri & to supporte hit, & þe iugge sittinge in iuggement condempnid him lawfulli & customabli þorowe all þinges. In-to witnes of þese thinges he lete write & to publisshe þis opin instrument þat is I-write hole in [the] boke of euidences & to strengthe hit bi þe hanginge to of his seele. These þinges were I-gife & actid in þe parisshe of Carthrop of lincolne diocese þe yere fro þe incarnacion of our lorde, aftur þe cowrse & cowntinge of Inglonde, Millesimo CCCo lvj, þe ix. indiccion of þe bisshophod of þe moste holi fadur in crist & Page  71 lorde, lorde Innocent þe vj., pope, þe iiij. yere, þe xx. dai of septembre. & to kepe all þe fore-seide þinges & neuer to do ageiniste hem or oni of hem, þe fore-seide vicari made a bodili oþe, towchinge with his hondis the holi godspellis. & henri Elsham, clerke of þe seide diocese, a-fore a commune notari, sawe herd & wrote all þese þingis a-fore, & I-praiide made all þese actes to be turnid in-to a commune forme & sinid hit with his sine & name, in-to feiþe & witnes of þe þinges a-fore I-put.

Instrument opin of þe chaunteri of Forde.

1356, Sept. 20. Acceptance of promise (as in no. 62) by the bishop of Lincoln's official.

THE sentence of þis instrument shortli is, þat aftur þat he had made a wilfull knowlich & submittid him selfe to supporte þe seide chaunteri, þe seide commissari, mastur william downe, assoilid him, & lete make vppe þe instrument with his seele I|sette to & þe sine of þe notari aforseid.

[folio XL(50)] Iugement I-made bi þe officiall of Oxenford.

1356, Sept. 24. Formal de|cision of the ecclesi|astical court as to the services in Ford chapel, repelling the vicar of Dinton's plea of the poverty of his vicar age, and binding him to perform them.

THE sentence of þis iugement was þis, þat religius men, þe abbot of osenei, & þe prior of frideswith, & þe denis of Oxen|ford & of wendouer, of lincolne diocese, assinid iugges bi þe official of lincolne, bi-twene Thomas malet, vicari of donington of þe seide diocese, & þe abbas of Godestowe & þe couent of þe same place, comperid a-fore hem sittinge in iugement: where þe seide Thomas knowliche þat boþe he & his predecessours vicarijs, of þe seide churche, did to be do a chaunteri in þe chapel of forde, monedai, wodenisdai, & fredai, eueri yere; & þei knowlechid þe burdon of þe supportinge of þe same chaun|teri with her owne costis, & þat þei were wonid to do, support, & knowe, & make to be seide, diuine seruices þere, bi a conue|nient chaplein, þe fore-seide dais, with her owne costes; & þat þe same Thomas, for powrenesse of his vicariage, as he seide, withdrow þe fore-seide chaunteri bi certeine time, & wold not knowe þe burdon of þe same aftur þe vse & maner of þe time a-fore I-passid: willinge & consentinge expresli þat fro þat time forthe he wolde make to be do þat maner of chaunteri, & wolde bere þe burden þerof, like as hit was wonid; & þat he sholde be condempnid sentencialli bi þe seide iuggis to be vndur Page  72 supportid & know þe burdon perpetuell of þe fore-seide per|petuell chaunteri in þe seide dais. Aftur his owne propur confession I-do iudicialli a-fore hem, thei condempnid & com|maundid him þat he shold do þis maner of chaunteri to be do as he was spedili astreinid. For þis cause, & for his knowlich I-made a-fore þe seide official, þei, aftur his commission & maundement I-made to eueriche of hem & to all to-gedur, sholde condempne þe fore-seide vicari to do þe fore-seide þinges & to obei þe con|dempninge bi þe sensures of þe churche & þe aggreffe of hem spedili. Furþermore, þe seid official chargid hem to compelle him lawfulli, as ofte & whenne þei were requirid dewli, for þe parte of þe seide abbas & couent. To þe which all & eueriche to be do, he committid his stede to eueriche of hem, with þe powere of lawful constreininge; & what thei did in þis maters, þei sholde certifie bi here patente letters þe*. [Sic in MS. Something left out.] & processe of þis iuggement conteininge as ofte & whenne þei were requirid. The date at Staumforde, xxiiij. dai of the moneth of septembre, þe yere of owre lorde Millesimo CCClvj.

[folio XXXIXb(49b)] Confirmacion of Iohn bisshop of lincolne of þe chauntrie of þe forde.

1374, Sept. 22. Licence by John Bo|kyngham, bishop of Lincoln, to the inhabi|tants of Ford, sanc|tioning their having services said in Ford chapel by competent chaplains.

THE sentence of þis confirmacion is, þat Iohn, bisshop of lincolne, grauntid to men dwellinge & women in þe towne of forde, in þe parisshe of donington of his diocise, þat þei miht lete to sei masses to be seide, & oþer diuine seruices, lawfulli, bi conuenient chapleinis, in þe fore-seide chapell of þe towne of forde, so þat none oþer sacramentes of þe churche sholde be ministird þere; & leste þat oni preiudice wer do to þe person *. [persona = rector.] or vicari bi hit, he grauntid special licence to hem, bi þe tenowre of þis writinge, [to] presente vn-to þe nexte visitacion. In-to witnis of þis he put to þis present writinge his seele. The date at Sleford, xxij. dai of september, þe yere of oure lorde Millesimo CCClxxiiijo & of his consecracion xij.

*. [[NOTE.—This deed seems to imply that, since Godstow and the vicar appointed by Godstow failed to supply the services, the inhabitants now sought to do so by themselves paying a chaplain.]]
Page  73
HUGHENDON.

[NOTE.—The locality is fixed by the witnesses (Exchequer MS.), viz. Alexander of Hamden; Henry, parson of Hamden; William Russell of Coleshull; William Waud of Wicombe. This particular acquisition was soon lost amidst the Wycombe property of Godstow. There is no other separate mention of it.]

[folio 149b] A Charter of Raynold Denor fitȝ Richard I-made to Pagane of Godestowe for a Grove in his wode in the towne of Hegeden*. ['Hegenden' in the Latin copy (Ex|chequer MS.).], & cetera.

About 1200? Sale, for £1 8s., by Reginald of Denore, to Pain [probably steward] of Godstow, of a strip of wood.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Raynold*. ['Reginaldus de Denore,' ibid.] Denor fitȝ Richard yaf, & cetera, to Pagane of Godestowe, for his homage and seruyce and xxviij. shillings, the whiche he yaf to hym in warison, I grove of his wode in the towne of Hegenden, with his pertynentis, that is to sey, that [which] is I-called hegyng|grove, and hit strecchith hit-self in length toward the South and the northe bitwene the wey*. [i. e. the highway.] and the arrable lond, the which conteyneth in length, fro the Beche*. ['A fago': probably some conspicuous tree. Read: 'which contains in length from the beech at the north end to Stoni|croft, twenty-eight perches [measured] by the perch of eighteen feet' [used for measur|ing woodland]. So in Great Waltham manor, Essex, the arable was (1609) measured by 'the pole of 16½ feet,' but the woodland by 'the pole of 18 feet.'] to the north hede, by perche of xviij. fote, toward the stonycrosse by perchis of xviij. fote; and is in brede*. [i. e. in breadth at the south end.] toward the sowth hede, of ij. perchis and i. fote, and in the myddel, of v. perchis and an half, and at the north hede, beside the Beche aforsaid, of xxij. fete: To be had and to be hold, of hym and his heires, to them and to ther heires or whom-so-ever they wold yeve or assigne or bequeth hit, frely quyetly wele and in pease heritably and holy, with all fredom to the said grove perteynyng, yeldyng therof yerely to hym and to his heires or to his assignes i. d. at Mighelmasse, for all seruyce and exaccion and for all seculer demaund that myght be axed of the wode or lond: and Raynold aforsaid and his heires warantiȝed and defended all the forsaid grove, with all ther pertynentis, to the forsaid Pagane and to his heires or to whom-so-euer he wold yeve hit, assigne, or bequeth hit, ayenst all men and women, by the seruyce aforsaid. And that this yifte, & cetera.

Page  74
ICKFORD.

[NOTE.—First mentioned in pope Celestine III's confirmation, 1192. At the dissolution, 1540, Godstow held (Monast. iv. 373) two copyhold yardlands in Ickford, receiving from them 15s. yearly.]

[Exchequer-MS. folio 64] Charter of Bartholomew of ycforde.

About 1190. Grant to Godstow, by Bartho|lomew of Ickford, of a rent|charge of 6s. 8d., with feudal superiority over a virgate.

BARTHOLOMEW of Ycford, with leave of his lord Richard son of William, also with consent of his own wife Maud and his son William, for the souls of his father and mother and for the health of himself, his wife, and relatives, gave to Godstow half|a-marc of rent, viz. that land which Henry Flamang holds in Ycford with all its pertinents in wood and plain, etc., free from all services.

Witnesses:—Robert of Witefeld; Walter, chaplain of Gode|stowe; Robert of Bolebec; William of Baggehurst, etc.

[Exchequer-MS. folio 64] Charter of William son of Bartholomew of Hicford.

About 1190. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by William, son of Bar|tholomew, of no. 67.

WILLIAM son of Bartholomew of Hickford confirms to God|stow his father's gift, viz. of the yardland in Hickford, which Henry Flemyng held, and for which Henry Flemyng and his heirs are to pay Godstow half-a-marc yearly.

Witnesses:—Adam, Walerand, Jordan, and Walter, chap|lains of Godstow; William of Baggehurst; Fulc Brehille.

[Exchequer-MS. folio 64-64b] Charter of William of Hicford of a yardland.

About 1210. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by William, son of Bar|tholomew, of no. 67.

WILLIAM of Hicford gives to Godstow a yardland in Hicford, viz. that which his father*. [? Grandfather.] Bartholomew gave, viz. that which Henry le flamyng held.

Witnesses:—Robert le megre; Ralph Harang; Robert of Cesterton; Hugh le poure; Henry, steward of Godstow; Ralph, son of Ralph Harang.

Page  75
[folio 152] A Charter of henry Tullus of Ickeford, I-made to Robert Tullus, for a mese, with the pertynentis, in the towne of Ickeforde, and a yerde londe, with the partynentis, & cetera.

About 1220. Grant to Robert Tullus, by his father Henry, of a messuage and yard|land, late Henry Flemyng's, subject to 6s. 8d. quit|rent to Godstow.

THE sentence of this charter is, that henry Tullus of Ickeford yaf, & cetera, to Robert Tullus his sone, for his homage and seruyce, i. mese, with the pertynentis, in the towne of Ickeford and a yerde of lond, with mede and pertynentes longyng to the forsaid mese in the medys of Ickeford, the which mese and the which yerde lond henry Flemyng somtyme held: To be had and to be holde, to the forsaid Robert and to his heires or his assignes, of hym and his heires, in fee and heritage, frely and quyetly pesibly holy and fully, in weyes in pathes in medys in pasturis in waters and fedyngis, and with all libertees longyng to the forsaid lond, yeldyng þerof yerely to them and to ther heires i. d. at Mighelmasse, and to the Abbey of Godestowe half a marke, that is to sey, at the natiuite of seynt Iohn Baptist xl. d and at the fest of seynt Andrew thappostle xl. d, for all seruyce exaccion and demaund. And the forsaid henry and his heires warantiȝed aquyted and defended the forsaid mese, with the pertynentis, and the forsaid yerd lond, with the pertynentis, to the forsaid. Robert and to his heires or his assignes ayenst all men for euer. And that all these afore write thyngis, & cetera.

[folio 152b] A Charter of henry Tullus, I-made to Robert Tullus his sone, for a mese with the pertynentis and a yerde lond with mede and pertynentis longyng therto in the feldis of Ickeford, yeldyng therof the same rente as hit is I-writte in the charter afore next, worde by worde, & cetera.

Duplicate of no. 70.

A Charter of Emme, the wyf of henry Tullus, I-made to Robert Tullus her sone, for a mese with the pertynentis in the towne of Ickeford and a yerd of lond with the mede and pertynentis longyng therto.

About 1220. Confirma|tion to Robert Tullus, by his mother Emma, daughter of Henry Flemyng, of no. 70.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Emme, the wyf of henry Tullus, yaf, & cetera, to Robert Tullus her sone, for his homage Page  76 and seruyce, i. mese, with the pertynentis, in the towne of Ickeford, and i. yerde of lond, with mede and pertynentis longyng therto*. [in error for 'to.']the said mese in the feldis of Ickeford, the which mese and the which yerde lond henry Flemyng somtyme held: To be had and to be hold, to the forsaid Robert and to his heires or to his assignes, of her and her heires, in fee and heritage, frely and quyetly fully and holy, in weyes and pathes in medis and pasturis in watirs and fedyngis, and with other liberteis longyng to the forsaid lond, yeldyng therof yerely to her and to her heires i. d. at Mighelmasse, and to the Abbesse of Godestowe half a marke, that is to sey, at the Natiuite of seynt Iohn Baptist xl. d and at the fest of seynt Andrew xl. d, for all seruyce exaccion and demaunde. And the forsaid Emme and her heires warantiȝed aquyted and defended the forsaid mese with the pertynentis, and the forsaid yerde lond with the pertynentis, to þe forsaid Robert and to his heires or assignes ayenst all men and women for euer. And that thise, & cetera.

[folio 152] A Charter of Emme, the doughtir of fitȝ henry Flemyng, somtyme the wyf of henry Tullus of Ickeford, I-made to Richard her sone, for his lond with mede and mese with theire partynentis in the towne and feld of Ickeforde.

About 1220. Quit-claim to Richard Tullus, by his mother Emma, of all right in no. 70. Scutage reserved.

THE sentence of this charter is that Emme, the doughter of Henry Flemyng, somtyme the wyf of Henry Tullus of Ickeford, yaf & cetera to Richard*. [The Latin also has 'Richard.' The Christian name in nos. 70, 72 may be in error; or Robert may have died, and a brother Richard have taken his place.] his sone, for his homage and seruyce, all her lond, with mede and mese and other pertynentis longyng to the said lond, in the towne and feld of Ickeford, the which she held of the abbesse and couente of Godestowe. She yaf also and graunted to the same Richard all the right, fredom, and clayme that she had in the forsaid lond, with the pertynentis, or ever had or myght haue: To be had and to be hold, with all the pertynentis and [folio 152b] liberteis, of her and her heires, to the forsaid Richard and to his heires or his assignes, frely quyetly wele and pesibly, bothe with-out and with-in the towne, in all Page  77 placis and esementis longyng to the said lond, yeldyng therof yerely to the Abbesse and Couent of Godestowe half a marke of siluer at ij. termes of the yere, that is to sey, at the Natiuite of seynt Iohn Baptist iij. shillings iiij. d, And at the fest of seynt Andrew the appostle iij. shillings iiij. d, for all seruyce seculer, customs, and exaccions, sutis of courtis, and all demaundis, savyng kyngis seruyce also moche as longith to the same tenement of the same towne of the same fee. And the forsaid Emme and her heires warantiȝed aquyted and defended all the forsaid lond, with all the pertynentes afore-named, as hit is aforsaid, to the forsaid Richard and to his heires and assignes, by the forsaid seruyce, ayenst all men for ever. And for this yifte, graunte, & cetera, the said Richard yaf to the mynded Emme xl. shillings of sterlyngis before handes into warison. And þat þis, & cetera.

[Exchequer-MS. folio 64b] Charter of John of Hicford.

1294/5, Jan. 14. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by John of Ickford, of no. 70.

JOHN of Hicford confirms to Godstow the yardland given by his father*. [His ancestor?] Bartholomew, viz. that which Henry le flemyng held.

Witnesses: John son of Nigel, knight; John of Greynvyle of Chilton; Odo of Watlington; Edmund of the park of Wodestoke.

At Godstow, morrow of St. Hilary, 1294.

[Exchequer-MS. folio 64b] Charter of a yardland in Hicford of the gift of Sir Thomas of Appleton.

About 1300? Grant to Godstow, by Sir Thomas of Appleton, of a messu|age and yardland.

SIR THOMAS of Appleton, knight, gave to Godstow a messuage in the town of Hicford with a yardland and the meadow belong|ing to it, which Roger son of Hereward fulb. once held in vilinage, free of all service.

Witnesses: Sir Fulk of Ruycote, knight; William, master of Godestow; William, chaplain of Godestow; John, son of Nigel of Borstalle.

Page  78
LITTLE MISSENDEN.

[NOTE.—At the dissolution (1540) the land Anfric in Little Missenden parish yielded Godstow £3 6s. 8d. yearly: Monast. iv. 374.]

[folio VIIb(19b)] A quiet clayme of certeyn londes made to þe A[bbess] of G[odestowe] by R[alph] Chendut.

1258/9, March 23. Sale to Godstow, by Ralph and Agnes Chendut, of land called An|fric, late held by Sir Ralph of the checur Sale-price £35 6s. 8d., besides taking his sister-in|law Ka|therine into a nun's place with|out a por|tion. The sellers to find their own and their servants' 'horse and harness' while ob|taining con|firmation in the king's court. Payment to be in two instal|ments, (a) at God|stow, when Katherine enters Godstow, (b) at a place to be agreed upon, when confirma|tion is got. Godstow is bound to these con|ditions, by distraint over lands of the fee of Richard, earl of Cornwall Ralph Chendut also binds himself to carry out these covenants. Ralph Chendut, after the king's court assented to the sale, must make a charter, confirming 'Anfric' to Godstow.

THE sentence of thys a-corde is, that bytwene the lady of Godstowe & the couent of that on party, & Raph Chendut & agnes hys wyfe of that othyr party, at Godstowe, the sonne-day in the whyche is songe 'letare Ierusalem,' the yere of kynge henry the sonne of kynge Iohn xliijo, so, that is to say, that the seyd Raph hathe left & claymyd to be in rest for hym selfe, by the consent & the assent of agnes hys wyfe & of hys heyrys, all the ryht & clayme that they haddyn or myht haue in the londe that is callid Anfric, the whyche sumtyme was of sir Raph of the checur, uppon ryngeshull*. [This, by the map, ought to be Kyngeshull.] in the parisshe of litil Myssynden, with all hys pertinences, in medewys, pasturys & in wodys, with out ony with-holdynge a-geyne, that may longe to hem or to her heyrys in ony maner of wyse, to the seyd Abbas & couent of Godstowe & to her successours for euyr. For thys quiete|claime & reles, the seyd abbas & holy mynchons of Godstowe yafe to the seyde raph & agnes hys wyfe liijo. marke & made katerine, the systur of the seyd agnes (wyfe of the seyd raph), Mynchon in the monasteri of Godstowe with the costys of the hows: & the same Raph, by the bettyr councell & prouidence of discrete men, with-out tariinge or slewthynge, al so sone as hyt myht lawfully be done, with the hows costys, he sholde more-ouyr make hys wyfe to make the seyd londe to be charturd in the kyngys courte, out-take that the seyd raph shal fynde hors & harnes to hym-selfe & to hys wyfe & to hem that were of hys howshold al so longe as they laboryd a-bout the purchesynge of the kyngys chartur; and the seyd holy my[n]chons of Godstowe shold pay to the seyd raph & agnes hys wyfe xxv. marke of the forseyd liij. marke in that day in the whyche the fore-seyd katerine sholde be delyuerd to hem to be norysshyd & to be made mynchon in the same place & in the whyche the Page  79 seyd penyes shold be payd; but whenne the chartur in the kyngys court was leueyid, in the place puruyid by the consent of both partys, all the residewe of the forseyd summe of money ouer xxv. marke vn-to liij. marke shold be satisfyed to the seyd raph & agnes hys wyfe by the seyd abbas & holy mynchons, in the same day þat the chartur was leueyid, a-fore*. [i. e. or before.] or the chartur wer deliuyrd [to] the seyd holy mynchons, vndur peyne of x. marke to be payd to raph & agnes hys wyfe to-gedur with the principal dette that was not payd. Also the seyde holy mynchons of Godstowe grauntyd that they myht dystreyne thorowe londys rentys & catell where-so-euyr they weryn in the power of the kynge of almayne by the baillys to the forseyd couenaunt surely to be kept yf they may dystreyne lawfully. And yf hyt happun that the seyd raph doo gylfully in ony maner wyse a-geynyst the forseyd couenaunt, that he shold be constreynyd to hold couenaunt by lyke dystreynynge; & yf hyt happun or case falle that in no wyse the forseyd couenaunt myht be stable and sure by the seyd raph & agnes hys wyfe, the seyd raph shold paye ageyne [folio VIII(20)] xxv. marke, payd by fore hond to the same raph, to the seyd holy mynchons with-in iij. monethys next folowynge, & that*. [i. e. whatever compensation-money was, &c.] was iugyd by dyscrete men, with lyke peyne as hyt is a-fore; & then the seyd lond of anfric, with hys pertynences, sholde byde in the state in the whyche hyt was a-fore thys couenaunt, tille the tyme that hyt were iugyd, a-fore the kynges iuge, who of hem had more ryht to hyt (that is to sey, whether the abbas of Godstowe & the couent, or the seyde raph & agnes hys wyfe), but*. [but that = unless.] that pese were reformyd with a bettur condicion by-twene hem & strife I-cesid. And, yfe all thynges as wer a-fore dyuisid myhtyn haue a goode effecte & ende, aftur þe chartur were leueyid, the seyd raph shold make to the seyde holy mynchons hys chartur of feffynge to hem & to her successours of all the forenamyd londe with hys pertynences for hym-selfe & hys heyrys or hys assynys. And that all these thyngys a-fore seyd myhtyn a-byde ferme sure & stable, the seyd abbas & couent & the seyd raph of Chendut haue put to her seelys, euyryche a-geynyst othyr, to the wrytynge I-made like a chartur: & is with-out date.

Page  80
A quietans of Raph Chendut of XXV. marke made to ye mynchons of Godstow.

1258/9, March 24. Acknow|ledgement to Godstow, by Ralph Chendut, of pay|ment of £16 13s. 4d., in part pay|ment of no. 76.

THE sentence of thys quietans is, that Raph Chendut & agnes hys wyfe (the dowhtur of syr raph of the checur) wyllydden to be knowe that they receyuyd of the holy mynchons of Godstowe xxv. marke of sterlyngys, of liij. marke in the whych the seyd mynchons were I-bounde to pay to the forseyde Raph & agneys for the peece & couenaunt I-made by-twene ther bothe pertyes for the londe of anfric, as hyt is conteynyd in the chartur by|twene bothe partyes forseyd I-made; & that none askynge were there-of afturward of the seyd holy mynchons by the seyd raph & agneys hys wyfe of the forseyd xxv. marke. I-gyfe at god|stowe in the vigil of the annunciacion of oure lady, the yer of kynge henry, the sone of kynge John, xliij.

[folio VII(19)] A quiet clayme by A. S. of o pece [of] londe to ye A[bbess] of G[odstowe] in Mussynden.

About 1259. Confirma|tion to Godstow by Adam Sperling, as feudal superior, of a portion of no. 76, subject to a quit-rent of 3d.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, that Adam Sperlinge of kyngeshull grauntyd & claymyd [to be] in pees & rest, for hym & hys heyrys, to the abbas of Godstowe & to the couent of the same place & to her successours, j. pece of londe with hys pertynens, the whyche raph of the checur sum tyme had of the forseyde adam Sperlynge, the whyche pece of londe strecchyth hyt self in lengthe nyhe the watur in the parysshe of litill Myssynden euyn streyht a-geynyst the Mylle, willinge the for|seyd pece of londe to be had & holde to the same [folio VIIb(19b)] Abbas and couent a-fore seyde & to her successours, herytably, frely & in rest, for hym & for hys heyrys for euyr, paynge yerly to hym & to hys heyrys iij. d, that is to say, at the fest of seynt Myhel j. d. ob., & at the fest of our lady in Marche j. d. ob., for al seruice & demaundys; &, that he her-aftur ne none of hys heyrys miht axe ony thynge of ryht or of clayme in the forseyd pece of lond, he set to hys seele to thys for-seyd chartur: & is with-out date.

[folio VIII(20)] a final a-corde I-made in þe kynges court at wycombe by-twene the Abbas of Godestowe & william hyebrynge for þe londe of anfric.

1286, April. Sale to Godstow, by the heirs of Ralph Chendut, of all claim in no. 76. Purchase money, £6 13s. 4d.

THE sentence of thys euydence is, that a final concorde was made in þe kynges cowrt at wycombe fro estur day in-to thre Page  81 wokys, the yer of the reyne of kynge Edwarde, the sone of kynge henry, the xiiij, a-fore Iohn of walys, William of Maham, Roger Loueday, Iohn of Metyngham, & Nicholas le gras, Iustices iurnaynge, & othyr trewe men of the kyngys part there beynge present, bytwene william of hye-brynge & katerine hys wyfe & raph the sone of raph Chendut, asker, and Mabili wafre, Abbas of Godstowe, tenent, by Edmunde of parke in her place or styd to gete or to lese, of on yerdlonde with hys pertynences in kyngyshull in the paryshe of litil Myssyndyn, where-of 'Assise [of] hys auncetur dede' was take by-twene hem in the same court, that is to sey, the forseyde william & kateryne & raph know|lychyd, or made a recognicion, the foreseyd mese & londe with hys pertinences to be the ryht of the abbas & of the churche of our lady seynt Marye & of seynt Iohn baptist of Godstowe, & they haue relesyd & claymyd hyt to be in rest of hem & her heyrys raph & kateryne, to the fore seyd abbas, & to othyr ab|basses the whych shull succede to hyr, & to hyr forseyd churche for euyr. And for thys reconysaunce, reles & quiete clayme, fine & acorde, the same abbas gafe to the forseyd william kateryne & raph x. marke of sterlingys.

A couenant I-made by-twene þe Abbas of God|stowe & Richard bacheler of ij. acris at anfric.

1322, Nov. 1. Grant by Godstow, to Richard and Maud Bacheler, of two acres in life-rent.

THE sentence of thys conuencion is, that a couenaunt was made by-twene dame margery dyne, Abbas of Godstowe, & the couent of the on part, & Richard bacheler of lytyll Missenden of that othyr party, that is to sey, that the seyd abbas (dame [folio VIIIb(20b)] Margerie) & the couent tokyn & leten to the forseyd Richard & Malde hys wyfe, for a summe of Money the whyche the forseyd Richard & Malde yaf to hem by-fore hondes, to acris of londe with the pertinences in the parysshe of litul Missenden; & tho two acris lien at anfric, in lengthe by-twene the lond of henry taylfer vppon the northe part & the kyngys wey vppon the southe part, & in brede by-twene the felde that is callid the stonyfeelde vppon the west part and the kyngys wey vppon the est part, as the markes & departyngys vppon euery syde techen & shewyn. Also the seyde abbas & couent willid to the for-seyd Richard & Mald the fore-seyd ij. acris of londe with her pertinences, to haue & Page  82 holde hem vn-to þe ende of her liuys, frely in rest, well & pesybly, of the chefe lordys of the fee by the seruice dewe & vsyd ther-of: and the forseyd Dame Margery & the couent warentyd the fore-seyd ij. acris of londe with the pertinences to the for-seyd Richard & Mald vn-to her liuys ende a-geynst all pepull. In-to wytnes ther-of they put to here seelys to the wrytynge therof endentyd, euerych a-geynyst othyr. I-geyf at Godstowe in the fest of all haloun the yere of kynge Edwarde the sone of kynge Edward xvj.

OAKLEY in Boarstall Parish.
[folio 153] A Charter of Emme Bray, I-made to the myn|chons of Godestowe, for half a mese in Oclee, j acre, j Crofte, j yerde lond, that is to sey, xij. acris vpon Innesdon and the other parte of bonde lond, with all ther pertynentis, and xl. hogges in his*. [i. e. her.] wode quyte fro pannage.

About 1198. Grant to Godstow, by Emma Bray, of a messu|age, lands, and pas|ture-right for 40 pigs.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Emme Bray graunted & cetera, to god & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestow ther seruyng god, for the helth of the soules of her fadir and modir and of her children and of all her benefetours and for the helth of her sowle, half a mese that was of John Maunsell, and j acre, a crofte, a yerde lond, that is to sey, xij. acris vpon Innesdon and the other perte of bonde lond, with all ther pertynentis and fre customes, in wode and playne, in mede and pasture, in weyes and pathis, and xl. hoggis in his*. [i. e. her.] wode quyte of pannage, into pure fre and perpetuel almesse, and quyte fro all seculer seruyce and all exaccion that longith to hym*. [i. e. her.], Savyng the kyngis seruyce: To be hold of her and her heires for ever. These beyng wit|nesse, & cetera.

A Charter of Emme Bray, I-made to the myn|chons of Godestow, for j yerde lond in Borestall, with j mese, and j acre lond to the Crofte of that hyde that longith to Oclee, & cetera.

About 1198. Duplicate, but in slightly different words, of no. 81.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Emme Bray graunted, & cetera, to god & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestowe ther Page  83 seruyng god, for the helth of the sowles of her fadir and modir and children and of all her benefetours and for the helth of her soule, j yerd of lond in Oclee, with a mese, and j acre lond to the crofte of that hyde that longith to Aclee, with all his pertynentis and fre customes, in wode and playne, and mede and pasture, and weyes and pathes, and xl. hogges in her wode quyte fro pannage, into perpetuel almesse, and quyte fro all seculer seruyce and all exaccion that longed to her, Savyng the kyngis seruyce: To be hold of her and of her heires for euer. These beyng witnesse, & cetera.

A Couenaunt I-made bitwene the Abbey of Tame and the abbey of Godestowe for j yerd lond in Oclee to be hold of theym.

A.D. 1198. Grant by Godstow, to Thame Abbey, of the land as in no. 81, at a quit|rent of 8s., reserving to Godstow the pasture|right for 40 pigs.

[folio 153b] THE sentence of this writyng is that there was a couenaunte I-made the ix. yere of kyng Richard, bitwene the abbey of Tame, and the Abbey of Godestowe, þat the abbey of Godestowe, with the assent of Emme Bray, toke, and in writyng confermed, to the abbey of Tame, j yerde on lond in Oclee, fynally to be hold of them, with all his pertynentis and his fre customs, in wode and playne, mede and pasture, in weyes and pathis, fre and quyte fro all seculer seruyce that longed to them, Savyng foreyn seruyce, for viij. shillings yerely at ij. termes, that is to sey, half at Ester and half at myghelmasse. And this is the yerde lond the which the forsaid Emme Bray yaf to the mynchons of Godestowe in Oclee and confermed hit with her charter. And she graunted to the same mynchons of Godestowe xl. hoggis in her wode euery yere, quyte fro pannage to her yerd lond. These beyng witnesse, & cetera.

TURWESTON.
[folio 169] A Charter of Raaf Stonylle, I-made to the mynchons of Godestowe for half a marke of siluer of the mylle of Torueston, & cetera.

About 1280? Grant to Godstow, by Ralph Scovilla, of a rent|charge of 6s. 8d., issu|ing out of the mill.

THE sentence of this charter is that Raaf Stonylle*. [Read 'Scouylle.' Radulfus de Scovilla of Turweston made gifts to Einsham and Oseney.] yaf, & cetera, to god & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestowe ther seruyng god, into pure and perpetuel almesse, for his helth and Page  84 for the helthe of laurence his wyf and for the sowles of his auncetours and for the helthe of his successours, with his body and the body of the forsaid laurence his wyf, half a marke of siluer yerely*. [The rent-charge is mentioned in the 1291 Taxatio Ecclesiastica of pope Nicholas IV, in Buckingham deanery.] of the rente of his mylle of Torueston, into whos|euer hande the forsaid mylle were to be take, at ij. termes of the yere, that is to sey, atte fest of seynt Petir that is I-called Ad uincula, xl. d; and atte fest of our lady in marche, other xl. d. And þat þis, & cetera.

A Charter of Moolde vpton, abbesse of Godestowe, pardonyng to Emme that was somtyme the wyf of william of mylles of Torueston all the arreragis of theire Rente, & cetera.

1308, May 10. Agreement by Godstow to excuse arrears of the rent|charge (no. 84), due 8 Sept. 1307, on condi|tion of the tenant re|building the mill.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Moolde vpton, Abbesse of Godestowe, and the Couente of the same place, remytted and pardoned to Emme, that was the wyf of William of the mylles of Torueston, all the arreragis of theire rente the which they were behynde before, vnto the fest of the Natiuite of our lady the first yere of the reigne of kyng Edward the sone of kynge Edwarde; So that the forsaid Emme and her heires shold make and bilde agayne the forsaid mylle, with theire owne costis, afore the fest aforsaid, And pay afterward euery yere the forsaid rente, that is to sey, vj. shillings viij. d. to them in wonyd termes, truly without gyle: or els this present writyng shold be had for nought. Into witnesse, & cetera. The date at Godestowe, the x. day of may, in the yere abouesaide.

WESTBURY (near Brackley).
[folio 151] A Charter of Raaf Harange, I-made to the mynchons of Godestowe, for j oke and a cartlode of roddys in his wode of westbury.

About 1220. Grant to Godstow, by Ralph Harange, of wood|rights.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Raaf harange yaf & cetera, to god & cetera and to the holy mynchons of Godestow ther seruyng god, in-to pure and perpetuel almesse, for the helth Page  85 of hym his wyf and his children, and for his fadirs and modirs sowles and aunceturs soules, j oke and j cartlode of roddis in his wode of westbury, yerely to be take at these termes, that is to sey, in march a cartlode of roddes, and at whitsontyde an oke*. [Perhaps in view of repairs to Godstow houses in Brackley. The feudal superior generally provided the timber for repairs of the housing of copyholds.]. And he and his heires warantiȝed for euer that same almesse to the forsaid holy mynchons, & cetera.

WYCOMBE.
[Documents relating to the rectory.]

[NOTE.—At the dissolution, 1540, the rectory was valued (Monast. iv. 374) at £16, and Godstow paid out yearly 7s. 8d. for procurations and synodals, and 16s. 8d. to the poor at Christmas and Easter.]

[Exchequer-MS. folio 152b] Charter of King Henry.

About 1175. Grant to God|stow, by Henry II, of the rec|tory.

HENRY, king of England, lets French and English know that he has given to Godstow the church of Wycombe.

Witnesses:—G[eoffrey Ridel] bishop of Ely [1174-89], John [of Oxford] bishop of Norwich [1175-1200], Richard of Lucy, William of Boketot, etc.

[Exchequer-MS. folio 153] Charter of the church of Wicumbe.

About 1175. Confirmation to Godstow, by Richard, Arch|bishop of Can|terbury (1174|84), of the rec|tory.

RICHARD, 'minister' of the church of Canterbury and pri|mate of England and legate, confirmed to Godstow the church of Wycombe of the institution of G[eoffrey Plantagenet] bishop elect [1173] and the presentation of the king of England.

Witnesses:—Walter Baioc*. [i.e. of Bayeux.], archdeacon; Mr. P. Blesen|sis*. [Peter of Blois, cancellarius to the primate (1173).]; William of Norhall; Mr. Robert of Inglesham.

[Exchequer-MS. folio 153] Collation of Wycombe Church by W. bishop of Lincoln.

A.D. 1184. Collation of the rectory to Godstow, by the diocesan.

P. surrendered the church of Wycombe, which he had of the gift of the king of England. The bishop [Walter de Constantiis, 1183-4] gave the church to Godstow.

Witnesses:—Robert [de Burnham], archdeacon of Buck|ingham; Osebert of the chamber of the king.

Page  86 [Exchequer-MS. folio 152b] Charter of William of Boketot.

About 1200. Confirmation to Godstow, by William of Boketot (of the rectory?).

WILLIAM of Boketot confirmed to Godstow king Henry's gift of Wicumbe [folio 153] as they held it in the time of king Henry and John, count of Moretain.

Witnesses:—Michael de Bosco, Robert Pemart, Ralph of Peletot.

[Rawl.-MS. folio 183] A Couenaunte I-made, bytwene the Abbesse of Godestowe, and sire Iohn Coleman, person of Glatton, and sir Robert at the walle, perpetuall vicary of Makesey, for the personage of wycombe to ferme I-sette for x. yere, & cetera.

1331, Nov. 27. Lease by Godstow, to John Coleman (of Glatton, Hunting|don) and Robert atte Walle (of Maxey, Northamp|tonshire), Transla|tion of Thomas Becket = July 7.] for ten years, of the rectory of Wy|combe and its profits, reserving to Godstow the tithe of flax and hemp. The lessees to repair (a) the manorial buildings, (b) the chancel of the church (in ordinary cases), Godstow providing timber. Rent = £20 yearly, besides paying to Bec Abbey £8 yearly (no. 95), and 6s. 8d. to Walling|ford Court|Leet, and other yearly dues. Lessees to provide a chaplain for the Walder chantry (no. 102); to pay to Godstow £2 13s. 4d. pittance on Nov. 1, and 4s. worth of cakes on St. James's day; to give the Abbess houseroom in her circuits. Tillage con|ditions. Still those cakes! Reserva|tion of power to distrain for rent.

THE sentence of this covenaunte is this, that the xxvij. day of Nouembre, the fyfte yere of the reigne of kyng Edward the thirde, hit was accorded bitwene the abbesse of Godestowe and the Covente of the same place of the one partie, and sir Iohn Coleman, person of the chirche of Glatton, and sir Robert atte walle of Newenden, perpetuell vicary of Makesey, ioyntly and departyngly of the other parte So that the one shold not better than the other, that is to sey, [folio 183b] that the forsaid Abbesse and Couente toke, graunted, and lette to ferme, to the said sers Iohn and Robert and to her executours, fro the day of the transulacion of seynt Thomas the martir next after the day of the makyng of this present writyng vnto the ende of x. yere fully complete next folowyng, [the*. [Accidentally omitted in the English. The Latin is: 'manerium rectorie de Wycumbe.'] manor of the rectory of Wycumbe] with all cornys, heyes, wolles, and lambis, rentis, londis, and customs, and with all and everich profitis and tythis, the forsaid terme duryng, fallyng chaunsyng or longyng to the said Rectorie or parsonage in ony wise, out-take*. [Latin: 'exceptis linis et cambris.'] all lynnen and hemp comyng to the said chirche, the whiche were reserved to the Covent of Godestowe. To the which covenaunte truly to be hold, the forsaid abbesse and Couente bounde them self and ther goodes in þere maners, wherso-ever they were I-founde, to distreynyng of all þe forsaid of the chirche or of the seculere parte. And for the said ferme the forsaid Iohn and Robert, pease I-supposed Page  87 and had of that countre*. [Latin: 'supposita pace illius patrie,' i. e. district. In manorial deeds 'patria' is used generally to express the township, or district, belonging to the manor.], shold susteyne and leve that manere aforsaid in al so good state or better than they resceived hit. And they shold repaire sufficiantly the chauncell of the said chirche in all coueryng to all that terme aforsaid, all casis of fortune out-take the which shold not be put to them nother to ther executours, to the which the said Iohn and Robert bounde not them-self. And the said Abbesse and Couente shold fynde grete tymbre to all the workes in the said manere, whan that hit were nede to be amended and I-covered. Yeldyng therof yerely, duryng the terme aforsaid, to the seid abbesse and Couente of Godestowe xx. li. of good and lawfull money in the termes vndir-writte, That is to sey, in the fest of the Annun|ciacion of oure lady, x. li, and in the fest of Seynt Margarete, x. li; And to the Priour of Beke Harlewyne, viij. li., that is to sey, iiij. li. in the fest of Seynt Mighell and iiij. li. in the fest of þe Annunciacion of oure lady; Also they shold paye to the Courte of wallyngford, half a marke by yere; and to sire Iohn Cromwelle, xij. d; And to the Burgeys of wycombe, rente dewe to them; And to the Archidekon of Bokyngham, procuracy. And the forsaid Iohn and Robert [should find] one chapeleyne, with ther owne costis, dayly syngyng in the chirche of wycombe at all the terme aforsaid. And the saide Iohn and Robert shold pay euery yere, duryng the forsaid terme, iiij. mark to the abbesse and Couente of Godestowe the which were specially assigned, that is to sey, to pay at the fest of all seyntis; And iiij. [folio 184] shillyngworth of Cakys*. [Latin: 'quattuorsolidatas artocoporum.] specially I-assigned to the forsaid abbesse and Covente, That is to sey, To be paid at the fest of seynt Iame*. [St. James = July 25.]. And that the Abbesse in her every comyng shold haue easementis of houses in the same maner aforsaid. And the said Iohn and Robert, the terme aforsaid ended, shold, as good husbondis, shold sowe the londis of the said maner to be sowe, and delyuere them so I-sowe into the handes of the said Abbesse and Couent: And *. ['and'=if.] they sowed lesse of a quarter the yere last of the terme aforsaid than in the yere of this makyng were I-sowe, they shold to the said abbesse and Couente satisfye of the Page  88 residue of the sede. And the said Iohn and Robert shold make to cary the said Cakis vnto Godestowe with there owne costis. And yf hit happened the said Iohn and Robert to hold stille the said payment, in parte or in all, as hit is aforsaid, over a moneth after certeyne termes aboue I-writte, or faile in the paiyng, hit shold be lawfull to the said abbesse and Couente to the said maner of the parsonage to entir in, and to mynystre the goodes ther I-founde, with-holde, and selle as they semed best, tille they were fully I-satisfyed of the forsaid payment, with the mysis and expensis I-had by the defaute of the said Iohn and Robert or of ther executours. To the which payment and couenaunte to be keped truly in all these articles, the forsaid Iohn and Robert bounde them-self and euerych of them in the hole and theire executours and all ther goodes mevable and vnmeuable, londes and tenementis, where-so-ever they were I-founde, bothe in the same manere or elles-where, to the distreynyng and cohercion of the seid Abbesse and Couente, and of all Iuges bothe seculer and of the chirch. And the terme of x. yere I-ended, the forsaid maner of the parsonage of wycombe to turne agayne to the forsaid abbesse and Couente fully. Into witnesse, & cetera. The date at Godestowe, the day and the yere abouesaid.

[Documents relating to tithe in Wycombe.]
[folio 177] A sentence for the tythes of Wycombe.

A.D. 1235. Commis|sion issued by pope Gregory IX (1227-41), to investi|gate the claim of Godstow for tithes said to be withheld. = 1234, Oct. 1. Godstow, as rector of Wycombe, asked tithes of all mills in Wycombe, viz. Burne mills (2), Bruge mill, Pann mill, Robyn mills (2), Gyvant mill, John Lud|water's mill, and the fulling mill. On the owners ad|mitting that their mills were in Wycombe parish, judgement was given for God|stow.

THE sentence of this sentence is, that the Priour*. [Helias, prior 1228-35.] of Seynt Frideswith of Oxenford and the deene*. [Rural dean of Iffley.] of yifteley toke the popes maundement in these wordes:—

Gregory, bisshop, seruant of the seruantes of god, Sende willyng helth and his blissyng to his welbeloued children, Priour of seynt Frideswith and of yifteley deene. The abbesse of Godestowe and the Couente of the same place shewed to hym that Abbottis of Beke and of Eynysham and some other of lyncolne wynchestir and worcestir diocises wronged hem vpon tithis and other thynges. Therfor he comaunded by his Page  89 writyngis to ther discrecion, that, the parties I-called, they shold here the cause, and appele I-put a-side, they shold terme hit with a dew ende, makyng that that they decreid surely to be kepid by the censure of the chirche; and the witnesses that were I-called, yf they with-drewe them-self for fauour, haterede, or drede, they shold constreyne them by the same censure, appele cesyng, to bere witnesse to the trouthe. And yf ye may not all be at these thyngis to be executed, tweyn of yow nathelesse shold execute hit. The date at Anager, kalendis of Octobre, the vij. yere of his bisshoprich.

By the auctorite of this maundement ther-fore, they called [folio 177b] before them the lordis and possessioners and tenauntis of the mylles in the parissh of wycombe afore them peremptorie, the which I-sette afore them, the abbesse and Couente of Godestow, comperyng by sir Gilbert Vyam, ther procuratour I-ordeyned to all the cause, þere content I-purposed afore ayenst the forsaid, [the] abbesse and covente of Godestowe axed vndir this forme, in the maner of ther chirche of wycombe, the tithes of the mylles in ther parissh of the chirch of wycombe, that is to sey, of William Heryne, of his two mylles the whiche ben I-called Burne mylles; of Alice Anguot and her partyners, of the mylle that is I-called Bruge mylle; of Richard of Croyedene, of the mylle that is I-called pannmylle; of Henry Chesemonger and his partyners, of ij. mylles that ben I-called Robynmylle; of William, of his mylles that ben I-called Gyuant; of John ludewater, of his mylle; of Martyne Fuller fulerant; and they axed of all the forsaid, tythes of the forsaid mylles, for they longe to them of the comon law, for they ben I-sette with-in the lymytes of ther parissh of wycombe, and they entende the axyng of the þyng. The entente I-purposed, they graunted the said tythes to be sette with-in the lymytes of ther parissh of wycombe. Wherfor the Iuges, heryng the knowlech aforsaid, Iugged diffynytifly to the said mynchons, in the name of ther chirch of wycombe, the said tythes of mylles for evere, as I-sette with-in the lymytes of the parissh of wycombe, Comaundyng to the deene of Merlawe that he shold brynge into the possession of the tythes of the said mylles the said mynchons, and that he shold acurse solempnely the agayn-sayers and troublers of the seid possession, reseruyng to them-self power furthermore, whan Page  90 they sey hit to be expedient. And into perpetuel witnesse of the same thynge, they putte to this writyng theire seales, & cetera.

[folio 171] A Charter of Ranulph generall procurature of the Abbot of Beke grauntyng to the mynchons of Godestowe all the tythes in Wycombe parisshe, & cetera.

About 1220. Lease to Godstow, by Bec|Herlouin abbey, Nor|mandy, of the tithe of Milo Crispin's demesne, and of a rent-charge on the Ex|chequer: rent £3 yearly.

THE sentence of this composicion is that Ranulph, procura|toure of thabbot and Couente of Beke, havyng generall and fre admynstracion of all theire goodes in Englond, willed to be know that, by the auctorite of the forsaid Abbot and Couente the whiche he had in this parte, to have graunted, to the chirche of seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestowe and to the mynchons there servyng god, all theire tythes that they had in Wycombe of the yifte of Milo Crispyne, that is to sey, all the tythes of the demayne of the same towne (excepte thritty acris the which longith to the chirche of Wycombe), and xviij. shillings that þei were I-wonyd to take at the chekour at london of the rente of Wycombe: To be hold to perpetuell ferme, of the forsaid Abbot and Couente of Beke, vndir a pension of iij. li. at ij. termes, that is to sey, in the fest of seynt Mighell xxx. shillings, and in the fest of oure lady in marche xxx. shillings, And that this graunte, & cetera.

*. [[NOTE.—Comparison with the Latin (Exchequer MS. leaf 154, back) shows that the translation is inexact. The tithes in Wycombe given to Bec by Milo Crispin were 'of his demesne in Wycombe, except the tithe of the thirtieth acre which should go to the church of Wycombe.' The witnesses are:—Hugh, abbot of Abingdon (died 1221), John of St. Elen, Robert of Seuecurd (=Seukeworth). In the Exchequer MS., leaf 192, are some excerpts from the Great Roll of 6 Henry II (1160), in Buckinghamshire, showing that the chamberlain received £72 of the 'firma' of Wycombe with tithes, and that he paid out 18s. to the monastery of Bec, and 13s. 4d. to the church of the town.]]
[Exchequer-MS. folio 154] Suit between Bec abbey and Godstow about tithes in Wycombe.

A.D. 1235. Decision by a papal commission in a suit about tithe between Bec abbey and God|stow.

THE prior and precentor of Dunstaple and the sacrist (as sub-delegate of the prior) of Caldewell, acting on a commission, dated v kal. Maii, 7th year of his pontificate ( =1234, April Page  91 27), of pope Gregory IX, issued to the prior and precentor of Dunstable and the prior of Caldewell to examine the complaint of Bec abbey that the abbeys of Abingdon and Tewkesbury and others were withholding tithe from them, gave this decision between Bec and Godstow. Of the demesnes of G[ilbert] Basset and R. de Velpont*. [i. e. Robert de Vipont.], Bec shall take all tithes of the ancient demesne, saving to the mother church wholly the thirtieth acre, as they were accustomed to take of old; but of the assarts and of all land hereafter assarted, Bec shall take two-thirds, reserving the other third to the mother church. Of all other tithes God|stow shall take two thirds, reserving the other third to the parish church. Bec abbey agrees not to ask from Godstow costs of the suit.

[Exchequer-MS. folio 154] Of tithes in Wycumbe parish.

1254, April 30 Perpetual Lease to Godstow, by Bec abbey, of Bec rights in Wycombe for £8 a year.

FRIAR WILLIAM of Ginewill, proctor of Bec Abbey, granted Godstow a lease, beginning Peter and Paul (June 29), 1254, of all the tithes, more or less, which Bec had in Wycombe, together with a rent-charge of 18s. issuing from the Exchequer, on con|dition that Godstow should pay yearly [folio 154b] at Ockeburn major*. [i. e. Ogbourne in Wiltshire, where Bec had a cell.] twelve marcs of silver to the proctor of Bec, viz. six marcs at Michaelmas and six at Lady day, and incur a penalty of one marc (13s. 4d.) for each week the rent should be in arrear. Dated the vigil of Philip and James, 1254.

[Rawl.-MS. folio 170] A Covenaunte or a Composicion bitwene the Abbot of Becke and the Abbesse of Godestowe for the tythes more and lesse that the Abbot of Becke hadde in Wycombe parisshe, & cetera.

1254. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Bec abbey of the lease (no. 95) granted by their proctor.

THE sentence of this composicion is, that Robert, by the grace of god abbot of Becke, and the couent of the same place, willed to be knowe that they wold haue the composicion I-be-gonne bitwene Frere William Enmenylle*. ['William of Guyneuill' in the Ex|chequer MS. (leaf 153, back).] the generall procuratoure in Englond, of the one partie, and the religious women abbesse and mynchons of Godestow of the other partie, I-ratified and sure, vpon the tythes both more and lesse that they had in Wycombe, Page  92 with xviij. shillings they were I-wonyd to take in the name of the tythe of the kyngis Eschekor, the which the saide procuratour toke to the forsaid mynchons to perpetuel ferme, for xij. marke of good and lawfull sterlyngis, to be paid wele and holy every yere of the said mynchons, to ther procuratoure that shold be for the tyme, or to his seruant, at Okebourne the more, for ever at ij. termes of the yere, that is to sey, in the fest of seynt Mighell vj. marke, and in the fest of the Annunciacion of our lady vj. mark: So that yf the said mynchons faile in the paiyng of the said ferme in ony of the termes aforsaid, in alle or in parte, for every woke in the whiche they ceased they shold pay to ther procuratoure j marke in the

*. [[Leaf missing.]]
[Exchequer-MS.] Grant by Edward III to Bec Herlewyne in Normandy.

1357, Sept. 23. Licence to Bec, by Ed|ward III, to sell the rent-charge (no. 95).

EDWARD III, Sept. 23 of his 31 year of reign in England and 18 of France, recites that he had seized into his own hands the £8 which Bec had in Wycombe. He now gave Bec leave to convey the rent-charge to John of Talworth.

[Rawl.-MS. folio 171] A Charter of a yifte I-made to Iohn Takworthe of Wycombe for viij. li.

1357. Assign|ment to John of Talworth, by Bec abbey, of the rent|charge (no. 95) pay|able by Godstow.

To *. [This document in the Exchequer MS. (leaf 154, back) is in French: the name is Peris of Seynt Stevene, prior of Okebourn.] the honourable lady of holy religion the Abbesse of Gode|stowe, Frere Piers, priour of seynt Steven of Okebourne, helth: he signyfied that his hye Abbot of Beke, by the kyngis leve of Inglond, had yeve and graunted for all day to Iohn Talworthe of wycombe all the rente of viij. li. the which ye were I-wonyd to paye to *. [Read 'for.']yowre chirche of wycombe: wherfor he willed the said rente to turne and to be paid to hym, after the shewyng of the patente that the kyng sende yow by the said Iohn. Full worshipfull lady the holy gost have yow in warde or kepyng. By the Prioure of Okeburne.

Page  93
[3. St. John Baptist Hospital.]
[folio 171] A Charter of the Abbesse of Godestowe, yevyng licence to the maister of the hospitall of seynt Iohn to sey masse in a Chauntry of hym, fyfe tymes in the yere.

1239, Nov. 13. Grant to St. John Baptist Hospital, Wycombe, by Robert Grosteste, bishop of Lincoln, acting on in|structions from Pope Gregory IX, and with consent of Godstow, of services in the chapel of the Hospital, on these terms:— (a) High mass is to be sung only on five set days in the year, on which five days the chapel shall retain all offerings and shall be open to the public, and bells may be rung. (b) Low mass may be said on other days, to inmates only, without bell|summons, the offerings to go to the parish church. (c) The chap|lain may ad|minister con|fession and penance to dy|ing inmates. (d) The chap|lain may take no fee of any parishioner to say mass for the dead, by year or by month, with|out the vicar's leave. (e) The chap|lain to take oath to observe these terms, and to be dis|missed if he neglect them. (f) The Master is also to take oath to observe these terms. (g) These pro|visions being concessions to sick inmates, other seculars ministering there must, as other parish|ioners, attend the parish church on four set days, with due offerings. (h) As a token of filial respect, the chapel is to give the mother-church yearly two wax-candles on its chief festival. (i) The chapel may be inter|dicted from saying service if these terms be violated.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Robert, by the grace of god, bisshop of lyncolne, toke the popes lettres in these wordes:

Gregory, bisshop, seruant to the seruantis of god, sende to his welbeloved brother bisshop of lyncolne halsyng and his blissyng; willyng hym to know that his welbeloved children, maister and brethern of the hospitall of seynt Iohn Baptist of Wycombe, made a supplicacion mekely to hym that, for also-moch as they had a chapell I-made in theire house, I wolde fouchesauf to yeve them licence to haue ther owne [folio 171b] Chapelayne in the same; he willyng in his behalf to deferre hit to hym þat was bisshop of the place, therfor he, that is to sey, he comaunded to his brotherhede that he wold yeve to them licence I-axed, yf he say hit to be goode with|oute preiudice of others right. The date at Peruse, the xiij. kalende of Ienyvere, of his bisshophode the viij. yere.

Therfore by the auctorite of these lettres, of the consente of the Abbesse and Couente of Godestowe, and of hubert the vycarye of the chirch of Wycombe, and also of the maister and brethern of the hospitall a-forsaid, they graunted the chauntry in the forsaid chapell vndir the fourme vndir I-writte: that is to sey, that masse shold be solempnely I-songe all-only in the same chapell fyfe dayes, that is to sey, in bothe dayes of seynt Iohn Baptist, j masse; and in bothe festis of seynt Thomas the martir, j masse; And in the third Feria of Rogacions, j masse: Also, in the same v. dayes, the chapell shall Ioye all offeryngis there I-do, and to all comers, to bothe parisshens and straungers visityng that place, shold be fre sittyng: And hit shall be ronge all-only in the same dayes to goddis service: And yf ony of the said festis falle on the sonday, First shall the masse [be i-songe] in a compotent howre in the parissh chirche, lest hit be Page  94 defrauded in takyng of tythes. And all other every dayes hit shold be lawful to syng j masse with a lowe voyce, and the belle suspended, and the parisshens of Wycombe I-excluded. And the chapeleyne that shold mynystre for the tyme in the said chapell shold take all*. [The Latin is: 'omnes oblaciones (ex|ceptis hiis que in quinque diebus pretactis pervenerint) provenientes sine diminutione matri ecclesie fideliter refundet.'] the offeryngis (ou[t]-take tho that comyn in the forsaid fyfe days), he shold yelde them trewly to the modir chirche without lesnyng; and that he shold not do no sacrament but syng|yng of masses, as hit is aforsaid, in that chapelle, but in case a nede fille, or axid hit, that the said prest mynystred the sacramentis of confession and penaunce to sike folke of the said hospitall labouryng in theire last; other annuell, other trentall, shold take of the parisshens of the modir chirche, but of licence and wille of the said vicary. Also the same chapeleyne in his entryng shold be presented to the Archidekon of the place, and shold make to hym reguler obedience of the indempnyte of the modir chirche, vndir the puttyng away for ever and suspencion vnto dew satisfaccion; and shold make a suerte by othe, afore the abbesse proctoure, of the same. And*. [The translator has dropped the first part of the clause 'under pain of perpetual removal, and suspension until full satisfac|tion be made, if he shall have been con|victed before the archdeacon of any of the foresaid things by him not observed.'] yf he were con|victe afore the Archidekon vpon ony of the forsaid þynges not I-keped by hym. The maister also that shold be for the tyme shold swere in his entryng, towchyng holy thyngis, that he shold kepe the [folio 172] modir chirche thurgh all thyngis harme|lesse, after the fourme aboue I-writte. And, for al so moche that that is I-graunted for the nede of sike men for good deuocion, hit shold not turne to other mennes wronge, All the seculer men in the same howse mynystryng shold come to the modir chirche as other parisshyns, with dew offeryngis and I-wonyd, iiij. sithis in the yere, that is to sey, Cristmasse day, Candelmasse day, Estir day, and the day of the pryncipall fest of the chirche. And that wor|shippe myght encrease to the abouesaid modir chirche by this graunte, the said chapell shold yeve to the said chirche ij. sergis of ij. li. of wexe in the day of the pryncipall fest Page  95 every yere. And [yf] the maister of the house, by hym-self or by ony other, presumed to gete ony thyng ayenst this composicion or defiled the forme of the composicion in ony parte, when he were convicte or knowleched hit resonably, hit shold be lawfull to the Archidekon of Bokyngham to suspende the said chapelle fro the syngyng of divyne seruyce tille hit were competently I-satisfyed therof to the said modir chirche, as hit is I-prouided. Into witnesse and strengthe of all thyngis he made his seale, with thabbesse and Couente sealis of Godestowe, and of the vicary afor|said, and also of the said brethern, to be putte to this writyng, the date at Missenden, the Ides of Nouembre, the .iiij. yere of his bisshopricke.

[Foundation of Walder chantry.]
[folio 174] A Confirmacion of William Walder confermyng the yifte that Adam Walder his brother made to the mynchons of Godestow for a tenemente in Frogmore, & cetera.

About 1220? Confirma|tion to God|stow, by William Walder, of his brother Adam's gift of two tene|ments.

THE sentence of this charter is that William Walder graunted and confermed, for hym and his heires, the yifte that Adam Walder his brother made to the Abbesse and Couente of Gode|stowe of a tenement that Walder his fadir helde in Frogmore and of a tenement that Gerueyse lutered helde*. [See in next deed.]. And William Walder and his heires warantiȝed the forsaid tenement, with all the pertynentis, to the forsaid Abbesse and Couente of Gode|stowe ayenst all men and women for ever. And that this his graunte, & cetera.

[folio 172] A Charter of Adam Waldere, I-made to the myn|chons of Godestow, for a house in Wycombe, a tenement, and vj. mesis and ij. seldis, and the rente of xx. shillings yerely, & cetera.

About 1220? Founda|tion by Adam, son of Walder, of a chantry in Wy|com be church, under pat|ronage of Godstow, to say mass for the founder, his father, mother, and wife. He gave, as endowment (a) a house; (b) a tene|ment; (c) six mes|suages; (d) two booths in Wycombe market; (e) eleven rent|charges. Godstow undertook to provide a priest to say daily the services desired.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Adam fitȝ Waldere of Wycombe graunted, lete, delyuered, and quyte claymed, for hym and his heires for ever, to god & cetera and to the holy myn|chons Page  96 of Godestowe ther seruyng god, into pure and perpetuell almesse, for the sowles of Walder his Fadir and of Aline his wyf, and for the helthe of his owne sowle and of Anneys his wyf, and commonly for all trew cristen, quyk and dede, j house in the which waldere his fadir somtyme dwelled in Wycombe, with the pertynentis, savyng the services of the chief lordes, that is to sey, ij. shillings by yere; and a tenement that Geruaise lutered somtyme held, with the pertynentis, sauyng the service of the chief lordes, that is to sey, ij. shillings by yere and j d to the heires of the same Gerueise; and vj. mesis liyng evene streight ayenst the mylle that william fitȝ henry held somtyme, with his pertynentis, savyng the services of the chief lordes, that is to sey, xij. d to the temple and viij. d to the lord of wycombe; And ij. seldis in the market of wycombe, with all ther pertynentis, the which lyen by the seldis that [folio 172b] Robert of Cromdene helde And the selde that Robert Rut held, savyng the service of the chief lordes, that is to sey, iiij. shillings by yere; And the rente of xx. shillings yerely in the same towne, that is to sey, iij. shillings of a mese that Walter Poderugge somtyme held, the which mese lieth bitwene the mese that Clement Smyth held and a mese that Thomas Budekyne helde, and ij. shillings x. d of a mese that Symond Tanner somtyme helde of the said Adam, that lieth bitwene þe mese that Robert hugedene helde and the mese that Symond held, And vj. d. of a mese that the seid Symond helde, that lieth bytwene the mese of the fadir of the same Symond and the mese that Suteman helde, And xvj. d. of a mese that walter watte helde, that lieth bitwene the mese that Richard Rechel helde and that Geffrey Tanner helde, And iij. shillings of a mese that Robert Casyer helde, that lieth bitwene the mese that Richard Plomer helde and the water that is I-called gutter, And iiij. shillings of a mese that Roger Sire helde, that lieth bitwene the mese that Thomas fitȝ Petir helde and the kyngis weye, And iiij. d. of the mese that Andrew Cotelere helde, that was of Raaf Dede, and ij. shillings of a selde that Richarde Sobynton helde in the markette, And vj. d. of a mese that the same Richard helde, that lieth bitwene the mese that Thomas Wullere held and a mese that Roger Riseborough held; And ij. shillings of a mese that Adam Mercer helde, that lieth bitwene the mese that Alisaundre Cunyȝ held And another Page  97 mese that the same Adam held, And vj. d. of a mese that Raaf Trepynell helde, that lieth bitwene the mese that Geffrey Coteler held of the hospitall of seynt Iohn And the mese that Iohn Gutter held: To be had and to be holde, frely and quyetly, fully and holy, for ever. And the Abbesse and the Couente of the seid place, that is to sey, of Godestowe, graunted and surely behete that, in the wey of charite, that they wold fynde for ever a prest conuenient þat shold do a prestis service every day, namely for the sowles of the forsaid peple, another tyme of the said Abbesse and Couente I-shewed is conteyned. And the said Adam and his heires warantiȝed and defended for ever the forsaid tenementis, with þe pertynentes, And with the forsaid rentes, by the forsaid seruyces, to the howse of Godestowe and to the mynchons ther seruyng god. And that these aforsaid thynges shold be sure, & cetera.

[folio 173] A Charter of Amphelice, Abbesse of Gode|stowe, and of the Couent of the same place, grauntyng to Adam Waldere of Wycombe in the wey of charite to fynde a prest to sey commendacion, placebo and dirige, and masse for his sowle, & cetera.

About 1220. Undertak|ing by God|stow to provide a chantry|priest daily to say in Wycombe church the offices for the dead (viz. mass, commenda|tion, vespers, and matins), with men|tion by name only of Walder and his wife Alyne and their son Adam and his wife Agnes. The chap|lain to take oath faith|fully to do his office. During any vacancy of the chap|laincy, the service is to be said at Godstow by one of the nunnery chaplains. Godstow shall supply the chaplain with fitting Iodging, clothing, and main|tenance. Recitation of the en|dowments, as in no. 101, viz. (a) house; (b) tene|ment; (c) six mes|suages; (d) two booths in Wycombe market; (e) eleven rent|charges. Godstow, in the Octaves of Michael|mas, is to take a pit|tance of 6s. 8d.; and, in re|turn, have a yearly service for the dead (for the Walders) at Godstow, and also at Wycombe.

THE sentence of this charter is that Amphelice, Abbesse, and the Couente of Godestowe, atte prayers of Adam Walder of Wycombe, graunted and behete, to god and to oure lady and to all the seyntis, and to Adam, for the sake of charite, that they and all ther successours wolde fynde in the towne of Wycombe for ever vpon ther owne costis a Couenable preest the whiche shold do diligently a prestis seruyce, that is to sey, masse, com|mendacion, placebo, and dirige, namely for the sowles of Waldere of Wycombe and of Alyne his wyf, and for the soule of Adam Walder and Anneys his wyf, and comonly for all trew cristen, quyk and dede, nother to none oþer than to these fowre specially he shold bynde hym-self, but in all his praiers and benefetis he shold pray to god for them, and he shold pray in the begynnyng of his masse all openly they that stond aboute to pray for them. And these thyngis, and all other content in this writyng towche that same preest, which-so-ever shold be Page  98 sette for the tyme, he shold behote, afore good men and sadde in wycombe, openly, in the worde of god, hymself to kepe for his powere. And yf hit happened that, by the dethe or sike|nesse or ony occasion the forsaid seruyce of the forsaid preest*. [In the Latin the connexion is 'by any other occasion of the said chaplain, the said service be hindered.'] be I-letted, they at Godestowe by some of theire chapeleyns shold fulfille the lak of the forsaid seruyce tille that with-in two monthes there a covenable chapeleyne were I-sette. They admytted also for ever the same seid men and ther sowles into all ther praiers and ther beneficis. And they shold fynde to the forsaid prest for ever in wycombe sufficiant vitaile and clothyng and howse and all necessaries to hym. And the said Adam yaf to them, into helpe of susteynyng of that prest, an house in the which walder his fadire dwelled in wycombe with the pertynentis, sauyng the seruyce of the chief lordis, that is to sey, ij. shillings by yere; and a tenement that Geffrey lutered held, with his pertynentis, the which lieth bitwene the forsaid house that walder the fadir of the said Adam held and the kyngis wey, Savyng the service of the chief lordis, that is to sey, ij. shillings by yere, and j. d. to the heires of the same Geruayse; [folio 173b] And vj. mesis that lien even ayenst the mylle, that william fitȝ henry held, with the pertynentis, savyng the seruyce of the chief lordis, xij. d to the Temple, and viij. d to the lorde of wycombe; And ij seldis in the markat of wycombe, with the pertynentis, the which lyen bitwene the seldis that Robert Croudene helde and the selde that Robert Buth held, Sauyng the seruyce of the chief lordes, that is to sey, iiij. shillings by yere; And a rente of xx shillings in the same towne, that is to sey, iij. shillings of a mese þat Walter Puderugge helde, the which mese lieth bytwene the mese þat Clement Smyth helde And the mese that Thomas Budekyn helde, And ij. shillings x. d of a mese that Symond Tanner helde of the said Adam, the whiche lieth bitwene the mese that Robert Hugendene helde and the mese that the same Symond helde; And vj. d of the mese that the said Symond helde, that lieth bytwene the mese that Adam Tanner the fadir of hym helde and the mese that luteman helde, And xvj. d. of a mese that Walter Watte helde, that lieth bitwene the mese of Richard Rechel held and the mese Page  99 that Geffrey Tanner held; And iij. shillings of a mese þat Robert Calier held, the which lieth bitwene the mese that Richard Plomer held and the water that is I-called Gutere, And iiij. shillings of a mese that Roger Sire held, that lieth bitwene the mese þat Thomas Fitȝ Petir helde and the kyngis wey, And iiij. d. of a mese that Andrew Coteler helde, the which was of Raaf dede, And ij. shillings of a selde that Richard Sobynton held, the which lieth bitwene the selde that Robert Payntour held and the seld that William Walder helde in the markat, And vj. d of a mese that the same Richard helde, that lieth bitwene a mese that Thomas Waller helde and a mese that Richard Ryseborough held, And ij. shillings of a mese that Adam Mercer helde, that lieth bitwene the mese that Alisaundre Cunyȝ held and another mese that the same Adam Mercer helde, And vj. d of a mese that Raf Tropenell helde, that lieth bitwene the mese that Geffrey Cotelere helde, of the hospytall of seynt Iohn and the mese that Iohn Cluter held.

And Amphelice, and all the Abbesse succedyng her, shold fynde for ever of the forsaid rente to ther Couente yerely with|in the vtas of Seynt Michell a pytaunce of j. half marke; And every day that the pytaunce was I-yove or shold [folio 174] be yove, the same day they shold haue fully ther seruyce for the sowles of the forsaid; And some day in the woke wolde be fully seruyce in the chirche of wycombe for the sowles of the same. And the said Adam fitȝ Walder assigned vj. d. yerely of the rente of*. [The Latin 'vicarie' is ambiguous, but it ought no doubt to be here rendered 'to the vicarage.'] the vicariage of the same chirch, to a pytaunce, of a mese that Robert Cornemonger held, that liethe bitwene a mese that Abel Coteler helde and a mese that Iordan Miller helde. And these aforsaid tenementis, with the pertynentis, and the aforsaid rentes, the said Adam and his heires warantiȝed to them and to ther successours ayenst all men and women for ever. And Amphelice, and all abbesse succedyng to her, and ther covente, warantiȝed the forsaid graunte and behest or promysse, to the forsaid Adam and to his heires and to his assignes, ayenst all men and women. And to the confirmacion of this ther behest, they put to this writyng ther seale. These*. [Matthew, archdeacon of Buckingham.] beyng witnesse, & cetera.

Page  100
[Charters of the Basset family, lords of the manor.]
[folio 179] A fynall accorde bitwene Aleyne Basset and the abbesse of Godestowe for an acre of lond and j half acre in Wycombe.

1222, October. Quit-claim to Godstow, by Alan Basset (died 1232), of 1½ acres, bargaining for the prayers of the convent.

THIS was the fynall accorde I-made, in the kyngis courte at westmynster, the vj. yere of the reigne of kyng henry the sone of kyng Iohn, Fro the day of Seynt Mighell into one moneth, afore Stephyne Segraue, Rauf harenge, Thomas heyden, Iustices, and other trew men of the kyngis than there beyng present, bitwene Aleyne Basset, axer, by Robert Fitȝ Mathew I-sette in his stede to gete or to lese, and the abbesse of Godestowe, holder, by Absolon Staunton I-put in her stede to gete or to lese, of one acre of mede and one half acre with the pertynentes in wycombe: whereof hit was I-pleted bitwene them in the forsaid Courte, that is to sey, that the forsaid Aleyne knowleched the forsaid acre of mede and the half with the pertynentis to be the right of the chirch of seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestowe and of the mynchons ther servyng god, and he remytted to them and quyte-claymed, of hym and his heires, to the same abbesse and to her succes|sours [folio 179b] And to the chirche of Seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestowe for ever. And for þis knowlechyng, remission, fyne, and accorde, the forsaid abbesse of Godestow and the mynchons ther seruyng god resceived the forsaid Aleyne and his heires in all orisons and benefettis that shold be do fro that tyme forth in theire chirche of Godestowe, & cetera.

[folio 170] A fynall accorde I-made bitwene Felice, Abbesse of Godestowe, and Aleyne Basset, for sutes and customs that he asked.

1222/3, Febr. 3. Agreement between Godstow and Alan Basset, lord of Wycombe, as to feudal obligations of Godstow tenants in Wycombe. Alan had sought to force them (a) to pay market|dues; (b) to join in leasing the town; (c) to serve as ale|tasters; (d) to forfeit their man|ure if left in the street. Decision: Godstow tenants (a) must pay 4d. yearly for every in|habited dwelling|house, whose door opens on to the street, but shall be exempt for houses otherwise situated or not in|habited; (b) must serve as aletasters when chosen in due rotation; (c) must pay fines incurred through actual breach of market|rules. Godstow and Godstow tenants to have privi|lege to cart their man|ure on to their lands and to leave manure in the street for a year, but if it is left longer the lord of the manor may claim it. Godstow tenants to bear their share of tallage, when the king asks tallage. Godstow 'chief court' to be exempt from mar|ket-dues.

THE sentence of this fynall accorde is this, that ther was a fynal acord I-made, in the kyngis courte at Westmynster, in the morow of the purificacion of oure lady, the vij. yere of the reigne of kyng henry the sone of kyng Iohn, afore Martyne Patishull, Raaf harang, Stephyn Segrave, Thomas Haydon, Robert lexynton, Geffrey Sauage, Iusticis, and other trew men of the kyngis than there presente, bitwene Felice, Abbesse of Gode|stowe, Page  101 pleyner, by petir of Duncton, I-put in her stede to gete and to lese, and Aleyne Basset, of sutis and customs that the same Aleyne asked of men of the same Abbesse of Wycombe to be do atte courte of the same Aleyne in Wycombe.

Wherof the same abbesse playned that the forsaid Aleyne vexed vnrightfully and ayenst her liberteis her men, axyng of them customs and seruyces that they shold not do, þat is to sey, of euery howse þat was of the fee of the abbesse iiij. d. by yere, and that Aleyne distreyned her men aforsaid that they shold take to ferme the towne of wycombe with his men, And also that the same Aleyne wold have made that they shold haue ben tempters or tapsters of brede and ale in the said towne, Also that the same Aleyne made to cary the donges I-founde vpon the fee of the same Abbesse vpon his lond and [= if] they had I-ley ouer right [sic] in the strete, the which sutes and customs the same abbesse knew not to hym.

And hit was I-pleted bitwene them in the forsaid Courte, that is to sey, that the forsaid abbesse, for her and other abbesses that shulde succede her, agayne knowleched and graunted to the same Aleyne that he and his heires shold take euery yere, for the commune of the market, iiij. d. of euery hede house that was of the fee of the same abbesse of Wycombe and whos dore is opened toward the strete and in the which ben men dwellyng and smoke comyth out, so that of other howses the dores ben not openyd toward the strete they myght no þyng take, nother of the howses in the which men dwelle not in though the dores ben opened toward the strete. And furthermore the same abbesse graunted that her men of wycombe shold be tempters or tapsters of brede and ale in the fee of the same abbesse and in the fee of the same Aleyne and of his heires, whan they were resonably I-chose after the resonable terme. And yf the men of the same Abbesse trespassed in ony that perteyned to the market of brede and ale or of oþer þynges perteynyng to the marcat in the day of the marcat, and while the marcat stode, and in the marcat, so that they fille into amersyng or a-mercement, the same Aleyne and his heires shold have a resona [folio 170b] ble amercement after the maner of the trepasse, without ony agayn saiyng of the abbesse or the abbessis that shold succede her.

And for this recognycion, graunte, fyne, and acorde, the same Page  102 Aleyne graunted to the same abbesse that she, and other abbessis that shold succede her, shold frely have the dunges, and the men of the fee of the same abbesse*. [i.e. should have 'fima sua.'], and cary them with ther owne cartis vpon ther owne demayne londe at ther wille and have ther resonable cariyng thurgh all the fee of the same Aleyn and of his heires in the same towne; And yf perauenture the same Abbesse, or other þat shold succede her, bere not a-way tho dunges I-founde in his aforsaid fee, with-in a yere after they have ben layed there in the strete, with ther owne cartis, hit shold be lawfull to the same Aleyne and to his heires to bere away tho dungis and to do therof his wille, and not afore. He graunted also that all liberteis I-graunted to*. [i.e. 'in.'] the charter of kynges henry and Richard, the which that ben not ayenst this covenaunte, shold be saaf to the same abbesse and abbessis suc|cedyng to her. Also hit is to be know þat this ende was I|made bitwene them, sauyng to Aleyne and to his heires theire resonable tallagis of the forsaid men of the abbesse whan the kyng tallagith his demaynes thurgh Englond. Furthermore hit is to be know that the same Aleyne and his heires shold, after that þat is I-said before, of every house of the which the dore is opened to the strete [take] iiij. d, out-take houses that ben in the chief courte of the same Abbesse, & cetera.

[folio 175] A Transcripte charter of philippe Basset I-made to the mynchons of Godestowe confermyng xl. shillings of Rente in Wycombe, & cetera.

About 1270. Grant to Godstow, by Philip Basset, for a clothing allowance, of rent|charges amounting to £2 yearly.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Philip Basset*. [Lord of Wycombe, died 1271.], for the helthe of his soule, and of Dame Ele*. [Died 1297.], Countesse of Warwyke, his wyf, and of the soules of his auncetours and successours, yaf, & cetera, to god, & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestowe ther seruyng god and to serue for ever, to ther clothyng for evere, into fre pure and perpetuel almesse, xl. shillings of yerely rente, with all ther pertynentis, in his maner of Wycombe to be take of the tenementis vndir written, that is to sey, of the tenementis of Geffrey Martyne, iij. shillings iiij. d. at ij. termes of the yere, that is to sey, at Mighelmasse xx. d, and at our lady day in marche xx. d.; of the tenemente of Thomas Marchaunte, Page  103 iij. shillings iiij. d. at the same termes; Of the tenement of Walter Sclo, iij. shillings iiij. d. at the same termes; Of the tenement of laurence Morgan, iij. shillings iiij. d at the same termes; Of the tenement of Roger Couper, iij. shillings iiij. d at the same termes; Of the tenement of Iohn of the Brugge, iij. shillings iiij. d at the same termes; Of the tenement of Nicholas Fulom, iij. shillings iiij. d. at the same termes; Of the tenement of humfrey huttred, iij. shillings iiij. d. at the same termes; of the tenement of Richard Brither, iij. shillings iiij. d. at the same termes; Of the tenement of Benet Baker, iij. shillings iiij. d. at the same termes; Of the tenement of Iohn fitȝ Walfrido, vj. shillings viij. d at the same termes: To be had and to be hold, of hym and his heires, to the same mynchons and to ther successours ther seruyng god and to serve for ever, in-to fre pure and perpetuel almesse, the forsaid xl. shillings of rente, with all ther pertynentis, frely quyetly and vttirly holy, with-out any agayn holdyng and seculer seruyce. And the said Philippe Basset warantiȝed aquyted and defended the forsaid xl. shillings of rente, with all ther pertynentis, to the forsaide myn|chons and to ther successours there seruyng god and to serue for ever, into free pure and perpetuel almesse, ayenst all men for euer. Into witnesse of whiche thynge, & cetera.

[Miscellaneous documents about property.]
[Exchequer-MS. folio 191b] Charter of William of Buketot.

About 1200. Grant to God|stow, by Wil|liam of Buck|tot, of a rent|charge on the Bridge Mill.

WILLIAM of Buketot gave to Godstow 20s. yearly out of his mill at the bridge of Wycombe, that Godstow should keep in memory himself, his wife, and his sons ('pueri'), and kindred.

Witnesses:—Robert of Buketot, Robert of Horton, etc.

[Rawl.-MS. folio 174] A charter of William fitȝ Thomas Waldere I|made to the mynchons of Godestowe for iiij. shilling worthe of Rente in Wycombe.

About 1240? Confirma|tion to Godstow, by William Walder, of two rent|charges, viz. 3s. and 1s., given by his father Thomas Walder.

THE sentence of this charter is that William, sone and heire of Thomas Walder of wycombe, willed to be know to all peple that beholdith or herith this present writyng, that whan the Page  104 said Thomas his fadir yaf in ony tyme, to the abbesse and couente of Godestowe, iiij. shillyngworthe of rente yerely, with the pertynentis, in the borough of wycombe, that is to sey, of the tenement that Cristmasse held in the strete that is I-called vinychburgge iij. shillings, and of a mese of Roger Cordewaner in the same place xij. d., he willed to be know hym-self to have I-graunted the same yifte and confermed hit with this his present charter for hym and his heires: To be had and to be holde, to the forsaid Abbesse and Couente and to ther succes|soures, [folio 174b] frely, quyetly, fully, pesibly and holy, for ever, into fre pure and perpetuell almesse. Into witnesse of the whiche, & cetera.

A Charter of Gregory Tropenell, I-made to the mynchons of Godestowe, for xij. d. of yerely rente in Wycombe.

About 1240? Grant to Godstow, by Gregory Tropenell, of a rent|charge of 1s.

THE sentence of this charter is that Gregory Tropenell yaf, & cetera, to god & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestowe there seruyng god, xij. d. of rente yerely, into pure and per|petuell almesse: To be had and to be resceived of Raf Mar|chaunte and his heires at ij. termes of the yere, that is to sey, vj. d. at the fest of oure lady in Marche and vj. d. at the fest of seynt Michell. And Gregory and his heiris warantiȝed the for|said xij. d. of rente to the Covente of Godestowe and to ther successoures ayenst all men livyng. And for also moche that this his graunte and yifte, & cetera.

A-nother Charter of Gregory Tropenell makyng Rauf Marchaunte his attourney yerely for xij. d. of rente to the Couente of Godstowe.

About 1240? Order by Gregory Tropenell, to his Wycombe tenant, directing payment of no. 108 to Godstow.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Gregory Tropenell made attorney Rauf marchaunte and his heires to yielde yerely to the Couente of Godestowe and to ther successoures xij. d. of rente, for his and his auncetours helthe, that is to sey, of tho iij. shil|lings, the which he yelded to hym by yere of that mese that he had of his yifte, as his charter witnesseth. And leste that the same Rauf or his heires shold rynne into harme thereof after|warde by hym or by his heires, he strengthed þis writyng with his seale. These beyng witnesse, & cetera.

Page  105A Charter of Mabile the doughtir of Sawarde of Wycombe I-made to the holy mynchons of Gode|stowe for here Mille.

About 1200. Grant to Godstow, by Mabel, daughter of Saward, of a mill; and grant to Wycombe church of four rent|charges, a shop, and two mes|suages. Grants, as above, to Godstow; and to Wycombe church.

THE sentence*. [Since this charter is very obscurely expressed in the English, the Latin is appended for the sake of comparison.] of this charter is that Mabile the doughter of Sawarde of Wycombe yaf, & cetera, to god & cetera and to the holy mynchons of Godestowe ther servyng god, her mylle as she helde hit of the kynge, and of*. ['of' is a mis-translation for 'to.'] the chirche of Wycombe to the light ij. shillings the whiche william wynchelege yelded to hym (of the which they ought to yelde to the kyng xij. d), and xviij. d. the whiche walkelyne Tylare yelded to hym, of the which to the kynge viij. d. And a shoppe that Sayeue Scrippe helde. And vj. d the which she yelded to Rauf Bordwace, and ij. meses in the chirch yerde. These beyng witnesse, & cetera.

[110 bis. [Exchequer-MS. folio 157] Notum sit omnibus tam presentibus quam futuris quod ego Mabilia filia Sawardi de Wicumbe dedi et concessi et mea carta confirmavi deo et sancte Marie et ecclesie Sancti Iohannis Baptiste de Godestowe et sanctimonialibus ibidem deo servientibus, molendinum meum, sicut ego tenui de Rege; et ecclesie de Wicumbe ad lumen ii. solidos quos Willelmus de Winchelege mihi reddidit (de quibus debent reddi regi xiid.), et xviii denarios quos Galfridus filius Osberti mihi reddidit (de quibus regi iiii), et xviii denarios quos reddidit mihi Walkelinus telarius (de quibus regi viii), et soppam quam Saieva Scrippa tenuit, et vi. denarios quos reddidit mihi Radulphus Bordwace, et duo messuagia in cimiterio.

Hiis testibus:—Thoma, sacerdote de Godestowe; Ada, capellano de Wicumba; Roberto capellano; Henrico le mercer; Waltero diacono; Godofrido clerico; Roberto filio Godwe; Ricardo de malvines; Symone le masun; Godwino fabro.]

[Exchequer-MS. folio 191b] Charter granting the mill to William, son of Hervey.

About 1205. Grant by Godstow, to William, son of Hervey, of no. 110; quit-rent, £2 9s.

JULIANA, abbess of Godstow, and the convent, granted to William, son of Hervey, and to his heirs, the mill of Wycumbe Page  106 which Mabel daughter of Seward bequeathed to them, subject to a yearly rent-charge of 49 shillings.

Witnesses:—four chaplains of Godstow, Thomas, Walerand, Adam, and Gilebert.]

[folio 175] A Charter of Vyncente Menge of Wycombe, I-made to þe mynchons of Godestowe, for a place in Wycombe, & cetera.

About 1240? Grant to Godstow, by Vincent Menge, of a plot of land.

THE sentence of this charter is that Vyncente Menge of wycombe yaf & cetera, to god & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestowe ther seruynge god and to serue for ever, one place of his tenement in the towne of [folio 175b] wycombe, the which conteynyth in lengthe viij. perches and x. fote, and in brede to his ende vttemost toward the tenement of the forsaid Vincente Menge iiij. perchis, and iiij. fote at the other ende, And hit strecchithe hit-self fro the tenement of Adam Gluter of the west side by lyne, as the markes haue them self, vnto the tenement of Iohn I-called knyght, of the Est parte: To be had and to be hold, with all his pertynentis, of hym and his heires or his assignes, to the forsaid mynchons and to ther successours, frely quyetly wele and holy for ever, into pure and perpetuell almesse. And the said Vincente Menge and his heires or his assignes warantiȝed aquyted and defended for ever all the forsaid place, as hit is diuided afore, with all his pertynentis, to the forsaid mynchons and to ther successours, with the owne costis, ayenst all men and women. And that this ther yifte, & cetera.

[folio 178] A Charter of Iohn Waleys and Alice his wyf, quyte-claymyng [folio 178b] to the mynchons of Godestowe, ij. d. of yerely rente in Wycombe.

1249/50, Febr. 2. Sale to Godstow, by John and Alice Waleys, of all right in a rent|charge, and the rever|sionary rights it conferred.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Iohn Waleys and Alice his wyf yaf graunted and quyteclaymed, for them and ther heires, to the Abbesse of Godestowe and to the Couente of the same place, ij. d. of yerely rente, the which they were I-wonyd to haue, and had, of that mese that Richard Smyth held in Wycombe, that lieth bitwene the mese that Walter Slegh helde and a mese that Geffrey Agmodesham helde: To be had and to Page  107 be holde, frely and quyetly, with all the right that they had or myght haue in the same rente and that mese aforsaid and in ther pertynentis; So that nother they, nother none by them or for them, myght axe or chalange ony right or clayme in the forsaid rente or in the forsaid meses or in ther pertynentis. And for this yifte and quyte-claymyng the forsaid abbesse and Couente yaf to them ij. shillings of siluer. These beyng wit|nesse, & cetera. The thyngis were I-acted at the purificacion of oure lady, the yere of our lord a thousand two hundred fourty and nyne.

[folio 179] A Charter of Alice Blythe, quyte-claymyng to Dame Emme Bluet, abbesse of Godestowe, a mese with all his pertynentis, in the towne of wycombe.

About 1250. Sale to Godstow, by Alice Blythe, of all right in a messu|age: purchase|money, £1.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Alice Blythe yaf, & cetera, and quyte-claymed, to dame Emme Bluet, abbesse of Godestowe, and to the couente of the same place, one mese with all his pertynentis, in the towne of wycombe vpon the fee of the same abbesse of Godestow, that is to sey, that mese that was of William Blythe her vncle þat fille to her by the name of heritage of the parte of the same William Blithe her vncle, and lieth bitwene the mese that Geffrey Gutere held and that mese that Thomas Baker held, as the markes and departyngis teche and shew: To be hold and to be had, with all his pertynentis, to the forsaid abbesse and couente and to ther successours, wele and in pease, with all the right and clayme that he or ony of his heires had or myght have, Doyng seruyce to the chief lordis dewe therof. And for this yifte graunte and quyte-claymyng, the forsaid Abbesse yaf to her xx. shillings of siluer before handes. And þat þis her yift, & cetera.

[folio 179b] A Charter of Walter Baker quyte-claymyng to the mynchons of Godestowe all his right that he had in that mese that he helde of Richard Alecod of the fee of the chirch of Wycombe.

About 1250? Sale to Godstow, by Walter Baker, of all right in a messuage, purchase|money, £5 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of this charter is that Walter Baker and his heires quyte-claymed, to the abbesse of Godestowe and to the Couente of the same place, all the right that they had in that Page  108 mese that he helde of Richard Alecod of the fee of the chirche of wycombe, that is to sey, of that mese that is bitwene the house that was of leuewyn the Smyth and the house of Richard Alecod. And for this quyte-claymyng the forsaid Abbesse and Couente of the same place yaf to hym and to Liette his wyf and to his children viij. mark of rent*. [Read 'silver' for 'rent.']. And walter and his wyf and his children abyured all ther right of the forsaid mese and of all the pertynentis of hit afore the Courte of wycombe. These beyng witnesse, & cetera.

[folio 181] A Charter of Alyne the doughter of Richard Horsneyl confermyng to her doughtir Moolde j place of londe with the partynentis in wycombe, & cetera.

About 1250. Grant to Maud Hors|nail, by her mother Alyne, of a plot of land (see no. 122).

THE sentence of this charter is that Alyne, the doughter of Richard Horsneyl, yaf, & cetera, to Moolde her doughtir, one place of lond, with the pertynentis, in Wycombe, the which lieth in one place bitwene the lond the which william wauder held of the yifte of Thomas Selewyne and the lond of Richard Archer in brede, And hit buttith to that hede vpon the brynke ayenst the mese of Symond Santerdon, and buttith at another hede vpon the lond of walter Carter, and strecchith hit-self in length vnto the mese that Thomas wauder held somtyme beside the stone that lieth in the wey that ledith toward Merlawe in the forsaid towne of wycombe, beside the tenementes of Richard Ailriche and that Richard Monnere somtyme helde, as the markes vpon euerych a side [folio 181b] teche and shew: To be had and to be hold, to the same Molde and to her heires or her assignes, of her and her heires or her assignes, also holy in all thynges, with fre entryng and goyng out, as the same fore-named Richard horsenayl held that place, frely quyetly by right heritage for ever, yeldyng therof by yere to the chief lordes of the fee seruyces dewe therof, and to her and to her heires or her assignes one clowe gelofure at Estir, for all seruyce, sute of courte, custome, and exaccion. And Alyne and her heires or her assignes warantiȝed, aquyted, and defended, to the same Page  109 Molde and to her heires or to her assignes, the forsaid place, with all his pertynentis, ayenst all peple for ever. And that this her yifte, & cetera.

[folio 179b] A Charter of Emme, abbesse of Godestowe, confermyng to Symond Santyrdon all a tenemente with his pertynentis.

About 1250. Grant by Godstow, to Simon Santerden, of a God|stow tene|ment in Ireland's lane.

THE sentence of this charter is that Emme, abbesse of Godestowe, and the Couente of the same place, yaf, & cetera, to Symond Santerdon, for his seruyce, all that tenement, with his pertynentis, that William Oso held of them in that strete that ledith to the mese that was of Gilbert of Ireland, the which tenement lieth bitwene the mese that Iohn Golde helde and the mese that Alecod helde, as the markes and departyngis on euerych a side teche and shew: To be had and to be hold, of hym and his heires and his assignes, excepte howses of Religion and Iewys, heritably frely quyetly and holy for ever, yeldyng yerely to them and to the Couente succedyng them iij. shillings at ij. termes of the yere, that is to sey, at the fest of seynt Mighell xviij. d and at the fest of our lady in marche xviij. d., for all seruyce, customs, and sutis of Courte, and all demaundis, but hit were to the a forrenge courte and þat at ther resonable warnyng. And they and the couente succedyng them warantiȝed the forsaid tenement with his pertynentis to the [folio 180] forsaid Symond and to his heires or his assignes, out-take houses of Religion and Iewes, ayenst all men for ever. And that this his yifte, & cetera.

A Charter of Symond Alecod, confermyng to Symond Santerdon j pece of londe with his per|tynentis, & cetera.

About 1250. Sale to Simon Santerden, by Simon Alecod, of land, quit-rent, ½d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Symond Alecod yaf, graunted, & cetera, to Symond Santerdon, for his seruyce, j pece of lond, with the pertynentis, in the towne of wycombe vpon the fee of the abbesse of Godestow, that is to sey, that pece of lond the which lieth in brede bitwene the tenement that Robert Fitȝ Wareyne held and the tenement that William Hoso held somtyme, and strecchith hit-self in length fro the Page  110 tenement of the forsaid Symond Alecod vnto the tenement that Iohn Golde helde: To be had and to be holde, of hym and his heires, to the forsaid Symond and to his heires or to whom-so|ever he wold assigne hit, frely and quyetly and by right heritage holy wele and in pease, with all his pertynentis, as markes and departyngis teche and shew, yeldyng therof yerely to hym and to his heires jobolus at Cristmasse, for all seruycis, and customs, sutis of courtis, and all seculer demavndes. And the forsaid Symond Alecod and his heires warantiȝed the forsaid pece of lond, with all his pertynentis, to the forsaid Symond Santerdon and to his heires or his assignes, ayenst alle men and alle women, Iewes and cristen. And for this yifte, & cetera, the forsaid Symond Santerdon yaf to them j marke of siluer, & cetera.

A Charter of Moolde, somtyme the wyf of Symond Alecod, quyte-claymyng to Symond San|terdon all the right in that mese aforsaide, & cetera.

About 1255. Sale to Simon San|terden, by Maud Ale|cod, widow, of her join|ture right in a mes|suage (see no. 123). Purchase|money, 13s. 4d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Moolde that was the wyf of Symond Alecod, in her wedowhode and fre power, relesed and quyte-claymed to Symond Santerdon all the right and clayme that she had or myght haue in that mese of the abbesse of Godestowe in the town of wycombe, that fille to her in the name of dowery of the behalf of þe forsaid Symond Alecod her husbond, the which mese lieth bitwene the wey that ledith to the house of Iohn of Irlond and the mese that William Walder held: To be had and to be hold, to the said Symond Santerdon and to his heires or his assignes, frely quyetly and pesibly for her [and for her heires] for ever. And for this relese and quyte-claymyng, the forsaid Symond yaf to her one marke of siluer. And that molde, nother none for her, shold not have power afterward to axe ony right or clayme in the forsaid mese, she put to this writyng her seale. [folio 180b] These beyng witnesse, & cetera.

A Charter of Andrew fitȝ William Carter con|fermynge vnto Symond Santerdon one mese with all his pertynentis in wycombe.

About 1255. Sale to Simon Santerden, by Andrew Carter, of a tenement, yearly quit-rent, 2s. 9d. Purchase|money, £6 13s. 4d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Andrew fitz william Carter yaf, & cetera, to Symond fitz william Santerdon, one Page  111 mese, with all his pertynentis, in the towne of wycombe, that lieth bitwene the mese that David Smyth held and the mese that Richard Archer held, as the markes and departyngis teche and shew: To be had and to be hold, of hym and his heires, to the forsaid Symond and to his heires and his assignes, heritably frely quyetly and holy for ever, with all the right that he had or myght haue or that myght come to hym in ony wise, yeldyng to hym and to his heires ij. shillings ix. d. at ij. termes of the yere, that is to sey, at the fest of seynt Mighell xvj. d. obolus and at the fest of our Lady in marche xvj. d. obolus, for all seruycis and all maner demaundes. And Andrew and his heires warantiȝed the forsaid mese, with all his pertynentis, to the forsaid Symond and to his heires and his assignes, ayenst all men and women, bothe Iewes and cristen, for ever. And for this yifte, & cetera, the forsaid Symond yaf to hym x. marke of siluer to warison. And for-asmoche that he willed this his yifte, & cetera.

A Charter of Sabyne, the doughter of Osbert, Cordewaner, of wycombe, quyte-claymyng to Symond Santerdon all the right that she had in a mese in wycombe.

About 1255. Sale to Simon Santerden, by Sabina, daughter of Osbert, of all right in no. 120.

THE sentence of this writyng is this, that Sabyne, the doughter of Osberte, Cordewayner, of wycombe, quyte-claymed, for her and her heires, to Symond Santerdon and to his heires or his assignes, all the right and clayme that she had, or myght chalange or clayme, in that mese with the pertynentis in the towne of wycombe, that lieth bitwene the mese that Dauid Faber held and the mese that Richard Archer helde, as the markis and departyngis teche and shew. And for this quyte-clayme the forsaid Symond yaf to her ij. shillings of siluer into warison. Into witnesse, & cetera.

A Charter of Moolde, the doughtir of Alyne hors|neyl, confermyng to Symond Santerdon, for j marke that the same Symond yaf to her into warison, j place with þe pertynentis in wycombe, & cetera.

About 1255. Sale to Simon Santerden, for 13s. 4d., by Maud Horsnail, of no. 116.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Moolde the doughtir of Alyne horsneyl yaf, & cetera, to Symond Santerdon, for one Page  112 marke of siluer [folio 181] that the same Symond yaf to here before handes into warison, one place of lond with all his pertynentis in wycombe, the which lieth in one place bitwene the lond that william wauder held of the yifte of Thomas Selewyne and the lond of Richard Archer in brede, and hit buttith to one hede vpon the brynke evene ayenst that mese of Symond, and hit buttith to another hede vpon the lond of walter Cartere, and hit strecchith hit-self in lengthe vnto a mese of Thomas wauder somtyme helde, beside the stone that lieth in the wey the which ledith toward Merlaw in the forsaid towne of wycombe beside the tenement of Richard Alriche and the tenemente that Richard Monnere held, as the markis and the departyngis vpon everich a side teche and shew: To be had and to be hold, to the same Symond and to his heires or his assignes, of her and her heires or her assignes, also frely in all thyngis, with fre entryng and goyng out, as Richard horsneyl the fadir of the forsaid Alyne helde somtyme that place, quyetly, in fre heritage for ever, yeldyng therof yerely to the chief lordes of that fee seruicis dew therof, and to her and to her heires or to her assignes j clowe gelofure at Estir, for all seruycis, sutis of courtis, customs, and exaccion. And moolde and her heires or her assignes warantiȝed acquyted and defended, to the same Symond and to his heires or to his assignes, the forsaid place, with his pertynentis, as hit is I-saide afore, ayenst all peple. And that this her yifte, & cetera.

[folio 181b] A Charter of Symond Santerdon quyte-claym|yng to the mynchons of Godestowe all his right in an howse that he bought somtyme of Symond Alecod in Wycombe.

About 1260. Quit-claim to Godstow, by Simon Santerden, of his right in no. 119, but subject to life|interests.

THE sentence of this quyte-clayme is, that Symond Santerdon relesed, and vttirly quyte-claymed, to god & cetera and to the holy mynchons of Godestowe ther seruyng god and to serue for ever, all the right and clayme that he had or myght haue in that house that he bought somtyme of Symond Alecod, the which is I-sette bitwene the house the whiche william Wauder assigned to a chapeleyne seiyng for ever the masse of our lady of the one parte, and the lane the which strecchith hit-self Page  113 toward the house of Iohn Irlande of the other parte; Savyng nathelesse that Godfray his brother and Milisente his wyf helde alone the forsaid house, with his pertynentis, to there lyf, with-oute agayne-saiyng, doyng therof to the abbesse and Couente of Godestowe dew seruyce and I-wonyd. And for-as|moch as he wolde that this relesse and quyte-clayme, & cetera.

A Charter of Symond Santerdon quyte-claymyng to the mynchons of Godestowe one mese in Wy|combe, & cetera.

About 1260. Quit-claim to Godstow, by Simon Santerden, of his right in a messu|age, subject to quit-rents to Marlow priory, and to the light in Wycombe church.

THE sentence of this quyte-clayme is, that Symond Santerdon yaf graunted and vttirly quyte-claymed, for his soule and for the soule of Molde his wyf and for the soules of his auncetours, to god & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestowe ther seruyng god, that his one mese, that is to sey, that lieth bitwene somtyme the mese of Reynere Baker and the mese somtyme of Iohn Goab in the towne of wycombe, as the markyngis and departyngis teche and shew: To be [folio 182] had and to be hold, with all his pertynentis, to the said mynchons and vnto theire successours, frely, quyetly, wele, and in pease, in-to fre and perpetuell almesse. So that the forsaid Symond nother his heires myght chalenge ony right or clayme in no wise in the said mese with his pertynentis fro that tyme, Doyng therof to the chief lordes of the fee dew seruyce and I-wonyd, that is to sey, to the prioresse of Merlawe xij. d. at ij. termes of the yere, that is to sey, at the fest of seynt Mighell vj. d. and at the fest of oure lady in march vj. d.; And to the light of the chirche of the same towne j. d. at the same termes; And to Alice, the doughtir of Gonnylde, one paire of white gloves of the price of jobolus at Ester, for all seculer demaundes. And that this his yifte, & cetera.

A Charter of Symond Santerdon confermyng to the mynchons of Godestowe an house in the towne of Wycombe.

About 1260. Grant to Godstow, by Simon Santerden, of no. 120, and of a meadow.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Symond Santerdon yaf, & cetera, to god & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestowe there servyng god and to serve for ever, for the helthe of his Page  114 sowle and of Moolde his wyf and of his auncetours and successours, an house in the towne of wycombe, that is to sey, that howse that is I-sette bitwene the house that Richard Archer somtyme helde and the howse that David Smyth somtyme helde, with*. [The Latin is: 'cum toto prato iacente ultra aquam.'] all the medlyng be-yonde the watere, that is to sey, that mede that the forsaid Symond bought of the sone of Walter Buket, as*. [Rather: 'as, by a path on each side, se continent et proportant.'] the pathes of bothe sides conteyne them-self and shew, with all his pertynentis overalle: To be had and to be hold, to the forsaid holy mynchons and to theire successours for ever, Doyng therof to the chief lordes of the fee seruyce dew and I-wonyd, that is to sey, at the fest of seynt Michell xvj. d. obolus and at the fest of oure lady in marche xvj. d. obolus, for all seruyce exaccion and demaunde. And the forsaid Symond and his heires or his assignes warantiȝed the forsaid howse and mede, with all his pertynentis over all, to the forsaid holy mynchons and to theire successours, ayenst all men and women, and defended and acquyted for ever, for the forsaid service. And for alsomoche that he wolde that this his yifte shold be sure, & cetera.

A Charter of Robert Wareyn confermyng to the mynchons of Godestowe xij. d. of yerely rente in Wycombe, & cetera.

About 1260. Proposed sale to Godstow, by Robert Wareyn, of a rent|charge of 12d.

[folio 182b] THE sentence of this charter is, that Robert Wareyn, with the consente and assent of Sare his wyf and of his heires, yaf, & cetera, to the Abbesse of Godestowe and to the Couente of the same place, xij. d. of yerely rente in the towne of Wycombe vpon the fee of the forsaid abbesse, that is to sey, of the tene|mente that Iohn Blake helde of hym, that lieth bitwene the tenement that Alice Clement helde and the tenement that Symond Alecod helde somtyme: To be had and to be holde, of hym and his heires, to the forsaid abbesse and Couente and to ther successours, for right heritage frely quyetly pesibly, with all the right and clayme that he or ony of his heiris had or myght haue for ever, yeldyng therof yerely to hym and to his heires one clowe gelofure at Ester, for all servicis, customs, and demaundis. And for this yifte, & cetera, the forsaid Abbesse Page  115 yaf to hym ix. shillings of siluere afore handes. And the forsaid Robert wareyn and his heires warantiȝed and defended the forsaid xij. d. of yerely rente to the forsaid Abbesse and Couente of Godestowe and to ther successours, by the forsaid seruyce, ayenst all men and women, cristen and Iewes for euer. Into witnesse, & cetera.

[folio 178b] A Charter of Robert Wareyne and of Sare his wyf confermyng to the mynchons of Godestowe xiiij. d. of rente yerely.

About 1260. Actual sale to Godstow, by Robert Wareyn, of no. 126, and sale of another rent-charge of 2d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Robert Wareyne, with the consente and assente of Sare his wyf and of his heires, yaf, & cetera, to the Abbesse and Couente of Godestowe, xiiij. d. of yerely rente vpon the forsaid fee in the towne of wycombe. that is to sey, of a tenement that Iohn Blake helde of hym, that lieth bitwene the tenement that Alice Clemente helde and the tenement that Symond Alecod held, xij. d., that is to sey, at the fest of seynt Mighell vj. d. and at the fest of our lady in marche vj. d.; And of the tenemente that William Pruce somtyme held, that lieth bitwene his tenement of the Est parte, ij. d at ij. termes aforsaid: To be had and to be hold, of hym and of his heires, to the forsaide Abbesse and Couente and to ther successours, for right heritage frely quyetly and pesibly, with all the right and clayme that he or ony of his heires had or myght have for ever, yeldynge yerely to hym and to his heires one clowe gelofure at Ester, for all servicis, customes, and demaundes. And for this yifte and graunte the forsaid abbesse and covente yaf to hym x. shillings vj. d. of siluere afore handis. And the forsaid Robert Wareyne and his [folio 179] heires warantiȝed aquyted and defended the forsaid xiiij. d. of yerely rente to the forsaid abbesse and Couente of Godestowe and to ther successours ayenst all men and women, cristen and Iewes, for ever. In-to witnesse of whiche thynge, & cetera.

[folio 176] A Charter of Thomas Lude confermyng to the mynchons of Godestowe a tenemente with all his liberteis and pertynentis.

About 1270. Sale to Godstow, by Thomas Lude, of a tenement, quit-rent, 1d. at Mi|chaelmas.

THE sentence of this charter is that Thomas Lude graunted, & cetera, to the lady abbesse of Godestowe and to the Couente Page  116 of the same place, a tenemente, with all his liberteis and pertynentis, in wycombe, that somtyme Robert Taillour helde, and strecchith hit-self in length fro the kyngis wey the which is I-called Croydenlane toward the Est vnto the graunge of the said Abbesse toward the west, and in brede fro the way vnto the graunge of the said abbesse fro the north parte vnto the wey of Roger Blunde of the southe, And hit buttith all ayenst the tenement that somtyme held Luce Cane and the tenement that somtyme held William Furnere and the tenemente of Iohn Clutere toward the southe, as the markes and departyngis vpon everich side techith and shewith: To be had and to be hold, of hym and his heires, to the forsaid abbesse and Couente of the same place and to ther successours and ther assignes, frely, quyetly, fully and holy, wele and in pease, by right heritage for ever, yeldynge therof yerely to hym and to his heires or to his assignes, j. d. at the fest of seynt Mighel for all seculer services, customs, sutis of courtis and demaundis. And Thomas Lude and his heires or his assignes warantiȝed aquyted and defended for ever the forsaid tenement, with all his pertynentis, to the forsaid Abbesse of Godestowe and to the Couente of the same place and to ther successours or ther assignes ayenst all men, Iewes and cristene. And for this yifte, & cetera, the forsaid abbesse yaf to hym before handis x. shillings into warison. Into witnesse of which thynge, & cetera.

A Charter of Cristyne Lutered, quyte-claymyng to Isowde Duram, j. d. of yerely rente in Wycombe.

About 1270. Sale to Godstow, by Cristina Lutered, of a quit|rent and the rever|sionary rights con|ferred by it.

THE sentence of this charter is that Cristyne Lutered of wycombe, vn-wedded and in her owne fre power, graunted, lette, and quyte-claymed for ever, for her and her heires, to Isowde Duram, [folio 176b] at that tyme abbesse of Godestowe, and the Couente of the same place, and to ther successours, j. d. of yerely rente with his pertynentis in the borough of wycombe, the which yerely she was I-wonyd to resceive of the attorney of the forsaid abbesse in wycombe, that is for to sey, for a tenement that Walter Coteler helde somtyme in the burgh of wycombe, that lieth bitwene the tenement that Andrew lynnen-draper helde and the kyngis wey that ledith toward Oxon, also with all Page  117 the right that she had or myght have in ony tyme in the forsaid tenement: To be had and to be hold, to the forsaid Isowde abbesse and Couente, and to ther successours, frely and quyetly, wele and in pease for ever, with-out ony with-holdyng of her or of her heires. And for this lettyng, grauntyng and quyte|claymyng the forsaid Isowde, abbesse of Godestowe, yaf to her xij. d. of siluer before handes. Into witnesse, & cetera.

A Charter of Roger Blunde, confermyng to the mynchons of Godestowe, one kyngis wey in þe towne of wycombe.

About 1270. Sale to Godstow, by Roger Blunde, of a lane. Purchase money, 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of this charter is that Roger Blunde of wycombe yaf, & cetera, to dame Isowde, abbesse of Godestowe, and to the Couent [folio 177] of the same place, one kyngis hye wey in the towne of Wycombe, the whiche lieth bitwene a tenemente of the said abbesse and the tenement of Robert Taillour held somtyme, and hit strecchith hit-self in lengthe fro the lane that ledith toward Croyden vnto his owne Graunge, as markes and departyngis vpon euerych side techith and shewith. To be had and to be hold, with all his pertynentis, of hym and his heires or his assignes aforsaid, to the lady abbesse and to the Couente of the same place and to ther successours, frely, quyetly, fully and holy, wele and in pease, by right heritage for ever, yeldyng therof yerely to hym and to his heires j clowe gelofre at Estere, for all seculer services, customs, sutis of courtis, and demaundes. And Roger Blunde and his heires or assignes warantiȝed, aquyted, and defended for ever, the forsaid kyngis wey, with his per|tynentes, to the forsaid lady abbesse and to the Couente of the same place and to ther successours, ayenst all peple, for the forsaid service. And for this yifte, & cetera, the forsaid abbesse yaf to hym half a marke of siluer be-fore handes into warison.

[folio 182b] A Charter of Symond Hokede confermyng to the mynchons of Godestowe ij. acres of mede in Wycombe, & cetera.

About 1270. Grant to Godstow, by Simon Hokede, of 2 acres of meadow.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Symond Hokede, in the way of charite, yaf, & cetera, to god & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestowe ther seruyng god, for his helth and of his wyfes Page  118 and of his Auncetours, ij. acris of mede in Wycombe, into pure and perpetual almesse; that is to sey, a mede at Pukehege that Richard Aylnod helde, and iij. perches of mede in Est mede of wycombe, the whiche ben next to the mede of Walter Penne, that the same walter helde of Robert Ruem: To be holde, of hym and his heires for ever, quyte fro all seculer seruyce and exaccion. And Symond and his heires warantiȝed the forsaid ij. acres to the forsaid chirche and to the forsaid mynchons ayenst all men. These beyng witnesse, & cetera.

A Charter of Iohn Kyt confermyng to william pipinere one mese, with his partynentis, in Wy|combe, & cetera.

About 1270. Sale to William Pipinere, by John Kyt, of a messuage.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Iohn kyt yaf, & cetera, to william [folio 183] Pipinere, for his homage and seruyce, and for xxiij. shillings of siluer the which he yaf to hym before handes, one mese, with his pertynentis, in wycombe, that lieth bitwene the mese that Robert Alecod held and the mese that william fitȝ Iohn wever held: To be had and to be holde, of hym and his heires, heritably frely and quyetly, yeldyng therof yerely to the abbesse and couent of Godestowe ij. shillings, that is to sey, at the fest of our lady in marche xij. d. and at the fest of Seynt Mighell xij. d.; And to hym and to his heires yerely j. d.; that is to sey, at the fest of our lady in marche j. obolus and at the fest of seynt Mighell j. obolus, for all seruycis and demaundis. And Iohn and his heires warantiȝed the forsaid mese, with his pertynentes, to the forsaid william and to his heires, ayenst all men and all women. And that this his yifte, & cetera.

A Charter of Anneys the doughtir of Robert Kyt quyte-claymyng to william Pipinere all her right of a mese in wycombe.

About 1270. Sale to William Pipiner, by Agnes Kyt, of all right in no. 132.

THE sentence of this chartere is, that Anneys, the doughtir of Robert kyt, graunted and quyteclaymed, for her and her heires, in her fre powere, to william Pipinere, all the right that she had or myght haue of that mese, with all his pertynentis, that liethe bitwene the mese that Robert Alecod helde and the mese that william fitȝ Iohn helde in wycombe: To be had and Page  119 to be hold, to the forsaid william and to his heires, frely quyetly and peasibly for evere. And for this graunte and quyte|claymyng the said william yaf to her xx. shillings of sterlyngis. And Anneys aforsaid, into witnesse of this graunte and quyte|clayme, put to this writyng her seale. Thise beyng witnesse, & cetera.

[folio 177b] A Charter of Thomas, Chapeleyne, of Wycombe, quyte-claymynge to the howse of Godestowe, ij. mesis in Wycombe.

About 1270. Sale to Godstow, by Thomas, chaplain, of two rent|charges, subject to a quit-rent to a light in Wycombe church. Purchase money, £1.

THE sentence of this charter is that Thomas, Chapeleyne, of wycombe, yaf and quyte-claymed, and confermed with this present writyng, to the howse of Godestowe for ever, for hym and his heires, for god and for the helth of his sowle and of his auncetours, all the right that he had or myght have of ij. mesis with [folio 178] the pertynentis in wycombe vpon the dowery of the chirche in the same towne: So that the forsaid howse of Godestowe shold resceive of Symond Alecod and of his heires yerely iij. shillings at ij. termes of the yere; And of henry Carter and of his heires of William Oscho iiij. shillings yerely at ij. termes of the yere, Savyng the tenementis to hym and to his heires. The forsaid howse shold yelde therof to the light of the chirche of wycombe yerely ij. d., And to hym and to his heires j. d. in Estir day. And for this yifte and quyte-clayme the abbesse of the forsaid howse yaf to hym xx. shillings of sterlyngis. And that thise afore writte thynges shold be sure, & cetera.

[folio 175b] A quyte-clayme of Petir fitȝ Robert Croenden, quyte-claymyng to the Couent of Godestowe a mese with the pertynentis, & cetera.

About 1280. Sale to Godstow, by Peter, son of Robert of Crendon, of all his right in a messuage.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Petir Fitȝ Croenden graunted and quyte-claymed to Flandryne, Abbesse of Godestowe, and to the Couente of the same place, that mese, with the per|tynentis, that he helde in the towne of wycombe in the lane that was of william daubure: To be hold and to be had, to the same Abbesse and Couent and to there successours and to there assignes, so that Petir or his heires no right myght clayme in the Page  120 same mese nother in his pertynentis. And for this graunte and quyte-clayme, & cetera, the forsaid Abbesse yaf to hym x. shillings of siluer, by the handes of Thomas Waudere, than ther steward there, & cetera. Into witnesse of which thynge, & cetera.

[folio 178] A Charter of the abbesse of Godestowe, con|fermyng to William May of Wycombe, one howse and one Curtilage of her fee, & cetera.

About 1300. Grant by Godstow, to William May, of a house and curtilage, subject to 2s. quit|rent, with special pro|vision for distraint.

THE sentence of this charter is that Alice, abbesse of Godestowe, and the Couente of the same place, with one assente and consente, graunted, & cetera, to William May of Wycombe, one howse and one curtilage of ther fee in the towne of Wycombe, with the pertynentis, the which lye in the subarbis of Wycombe, with-out the borough, in the strete toward the west and the Ryver that departith the forsaid borough and with-oute, and strecchith in length fro the tenement of Henry Dyer toward the sowthe vnto the fee of sir hugh Spencer toward the northe, as the markes and depertyngis teche and shewe: To be had and to be hold, of them and ther successours, to the forsaid William May and to his heires and to his assignes all, frely, quyetly and holy, pesibly and heritably for evere, yeldyng therof yerely to them and to ther successours ij. shillings at ij. termes of the yere, that is to sey, at the fest of our lady in marche xij. d. and at Mighelmasse xij. d., for all seculere seruyces, customs, sutis of courtis, exaccions, and demaundes; so that the said William and his heires or ther assignes shold susteyne for ever the forsaid howse, or another vpon ther forsaide fee, sufficient to neme and to distreyne for the forsaid rente and the arreragis of hit, yf ther happened ony. And the abbesse and Couente and ther successours warantiȝed aquyted and defended for evere the forsaid howse and Curtilage, with the perty|nentes, to the forsaid William and to his heires and to his assignes, ayenst all peple. Into witnesse of which thynge, & cetera.

[folio 176b] A Charter of Stephyn Agothe, I-pleyd in the kyngis Courte, for a tenemente in Irelandes lane in Wycombe.

1306/7, Febr. Quit-claim to Godstow, by Stephen Agothe, of all right in a tene|ment.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Stephen Agothe willed to be knowe to all cristen men that whan Moolde, Abbesse of Page  121 Godestowe, pleted in the kyngis courte by a breef I-called 'Cessauit per biennium' for the arreragis of the rente in the towne of wycombe that he helde of the same abbesse in Irelandes lane; Nathelesse that tenement, with all his pertynentis (of certayne causes, that is to sey, bothe for arreragis of rentis and for sutis of courtis and for other seruyces therof beyng behynde to the forsaid Moolde abbesse, with-oute ony of right or lord|shippe) after that tyme he wolde yelde hit and vttirly quyte|clayme hit of hym and his heires for ever, So that nother he nor none in his name myght axe in ony wyse ony right or clayme in the forsaid tenemente. Into witnesse, & cetera. The date at wycombe, in the purifiyng of oure lady, the xxxv. yere of the reigne of kynge Edwarde.

[folio 175b] A Graunte of Moolde, abbesse of Godestowe, I-made to Richard Fitȝ William simple of Clyfton, for j pece of londe with dichis and heggis, and with alle other partynentis, & cetera.

About 1310. Grant by Godstow, to William Simple, for life-term, of an en|closure.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Moolde, Abbesse of Godestow, and the Couente of the same place, with theire owne assente and consente, yaf, & cetera, to William fitȝ Richard simple of Clyfton, j pece of londe with diches and heggis liyng to, with all his other pertynentes, aboue Ludewatir in the parissh of wycombe of the Southe parte, and buttith one hede to the lond of Sir Robert Fyneel of the west parte, and another hede to the woode of the prioresse of Merlawe: To be had and to be hold, of them and of ther successouris, to the forsaid William fitȝ Richard simple to his lyf, al so frely, quyetly, [folio 176] holy wele and in pease, yeldyng therof yerely to them and to ther successours vj. d., that is to sey, at the fest of Seynt Mighell iij. d. and at the fest of our lady in marche iij. d., for all seculer seruyce and demaundes. And the forsaid Molde and the Couente and their successours warantiȝed all the forsaid pece of lond, dyches, and heggis, with all ther pertynentis, to the forsaide William, to his lyf only, ayenst all peple. Into witnesse, & cetera.

Page  122

DORSETSHIRE

MAIDEN NEWTON.

[NOTE.—At the dissolution, 1540, Godstow was still in receipt of this rent-charge of £6 13s. 4d., less 13s. 4d. paid to the bailiff: Monast. iv. 375-6.]

[folio 219b] A Charter of Pagane de Cadurcijs, made to the mynchons of Godestow, for x. mark yerly in mayden Newnton.

A.D.1270. Grant to Godstow, by Pain de Chaworth (died 1278), of£6 13s. 4d. yearly, pay|able (at Hullaving|don) out of lands at Maiden Newton, of which £5 6s. 8d. should be for a cloth|ing allow|ance; 13s. 4d. for a pittance on his mother's anniver|sary; and 13s. 4d. for a pittance on his mother's mother's anniver|sary.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Pagane de Cadurcijs yaf, graunted, and by his present charter confermed, to god and to the chirch of our lady and seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestow and to the mynchons ther servyng god and for evermore to serve, for the helth of his soule and for the soule of hawyse his modir and for all his auncetours and successours, in fre pure and per|petuel almesse, x. mark of yerely rent, at hauyndon, at ij termes in the yere for evermore to be taken; that is to sey, at Estir v. mark and at the fest of seynt Mighell v. mark; and that of ser Iohn Cheverell, knyght, and his heires, for dyuerse tene|mentis which the forseid ser Iohn held of hym in the towne of Maiden Newnton: [folio 220] To be had and to be hold, the forsaid rente, of hym and his heires, to the forseid mynchons and to ther successours, in fre pure and perpetuell almesse for evermore. And the forsaid Pagane and his heires, the forsaid rent of x. mark, to the forseid mynchons and to ther successours, ayenst all maner of peple shall warantiȝe acquyte and defende for euer|more. He willed and ordeyned that of the forseid rent the said Couent shold have for evermore viij. marke to ther clothyng; and a mark to their pytaunce the day of the holdyng of the obite of Hawyse his modir; And a marke to their pytaunce the day of the holdyng of the obite of Eve his Graunt dame: So that the Abbesse, nother her Steward, no thyng elles do with the forsaid rent, neither to chaunge or to make other orde|naunce. And that this his yifte, graunte, and his charter con|fermyng, Page  123 shold stond ferme and stable for evermore, he strengthed his present chartir with his seale. These beynge witnesse: ser Robert of Owotot, and Robert of Mucegros, ser Patrik and hereuyke de Cadurcijs, his brethern, ser Robert of lustehill and walrand of Bluntesdon, Iohn the sone of walrand, Maister Robert Mayngnard, than keper of the hous of Godestow, and many other.

A writyng fro Pagan de Cadurcijs to ser Iohn Cheverell, & cetera.

1270, July 17. Letter by Pain de Chaworth, directing his tenant, Sir John de Cheverell, to pay to Godstow the quit|rents of £6 13s. 4d. due from his free|holds, as in no. 139.

THE sentence of this writyng was made fro Pagane de Cadurcijs vnto ser Iohn of Cheverell, knyght, and to his heires and his assignes who-so-ever thei were: Sendith gretyng in god, where [to] the religious ladies Abbesse and Couent of Gode|stow, by his charter, in pure and perpetuell almesse, x. mark of yerely rent of yow for certeyne tenementis in the towne of mayden Newnton, which to hym ye were wonte to pay at ij. termes in the yere at hauyngdon to be taken, for hym and for his heires, for evermore he yaf and assigned; [he bade] yow, and by the tenour of this present writyng yaf in comaundement, that fro hens forthe, of the payment of the forseid rent at the same termes and place to be made, vnto the forseid Religious or to theire attorney, beryng thise lettres or ony other lettres of pro|curacie, and with-out ony defaute be ye intendaunte, in full payment makyng. In witnesse wherof to thise present lettres, he put to his seale. The date is at Godestow, in the day of seynt kenelme kyng and martir. The yere of our lord god a thousand two hundred and Seventy.

[folio 221] A Confirmacion of Patrick de Cadurcijs con|fermyng to the mynchons of Godestow the forseid x. mark of yerely rent.

1283, June 6. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Patrick de Cha|worth (died 1283), of his brother Pain's grant (as in no. 139).

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, that Patrik de Cadurcijs Sendith gretyng in god: know ye vs that we have beholden the Charter of ser Pagane our brother in thise wordes: 'Be hit knowen to all maner of men to whom this present writyng shall come to, that I pagane de Cadurcijs yaf, graunted, and by my present charter confermed, to god and to the chirche of our lady seynt marie and to seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestow and to the Page  124 mynchons ther servyng god and to serve for ever, for the helthe of my soule and for the soule of Hawyse my modir and for all myne auncetours and successours, in fre pure and perpetuell almesse, x. mark of yerely rent at Hauyndon at two termes in the yere to be taken for evermore: that is to sey, at Estir v. mark, And at the fest of seynt Mighell v. mark, and this [folio 221b] of ser Iohn Cheverell and his heires for dyuerse tenementis which the seid Iohn held of me in the towne of Mayden Newnton: To have and to hold, all the forseid rente, of hym and his heires, to the forseid mynchons and to ther successours, in fre pure and perpetuell almesse for evere. And I the forsaid Pagane and myne heires all the forseid rent of x. mark to the forseid myn|chons and to ther successours ayenst all maner of peple shall warantiȝe acquyte and defende for euermore. I wille also and ordeyne that of the forseid rent the Couent haue yerely viij. mark vnto their clothyng, and a marke vnto a pytaunce in the day of the obite of hawise his modir, And a marke to a pytaunce in the day of the obite of Eve his graunt dame: So that the Abbesse or her Steward shall do none other thyng with the forseid rent nor chaunge nor make ordenaunce. And that this my yifte, graunte, and charter confermyng, ferme and stable and vnhurt shall abide for ever, this present charter I have I|strengthed with the prynte of my seale. These beyng witnesse: ser Robert de Tybetot and ser Robert Musegrose, ser Patrik and hereuyke de Cadurcijs his brethren, And many other.' This forseid yifte and graunte to stond ferme and stable for vs and for our heires, this present writyng we conferme. In witnesse wherof, to this present writyng we have put to our seale. These beyng witnesse: the worshipfulle Fadre Peter, bisshop of Excetir, ser Richard of Colleshyll, ser Robert of Luffeteshull, and ser Iohn walrand, knyghtis, Roger of wrytell, and many other. The date is at Chynemareford, in the fest of whitsontyde, The yere of the reigne of king Edward þe xjth.

A writyng how Paterik de Cadurcius wrote to Alexandre of Cheverell for the x. mark aforseid, & cetera.

1283, June 6. Letter by Patrick de Chaworth, directing his tenant Alexander of Cheve|rell, to pay the rent|charges (as in no. 141), to Godstow.

THE sentence of this writyng [is], that Patrik de Cadurcijs wrote to Alexandre of Cheverell, the sone of ser Iohn of Page  125 Cheverell, knyght, and to his heires, and to his assigneis, what|so-ever thei be: Send gretyng in our lord god; wher, [to] the Religious ladies Abbesse and Couent of Godestow, ser Pagane de Cadurcijs, our brother, by his charter, in pure and perpetuel almesse, x. mark of yerely rent at hauyngdon to be taken, for hym and his heires, yaf and graunted and assigned: which for|seid yifte by our writyng we conferme; and vnto yow by this present writyng yeve in comaundement that fro hens forthe vpon the payment [folio 222] of the forseid rent at the forseid termes to the forseid Religious or to theire attorney with-out ony difficulte that ye take hede and full payment that ye make. In witnesse wherof, to this present writyng We have put to our seale, and to perpetuel memorie thise our presentis we have made our lettres patentis. The date is at Chynemareford, in the fest of whitsontyde, The yere of the reigne of kyng Edward the xjth.

[folio 220] A covenaunte bitwene the Abbesse of Gode|stow and Alexandre Cheverell, sone of ser Iohn of Cheverell, knyght.

A.D. 1283. Agreement between Godstow, and Alex|ander of Cheverell, as to pay|ment of his rent|charge of £6 13s. 4d. (as in no. 139 and no. 141), at Water|eaton manor near Cricklade, Godstow undertak|ing to en|tertain the person who brings the money, and pro|mising to claim no 'relief' or other feudal service, and agree|ing to collect the rent-charge from the holder's guardians during a minority, and Alex|ander of Cheverell subjecting all his Maiden Newton property to distraint for said rent|charge.

THE sentence of this covenaunte is made bitwene the Abbesse of Godestow and the Couent of the same place of that one partie, and [folio 220b] Alexandre, sone and heire of Iohn Cheverell, knyght, on that other partie: That is to sey, that where-as Pagane de Cadurcijs to the forseid Abbesse and Covent and theire monastorie graunted and yaf by his charter x. mark of yerely rent which he was wonte to have of the forseid ser Iohn Cheverell, knyght, of dyuerse tenementis the which he held of hym in Mayden Newnton, to be taken of hym to ser Pagane and his heires in the maner of Hauyndon where the same Iohn and his heires the forsaid rent shold paye by his feffemente: And afterward ser Patrik of Cadurcijs, brother and heire of the forsaid ser Pagane, by his charter, assigned the forseid Alexandre and his heires and assignes and all other that shold hold the forseid tenementis that in all wise to paye the forseid rent to the forseid Abbesse and Couent and to there Monastery afor|seid, So that to them forthwith to aunswere of the seid rent. And the forseid Abbesse, with one wille and assent of her Covent Page  126 aforseid, and in like wise of the assente of the forseid Alexandre, assigned the forseid Alexandre and his heires and his assignes a certeyne place, that is to sey, at their Maner of Eton next Criklade, to the payment of the forseid rent there euery yere at the termes to be made: So that the messanger that bryngith that rente thedir shall have there all his expenses, by the same day and nyght, And more-over as longe as he abidith for the acquytance. And also they promysed, and bounden hem-self and their house, to the forseid Alexandre and to his heires and to his assigneis, that thei ayenst all peple shall acquyte and save harmelesse the seid Alexandre and all other of the rent aforseid, yf hit happith therfor to be vexed or troubled. And also they shold not aske of the forseid Alexandre neither of his heires nother of his assignes, neither Relef nor other service, saaf only the forseid rent fro yere in-to yere of x. marke. And yf hit happe that ony of the heires of the forsaid Alexandre or of his assignes or the heires of theire heires to be in the kepyng and warde of the Chief lordis of that fee, of the which they hold or shalle hold the forseid tenementis by a knyght service, the forsaide Abbesse and Couent, duryng the same kepyng, of the hondes of theyme that shall hold the seid tenementis, the seid rent shall [folio 221] resceive, So that the same heires whan that thei come to theire lawfull age in no wise stonde bounden or be distreyned for the arreragis therof, what-so-ever it be; Saaf whan they ben come to theire lawfull age, afterward for them|self ben bound to pay hit. And the forseid Alexandre wolleth and grauntith, for hym, his heires, and his assigneis, that all the other londes and tenementis that he holdith in Maiden Newnton [be bound] to the forsaid Abbesse and Couent and to ther monas|tery aforseid, [for] the forseid yerely rent of x. mark to be taken yerely of all his londis and tenementis aforseid for evermore atte termes aforseid, that is to sey, the one half therof atte fest of seynt Mighell and that other half atte fest of the Annunciacion of our Lady at the forseid Maner of Eton next Criklade, as it is aforseid. And yf hit happe that the forsaid Alexandre, or his heires, or his successours who-so-ever thei be, to faile of the payment of the forseid rent, in parte or in all, at ony of the seid termes, than it shall be lefull to the forseid Abbesse and Couent them that so faileth for the arreragis Page  127 therof in all the forseid tenementis and all catalles that therin may be founde resonably to distreyne, as hit was lefull to the forseid ser Pagane and to his heires and his assignes, yf the rent aforseid thei held in their owne hondes. In witnesse wherof the parties aforseid to this present writyng, endented enterchaungeably, have sette to her seales. These beyng wit|nesse: ser Robert of Meysy, ser Richard of Ryvers, ser Iohn Goolofure, ser Iohn walrand, ser william of Bluntesdon, knyghtis, and many other.

[folio 224] Quitrents*. [This scribbling is the last writing in the MS.] at Maiden Newton.

1496. Inexact statement of the items of the £6 13s. 4d. rent|charge, £6 14s. 1d. being ac|counted for.

[folio 224] Memorandum the yere and Reyne of kyng hary the vijth after the Conquest the xj yere, of the Rent of Maydyn Newton in dyuers parsell.

Item: of thomas Frome for ij tenementys . . v s. vj d.
Item: the heyrys of Iohn Cheverell for on tene|ment . . . . . . xviij d.
Item: Wyllyam Cosere for ij akers & iij rodys and on close . . . . . iij s. viij d.
Item: Iohn Obley & Wyllyam Edwardys for*. [Possibly = 'bothe for.'] bowe j lond for x acre of Arabyll lond callyd Bordlond with pastur for a c schype . x s.
Item: Rychard Rowlond for v akers of Arabyll lond with pastur for xl schip . . v s.
Item: the same Rychard Rowlond for j close . iij s. iiij d.
Item: Iohn baker & Edward Baker bowe for on tenement callyd bordlond with pastur for cccc schep . . . . . lxvi s. viij d.
Item: for the Abbot of Cerym for a tenement callyd Bottreau . . . . . xxxviij s. v d.
The Summa of the holle vj li. xiiij s. j d.

ye most haue yt of my lord schuse and my lord storston and the abbott of seryn*. [Possibly Zouch, Stourton, Cerne.], and ye may strayne on for all, and all for on, the holl sum vj li. xiij s. iiij d., wyche Evydnese*. [evidences.] haue byn seyn, xj yere of kyng hary the vij.

Page  128

GLOUCESTERSHIRE

BOURTON.

[NOTE.—The witnesses to this deed (in the Exchequer MS.) are Adam, Walerand, Jordan, and Walter, priests of Godstow; Thomas, priest of Dalesforde; Symon, of Suelle; Herebert, of Bradeuell; Ralph, of Suelle; William, of Bageherste. These, according to custom, appear to be the clerics of the parishes Daylesford, Upper Swell, Broadwell, and Lower Swell which are next Bourton-on-the-hill. Donning|ton is a hamlet, somewhat to the north of Upper Swell and Broadwell. The bene|faction seems later than Pope Celestine III's confirmation, 1192, and to have been alienated before pope Nicholas IV's Taxatio, 1291.]

[folio XXVI(37)] Chartur of william of Doninton of a yerdelonde in Bourton.

About 1195. Grant to Godstow, by William of Donn|ington, son of John of Bourton|on-the-hill, of 5s. 6d. quit|rent out of a yard|land, sub|ject to a quit-rent to Evesham abbey, with right of re|version if the direct line of ten|ants fail.

THE sentence of this chartur is þat william of Doninton, þe sone of Iohn of bourton, bi þe consente of his heiris, gaf & grauntid, & confirmid wiþ his chartur, to god & to þe churche of our ladi & of seinte Iohn baptiste of Godestowe & to þe min|chons þer seruinge god, in-to pure fre & perpetuel almis, for þe helþe of his sowle & of his wife & of his fadur & of his modur & of his children, with his dowhter Isabell, j. yerde of londe in bourton, þe whiche þe heiris of wido his vncle helde as heire, of þe whiche thei sholde pay yerli to þe fore-seid minchons of Godestowe v. shillings vj. d, of whiche þe fore-seid minchons sholde pay oute yerli bi his hondis & his heiris to þe abbot of Eynisham*. [The Latin has 'Euesham.'] xviij. d, for all seruice þat longith to þat londe; & if hit falle þat þe heiris of wido faile, þe fore-seide londe sholde turne & abide fre & louse to þe churche of Godestowe, sauinge þe fore-seide seruice of þe abbot of Eynysham*. [The Latin has 'Euesham.']. Also he & his heiris sholde warantiȝe to þe fore-seide Minchons þe fore-seide londe for euir; & is with-oute date.

Page  129
CHERRINGTON, AND CHARLTON in Tetbury Parish.

[NOTE.—The document is incomplete, a leaf being lost. In the Latin Register (Exchequer MS.) there is no mention of this estate. The gift is later than the 1291 valuation of pope Nicholas IV. In 1540 Godstow was receiving (Monast. iv. 375) from it £1 14s. from the customary tenants and £3 5s. 8d. from the freeholds, and paying out 6s. 8d. for the bailiff's fee.]

[folio 217b] A Charter of Annore, somtyme the wyf of Hugh Mortemere, confermyng to the mynchons of Godestow Cheryngton and Charleton.

About 1300? Grant to Godstow, by Annore widow of Sir Hugh Mortimer, of her serfs, their fami|lies, and their lands, viz. Ralph, Emma, Roger, Walter; and of rent charges on her free|holds.

THE sentence of this Charter is, that Annore, somtyme the wyf of ser hugh Mortymer, in her fre wedowhode and of her owne wille and of her fre mariage, yaf, graunted, and by her present charter confermed, to god and to our Lady seynt Marie and to the chirche of Seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestow and to the holy mynchons ther servyng god, for the helthe of her soule and of her lord ser hugh Mortymere her husbond, and for her fadirs and modirs soule and for the soules of all her auncetours and successours, Raaf, bondman, of Cumbe, and Gonnylde his wyf, with all theire sequele; and Emme, wedow, of Cheryngton, with all her sequele; and Roger, the sone of Aleyne, bondman, and Alice his wyf, with all ther sequele; and Walter, the sone of Hulyn, bondman, and Godihold his wyf, with all theire sequele; and all the rentis and service which william, the sone of Helye, of Charleton, and Geffrey of Cheryngton, and Robert of westrooppe, and Hugh Smyth of Charleton, and Iohn Everard, of Charleton, with-in the parissh of Tedbury, which to hym thei ought and vsed to make; with all the londes of the bondmen, with relefis, and heriettis, mariagis, Eschetis, and riall services, and with all other rentis and thyngis which gone out or may gone out of the forsaid lond: To have and to hold, to the for|seid mynchons of Godestowe, frely and quyetly, in pure and perpetuel almes, with all the forseid bondmen and their tene|mentis, and with all the services of the fre tenauntis, and all other pertynentis, with-out any with-holdyng.

*. [[Leaf missing.]]
Page  130
DAGLINGWORTH.

[NOTE.—The pension of 2s. paid by this church to Godstow is mentioned in pope Nicholas IV's Taxatio, 1291, and was still paid at the dissolution, 1540 (Monast. iv. 375).]

[folio XXVI(37)] Chartur of Raph bloet for the churche of Daglingworthe.

About 1150. Grant to Godstow by Ralph Bloet, of the advow|son of the church.

THE sentence of this chartur is, þat Raph bloet gaf, & grauntid, to god & to our ladi & to seint Iohn baptiste & to þe churche of Godestowe & to þe holi minchons þer seruinge god, his churche of Daglingworth, wiþe all his pertinences, into perpetuel almis, for þe helþe of his sowle & of his predecessours, freli & quietli fro all seculer seruice: & is with-oute date.

*. [[NOTE.—Witnesses are Matthew, archdeacon of Gloucester (died 1177); Robert of Meisi; Robert of Everci, &c.]]
[folio XXVIb(37b)] Chartur of watur bloet confirminge þe gyfte of þe churche of Dalingworþe.

About 1150. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by the donor's brother Walter Bloet, of no. 146.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat watur bloet gaf & grauntid, & confirmid, with his writinge, to god & to þe churche of our ladi & of seint Iohn baptiste of Godestow, & to þe minchons þer seruinge god, for þe helþe of his sowle & of his aunceturs & successurs, þe gifte þe whiche sire Raph bloet, his brother, made to hem & confirmid with his writinge, Also the churche of Dalingworþe, with all his pertinens, in-to pur & perpetuel almis: & þat his graunt shold be sure, he put to his seele: & is with-oute date*. [Witnesses: (the donor) Ralph Bloet, and Stephen of Silcestria.].

Chartur of william bloet confirminge þe same gifte a-fore of the churche of Dalingworþe.

About 1220. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by the donor's nephew William Bloet, of no. 146.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat william bloet, for þe sake of charite & loue, for his owne helþe & for þe sowlis of his aunceturs & successours, grauntid, & confermid with his writinge, to god & to þe church of our ladi and seint Iohn Page  131 baptiste of Godestowe & to þe minchons þere seruinge god, þe churche of Dalingworþe, with all his pertinences, in-to pure & perpetuel almis, fre & quiete fro all seculer seruice & exaccion, as his vncles Raph & walter bloet gaf & grauntid & confirmid to þe fore-seide minchons, as her charturs witnessin: & þat his gifte & confirmacion sholde a-bide stable & firme, he put to his seele to þis present writinge: & is with-oute date*. [Witnesses: 'Sir' Simon of Hinton, Absalom of Stanton, Sir Ralph Harang, Sir William of Sewekesworthe.].

[folio XXVII(38)] Confirmacion of Raph prior of wircetur general vicari of Roger bisshopp of wircetur for þe churche of Dalingworthe.

About 1165. Confirma|tions to Godstow, by Sir Ralph Bloet and by Ralph de Bede|ford, prior of Worces|ter (1146|89), vicar|general of Roger, bishop of Worcester (1164-79), of the advow|son of the church.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, þat whenne Raph, prior of wircetur, kepid þe stede of Roger, bisshoppe of wircetur, Raph bloet*. [The re-grant by the donor was possibly due to some confusion caused by the fre|quent vacancies in the see, bishop Simon dying in 1149/50; bishop John Pagham, in 1157; and bishop Alfred, in 1160.], knyht, grauntid & confirmid, in þe presence of þe seid prior & of mathewe, archedecun of gloucetur, to þe abbas & to þe mynchons of seint Iohn baptiste of Godestowe, þe churche of Dalingworth, in-to perpetuel almis, in þe full chapitur of þe clerkes of cicetur: þe same raph also, bi þe autorite þat he had, confirmid to þe fore-seid churche, abbas, & minchons, þe fore|namid gifte, & strengthid hit by þe ordre of þis writinge, & bi settynge to of his seele; & is with-oute date.

Conuencion I-made bitwene þe churche of Gode|stowe & Iohn of Cundewille vppon þe church of Dalingworþe.

About 1165. Promise to Godstow, by John of Cundewell, incumbent, to pay Godstow a pension of 2s. out of the church, and oath of fealty to Godstow.

THIS was þe conuencion bi-twene þe churche of seint Iohn baptiste of Godestowe, & Iohn of Cundewell, clerke, vppon þe churche of Dalingeworth: þat þe fore-seid Iohn sholde haue to pension j. besaunt or ij. shillings yerli with-in þe vtas of seint Iohn baptiste, in the name of þe fore-seid churche of Dalingworþe, to be paid at Godestowe: & to þis couenaunt to be holde þe fore|seid Iohn made an othe bodili in þe presens of þe Abbas & of all þe couent & of mony oþer feiþful men, euin as he had made Page  132 couenaunt a-fore bi-twene hem in the chapitur at cicetur, to þe whiche oþe were presente sir Raph, prior of wircetur, & maistur petur, þe archedecun's official of þe same place. Also he did make þe oþe of fewte, to be [true] to þe fore-seide churche of Godestowe: & if hit fille þat þe seid Iohn wolde goo backe fro þe fore-seide conuencion, þe abbas reseruid to her selfe, bi þe same Iohn consentinge, þe goinge a-geine to all quarell þat she had bi-fore a-geiniste him: & is with-oute date.

[folio XXVIb(37b)] Chartur of Maunsel*. [In error. The Latin has 'Mauger.'] bisshoppe of wyrcetur confirminge the same gifte of þe churche of Daling|worthe.

About 1200. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Mau|gere, bishop of Worces|ter (1199|1212), of no. 149.

THE sentence of þis confirmacion [is], þat Mansel*. [In error. The Latin has 'Mauger.'], bisshope of worcetur, willid & acceptid wilfulli þe gifte þat Raph bloet made to þe church & to þe holi minchons of Godestowe of þe churche of Dalingworþe, þe which þe seid Raph grauntid to hem, in-to pur & perpetuell almis, & walter bloet his broþer confirmid to hem, as he had sei bi her charturs: & þis gifte Raph, sumtime prior of wyrcetur, kepinge þe stede of goode william*. [In error. The Latin has 'Roger, of good memory, formerly bishop of Worcester.'] sumtime bisshoppe of wircetur, Also confirmid hit to hem: þer-fore þat þis gifte myht bide firme & stable in time to come, he decreid, with þis present writinge, to confirme hit vndur þe witnes of his seele, & willid & ordeinid, bi the autorite þat he was*. [Read 'had as.'] bisshoppe, þat þe fore-seid minchons sholde take of þe fore-seide churche þe same pension þat þei wer wonid to take in þe timis of his predecessours, þat is to sei, j. gilden or twei*. [The figures 'ii.' are written over the word.] shillings yerli, in þe feste of seint Mihel, to be paid to hem, sauinge to him & to his successours þe ryht þat longyth to þe bisshoppe*. [Witness: W. de Verdun, archdeacon of Gloucester.].

[folio 152b] A fynall acorde I-made bitwene William Bluet and felice Abbesse of Godestowe for the avowry of the chirch of dalyngworth.

1225,April. Quit-claim to Godstow, by William Bluet, of all title in the advowson, in con|sideration of mention in Godstow prayers.

THE sentence is þat a fynal acorde was I-made, in the kynges courte at westmynster, fro the day of Ester into a monthe, the Page  133 ix yere of the reigne of kyng henry the sone of kyng Iohn, afore martyn of patishill, [folio 153] Thomas of Muleton, Thomas Heydon, Robert Lexynton, Geffrey Sauuage, and other trew men of the kyngis there at that tyme beyng present, bitwene William Bluet*. [See no. 148.], axer, and Felice, Abbesse of Godestowe, deforcer, by Absolon, Chapeleyn, I-put in her stede to gete or to lese, of the Avowrye of the chirch of Dalyngworth, wherof hit was I-pleyd bitwene þem in the same Courte: that is to sey, that the forsaid William [knowliched] the avowry of the said chirch to be the right to the same Abbesse and to ther chirch of Godestowe, and relesed hit, and quyte-claymed, of hym and of his heires, to the same abbesse and abbessis the which shold succede to her, and to her chirch of Godestowe for ever. And for this recognycion, relese, quyte-clayme, fyne, and acorde, the same Abbesse resceived the same William and his heires in all benefetis and prayers that shold be do afterward in the chirche of Godestowe.

Presentation by Godstow to the rectory of Daglingworth.

1509, May 25. Letter by Godstow, to Silvester Gigles, bishop of Worcester (1498-1521), intimating vacancy of the rectory by death of John Wilcokes, claiming the yearly pension of 2s. to Godstow, and also a pension of £2 to Thomas Heywode, Decret. Bacc., a former rector, and pre|senting John A. for institution.

[folio 223] Reuerendo in christo patri et domino domino Siluestro dei gracia Wigorniensi episcopo, eius*. ['vestro' is written over 'eius' as a correction.]ue vicario in spiritualibus generali, vestre humiles et deuote in christo filie, Isabella Braynton, permissione diuina monasterij beate marie virginis et sancti iohannis baptiste de godstow abbatissa, et eiusdem loci conventus ordinis sancti benedicti lincolniensis diocesis, omnimodas obediencias et reuerencias tanto patri debitas cum honore. Ad rectoriam ecclesie parochialis sancti iacobi de daglyngworthe dicte Wigorniensis diocesis, per resignacionem Magistri Iohannis Wilcokes vltimi rectoris eiusdem vacantem, et ad nostram presentacionem pleno iure spectantem cum omnibus suis iuribus et pertinencijs vniuersis, Salua nobis annua pensione vnius bizancie vel duorum solidorum infra octauas natiuitatis sancti iohannis baptiste, nomine predicte ecclesie de Daglyngworth, apud Godstow predictam per rectorem soluendo|rum, ac eciam pensione quadam annua cuidam Magistro thome heywode in decretis bacallario quondamque rectori ibidem, videlicet, quadraginta solidorum ad duos anni terminos per Page  134 eundem rectorem predicto Magistro heywode soluendorum, videlicet ad festa annunciacionis beate marie virginis et sancti michaelis archangeli per equales porciones, omnimodo salua, Dilectum nobis in christo Dominum I. A. Capellanum vestre reuerende paternitati intuitu caritatis presentamus Supplicantes humiliter et deuote quatenus predictum Dominum Iohannem ad rectoriam ecclesie parochialis de Daglyngworth sepedictam admittere velitis ipsumque rectorem in eadem canonice instituere dignemini graciose Ceteraque peragere et facere que vestro in hac parte incumbunt officio pastorali. Datum in domo nostra capitulari sub sigillo nostro communi xxv die mensis maij Anno domini MoCCCCCo ixo.

*. [[Leaf 223, back, is blank.]]
DUNTISBORNE.
[folio XXVI(37)] Chartur of Raph bloet for þe church of dantesburne.

About 1155. Grant to Godstow, by Ralph Bloet, of the advow|son of the church.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat Raph bloet gaf, & grauntid, to god & to our ladi & to seint Iohn baptiste & to þe churche of Godestowe & to þe holi minchons þere seruinge god, her churche of dantesburne, with all his pertinens, in-to perpetuel almis, for þe helþe of his sowle & of his pre [folio XXVIb(37b)] decessours, freli & quietli fro all seculer seruice: & is with-oute date*. [Witnesses: Matthew, archdeacon of Gloucester (died 1177), Robert of Meisi, &c., and the chapter of Cirencester (Scir|incestrie).].

Chartur of Raph bloet, of his modur, & brethryne, to Iohn bisshoppe of wicetur for þe monasteri of Dancesburne*. [In the Latin (Exchequer MS.) 'Dag|lingworth' in the rubric, but 'Dantes|burne' in the text.].

About 1155. Intimation to John Pagham, bishop of Worcester (1151-1157), of the gift of the advowson to Godstow.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat Raph bloet, his modur, & breþyrn, willid to be knowe to Iohn, bisshoppe of wyrcetur, & to his archedecuns & denis, þat þei had grauntid þe monasterij of Dantesburne*. ['monasterium de Dantesburne.' Mona|sterium = church.], to god & to our ladi & to seint Iohn & to þe couent of Godestowe, in-to perpetuel almis, þe whiche monasteri was of his patronage & of his fee: furþermore þei preied for þe loue of god þat þe fore-seide bisshoppe archedecuns & denis Page  135 wold graunt þis, & commaund to seysonne hem in hit, for þe fore-namid Raph & his brethirn sette þere her sistur to serue god & seint Iohn: & is with-oute date.

FRAMPTON ON SEVERN.
[folio XLb(50b)] Chaunter*. [A slip for 'charter.' Printed in Monast. iv. 366.] of walter clifford of Framton for þe mille þere & a litil mede.

About 1180. Grant to Godstow, by Walter of Clifford (died about 1190), in commemo|ration of his wife Margaret and daugh|ter Rosa|mond (died about 1176), of a mill (but ex|empting his household corn from toll), with a meadow, and con|firmation of the salt-pit in Wiche (no. 199).

THE sentence of þis euidence is, þat walter clifford grauntid & gafe, for þe helþe of his sowle & for þe sowlis of his wife Margaret clifford & of his dowhter Rosamunde & oþer frendis & predecessours, to þe churche of Godestowe & to þe minchons þer seruinge god, his mille of framton with all his pertinences, & [a] litil mede*. ['quoddam pratellum.'] liinge vndur þe mille, þat is callid lechtun, in-to pur & perpetuel almis, freli & quietli fro all exaccion & demaunde, sauinge þe griste of his owne howsholde the which sholde be quiet to him & to his heiris of þe tolne; & of*. [Omit 'of.' 'Et eciam salinam meam in Wichia.'] his salte in Whiche with all þe pertinences, he grauntid & gafe also, in-to pur & perpetuel almis, perpetuelli to be holde, as freli & quietli as euer he helde hit whenne [folio XLI(51)] þat he helde hit beste. This gifte made he, with þe consent & assent of þe kinge & his heiris: & walter clifford þe yungur, þe sone & heire of walter clifford a-fore-seide þe whiche made þis gifte, grauntid hit euin as his fadur grauntid & gaf hit. Also he confirmid hit with his seele for euir: & is with-oute date.

Chartur of walter clifford for þe mille of framton euin þe same þat is a-fore.

About 1180. Confirmation to Godstow by Walter of Clifford (died 1222), the donor's son, of no. 156.

Chartur of Richard Clifford for þe mille of framton.

About 1195. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Richard of Clifford, lord of Frampton, the donor's second son, of no. 156, and grant of the toll (exempted in no. 156).

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat Richard clifford grauntid, & confirmid, to god & to þe howse of Godestowe & to þe holi minchons þere seruinge god, þe mille of framton with all his pertinences, in-to pure & perpetuel almis. Furþermore he gaf & Page  136 grauntid to hem, in-to encresinge of his fadurs gifte, þe tolne of þe griste of his lordeship & howse-holde of framton of all cornis, holli & fulli, fre & quit fro all customs & exaccion seculer: & þat his gifte and graunt miht be sure, he set to his seele: and is with-owte date.

Anoþer acordinge to þe same, almoste worde for worde.

About 1195. Duplicate of no. 158.

Ageiniste þe vicari of framton for þe tithis of þe mille þere.

1228. Pope Gre|gory IX's commis|sioners, in the suit made by the vicar of Frampton, appointed 1228, 6th April, exempt Godstow from pay|ing tithes of Framp|ton mill, by a papal privilege.

THE sentence of þis euidence is, þat pope Gregori sende a delegaci to þe priores of lanton & of seint Oswalde, & to þe dene of Gloucetur, of worcetur diocese, þat þei sholde here Stephin, vicari of Framton, plaine, & þe abbas, defendaunt, vppon tithis & oþer thinges þat þe seide abbas & oþer wrongin him; also ende hit lawfulli, aftur þat þei haue knowe þe cause bitwene hem, appele sette a-side; & þat þat þei decreid þat þei make hit sureli to be kept: witnes þat bin callid & namid, if þei withdrawe hem for fauor drede or haterad, þat þei be constreinid bi þe censure of þe churche, appele cesinge, to sei þe trewthe: & if þei all miht not be at þe doinge of þis, at þe leste yet tweine sholde execute þis maundement: the date at rome, at Seint petur, þe viij idus of aprille, þe secunde yere of his popehode. þe abbas of Godestowe & þe couent I-callid a-fore hem bi the autorite of þis maundement, whenne þat þe seide vicare askid þe tithis of þe mille of framton bi þe commune lawe in þe name of þe church of framton a-fore hem of þe fore|seide abbas & couent þat þei sholde be assinid to him; þe contrari parte seide ageine, þat þei were wrongefulli vexid vppon þese þinges, for asmuche as þei were I-priuilegid specialli of þe pope þat þei sholde pai no tithis of here millis. Thus all þinges lawfulli I-do, aftur þei had sei þe tenowre of þe foreseide priuileges, & con|siderid þat þei were wrongfulli I-callid & vexid bi lawe ageiniste here priuileges for to pai þe tithis of here millis, & þat þei wer exempte bi the auctorite of þe pope, þei assoilid hem fro þe fore|seide impeticion for cause of her priuilege & bi þe councell of wise men; & put þe vicari afore-seide, þat vexid hem for þe fore|seide tithis, to silence: & in-to witnes of þis þei put to here seelis.

Page  137
Title absent.

1304, July 20. Grant by Godstow, to William, carpenter, and his heirs, of the mill. Quit-rent, 30s. yearly. Obligation to keep in repair, and to rebuild, if destroyed by flood or fire. Liability to distraint.

THE sentence of þis endenture is, þat þe xxxij. yere of þe reine of kinge Edwarde, vppon seint margaretes dai virgin, hit was a-cordid [folio XLIb(51b)] bitwene þe religius ladiis, dame Aliȝ Gorges, bi þe grace of god abbas of Godestowe, & þe couent of þe same place of þe on parte, & william of Framton, I-callid carpinter, of þe oþer: þat is to sei, þat þe fore-seide abbas & couent gaf grauntid & toke to þe seide william & to his heiris here mille of framton, with all his pertinences, seutis, & liberteis, to be had & to be holde, to him & to his heiris, freli quietli & for riht heritage for euer, of þe chife lordis of þe fee, doinge to hem seruices dewe þerof & I-wonid, painge þerof yerli to þe seide religius ladijs xxx. shillings of siluer, þat is to sei, at candelmasse, xv. shillings, & at midsomur, xv. shillings, for all seruices & seculer demaundis: & þe fore-seide religius abbas & couent warantiȝed & defendid to þe fore-seide william & to his heiris or assinis þe fore-seide mille with all his pertinences bi þe fore-seid seruices of xxx. shillings: & if hit happinde þat þe fore-seide william cese in his paiment, in all or in parte, or þat þe fore-seide mille be drownid, brennid, or distruid bi defaute of amendinge to be do here-aftur in oni wise, he bounde himselfe his heiris & all his londis & tenementes þat he had or miht haue in þe towne of framton & in all oþer places in þe shire of Glowcetur & also in all þe sheres of Inglonde to þe distressinge of þe attornei of þe seide religius women abbas & couent þat he miht distresse & kepe the distressis or sille hem also ofte as hit is cesid in þe paiment of þe seide rent, & þat þe fore-seide attornei (þe wiche þat þe seide religius women sende or make attornei bi her opin writinges) haue of þe goodis of þe seide william for euiri distreininge I-made j halfe marke for her harmis & expenses. In-to witnes of þis, þei put to þis writinge endentid her seelis, euirich a-geiniste oþer: & is with-oute date.

Composicion I-made bitwene Robert fitȝpagane lorde of framton & þe abbas of Godestowe & þe couent for xxx. shillings of yerli rente.

1312, April 4. Confirma|tion to Godstow, of the quit|rent (as in no. 161), by Robert son of Pain, lord of Frampton, on his ac|quiring the mill from William, carpenter. Powers of distraint.

THE sentence of þis composicion is þis, þat how william I-callid carpinter, of þe towne of framton, gaf to Robert fitȝ Page  138 pagane lorde of þe same towne, & confirmid bi his chartur of feffinge, j watur mille, with þe ponde, close, & pasture liinge þer-to, & with þe seute of grindinge, & all oþer pertinences, in þe fore-seide towne, to be had & to be holde, to him & to his heiris or assinis as hit is fulli contined in his fore-seide chartur, for þe whiche mille þe same william a-fore was wonid to pai to þe ladi abbas and couent of Godestowe, he willid to be knowe þat he was I-bounde bi þis present writinge for him-selfe & for his heiris all his maner of framton, with his mille þerwith a-fore|seide, to pai þe xxx. shillings a-fore-seide of yerli rent*. [At the dissolution, 1540, Godstow was still receiving £1 10s. from Frampton mills.] to þe fore|seide abbas of Godestowe & to þe couent of þe same place fro yer in-to yere, & for to kepe þe fore-seide william harmeles her|aftur for euir fro all hurtes distreininges or greuis þerof. In-to witnes here-of his seele was hangid to þis writinge. The date at wode Eton, þe iiij. dai of aprile, þe v. yer of þe reine of kinge Edwarde þe sone of kinge Edwarde.

GLOUCESTER CITY
[Deeds referring to a pension*. [This pension was still paid to Godstow at the dissolution, 1540 (Monast. iv. 375).] out of St. Mary le Crypt church.]
[folio 57b] A evidence of xl shillings of rent in Glouceter.

A.D. 1138/9. Grant to Godstow, by Robert Chi|chester, bishop of Exeter(1138|55), of a pen|sion of £1 out of St. Mary le Crypt.

THE sentence of this euidence is, þat Robert, by the grace of God bysshop of exetur, ȝaf & grauntid to þe holy mynchons of Godestow xl. shillings in-to perpetuel almys ȝerly, þat is to say, in owre lady church of Gloucetur xx. shillings, and in the church of faryndon xx shillings. These beyng wytnys Stephyn, kynge of Inglonde; Theobald, Archebysshop of Caunterbyry, & mony other. And is with-owte [date].

A pension of Seynt mary chirch of Glouceter.

1289, Oct. 8. Decision binding the parson of St. Mary ad austrum, to pay yearly a pension of £1 to Godstow, as in no. 163.

THE sentence of this wrytyng [is], þat in þe church of seynte Nicholas of glowcetur, the satyrday next after þe feste of seynte Fyde virgine, The ȝere of owre lorde a thowsande two hundred Page  139 fowre score And nyne, A-fore þe officiall of wyrcetur, whas a sentence diffinityf I-ȝef, by-twene thabbesse and here Couent of þe oon parte & syre Gregorye, person of seynte marye towarde þe sowth of Gloucetur, þat þe same gregorye & euerych & alle his successoures þat fore þe tyme helde þe sayde church were I-bounde euery ȝere to þe payment of the sayde ȝerly pension; & also ofte as þey cesyd, þey to be compellyd to þat payment by censure of þe church. And [folio 58] to do this þe seyde gregorye, person of þe sayde church, agreyng to þe fore-sayde sentence diffinitif, leyng & takyng the holy gospelys in his*. [MS. 'his his.'] handis, made a bodely vowe þat he wolde pay the foresayde pension with-owte oony dilacion to thabbesse & couente of Godestow or to here procutours in the feste of seynte myȝhel, Also longe as he leuyd & had þat church.

[Grant by Robert of Everci.]
[folio XLVb(55b)] A charter of Robert Euersy of j tofte of Roddis and a mansion to Godestowe.

About 1180. About 1180. Grant to Godstow, by Robert of Everci, of land out|side and a house in|side the wall.

THE sentence of this charter is, þat robert euersy, by the [consent] of agas his wyfe & of his eyeris, ȝaf & grauntyd his toft*. [Latin 'virgultum.'] of roddys, þat whas of turstane, Archedekun of glowcetur, & A mansure or dwellyng place þat whas of robert Oisun, to god &c. & to þe holy mynchons there seruyng god, in-to perpetuel almys, for þe helth of his sowle &c., frely & quietly. The[se] beynge wytnys & cetera.

A Charter of þe priour of seynt Oswaldes of Gloucester of ij shillings & j li of comyn.

About 1190? Perpetual lease by Godstow, to St. Oswald's Priory, of no. 165, subject to quit-rents of 2s. and a lb. of cumin on Jan. 13 to Godstow, and of 4s. to the king.

THE sentence of this charter is, þat wylliam, by the mercy of god prior of seynt oswalde of glowcetur, & his successouris*. [This quit-rent seems lost before the dissolution.], & his couent, oft to pay ȝerly, to thabbesse of Godestow & to here couent of the same place, for the londe with-owte Eluen|gate of Gloucetur, the wyche robert of euersy ȝaf to þe church of Godestow, the which he helde of the sayde mynchons by charter, ij. shillings of sterlynges & j lj. of comyn at þe feste Page  140 of seynte hillary, & to þe kyng iiij. [shillings of] sterlynges for alle seruice, exaccion & demaunde. In-to wytnys of the which, he ȝaf to the sayde mynchons this present charter I-maade sure by the impreyntyng of his [seele]. These beyng wytnys & cetera.

[Land acquired from Laurence, son of Richard.]
A charter of laurence fitȝ Richard of his lond in Glouceter. [folio XLVIb(56b)]

About 1200. Grant to Godstow, by Lau|rence son of Richard, of land near St.Nicholas church.

THE sentence of this charter is, þat laurence fiȝt Richarde fitȝ Iordan of Glowcetur, in the wey of charite & for the helth of his sowle &c., ȝaf, graunted &c., in-to pure & perpetuel almys, all þat londe þat his fadur Richarde fiȝt Iordan bouȝght of raph pynel, the which lyeth by-twene the londe summe tyme of thomas plecche & wyllyam hoyen, in þe grete strete afore the churche of seynte nycholas, to be holde and to be had, welle and in pece, Worschipfully frely quietly fro all seculer custome & exaccion; And þe foresayde laurence fiȝt Richarde fiȝt iordan & his eyeris warantiȝed to þe foresayde holy mynchons the foresayde londe Agaynste alle men & women, & Aquited the langabul: þese beynge &c. And is with-owte date.

Iulian abbesse of Godstow graunted to laurence fitz Richard, & cetera.

About 1200. Grant by Godstow, to Laurence son of Richard, of no. 168, quit-rent, 5s. on Jan. 13,

THE sentence of this euidence is, þat Iulian, by the grace of god abbesse of Godestow, & alle here couent, ȝaf & grauntyd & with þere charter confermyd to laurence fiȝt Richarde fiȝt Iordan, for his homage & seruice, þere londe þat þey had in þe town of Glowcetur þe which Richard fiȝt Iordan fadur of the foresayde laurence bought of Ranulph pynel, the which lyeth by-twene þe londe summetyme of thomas plecch & wylliam hoyen in the grete strete a-fore the church of seynte Nicholas, to be holde & to be for ryȝht heritage, welle & in peece, frely & quietly, payyng þerof ȝerly to here & to here successoures v shillings of syluer for all seruice & custome longyng to them, þat is to say, at þe feste of seynte hillary. These beyng wytnys & is with-owte date.

Page  141
[Lands acquired from Walter, the writer.]
[folio XLIIII(54)] A Charter of Richard Ticedwell made vnto Walter Scriptor, writer of the abbey of Gloucester, of vj. acris lond and iij acris mede.

About 1200. Sale to Walter, the writer, by Richard Ticedwell, of 4 acres of land, and 2 acres of land, and 2 acres of meadow, and 1 acre of meadow, quit-rent, 1s. Purchase|money, £6 13s. 4d.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat Richard Ticedwell gaf, grauntid, & confirmid with his writinge, to walter scriptor oþerwise writer of þe abbei of Gloucetur, vj. acris of arable londe & iij. acris of mede, of his londe þe whiche he hilde of þe abbot & couent of Gloucetur: þat is to sei, iiij. acris of arable londe towarde þe kinges hall, þe whiche turnin*. [Form for plural: cp. 142/1, 143/22.] to þe kinges hi wei, þe whech Gladewine fuller hilde of him; & ij. acris at longeforde, tho tweine, þat is to sei, þat lien bitwene þe londe þat walter Grute hilde of him & þe londe of Raph auenel; & ij. acris of mede in waltham, tho tweine, þat is to sei, þat lien bitwene þe kinges mede & þe abbottes mede of Gloucetur, & j acre of mede in londemede: to be holde & to be had all þo acris a-fore namid, of him & of his heiris, to him & to his heiris for euer, for xij d yerli to be paide to him & to his heiris in too termis, half at estur & half at mihelmas: & Richard & his heiris warantiȝid to þe fore-seide walter & to his heiris & to whom-so-euir he wolle aftur him of þe fore-seide acris ageiniste all men, bi þe fore|seide seruice I-do, acquitid of all seruices & seculer demaundis. For this gifte & graunte, þe fore-namid walter gaf to him a-fore-handis x. marke of siluer to acquite him of þe Iuis of Gloucetur. And for as muche þat he wolde þat hit sholde be sure, he confirmide hit with þe impression of his seele: and is with-oute date.

[folio XLV(55)] A charter of Walter Scriptor Writer of vj. acris of arable lond & iij. acris of mede.

About 1210. Grant to Godstow, by Walter, the writer, of no. 169.

THE sentence of this writyng is, þat water scriptor or wryter ȝaf graun[tyd] & confermyd by his charter &c., as a-bove, syxe acris of Arable londe & thre acris of mede, the which he heldo by heritage of Richarde of tycedewelle, þat is to say, fowre Page  142 acris of arable londe the which turnyn vppon the kyngys hye wey to þe kynges halle of glowcetur, & twey acris of arable londe: & so forth, as his conteynyd be-fore I-wryte.

A Charter of Richard Ticede Welle of vj acris lond and iij acris of mede. [folio XLIIIIb(54b)]

About 1210. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Richard Ticedwell, as feudal superior, of the gift as in no. 170, quit-rent, 1s.

THE sentence of thys charter is þat Richarde Ticedewelle grauntyd, & by thys present charter confermyd, to god & to the churche of owre lady seynte marye & of seynte Iohn baptiste of Godestow & to þe mynchons þere seruyng god, for the helth of his sowle & of alle his aunceturs, syxe acres of arable londe & thre acris of mede: þat is for to say, fowre acris of arable londe by the kynges hye wey towarde the kynges halle of gloucetur; & twey acris of arable londe at longeforde, the which lyen by-twen the londe of raph Auenel & the londe þat water grute helde; & twey acres of mede in Walham; & oon acre in Londemede, the which acris all water scriptor alias wryter helde as eyere of me. All these acres he grauntid & confermyd, to be holde & held of hym & of his eyeris, frely & quietly for euer, in-to pure & perpetuel almys, for xij. d ȝerly to be payid to hym & to his eyeris for all seruices & seculer demaundis, in two termys, halfe at þe annunciaciun of owre lady & halfe at myȝhelmasse. And Richarde & his eyeres warantiȝed to þe sayde howse of Godestow all þe fore|sayde agaynste all men. And to make hit sure, he confermyd thys wrytyng by þe settyng to of his seele.

[folio XLIIII(54)] A Charter of Richard Ticedewell made to the mynchons of Godestow of vj acres lond & iij of mede.

About 1210. Confused duplicate of no. 171, the writer be|ginning by making the confirma|tion to Godstow, and then wandering off to Walter, the writer.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat Richard Ticedewelle grauntid, & confirmid bi his writinge, to god & to þe churche of our ladi & of seint Iohn Baptiste of Godestowe & to þe minchons þer seruinge god, for þe helþe of his soule & of all his aunceturs, vj acris of arable londe & iij. of mede: þat is to sei, iiij acris of arable londe bi þe kinges hi wei towarde þe kinges hall of Gloucetur, & ij acris of [folio XLIIIIb(54b)] the whiche gladewyne fuller helde of hym; & twey acris at lonke|forde, Page  143 þo, þat is for to say, þat lyen by-twene þe londe þat water grute helde of hym & þe londe of raph auenel; & twey acris of mede in Walham, tho, þat is for to say, the which lyen by-twen þe kynges mede & þabbot of glowceturs mede; & oon acre of mede in londemede: to be holde & to be had of hym & of his eyeris for euer, for xij d ȝerly to be payid to hym & to his eyeres in too termis, halfe at estur & halfe at myhelmasse. And the sayde richarde & his eyeris warantiȝed to þe foresayde water & to alle his eyeris, agaynste all men; & aquited hym of all seruices & wordely demaundis. For þys ȝyfte & graunte, þe fore-namyd water ȝaf to hym be-fore handys x. marke of syluer to quite hym of the Iuys of gloucetur. The whych for-asmuch þat he wolde haue hit sure, he confermyd hit by settyng of his seele. Wytnyssys mony beyng present.

A charter of William Chercheden and Edith his wyf [of] vj acris lond & iij of mede.

About 1210. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Richard Ticede|well's heirs, of his con|firmation, as in no. 171, subject to the quit|rent of 1s., on payment of a marc, of a meas|ure of wheat, and of a meas|ure of rye.

THE sentence of this charter is þat wylliam cherchesdon, with thassent & wylle of edithe his wyfe & of his dowghter & of Richarde ticedewelle his eyere, confermyd to god & to þe churche of owre lady seynte marye & of seynt Iohn baptiste & to þe mynchons of Godestow þere seruyng god, for the helth of his sowle & of all his aunceturs, vj. acris of arable londe & thre acris of mede: of the whiche fowre acris of londe arable lyen at þe kynges halle of glowcetur & turnen vppon the kynges hye wey, and twey acris at longeforde by twene the londe þat whas of raph Auenel [folio XLV(55)] & þe londe þat water grute helde, And tweyne Acris of mede lyen in Waleham, & j acre of mede lyeth in landemede: the which all acris water scriptor or wryter by heritage helde of richarde tyce|dewell, fadur of the foresayde edithe his wyfe, & ȝaf hit to þe foresayde mynchons in-to perpetuel almys. And þe same richarde confermyd hit to þe same mynchons by his charter, to be had & to be holde, alle þe foresayde acres, of hym & of his eyeris, in-to pure & perpetuel almys, ȝeldyng to hym & to his eyeris ȝerly xij d in two termys of the ȝere, halfe at þe annunciaciun of owre lady & þe oþer halfe at myȝhelmasse, for all seruices sewtes exaccions & seculer demaundis. And Page  144 wylliam & his eyeris warantiȝed to þe foresayde mynchons All þe foresayde acris agaynste all men & women for euer: & Aquited of alle seruices & exaccions þat were in that tyme or myght chaunse afterwarde. And for this confirmacion the foresayde mynchons of Godestow ȝaf to hym oon marke þat is to say xiij shillings iiij d to his grete nede & tweyn cronockes*. [In the Latin 'duos cronocos bladi.' See crannock in New Engl. Dict.] of corne, oon þat is to say of wete & anoþer of rye. In-to wytnys of this thyng, he toke þys present wrytyng to hem I-seelyd with his seele. Mony wytnys beyng present.

A charter of amphelice abbesse of Godestow of vj acris and iij acris.

About 1220. Perpetual lease by Godstow, to St. Oswald's priory, of the lands described in the pre|ceding deeds, on condition of paying quit-rent to Godstow, 10s. on Jan. 13, and quit|rent of 1s. to the feudal superior, and a fine of 3s. if the payment be in arrears.

THE sentence of this charter is, that amphelice, by the grace of god Abbesse of godestow, & þe covent of the same, with consent & assent of alle the chapitre, for vs & alle owre successoures grauntyd to þe prior of seynte oswalde of glow|cetur, & to þe covente of the same place, & to alle þere successouris, syxe acres of arable londe &c. as in the charters Afore, to be holde & to be had, of here & of here successoures, to hym & to his successouris, frely & quietly for euer, ȝeldyng to here & to here successouris ȝerly x shillings*. [This quit-rent of 10s. was still paid at the dissolution in 1540 (Monast. iv. 375).] at the feste of seynt hillary, And to wylliam of chirchesdoun & to edithe his wyfe & to here eyeris xij. d of sterlynges at two termys of the ȝere, þat is to say, at þe Annunciaciun of owre lady vj. d & at myȝhelmasse vj d, for all seruices & demaundis as they were wonyd & oftyd to pay. Furþermore þe fore-sayde prior & chanouns & þere successouris scholde ȝef to þe forsayde abbesse & mynchons iij. shillings of sterlynges for a peyne, with-owte Agayne-saying, if they cese in oony ty [folio XLVb(55b)] me of the paying of here rente. In-to wytnys of the which thyng, they maade bytwene them A wrytyng in the maner of A charter, Of whiche the sayde mynchons token to þe fore-sayde chanouns oon perte I-selyd with þe sele of there church, & they aȝenwarde toke to þe fore namyd mynchons þe same charter I-selyd with þere sele. These beynge wytnys &c.

Page  145
[Land given by Richard of the cellar.]
[folio XLVIb(56b)] Emma abbesse of Godestow graunted to Iohn Blunt & cetera.

About 1260. Grant by Godstow, to John Blunt, of land and houses in Ebruge street, on payment of quit|rent, 8s., and per|formance of the feudal ser|vices due by the holding. Power of distraint.

THE sentence of this charter is, þat dame Emme bluet, by the grace of god Abbesse of Godestow, And þe couent of þe same place, with oon assent & consent, ȝaf grauntid & confermyd by wrytyng to Iohn blunt, burgeys of Glowcetur, A grounde in glowcetur with howsys byldynges & with all pertinences, þat is to say, þat londe þat Richard of þe celer*. [This benefactor has not been mentioned elsewhere.] of glowcetur ȝaf them in-to pure & perpetuel almys, & þat londe lyeth in Ebrugestre[te] of glowcetur, bytwene þe londe of the fore|sayde Iohn blunt & þe londe summetyme of Iohn ferur, to be had & to be holde with all his pertinences, to þe sayde Iohn blunte & to his eyeris or his assynys, frely quietly vtterly & hole for euer, paying þere-of ȝerly viij shillings of sterlynges*. [MS. 'of sterly of sterlynges.'], þat is to say, at myȝhelmasse iiij. shillings & at þe feste of owre lady in marche iiij. shillings, for alle seruice, exaccion & demaunde þat myȝht chaunse to them & to þe successoures for þe sayde londe. Also þe same Iohn & his eyeres or his [folio XLVII(57)] Assynys scholde do to þe chef lordes of þat fee all seruice þat longyd to them of þat londe. And þe foresayde mynchons of Godestow & þere successoures warantiȝed & defendid to þe sayde Iohn blunte and to his eyeres or to his assynys alle þe foresayde londe with his pertinences for euer. And if þe foresayde rente be not payid in the termys Aforesayde, hit scholde be lawfull to þe fore-sayde mynchons & to þere suc|cessouris, with-owte oony Agayne-saying of þe sayde Iohn blunte & of his eyeris or assynys, by there baillifs, what-so-euer þey be, to distreyne&nyme vpponalle þe tenement of the foresayde Iohn blunte in the towne of Glowcetur tylle þe foresayde rente be fully I-payid. And þat þys writyng scholde be sure & stable for euer, both partyes maade hit stronge by puttyng to þere seelys, euerych to oþer. þese beyng wytnys &c. And is wit-owte date.

Mabil abbesse of Godestow viij. shillings of rent.

About 1289. Grant by Godstow, to Richard of the garden, of the quit|rent in no. 175, for 6s. yearly. Power of distraint.

THE sentence of this charter is, þat dame mabile Wafre, by the grace of god Abbesse of Godestow, & þe covent of the same Page  146 place, by the commune assente & consente, ȝaf, grauntid, & by there wrytyng confermyd, to Richarde, burgeys of Glowcetur, viij shillings of ȝerly rente in Ebruggestrete, þe which Iohn blunte burgeis of Glowcetur whas in certeyn termys to paye to them, to be had & to be holde to þe sayde Richard of Gardeyne & to his eyeris or assynys, frely &c. for euer, paying there of ȝerly vj shillings of sterlynges, þat is to say, at myȝhelmasse iij shillings And at þe feste of owre lady in marche iij shillings, for all seruice, exaccion & seculer demaunde. And þe sayde mynchons of Godestow & þere successoures warantiȝed & defendid for euer to þe foresayde Richarde of Gardeyne, to his eyeris or assynys, the foresayde viij. shillings of ȝerly rente Agaynste All men levyng. And if þe fore-sayde rente in the foresayde termys were not payid, hit scholde be lefull to them & to þere successoures, with-owte oony agayne-saying or lettyng of the sayde Richard of Gardeyne, his eyeris, or of his assynys, by there baillifs, what-so-euer þey be, to distreyne & to nyme vppon alle þe tenement of þe foresayde Richard of gardyne of Glowcetur, tyl þe foresayde rente be fully payid. And þat þys present writyng scholde be sure for euer, the bothe partyes a-seelyd euerych to oþer in þe maner of A charter, these beyng wytnys: & is with owte date.

[Houses and quit-rents bought with dame Rose la moyne's money.]
[folio XLVb(55b)] A evidence of Iohn of pershore all londis & tenementis in Gloucestre.

1289, Aug. 16. Sale to Godstow, by John of Pershore, of property near the South Gate, and Smith street, quit-rents, a rose to the mesne lord, 2s. to St. Peter's abbey, 2s. to St. Aldate's church. Purchase|money, £16, given by dame Royse la moyne.

THE sentence of this euidence is, þat Iohn of pershore, burgeis of glowcetur, ȝaf, grauntid, & confermyd by his charter, in-to pure & perpetuel almys, to þe religious women ladyis abbesse & mynchons to god &c., alle londes & alle tenementes & alle ȝerly rentes þat he hadde or myght haue in þe grete place towarde þe sowthȝate of glowcetur, the wyche londes & tene|mentes lyen & been by-twen þe londe þat whas sumtyme of water Cramich & þe smythys strete thorowgh þe which me[n go] to þe castell fro þe grete place; Also A voyde grounde, the which strecchyth hit selfe towarde the sayde smythys strete: Page  147 to be holde & to be had, with all þere pertinences, of hym & of his eyeris or his assynys, to þe fore-sayde religiouse women & to þere successoures, frely, quietly, purely & vtterly, welle hole & pesybly for euer, paying there-of ȝerly to hym & to his eyeris or to his assynys oon rose At þe feste of seynte Iohn baptiste at Glowcetur in the sayde tenementes or in oon of the sayde tenementes whenne þey been conueniently requisityd or Axid, & to þabbot of seynt petur of Glowcetur ij. shillings, & to þe churche of seynte oolde*. [At the dissolution Godstow was still paying these quit-rents to St. Peter's abbey, and to St. Aldate's church, as also a quit|rent of 2s. to the sheriff of Gloucester to obtain exemption from attendance at his court (Monast. iv. 375).] in the same towne ij. shillings, for all seruices, customs, seculer sewtes, exaccions & demaundis. And þe fore-sayde Iohn perschore his eyeris or his assynys scholde warantiȝe to þe fore-myndyd religiouse women, & to þere successoures, þe*. [MS. þer.] fore-sayde londes, tenementes, ȝerly rentes, & grow[n]de, with alle þere pertinences, Agaynste all dedly men & women, and Aquite of þe Arrerages of þe sayde tene|mentes if þer were oony, & defende [folio XLVI(56)] for euer, for þe foresayde seruice. Furþermore for þe ȝyfte, graunte, & confirmacion of his charter, þe sayde abbesse and mynchons ȝaf to hym by-fore handis fowre & twenty marke of syluer, I-ȝefe & assynyd*. [& assynyd, in margin.] to þe sayde religiouse women of a nowble-woman, dame royse la moyne I-callyd, to þe more plentyfull susteynyng of the sayde monastery in tyme comyng. And þat his ȝyfte, graunte, & confermyng of his charter, myȝht haue strength for euer, he maade sure this wrytyng by the impreyntyng of his seele. These beyng wytnys &c. Date & doyng, at Glowcetur the nexte tywysday after þe feste of the Assumpcion of owre lady, The ȝere of þe reyne of kyng Edwarde þe seventenyth.

A quyte-clayme of Agnes the wyf of Iohne pershore of j mese, iii. shoppis and v shillings vj d.

1301, Sept. 22. Sale to Godstow, by Agnes, widow of John of Pershore, of her interest in a messuage, 3 shops, and 5s. 6d. of quit|rent, and quit|claim of all title in her deceased husband's property, as in no. 177. Purchase|money, £5.

THE sentence of this charter is, þat Agnes þe wyfe sumtyme of Iohn perschore, burgeys of Glowcetur, beyng in pure wydew|hode & in here own lawfull powere, grauntyd, remitted, & vtterly quyte-claymyd, for here & for here eyeris, to þe religiouse women abbesse & holy mynchons of the monasterye of seynte Page  148 Iohn baptiste of Godestow, alle here ryȝht & clayme þat sche had or in ony wyse myȝht haue in oon Mese, thre shoppis, fyfe shelyngworth and syx penys of ȝerly rente, with þe pertinences, in glowcetur: and also in alle & in eueryche oþer londys & tenementes þe which þe same Abbesse & holy mynchons had of þe ȝyfte & levyng of þe foresayde Iohn sumtyme here husbonde in the same towne of Glowcetur, as hit is conteyned of feoffement I-maade thereof to þe same religiouse women, so þat noþer sche, noþer here eyeris, ne none oþer for here or by here, myȝht afterwarde axe or clayme ony thyng of ryȝht or clayme in the foresayde mese, shoppis, and rentes, or in oony oþer londys and tenementes Aforesayde. For þe which grauntyng, relesyng, & quite-claymyng, þe foresayde Abbesse & holy mynchons ȝaf to here A hundred shelynges of sterlynges be-fore handys. In-to wytnys of the which thyng of quyte-claymyng, sche put to here sele. These beyng wytnys &c. The Date, At Glowcetur, þe two & twentyith day of septembre, The nyne and twenty ȝere of the reyne of kyng Edwarde the sone of kyng harry.

A charter of kyng Edward of I mese iii. shoppis in Gloucestre by lycence.

1306, Dec. 4. Licence in mort|main by Edward I, pardoning a breach of the Statute of Mort|main, and re|leasing no. 178 to Godstow.

THE sentence of this charter is, þat edwarde, by the grace of god kyng of Inglonde &c.: know ye þat, by the fyne þat owre welle-belouyd in cryste abbesse of Godestow maade with vs, we haue I-perdonyd to þe same abbesse & to þe mynchons of the same place þe transgression þat þey dyd in getyng to hem & to here successoures in fee oon mese & thre schoppis with þer pertinences in glowcetur, of agnes, sumtyme þe wyfe of Iohn pershore of Glowcetur, after þe publyschyng of vs I-maade of londys and tenementes not to be put to morte-mayne & of the entryng of them with-owte owre licence & lefe, the whiche mese & shoppis for be cause of there transgression were take in-to owre hande; And whe haue grauntid to þe same abbesse & mynchons, for vs & owre eyeris also muche as is in vs, þat þat mese shoppis & pertinences þey haue agayne, & holde to them & to þere successoures, of the chef lordis of that fee, by seruices dew & customyd [folio XLVIb(56b)] there-of for euer, with-owte occasion or lettyng of vs or of owre eyeris, Iustices, escheters, vndursh[r]euys, or Page  149 oþer ballyfs or mynysters what-so-euer they be, owre fore-sayde statute notwythstandyng. In-to wytnys of this thyng we maade owre letters patentes to be maade. Myne owne selfe beyng wytnys at lanrecost, the iiij. day of december, the xxxv. ȝere of owre reyne.

[folio XLVII(57)] Margarete abbesse & cetera to hugh Coke a corner tenement & cetera.

1386, March 27. Grant by Godstow, to Hugh Cook, of a portion of no. 177, on a build|ing lease for 70 years, quit-rent 1s. yearly. Under covenant not to sub|let without leave. Powers of distraint, and re|entry.

THE sentence of this endenture is, þat Merget Mounteney, Abbasse of Godestow, & þe covent of þe same place, toke, grauntid, & lete, to hugh Coke of Wircetur, burgeis of Gloucetur, alle þere cornere tenement, by þe smythys strete of Gloucetur of þe oon parte & þe tenement þat William Straddell late helde of them & sytth Gylbert Chauntrell helde of þe oþer parte, to be had & to be holde, to same hugh, eyeris, & his assynys, to þe terme of thre score & ten ȝere fully complete, paying þere-of ȝerly to hem & to here successouris xij. d. of lawfull money at þe feste of owre lady of þe annunciaciun, ȝeldyng also & doyng for them & þere successoures to þe chef lordys [folio XLVIIb(57b)] and to all oþer all seruices & bordennys þere-of dew & I-wonyd. And þe fore|sayde hugh his eyeris & assynys scholde make oon competente howse newe þere, with his own costes & expensis, with-in þe ȝere nexte folowyng after þe date now presente. And also after þat hit is so I-bylde, thei scholde susteyne hit with þere own costes duryng þe foresayde terme, & þey scholde also lefe hit in þe ende of þe foresay[de] terme in competente state. Also þat hit scholde not be lawfull to þe foresayde hugh, his eyeris, and assynys, to lete to oony man the foresayde tenantry ne no perte of hit with-owte speciall licence of þe foresayde abbesse, of here Couente, & successoures. And if hit hap þat þe foresayde rente be by-hynde, in parte or in alle, after oony afore-sayde terme by a moneth, þat þen hit scholde be lawfull to þe fore-sayde abbesse & Couente & to þere successoures to distreyne in þe sayde tenement & reteyne þe sayde distreynynges tyl þat hit be fully satisfied to þem of þe foresayde rente & þe arrerages of hit. And if hit happon þe fore-sayde to be by-hynde, in parte or in alle, after oony A-fore sayde terme by a hole ȝere, or waste be made in the sayde tenement, or þat he bylde not þe howse (as hit Page  150 is set before) with-in þe sayde terme, or lete owte the foresayde tenement or oony parcell of hit agaynste þe forme aforesayde, þat fro þat tyme hit scholde be lawfull to þe fore-sayde Abbesse & Couente & to þere successoures to entre agayne in the sayde tenement with his pertinences And to holde hit to them selfe for euer, this letyng owte or dimission not-wythstandyng. And þe sayde Abbesse &c. warantiȝed þe sayde tenement &c., vndur þe forme aforesayde. In-to wytnys there-of they set to þys wrytyng the commune seele, and he his seele. The date at Godestow, in there chapitre, þe tywysday nexte the feste of þe Annunciaciun of owre lady, the nyneth ȝere of*. [MS. 'of of.'] þe reyne of Richarde þe secunde After þe conqueste.

MEYSEY-HAMPTON.

[NOTE.—In the deeds themselves we have simply 'Hampton.' The more precise indication of locality comes in the dissolution survey, 1540, when Godstow is put down (Monast. iv. 374) as receiving £1 13s. yearly from Cricklade, Chalworth, Ufcot, and Meysey-Hampton. The Meysey-Hampton land was held by a small quit-rent, which would naturally be collected by the nearest Godstow centre; in this case Cricklade in Wiltshire.]

[folio L(60)] A Charter of Robert Senle of Hampton.

About 1280. Sale to John of the woodhyde, by Robert Senle, for £4, of a messuage and lands, subject to 5s. quit|rent, and to a share of scutage, and to giving said Robert Senle board and lodging for his life|time.

THE sentence of this chartir is, that Robert Senle of hampton, by the assent and wille of Isabelle his wyf, yaf, graunted, and confermed with his owne charter, to Iohn the sone of Iohn of the wodehyde, for vj. [folio 60b] marke of siluer the which he yaf before handes all his lond in Hampton, with a mese and all his pertinentis, to be had and to be hold, of ser Richard, lorde of Hampton, and of his heires or assignes, to the said Iohn, and to his heires, or to his assignes who-so-ever they be, and to everich or whom-so-euer he willed to yeve, selle, bequeth, or lay hit to wedde, all the forsaid lond, with all his pertinentis, or in any other wise assigne hit, also wele in sikenesse as in helth, out|take hit be to Religious men or Iewis, also frely quyetly pesibly and holy as Robert aforsaid held the same lond most best and most frely of the saide Richard Marschall lord of hampton, paiyng therfor yerely to the same Richard and to his heires Page  151 v. shillings at ij. termes of the yere, that is to sey, at Mighelmas half and at our lady of the Annunciacioun the other half, for all seruice, custome, exaccion and demaund, Savyng the kynges seruice and of the chief lord also moche as longeth to suche a fre tenauntry in the same towne of hampton. Also the same Robert Senle ordeyned and graunted to the same Iohn, to his heires, and to his assignes, all the forsaid lond and all that longeth therto. Also he graunted to the same Iohn resonable necessaries of the frutes of the said lond, also longe as he lived, in metis and drynkes and in howses of the forsaid lond, to-gedir with hym and Isabelle his wyf also longe as they lived. And for|asmoche as he wold that hit shold be sure and stable for ever, he sette his seale to this writyng. These beyng witnesse, & cetera.

[folio XLIXb(59b)] A Carter of Roger Meysy of Hampton.

About 1300? Grant to Godstow, by Roger of Meysey, of a quit-rent over a mes|suage and lands with pas|ture rights, under obli|gation to grant it out for 2s. yearly.

THE sentence of this evidence is, that Roger of Meysy yaf and graunted to the hous of Godestow the rent of a lond that was of Ace, into pure and perpetuel almesse, to be hold of hym and of his heires, frely and quyetly for all service (save the kyngis service) for hym and his predecessours, that is to sey, one mese, and one crofte, and vj. acres in the feld of west and vj. acres in the feld of Est, and an acre of mede, the which held the forsaid Ace, and, to the encrese, an acre of lond at Battas yerely to sewe, and a parte of an acre in Flexland, and a pond of a stew to the brede of the forsaid crofte, and iiij. bestes and an hors and xxx. shepe [folio L(60)] in*. [Comon of Pastur, in margin.] commone pasture with his men. Also he and his heires graunted and willed that Nicholas, seruant of the recluse of hampton, and his heires, shold have and hold this yifte in the fredom I-graunted to them, for ij. shillings yerely to be paid to the forsaid hous in the fest of the birthe of Seynt Iohn Baptist. These beyng witnesse, & cetera.

A covenaunt I-made bitwene the abbesse of Godestow and her mynchons and Raf Bullok of hampton for the hold of vij. acres with a mese and a tofte and a crofte and an acre of mede in the towne of hampton.

About 1350? Grant by Godstow, to Ralph Bullock, of no. 182, for his life|term, quit-rent 4s. yearly. Purchase|money, £1.

THE sentence of this covenaunt, bitwene the abbesse and mynchons of Godestow and Raaf Bullok of Hampton, is this: Page  152 that the foresaid Raf shold hold of the hous of Godestow, also longe as he liveth, vij. acres of lond with a mese tofte and crofte and one acre of mede in the towne of hampton, that is to sey, the same which somtyme Nicholas, the seruant of the Recluse of Hampton, bought of Roger Meysy, paiynge yerely to the hous of Godstow iiij. shillings at the natiuite of seynt Iohn Baptist for all seruicis, custumes, and demaundis. And for this accorde the forsaid Raf yaf to the hous of Godestow xx. shillings. And that this covenaunt shold be sure and stable also longe as the forsaid Raf lived, bothe perties labored to make hit sure by the puttyng to of theire seles. These beyng witnesse, & cetera.

A covenaunt I-made bitwene the Abbesse and mynchons of Godestow and William the sone of Raf Bullok of Hampton.

About 1380? Grant by Godstow, to William Bullock, son of Ralph, of the pro|perty de|scribed in no. 182, for life-term, quit-rent, 5s. and suit to Water|eaton court. Purchase|money, £1.

THE sentence of this evidence is, that there was a covenant I-made, bitwene the Abbesse and Mynchons of Godestow of the one partie and william the son of Raf Bullok of hampton of the other partie, that the forsaide*. [Mark thys dede, in margin.] william shold holde of the house of Godestow, also longe as he lived, vij. acres of lond with a mese tofte and crofte and an acre of mede in the towne of hampton, that is to sey, tho the which somtyme Nicholas, the seruant of the Recluse of hampton, bought of Roger Meysy, paiyng therfor yerely to the house of Godestow v. shillings, that is to sey, at the Natiuite of Seynt Iohn Baptist, makyng sute to the courte of Eton at the wille of the abbesse or of her baillifes, as other tenantes of the same abbesse. And for this covenant the forsaid william yaf to the hous of Godstow xx. shillings. And that this covenaunt, also longe as the forsaide william liveth, be ferme sure and stable, Bothe parties labored to make hit sure by the puttyng to of her seales. These beyng witnes, & cetera.

PAUNTLEY.
[folio XLIb(51b)] Chartur of Richard Clifford for þe mille of pantisleye.

About 1185. Grant to Godstow, by Richard of Clifford, of a rent|charge on the mill.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat Richard Clifford, with þe consent and [folio XLII(52)] assent of his fadur walter Clifford & of his brother Page  153 walter Clifford þe yungere, grauntid & gaf, freli & quietli, in-to perpetuel almis, to god & to owre ladi & to þe churche of seint Iohn baptiste of Godestowe & to the holi minchons þer seruinge god, for þe helþe of his sowle & of his broþer Roger & of all his predecessours, xx. shillings of his mille vndur*. ['Subtus carriam de Pantesleia.'] þe carri of pauntislei, yerli to be paid bi him bi two termis, þat is to sei, in þe annunciacion of owre ladi, x. shillings & at mihelmas, x. shillings. Thei made þis gifte to þe churche of Godestowe, & presentid vppon þe auter: & is with-oute date.

*. [[NOTE.—There is no other notice of this gift. Among the witnesses were Henry de Oli; Godfrey, abbot of Egnesham (Einsham); and Nigel, dean of Oxford, circ. 1185-1200 (Exchequer MS. leaf 44, back).]]
LITTLE RISSINGTON.

[NOTE.—Godstow had acquired a hide in Rissington prior to pope Eugenius III's confirmation (no. 901) in 1145. In 1291, at pope Nicholas IV's Taxatio Ecclesiastica, Godstow held 5½ yardlands there, i. e. a hide and 1½ yardlands, valued at £2 a year. At the dissolution, 1540, this estate is put down as yielding (Monast. iv. 375) £2 rent paid by the farmer, and £10 quit-rent paid by the duke of Norfolk. The outgoings were 2s. for a lb. of pepper and 4d. for a lb. of cumin to the duke of Norfolk; 4d. to the bailiff of Wallingford honour, and also 13s. 4d. for the bailiff's fee.]

[Exchequer-MS. folio 139] RISINDONE.
Charter of Robert of Teyden.

About 1180. Grant to Godstow, by Robert of Teyden, of half a hide, and half a yard|land, with rights of pasture. Anathema on violators.

ROBERT of Teyden, with consent of his wife Agatha, of his heirs Henry and Warin, and of his son-in-law Robert of Dode|well, for the health of the souls of himself, his wife, his heirs, and his predecessors, gave to Godstow half a hide and half a yardland in Rysenden, but without the attached crofts (instead of which he gave, of his demesne land, double), and also granted that the nuns' beasts (viz. oxen, sheep, and pigs) should go in the pastures and elsewhere with his own without challenge*. ['Sine calumnia': i.e. without being impounded by the bailiff of the manor.].

This gift was presented on the altar so that the Lord's curse might rest on whoever violated it.

Witnesses:—Reginald, chaplain of Abingdon; and Theod Thorn, cleric.

Page  154
[Exchequer-MS. folio 139] Charter of Henry son of Robert of Tayden.

About 1180. Grant to Godstow, by Henry of Teyden, of land, meadow, and rights of pasture; and con|firmation of no. 186.

HENRY, son of Robert of Tayden, for the souls of his father and mother and for his own soul and his wife Beatrice's soul and his heirs' souls, gave to Godstow, with his daughter Agatha who became a nun in Godstow, lands in his town of Rysindon of his demesne land, viz. (a) in one field, 'en at hulle,' 11 acres, and 'at*. [Latin is 'ad fraxinum cawlsi.'] the ashen causey,' 10 acres; (b) in another field, land called Ten-acre, and another land called Three-acre, and land called Pilehulle; and (c) a meadow called Wytheryndeham; and (d) the meadow of a yardland in common with the mead of the town as the lot will give; (e) with all freedoms, so that the oxen, sheep, and pigs of Godstow may feed over all his demesne where his own oxen, sheep, and pigs go, but*. [Latin is 'extra segetes et pratum.'] be excluded from the crops, and from the meadow which shall be in defence from Annunciation of St. Mary (March 25) till the meadows be mowed and the hay carried.

Also he confirms his father's gift of a half-hide and a half|yardland.

[folio 139b] Witnesses:— ...*. [Christian name absent.] de Chistetuna, and Hugh of Chuiller|villa, knights.

[Rawl.-MS. folio 156] A Charter of Robert fitȝ Robert Nethercote confermyng the same.

About 1220. Grant to Agnes Medecrofte, by Robert Nether|cote, of a yardland (held by quit-rent to the chief lord of 1 lb. of pepper, and scu|tage), but without the mes|suage of the half hide; quit-rent, to the mesne lord, of 1 lb. of cumin at Easter. Purchase|money, £4 1s.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Robert fitȝ Robert Nethercote, by þe wille and peticion of Sibile his wyf and of her*. [Read 'his.'] heire, yaf, & cetera, to Anneys the doughter of Richard [of] Medecrofte one yerd lond in Rysyndon, that is to sey, half of that hide the which Richard Wythorn held, the which half hide he held*. [Read 'holds.'] of his lord henry of Tyden, by the seruyce of j. li. of peper and the seruyce of the kyng: To be had and to be hold, by right heritage, of hym and of his heires, to her and to her heires or to whom-so-euer or where-so-euer she wold assigne hit, other in Religion or els-where, frely and quyetly fro all seruyce, Ryall and other, and all seculere exaccion perteynyng to hym and to his heires, with all his pertynentis, in medis, fedynges, in londis and in herbis, and in all easementis, excepte Page  155 the mese of the same half hide of lond that he held all to hym|self, yeldyng therof yerely to hym and to his heires j. li. of Comyn at Estir. And for this graunte yifte and confermyng of this charter, the forsaid Anneys yaf to hym before handis vj. mark of siluer, And to Sibile his wyf xij. d. And he and his heires warantiȝed all the forsaid lond to the forsaid Anneys and to her heires or to whom-so-euer she wold assigne hit, other to Religion, other to ellis-where, ayenst all men and women; and aquyted of all sutes, that is to sey, of shire and hundred and of ridyng, vttirly, and of all greves. And yf hit happened that he myght not warantiȝe that yerd of londe, he and his heires shold yeve into eschaunge so moch of also good lond and I-streight in also good a place, some-where in his heritage, to the forsaid Anneys and to her heires, as hit hath be said. And þat þis, & cetera.

[Exchequer-MS. folio 139b] Charter of Henry of Teyden.

About 1200. Confirma|tion to Agnes of Medecrofte, by Henry of Teyden, of no. 188. Purchase|money, 6s. 8d.

HENRY of Teyden, as chief lord, confirms to Agnes, daughter of Richard of Medcroft, the yardland with its pertinences in Rysyndon Basseth, which Robert the son of Robert of Nether|cote, his man, gave to her, as the charter [Rawl.-MS. folio 156] of *. [The English register resumes after a lost leaf.]the same Robert the which he made to the same Anneys vpon the same londe witnessith. And he nother his heires shold never take wedde of the forsaide Anneys or of her assignes, nother sesyn the lond of the same, for the defaute of the same Robert hir*. [Read 'his,' 'he.' The overlord pro|mises not to seek satisfaction from these lands, for feudal claims, as long as the other lands of Robert of Nethercote are able to meet them.] man, or for withholdyng of the rente or seruyce, all the while that they myght fynde ony thyng vpon the lond the which she*. [Read 'his,' 'he.' The overlord pro|mises not to seek satisfaction from these lands, for feudal claims, as long as the other lands of Robert of Nethercote are able to meet them.] held of hym. And that this graunte, & cetera. And for this confirmacion the forsaid Anneys yaf j marke of siluer. These beyng witnesse, & cetera.

A Charter of Robert Slouther, I-made to the mynchons of Godestow, for a mese with his per|tynentis and vj. shillings of yerely rente.

About 1210. Sale to God|stow, by Robert of Slouther, of a mes|suage and rent-charge on a yard|land, with reversion of the yard|land (no. 188). Quit-rent 1 lb. of pepper, and scu|tage. Purchase|money, £6 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Robert Slouther*. ['Robert de Slouhtre' in the Latin. Upper and Lower Slaughter lie north-west of the Rissingtons. See no. 883.] yaf, & cetera, to god & cetera, and to the mynchons of Godestowe there Page  156 seruyng god and to serue for ever, a mese, with his pertynentis, that Robert Garland held of hym in the town of Rysyndon; and vj. shillings of rente yerely, the which he was I-wonyd to take of Robert*. ['Robert of the marsh,' in the Latin.] Marissh at ij. termes, that is to sey, at Mighelmasse iij. shillings and at Ester iij shillings, for j yerd of lond, with his pertynentis, the which he held of hym to his lyf*. [i.e. in life-rent.] in the towne of Rysyndon, of the fee of henry [of] Teyden, the which yerde lond longith to the forsaid mese that the forsaid Robert Garlond held of hym, that is to sey, that the forsaid yerd lond, with the pertynentis, after the decesse of the forsaid Robert of Marissh, shold abide for euer holy and fully to the said myn|chons of Godestow into ther propir vsis: To be had and to be hold, to the said [folio 156b] mynchons or to ther assignes, of hym and his heires, wele and in pease, frely and quyetly, holy and fully for euer, in wode in pleyne in weyes and pathes and in pasturis and in all placis, with all fredoms and fre customes longyng to the same londe, yeldyng therof yerely j libra of pepir to hym and to his heires at the fest of Seynt Thomas the appostle, for all seruyce, exaccion, sute, custome, and demaunde perteynyng to hym or to his heires, Savyng the kyngis seruyce also moch as longith to so moche*. [i.e. as much money as falls to be paid by so much land.]. And Robert of Slouthre and his heires warantiȝed and defended the forsaid mese, with the pertynentis, and the said vj. shillings of Rente (also longe as Robert of marissh levid), And (after the dethe of the same) the said yerde of lond with his pertynentis, vnto the owne vsis of the said mynchons or to ther assignes. And for this yifte, & cetera, the forsaid mynchons of Godestowe yaf to hym ix. marke of siluer into waryson*. [in gersumma.], And to Sibille his wyf half a marke. And that this his yifte, & cetera.

A Charter of William le Frane of Rysyndon, I|made to the mynchons of Godestowe, for j rode of lond, and pasture and mede liyng therto, in the felde of litell Rysyndon, & cetera.

About 1230. Exchange between Godstow and William le Frane, of land.

THE sentence of this charter is, that William Frane of litel Rysyndon yaf, & cetera, to the Abbesse and Couent of Gode|stowe Page  157 and to ther successours, j rode of lond, with pasture and mede liyng to, in the feld of litell Rysyndon, in a place that is I-called Walterislake: To be hold and to be had, to the for|said Abbesse and Couent and to ther successours, frely, quyetly and pesiblely, holy and worshipfully, into an eschaunge for j half acre of lond in the feld of Rysyndon, as the charter wit|nessith the whiche þe said abbesse and couent made to hym. And William Frane aforsaid and his heires warantiȝed and defended the forsaid Rode of lond, with mede and pasture liyng to, to the forsaid Abbesse and Couente and to there successours for ever, ayenst all men. And for this eschaunge, & cetera.

A Couenaunte I-made bitwene the Abbesse of Godestowe And Symond Nethercote for a service, & cetera.

About 1300? Agreement between Godstow and Sir Simon of Nether|cote, that Godstow shall drop suit begun against Sir Simon, pro|vided he, as mesne lord, relieve Godstow of certain feudal duties.

THE sentence of this covenaunte, I-made bitwene the Abbesse and Couent of Godestowe of the one partie, and ser Symond of Nethercote of the oþer partie, was, that the said Abbesse shold withdraw her speche*. [Latin 'loquela,' i.e. law-plea.] the which she hadde ayenst the said Symond afore the kyngis Iustice at Westmynster, So that the forsaid Symond shold be with-out harmes. And for this withdrawyng, þe said Symond and his heires shold acquyte for euer the forsaid Abbesse and Couente of Godestowe, of a seruyce that Robert Brus*. ['le Brus' and 'de Asrugge.'] and Peter asrugge asked of the same*. [i.e. of Godstow.] in the towne of Rysyndon, And he shold be a mene*. [Latin is 'sicut medii.'] bitwene hem for this aquytyng, after that the charter of ther auncetours wit|nessen. And yf hit so happened that the forsaid Symond or his heires myght breke*. [i.e. if Sir Simon is able to get it annulled by a suit at law, Godstow will pay half-costs of the suit.] the forsaid seruyce, the Abbesse and Couent shold paye half of the costis of them. Into witnesse, & cetera.

Page  158
TORMARTON.

[NOTE.—This rent-charge presents some difficulty. It is mentioned in Henry II's third charter (no. 886), 1182, and in pope Celestine III's charter (no. 902), 1192: but it does not occur in pope Nicholas IV's Taxatio Ecclesiastica, 1291, and therefore seems lost or alienated before that date.]

[folio XV(27)] Chartur of Nicholas muton*. ['de Muthona' in the Latin.] of ij. soudees*. [The Latin is 'duas solidatas'; from which soudée would be a French derivative, cp. sou.] of rent.

About 1180. Grant to Godstow, by Nicholas Muton, of a rent|charge.

THE sentence of thys chartur is that Nicholas muton & Marye hys wyfe, with consent of hys heyrys, gafe & grauntyde in-to perpetuall almys, to god & to our lady & to seynt Iohn baptiste & to þe churche of Godestowe & to the mynchons þere seruynge god, ij. shelynge worthe of rent in thormerton with her dowhter aliȝ, yerly to be payde att whytsontyde, of a yerde londe þe whyche Robert cheppe helde: these beynge wytnes & cetera; and is with-out date.

[Exchequer-MS. folio 185] Charter of Philip of Muton.

Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Philip of Muton, as overlord, of no. 193

PHILIP of Muton, and his wife Ysoulde, for the health of their souls gave to Godstow 2s. sterling yearly rent, which they were wont to receive from Sir Nicholas of Muton, so that Godstow might have it from Hugh pincerna, a free tenant, half|yearly at Whitsuntide and Easter*. [No doubt in error for Martinmas.].

[Rawl.-MS. folio XV(27)] A finall concorde I-made of the rent of thormerton.

1255, June. Decision in favour of Godstow, against Hugh Boteler, for pay|ment of the rent-charge of 2s. and arrears; Godstow not press|ing for damages, but reserv|ing powers of dis|traint.

THYS was þe finall concorde I-made in þe kynges cowrt at Glowcetur fro trinite soneday in-to thre wokes, þe yer of the reyne of kynge henry, þe sone of kynge Iohn, xxxix, a-fore Iohn abbot of peturborowe, Mastur Symond wauton, Robert of shotyndon, Nicholas hanlo, and Iohn Caue, Iustices iurnayinge, & oþer trewe men of þe kynges þere beyng present, by-twene Emme, abbas of Godestowe, playnynge, by william of vpton I-put in her stede to gete or to lese, & hugh butuler of thor|merton, Page  159 defender, of xxx. shillings þe whych were by-hynde to þe same abbas of a yerly rent of ij. shillings þe whyche he owyd to hyr, and wher-of hyt was I-pleid by-twene hem in the same court, þat is to say, þat þe same hugh butuler made a recogniscion & grauntyd, for hym-selfe & for hys heyrys, that they forth-forewarde sholde pay euery yere to the seyde abbas, & to oþer abbasses succedynge hyr, & her churche of Godestowe, ij. shillings at two termys, that is to sey, half at Martyn-masse & þat oþer halfe at wytsonetyde: & furþer-more the same hugh gafe to þe fore-seyde abbas xxx. shillings for hys arreragys: & for thys recognicion, graunt, gyfte, fyne, & a-corde, þe fore-seyde abbas relesyd & claymyd-quite to þe fore-seyde hugh all þe harmys of here-selfe & of her churche, þe whyche harmys she seyde þ[at] she had by þe occasion of þe withholdynge of the fore-seyde rent vn-to the day of þe a-corde I-made; and yf hyt happyn þat þe fore-seyde hugh or hys heyrys fayle in þe paynge of the fore-seyd rent at ony terme, hyt sholde be well lefull to þe same abbas & abbasses oþer succedynge to her, & to her churche a-foreseyde, to dystreyne hem by the catall in þe tene|ment þat þe same hugh helde of þe heyrys of phylyp of muton in thormerton þe day þat þe a-corde was I-made & I-founde, to full payment of þe seyde rent foreuer.

[folio 151b] A fynall accorde I-made bitwene Emme, abbesse of Godestowe, and hugh Boteler of Thor|merton, & cetera.

1255, June. Duplicate of preced|ing, in slightly different wording.

THE sentence of this writyng is, that ther was a fynall accorde I-made, in the kyngis courte at Gloucester, fro the day of the holy Trynyte into thre wokis, xxxixti. yere of the reigne of kyng henry the sone of kynge Iohn, afore Iohn, abbot of Petir-borough; maister Symond Wauton; Robert Shotyndon; Nicholas hanle; and Iohn kaue, Iusticis Iurneyng, and oþer trew men of the kyng ther beyng present, bitwene Emme, abbesse of Godestowe, playner, by walkelyn of vpton I-sette in her stede to wyn or to lese, And hugh Boteler of Thormerton, deforcere, of xxx. shillings, the which were behynde to the same Abbesse of yerely rente of ij. shillings that he owed to her, And wherof hit was I-pleted bitwene them in the same courte: þat Page  160 is to sey, that the forsaid hugh knowleched and graunted for hym and his heires that they afterward shold yelde euery yere, to the said abbesse and to other abbessis that shold succede to her and to her chirch of Godestowe, ij. shillings at ij. termes, that is to sey, at Martynmasse and the other half at Whit|sontyde. And furthermore the same hugh yaf to the forsaid abbesse xxx. shillings for his arreragis. [folio 152] And for this know|lechyng, graunte, yifte, fyne, and accorde, the Abbesse aforseid remitted and quyte-claymed of her and her chirch aforsaid to the forseid hugh all harmes that she had by the occasion of the withholdyng of the forsaid rente vnto the day that þat accorde was I-made. And yf hit happened that the forsaid hugh or his heires failed in the payment of the forsaid rente at ony terme, hit shold be wele lawfull to the same Abbesse, and to other abbesses that shold succede to her, and to her chirch afor|said, to distreyne them by ther catall (in the tenement that the same hugh held of the heires of Philip Mutton, in Thormerton, the day that the accorde was I-made) I-founde, vnto the full payment of the forsaid rente for ever.

WICHE.
[Exchequer-MS. folio 184b] Of the salt-pit in Wiche which is called Cow.

About 1170. Grant to Margaret of Clifford, by Osbert son of Hugh, of a salt-pit.

OSBERT son of Hugh gave to Margaret of Clifford, wife of Sir Walter of Clifford, a salt-pit in Wiche which is called Cow*. [i.e. Cow-wich, as Droitwich, Nantwich.] belonging to his manor of Wichebold. She gave for this a silver cup to said Osbert, and another cup to Hugh his son and heir.

With the consent of the king and of Osbert, Margaret gave this to Godstow.

Witnesses:—Walter Clifford and his son Richard and daughter Lucy, William of Eaton, William of Sireburn.

[Exchequer-MS. folio 152b] Charter of Hugh of Sey.

Confirmation to Margaret of Clifford, by Hugh of Sey, of a salt-pit, as in no. 197.

I confirm to Margaret, wife of Walter of Clifford, the 'salina' in Wiche which is called 'vacca,' which she had of the gift of my lord Osbert son of Hugh. Page  161

Witnesses: Walter of Clifford and his son Walter; Ralph of Chenier; my wife Lucy; Helyas, steward of Walter of Clifford.

[Exchequer-MS. folio 152b] Charter of Walter of Clifford, senior.

About 1180. Grant to God|stow, by Wal|ter of Clifford, of no. 197.

I GIVE to Godstow my 'salina' in Wiche, which Hethewolf held and after him John.

Witnesses:—Walter, my son; Osbert, son of Hugh; Hugh of Sai; William of Clifford.

[Exchequer-MS. folio 152] Charter*. [Printed in Monast. iv. 366.] of Osbert, son of Hugh, of a 'salina' in Wiche.

About 1180. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Osbert, son of Hugh, as overlord, of no. 197, and no. 199.

I GIVE to Godstow my 'salina' in Wichia which is called 'vacca,' which belongs to my manor of Wichebolt, on the peti|tion of Sir Walter of Clifford and for the welfare of the souls of his wife Margaret and his daughter Rosemunde whose bodies are there buried, and with the assent of king Henry.

Witnesses:—Walter of Clifford, with his son Richard and daughter Lucy; William of Heton; William of Sireburn, with his sons Walter and Elias.]

[Exchequer-MS. folio 152b] Charter of Walter de Clifford, junior.

About 1180. Confirmation to Godstow, by Walter of Clifford junior, of no. 199.

I CONFIRM to Godstow the 'salina' in Wiche which is called 'vacca,' given them by Osbert, son of Hugh.

Witnesses:—Walter of Clifford senior; Hugh of Sey; Lucy of Sey; Ralph of Chenier.

Page  162

HAMPSHIRE

EMPSHOTT.

[NOTE.—At the dissolution, 1540, the property in this parish was paying Godstow quit-rents amounting to only 3s. a year (Monast. iv. 375).]

[Exchequer-MS. folio 64b] DE IMBESET.
Charter of William de Venuȝ *. [Letters indistinct: 'Venuȝ' or 'Vennȝ.'] and his wife Alis.

About 1170. Grant to Godstow, by William of Venuȝ, of land.

SAID William and Alice gave to Godstow, with two daughters to be made nuns, all the land they had in Himbeset, free of all service save that of the king.

Witnesses:—Reginald, priest; Walter of Venuȝ and Peter his son.

[folio LII(61)] A Charter of William of Venuȝ of iiij. mark that he borowed of the chirch of Godestow to agayn|by his lond of hymbeset that he yaf to the said chirch the which iiij. mark he shold paye ayene withyn x. yere.

About 1170. Acknow|ledgement to Godstow, by William of Venuȝ, of a loan of £2 13s. 4d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that william of venuȝ borowed iiij. mark of siluer of the chirche of Godestow, by the handes of Osecunde*. [Possibly 'E. secunde.' The Latin has in one line 'manu E' and the next line begins 'secunde abbatisse.' In any case this is an abbess new to the list of Abbesses.], abbesse, to bye his lond of Hymbeset the which he yaf to the forsaid chirch. And the forsaid william borowed the forsaid iiij. mark, the same yere that the strif was bitwene kyng henry the second and the Cardenales that were I-sent fro Rome to reconsile Thomas the Archebisshope with the forsaide kyng. And the forsaid william shold pay the forsaid iiij. mark withyn x. yere after the forsaid terme, or his heires yf he died. These beyng witnesse, & cetera.

Page  163
A confirmacion of a mark of Rent by Iohn of Venuȝ.

About 1240. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by John of Venuȝ, of rent|charges given by his grand|father William, viz. 8s. 4d. in Emp|shott and 5s. in Worldham.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, that Iohn of Venuȝ for the helth of his sowle and of his auncetours and successours, graunted, and confermed with his writyng, to god and to oure lady seynt mary and to seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestow and to the Abbesse and covent there servyng god, a marke of rent, the which william his grauntsire alias Belesire yaf to hem: to be hold and I-had, to the same Abbesse and to the forsaid covent, of hym and of his heires, into pure and perpetuel almesse, takyng therof yerely of Gilbert of dene and of his heires at the Natiuite of Seynt Iohn Baptist viij. shillings iiij. d. for the tenauntry that the forsaid Gilbert of dene held of hym in the towne of hymbeset, and takyng of hym-self and of his heires yerely at Mighelmasse v. shillings in the towne of werdleham. And hit is to be knowe that he and his heires shold warantiȝe to the forsaid Abbesse and covent the forsaide marke of rent agaynst all men. And that his confirmacion shold be stable and sure, he sette his seale to this present writyng. These beyng witnesse, & cetera.

A charter of Richard of Dene of Hymbeset of a relese that he made to Emme Abbesse of Gode|stow and to the covent of the same of the lond of the Breche in the towne of Hymbeset.

About 1253. Quit-claim to Godstow, by Richard of Dean, of a war|ranty over lands in Empshott, and substi|tution of warranty elsewhere, Godstow paying £5 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of this evidence is this, that Richard of dene relesed and quyte-claymed, of hym and of his heires, to Emme, Abbesse of Godestow, and to the Covent of the same and to theire successours, all his right and clayme that he had or myght have in *. [In the Latin: 'in dotacione warancie quam waranciam vocavi versus praedictam abbatissam.'] the vowry of the warantiȝyng the which he vowed to the forsaid Abbesse of the lond of the breche in the town of hymbeset, the whiche warantiȝed Thomas of dene the whiche *. ['The whiche' = who.] held no lond of hym and therof was he *. [i.e. Thomas, 'et inde implacitatus fuit.'] impleyde; and of his lond of Hogton he warantiȝed to the same Thomas; Page  164 and for this relesse and quyte clayme the forsaid abbesse yaf to hym viij. mark of siluer. Into the witnesse of that he put to this writyng his seale. These beyng witnesse*. [Witnesses: John of Stane, Thomas Makarel, James of Norton, Robert of Wodecote.], & cetera.

[folio LIIb(61b)] A Charter of the fynall accorde bitwene Richard of Dene and Emme abbesse of Godestowe for the lond of the Breche.

1253, July. Quit-claim to Godstow, by Richard of Dean, of land in Empshott, and grant of the land by Godstow to Osbert of brech and his heirs at a quit|rent of 7s., reserving to Godstow the right of imparking cattle in Osbert's yard.

THE sentence of this fynall [accord] is this, that there was I-made acorde in the kynges Court at Westmynster, fro the day of Seynt Iohn Baptist into xv. dayes, in the yere of the reigne of kyng Henry the sone of kyng Iohn xxxvij, afore Roger of Turkelby, Alayn of Watsand, Gyles of Erdyngton, and william Trussell, Iustices, and other trew liege men of the kyngis there beyng present, bitwene Richard of dene and dame Emme, Abbesse of Godestowe, for the lond of the breche, the whiche Richard of dene vowed to warantiȝyng and the which warantiȝed to her of two parties of half a yerde lond with the pertynentis in Hymbeset, wherof 'assise of his auncetours' was I-meved bitwene them in the same Courte: that is to sey, that the forsaid Richard knowleched the forsaide lond with his pertynentis to be the right of the same Abbesse and of her chirche of Godestowe. And for this recognicion, fyne and accorde, the same Abbesse, at the axyng of the forsaid Richard, yaf and graunted to Osberte of brech and to Emme*. ['Eue,' below.] his wyf the forsaid lond with his pertynentis, to be had and to be hold, to the forsaid Osberte and Eue and to the heires of the same Eue, of the forsaid Abbesse and other that succede her for ever, paiyng therof by yere vij. shillings at the natiuite of Seynt Iohn Baptist, and do all the services therof the which longen to the forsaid lond. And the forsaid Abbesse and other Abbesses that shold succede her or tho that shold succede the forsaid Osbert and Eue and the heires shold warantiȝe the forsaid lond with the pertynentis by the forsaid services ayenst all men for ever. And furthermore the same Osbert and Eue graunted for hym|self and for the heires of the same Eue that the forsaid Abbesse and other Abbesses that shold succede her afterward shold have her parke at her wille in the Courte of the same Osbert and Eue Page  165 and the heires of the same Eue in the same towne, to put ther bestis there to be inparked, with-out any agayn seiyng or lette of the same Osbert and Eue and her heires for ever.

FARRINGDON.

[NOTE.—This pension of £1 was still paid (Monast. iv. 375) to Godstow at the dissolution, 1540.]

[folio XLII(52)] Chartur of Richard*. [In error for Robert (Chichester), bishop of Exeter 1138-55. See no. 163.], bisshop of Exetur, for xx. shillings of þe churche of Glowcetur and of xx shillings of þe churche of Ferendon.

A.D. 1138/9. Grant to Godstow, by Robert, bishop of Exeter, of a pension of £1 out of Farring|don church

THE sentence of þis chartur is þat Richard*. [In error for Robert (Chichester), bishop of Exeter 1138-55. See no. 163.], bi þe grace of god bisshop of exetur, gafe & grauntid to þe holi minchons of Godestowe xl. shillings, into perpetuel almis euiri yer, þat is to sei, in þe churche of owre ladi of Gloucetur, xx shillings, & in þe churche of ferendon, xx. shillings: & is with-oute date.

Confirmacion of Robert, bisshop of exetur, I-made to Richard, clerke, fitȝ turtain of the churche of farindon excepte xx. shillings.

About 1140. Reserva|tion of the pension to Godstow, on pre|sentation of a new incumbent to Farring|don church.

THE sentence of þis confirmacion is, þat Robert, bisshop of exetur, gafe & grauntid to Robert, clerke, fitȝ turtain, in-to perpetuel almis þe churche of farendon excepte alonli xx. shillings, þe whiche he gafe yerli of þe rentes of þe same churche to þe minchons of godestowe in perpetual almis: & for-asmuch as he willid to be sure & stronge, he strengthid hit with his writinge & with his seele: and is with-oute date.

Chartur of arnulph, bisshop of lexetur*. [Sic: for episcopus Lexoviensis (of Lisieux), 1154-72.], con|firminge þe gifte of xx. shillings of þe churche of Farendon.

About 1160. Confirma|tion to Godstow, of no. 207, by Arnulph, the incum|bent.

THE sentence of þis chartur is þat arnulph, bisshop of lexouer, grauntid to þe abbas & minchons of Godestowe xx shillings yerli to be paid to hem of þe churche of farendon, in-to perpetuel almis, at mihelmas, euin as Robert, bisshop of exetur, þe whiche Page  166 had þe chapleinhode a-fore him, gafe to hem in þe dedicacion of her churche, & euin as kinge henri confirmid [folio XLIIb(52b)] hit to hem at þe laste with his chartur: where[fore] þe fore-seide arnulph willid & commaundid þat who-so-euir had þat chapel of him, how so-euir he haue hit, þat he sholde pai þe xx shillings a-fore|seide to hem, at mihelmas, with-oute oni dowtinge; & he wolde make hit to-countid in the paiinge of his rentis: & is with-oute date.

[folio XLII(52)] Chartur of Richard, bisshop of winchester, for XX shillings in þe churche of Ferendoun.

About 1175. Confirma|tion to Godstow, of no. 207, by Richard Tocliffe, bishop of Win|chester 1173-1189.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat Richard, bisshop of winchester, willid to be knowe to archedecuns, denis, & to all þe clergie & pepul beinge þorow his bisshopriche, þat for þe loue of god, at þe peticion of worthi kinge henre kinge of I[n]glonde, [he] grauntid & confirmid with his writinge to þe holi minchons of Godestowe xx shillings in þe churche of farendon yerli to be take, euin as goode Richard, sumtime bisshop of exetur, laufulli grauntid & confirmid with his writinge as he sawe & rad: & is with-oute date.

Confirmacion of Iohn, bisshop of exetur, for þe same.

About 1186. Confirma|tion to Godstow, of no. 207, by John, bishop of Exeter 1185-91.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat Iohn, bisshop of exetur, was plesid & well paide *. [The Latin has (donacionem) 'gratam et ratam habere.'] of þe gifte & confirmacion of Richard *. [Robert.] his predecessor þat he grauntid to þe holi minchons of Gode|stowe of þe rente of xx. shillings yerli to be take of þe churche of farendon at mihelmas: & þerfore he strengthid hit with the auttorite of his writinge & þe surete of his seele: & is with-oute date.

[folio XLIIb(52b)] Chartur of Godefrei, bisshop of winchester, confirminge þe chartur of Robert, bisshop of exetur, for þe same xx shillings.

About 1190. Confirmation to Godstow, of no. 207, by Godfrey de Lucy, bishop of Winchester 1189|1204.

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Chartur of petur, bisshop of win|chester, confirminge þe graunt of God|efre & Robert, bishoppis of winchester*. [In error for 'Godfrey, bp. of Winchester, and Robert, bp. of Exeter.'], for þe same pension of farindon.

About 1205. Confirmation to Godstow, of no. 219 and no. 207, by Peter des Roches, bishop of Win|chester 1205-38.

A sentencial iugement of þe XX. shillings of þe churche of farindon.

1247, July 9. Godstow nuns obtain a decision of the pope's commis|sioners con|firming to them their 20s. yearly pension out of Farring|don church, and bind|ing the parson of Farringdon to pay it for ever.

THE sentence of þis iugement shortli is, þat a delegacie was made to þe prior of Einisham, bitwene maister Iohn, person of Farindon, & þe abbas & couent, to determe þe riht bitwene hem for xx. shillings of rent yerli to be paid of þe churche of farindon, of þe whiche yerli pension þei had be in possession in time oute of minde, fro þe paiment of þe whiche xx. shillings þe fore-seide person had cesid bi þe space of v. yere, & þerfore þei askid him to be compellid þerof afturwarde, & also þe arrerages; & þei shewid her possession & askinge, sauinge to hem þe benefice of lawe. At the laste, aftur mani respites of deliberacion grauntid, moni excepcioun & defensis & replicasions I-purposid, & a bisi tretinge I-made bitwene hem, bi þe com|mune assent of boþe perteis, þei submittid hem to þe ordinans of þe fore-seide delegate; & he, bi þe auctorite of þe pope committid & also ordinarie to him, of þe consent of boþe, & councell of wise-men & of men of lawe, þe processe bi-fore had & all oþer thinges requisite, ordeinid þat þe fore-seide maistur Iohn sholde pai in þe name of þe seide churche of farindon for euer þe fore-seide pension of xx shillings yerli at too termis of þe yere to þe fore-seide abbas & Couent, biginninge þe firste terme at mihelmas þat was next & at estur next folowinge, & for þe arereges þe same person sholde pai xx shillings. Also þat þis pronuncinge & ordeininge sholde be sure & stronge, þe bothe pertis consentid for hem-selfe & her successours þat he miht compelle, bi oure delegat & ordinari power, þe parte þat wolde be ageiniste þis ordinaunce to þe kepinge of þis pro|nuncinge & ordeininge bi þe censur of þe churche. In-to witnes of þis he sette his seele to þis writinge, I-made like a chartur, I-actid & do þe yer of our lorde Millesimo CCxlvij, þe twiusdai next aftur þe translacion of seint Thomas þe martir.

Page  168
KING'S CLERE.

[See also under Knowle and Woolverton.]

[folio XX(31)] Chartur of william saluernille of þe londe of Clere preuet by þe name of heritage I-grauntyd.

About 1160. Sale to Godstow, by William of Salueruille, of land called 'Clere prevet,' subject to 22s. quit|rent. Purchase|money, £3 18s. 4d. and two silver cups.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, þat william of Saluernille grauntyd & gaf to edyue, of Godestowe abbas, & to her church, hys londe of clere preuet to hold & to haue, by þe name of herytage, of hym & of hys heyrys, frely & quietly of all customys & all thynges longynge to hys lordys & to hym & to hys, oute-take towarde þe kynge. And Ediue & here successours of þe same place sholde pay [y]erly xxij shillings at morton, & by twey termys, in þe myddyl of lente, xj shillings, & at Mihelmas, xj. shillings: & he made þys graunt & gyft to be gyvyn by molde hys wyfe and Gilbert hys sone & manasse hys sone & Robert hys sone. And dame Ediue gafe to hym for hys graunt & for hys gyfte v. marke of syluyr, & to hys wyfe molde vj shillings viij d., & to Gilbert hys sone ij shillings & to coppis of siluyr, & to manasse hyr sone xviij d, & to Robert her sone xviij d: & is with-oute date.

Chartur of manasse of saluernille of þe londe of Clere.

About 1180. Sale to Henry II, by Man|asses of Salueruille, of the land of 'Clere prevet.' Purchase money, £16 13s. 4d.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, þat manasse of Saluernille, by þe assent and consent of hys wyfe & of hys heyrys, solde hys londe of clere preuet þe whyche william serle helde, to kynge henry þe sone of molde the imperasse, for xxv. marke, lowse, fre, & quiete fro all seruice longynge to hym & to hys heyrys, sauynge þe seruice of hys lorde walter of Chauseye: & is with-out date.

Chartur of Manasse saluernille of þe londe of Clere.

About 1180. Sale to Godstow, by Manasses of Saluer|uille, of land, subject to £1 5s. quit|rent. Purchase|money, £1 7s.

[folio XXb(31b)] THE sentence of þys chartur is, þat manasses of saluernille & Robert hys broþer & molde hys modur gaf, & grauntid, to god & to owre lady seynt marie & to seynt Iohn baptiste of Page  169 Godestowe & to þe holy mynchons þere seruynge god, her londe þat william sorel helde, to be holde of hem & of her heyrys for euyr, frely & quietly fro all seruices & all customys & all thynges boþe to þe kynge & also to her oþer lordys & to hem sylf & to her heyrys longynge, paynge yerly xxv. shillings at Mortun, & by twey termys, þat is to sey, xij shillings vj d in myd-lente, & xij shillings vj d. at Myhelmasse: & þat þys gyft & graunt shulde be firme & sure, þe churche of Godestowe gaf to hem xxvij shillings: & is with-out date.

[folio XX(31)] Chartur of rualde wodecote of þe ryht þat he had of a yerde londe of Clere þat is callid bastarde.

About 1200? Quit-claim to Godstow, by Ruald of Woodcot, of all title in a yardland called 'of bastard' and other Godstow lands, and grant to Godstow by him of Hereward's yardland, quit-rent, two fat hens.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, þat Rualde of wodecote, by þe prayers of hys wyfe Aaline & of henry hys heyr & by þe consent of hys oþer chyldyrn, relesyd & quiete claymyd all hys quarel & all hys ryht, yf he had ony, in the yerde londe of clere þe whyche is callid a yerde of bastard, & in oþer londys þer|vppon þe londys of mynchons of Godestowe, for þe loue of god & of seynt Iohn baptiste & for þe sowlys of hys fadur & modur, to þe mynchons of Godestowe þe whiche he louyd in criste: & þat þys reles & quiete-clayme shulde be sure her-aftur, he made hyt stronge by puttynge to of hys seall. He made þys relese & quite clayme in þe shyre of wynchestur. Furþermore he & hys heyrys grauntid & gaf to þe foreseyde mynchons on londe þat herreuarde helde of hym, paynge to hym þerof yerly to fatte hennys at Martyn-masse: & is with-out date.

[folio XXIb(33b)] A Chartur of Robert Cnolle for wodys.

1219, Sept. 11. Quit-claim to Godstow, by Robert of Knowle, of all title in three woods, and quit|claim by Godstow, to Robert of Knowle, of all title in Northlye.

THE sentence of thys euydence is, þat a couenaunt was made by-twene þe lady of Godestowe & her couent & by-twene Robert Cnolle & hys heyrys, þat is to sey, Robert Cnoll & hys heyrys quite-claymyd to þe lady of Godestowe, & to þe couent ther Also, all hys clayme & ryht þat þey seydyn hem-selfe to haue in Williamsmore & in delthegroue & shortgroue, so þat þe seyd Robert Cnolle ne none of hys heyrys sholde not haue no clayme afturward in þe foreseyde grouys & londys toward þe foreseyde Abbas & couent of Godestowe, but þat þe Abbas & mynchons of Godestowe sholde haue & holde þe foreseyde Page  170 grouis & þe fore-seyde londis, with all þe pertinences, well & in peece and worshypfully, in-to pure & perpetuel almys, as well frely & surely as ony almys may be had & holde: for thys quiete-clayme & graunt, þe fore-seyde felice, Abbas, & mynchons of Godestowe, grauntyd & quite-claymid to þe fore-seyde Robert Cnolle & to hys heyrys all her clayme & ryht þat þe seyd Abbas & mynchons had in Northlye, Also hyt is to be knowe þat henry, than stywarde of Godestowe, suryd hys trowthe for the Abbas & couent þys couenant to be kepyd: & þe fore-seyde Robert of knolle Also, vppon hys party, plyht hys trowthe to holde þys couenant for hym & hys heyrys: Thys was do, þe wodynsday a-fore þe holy rode day in heruiste, in þe full court of þe Abbas at santforde, the yer of the incarnacion of our lorde MoCCxixo, þe secunde yer of kynge henry þe sone of kyng Iohn. And þat þys graunt & couenant, as hyt is seyde by-fore, sholde obteyne ferme & stronge surenesse, hyt was confermyd by þe settynge of seelys of boþe perties: & is with-out date.

[folio XIX(30)] Of a fine I-leueyid in þe kynges court a-geynyste Roger*. [In the Latin also it is 'Roger' in the rubric, 'Ralph' in the text.]mortmer.

1230, Oct. Verdict in favour of Godstow, claiming that William Nefmeynil is responsi|ble for feudal ser|vices due to Ralph of Mortimer, the over|lord, out of a freehold which said William conveyed to Godstow, Godstow remitting damages.

THYS was þe final a-corde made in þe kynges courte at westmynster fro þe day of seynt Myhell in-to j. monethe, þe xiiij. yer of þe reyne of kynge henry þe sone of kynge Iohn, a-fore Thomas Mileton, william Ralegh, Robert lexinton, william of þe Ile, william london, maystur Robert of sherdelawe, Raf Norwyche, & Richard Rynger, Iustices, & oþer trewe men of þe kynges þere þen beynge present, by-twene amyfelyse*. ['Amifelisa' in Latin.], abbas of Godestowe, playnynge by reynolde porter I-sette in her stede to gete or to lese, & william Nefmeynil, deforcynge, of þe seruyce þat Raph Mortmer askyth of þe fore-seyde abbas of a fre tenement þat she hylde of hym in clere, where-of þe seyde abbas playnyd þat þe foreseyde william aquitid*. [In the Latin: 'non acquietavit eam versus praedictum Radulphum: desinit: idem Willelmus medius est.'] not hyr a-geynyst þe seyde Raph, þe same william cesyd, he was meene by-twene hem; & wher-of hyt was pletyd by-twene hem in þe fore-seyde courte, þat is to say, þat þe fore-seyde william made Page  171 a knowlech þe fore-seyde tenement with þe pertinences to be ryht of þat abbas & of her churche of Godestowe, to be had & holde to þe same abbas, & to oþer abbasys þat sholde succede to her, & to her church of Godestowe, of þe foreseyde william & hys heyrys, in-to fre pur & perpetuel almys for euyr, so þat þe foreseyd william & hys heyrys sholde acquite all the foreseyde tenement towarde the foreseyde Raf & hys heyrys of all seruices and customys & all demaundys as hys pur & perpetuel almys for euyr: & for thys recogniscion, acquietance, fine & concorde, þe foreseyde abbas relesyd & claymyd quite of her & oþer abbassys succedynge her & of her churche of Godestow to the foreseyde william & to hys heyrys all harmys þat she had by the distreynynge made to her fore þe fore-seyde seruice by defaute of þe seyde william.

[folio XXI(32)] Chartur of william fitȝ Robert of Cnolle of an acre londe in C[l]ere.

About 1240. Grant to Godstow, by William of Knowle, of an acre, a piece of land, and a ditch,

THE sentence of þys chartur is, þat wyllyam fitȝ Robert of Cnoll, by the assent & consent of aline hys wyfe & of wyllyam hys fyrst sone, gaf, grauntid, & confirmyd by hys wrytynge, to god & to þe hows of seynt Iohn baptiste of Godestowe & to þe holy mynchons there seruynge god, for þe helthe of hys sowle & of hys aunceturs & successours, on acre of londe in þe felde of Clere the whych is callid Ramisholte, the whyche lyeth by-twene þe londe of wolferton & þe londe of santforde, strecch|ynge for þe sowþe toward þe northe; Also j corner of londe in strokynges croft vppon þe northe syde, for þe whyche he was wonyd sum tyme to take yerly fowre horsshone of rent; Also on dyche, I-take & leueyd of hys londe & I-cast vppon hys londe, that depertyth vppon þe est syde þe londe of santford & vppon þe west syde hys londe of Cnoll, & hyt strecchyt[h] hyt-selfe fro þe sowþe syde of þe horscrofte towarde þe norþe vn-to an angle or a corner of Tudenhull: to be holde & to be had to hem, with|oute ony a-geynyste seynge of men or women, in-to fre quiet & perpetuel almus: & þat more certeyn truste myht be gyf & had [folio XXIb(32b)] to thys gyft graunt & confirmacion, he put to thys wiytynge hys seele: and is with-oute date.

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[folio XXIIb(33b)] A finall a-corde by-twene the Abbas of Godestowe & william of clere *. [In the MS., no. 224 immediately preceded, and its rubric has been repeated in error.] of a yerly rent of a marke.

1258, Oct. Agreement between Godstow and Roger of Mor|timer, by which Godstow quit|claimed to him 13s. 4d. yearly out of Withy mill, as also the arrears (£10 13s. 4d.), and he quit|claimed to Godstow all title in the tenement and paid £8.

THYS was þe final a-corde I-made in the kynges court at westmynster fro the day of seynt Myhel in-to iij. wokys, the xlij. yere of þe reyne of kynge henry þe sone of kynge Iohn, a-fore Roger of Turkelby, Gilbert of preston, & Nicholas of hanlo, Iustices, & a-fore oþer trewe men of the kynges then þer beynge present, by-twene Emyne, Abbas of Godestowe, playner, by wakelyne of Godestowe in her stede for to gete or to lese, & Roger of Mortmer, deforcyd, by amyse of pelethorp in hys stede to gete or to lese, xvj. Marke þe whyche wer by-hynde to þe same abbas of a yerly rent of a marke þe whyche he owyd to hyr of a mylle in withye, where-of hyt was pleyd by-twene hem in þe same courte: þat is to sey, þat þe fore-seyde Abbas relesyd & quite-claymyd, of hyr & of hyr successours & of hyr churche of Godestowe, to þe fore-seyde Roger & to hys heyrys, all here ryht and clayme þat she had in þe fore-seyde yerly rent & Also in þe foreseyde arreragijs for euyr. And for thys releys, quite-clayme, fine, & a-corde, þe same roger relesyd & quite|claymyd of hym & of hys heyrys to the foreseyde Abbas, & to oþer abbasses þat sholde succede to hyr, & to hyr churche a-foreseyde, all hys ryht & clayme þat he hadd in all þat rent & tenement with þe pertinences þat þe same abbas & hur churche a-fore-seyde helde in fee in þe paryshe of kynges Clere, the day þat þis a-corde was made, for euyr: & furþermore þe same roger gaf to þe foreseyde Abbas xij. Marke of siluer.

[folio XXb(31b)] Chartur of Iohn Chapleyn of Clere in þe towne of kynges Clere.

About 1260? Quit-claim to Godstow, by John of mill, of a croft, to be held by quit|rents, to chief lord, a clove gilly|flower, to the mesne lord, a rose.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, that Iohn of Mylle, chapeleyn, gaf & grauntyd, & confirmyd with hys wrytynge, to god & to the churche of our lady & of seynt Iohn baptiste of Godestowe & to þe mynchons þere seruynge god and to serue for euyr, hys oon croft in kyngys clere, the whyche he bowht of william Cnolle, the whyche is callyd denpurcut, & lythe by-twene þePage  173 londe of þe fore-seyde mynchons of Godestowe (þe whyche londe is callid Taywyerescroft) & þe kyngys wey (þe whyche ledythe fro kyngys clere toward [folio XXI(32)] weymismyll) & strecchythe hyt selfe fro þe northe in-to þe southe: þe seyd crofte to be had & to be holde, with all hys pertinences, to þe fore seyde mynchons & to her successours, frely & quietly, pesybly & holly, in-to fre & perpetual almus, of hym & of hys heyrys & to *. [Read 'of.'] hys assynys, paynge þerof yerly to the chyfe lorde of þe fee j. clowe gylofer at myhel-masse, [&] to htm & to hys heyrys or to hys assynys j. rose at mydsomur for all seruices, þat is to sey, for sewte of courtes of shyrys, hundredys, lawday, & for all seculer seruices & demaundys: & þe seyde Iohn & hys heyrys or hys assynys warantiȝed, acquited, & defendyd to the fore-seyd mynchons & to her successours the fore-seyde crofte, with all hys pertinences & fredoms by-fore wrete, for euyr, ageynyst all pepull; & þat hys gyft graunte & confirmacion sholde be ferme and sure & stable for euer, he strengthyd hyt with þe settynge of hys seele: & is with-oute date.

[folio XXIIb(33b)] A final a-corde by william of Clere of a mese & XX acris of londe.

1269, June. Sale to Godstow, by William of Clere, of a mes|suage and 20 acres. Purchase money, £5 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of þys is, þat þys was a final a-corde I-made in þe kyngys courte at westmynster fro trinite soneday in-to XV days, þe thre & fyfty yere of þe reyne of henry þe sone of kynge Iohn, afore martyn litlebury, Maystur roger sayton, & Iohn Cobham, Iustices, & a-fore oþer trewe men of þe kynges there þen beynge present, by-twene william of clere, asker, by Robert of hall sette in hys stede to gete or to lese, & Emyne, Abbas of Godestowe, holder, by Nicholas of Mungewelle sette in her stede to gette or to lese, of a mese & XX acris of londe with þe pertinences in kyngys clere, wher-of 'assise of hys auncetur' was made by-twene hem, þat is to sey, þat william relesyd & quite-claymyd, of*. [Read 'for.'] htm & of*. [Read 'for.'] hts heyrys, to þe fore|seyde Abbas, & to oþer Abbassys the whyche sholde succede to here, & to her churche of Godestowe, all the ryht & clayme þat he had in þe foreseyde tenement with the pertinences for euyr: and for þis reles, quite-clayme, fine, & concorde, the Abbas gaf to the foreseyd william viij. Marke of siluyr.

Page  174
[folio XXIb(32b)] Chartur of henry of Edmundusthrope for ij acris.

About 1270. Grant to Godstow, by Henry of Edmunds|thorp, of 2 acres.

THE sentence of þys chartur is, that henry of Edmundisthrop gaf, grauntid, & confirmid with hys wrytynge, to god & to the churche of seynt Iohn baptist of Godestowe, & to the Abbas & couent brethyrn & systyrn of þe same place þer seruynge god, in-to pur & perpetuell almis, for þe saluacion of hys sowle & of Isabel hys wyfe & for þe saluacion of þe sowlis of all hys aunceturs & successours, ij. acris of londe the whyche lyen in the feeldys of kynges Clere, of þe whyche on acre lyeth in the west feelde at hellenestubbe, by-twene the londe þat was of henry Coke & þe londe þat was of william Cnoll; & an-oþer acre lythe in þe feelde in þe tilthe þat is callid burnefurlonge, in þe northe parte of þe londe þat was of Iohn scut, & strecchyth hyt-sylfe fro þe west towarde þe est vn-to woluethelynge, & þat acre is callid krockeresacre. The fore-seyde henry grauntyd þe seyde ij. acris of londe, with here pertinences, to be had & to be holde of hym & of hys heyrys, to þe seyde holy churche of seynt Iohn baptiste of Godestowe, to þe Abbas brethyrn & systryn of þe seyde holy hous, well & in peece, freely & quietly, hole & herytably for euyr; & þe seyde henry & hys heyrys warantiȝyd & acquited & defendyd þe seyde ij. acris of londe, with all here pertinences, to þe seyde holy church Abbas & couent brethryn and systryn of þe seyde holy hows & to her successours for euyr, a-geynyst all pepull: & þat hys gyft graunt & confirmacion myht be stronge & sure for euyr, [folio XXII(33)] he strengthyd hyt with þe puttyng to of hys seele.

Cartur of Iohn frankeleyne for preuet crofte.

About 1280. Grant to Godstow, by John franklin, of 'Prevet Croft,' quit-rent, 1d., in exchange for 6 acres in 'the Breche.'

THE sentence of thys chartur is, þat Iohn frankeleyne gaf, grauntyd, & confirmyd with hys wrytynge, to royse Abbas of Godestowe & to her couent, a crofte of hys londe of þe fee of frollebury, þe whyche is callyd preuet crofte, & buttythe in length toward þe west vppon þe londe of þe seyde abbas & towarde þe est vppon þe londe of þe person of þe churche of wolfrynton, & it lieth in brede by-twene the londe of þe seyde Abbas of þe sowthe partye & the londe of william at groue vppon þe northe syde. Alle þe fore-seyde crofte, with all his Page  175 pertinences, he grauntyd to be had & to be holde, to þe fore|seyde abbas & to her successours, & to the couent of þe same place, quietly, frely, pesybly, & holly, in perpetuell ryht, paynge þer-of yerly to hym & to hys heyrys j. d in þe feste of seynt myhel for all seculer seruice, exaccion, & demaunde: for þe whyche gyfte, graunt, & confirmacion, þe fore-seyde Abbas, with assent & consent of all þe couent of þe same place of Godestowe, gaf to hym vj acris londe in a felde þat is callid þe breche, lyinge by-twene þe londe þat thomas pykeforde helde of the foreseyde Abbas & þe wode þat is callid þe fryth, in-to an eschange of þe foreseyde crofte þat is callid preuet croft: & þe seyde Iohn franckeleyn and hys heyris warantiȝed, acquited, & defendyd for euer, þe seyde crofte, with alle hys pertinences, to þe foreseyde Abbas & her successours, a-geynyste all pepuls: & þat hys graunt, gyft, & confirmacion, sholde be sure & stable for euyr, he strengthyd hyt with þe preynt of hys seele: & is with-oute date.

Chartur of Nicholas of Clere ryal or kynges Clere for viij shillings of rent yerly.

1284/5, Feb. 25. Grant to Godstow, by Nicholas and William of Clere, of 8s. rent|charge over the lands of the serf John Aylmer. Powers of distraint.

THE sentence of thys euidence is, þat Nicholas & william of kynges Clere, brethyrn, & her heyrys, byn holde & bounde to þe religius women þe Abbas & couent of Godestowe in viij shillings of sterlynges, yerly to be payd to hem in þe feste of seynt Myhel, for Iohn I-callid Aylmer, sum-tyme her bondeman, þe whych þey gaf to þe seyde Nicholas & Iohn, with all hys goodys & catall & londis þe whyche he hylde a-fore of þe seyde Abbas & couent, as hyt is conteynyd fully in þe chartur of þe refeffement þat þe seyde Abbas & couente made to hem vppon these thynges: & they wyllyd & grauntyd for hem & for her heyrys, by the tenowre of þys present wrytynge, þat hyt sholde be leffull to þe seyde Abbas & Couent to entre & occupe as her owne þe seyde londys & oþer thyngys þat þey had at þat tyme & were to haue afturwarde in þe towne of kynges Clere, & also to reseyue all the avaylys of the same frely & with-out a-geyn seynge of ony man, & to make distreynynge as they wolde for þe seyde rent, as ofte as hyt cesyd to be payd. They willid also & grauntyd for hem & for her heyrys þat þe shreue of wynchester, þe whyche Page  176 is for þe tyme, sholde dystreyne hem & her heyrys to þe payment to be do in what wyse he willid, & for euyry distreynynge þat he dothe to leuey of her goodys & of here heyrys vj shillings viij. d. to hys oune nede for hys labour, & vj. shillings viij d to þe nede of the seyde ladyis for her expenses & harmys þat they sofred by the occasyon of þe seyde rent not I-payde in þe tyme I-sette. In-to witnes of þys thynge þey put to thys wrytynge her selis. The date at Godestowe, in þe morne*. [i.e. morrow.] of seynt Mathie apostle, þe yer of our lorde a thousande to hundred iiij. score & iiij.

[Exchequer-MS. folio 183] Charter of John son of Hereward.

1317, June 13. Grant by Godstow, to John Hereward, and his father, of life|interests in a yardland.

MARGERY of Dine, abbess, and the convent of Godstow, granted to John son of John [folio 183b] Hereward the yardland which his father had held of Godstow in Clere, for life-term, paying 7s. yearly by half-yearly payments. If John the father overlive John the son, then the said yardland shall revert in villeinage at the old services to the father and his wife for life-term, but on the death of them both shall fall to Godstow.

Given at Godstow, on the Monday after the Octave of Trinity, the 10th year of Edward son of King Edward.

[Exchequer-MS. folio 183b] Charter of land given to John of Northweston in the field of King's Clere.

1323, Sept. 18. Grant by Godstow, to John of North|weston, of a life-interest in 32 acres.

MARGERY de Dyne, abbess, and the convent granted to said John and his wife Cristiana, and to the longer liver of them, 32 acres in King's Clere which Richard Wychisburi once held. They were to pay 10 shillings of silver yearly for all services.

Given at Godstow, on the Sunday before the feast of St. Matthew the Evangelist, 17 Edward II.

[folio XXI(32)] Chartur of Iohn Cnolle of all hys ryht in kyngys clere.

1333/4, Jan. 7. Quit-claim to Godstow, by John of Knowle of all title in certain land.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, þat Iohn cnolle grauntyd in-to pur & perpetual almus, & vtturly quite-claymyd, to god & to þe churche of our lady & of seynt Iohn baptiste of Godestowe Page  177 & to þe holy mynchons þere seruynge god, for hym & for hys heyrys for euyr, all hys ryht & clayme þat he had or myht haue in ony maner wyse in a place of londe with hys pertinences in the parysshe of kyngys Clere, the whyche is callyd aywyepurcot, & þe fore-seyde place of londe lyþe by-twene hys mede þat is callyd þe hole mede & a crofte þat is callid hagen|hull vppon þe est, & a crofte of þe fore-seyde hows of Godestowe þe whyche is callid strokynges londe vppon þe west syde; so þat þe foreseyde Iohn, noþer hys heyrys, ne no man by hem or for hem or in her name, sholde mowe to aske or chalange ony thynge of ryht or of clayme heraftur in þe fore-seyde place with hys pertinences, but that they sholde be excludyd by þys presente wrytynges for euyr for all maner accion of ryht. In-to wytnes of þe same þynge he put to þys wrytynge hys seele. The date at kynges Clere, þe freday next aftur þe fest of þe Epiphanye of owre lorde, þe vij. yere of þe reyne of kynge Edwarde þe thyrde aftur þe conquest.

KNOWLE in King's Clere parish.

[NOTE.—At the dissolution, 1540, the Godstow properties in Sandford and King's Clere were returned (Monast. iv. 375) as bringing in yearly, the demesne-land, £8; the quit-rents of the copyholds, £12 16s. 6d.; and the freeholds, 10s.; in all £21 6s. 6d.]

[folio XXb(31b)] A Chartur of Adam of brurton of the londe of Cnolle.

About 1140. Confirma|tion to God|stow, by Adam of Brincton, as feudal superior, of Ralph of Wafer's gift of land, and grant of a cart|load of hay yearly.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, þat adam of brurton*. ['Brincton,' in the Latin.], for hys sowle and of hys predecessours, grauntyd þe yfte þat Raf þe sone of wayfere & hys heyrys made, by the consent of Robert þe sone of wayfere hys broþer of þe same fadur*. ['by the consent of Robert of Waifere, his brother, my father, of all his land de tenura de Cnolle.'], of all þe londe of þe holde in Cnolle, in-to perpetual allmys, to the churche of god & of our lady seynt Mary & of seynt Iohn baptiste of Godestowe & to þe holy mynchons þere seruynge god, with all þe pertinences, þat is to sey in wode and playne, & in medys & pasturys, in pondes & watures & myllys, in weyes & pathys, & in Page  178 all placis & in all thyngys. He willid also & grauntyd þe fore|seyd londe þat þe foreseyde holy mynchons sholde holde hyt for euyr, well & in pece, fre and vtturly quiete fro all seculer seruice & all exaccions, so þat he & hys heyrys sholde do for euyr to þe kynge & to hys lorde þe seruice (of*. [This goes, in sense, with 'do.'] hys oþer fee) þat longythe to the londe: & furþermore he gaf to hem on cart-full of hey yerly to be payde to hem for euyr: & is with-out date.

[folio XIX(30)] A couenawnt by-twene Mynchons of Godestowe & Richard labanc.

About 1154. Grant to Godstow, by Richard Labaanc, of lands, free of all feudal ser|vice, but subject to an annuity of £2 to the donor for his life|time.

THE sentence of thys conuencion is, þat by-twene the mynchons of Godestowe & Richard labaanc a couenaunt was made of þe londe of *. [In the Latin copy (Exchequer MS. leaf 19, back) 'all his land of Cnolle, and Sauanton which belongs to it, and Sand|ford with all pertinents.']cnolle & of swanton, þe whiche he gaf, in-to perpetuel almys, to god & to our lady seynt mary [folio XIXb(30b)] & to the churche of Godestowe & to þe mynchons þere seruinge god, for þe helpe of hys sowle & of hys predecessours, with hys modyr Rohays & hys sistur cecilie þe whyche were made there myn|chons, the fore-seyde londe to be fre & vtturly quite for all seculer seruices, excepte þat þe fore-seyde Richard labaanc shulde haue of the foreseyd church*. [i.e. of Godstow.] yerly xl. shillings whyle þat he liuyth in thys worlde. Aftur the dethe of þe seyde Richard þe foreseyde londe of cnolle, swanton, with all þe pertinences, in woode, in playn, millis & weyis & patthys, & all oþer þynges, with-oute þe xl. shillings, & Also fro all seculer seruice be vtturly fre & quite & vnbroke, welle & pesibly, in þe foreseyde church for euyr, so þat þe heyrys of þe seyde Richarde sholde do the seruice, of hys oþer fee, þat pertinith oþer to þe kynge oþer to hys lorde of þat londe, þat is to sey, of Cnolle & of Swanton. Also*. ['post mortem vero eius, corpus suum sepeliendum eidem ecclesie concessit.'] he grauntyd to þe same church hys body to be buryed aftur hys dethe: & he confirmyd thys conuencion to be holde ferme & sure by hys feythe & trowþe, & þat a-fore kynge henry kynge of Ingelonde & alienowre þe quene, bothe clerkes & lay men*. [Among the witnesses are Nicholas Labaanc, and Sara wife of Richard Labaanc.]: & is with-oute date.

Page  179
[Exchequer-MS. folio 19b] Charter of the king to Godstow for lands and tenements in Clere.

About 1154. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Henry II, of Richard Labaanc's gift, as in no. 232.

HENRY II intimates to the bishop of Winchester and others and to all his lieges French and English of Suthamtescyre, that Richard labaanc came into his presence and gave to Godstow, with his mother and sister to be nuns, all his land of Cnolle and Suanton with all pertinences, free of all secular service, save that, while said Richard lived, the convent should pay him yearly 40s. After Richard's death the land should be quite free of burdens, his heirs doing all services due from it, out of his other lands.

Witnesses:—Queen Eleanor, Thomas [Becket] cancellarius [1154-62]; Mannasses Biset, dapifer; Warin son of Gerold, camerarius; Ralph of Hasting; William son of Hamon; and Josceline de Baillolio. At Lincoln.

[folio XIX(30)] A-nother Chartur of Richard labanc of Clere.

About 1151. Grant to Godstow, by Richard Labaanc, of 5 hides, altogether free of feudal dues.

THE sentence of þys chartur is, þat Richard labaanc grauntyd & gaf, in-to perpetuel almys, to þe churche of god & of our lady seynt marye & of seynt Ion baptiste of Godestowe & to the holy mynchons þere seruynge god, all the dowry of hys modur, þat is to sey, knolle*. [In the Latin, 'Cnolle, and Swanton which belongs to it.'], & swanton þe whyche longethe to the same, & sanforde & hodicotte as muche as hys predecessours had, þat is to sey, v. hydys. All þese þynges he grauntyd & gaf, vtturly frely & quietly fro all seculer seruices, with all her pertinences, as frely & as goode as euyr ony of hys predecessours helde hyt: & more-ouer he grauntyd, more frely, þat he wolde do to the kynge & to hys lorde þe seruice of hys oþer londys þat was wonyd to be do for hem: & is with-out date*. [Witnesses (Exchequer MS. leaf 20): Jeffrey [of Monmouth], bishop [elect] of St. Asaph [1152-54]; Walter, archdeacon of Oxford [died Oct. 1151]; Robert, prior of St. Frideswyde's [1141-70]; Odelard la|baanc and Hugh his 'nepos'; Ralph Lancelene, &c.].

A Chartur of hugh mortmer of the londe labaanc.

About 1154. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Hugh of Mortimer, as feudal superior, of no. 234.

THE sentence of thys chartur is þat hugh mortmer, by þe consent of Roger hys sone & of hys oþer heyrys, gaf & grauntyd to þe churche of god & of our lady & of seynt Iohn baptiste & Page  180 to the holy mynchons of Godestow þere seruinge god, all the londe of knolle & swanton þat longyth to þe same & sanford, with all hys pertinences, fre & quiete fro alle seculer seruices, as Richard labaanc gaf hyt to þe foreseyd churche, so þat þe foreseyd Richard & hys heyrys sholde do to hym & hys heyrys þe seruice of hys oþer fee þat longythe to þat londe.

WINCHESTER*. [All the Winchester property seems alienated before pope Nicholas IV's Taxatio Ecclesiastica, 1291.].
[Exchequer-MS. folio 185] Charter of Robert of Meisi for Land in Winchester.

About 1160? Grant to Godstow, by Robert of Meisi, of land out|side and inside Win|chester.

ROBERT of Meisi, with consent of his heirs, gave to Godstow land in Wintonia which he held of the fee of the earl of gloucester, with his daughter to be a nun; viz. land outside north gate which William Hogelies holds, and other land in Suldwregtestret and flesmongerestrete, with proviso*. ['Ita tamen ut hospicia illic habeam meis nummis, ut consuevi, si necesse fuerit.'] that by payment he may have lodging there when he requires it.

Witness:—Wacheline, abbot of Abbendon*. [i.e. Abingdon.].

[Exchequer-MS. folio 185] Charter of Herbert of St. Quintin for iii. messuages in Winchester.

About 1160? Grant to Godstow, by Herebert of St. Quintin, of three messuages.

HERBERT of St. Quintin lets French and English know that he has given to Godstow three messuages at Winchester, viz. two within the city and one outside. Of the said mansions within the wall, one pays yearly 15d. and the other 12d.; and the land outside pays 10d. This gift was given with his sister Odelena to be a nun.

Witnesses:—Robert of Meysy, Richard Musard, etc.

WOOLVERTON.
[folio XIXb(30b)] A plee by-twene the lady Abbas & syr reynolde fitȝ petur, lorde of woluerton.

About 1250. Agreement between Godstow on the one part, and the lord of the manor of Woolver|ton and the rector of Woolverton on the other part, as to pasture|rights in Godstow wood called 'the Frith,' Godstow allowing free pasture and pan|nage to the beasts of the manor, of the rectory, and of the tenants of the manor; Sir Regi|nald giving up his claim on the woodland called 'the Breche,' and allow|ing God|stow to appropriate it alto|gether, only leav|ing free passage to the well there, for the cattle of the lord of Woolver|ton and his tenants and of the rectory. Godstow to have absolute right to the timber of 'the Frith,' allowing the lord of Woolverton his old hunt|ing-rights there. Godstow to have leave to plant, and build and settle men in 'the Frith.' Exchange of good offices between the lords of Woolverton and the abbey of Godstow.

THE sentence of thys plee is, þat þe abbas of Godestowe & þe Couent browht syre Reynolde fytȝ petur, by a bref þat is callyd Page  181 'quo iure,' in þe kynges court in-to ple, for asmuche as syre Reynolde & hys men of woluerton, & also þe person of þe place, askyd vnduly comune pasture in a woode þat is callyd le fryth*. [Reading doubtful: possibly 'frych.'], as þey seyde. At the laste þe ple restyd in-to þys maner, by frendely composicion by-twene partyes for euyr, þat is to sey, þat þe fore-seyde abbas & mynchons grauntid to þe foreseyd syre Reynold & to hys heyrys, & to þe person of the place & to hys successours, þat hyt sholde be lefful to hem for to haue her bestys*. ['averia.'] (þat is to sey, of hys maner, & of the churche of woluerton) in pasture of þe woode of le fryth &*. ['et pannagio quieta.'] for to be quite fro pannage. Also they grauntyd to þe men of þe fore-seyd syre Reynolde for euyr, þat hyt sholde be lawefull to hem to haue her beestes*. ['averia.'], þe whych they haue in þe maner of woluerton, in þe foreseyde woode pasture*. [Ablative in the Latin, 'pastura et pannagio' = at pasture and pannage.] & pannage, so þat þe pannage of her owne hogges þey haue quite*. [i.e. so that they do not pay for pan|nage of their own porci.]: & þe seyde syre Reynolde relesyde & quite-claymyd to þe foreseyde abbas and couent, for hym & hys heyrys & hys men of woluerton, & the fore-seyde person also, for hym & hys successours, all þe londe of þe breche, boþe in medewe & in pasture & in arable londe, & all þe ryht & clayme þat he had or myht haue by þe name of pasture or by þe name of ony oþer Ryht in hit, so þat hyt sholde be leffull to hem (þat is to sey, to þe abbas & to þe couent) for to appropur þe fore-seyde londe & mede & pasture with all her pertinences, with-out ony a-gaynseynge of hem, or lette; also to deduce hyt in-to what-euer vsis þat þey wyllyd, as hyt likyth & semyth to hem most best & most profitable to spede, holy & quietly & in peece for euer, that alonly oute-take, þat þe fore|seyde syre Reynold & hys heyrys & hys men of woluerton, & þe fore-seyde person & hys successours, shold haue alonly fre-goynge to her beestes to be waturde at the welle of the brech; Also þat hyt sholde be lawefull to the foreseyde abbas & Couent, to cast down & to take, aftur her wyll, of þe foreseyde woode of þe frith as hyt plesyth hem & whenne-so-euyr they wylle, with-out ony a-geyne-seynge & lette or playnt of the fore-seyde syre reynolde, person of woluerton, & her heyrys & successours, & also of her men, sauynge to þe fore-seyde Reynolde & to hys [folio XX(31)] heyrys þePage  182 ryht of hys huntynge aftur þat hyt sholde be sauyd to hem of ryht, so neuer þe lese þat hyt sholde be leffull to the fore|seyd abbas & to her Couent all þe fore-seyde londe with hys pertinences to plante & to bylde aftur her owne wylle & also men there to dwelle yf þey wyllid. Furþermore hyt is to be notyd þat þe fore-seyde Reynolde fitȝ petur, for hym & hys heyrys, toke þe goodys, londys, & possessions of the fore-seyde abbas & mynchons of Godestowe in hys defense & proteccion for euyr: and þe same abbas & mynchons of Godestowe toke hym & receyuyd in massys, in matyns, in oþer owrys, suffrages, almys, fastynges, & all oþer thyngys þat myht profite to the helþe of sowlys: but þat all þes þynges a-fore-seyde myht a-byde stable & sur for euer, & þat þey myht haue perpetuel strengthe of surenes, þe fore-seyde parties sette to þys present chartur her selys, euyryche a-geynyst oþer: & is with-out date.

[folio XXb(31b)] A Chartur of pers herbert of Cler.

About 1210. Grant to Godstow, by Piers son of Herbert, of leave to enclose and cultivate an 'assart' near Wool|verton Park, leav|ing free access to the well there, and reserv|ing rights of pasture in the stubble.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, þat pers fitȝ herbert*. [Rev. H. Salter tells me that this Peter, son of Herbert, is the father of Sir Reginald of no. 238, and that Sir Reginald came into his inheritance in 1248.], for þe loue of god & for þe helþe of hys sowle & for þe soulis of hys aunceturs & successours, grauntyd to god & to our lady seynt Marye of Godestowe & to þe mynchons þere seruynge god, þat þey may close here assarte þat lyeth nyhe hys parke of woluerton, & to ere hyt & to sowe, aftur her owne wille, with-oute lette of hym or of hys, so naþeles þat hys meyny of woluerton sholde haue fre & full power to lede her bestys to the welle, the whyche is sette in þe fore assarte, to water hem & to brynge hem a-geyne. That notwythstondynge he reteynyd to hym & to hys meyny þat, fro þat tyme þat þe cornys I-sowe in þe same Assarte aftur resonable tyme be remeuyd, all hys meyny of þe same maner sholde haue full & fre commune to all her bestys in þe pasture of þe fore-seyd assarte, vnto a-noþer tyme resonable of sowynge, with-out lette: and for-asmuche þat hys graunt sholde a-byde ferme & stable for euyr, he put to þys wrytynge hys seele: & is with-oute date.

Page  183

LINCOLNSHIRE

SYSTON, near Grantham.

[NOTE.—At the dissolution, 1540, Wroxton priory (Monast. iv. 372) was still paying this £2 to Godstow.]

[folio 169] An annuyte*. [Not included in pope Celestine III's confirmation (no. 902), 1192, and therefore of somewhat later date.] of xl. shillings I-grauntyd by maister myghel Belet vnto the mynchons of Gode|stowe, which the priour and chanons of Wroxton [folio 169b] shold paye yerely out of the maner of Sydeston at ij. termes of the yere.

About 1220. Grant to Godstow, by Michael Belet, of a rent-charge of £2 to be paid by Wroxton priory out of Syston manor.

THE sentence of this charter is, that maister myghell Belet yaf and graunted, to the lady Abbesse of Godestowe and to the mynchons ther seruyng god, a rent of xl. shillings yerely to be take at ij. termes, that is to sey, xx. shillings atte vtas of whitsontyde, and xx. shillings atte vtas of seynt Martyne in wynter; the which forsaid xl. shillings the forsaid mynchons shold resceive by the hande of the priour and of the chanons of Wroxton, to the which he assigned a certayne rente, in a certayne place, at a certayne terme, in his maner of Sideston, that they shold take the xl. shillings and pay them to the forsaid mynchons atte forsaid termes: he made also the forsaid chanons to be-hote in perel of ther sowles, and to swere vpon the holy gospels, that they shold paye the forsaid rente to the forsaid mynchons with-out ony gyle or disceite, all lettyng and occasion cesyng. And that this his yifte, & cetera.

An obligacion of the priour of Wroxton byndyng hym-self and his Covente to pay the forsaid xl. shillings atte termes I-assigned.

About 1220. Obligation to Godstow, by Hugh, prior of Wroxton, for pay|ment of the rent|charge, as in no. 240. Penalty for neglect to pay, £1.

THE sentence of this obligacion is, that hugh, priour of the place of owre lady of Wroxton, and all the Couente that there serued god and oure lady, bounde theym and ther successours Page  184 for euer to pay vnto the abbesse of Godestowe and to the couente of the same place yerely xl. shillings of siluer, that is to sey, xx. shillings atte vtas of seynt Martyne in wynter, and xx. shillings atte vtas of whitsontyde: The which forsaid xl. shillings theire patrone, maister Mighell Belet, assigned to them, to be take in his maner of Sydeston, where he yaf to them x. poundeworth of londe, as the charter of hit witnesseth, the which they haue. And they made the forsaid obligacion in many maners: for they swore into ther sowles that they wold paye atte forsaid termes the forsaid payment of iij. marke without fraude or occasion, all agayne-seiyng and lette sesyng, and occasion; And they confermed with ther conuentuell seale that is I-hanged to this writyng, vndir payne of xx. shillings for euery faile that happened; Also they subiected them-self specially in this behalf to the Iurisdiccion of the bisshop of lyncolne that were for the tyme, And also to the Archidekon of Oxenford, that they two, or one of them, myght compelle them, withoute ony agaynsaiyng, to the forsaide payment, and to the peyne yf hit were commytted; And who-so|euer were I-made priour shold swere that he shold truly obserue this obligacion. These beyng witnesse, & cetera.

[folio 155b] An obligacion of the Priour of Wroxton, I-made to the Abbesse of Godestowe, for xl. shillings yerely.

About 1220. Duplicate of no. 241.

THE sentence of this obligacion is, that the priour and Couente of the place of Wroxton bounde them-self and ther successours for euer to yelde yerely to the abbesse and couente of Godestowe xl. shillings of siluer, that is to sey, xx. shillings at the vtas of seynt Martyn in wynter and xx. shillings at the vtas of whitsontyde, the which xl. shillings maister Mighell belet theire patrone*. [Wroxton priory was founded by Michael Belet early in 1217.] assigned to them, to be take in his maner of Sydeston, wher he yaf to them x. pounde.

*. [[Leaf missing.]]
Page  185

MIDDLESEX

LONDON.
[Exchequer-MS. folio ii] Charter of Hugh, archdeacon of Leicester, for a shop in West Cheap.

About 1181? Grant to Godstow, by Hugh, archdeacon of Leices|ter, of a shop in West Cheap.

HUGH, Legre. archidiaconus, informs Ralph (de Diceto), dean, and the chapter of St. Paul's, that he has given to Godstow land which Hugh son of John holds of him, viz. the shop in Westcheap which Bernard Caldebuf held of Osbert his father, and of (Hugh's brother) Richard son of Osbert, as his brother Richard gave it to him.

Witnesses:—William, archdeacon of London, etc.

*. [[NOTE.—Rev. H. Salter points out to me a difficulty of dates. According to Le Neve, Hugh was made archdeacon of Leicester in 1148, and ceased to be arch|deacon 'before 1180.' This would push back the deed to the time of Ralph de Langford, dean of St. Paul's, who died about 1152. But, on the other hand, this West-Cheap rent-charge does not appear in Henry II's confirmations of 1156 or 1165, and does appear in that of 1182. Ralph de Diceto became dean in 1181.]]
[Exchequer-MS. folio ii] Charter of Henry son of Ailw.*. [This Henry fitz-Ailwyn is set down as the first mayor of London, holding office from about 1189 till his death in 1212.] of London.

About 1181? Grant to God|stow, by Henry son of Ailwyn, of a rent|charge to found an obit.

SAID Henry gave to Godstow, for the soul of king Henry and his own soul, 5s. of quit-rent of the land which Laurence pistor held of him outside Bissopesgate, to be taken on the day of his obit yearly.

*. [[NOTE.—In pope Nicholas IV's Taxatio Ecclesiastica, 1291, this is still found, viz. 5s. in St. Botulph's parish outside Bishopsgate, London.]]
[Exchequer-MS. folio ii] Grant by Nicholas of Cerontha*. [Possibly 'Geroutha.'] son of Martin.

About 1200? Grant to Godstow, by Nicho|las of Ce|rontha of rent|charges 6s. 8d.

SAID Nicholas gave to Godstow, for the soul of his brother and his own, a half-marc of rents in London, to be paid half|yearly, viz. at Easter and Michaelmas, viz. of the land of Page  186 the nuns of Stratford, 2s.; of the land of Martin listor, 3s. 8d.; of the land of Clement clerk, 8d.; and of his own land, 4d.

[folio 191b] A licence I-made to Edmond Mabaunke that he myght yeve to the mynchons of Godestowe one mese in Fletestrete in the subarbis of london, notwithstandyng the statute of mortmayn.

1325, July 16. Licence in mortmain, by Ed|ward II, allowing Edmund Mabanck to confer on Godstow a messuage in Fleet Street, to endow a chantry at Great Tew, Oxford|shire.

THE sentence of this licence is, that kyng Edwarde, kyng of Englond & cetera, willed to be know that, though hit were I-ordeyned and by statute I-made that hit shold not be lawfull to religious peple to entre the fee of ony man in such wise that hit shold come to morte mayne with-out his licence and of the chief lord of the which that thynge was I-holde immediatly, Natheles, by a fyne the which the welbeloued to hym in crist the abbesse of Godestowe made with hym, he graunted and yaf licence, for hym and his heires as moche as was in hym, to Edmond Mabank that he myght yeve and assigne to the forsaid Abbesse and mynchons, and to ther successours, into help of the susteynyng of a Chapelayne to synge for ever masse in the worship of our lady in the chirch of more Tywe. And he graunted to the same abbesse and Couente that they myght resceive and hold, to them and to there successours, the forsaid mese with the pertynentis of the forsaide [folio 192] Edmond for euer, as hit is I-said afore. Also by the tenoure of this present writynge he yaf speciall licence, not willyng that the forsaid Edmond or his heires or the forsaid abbesse and mynchons and ther successours by the reason or cause of the statute aforsaid shold be occasioned or greved in ony thyng therof by hym or by his heires, Savyng nathelesse to hym, and to other, seruycis therof dewe and I-wonyd. In-to witnesse of the which thynge he made to be made these his lettres patentis, hym-self beyng witnesse, atte Towre of London, the xvj. day of Iule, the xix. yere of his reigne.

[Exchequer-MS. folio iib] Licence by Roger (de Martival), bishop of Salisbury(1315-30), as feudal superior, to Edmund Maubanck.

1325, July 25. Licence in mortmain by the bishop of Salisbury, to Edmund Ma|banck, for the same purpose.

LICENCE by Roger, bishop of Sarum, allowing Edmund Maubanck to feoff Godstow in a messuage in Fletestrete, Page  187 which is of the fee of his see, and empowering Godstow to receive the same. Given at Sonnyng, on Thursday, the feast of St. James the Apostle, 19 Edward II.

[Exchequer-MS. folio ii] Grant by Edmund Maubanck to Margery Dyne, abbess, and the Convent of Godstow.

1325, Sept. 7. Grant to Godstow, by Edmund Mabanck, of a mes|suage in Fleet Street to endow a chantry at Great Tew, subject to a life-rent|charge of £4 13s. 4d.

EDMUND Maubanck grants Godstow his messuage in Flete|stret in the suburb of London, between the messuage of Walter atte sloo next the door of the bishop of Sarum and the messuage of John Wolfeld, to provide a chaplain to celebrate in the church of Great Tew, and to pay to himself a pension of 7 marcs yearly for his life-term. Sept. 7, 19 Edward II.

Witnesses:—Hamo de Chigewell, mayor of London; and John of Causton and Quinton (?) of Folesham, sheriffs.

*. [[NOTE.—At the dissolution, 1540, Godstow still owned (Monast. iv. 375) a house in St. Bride's parish which was let for £2 to the churchwardens of that parish.]]
Page  188

NORTHAMPTONSHIRE

[NOTE.—Godstow's interest in this county came from a grant at the foundation (no. 4) in 1138/9, at Halso or Halse, and was increased by rent-charges in Brackley before Henry II's third charter (no. 886) in 1182. Further purchases were made at Brackley and Evenley early in the thirteenth century. In pope Nicholas IV's Taxatio Ecclesiastica, 1291, Godstow was reckoned to have land in Halso and Brackley worth £3 18s. 6d., and tithes to the value of £3 9s. 8d. In 1540, at the dissolution (Monast. iv. 376), there is no mention of Brackley or of Evenley, and Godstow is set down as receiving out of 'Halse manor (late lord Lovell, now lord Derby)' only £2. The rent-charge of £5 (at Bozeat) was, in 1540, still paid to Godstow by St. James's Abbey, Northampton.]

BOZEAT.
[folio 210] A Charter of Raaf Harange I-made to the mynchons of Godestowe confermyng to hem all the lond that he had in the towne of Bosegate.

1222, Sept. Grant to Godstow, by Ralph Harange, a justiciary under king John, with con|sent of his son Ralph, a cleric, of a mes|suage, vineyard, dove-house, lands and manorial rights over freeholds and over bondmen tenants, quit-rent, 1 lb. of pepper, to be a pittance in the kitchen of God|stow.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Raaf Harange, yaf, graunted, and by his present charter confermed, to god and to our lady Seynt Marie and to seynt Iohn Paptist of Godestowe and to the mynchons ther servyng god, for the helthe of his lordis soule kyng henry sone of kyng Iohn, and for the helthe of his owne soule and of Isabelle his wyf, and for the soule of his lord kyng Iohn, and for the soules of all his auncetours, and for the helthe of Raaf his sone and heire and Alice his wyf, and for the helthe of all his heires, with the consent of the same Raaf his sone and heire, all his lond which he had in the towne of Bosegate of the yifte of Robert Bluet, that is for to sey, a Chief mesuage, a vyne-yerde, a gardeyne, a Culuerhous, and v. yerdis of lond, with all the pertynentis, that is to sey, with homagis and service of william the sone of Raaf of Posegate, and with all the bondmen of the same lond holdyng and with all theire sequele: To have and to holde, to the forsaid Mynchons, of hym and of his heires, in fre pure and perpetuel almes, with londis, medis, lesues, and pastures, with wodes and Page  189 all other thyngis, vnto the forsaid lond perteynyng, yeldyng therof yerly a pound of pepir, and to do all maner of services as moche as perteyneth to the forsaid lond, for which pounde of pepir and foreyne service the same mynchons shall acquyte hym and his heires ayenst the chief lordes, which forsaid lond, as it is aforsaid, with all his pertynentis, he yaf and assigned specially vnto a pytaunce of the same mynchons in help of susteynyng of ther kechyn. And the forsaid Raaf Harange and his heires, all the forsaid lond, with all the pertynentis, to the forsaid mynchons, ayenst all maner of peple shal warantiȝe. And that this his yifte shold stond stable, to this present [folio 219b] writyng he hath sette to his seale. All this was done in the yere of grace a thousand two hundred and xxij., in the moneth of Septembre, in the presence of kyng henry at wodestok. Thise beyng witnesse: Martyne of Pateshull, Stephyne of Segrave, Thomas of Heyden, Robert of Laxanton, Raaf of Troublevyle, Iohn Russell, Adam of Stawell, Stephyne of Fretewell, Piers Talemasch, Raaf Harange, Clerk, Richard of Lega, Hugh Lupo, and many other.

A-nother charter of the same Raaf.

1222, Sept. Modifica|tion of no. 249. Grant to Godstow, by Ralph Harange, of a rent|charge of £5 yearly, on the lands de|scribed in no. 249, the ownership of which is now given to St. James's Abbey, Northamp|ton, but subject to a rent|charge to provide at Godstow a pittance in the kitchen of 14s. in each of the seven weeks of Quinqua|gesima and Lent, and a pit|tance of 2s. for the infirmary.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Raaf Harange yaf, gravnted, and by his present charter confermed, to god and to oure Lady Seynt Marie and to seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestow and to the mynchons ther servyng god, for the helth of his lord kyng Henry sone of kyng Iohn, and for the helth of his owne soule and of Isabell his wyf, and for the helth of Raaf his sone and heire and Alice his wyf, and for the helth of all his children, and for the soule of Iordan his sone and for the soules of Iohane and Agneis his doughtirs and for the soules of all theire children, and for the soules of all his predecessours and successours, and also with the wille and consent of the same Raaf his sone and heire, All the lond the which he had in the towne of Bosegate of the yifte of Robert Bloette, that is for to sey, his chief Mesuage, a vyneyerd, a gardyne, a culverhous, and v. yerdes lond, with all his pertynentis, that is to sey, with homagis and service of william the sone of Raaf of Bosegate, and with all bonde tenauntis of the same lond with all theire Page  190 sequeles: To have and to hold, to the same mynchons, of hym and his heires, in fre and pure perpetuel almes, with londis, medis, lesues, and pastures, with wodes, and all other thyngis to the forsaid londis perteynyng, yeldyng therof yerly vnto the heires of Robert Bluett a pound of pepir for al maner services, Savyng foreyne seruyce perteynyng to so moche lond. This forsaid lond, as hit is aforseid, with all his pertynentis, he yaf and assigned hit specially vnto a pitaunce of the same mynchons into help of the susteynyng of theire kechyn. Of whiche lond [folio 211] the forseid mynchons shall take yerely of the Chanons of Seynt Iames of Northampton an hundred shillyngis, which I wolle it be as I assigne hit, that is to sey, every weke fro the sonday of quinquagesime vnto Estir day, xiiij. shillings vnto theire forseid pitance to be ordeyned; and ij. shillings of the residue of the forsaid hundred shillyngis I assigne specially to the pitance of the sike mynchons. And the forsaid Raaf Harange and his heires, all the forsaid lond, with all the pertynentis, to the forsaid mynchons, ayenst all maner of peple did warantiȝe. And that this his yifte shold abide sure, to this present writyng he put to his seale. These beyng witnesse: Martyne of Pateshulle, Stephyne of Segrave, Thomas of Heyden, Robert of Laxynton, Raaf of Trublevill, Iohn Russell, Adam of Stawel, Stephyne of Fretewelle, Piers Talemasche, Raaf Harange, Clerk, Richard of Lega, Hugh Lupo, and many other. All this was done in the yere of grace a thousand two hundred xxij., in the monethe of Septembre, in presence of kyng henry at wodestok.

A Confirmacion of Raaf, the sone and heire of the seid Raaf.

1222, Sept. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Ralph Harange junior. of his father's gift of the rent|charge, as in no 250.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Raaf Harange the sone of Raaf Harange, yaf, graunted, and by his present charter confermed, the yifte the whiche the forsaid Raaf his fadir made to god and to our lady seynt Marie and to seynt Iohn Baptist and mynchons of Godestowe, of an yerely rent of an hundred shillyngis, which rent he assigned vnto the sustentacion of the kechyn of the forsaid mynchons: To hold, to the forseid mynchons for evermore, as the charter of the forsaid Raaf his Page  191 fadir which they have therof sheweth and berith witnesse. Thise beyng witnesse: Raaf Troublevyle, Iohn Russell the kyngis Seneschall, Adam of Stanwell dispensare of*. [Something is lost. Not in Latin copy.] ser Guarmo the kyngis Chapeleyne, william de Fychecot, Symond of hynton, Stephyne of Fretewell, Piers Talamassh, Iohn Chapelayne, and many other.

[folio 211b] A Charter of Felice Abbesse of Godestowe I-made to the Abbot of Seynt Iames of Northampton.

1222, Sept. Grant by Godstow, to St. James's Abbey, Northamp|ton, of no. 249, subject to the rent|charge as in no. 250, to be paid in time of Lent. Powers of distraint. Propor|tionate reduction in rent|charge, if warranty is insuf|ficient.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Felice, Abbesse of Godestowe, and the Covent of the same place, yaf, graunted, and by theire present Charter confermed, to god and to our lady seynt marie and to the chirch of seynt Iames of Northamp|ton and to the Chanons ther servyng god, all theire lond of Bosegate of the fee of Robert Bluet which they had in the same towne of the yifte of ser Raaf Harang, that is for to sey, a chief messuage and a gardeyne and a vyneyerd, a Culuer-house, and v. yerdis of lond, with the pertynentis, that is to sey, with homage and service of william the sone of Raaf of Bosegate, and with all the bonde-holders of the same lond with all theire sequelis: To have and to hold, to the forsaid Chanons for ever|more, with londis, medis, lesues, pastures, wodis, and all other thyngis vnto the same lond perteynyng, of theyme and their successours, yeldyng thereof yerely to theyme at seynt Iames of Northampton an hundred shillyngis of sterlyngis at twey termes in the yere, that is to sey, the Sonday of Sexagesime fyfty shillyngis, and on Midel lenton Sonday fyfty shillyngs, Also yeldyng a pounde of pepir, And to do all foreyne service asmoche as perteyneth to that lond, and ayenst the chief lordes. Be hit knowe that yf the said Chanons pay not the forsaid money within viij. dayes after the termes afore rehersed, than it shall be lefull to hem to distreyne the same chanons vpon all that lond, by all theire catall that may be founde, vnto the pay|ment and also to the costis in the defaute thereof. And they and theire successours, to the forsaid Chanons and theire suc|cessours, the same lond, [folio 212] with all his pertynentis, warantiȝed. And yf so be, that by their defaute, or by their warantiȝyng, that they lese any part of the forseid lond, than, by the con|sideracion Page  192 of lawfull men, aftir the rate hit shall be abated out of the seid ferme of an hundred shillyngis. And to the more surenesse, this charter is made endented, and to the parte that remayneth with the said Chanons the seid mynchons have put to theire seale, And to the parte that remayneth with the said mynchons the said Abbot and Covent hath put to her seale. Thise beyng witnesse: Martyne of Patteshulle, Raaf Harange, Stephyne of Segrave, Thomas of heyden, and many other.

[folio 211] A relese of the Abbot of seynt Iames of Nor|thampton I-made to Raaf harange of a vyneyerd in Bosegate.

About 1250? Sale to Ralph Harange, by St. James's Abbey, Northamp|ton, of the vineyard included in nos. 249, 250, but without affecting the rent|charge to Godstow. Purchase money, £2 13s. 4d.

THE sentence of this relese is, that Adam*. [Adam was abbot 1241 to 1265.], abbot of seynt Iames of Northampton, and the Covent of the same place, relesed and [folio 211b] quyteclaymed, to ser Raaf Harang and to his heires, a vyneyerd in Bosegate, which somtyme they held to|gedir with other londes of the Abbesse and Covent of Gode|stowe, yeldyng neverthelesse theire full yerely ferme of the residue of the forseid londes to the forsaid Abbesse and Covent of Godestow, that is to sey, an hundred shillyngis, as it is con|teyned in theire pryncipall Charter. And for this relesse and quyteclayme, the forsaid Raaf yaf to hem foure marke of siluer. Thise beyng witnesse: ser henry, parson of Torent, ser Bernard, Chapeleyne of Godestowe, Raaf of seynt Germayne, and many other.

[folio 212] A contraversy was meved bitwene the forsaid Abbot of seynt Iames of Northampton and the Abbesse of Godestowe.

1329, Oct. 20. Quit-claim by Godstow of a claim for arrears of rent|charge as in no. 250, and pro|mise by St. James's Abbey, Northamp|ton, to pay said rent|charge regularly in future, in Lent, and grant of powers of dis|traint.

THE sentence of this stryf is, that the fryday next aftir the fest of seynt luke the Euangelist, the yere of the reigne of kynge Edward the thirde fro the conquest the thirde, ther was a strif and a discorde bitwene Margery Dyne, abbesse of Gode|stowe, playntyf, of that one partie, and Nicholas, Abbot of seynt Iames without Northampton, on that other partie, began as for the arreragis of an yerely rent of an hundred shillyngis yerely, owyng vnto the seid Abbesse of dyuerse tenementis of the same Abbottis in Bosegate, in this forme here after thei were Page  193 accorded: That is for to sey, that the forseid Abbesse, for her and her successours, yaf, relesed, and all wey quyteclaymed, to the forseid abbot and to his successours al maner of arreragis of rent I-axed or to be axed, and also all other accions of dette or of ony other thyng fro the begynnyng of the world vnto the day of the makyng of this endenture, And the forseid abbot knowleched hym-self to be bounden, to the seid Abbesse and to her successours, in an hundred shillyngis of yerly rent, to be paid to theym or to there certeyne attorney at twayne termes in the yere, that is to sey, at the fest of Sexagesyme fyfty shillyngis, and at the myddel of lente fyfty shillyngis. And to the more sikernesse of the forsaid yerely rent, wele and truly to the forsaid Abbesse and to her successours or to theire attorney at the forsaid termes to be paid, The forsaid Abbot for hym and his successours bounden all the[r] londes and tenementis in Bosegate to the distreynyng of the same rent; That is for to sey, yf so be that the forsaid rent be behynde at any of [folio 212b] the seid termes in partie or in all, that than hit shall be lefull to the forseid Abbesse and to her successours in all the londis and tenementis aforsaid to distreyne, and the distresses to with-hold vnto the tyme that they, or theire attorney, of all the arreragis of the forsaid rent thei be fully satisfied. To the which forsaid couenaunt to be ratified in truly, in the forme aforseid, a this half the day of seynt Hugh the bisshop, now next comyng after the date of this present writyng, to be fulfilled and kept, the parties aforenamed to thise present endentures everich of hem to others have sette to theire seales.

A Composicion I-made bitwene the Abbot of Seynt Iames of Northampton and the Abbesse of Godestowe, & cetera.

1329, Nov. 6. Obligation to God|stow, by St. James's Abbey, Northamp|ton, in ac|cordance with the agreement in no. 254, to pay £5 rent yearly, with powers to distrain for it upon Bozeat manor.

THE sentence of this composicion is, that Nicholas, by the grace of god Abbot of Seynt Iames next Northampton, and þe Covent of the same place, Sendith gretyng in our lord god. Be hit knowen that where we had and held a chief mesuage, with Curtilagis, vyneyerdis, gardynes, Culuerhous, to-gedir with v. yerdis of arable lond, medis, wodes, and pastures, and with other pertynentis, to-gedir with homagis, wardis, relefis, Page  194 Eschetis, and seruyces of fre tenantis and of bondmen and her bodyes with their sequelis of the same tenement holdyng, in Bosegate, of the yifte and feffement of dame Felice, somtyme abbesse of Godestowe, and the Covent of the same place, to them and to there successours for evermore, yeldyng therof yerely to the same Abbesse and Covent of Godestow an hundred shillyngis of sterlyngis at two termes in the yere in the Abbey of seynt Iames before remembred, that is to sey, the Sonday of Sexagesyme fyfty shillyngis, and on mydlent Sonday fyfty shillyngis, for all seculer seruyce and demaunde. They wolle and graunte, and by this present writyng byndith hem, and all their successours, and also all theire maner of Bosegate, to the forseid abbesse and Couent of Godestowe and to her successours, in the forseid hundred shillyngis in the termes and place before|seid wele and truly to be paid, without ony lenger delay or tariyng. And yf they pay not, and ony of the termes be past, anon hit shal be leful to þe [folio 213] same Abbesse and Couent, and to ther successours, or to ther procurator, bothe in the forsaid tene|mentis which of hem they held as it is aforseid, and also in all the residue of their maner of Bosegate, over all and in every parcell, to distreyne aftir their owne wil, without ony withseiyng of them or ther successours, And tho distresses to kepe vnto tyme of the rent aforseid they be fully contente and paid, with costis and damagis that thei toke in the tariyng of the payment therof. And for this recognycion, graunte, and obligacion, the said Abbesse and Covent of Godestow relesed to hem all the arreragis of the same rente that was at ony tyme behynd vnto the day of the makyng of this present writyng. In witnesse of which thyng, to thise present writyng endented eche of hem have sette her seles to other. Thise beyng witnesse: Ewstace of Burneby, william of Seymour, william of Bruton, Geffrey of Bray, william of waydour, william of Tyeken, Thomas of seynt Hillary, and other. The date is in the abbey of Seynt Iames next North|ampton, the monday next aftir the fest of Alhalowen, the yere of the reigne of kyng Edward the thirde aftir the conquest the thirde.

Page  195
BRACKLEY: see also in no. 269 in Halso.
[folio XVIb(28b)] A chartur of Siluester of brackeley of an hows.

About 1200. Sale to Silvester, merchant of Brack|ley, by St. John's Hospital, Brackley, of a house, with market|rights. Purchase money, £1 5s.

THE sentence of þys chartur is, þat frere aleyne, procuratur of þe hospital of seynt Iohn of brackeley, & þe brethyrne of þe same place, gafe & grauntyde, & confermyde with her wrytynge, to syluester, Marchaunt, of brackeley, the hows þe [whyche] was of Gaufryde fitȝ petur, þat is to sey, þe hows þat is sette by|twene þe hows of salomon chapeleyn & þe hows of Roger Skynner, to be holde to fee-ferme of hem for euyr, to hym & to hys heyrys, frely & quietly, paynge þere of yerly v. shillings for all seruice þat longed to hem, at thre termys by þe yere, þat is to sey, at Myhelmasse, xx. d; at candellmasse, xx. d; & at wytsontyde, xx. d. They acquityd þe fore-seyde burgage a|geynyste þe erle*. [Robert (fitz-Parnell), earl of Leicester, 1190-1204.] of þe ferme of þe fore-seyde hows, þat is to sey, of ix. d. by þe yere; and þe foreseyde siluester & hys heyrys sholde answere to þe erle & to hys baylyfs of all oþer customys: & for thys gefynge & grauntynge the fore-seyde syluester gafe to hem xxv. shillings in warisune: & they warantiȝyd þe fore|seyde hows, with the pertinences, aftur þe liberte of byinge & of syllynge in þe cowrte of the erle in þe town of brackeley, to þe foreseyd syluester & to hys heyrys a-geynyste all men & is with|out date.

[folio XVb(27b)] Chartur of siluester of brackeley of all hys tene|mentes in brackeley.

About 1210. Grant to Godstow, by Silvester of Brackley, of three houses, subject to quit-rents of 9d., 6d., 5s.

[folio XVI(28)] THE sentence of thys chartur is þat siluester of brackeley gafe, grauntyd, & confermyd with hys wrytynge, to god & to our lady seynt Marye & to þe churche of seynt Iohn baptiste of Godestowe & to the mynchons þere seruynge god, in-to pur & perpetuel almys, for hys sowle helthe & of hys wyfe & aunce|tours & successours, alle hys tenementes in þe town of brackeley, þat is to sey, þat hows with þe pertinences þe whych he bowhte of william fitȝ Osebert, Merchaunte; & þat hows with þe pertinences þat he bowht of þe heyrys of Ernalde throtebolle; & þat hows with þe pertinences þat he helde of þePage  196 brethyrn of þe hospital of þe holy apostels Iamys & Iohn of brackeley; to be had & to be holde, welle & in pece, frely & quietly for euer, paynge yerly to þe lorde Seer of quincy, erle of Wynchester, ix. d, for þe hows þat he bowht of william throtebolle, þat is to sey, iij. d at þe feste of seynt Myhell, & iij. d at candelmasse, & iij. d at Mydsomer; Also to þe same erle, vj. d. for þe hows þat he bowht of william fitȝ Osbert, Marchaunt, at the foreseyde termys; Also, for þe hows þat he helde of þe breþeryn of þe hospital of brackeley, v. shillings, to be payde to þe same brethyrn at þe foreseyde termys: & þat hys gyfte sholde a-byde sure & stable, he confirmyd thys wrytynge with þe puttynge to of hys seele; & is with-out date.

An obligacion of Thomas turri of brackeley of xij. shillings of yerly rent for the londe of yuenley*. [Perhaps in error for 'Brackeley.' The Evenley documents show no 12s. rent-charge.].

About 1210. Obligation to Godstow, by Thomas Turry, by which he sub|mitted his property in Brackley to distraint in order to secure to Godstow due pay|ment of 12s. rent|charge.

THE sentence of thys obligacion is, þat Thomas turry of brackeley bownde all hys tenauntrye in þe town of brackeley þe whych Robert abraham sumtyme helde, in þe same town also þe same tenement þat walter dyer sumtyme helde, to þe abbas and couent of Godestowe or to her baylyfs, to dystreyne hym & hys heyrys or hys assynys, for xij. shillings of yerly rent, in þe whych he was bounde to hem for þe foreseyde tenement, yf þey sesyd fro þe payment of þe seyde rent in ony terme tylle þe fore|seyde rent be fully payd. In whoos wytnes he lete make hys patent letters to þe seyde abbas and couent & to her successours: & is with-out date.

The chartur of Iohn fitȝ allote smyth of Stene of an hows in brackeley.

About 1210. Grant to Godstow, by John,son of Allote, of a house in Castle street, quit-rent to the over|lord, 3d.

THE sentence of thys charter is þat Iohn fitȝ allote smyth of Stene gaf & grauntyd, & confermyd with hys wrytynge, to god & to our lady seynt marye & to seynt Iohn baptiste & to the abbas of Godestowe & to þe mynchons þere seruynge god, in-to pur fre & perpetuel almys, hys hows in brackeley whyche ys sette in þe castelle strete, by-twene þe hows of Roger blake & þe hows of Ranulph swayn, to be holde & to be had, frely & Page  197 quietly, to þe foreseyde abbas & to þe mynchons of Godestowe, in-to pur & perpetuel almys, for the helþe of hys sowle & for þe sowlys of hys aunceturs, paynge þerof by yere to þe erle, iij. d: and þe foreseyde Iohn & hys heyrys warantiȝed & defended þe fore-seyde hows with þe pertinences to þe foreseyde abbas & mynchons a-geynyst all men & women, bothe fro all maner exaccions & also fro all seculer demaundys: and þat hys gyft & graunt & confirmacion sholde be ferme & stable for euyr, he made hyt stronge by puttynge to of hys seele: & [is] with-out date.

Chartur of Seher quincy erle of wynchester of j. marke of siluyr.

About 1210. Confirma|tion to God|stow, by Saier (de Quincey), earl of Win|chester, of a rent|charge of 13s. 4d. given by Robert (de Beaumont) earl of Leicester, out of Hos|pital mill.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, þat seher quincy, erle of wynchester, for the loue of charite, grauntyd, & confirmyd with hys wrytynge, to god & to seynt Ion baptiste of Godestowe & to þe mynchons þer seruynge god, j. marke of siluer þe whyche they were wonyde to receyue of þe yelde halle of brackeley, of the gyft of Robert, erle of leycetur*. [The four de Beaumont earls of Leicester were all Robert. The gift was about 1167 by the wife of the second earl: see no. 269.], to be receyuyd by þe hondys of þe prior & of þe bretherne of þe hospitall of brackeley, namely, of a mylle þat þey heldyn in þe same town of hym to a fee-ferme: & þat hys graunt & confirmacion sholde be sure [folio XVIb(28b)] for euyr to þe fore-seyde hows & to þe mynchons of þe same place, he strengthed hyt with þe puttynge to of hys seele: & is wyth-out date.

The chartur of dame aliȝ Georgys I-made to william Cotisforde of a mansion and a gardyne. [folio XVII(29)]

1301/2, March 18. Grant of lease for three lives, by God|stow, to William of Cottisford, his wife, and son, of a house and garden, quit-rent, 4s. Power of distraint. Purchase|money, 7s.

THE sentence of þys euydens is, þat dame aliȝ Georgys, abbas of Godestowe, & þe couent of þe same place, with on assent & consent, lete & toke to william Cotisforde & to Iohne hys wyfe & to Richard hys sone, to all þe terme of her lyfe, a mansion with a gardyne, lyynge in þe town of brackeley, with all hys pertinences, þe whyche mansion is sette by-twene þe tenement of þe foreseyde william & þe tenement of þe priory of Eynho*. [Aynho.], to be had & to be holde (all þe foreseyde mansion with all Page  198 hys pertinences afore-seyde) to william Cotisforde, Iohne hys wyfe, & to william hys sone, frely, quietly, welle & in pece, holly & worshypfully, as longe as þey lyvyn, paynge þerof yerly, þe foreseyde william, Iohne, & william, to all the terme of her lyfe, to þe foreseyde abbas & couent of þe fore-seyde place iiij. shillings of syluyr at iij. termys of þe yere, þat is to sey, at candelmas, xvj. d.; at trinite soneday, xvj. d; & at Mihelmas, xvj. d., for all seculer seruice, exaccion, & demaunde: & þe seyde abbas & couent a-foreseyde sholde warantiȝe acquite & defende all þe foreseyde mansyon with all hys pertinences to william Iohne & william to the terme of her lyfe a-geynyst all pepuls: & aftur þe deceasse of þe foreseyde william Iohne & william all þe foreseyde mansyon with hys pertinences shulde turne holly & fully a-geyne to þe foreseyde abbas & couent, with-out ony a-geynyst-seynge of hem or ony of her part: & yf hyt happyn hem, so þat god forbede, to fayle in her payment, in parte or in all, in ony terme I-ordeynyd, þey willid & grauntyd þat þe foreseyde abbas & couent or her baylyfs sholde entre her tenementes to distreyne & to holde her distresse til þat hyt were satisfiede to þe foreseyde abbas & couent for all þynges. For þys takynge & letynge to ferme for termys of her lyfe, they to hem by-fore handys payde vij. shillings of syluer: & þat þys couenaunt, takynge & letynge, warantiȝynge & acquitynge sholde byde sure & stable thorowe all þe foreseyde tyme, þey set to her seeles to þys present wrytynge endentyd, euerych a-geynyst oþer, þe date at Godestowe, þe soneday next aftur þe fest of seynt gregori pope, þe xxx. yere of þe reyne of kynge Edwarde.

[folio XVIb(28b)] Chartur of Iohn hawardyne of brackeley.

1309, Sept. 21. Quit-claim to Godstow, by John and Agnes Hawar|dyne, of all title in a God|stow tene|ment.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, þat Iohn hawardyn of brackeley, & agnes þe dowhter of Iohn marschall þe wyfe of þe seyde Iohn, relesyde & claymyd vtturly to be quiet for euyr, for hym & heyrys of hym or his assinis, in-to pure & perpetuell almys, with-out ony withholdyng, to Molde vpton, abbas of Godestowe, & to þe couent of þe same place, all hys ryht & clayme þat he had or myht haue in ony maner in all þat tenement with all hys pertinences ouer all, þe whyche tenement is sette in brackeley by-twene þe tenement of Roger fitȝ adam Page  199 goer of þe on partye & þe tenement of the same Roger of þe oþer part, þe whyche tenement in a tyme þe fore-seyde agnes, whyle she was sole, yeldyd & relesyd to mabyle wafre at þat tyme abbas of Godestowe & to þe couent of þe same place, & claymyd hyt to be in rest vtturly for euyr, in-to fre pur & perpetuel almys, to þe same abbas & couent, by hyr wrytynge, with-out ony with-holdynge of hyr or hyr heyrys or assynys, so þat noþer she, ne none of hyr heyrys or assynys, ne no man in her name, neuyr afturwarde myht aske or chalenge ony thynge in the fore-seyde tenement or place with hys pertinences: and þe foreseyde Iohn hawardyn & agnes hys wyfe & heyrys warantiȝid aquitid & defendyd for euyr all þat tenement, wythe all hys pertinences in all places, to þe fore-seyde abbas & couent a-geynyste all pepuls. In-to wytnys of þys quiet-claymynge, they sette to her seelys, the date at Oxenforde in Maudeleyne churche, þe soneday in þe fest of seynt Mathew þe apostele, þe iij. yere of þe reyne of kynge Edwarde þe sone of kynge Edwarde.

Chartur of a mese sette out to ferme for iiij. shillings.

1329, July 20. Grant of lease for three lives by God|stow, to John of well, his wife, and son, of a mes|suage, as in no. 261, quit-rent 4s. Power of distraint. Obligation to keep in repair.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, þat þe thursday in þe fest of seynt Margarete virgin, þe iij. yere of the reyne of kynge Edwarde the thyrde fro þe conquest, a conuencion was made by-twene dame Mariorye dyne, abbas of Godestowe, & the couent of the same place of þat on party, & Iohn of welle of brackeley, Iohne hys wyfe, Richard þe sone of þe same Iohn & Iohne, of þat oþer party, þat is to sey, þat þe foreseyde abbas & couent, for hem selfe & her successours, gafe & grauntyd to þe same Iohn, Iohne, & Richard j. mese in brackeley, þe mese is sette nyhe þe hows of þe seyde Iohn of þe norþe party & þe hows of þe maystur of þe hospitall of aynho of þe sowþe party, to be had & to be holde þe foreseyde mese with hys pertinences to þe foreseyde Iohn Iohne & Richard [folio XVII(29)] and to her assynys to þe terme of her lyfe [or] of oþer of hem lenger lyuynge, paynge þerof yerly to þe foreseyde abbas & to þe couent & to her successours, iiij. shillings of sterlynges at thre termys of þe yere, þat is to sey, at þe fest of seynt Myhell, wytsonetyd, & Page  200 candelmas, by euyn porcions: & yf þe foreseyde rent of iiij. shillings be by-hynde in ony terme a-fore-seyde, in part or in all, þat þenne hyt sholde be lefull to þe foreseyde abbas & couent þat they may, by her baylyfs, in þe foreseyde mese, as well with-in as wyth-out, distreyne & reteyne þe distresses tyll þat they be satisfied fully of þe rent a-foreseyde & þe foreseyde Iohn, Iohne, & Richard shulde susteyne þe howses of þe seyde mese with her own costys: & þe foreseyde abbas & couent & her successours sholde warantiȝe acquite & defende þe fore-seyde mese with hys pertinences to þe fore-seyd Iohn, Iohne, & Richard, & to her assynys, to þe ende of þe lyf of boþe of hem or of þe oþer lenger lyvynge, a-geynyst all men þat byn dedly, by þe seruices afore-seyde: in-to wytnes of þe whyche þynge þe seelys of þe seyde parties were hangyd, to euerych a-geynyst oþer, to þe wrytynge endentyd þer-of: þe date at Godestowe, þe day & þe yere a-boue rehersyd.

EVENLEY.
[folio XXXVb(45b)] Anoþer chartur of william foliot of Euinlei for j. acre of londe in þe felde of Euinlei.

About 1210. Grant to Godstow, by William Foliot, of an acre, and of another acre.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat william foliot of Euinlei gafe, grauntid, & confirmid, to god & to oure ladi & to seint Iohn baptiste of Godestowe & to þe minchons there seruinge god, in-to pur & perpetuel almis, j. acre of his londe in þe weste felde of Euinle, þe whiche is of þe fee [folio XXXVI(46)] of þe Erle of winchester, þat is to sei, þat londe þat lieth bitwene þe londe of Richard mace & buttith vppon þe hywei of cherleton; & j. oþer acre þat buttith him-self vn-to þe pathe of hinton, þe whiche is of þe fee of wahull, & lieth in necreferne*. [Possibly netreferne, as in 201/27.] bitwene þe londe of hernold goer & þe londe of pers cheldeburi: to be had & to be holde, freli quietli well & in pece & worshipfulli fro all seculer exaccion & demaund: & þe fore-seid w. & his heiris warantiȝid þe fore-seid ij. acris to þe fore-seide minchons ageiniste all men and women: & is with-oute date.

Page  201
[folio XXXVb(45b)] here biginnith þe chartur of Roger foliet fitȝ william of Euenlei for x. acris of londe in Euenlei.

About 1215. Grant to Godstow, by Roger Foliot, of ten acres, including no. 264, with such pasture and other rights as went with them.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat Roger foliot fitȝ william of Euinlei gaf, grauntid, & confirmid to*. [Omit to.], þe howse*. ['donun' (sic) in the Latin. The trans|lator has wrongly read domum, instead of donum, i.e. house, when it should have been gift.] of his fadur william foliot, to god & to oure ladi & seint Iohn baptiste of Godestowe & to þe abbas & to þe holi minchons þere seruinge god, in-to pure & perpetuel almis, x. acris of londe in the towne of Euinlei, þat is to sei, v. acris arable in þe Est felde, & v. acris in þe weste felde,

oon of þe which is of þe fee of sire seere, erle of winchester, & is vppon purfurlonge, bitwene þe londe of Richard þe sone of mace of Brackelei & þe londe of Gilbert childeber; an-oþer is a-geiniste þe mille of cuttille, & buttiþe vppon þe forow of þe prouoste at j. hede & vppon þe forow of Raph carter at þe oþer hede; þe iij. acre is vppon þe fornecre, bitwene too halfe acris of þe foreseid Richarde þe sone of Mace; þe iiij. acre is vppon longe of þe fee of þe erle, and fallith in-to þe hiwei, & liethe bitwene þe londe of Richard mace & þe londe of Richard childeber; þe v. acre is in micdelbroche, of þe fee of þe erle, & strecchith in-to a croft of Iohn craton; þe vj. & þe vij. acris bin at edwardisburielis, of þe fee of wahull, nih þe londe of Raph fitȝ walter & þe londe of pers childeber; þe viij. acre is vppon Gorbrode, of þe fee of þe erle, bitwene þe londe of Richard mace & þe londe of Gilbert of childeber, & in est perte hit strecchith vppon þe forow of Raph walter; & j. acre, þe whiche is of þe fee of þe erle of winchester, þat is to sei, þat acre þat lithe bitwene þe londe of Richard mace & buttith vppon þe wei of cherlton; & j. acre þat buttith hit-selfe vnto the patthe of hynton, þe whiche is þe fee of wahull, & lieth in netreferne bitwene þe londe of hernolde Goer & þe londe of pers childeber:

to be had & to be holde, of him & of his heiris, freli, pesibli, worshipfulli, & quietli for*. [Read 'from.'] all seruice: so þat þe seid Roger foliot & his heiris warantiȝid to the fore-seide abbas of Godestowe & to þe holi minchons þere seruinge god þat fre almis a-geiniste all men & women liuinge, bi his owne costes, & Page  202 acquitid fro all exaccion & demaunde & fro all seruice owtewarde & inwarde for euir: also he grauntid to þe fore-seide abbas of Godestowe & to þe holi minchons þere seruinge god, with þe fore namid acris, fedinge, & all oþer eisementes in weys, pathis, in waturis, in goinges oute, in pasturis, & all oþer places, & liberteis perteininge to so moni acris: & þat his graunt gifte & confirmacion shulde be sure & stable, he put to his seele: & is with-oute date.

Chartur of Robert*. [Possibly brother of Roger, of no. 265.] foliot of Euinlei, confirminge þe gifte of x. acres a-fore rehersid: & is þe same a-fore, worde for worde.

About 1215. Confirma|tion of 265.

Anoþer chartur of william*. [Possibly brother of Roger, of no. 265.] foliet, confirminge þe same, vndur þe forme I-wrete a-fore.

About 1215. Confirma|tion of 265.

A chartur of elenor of euinlei sum-time þe wife of william foliot resininge iiij. d of rente.

About 1215. Grant to Godstow, by Eleanor, widow of William Foliot, of 4d. quit|rent over no. 265.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat Elenore þe wife sum-time of w. foliot of Euinlei in fre widewhode, beinge aftur þe decese of w. foliot her husbonde, resinid & quiet-claimyd vtturli for hir for euir, to god & to our ladi & to þe house of seint Iohn baptiste of Godestowe & to þe minchons þere seruinge god, for þe helþe of his soule & of her aunceturs & successours, iiij. d of rente þe which clarice þat was sum-time þe wife of Siluester of brackelei paid to hir yerli, þat is to sei, for þe iij. parte of þe x. acris of londe in þe felde of Euinlei, vndur þe name of dowri, þe whiche she was wonid to receiue at to termis of þe yere, þat is to sei, at þe assumsion of oure ladi, ij. d; & at þe annunciacion, ij. d: & þat hir resininge & quite-claiminge sholde be sure, she strengthid hit with þe puttinge to of her seele: & is with-oute date.

FARTHINGHO: see in nos. 269, 270, 275.

HALSO.
[folio XLVIII(58)] Of ij. marke and an half yeve by the Erle of leyceter.

About 1138/9. Grant to Godstow, by Robert (Bossu), second earl of Lei|cester, 1118-68, of £1. 13s. 4d. rent|charges in Halso; and About 1167, grant to Godstow, by Amice, his countess, of 13s. 4d. in Brackley, and 13s. 4d. in Farth|ingho, and grant by himself of a yard-land with ex|emption from labour on the demesne-land.

THE sentence of this charter is þat Robert, Erle of leicetur, ȝaf & grauntid to the church of seynte Iohn of Page  203 Godestowe, in-to perpetuel almys, the rente of two marke & a halfe in halshow. And amye*. [Amice Waher, daughter of Ralph, earl of Norfolk.], countesse, hys wyfe, ȝaf & grauntid to þe same place the rente of two marke, of þe which oon marke in brackley & anoþer in ferynghow, & þat with his concente; & oon plow-londe þat*. [MS. has 'þat þat.'] he had þere, & þat þe men þat sew hit be quite fro eryng & harowyng, mowyng, sowyng, & heying. Where-fore he commaundid the foresayde churche to holde hit of hym & of his eyeris, well & in pece, frely & quitly, al so welle quietly & frely as euer he helde hit hym selfe. These beyng wytnys, Raph spenser, & mony oþer: & is with-owte date.

Robert, Erle of leyceter, graunted the same aforesaid.

About 1180. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Robert (Blanch|mains), third earl of Leicester, 1168-90, of no. 269.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, þat Robert, Erle of leicetur, þe sone of Robert, Erle, by the concent of pernel*. [Petronilla de Grentemesnil, of Hink|ley.], Countesse, his wyfe, & of his eyeris, for þe sowlys of his fadur Robert & his modur Amye & for þe helth of his own sowle & of pernel his wyfe & of his aunceturs & successoures, grauntid & confermyd to þe mynchons of Godestowe a ȝyfte þat his fadur ȝaf to hem in halso & þe ȝyfte þat his modur ȝaf to hem in brackley & feryngho, as þe charter of his fadur þe which þey hauen wytnyssyth & confermyth to þem, in-to perpetuel almys to be holde: wherefore he wolde & commaundyd þat þe fore|sayde mynchons scholde haue & holde the foresayde ȝyftes of his fadur & modur welle & worschipfully, free & quyte fro alle seculer seruice, in-to pure & perpetuel almys, as þe charter of his fadur wytnyssenyd, in þe which is I-schewyd what his fadur & his modur ȝaf to them. [Wytnes:—] Pernell, his wyfe, wylliam*. [William (the leper) de Beaumont.] his sone, & oþer: & is with-owte date.

[folio 155b] A Confirmacion of the Erle of Leyceter, I-made to the mynchons of Godestowe, confermyng the yifte þat his fadir yave to them in halso.

About 1180. Duplicate of 270.

THE sentence of this charter is, that fitȝ Robert, Erle of leyceter, willed to be know to all his men and frendes, that he, Page  204 by the graunte of pernylle, countesse, his wyf, and of his heires, for the soulis of his fadir and modir, and for the helthe of his owne soule and of Pernylle, Countesse, his wyf, and of his Auncetours and successours, graunted, and confermed, to the mynchons of Godestowe, the yifte that his fadir yaf to them in halso, and the yifte that his modir yaf to them in Brakley and in Fernyngho, as the charter of there fadir, the which they haue, witnessith and confermyth to them, in perpetuel almesse, to be hold: Wherfor he willed and charged that the forsaide mynchons shold haue and hold the forseid yiftis of his fadir and of his modir, wele and worshipfully, fre and quyte fro all seculer seruyce, into pure and perpetuel almesse, as the charter of his fadir witnessith, in the which hit is I-shewed what his fadir and modir yaf to them. These beyng, & cetera.

[folio XLVIIIb(58b)] A couenaunt of iij. acris and iij. rodis & an half.

About 1215. Exchange between Godstow and Saier de Quincy, earl of Winches|ter, of lands.

THE sentence of this couenaunt I-maade by-twen saere Quyncy, Erle of Wynchestur, & Iulian, abbesse of Godestow, & þe couent of þe same place, þat is to say, þat þe same saere ȝaf to þe fore [folio XLIX(59)] saide*. [A different hand begins on leaf 59. In the MS. the y is no longer dotted, nor the headlines marked with ¶.] Abbesse and covent iij. acres of lond and iij. Rodes and an half in the Feldes of halso, that is to sey, iij. acres liyng in longefurlange vttermost toward the lond of the towne men, And iij. Rodes and an half of lond in thunfur|lange next the sike mennys acre of Brakley*. [i.e. Brackley Hospital.], to be hold and in pease to be possessed, in-to pure and perpetuel almesse, vnto eschaunge of iij. acres of lond the which the forsaid Abbesse and Covent yaf to the fore-named Saere Quency and to his heires of her crofte and half*. [For and half read in Halso. The Latin is: 'de crofto suo in Halso in per|petuum tenendis.'], for ever to be hold, as they ben departed by markes. And into the confirmacion of this chaunge the parties of this convencion of this pagent*. [Latin 'pagina.'] afore put to theire seales. Thise beyng witnesse, & cetera.

Page  205
[folio XLVIII(58)] A quyte-clayme of Raynold of halso of j. yerd lond.

About 1220. Grant to Godstow, by Reginald of Halso, of a yard|land.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, þat Reynolde of halso, in the wey of charite & for his sowle & of his aunceturs, ȝaf & with his charter confermyd to god &c. a ȝerde of londe in halso, oon, þat is to say, of them þat sche*. ['Sche' and 'here' are in error for 'he' and 'his.' The Latin is: 'unam scilicet ex illis quam tenui tempore vidui|tatis Matildis matris mee.'] helde in þe tyme of the wydewhode of here*. ['Sche' and 'here' are in error for 'he' and 'his.' The Latin is: 'unam scilicet ex illis quam tenui tempore vidui|tatis Matildis matris mee.'] modur moolde, with all pertinences & aysementes, to be had & to be holde of hym & of his eyeris for euer, in-to pure & perpetuel almys, free & quyte fro all seruice & exaccion & demaunde. And he & his eyeris scholde maynteyne & warentiȝe to þe foresayde mynchons the foresayde londe ouer all & agaynste all men, & acquite them of all maner seculer seruice. And þat his ȝyfte myȝht be stable & sure, he put to his seele to this wrytyng: These beyng wytnys: & is with-owte date.

Of the same yerd lond.

About 1220. Confirmation to Godstow, by Margaret, countess of Winchester, as feudal superior, of no. 273.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, [Margaret*. [Margaret (de Beaumont), widow of Saier de Quincy earl of Winchester (who died 1219), owned the Halso estate, as co-heiress of her brother Robert (fitz|Parnell), fourth earl of Leicester.]] cowntesse of wynchestur, beyng in here own lawfull power & wydew|hode, ȝaf & confermyd þe same ȝerdelonde þat [folio XLVIIIb(58b)] reynolde of halso ȝaf to mynchons of Godestow in-to pure & perpetuel almys, as the charter of the foresayde wytnyssyth; & [to] this confirmacion sche put to here seele: These beyng wytnys &c.: & is with-owte date.

[folio XLIXb(59b)] A Charter of Roger Quyncy.

About 1260. Grant to Godstow, by Roger Quincy, second earl of Winchester, 1219-64, of exemption from attend|ance at his manorial courts, except by their steward on occasion of the king's writ but the obliga|tion of attend|ance is re|tained on Godstow tenants.

THE sentence of this charter is that Roger Quyncy, Erle of Wynchester and constable of Scotlond, for the helthe of his sowle and of the sowlis of his avnceters and successours, relessed and quyte-claymed to the Abbesse of Godestow, and to her successours, for her persones all maner of sutes of her Courtes, the which sutes they owed to them for londes and tenawntries the which they holden Page  206 of his fee in halso, Brakley, and farnyngho, So nathelesse that, yf nede were the sewters of the forsaid court shold come fully to the strengthe of the courte for the kyngis breef or writte ther to be demed at that tyme, the said Abbesse and her successours whan they ben resonably somoned shul send thedir their certayn steward: but ther tenauntes shold come to the said courte, as they were I-woned to do. In-to witnesse of this he put his seale to this writyng. Thise beyng witnesse & cetera.

[folio XLVIIIb(58b)] A confirmacion of Elene Such of the tenementis and rentis aforsaid & cetera.

1279, May 17. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Ela, lady Zouche of Ashby, of her great|great|grand|parents' and other predeces|sors' gifts (nos. 269 and 270), and grant of addi|tional privileges.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is that elene Such, dowghter & eyere of goode sire Roger Quyncy, sumtyme Erle of Wyn|chestur, after sche had say the charters of goode sirys Robert sumtyme erle of leicetur þe eldur & of Robert of the same place the ȝungur, vppon þe ryȝhtes & possessiouns of the ladyis of Godestow abbesse & Couente, in the londys tenementes rentes & oþer ryȝhtes longyng to the sayde religiouse women in the town of halso & brackley (þat is to say, the charters not cancellyd or crossyd, not destroyid ne defoyllyd in no parte, of þe ȝyftes & confirmacions of the[m]), She, wyllyng goode wylle, eue[n] like as they had, to þe same holy religiouse women to continue with goode wylle, grauntid & confermyd by the tenoure of this presente wrytyng alle & euerych ȝyftes in the fore-namyd places, for þe helth of here sowle & of here faþer sire Roger Quyncy & of here eyeres, so þat þey scholde haue in mynde the sowlys Afore in alle here prayeris suffrages & benefettes for euer, in-to pure & perpetuel Almys; with þys more, þat þe foresayde Abbesse & couente for here selfe & alle here men be free & quiet of scuage & sute of here myllys. And þe foresayde elene and here eyeris warantiȝed & defendid for euer all & euerych þe sayde ȝyftes & confirmacions in þe fore|namyd places to þe fore-sayde abbesse & to here successoures in all maner thynges agaynste All men, & defendid them for euer. In-to wytnys of this thyng sche put to here seele. The date at halso, the wonysday Afore wytsonday, the seuenyth ȝere of þe reyne of kyng Edwarde the sone of kyng henry.

Page  207
A lettre of attourney of the possession of the same.

1296, April 9. Letter of attorney, by forego|ing Ela, lady Zouche, to effect exchange specified in no. 278.

THE sentence of this charter is, þat Elene Such ordeynyd, made, & sette, here welle louyd & trew syre wyllyam Gadeby here stywarde & atturney to take in here name & place to þabbesse of Godestow & here couente or to þere atturney full & pesible sesynyng of fowre acris & halfe a rodde of arable londe & of a pasture in the feldis of halso, after þe tenowre of here charter the which she maade to þe same of þe foresayde londe & pasture in þe fore-sayde feldis of halso. Furþermore, she ordeynyd & set the foresayde sire wylliam here atturney to receyue in here name full sesynyng of fowre acres & a halfe & of halfe a rodde of arable londe & of oon pasture in commune of thorney of halso, after þe tenowre of þe charter þat þe fore|sayde abbesse maade there-of to here. In-to wytnys of this she put to here seele to þys presente wrytyng. The date At swanyshey, the moneday nexte Afore þe feste of seyntes tiburce & Valerian, the fowre & twentyeth ȝere of þe reyne of kyng Edwarde the sone of kyng henry.

[folio XLIX(59)] A Charter I-made bitwene dame Elene Such & the Abbesse of Godstowe.

1296, April 15. Exchange between Godstow and Ela, lady Zouche of Ashby, of lands, with grant of rights of pasture for one month for the convent plough|team of eight oxen, and for two mares, in lady Zouche's demesne|pasture of Halso manor, in ex|change for God|stow pas|ture in 'the Thorn|holt.'

THE sentence of this chartir is, that the Sonday xv. dayes after Ester, þe yere of the reigne of kyng Edward the sone of kyng harry the xxiiij., it was accorded, bitwene dame Elene Suche of the one partie And the Abbesse of Godestow and the Covent of the other partie, that is to sey, that the forsaid dame Elene yaf graunted, & with this present charter confermed, for her and her heires and her assignes, to the forsaid abbesse and Covent of the hous aforesaid, iiij. acres and an half acre and half a Rode of arable lond in the feldes of Halso, liyng nygh the hornys crosse, of the which one hede buttith toward the hornes|crosse and the other hede vpon the forow of Adam Rede, the whiche he holdith in vilenage or bondage of the said dame Elene, into an eschaunge of iiij. acres and an half and half a rode of lond liyng in þe thorneholte of Halso, the which lond the forseid Abbesse and Covent had of the yifte of the aunceturs of the forsaid dame Elene, to be hold and to be had (the forsaid lond toward hornescrosse, with fre entreng and goyng out) to the forsaid Abbesse and to her successours for euer, of the Page  208 forsaid dame Elene, here heires, or her assignes, into pure and perpetuel almesse. Furthermore, the for-said dame Elene grauntith, for her and for her heires and her assignes, to the forsaid Abbesse, her covent, and to her successours, pasture to her owne viij. plough oxen and to her ij. maris in her demayn pasture in Halso, into eschaunge of a pasture that the said abbesse and Covent had in the thorne-holte of halso, that the said viij. oxen and ij. maris of the abbesse and Covent begynne frely to entre with the ladies oxen into the forsaide pasture, and fede theire oxen, where-so-ever the oxen of the maner of halso feden, pesibly and holy thurgh one monthe and no more every yere for ever, al so sone as the oxen and the maris of the forsaid dame Elene and her heires or her assignes commonely entir the said pasture, and specialy ben I-fed yerely in the same aftir Estir, to be hold and to be had (the said pasture) into pure and perpetuel almesse, in the forsaid fourme: and the forsaide dame Elene, hir heires, or hir assignes, shold warantie acquyte and defende the forsaid lond, with the pasture aforeseid, in the fourme afore I-write, to the [folio XLIXb(59b)] forsaid Abbesse and Covent and to her successours, ayenst all men: and for this gifte, graunt, and confirmacion, the forsaid abbesse and Covent yaf, graunted, and quyteclaymed, for her self and her successours, to the forsaid dame Elene, and to her heires or her assignes, into eschaunge the forsaid iiij. acres and half acre and half a rode of lond, liyng in the thorneholte in the feldes of halso, the which the same dame Elene made newly to be closed in, of the which lond one butte lieth with-out the diche of the said close toward the thorneholt of gritworth, to-gedir with the commune of a pasture the whiche the forsaid abbesse and Covent had and claymed in the forsaid thorneholte of Halso, to be hold and to be had (the forsaid lond, with the forsaide commone of pasture), to the forsaid dame Elene and to her heires or her assignes for ever, Of the chief lordes of the fee, frely quyetly and pesibly for ever. And the forsaid Abbesse and Covent warantiȝed aquyted and defended for ever, vnto the forsaid dame Elene and to her heires or her assignes, all the forsaid lond, with the commone of pasture aforsaid. In-to witnesse of the which, they put to this present writyng theire seales, and sealed hit everich to other. Thise beryng witnesse, & cetera.

Page  209

OXFORDSHIRE

ASTHALLEIGH, by Burford.

[NOTE.—It is not clear to me whether the first and second deeds in this series do, or do not, refer to the same yardland. If not, there is no further notice of the first yardland. This Asthalleigh, or Asthallingleigh, occurs in the Hundred Rolls and in old Gazetteers as a hamlet in Asthall parish, i.e. on the Windrush, about three miles east of Fulbrook, which is a hamlet of Burford. Thomas Warton, in his History of Kiddington, mentions a place with a similar name, Asterley or Asteley, as a decayed parish merged in Kiddington. For Reginald of St. Valerie see pp. 38, 39. In 1540, at the dissolution (Monast. iv. 372), Burford Hospital was still paying the 12s. quit-rent for this property.]

[folio VIb(18b)] A chartur of Reynold fiȝt wydo to h. of seynt w.

About 1200. Sale to Henry of St. Valerie, by Reginald of St. Va|lerie, son of Wido, of Robert son of Ord|rich's yard|land, subject to yearly quit|rent of 12d. Purchase|money, £3 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, that Reynold of seynt Walery, the sone of Gwyd, yaf & grauntyd to henri of seynt walery for homage & hys seruice that yerd of londe in the fraunchyse of Estallingleye, with all hys pertinences, the whych Robert the sone of ordrich held. Furthermore the seyd R. wyllid the forseyd H. to haue & hold, of hym & hys heyrys, to hym & hys heyrys, the fore-sayde londe frely & vtturly vndur a yerly rent of xij. d to be payd to opichi*. ['Operichi' in the Latin.] & hys heyrys at Estallingleye at to termys of the yer, that is to sey, at cristmas*. [These strange half-yearly terms are faithfully translated from the Exchequer MS. 'Natale Domini: Festum Sancti Michaelis.'] vj. d, at Michaelmas vj. d, for all seruice and demaundis that longyn to hym or to hys heyrys, sauynge the seruice dewe to the kynge also muche as longythe to that yerdlonde. And, for the seyde Reynolde of seynt walery & hys heyrys warantysyd the seyd londe with hys pertinences to the seyd H., he [folio VII(19)] yaf to the forseyd R. for thys yft & graunt v. Marke of syluer in gerssum. And þat thys yft shuld not be dowtfull to no man, he sett to hys seele: & is with-out date.

Page  210
[folio VIb(18b)] a chartur of R. of seynt walery to h. of seynt w. of þe lond in estallingley.

About 1200. Sale to Henry of St. Valerie, by Reginald of St. Va|lerie, of a yardland, subject to 1d. quit|rent to St. Frides|wyde's priory, and to Alan of Ful|brook's and his wife's life|interests.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, that Reynold of seynt Walery hathe grauntyd & yaf, Also hathe confermyd with hys chartur, to henry of seynt walery, for hys homage & seruice, j. yerd of lond in the town of astringley*. [Sic.] with all hys pertenencys, that lond the whyche Aleyn fulbroc held of hym. The forseyd yerd-londe he willid to be holde & hadde of hym & hys heyrys to the forseyd henry & hys heyrys or assynys, frely, quietly, pesybly & hoole fro all accion, exaccion & all seruice, savinge the ryall, paynge ther-of yerly to the prior of seynt Frideswyth j. d in the day of seynt Michael: & for thys graunt, yeft & confirmacion the forseyd henry of seynt walery yaf to the forseyd R. of seynt walery vj. Marke of syluer byfore handys. And the seyd alane of fulbruc & hys wyfe shull holde the forseyd yerd-londe all the days of her lyfe, and aftur her decease the fore-namyd yerdlond shal turne hoole to h. of seynt walery or to hys assinis. And, that thys graunt, yeft & confirmacion shuld be sure afturward, the seyd R. put to hys seele: & is with-out date.

[folio VII(19)] a chartur of henry of seynt walery of j. yerde londe in Estallingeley.

About 1210. Grant to Godstow, by Henry of St. Valerie, of the serf Alan, his family, and his land (as in no. 280).

THE sentence of thys chartur is that Henry of seynt walery yaf grauntyd & confermyd with hys wrytynge to the churche of God & of seynt Iohn Baptist of Godstowe & to the holy Mynchons there seruinge god, for the helthe of hys sowle & of the sowlys of hys aunceturs & of hys hyerys, Alan of Estallingeleye with hys chyldryn that comyn of hym; j. yerdlond in Estallingleie, the whyche the same Aleyn holdyth, the whyche he bowht of Roger of seynt walery, the forseyd h. of seynt walery wyllyd the forseyd holy mynchons to hold & to haue to hem in-to free & perpetual almys, doynge to the kynge & to hys heyrys seruice that he owyd to do to hem, as hyt is conteynyd in the chartur of the same Roger: and that hyt myht byde sure, he put to hyt hys seele: & is with-out date.

Page  211
A confirmacion of h. of seynt w. of þe same.

1220, April 1. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Henry of St. Valerie, of Alan's yardland (probably no. 281), possibly on extinction of the life|interests in no. 280.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, that Henry of seynt walery yaf grauntyd & confirmyd with hys wrytynge to the church of god & of our lady seynt mary & of seynt Iohn Baptiste of God|stowe, & to the holy mynchons there seruynge god & to serue for euyr, for the helthe of hys sowle & of the sowles of hys aunceturs & heyrys, in-to free pure & perpetual almys, j. yerd|londe at Estallingleie with hys pertinences the whyche he bowht of hys forseyd lorde Reynold, that is to say, the yerde-lond that alyn of the leghe helde, & what so euyr thynge that he hadde or myht haue in the same yerdlonde, he wyllyd the forenamid minchons to haue & to holde of hym & hys heyrys, in all places & in all thynges, with alle fredoms & free customs, hole, frely & in rest fro all rent custome seruice & exaccion, sauynge the seruice that is dewe to hys forseyd lorde Reynolde of the same yerd-londe. Furthermore he & hys heyrys warantiȝid to the fore-seyd holy mynchons the fore-seyd almys agaynist all men & women: and for to make hyt sure he put to hys seele. The date is of the yere of grace a thowsand. CCo. xxo. the fyrst day of aprile.

[Exchequer-MS. folio 182] Agreement between Alice of Gorges, abbess of Godstow, and Robert son of Walter as to arrears of a rent-charge.

1300/1, Feb. 27. Agreement between Godstow, and Robert, son of Walter, to postpone distraining for arrears of a quit|rent till after the expiry of his lease. Fee paid, 6s. 8d.

ROBERT, son of Walter of Asthall, claims to hold a messuage and yardland, with a croft and meadow, of the fee of Godstow in Estallyngleye, under a ten years' lease from Alice, widow of Walter le fere, and by payment (in quarterly instalments) of a quit-rent of 12s. yearly to Godstow. But in the time of Walter le fere deceased arrears (1288-1300) of this quit-rent were incurred to the amount of £6 12s. Robert now bargains to remain undisturbed during his lease, on condition of duly paying the quit-rent, and not to be held liable for arrears incurred [Rawl.-MS. folio 148] afore*. [The English Register begins again after a lost leaf.] the makyng of this presente writyng to be made. And that nother they ne none by them or in ther name Page  212 myght ne ought to distreyne the said Robert his heires or his assignes, nother in no wise yeve occasion for ony maner arreragis of the forsaid rente, duryng his termes of x. yeres, in the forme aforesaid. Natheles, full power reserued to them in all wise to distreyne euery tenemente*. [In error for 'tenant.'], after the forsaid terme of the forsaid x. yere fully I-complete, for the forsaid arreragis for all the tyme behynde afore the makyng of þis present writyng tille hit were I-satisfyed fully therof to them, For the which graunte, pease to be had, and respite hangyng the terme of x. yere of the aboue arreragis, the forsaid Robert yaf to them half a marke of siluer be-fore handes. Into witnesse of the whiche thynge, & cetera.

[folio VII(19)] A couenant I-made by þe abbas of Godestowe to the prior of borford.

1338. Grant by Godstow, to St. John Baptist Hospital, Burford, of a yardland (probably no. 280), subject to a quit-rent of 12s.

THE sentence of thys conuencion is, that Margerye Dyne, abbesse of Godstowe, & the couent of the same place grauntyd & yaf licence, for hyr & hyr successours, to the prior of the hospital of seynt Iohn of borforde & to the couent of the same place, & to her successours, for to appropur a yerde-londe with the pertinens in Estallingleie, the whyche Iohn of Cornewayle helde of the seyd abbas & Couent, so that the for-seyd prior & couent of the same place & her successours pay ther-of yerly, to the fornamyd abbas & Couent, xij. shillings, at iiij. termys of þe yer, for all seculer exaccion & demaunde. I-yef at Godstowe the xij. yere of kynge Edward.

BANBURY.

[NOTE.—At the dissolution, 1540, Godstow was still in receipt of this rent-charge of £5, issuing from the 'toll, market, and fair' of Banbury, which was still owned by the bishop of Lincoln, Monast. iv. 372.]

[folio IIIIb(16b)] A chartur of A. bysshop of lincolne for c. shillings in þe tolle bowth of banbury.

A. D. 1138/9. Grant to Godstow, by Alexan|der, bishop of Lincoln, of a yearly rent-charge of £5, out of the revenue of Banbury Market. Anathema against violators of the grant.

THE sentence of thys dede is, that Alsaunder bysshop of lincolne, aftur he hadde halowyd the churche of seynt Iohn Page  213 baptiste of Godstowe, he grauntyd to the sustynaunce of the Mynchyns there seruynge god a hundred shelyngys, þe which he assynyd to be payd & hadde euyrlastyngely in the tolle bowthe of hys marcat of Banbury: 'wherefore we warne,' he saythe, '& pray for the loue of god, & for the helth of yowre sowlys, that ye maynteyn to the seyd churche of seynt Iohn, & to the seruantys of crist, thys almys: ye to receyue, for yowre good desyre, rewarde of god. We forbede also that no man be bold to take a-wey thys almys in tyme to come, ne vexe, ne greue hem. And yf that any man presume malapertly, let hym know that he is a-cursyd,' these beynge wytnes, as is euident in the dede selfe; & is with-out date.

BEGBROKE.

[NOTE.—This deed is imperfect, from a leaf being cut out; and there is no Begbroke heading in the Exchequer MS. In pope Nicholas IV's 1291 Taxatio Ecclesiastica we have, slumped together, incomes from Cassington, Thrup, Begbroke, Kiddington, and Ledwell in Woodstock rural deanery. The land here seems to have been parted with before the dissolution.]

[folio 213b] A Charter of Raaf harang I-made to the myn|chons of Godestowe for homagis and services in Beckebroke, & cetera.

About 1220. Grant to Godstow, by Ralph Harang, of a rent|charge, and feudal superiority over a free|hold, and of . . .

THE sentence of this charter is that Raaf Harange, in the wey of charite, and for the helthe of his soule and of his auncetours and successours, yaf, graunted, and by his present charter confermed, to god and to oure Lady seynt marie and to seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestow and to the mynchons ther servyng god, all the homage and seruyce of Roger of the lyons of all the tenement that the same Roger held of me in the towne of Becke|broke, that is for to sey, yerly in the day of seynt Iohn Baptist ij. shillings x. d to be taken: he yaf also and

*. [[Leaf missing.]]
BENSINGTON or BENSON: see in Shillingford.

Page  214
BLETCHINGDON.

[NOTE.—In the 1291 Taxatio Ecclesiastica of pope Nicholas IV, Godstow lands in Blechesdon are assessed to be worth £1 18s. 2d. yearly. At the dissolution, 1540, Godstow possessed in Bletchingdon copyholds of yearly value £2 13s. 4d. (Monast. iv. 371). The lands lay partly in Bletchingdon and partly in the adjacent parish, Hampton Gay: see pp. 221, 224.]

[folio VIIIb(20b)] A chartur of Robert of aumery to A[bbess] of G[odstow] for xxxij. acres in blachedon.

About 1139. Grant to Godstow, by Robert of Amary, of lands, viz. 14 acres in one field, 18 acres 1 rood in another field; with pas|ture-rights for 4 cows; and with right of cart-way through Perry manor.

THE sentence of thys euidence is, that Robert of Aumery yaf & grauntyd, to god & to the churche of our lady seynt mary & of seynt Iohn baptist of Godstowe, & to the holy mynchons there seruinge god, xxxij. acris of londe & j. yerdlonde with hys hedys, of hys londe in the towne of blechedon, in-to pure & perpetuall almys, for the helthe of hys soule & hys aunceturs, to be hadde holde & to be take in-to possession, frely, restfully, pesybly & worshypfully, with all the eysementes & fredoms longynge to the same londe:

that is to sey, in j. felde, xiiij. acris: that is to sey, at the stywe, half an acre; & a-boue pauenhull, j. acre; & at the wey by churchemanbrygge, half an acre; & at asseke-more, ij. acris; & a-boue litul benehull, j. acre & a halfe; and in the assekemore, half an acre; & at the heede of ladune, a yerd lond; and spelburghe, j. yerd londe; & at the hede of ladune, halfe an acre; & vndur ladune, half an acre; & heyfordelond, half an acre; & in the bradecroft*. ['Bradcroft—wrought hull—Cotman—nota ij fildes—Ryemead,' in margin, in several lines.], thre halfe acris; & vppon wordehull*. ['Bradcroft—wrought hull—Cotman—nota ij fildes—Ryemead,' in margin, in several lines.], iij. halfe acris; & vppon cotman*. ['Bradcroft—wrought hull—Cotman—nota ij fildes—Ryemead,' in margin, in several lines.] forlonge, j. acre; & in myrysacre, ij. acris:

& in*. ['Bradcroft—wrought hull—Cotman—nota ij fildes—Ryemead,' in margin, in several lines.] an othyr felde*. [In this second field, the items are 3 half-acres short of the total. So also in the Latin.], xviij. acris & j. yerde: that is to say, vppon sondehull in hutfurlonge, j. acre; and in myddyl furlonge, ij. acris; & chypfen, iij. yerdys; & in the same chypfen by the mere, iij. half acris; & at Mappeldure-stuble, halfe an acre; & chuham, ij. acris; & at hynham, j. acre; & at reuemede*. ['Bradcroft—wrought hull—Cotman—nota ij fildes—Ryemead,' in margin, in several lines.], half an acre; & at nordlongelond, j. acre; & in hechefurlonge, half an acre; & at staindelfe, j. acre; and att Page  215 kyngys mere, iij. acris & an half; & vppon benehull, halfe an acre; & vppon stepehyl, j. acre.

Furthyrmore, he grauntyd to the seyde holy mynchons of Godstowe pasture to iiij. kyne, in hys owne pasture in the same towne of blechedon, with hys kyne where so euyr they goo (oute-take iij. croftes by-thowt hys court of the west part, with wellemede); and furthermore, for hym and hys heyrys, to the seyd holy mynchons of Godstowe, fre goynge thorowe hys woode & thorowe hys londes in hys maner of pyrye, for her cartes & carrys*. [In the Latin is 'karretas et carros.'] to goo & come with-out ony vexacion or lette for euyr. Also the seyd Robert of aumery & hys heyrys warantisyd the seyd londe & pasture, & the seyd goynge in & thorowe & to goo a-geyne, to the seyd holy mynchons for euyr a-geynyst all men and wemen; & the seyd robert confirmid for hym & hys heyrys all the yevynge of hys aunceturs a-geynyst all men and all wemen for euyr. Also the seyde Robert of aumery & hys heyrys warantisyd all that seyd yeuynge of her aunceturs a-geynyst all men & all wemen [folio IX(21)] for euyr; &, for that hys yeft, graunt, & confirmynge, sholde be ferme and stable for|euer, he put to hys seele to the writynge there-of; & is with|out date*. [The witnesses are: Richard of Au|mary; Silvester, then 'master Chaplain' of Godstow; Absalom, Bernard, and Here|bert, chaplains; Peter of Duneton, steward of Godstow.].

A chartur of londys I-yef by Roger of aumary fiȝt Robert aumery to Godestowe.

A. D. 1138/9. Grant to Godstow, by Roger of Amary, son of said Robert, of 21 strips (sellions) of arable, with meadow attached, and rights of common pasture in meadow after the hay is lifted, on arable after the corn is carried.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, that Roger of a., fiȝt R. of a., yaf & grauntyd & with hys wrytynge confermyd to god & to the churche of Godestow, & to the mynchons there seruynge god for euyr, xx. seylons*. ['Buttys' is written over as a gloss, and in the margin is 'a butte of londe.' In the Latin it is: 'viginti seylones et unam de terra mea arabili in cultura qu[a]e.' Read 'twenty buttys and one butte.'] & j. of hys arable londe, in telth the whyche is callyd blacpurnemore, with halfe of all the medewe of blancpurnemore, vppon the whyche the telth strecchyth, to be had & holde to the seyd mynchons & to her successours, frely, in rest, pesybly, & worshipfully, in-to fre & perpetual almys, as frely & as restfully as ony almus may be yef, fro all Page  216 seculer seruyce, exaccion, seute of court or demaunde that may be axid of ony tenement: &, for asmuche as the seyd londe & tho for-seyd medewe of the fore-seyd mynchons lyen nyhe hys londe & medewe in the same telth & felde afore-namyd, he wyllyd & grauntyd, for hym & hys heyrys, that the seyd myn|chons & successours of hem shuld haue fre entre & goynge-oute with here beestys to-gedur with hys bestys in all hys medews & feeld & in so muche telth telyd as the mynchons hauyn there by wrytynge, so that the forseyd Roger & hys eyrys & mynchons a-fore-seyd haue like many bestys there as in com|mune pasture, with-out ony a-gayne-saynge, aftur the fyrst mowynge & caryinge, and also aftur the corne caryinge, so that nowther of hem seke accion to hurt other or to poyne oþer hys bestys in the forseyd pastur; & the forseyd Roger of aumery & hys eyrys warantisyd a-quytyd & defended for euyr all the for-seyd lond, with the medews a-fore namyd, & with all libertees to-fore wrytyn, a-geynyst all men. And, for to make hys ȝyft graunt & confirmynge ferme & stable, he put hys seel to thys wrytynge: and is with-out date.

A-nothyr folowyth of the same sentens word by word, that nediþ not to be wretyn.

1138/9. Duplicate.

Chartur of walter pery of a yerdlonde the whyche aylwyne stern hilde & x. acris.

A. D. 1138/9 Grant to Godstow by Walter of Perry, of a yardland and 10 acres.

[folio Xb(22b)] THE sentence of thys chartur is, that walter pyry grauntyd to god & to seynt Iohn & to the holy mynchons of Godestowe, for the helthe of hys sowle, & of hys wyfe, & of hys dowhter the whyche he made there mynchon, j. yerdlonde in blechesdon, the whyche aylwyne stern hylde, & x. acris of londe (v. in on felde & v. in an othyr felde; & that with the graunt of Roger of aumery, the whyche was present at þe gyvynge: & is with|out date.

[folio IX(21)] A confirmacion of Raph of aumery of the yeft that Roger hys fadur made to þe mynchons of Godestowe.

About 1150. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Ralph of Amary, of his father Roger's gift (no. 288); also grant of two acres for the site of a farm|house, and rights of common pasture; also con|firmation of Walter of Perry's gift (no. 290).

THE sentence of thys confirmacion is, that Raph of aumary grauntyd & confirmyd the yeft of hys fadur Roger of aumery, Page  217 that is to sey, xxv. acris of hys lordshyp yerly to be sowyd in the ground of blechesdon; & by-syde these xxv. acris he yaf tweyne acris, to make a dwellynge place, in-to perpetuel almis to the churche of god & of our lady seynt mary & of seynt Iohn baptiste of Godstowe & to the mynchons there seruynge god, with hys too dowhters þe whych were made mynchons in the same churche; & he grauntyd the forseyd xxv. acris & dwellynge place to be free and quiete fro all seculer seruice & fro all exaccion, with the assent of hadewyse hys wyfe & hys sonys, that is to say, Robert, Raph, and Richard, with syr henry doyly grauntynge & confermynge the same. Also he grauntyd commune pasture in the same towne to the bestys of the holy mynchons a-fore-seyd, of what-so-euyr kynde they be, euynlike fredom as to hys owne bestes in hys owne pasture: & by-syde thys graunt, he confirmyd the yeft of walter of pyrye, that is to sey, oon yerde-londe in the same towne (the whyche alfwy stern helde, & afturwarde Nigell scotte) & x. acris of londe of hys lordshype, with a dowhtyr of hys, the whyche was made mynchon in the forseyd churche: and is with-out date.

[folio X(22)] A chartur of Robert fitȝ Nigell I-made to the mynchons of Godestow of the same yerdlonde.

About 1190. Grant to Godstow, by Robert son of Nigel, of a yardland in the Perry.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, that Robert fitȝ Nigelle yaf & grauntid in-to perpetuell almys, with*. [The wording suggests that the two ladies then took the veil at Godstow, with this yardland for their dower.] hys modur Anneys & hys dowhter mariory, to god & to the churche of oure lady & of seynt Iohn baptiste of Godstowe & to the holy mynchons there seruynge god, a yerdlonde in blechesdon, I-callyd of the pyrye, free & in peace fro all seruice that longyd to hym & to hys heyrys, þat is to sey, in medewys, & in pasturys, & in playnys, as hyt was in kynge henry is tyme, & that by the consent & prayer of hys wyfe Molde of bewchampe, of whos dowry was that foreseyd londe.

[folio IXb(21b)] A couenant I-made be-twene the churche of Godestowe & Gefrey bodyn of a yerd londe.

About 1190. Sale to Godstow, by Jeffrey Bodyn, of all his rights in a yardland (no 292) subject to 4s. quit|rent.

THE sentence of thys couenant is, that hyt was a-cordyd by|twene the churche of Godestowe & Gefrey bodyn, that the Page  218 churche of Godestowe toke a yerd lond in blechysdun of the fee of Robert fitȝ nigelle of Tackeley, to be hold of the forseyd Gefrey of hym & of hys heyrys foreuer, for iiij. shillings yerly to be payde: & for thys acord the fore-namyd churche yaf xij. shillings, the whyche the foreseyd Gefrey toke & made couenaunt to hold & kepe thys acord with consent of hys heyrys. Also Gefrey before-seyd owht to maynteyne & warantiȝe the fore|seyd yerdelonde a-geynyst all men, out-take a-geynyst the kynge, for the foreseyd summe: & is with-out date.

[folio X(22)] A chartur of william pauper of the confrimacion of the same a-fore-seyd yerd-londe by Gefrey bodyn I-gyfe to Godestowe.

About 1210. Confirma|tion to God|stow, by William Poore (as husband of one of the co-heiresses of Robert fitz-Nigel), of no. 293.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, that william pauper grauntyd a yerd of londe in Blechesdon to the churche of god & of our lady & of seynt Iohn baptist of Godestowe & to the holy myn|chons there seruynge god, the whyche they holdyn of martyn Bodyn paynge to martyn iiij. shillings by yere. That yerdlonde a-fore-seyd he grauntyd to hem, to be holde of hym & of hys heyrys perpetually, by the same ferme, that is to sey, for iiij. shillings by yere, in peece & fre fro all seruice that longyd to hym & to hys heyrys, & that by the consent of syr Robert fytȝ nigelle, of whoos fee the londe is, & the whyche is chefe & heed of the londe & lorde: & yf hyt falle so that martyn fayle of hys seruice & couenaunt, the foreseyd william pauper shold hold to the foreseyd holy mynchons couenaunt: & is with-oute date.

A chartur of william*. ['Walter' in the Latin, both in the title and in the deed.] prestecote of the same yerdlond.

About 1210. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Walter Prestcote (possibly as Poore in no. 294), of no. 293.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, that walter prestecote, for the sake of charite & for the helthe of hys sowle & of hys aunce|turs, claymyd to be in rest & vtturly relesyd for euyr to hys welbelouyd in crist, the abbas of Godestowe & to the holy myn|chons there seruinge god, for hym & hys heyrys, the sute of hys courte, of the tenement that they heldyn of hym in the towne of blechesdon, the whyche they haddyn of the yeft of his aunce|turs, Page  219 so, that is to sey, that the seyd abbas & holy mynchons of the same place haue & holde the forseyd tenementes, with all her pertinences, frely and restfully, welle, hoolly, & in peece, sauinge to hym & to hys heyrys a yerly rent of iiij. shillings, to be payd at two termys of the yere for j. yerd-londe, the whyche is of the forseyd tenement, & doynge the ryall seruice there-of, euyn as they haue be wonyd for to do hyt, for all seruices, cus|tomys, sutys of the courte, & all maner demaundys: & the fore|namyd walter & hys heyrys warantiȝid to the foreseyde Abbas & holy mynchons all the fore rehersyd thynges a-geynyst all pepul. In-to wytnes of the whyche thynge he put to hys seele: & is with-out date.

A chartur of william of Grenevile of the same yerdlonde.

About 1210. Confirma|tion to God|stow, by William Grenevile (possibly as Poore in no. 294), of no. 293. Purchase money, £1 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, that william Grenevile grauntyd & confermyd to god & to the churche of seynt Iohn baptist of Godestowe & to the mynchons þere seruinge god, j. yerdlonde in blechesdun, the whyche Geffrey bodyn gaf & grauntyd to the seyd mynchons, to be holde of hym & of hys heyrys, so that, yf Gefrey bodyn dyid & hys heyrys, they sholde holde hyt of hym & hys heyrys for euyr, free & quietely fro all seruice longynge to hym, sauinge the seruice of the kynge, paynge ther-of yerly iiij. shillings at two termys of the yere, that is to sey, ij. shillings at þe fest of seynt myhel, & ij. shillings at the fest of estur. And, for thys graunt & confirmacion, the fore-seyd mynchons gafyn to hym two marke of syluyr: & it is with-out date.

[folio Xb(22b)] The chartur of Gefrey brocher of halfe a yerdlonde in blechesdon.

About 1250. Sale to Godstow, by Jeffrey Brocher, of half a yardland, viz. 8 acres in one field, and 9½ acres in a second field, and an acre of meadow by lot.

THYS is the sentence of thys chartur: that Gefrey brocher of blechesdun gaf & grauntyd, & confirmyd with hys owne wrytynge, to god & to the churche of seynt Iohn baptiste of Godstowe & to the mynchyns there seruynge god & to serue for euyr, in-to free pure & perpetual almys, j. halfe yerd of lond in the feeld of blechysdon, & on acre of mede in þe mede of blechesdon, that is to sey, that same half yerdlonde & that acre Page  220 of mede þe whyche the seyd mynchons heldyn sumtyme of hym to ferme;

of the whych half yerde londe, j. acre lieth vppon pounhyll, & j. acre lieth in *. [mershe acre, in margin.] mersacre, & j. acre lieth vppon sandhull nyhe the londe of the seyd mynchons, & j. half acre lieth cliffurlonge nyhe the londe of walter prestecote, & j. halfe acre lieth vppon spelleburge nyhe the londe that was of walter hibberd, & j. half acre nyhe the londe that was of Osbert templer nyhe the grete wey that strecchyth toward wodestoke, & halfe an acre in wytemers nyhe þe londe the whyche was of walter hibberd, & halfe an acre lieth vppon henhull nyhe the londe that was of walter prestecote, & halfe an acre lieth in the same telthe*. [Tilthe, in margin.] the whych was of Gefrey brocher, & halfe an acre liethe in brady crofte nyhe the londe that was of Osbert templer, & ij. rodys lien vppon serenhull, and halfe an acre liethe vppon bowenhull nyhe the grete wey that strecchyth toward goseford, & twey rodys in Cadborowemere nyhe the londe of the seyd mynchons:

& in an-oþer feelde*. [nota ij fildes, in margin.], halfe an acre liethe in ailmewey nyhe the londe of the seyd mynchons, & halfe an acre liethe in burt|furlonge, & j. acre liethe [in] willardesfordeshull, & half an acre lieth with-in þe grete dyche nyhe the londe of the seyd myn|chons, & ij. rodys lien nyhe the londe þat was of walter preste|cote at sepelburge, & j. acre liethe at Cowham, & j. acre lieth at fordroue nyhe the land that was of Osbert templer, & j. acre lieth vppon wodelonde nyhe the londe of the seyde Osbert, & half an acre lieth at hinham nyhe the londe of the said myn|chons, & halfe an acre liethe at broclongesfurlonge nyhe the londe that was of walter prestecote, and halfe an acre liethe at kyngysheimere nyhe þe londe of walter prestecote, & halfe an acre lieth in pulfurlonge nyhe the londe of þe seyd walter prestecote, and halfe an acre lieth in cherfurlonge towarde the northe nyhe the londe of the seyd walter prestecote, & halfe an acre lieth in hynch nyhe the londe þat was of Osbert templer, & halfe an acre lieth vppon merefurlonge nyh þe londe of the seyd walter,

& j. acre of mede lieth in the mede of blechesdon, of the whyche halfe an acre lieth at Mideldol as the lot yeuyth, & an|oþer halfe acre at fromdol, as the lot gyvyth: Page  221 to be hadde & to be holde all the fore-seyd halfe yerd-londe, with the mede a-fore namyd, & pasture & pertinences, frely, quietely, welle, & pesybly for euyr: & the foreseyd Geffrey & hys heyrys, the fore-namyd halfe yerdlonde, with the mede & hys pertinences, warantiȝyd acquitid & defendyd, to the foreseyd churche of Godestowe & to the mynchons there seruinge god, a|geynyst all pepull for euyr, fro all seculer exaccion, demaunde, & sute of courte: &, that hys yefte & graunt & the confirmacion of hys wrytynge shuld byde stable & vnbroke for euyr, he put to hys seele: & is with-out date.

[folio XI(23)] Chartur of Gefrey brocher of blechesdon of ix. acris & a halfe & of j. forere & a half acre of mede paynge thereof j. d at estur.

About 1250. Sale to Godstow, by Jeffrey Brocher, of a quarter yardland, viz. 9½ acres and a head|land of arable, partly in Hampton|Gay, and half an acre of meadow, subject to 1d. quit|rent. Purchase|money, £7 9s. 4d.

THE sentence of thys chartur is that Gefrey brocher of ble|chesdon gaf & grauntyd, & confirmyd with hys wrytynge, to god & to oure lady & to the churche of seynt Iohn baptyst of Godestowe & to the mynchons there seruinge god & to serue for euyr, ix. acris of londe & j. halfe & j. forer*. [In the enumeration of items, a half|acre and the headland are left out.] & j. halfe acre of mede of hys londe;

of the whyche ij. lyen in the felde of geytyshampton, that is to sey, j. that liethe in walden by-twyx the londe of the Abbot of Oseney & the felde of blechesdon the whyche is callyd danichis acre, & on othyr acre in collowe the whych lieth by-twene ij. acris of the abbote of Oseney; & the*. [i.e. the third of the acres.] iij., in the felde of ble|chesdon, the whyche liethe by-twene karsewelle broc & the londe of Osbert templer; and j. halfe acre [in] broclonges|furlonge, nyhe þe londe of dame helene in the northe perte; & j. acre in mapeldurestuppe nyhe the londe of the church in the southe pert; & j. halfe acre, that is to sey, the hode of pyn|nockysmul; & halfe an acre in bredcrofte, the whyche lieth by|twene the londe of the abbas of Godestowe & the londe of Roger of aumary; & halfe an acre in longefurlonge, by-twene the londe of Robert templer & the londe of walter prestecote; & half an acre in westefelde, the whyche is callyd wilmoteshalfeacre, the whyche lieth by-twene the londe of Robert brocher of kyrt|lingeton in the sowthe pert; & half an acre in the mydul of Page  222 longefurlonge, the whyche lieth by-twene the londe of walter prestecote & the londe of Goffe petith: & ij. acres in gaystes|crofte:

& halfe j. acre of mede in sudere,

to be had & to be holde to the seyd mynchons, of hym & of hys heyrys, frely & quietly, fully & holly, paynge there-of yerly to hym & to hys heyrys j. d at estur for all seruice, exaccion, & demaunde: & the seyde Gefre & hys heyrys warantiȝed all the foreseyd londe, with all hys pertinences, to the foreseyd myn|chons of Godestowe, or to whom-so-euyr they wille assyne hit, a-geynyst all men & women. And for thys graunt, yeft, con|firmacion, & warantiȝynge, the foreseyd mynchons yaf to hym xj. marke, ij. shillings, viij. d, in warysumme, & that these fore|seyd thyngys shulden byde sure & vnbroke for euyr, he confermyd hyt with hys seele, thys chartur a-fore wretyn; & is with-oute date.

[folio XIb(23b)] A chartur of Gefrey le brocher of blechesdon of ij. d.

About 1250. Sale to Godstow, by Jeffrey Brocher, of 2d. quit|rent over Godstow land, Purchase|money, 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of thys euydence is that Gefre brocher gaf grauntyd & quietid haþe claymyd*. [Sic, for 'quit-claimed,' or 'claimed to be quiet.'] ij. d of yerly rent, for hym & hys heyrys or hys assynys, to god & to the churche of our lady & of seynt Iohn baptiste of Godestowe, & to the holy myn|chons there seruinge god & to serue for euyr, & to her succes|sours, in-to fre pure & perpetual almys, in the whyche ij. d. the fore-seyd holy mynchons wer bounde to hym & to hys heyrys or to hys assynys. The foreseyd holy mynchons & her successours were bownde to pay the foreseyd ij. d for a londe the whyche they hyldyn of hym in the felde of blechesdon by the seruice of the forseyd ij. d: &, for thys quiete-clayme of the seyd ij. d, the forseyd holy mynchons gaf to hym halfe a marke of sterlingys to quite hym of the Iurye in the towne of Oxenforde, that is to sey, a-geynst Iamys of london, Iue fitȝ Moysy: & the seyde Gefrey brocher & hys heyrys or hys assynys warantiȝyd to the seyd holy mynchons & her successours & defendyd for euyr ther foreseyd ij. d of the foreseyd yerly rent: &, that hys ȝyft graunt and quiete-clayme myht be sure & stronge, he put to thys wrytynge hys seele.

Page  223
[folio Xb(22b)] The chartur of martyn clerk fitȝ Martyn of blechesdon.

About 1240. Sale to Henry Stywor, by Martin clerk, of a piece of land, subject to 2d. quit|rent, and to pay|ment of 1d. when scu|tage is asked.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, that Martyn clerk, fitȝ martyn, of Blechesdun, yaf grauntyd & confirmyd with hys wrytynge to henry styuor of hampton, for hys [folio XI(23)] homage & seruice & for xxx. shillings of syluyr the whyche the foreseyd henry gafe by-fore hondys to the seyd martyn in warisumme, a place of hys court, conteynynge of brede xxxvj. feete, & of lengethe fro the kynges wey on to the court of laurens . . .*. [This gap, for a measurement, occurs also in the Latin.], & hyt lieth by-twyx the londe that the foreseyd martyn solde to Iohn pilet of Oxenford & the dowry of hys modyr pernell, to be holde & had to the same henry & to hys heyrys or to all othyr who-so-euyr they be, & whenne-so-euyr, he wyllyth to gyfe hyt, sylle, be-quethe or to assyne hyt, of the forseyd martyn & hys heyrys, frely & quietly well and pesibly, in all liberteis & eisementes longynge to the fore-seyd londe in all places for euyr, paynge ther-of yerly to hym & to hys heyrys ij. d at the fest of seynt Iohn baptiste for all seruice, custome, & all seculer demaunde, savynge the outward seruice, that is to sey, j. d whenne the scuage rennythe or happenyth: & the seyd martyn & hys heyrys warantiȝid acquitid & defendyd the foreseyd place of longe with the pertinences to the forseyd henry & to hys heyrys or assynys what-so-euyr they be, a-geynyst all pepull for euyr: & that hys yeft, graunt, warantiȝynge, & confirmacion of thys wrytynge myht haue strengeth & surenesse, he strengthyd hyt with the pryntynge of hys seel: & is with-out date.

[folio XII(24)] Chartur of william fitȝ henry fitȝ Robert of blechesdon of on acre & of on yerdlonde paynge yerly a peny at estur.

About 1240. Sale to Henry Stywor, by William son of Henry, of two half|acres, and a rood, quit-rent 1d. at Easter.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, that william the sone of henry the sone of Robert of blechesdon grauntyd, & confirmyd by hys wrytynge, to henry stiwar of hampton, for hys homage & seruice, j. acre & j. yerde of arable*. [Erable, wrought hull, walden, l. yarde (i.e. longeherde), in margin.] londe in the felde of ble|chesdon, the whyche londe the fore-seyde henry hys fadur gaf to the fore-seyd henry stywar by hys chartur, wher-of j. halfe acre Page  224 lieth vppon wrothull nyhe the londe of Iohn morban, & j. halfe acre in tewalden nyhe the londe of the seyd Iohn, & j. yerd lieth in longeherde nyhe the londe of the churche, to be had & to be holde, of hym & of hys heyrys, to the foreseyd henry stywar & to hys heyrys or to whosoeuyr & whenne-so-euyr he wyllythe to gyfe sylle byquethe or to assyne hyt, frely & quietly, welle & in peece, for euyr, paynge ther-of to hym & to hys heyrys j. d. at estur, for all seruice, custome, sute of courte & all seculer demaunde: & þe seyde wylliam & hys heyrys warantiȝid acquited & defendyd all the foreseyd londe with hys pertinences to the fore-seyd henry, & to hys heyrys or assynys, a-geynyste all maner of pepull: & for thys graunt & confirmacion the seyd henry gaf to hym ix. d of syluyr in warysone: and that thys graunt myht be stronge & sure for-euyr, he sette to thys wrytynge hys seele; & is with-out date.

[folio XI(23)] A chartur of henry stywor of blechesdon of hys mese & londes þat he haþe in blechesdon.

About 1250. Sale to Godstow, by Henry Stywor, of no. 300; and of 1 acre 1 rood in Bletching|don; and of 1 acre and a gore in Hampton Gay; and of a ditch, and a rood of land; and half|an-acre, and three roods of land; subject to quit-rents, as in no. 300, and no. 301.

THE sentence of thys chartur is that henry stywor of bleches|don gaf, grauntyd, & confirmyd by wrytynge, to god & to the churche of our lady & of seynt Iohn bap [folio XIb(23b)] tiste of Godestowe, & to the holy mynchons there seruynge god & to serue for euer, alle hys tenement in the towne of blechesdon, with all hys pertinences, & all hys erable londe in the feelde of blechesdon & in the felde of Geytyshampton: that is to say, that mese that he had of martyn clerke fitȝ martyn of blechesdon, that con|teynyth in brede xxxvj. feete & in lengyth fro the kyngys wey vn-to the court of laurence & hyt liethe by-twene the londe of Iohn pilet of Oxenford & the dowry of pernell the moder of the seyd martyn; & j. acre of londe & j. rode of erable*. ['Erabill, wrought hill, walden, long-yardes, erabile,' in margin; apparently in later, cursive hand.] londe in the felde of blechesdon, where-of halfe an acre lieth vppon worthehull nyhe the londe of Iohn morvan, & half an acre lieth in tewalden nyhe the londe of Iohn morvan, & j. rode lieth in the longe-herd nyhe the londe of the churche of blechesdon; & j. acre & j. gore of arable londe in the felde of Gaytyshampton, that is to sey, in geytyscrofte a-longe the dyche of Gefrey Page  225 brocher; & all the dyche, with all hys pertinences; & j. yerde the whyche by-gynnythe fro the dyche that is callyd bradcrofte, & strecchyth hym-selfe*. ['·;· ·;· a diche,' in margin.] to the kynges wey euyn with the dyche a-fore-seyd; & halfe an acre of londe, with the heed to the same longynge, in the felde of blechesdon, that is to sey in telthe, the whyche is callid the wodelonde, & lieth by-twene the londe of Robert fitȝ stephyn & the londe of walter prestecote; & also iij. yerdys the whych lien to-gydur in clistirlonge*. [? clifurlonge, with the cross of the t misplaced.] by-twene the londe of the seyd walter prestecote & þe londe of Robert bruer: to be holde & to be had all the foreseyd mese, with all hys pertinences, also with all the foreseyd londe, to the seyde mynchons & to her successours, & with all the eysementes with|in the towne & with-oute, frely & quietly, welle & in peece & holly for euyr, paynge therof yerly seruice dewe & wonyd to the lordys of the fee, as hyt is conteynyd in the charturs the whyche he had of þe foreseyde tenementes, that is to sey, to martyn clerk fitȝ martyn, ij. d at the natiuite of seynt Iohn baptiste, & j. d to the scuage whenne hyt happynnyth, & j. d to william fitȝ henry fitȝ Robert at estur, for all seculer seruice, custome, & sute of courte: & the foreseyde henry stywor & hys eyrys or assynys warantiȝed acquietyd & defendyd for euyr all the fore|seyd mese with all hys pertinences & all the foreseyd londe, as hyt is byfore seyd, to the seyd mynchons & to her successours, ageynyst all men & women: & that all these aforeseyd thyngys myght be sure & stable, he put to hys wrytynge hys seele; & is with-out date.

[folio XII(24)] A chartur of Gefrey brocher of blechesdon for the rent of iij. d. of þe londe of stiwor.

About 1250. Sale to Godstow, by Jeffrey Brocher, of 3d. quit|rent over lands late of Henry Stywor (as in nos. 300 and 301), and of con|tingent rights over same lands.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, that Gefrey brocher of blechesdon gaf, grauntyd, & confirmyd with hys wrytynge, to the churche of seynt Iohn baptiste of Godestow, & to the myn|chons ther seruynge god & to serue for euyr, iij. d of yerly rent in þe town of blechesdon, in-to fre pur & perpetual almys, with all hys Ryht & accionall maner, with-in the towne & with-out the towne, that myht falle to hym by that tenantrie that henry Page  226 stiphor hylde of hym in that seyde town, that is to sey, in wardys, relefys, & eschetes, so that that same henry stiphor pay the seyd iij. d. here-aftur, the whyche a-fore-tyme he payde to hym, so that the seyd mynchons & her successours haue the same power to distreyne & to take the same henry stiphor & hys heyrys with-in the towne & with-oute, yf he be by-hynde of hys rent: for thys yft graunt and warantiȝinge the seyd myn|chons of Godestowe gaf to hym iij. shillings in waryson, & the seyd Gefrey brocher & hys heyrys or his assynys warantiȝid & defendyd to þe seyd mynchons the seyd rent of iij. d a|geynyst all men & women for euyr: & that hys yft, graunt, & warantiȝinge shulde be stronge & sure, he put to hyt hys seele: & is with-out date.

The chartur of Gefrey brocher of half an acre londe.

About 1250. Sale to Godstow, by Jeffrey Brocher, of half an acre.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, that Gefrey brocher gaf, grauntyd, & confirmyd by wrytynge, to the churche of seynt Iohn baptiste of Godestowe & to the mynchons there seruinge god, in-to fre pure & perpetuell almys, an half acre of londe in the felde of blechesdon, that is to sey, that same the whych they hyldyn to ferme of hym, as it is conteynyd in the chartur made by-twene hem: & that thys gyft, graunt, & [folio XIIb(24b)] confirmacion myht haue strengethe & surete for euyr to the seyde mynchons & to her successours, for hym & hys heyrys, he sett to hys seele: & is with-out date.

BLOXHAM.

[NOTE.—At the dissolution in 1540 (Monast. iv. 373) Bloxham rectory was farmed out for £21 yearly, and Godstow received also £1 for quit-rents from certain freeholds. Godstow paid to 'the king's court or Bewcham's court' 13s. 11d. as quit-rent to the lord of the manor for two yardlands, and also the £3 6s. 8d. pension to Westminster Abbey (no. 308). See also in Milcombe, infra.]

[Deeds relating to the Rectory.]
[folio XIIIIb(26b)] Chartur of the chaunterye of bloxham.

About 1176. Grant to Robert of Porchester, by Seffrid, rector of Bloxham, of a chan|try in Bloxham church.

THE sentence of thys chartur is that seffryde, archedyacun of Chychestur & parsone of the churche of our lady of bloxham, for the love of god & the blessyd virgine Marye, gafe the Page  227 chauntery of the churche of oure lady of bloxham in-to perpetuel almys to Robert hys chapleyn of porchestre, the auterage with all offrynges . . .*. [Left blank in the MS.] longynge to the auter, & the tythe of flex with þe smalle tythys of syluer with halfe . . .*. [Left blank in the MS.]. And that hys chartur sholde be ferme & stable he confermyd hyt with hys seele: & is with-out date.

*. [[NOTE.—This deed means the institution of, and the setting the stipend of, a permanent chaplain to perform the duties of the church, for an absentee rector. The Latin has 'scilicet altar. cum omnibus oblationibus et diversis ad altare pertinentibus et decimam lini cum decimis minutis argenti cum medietate digesarum (?).' The small tithe of silver probably means the halfpennies and pence paid as tithe of the increase of cattle. Dr. John Cowell's The Interpreter (1637), under the head Tithe says:—'Wherefore those customes of paying a halfe penny for a Lambe, or a penny for a Calfe, by such as have under seven in one yeare, how long soever it hath indured, is but very unreasonable in these dayes, when both Lambes and Calves are growne foure times dearer, and more then they were when this price was first accepted. And therefore no man dischargeth well his conscience in this point that payeth not duly the tenth of every Lambe, every Calfe, and every other thing titheable.' See also in no. 871. The deed is headed in the Latin Canteria ecclesiae de Bloxham, and the witnesses are Walter, archdeacon of Oxford; Jeffrey, Nicholas, and Roger, chaplains of the king; and Gowin, dean [? rural dean of Deddington]. Seffrid was archdeacon of Chichester 1176-8, and occurs dean of Chichester in 1180.]]
[folio XIIb(24b)] A yfte of the churche of bloxham by kynge henry.

About 1180. Grant to Godstow, by HenryII, of a pension of 2s. out of Bloxham church, and of the reversion of the rectory after death of Roger Clifford.

THE sentence of thys chartur & yfte is, that henry, by the grace of god kynge of ynglond duke of Normandy & of gyen & eryl of aungey, grauntyd, & gaf, & confirmyd by hys wrytynge, to god & to the churche of our lady of Godestowe & to the holy mynchons there seruinge god, the churche of Bloxham with all hys pertinences, in-to fre & perpetuel almys, so that Roger clifford helde hyt in her name all hys lyfe, vndur a yerly pencion of j. besaunt to be payd to hem; &, aftur the deceas of the forseyd Roger, he wyllyd that the forseyd churche of Bloxham with all hys pertinences turne ageyne fully to the fore-seyde holy mynchons of Godestowe in-to her vses & possessions: where-fore he willid & commaundid that the fore|seyde holy mynchons of Godestowe sholde haue & holde, welle & in peece, freely & quietly, fully & holly & worshypfully, with all hys liberteis, the fore-namyd churche of Bloxham with all hys pertynens: & is with-out date.

Page  228The chartur of walter Archedecun of Oxenford.

About 1180. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Walter, archdeacon of Oxford 1175-82, of no. 306.

THE sentence of thys chartur is that walter, archedecun of Oxenford, of the office of hys archedecunry, at the presentynge & graunt of henry, kynge of yngelonde þe sone of molde the imperas, gafe, & confirmyd with hys wrytynge, to the holy mynchons of Godestowe, the churche of Bloxham with all hys pertinences, sauynge þe ryht of the churche of lincolne & hys. He institued the fore-namyd holy my[n]chons in-to the personage of the fore-namyd churche, sauynge the ryht of Roger clifford, the whyche was to haue the same churche in ther name durynge hys lyfe for a pension of j. besaund to be payd yerly to the fore|wryte mynchons at estur; & is with-out date.

[folio XIII(25)] A chartur of the pension of Bloxham I-made to the abbot of westmynster.

1197, June 14. Quit claim to Godstow, by West|minster Abbey, after ap|peal to Rome, of West|minster Abbey's claim to tithes in Bloxham parish, in con|sideration of a rent|charge of £3 6s. 8d. to be paid yearly to the light of the altar at West|minster.

THE sentence of thys euydence is, that ther was a stryfe by-twene the abbot & couent of westmynster vppon that on part, & þe abbas & couent of Godestowe [folio XIIIb(25b)] vppon that oþer part, for the churche of Bloxham, vppon the whyche ther was made a delegacie downe to the bisshoppe of lincolne & to the abbotes of seynt alban & of stratford fro the pope, by wos menys ther was a freyndely composicion I-made vndur thys forme:—that they, consyderynge the religion & the honeste of þe holy mynchons of the fore-seyde howse, & hauynge compassion to the pouerte of the same, with oone assent grauntyd & yafe in-to perpetual almys to the fore-seyde holy mynchons the churche of bloxham with all hys pertinences, fully & holly, to be had & take in-to possession for euyr, & all the ryht that the foreseyd abbot & Couent had in the fore-seyde churche they gafe hyt to the churche of seynt Iohn baptyste of Godestowe & to the holy mynchons there seruinge god, & they claymyd hem to be in rest, sauynge to the fore-seyde abbot & Covent a pension of v. marke, the whyche they wer wonyde of olde tyme to take of the same churche, the whyche pension the fore-seyde mynchons owyn to pay yerly to the sexten of the churche of westmynster by-fore rehersyd, to the lyht of the auter, at two termys of the yere; that is to say, with-in the vtas of the fest of all seyntes, ij. marke & a halfe, & with-in Page  229 the vtas of wytsontyde, ij. marke & a halfe. Thys composicion was made bytwene the fore-seyde abbot & Couent & the fore|seyde abbas & mynchons, the yere of the in-carnacion of owre lorde Ml.Cxcvij, the viij. yer of kynge Richard, the iij. day aftur the feste of seynt barnabe the apostle, at westmynter by the mene of hubert, archebyshoppe of Cawnturbery & legate of our holy fadur þe pope, & that worshypfull man hugh, abbot of abendon, laborynge & helpynge to thys composicion; and þat her composicion sholde be sur, afturwarde they put to her seelys, & is wyth-oute date.

A confirmacion of the bysshoppe of lincolne of the pension grauntyd at westmynster.

1197, June 14. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by bishop Hugh (of Avalon), of no. 308.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, that the contrauersie & bate by-twene þe abbot & munkys of seynt peturs of west|mynster & þe holy mynchons of Godestowe, vppon the churche of bloxham, was leyid a-slepe & cesyd for euer, with the com|mune assent of þe partyes, by thys maner of transaccion a-fore vs, Hugh by the grace of God bysshoppe of lincolne, j. & b. abbotes of seynt alban & of stratford, delegates in the causes of pope celestine þe iij., and by thys mene. The foreseyd abbot & Couent of westmynster considerynge þe religiosnys & honestees of the holy mynchons of þe fore-seyd hows of Godestowe, & hauynge compassion to her pouerte, grauntyd & yafen with on assent, in-to pur & perpetual almys to the seyd holy mynchons, the churche of bloxham with all hys pertinences, fully & holly for euyr, to be had & to be take in-to possession. Also þei gafe & grauntyd to hem all the ryht that they haddyn in þat same churche to the church of seynt Iohn baptiste of Godestowe & claymyd hyt to be quietid & in rest to þe holy mynchons ther seruynge god, sauynge a yerly pension of v. marke of siluer, the whyche they wer wonyd to take in olde tyme of the same churche of bloxham, the whyche pension the fore-seyd holy mynchons shulde pay yerly to the sexteyn of seynt peturs of westmynstur at two termys of the yer, that is to sey, with-in þe vtas of þe feste of all seynts, ij. marke & a halfe, & with-in the feste of whytsontyd, ij. marke & an halfe, to the lyht of the hye auter. Furþermore, dame Iulian, the abbas of Godestowe, & þePage  230 holy mynchons of the same place, promisid, by her trowth & very trewe feythe & playn conscience a-fore god, also by an othe I-made by the mowthe of Waleranne her chapleyn by hys trowthe vppon her sowlis, hys hande leyde vppon the hoolly godspelys, that they sholde neuyr seke to ony man or to ony men by hem or by ony persone by-twene them ony craft or gyle whereby the foreseyde churche of westmynstur sholde haue lessynge or alieninge of the fore-namyd pension, or that the forseyd couent sholde not take & receyue the foreseyd yerly rent by the hande of þe sexten at the termys ordeyned, hooly & with-oute ony a-geyne-holdyng, & all maner occasion of lettynge: [folio XIIII(26)] and þat thys transaccion sholde be holde truly & surely for euyr, they confermyd hyt with her wrytynge & by puttynge to of her seelys. And thys transaccion or translacion by-twene hem was don the yere fro the incarnacion of our lorde Ml.Cxcvij, þe iij. day aftur the feste of seynt barnabe the apostle, by the mene of the personys by-fore rehersyd in the othyr chartur by-fore.

[folio XIIb(24b)] Chartur of aumary seynt amande, fitȝ Raph seynt amande, of tythys of hys tenantrie in bloxham.

About 1270. Grant to Godstow, by Amary St. Amand (died 1286) of tithe over all his possessions in Bloxham parish.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, that aumary seynt amunde, fitȝ Raph seynt amunde, for the loue of god & in wey of charyte for the helthe of hys soule & for the soulis of hys aunceturs, gafe, grauntyd, & confirmyd by hys wrytynge, for hym & hys heyrys, to god & to our lady seynt mary & to the churche of seynt Iohn baptiste of Godestowe & to the mynchons ther seruynge god & to serue for euir-more, in-to fre pure & per|petual almys, all þe tithis comynge forthe of all hys tenauntryes in the parisshe of Bloxham, boþe more tythys & lesse, as well of hys demayne & of hys courte as of the londe of hys tenauntes in the same parysshe, that is to sey, all tythys wonyd customable & dewe, to be had & holde in-to the[ir] owne vses, to the seyd abbas & mynchons for euyr, as frely & quietly as ony almys may be gyf: & that hys yft graunt & confirmacion shulde be sure for euyr, he put to hys seele: & is with-out date.

Page  231 [folio XVb(27b)] An Instrument I-made by Iohn toste, a comune notarye, of the church of bloxham.

About 1310. Declara|tion that Godstow is under no obligation to distri|bute wheat and rye mixed, to yearly amount of £1 6s. 8d. in weekly doles to the poor of Bloxham.

THE sentence of thys instrument is þat it was detecte & shewyd to Iohn hauberk, bacheler of boþe lawys, comyssary I-ordeynyd in þe ordinarye visitacion of þat worshypful fadur in cryst, Iohn*. [Probably John D'aldreby, bishop 1300-19.], bysshoppe of lincolne, in þe archedenuryes of Oxenforde & buckyngeham, þe religius women, the abbas of Godestowe and couent of þe same monastery, lawefully getyng in-to her own vses by longe tymys of succession in þe seyde churche of bloxham, & not alonly þey but all her successours in her tymys in þe same churche fro tyme & by tyme out of mynde, hyt haþe be shewyd þat hyt hathe not be vsyd of dewte, noþer of no oþer lawefull maner, fro þe tyme of þe vnion & of þe appropurynge of þe seyde churche of bloxham, for*. [The Latin is: 'medietatem quartarii grani mixti viz. frumenti et seliginis singu|lis septimanis et singulis annis pauperibus parochianis distribuere pariter et errogare.'] [to] distribute also & to gefe to þe power nedy parysshens of bloxham euery woke & euery ȝere halfe a quarter of corne menglyd, þat is to sey, of whete corne & of rye; and they haue preuyd þat þey with-drowe no dewete þat was wonyd & vsyd, whenne they apperyd a-fore vs in iuggement in þe day & place in þe whyche þey wer callyd, we haue dymyttyd hem fro þe impetission*. [The Latin adds that the parishioners had no legal document to show in estab|lishment of their claim.] of our office in thys parte by decre. Vppon þe whyche dimission Iohn tost, clerke, of lincoln, a comyn notary & commissare of þe seyde maystur Iohn hauberke actor a-foreseyde scribe, put to hys notarye syne.

[folio XIIb(24b)] A chartur of tythys grauntyd by Roger beauchampe, knyht, of Bloxham.

1346, June 11. Grant to Godstow, by Sir Roger Beau|champ, of the tithes (a) of his demesne land and tenants' lands in Bloxham; (b) of his own and his tenants' woodlands and assarts in the Bloxham portion of Wych|wood forest.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, that Roger beauchampe, knyht, & lorde of bloxham, gaf, grauntyd, & confermyd with hys wrytynge, to god & to our lady seynt mary & to seynt Iohn baptiste, & to Molde beauchamp, abbas of Godestowe, hys aunte, & to the Mynchons there seruynge god, for hys soule & for the soules of hys auncetours & of hys heyrys, the tythys of all hys londes & tenantryes of bloxham; & also of all hys lond, Page  232 tenauntries, & of hys vndurwodes in a wode i-callyd the Quene|wode in the forest of whychewode longynge to the seyd maner of bloxham; and also of all hys londys, medewys, pastures, vndurwodys*. [In the Latin it is: 'subboscorum asser|tatorum et assertandorum.'] I-fellyd & to be fellyd, vndur thys forme that*. [i.e. so that.] the seyd abbas & hyr successessours*. [Sic.] haue & take for euyr all maner tythys of vndurwodys, & of all sheuys of all maner greynys of corne, & also of hey, pasture, or of profites of pastures, with there pertinences, in the wode callyde Quenewode in the foreste a-fore-seyd; & that the seyde abbas & mynchons sholde haue [folio XIII(25)] & take all tythys a-fore-seyd, to hem-selfe & to her successours, frely quietly well & pesibly, in-to fre pure & perpetuel almys for euyr, he put hys seell vn-to witnes ther-of, at bloxham*. [Among the witnesses are Sir William of Shareshull, knight; Richard of Wil|liamescote; Thomas of Langele.], in the fest of seynt barnabe the apostle, the yere of þe reyne of kynge Edwarde the thrydde aftur the conqueste xx.

[Deeds relating to lands.]
[Exchequer-MS. folio 191] Charter of Osbert of Hedyndon concerning a half-hide of land in Bloxham.

A.D. 1174. Grant to Godard, by Osbert, of a half|hide of land, subject to work-days in haytime and har|vest.

OSBERT of Hydindon granted to Godard son of Edwin May and to his heirs a half-hyde in Bloxham, subject to 10s. quit|rent for all services (except the king's service*. ['excepto regali.']), and to customary works, viz. one day with one man in summer to mow Osbert's meadow, and three bid-days*. ['precariae.'] in harvest with two men, one bid-day being at Osbert's cost, the others at Godard's own. The full half of these works were to be done for Godstow. For this grant Godard did homage to Osbert and paid him 20s. Date—in the year post*. [The pipe-roll of 19 Henry II, pp. 58, 107, 173, 178, contains payments for the army sent under Richard de Lucy and Reginald earl of Cornwall to besiege Leicester in July 1173.] decessum exercitus Leicestriae.

Witnesses:—John of Bruton, Alexander of Myldecumbe, Robert of Wytham, Ralph of Edburbury*. [Adderbury, Oxon.], Walter of Edburbury, Ralph father of Gilebert.

Page  233 [folio XIIIIb(26b)] A Chartur I-made to Raph ben.

1287, Nov. 5. Grant by Godstow, to Ralph Ben, of a corrody and a pen|sion, on his sur|render of his goods, messuage, and lands.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, þat Mably abbas of Godestowe & her couent, with on consent & for þe sake of charite, grauntyd to Raph ben, I-callid of bloxham, mete & drynke as longe as he leuyd in her hows of Godestowe or where so euer he were in there fre seruice; also halfe a marke of syluer yerly at two termys to be take, that is to sey, at the annunciation of our lady in marche iij. shillings iiij. d. & at Myhelmasse iij. shillings iiij. d.: & yf hyt happe that the fore-seyd Raph be convicte [folio XV(27)] vppon ony cryme or trespas, but þat he may purge hym-selfe by trewe men, he sholde not haue þe foreseyde halfe marke of hem noþer of her successours tyll þat he haue purgede hym selfe of þe cryme or trespas I-put vppon hym; noþer hyt sholde not be lawfull to þe foreseyde Raph to make a testament, but that all hys goodys sholde remayne & a-byde to the prophite of þe hows of Godestowe: for thys graunt þe foreseyde Raph relesyde to þe mynchons a-fore-namyd, & claymyd vtturly to be in rest for hym & hys heyrys, j. mese in þe town of bloxham & viij. acris of arable londe, halfe an acre of mede, & j. rode perteynynge to the seyde mese, whom or whyche the fadur of þe seyde raph sum-tyme helde of þe fee of þe foreseyde mynchons, so þat þe foreseyde Raph, noþer by hym-selfe noþer by none in hys name, sholden mowe to aske ne to chalenge afturward ony ryht or clayme in the seyde mese with þe viij. acris, halfe an acre of mede, & j. rode. In-to wytnys of the whyche þe partyes puttyn to þer seeles, euyryche a-gaynyste oþer, to ther wrytynge I-made þer-of, þe date at Godestowe þe wodynsday aftur þe feste of all seyntes, þe yere of þe reyne of þe kynge Edwarde, þe sone of kynge henry, xv.

[folio XIIII(26)] A chartur*. [This is one of the instances in which the transcriber of the Exchequer MS. uses French instead of Latin. The rubric is: 'Encunter Henri meriot de Blokesham.'] of henry fitȝ Edwyne of a yerde|londe & mesys & alle othyr pertinences.

About 1270. Quit-claim to Godstow, by Henry son of Edwyne, of the re|version to a Godstow yardland.

THE sentence of thys chartur is, that henry fitȝ Edwyne of bloxham, by þe assent & wille of sibille hys wyfe, gafe & grauntyd & confirmyd with hys wrytynge, for þe helþe of hys sowle & of hys wyfe & of hys aunceturs, to god & to the churche Page  234 of oure lady & of seynt Iohn baptyste of Godestowe & to the mynchons þer seruynge god, in-to pur & perpetuel almys, a yerdelonde with þe mesys & oþer pertinences in þe town of bloxham, þat is to sey, that yerdlonde þe whyche hys fadur Edwyne hylde of þe same mynchons, & he aftur hym: & he claymyde all the ryht þat he had in þat londe or myht haue to be quite & in rest, to the foreseyd mynchons with-oute ony a-gayne-seynge, lessenynge, & ony a-gayne-holdynge, for hym & hys heyrys: & lest þat hyt myht her-aftur be with-drawe, he put to thys wrytynge hys seele: & is wyth-oute date.

A chartur of þe abbas of Godestowe I-made to william picke.

About 1280. Grant by Godstow, to William Picke, purchase money, £3 6s. 8d., of the yardland (no. 315). Quit-rent, 2s. 6d.

THE sentence of thys euidence is, that Isowde deram, abbas of Godestowe, & þe couent of þe same place, gafe, grauntyd, & confermyd by her wrytynge, for hem & her successours, to william picke of Bloxham, for hys homage & seruice & v. marke of sterlinges, all þe tenauntrye þat henry Meriot & sibille hys wyfe helden of hem in bloxham þe dayes in the whyche they deyed, þe whyche tenauntrie fylle to hem by þe dethe of þe foreseyde henry & sibille, to be had & to be hold, to þe same william & to hys heyrys lawfully I-gete & to be gete of þe seyd william & of hys laufull wyfe, of þe [folio XIIIIb(26b)] seyde mynchons & of her successours, frely & quietly well & pesibly holy & herytably foreuyr, paynge þerof yerly, to hem & to her successours, ij. shillings vj. d at iiij. termys of þe yere, þat is to sey, at cristemasse, vij. d ob.; at our lady day in marche, vij. d ob.; at mydsumur, vij. d ob.; & at Myhelmasse, vij. d ob.; for all seculer seruices, sutes, exac|cions & demaundys all maner: & þe foreseyde abbas & couent of Godestowe warantiȝed acquited and defendyd to þe foreseyd william picke & to hys heyrys a-fore-seyde all þe foreseyd tenauntrye with hys pertinences, by the foreseyde seruices, a-geynyst all pepull: & þat all these a-fore-seyde þynges sholde be sure & stronge, þe seyd mynchons put to her seele.

[folio XIIII(26)] Chartur of william picke of bloxham of a tenauntrye wyth hys pertinences.

1295/6. Grant to Godstow, by William Picke, of the yard|land as in nos.315 and 316.

THE sentence of thys euidence is, þat william picke of bloxham gafe & grauntyd, & confermyd with hys wrytynge, to god & to Page  235 the churche of our lady & of seynt Iohn baptiste of Godestowe & aliȝ Gorgis then abbas & to the couent of þe same place & her successours, all hys tenauntrye with hys pertinences þat henry Meriot & sibill hys wyfe summe tyme helden in bloxham, all-so with all þe gardyn, to be had & to be holde to þe foreseyde aliȝ, abbas of Godestowe, & to the Couent & her successours, of the seyde william picke & hys heyrys or hys assynys, frely quietly well & pesibly holy & as herytage for euyr, paynge to the chefe lordys of þe same fee all seruices þerofe dew & wonyd: & william picke & hys heyrys or hys assynys warantiȝed acquited & defendyd, to þe foreseyde aliȝ, abbas, & to the couent, & succes|sours of þe same of Godestowe, all þe forseyde tenauntries with all hys pertinences ageynyste all pepule: & þat all these a|fore-seyde thynges sholde be stronge, he confermyd hyt with hys seele sette þer-to.

[folio XIIIIb(26b)] Chartur of william picke of bloxham of a yfte of all hys god meuable & vnmevable.

1295/6, March 9. Sale to Godstow, by William Picke, of all his goods in no. 317.

THE sentence of þis charter is, þat william picke of bloxham solde & grauntyd to syre Iohn perpetuel vicary of bloxham & to henry hys seruaunt, attorney of dame aliȝ, Abbas of Godestowe, & of þe couent of þe same place, all hys goodys meueable & vn|meueable in þe hows þat was his summe-tyme & in his gardynys of bloxham beynge, so þat noþer he william picke ne none oþer of hys part shold aske or chalenge afturwarde of þe seyde goodys. For þis sale of goodys the seyde Iohn, vicary, & henry, attorney of dame aliȝ Georgis, abbas of Godestowe, & þe couent of þe same place, payd by-fore handys xl. shillings of sterlingys. The date at bloxham, þe freday next a-fore þe feste of seynt gregory pope, þe yere of þe reyne of kynge Edward þe secunde*. [In error for 'Edward the son of King Henry.'] xxiiij. In-to wytnes of þe same he sette hys seele.

A quite-clayme of yue fitz william picke of all hys ryht in that tenauntrye of bloxham.

1295/6, March 16. Quit-claim to Godstow, by Ivo (son of William) Picke, of all title in no. 316.

THE sentence of thys euydence is þat yue þe sone of william picke of bloxham relesyd, for hym & hys heyrys, & claymyd to be in rest for all men of hys part for euyr, to god & to þePage  236 churche of our lady & of seynt Iohn baptyste of Godestowe & to aliȝ Georgis, abbas of Godestowe, & to the couent of þe same place & her successours, all the ryht & clayme þat euyr he had or myht haue or sholde haue in ony maner wyse in all þat tenauntrye with all the pertinences in euery place, þe whych they had of þe ryht of feffynge of william hys fadur in the towne of bloxham & estsone*. [Letters ambiguous: 'estsone' or 'eftsone.']. He relesyd for hym & hys heyrys, & claymyd to be in rest, to the seyd god & to þe church of our lady & of seynt Iohn baptiste of Godestowe & to dame aliȝ Georgis & to the couent & to her successours, all hys ryht & clayme, þat noþer þe same yue, ne none other of hys heyrys, sholde neuer axe ne make no chalenge in all þe seyde tenement ne in no part of hyt. In-to wytnes of þe whyche he put to hys seele. I-gefe at bloxham þe freday next aftur þe feste of seynt gregory, þe yer of kynge Edwarde secunde*. [Letters ambiguous: 'estsone' or 'eftsone.'] xxiiij.

[folio XV(27)] An assyse I-take at Oxenforde by-twene Roger beuchampe & þe abbas of Godestowe.

1397, June 18. Suit by Godstow, against 14 persons in Blox|ham, to recover possession of a mes|suage, with 32 acres arable and 1 acre of meadow. Verdict in favour of Godstow, with damages against three of the defendants, but mulct on Godstow for false claim against the others.

ASSISE at Oxenforde, a-fore Iohn hulle & hugh huls, Iustices of þe kynge in þe shyre of Oxenforde, to be take þe Moneday assynyd next a-fore þe fest of seynt petur in cathedra, þe yer of þe reyne of kynge Richard þe secunde xx., come & made knowlych [folio XVb(27b)] yf Roger beuchampe, knyht, Iohn chamberleyn of bloxham, walter hopper, Iohn phylyps, Robert large, Iohn kynge, Iohn spencer, william taylour of bloxham, Iohn lawe, Thomas putte, Robert fleccher, Robert preeste, Iohn Taylour of bloxham, & Nicholas helmyndon, wrongefully dissesyd Margaret Mounteney, Abbas of Godestowe, of her fre tenement & of a mese & xxxij. acris of londe & of j. acre of mede with þe perti|nences, wher-of she made hyr playnt: & þe fore-seyde Roger & þe oþers come not to answer, but on Iohn at dale answeryd for hem &*. ['&' is in error for 'as.' The Latin is 'tanquam eorum ballivus.'] her baylyfe, and for þe for-seyde Iohn Chamberleyne: seythe*. [The Latin is: 'dicitur quod praedicta abbatissa.' This is the Godstow plaint.] that the fore-seyde abbas is hyr owne selfe I-seysonde of þe fore-seyde tenantries I-put in syht with þe pertinences as of a fre tenement & was in þe day of the getynge of the brefe & cetera, xv. day of Iule þe yere of the reyne of þe kynge þat Page  237 was þat tyme of ynglonde xx., & she askyth iuggement of þe brefe & cetera. Et si & cetera.

& thenne, for þe forseyd Ion chamberleyn & for all oþer þe forseyde, Iohn at dale seyde þat þey dyd no wronge or dis|seysynge to þe foreseyde abbas & of þat þey put hem-sylfe vppon assise: & þe fore-seyde abbas also.

þerfore an assise was takyn by-twene hem. They þat were chose, tryed, & swore, made knowlych, come & seyde vppon þe othe, þat þe fore-seyde abbas was not her-selfe I-seysynyt of þe fore-seyde tenementes I-put in þe lawe with pertinences as of a fre tenantrie ne was not in the day of þe getynge of þe brefe & cetera; & þey seyne þat þe foreseyd abbas & all her pre|decessours of þe foreseyde place weryn seysenyt in þe same tenantries with þe pertinences as a fre tenement of þe fee & ryht of her churche of seynt Iohn baptiste of Godestowe fro tyme out of mynde tille þat þe foreseyde Iohn kynge, william taylour, & Iohn lawe, dyd make vnryhtfully with strengthe & armur þe fore-seyde disseysynge to þe harmynge & hurt of the abbas of xl. shillings; & þey seyen þat oþer defendantes in þe brefe a-fore I-namyd were not at þe disseysenynge a-fore I-seyde.

þerfore hit was graunt þe fore-seyde abbas sholde recufer her seysenynge of þe foreseyde tenementes I-put in þe lawe with her pertinences by þe syht of þe recognicion of þe foreseyd assyse & her harmys a-fore-seyde & þe for-seyde Iohn kynge, william taylour, & Iohn lawe, sholde be take & cetera; and also þe fore|seyde abbas sholde be I-mercyd for þe false clayme a-geynyste þe fore-seyd Roger beuchampe & oþer the whyche wer I-quitte by þe dysseysenynge a-fore seyde.

BOULD, in Idbury parish.

[NOTE.—This rent-charge does not occur in, and is therefore presumably later than, pope Celestine III's confirmation (no. 902), 1192. It is duly reckoned in pope Nicholas IV's Taxatio Ecclesiastica, 1291; as also in Henry VIII's 1531 survey (Monast. iv. 373). The person who witnesses no. 321 is perhaps William de Sancto Audoeno, bailiff of Woodstock manor 1243-74.]

[folio 213] A Charter of Bartholomew Labanc confermyng to the mynchons of Godestow half a marke of rent in Boolde.

About 1260? Grant to Godstow, by Bartho|lomew Labanc, of a rent|charge of 6s. 8d. yearly.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Bartholomew Labanc yaf, graunted, and by his present charter confermed, to god and Page  238 to our lady seynt mary and to seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestow and to the mynchons ther servyng god, in fre and perpetuel almesse, a rent of half a mark of siluer, to be take of Iohn Labanc and his heires every yere at Cristmas which to me the same Iohn now for his tenement in Boolde at the same terme was wonte to pay vnto me. And that this shold not be in any doute, therfore to this present writyng he put to his seale. Thise beyng witnesse: Raaf, parson of Bladen, Maister Piers of Stanes, ser henry of Tayden, william Clerk of Tywe, Iohn de haneberge, william of Seynt Owayne, Robert of Nethercote, Robert of the Merssh, Robert Clerk de Fyfhede, and many other.

A Charter of Brian of Brampton confermyng the same.

About 1260? Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Bryan of Bramp|ton, the overlord, of Bartholo|mew La|banc's grant, as in no. 321. In return said Brian and his family are to share in the spiritual benefits earned by Godstow.

THE sentence of this charter is that Bryan of Brampton, with the assent and wille of Alice his wyf and of Bryan his heire and of other his heires, graunted, and by his charter confermed, [folio 213b] to god and to our lady Seynt Marie and to seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestowe and to the mynchons ther servyng god, the yifte that Bartholomew Labanc made to hem of an annual rent of half a marke, to be taken of Iohn Labanc and his heires of his tenement in Boolde, after as the charter which the same Bartholomew Labanc made shewith and berith witnesse. And for this graunte and confirmacion the same mynchons graunted hym and to Alice his wyf, and to the same Bryan his heire and to other his heires, to be partyners of all good benefetis and almes dedes which shall be done in theire hous for ever|more. And þat this his graunte and confirmacion ferme and stedfast for evermore shold abide, to this charter he put to his seale. These beynge witnesse: ser Nicholas of Newbury, Hugh Labanc, Elice of Boolde, Elice of Bladyngton, Raaf knyuton, walter Pudwell, Iames of hawnce, and many other.

A Charter of Richard labanc I-made to the mynchons of Godestow for a marke yerely in Boolde.

About 1280? Grant to Godstow, by Richard Labanc, of land, and a mes|suage and land.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Richard labanc graunted and yaf all the lond of Gaufride of Boolde and of Foxcote, with the pertynentis, to god and to our lady seynt Marie and to Page  239 seynt Andrew the appostle vnto the Abbey of the holy mynchons in the worship of the same seynt Andrew to be mortaysed. Also I yeve and graunte the forseid lond to be fre and quyte fro all seculer service to the seruyce of god to be ordeyned. And all the bonde-mennes lond to be fre fro all seruyce, for a marke to be paid yerely. Also he yaf a mesuage with iij. acris of lond next to the streme fre fro all service in-to perpetuel almes. Thise beyng witnesse, & cetera.

*. [[NOTE.—There being no Bould deeds in the Latin Register, we have nothing by which to check this deed. We must, therefore, leave it, with its extraordinary mistake as to the patron saint of the Convent.]]
BURLEIGH WOOD in Wychwood Forest.
[folio 191] A Charter of kyng henry for Burley wode in wychewode, & cetera.

1265, Dec. 27. Grant to Godstow, by Henry III, of Burley Wood in Bladon parish, worth 34s. a year, at 34s. yearly rent to be paid into the Exchequer, and under obligation not to dis|forest it nor so to fence it as to exclude the deer.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Henry, by the grace of god kyng of Englond, & cetera, willed to be know to Arche|bisshoppes, & cetera, that for asmoch as he had I-helde by inquysicion that was I-made by his welbeloued and trew man Roger Clyfford, his Iustice of the forest a this half Trente, that hit shold not be to harme, nother to noiyng of his forest of wyche-wode, though he graunted to his welbeloved in crist, the abbesse and mynchons of Godestowe, his wode of Burley, with the pertynentis, the whiche bene with-in the markes of the forsaid forest, To be had to them and to ther successours, into perpetuell almesse; and þat that wode shold availe by yere, as in herbage, pannage, and all other goyng-out or availes, xxxiiij. shillings: so moche he, for charite sake and of seynt Iohn Baptist patrone of the chirch of Godestowe, and for the helthe of his sowle and of the sowles of his aūncetours and of his heires, yaf and graunted, and with his charter confermed, to the abbesse and [folio 191b] mynchons*. [The head-line of leaf 191, back, is:— 'A Confirmacion and a lycence of kyng Henry the sone of kyng John.' In the MS. this charter comes among the general charters. At the dissolution, 1540, we find (Monast. iv. 372) Godstow farming this wood out for £2 13s. 4d. yearly, from which had to be deducted the £1 14s. quit-rent which was still paid to the king. In the Hundred Rolls, 1279, 'Boroule' wood is not included in Wychwood Forest, though other woods in Bladon are. Neither is it so included in the Perambulation of Wych|wood, 1300.] of Godestowe and to ther succes|sours, Page  240 into perpetuel almesse, yeldyng therof by yere xxxiiij. shillings, that is to sey, one half to his Eschekor at Estir and the other half at his Eschekor at the fest of seynt Michell, for all service, custome, and demaunde: So nathelesse that they shold not hegge, wast, nother turne hit into tylthe, nother in no wise close hit but that his bestis myght haue fre goyng out and fre entryng into the forsaid wode as they were I-woned to haue afore. Wherfore he willed and surely charged, for hym and his heires, that the forsaid abbesse and mynchons shold haue and hold the forsaid wode, with his pertynentis, of hym and his heiris, into perpetuel almesse, as hit is I-seid afore. Thise beyng witnesse, & cetera. The date by his hand, at Oxenford, the xxviiti day of Decembre, the fyfty yere of his reigne.

CASSINGTON.

[NOTE.—The Godstow property in this parish was acquired by a series of purchases between 1210 and 1280. In pope Nicholas IV's Taxatio Ecclesiastica, it is joined with the Godstow properties at Begbroke, Kiddington, Ledwell, and Thrup, as in Woodstock rural deanery, and the whole said to be worth £5 3s. 2d., of which £2 18s. 8d. represents pittances charged on the rents. At the dissolution, 1540, the Godstow property in 'Kersynton' (Monast. iv. 372) was valued at £4 for the demesne-land, £1 10s. for quit-rents on freeholds, and £1 13s. 4d. for quit-rents on copyholds, together £7 13s. 4d. The obits for William once keeper, John once baker, and Isold abbess, were still charged on the rents in Kersynton.]

Lands acquired through Thomas of Chymely.
[folio 66] A Charter to Thomas of Chymely of a mese and a crofte and a yerde-londe in karsynton.

1204, Sept. 29. Sale to Thomas of Chymely, by Peter son of William son of Richard of Karsynton, of a mes|suage and croft, and a yardland. Quit-rent, 1d. Purchase|money, £1 10s.

THE sentence of this evidence is, that Petir fitȝ William fitȝ Richard of karsynton yaf graunted and confermed with his owne charter, in fee and heritage, to Thomas Chymely, or to whom the same Thomas wold assigne selle yeve or bequeth, a mese with a crofte that Alewy held in karsynton; And furthermore a yerd of lond with all his pertynentis that humfrey of haneberge held in the same towne: to be hold and to be had, of hym and of his heires, frely quyetly peasibly and worshipfully, in cornys and medis in fedyngis in wayes in pathes and all other customes longyng to them, by the service of j. d. by the yere for all seruice, that is to sey, at Mighelmasse, savyng the kyngis Page  241 service. And the forsaid Petir and his heires warantiȝed to the forsaid Thomas or to whom the same Thomas wold assigne yeve selle or bequeth hit, ayenst all men and women. And yf they myght not warantiȝe all the forsaid thynges, they shold yeve to them an eschaunge of theire fee to the valew of the forsaid mese with the crofte and yerde lond with all her pertynentis. And for this yifte, graunte, & cetera, the forsaid Thomas yaf to hym xxx. shillings of sterlyngis into warison: and that this yifte myght be sure, & cetera. And also hit is to be know that this Charter was I-made afore the barons of the cheker, and I-rolled in the kynges rolle, at Myghelmasse, the vj. yere of the reigne of kyng Iohn in the rolle of Oxenforde Shire.

[folio 65b] A Charter of Petir Fitȝ William Fitȝ Richard of karsynton to Thomas Chymili of a mese for homage and service.

1204, Nov. 1. Sale to Thomas of Chymely, by Peter son of William son of Richard of Karsynton, of a yard|land, of a messuage and croft, and of two rent|charges, each of 5s. Quit-rent, spurs. Purchase|money, £3 10s.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Petir Fitȝ William Fitȝ Richard of karsynton yaf graunted and confermed with his charter to Thomas Chymili, for his homage and seruice, j. yerde of lond with all his pertynentis, the which humfrey of haneberge held in the towne of karsynton; and j. mese with the crofte that Alewy helde in the same towne; And furthermore v. shillyng worth of yerely rent, of the [rent] which Petir of wyuelcote and his heires yelded, to the forsaid Thomas and to his heires, or to Whom he wold yeve or assigne hit, v. shillings, at iiij. ordeyned termes of the yere; And Robert of wytton shold paye to the said Thomas and to his heires, or to whom he wold yeve or assigne, other v. shillings, at two termes I-ordeyned of the yere, of the x. shillings, the which the same Robert was I-woned to paye to hym and to his auncetirs by yere: to be hold of hym and of his heires, to hym and to his heires or to whom he wold yeve hit or assigne hit, in fee and in heritage, paying to hym and to his heires j. paire of spores, or ij. d. yf he had leuer, at myghelmas, for all seruice longyng to hym and to his heires. Wherfore he willed that the forsaid Thomas and his heires after hym, and he that he wold assigne or yeve hit, have and holde all the forsaid yerd-lond, in corne, medis, fedyngis, in weyes Page  242 and commonis, in pathis, and in all placis, with her pertynentis, and a mese with a crofte; and with the forsaid rent of x. shillings, with homage and seruice of the forsaid Robert and Petir and his heires, with relefis and wardes, wele and in pease frely and quyetly fro alle pleis quarels and fro all demaundis, by the forsaid seruice. And the seid Petir and his heires warantiȝed to the forsaid Thomas and to his heires, and to whom he wold yeve or assigne, the forsaid yerde-lond, with his pertynentis and all the forsaid tenement and rent, with-out any reteynyng or with-holdyng, ayenst all men and women. And yf peraventure they myght not warantiȝe, they shold yeve to them eschaunge to the valew of the forsaide thynges of her owne heritage. And for this graunte yifte and confirmacion the forsaid Thomas yaf to hym lxx. shillings of sterlynges in-to warison. And that this Charter shold be sure, & cetera. And hit is to be know that this charter was I-made afore the Barons of the Cheker at Westmynster, and I-rolled in the kyngis rolle at the fest of Alhalowen, the vj. yere of the reigne of kyng Iohn in the rolle of Oxenford.

[folio 66] A-nother Charter to Thomas Chymely.

About 1205. Sale to Thomas of Chymely, by Peter son of William son of Richard of Karsynton, of his chief messuage and its buildings. Quit-rent, 1d. For this, Thomas of Chymely gave £5 6s. 8d in money, and a mes|suage (in no. 325 and 326) and a croft, with re|mainder of the lease of another croft.

THE sentence of this Charter is, that Petir fitȝ William fitȝ Richard of karsynton yaf graunted and confermed, for his homage and seruice, to Thomas of Chymely and to his heires aftir, his chefe mese in karsynton that was of William fitȝ Richard his fadir, with all his courte and with all bildyngis there beyng, with gardeyne and seruatorye longyng to the same, with the crofte also that lieth to the courte and strecchith hym-self beside the grete gardeyn of William Clynton: to be had and to be hold, to hym and to his heires, frely quyetly worshipfully heritably, and by the service of j. d. to be paid to hym and to his heires by yere at Mighelmas, fro all service and exaccion. And the said Petir and his heires warantiȝed to the forsaid Thomas and his heires the forsaid mese with all his pertynentis ayenst all men and women, as hit is determyned aboue. And for this yifte, & cetera, the forsaid Thomas yaf to hym viij. mark of siluer, And ouer-more for his chief mese, into eschaunge, the fore-named Thomas yaf to the forsaid Petir his Page  243 mese that was of Alewy fitȝ Seward, the which the same Thomas had of biyng of the said Petir, And furthermore the forsaid Thomas yaf to the forsaid Petir into eschaunge for his forsaid chife mese an arable crofte that was of Arnold fitȝ Seward the which lieth next to the courte of Robert Wotton, savyng the meses and houses and service longyng to the same courte the said Thomas [folio 66b] reteyned or holde to his owne nede. Also hit is to be know that the same Thomas shold of dewte make redy one weye by the which he myght have entryng and agayn goyng with his plough and his carte to the forsaid crofte, the which was of Arnold. Also he yaf to the said Petir, for the forsaid chaunge of his chief mese, the crofte of Geffrey Fyssher, the which lieth next bitwene the gardeyn of Robert Wotton and the courte of the same Thomas the whiche he yaf to hym into eschaunge as hit is seid aboue, so that he had and held the said crofte of Geffrey Fyssher vnto the terme I-sette bitwene them, that is to sey, Thomas and Geffrey. And that his yifte, & cetera.

[folio 65] A Charter to Thomas Chymily of all the londe and fee that Petir Fitȝ William Fitȝ Richard had in the towne of karsynton with all the pertynentes, out-take the londes that Iulian Rampan his modir helde.

1205. Sale to Thomas of Chymely, by Peter son of William son of Richard of Karsynton, of his interest in and manorial rights over lands in Cassing|ton. Quit-rent, 1s. Purchase|money, £10.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Petir Fitȝ William Fitȝ Richard of karsynton yaf graunted and with his charter con|fermed to Thomas Chymili, for homage and service, all his lond and his fee that he had in the towne of karsynton, with alle pertynentis longyng therto, except the londes that Iulian Rampyn his modir helde with the pertynentis all her owne lif: to be had and to be holde, to hym and to his heires or to whom he wold yeve bequethe selle or assigne hit, of hym and of his heires in fee and heritage, with homages and relefis of free men, and with the service of all men in ony maner holdyng ony parte of his forsaid fee in the same towne of karsynton, and with the demaynes longyng to the forsaid fee, fully and without ony reteynyng or with-holdyng, in toftis and croftis, medes and fedyng places, in telid londis and vntelid, in weyes and pathes, Page  244 in entrynges and goyngis out, and in all esementis longyng to the same lond or myght longe, peasibly frely quyetly and worshipfully, yeldyng xij. d. by yere at two termes, that is to sey, at Mighelmasse vj. d, and at Ester vj. d, for all seruice, customes, and exacciouns, Savyng natheles the forayn seruice. And the forsaid Petir and his heires warantiȝed, to the foresaide [folio 65b] Thomas and to his heires the which he made his heires, all the forsaid fee, with all the pertynentis to hit, ayenst all men and all women, by the forsaid seruice of xij. d. And for this yifte graunte and confirmacion of the charter aforesaid Thomas yaf to hym xv. marke of siluer into warison. And that his yifte, & cetera, he put to his seale, & cetera. And hit is be-know that this charter was I-made afore a Baron of the courte at london, and I-rolled in the kyngis rolle, the yere of kyng Iohn the vij. in the Rolle of Oxenford.

[folio 66b] A Charter of kyng Iohn to Thomas Chymely, his clerk, confermyng all his londes and fee in karsynton.

1205, Nov. 13. Confirma|tion to Thomas of Chymely, by King John, of lands ac|quired from Peter son of William son of Richard of Karsynton, as in no. 328, and of other lands acquired by him.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, that kyng Iohn graunted and confermed to Thomas Chymely, his clerk, all lond and fee in the towne of karsynton the which Petir fitȝ William fitȝ Richard of karsynton yaf and graunted to the same Thomas for his homage and seruyce, and confermed hit with his charter, to be had and to be hold, to the forsaid Thomas and to his heires or to them to the which he wold yeve them bequethe selle or assigne, of the forsaid Petir and his heires, with all pertynentis and thynges, with fredomes and fre customes longyng to them, yeldyng therof by yere xij. d. for all seruice, As the charter of the forseid Petir, the which he had therof, witnesseth resonably. He graunted also, and with his charter confermed, to the forsaid Thomas all his other yiftes, biynges, and getyngis, to be had to be hold, to hym and to his heires and to them to the which he wold assigne them, wele and in pease, as in the charters of the yevers or sellers or lordes that he had of, resonably witnessen, These beyng witnesse & cetera. Date, by the hondes of hugh Well, Archidekon of wellis, at Gillyngham, the xiij. day of Nouembre, The vij. yere of his reigne.

Page  245A Charter of Thomas Chymely to the mynchons of Godestow confermyng all his lond with the pertynentis in karsynton.

About 1210. Grant to Godstow by Thomas of Chymely, of his lands, subject to 12d. quit|rent, as in no. 328.

THE sentence of this evidence is, that Thomas Chymely yaf, graunted, and confermed, to god and to oure lady and seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestow and to the mynchons there servyng god, into fre and perpetuel almesse, for the helthe of his soule and of all his auncetours, all his lond of karsynton with all his pertynentis, without ony with-holdyng, to be had and to be hold to the saide mynchons and to ther successours, frely quyetly worshipfully holy wele and in pease fynably*. [Read 'fynally.' The Latin is: 'rata et stabilis in perpetuum.'], yeldyng therfor yerely to Petir fitȝ William fitȝ Richard of karsynton, and to his heires, all-onely xij. d at ij. termes of the yere, þat is to sey, at Mighelmasse, vj. d and at Ester, vj. d, for all seruice and exaccions, and for all thynges. And that his yifte, & cetera.

A confirmacion of the yifte of sir Thomas of Chymely that he made to the mynchons of Gode|stowe of all his lond of karsynton.

About 1210. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Peter son of William son of Richard of Karsynton as over|lord, of Thomas of Chymely's gift, as in no. 330. Purchase|money, £1 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, that Petir fitȝ William fitȝ Richard of karsynton yaf, & cetera, and with his charter confermed, the yifte of sir Thomas [folio 67] of Chymely, the which he made to god and to our lady seynt Mary and to seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestowe and to the mynchons there servyng god, of all the lond of karsynton, with all his pertynentis, without any agayn-holdyng, that he had or held in the tyme of his lyf of his fee in the towne of karsynton, to be had and to be hold, of hym and of his heires, to the forsaid mynchons of Godestowe, frely and quyetly for ever, As the charter of the forsaid Thomas Chymely that he therof at that tyme [made] bare out and wit|nessith. And for this graunte, & cetera, the forsaid Mynchons of Godestowe yaf hym two mark of siluer. And the forsaid Petir and his heires warantiȝed the forsaid yifte of the forsaid Thomas Chymely, the whiche he made to the forsaid mynchons of Godestowe, ayenst all men and women. And that this yifte, & cetera.

Page  246A Charter of Thomas Chymely confermynge the same.

About 1210. Order by Thomas of Chymely to his tenants to look to Godstow as their new feudal superior.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Thomas Chymely, for goddis sake and for the helthe of his auncetours soules, yaf, and graunted, to god and to our lady seynt mary and to seynt Iohn Baptist and to the holy Covent of Godestowe, all his lond of karsynton fully and holy as he held hit, into pure and perpetuell almesse, Also with the homage and his seruyce for ever. Wherfor he charged hem that they shold aunswere to the Abbesse and to the Covent of Godestowe, and to their attor|neyes, fro that tyme forewarde as to her ladies, and to do seruice to them for ever as they did to hym. Into witnesse of this, & cetera.

Lands acquired from Simon Balehorn.
[folio 75b] A Charter of Raaf Wotton grauntyng lettyng and delyueryng to Symond Balehorn and to Henry fitȝ Thomas fitȝ Edwyn ij. acres of arable lond.

About 1230. Sale to Simon Balehorn and an|other, by Ralph Wotton, of 2 acres, detached pieces, and a meadow. Quit-rent, 2d. Purchase|money, £4.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Raaf wotton graunted lete and delyuered to Symond Balehorn [and to Henry] fitȝ Thomas fitȝ Edwyn of Oxenfordij. acris of arable lond, the whiche strecch them-self into Battemore; and j. yerde that lieth bitwene the for|saidij. acris and the acre that is I-called the hide acre; and j. hede that strecchith into Battemore in lengthe, that whiche he held of the demayne of Petir of karsynton in the feld of karsynton; And also he graunted to the forsaid Symon and henry a mede that is called Boleham, with his pertynentis, in karsynton: To be had and to be hold, to hym and to his heires, of hym and of his heires, in fe and heritage, frely and quyetly, fully and holy, yeldyng therof yerely to hym and to his heires ij. d. at Mighelmas for all seruyce and exaccion: and he and his heires warantiȝed the forseid acre of lond, and the forsaid yerde, and the forsaid hede, and the forsaid mede, with all theire per|tynentis, to the forsaid Symon and henry, and to ther heires, or to whom they wille assigne, ayenst all men and women. And for this graunte, letyng, delyueryng, and warantiȝyng, the Page  247 forsaid Symon and henry yaf to hym vj. mark of sterlyngis into warison. And [that] this forsaid graunte & cetera.

A Charter of Symon Balehorn confermyng the same to god and to the holy mynchons of Gode|stowe, & cetera.

About 1240. Sale to Godstow, by Simon Balehorn, of his moiety of no. 333. Quit-rent, 1d. Purchase|money, £2 10s.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Symon Balehorn of Oxenford yaf, lete, and delyuered, to god and to our lady and to seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestowe and to the holy mynchons there servyng god and to serve for ever, all that lond that he toke, had, and held in fee of Raaf wotton, in the feld of karsyn|ton, that is to sey, the half*. [The deed, which conveyed the other moiety (see no. 333) to Godstow, is missing.] of two acris of arable lond the which strecchen into Battemore, and the half of j. yerde lond that lieth bitwene the forsaid ij. acris and bitwene the acre that is I-called the hide-acre, and the half of j. hede strecch hit-self into Batte|more in lengthe, and the half of a mede that is I-called Boleham with his pertynentis: to be had and to be hold, to the seid [folio 76] holy mynchons, of hym and of his heires, frely quyetly and holy for ever, yeldyng therof yerely for hym and his heires to the lord of the fee j. d. at Mighelmasse for all seruyce and exaccion, as his charter the which he had of Raaf wotton witnesseth. And Symon Balehorn and his heires warantiȝed the forsaid lond, with all his pertynentis, to the forsaid holy mynchons of Godestow, or to whom they wille assigne hit, ayenst all men and women. And for this graunte & cetera the forsaid holy mynchons yaf to hym L. shillings in warison. And that his yifte shold be sure, & cetera.

A Charter of Raaf Wotton confermyng to god & cetera and to the holy mynchons of Godestowe the yifte I-made to them of ij. acres and j. yerde I-called the hyde acre and j. hede and a mede I-called Boleham, with all theire pertynentis, by Raaf Wotton, yeldyng therof yerely to hym and to his heires ij. d at myghelmasse. For the confirmacion he had half a mark of siluer.

About 1240. Sale to Godstow, by Ralph Wotton, of right to enter upon no. 333. Purchase|money, 6s. 8d.

Page  248

Lands acquired from William of Appleford.
[folio 74] A Charter of henry Rampayn I-made to Iohn Appelford and to his heires & cetera of an hyde of londe in the towne of karsynton for j. li of pepir yerely to be paid.

About 1230. Sale to John of Appleford, by Henry Rampayn, of a hyde of land. Quit-rent, 1 lb. of pepper. Purchase|money, £10 13s. 4d, with gifts.

[folio 74b] THE sentence of this Charter is, that henry Rampayn, with the consent of Rose his wyf and william his sone, graunted and yaf, and with his charter confermed, to Iohn of Appulford and to his heires or to whom the same Iohn wold assigne hit, a hide*. [See no. 429.] lond in karsynton, with all his pertynentis, in wodes medes and pastures and in all other fre goynges-out or avayles, that is to sey, the which hyde Anneys his modir held in dowry, to be had and to be hold to hym and to his heires or to whom the same Iohn wille assigne hit, of hym and his heires, frely quyetly and holy, for j. li. of pepir yerely to be yelded therof to hym and to his heires in the fest of seynt Michell for all service, sauyng the kynges seruyce (suche seruyce as longeth to another hyde lond of the same fee), for his seruice and homage, and for xvj. marke the which the same Iohn yaf to hym and to Rose his wyf ij. besauntis and to william his sone a swerde price of xij. d. And the said henry and his heires shold warantiȝe to the forsaid Iohn, and to his heires, or to whom the same Iohn wolle assigne [it], the same hyde ayenst all men. And yf the same henry and his heires be not of power to warantiȝe the forsaid lond to the forsaid Iohn or to whom he wille assigne hit, Than they shold make to them an eschaunge j. hide of his lond in Chelrey fully with all his pertynentis by his forsaid service for j. li. of pepir in the fest of Seynt Michell for all seruyce. And that this graunte, & cetera.

A relese of Petir fitȝ William fitȝ Richard of karsynton I-made to Iohn Appelford of all his right in karsynton.

About 1230. Sale to John of Appleford, by Peter son of William son of Richard of Karsynton, of all his claims over 4 yard|lands, viz. 2 held by Richard of Botley, 1 by Robert of Cumnor, 1 by Theo|dulph plumber, making up the hide, as in no. 336. Purchase|money, £1 13s. 4d.

THE sentence of this relese is, that Petir fitȝ William fitȝ Richard relesed and quyte-claymed, for hym and for his heires, to Iohn Appelford and to his heires, all his right that he had Page  249 or myght haue in iiij. yerdes of lond with ther pertynentis in the towne of karsynton, that is to sey, in ij. yerdes of lond with þere [folio 75] pertynentis the which Richard of Botelegh helde of the forsaid Iohn in the forsaide towne of karsynton, and in a yerde of lond with the pertynentis the which Robert of Comnore held of the same Iohn in the same towne, and in a yerde-lond with his pertynentes the whiche Thedulf Plomer held of the forsaid Iohn in the same towne: of the whiche forsaid iiij. yerdes of lond, as they be named afore separat and diuided or by them self, hit was I-pletid in the shire of Oxenford by the bref 'de recto,' that is to sey, of right, bitwene hym and the forsaid Richard Robert and Thedulf. And of the which forsaid iiij. yerdis of lond after ther tenure, as hit is I-said afore, the forsaid Richard Robert and Thedulf called the forsaid Iohn to the warantyng in the forsaid shire of Oxenford, and the which forsaid iiij. yerdes of lond the forsaid Iohn in the forsaid shire warantiȝed to the forsaid Richard, Robert, and Thedulf so that Petir wold make this relese and quyteclayme of the forseid iiij. yerdes of lond, for hym and his heires, to the forsaid Iohn and his heires that nother he nor none of his heires here-after shold no thynge clayme nother axe ony right in ony of the forsaid iiij. yerdes of lond toward the forsaid Iohn or his heires or toward the forsaid Richard Robert and Thedulf and ther heires. And for this relese and quyte-clayme, the forsaid Iohn yaf to hym ij. marke and j. half marke. And that this relese and quyte clayme, & cetera.

A Charter of William Appilford confermyng to Emme Abbesse of Godestowe and to the Couent all his rente in the towne of karsynton.

About 1260. Grant to Godstow, by William of Appleford, of the rent|charges issuing from four freehold yardlands, as in no. 337, and manorial rights over them. Quit-rents, 1d. to the mesne lord, 1 lb. of pepper to the chief lord.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, that William Appelford yaf, graunted, & cetera, to Emme, Abbesse of Godestowe, and to her Couent, all his rent in the towne of karsynton: that is to sey, of Richard Boteleye, xv. shillings of ij. yerdis of lond the which the same Richard held; of j. yerde in the same towne, of Henry fitȝ theodulf, vij. shillings vj. d. of j. yerde-lond in the same towne, and of Richard Petit and Anneys his wyf, vij. shillings vj. d. of a yerd-lond that they helden of hym in the Page  250 forsaid towne: to be had and to be hold, of hym and of his heires, to her and to her successours, frely and quyetly, wele and in pease, with homages wardis relefis and eschetis and all ther other pertynentis that myghten happe or falle or towche hym or his heires in ony wise, yeldyng therof yerely to hym and to his heires j. d. at Ester, and to the chief lord j. li. of pepir at Mighelmas, doyng the service riall whan that hit falleth, that is to sey, also moche as longith to an hide of lond in the same towne, for all seruyce and sutis of court and all other customes and demaundes. And the said william and his heires warantiȝed, acquyted, and defended for ever, all the forsaid rent with his pertynentis, as hit is I-named afore, to the forsaid Abbesse and Covent of Godestowe ayenst all cristen men, & cetera, and Iewis. And that this his yifte & cetera.

A relese of luce, somtyme the wyf of William Appelford, I-made to the Abbesse and Couent of Godestowe, of all the right that she had by her dowery.

About 1265. Sale to Godstow, by Lucy, widow of William of Appleford, of all claim in no 338.

THE sentence of this relese is, that Luce that was the wyf of william of [folio 75b] Appelford quyte-claymed to the Abbesse of Gode|stowe and to her Couent all her right that she had or myght haue, by the name of her dowery, that longed to her of a fre tenauntry that they held in karsynton that was of the forsaid william her husbond in the same towne. And for this quyte|clayme the Abbesse and her Couent yaf to her afore handes xxxv. shillings of sterlynges. Into witnesse of the whiche, & cetera.

[folio 74b] A Confirmacion of Iohn Rampan, I-made to the mynchons of Godestowe, of j. hide of lond with the pertynentis in the towne of karsynton.

About 1265. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by John Rampan, as chief lord, of William of Apple|ford's hide of land Quit-rent, 1 lb. of pepper.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is that Iohn Rampan graunted, and with his Charter confermed, to god and to the chirche of Seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestow and to the mynchons there servyng god, the yft and the graunte that william of Appelford yaf and graunted to the mynchons of j. hide of lond with the pertynentis in the towne of karsynton, the which the Page  251 said william held of hym: to be hold and to be had, of hym and of his heires, to them and to ther successours, frely and quyetly wele and in pease, holy and worshipfully for ever, as the charter of the said william I-made to the seid mynchons þerof more better and fullyer bereth witnesse, yeldyng therof yerely j. li. of pepir at Mighelmasse for all seruyce, sutis of courtis, and all other customes and demaundes, savyng the kynges service. And the said Iohn and his heires warantiȝed for ever to the forsaid mynchons and to ther successours the forsaid yifte and graunte, as the charter of the forsaid william I-made therof fully bereth witnesse, and that for ever ayenst all men. In-to witnesse, & cetera.

Lands acquired through Jordan of Aldswell.
[folio 71b] Another licence of Stevyn Frytewelle*. [See no. 367.] for the same entryng into the same [folio 72] fee of karsynton vndir the same fourme afore*. [See no. 377.] I|writte worde by worde.

About 1240? Licence to Stephen of Fritwell, to enter into the fee of William Broun.

[folio 76] A Charter of Iulian Rampan somtyme the wyf of William fitȝ Richard grauntyng to Robert Wotton for his homage and seruyce iij. yerdis of lond in karsynton with mesys and croftes longyng to the same with all fredomes.

About 1210. Grant to Robert of Wotton, by Juliana Rampan, widow of William son of Richard, of three yardlands, of a mes|suage and croft, and of a croft. Quit-rent, 5s.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Iulian Rampan, somtyme the wyf of william fitȝ Richard, yaf, she beyng in her owne fre power after the deth of the forsaid william her husbond, in her wedowhode to Robert wotton, for his homage and seruyce, iij. yerdes of lond in karsynton, that is to sey, tho iij. yerdis the which Seman held in the same towne of karsynton, with mesis and croftis longyng to the forsaid londis, and with all fredomes, and ther pertynentis, in medis and fedyng placis in weyes and pathes and in all places. Furthermore he*. [The translator has forgotten that the grantor is a female.] yaf and graunted to the forsaid Robert a mese with a crofte that Edwyn Huch held, and a crofte that is afore the yate of the forsaid Robert that a diche full closeth hit, to be hold of hym*. [The translator has forgotten that the grantor is a female.]Page  252 and of his heires, to hym and his heires, frely and quyetly, worshipfully and pesibly, fully and holy, with all fredomes and fre customes, by the seruyce of v. shillings of sterlyngis yerely to be paid to hym and to his heires at two termes, for all seruyce, that is to sey, at the Annunciacioun of our lady day ij. shillings vj. d, and at myghelmasse ij. shillings vj. d, savyng the kyngis seruyce, that is to sey, as moche as longith to iij. yerdes of lond in the same towne of the same fee. And he and his heires warantiȝed to the forsaid Robert and to his heires the fore-named londes and tenauntryes ayenst all men. And that this his yifte shold be sure, & cetera.

A Charter of Thomas Chymilly confermyng to Robert Wotton for his homage and seruyce the same iij. yerdes of lond with all ther pertynentes [folio 76b] mesis and croftis with fredomes and customes, as hit is worde by worde in the next Chartir afore I-writte.

About 1220. Confirmation to Robert of Wotton, by Thomas of Chymely, as over-lord, of no. 342.

Another Charter of William fitȝ Richard I-made to Sibille de Sauceto and to her heires confermyng two Cotelandis with all their pertynentis.

About 1190. Sale to Sibyl de Sauceto, by William son of Richard and his wife Juliana, of 2 cotelands, held by quit-rent of 1 lb. of pepper, and grant of two acres meadow in exchange for land called 'the heyte.' Purchase|money, £1 1s.

THE sentence of this confirmacioun is, that william*. [William fitȝ Richard was dead by 1204: see no. 326.] fitȝ Richard, and Iulian his wyf, with Petir theire sone and heire consentyng, gaf and graunted to Sybille de Sauceto and to her heires ij. Cotelandis of ther lande with all the pertynentis longyng to them in karsyntoun, that is to sey, that Coteland that Sewyne Cobbe held and that Coteland that Edwyn Selle held: to be hold of them and of ther heires, for j. li. of peper yeldyng therof to them and to ther heires by yere for all seruyces, in the terme that is to sey of cristis birthe; beside the londe of the heyte that they held in theire lordship, and agaynst that fore-named lond of the heyte they chaunged, to the forsaid Sibille and to her heires aftir her, ij. acres of mede with ther pertynentis in farnehull. And for this graunte and yifte the forsaid Sibille yaf to the forsaid william and to Iulian his wyf xx. shillings of sterlyngis and to Petir ther sone and heire xij. d. Wherfor they willed and comaunded that the forsaid Page  253 Sibille and her heires shold hold the forsaid ij. Cotelandes with all ther pertynentis, by the forsaid seruyce, also wele and in pease, frely and quyetly and worshipfully, as William More frely and quyetlyer helde ever in his dayes, and they after hym of his yifte and graunte in free mariage with the forsaid Iulian his doughtir, & cetera.

A Charter of Sibille of Saucete with assent and consent of her lorde Amice of wodestok confermyng the same to Raaf Saucete her son, vndir the same fourme, worde by worde, as hit is I-specified in the next charter afore I-writte.

About 1200. Grant to Ralph de Sauceto, by his mother Sibyl, of no. 344.

A Charter of Iulian Rampan confermyng the same to Raaf Saucete with all there pertynentis for all maner seruyce paiyng j. li. of peper, savyng the kyngis seruyce, for the which confirmacioun the said Raaf yaf to her a marke of Siluer.

About 1200. Confirmation to Ralph de Sauceto, by Juliana Ram|pan, as over|lord of no. 344.

A Charter of Raaf Saucete fitȝ William con|fermyng to Raaf Wotton fitȝ Robert of Wotton j. yerde of londe in karsynton.

About 1220. Sale to Ralph, son of Robert of Wotton, by Ralph de Sauceto, of a yardland, subject to a quit-rent of 1 lb. of pepper. Purchase|money, £5 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of this confirmacioun is, that Raaf Saucete yaf, graunted, and confermed with his charter, to Raaf wotton fitȝ Robert of wotton j. yerde of lond in karsynton, the which Raaf Saucete his vncle yaf to hym and made hym heire, the which lond Iohn Sprotte held, to be hold of hym and of his heires, to hym and to his heires, for his homage and seruyce, frely and quyetly, fully and worshipfully, with all ther pertynentis in londes medis fedyngis and liberteis, also wele and frely as ever he held hit by the same seruyce, paiyng to Petir fitȝ William fitȝ Richard that he was I-woned to pay, that is to sey, j. li of pepir at Cristmasse. And for this yifte & cetera the forsaid [folio 77] Raaf of wotton yaf to hym viij. mark of sterlyngis in waryson. And that hit shold be sure, [& cetera.]

A Charter of Petir of karsynton fitȝ William fitȝ Richard, confermyng to Raaf Wotton fitȝ Robert of Wotton & cetera the yifte and takyng of j. yerd-lond of his fee, to hym and to his heires, frely and quyetly for all seruyce to hym and to his heires longyng, savyng j. li. of pepir or vj. d at Cristmasse.

About 1220. Confirma|tion to Ralph of Wot|ton, by Peter son of William son of Richard of Karsynton, of no. 347.

Page  254A Charter of Petir fitȝ Richard I-made to Raaf of Wotton of j. crofte and ij. acres and j. yerde londe.

About 1220. Confirma|tion to Ralph of Wotton, by Peter son of William son of Richard, as chief lord, of a croft, and 2 acres 1 rood. Quit-rent, gloves at Easter.

THE sentence of this confirmacioun is, that Petir fitȝ William fitȝ Richard of karsynton yaf, & cetera, to Raaf fitȝ Robert of Wotton, all the crofte that Arnold*. ['Ernald' in the Latin.] fitȝ Seward held, the whiche strecchith into Newcrofte, beside the crofte of Iohn [of] Appelford (the which Geffray Bras held) and that wey the which lieth*. [i.e. that way which lieth.] bitwene the hous of Raaf Cropry and the hous of Iohn [of] Appelford (the whiche Geffray Bras held); in*. [Latin is: 'in augmento duarum acra|rum et unius virgae.'] encresyng of ij. acres and j. yerde, the whiche strecchith hit self*. [i.e. which extend towards.] toward Battemore, that is to sey, the*. [Latin is: 'viz. proximas iuxta illas qu[a]e voca[n]tur Hydacre et Chenosse.'] next beside them the which is I-called the hideacre and chenosche the which strecchyth in length beside Batemore to the hede of ij. acres aforesaid and the mede of Boleham: to be had and to be hold, to the same Raaf and to his heires for ever, of hym and his heires, frely and quyetly and fully, in all liberteis and fre customes and all thyngis that longe to hym or to his heires, yeldyng therof yerely to hym and to his heires in Ester day for all the forsaid londes j. paire of new gloves or j. d. whether of tho two his heires wille chese, and to do this in the courte of karsynton, for all seruyce and exaccioun and customes and demaundes. And the said Petir and his heires shold warantiȝe for euer to the saide Raaf and to his heires the said londes and tenementis with all theire pertynentis, as hit is afore seid, ayenst all men and women. And that this confirmacioun shold be sure & cetera.

[folio 77b] A Charter of Richard Blunt of karsynton of iiij. acris, I-made to Sir Alisaundir, Tresorer of Seynt Paules at london.

1244, June 27. Sale to Alexander of Swer|ford, by Richard Blunte, of 4 acres, viz. 2 acres in Sornheyte, and 2 acres in the north field: and half an acre of meadow: Purchase|money, £2 1s.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, that Richard Blunte of karsynton yaf, & cetera, to sir Alisaundir*. [He died October 19, 1246.], tresorer of Seynt Page  255 Powles at london, iiij. acris of his lond in the forsaid towne of karsynton: of the which, ij. acris lieth in the Ile that is I-called Sornheyte, in particles or litel partis, by viij. yerdes; of the whiche, one yerde lieth in the same Ile, bitwene the lond of william Sywarde of the one partie, strecchyng hit-self toward the water of Bladen; and the second yerd lieth ther, by the lond of Petir [of] Wyuelcote, strecchyng hit-self into Thamyse; and the thirde yerde lieth ther, bytwene the lond of water*. [Water = Walter.] Morell and Richard Hunche; and the fourthe liethe ther, by the lond of Iohn Chyke the yonger; And the fyfte lieth ther, by-side the hyde vndir Scotislake; and the vj. and the vij. bytwene the lond of Thedulf Plomer and the lond of water*. [Water = Walter.] Sapier; And the viij. lieth there, bitwene the lond of Thomas fitȝ hawyse and his lond. Two other acris lieth in the north feldes of the same towne; of the which, j. half acre lieth bitwene the lond of Symon fitȝ Reve, and buttith vpon the feld that is I-called Withele; and half j. acre, bitwene the lond of water morell and water Sapyer, in the forsaid feld of wythele; and half j. acre lieth in wythibedde, bitwene the lond of Thomas, Chapeleyn, and the lond of william Smew; and half j. acre lieth in the feld that is I called harestane, bitwene the lond of water Sapier and the lond of Robert duscepere.

He yaf also and graunted, & cetera, to the same Alisaundre, half j. acre of mede in the same towne, the which lieth in the mede that is I-called Barbecrofte: To be had and to be hold, to the same Alisaundre and to his heires or his assignes who-so|ever they be, frely, quyetly, holy, and plenarly fro all seculer seruyce and exaccion for ever. And of couenant bitwene hym and the forsaid Alisaundir I-made, he and his heires warantiȝed the seid iiij. acres of lond and half j. acre of mede, with all theire pertynentis, to the forsaid Alisaundre his heires or his assignes who-so-ever they shold be, as his [folio 78] londes in karsynton, and they defended the same fro all seruycis demaundis and exaccions and forayn seruice toward the kyng and the chief lordes of that fee, and of all dettis and demaundis toward cristen men and Iewis, and acquyted them for euer; and for this yifte, graunte, warantiȝyng, defendyng, acquytyng, and of this charter confermyng, the forsaid Alisaundir yaf to hym Page  256 xx. shillings of sterlyngis be-fore handis in warison, and quytte hym of xxj. shillings ayenst Vynos Sapin, Iewe of Oxenford, in the whiche he was I-bound to hym in the same day that this charter was I-made, that is to sey, the monday next afore the fest of the appostels Petir and Paule, the yere of oure lord Ml CC xliiij, that is to sey, the forsaid Alisaundir acquyted hym of the forsaid money fully. And that this writyng shold be sure & cetera.

[folio 77] A Charter of Alisaundir of Swereford, I-made to Iohn Wotton and to his wyf, confermyng all his lond in karsynton, with theire pertynentis, to the said Iohn Wotton son and heire of Raaf Wotton his Cosyn and to Iulian the doughtir of William of Seynt Eweyne wyf of the forsaid Iohn.

About 1240. Grant by Alexander of Swer|ford, to John son of Ralph Wotton, and to John's wife Juliana, of his lands. Quit-rent, a sparrow|hawk 'sowring.'

THE sentence of this charter is, that Alisaundir of Swereford tresorer of Seynt Powles of london, yaf, & cetera, to Iohn Wotton, sone and heire of Raf Wotton, his cosyn and Iulian the doughtir of William of Seynt Eweyne wyf of the forsaid Iohn, all his lond of karsynton with all theire pertynentis the which he had and held of the yifte and graunte of the forsaid Raaf. And also all the londis and tenementis that he had and held in the same towne of his owne getyng, as hit is conteyned in the charters more fully of*. [i.e. of the persons of whom he had.] them of the which he had the londes and the tenementis, the which*. [i.e. charters.] he delyuered to the forsaid Iohn and Iulian and to theire heires: to be had and to be hold, to the same Iohn and Iulian and to theire heires, [folio 77b] of hym and of his heires or assignes for ever who-so-ever they be, frely quyetly holy and fully, yeldyng therof euery yere to hym and to his heires or to his assignes who-so-ever they be, at london in his hous, a spere-hawke sowryng*. ['unum speruarium sorum.' Sorus = red, as a smoke-dried herring; 'sowring' = moulting for first time (Phillips's World of Words).] at lammas, for all seruyce and exaccioun, and doyng ther seruyce to the lordis of the feys and of tho tenementis, that tho londis ought to do and were woned to do, for hym and for his heires or his assignes for euer. And he and his heires or assignes shold warantiȝe to the same Iohn and Iulian and to theire heires all the forseid londis and tenementis, with all theire pertynentis, by the forsaid seruice of Page  257 j. spere-hawke sowryng by yere, as hit is aforeseid, ayenst all men for ever. And that this his yifte, & cetera.

[folio 78] A Charter of Iohn fitȝ Raaf of Wotton I-made to William of Seynt Eweyn of all the lond and tenement that he had of the yifte of Alisaundir of Swereford somtyme tresorer of seynt Powles of london.

About 1255. Sale to William of Saint Ewyn, by John son of Ralph of Wotton, of no. 351, subject to quit-rents, 6d. and gloves to the chief lord, 5s. to God|stow, 'a sowring spere|hawke' to the mesne lord; and 1d. to the lord under the mesne lord. Purchase|money, £6 13s. 4d., and a clothing|allowance in life rent.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, that Iohn fitȝ Raaf yaf, & cetera, to William of seynt Eweyn, all the londe and tenauntry that he had of the yifte of Alisaundir of Swereford, somtyme tresorer of seynt Paules of london, that is to sey, of the londis the whiche the same Alisaundir had bothe of the yifte of the said Raaf his fadir and also of his owne getyng of perquysitis in karsynton, without ony reteynyng or with-holdyng-agayn to hym or to his heires, to be had and to be hold, to the same William and to his heires or to whom-so-ever he wil yeve hit, assigne, selle, or bequeth, with all their pertynentis over all, with-in the towne of karsynton or with-out, frely and quyetly, wele and in pease, in demaynes rentis homagis wardes relefis villenagis or bondages and all other availes that comyn out of the londe, of hym and of his heires for euer, with all fredomes in weyes and pathes medis and fedyngis and pasturis, yeldynge therof yerely to the chief lord of the fee, that is to sey, to William fitȝ Petir of karsynton and to his heires, vj. d. at Cristmasse and j. paire of white gloves of the price of j. obolus at Ester, And to the abbesse of Godestowe v. shillings at two termes of the yere, that is to sey, at our lady day in marche ij. shillings vj. d. and at Mighelmasse ij. shillings vj. d., And to the heires of ser Alisaundir of Swereford or to his assignes a sowring sperehawke at lammasse, And to hym and to his heires j. d. at Whitsontyde, for all seruyce custome and seculer demaund. And for this yifte graunte & cetera the said William yave to hym x. marke of siluer in warison. Furthermore the same William and his heires or his assignes in all ther lif shold yeve to hym j. paire hosen of the price of ij. shillings at Mighel|masse. And Iohn and his heires shold warantiȝe aquyte and defende for ever to the forsaid William and to his heires or to Page  258 his assignes the fore-named lond and the fore-named tenement, with all their pertynentis over all, as hit is I-said afore, ayenst all peple. And that this his yifte, & cetera.

A Charter of William of seynt Eweyne I-made to William his sone and to Collette his wyf of all the lond that he had in karsynton [folio 78b] the whiche he had and held of the yifte and graunte of Iohn fitȝ Raaf.

About 1260. Sale to William, son of William of Saint Ewyn, on his marriage with Collet, by William of Saint Ewyn the father, of his lands, as described in no. 352, subject to the old quit-rents. Purchase|money, £13 6s. 8d. This grant is made subject to entail to the issue of the marriage, failing whom the lands shall revert to the grantor.

THE sentence of this charter is, that William of seynt Eweyne, for hym and his heires for ever, yaf, & cetera, graunted, delyuered, and confermed with this present charter, to William his sone and heire and to Colette his wyf, all his lond of karsynton, with all ther pertynentis, the whiche he had there and held of the yifte and graunte of Iohn fitȝ Raaf, for euer, with-out ony with-holdyng to hym or to his heires or his assignes, the which lond with the pertynentis the said Iohn fitȝ Raaf had of the yifte of Alisaundir of Swereford, somtyme of seynt Poules of london, as the Charter of the said Alisaundir I-made therof to the said Iohn fitȝ Raaf more fully witnessith, the whiche charter, to-gedir with his charter, (the which charter*. [Omit these words, as repeated in error.]) he toke and delyuered to the said William his sone and to Colette his wyf of the said lond with his pertynentis, the whiche he, that is to sey, the said Alisaundir, toke and delyuered to the said Iohn fitȝ Raaf, Also with his charter by the which he feffed the said Iohn fitȝ Raaf in the full shire of Oxenford: To be had and to be hold, to the said William his sone and Colette his wyf and to ther heires or ther assignes or to whom so ever they wille yeve, selle, or bequeth, with all theire perty|nentis ouer all, with-in the towne of karsynton and without, frely and quyetly wele and in pease, in demaynes rentis wardis relefis villenagis or bondagis and all other availes of londe, of hym his heires or his assignes, without ony with-holdyng to hym or to his heires or to his assignes, for ever, in weyes and pathes, medis, close pastures, and open pastures, and all other aise|mentis longyng to the forsaid lond, yeldyng therof yerely to the chief lordis dewe and woned rentis, that is to sey, to William fitȝ Petir of karsynton vi. d. at Cristmasse, and j. paire Page  259 of white gloves of the price of j. obolus at Estir, And to the Abbesse of Godestowe v. shillings at two termes of the yere, that is to sey, at the Annunciacion of oure lady in Marche ij. shillings vj. d. and at Mighelmasse ij. shillings vj. d, and to the heires of the said Alisaundir of Swereford or to his assignes a sperehawke sowre at the fest of seynt Petir ad Vincula, and to Iohn fitȝ Raaf and to his heires j. d. at Whitsontyde, for all seruyce custome and seculer demaunde. And William of Seynt Eweyne and his heires or his assignes warantiȝed and defended for euer the forsaid lond, with all their pertynentis, to the forsaid William his sone and to Colette his wyf, and to theire heires or to her assignes, ayenst all men bothe Iewes and cristen men. And for this yifte graunte delyueraunce and confirmacioun warantiȝyng and his defendyng and of his heires or ther assignes the said William his sone and Colette his wyf yaf to hym in warison xx. mark of gold *. [Read 'good.' The Latin is 'bone et legalis monete.'] and lawfull money. Also hit is to be know that he accorded in this wyse, bitwene William of seynt Eweyn for William his son and heire of þe one parte, And Iohn Merdon for Colet his wyf of the other parte, that, yf the said William fitȝ William her husbond or spouse [died] and [she] brought forth a childe, that childe shold haue and possesse all the forsaid lond with the pertynentis for euer by right heritage. And, yf the said William son of the forsaid William and [folio 79] the childe I-gote of the seid Colet his wyf died, the said Colet shold haue the seid lond with all his pertynentis all her lyf. And, yf the said Colet died afore William fitȝ William her husbond with-out childe, After her lyf the forsaid Iohn, brother of the said Colette, or her assignes, shold have all the forsaid lond with all his pertynentes x. yere for the penyes I-paid to the said William of seynt Eweyn fully to be levyed, with-out troublyng of the said William or of ony in his name, and after x. yere fully complete the said lond shold turne ayene with all his pertynentis to the said William or his heires or his assignes, without ony mannes agayn-saiyng. And, yf hit happe that William of seynt Eweyne myght not warantiȝe the said lond with the pertynentis to William his son and to Colete his wyf, he shold make to them a sufficiant eschaunge with his other londes with a competent or accordyng dwellyng Page  260 place in the towne of haneborowgh, after the sight of lawefull men. In-to witnesse, & cetera.

A relese and quyte-clayme of William fitȝ William of seynt Ewyn and of Nicholas his wyf I-made to ser Iordan of Aldeswelle of all the right and clayme that they had in one mese with all the tenantries of the same Iordan with theire pertynentis in karsynton.

About 1265. Quit-claim to Jordan of Aldswell, by William son of William of Saint Ewyn, of all title in mes|suage or lands.

THE sentence of this relese and quyte-clayme is, that William fitȝ William of Seynt Eweyn, and Nicholas his wyf, relesed and by the tenour of this present writyng quyte-claymed, for hym and his heires, to sir Iordan of Aldeswelle and to his heires and to all his assignes all the right and [folio 79b] clayme that they seid that they had or myght have in ony mese londis and all tenementis of the same Iordan with all pertynentis in karsynton, so that they and theire heires shold be vttirly excluded, bothe by certayn covenaunt and also by the tenour of this present writyng, fro all maner of right and clayme of right that thei myght have for ever in the forsaid tenementis in ony maner of meanes and fourme. And that all this forsaid thyngis shold be sure for ever, with-out there reclaymyng or of theire heires, they put to this writyng theire seales. And furthermore, the forsaid Nicholas made a bodely othe, to hold truly the afore|written thyngis & cetera.

A Charter of William of Seynt Eweyn that he resceived of sir Iordan of Aldeswelle xv. marke of siluer for the relese and quyte-clayme of j. mese and j. hide lond with the pertynentis in karsynton.

About 1265. Acknow|ledgement to Jordan of Aldswell, by William of Seynt Ewyn and wife, of receipt of £10, purchase|money of a messuage and a hide, probably no. 354.

THE sentence of this writyng is, that William of Seynt Eweyn resceived of sir Iordan of Aldeswelle xv. mark of siluer for a relese and quyte-clayme of a mese and of j. hide lond with the pertynentis in karsynton, of the which he and Nicholas his wyf impletid hym in the kyngis courte. And he shold make Nicholas his wyf to come afore the kyngis Iustices at Oxenford fro myghelmasse day into thre wokis, at Wodestok or Eyny|sham, or in such a convenient place fro Oxenford by viij. lekis Page  261 or myles, where hit myght most best and most profitable be do, whan that the Iustices come in tho countreyes, to the forsaid mese with the forsaid lond to be enchartred to hym. And, yf peraventure (that god [for]bede) gyle or ony defaute happe aboute that, of his parte or of the behalf of Nicholas his wyf, that þat be not I-do, he shold yelde to the forsaid Iordan or to his assigne the forseid xv. mark, with-out ony difficulte or tariyng. And he submytted hym vpon that to the Iurisdiccion and descroiyng of ony Iuge of the chirche or seculer, the which the forsaid Iordan wold chese or ony assigne of them, renounsyng and forsakyng all excepcion, agayn-saiyng or contradiccion, kyngis prohibicion, priuylege of courte, and all right and dede by the which the fore-put thyngis myght be lette or elles I-taried agayn. And that he willed his heires and also his executours suerly to be bounde and to be hold, yf by ony case god did his wille by hym: and to all these fore-writte thyngis and everich to be do and feithfully I-holde, the forsaid William bounde hym-self by an othe, I-made vpon the holy godspellis, the which he touched with his hondes. In-to witnesse, & cetera.

[folio 80] A Charter of Richard Botele confermyng to Thomas Hyde and to moolde his wyf a mese in karsynton with half an acre longyng therto.

About 1240. Life-rent to Thomas and Maud Hide, by Richard of Botley, of a mes|suage and half-acre, with power to sub-let for their term, reserved rent, 3s. 9d., and scu|tage. Purchase|money, £1 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, that Richard of Botele yaf, & cetera, to Thomas hyde and to moolde his wyf a mese in the towne of karsynton, with half j. acre liyng to the same mese, that is to sey, that the same Thomas held a-fore of hym: To be hold and to be had, of hym and of his heires, to hym and to Moold his wyf all the dayes of theire lyf, frely quyetly and pesibly. And yf the forsaid Thomas dye before, the forsaid Moolde or her assignes shold hold the forsaide tenement all the tyme of her lyf. Also if the forsaid moolde dye before, the forsaid Thomas or his assignes shold hold hit all the tyme of hys lyf. Also he willed that the forsaid Thomas and Moolde myght haue power to yeve and selle the forsaid tenement to who-so-ever they wold, except to religious houses and to the Iurye, so that at the ende of theire lif, the forsaid tenement shold turne ayene pesibly to hym and to his heires, with-out Page  262 ony agayn-saiyng of ony man. And for that tenement the forsaid Thomas and Moolde, or which of hem levid lengist, shold yeld to hym yerely and to his heires iij. shillings ix. d. at iiij. termes of the yere, that is to sey, at seynt Thomas day the appostle xj. d. qua., and at our lady day in marche xj. d. qua., at the Natiuite of seynt Iohn Baptist xj. d. qua., and at Mighelmas xj. d. qua., for all seruyce custome and demaunde, sauyng the kyngis seruyce longyng to such a tenement. And the said Richard and his heires shold warantiȝe to the forsaid Thomas and to moolde his wyf or to theire assignes all the forsaid tenement, as hit is I-said before, ayenst all mortall men. And for this graunte and yifte the forsaid Thomas yaf hym two mark of siluer in warison. And that this yifte, & cetera.

[folio 79b] A relese of Moold somtyme the wyf of Thomas hide I-made to Iordan of Aldeswelle and to his heires or his assignes for two yerdis of lond with the pertynentis in karsynton.

About 1260. Quit-claim to Jordan of Aldswell, by Maud Hide, widow, of all title in no. 356.

THE sentence of this relese is, that Moolde the whiche was the wyf of Thomas hyde relesed and quyte-claymed, for her and her heires, to Iordan of Aldeswelle and to his heires and theire assignes, in her wedowhode and in her lawfull power, all the right and clayme that she had or in any [folio 80] maner wise myght have in two acris*. [In error for 'yerdis' = roods.] of lond with the pertynentis in karsynton, the which she said were her right and her mariage, So that nother the forsaid Moolde nother her heires shold not haue no thynge of right in the forsaid lond nor in none oþer lond myght never clayme that the forsaid Iordan held in karsynton. And that this relese and quyte-claymyng shold be ferme and stable for her and for her heires for ever, She put to this writyng her seale, & cetera.

[folio 80b] A quyte-clayme of sire Iordan, person of Wydynton, I-made to god and to the chirche of seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestowe, of xxx. shillings of yerely rent in the towne of karsynton.

About 1268. Quit-claim to Godstow, by Jordan of Aldswell, of 30s. quit|rents, issuing out of free|holds, and of manorial rights over the hold|ings.

THE sentence of this quyte-clayme is, that Iordan of Aldes|welle, person of the chirche of wydynton, graunted, and quyte Page  263 claymed, to god and to the chirche of seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestowe and to the mynchons there seruyng god and to serve for ever, into pure and perpetuell almesse, all the right and clayme that he had or myght haue in xxx. shillings of yerely rent, with all dewe and wonyd seruyce homages wardis and relefis, that is to sey, of the londes the which william fitȝ Richard of Boteley and henry fitȝ Theodulf and Agnes the doughtir of Robert of Comnore held of hym in the towne of karsynton: To be hold and to be had, as hit is aforeseid, for ever, frely quyetly pesibly and holy, so that nother he, nor his heires, or his assignes, in the forsaid men and there tenementis shold no thynge axe ne clayme. In-to witnesse of the whiche, & cetera.

[folio 80] A quyte-clayme of Iordan of Aldeswelle, I-made to god and to the chirch of seynt Iohn Baptist and to the mynchons there seruyng god, of all his londys in karsynton and Thorp.

About 1268. Quit-claim to Godstow, by Jordan of Aldswell, of all his lands in Cassing|ton and Thrup.

THE sentence of this quyte-clayme is that Iordan of Aldeswelle yaf graunted and quyte-claymed, for hym and his heires, to god and to the chirche of seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestowe and to the mynchons there seruyng god, into pure and perpetuel almesse, all his londis of karsynton and Thorp, with all theire pertynentis, with-out ony reteynyng to hym and to his heires, and with all that þat myght falle to hym and to his heires in ony wise in the forsaid places, to be had and to be hold, to the forsaid chirche and mynchons, frely pesibly and holy, of the lordis of the feis, doyng to them dewe and wonyd seruyces. And [folio 80b] that this his yifte graunte and quyte-clayme be sure for ever, & cetera.

[folio 218] A Charter of Iordan of Aldeswell confermyng to the mynchons of Godestowe all his londes in karsyngton and Thorp.

About 1268. Duplicate*. [The translator, in the multiplicity of Cassington documents, seems to have lost his place. After translating the transcripts in the Latin Register, he possibly came across some of the actual deeds in the muniment-chest. The few duplicates, which have thus resulted, are given, the slight differences between translation and re-translation not being wholly uninstruc|tive.] of preced|ing.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Iordan of Aldeswell yaf, graunted, and by his charter confermed and quyteclaymed, for Page  264 hym and for his heires, to god and to the chirche of seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestowe and to the mynchons ther servyng god, in fre and perpetuell almesse, all his londes of karsyngton and of Thorp, with all his pertynentis, without ony witholdyng to hym or to his heires, and with all that which to hym or to his heires myght falle to, in ony maner wise, in the placis aforseid: To have and to hold, to the forseid chirch and mynchons, frely pesibly and holy, of the lordis of the fee, Doyng to them therfor service due and accustomed. And that þis his yifte graunte and quyteclayme to abide ferme and stable for ever, to this present charter he sette to his seale. These beyng witnesse: ser Philippe Basset, ser Iohn of Balny, Iohn of Coleshull, Nicholas of kyngeston, burgeys of Oxenford, Iohn Pady, william of seynt Audoene, william le megre, william the sone of Piers, Robert Punchard, Symond Punchard, Symond Englissh, Nicholas the sone of Petir of wyuelycote, and other.

[folio 80b] A confirmacion of the same, I-made by Richard, kynge of Romayns.

1269/70, Jan. 20. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Richard, king of the Romans, as over-lord, of no. 359.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, that Richard, kyng of Romayns, confermyng the yifte and sellyng that Iordan of Aldeswelle made to the Abbesse and Couent of Godestowe in karsynton and Thorp that were of his fee, for hym and his heires. In-to witnesse of the which thynge, he made to be prynted to this present writyng with the seale of his ryall maieste. The date at Bekkele, the xx. day of Ianyvere, the xiij. yere of his reigne.

[folio 218] A Confirmacion of kyng Richard vpon the same, & cetera.

1269/70, Febr. 20. Duplicate of preced|ing.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, that Richard, by the grace of god kyng of Romayns, all wey Emperour, Sende gretyng and all [folio 218b] good. [The] yifte and sellyng which Iordan of Aldeswell made to the Abbesse and Covent of Godestow in karsyngton and Thorpe, which ben of our fee, we havyng hit ferme and stable, and by the tenour of this present writyng we conferme it for vs and our heires for evermore. In witnesse Page  265 wherof, to this present writyng the seale of our kyngly mageste we have made to be put to. The date at Beckeley the xx. day of February, The yere of our reigne xiij.

[folio 80b] A fynall concorde, I-made bitwene Isowde, Abbesse of Godestowe, and Iordan of Aldeswelle.

1272, July 1. Sale to Godstow, by Jordan of Aldswell, of two plough|lands. Quit-rent, a rose at Mid|summer, with the old ser|vices. Purchase|money, £53 6s. 8d.

THIS is the fynall concorde, I-made in the kyngis courte at westmynstre, in the vtas of seynt Iohn Baptist, the lvj. yere of the reigne of kyng henry the son of kyng Iohn, Afore Martyn lytlebyre, Stephyn heym, and Robert Folcon, Iusticis, and other trew men of the kyngis there beyng present, bitwene Isowde, Abbesse of Godestowe, playnyng, by William of Eynesham I-sette in her stede to gete or to lese, of Iordan of Aldewelle, lettyng, by Walter Westmancote I-sette in his stede to gete or to lese, of twey ploughlond with theire pertynentis in karsynton, wherof a ple of warantiȝe was I-take bitwene them in the same courte, that is to sey, that the forsaid Iordan made a knowlech and recognicion the forsaid lond with the pertynentis to be the right of the same Abbesse of Godestowe and of her chirch of Godestowe, as that þat the same Abbesse and her chirche afor|said had of the yifte of the forsaid Iordan: To be had and to be hold, to the same Abbesse and to other Abbessys that shold succede to her and to her chirche aforsaid, of the forsaid Iordan and his heires for euer, yeldyng therof by yere one Rose at the natiuite of seynt Iohn Baptist, for all seruyce custome and exaccion longyng to the same Iordan and to his heires, doyng therof to the chief lordis of that fee for the forsaid Iordan and his heires all other seruyces that longen to the same lond. And the forsaid Iordan [folio 81] and his heires sholde warantiȝe to the same abbesse and to other abbesse that shold succede her and to her chirche aforsaid the forsaid lond with the pertynentis, by the forsaid seruicis, ayenst all men for ever. And for this recognicion warantiȝyng fyne and accorde, the same abbesse yaf to the forsaid Iordan iiij. score mark of siluer.

A quytaunce I-made to the abbesse and Couent of Godestowe of an obligacion of CC. li. of sterlyngis.

1272, July 2. Acquit|tance to Godstow, by Jordan of Aldswell, for £200, purchase|money of lands in Cassington and Thrup.

THE sentence of this quytaunce is, that Iordan of Aldeswelle, person of the chirche of wydynton, knowleched hym-self to Page  266 haue resceived CC. li. of sterlyngis of the religious women the lady abbesse and Couent of Godestowe, in the which the seid women were I-bounde by theire lettres obligatories for londes and rentis, the which they had of hym in the towne of karsyn|ton and Thorp; for the whiche resceivyng he claymed the forsaid Religeous women quytte fro all impeticion or axyng vexyng or inquyetyng by the occasion of the CC. li., renuncyng to the excepcion of not I-numbred not I-paid and of the money not I-take to hym. In-to witnesse of the whiche he put to this present writyng his seale. The date at Godestowe, in Seynt Swythynys day, The yere of our lord Ml.CC lxxij.

[folio 218] An acquytaunce of Iordan Aldeswell made to the abbesse of Godestowe of CC mark resceived for londis in karsyngton.

1272, July 2. Duplicate of preced|ing.

THE sentence of this acquytaunce is, that Iordan of Aldes|welle, parson of the chirche of wydyndon, resceived CC. li. sterlyngis of the Religious women lady Abbesse and Couent of Godestowe, in which the forseid women to hym were bounde by theire lettres of obligacion, for londes and rentes which thei had of hym in the towne of karsyngton and Thorp. For which forseid receivyng, the forseid religious women fro all maner impechynge vexyng and troublyng by occasion of the forseid CC. li quyte therof fro all clayme, renuncyng excepcion not remembred of none payment to me taken. In witnesse wherof to this present lettres, he hath put to his seale. The date at Godestow, on seynt Swythynes day the confessour, the yere of our lord god a thousand two hundred sixty and twelf.

[folio 218b] A-nother Charter of the same Abbesse and Couent.

About 1272. Disposal by Godstow, of part of income of above lands (£4 2s. 8d.) and of a rent-charge on the Exchequer (£1 11s. 4d.), in improve|ment of their dining allowance.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Isolde, Abbesse of Godestowe, for the availe and profite of theire hous of Gode|stowe, with the assent and counseil of all the Couent, in an yerely rent*. [The sum should probably be £4 8s. 8d., which with the £1 11s. 4d. from the exchequer, would give an even sum of £6.] of iiij. librae ij. shillings viij. d. of the lond of karsyngton, which they bought of ser Iordan of Aldeswell, Page  267 parson of the chirch of wydynton, in theire tyme for theire hous provided; and another rent, that is to sey, xxxj. shillings iiij. d, of the kyngis Escheker by longe tyme not I-paid, by grete labour [folio 219] they gate hit. The said Abbesse and Couent vndirstondyng the poverte in vitayles to be bettered, the same rentes yerely to be had (of the consente of their worshipfull fadir, Richard by þe grace of god bisshop of lyncolne) to the same Couent for a pytaunce was graunted and assigned. And that this theire graunte shold stonde sure, to this present writyng thei procured the forseid worshipfull fadir to put to his seale, with the Commune seale; and the seale of the forsaid Isold, than beyng Abbesse of Godestow, was sette therto. And to the more surenesse of this ordynaunce to be obserued, all withseyers and attemptours to breke this writyng or presume to withdraw hit, by the Auctorite and power of the seid Bisshop of lyncolne, solempnely in theire Chapiter they made to be accursed.

[folio 81] A Charter of Robert Frytewelle, relesyng to the abbesse of Godestowe, and to the mynchons there servyng god, all his right and clayme that he myght haue ayenst the same abbesse and Couent vpon homages, & cetera.

About 1279. Quit-claim to Godstow, by Robert of Fritwell, of manorial rights over lands acquired from Jordan of Aldswell.

THE sentence of this evidence is, that Robert Frytewelle relesed and vttirly quyte-claymed, for hym and his heires for ever, to the abbesse of Godestowe and to the mynchons there servyng god, all the right and clayme that he had or in ony wise myght haue toward the forsaid abbesse and mynchons vpon homages, relefis, rentis, wardis, sutis of courte, helpis to there first begoten sones to be made knyghtis, and ther first begoten doughtirs to be maried, in all othere thyngis and seruycis longyng to hym and to his heires, the which longen to half the fee of a knyght that was of the fee*. [See no. 341.] of Stephyn Frytewelle his fadir, and of the fee*. [See no. 377.] of sir William Broun, that they had of the yifte of Iordan of Aldeswelle in the towne of karsynton and Thorp: To be had and to be hold, for hym and his heires, into pure and perpetuel almesse, for the sowles of all there Page  268 auncetours, so that nother he nother his heires shold never afterward axe ony thynge of the forsaid abbesse and mynchons of the aboueseid relefis rentis wardis sutis of courte and helpis abouesaid, but that they shold of dewte defende warantiȝe and aquyte the forsaid abbesse and mynchons in all thyngis ayenst all peple. And for as moche as he willed that this his relese and quyte-clayme shold be sure, & cetera.

[folio 79] A Charter of Adam Ermyn fitȝ Iohn Ermyn of Wotton relesyng and quyte-claymyng for hym and his heires to the Abbesse of Godestowe all his right and clayme in one hous with j. plough-lond with all þere pertynentis in karsynton.

A.D. 1279. Sale to Godstow, by Adam, son of John Ermyne, of Wotton, of all right in a mes|suage and plough|land. Purchase|money, £20.

THE sentence of this relese is, that Adam, I-called Ermyne, the son of Iohn Ermyne of Wotton, relesed and quyte-claymed, for hym and his heires, to the Abbesse and Covent of Godestowe, all the right and clayme that he had or by ony right myght haue by*. ['ratione Alicie matris mee.'] skille of his wyf Alice and Iohn Wotton fitȝ Raaf of Wotton his vncle, in one mese with one plough-lond with all there pertynentes in the towne of karsynton, vpon the which he impleted the forsaid Abbesse and Couent by a bref that is I-called 'Breue de morte of Auncetours' afore ser Robert Fowle and ser Robert malet, the kyngis Iustice of that assise to be take at Crowmerssh, the friday*. [Friday, July 28, 1279.] next after the fest of seynt Iames the apostle, the vij. yere of kyng Edward, so that nother he ne none of his heires shold not afterward chalange nother clayme no right ne clayme in the forsaid mese and plough-lond with theire pertynentis. And for this his relese and quyte|clayme, the forsaid Abbesse and Couent yaf to hym xx. li. of sterlyngis in the presence of the forsaid Iustices. Furthermore hit is to be know that the said Adam shold make levey with his owne costis vpon this relese in the kyngis Courte whan that he shold be requyred of the said Abbesse and Covent. In-to witnesse, & cetera.

Page  269
[Lands acquired through Odo, chaplain.]
[folio 70] A Charter confermyng to Odo, Clerk of Gode|stowe, j. acre of arable lond and j. pece liyng therto in the feld of karsynton.

About 1275. Sale to Odo, chaplain, acting for Godstow, by William son of Peter of Karsyn|ton and his wife Joan, of 1 acre arable, and adjacent piece; and of 2 roods meadow, assigned by lot. Quit-rent, ½d. yearly. Purchase|money, £3.

THE sentence of this evidence is, that William fitȝ Petir of karsynton, of the assent and consent of Iohane his wyf and of theire heires, yaf, & cetera, to Odo, clerk, of Godestowe, an acre of lond with a pece of lond liyng therto, of his arable lond in the feld of karsynton, that is to sey, that acre that lieth next the grene weye bitwene two feldes, strecchyng hit|self fro the demayne somtyme of ser william mounte-Acu vnto the lond of Symond Punchard; and ij. rodes of mede in Farne|hulle, that is to sey, j. rode in the first lotte, another Rode in the last lotte: to be hold and to be had, that is to sey, the forsaid acre of londe, with the pece, with the rodes of mede, with their pertynentis and all liberteis, in weies pathes medes fedynges and pastures, of hym and of his heires or his assignes, [folio 70b] to the said Odo and his heires or his assignes to whom-so-ever he wold (hole or sike*. [This clause is inserted because, in many manors, transfers of land made in sickness were regarded as invalid except when effected before special witnesses.]) yeve bequeth selle or assigne hit, frely quyetly pesibly and holy and worshipfully for euer, bothe to Religeous houses and other, yeldyng therof yerely to hym, to his heires or his assignes, j. obolus at Ester, for all seculer seruyce, exaccion and demaunde, custome, sute of Courte, and kyngis seruyce that myght be axed of hym or of his heires or assignes or of the chief lord for the encheson of the forsaid acre of lond, with the said pece, with the ij. rodes of mede aforsaid. And the forsaid william fitȝ petir of karsynton and his heires or his assignes shold warantiȝe acquyte and defende for euer the forsaid acre of lond, with the litell pece of lond, and ij. rodes of mede aforseid, with all their pertynentis and libertees afore I-writte, to the forsaid Odo his heires or his assignes or to who-so-euer they were yeve, with his owne costes, ayenst all men and women, bothe Iewys and cristen men. And for this yifte, graunte, and confermyng of this writyng and warantiȝyng, the forsaid Odo yaf to hym lx. shillings of sterlyngis before handes in waryson. And that this his yft, & cetera, he put to his seale, & cetera.

Page  270A Charter of j. acre mede I-bought of William Fitȝ Petir in the mede of Roveneye in the parissh of karsynton.

About 1275. Sale to Odo, chaplain, by William son of Peter of Karsyn|ton, of 1 acre of meadow. Quit-rent, a rose. Purchase|money, £1.

THE sentence of this charter is, that William Fitȝ Petir of karsynton, with assent and consent of Iohane his wyf and his heires, yaf, graunted, and with his charter confermed, to Odo, Clerk of Godestowe, j. acre of mede in the mede that is I-called Rouueneye with-in the limityng of the parissh of karsynton, that is to sey, that acre that is next to Cogchesham, to be hold and to be had with all his pertynentis and liberteis in weyes pathes medis fedyng-places and pastures, of hym and of his heires or his assignes, to the said Odo his heires or his assignes, to everich and to all what-so-ever they be [to which he], hole or sike, wold yeve bequeth selle or assigne hit, quyetly frely pesibly holy and worshipfully for ever, bothe to religious houses and other, yeldyng therof yerely to hym his heires or to his assignes j. rose at the fest of seynt Iohn Baptist, for all seculer seruice, exaccion, and demaunde, custome, sute of courte, and seruyce riall, the whiche be axed of hym his heires or assignes because of the forseid acre mede. And the forseid William fitȝ Petir of karsynton and his heires or his assignes shold warantiȝe aquyte and defende for euer all the forsaid acre of mede, with alle the pertynentis, to the forsaid Odo and his heires or to his assignes, ayenst all men and women with their owne costes. And for this yifte, & cetera, the forsaid Odo yaf to hym before handis in warison xx. shillings of sterlinges. And that his yifte, & cetera.

[folio 71] A Charter of William Fitȝ Petir of karsynton of an acre of arable londe in the felde of karsynton.

1275/6, Jan. 24. Sale to Odo, Chaplain, by William son of Peter of Karsyn|ton, of 2 half|acres. Quit-rent, a rose.

THE sentence of this Charter is, that william fitȝ Petir of karsynton yaf, & cetera, to sire Odo, Chapeleyn of Godestowe, one acre of his arable lond in the feld of karsynton, of the whiche one half acre lieth at the redehegge, bitwene the lond of the Abbesse of Godestowe and the lond of Symond Boneton, and j. other half acre lieth at Thoryndon, bitwene the lond of the seid Abbesse and the lond of Geffrey Bras: to be holde and to be had, with all their pertynentis, of hym and his heires or Page  271 his assignes, to the said Odo of Godestowe, Chapelayn, and to his heires or his assignes religious and other, frely quyetly wele and in pease and holy for euer, yeldyng therof yerely j. rose at the fest of Seynt Iohn Baptist to hym and his heires or his assignes, for all seculer seruyce, exaccion, and demaunde, and sute of courtes. And the forsaid william Fitȝ Petir and his heires or his assignes warantiȝed aquyted and defended all the forsaide acre of arable lond, with all his pertynentis, to the said Odo, Chapelayne, and to his heires or his assignes, Religious and other, with theire owne costis, ayenst all men and women for euer. And in-to witnesse therof, he putte to this writyng his seale, & cetera. The date at karsynton, the Friday next after the fest of seynt Vyncent, the iiij. yere of the reigne of kyng Edward.

[folio 70] A Charter of half an acre of mede I-bought of Nicholas of karsynton Fitȝ Petir of Wyuelcote.

About 1276. Sale to Odo, chaplain, by Nicholas son of Peter of Wilcote, of 2 roods of meadow, assigned by lot. Quit-rent a rose. Purchase|money, £1 10s.

THE sentence of this Charter is, that Nicholas of karsynton fitȝ Petir of wyuelcote yaf, graunted, and with his charter confermed, to Odo, Clerk of Godestowe, ij. rodes of mede of his mede, that is to sey, in his mede of farnehulle with-in the lymytes of the parissh of karsynton, of the which one lieth in the first [folio 71] West lotte out-take one lotte as the lotte yeveth, and another in the last lotte: to be holde and to be had, with all their pertynentis and libertees in weyes pathes medes fedynges and pastures, of hym and his heires or his assignes, to the said Odo and his heires or his assignes to euerich and to alle what ever they be to whiche he (hole or sike) wold yeve bequeth selle or assigne hit, frely quyetly pesibly holy and worshipfully for ever, bothe to Religious houses and to other, yeldyng therof yerely to hym and to his heires or to his assignes j. rose at the fest of seynt Iohn Baptist, for all seculer service exaccion and demaunde sute of courte and kynges service that myght be axed of hym and his heires or his assignes or of the chefe lord for the forsaid ij. Rodes of mede. And the forsaid Nicholas of karsynton Fitȝ Petir of wyuelcote and his heires or his assignes shold warantiȝe aquyte and defende for euer, with theire owne costes, the forsaid ij. rodes of mede, with all theire pertynentis Page  272 and fredoms afore I-towched, to the forsaid Odo and to his heires or to his assignes, what or who-so-euer thei shold be, ayenst all men and women, bothe Iewys and cristen. And for this yifte, graunte, & cetera, the forsaid Odo yaf to hym xxx. shillings of siluer before handes in warison. And that this his yifte, & cetera.

[folio 71] A Charter of sire Odo of Godestowe confermyng to god & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestowe ij. acres of mede and an acre of arable lond in the feld of karsynton.

About 1276. Grant to Godstow, by Odo, chaplain, of nos. 369, 370, 371, and of quit|rents on lands, viz. 1s., and 6d., with mano|rial rights over the lands, subject to two life|annuities, which afterwards are to be a pittance in memory of Gilbert of Biham.

[folio 71b] THE sentence of this evidence is that Odo of Godestowe, Chapeleyn, yaf, & cetera, to the holy mynchons of Godestowe ther seruyng god and to serue for euer, j. acre of arable lond in the towne of karsynton, that is to sey, that londe that lieth next to the grenewey bitwene the two feldes, and hit strecchith hit|self fro the demayne of ser william mounte-Acu vnto the lond of Symond Punchard; and ij. acres of mede in the same towne, of the whiche one lieth in the mede of Rewneye and is I-called the hedeacre, and iiij. Rodes lien in farenhulle, of the which one lieth in the first lotte, the which rode was somtyme of william fitȝ Petir, And another rode lieth in that lotte, that is to sey, the which he had of Nicholas fitȝ Petir of Wyuelcote, and ij. rodes lien in the last lotte, of the which one he had of william fitȝ Petir and another of Nicholas of wyuelcote; and xviij. d. of yerely rent in the same towne, that is to sey, xij. d. of the mese of hugh meryman of Somerford at ij tymes of the yere to be take by even partes, that is to sey at the fest of Seynt Michell and at oure lady day in Marche, and vj. d. of the mese of Iohn Baker of Godestowe to be take at Mighelmas; to be had and to be hold, with homagis wardis relefis and eschetis and all other pertynentis ouer all, of hym and of his heires, to the said mynchons and to ther successours, into perpetuel almes, yeldyng therof to the lordis of the fee dewe and wonyd seruyce, and to Alice of watlyngton and to Anneys of the same towne x. shillings, al so longe as they liven, at ij. termes of the yere to be take of his maner of karsynton, that is to sey, at Mighelmasse v. shillings, and at oure lady day Page  273 in marche v. shillings; and the said x. shillings after the decesse of them shold remayne and abide to a pytaunce of the couent of Godestowe, in the day of the annyuersary of william*. [Comparison with no. 376 shows that 'William' is in error for 'Gilbert of Biham' (Wood's City of Oxford, i. 184). William's obit was endowed with 20s. yearly, and the deed relating to it is no. 375.], somtyme keper of Godestowe, and to the light in the chapell of oure lady of Godestowe, and*. [The 'and' is inserted in error. The Latin is: 'ad pittanciam conventus rema|neant, et ad lumen in capella Beate Marie de Godestowe xviii. denarii pro anima dicti Willelmi.'] xviij. d., for the soule of the said [william*. [Comparison with no. 376 shows that 'William' is in error for 'Gilbert of Biham' (Wood's City of Oxford, i. 184). William's obit was endowed with 20s. yearly, and the deed relating to it is no. 375.]], to be paid at the said termes for all seruyce, sutis of courtis, and seculer demandis. And the said Odo and his heires warantiȝed for euer the forsaid acre of lond, with all the mede and xviij. d. of yerely rent afore-noted, with all there other pertynentis ouer-all afore-writte, to the said mynchons and to þere successours. And that this his yifte, & cetera.

[folio 219] A Charter of the Abbesse and Couent of Gode|stow, I-made to Odo, of a pencion in karsyngton.

About 1276. Sale by Godstow, to Odo, chaplain, of rent|charges amounting to £1. to endow a pittance for the refectory on the anniver|sary of William, 'custos' of Godstow. Purchase|money, £13 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Isolde of Durham, by the grace of god Abbesse of Godestowe, and the Couent of the same place, yaf, graunted, and by ther present charter con|fermed, to Odo, parson of the chirche of Dagelyngworth, executor of william somtyme maister of Godestowe, xx. shillings of yerely rent to be taken in the towne of karsyngton, That is for to sey, of william of Boteley and Nicholas his brother, xv. shillings at iiij. termes in the yere, that is to sey, at Cristmas iij. shillings ix. d, And at the fest of our lady in the moneth of marche iij. shillings ix. d, and at the fest of seynt Iohn Baptist iij. shillings ix. d, And at the fest of seynt Michel iij. shillings ix. d; And of Iohn Braȝ, the sone of william Braȝ, v. shillings, by yere, at the forseid termes, that is forto sey, at every terme xv. d: To haue and to hold, of them and ther successours, to the forseid Odo and his assignes, frely quyetly wele and in pease for euermore: So, that is to sey, that hit shall not be lefull to the forsaid Odo the forseid xx. shillings of yerely rent to selle, biquethe, assigne, nor aliene, but vnto the Froiture of the forseid mynchons of Godestow in the day of Page  274 the Annyuersary of william, somtyme maister of Godestow. And the forsaid Abbesse and covent and theire successoures the forseid xx. shillings of yerely rent to the forseid Odo and his assignes aforseid ayenst all maner of men shall warantiȝe acquyte and defende for evermore, in the fourme aforewriten. And for this yifte, graunte, and of this present charter confermyng, the forsaid Odo yaf to hem xx. mark of sterlynges afore handis in warison. And that this yifte graunte and warantiȝyng shold be stable and abide for ever, to this present writyng bothe there commune seale and the seale of the abbesse [folio 219b] aforseid ben I-put to. These beyng witnesse:—ser Robert, perpetuel vicary of Donynton, than Maister of Godestow; wakelyn, Clerk of Godestowe; ser Richard, perpetuel vicary of karsyng|ton; Iohn Pady; william of Seynt Audoene; Iohn Portar of Eynesham; william the sone of piers of karsyngton; Symond Englisse; Robert Punchard; and other.

A Charter of ser Odo, parson of the chirch of Dagelyngworth, I-made to the mynchons of Gode|stowe of xx. shillings to the Froiture.

About 1276. Grant to Godstow, by Odo, chaplain, of the rent|charges as in no. 374, to the refectory of Godstow, to found an obit for William, 'custos' of Godstow.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Odo, parson of the chirche of Dagelyngworth, executor somtyme of william, maister of Godstow, yaf, graunted, and by his charter confermed, to god and to our lady seynt marie and to the chirche of seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestow and to the holy mynchons ther seruyng god and for evermore to serve, xx. shillings of yerely rent in the towne of karsyngton, to be taken yerely of william of Boteley and Nicholas his brother and of Iohn Braȝ the sone of walter Braȝ, that is to sey, tho xx. shillings which he bought of lady Isolde of Durham, Abbesse of Godestow, and of the Couent of the same place, for xx. mark sterlyngis: And that same specially vnto the Froiture of Godestowe assigned, vnto a pytaunce of the Couent in the day of the Annyuersary of william, somtyme maister of the same monastory; To haue and to hold, the forseid xx. shillings, of hym, to the forseid mynchons and to ther successours for evermore, as it is aforseid. In witnesse wherof, to this present writyng he put to his seale. These beyng witnesse: ser Robert, perpetuell vicary of Donyn|ton, Page  275 than maister of Godestow; ser Robert and ser Thomas, than Chapeleyns of Godestow; wakelyn, Clerk; Iohn Chelesey, than Seneschall of Godestowe; william the sone of Piers; Iohn Clerk; and many other.

[folio 218b] A Charter of Isolde of Durham, abbesse of Godestow, confermyng to the Froytir of Godestow x. shillings in karsyngton, & cetera.

About 1276. Grant by Godstow, to its own refectory, to provide a pittance on the anniver|sary of Gilbert of Biham, whose executors gave Godstow £6 13s, 4d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Isolde of Durham, by the grace of God abbesse of Godestow, and the Couent of the same place, yaf, graunted, and by theire present charter con|fermed, to the Froiture of Godestow, in the day of the Annyuer|sary of Maister Gilbert of Byham, x. shillings of yerely rent in the towne of karsyngton, to be taken of Symond Boneton of karsyngton and of Iohn Braȝ, that is for to sey, of Symond Boneton, vij. shillings vj. d. at iiij. termes in the yere, that is to sey, at Cristmas xxij. d. obolus, and at the fest of our lady in the monthe of Marche xxij. d. obolus, And at the fest of seynt Iohn Baptist xxij. d obolus, and at the fest of seynt Mighell xxij. d obolus; And of the seid Iohn Braȝ ij. shillings vj. d by yere at the forseid termes, that is to sey, at every terme, vij. d. obolus. And the forsaid Abbesse and Couent, the forseid x. shillings of yerely rent, to the forseid Froiture and the day I-sette, ayenst all men shall warantiȝe, acquyte, and defende for evermore. And for this yifte, graunte, and warantiȝ|ing, the executours of the forsaid maister Gilbert of Byham yaf to hem x. mark sterlyngis before hondis in warison. And that this their yifte, graunte, and warantiȝyng, be ferme and stable for evermore, to this present writyng their commune seale, with the seale of the Abbesse, they have put to, witnessyng theire Chapiter.

[Lands acquired from Peter of Ashridge.]
[folio 71b] A licence for to entre into the fee of William Broun I-graunted to Petir Esserugge.

About 1240. Licence to Peter of Ashridge, to enter into the fee of William Broun.

THE sentence of this licence is, that William Broun yaf licence and graunted that Petir of Esserugge shold entir in-to Page  276 his fee of karsynton, And he willed and graunted hit to be sure for hym and his heires that the said Petir his heires or assignes shold have and enioye the forsaid entryng, so that the said William or his heires myght not ne shold no thynge axe of the forsaid Petir or of his heires or of his assignes by the reson of that entryng, save to hym and to his heires seruyce therof dew and woned of right. And that this his yifte and graunt shold be sure, he put to this writyng his seale. In-to witnesse, & cetera.

*. [[NOTE.—The obtaining of this licence was a protection against the arbitrary powers of the lord of a manor, who might charge an excessive fine for leave to take over land belonging to his 'fee.' On some Essex manors at the present day, for example, the custom of the manor assigns to the lord a whole year's income of that copyhold by acquisition of which a new tenant first comes into the manor. A wary purchaser, in such cases, takes care to acquire at first only a cottage or a single small field, thereby securing, at a cheap rate, the position of a tenant. An unwary person, acquiring a large farm as his first purchase, has been afterwards presented with a claim for the first year's rent (£700), as entry-fine.]]
[folio 72] A Charter of Richard Blunde of karsynton I-made to henry Lasseberwe of viij. acres of arable Lond and of ij. acres of mede in karsynton, paiyng therof yerely ij. d. at Ester for all seculer seruyce.

About 1240. Sale to Henry Lesseberwe, by Richard Blunde, of 8 acres arable, and of two acres meadow determined by lot. Quit-rent, 2d. Purchase|money, £7 19s.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Richard Blunde yaf & cetera to Henry Lesseberwe, for his seruyce, viij. acres of arable lond in the feldis of karsynton:

of the whiche j. half acre lieth in the peselonde, bitwene the lond of Robert Bagod and the lond of Robert Duȝeper, and hit strecchith hit-self toward the northe; and half j. acre lieth in alderdeslade, beside the londe of Iohn Dynewyn of the southe parte; and j. rode lieth in the same forlonge beside the lond of Robert Bagod of the south parte; and j. rode lieth in the same [folio 72b] forlonge bitwene the lond of Nicholas Broun and the lond of Iohn Porter; And j. rode lieth at the horeston, bitwene the lond of Symond the sone of the Reve of the north parte; and j. half acre lieth in moreforlonge, bitwene the lond of the vicary and the lond of wa[l]ter morell; and j. rode lieth in Vilech, of the which one ende strecchith hit-self in Odefurlonge and one other Page  277 into peselond; And half j. acre lieth beside the mede, bitwene the londe of Iohn fitȝ Amyse And the lond of Wa[l]ter yonge; and half j. acre lieth in longedenysforlonge, bitwene the lond of Iohn yonge and the londe of the vicary; and j. acre strecchith hit-self into holy-wey-brech, bitwene the lond of wa[l]ter yonge and the lond of Roger Boneton; and half j. acre lieth in Esne|forlonge, bitwene the londe of wa[l]ter yonge and the lond of Iohn yonge; and j. butte of Boneton lieth bitwene the londe of wa[l]ter yonge and the lond of Iohn Smewyne, and hit strec|chith hit-self vpon the londe of Philippe Pady; and j. half acre lieth in moreforlonge, bitwene the lond of Thomas, Vicary of karsynton, and the lond of william Duȝeper; and half j. acre lieth in the feld of halywey, bitwene the lond of the forsaid Vicary and the lond of the forsaid William; and half j. acre lieth in the feld of the blynde put, bitwene the lond of Symond Reve and the lond of Roger Boneton; and half j. acre lieth in langedaleforlonge, bitwene the londe of Nicholas Broun and the londe of Roger Boneton; and half j. acre lieth in a place that is I-called farnehulle beside the grenediche, beside the londe of the vicary:

and ij. acres of mede, that is to sey, one in langedale as the lotte wille yeve, and another in Roweneye as the lotte wille yeve: to be had and to be hold, to the same Harry and to his heires and to his assignes to the which he will yeve selle bequeth or assigne them by right of heritage or ony parte of them and whan he wille, other in helth or in sikenesse, of hym and of his heires, frely and quyetly pesibly and holy for euer, paiyng therof yerely to hym and to his heires ij. d. at Ester for all seruyce, quareles or playntis, customes, exaccions, demaundes, and sutis of shires, hundredis, and all other courtes, and for all other thynges towchyng the said londes. And the said Richard and his heires warantiȝed and aquyted hym of the kynges seruyce of all the forsaid lond with the forsaid mede to henry and to his heires, after the fourme afore I-writte, ayenst all men and women, by the forsaid seruyce of ij. d. for ever, & cetera. And for this yifte & cetera, the forsaid henry yaf to hym Vij. li. xix. shillings into warison. And [that] all thise writyngis afore shold be sure, he put to his seale, & cetera.

Page  278A quyte-clayme of Denyse of karsynton, som|tyme the wyf of Richard Blunde of karsynton, I-made to sire Petir of Esrugge of the forsaid Viij. acres of arable lond and ij. acres of mede.

About 1245. Sale to Peter of Ashridge, by Denise, widow of Richard Blunde, of her right in no. 378. Purchase|money, 10s.

[folio 73] THE sentence of this quyte-clayme is, that Denyse of karsyn|ton, sometyme the wyf of Richard Blunde of karsynton, graunted, lefte, and quyteclaymed, to sire Petir of Esrugge and to his heires or to his assignes, of her and her heires or her assignes, all her right that she had or myght haue, bothe by her dowry and by-cause of her mariage, of viij. acres of arable lond and ij. acres of mede in the towne of karsynton, frely and quyetly, as hit is conteyned in the charter that the said Henry Blunde made to Henry Lesseburue of the forsaid viij. acres of arable lond, So that nother [s]he, nother her heires, ne none other for her after that tyme, shold haue power to axe ony right in the said lond and mede: and for this graunte and quyte-clayme the forsaid Petir of Esrugge yaf to her x. shillings of sterlingis. And that all these thyngis shold be sure and stedfast, she put to this writyng her seale, & cetera.

[folio 72] A Charter of William of Seynt Ewyn con|fermyng to Petir of Esserugge all his lond of karsynton with all the pertynentis bothe in the towne and with-oute.

About 1240. Sale to Peter of Ashridge, by William of Saint Ewyn of his lands. Quit-rent, 1d. Purchase|money, £40.

THE sentence of this charter is, that William of seynt Ewenne yaf, & cetera, to Petir of Esserugge, for his homage and seruyce, all his lond of karsynton, with all the pertynentis, both with-in the towne and with-out, to be had and to be hold, to the seid Petir and to his heires and to his assignes to which that euer he wolde [give it], of hym and his heires for euer, frely quyetly and holy, yeldyng therof yerely to hym and to his heires at Ester [i. denarius*. [Added from the Latin (Exchequer MS.).]] for all seruyce, exaccion, and demaunde, and sute of courte, savyng to the chief lord dewe and woned seruyce, save the kynges seruyce al so moche as longith to so moche lond in that towne. And the forsaid william and his heires shold warantiȝe aquyte and defende all the forsaid lond Page  279 with the pertynentis to the forseid Petir and to his heires and his assignes to which that euer he wold. And for this yifte graunte warantiȝyng & cetera, the forsaid Peter yaf to hym thre score marke*. [In the Latin copy, 'sexaginta marcas.'] of siluer. And that all thise afore-written, & cetera, he put to this charter his seale, & cetera.

[folio 73] A-nother quyte-clayme of Iulian, the doughtir of William of Seynt Eweyne, I-made to Petir Esserugge, is even like worde by worde to the quyte-clayme to*. [Read 'by.'] Denyse of karsynton next above*. [Now no. 379.] I-writte.

About 1240. Quit-claim by Juliana Saint Ewyn, of all right in above.

[folio 72] A Charter of William Fitȝ Petir of j. half acre of mede I-sold to Petir of Esserugge in roweneye.

About 1245. Grant to Peter of Ashridge, by William son of Peter of Karsyn|ton, of ½ acre mea|dow, and 3 ditches. Quit-rent, ½d.

THE sentence of this Charter is, that William Fitȝ Petir of karsynton yaf, & cetera, to Petir of Esserugge, half j. acre of mede in Roweneye, the which lieth next the mede of the same Peter in the towne of karsynton, with iij. scrophis of the seid half acre liyng to them, with all ther pertynentis ouer all, to be had and to be hold, to the said Petir and to his heires or his assignes what-so-euer they were, frely quyetly holy wele and in pease for euer, yeldyng therof to him yerely and to his heires j. obolus at Ester for all seculer seruyce exaccion and demaunde. And the forsaid William and his heires warantiȝed aquyted and, by the forseid seruyce, defended the forsaid half acre of mede with all his pertynentis to the forseid Petir, and to his heires or to his assignes all maner, ayenst all men and women, & cetera. And that this his yifte shold be sure, & cetera.

[folio 73] A-nother quyte-clayme of Nicholas of Somer|ford of the couenaunt that was bitwene Robert Bagot and hym.

About 1245. Quit-claim to Peter of Ashridge, by Nicholas of Somer|ford, of land and a mill which he had agreed to buy from Robert Bagot.

THE sentence of this quyte-clayme is, that Nicholas of Somer|ford lete and quyte-claymed all the covenaunt that was bitwene Robert Bagot and hym, both of the lond of the said Robert and also of the mylle in the towne of karsynton, with all pertynentis, Page  280 to Petir of Esrugge and to his heires or his assignes, So that nother he nother his heires ne none by hym or for hym sholde have power to axe ony right in the said Lond and mylle, with the pertynentes. And yf hit shold so happe that ony man, by the occasion of the covenant I-made bitwene them, claymed ony thynge toward the said Petir his heires or his assignes, the said Nicholas of Somerford and his heires bynde hem-self to warantiȝe and to defende to the said Petir of Esrugge and to his heires or his assignes the said quyte-clayme ayenst all men and women. In-to witnesse of the which, Nicholas of Somerford strengthed this present writyng with the pryntyng of his seale, & cetera.

A Charter of William Bagot fitȝ Robert Bagot, I-made to Peter of Esrugge, of v. yerdes of lond in karsynton, and a water mille, and iiij. acres*. [Seem to be 'yards' in the body of the deed.], with vij. shillings of yerely rent, with all there pertynentis.

About 1245. Sale to Peter of Ashridge, by William, son of Robert Bagot, of 5 yard|lands, a water-mill, and a rent|charge, in Cassington; and of 4 yardlands in Thrup. Quit-rents, gloves to the mesne lord, 25s. to the chief lord, and scu|tage. Purchase|money, £46 13s. 4d, and £3 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that William Bagot fitȝ Robert Bagot yaf, graunted, & cetera, to Petir of Esrugge, for his homage and seruyce, to hym and to his heires or his assignes, v. yerdes of lond in the towne of karsynton, and a water mylle in the same towne, with all pertynentis towchyng the seid lond and the seid mylle, and vij. shillyng worthe of rent, with the pertynentis, the which Nicholas of Somerford was I-woned [folio 73b] yerely to yeld hym, And iiij. yerdes of lond of bondholde or vilenage, with all there pertynentis, in the towne of Thorpe, with the bonde-men and catell and theire goynges-out or availes, to be had and to be holde, to the said Petir of Esrugge and to his heires or his assignes, frely and quyetly pesibly worship|fully holy charitably for ever, that is to say, in medis fedyngis placis weyes pathes watirs and in all other libertees longyng to the forsaid tenauntry, yeldyng þerof yerely to hym and to his heires, or to his assignes, j. paire of gloves or j. d. withyn the vtas of Estir, for all seculer seruyce and demaunde and sute of Courte and helpe that myght be axed of the lond, Also to ser Richard Verney, chief lord, and to his heires or his assignes, xxv. shillings at two termes of the yere, that is to sey, at the Page  281 fest of oure lady in marche xij. shillings vj. d, and at Mighelmas xij. shillings vj. d., savyng the kyngis seruyce, that is to sey, whan that he axeth generall scuage of Englond. And the said Petir may yeve selle and bequethe all the said tenauntrye, with his pertynentis, wher-so-ever and to whom-so-ever he willeth, for hym his heires or his assignes. Also the said William Bagot his heires or his assignes warantiȝed and defended all the seid tenauntry with his pertynentis, as hit is afore-said, to the said Petir of Esrugge and his heires or to his assignes ayenst all men and women for ever. And for this yifte graunte & cetera, the forsaid Petir of Esrugge yaf to hym lxx. marke of sterlynges and j. palfray of the price of v. mark afore handes: and that his yifte & cetera shold be sure for euer, he put herto his seale & cetera.

*. [[NOTE.—At the dissolution, 1540, the copyhold land in 'Thropp,' i.e. Thrup, was still paying (Monast. iv. 372) to Godstow yearly £2 13s. 4d.]]
[folio 73b] A Charter of Richard Erle of Cornewaile*. [Richard Plantagenet, confirmed as earl of Cornwall, 1231; elected 'king of the Romans,' 1256; died, 1272.] graunted to Peter of Esrugge [folio 74] to yeve to a religious hous all his lond that he bought of William Bagot in the towne of karsynton and Thorp, except the mylle of karsynton.

About 1245. Licence to Peter of Ashridge, by Richard, earl of Cornwall, overlord, to dispose of the lands held of his fee.

THE sentence of this Charter is, that Richard, Erle of Corne|waile, graunted that his welbeloved and trew Petir of Esrugge myght yeve to a hous of religeon, or els-where after his owne wille, all the lond that he bought of William Bagot in the towne of karsynton and Throp, out-take the mylles of karsynton the which the said Petir sold to hym. In-to witnesse of the which he made his seale to be put to this present writyng. The date at Bekele, the xvij. day of Nouember.

A quyte-clayme of Petir of Esrugge, I-made to the Abbesse of Godestowe and to the mynchons there seruyng god, for the seruyces of henry Thedulf, William Richon, and Iohn Brace.

About 1250. Grant to Godstow, by Peter of Ash|ridge, of feudal superiority over three tenants and their holdings.

THE sentence of this quyte-clayme is, that Petir of Esrugge, for the helth of his sowle and of his auncetours, relesed and Page  282 quyte-claymed, for hym and his heires, to the Abbesse of Gode|stowe and to the mynchons there seruyng god, the seruyces of henry Thedulf, william Richon, and of Iohn Brace, there I-woned and ofted to do to hym for the tenauntryes that they helden of hym in karsynton, so that he, nother his heires, shold never make clayme in the tenauntryes or seruyces. Into witnesse of the which, & cetera.

[Quit-claims by the Blunde family.]
[folio 73b] A Chartour relesyng to the mynchons of Gode|stowe all the right and clayme that Denyse of karsynton somtyme the wyf of Richard Blounde of karsynton had in karsynton of all the arable lond and mede liyng therto.

1279, April 14. Sale to Godstow, by Denyse, widow of Richard Blunde, of all claim in Richard's lands.

THE sentence of this relese is, that Denyse of karsynton, somtyme the wyf of Richard Blunde of karsynton, beyng in her lawfull wedowhode, relesed, and vttirly quyte-claymed, to the abbesse and mynchons of Godestowe, all her right that she had or might have, by the cause of her dowery or mariage, of all the arable lond and mede liyng therto in the towne of karsynton, frely and quyetly for ever, the which the saide Richard Blunde her husbond ever held in the same towne, So that Denyse somtyme the wyf of the said Richard Blunde, ne none in her name after-warde, by her said mariage or dowrye, myght neuer axe ony right or clayme. For this graunte relese and quyte-clayme, the seid abbesse and couent yaf to her iij. shillings of siluer in waryson & j. quarter of whete. Into witnesse of the whiche, & cetera. The date at Godestowe, the Friday next aftir the vtas of Estir, the seventhe yere of the reigne of kyng Edward the sone of kyng Henry.

[folio 74] A Charter of Iohn Blunte, I-made to the Abbesse and mynchons of Godestowe, of all the londes that he had in karsynton.

1306, Oct. 30. Quit-claim to Godstow, by John Blunde, of all claim in his father Richard's lands. Purchase|money, 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of this Charter is, that Iohn Blunte, the son and heire of Richard Blunte of karsynton, relesed and vttirly quyte-claymed for ever, for hym and for his heires, to the Page  283 Abbesse of Godestowe and to the mynchons there servyng god, all the right and clayme that he had or myght have by right heritage in all the arable lond and mede that he had in the towne of karsynton and feldes and medes, of the yiftis of dyuerse men, as hit is I-shewed openly by dyuerse chartirs the which they had of my fadir Richard Blunte and denyse my modir, the whiche I saw and loked, So that nother he nother his heires ne none in her name shold not haue power to chalenge ne to axe right or clayme in the forsaid londes ne medes in no wyse. And for this relese, quyte-clayme, and good mean of pease, the said Abbesse and mynchons yaf to hym half a marke of siluer afore-hand. And the said Iohn and his heires warantiȝed aquyted and defended for ever the said londes and mede, as it is I-seid afore, ayenst all men, by the service conteyned in theire Charters. In-to the witnesse & cetera. The date at wodestok, the sonday next after the fest of the appostels Symond and Iude, in the xxxiiij. yere of the reigne of kyng Edwarde.

[Lands acquired from Nicholas son of Peter of Wilcote.]
[folio 68] A Charter of Nicholas of karsynton the sone of fitȝ Petir of wyuelcote confermyng to the holy mynchons of Godestowe ij. half acres of arable Londe in karsynton felde.

About 1275. Sale to Godstow, by Nicholas son of Peter of Wilcote, of two half|acres.

[folio 68b] THE sentence of this charter is, that Nicholas of karsynton, the son of fitȝ Petir of wyuelcote, yaf, graunted, and with his charter confermed, to god and to the chirche of oure lady and of seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestowe and to the holy myn|chons there seruyng god and for ever to serve, ij. half acres of arable lond in the felde of karsynton: of the which j. half acre lieth in polforlonge bitwene the londe of Nicholas fitȝ Richard of Boteleye of the one parte and the lond of Adam Croprithi of the other parte, and strecchith hit-self fro the forow of william fitȝ Petir of karsynton vnto Batemore, and j. other half acre lieth in halradesclade bitwene the lond of Iohn Braȝ and the lond of Nicholas fitȝ Petir of wyuelcote, and strecchith hit-self vpon the forow of Thomas fitȝ hawyse: to be Page  284 hold and to be had, into pure and perpetuel almesse, frely quyetly pesibly and holy for euer, to the said holy mynchons and to ther successours, of hym and of his heires or his assignes: and the seid Nicholas and his heires or her*. [Read 'his.'] assignes shold quyte and defende the forsaid ij. half acres to the forsaid holy mynchons and to ther successours ayenst all men and women for ever. And that this his yift graunte and confirmacion, & cetera.

A Charter of Nicholas Fitȝ Petir of Wyuelcote confermyng to the mynchons of Godestowe ij. acris of arable lond in karsynton.

About 1275. Sale to Godstow, by Nicho|las son of Peter of Wilcote, of two acres.

THE sentence of this Charter is, that Nicholas of karsynton, the sone of petir of wyuelcote, yaf, graunted, & cetera, to the holy mynchons of Godestowe ther seruyng god and to serue for euer, into pure and perpetuel almesse, for hym and for his heires and for the soules of his auncetours, ij. acres of arable lond in the felde of karsynton, of the which one lieth in puth|lesden bitwene the lond of Roger Turbern of the one parte and half j. acre that he had of the other parte, and another acre lieth in Berland bitwene the lond that is I-called the hyde and the lond of the said mynchons, to be hold and to be had, to the said mynchons and to ther successoures, frely and quyetly, wele and in pease. And the said Nicholas and his heires warantiȝed aquyted and defended the forsaid ij. acres with all her pertynentis to the forsaid mynchons and to ther successoures ayenst all men and women for ever. And that this yifte, & cetera.

[folio LIIIb(62b)] A confirmacion of William fitȝ Petir of karsyn|ton of ij. acres of lond of the yifte of Nicholas fitȝ Petir of Wyuylcote.

About 1275. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by William son of Peter of Karsyn|ton, as over|lord, of the grant of no. 390 by Nicholas son of Peter of Wilcote.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, that william fitȝ Petir of karsynton graunted, and with this present writyng confermed, to god and to the chirche of seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestowe and to the mynchons there servyng god, the yifte and the graunte that Nicholas of karsynton the sone of Petir of wyuel|cote yaf and graunted to the same mynchons, that is to sey, of two acres of lond with the pertynentis in the feld of karsyn|ton, the which the said Nicholas held of hym, to be hold and to Page  285 be had, for hym and for his heires or his assignes, to the said mynchons and to theire successours, as the charter of the said Nicholas therof I-made to the said mynchons fully and best witnesseth, frely wele and pesibly and holy for ever, So that nother he or his heires or his assignes, for cause of þe seid ij. acres, shold not axe of the said mynchons nothyng in homagis and eschetis wardis relefes or sutis of Courte that myght falle therof. And þat his graunte and confirmacion shold be sure and stable, he strengthed this writyng with the puttyng to of his seale. These beyng witnesse & cetera.

[folio 68b] A relese and quyte-clayme of Anneys the leste wyf of Nicholas the sone of Petir of Wyuelcote I-made to the mynchons of Godestowe of all the right and clayme that she had or myght haue by the skylle of her dowry of alle the arable londe and mede lying therto in the feldes of karsynton.

1279, Apr. 14. Quit-claim to God|stow, by Agnes, widow of Nicholas son of Peter of Wilcote, of all title in no. 389 and no. 390.

THE sentence of this relese is, that Anneys the wyf somtyme of [Nicholas] fitȝ petir of wyuelcote, beyng in her lawfull wedowhode, relesed, and vttirly quyte-claymed, to the Abbesse and mynchons of Godestowe, all her right and clayme that she had or myght have, by her dowry, of all the arable lond and mede beyng therto in the feldes of karsynton, the which the saide Nicholas her husbond sold and enchartered to the forsaid mynchons, so that the said Anneys, wedowe of the forsaid Nicholas, ne none in her name afterward, shold mow to axe neuer in the said londes and medys ony right or clayme. In-to witnesse of this, she put to her seale. The date at Godestowe, [folio 69] the next friday after the vtas of Ester, the vij. yere of the reigne of kyng Edwarde the sone of kynge henry.

[Lands acquired from Jordan miller.]
A Charter of Amye the wedowe of william Edmond of Somerforde I-made to Iordan Miller of iij. half acres of lond in karsynton yeldyng therof to the chief lord j. d. at Cristmasse.

About 1280. Sale to Jordan miller, by Amy Ed|mond of Somerford, for £1, of three half-acres. Quit-rent, 1d. with scu|tage.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Amye the wedow of william Edmond of Somerford, beyng in her fre wedowhode and Page  286 in her owne lawfull power, yaf, graunted, and with hir charter confermed, to Iordan Miller of Somerford, for his seruyce, and for xx. shillings the which he yaf to hir afore hondis into wari|son, iij. half acres of his*. [i.e. her.] arable lond in the feldes of karsynton, of the which, j. half acre lieth in polforlonge bitwene the lond of William of Bampton and Petir of Esruge, And another half acre lieth vpon Mochelforlonde bitwene the londes of Iohn braȝ and Symond Doueton*. ['Boneton' in no. 395.], and the iij. half acre*. [i.e. the third half-acre.] lieth vpon rede hegge bitwene the londes of Roger Bunnelye and Symond Boneton, to be holde and to be had of hym*. [i.e. her.] and of his*. [i.e. her.] heires or his*. [i.e. her.] assignes what-so-ever they be, frely quyetly wele and in pease for-euer, yeldyng therof yerely to hym*. [i.e. her.] and to his*. [i.e. her.] heires or to his*. [i.e. her.] assignes j. d. at Cristemasse, for all seculer seruyce, sutis of courtis, quarels or playntis, and demaundes, savyng the kynges seruyce longyng to so moche londe of the same fee in the same towne. And the said Amye and her heires or her assignes shold warantiȝe aquyte and defende for ever the forsaid iij. half acris, with ther pertynentis, to the forsaid Iordan and his heires or his assignes, what-so-ever they shold be, ayenst all peple, by the forsayd seruyce. And that & cetera.

A Charter of a rode of londe in litell lynton of karsynton the whiche was of Amye Somerford yeldyng therof yerely j. obolus to the Chirche of karsynton to the light of oure lady.

About 1280. Sale to Jordan miller, by Amy Ed|mond of Somerford, of a rood, subject to ½d. on June 29, to a light in Cassington lady|chapel. Purchase|money, 4s.

THE sentence of this charter is that Amye the wyf somtyme of William Edmond of Somerford, in her lawfull wedowhode, yaf, graunted, and with her charter confermed, to Iordan Miller of Somerford a rode of arable lond in the feld that is I-called litell lynton vndir the towne of karsynton, bitwene the lond of the Abbesse of Godestowe of the Est parte and the lond of Nicholas Richun of the west parte, and strecchith hit-self vnto the gardyn of the forseid Abbes, to be holde and to be had, of hym*. [i.e. her.] and of his*. [i.e. her.] heires or his*. [i.e. her.] assignes, to hym his heires or his assignes or who-so-euer or whom-so-ever he wille yeve, bequeth, ley to plegge, hole or sike, or assigne hit, frely quyetly fully and pesibly, yeldyng therof yerely at the fest of the appostels Petir Page  287 and Paule j. obolus to the light of our lady of karsynton, for all seculer, seruice, exaccion, and demaunde; and the forsaid Amye and her heires or her assignes warantiȝed and defended for ever the forsaid Rode of lond, with all his pertynentis, to the forsaid Iordan and to his heires or his assignes, as hit is I-said before, ayenst al men and women. And for this yifte & cetera, the forsaid Iordan yaf to her iiij. shillings into warison. And that his yifte, graunte, & cetera.

A Charter of Iordan the said myller of karsyn|ton of iij. half acres and a rode of arable lond in the feldes of karsynton I-graunted and confermed to the mynchons of Godestowe.

About 1280. Grant to Godstow, by Jordan miller, of no. 393 and no. 394 subject to ½d. quit|rent, and scu|tage.

THE sentence of this Charter is that Iordan, the said myller of karsynton, [folio 69b] yaf, graunted, & cetera, to the mynchons of Godestowe there seruyng god and to serue for ever, iij. half acres and a rode of arable lond in the feldes of karsynton: of the which, j. half acre lieth in polforlonge, bitwene the londis of william Bampton and the lond of the said mynchons of Godestowe; and j. other half acre lieth vppon mochelforlonge, bitwene the lond of Iohn Braȝ and Symond Boneton; and the thirde half acre lieth vpon rede hegge, bitwene the londes of Roger Bunche and Symond Boneton; and j. rode lieth in the felde that is I-called litell lynton vndir the towne of karsynton, bitwene the lond of the said mynchons of the Est parte and the lond of Nicholas Richon, and strecchith hit-self vnto the gardyn of the forsaid mynchons; to be had and to be hold, to the seid mynchons and to ther successours, of the said Iordan the said myller and his heires, frely quyetly wele and in pease for ever, yeldyng therof yerely to the said Iordan and to his heires j. obolus at Mighelmasse for all seculer seruice and demaund and sutis of Courtis, savyng the kyngis seruyce longyng to so moche lond of the same fee in the same towne. And the forsaid Iordan and his heires waran|tiȝed acquyted and defended for euer the forsaid iii. half acres of lond also with the rode afore-named, with all ther pertynentis, to the forsaid mynchons and to ther successours ayenst all men and women, by the forsaid service. And that this his yifte & cetera, he put to this writyng his seale, & cetera.

Page  288 [folio 70] A confirmacion of Amye of Somerford I-made to the mynchons of Godestowe of all her arable lond in karsynton.

About 1280. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Amy Edmond of Somer|ford, as feudal superior, of Jordan miller's gift, no. 395.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, that Amye of Somerford the doughter of Petir of wyuelcote, in her fre power and wedow|hode, graunted, and with her charter confermed, to god and to the chirche of oure lady and of seynt Iohn Baptist of Gode|stowe and to the mynchons there servyng god and for ever to serue, all her arable lond in the feld of karsynton, the which wa[l]ter Iordan somtyme held of her in the same feld, that is to sey, j. half acre in the morelond, bitwene the lond of Petir Esrugge and the lond of Robert Punchard; and half an acre in the haldefeld, bitwene the lond of Petir Esrugge of the one parte; and half j. acre in the hanginlond, beside the lond of Petir Esrugge; and j. half acre upon Surrelond, beside the lond of Raynold Suthern of the northe parte and hit strecchith hit-self into the kynges hye-wey; And also j. gore of lond, that lieth of the south parte of Blendewelle, bitwene the lond of the Abbesse of Godestowe and Roger Thurbern, and strecchith hit|self vnto the pasture: so, that is to sey, that the forsaid mynchons and her successours shold hold and haue the fore-named lond, into fre pure and perpetuel almesse, for her and her heires or her assignes for ever, so that nother she nother her heires or assignes shold neuer no thyng clayme of all the forsaid lond of the forsaid mynchons or of ther successours. In-to witnesse wherof, & cetera.

[folio 69b] A quyte-clayme of Anneys that was the wyf of Iordan myller of karsynton for iij. half acres of londe and a Rode.

1286, Oct. 2. Quit claim to God|stow, by Agnes, widow of Jordan miller, of all title in no. 395. Purchase|money, 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of this quyte-clayme is, that [Anneys that] was the wyf of Iordan myller of karsynton, in her lawfull wedow|hode, relesed, and vttirly quyte-claymed, to the Abbesse and mynchons of Godestowe for euer, all her right and clayme that she had or myght haue, by the name of her dowry or mariage, of the forsaid iij. half acres and j. rode of arable lond in the feld of karsynton, the whiche the forsaid mynchons had of the Page  289 yifte and sellyng of the said Iordan somtyme her husbond, So that the said Anneys ne none in her name shold neuer axe ony right or clayme of the forsaid iij. half acres and the forsaid Rode. And for this relese and quyte-clayme, the forsaid mynchons yaf to her half marke of siluer afore handis. In-to witnesse of the same she put to her seale, & cetera. The date at Godestowe, the wednesday next after Mighelmasse, the xiiij. yere of the reigne of kyng Edward the sone of kyng henry.

[Land acquired from Amy Edmond of Somerford.]
A Charter of Amye of Somerford the Relicte of William Edmond confermyng ij. acres in the feld of karsynton to þe mynchons of Godestowe.

About 1280. Grant to Godstow, by Amy Edmond of Somerford, of 3 half|acres and 2 roods. [Warranty against Jews.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, that Amye the wyf somtyme of william Edmond of Somerford yaf, & cetera, for the helthe of her soule and of her auncetours, into pure and perpetuel almesse, to god & cetera and to the holy mynchons of Godestowe there servyng god and to serve for euer, ij. acres of arable lond in the feld of karsynton:

of the whiche, j. half acre lieth in Sarnildeshoke, bitwene the lond of the Abbesse and the lond of wa[l]ter Braȝ; and j. half acre, in the tilthe aboue framcorde, bitwene the lond [folio 70] of Richard Newman and the lond that was of Robert longe; And a Rode lieth at kyngeweyesende; and j. rode lieth in the tilthe that is I-called putlesdenesforlonge; and j. half acre lieth in the tilthe that is I-called Banlond of the South partie bitwene the abbesse lond and the lond of Nicholas fitȝ Petir:

to be had and to be holde, to the said mynchons and to ther successours for ever, frely and quyetly, holy, wele and in pease. And the said Amye and her heires warantiȝed aquyted and defended for euer the said ij. acres of arable lond, as they ben afore diuided, to the said mynchons and to ther successours ayenst all men and women, bothe cristen and Iuwys. And that this her yifte, & cetera.

Page  290
[Lands acquired from Maud of Wilcote.]
[folio 67] A Charter of Petir Wyuelcote confermyng to Robert his sone, for his homage and seruice, v. acres and a yerde of arable lond in his ground of karsynton.

About 1270. Grant to Robert son of Peter, by his father, Peter of Wilcote, of 5 acres 1 rood arable; and of 2 roods meadow, and 4 ditches. Quit-rent, 1s, and scu|tage.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, that Petir Wyuelcote yaf and graunted, and with this present charter confermed, to Robert his sone, for his homage and seruice, v. acris and a yerd of his arable lond in the territory or ground of karsynton,

of the whiche, j. half acre lieth in Aldradeslade, bitwene the lond of Iohn of wotton; and j. [half] acre lieth in francherdeie, bitwene the lond of the Abbesse of Godestowe and the lond of Robert Punchard; and half j. acre strecchith hit-self to the water of Bradeford, bitwene the lond of Raynold Sutherne and the lond of Moolde yong; and half j. acre in hangyndelond, bitwene the lond of the said Abbesse and the londe of Theodulphe; and half j. acre at Balnehamhoke, bitwene the lond of the abbesse and the lond of Iohn wotton; and half j. acre in oldefeld, at the yate of Burnle, bitwene the lond of Raynold Sutherne and the lond of luce, wedowe of Geffrey Barȝ; and half an acre in northlonglond, bitwene the Abbesse lond and the lond of Sibille, wedowe of Richard leche; and half j. acre in putlesden, bitwene the lond of Richard Newman and the lond of Raynold Suthern; and half j. acre in longewowe, bitwene the lond of Richard Newman and the lond of Thomas lutlemore; and half j. acre in porforlonge, bitwene the lond of the abbesse aforsaid and the lond of william Boneton; and a yerde in lynton, bitwene the lond of the hide and the lond of moold yonge; and j. yerde in the Ile in morelakefurlonge, bitwene the lond of the hyde and the lond of Richard Newman;

and ij. yerdes of mede in Farnhull, in two the first sortis toward the South, with iiij. scrophis or diches, to be hold or to be had to the same Robert, and to his heires and assignes, that is to sey, to euerych of them, and to whom-so-ever thei wold yeve, selle, assigne, or bequeth hit, except [folio 67b] to religeous houses, of hym and of his heires, frely and quyetly, pesibly and holy, for ever, yeldyng therof to hym and to his heires xij. d. at iiij. Page  291 termes of the yere, that is to sey, at Cristmasse iij. d., at oure lady-day in Marche iij. d., and at Midsomer iij. d., and at Mighelmasse iij. d., for all seruice, custome, and seculer de|maund, savyng foreyn seruice of the kyng longyng to so moche lond. And the forsaid Petir and his heires warantiȝed for euer all the forsaid lond, with the forsaid mede, to the forsaid Robert and to his heires or assignes, after the forme afore I-writte, ayenst all men and women for the forsaid seruyce. And into witnesse of this, & cetera.

A Charter of Robert fitȝ Petir of Wyuelcote con|fermyng the yifte of Petir his fadir to Moold his Sustir.

About 1275. Sale to Maud of Wilcote, by Robert her brother, of no. 399. Purchase|money, 12s.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, that Robert fitȝ Petir of wyuelcote yaf, graunted, and with this charter confermed, to Moold his sustir, all the lond, with mede and all the pertynentis ouer all, the whiche the forsaid Petir his fadir yaf to hym by his writyng in karsynton, to be hold and to be had, to the same Moolde and to her heires or assignes, also frely and quyetly as he ever most best and most frely held hit and as hit is conteyned in the charter of the said Petir his fadir of the forsaid lond and mede, and for the seruyce it is conteyned in the said charter, the which charter Robert aforesaid delyuered to the same sustir Moolde, togedir with his owne charter. And for this yifte, graunte, & cetera, the said moolde yaf to hym xij. shillings, of siluer into warison. And that his graunte, & cetera, he sette to his seale, & cetera.

A Charter of Petir of Wyuelcote confermyng to his Sustir *. [Daughter.] Moolde v. acres and j. yerd of arable lond in the towne of karsynton.

About 1275. Confirma|tion to Maud of Wilcote, by her father Peter, of her brother Robert's grant of no. 399.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, that Petir of Wyuelcote graunted, and with this present charter confermed, to Molde his sustir *. [Daughter.], v. acres and a yerde of arable lond in the towne of kar|synton, and ij. yerdis and iiij. scrophis of mede in Farnehulle, the which lond, with the mede afore-named, Robert his son yaf to the said Moolde by his charter, to be hold and to be had, to the same Moolde and to her heires, frely and quyetly, pesibly Page  292 and holy for ever, or to whom-so-ever she wold yeve hit, selle, or assigne, except to religious houses, yeldyng therof yerely to hym and to his heires xij. d. at iiij. termes of the yere, that is to sey, at Cristmas iij. d., at oure lady day in marche iij. d., at Midsomer iij. d., and at Mighelmas iij. d., for all seruice, custome and seculer demaunde, savyng foreyn seruice of the kyng longyng to so moche lond. And that his graunte, & cetera.

A quyte-clayme of the lond that was of Robert Fitȝ Petir of Wyuelcote I-made by Robert lof of Wytteney to the mynchons of Godestowe of v. acres and a rode of arable lond in karsynton and ij. rodis and iiij. scrophys of mede in farnehulle, the which londe with the mede afore-named Robert his sone yaf to the same Moolde.

About 1280. Sale to Godstow, by Maud of Wilcote and her husband, of no. 399. Purchase|money, £1 10s.

THE sentence of this quyte-clayme is that Robert lof of wytney, with assent and wille of Moolde his wyf the doughter of Petir of [folio 68] Wyuelcote, yaf, graunted, and quyte-claymed, to god and to the chirch of seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestowe and to the mynchons there seruyng god and to ther successours, v. acres and a rode of arable lond in the towne of karsynton, and ij. Rodis and iiij. scrophis*. [Latin: 'scrophas prati.'] of mede in Farnehulle, the which lond, with the afore-named mede, Robert fitȝ Petir of Wyuelcote the brother of the forsaid moold yaf by his charter*. [The Latin is: 'per cartam suam, quam, cum carta predicti Petri de Wyuelcote patris dicti Roberti, predictis monialibus deliberavi,' referring to no. 400 and no. 401. Cp. no. 353.], the which, [with the] charter of the forsaid Petir of Wyuelcote the fadir of the seid Robert, [he] delyuered to the forsaid Mynchons, with all other mynumentis the which he had or myght have of the forsaid lond and the fore-named mede, in the which euery particle of all the lond and mede afore-named were specified: to be hold and to be had, to the forsaid mynchons, into fre pure and perpetuel almesse, also frely and quyetly as ever ony lond myght be yeve, So that nother the forsaid Robert lof, nother his wyf aforesaid moolde, nother none heire nother assigne for them, sholde neuer have power to chalenge ony right in the Page  293 fore-named lond & mede; and for this yifte graunte and quyte|clayme the said mynchons yaf to hym and to his wyf afore|named xxx. shillings of sterlyngis into warison. And that this his yifte graunte and quyte-clayme of the forsaid lond and mede, with all the pertynentis, with-in the towne and without, in medes in fedynges pasturis and in all other libertees and customes and in all other esementis, shold be sure for ever, he strengthed this charter with the prynte of his seale and with the seale of moolde his wyf aforesaide, & cetera.

A quyte-clayme of Richard fitȝ William Grene of karsynton relesed and vttirly quyte-claymed for hym and his heires of the londe and mede of Robert his vncle.

1281, Oct. 26. Sale to Godstow, by Richard son of William Grene, of all claim in no. 399. Purchase|money, £2 3s. 4d.

THE sentence of this quyte-clayme is that Richard fitȝ William Grene of karsynton relesed and vtterly quyte-claymed, for hym his heires or his assignes, to the abbesse of Godestowe and to the mynchons there servyng god, all the right þat he had or myght haue in ony maner wise in all his arable lond, and pasture longyng to the same, in the feldes and medis of karsynton, the which lond, mede, and pasture Robert fitȝ Petir of Wyuelcote his vncle euer had and held in the same towne of karsynton of the yifte of Petir of Wyuelcote fadir of the seid Robert: to be had and to be hold, with all ther pertynentis over all, to the said abbesse and mynchons, of hym and of his heires or his assignes, frely quyetly wele and in pease, in medis fedynges and pastures for ever, So that nother the said Richard, nother his heires or his assignes, in all the forsaid lond and mede with all her pertynentis shold no thynge afterward chalenge or clayme: and for this relese and quyteclayme the forsaid Abbesse and myn|chons yaf to hym xliij. shillings iiij. d. of siluer into warison. Into witnesse of the which, he put to this writyng his seale, & cetera. The date at Godestowe, the sonday next afore the fest of the appostels Symond and Iude, the ix. yere of the reigne of kyng Edward.

Page  294
[Lands and manorial rights acquired from William son of Peter son of Richard son of William of Karsynton.]
[Exchequer-MS. folio 66b] Charter of William son of Peter of Kersinton of rents, viz. 6d. and 1 pair of gloves.

About 1278. Sale to Godstow, by William son of Peter of Karsyn|ton, of manorial rights over no. 347, as expressed in no. 348.

SAID William sold to Godstow the quit-rent of 6d. which he used to receive yearly from the lands which Ralph of Wotton held of his fee in Karsyndon, and all rights over the lands and tenements to which this quit-rent gave him title, with wards, reliefs, homages, suits of courts, and all freedoms and free customs, Godstow paying him 1d. at Easter for all service, except the service of the king when scutage runs. For this grant Godstow gave him 10 shillings of silver and 12 bushels of wheat.

Witnesses include:—Walter of Withull, William of St. Owen, William le megre, Symon le Engleis de Kersinton.

[folio LIII(62)] A charter of William the sone of Petir of kar|synton of iij. yerdes lond with mede longyng to the same.

About 1285. Sale to Godstow, by William son of Peter, of 3 yard|lands, with their meadow, and their messuages, subject to a propor|tional share of scutage. Purchase|money, £3.

THE sentence of this evidence is, that William the sone of Petir of karsynton yaf graunted and confermed with his charter, into fre pure and perpetuel almesse, to god and to the chirche of seynt Iohn Baptist of Godstowe and to the mynchons there servyng god and to serve for ever, iij. yerdis of londe in the feld of karsynton, [namely that yerde londe], with the mede longyng to hit as lotte yeveth from yere to yere, the whiche Arnold held somtyme in the towne of karsynton, with a mese longyng to the same yerd-lond and mede; and that yerde-londe that Alewyn somtyme held in the feld of karsynton, with the mede longyng to hit; And that yerde-lond that Ingue, wydowe, somtyme held in the feld of karsynton, with the mese, crofte, and mede, longyng to the same yerd-lond in the towne of karsynton: to be had and to be hold, of hym and of his heires, to the said mynchons and to her successours or assignes, frely and quyetly, worshipfully, holy, wele, and in pease, in weyes fedynges pastures Page  295 and in all other esementis to the forsaid iij. yerd-londes longyng, doyng all-only for the forsaid iij. yerd londis foreyn seruice, that is to sey, scuage as moche as longeth to be do for iij. yerde|londes (after more or lesse) whan that scuage happenyth to rynne in the Reame of Englond, for all seruice exaccion de|maund homage wardes relefis and sutis of Courte, that shold perteyne to hym, or his heires, or his assignes, of the forsaid iij. yerde-londys with theire pertynentis. And the forsaid william fitȝ petir of karsynton and his heires or his assignes shold warantiȝe and defende for ever the fore-named lond with all his pertynentis [folio LIIIb(62b)] and liberteis to the forsaid mynchons and to ther successours or assignes ayenst alle men. And for this yifte graunt confirmacion and warantiȝyng, the forsaid mynchons yaf to hym in waryson lx. shillings. And that all the forsaid thynges shold be sure he strengthed hit with the prynte of his seale. These beyng witnesse & cetera.

A confirmacion of William Fitȝ Petir of karsyn|ton of an acre of arabill lond.

About 1285. Sale to Godstow, by William son of Peter, of two half|acres. Purchase|money, £1 10s.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, that William Fitȝ Petir of karsynton yaf, and with his charter confermed, to god and to the chirche of oure lady seynt mary and of seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestowe and to the mynchons ther servyng god and to serue for ever, an acre of his arable lond liyng in the feld of karsynton, wherof j. half acre lieth bytwene the grene wey that ledith toward Burwell and the lond of the forsaid mynchons, in a tilthe that is I-called Inlond, and j. other half acre lieth in the same tilthe, bitwene the lond of the forsaid mynchons and the lond that was somtyme of Richard of Boteley, and the said acre strecchith hit-self into the pottwey*. ['Port-wey' in no. 414.] that ledith to Worton: to be had and to be hold (the said acre of lond, with his per|tynentis), to the said mynchons and ther successours, of hym his heires or his assignes, frely quyetly wele and pesibly, into pure and perpetuel almesse. And the said William fitȝ Petir and his heires or his assignes shold warantiȝe acquyte and defende for euer the forsaid acre of lond with his pertynentis to the forsaid mynchons and her successours agaynst all peple. And for this yifte graunte and confirmacion the forsaid mynchons yaf Page  296 to hym xxx. shillings of sterlyngis in waryson. And that his yifte graunte and confirmacion shold be sure and stable, he put to this writyng his seale for strength. These [being witness]

*. [[A leaf is missing.]]
[Exchequer-MS. folio 66b] Charter of William son of Peter of Karsynton of one acre of land and a piece of land next the green way*. ['iuxta viridem viam.'].

About 1285. Sale to Godstow, by William son of Peter, of an acre and a piece of land.

SAID William sold to Godstow one acre of land and a small piece, in the field of Karsynton, which lie next the green way between two fields, and which stretch from the demesne-land of William of Montacute*. ['de Monte acuto.'] upon dedecherle to the land of Simon Ponchard: said acre and piece to be free of all service.

Witnesses:—Philip Pady of Karsyndon; William of St. Owen of Haneberge; Peter of Norleya; John the porter of Eyne|sham.

[Exchequer-MS. folio 67] Of a road bought from William son of Peter of Karsynton.

About 1285. Sale to Godstow, by William son of Peter, of a road.

SAID William sold to Godstow a place in his close of Karsyn|ton, which contained in breadth 36 feet and in length 209 feet and extended from the highway against the gate of the abbess to the close of the abbess which was once that of Peter of Esh|rugge. For this Godstow paid to him 1 marc of silver and ½ a quarter of beans, and to his wife Joan 12d.

[Exchequer-MS. folio 67] Charter about the tilth*. ['de cultura qu[a]e vocatur Hay.'] which is called Hay.

About 1285. Grant to Godstow, by William son of Peter, of land, meadow, and pas|ture; and confirma|tion of a former grant.

WILLIAM son of Peter of Karsyndon granted to Godstow all his arable land and meadow, with pasture belonging to it, which he had on the east of Sumerford, enclosed with a ditch in the field called 'haya'; and confirmed to Godstow the rest of the land and meadow which Godstow held of his fee, so that Godstow Page  297 should have that field wholly with its meadow and pasture and other pertinents, as*. ['circumquaque fossatum.'] it is ditched round, which extends to the meadow of Wortone. He made this grant for the welfare of himself and his wife and of the souls of his ancestors, and he and his wife and his ancestors are to be beneficiaries in all prayers, suffrages, and other good deeds done by Godstow. And he and his heirs warrantized and acquitted

[Rawl.-MS. folio 63] *. [The English register resumes after a lost leaf.]and defended all the fore-named feld and mede and pastures, with all his pertynentis, and all other libertees, in weyes and pathes, medes fedyngis and pastures, and all other eysementis, to the forsaid mynchons ayenst all men. And that this yifte & cetera, he put to his seale, & cetera*. [Among the witnesses are Sir Roger of Wytham, knight; John de la Sale of Hanebrugge [= Handborough].].

[folio 63] A confirmacion of William Fitȝ Petir of kar|synton of xvj. acris of lond and ij. acris of mede and ij. Rodis of mede.

About 1285. Sale to Godstow, by William son of Peter of Karsynton, of 16 acres arable; of a quit|rent and manorial rights; and of 2 acres 2 roods meadow. Purchase|money, £4 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is that William Fitȝ Petir yaf & cetera, into fre pure and perpetuel almesse, xvj. acris of his arable lond in the feldes of karsynton:

that is to sey, v. acris and j. half I-hegged in, next to the abbesse lond immediate toward the Southe; ij. acris and j. half in Rufurlong, the which strecchen to dedeche[r]le; j. acre in Rufurlonge toward the Est, next to the hyde half; j. acre next to the hyde; j. acre, liyng bitwene j. acre and j. half, next to the ende of the abbesse in Batemore toward the South; one acre that strecchith hit-self into Portewey; iij. acris and j. half, next to the abbesse lond toward the north in Curtoforlonge; and one rode in polfurlonge, bitwene the lond of Thomas lutle|more and the lond of Symond Boneton; and all the forow to the breche of burley, vpon the whiche strecchen the lond of William Fitȝ Petir and the londe of the abbesse of Gode|stowe:

and j. li. peper of yerely rent of a yerd-londe in the towne of karsynton, the which yerde-lond Nicholas Fitȝ Petir of Wyuel|cote held of hym in the towne of karsynton, and all his right and clayme that he had or myght have in the said Nicholas, Page  298 that is to sey, in homagis wardis relefis and sutis of Court and the forsaid rent of peper:

and ij. acris of mede in the mede feld that is I-called Borne|ham, next to the abbesse mede and mynchons of Godestowe; and ij. rodis of mede in Ferthehulle, that is to sey, j. rode in the first lotte and another in the last lotte: to be hold and to be had, frely and quyetly, pesibly, holy, and worshipfully, fro all seculer seruyce, exaccion, demaunde, custome, sute of Courte and kyngis seruyce, for hym his heires or his assignes, to the said mynchons and to ther successours for ever, al so frely and quyetly as ony almesse myght be yeve. And the said William fitȝ Petir of karsynton, his heires, or his assignes, aquyted and defended for ever the forsaid lond, with the fore-named mede, and rent of j. li. of pepir and homagis relefis wardis and sutys of Court of the forsaid Nicholas Fitȝ Petir of wyuelcote and of his heires, to the forsaid mynchons and to ther successours ayenst all men and women. And for this yifte graunte & cetera, the forsaid mynchons yaf to hym in waryson iiij. li. vj. shillings viij. d. in siluer. And that hit shold be sure & cetera, he put to this charter his seale, & cetera.

A Charter of William Fitȝ Petir of karsynton of an acre of arabill londe.

About 1285. Grant to Godstow, by William son of Peter, of a half|acre. Quit-rent, one far|thing.

[folio 63b] THE sentence of this confirmacion is, that William Fitȝ Petir of karsynton yaf & cetera, to the mynchons of Godestowe there servyng god and to serve for ever, j. half acre of his arable lond in the felde of karsynton, the which lieth in Rousfurlonge beside the lond of the said mynchons of Godestowe of the west partie and his lond of the Est partie: to be had and to be hold, of hym and of his heires or his assignes, with all his pertynentis and libertees, frely quyetly wele and pesibly and holy for ever, paiyng therfor yerely to hym his heires or to his assignes j. quadrans at Mighelmasse for all seculer seruice, sutis of court, and all maner of exaccion. And the forsaid William Fitȝ Petir of karsynton and his heires, & cetera, shold aquyte and with his owne costis defende all the forsaid half acre of lond, with all his pertynentis and libertees, to the forsaid mynchons and to ther successours for ever. And that his yifte, & cetera, he put to his seale, & cetera.

Page  299A Charter of William Fitȝ Petir of karsynton for ix. acres of lond arable and j. acre of mede with the pertynentis.

About 1285. Sale to Godstow, by William son of Peter, of 9 acres arable and 1 acre of meadow. Purchase|money, £5 1s. 8d.

THE sentence of this Charter is, that William Fitȝ Petir of karsynton, for the helthe of his soule and of his wyf and of his childe, yaf and graunted into pure and perpetuel almesse, to god and to the chirch of oure lady Seynt mary and of Seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestowe and to the mynchons there servyng god, ix. acris of his arable lond with his pertynentis in the feld of karsynton, and j. acre of mede with the pertynentis,

that is to sey, ij. acres next to the acre toward the South, the which weren Symon Halehorntis*. ['Halehort' also in the Latin: perhaps for 'Balehorn,' no. 334.]; and j. acre in Rowforlonge, bitwene the lond of the abbesse and Hidacre, that strecchith into the kyngisweye; and j. acre that strecchith into Bradforde; and ij. acres into Rouforlonge, the whiche strecchith to dede|cherle; and j. acre in Rouforlonge that strecchith into dedecherle beside the hyde of Est parte, one acre liyng bitwene; and half an acre in shortforlonge, that strecchith into Portewaye, next to the lond of Richard Boteleye, half j. acre liyng bitwene; and iij. half acres liyng to-gedir in batemore, next to the hide in the north parte; and j. acre of mede in Boronham:

to be had and to be hold, frely and quyetly fro all sute of courte, seculer seruice, and demaund for ever. And the said William & cetera warantiȝed and aquyted, & cetera. And for this yifte, & cetera, the forsaid mynchons yaf to hym c. shillings and xx. d. to delyuer hym of the Iuys hondys, in whos dettis at that tyme he was I-bounde. And that this yifte, & cetera, he put to this charter his seale, & cetera.

[folio LIIb(61b)] A Charter of William Fitȝ Petir for a mese and a crofte in karsynton.

About 1285. Grant to Godstow, by William son of Peter of Karsynton, of his manorial rights over lands and tenants in Cassington, with quit|rents and reversion|ary rights.

THE sentence of this charter is, that william Fitȝ petir of karsynton yaf, graunted, and confermed with this present charter, to god and to the chirch of seynt Iohn Baptist of Gode|stowe and to the mynchons there servyng god and to serve for ever, all his right that he had or myght have in the mese, with the crofte liyng to, that Nicholas Fitȝ Petir of wyuelcote held in Page  300 the towne of karsynton, with homage, warde, Relef, and sute of Court, that myght falle or chaunce of the said Nicholas and his heires and his assignes for ever, And homage of william Edmond of Somerford, and homage of Robert Fitȝ Petir of wyuelcote, and warde of Richard Fitȝ william of Grene with his [folio LIII(62)] homage whan that he comyth to age, with the wardis of all the forseid men, relefes, sute of Courtes, and all other eschetis that shold happe of the forsaid men or her heires or her assignes, with v. shilling worthe of yerely rent, to be paid of the forseid men to the forsaid mynchons and to ther successours: to be hold and to be had, all the fore-named thynges, to the forsaid myn|chons and to ther successours, frely and quyetly, pesibly and holy, for hym and his heires, without ony withholdyng-agayne, in homages, wardis, relefis, sutis of Courte, and all other eschetis, into perpetuel almesse, for his sowle and for the soules of his aunceturs. Also he quyte-claymed j. paire of spores of ij. d, to the forsaid mynchons and to her successours, for hym and for his heires and his assignes, in the which they were I-hold to hym for x. shillings worthe of rent yerely, as hit is conteyned in the charter of Petir the sone of william the sone of Richard of karsynton, the which the same Petir made to Thomas of Chymily. And the forsaid william and his heires and his assignes shold warantiȝe and defende for ever all the fore-named thynges, as they ben I-shewed, to the forsaid mynchons and to her successours. And that all the forsaid thynges shold be stedfast and sure for ever, he put to this writyng his seale: These beyng witnesse, & cetera.

[folio 63b] A Charter confermyng the lond and mede that the mynchons of Godestowe hath of the yifte of William Fitȝ Petir of karsynton.

About 1285. Quit-claim to God|stow, by William son of Peter of Karsynton, of his manorial rights over lands and free tenants, and of quit-rents, and reversionary rights, and of the quit-rent payable by Thomas Chymely's land (no. 330). Purchase|money, £3,

THE sentence of this Charter is, that William Fitȝ Petir [folio 64] of karsynton yaf, & cetera, to the holy mynchons there servyng god and to serve for ever, for hym and for his heires, into fre pure and perpetuel almesse, all his arable lond and all the mede the whiche they haven of his fee in his felde and mede; with men freholders, and ther relefis, wardis, homagis, and sutis of court, that is to sey, Nicholas Fitȝ Petir of Wyuelcote, and Page  301 William Fitȝ Edmond, and Robert Fitȝ Petir of Wyuelcote, and Richard Fitȝ William de la Grene, with v. shillyng worth of yerly rent yerely to be paid to the said mynchons of Gode|stowe by the said men and by theire heires or assignes for ever; and v. shilling worth of yerly rent by Robert Wotton and his heires yerely to be paid to the said mynchons; with all the lond and mede perteynyng to the demayne and chefe mese that Thomas of Chymili yaf to the forsaid mynchons in the towne of karsynton, with all the cowrte*. [i.e. the yard round which the farm|buildings of the manor were grouped.], and all the bildyngis, with the gardeyne, and seruatory*. [Latin: '(cum) servatorio.'], and crofte also that lieth to that courte, with the arable lond in the feld of karsynton longyng to the demayne, of the whiche lond, v. acres (lien to-gedir) strecchen into the portwey; And j. half acre, the whiche strecchith into porteweye beside the lond of william Fitȝ Petir; and vj. acres of lond that strecchen into Batemore, liyng to-gedir in lengthe beside the wey; and iij. acres of lond and an half, liyng to-gedir of the north parte beside the hide and strecchith into Batemore; and vj. acres of lond in Rouforlonge, liyng to-gedir, the which strecchen them-self into the kyngis-wey; and iij. acres of lond in the same forlong, liyng to-gedir (one acre of the hyde liyng bitwene); with x. acres liyng to-gedir in the tilthe the whiche is I-called Hureleye; with all the buttis liyng to-gedir that strecchen into Bradeforde and lien bitwene the lond that was of Symond Puncharde of the west parte and the lond of the hyde of the Est parte; with vj. acres of lond and an half in Rowfor|longe liyng to-gedir, strecchyng them-self into dedecherle; with iiij. acres also liyng in shortforlonge; with iij. Rodes also of lond strecchyng them-self into the crofte of Thomas Fitȝ Hawyse; with all the tilthe that is y-called the haye, rounde aboute I-diched, with mede and pasture liyng to, the which strecche into the mede of worton; with iiij. acres of mede longyng to the demayne in the mede felde that is I-called Borengham.

He relesed also, for hym and his heires or his assignes, xij. d. of yerely rent, to the said mynchons and to ther successours for ever, in the whiche they were I-hold or I-bound to hym and his heires or his assignes after the tenowre of the charter of sir Thomas Chymily. Also William Fitȝ Petir of karsynton yaf Page  302 graunted & cetera all the fore-named thynges, even as they be departed or devided, into fre pure and perpetuell almesse, frely quyetly pesibly worshipfully holy and wele, without fyne, quyetly fro all seculer exaccion and demaunde relefis wardes homagis and sutis [folio 64b] of Courte that myght falle to hym or to his heires or his assignes in ony wise by the occasion of all thynges aforesaid, in weyes medes fedynges pastures, and all other libertees and eisementis that myght falle to all the fore-named thynges. And for this yifte graunte and confirmacion the forsaid holy mynchons yaf to hym lx. shillings in warison. And the forsaid William Fitȝ Petir of karsynton his heires & cetera warantiȝed and defended for ever all that is I-named afore, bothe in londis and in medis and all other thynges afore diuided, to the forsaid holy mynchons and to ther successours ayenst all men and women. And that his yifte, graunte, & cetera.

A quyte-clayme of Johaane somtyme the wyf of William Fitȝ Petir of Karsynton.

1295, Sept. 22. Quit-claim to God|stow, by Joan widow of William son of Peter of Karsynton, of all title in her late husband's lands.

THE sentence of this quyte-clayme is this, that Iohane somtyme the wyf of william Fitȝ Petir of karsynton, in her lawfull wedowhode and with her owne fre wille, relesed and quyte-claymed to Mabile, Abbesse of Godestowe, and to the myn|chons of the same place for ever, all her right and clayme that [s]he had or in onywyse myght have by the name of her dowre, or by*. [Latin: 'seu ratione dotis mee.' Notice the double rendering (first by a word of Latin origin, next by an English word) of one Latin word, which is so characteristic of this translation.] the reson or skille of her dowre, in all her londes and tenementis gardynes croftis medis fedyngis weyes pathis wardes releves rentis eschetis sutis of Courtis that at þat tyme were or ever shold be of the fee of william somtyme her husbonde in the towne of karsynton and in the feldes of the same towne, out|take the londis and medis the which Nicholas [of] Meldene helde in the same towne of the fee of the forsaid William of the which the said Mabill satisfied hym, so that nother the forsaid Iohane ne none other man ne men shold never clayme ne axe in the forsaid londis tenementis gardynes croftes relefis rentis medis fedynges places weyes pathes wardis relefes eschetis sutis of courte ony right or clayme after the makyng of this relese or of her quyte|clayme Page  303 in whos-ever honde they come. In-to witnesse of the same, she put to this writyng her seale. The date at Godestowe, the thursday next after the fest of Seynt Mathew the appostle and Euangelist, the xxiij. yere of the reigne of kyng Edwarde.

A Charter of William Fitȝ Petir of the same.

1302, Sept. 15. Quit-claim to God|stow, by William son of William son of Peter of Karsynton, of all title in his father's lands.

THE sentence of this relese is this, that William Fitȝ William Fitȝ Petir graunted relesed and vtturly quyteclaymed, for hym his heires and his assignes, to Alice Georges, Abbesse of Gode|stowe, and to the Covent of the same place, and to ther succes|sours for ever, all his right and clayme that he ever had or myght have in all londes tenementis rentes houses gardynes medis pastures weyes pathes watirs and in all other thyngis that in ony tyme a-passed were of ony of his auncetours, within the towne of karsynton and with-out, and tho that the forsaid Abbesse and covent of the forsaid place and ther predecessours vnto this tyme have I-hold and yit hold: to be had and to be hold, withyn the said towne and with-out, in all places, to the forsaid Abbesse [folio 65] and Couent of the same place and theire successours, frely quyetly holy wele and in pease for ever, that is to sey, that the forsaid William Fitȝ Petir or his heires or his assignes or ony other in his name or in the name of his heires or his assignes no right or clayme myght chalenge or aske ne never sholde chalenge or axe in the forsaid londes tenementis rentis houses gardyns medis pastures weyes pathes watirs in no parte of them, but rather he and his heires were I-bound for ever by this present writyng to the warantiȝyng of all londes and tenementis aforesaid with their pertynentis afore|said to the Abbesse and Couent and to ther successours. Into witnesse of this, he put to his seale to this writyng & cetera. The date at Oxenford, the xv. day of Septembre, the xxx. yere of the reigne of kyng Edward the sone of kyng henry.

A Charter of William Fitȝ Petir of a Relese of dette.

About 1308. Release to Godstow, by William son of Peter, of a claim for £1 10s. on pay|ment of 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of this relese is this, that William Fitȝ Petir called into plee Moolde Vpton, Abbesse of Godestowe, and the Covent of the same place, in a plee of dette in the Courte of Page  304 Mighell [of] Meldon, axyng of them xxx. shillings by covenant I-made itwene them. At the last, he with-drow the forsaid court, by the mean of a frendly accorde bitwene them; and relesed to them and pardoned all accions reals and personels*. [Notice the adjectives taking the plural inflection of the noun.] of eny maner cause I-begonne and dew to hym fro the begynnyng of the world vnto the makyng of this present writyng. And for this relese and pardon the forsaid Abbesse and Covent yaf hym vj. shillings viij. d. before handys. And the forsaid william shold kepe the forsaid Abbesse and Covent harmelesse fro all maner of peple. I-yeve at Godestowe, the Friday next after the fest of the translacion of seynt Thomas the martir.

[Miscellaneous acquisitions of lands.]
Fragment.

[folio 218] ser Iohn of Coleshull, william of Oen, william Le Mercere*. ['William le megre' (see pp. 264, 294).], Raaf Goldsmyth burgeys of Oxenford, william the sone of Piers of karsynton, Robert Punchard, Symond Englissh of wyuylycote, and many other.

*. [[NOTE.—This tail-end of a deed, with its list of witnesses, comes at the top of a leaf before which a leaf has been cut out. In the MS. it immediately precedes no. 360, and so belongs to the duplicate Cassington set, and therefore cannot be attached with certainty to any deed in the Latin copy.]]
[folio 82b] A Charter of Thomas Fraunceys of Somerford fitȝ Nicholas Fraunceys of the same towne for j. half yerd lond arable liyng in the felde of karsynton.

About 1270. Sale to Godstow, by Thomas Francis, of half an acre. Quit-rent, a rose at Mid|summer. Purchase|money, 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of this charter is that Thomas Fraunceys of Somerford, fitȝ Nicholas Fraunceys of the same towne, yaf, & cetera, to god & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestowe there seruyng god, j. half acre of arable lond liyng in the feld of karsynton, in corneheyte, in a tilthe that is I-called mere-lake, bitwene the lond of the forsaid mynchons of Godestowe of bothe partie, and hit strecchith hit-self into the lande-mede of Eyny|sham: To be had and to be hold, with all his pertynentis, to the forsaid mynchons and to ther successours, of hym and of his heiris, frely and quyetly wele and in pease, into fre and per|petuell Page  305 almesse, yeldyng therof yerely to hym and to his heires j. rose at the natyuyte of seynt Iohn Baptist, for all seculer seruyce, custome, suyte of courte of ony man, and all maner demaundis. And the said Thomas Fraunceys and his heires warantiȝed and defended for ever the forsaid half acre of lond, with the pertynentis, to the forsaid mynchons and to theire [folio 83] successours ayenst all peple. And for this yifte, & cetera, the forsaid mynchons yaf to hym half a marke of siluer in warison. And that this his yifte, & cetera.

[folio 81] A Charter of William Grene of karsynton, of v. acris and j half of arable lond and ij. rodes of mede and of all the right and clayme that he had or in ony maner wise myght haue in the towne of karsynton.

About 1270? Grant to Godstow, by Richard son of William Green, of 5½ acres arable, and of 2 roods meadow, subject only to scutage, in return for corrody as a ser|vant, and a pension of 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is, that Richard fitȝ William Grene yaf, & cetera, to god and to the chirch of oure lady and of seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestowe and to the myn|chons there servyng god and to serve for euer, in-to [folio 81b] fre and perpetuel almesse, v. acres and j. half of arable lond and ij. Rodes of mede in the feldis and medis of karsynton, and all the right that he had or myght have in ony wise by right heritage in londis and medis in the forsaid town by ony reson or name of his fadir.

Of the which, one [half] acre lieth in morelond, bitwene the abbesse of Godestowe lond and the lond of William Thornbarn; and another half acre lieth in berelond, bitwene the lond of the said abbesse and the lond of Symond Theodulf; and half j. acre lieth in Banlond, bytwene the lond of Elice Bras and the lond of William Bampton; and one gore that strecchith hit-self vnto Farnhull, bitwene the lond of the said abbesse and the lond that was of William Edmond; and half j. acre strecchith hit-self vnto Borowham, bitwene the lond of the said abbesse and the lond of Robert Punchard; and half j. acre lieth in the old feld, bitwene the lond that was of hugh Bampton and the lond that was of Richard Newman; and half j. acre lieth in shortiscome, bitwene the lond of the said abbesse and the lond of helye Bras; and j. yerde lieth at Blundewelle, bitwene the Page  306 lond that was of William Edmond and the lond of Richard Newman; and j. yerde strecchith hit-self into the kynges way, bitwene the lond of the said abbesse and the lond of the said William Edmond; and half j. acre lieth at the grene downe, bitwene the lond of helie Bras and the lond of William Sow|therne; and half j. acre lieth in the morelond, bitwene the lond of the said abbesse and the lond of Roger Bouche; and j. rode lieth in lynton, bitwene the lond of Symond Punchard and the lond of William Suthern; and j. rode lieth in the longe furlonge, bitwene the lond of the said William Edmond and the lond of Robert Punchard; and j. yerde lieth vpon lambcupe, beside the lond of Robert Toldyn:

And ij. rodis of mede lien in farnhulle, in two the first lottis toward the northe:

to be had and to be hold, of hym and of his heires or his assignes, to the forsaid mynchons and to ther successours, frely quyetly pesibly and holy for euer fro all seculer seruyce, exac|cion, and demaunde, custome, and sute of court, savyng the kyngis seruyce whan scuage rynnyth. And the forsaid Richard fitȝ William of Grene of karsynton and his heires or his assignes shold warantiȝe, aquyte, and, with there owne costis, defende for euer, the forsaide londe and mede, with all there pertynentis, to the forsaid mynchons and to ther successours ayenst all men and women, bothe cristen and Iewes. And for this yifte, graunte, warantiȝyng, and confermyng, the forsaide mynchons yaf to hym the seruyce vndir his porter *. ['his' = their. The Latin is 'Concesserunt mihi predicte moniales servicium subianitoris, meo perpetuo (? iure), ad portam de Godestow.'] for ever at the yate of Godestowe, and j. half mark in the name of his wagis yerely, to be paid at two termes of the yere, that is to sey, at Mighelmasse iij. shillings iiij. d and at oure lady day in marche iij. shillings iiij. d. And that this his yifte, & cetera.

A Charter of Iohn Baker of Godestowe, fitȝ Symond of karsynton, for j. mese in the towne of karsynton with the crofte liyng therto.

About 1270? Grant to Godstow, by John fitz Symond, baker, of a messuage and croft, with 6½ acres and one piece of arable, and ½ acre meadow, to endow an obit. Descrip|tion of the arable, and of the meadow. Quit-rent, a rose at Mid|summer.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Iohn Baker of Godestowe, fitȝ [folio 82] Symond of karsynton, yaf, & cetera, to god & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestowe there seruyng god and to serue for Page  307 euer, j. mese in the towne of karsynton, with the crofte liyng therto, that is I-sette bitwene the mese that was somtyme of William at Grene fitȝ Petir of wyuelcote and the mese of the said mynchons that Geffrey hulle somtyme held; with vj. acris and j. half, and j. pece of arable lond; also with half j. acre of mede in the same towne, to a pytaunce of the Couent in the day of his anniuersary:

of the which, j. [half] acre lieth in Aldredeslade, bitwene the lond of the said mynchons and the lond of Symond Engleys; and j. half acre lieth vpon Surelond, bitwene the lond of the said mynchons and the lond of William Suthern; and j. half acre lieth bitwene the lond of William Bampton and the lond of Anneys fitȝ Robert of Comenore, and hit strecchith hit-self in Bolenham; and j. [half] acre lieth in putlesden, bitwene the lond of the said mynchons and the lond of William Botele; and j. dimid. acre lieth in the olde mede, bitwene the lond of Robert Punchard and the lond of William Bampton; and j. half acre lieth in fuleslo, bitwene the lond of Symond Boneton and the lond of William Bampton; and j. half acre lieth bitwene the lond of the said mynchons and the lond of helie Bras, and strecchith hit-self in suitemore*. [Indistinct: possibly Sintemore, or Snitemore.]; and the forsaid pece of lond lieth vpon Francwordy, bitwene the lond of william mounte-acu and the lond of Symond Boneton; and j. half acre lieth at Bolenham, bitwene the lond of the said mynchons and the lond of Iohn Bras; and j. half acre lieth at shortescome, bitwene the lond of Symond Punchard; and j. half acre lieth in the same tilthe, bitwene the lond of the said mynchons and the lond of Bras; and j. half acre lieth in northlond, bitwene the lond of the said mynchons and the lond of Iohn Bras; and j. half acre lieth in northlongelond bitwene the lond of the said mynchons and the lond of William Sothern; and j. half acre lieth at Blyndewellehille, vpon putlesden, bitwene the lond of the said mynchons and the lond of Roger Thornbern; and j. rode of mede lieth in the mede of farnhulle in the most westist lotte as lotte yeveth, and j. rode lieth in the same mede in the most northist lotte except one as the lotte yevith:

To be had and to be hold, of hym and of his heires, to the said mynchons and to ther successours, in perpetuel almesse, Page  308 with all there pertynentis over all, in medys closes pastures rentis and all othere libertees, frely quyetly holy wele and pesibly for ever, yeldyng therof yerely to the lordis of the fee service dew and I-woned, as hit is I-conteyned in the charters the which he had of them, and to hym and to his heires one Rose at the Natiuite of seynt Iohn Baptist at Godestowe to be resceived, for all seruyce, sutis of courte, and all seculer demaundis. And the forsaid Iohn and his heires warantiȝed for euer the forsaid mese, with the lond and mede aforsaid, with all there pertynentis aforsaid, to the forsaid mynchons and to theire successours ayenst all peple. And that this yifte, & cetera.

A Charter of Walter Jurdemayn of karsynton of his londis þat he had in karsynton.

About 1300. Grant to Godstow, by Walter Jourde|mayn, of 4 acres and a piece arable, subject to the old quit-rents to former owners.

[folio 82b] THE sentence of this confirmacion is, that Walter Iurdemayn yaf graunted, & cetera, to god & cetera and to the holy myn|chons of Godestowe there to serve god and to serue for ever, all his arable lond of karsynton, that is to sey, one half acre that lieth in hangyndelonde, bitwene the lond of the abbesse of Godestowe and the lond of Raynolde Suthern; and half j. acre that lieth in Banlond, bitwene the lond of Thomas fitȝ hawyse and the lond of moold hyde; and half j. acre that lieth in polfurlonge, bitwene the lond of Walter Bras and the lond of William Brampton; and j. rode that lieth in lytell lynton, beside the lond of the forsaid Abbesse; and j. rode that lieth in grete lynton, beside the lond that was of Richard Petit; and j. half acre that lieth vpon Gurrelond, beside the lond of Raynold Suthern of the north parte, and hit strecchith hit-self into the kynges hye-wey; And also one gore that lieth vpon the sowthe parte of Blundewell, bitwene the lond of the abbesse of Gode|stowe and the lond of Roger thurbern, and hit strecchith hit-self into the pasture; and j. half acre þat lieth in the morelond, bitwene the lond of Petir of Esserugge and the lond of Robert Punchard; and half j. acre lieth in the olde felde, bitwene the lond of Petir of Esserugge of bothe partie; and half j. acre that lieth in hangynlond, beside the lond of Petir of Esserugge; To be holde and to be had, to the said mynchons and to ther suc|cessours or to ther assignes, frely and quyetly, wele and in pease Page  309 for ever, al so frely and quyetly as ony almesse may be yeve, yeldyng therof to them of the which he bought the saide lond dewe rent, as the charters of them witnessen. And he and his heires, and they by the whiche he was I-feffed, warantiȝed acquyted and defended for ever the forsaid lond to the forsaid mynchons and to ther successours. And that this yifte, & cetera.

[folio 83] A quyte-clayme of Symond Theodulph of kar|synton of ij. d of yerely rent for Walter Iordeman.

About 1300. Grant to Godstow, by Simon Theodulph, of a rent|charge over no. 422.

THE sentence of this quyte-clayme is that Symond fitȝ Theo|dulph, plommer, of karsynton, yaf, graunted, and quyte-claymed, to the abbesse and mynchons of Godestowe, into pure and perpetuel almesse, ij. d. of yerely rent, the which weren dewe to hym and to his heires for the lond that Walter Iurdemayn held of hym in the towne of karsynton, as his charter witnesseth, So that he and his heires shold neuer axe no thynge of the forsaid ij. d. Into witnesse of the whiche, & cetera.

A Charter of Symond Theodulph of karsynton of iiij. Rodis of arable londe in Corneheyte.

About 1300. Sale to Godstow, by Simon Theodulph, of 1 acre. Purchase|money, 13s. 4d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Symond Theodulph of karsynton yaf, & cetera, to god & cetera and to the holy mynchons of Godestowe there seruyng god and to serve for euer, iiij. rodis of arable lond in the feld of karsynton, that is to sey, in a tylthe that is I-called Corneheyte, of the which j. rode lieth beside the lond that was of Robert Comnore, and hit strecchith hit-self in tetherhel-de-bladene; And j. rode lieth beside the lond of Iordan Aldeswelle, and strecchith hit-self vpon the forow of william mounte-acu vpon lambecote; and j. rode lieth aboue shotislake, and strecchith hit-self vnto the mede of Eynysham; and j. rode lieth beside the lond of William fitȝ Richard of Bote|leye, and strecchith hit-self into Thamyse. And these iiij. rodes weren of the lond that fille to hym by right heritage by the dethe of henry his brother. To be hold and to be had, frely quyetly pesibly and holy, to the said holy mynchons of Godestowe and to there successours, of hym and of his heires and of his assignes, into fre pure and perpetuel almesse for euer, fro all Page  310 exaccion and demaunde. And the forsaid Symond and his heires or his assignes warantiȝed and defended for euer the forsaid iiij. rodes, with all theire pertynentis, to the forsaid holy mynchons and to there successours ayenst all men and women cristen and Iewes. And for this yifte, & cetera, the forsaid holy mynchons yaf to hym before handes j. mark of siluer. And that this his yifte, & cetera, he put to this writyng his seale, & cetera.

[Exchanges with Sir William Montacute*. [His widow, Elizabeth Montacute, died about 1349, after founding (Wood's City of Oxford, ii. 170) chantries in St. Frides|wyde's Priory, where her tomb is extant (ibid. ii. 173).].]
[folio 86] A Charter of kyng Edward, I-made to sire william mount-acu for the same ij. acris of lond.

1313/4. Febr. 2. Licence in mort|main, by Edward II, empower|ing Sir William Montacute, to exchange 2 acres with God|stow (as in no. 426 and no. 427) and God|stow to accept the exchange.

THE sentence of this charter is, that kyng Edward, by the grace of god kyng of Inglond lord of Irlond and duke of Guyen, of his special grace graunted and yaf licence, for hym and his heires al so moche as was in hym, to his welle be-loued and trew man William Mounte-Acu, that he myght yeve and assygne the ij. acris of lond with the pertynentis in karsynton, the which were hold of*. [Read 'of,' for 'to.'] hym in chief, to his welbeloved in crist Abbesse of Godestowe and to the mynchons there: To be had and to be hold, to them and to ther successours, of hym and his heires, into fre pure and perpetuel almesse, into an eschaunge for ij. acris of lond with the pertynentis in the same towne, the whiche the same abbesse and Couent of mynchons holden of hym into fre pure and perpetuel almesse, by them to be yeve and graunted to the same william, to be hold of hym and to*. [Read 'of,' for 'to.'] his heires, by the same seruycis by the which the oþer ij. acris aforsaid were hold of hym, for euer. And to the same abbesse and mynchons, that they myght reteyne and hold the forsaid ij. acris of lond, with the pertynentis, of the forsaide william, to them and to ther successours, of hym and of his heires, into fre pure and perpetuel almesse, into an eschaunge of other ij. acres of lond, with the pertynentis, the which the forsaid abbesse and mynchons held of hym into fre pure and perpetuel almesse, by them to be yeve and graunted to the same Page  311 william to be hold, to hym and to his heires, of hym and his heires, by the forsaid seruyce for euer, as hit is I-said afore in the tenoure of this present writyng. Also he, that is to sey, the kyng, yaf licence speciall, the statute not-withstondyng I-made of londis and tenementis not to be put to morte-mayne, more-over not willyng that the forsaid william or his heires, or the forsaid abbesse and mynchons or there successours, by the reson of the thyngis I-put before, be occasioned, vexed, or in ony other wise greved, by hym, or his heires, Iusticis, eschetours, shreves, or ony other bailifis or mynystours, Into witnesse of this thyng, he made these his lettres patentis, he hym-self beryng witnesse, At Caunterbury, the second day of feuerer, the vij. yere of his reigne, By the kyng hym-self.

[folio 85b] A Charter of william mounte-Acu of ij. acris of lond that he yaf in karsynton to the abbesse and mynchons of Godestowe.

1314, March 30. Grant to Godstow, by Sir William Montacute, of two acres in ex|change for no. 427.

THE sentence of this charter is, that william mounte-Acu, by licence of the kyng, yaf, graunted, and by this his present charter confermed, to Moolde Vpton, by the suffraunce of god Abbesse of Godestowe, and to the couent of the same place and to ther successours, ij. acris of lond with ther pertynentis in karsynton, the which lien in the feld of karsynton, that is to sey, in crowforlonge, bitwen the lond of Iohn at Milne of the est parte and the lond of Thomas atte mylne of the west parte, and strecchith them-self to the kyngis wey the which ledith to the mylle of karsynton, in eschaunge of ij. other acres of lond with the pertynentis in the same towne, And the which the for|said abbesse and couent, by licence of the kyng, by ther charter yaf to hym and to his heires: To be had and to be hold, the forsaid ij. acris of lond, with all ther pertynentis, to the forsaid abbesse and to the couent and to ther successours, of the kyng and his heires, into fre pure and perpetuel almesse, frely and quyetly for ever. And the forsaid william and his heires warantiȝed acquyted and defended for euer the forsaid ij. acris of lond with all ther pertynentis to the forsaid abbesse and couent and to ther successours ayenst all peple. Into witnesse of the which thyng, bothe parties putte to euerych othirs Page  312 charter endented there seale, & cetera. The date at karsynton, the saturday next aftir the fest of the Annunciacion of oure lady, the vij. yere of the reigne of kyng Edward the sone of kyng Edward.

A-nother charter endented bitwene the abbesse of Godestowe and sire william mounte-Acu of ij. acris of lond I-graunted to ser william mount-Acu.

1314, March 30. Grant by Godstow, to Sir William Montacute, of two acres in ex|change for no. 426.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Moold Vpton, by the suffraunce of god abbesse of Godestowe, and the couent of the same place, with one assent, and by licence of the kyng, yaf graunted and by this her charter endented confermed to there wel be-loved in crist sir william mounte-Acu, knyght, ij. acris of lond in karsynton, with the pertynentis, of the which, j. acre lieth vndir the gardyn of the forsaid sir william and strecchith hit-self vnto the more, And another acre lieth beside the maner of the forsaid sir William of the one parte and the lond of Adam Pod of the other parte, in eschaunge for other two acris with the pertynentis in karsynton, the which the forsaid [folio 86] sire William yaf and confermed to them and to ther monastery, by licence of the kyng, by his Charter: To be had and to be hold, to the forsaid sir william and to his heires, of the kyng and his heires, by the same seruycis by the which the othere ij. acres ben I-hold for ever of the kyng. And they and theire successours warantiȝed and defended for euer the forsaid ij. acres of lond, with all ther pertynentis, to the forsaid sir william and to his heires ayenst all peple. In-to witnesse of the whiche thynge, bothe parties sette to theire seales, everich to others charter, & cetera. The date at Godestowe, in there full Chapter, the saturday after the fest of the Annunciacion of our lady, the vij. yere of the reigne of kyng Edward the son of kyng Edward.

[Transactions with Sir Michael and Sir William of Meldon.]
[folio 85] A Charter of kyng Edward I-graunted to Mighel Meldon, Chivalere.

1314, June 14. Licence in mortmain by Edward II, em|powering Godstow to enfeoff Sir Michael of Meldon in 3 mes|suages, 2 tofts, 1 acre, and 7s. rent|charge (see no. 430), with manorial rights over them, in con|sideration of a fine.

THE sentence of this Charter is, that Edward, by the grace of god kyng of Englond lord of Irelond and duke of Guyen, for-as|moche as he had I-herd by inquysicion that he had I-made by Page  313 the wilbeloved and trew Iohn Abel his eschetour beyonde Trent, that hit was not to his harme or preiudice or of ony other, though he graunted to his welbeloued in crist the abbesse and Couent of Godestowe that [t]he[y], of thre mesis, ij. toftis, and j. acre of lond, with the pertynentis, in karsynton, and of vij. shillyng worthe of rent, with the pertynentes, in the same towne, the which Robert Sowy of Oxenford and Iohn fitȝ Iohn of Stratford were I-wonyd to yeld to the same abbesse and Couent of þe tenauntryes the which they held of the forsaid abbesse and Covent in the same towne, to-gedir with homagis and seruyces of the forsaid Robert and Iohn and ther heires, myght feffe Mighell Meldon: To be had and to be hold, to the same Mighell and to his heires, of the chief lordis of that fee, by dewe seruyce therof and wonyd for euer: The kyng, by the fyne the whiche the same Mighell made with hym, graunted and yaf licence, for hym and his heires al so moche as was in hym, to the forsaid abbesse and couent that they myght feffe the forsaid Mighell of the forsaid mesys toftis lond and rent, with ther pertynentis, also with homagis and seruycis of the forsaid Robert and Iohn and his heires: To be had and to be hold, to hym and to his heires, [folio 85b] of the chief lordes of that fee by dew seruyce therof and wonyd for ever: And to the same Mighell [that he] myght reteyne to hym and to his heires and hold the forsaid mesis toftis londe and rent, with ther pertynentis, Also with the homagis and seruyces of the same Robert and Iohn and ther heires, of the forsaid abbesse and couent, as hit is I-said before. The kyng also yaf speciall licence by the tenoure of this present writyng, he not willyng that the forsaid abbesse and Couent and ther successours, or the forsaid Mighell or his heires, shold be greved or vexed occasionally by the skille of these writyngis afore, by hym, his heires, Iusticis, eschetours, Sherefis, or other baillifis or mynystres. Into witnesse of this thynge, the kyng [made] this his lettres patentis, hym-self beyng witnesse, at Bere|wyk vpon twede, the xiiij. day of Iune, the vij. yere of his reigne.

[folio 83] An endenture bitwene the abbesse of Gode|stowe and Mighell Meledon.

1314, July 8. Agreement between Godstow and Michael of Meldon, about feudal duties owed by God|stow land in Cassing|ton, viz. hom|age, fealty, two-thirds of a knight's fee, and 1 lb. of pepper, and dues to the chief lord (Thomas Planta|genet, second earl, succeeded 1296, mar|ried Alice de Lacy 1310, be|headed 1322). Powers of distraint to enforce these covenants.

THE sentence of this endenture is, and witnesseth that, whan a ple was I-meved bitwene the religious women, dame Moolde Page  314 abbesse of Godestowe, and the Couent of the same place of the one parte, and Mighell Meledon of the other partie, vpon dyuerse seruycis the which the said Mighell axed of the forsaid abbesse and Couent for certayn londes the whiche the forsaid abbesse and Covent held of the forsaid myghel in the towne of karsyn|ton: the viij. day of the monthe of Iuel, the viij. yere of the regne [folio 83b] of kyng Edward the sone of kyng Edward, hit was accorded bitwene them, with a frendly composicion, that the forsaid abbesse and Couent knowleched them-self that they held of the said Mighell vj. meses and xvj. acres of lond, with ther per|tynentis, in the forsaid towne of karsynton, by homage, fewte, and the seruyce of ij. partis of one knyght fee (that is to sey, whan the scuage rynneth to xl. shillings, ij. mark, and to more, more, and to lasse [lasse]; and other foreyn seruyce as moche as longith to one knyght fee), and by the seruice of j. li. of pepir yerely to be paid to the said myghel his heires and his assignes at the fest of seynt Thomas the appostle, for all seruyce; byndyng them|self, theire successours, and all there londis and tenementis the whiche they helden in the forsaid towne of karsynton in the day of the makyng of þis present endenture, to whos euer hondes they come, to distreynyng of the said myghell and his heires and his assignes as ofte as euer hit happenyth the said seruyce in parte or in all to be behynde and tho distreynyngis to with|hold til that hit be satisfied to the same myghell his heires or to his assignes fully for the same seruycis. And the forsaid Mighell graunted, for hym, his heires or his assignes, to aquyte the said abbesse and couent and ther successours ayenst Thomas, Erle of lancastre, and Alice his wyf, and the heires of the same Alice, of all seruyce that myght be axed afterward of the seid abbesse and Couent and ther successours because of the said tenementis. To the which quytaunce wele and truly to be made, the forsaid Mighell bounde hym-self, his heires and his assignes, and all his londis and tenauntryes in the towne of karsynton in whos|so-euer hondis they happen. And he graunte[d] for hym his heires and his assignes that yf hit happened the forsaid abbesse and Couent or ther successours to suffre distreynyng or harme by the said Erle and Alice or by the heires of the same Alice or by her baillifis for defaute or lak of acquytaunce of the said Mighel [his] heires or his assignes for that tyme, hit shold be lawfull Page  315 to the said abbesse and Couent and to ther successours by the[r] bailifis and mynysters to distreyne the said Mighell [his] heires and his assignes in the said tenementis, and to hold stille the distreynyngis that they token tille hit be fully satisfied to the forsaid abbesse and Covent and to there successours of the harmes that they ranne in for the defaute or lak of a-quytaunce of the said Mighell his heires or his assignes. Into witnesse of this thynge, the comune seale of the said abbesse and Couent was I-hanged to the partie of this endenture abidyng to the said Michell, and another parte remaynyng I-sealed with the seale of the said Mighell to the forsaid abbesse and Couent. These beyng witnesse, & cetera. The date at karsynton, the day and yere aforsaid.

Another endenture bytwene the said abbesse and þe same Mighel.

1314, July 9. Grant by Godstow, to Michael of Meldon, of three messuages, and two enclosed tofts, and a rent|charge of 7s. issuing from two fisheries. Godstow pledge a rent of 30s. yearly, in evidence of their intention to execute the transfer.

THE sentence of this endenture witnesseth, that the ix. day of Iule, the viij. yere of the reigne of kyng Edward the sone of kyng Edward, hit was accorded bitwene the religious women, dame moolde, the abbesse of Godestowe, and the Couent of the same place of the one parte, and Mighell Meledon of the other parte, so that is to sey, that, whan the forsaid abbesse and Couent yaf and graunted, and with ther writyng confermed, to the said [folio 84] Michell [his] heires and his assignes, iij. mesis liyng to-gedir of the southe parte of the lane ledyng toward the mese that was somtyme of Symond Theodulph, with the toftis liyng therto, in the towne of karsynton; also with two toftis I-closed in, of the which one strecchith hit-self in lengh of the gardeyn of the seid Symond, and another in lengthe of the gardeyn of the said abbesse and Couent, in þe forsaid towne of karsynton; and vij. shillings of rent yerely to be take by the handes of Robert Sowy and of Iohn fitȝ Iohn of Stratford, heires of Nicholas of Oxenford, for tway fyssh-weris in the forsaid towne of karsynton, as hit is conteyned fully in the charter of the feffement of the said abbesse and Covent I-made therof to the said myghel: The forsaid abbesse and couent willed and graunted, for them and ther successours, that, yf hit happened the said Mighell his heires or his assignes to be lette by the kyng or his mynysters or by ony other, by ony dede I-made to ony man by the forsaid Page  316 abbesse and theire successours, that they may not have the sesynyng of the said tenementis; or they to be cast out fro ther sesynyng of the same tenementis by the kyng or his mynysters or by ony other, by ony maner of dede of the abbesse aforsaid and the couent, Fro then-forth xxx. shillings of yerely rent, the which they were I-woned and oftyn to take of that hyde of lond that is I-called Appelford thurgh the hondes of the same Mighell, shold abide quyte and extincte into the handes of the same Mighell his heires or his assignes tille the said abbesse and Couent or theire successours had I-made to the seid Mighell [his] heires or his assignes to haue full and pesible sesynyng of the forsaid tenauntries. Into witnesse of þe which thynge, the commune seale of the forsaid abbesse and Couent was I-hanged to the parte of this endenture abidyng to the said Mighell, and the forsaid Mighell put to his seale to the parte of the endenture remaynyng to the forsaid abbesse and Couent, & cetera. The date at karsynton, the day and yere abouesaide.

Another endenture I-made bitwene Anneys Stretle, abbesse of Godestowe, and sir William Meledon, knyght.

1350, Sept. 15. Grant by Godstow, to Sir William of Meldon, of a 40 years' lease of a mes|suage and 3 plough|lands, with manorial rights over them, at first at rent of a rose at Mid|summer, afterwards at £6 13s. 4d. a year. Lessee is to discharge all services and duties laid on the lands. Obligation to keep in repair. Prohibi|tion to fell timber, ex|cept for housebote

THE sentence of this endenture is, that this endenture I-made bitwene dame Anneys Stretelee, abbesse of Godestowe, and the Couent of the same of the one partie, and sir William Meledon, Chyualer, witnesseth, þat the forsaid abbesse and couent of the same place, graunted toke and lete to the said sir William j. mese and iij. plough-lond, with the pertynentis, in karsynton in Oxenford-shire: To be had and to be hold, with wardes, mariagis, relefis, eschetis, rentis, reuersions, bondemen and ther sequele, medys, pasturis closed and not closed, watirs, weyes, pathes, and with all other rightis and profites in ony wise longyng to the said mese and lond, of the forsaid Anneys and her successours, to the forsaid ser William and to his heires and executours, fro Mighelmasse day next after the date of this present writyng vnto the ende of the terme of xl. wynter or yere inmediatly folowyng and fully I-complete, yeldyng therof yerely, to þe forsaid [folio 84b] Anneys and to her successours, for the first vj. yere next folowyng after the date of this present writyng, j. rose at the fest of the natiuite of seynt John Baptist; Page  317 And after the forsaid vj. yere fully complete, fro thens-forth, euery yere folowyng, yeldyng yerely to the forsaid Anneys and to her successours x. marke of siluer, that is to sey, at the fest of seynt Mighell the archaungell and the Annunciacioun of oure lady by even porcions; And do, for the forsaid Anneys and her successours, thurgh all the terme abouesaid, to the chief lordis of that fee, all seruyce dew therof and I-wonyd of right, and all other ordenary burdons and extra-ordinarie longyng to the said mese and lond in ony maner wise, out-take homages, and truly to be done whan they happen. And, yf the forsaid rent were behynd at ony tyme I-sette by ij. monthes, then-forth hit shold be lawfull to the forsaid Anneys and to her successours to entre in the forsaid tenementis and to reteyne tho tenementis in full and pesible possession, without agayn-saiyng of the forsaid sir william [his] heires or his executours or ony other who-so-ever they be. And the forsaid sir william [his] heires and his executours shold susteyne wele and competently all the houses of the said mese, as in coveryng and tymbre, duryng the terme abouesaid, with his owne costis, and shold surrendure them in al so good a state as they resceived hem or better. And hit shold not be lawfull to the same sir william [his] heires or to his executours to cast downe ony treys, noþere to make wast, sellyng or dis|troiyng, with-in the terme abouesaid, but for housebote. And the forsaid Anneys and her successours shold warantiȝe and defende the forsaid mese and lond, with all and everich ther pertynentis, as hit is aboue I-put, to the forsaid sir william, vnto the ende of the terme of the forsaid xl. yere fully and holy I-completid, ayenst all peple. In-to witnesse of the whiche, they put there seales to ther parties of ther endentures, & cetera. The date at Godestowe, the wedensday in the morne of holy rode day I-called the Exaltacion, the xxiiijti yere of the reigne of kyng Edward the thirde after the conquest and the xj. yere of his reigne of Fraunce.

A-nother endenture bitwene sir William of meledon knyght and dame Anneys abbesse of Godestowe and the Couent of the same place.

1350, Sept. 15. Inventory of the subjects in|cluded in the pre|ceding lease: description of the buildings of the messuage; list of free tenants, holding their land by quit|rents, and suit to court; list of serfs, holding their land by rent, aid, custom|ary works and gifts; list of the meadows.

THIS endenture, I-made at Godestowe, the wedensday in the morow of the Exaltacion of the holy crosse, the xxiiij. yere of Page  318 the reigne of Englond of kyng Edward the third after the conquest and of his reigne of Fraunce the xj. yere, witnessith that sir William Meledon, Chivaler, resceived of the takyng and grauntyng of dame Anneys Stretlee, that tyme abbesse of Godestowe, and of the Couent of the same place, j. mese and iij. plough-lond with the pertynentis in karsynton, as hit is I-conteyned in an endenture fully I-made to the said sir william by the said Anneys and the couent of the same place. In the which mese is I-conteyned:—j. halle, with ij. celers; j. kechyn, with a fornyce and j. oven; j. doffe-hous; j. wodehous; ij. grangis; j. oxe-hous for oxen; j. cowhous for kyne; j. carthous; j. garner; j. chamber, with a soler aboue for the mower; j. stable; j. hous for shepe, the which is I-sette in the same towne.

Also ther ben iij. fre tenauntis, that is to sey, the same sir william holdith of the said [convent] the Estcroft and other tenauntries in the same [folio 85] towne frely, and yeldith hym*. [i.e. to the convent. This is the 30s. rent-charge of 316/5.] by yere xxx. shillings, at iiij. termes of the yere by even porcions; [also*. [Added from the Latin copy.], William Jurdain holds, of the convent, a messuage and half a yardland, freely, and pays 12d. rent yearly], and he shold do sute fro iij. wekes to thre [wekes].

Also of the bondemen there, that is to sey, william licchelade holdith of the lady j. mese and j. yerd of bonde-lond, and yeldith by yere v. shillings at iiij. termes in even porcions; and for the yelde*. [This is probably 'aid,' auxilium. In Edward II's reign, on many manors, each serf-tenant paid for his holding so much rent terminally, and, in addition, once a year (generally at Michaelmas) a sum of money de auxilio. Fowls were a common Christmas gift.], iij. shillings iiij. d at the fest of seynt Martyn; and he ought to mowe the ladies corne ix. daies with j. man, without other werkes that he shold do; and for the tythe of hey, v. d.; j. cok and v. hennes. Also Iohn Bras held al so moche [land, and paid rent, and] yeld, and did as the forsaid william licchelade, beside the werkes. Also Nicholas Iordan held of the lady j. mese and half acre*. ['acre,' in error for 'yardland.'] of bonde lond, and paid v. shillings vj. d. at iiij. termes of the yere by even porcions; and for the yeld, xx. d.; and for the tythe hey, ij. d obolus, beside his workis, and ij. cokkis and v. hennys. Also Symon Holle held j. Cotage, vj. acris of bond|lond, and shold yelde by the yere iij. shillings at two termes of the Page  319 yere in even porcions; and iij. hennes, beside the workis. Also wymark holles helde j. cotage and ij. acris of bonde-lond, and yeldid by the yere ij. shillings, at iiij. termes of the yere in even porcions; and j. cokke and iij. hennes, beside the workes. Also Iohn Scot holdith of the lady j. cotage with j. acre of bonde-lond and yeldid by yere ij. shillings obolus; and j. coke and iij. hennys, beside the workis.

Also the mede of the westmede there lieth by lotte and conteyneth in hit-self*. [The blanks left for the measurements are blank also in the Latin copy.].... Also the mede of Rouueneye lieth by lotte and conteyneth in hit-self.... Also the mede of Farnhulle conteyneth by lotte xiij. acris. Also ther beth iij. Iles of mede, that is to sey, Bolenham, Borowgham, and heymede, they con|teyneth in hit-self.... Into witnesse bothe sir William aforsaid and dame Anneys and her couent put to theire seales, euerych to others endenture. The date, the day and yere abouesaid.

CHARLBURY; see Fawler.

COWLEY.

[NOTE.—At the dissolution, 1540, Godstow was in receipt of 6s. 8d. yearly from a close and 10 acres in Church Cowley (Monast. iv. 373): how, or when, acquired these documents do not show.]

[folio XXIIb(33b)] Chartur*. [In the Exchequer MS. the brief rubric is in French: 'Des Templers de Couele' cf. p. 233.] of couenaunt bytwene þe templers of Coueley & Dame felice Abbas of Godestowe for a mese of londe.

About 1220. Exchange between Godstow and the Knights Templars of strips of land.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat þer was a couenaunt I-made bytwene þe brethyrn of þe temple of coueley of þe on partye, & Dame felice Bade, Abbas of Godestowe, & þe holy mynchons of þe same place, of þe oþer partye: þat is to sey, þat þe brethyrne of þe temple of Coueley leten to þe abbas of Gode|stowe & to hyr holy mynchons of þe place, in-to eschaunge, a mese of her londe of Coueley þat lyeth by-twene þe mede crofte, þe whyche mese conteynyth in hyt-self xvj. perchys in lengeth & vj. perchys in brede, for j. halfe acre of londe of þe holy mynchons of Godestowe in þe felde of Coueley, þe whych lyeth in longefurlonge, & j. rode, þat is to sey þe fowrth parte of j. acre, the whyche is callid þe heuedhierde*. [i.e. head-'yerde'=rood.], þe whyche lyeth all Page  320 on wey: & þat þis coue [folio XXIII(34)] naunt & thys eschaunge of þe foreseyde londys sholde be kept sure and stable for euyr vppon bothe partyes, þe foreseyde brethyrne of þe temple of Coueley, by þe counsel & assent of the brethyrn, sette to þis parte of þe chartur þat remaynyth a-nenste þe holy mynchons of Godestowe here seele: & is with-out date.

A Chartur of þe templers of Coueley for an acre of londe.

About 1220. Exchange between Godstow and the Knights Templars, of land.

THE sentence of þis couenaunt is, þat it was a-cordid by|twene þe brethyrn of the temple of Coueley of þat on parte, & Dame felice bade, Abbas of Godestowe, & þe mynchons of þe same place, of þe oþer parte: þat is to sey, þat þe foreseyd brethyrn of the temple gaf on acre of londe to the seyd Abbas & mynchons of Godestowe, in-to eschange of þe seyde holy mynchons, þe whyche acre of londe is nyhe þe shephous of þe seyde brethyrn of þe temple towarde the west at Bulenden. Furþermore, hit is to be knowe þat that acre, þe whyche þe seyde brethern of þe temple gaf to þe seyde holy mynchons in-to eschaunge for the acre nyhe þe shephous of the seyde brethyrn of the temple, lyeth to-warde þe west in þat quarter þat is callid*. [? 'agin' the stone.'] ' ogayn keston ' in englyssh, & in latyn 'a-geynyst the stone' at bolenden, þat is to say, þe next acre by-syde þe forowe & þe hed of þe foreseyde acre: & þat þis couenaunt sholde be sur & a-bydynge for euyr vppon bothe partyes, the seyde brethyrn of the knyhthode of the temple sette to her seele to þe parte of þis present Chartur, þe whyche remaynyth aneynst þe abbas & holy mynchons of Godestowe: & is with-oute date.

Chartur of an acre of londe & an half in Coueley I-made by anneis sclatter of Eynisham.

About 1300? Sale to Richard of Toryndon, by Agnes Sclatter, of 3 half|acres.

THE sentence of thys charter is, þat anneys, þat was þe wyfe of henry sclatter of Eynysham, in her þur weduhod & lauful power beynge, gaf, grauntyd, & confirmyd wyth wrytynge, to richarde þe sone of alisaunder of Toryndon, on acre & a half of arable londe liynge in þe feelde of temple Coueley & of churche coueley, where-of j. halfe acre lyeth toward Oxenford, in telth Page  321 þat is callyd Ophul, by-twene þe londe of henry Smerebrede & the londe þat sumtyme Iohn coc helde; & j. halfe acre lyeth at adgarston, bytwene þe londe of Iohn coc & þe londe of Iohn herny; & þe thyrde halfe acre lyþe in Storthebreth*. [Probably 'Storthe-brech.'], by-twene þe londe of Richard Gyle & þe londe of hugh of churche, to be holde & to be had, with all her pertinences, to þe fore-seyde Richarde & to hys heyrys or to hys assynys, frely, quietly, well & pesibly, in fee & herytage for euyr, of þe chyf lordys of þat fee by dewe seruices þer-of & wonyd, for all seruices seculer & demaunde. Also þe fore-seyde anneys & her heyrys warantiȝyd & defendyd þe fore-seyde acre & halfe of londe to the fore-seyde richard & to hys heyrys or assynys, a-geynyst all mortall pepull for euyr: and for þis gyft graunt & confirmacion, þe fore-seyde Richard gaf to hym*. ['he,' 'hym,' 'hys,' as often, for 'she,' 'her.'] a summe of siluer by-fore hondys. In-to wytnes þer-of he*. ['he,' 'hym,' 'hys,' as often, for 'she,' 'her.'] strengthyd hyt with hys*. ['he,' 'hym,' 'hys,' as often, for 'she,' 'her.'] seele: & is wyth|owte date.

CUTSLOW. A hamlet, north of Oxford, between the Banbury road and the Cherwell.
[folio 95] A Charter of Walter, Archidekon of Oxenford, for the tythis of his lond in Cudeslawe.

1138/9. Grant to Godstow, by Walter, archdeacon of Oxford, of tithe.

THE sentence of this charter is that Walter, Archidekon of Oxenford, made to be know that he yaf into almesse to the chirch of seynt Iohn of Godestow the tythe of his lond in his lordship of Cudeslawe and put hit vpon the auter in the dedica|cion of the chirche, afore Alisaundir bisshop of lincolne and other bisshoppes, the which halowed hit, & cetera.

EASINGTON.

[NOTE.—The main fact is clear enough, but there are some difficulties as to names and dates. Godstow certainly had an interest in Easington church. In pope Nicholas IV's 1291 Taxatio Ecclesiastica Godstow is put down as receiving a yearly pension of £1 6s. 8d. out of 'Essington' church in Aston rural deanery. Page  322 There is no mention of an income from Easington in the surveys of 1531 or 1540. In no. 438 Easington is said to be given to Godstow by William of Sewkesworth along with the tithe of his Sewkesworth mills; but (i) in no. 25 it is said that the donor of the church was Thurstan, William's son, (ii) the tithe of the mills appears in Henry II's second confirmation (no. 879), 1165, Easington only in his third confirmation (no. 886), 1182.]

[folio XXVII(38)] Chartur of Robert of Seuecoworthe for an acre of londe þat he gafe to churche of Esendone.

About 1150. Grant to St. Peter's church, Easington, at its con|secration, by Robert of Seueco|worthe (see p. 43), of land.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat Roberte of Seuecoworthe gafe, grauntid, & confirmid bi his writinge, to god & to our ladi & to seint petur & to þe churche of Esendon, in-to pur dowre & perpetuel almis, whenne þe fore-seide churche was halowid, j. acre of londe, for þe sowle of his fadur & modur aunceturs & successours, þe whiche acre was of his demayn in þe town of esendon, in [the] telþe to-warde þe weste to*. [Read 'of' for 'to.'] þe fore-seide churche, next (þat is to sei, nyhe) þe churche-yerd, & nyhe þe courte of þe persone of þe fore-seide towne, strecchinge oon [folio XXVIIb(38b)] hed to þe norþe & a-noþer hed to þe sowth: & þat þis gif[t]e & graunte sholde a-bide, he made hit sur with his writinge & selinge. Who-so-euir wille come a-geynyste þe fore-seide gifte or lette hit in ony wise, he shal knowe þat he is a-cursid of þe bisshop þat halowid þe churche, & of all þe prestes þat were þere, tille he haue satisfied: & is withe-oute date.

[folio XXVII(38)] Chartur of william of Seuecoworth for þe churche of esendon.

About 1166? Grant to Godstow, by William of Seue|cowrthe, of Easing|ton church, when he gave no. 25.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat william of Seuecowrthe gafe & grauntid, bi þe consent of his wife & of his heiris, to god & to our ladi & to seint Iohn baptiste & to þe churche of Godestowe & to þe holi minchons þer seruinge god, in-to pur & perpetuel almis, for þe helþe of his sowle & of his pre|decessours & successours, þe churche of esendon, with all his pertinences; & þe tithe of his milles of Seuecoworth in corn & in monei & fisshe; & v. acris of londe in þe name of heyyet: & is with-oute date.

Page  323
[folio XXVIIb(38b)] Confirmacion of Robert of Seuecoworthe for þe same churche and for the tithis of Seuecoworthe.

About 1200. Confirma|tion to God|stow, by Robert (son of William) of Seueco|worth, of his father's gifts as in no. 438, and grant of meadow to enlarge the con|vent en|closure.

THE sentence of þis confirmacion is, þat Robert of Seueco|worth, in þe presens of sir hugh*. [Hugh, abbot of Abingdon, occurs 1197, died 1221.], bi þe grace of God, Abbot of Abendon, grauntid in-to perpetuel almis, & confirmid with his writinge, to god & to our ladi & to seint Iohn baptiste & to þe holi minchons seruinge god at Godestowe, þe giftes þat william his fadur made to hem & confirmid with his writinge, þat is to sei, the church of Esendon with all his pertinences, & hooli & fulli to be holde, as euir þe church of Esendon was wonid to take; & also þe ful tithe of his too millis of Seueco|worthe, in corn, penyis, & fisshes; & v. acris of meed þat is I-callid heyet. Furþermore he grauntid & gafe to þe fore-namid holi minchons, j. parte of Mede of vpmede to make her courte larger, wherebi he encresid þe almis of his fadur; and for þat cause he willid & sureli grauntid þat þe holi minchons of Gode|stowe sholde haue holy & fulli & sholde take to possession for euir all þe fore-seide þinges: & þat þis graunt & gifte sholde be sure, he made hit stronge boþe with his writinge & also with his seelinge: & is with-oute date.

Contrauersie I-meuyd bi-twene þe abbas of Godestowe & þe chanons of Norton I-endid by composicion.

About 1205. Suit be|tween God|stow and Norton priory, as to the status of Easington church, Norton claiming it as a chapel-of|ease of Pirton, before the pope's dele|gates. Godstow is to have the church, but to pay to Norton a yearly pension of 2s. and Pirton and Easington are to be different parishes.

THE sentence of þis composicion is, þat william*. [William de Blois, bishop of Lincoln, 1203-6.], bi þe grace of god bisshop of lincolne, consideringe þe plee þat was bi-twene þe prior & þe chanons of Norton of þe on parte & þe holi minchons of Godestowe of þe oþer parte, vppon þe churche of Esendon, þe whiche þe same chanons askid as a chapel to her churche of piriton longinge, a-fore G. of Chestur*. [Geoffrey, abbot of Chester, 1194-1208.] & O. of stanlane, Abbotes, & V. deene of Chestre, iugges delegates fro þe pope, & þe parties beinge there presente, bi þe assent of þe iugis, for to compoune frendeli, þe fore-seide contrauersie cesid bi þis ende: þat is to sei, þat þe fore-seide chanons remittid all her ryht þat þei, or þe churche of piriton, semid to haue had, to Page  324 þe minchons of Godestowe for euir, & þat vtturli & freli, the iugges beinge present; & þe fore-seide minchons sholde pay oute yerli to þe fore-seide chanons for euir, at þe feste of seint Mihel, j. besaunte for þe goodenes of þe peece, & þat þe parisshons of piriton þei sholde not receiue bi ryht of parisshe in þe fore-seide churche of Esendon to diuine seruice, noþer þei sholde not chalenge no parisshe ryht of þe churche of piriton; noþer þe chanons in þe churche of Esendon: & þat no man sholde do ageinste þis composicion, thei strengthid þis com|posicion boþe bi writinge & bi settinge to of her seelis: & is with-oute date.

Chartur of william of walton for xij. d of yerli rente in Esendon.

About 1220? Grant to Godstow, by William of Walton, of a rent|charge of 1s.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat william of walton, bi þe consent of Moolde his wife & of william his heire, for god & for the helþe of his [folio XXVIII(39)] sowle & of all his aunceturs & successours, gafe, grauntid, & confirmid, to god & to our blessid ladi & to seint Iohn baptiste of Godestowe & to þe minchons þer seruinge god, in-to pur & perpetuel almis, xij. d of his rente to be take yerli of Esendon at þe natiuite of seint Iohn baptiste: & þat þis gifte & graunt sholde be ferme & stable, he put to þis wr[i]tinge his seele: & is with-oute date.

Chartur of þe pension of the churche of Esendon.

1273, Aug. 12. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by a papal commis|sion, of a pen|sion of £1 6s. 8d. yearly, out of Easing|ton church, withheld by the in|cumbent. Expenses set at £3 6s. 8d. but execu|tion re|served. The pen|sion must be duly paid in future, under penalties of excom|munica|tion, and expulsion from the benefice.

THE sentence of this chartur is, þat symon, person of þe churche of Esendon, of lincolne diocise, aftur ple I-meuid bi-twene þe religius ladijs the abbas & þe couent of Godestowe of þe on parte, & hym of þe oþer parte, vppon a yerli pension of ij. marke to be paid in þe name of þe churche a-fore-seid, a-fore þe chaunter of wircetur, iugge delegate of þe pope, þowh þat he with-helde bi certen time þe a-boue seide pension (at þe fals suggestion & strength of summe pepul), þe riht & possession of þe seide religious ladijs, yet he knowlich hym-selfe in þys parte, bi þe tenowre of þis present writinge, þat he was ful ignorant wilfulli & shrewdeli, & now made opynli to be know hym-selfe, in þe name of þe seide churche, to be holde to þe seide ladijs in-to ij. marke yerli to be paid at iiij. termis, þat is to sei, at Page  325 Mihel-mas, vj. shillings viij. d; at cristemas, vj. shillings viij. d; at Estur, vj. shillings viij. d; at missomur, vj. shillings viij. d; & þowh þe seide Iuge, folowinge his confession, as he owyd, in-to the seide summe of monei to be paid in þe name of þe seide churche, & also condempnid hym lawefulli in v. marke in þe name of þe expenses: yet he reseruid þe execusion to him-selfe vppon þese þinges a-boue. Natheles he wilfulli her bounde hym owne selfe, to hem beinge present, with bodili othe, to þe fore|seide graunt yerli to be paide in her termis a-fore-seide. More|ouir he subiectid hym-selfe to þe constreininge of ony iuge, ordinarie or delegate, þat*. [i.e. 'whom.'] þe seide religius ladijs wolde chese, so muche, if he failid in þe seide graunt at oni terme, þat*. ['þat' joins on to 'so muche.'] hit sholde be leful to þe seide iuge delegate or a-noþer, aftur her owne luste, with-oute ony noise of iugement, a lawful warninge I-made bi-fore, fro day to day for to a-curse hym, And, hym*. [The obscurity comes from bringing in an ablative absolute clause in the wrong place and wrongly attaching a dative to it. The sense is:—(Simon) 'submits himself to the compulsion or coercion of any judge' Godstow may choose, to the intent that, if he failed to keep his covenant, it shall be lawful to that judge to excommunicate him, and it shall be lawful 'to the said religious ladies (Simon being thereby found guilty of perjury and irregularity) to present to the church, as being in fact and in law vacant, whomsoever they please,' without taking the least consideration of Simon.] as conuicte vppon periury & irregularite to þe seide religious ladijs, þei to presente, without oni ageine seiinge of hym, to þe seide churche, as vacante bi riht & dede. The constreininge of þe seide iuge procedinge with effecte a-geynyste hym boþe vppon þe principal dette & also vppon þe harmis or interesse [to] be satisfied to þe seide religius ladijs couenientli, vppon þe whiche harmis or interesse he willed þat hit be byleuid to her proctur, with oon worde vppon all þe premissis and eueryche he renuncyd. Also þe excepcion of þe courte or of him þat scholde be his iuge by þe benefet of ony constitucion de sensibus, all excepcions cauillacions & remedie of lawe canon & ciuile þat mai be a-geiniste þis writing, & nameli þe generall constitucion of twei dais iurney. In-to witnes of þe same þinge, þe seelis of þe religius men & siris of Norton of lincolne diocise, chaunter of þe churche of wircetur, archedecun of Oxenford & dene of þe same place, & also of þe dene of Eston, I*. [A lapse into the first person, as in the Latin copy.] made to be put to with myn owne seele; þe date at Oxenford, þe saturday next a-fore Page  326 þe assumpcion of oure ladi, þe yere [folio XXVIIIb(39b)] of oure lorde a thowsande to hunderd thre score & xiij.

FAWLER, a hamlet of Charlbury.
[folio XXXVIII(48)] Chartur of william blundus of faufelore I-made to þe holi minchons of Godestowe for xviij. d of yerli rente euin þere.

About 1300? Grant to Godstow, by William Blundus, of 18d. rent|charge, with the re|versionary rights con|ferred by it.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat william blundus*. ['William son of Blondes' in Wigram's Cartulary of St. Frideswide, ii. 229.] of faufelore gaf, grauntid, & confirmid, to þe howse of Godestowe & to þe holi minchons þere seruinge god, for þe helþe of his sowle & of þe sowlis of his aunceturs & successours, in-to pur & perpetuel almis, xviij. d of yerli rente at to termis of þe yere, þat is to sei, et Mihelmas ix. d, & at oure ladi-dai in marche ix. d, to be take of a tenement with his pertinences þat henri þe sone of henri vlger sum-time helde of him in þe towne of faufelore, with all fredoms & eschetes þat miht falle of the fore|seide tenement with þe pertinences to him or to his heires, to be had & to be hold, freli & quietli pesibli & holli. Also þe seide william & his heiris warantiȝed & defendid for euir þe fore|seide rente of xviij. d, with all liberteis & eschetes þat miht [folio XXXVIIIb(48b)] falle to him & to his heiris of þe fore-seide tenement with his pertinences: & þat all þese þinges a-fore-seide sholde be sure & stable for euir, he sette to þis writinge his seele: & is with|oute date.

An oþer chartur of william blundus of xviij. d.

About 1300? Grant to Henry Ulger, by William Blundus, of a messuage, subject to the rent|charge to Godstow, as in no. 443.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat william blundus of faufe|lore gaf grauntid & confirmid to henri fitȝ henri vlger, for his homage & seruice, a mese with þe pertinences þat humfrei malon sum-time helde in þe towne of faufelore, & halfe j. akir of mede in la more þat lieth bitwene þe londe of Raph Danuers of j. parte & þe londe of Gunnilde widowe of þe oþer parte, to be had & to be holde, of him & of his heiris, to him & to his heiris, freli & quietli, fulli & holli, pesibli and worshipfulli, in weijs & bipatthis, in medis & pasturis, & in all oþer placis, with all liberteis & free customs, painge þerof yerli to þe howse of Page  327 Godestowe & to þe holi minchons þer seruinge god, for þe helþe of his soule & of þe sowlis of his aunceturs & successours, xviij. d of rente at too termis of þe yere to be take, þat is to sei, at mihelmas ix. d, & at oure ladi dai in marche ix. d, for all seruices, seutes, customs, & demaundis to him & to his heiris perteininge. Furþer-more þe fore-seide william & his heiris warantiȝid & defendid the fore-seide mese with his pertinences to þe fore-seide henri & to his heiris for euir ageiniste all men: & þat his gifte graunt & confirmacion & defendinge sholde a-bide ferme & stable for euir, he put to þis writinge his seele: & is with-out date.

FENCOT, a hamlet in Ambrosden parish.
[folio XXXVI(46)] Chartur bitwene þe abbot of abendon & william turpin for þe londe of Fencote.

About 1180. Grant to William Turpin, by Abingdon Abbey (Roger, abbot, 1175-84), of land in Fencot (in exchange for land in Dumble|ton), to be held by quit-rent of 2s.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat Roger, abbot of abendon, bi þe commune assent of all þe couent, grauntid all her londe of fenchote to w. turpin & to his heiris to be holde of hem in fee & heritage, for ij. shillings yerli to be paid þerof at mihel-mas, for all seruice perteininge to her churche: & they warantiȝid to him þis londe: & william turpin quite-claimid þe londe þat þe abbot claimid to þe churche of abendon in dunkelton*. [In error for Dumbleton, Gloucester|shire: see Abingdon Cartulary, ii. 233, where there is an account of the dispute between Abingdon Abbey and William Turpin, camerarius regius.], & warantiȝid hit for all his kynne & ageiniste all þe progenie of helie, bi the which he claimid; & if þe fore-seide william or his miht not warantiȝe þe fore-seide londe, þe churche of abendon sholde receiue her londe of fenchote fre & quiete of w. & his. The ij. shillings he sholde pay to þe chamerer of abendon at þe terme aforesayde: & þat þis couenant shulde be sure, a-fore þe kinge at Oxenforde & many oþer, he putte þer-to his seele: & is with-oute date.

Chartur of william turpin I-made to Geffrei his sone for all his londe in Fencote.

About 1200. Grant to Jeffrey Turpin, by his father William, of no. 445, subject to the 2s. quit|rent to Abingdon Abbey. Purchase|money, 13s. 4d.

THE sentence of this chartur is, þat william turpin gaf grauntid & confirmid to Geffrei his sone, for his homage & seruice, all his londe of fencote with all his pertinens, þat is to Page  328 sei, in medis pasturis & in oþer þinges perteininge to hit: to be holde & to be had, to him & to his heiris in fee & heritage, or to whom-so-euir he wille assine or gif hit, freli quietli & pesibli & worshipfulli finalli, for j. lj. of peper (or vj. d, aftur þe wille of þe same gefrei, his heiris, or of ony of his assinis) painge yerli to him & to his heiris at mihel-mas, for alle seruice & exaccion, sauinge þe vtwarde seruice of þe lordis, þat is to sei, ij. shillings to þe chamberer of þe abbei of abendon yerli to be paid at mihelmas [folio XXXVIb(46b)] for all seruice. Also william turpin & his heiris warantiȝid to þe foreseide Gefrei & to his heiris or to his assinis the fore-seide londe with his pertinences a-geiniste all men & women: & for þis gifte confirminge & warantiȝinge, the fore-seide Gefrei gaf to him j. marke of siluir: & þat his gifte & graunt sholde be sure for euir, he put to his seele.

A final a-corde bitwene Osberte turpin & here|bert of piri for j. hide of londe with þe pertinences in fencote.

1218, Dec. 14. Sale to Osbert Turpin (see no. 19), by Herebert of Perry, of all title in 'the Turpin hide.' Purchase|money, £4 10s.

THE sentence of þis finall a-corde is, þat þer was a final a-corde I-made in the kingis courte at Oxenforde, þe thirde yere of þe reine of kinge henri þe sone of kinge Iohn, vppon þe morow of seint lucie þe uirgin, a-fore Richard, bisshoppe of Salisburi, Matheu fitȝ herbert, Raph haringe, walter foliot, Iamis poterne, walter ripane, & Iohn wikenolte, iustices iorneinge, & oþer trewe men of þe kinges þere beinge presente, bitwene osbert turpin, asker, & herebert of piri, holder, of j. hide londe with his pertinens in fencote, where-of hit was pleid bitwene hem in þe same courte: þat is to sei, þe fore-seide herebert knowliche to þe fore-seide osbert þe foreseid hide of londe, with his pertinences, to be þe riht of Osbert: & for þis recognicion fine & a-corde þe fore-seide Osbert gaf to him iiij. lj. of sterlinges & j. halfe.

Chartur of Osbert turpin I-made to þe minchons of Godestowe for all his londe in fencote.

About 1230. Sale to Godstow by Osbert Turpin of 'the Turpin land,' as in no. 446, subject to 2s. quit|rent to Abingdon (as in no. 445 and 446). Purchase|money, £17 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat Osbert turpin of bleburi gaf, grauntid, & quite-claimid of him & of his heiris, & confirmid, to god & to oure ladi & seint Iohn baptiste of Godestowe & to Page  329 þe minchons þere seruinge god, for þe helthe of his soule & of Iohne his wife & for þe soulis of his aunceturs & successours, all his londe þe whiche he had in fencote, þe whiche*. [Latin: 'que vocatur la hyde Turpyn.'] is callid 'þe londe of turpin' of þe fee of þe abbot of abendon, with all his pertinences, with-oute oni reteininge, in wod & mede, in feldis & pasturis, in weijs & patthis, & with all customs & fredoms longinge to þe same fore-seide londe, & with all bonde-men holdinge of þe fore-seide londe & here sequels, to be had & to be holde to þe same minchons, of him & of his heiris for euir, painge þerof yerli to him & to his heiris j. lj. of comin at mihelmas, & to þe abbei of abendon ij. shillings for all seruice & exaccion seculer: & þe fore-seide Osbert turpin & his heiris warantiȝid for euir all þe fore-seide londe with all pertinences to þe fore|seide minchons a-geinist all men & also acquitid hem: & for þis gifte, graunt, quiete-claime & warantiȝinge, þe fore-seide minchons gaf to him xxvj. marke of siluer in wariȝon: & to all maner of sekirnes to be made & confirmid, he put to his seele: & is with|oute date.

Chartur of Osbert turpin of bleburi I-made to þe minchons of Godestowe for þe londe in fencote þat is callid le hide turpin*. [Latin: 'la hyde Turpyn.' The compiler of the Latin Register has treated this deed as a duplicate of no. 448. It looks as if it might be a conveyance of no. 447 as a distinct holding. Contrast the quit-rents in nos. 450 and 448.].

About 1230. Sale to God|stow, by Osbert Turpin, of 'the Turpin hide' (as in no. 447?)

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þe same þat is a-fore; with þis addicion, þat osbert turpin gaf þe fore-seide londe in-to pure & perpetuel almis.

Chartur of þe abbot & of þe couent confirminge þe fore-seide gifte of Osbert.

About 1230. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Abing|don Abbey, probably of nos. 446 and 447, subject to 5s. quit|rent to Abingdon Abbey.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat Iohn, abbot of abendon, & þe couent of þe same place, grauntid, & confirmid, to god & to oure ladi & to seint Iohn baptiste of Godestowe & to þe minchons þere seruinge god [folio XXXVII(47)] & to serue for euir, þe riht þe whiche Osbert turpin made to þe seide minchons of j. hide of londe with þe pertinences in þe towne of fencote, þe which is of her fee, to be holde & to be had, to þe seide minchons & to Page  330 here successours for euir, of hem & of here successours, freli & quietli, painge þerof yerli to hem & to her successours v. shillings of sterlinges at mihelmas, for all seruice, custom, & demaunde longinge to hem & to her successours in ony wise: & þat þis graunt & confirmacion sholde a-bide sure for euir, þe abbot put to þis writinge his owne seele, and also þe commune seele: & is with-oute date.

Indenture & concorde finall I-made bitwene Iohn bereworth & dame Flandrine abbes of Godestowe for an homage & resonable relef of Fencote.

1247. Agreement with Godstow, by John of Bereworth, to pay an addition of 3s. 4d. to his former rent, in order to have exemption from the feudal burden called 'har|bouring.' Fee paid 13s. 4d.

THE sentence of [this] chartur is this, þat þer was a finall con|corde I-made in þe kingis courte at Oxenford, fro trinite sonedai in-to xv. dais, þe xxxj. yer of þe reine of kinge henri þe sone of kinge Iohn, a-fore Roger of thurkilbi, Gilbert preston, Maistur Simon wauton, & Iohn Cobham, iustices, & oþer trewe men of þe kinges þer beinge present, bitwene Iohn of bereworth, plainer, & Flandrine, abbas of Godestowe, of þat þat þe abbas wolde take homage & resonable relefe of þe fore-seide Iohn of his fre tenement þat he helde of þe fore-seide abbas in fencote, & where|of hit was pletid bi-twene hem in þe same courte: þat is to sei, þat þe fore-seid Iohn receiuid & grauntid, for him-selfe & for his heiris, þat þei afturwarde sholde pai yerli to þe same abbas & to oþer succedinge her viij. shillings iiij. d at too termis for þe fore-seide tenement, þat is to sei, halfe at Mihelmas & þe oþer halfe at our ladi dai in marche, for all seruice & exaccion (wher-of þe same Iohn & his aunceturs were not I-wonid to pai to þe fore-seide abbas & to oþer abbassis a-fore hir but v. shillings bi yere & to finde to hem herborowh for þe same tenement): & for þis recognicion graunt & concorde, þe same abbas relesid & quiete-claimid, of hir & of oþer abbassis succedinge her & her churche a-fore-seide, to þe fore-seide Iohn & to his heiris, þe fore-seide herborowinge þat his a-fore aunceturs wer wonid to finde to þe predecessours of þe same abbas for þe fore-seide tenement for euir, & also all þe arrerages of þe fore-seide seruice vn-to þe dai þat þis concorde was made. Also hit is to be knowe þat þe fore-seide abbas toke homage of þe fore-seide Iohn in þe same courte þer-fore; & furþermore þe same Iohn gaf to þe fore-seide abbas j. marke of siluer.

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[folio XXXVIII(48)] Chartur of william de la hide of fencote.

1314, June 24. Quit-claim to Godstow, by William de la hide, of lands held from Godstow.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat william de la hide of fencote yeldid & grauntid to dame Molde vpton, abbas of Gode|stowe, & to þe couent of þe same place, all þe londe with tene|mentes croftes haijs & dichis þat he had sumtime of þe letinge of aliȝ Gorges, abbas of Godestowe, & þe couent of þe same place, so þat noþer he ne none in his name miht chalenge oni riht or claime here aftur in þe tenementes a-fore-seide. In-to witnes of þe whiche þinge his seele was sette to þis presente writinge; þe date at Godestowe, in þe feste of seint Iohn baptiste, the vij. yere of kinge Edwarde þe sone of kinge Edwarde.

[folio XXXVIIb(47b)] Charture of Molde vpton, abbas of Godestowe, to thomas tailour [folio XXXVIII(48)] of fencote, for an howse I-callid þe coweri, with a crofte I-callid þe caluene, with þe pertinencis, in fencote.

1314, Aug. 1. Life-rent by Godstow, to Thomas and Alice tailour, of the cowry and Calves|croft, as excepted in no 454. Quit-rent, 4s. yearly. Purchase|money, 13s. 4d.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat molde Vpton, abbas of Godestowe, & here couent, gaf, grauntid, & confirmid, to thomas tailour of fencote & to aliȝ his wife, j. howse þat is callid þe cowri, & on crofte I-callid þe caluene-crofte with haijs & dichis vppon euiri side, with all his pertinences or dewe to perteine, to be had & to be holde, with all cotages & fredoms, all þe dais of her life, for hem & for her successours, freli quietli welle & pesibli, painge þerof yerli to hem & to here successours iiij. shillings of siluer at to termis of þe yere, þat is to sei, at Mihelmas ij. shillings, & at oure ladi dai in marche ij. shillings for all seruice seculer & demaunde, sauinge vtwarde seruice: & for þis gifte graunte & confirmacion, þe fore-seide Thomas & aliȝ gaf to hem j. marke of siluer, so þat aftur þe decese of Thomas & aliȝ þe seide tenementes sholde turne ageine fulli to hem & to her successours: & if hit happun þe seide Thomas & aliȝ to faile in þe paiment of þe seide rente, in parte or in all, þat hit sholde be lefull to hem & here successours & procuratours to distreine vppon þe seide londis & tenementes & reteine the distresses til þat hit be satisfied fulli of þe arrerages. Furþermore þe seide molde & her couent warantiȝid & defendid all þe fore-seide tenementes to þe foreseid Thomas & aliȝ, all here life time, in þe forme a-fore-seide, a-geiniste all pepul. In-to witnes of þis Page  332 þinge þe seide Thomas & aliȝ, & þei also with þe commune sele, strengthid þis writinge diuidid in tweine aftur þe forme of an Indenture: þe date at Godestowe in þe feste of seint petur ad vincula, þe viij. yere of þe reine of kinge Edwarde þe sone of kinge Edwarde.

[folio XXXVII(47)] A confirmacion I-made to sire Richard bere for all þe londe with þe mese with the pertinences in fencote & morcote.

1318, April 28. Grant by Godstow, to Richard la bere, of William de la hide's holdings Quit-rent, 8s. yearly, and a casualty of 50s. for 'heriot and relief.'

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat margeri dine, abbas of Godestowe, & þe couent of þe same place, gafe grauntid & con|firmid to sir Richard la bere all her londe with a mese & all his pertinences, the whiche william de la hide sum-time helde of hem in fencote & morcote, except j. crofte nih þe bacchemede & j. mese in þe whiche Iohn alwi dwellid, to be had & to be holde to þe fore-seide Richard his heiris & assinis, of hem & of her successours for euir, for þe seruice of viij. shillings bi yere to be paid to hem & to her successours at fowre termis of þe yer, þat is to sei, at mihelmas, ij. shillings; & at [folio XXXVIIb(47b)] cristemas, ij. shillings; at the feste of þe annunciacion, ij. shillings; & at Midsomer, ij. shillings; & for heriette & relefe, whenne hit fallith aftur þe dethe of þe seide Richard his heiris or assinis, l. shillings for all seruices, customs, & demaundis: & if hit happon þe seide rente of viij. shillings or of l. shillings to be bihinde in þe times I-sette, þat þen hit sholde be lefull to hem & to her successours, in þe londis & rentis & tenementes a-fore-seide, for þe fore-seide rent heriette & relefe, to distreine, & to reteine þe distreininge til hit be satisfied to hem of all þe fore-seide þinges. Also if hit happun þe fore-seide sir Richard [his] heiris or assinis to deliuer þe distres bi hem or bi her minsters, or bi þe kinges baillef or bi oni minstres take or to make rescu with þreteninge, or her suc|cessours lette in distreininge so to be take, þat þen hit sholde be lefull to hem and to her successours for to take a bref of 'new disseiseninge & of redisseiseninge' a-geinist þe seide sire Richard [his] heiris & assinis, if hit were nede: & þe seide dame margeri & couent of þe same place & her successours waran|tiȝid acquitid & defendid to þe seid sire Richard his heiris & assinis þe fore-seide londe [&] mese with his pertinences (except þe Page  333 crofte bi bacchemede & þe mese in þe whiche þe seide Iohn alwi dwellid), a-geiniste all pepull, for þe fore-seide seruice for euir. In-to witnes þerof þei put to her seelis, eueriche ageniste oþer. The date at Godestowe, þe fredai in estur woke, þe xj. yere of þe reine of kinge Edward þe sone of kinge Edwarde.

Indenture bitwene Margeri Dine abbas of Gode|stowe & Gefrei archer of fencote for l. shillings.

1334/5, Jan. 18. Bargain with God|stow, made by Jeffrey Archer, to pay 36s. by six in|stalments, in lieu of the casualty fixed in no. 454.

THE sentence of þis euidence is, þat a couenant was made bitwene dame Margeri dine, bi þe grace of god abbas of Gode|stowe, & þe couent of þe same place, of þe on parte, & Gefrei archer of fencote of þe oþer parte, þat is to sei, þat where Richard la bere bounde him-selfe & his heiris & all his tene|mentes in fencote, to who-soeueris hondis þei come, to þe painge of l. shillings to þe fore-seide abbas & couent, to be paid al so ofte as þe fore-seide tenementes þat bin holde of þe fore-seide abbas & couent bin voide in þe same towne aftur þe decese of oni tenaunte, þe whiche bin dewe to þe fore-seide abbas & couent in þe forme a-fore-seide aftur þe dethe of þe fore-seide Richard bere, yet bi-hinde: at þe laste hit was a-cordid bitwene þe fore|seide abbas & Gefrei þat þe fore-seide Gefrei grauntid for him|selfe & for his heires þat þe fore-seide abbas & couent sholde haue & take vj. shillings of siluer yerli bi vj. yere next folowinge aftur þe dai of þe makinge of þis present writinge of Thomas tailour, tenant of þe same Gefrei, in-to paiment of þe l. shillings a-fore-seide, & if þe fore-seide abbas & couent miht take þe fore|seide rent of vj. shillings pesibli, & with-oute oni trowblinge, & holli, of þe foreseide thomas þorowe þe fore-seide terme, þen afturwarde þe fore-seide Geffrei sholde be quite of þe fore|seide arreragijs of l. shillings bi þis present writinges. In-to witnes of þis þe partes put her seelis to þis present writinge, euerich a-geiniste oþer; þe date at fencote, þe wodinisdai next aftur þe vtas of the xij. dai, the viij. yere of kinge Edwarde þe iij. aftur þe conqueste.

*. [[NOTE.—At the dissolution, 1540, the Fencot property (Monast. iv. 373) yielded by year to Godstow, from copyholds £1 1s. 2d., and from freeholds, 16s. 2d., out of which Godstow paid 5s. quit-rent to Abingdon Abbey and a fee of 3s. 4d. to Abingdon Abbey bailiff.]]
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GARSINGTON.

[NOTE.—In pope Nicholas IV's Taxatio Ecclesiastica, 1291, this Garsington property is joined with the Godstow properties at Shillingford and Cowley, as in Cuddesdon rural deanery, and the whole are said to be worth £5 1s. yearly, not including 16s. 4d. of tithe. At the dissolution, 1540, the Garsington property was let out (Monast. iv. 373) for £2 6s. 8d. yearly.]

[folio XLIIb(52b)] Chartur of henri tubnei I-made to Gefrei fitȝ durande & to molde his wife for iij. yerde londe & j. halfe in Garsindon, with In-londe, wode, & mede.

About 1170. Confirma|tion to Jeffrey son of Durand, by Henry of Tubney, of 3½ yard|lands. Quit-rent, 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat henri fitȝ Iohn of Tubnei grauntid & confirmid to Gefrei fitȝ durande & to molde his wife þo iij. yerdes of londe & j. halfe in Garsindon, with In-londe, woode, & mede þat longen to þe same yerdis, þe whiche Osmunde his vncle solde to hem, bi consent & assent of Iohn his fadur, in fee & heritage to him & to his heiris, to holde of him & of his heiris, for j. halfe marke of siluer yerli to be paid þer-of for all seruices, excepte shire & hundredis; & Gefrei bi-come his [folio XLIII(53)] man þerebi: & for þis graunt & confirmacion he gafe to him j. halfe marke of siluir of recognicion: & if hit hapnid þat relef sholde be gife þer-of, þei sholde not gife but j. besaunde of golde for relefe: & he warantiȝid þat londe to him for his powere ageiniste all men: he also trowthe-pliht in his honde þis graunt to be holde with-oute oni euil Imagininge, And þat he sholde not seke no crafte ne witte bi þe which he or his heiris sholde lese þerof or be I-vexid or trowblid: & is with-oute date.

Anoþer chartur of petur fitȝ Geffrei of a fre gifte of his londe in Garsindon.

About 1190. Grant to Alice Kepe|harm, by Peter son of Jeffrey, of no. 456.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat petur fitȝ Gefrei gafe & grauntid to alice*. [Possibly as dower on his marrying her: see next deed, and cp. no. 650.], þe dowhtur of Iohn kepeha[r]m, in fre gifte, all his londe þat he had in Garsindon withe all his pertynences: & is withe-oute date.

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Chartur of petur fitȝ Gefrei for þe londe of Garsindon.

About 1210. Grant to Godstow, by Peter son of Jeffrey and his wife, of no. 457.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat petur fitȝ Gefrei of Oxen|ford & aliȝ his wife, bi þe consent of henre his heire, for þe loue of god & for þe helþe of the sowlis of his fadurs & modurs & for þe helþe of her owne sowlis & of all her predecessours, gaf, grauntid, & confirmid, to god & to þe churche of owre ladi & of seint Iohn of baptiste & to þe minchons þer seruinge god, in-to pure & perpetuel almis, all þat londe þat maistur raph*. [Latin: 'magister Rudulphus auctorista.'] auctoriste helde of hem in fee, of þe whiche he is I-holde to pai yerli viij. shillings iiij. d lasse *. [i. e. 7s. 8d. The Latin is: 'octo solidos quattuor denariis minus.'] at too termis, þat is to sei, at our ladi dai in marche j. halfe, & at mihelmas þe oþer halfe, & *. [Read 'and a quarry.' Latin: 'et unam lapideam dominii, praedicte terre proxi|mam versus aquilonem.'] quarter of þe lorshipe, of*. [Read 'next to the fore-said land to|wards the north.'] þe fore-seide londe nihe towarde þe northe, in lengeþe & in brede euin *. [Latin is: 'in longitudine et latitudine sicut eas unquam tenuimus,' 'eas' = terram et lapideam, the land and the quarry.] as þei helde hit, to be holde & to be had, welle & pesibli, worshipfulli freli & quietli fro all seculer custome & exaccion: & þe fore-seide petur & aliȝ his wife & his heiris warantiȝid to þe fore-seide minchons þe fore seide londe a-geiniste all men & women: & þat his gifte & graunt sholde be sure & stronge, he confirmid hit bi þe puttinge to of his seele: & is with-oute date.

Chartur of Nicholas botler for the londe of Garsindon.

About 1210. Confirma|tion to God|stow, by Nicholas butler, as overlord, of the grant in no. 458. Quit-rent 7s. to the overlord.

THE sentence of þis chartur is, þat Nicholas botelar grauntid, & confirmid with his writinge, to þe abbas & couent of Gode|stowe, all his riht þat he had or miht haue in þat londe þat petur fitȝ Gefrei of Oxenford helde of him in Garsindon for halfe j. marke yerli to be paid, þe whiche londe þe same petur gafe to þe abbas of Godestowe, to be had & to be holde of him & of his heiris, freli & quietli & pesibli, with all his pertinences in þe towne & with-oute, with-oute oni withholdinge for euir, painge yerli to him & to his heiris vij. shillings*. [? if for 7s. 8d., as in no. 458.] at Mihelmas for all seruice, custom, & exaccion; so þat, if þe seide abbas & couent Page  336 of Godestowe cesid in þe paiment of þe seide rente at þe fore|seide terme, hit sholde be lawfull to him or to his heiris to dis|treine all þe fore-seide londe til þei had paide þe fore-seide vij. shillings: & he & his heiris warantiȝid þe seid londe with all his pertinences, to þe fore-seide abbas & couent of Godestowe, a-geiniste all men & women for euir: & to witnes of þis he put to his seele: & is with-oute date.

[folio XLIII(53)] A composicion bitwene þe abbas of Godestowe & Iohn of welle for iij. pounde & xij. shillings bi-hinde of his rente.

1296, Aug. 6. Agreement between Godstow, and John of Welle, as to pay|ment, by instal|ments, of £3 12s. arrears of rent, with pro|visions for distraint, and sureties.

THE sentence of þis composicion is, þat Iohn of welle know|lichid him-self [folio XLIIIb(53b)] to be holde to dame alice Gorgis, Abbas of Godestowe, & to þe couent of þe same place, in lxxij. shillings of sterlinges of goode & lauful monei, þe whiche was bi-hinde of his rente of þe tenement in Garsindon, þe whiche tenement he claimid to holde of þe fore-seide abbas & couent in þe seide towne of Garsindon. He grauntid þe same monei, to be paid Also to þe same abbas & couent, at þe termis vndur write, truli & with-oute gile, lesseninge or lette, at Godestowe: þat is to sei, þe sone-dai next aftur þe Natiuite of oure ladi, xxiiij. yere of þe reine of kinge Edwarde þe sone of kinge henri, xx. shillings; & þe feste of seinte Thomas þe apostle þen next folowinge, xx. shillings; & at hockedai nexte folowinge, xx. shillings; & at þe natiuite of seinte Iohn baptiste next folowinge xij. shil|lings. And to more sewerte of þis þinge to be kepte, at the fore|seid termis, feiþefulli And with-oute gile, he bounde him-selfe & his godis londis & his tenementis meueable & vnmeueable where-so-euir þei were I-founde, to þe distreininge & con|streininge of þe kingis stiward & marchall þat bin for þe time, þat þei miht distreine fro dai in-to dai bi his bodi & londis & tenementes & goodis where-so-euir þey were I-founde til þat hit were satisfied fulli to þe abbas & couent of þe fore-seide lxxij. shillings & of þe harmis & expensis if þer fille ony bi þe occasion of þe paiment I-taried a-backe: & furþermore he founde to þe same abbas & couent borows, þat is to sei, hugh chinche*. [Chunch,' on next sheet.] of Garsindon, Thomas Smithe of yeftelei, hugh thorn|barn Page  337 of þe same, þe whiche bounde hem-selfe prinspall detturs & euirich of hem in þe hoole, & to distreininge & constreininge of þe fore-seide stiwarde & marchall, as þe fore-seide Iohn of welle was I-bounde. In-to witnes of þis, he put to þis present writinge his seele, to-gedur with þe seelis of his borowis. The date at Godestowe, þe sonedai next aftur lambemas dai, xxiiij. yere of þe reine of kinge Edwarde þe sone of kinge henre.

A-noþer composicion bitwene þe abbas of Gode|stowe & Iohn of þe welle for iiij. lj. of areragis.

1298, June 18. Agreement between Godstow, and John of Welle, as to pay|ment by in|stalments, of £4, arrears of rent, with pro|visions for distraint, and a surety.

THE sentence of þis composicion is, þat Iohn of þe welle was I-bounde to þe ladi abbas of Godestowe & to þe couent of þe same place in iiij. lj. of sterlingis of þe areragis of þe rentis of xl. shillings, in þe whiche (to be paid to þe same) he was bounde to hem, or to her certeine attorney, for to pai þe fore-seide iiij. lj. in her howse of Godestowe in þe termis vndur-write: þat is to sei, at seint Thomas feste þe apostle, xxvij. yere of the reine of kinge Edwarde, x. shillings; & at þe natiuitie of seint Iohn baptiste þen folowinge, x. shillings; & so, fro yere in-to yere, xx. shillings, at þe fore-seide termis, til þat hit be satisfied to þe fore-seide abbas & couent of þe fore|seid iiij. lj.; Also with þe yerli rente of xl. shillings to hem, to be paid in her foreseid termis. To whiche paiment of þe fore-seide iiij. lj., to be do in her fore-seide same termis truli & with-oute gile, he bounde him-selfe, his heiris, & executuris, & all his goodis meuable & vn-meuable in eueri place wher þat þei bin founde, oþer in his howse or close, or oute of hem, to þe con|streininge & distreininge of þe bailifs of þe forseide abbas, & also to distrei [folio XLIIII(54)] ninge of þe sute*. [In error for 'sheriff.'] of Oxenforde þat sholde be for þat time, þat he sholde haue power to distreine hem in all þe maners a-fore-seide & holde or reteine þe distreininge, if þei failid in þe painge of þe fore-seide iiij. lj. of siluer, or of part of þe same, in þe fore-seide termis (þat god forbede), til þat he were I-satisfiede of þe fore-seide monei be-hinde beinge of the fore-seide termis. Also with þe harmis, if þe fore-seide abbas & couent suffrid oni bi the occasion of þe paiment I-taried a-backe. Also for eueri distreininge, bi þe shereue a-fore-seide I-made vppon him reson|abli (bi þe occasion a-fore-seide) or also bi*. [In error for 'vppon.'] his heires, he bounde Page  338 him-selfe to be bounde to þe same shereue þat sholde be for þe time in on halfe marke of siluer to be paide to him, Al so ofte as hit happinþe: & to more surenes, to þe same abbas & couent, of þe fore-seide iiij. lj. in her termis, as hit is seide be-fore, with þe harmis if þe foreseide abbas suffred oni, he founde hugh chunch borowe for þe same summe a-fore-seide to be do to be paide, þe whiche bounde him-selfe also, in all þe maners a-fore-seide, bi þe which Iohn at welle bounde him-silfe a-boue, principall dettur to be distreinid. In-to witnes of þe whiche thinge, he put to his seel to this present writinge, to-gedur with the seel of þe fore-seide hugh his borowe. The date at Gode|stowe, þe wodinsdai next a-fore midsomer, þe xxvj. yere of þe reine of kinge Edwarde.

Hampton Gay: see p. 214.
[folio XIb(23b)] The chartur of Gefrey brocher of j. forer of londe in the felde of hampton Gay.

About 1220. Sale to Godstow, by Jeffrey Brocher, of a headland.

THE sentence of thys chartur is that Gefrey brocher of blechesdon gaf, grauntyd, & [folio XII(24)] confirmyd with hys wrytynge, to the Abbas & Couent of Godestowe, j. forer of lond in þe*. [MS. has 'in þe in the.'] felde of hampton Gay, that is to sey, that londe the whyche lieth by-twene þe Abbas londe of Godestowe & the londe that was of Robert brocher nyhe wormewell, to be had & to be holde to the seyde abbasse & couent & to her successours, of hym & of hys heyrys or assynys, in-to pur & perpetual almys, for hys soule & þe soulys of hys aunceturs, frely & quietly, pesybly & holly, fro all seculer seruice, exaccion, & demaunde, & sute of courte: & the foreseyd Gefrey & hys heyrys warantiȝid aquityd & defendyd for euyr all the fore-seyd londe, with all hys pertynences a-fore-seyde, to þe abbas & couent & to here succes|sours, as hyt is sayde be-fore, a-gaynyst all men & women. In-to wytnys of that, he put to thys present wrytynge hys seele.

[folio IX(21)] A confirmacion of Robert Gay of half a yerd lond in Gaythampton.

About 1220. Sale to Godstow, by Robert Gay (or Gayt), of a half|hide distri|buted in two fields, with its appendant pasture|rights, and 3 acres of meadow, and of a fourth meadow 'to echyng.' Purchase|money, to husband, £10: compli|ments, to wife, 2s.; to heir, 1s.

THE sentence of thys confirmacion is, that Robert Gay, with the assent & consent of Mold hys wyfe & phylyp hys eyre, yaf, Page  339 Grauntyd, & confirmyd with wrytynge, to god & to the churche of seynt Iohn baptyst of Godestowe [folio IXb(21b)] & to the mynchons there seruinge god, j. halfe hyde of londe in Gaithampton, conteynynge xxv. acris of londe in on feelde, & al so many in an-othyr feelde, with all hys pertinences & liberteis, in medewys & pasturis, in weys & pathys, in goynges-out & communitees*. [In the Latin it is: 'in exitibus et com|munitatibus.'], in-to pure & perpetual almys, fre & quietely fro all exaccion and seculer seruice longynge to hym or to hys heyrys, sauynge the seruice to the kynge, that is to sey, the halfe hyde of londe the whyche he dischargyd a-geynst Reynold hys cosyn. He grauntyd also to the seyd mynchons thre acris of medewe longynge to the same londe, lyinge by-twene the medew of the chanons of Oseney & the medew of henry brocher, euyryche of the wyche acris con|teynyth foure perchys in brede. Furthermore, he yaf to the seyd mynchons the fowrth medew*. ['Shepestur in hampton gay,' in margin.] lyinge to echynge*. [In the Latin it is: 'quartam acram prati ad augmentum iacentem.'] by-twene the mede of the churche & þe mede of henry brocher. Thys fore|namyd londe & mede, with her pertinences, þe fore-seyd Robert gay & hys heyrys warantiȝyd to the foreseyd mynchons a-gaynst all men: & in case that they myht not warantiȝe hyt, they grauntyd to gyfe to hem a chaunge to the valewe of the londe in all thyngys in the same towne. For hys confirmacion & warantiȝynge, the fore-seyd mynchons gaf to hym of charite of her howse xv. marke of syluyr, & to Mold hys wyfe j. besaunte, & to phylyp*. [In 1223 Robert Gay conveyed the whole manor to Oseney, and he and this son Philip received a liberal corrody.] hys heyre xij. d to by hym sporys: & is with-out date.

A-noþer chartur of þe same Robert Gay þe whych he made to the mynchons of Godestowe.

About 1220. Sale to Godstow, by Robert Gay (or Gayt), of the manorial dues from, and rights over, a half|yardland, with leave to pur|chase it.

THE sentence of thys chartur is that he, with consent of Mold hys wyfe & of all hys heyrys, gafe & confirmyd by hys wrytynge, for þe helthe of hys soule & of hys wyfe & of hys chyldryn & aunceturs & successours, to god & to oure lady & to seynt Iohn baptist & to the mynchons of Godstowe there seruinge god, homage & seruice of william brocher, that is to sey, of halfe a yerd of londe with hys pertynences in Gaithampton, with the hole rent that he owyd to hym, that is to sey, ij. shillings Page  340 ij. d., & with othyr seruices & costoms that he owyd for to do to hym, with-out ony a-geyne-holdynge. All the forseyd thynges & dewteys, to be had & hold, in pure & perpetuel almys, freely & in rest fro all seculer seruices, & as frely as ony almys may be gyfe. Furthermore hyt is to be knowe that the seyd Robert le Gayt & hys heyrys byn bounden to warantiȝe the yeft of the rent & seruice a-foreseyd: and, for thys warantiȝynge & con|firmacion of hys seele, the foreseyde mynchons of Godestowe yaf to hym [of] the charite of her hows xl. shillings for to ageyn-bye hys herytage toward Robert le poure. Furthermore, yf the foreseyd mynchons mowe gete the forseyd halfe yerd-londe in ony maner wyse to be hold in-to her owne vse of the fore-namyd william brocher, the foreseyd Robert Gait yaf the fore-seyd mynchons that foreseyd half yerdlonde for euyr, so frely & rest|fully, & to hold with all libertees as he grauntyd with the ȝyft of the rent, that is to sey, of ij. shillings ij. d. before-wryte: & is with-out date.

IDBURY: see Bould.

KELMSCOTT: see in no. 472.

OVER KIDDINGTON.

[NOTE.—Godstow land in this parish went with the Cassington property: see p. 240.]

[folio XIIII(26)] The Chartur of Iohn*. ['Carta Willelmi' in the Latin in title, but 'Iohannes' in text.] poucharde of Ouer|cudynton.

1316, April 5. Grant by John Pou|chard, to Robert of Blading|ton, of a messuage and land.

THE sentence of this charter is that Iohn pouchard of Ouer|cudynton gafe, grauntyd, & confermyd by his wrytynge, to syr Robert of bladyngton, person of neþercudyngeton, all hys mese, to-gedur with hys londes & tenauntryes & her pertinences on euery syde, þat & þe whyche he had in afturlegeth*. ['Asterleghe' in the Latin: referred to in note on p. 209.] & Ouer|cudyngeton, with-out ony withholdynge a-geyne of him or of hys heyrys, to be had & to be holde to þe same Robert & to hys heyrys & to hys assynys, all the fore-seyde mese, to-gedur Page  341 with all londys & tenauntryes a-fore-seyde & the pertinences of euery part, of þe chefe lorde of þe fee, for þe seruice þer-of dew and wonyd: & þe foresey[d] Iohn warantiȝed & defendyd to þe seyd R. all tho thynges a-fore-namyd, a-geynyst all men & wemen for euer: thys, I-gyfe at Ouercudyngton, the moneday next aftur palme sonneday, þe yere of kynge Edwarde, sone of kynge Edwarde, þe ix.

LANGFORD.

[NOTE.—The parish of Langford is of exceptional interest. It is now reckoned as being in the county of Oxford, but part of it was formerly reckoned as being in Berkshire. It represents, therefore, the debateable land where the two kingdoms of Wessex and Mercia pushed each other backwards and forwards, and the land sometimes was in the Wessex see of Salisbury, at other times in the Mercian see of Lincoln. In Monast. vi. 1276 is printed a charter of Henry II conferring on Lincoln Minster 'the church of Langeford and all the land which Roger, bishop of Sarum (died 1139, Dec. 4), held in that vill,' on the petition of Robert (de Chesney), bishop of Lincoln (1147-68). Two prebends, 'Langford ecclesia' and 'Langford manor,' were endowed from this source. The Ecclesiastical Commissioners are now the lay impropriators of the parish. The three earliest of the following deeds belong to the time of that endowment. Unfortunately the record is incomplete, by the excision of the second leaf of this section, a loss which is not made good by the still more mutilated Exchequer MS. It appears that bishop Robert, before conveying the estate to Lincoln Minster, took out a messuage and half a hide of land which he granted, at 12d. yearly quit|rent, to one of his serfs, Jeffrey son of Fowke, and which he had formerly granted to Jeffrey's brother, Robert (probably since deceased). At a later period we find these lands placed under feoffees, as though to found a chantry, but the documents are not brought to a definite conclusion. I have inquired at Langford and found no tradition of Godstow having owned lands there, but a conjecture is hazarded that the chantry may have been connected with a chapel at the celebrated Radcott bridge*. [Battle of Radcott bridge, Dec. 20, 1387.] in Langford.]

[folio 205] A ratificacion of the Chapiter of our lady of lyncolne of the forsaid*. [Not of the grant in no. 467 (which precedes this in the MS.), but of an earlier one, not here given.] yifte, yoven by the Bisshoppe as is aforesaid.

About 1150. Confirma|tion by the dean and chapter of Lincoln, of bishop Robert de Chesney's grant to Robert son of Fowke, of a messu|age and a half-hide of land, and other land and mea|dow and pasture, subject to a yearly quit-rent of 12d. to Lincoln Minster. Adelm, dean (1145); Roger de Derby, precentor (1148).

THE sentence herof is, vnto the worshipfull lord and fadir, Robert, by the grace of god Bisshop of lyncolne, the Chapiter of our lady of lyncolne sendith gretyng and reuerence, Rightfully Page  342 hit is in all thynges, that, after dew forme of wisedome re|quyreth, they folowyng theire hede and grauntyng assent, about the lond which he yaf and graunted to Robert the sone of Fowke his man in Langford before that he putte hit in prebende, they also grauntyng and havyng ferme, [folio 205b] and this present writyng confermyng, after the tenoure of his charter berith witnesse, that is for to sey, half an hide of lond, and a dwellyng place with his pertynentis, and xx. acres of in-land, viij. acres of mede, and commune pasture: To be hold, in right heritage frely and quyetly, of the chirch of our lady of lyncolne, yeldyng yerely for all maner of seruyces, bothe of yiftes and helpes and relefis and all othere thyngis, xij. d at Estir of the most vsed money in the towne of Langeford vnto the workes of the forsaid chirche, with-out*. [i. e. free from the burdens incumbent on other tenants of this manor.] any subieccion as any of that same hold ought, sauf only the forsaide xij. d vnto the workes of the forsaid chirch yerely. They willed that bothe he and his heires, the forsaid lond, wele and worshipfully, quyetly, as hit is aboue|said, shall holde. Witnesse, Adam the deane, Roger the prese|dent*. [Read 'precentor.'], Raaf Chanon, Iordane Tresorere, Robert Lyncolne, william Norhampton, Henry Huntendon, william the sone of Osbert, william london Archidekon, Humfrey Subdekon, Maister Alexandre, Gillebert, Wygere, Gaufride Capellanus, Nicholas Chanon, william of Banbury, William the sone of Godefride, Raaf of Monemunt, Maister hamond, Maister Raaf Cadomer, Robert Constable, Alexandre Maleber, william the sone of Fowke.

[folio 205] A yifte and graunte of Robert, Bisshop of lyncolne, I-sent to the deane and Chapiter of the chirch of lyncolne, yevyng and grauntyng to Geffrey the sone of Fowke his man and to his heires, in langford, half an hide of lond and a dwellyng place, with his pertynentis, and also xx. acres of in-lond and v. acres of firses and viij. acris mede and pasture in the pasture of the lordship.

About 1152. Grant to Jeffrey son of Fowke, by Robert de Chesney, bishop of Lincoln (1147-1166), of the lands described in no. 466.

THE sentence herof is, that Robert, Bisshop of lyncolne, to the dean and Chapiter of lyncolne chirch Sent gretyng. Be Page  343 hit knowen to hem that ben present and shall be in tyme comyng, that to Geffrey the sone of Fowke, his man, he yaf and graunted in Langford half an hide of lond, and a dwellyng place with the pertynentis, and xx. acres of in-lande, and v. acres of firses, and viij. acris of mede, and pasture in the pasture of the lordship: To hold hit, in right heritage, frely and quyetly, of the chirch of our lady of lyncolne, yeldyng euery yere, for all maner seruyces, bothe of yiftes, of helpes, and of Relefis, and of all maner other thyngis, xij. d. at Estire vnto the workes of the chirch of lyncolne. He willed also and streightly comaunded that all the abouesaid, wele and in pease and worshipfully, and without any trouble, that the forsaid Geffrey and his heires holde, without any subieccion as ony of that holde ought, sauf only the forsaid rent of xij. d which he assigned to the workis yerely of the chirch of lyncolne. This yifte of hym I-made stedfastly he had, and, with his seale impressed, confermed: witnesse: hugh Barred, archidekon of Legren*. [Leicester: see no. 243.]; Richard, archidekon, of Belmeis; Robert, archidekon of Oxenford; Raaf Codemer, Hamond of Strafford, william of Cheisnei, william Basset, Richard of Stoches, Roger the sone of hamond, humfrey Pincer, Roger de Marener, Geffrey his cosyne, humfrey Benet, prest, and laurence.

[folio 205b] A confirmacion of the Chapiter of oure lady of lyncolne confermyng and strengthyng the yifte of the forsaid Bisshoppe.

About 1152. Confirma|tion by the dean and chapter of Lincoln, of the grant in no. 467.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is: to the worshipfull lord and fadir, Robert, by the grace of god of Lyncolne bisshop, the Chapiter of our Lady of Lyncolne Sendith gretyng with dew reuerence: Rightfully hit is and that in all thyngis after right forme fro yow to haue assent: wherfor as to vs so deuoute a fadire with high reuerences obtempered, we, grauntyng and in stedfastnesse havyng, and our forseid present writyng of witnesse, conferme and strengthe the yifte which we*. [Read 'ye.'] have I-made to Geffrey the sone of Fowke your man in Langford of the lond which ye yaf first to his brothere, before that the which ye had in the same towne (that is for to sey, in Langford) Page  344 ye putte hit in prebende, after that which youre charter berith witnesse, the forsaid yifte, that is to sey, half an hide of lond and of a dwellyng place with his pertynentis, and beside that xx. acres of

*. [[A leaf is missing.]]
Grant by Robert Kene, and John Codeman, of a messuage and plough-land in Langford.

1421, Aug. 12. Grant to Thomas and Alice Cockerell, by feoffees, of 'Cocke|rell's' messuage.

[folio 206] THE sentence of this charter is, that Robert kene, Clerk, and Iohn Codeman, Chapeleyne, yaf, graunted, and by ther present charter confermed, to Thomas Cokerell and to Alice his wyf, a mese and a plough-lond with all his pertynentis in Long|ford, called Cokerelles: To haue and to hold, to the forsaid Thomas and Alice and to the heires and assignes of the same Thomas for evermore, by seruyces and rente therof first dew and accustomed. And the forsaid Robert and Iohn, the forsaid mese and a plough-lond with all his pertynentis, in the fourme aboueseid, ayenst al maner of peple shall warantiȝe acquyte and defende. In witnesse of the which thyng, to this present charter they sette to ther seales. These beyng witnesse: Iohn Shotes|broke, William Fynderne, Thomas Pynchepole, squyers, Thomas atte Wyke, Iohn Deneby, and other. The date at Longford, the xij. day of August, The yere of the reigne of kyng henry the v. after the conquest the ixth.

A Charter of William Bonde and of Margarete his wyf confermyng to William Lord Lovell, knyght, Edmond Hampden, Squyer, Edward Langford, Squyer, Iohn Rogers, Squyer, Iohn Nowers, Squyer, Richard Harecourt, Squyer, and Thomas Lewys, for a mese and ij. plough-land and xx. acres of mede with the pertynentis in langford.

1448, Oct. 13. Grant to William, seventh baron Lovel, and to other feoffees, by William Bonde, of a messuage, lands, and meadow (including Cockerell's: see in no. 469).

THE sentence of this charter is, that William Bonde and Margarete his wyf yaf, graunted, and by ther present charter confermed, to William Lord Lovell, knyght, Edmond Hampden, Squyer, Edward Langford, Squyer, Iohn Rogers, Squyer, Iohn Nowers, Squyere, Richard Harecourt, Squyer, and Thomas lewys, a Mese, ij, plough-lond, and xx. acris mede, with the Page  345 pertynentis, in Langford in the Counte of Berkshire: To haue and to hold, the forsaid mese and ij. ploughlond and xx. acres of mede, with the pertynentis, to the forsaid william lord lovell, Edmond, Edward, Iohn Rogers, Iohn Nowers, Richard and Thomas, and to the heires and assignes of the same Richard, Of the chief lordes of that fee by seruyces therof dewe and of right accustomed. And the forsaid William and Margerye, and ther heires, to the forsaid william lord lovell, Edmond, Edward, Iohn Rogers, Iohn Nowers, Richard and Thomas and to the heires and assignes of the same Richard, the forsaid Mese and ij. plough-lond and xx. acris of mede, with the pertynentis, ayenst all peple they warantiȝed and defended for euer. In witnesse of the which thynge they putte to there seales. These beyng witnesse: Richard [folio 206b] Hulcote, Squyere, Thomas Pynche|pole, Squyere, Iohn Godefelawe, Squyere, Henry Fermoure, Henry Marchall of Langeford aforsaid, and many othere. The date at Langeford abouesaid, the xiij. day of the moneth of Octobre, The yere of the reigne of kyng henry the Sixte after the conquest of Englond the xxvijti.

A fynall accorde I-made bytwene Richard hare|courte and william Bonde and Margarete his wyf, & cetera.

1459, April. Quit-claim to Sir Richard Harcourt, by William Bonde, of a messuage, 200 acres arable, and 30 acres meadow. Purchase|money, £26 13s. 4d.

THIS is the fynall accorde I-made, in the kyngis courte at westmynstre, fro the day of Estir into a moneth, The yere of the reigne of henry kyng of Englond and of Fraunce the Sixte fro the conquest the xxxvijti, afore Iohn Prysot, Nicholas Ayssheton, Piers Arderne, Robert Danvers, Robert Danby, Walter Moylle, and Iohn Nedeham, Iustices, and other trew men of the kyngis ther beyng present, bitwene Richard Harecourte, playnyng, and william Bonde and Margarete his wyf, deforsyng, of a mese, and two hundred acris of lond, and xxx. acres of mede, with the pertynentis, in Langford, wherof a ple was I-take bitwene hem in the same Courte. That is to sey, that the forsaid william and Margarete made a knowlech and recognycion that the forseid mese with the pertynentis to be the right of the same Richard as that that the same Richard had of the yifte of the forsaid william and Margarete, And that relessed and quyte|claymed, Page  346 of the forsaid william and Margarete and of the heires of the same Margarete, to the forsaid Richard and to his heires for ever. And more-over the same william and margarete graunted, for theyme and for the heires of the same Margarete, that they warantiȝed to the forsaid Richard and to his heires the forsaid tenement with the pertynentis ayenst all maner of men for ever. And for this knowlech and recognycion, relese, quyteclayme, warantiȝe, fyne and concorde, the same Richard yaf to the forsaid william and Margarete xl. marke in siluer.

A Charter of Richard Harecourte knyght and Thomas Lewys grauntyng and confermyng to Iohn Botellere doctour of bothe lawes, Iohn Redyng, bachelere of Theologie, Thomas Estyngton, clerke, Iohn Crofton, and to Alexandre Martyne, a dwellyng place with a plough-lond and all his pertynentis in Langford, & cetera.

1467, Oct. 4. Grant to John Botil|lere, LL.D., and other feoffees, by Sir Richard Harcourt and co|feoffee, of Cocke|rell's (no. 469), and of other lands lying partly in Kelmscott, Oxon.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Richard Harecourte, knyght, and Thomas Lewys, yaf, graunted, and by ther present charter confermed, [folio 207] to Iohn Botillere, Doctour of bothe lawes, Iohn Redyng, Bacheler of Theologie, Thomas Estyngton, Clerk, Iohn Crofton, and Alexandre Martyne, a dwellyng place (or a mese) with a plough-lond, with all his pertynentis, in Langford, in the Counte of Oxenford and in Berkshire, called Cokerellis, which late (with other now dede) they had of the yifte and feffement of william Bonde and Margarete his wyf, which forsaid Margarete afterward by a fyne arrered in the kyngis Courte at westmynstre, The yere of the reigne of kyng Henry the Sixte the xxxvijti, to the forsaid Richard and to his heires relesed: Also they yaf and graunted to the forsaid Iohn Botillere, Iohn Redyng, Thomas Estyngton, Iohn Crofton, and Alexandre Martyne, all the londes, tenementes, medys, lesues, pastures, rentes, and seruyces, with all ther pertynentis, which they had in kelmescote in the Counte aforsaid, And which also they had late of the yifte and feffement of the forsaid Margarete Bonde, in her pure wedowhode: To haue and to hold all the forsaid dwell|yng place (or mese) [with a] ploughlonde in Langford aforsaid, with ther pertynentis, And all the forsaid londes and tenementis Page  347 medis lesues pastures rentis and seruyces with all his per|tynentis, in kelmescote aboveseid, to the forsaid Iohn Botelere, Iohn Redyng, Thomas Estyngton, Iohn Crofton, and Alexandre Martyne, and to there heires and there assignes for ever, Of the chief lordes of tho fees by seruyces therof dewe and accustomed. And the forsaid Richard Harecourt and his heires the forsaid dwellyng place (or mese) [with a] plough lond, with all his per|tynentis, and all the forsaid londes and tenementis medys lesues pastures rentis and seruyces, with all ther pertynentis aboveseid, to the forsaid Iohn Botillere, Iohn Redyng, Thomas Estyngton, Iohn Crofton and Alexandre Martyne, to there heires and to there assignes, ayenst all maner of peple shall warantiȝe, and defende for euer. In witnesse of the which thynge, to this present charter they putte to there seales, These beyng witnesse: Thomas Chaundelere, Commyssary of the vnyuersite of Oxenford, Iohn More, Squyere, Iohn Denton, [folio 207b] William Dyer, one of the vicaryes of the chirche of Bampton, Iohn Baywell, and many other. The date is the iiijth day of the moneth of Octobre, The yere of the reigne of kyng Edward the Fourthe after the conquest of Englond the vijth.

A letter of attorney of Richard Harecourte, knyght, and Thomas Lewys, makyng theire attorneys Iohn Baywell and Symond Turnere, preestis, to delyver possession of a dwellyng place (or a mese) and a plough-lond, with the pertynentis, & cetera.

1467, Oct. 4. Letter of attorney by Sir Richard Harcourt and co|feoffe to put Dr. John Botillere, and co|feoffees, into pos|session of property detailed in no. 472.

THE sentence of this lettir attorney is, that Richard hare|courte, knyght, and Thomas Lewes, Sendith gretyng in our lorde ever-lastyng, yevyng knowlech that they made, ordeyned, and in ther place putte, Theire chosen Iohn Baywell and Symond Turnere, Chapelleyns, there trew and lawfull attorneyes, ioyntly and severally, to entre and delyver in ther name full and peasible seisyne of and in a dwellyng place (or a mese) with a plough-lond, with all his pertynentis, in Langford in the Countees of Oxen|ford and Berkshire, called Cokerellys, And in all the londes and tenementis medis lesues pastures rentis seruyces, with all his pertynentis, in kelmescote in the Counte aforsaid, vnto Iohn Botillere, doctoure of bothe lawes, Iohn Redyng, Bacheler of Page  348 Theologie, Thomas Estyngton, Clerk, Iohn Crofton, and to Alexandre Martyne, and to ther heires and to there assignes, aftir the strengthe forme and effecte of theire charter therof made, Havyng ferme and stable what-so-ever there seid attorneyes do or make, or ony of them in ther name do or make, in the premysses. In witnesse of the whiche thynge, to this presente writyng they putte to ther seales. The date is the fourthe day of the moneth of Octobre, The yere of the reigne of kynge Edward the Fourthe after the conquest the vijth.

A relese and quyteclayme of Richard Harecourte, knyght, Edward langford, Iohn Nowers, Squyers, and Thomas lewys, I-made to Iohn Botiller, doctour of bothe lawes, Iohn Redyng, bacheler of Theologie, Thomas Estyngton, Clerk, Iohn Crofton, and Alex|andre Martyne, of a dwellyng place with a plough|lond and the pertynentis in langford and kelmes|cote.

1467, Oct. 6. Quit-claim to Dr. John Botillere and co|feoffees, by Sir Richard Harcourt and co|feoffees, of no. 472.

[folio 208] THE sentence of this quyteclayme is, that Richard Hare|courte, knyght, Edward Langford, Iohn Nowers, Squyers, and Thomas Lewys, Sendith gretyng in oure lord god ever-lastyng: be hit knowen that the forsaid Richard Harecourte, Edward Langford, Iohn Nowers, and Thomas Lewys hath for-yoven and relesed and alwey for theyme and there heires for evermore quyteclayme, to Iohn Botiller, doctour of bothe lawes, Iohn Redyng, bachelere of Theologie, Thomas Estyngton, Clerk, Iohn Crofton, and Alexandre Martyne, all that dwellyng place (or mese) with plough-londes*. [Read 'a plough-lond.'], with all his pertynentis, in Langford in the Countees of Oxenford and Berkshire called Cokerelles, which late (with other) they had of the yifte and feffement of william Bonde and Margarete his wyf. And also knowe ye that the forsaid Richard Harecourte, Edward Langford, Iohn Nowers, and Thomas Lewys, hath for-yoven and quyteclaymed and alway for theyme and ther heires for euermore relesed, to the forsaid Iohn Botillere, Iohn Redynge, Thomas Estyngton, Iohn Crofton, and to Alexandre Martyne, all tho londes and tenementis, medys, lesues, pastures, rentis, and seruyces with all his pertynentis, Page  349 which late (with other) they hadden of the yifte and feffemente of the forsaid william Bonde and Margarete his wyf. So that neither the forsaid Richard Harecourte, Edward Langford, Iohn Nowers, and Thomas Lewys, nor none of theire heires, nor none other in theire name, ony maner right title or clayme in the forsaid dwellyng place, tenementis, londes, with all theire apper|tenentis, fro hens-forth [might have, but] be put fro all maner of chalange; And fro all maner of right and clayme therfro, they to be excluded for evermore by this present writyng. In witnesse of the which thynge to this present writyng they sette to theire seales. The date is the Sixte day of the moneth of Octobre, The yere of the reigne of kyng Edward the Fourthe after the conquest of Englond the vijth.

LEDWELL in Wootton parish.
[folio 86] A Charter of Iohn Veiscele, confermyng to god & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestowe, xij. acris in one feld and xij. in another, with mese and croftis toftis and other easementis, and with all other pertynentis lon [folio 86b] gyng to the forsaid londe.

About 1300? Grant to Godstow, by John Veiscele, of a messu|age, lands, and rights attaching to a yard|land, under covenant to feed 13 poor men on his anni|versary.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is that Iohn Veiscele yaf, & cetera, to god and to the holy mynchons of Godestowe there servyng god, for the helth of his sowle and of Isabelle his wyf and for the sowlis of his fadir and of his modir and of his children, all the lond that Thomas Lewrich held of hym in Lodewell, that is to sey, xij. acris in one feld and xij. in another, with the mese and croftis and toftis and other eysementis, and with all other pertynentis longyng to the same: to be hold of hym and of his heires, in-to pure and perpetuel almesse, frely quyetly holy and worshipfully, in weyes pathis medis pastures wodis playnys and all other placis. Also Iohn and his heires bounde them-self to warantiȝe the forsaid lond, with all the forsaid pertynentis, to the forsaid holy mynchons of Godestowe ayenst all men. Also the forsaid holy mynchons of Godestowe graunted to hym of charite euery yere in the day of his Anny|uersary Page  350 to fede xiij. poore men. And that this his yifte, & cetera, he sette to his seale, & cetera.

*. [[NOTE.—This gift is later than pope Nicholas IV's 1291 Taxatio Ecclesiastica. It was still in force at the dissolution, 1540, when it is returned (Monast. iv. 372) that 3s. 4d. yearly rent was received by Godstow from Ledwell, of which 6d. quit-rent for the land was paid to the bailiff of Wotton hundred, and 2s. 10d. was devoted to feeding '14' poor men on the obit of John de la 'Westle,' a benefactor. In the Latin Register the name is Veiscele.]]
MILCOMB, in Bloxham parish.

[NOTE.—In pope Nicholas IV's 1291 Taxatio Ecclesiastica Godstow is stated to be in receipt of £3 10s. yearly from rents in Milcomb. At the dissolution, 1540, the value of Godstow property here is joined in one sum with the value of Godstow property in Bloxham.]

[Deeds about tithe.]
[folio XIII(25)] An acte by-twene the Abbas of Godestowe & the person of wykynton for tythe-hey, tythe of the mylle, and of peyuns in myldecombe.

About 1200. Agreement between Godstow (as rector of Bloxham) and Wi|gington church, as to tithes: tithes specially assigned to Godstow.

THE sentens of thys acte is, þat in the vigyl of seynt Gregorye, in crystes churche of walyngeford, a-fore þe prior of walinge|forde, principall iugge, & the chaunter of walingeforde, kepynge the stedys of the abbottes of Abendon & of dorchester, in a plee that was by-twene the abbas & þe Couent of Godestowe of that on partye & þe person of wykynton of the oþer party, by a chapylleyne & Maystur C. persoun of weston, procuratours, for to do & for to compowne specially with the seyd compereres, that is to sey, whenne the abbas & þe Couent of Godestowe askyd by the commune lawe all tythys, bothe more & lasse, the whyche the seyd person toke in the parysshe of bloxham, and whenne all the day was ȝef to all excepcions dilatorys to be purposyd & to be preuyd, the bate & stryfe cesyd in iuggement undur thys forme: that is to sey, that the seyd abbas & couent sholde receyue ther afturward all tythys of hey of londys & medewys in the felde of Myldecumbe, with-out ony a-geyne|holdynge for euyr; Also that they sholde receyue all tythys of peiuns of duffe-howsys I-made or to be made in the towne of Page  351 myldecumbe; also that they shulde receyue the tythys of the Mylle of Myldecombe, holly, with-out ony with-holdynge: but the churche of wykynton afturwarde sholde take þe tythys the whyche he toke vn-to that tyme, & all thynges that he was wonyd to take, tho be-fore except. Also the iugges decreyd that the deen of brocton scholde put the seyd abbas & Mynchons of Godestowe in-to possession of the seyd tythys in her place, & that they commaundyd to hym by her letter.

A conuencion by-twene the abbas of Godestowe & the person of wygynton.

About 1200. Agreement between Godstow (as rector of Bloxham) and Wi|gington church as to tithes in Milcomb: tithes specially assigned to Wi|gington.

THE sentence of thys a-corde is, that ther were grete pleis mony tymys, & stryfys, by-twene the churche of bloxham & the churche of wygynton, for certen tythys in myldecombe longynge to the same churchys: at the last, it was a-cordyd by-twene these churches & the persons of tho churchys, by þe consent of the patronys, that euyryche of hem sholde haue part dyuydyd to hym-selfe, what þat was dewe to hys churche: for thys cause, hyt is to be knowe þat þe churche of wygynton takyth, or toke fro the fundacion of that churche, halfe the tythe of all tythys of the tenauntrye of the prior of Merton, that is to sey, of twey hydys in Myldecumbe; of the tenauntrye of the abbote of Eynysham, of j. hyde þe whyche Iohn of Swerford hylde, the churche of wygynton [takes*. [Added from the Latin.] all tithes]; of halfe j. hide, þat aschetylle of the churche-yerde*. ['Aschetillus de cimiterio.'] helde, the churche of wygynton takyth all tythys, except on halfe*. ['except one whole acre de hibernagio.'] acre of wyntur corne the whyche the churche of Bloxham takyth; of halfe an hyde, that Gelbert belami hylde, the churche of wygynton takyth all the tythys; [of*. [Added from the Latin.] half an hyde] that lambert helde, the churche of wygynton takyth all shevis, and halfe of all oþer tythys, except thoo that byn conteynyd in the [a]yeyn-wrytynge*. ['rescript.' in the Latin: i.e. the pre|ceding deed.], in the which he may neuyr chalenge no ryht, for all oþer thynges longyn hole to the churche of Bloxham; & þat þer sholde be no stryfe her|aftur vppon the fore-seyde tythys, hyt was made stronge by puttynge to of the seele of þe couent of Godestowe & of þePage  352 seelys of the lordys of the grounde & of [the] person of wygynton: & is with-oute date*. [Witnesses are: Alexander, dean; John, lord of Brokton (Broughton); Walerand, Sampson, Ralph, Berric, and Bernard, chaplain of Godstow.].

[Deeds about land.]
[folio 89b] A Charter of Robert, Abbot of Eynysham, for j. mese in Mildecombe.

About 1200. Grant to Godstow, by Ein|sham Ab|bey, of a residence for a chaplain.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Robert*. [Robert, abbot of Einsham, 1197-1205.], Abbot of Eynysham, and the couent of the same place, for goddis sake and the honest conuersacion of the holy mynchons of Godestowe, yaf, and graunted, to god and to seynt Iohn Baptist of Gode|stowe and to the holy mynchons there seruyng god, j. mese in myldecombe, that is to sey, that hurebern held, with the crofte liyng therto, that is beside the dwellyng place of William fitȝ Swetgyne, into pure and perpetuel almes, frely and quyetly for euer to be had, in the which (that is to sey) mese [folio 90] of*. [Omit 'of.'] the Chapelayn (that is to sey, of the forsaid mynchons), with assent of the forsaid towne of Mildecombe, shold haue a dwellyng to serue by the tymys succedyng. And they relesed for charite for euer, to the forsaide Mynchons, the rent of xij. d. the which þei were I-woned to take for the forsaid mese & cetera. Into witnesse, & cetera.

A Charter of Alisaundre Mildecombe, with the consent and the assent of his heire, for ij. shillings of rent in Mildecombe.

About 1210. Grant to Godstow, by Alexander of Milcomb, of a rent|charge of 2s.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Alisaundre of Mylde|combe, with the consent and assent of his heire, yaf, & cetera, to god, and for the helþe of his sowle and of the soules of his auncetours and successours, to the mynchons of seynt Iohn of Godestowe there seruyng god, into pure and perpetuell almesse, ij. shillings of rent of his demayn in Mildecombe: to be hold and to be had for euer, of hym and of his heires, frely and quyetly, pesibly and worshipfully, to be yelded yerely to the same mynchons at ij. termys of the yere, that is to sey, at Ester Page  353 xij. d. and at Mighelmasse xij. d: and the forsaid Alisaundre and his heires warantiȝed to the fore-named mynchons these afore-write ij. shillings of rent ayenst all peple: and that this his yifte, & cetera.

[folio 88b] A Charter of Race fitȝ Alysaundir confermyng xvj. acris to the mynchons of Godestowe.

About 1235. Grant to Godstow, by Race son of Alexander, of 16 acres, viz. 7 acres in the South field, 1 acre in the West field, and 8 acres in the North field. Quit-rent, 1d. at Easter. In pay|ment for this grant God|stow gave up the standing crops of 20 acres and sur|rendered the lease of 24 acres.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Race fitȝ Alisaundre of Mildecombe yaf, & cetera, to dame Amphelice, abbesse of Godestowe, and to the Couent of the same place, xvj. acris of arable lond in the feldes of Myldecumbe, that is to sey, vij. acris of lond in the South feld, and j. acre in the West feld, and viij. acris of lond in the northfeld:

the which xvj. acris ben vndir diuided in this wyse:—In the south feld, j. acre in Milleforlonge, beside the lond the which was of William Michel and his lond, the which strecchith hit|self toward the north; and j. acre in Shotforlonge, beside the lond that was of Symond lewe and the lond that was of Richard Cowherd, the which strecchith toward the north; and j. forere or forow in Bacunforlonge, beside the lond that was of Robert atte Grene, the which strecchith hit-self toward the Est; and j. acre in hydewey, beside the lond that was of Adam of the welle and his lond, the whiche strecchith hit-self toward the north; and j. acre in bacunforlonge beside the lond that paganne held and his lond, the which strecchith toward the Est; and j. acre in vtforlonge beside his lond and the lond of Godfrey Baker, the which strecchith hit-self toward the Est; and j. acre in morewelleforlonge, beside the lond of the forsaid abbesse and his lond the which strecchith hit-self toward the north. And in the westfeld, that is to sey, in dichehurne*. [It is said that 'hurne,' meaning 'corner,' is still in use.] aboue the north dune, j. acre, beside the lond that was of William Mychell and the lond that was of Symond lewe, the which strecchith toward the north. In the north feld, j acre lieth in wayteburgeforlonge, beside the lond that was [folio 89] of William Michell and the lond of Robert Grene, the which strecchith hit-self toward the northe; j. acre, ayenst Farendon, beside the lond that pagane held and the lond of Walter Marysce, the which strecchith hit|self toward the northe; and j. acre, vpon northdune, beside the Page  354 lond that was of Richard Busceby and the lond of William Michell, the which strecchith hit-self toward the Est; and j. acre in longebreche beside the lond of Walter marisce and the lond of William Michell the which strecchith hit-self toward the Est; and j. acre in farendone more*. ['knorre' in the Latin.], beside the lond that was of william wylde and the lond of william Clerk, that strecchith hit-self toward the northe; and j. acre, that strec|chith hit-self toward the est into theneldeford, beside the lond that was of pagane and the lond of Robert Grene; and j. acre, in shouelbrode, beside the lond that was of Adam of the welle and the lond of Iohn Valun, the which strecchith hit-self toward the Est; and j. acre ayenst the northedune, besides his lond and the lond of Walter Cumpton, the which strecchith hit-self toward the Est: to be had and to be hold, to the forsaid abbesse and Couent of Godestowe for ever and to ther successours, of hym and his heires, frely and quyetly, holy and pesibly, in weyes and pathes and bypathes pasturis and fedyng placis and in commvnes, yeldyng therof yerely to hym and to his heires j. d. at Estir, for all seruyce exaccion and demaunde and sute. And the forsaid Race and his heires warantiȝed to the forsaid abbesse and Couent of Godestowe and to ther successours for ever all the forsaid diuidid acris, with ther pertynentis, ayenst all men and women, and acquyted and defended of all seruicis demaundes sutes and exaccions; and for this graunte yifte confermyng warantiȝyng aquytyng and defendyng the forsaid abbesse and Couent [yaf] in the stede of a warison the vesture of xx. acris of lond, and yelded to hym all his lond the which they held of hym in ferme, that is to sey, xl. acris of lond (of the whiche the xvj. acris afore diuided were I-draw out): therfore [that] all these afore-write thyngis and afore-diuided shold be sure and stable for ever, he strengthed hit with his seale, & cetera.

A Charter of Moolde of Myldecombe, Race Alisaundirs wyf, relesyng and quyteclaymyng all the right and clayme that she had or myght have in the thirde parte of the xvj. acris of lond in the name of her dowry.

About 1240. Sale to Godstow, by Maud, widow of Race of Milcomb, of her dower right in no. 480. Purchase|money, 6s. 8d. and 1 qr. wheat.

THE sentence of this quyteclayme is, that Moolde of Mylde|combe, the which was the wyf of Race Mildecombe, in her Page  355 lawfull wedowhode, relesed and quyte-claymed for ever, to the Abbesse and Couent of Godestowe and to there successours, all the right and clayme that she had or myght haue, by the name of her dowry, in the thirde parte of xvj. acris of arable lond, with all ther pertynentis, the which Race somtyme her husbond yaf and enchartered to the said Mynchons in myld|combe, [folio 89b] Wherof hit was I-pleyd bitwene them afore the Iusticis of the bench, so that*. [MS. has 'so that that.'] she myght not afterward no thynge axe of the forsaid xvj. acris with ther pertynentis, In the name of her dowry. And for this relese and quyte-clayme, the said mynchons yaf to her half j. marke of siluer and j. quarter of whete: and that this her relese and quyteclayme shold be sure, She put to this writyng her seale.

[folio 90] A Charter of moolde Race of myldecombe for a place with a Curtilage, graunted to Iamys hawncy, styward of Godestowe.

A.D. 1246. Lease to the steward of Godstow, by Maud, widow of Race, of a place, a curtilage, and a half|yardland (except a messuage and 1 acre). Purchase|money, 7s. 6d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Moolde that was the wyf of Race of Mildecombe, in her lawfull wedowhode, with the assent and wille of Robert her sone and heire, toke and graunted to Iamys hawncy, at that tyme Steward of Godestowe, j. place with her curtilage (of the northe parte of her house), and j. half yerde of arable lond that Geffrey Smyth somtyme held, with all his pertynentis (except j. mese, and ou[t]take*. [The Latin is: 'excepta una acra quam ad unam croppam percipiendum aliter assignavi.'] j. acre the which he*. ['he' in error for 'she'; 'at' in error for 'for.'] toke at j. croppe and assigned hit otherwise): to be had and to be hold, to the said Iamys and to his assignes, of hym*. [Read 'her and of her.'] and of his heires, frely and quyetly fro all seruyce and seculer exaccion, fro the second sonday of lenton, the xxx. yere of the reigne of kyng henry the sone of kyng Iohn, vnto Mighelmasse folowyng, and then bothe the said acris*. [In error for 'acre.'] and the said place and the said halfe yerde-lond in the which the said acre is conteyned shold remayne to the same Iamys vnto the ende of xvj. yere, as hit is conteyned in the charter bitwene the said Iamys of the one parte and her and Robert her son and heire of the other parte. Page  356 Also the said Iamys resceived of her ij. acris I-sowe of hard corne*. [The Latin is: 'duas acras de duro blado seminatas et v. bis aratas et non seminatas.' The 'hard corn' is wheat, sown in the preceding winter; the ploughed land is for the sowing of oats this spring. Cp. at Maldon, Essex, Liber B. fol. xiv, 1468: 'hard corn . . . that is, of whete, rye, barley, pesyn, and benes: . . . steysh (?) corn . . . that is to say, malt, and otes, and suche other.'], and v. acris wele I-eryd and not I-sowe, of the forsaid lond. And she and her heires warantiȝed acquyted and defended the forsaid place and the forsaid lond with the pertynentis ayenst all men and women of all seruyce and exaccions [folio 90b] and vexyngis. And for this takyng grauntyng warantiȝyng and defendynge the said Iamys yaf to hym*. [In error for 'her.'] and to Robert her sone and heire vij. shillings vj. d. to there grete nede, that is to sey, to mary her doughtirs. And that this takyng, & cetera.

A covenaunt I-made bitwene Moolde the wyf of Race of Myldecombe and Iames somtyme Steward of Godestowe for a mese and a curtilage and with all the crofte, & cetera.

1246/7, Jan. 13. Lease by Maud, widow of Race of Milcomb, to James Hawncy, steward of Godstow, of a mes|suage, curtilage, and croft, belonging to her join|ture-land, for two years. Prohibition to fell timber. Under|taking to repay the pur|chase|money, if the lease is broken by her death.

THIS was the couenaunt I-made, bitwene Moolde somtyme the wyf of Race of Myldecombe of the one partie, And Iamys somtyme Steward of Godestowe of the other partie, that is to sey, that the forsaid Moolde of Mildecombe, in her lawfull wedowhode, toke and graunted, and with this present writyng confermed, to the forsaid Iames or to his assignes, a mese, and a curtelage, with all a croft, beside the towne of Myldecombe, that Chotelbernd somtyme held, to the terme of two yere folowyng fro the fest of seynt hillary the xxxj. yere of kyng henry the sone of kyng Iohn, and that the forsaid Iames shold hold vp that mese in the same a state that he founde hit in, but the treis of the forsaid mese shold abide to the plesure of the forsaid dame Moolde. For this couenaunt and takyng the forsaid Iames yaf to the forsaid moold x. shillings of sterlyngis before handis, and the forsaid moolde warantiȝed the couenaunt suerly to be keped, by her trouthe I-plight, vnto the forsaid terme fully completed, for all seculer demaundes; and yf hit happe so that þe forsaid Moolde be take with ony sikenesse with-in the forsaid terme, that is to sey, of ij. yere, she shold not make no testament nother of her mevable goodes nother vnmeuable Page  357 afore the forsaid x. shillings were I-restored to the said Iames or to his assignes, by the sight or vewe of lawfull good men. In-to witnesse of this thyng to a good suerte to be had, without ony cauelacion or agaynseiyng, to this partid charter they put to ther seales, & cetera.

Another Charter of Robert Fitȝ Race of Mylde|combe for one half acre of lond with his pertynentis of his dowrye.

1247. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Robert son of Race, of the leases granted by his mother: viz. that in no. 482, and that of another yardland, in con|sideration of £2 6s. 8d. for mar|riage-por|tions of his sisters.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Robert fitȝ Race of Mildecombe, for hym and his heires, graunted and with this present writyng confermed the couenant I-made, bitwene moolde his modir of the one [part] and Iames hawncy*. ['Iacobus de Hawncia' in the Latin.] at that tyme Steward of Godestowe of the other parte, of j. half yeld*. [In error for 'yerd,' 'yerde.'] of lond, with his pertynentis, of his*. [In error for 'her.'] dowry, that is to sey, that*. [i.e. that half-yardland which Jeffrey the smith once held.] Geffrey Smyth somtyme held, and*. [i.e. and of (Latin 'de').] j. place of a curtelage, and*. [i.e. and of (Latin 'de').] pasture to an hundred shepe at the lest in the commune pasture of Mylde|combe contynuelly, and yf*. [The Latin is: 'si uoluerunt, qualis|cunque in posterum de pastura fiat ex|tensio sive amensuratio, quam dicta dimidia virgata' (had assigned to it). Apparently meaning, 'not only in the existing common pasture, but, on any extension of pasture, also in the additional pasture assigned to the half yardland.' The translator has read 'no|luerunt,' the initial letter being ambiguous.] he wille not what-so-euer afterward strecchyng or metyng be of the pasture; and of the said half yerd|lond with his pertynentis, with the forsaid place of curtilage, and with the forsaid pasture to an hundred shepe at the lest, his modir Moolde toke hit with her owne assent and wille to the said Iames and to his assignes, and specially to the abbesse of Godestowe and to the couent of the same place, but*. [i.e. unless.] the sai Iames wille otherwise assigne the said ferme: To be had and to be hold, to the said Iames or to whom-so-ever he wille assigne them, after that the charter reporteth and witnessith that the said Iames had of Moold his modir and of hym: he graunted also and confermed the couenaunt I-made, [folio 91] bitwene the said moold his modir and of*. [Omit 'of.'] hym of the one partie and Iames aboue I-named of the other parte, of j. yelde*. [In error for 'yerd,' 'yerde.'] lond and j. half, for [half] of the sheves and for half of the chaumy*. [The Latin is: 'de medietate chamini in dicta virgata et dimidia' (yearly growing).]. And the said Robert and his heires shold aquyte warantiȝe and defende the Page  358 forsaid ij. yerdes of lond, with ther pertynentis, and þe forsaid place of a curtilage, and the forsaid pasture to an hundred Shepe at the lest, to the said Iames and to all his assignes, after the fourme of the said charter, by the space of xvj. yere content in the same charter, after that that hit*. [MS. has 'his.'] was afore diuided, fro all customes sutis and demaundis and all other vexacions in the same charter, so that the said Iames or his assignes for defaute of warantiȝyng shold not take none harme, what-so-ever happen of the forsaid Moolde his modir. And for this graunte, lettyng, and confermyng, the forsaid Iames yaf to his moder and to hym to there grete nede iij. mark of siluere and j. half, to mary his sustirs. Wherfor he willed and suerly graunted that all the articles I-content in the same charter shold be kept feithfully and without deceyte of hym and his heires. And he bound hym-self by his trouthe, for hym and his heires, to the kepyng of the same couenaunt. And for more suerte of the same thyng, he put to his seale, & cetera.

[folio 89b] A Charter of Thomas Race, sone and Heire of Iordan Race of Mildecumbe, relesyng all his right in xxix. acris with alle there pertynentis in alle placis.

1311/2, Jan. 21. Quit-claim to Godstow, by Thomas Race, of all title in 29 acres, dispersed in the fields of Milcomb, and in God|stow pro|perty in Milcomb and Blox|ham.

THE sentence of this relese is, that Thomas Race, the son and heire of Iordan Race of myldecumbe, remytted, relesed, and vttirly quyteclaymed, for hym and his heires for ever, with-out ony withholdyng, to Moolde Vpton, by the suffraunce of god abbesse of Godestowe, and to the Couent of the same place, all his right and clayme that he had, or myght haue, or shold mowe to haue in ony wise in tyme to come, in xxix. acris of lond with all ther pertynentis in all placis, liyng in dyuerse placis of the feldis of Mildecumbe, of the which xxix. acris he toke a bref, that is to sey, a writte, of the kyng vpon the forsaid abbesse; and also remytted and quyte-claymed vttirly for ever to the forsaid abbesse and Couent all his right and clayme that he had, or in ony wyse myght haue, in all londis tenementis and rentis the which the said abbesse and Couent held in the townys of Milde|combe and Bloxham: to be had and to be hold, frely quyetly wele and in pease for ever, without ony clayme or agayn-holdyng Page  359 of hym or of his heires, So that nother he, his heires, ne none in ther name, in the forsaid xxix. acris of lond, or in ony other tenementis or rentes the which the forsaid abbesse and couent held in the townys of Myldecombe and Bloxham, myght not axe nother chalange in the tyme to come no thyng of right or clayme here-after. Into witnesse, & cetera. The date at Oxen|ford, the friday next aftir the fest of seyntis Fabian and Sebastian, the fyfte yere of the reigne of kyng Edward the sone of kyng Edward.

MILTON in Adderbury parish.

[NOTE.—The clue to the locality of this property is given by pope Nicholas IV's Taxatio Ecclesiastica, 1291, where Godstow is put down as receiving a ' portion ' to the amount of 18s. from 'Abberbury in Deddington rural deanery.' This is confirmed by the witnesses (p. 361, note). At the dissolution, 1540, the incomes from Milton and South Newnton are put together, as both being in Dadyngton (Deddington) rural deanery. The joint sum (Monast. iv. 373) amounted to 17s. 2d., out of which a quit-rent 6d. was paid to the bailiff of Bloxham hundred 'for a messuage in Milton.']

[folio 91] A Charter of Raf fitȝ Richard of Myddelton of iiij. acris of lond and the confermyng of the charter of the said Richard his fadir of ij. acris of lond with ij. mansions & cetera.

About 1260? Grant to Alice of Middelton, by Ralph son of Richard, of 4 acres, quit-rent, 1d. yearly: and con|firmation by Ralph son of Richard, of his father's gift to her, viz. of 2 acres and 2 houses.

[folio 91b] THE sentence of this charter is, that Raaf fitȝ Richard of Middelton yaf & cetera to Alice his sustir, for her seruyce, iiij. acris of arable lond in the felde of Middelton, of the which ij. lieth in the Est feld and ben I-called the Revelond, beside the lond of Richard fitȝ Osbert, and ij. lien in the westfelde, j. acre vpon Endewelle and half j. acre vpon Grenebergh and another half acre vpon the wey of Appellow: to be hold and to be had, of hym and his heires or assignes, frely quyetly fully holy and pesibly, to her, and to her heires, or to whom-so-euer she wold assigne, by right heritage for euer, yeldyng therof yerely to hym and to his heires j. d. at Estir for all seruyce exaccion and demaunde. Also the forsaid Raaf confermed the yifte of Richard his fadir that he made to the forsaid Alice his sustir of ij. howsis with her gardyns in the towne of Middelton and ij. acris of arable lond in the forsaid feldis of the same Page  360 towne, wherof j. acre in the Estfeld lieth vpon Bradeweye, and another in the westfeld (and [of it] j. half acre lieth vpon Greneberow, and another half acre lieth vpon Bradeweye): To be had and to be hold, of hym and of his heires or assignes, to her and to her heires or to whom-so-euer she wille assigne selle or bequeth them, Also with the iiij. acris aboueseid, with the same libertees the which the iiij. acris afore-named had. And the same Raaf aforsaid and his heires or assignes warantiȝed for euer the forsaid vj. acris and ij. houses, with ther pertynentis, as hit is said afore, ayenst all men. And that this his yifte, graunte, and confermyng of bothe, shold be sure for euer, & cetera.

[folio 91] A Charter of Alice Middelton confermyng to god & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestowe all the londes and tenementis that she had in the towne of Middelton.

About 1270. Grant to Godstow, by Alice of Middelton, of lands and houses as in no. 486. Quit-rent, 1d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Alice fitȝ Richard of Middelton, in her owne fre power, yaf, & cetera, to god & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestowe ther servyng god, into fre and perpetuell almesse, all her lond and tenementis that she had in the towne of Middelton: that is to sey, ij. houses with theire pertynentis, and two acris of arable lond, the which she had of her fadir yifte, of the which one lieth in the Est feld of the same towne vpon Bradeweye, and another in the westfeld (of the which the [one] half acre lieth vpon Greneberwe, and another vpon Bradeweye); and iiij. acris of lond in the felde of the same towne, the which she had of the yifte of Raaf her brother, of the whiche ij. lien in the Estfeld and ben called Reuelond, beside the lond of Richard fitȝ Osberte, and ij. lien in the west|feld, that is to sey [one acre] vpon Enedewelle*. [Indistinct. 'Euedewelle' or 'Enedewelle.'], and j. half acre lieth vpon Greneberwe and another half acre vpon the weye of appellowe*. [? Aynho.]: To be hold and to be had, of her and of her heires, quyetly frely fully pesibly and holy, to them and to ther successours for euer, with all liberteis and fre customes longyng to the seid lond, yeldyng therof yerely to her and to her heires Page  361 or assignes j. d at Estir for all seculer seruyce, sute of courte, exaccion and demaunde: and the said Alice and her heires warantiȝed for euer all the said lond, as it is diuided afore, with all ther pertynentis, to the forsaid mynchons and to ther successours ayenst all peple. And that this her yifte, & cetera*. [Witnesses include: William, vicar of Karsynton (Cassington), then master of Godstow; Sir Roger of Wytham; Thomas Waldyn, steward of Godstow; Richard, son of Richard of Edberbery (Adderbury); Adam, son of Ely of Mildecombe.].

[folio 91b] A letter endented of the londis and tenementis the whiche Robert fitȝ Ade of Middelton held in the same towne of the Abbesse and Couent of Godestowe for x. shillings of yerely rent.

About 1290. Grant by Godstow, to Robert son of Adam and to his heirs of body, of lands as in no. 487. Quit-rent, 10s.

THE sentence of this endenture is, that there was a couenaunt I-made, bitwene Mabill, by the suffraunce of god abbesse of Godestow, and the couent of the same place, of the one partie, and Robert fitȝ Ade of Middelton of the other partie, that is to sey, that the said abbesse and couent, with one assent and good wille, lette, graunte, and toke to a fee-ferme, to the said Robert all that tenement, with all his pertynentes, that they had in the towne of Middelton of the yifte of Alice of Middelton the sustir of Raaf halle, with vj. acris of arable lond liyng to the said lond, in the feldes of Middelton: To be had and to be hold, to the said Robert and to his heires lawfully I-gote of his body, of the said abbesse and couent and successours of the same, frely quyetly wel and in pease worshipfully and holy, yeldyng therof yerely to the said abbesse and couent and to ther successours x. shillings of siluer at ij. termes of the yere, that is to sey, at Cristmasse v. shillings and at the natiuite of seynt Iohn Baptist v. shillings, and to the chief lord of the fee j. d. for all seculer seruyce and demaunde, So natheles that hit shold not be lawfull to the said Robert nor to his heires lawfull be-gote of his*. [The leaf which followed in the English Register has been cut out.] [ [Exchequer-MS. folio 92] body to sell, etc., the said tenement or lands. Godstow took powers of distraint and re-entry if the rent were not duly paid.

Witnesses include Sir Amaury of St. Amand, Robert of Cran|ford, John Hikeman, William of Lecche.]

Page  362
MINSTER LOVEL.

[NOTE.—This grant is later than pope Celestine III's confirmation, 1192, no. 902. In pope Nicholas IV's Taxatio Ecclesiastica, 1291, Godstow's Minster rent in Witney deanery was valued at £1 5s. At the dissolution, 1540, the holding is described (Monast. iv. 372) as a close and a yardland, worth 12s. yearly.]

[Exchequer-MS. folio 92] Charter of John luuell of a yardland in Ministr.

About 1215. Grant to Godstow, by John Lovel, of a serf and his yard|land.

JOHN LUUELL gave Godstow, for the welfare of his soul and the souls of his ancestors, William Long with his sequela*. [i. e. his family.], residing at Ministria viz. beyond the water, and that virgate of land and all its pertinents which the said William Long held, into free alms, free of all services.

Witnesses:—Robert of Brinton, canon of Salisbury; Otwell of Esthal*. [Asthall, Oxon.]; Robert of Middelton, &c.

*. [[NOTE.—Rev. H. Salter points out to me that Robert de Brimton is given by Jones in his Fasti Eccles. Sar., as canon, and alive in 1214 and 1222. The spelling in the Godstow deed is Brinton.]]
SOUTH NEWINGTON*. [SEE P. 359.].
[folio 222] A Charter of Raaf Iooas, confermyng to Margarete his doughter, a yerde-lond in Newnton, & cetera.

About 1240? Grant to Margaret Jooas, by her father Ralph, of a messuage and a yard|land. Quit-rent, 1 lb. of cummin.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Raaf Iooas yaf, graunted, and by his present charter confermed, to Margarete his doughtir, for her trowthe and service, and with the wille and graunte of Raaf his sone and heire, a yerde-lond in Newnton, with a mese, and with all his pertynentis, [that], that is for to sey, which Geffrey Fraunceys held: To be hold, of hym and his heires, [by] her and her heires, frely and quyetly, in medis and pasturis, in weyes and pathes, and in all maner of libertees to the forseid lond perteynyng, for all maner of services to hym perteynyng for a pounde of Comyne yerely to be paid at Estir, Savyng the kyngis service. These beyng witnesse: Otuere of the Ile, Richard of Avmery, Geffrey the sone of Ely, Raaf of Aumery, Robert of Orton, Martyne of Blechyndon, Henry the sone of william of Orton, And many other.

Page  363
A Charter of Robert de le Grave confermyng to the mynchons of Godestowe viij. shillings*. [Mentioned in pope Nicholas IV's Taxatio Ecclesiastica, 1291.] of yerely rent in the towne of Newnton Crawnford.

About 1270. Grant to Godstow, by Robert lord de le Grave, chaplain, of a rent|charge of 8s. imposed as feudal superiority upon the yardland in no. 490, for a pit|tance, with all manorial claims and reversion|ary rights over said yardland, which is held by quit-rent of 1 lb. of cummin.

THE sentence of this charter is that Robert de la Grave, Chapellayne, yaf, graunted, and by his present charter confermed, to the Abbesse of Godestow and to the mynchons ther seruyng god, an annuel rent of viij. shillings in the towne of Newnton Crawnford, which forsaid yerely rente william atte welle to hym was wont to paye yerely at iiij. termes in the yere, that is for to sey, atte fest of seynt Mighell ij. shillings, and at the fest of seynt Thomas the appostle ij. shillings, and at the fest of the Annunciacion of our lady ij. shillings, And at the fest of seynt Iohn Baptist ij. shillings, for a yerde-lond which of me the forseid william of Newnton somtyme held in the same towne: To be taken and had, the forseid yerely rent, to the forseid Abbesse and mynchons, to a pytaunce, of the forseid william and his heires, frely and quyetly, wele and in pease for ever|more, with homagis, Relefis, wardis, heriettis, mariagis, and with all maner Eschetis which may falle bothe of the forsaid lond and of the forseide william and of his heires, yeldyng therof yerely vnto the lord [folio 222b] of that fee a pounde of Comyne at Estir. And that this his yifte, graunte, and charter confermyng, ferme and stable for evermore shall abide, this present charter with the puttyng to of his seale he hathe I-strengthed. These beyng witnesse: Maister Robert Maynard, than keper of the hous of Godestow; ser Nigell, ser Iohn, ser henry, than Chapelayns of Godestow; wakelyne of Opton; Raaf of Bloxham, Clerk; Iohn de la hyde; Richard wyll of Newnton; and other.

A Confirmacion of Robert, lord of Newnton Crawnford, confermyng to the mynchons of Gode|stow viij. shillings of rent in the towne of Newnton aforseid which Robert lord de la Grave yaf to hem, & cetera.

About 1270. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Robert, of Newn|ton Crawn|ford, as overlord, of the grant (no. 491) of an 8s. rent|charge, with feudal claims and reversion|ary rights, retaining the quit|rent of 1 lb. of cummin.

THE sentence of this confirmacion is that Robert, lord of Newnton Crawnford, had ferme and stable the yifte which Robert lord de la Grove, prest, made to lady Isolde, Abbesse, Page  364 and Couent of Godestow, of a yerely rent of viij. shillings to be taken, at iiij. termes in the yere vsed, of a yerd-lond with the pertynentis, which william atte welle holdith in the towne of Newnton; and that same yifte by this his present charter he confermed; and all the right and clayme which he had or in any maner wise myght have in the forseid rent or yerd-lond, with the pertynentis, and william atte welle with all his sequele, with homagis, wardis, heriettis, relefis, Eschetis, and all other profites which of the forseid rent and lond, with the pertynentis, and of william atte welle with all his sequele, myght come, to god and to the monasterye of Godestow and to the abbesse and Couent of the same place, relesed and quyte-claymed for hym and his heires for evermore, Savyng only to hym and to his heires the rent*. [At the dissolution, 1540, Godstow is found (Monast. iv. 372) paying 4d. to Richard Lovett as commutation-money for 1lb. of cummin, in Bloxham district, and therefore in all probability for this pro|perty.] of a pound of Comyne to be paid yerely to hem at Newnton at the terme of Estir for all seculer thyngis. In witnesse of all thyngis, to his present charter he put to his seale, These beyng witnesse: Robert le Eyre, that tyme beyng bailly of wodestok; Robert of the parke, bailly of the hundred of wotton; william le Megre; Richard Talenant; Robert, lord of Millecombe; Iohn de la hyde of Newnton; Raaf of Bloxham, Clerk; Richard, the sone of Nigell of Galburghyre; Thomas Douncy of Dunstywe; and ma[n]y other.

OXFORD.

[NOTE.—Although the deeds relating to Godstow property in Oxford are numerous, the estate of the convent there was comparatively unimportant, except in the extra|mural district of Walton and St. Giles. In Oxford proper the holdings were mostly pre-occupied by the older and greater foundations of St. Frideswyde's and Oseney; and Godstow had also to meet the competition of other religious houses near Oxford, as the Hospitals of St. Bartholomew and of St. John the Baptist, Abingdon Abbey, Einsham Abbey, Rewley Abbey, Studley Priory. The compiler of the Latin Register arranged these deeds roughly by parishes. They have now been brought more strictly into order, and the extra-parochial deeds put by themselves in three sets:— 1. The deeds concerned with the controversy about tithes in the north suburb of Oxford between Godstow as rector of St. Giles's church and Oseney as rector of St. George's in the castle. Page  365 2. The deeds concerned with the exchanges of land and quit-rents between Godstow and St. Frideswyde's priory. 3. A number of 'general' deeds, i.e. in which either the parish is not stated, or in which several parishes are brought together in one document.]

[Controversies between Godstow and Oseney.]
[folio 93] A composicion bitwene the abbot and chanons of Oseney and the abbesse and mynchons of Gode|stowe for the tythes of the men in Walton and the parisshons and tythes of the xx. acris.

A.D. 1192. Before pope Celestine III's com|missioners, Godstow's claim that certain tithes and parish|dues should go to St. Giles's church was ac|cepted by Oseney, in consider|ation of Godstow offering yearly two 3-lb. wax|candles at Oseney.

THE sentence of this composicion is, that W. and W. of Cumbe*. [Combe abbey in Warwickshire.] and of Tame*. [William of Forde was abbot of Thame 1184-1205.], abbottis, consideryng and willyng that all shold know that, whan the contrauersies and strif was bitwene the abbot and chanons of Oseney and the abbesse and the holy mynchons of Godestowe vpon the tythes of the men of the forsaid Chanons in Walton and the parisshens and tithes of the xx. acris*. ['The Twenty-acres' was land belong|ing to Oseney in the vicinity of Stockwell Street.], The Chanons affermyng the same parisshens and tithes to perteyne and longe to the chirche of seynt Georgis the which is there*. [i. e. theirs.] of old right, The holy mynchons affermyng the same parisshens and tithis to longe to the chirch of seynt Gyle, At the last the contrauersie happed and fortuned this maner of ende. For the abbot and chanons of Oseney, for the love of god and for the sake of the religion of the forsaid holy mynchons, graunted to them, into perpetuel almesse, all the for|said parisshons and tithis to be hold of them (that is to sey, of the forsaid chanons) for euer, paiyng therof yerely ij. sergis of iij. li. of wexe, the which, honestly araied, thei ought to offre vpon the hye auter of our blissed lady seynt marye of Oseney, in the vigille of the assumpcion of her, afore evensonge. For this cause they, to the which oure holy fadir pope Celestyn the thirde commytted this cause (or ple) to be herd and to be ended with a dew ende (appele I-put away), confermed this composicion afore put, by the auctorite I-yove to them of the pope self, and make hit sure with the puttyng of there seales, the which also was I-strengthed with the seales of bothe chapiters to more suerte. This composicion was I-made, the yere fro the incarnacion of oure lord Ml C lxxxxij.

Page  366
Another composicion bitwene the same for tythys of dyuerse londis.

1388, Nov. 2. John Bokyng|ham, bishop of Lincoln (1362-98), recites the facts as to the con|troversy between Godstow and Oseney as to the tithes of Church|croft, in the north suburb of Oxford, which was submitted to his arbi|tration. 1387, Oct. 6. Agreement of Godstow to abide by the award of the diocesan, in the dis|pute with Oseney Abbey about tithes in Walton, to avoid expenses.

THE sentence of this composicion is, that Iohn, by the grace of god bisshopp of lyncolne, willed to be know to all the children of our modir the chirche and to them that loke or se or to here thise lettres, that somtyme, when ther was a-spronge a dissencion or mater of question bitwene the religious men, Abbot and couent of the monastery of Oseneye of the ordir of seynt Austyn [folio 93b] of his diocise, in the name of theire monastery, And the abbesse and couent of Godestowe of his said diocise, in the name of their monastery, of the other parte, vpon the right of takyng and havyng tithys of shevys of j. pece of lond of dyuerse tenentis, the which is I-called chirchecrofte, liyng in the feld of walton, in brede fro the diche of denyscrofte of the north parte and the crofte I-called frerecrofte and the walle I-called carywalle of the south parte, and in lengthe hit strecchith hit-self fro the curtilage of dyuerse tenauntis of the parissh of seynt Giles (even ayenst the chirche of seynt Giles) of the Est parte vnto the kyngis hye-wey I called Stok|wellestrete*. [Now Walton Street, in this part of it. Mr. Hurst thinks the name came from a staked-well in the modern Worcester Street.] comyng forth of the west parte. At the last the same parties, considerynge the harmes and expensis that myght come by the occasion of such maner discencion, submytted them-self purely and goodely and vttirly to the bisshoppis ordeynyng, decre, and diffynyng, behotyng (or promyttyng) for them and ther successours and ther monastery afore-them-self*. [Read 'aforesaid.' The Latin is: 'et eorum monasterio praedicto.'], to have hit saide*. [The Latin is: 'ratum et firmum habi|turis.'] and sure for ever what-so-ever he ordeyned, decreed, or diffynyd in ony wise, aboute the takyng and havyng of the said tithis, or by occasion of the thyngis afore put, even as hit apperith of submyssions of the same parties, Tenouris of the which folow bynethe.

Be hit know, by thise present lettres, to all peple, that, whan ther was begon a debate & mater of question, bitwene the abbesse of the monastery of Godestowe and the couent of the same place of the ordir of seynt benet, of lyncolne diocise, in the name of the same monastery, of the one parte, and Page  367 the religious men the abbot and couent of the monastery of Oseney beside Oxenford of the ordire of seynt Austyn, of lyncolne diocise aforesaid, in the name of the same monastery, of the other parte, vpon the right of takyng and havyng tythis of shevis comyng forth of the lond I-called chirchecrofte, the abbesse and the Couent forsaid seiyng tho tythis to owe of right to perteyne to them and to ther monastery of Godestowe, the forsaid abbot and couent affermyng the same tythis to owe to perteyne to them and ther monastery aforsaide of right, they considred and vndirstode that ther shold come therof, by the occasion of such maner of discencion, not all-only dyuerse mevyngis, but also (with-out any avoidyng) harmes and expensis, willed*. [Read 'willing.'] to avoide more warely such maner of harmes and expensis there and therof, submytted them, there successours, and ther monastery aforesaid, by this present lettres, purely willefully and vttirly to the ordeynyng of the worshipfull fadir and lord, lord Iohn by the grace of god bisshop of lyncolne, and to his decre and diffynycion in all thyngis aboute the right of takyng and of havyng the said tythis or the takyng of them. They promytted for them and ther successours and there monastery aforsaid, they to haue I-said and ferme or sure, fore in tyme to come, what|so-ever thynge the forsaid worshipfull fadir, by ordynarye [folio 94] right or*. [The clause is an explanation of 'ordyn|arye.' The Latin runs: 'iure ordinario seu ex incumbenti sibi pastorali officio, de plano, et absque strepitu iudiciorum seu figura iudicii.'] of his bisshopis office longyng to hym, of playn and Without Iudiciall noyse of Iuge or figure of Iugement, aboute the takyng and havyng the said tythis or the takyng of the same, Also how-so-euer wold ordeyn, decre, or diffyne in ony wyse, by the occasion of the promysed thyngis: into the wit|nesse of the which, ther commune seale was I-honged to thise present lettres by them. The date at Godestowe, in ther Chapiter house, the sixte day of the month of Octobre, The yere of our lord a thousand iij. hundred iiijxx. vij.

Next to this folowyth the Submyssion of the abbot and couent of Oseney to abide the ordeynyng,

1387. Similar agreement by Oseney Abbey.

DECREE, and diffynycion, of the bisshop, for the discencion and mater of question bitwene them and the abbesse and Page  368 mynchons of Godestowe. And the tenoure therof is even like worde for word to the tenour of the submycion of the abbesse and mynchons afore I-write, And therfor hit nedith not to write hit.

Here begynneth the sentence of the Bisshop.

1388. Award by the diocesan,

THE bisshop after he had first I-considred tho thynges that were to be attended in the afore-put thyngis, and a solemne and diligent trete before I-had, the which was nedefull and requysit in that parte of right, desired, as he ought specially, pease and rest of tho parties and profite bothe of the persones and monas|teryes aforsaid to ordeyn and to decree, as is I-write with-yn, whan he had I-sey theire evydent subieccion of the consent of all and euerych the which hit be-falled to consent in this parte, he yaf the sentence vndir this forme.

The sentence and Iugement.

assigning to Oseney Abbey the tithes of certain crofts and portions of fields,

In deí nomíne amen. This he thought to be ordeyned, decreid, auctoriȝe[d], and to be diffynyd, that the abbot and the covent of the monastery of Oseney aforsaid in ther tyme and ther successours in the monastery aforsaid that*. [i.e. 'who shall be for the time being.'] shold be for ther tyme, [should*. [Added from the Latin.] take] the said tythis of the said lond I-called chirchecrofte (vpon the which began the discord and discencion bitwene the parties aforsaid); And also the tythes of the shevys of half a but of lond (the which is the forere of larke|hull in the southe parte, and lieth bitwene thystelden and larkehull: of the which forere the said abbesse and couent were I-wonyd to take the tythis that come therof), in the tymes to come, by there right, fro this tyme now forthe, holy shold gadir by them-self and there seruantis and take the said tithys for euer in the name of the monastery of Oseney aforsaid, and shold dispose of them frely and pesibly after theire owne good wille.

The sentence and Iugement for the abbesse parte.

and to God|stow the tithes of certain other strips of the arable fields in Walton, and the north suburb of Oxford. Godstow and Oseney ordered to carry out these ar|rangements in a friendly manner, under penalty of £5 to be paid by the transgres|sor, in St. Mary's Church, to the injured party, and, in case of delay to pay the above fine, of a further sum of £1 10s. to the injured party, and £1 10s. to the fabric of Lincoln Minster. This de|cision was engrossed in the bishop's register.

AND the forsaid abbesse and couent of the monastery of Godestow aforsaid and ther successours in the monastery of Page  369 Godestowe aforsaid, the which shold be for ther tyme, the tythis of the shevys of j. pece of lond I-called sevenacre, liyng in the feld of walton, in brode bitwene the kyngis hye-wey I-called wodestok wey of the west parte and a furlonge of the said abbottis and couent I-called honyforlonge vpon the Est parte, And in length hit strecchith hit-self fro [folio 94b] Hawkelowedyche fro the Northe parte vnto the lond of the same abbesse of þe Southe parte; Also the tythis of ix. buttis I-called Sydlyngis, liyng at the lowsy thorn, bitwene j. acre of lond of the same abbesse beside the kyngis hye-wey I-called Banneburye wey in brede of the Est parte and j. pece of lond of the same abbesse of the other parte, and in length hit strecchith hit-self vnto j. pece of lond of the said abbottis of Oseney of the northe parte I-called Aylardeslonde; and also the tythes of sheves of vij. buttis liyng at pulewelle, in lengthe bitwene j. marke of the northe parte and the lond of dyuerse tenauntis of the said abbesse and other of the south parte, and strecchith hit-self fro a mede I-called northeham of the Est parte vn-to the wey I-called Eton way of the west parte, of the which the abbot and Couent aforesaid were I-woned to take the tythis of sheves into rewarde of ther tythys (vpon the which the discencion began bitwene parties aforseid); And the said tythis of the butte (that is to sey, of the forere) that come forthe therof, in the tymys to come, for ther right, fro that tyme forthe, the mynchons shold gadir by them-self or by ther seruantis, holy take them, and haue in the name of the monastery of Godestowe aforsaid, and dispose them frely and pesibly aftir ther owne wille.

Furthermore the bisshop ordeyned and pronunsed that nother parties of the forsaid parties ne no persone of them shold lette, or yeve impedyment, vpon the gaderyng or takyng of tythis aforsaid, openly or priuely, by them-self or other, that bothe partis or eny parte of the forsaid parties mow take and have the aboueseid tythis after the ordenaunce of the bisshop abouesaid for ever. And yf ony parte of the partis a-forsaid or of there successours, or ony other persone of comaundement or biddyng of the othere of the same, in tymys to come, lette or [yeve] impediment vpon the gaderyng or takyng of the tythis afor|said ayenst his ordenaunce in this parte in ony wise, he willed Page  370 and ordeyned by this present lettres that the parte lettyng shold pay without lenger differryng to the partie that is I-lette, with|yn iij. daies immediatly or next folowyng suche maner lette, in the chirche of the blissed virgyn marye of Oxon C. shillings of sterlynges of lawfull and vsuell money rynnyng in Inglond. And yf hit falle or happe the party lettyng, as hit is I-said afore, to faile in all or in parte in the paiyng of the said C. shillings by x. dayes next or immediatly folowyng the said iij. dayes (that god forbede), the party abouesaid lettyng shold paie to the partie I-letted xxx. shillings of siluer in the said chirche of our lady and other xxx. shillings to the makyng of the chirch of lyncolne, his ordeynyng present yit abidyng sure. Al so ofte that such impediment is I-do, the party lettyng was and is I-bound to pay, with-in x. dayes after such maner of lettyng I-do ayenst his ordeynyng abouesaid, in the name of a payne. Into witnesse of all and euerich, the bisshopps seale was I-hanged to*. [A stop is placed here in the MS.], to this his ordeynyng I-delyuered to bothe parties abouesaid by the maner of an endenture. And to ever-lastyng mynde of the thynge he made to be registred this his owne [folio 95] ordeynyng in his registre, and comaunded hit to be made more sure with the Commune selis of the forsaid parties. And the parties aforsaid, of the Commune consent and assent of them|self and of ther bothe Chapiters, put to, euerych to other, to this ordeynyng indented ther commune selis. The date and I-acted by the bisshop in his chapell within his Castell of Sleford, the second day of the monthe of Nouembre, vndir the yere fro the Incarnacion of oure lord aftir the course and countyng of the chirch of Inglond a thousand CCC foure score and viij., the xij. Indiccion, of the popehode of the most holy fadir in crist and lord oure lord Vrban by the grace of god the sixte the xj. yere, And the xxvj. yere of the bisshoppis consecracion. There beyng present worshipfull and discrete men, Maisters Brandon of the Cathedrall chirch of lichefeld and Iohn Botlis|ham of his chirche of lyncolne, Chanons, wytnessis I-called to the fore-put thyngis.

Page  371
[Exchanges with St. Frideswyde's Priory.]
[folio 143] A Charter of Robert Priour of Seynt Frideswith I-made to the chirch of Godestowe for arable lond with the pertynentis the which they had somtyme of the yifte of Symond Balehorne, & cetera.

About 1260. Godstow exchanged property in St. Cle|ment's parish for St. Frides|wyde's pro|perty in Walton and Beaumont: Godstow receiving (a) Simon Balehorn's land, (b) Denise Borewald's land; Godstow giving (a) land in St. Cle|ment's, reserving Boy-mill and right of way to it, (b) part of Wolward's|well near Wolvercot, reserving the tithe. Agreement to submit to arbitration, if the ex|change has to be modi|fied.

THE sentence of this charter*. [Wigram's Cartulary of St Frideswide, i. 426.] is, that Robert, priour, and the couente of seynt Frideswith of Oxenford, for them and ther successours, graunted, yaf, and confermed with ther writyng, to the chirch of Godestowe and to Emme abbesse and couente of the same place, all ther arable lond, with all his pertynentis, the which they had somtyme of the yifte of Symond Balehorn without the north yate of Oxenford in the feldes of Walton and Bewmount, as hit is departed in the charters the which he made fully to them therof; Also they graunted, to the same abbesse and Couente and to ther chirche aforsaid, all the lond, with his pertynentis, the which they had of the yifte of Denyse Borewold in the feldes aboue I-named, after the tenour of the charter the which she made therof to them,

into an eschaunge of the lond of the said abbesse and couente of Godestowe, the which they had and held with-out the Est yate of Oxenford in seynt Clementis parisshe, savyng to them the wey toward the mylle of Boymylle as goodly and as frely as they had hit in ony tyme; And they filled the defawte of the lond, of ther parte, fully in that tilthe the which is next to the towne of Wolgarecote that is I-called Wolwardeswelle, savyng to them the tilthe*. [Read 'tithe.'] therof comyng.

Wherfor they willed that the chirch of Godestowe, thabbesse, and Couente of the same place, shold haue and hold for euer, the forsaid londes, with all ther pertynentis, esementis, pastures, and commune, with all fredomes al so moche as longeth to the said londes and that towched them, into eschaunge of ther lond as hit is abouesaid. And the forsaid Priour and Couente and ther chirch warantiȝed the forsaid londes, with all ther per|tynentis, to the forsaid abbesse and Covente and to theire chirch for evere, defended and aquyted ayenst all men, fro Page  372 all seruyce seculere, sutes, hundredis, and Courtis, that they shold not rynne into harme, gref, or disese, by occasion of the forsaid londes. And yf hit happened in ony tyme, that for the warantiȝyng of the forsaid londes ony eschaunge behoved to be made in the forsaid tilthe, hit shold be fulfilled all by the extente*. [Latin 'per extensionem.'] of feithfull men, I-chose of bothe parties. And that all thise thynges, & cetera.

A Charter of Denyse Borewalde, I-made to the chirch of Seynt Frideswith for xv. acres of arable londe, & cetera.

About 1240. Grant to St. Frides|wyde's Priory, by Denise Borewald, of 15 acres in the north suburb, lying in separate strips, also of quit|rents, with reversion|ary rights, over other properties there.

THE sentence of this charter*. [Wigram, i. 427.] is, that Denyse Borewalde, in her lawfull wedowhode and full power, yaf, & cetera, to god and to the chirche of seynte Frideswith of Oxenford and to the Couente ther seruyng god, for the helthe of her sowle and of all her auncetours and successours, into fre and perpetuell almesse, xv. acres of arable lond in the felde without the borough of Oxenford of the north parte: of the which, one [half] acre lieth in Walton crofte, [folio 143b] bitwene the lond of Aleyn Stampe of the sowthe parte and the lond of knyghtwyn of the north parte; and an acre lieth in the tilthe the which is called Trippenhak, beside the lond of Axcilde Pretor or mayere of the north side; and one half acre lieth in a tilthe that is I-called Middekepyn, beside the lond of thabbesse of Godestowe; and one half acre lieth in a tilthe that is I-called hundreweye*. ['Himereweye,' in St. Frideswyde's Cartulary.], beside the lond of henry Wyke of the Southe parte; and one halfe acre lieth in a tilthe that is I-called 'Southannorde,' beside the lond of the forsaid henry of the west parte; and one [half] acre lieth in a tilthe, the which is beside the mede ayenst halkewere, beside the lond of the forsaide henry of the sowthe; and one acre lieth in a tilthe that is aboue halkewere, bitwene the lond of the abbot of Oseneye, the which is vpon bothe sides; and j. half acre, that is in a tilthe that is I-called Thoeathamweye, beside the lond of the said abbesse of the north parte; and one acre in the same tilthe, next to the lond of the same henry of the southe parte; and vj. acres, the whiche lye in the tilthe that is called Page  373 Northam, beside the lond of the forsaid abbesse of the south parte; [and*. [Omitted in MS.; added from St. Frideswyde's Cartulary, to make up the 15 acres.] half an acre in the tilth over Northam, beside the lond of the foresaid Henry of the south part;] And half an acre in the tilthe that is I-called Wodych, bitwene the lond of the forsaid henry of the south parte and the londe of William Eaton of the north parte; Also half an acre in the same tilthe, bitwene the lond of the said henry and the lond of Walter Cuddelynge; Also ij. half acres in a tilthe that is ayenst the brynke of merston, amonge*. [Latin 'inter,' i. e. between.] the which j. half acre of the forsaid henry lieth; And halfe an acre beside Bradmore, bitwene the lond of the forsaid henry and the lond of Alice, wedowe. Also she graunted and yaf, to the forsaide Chanons, all the right that she had, or myght haue, for her and here heires, in vj. acris of lond, of the which William Woldewarde held iij. for xvj. d. obolus to be paid at ij. termes, that is to sey, viij. d. quadrans at Mighel|masse and viij. d. quadrans at our lady day in marche, And Hersute that was the wyf of William Iordon held iij. for xv. d. to be paid atte said termes, the which rente the said William and Hersute and there heires shold paye to the said chanons or to ther attorneyes for euer, Savyng thurgh all thynges the fee and heritage of tho aforsaide. Wherfor she willed the forsaid Chanons shold have and holde all the forsaid londes and rentes, with ther pertynentis, as free and perpetuell almesse, yeldyng therof yerely to the chief lord xviij. d at Mighelmasse and xviij. d. at our lady day in marche, for all seruyce and seculer exaccion. And denyse and her heires warantiȝed all the forsaid thynges to the said Chanons ayenst all men and women for euer. Into witnesse of which thynge, & cetera.

A Charter of Molde the doughter of Aluerde bocher I-made to Symon Balehorn for x. buttis of arable londe, & cetera.

About 1230. Sale to Simon Balehorn, by Maud, daughter of Alured, of 10 'butts' (irregular pieces of land), in the north suburb. Purchase|money, £1.

THE sentence of this charter is, that moolde, the doughter of Aluerd, Bocher, graunted lete delyuered & cetera to Symon Balehorn*. [Wigram, i. 422.] of Oxon [folio 144] x. buttes of arable lond, with all ther Page  374 pertynentis, the which were of the South parte beside the Buttes the which were somtyme of Symon Scemere, and strec|chith hym-self vnto*. [i.e. a field called 'Nine-acres.'] 'ix. acres' of the one parte, and on the othere parte they strecche into the wey that lieth beside*. [Latin 'inter,' i.e. between.] the towne of Oxon and Water Eton: To be had and to be holde, to hym and to his heires and to whom-so-euer he wold assigne hit, of hym and his heires for euer, frely quyetly holy pesibly and worshipfully, yeldyng therof yerely to the chief lord of the fee xv. d. at ij. termes of the yere, that is to sey, at oure lady day in marche vij. d. obolus and at Mighelmas vij. d. obolus, for all seruyce, exaccion, and demaunde. And the saide Moolde and her heires warantiȝed the forsaid x. buttis, with all þere pertynentis, ayenst all men and women. And for this yifte, & cetera, the forsaid Symon yaf to her xx. shillings of sterlyngis to her grete nede. And for-asmoche that she willed that all these thynges, & cetera.

A Charter of Richard fitȝ Gilbert Smyth I-made to Symon Balehorne for one acre I-called hedeacre.

About 1230. Sale to Simon Balehorn, by Richard fitz Gilbert smith, of an acre in Bradmore. Purchase|money, £2 2s.

THE sentence of this charter*. [Wigram, i. 422.] is, that Richard fitȝ Gilbert Smyth graunted, lete, and delyuered, to Symon Balehorne his one acre, with all his pertynentis, the which is I-called heued|acre: the which lieth in the feld that is I-called Brademore, and strecchith hit-self in thurte*. [Latin = 'in transverso campi.'] ouer the feld in length toward the southe and towarde the northe, and marchith toward the north at the hede hedeacre the which was somtyme of Symon Semere: To be had and to be holde, to hym and to his heires and to whom he wold assigne hit, of hym and his heires, in fee and heritage, frely quyetly pesibly and holy, yeldyng therof yerely to hym and to his heires vj. d. at Mighelmasse for all seruyce and exaccion; and Richard and his heires warantiȝed the forsaid Hedeacre, with all his pertynentis, to the forsaid Symon and to his heires and to whom he wold assigne hit ayenst all men and women. And for this yifte, & cetera, he yaf to hym xxij. shil|lings into warison. And for-as-moche that he willed all thynge to be sure, & cetera.

Page  375
A Charter of henry fitȝ lowys I-made to Symon Balehorn for ij. acris of arable londe, & cetera.

About 1230. Sale to Simon Balehorn, by Henry son of Lewis, of 2 acres in Bradmore. Purchase|money, 16s. 8d.

THE sentence of this charter is that henry fitȝ lowys*. [Wigram, i. 423.] graunted, lete, and delyuered, to Symon Balehorn of Oxenford ij. acris of arable lond, with all ther pertynentis, the which lye in the felde that is I-called Brademore, beside the abbesse lond of Godestowe of the north parte, and strecchith hit-selfin lengthe of the one parte toward the west vnto the half acre the which was of henry of the Wyke, and strecchith hem-self of the other parte toward the Est vnto the mede of the abbesse of Godestowe: To be had and to be hold, to hym and to his heires and to his assignes, of hym and his heires, in fee and heritage, frely and quyetly pesibly worshipfully and holy, yeldyng therof yerely [folio 144b] to hym and to his heires viij. d. at Mighelmasse for all seruyce exaccion and demaunde. And the forsaid henry and his heires warantiȝed to the forsaid Symon and to his heires and to his assignes the forsaid ij. acres, with all there pertynentis, ayenst all men and women. And for this graunte, & cetera, the said Symon yaf to hym xvj. shillings of sterlyngis and viij. d. into warison. And þat, & cetera.

A Charter of Raaf Stonard, kynnysman of Wil|liam of Wolgarecote, I-made to Symon Balehorne and to William Miller for j. acre lond.

About 1230. Sale to Simon Balehorn and Wil|liam miller, by Ralph Stonard, of one acre in St. Giles. Quit-rent, 1s, yearly. Purchase|money, 14s. 6d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Raaf Stonard*. [Wigram, i. 424.], kynnes|man*. [Latin is 'gener.'] of william of wolgarecote, graunted, lete, and delyuered, to Symon Balehorne and to William Millere, one acre of lond, the which lieth behynde the lond of William Wolgarecote and behynde his lond, the which acre holdeth in lengthe xxxij. roddis and iiij. fote of the kyngis standard, in seynt Gyles parissh in the subarbes of Oxenford, to them and to ther heires, to be had and to be hold, of hym and his heires, in fee and heri|tage, frely quyetly and holy, yeldyng therof yerely to hym and to his heires xij. d. at ij. termes of the yere, for all seruyce and exaccion, that is to sey, at Mighelmasse vj. d and at our lady day in marche vj. d; and he and his heires warantiȝed the Page  376 forsaid acre, with his pertynentis, to the forsaid Symon and William, and to theire heires, or to whom they wold assigne hit, ayenst all men and women. And for this graunte, & cetera, the forsaid Symon and William yaf to hym xiiij. shillings vj. d. into warison. And that, & cetera.

A Charter of Roger Waterman I-made to Symon Balehorne for alle his londes, & cetera.

About 1230. Sale to Simon Balehorn, by Roger waterman, of superior|ity over land in St. Giles and of tenancy of Godstow land there. Quit-rent, 1s. yearly. Purchase|money, £3.

THE sentence of this charter is that Roger Waterman*. [Wigram, i. 423.] graunted lete and delyuered, & cetera, to Symon Balehorn of Oxenford, all his lond, with all his pertynentis, the which Osmond held of hym, the which lond lieth bitwene the lond of Thomas fitȝ Water and the lond of Alisaundre Mason, in seynt Gyles parissh without the north yate of Oxenford: So nathelesse that the said Osmond held the forsaid lond of the forsaid Symon and his heires or his assignes. Also he graunted to hym all his arable lond, with his pertynentis, the which lieth bitwene the lond of Semere and the new diche, of the fee of the abbesse of Godestowe, in the forsaid parissh: To be had and to be hold, of hym and his heires, to hym and his heires or to whom he wold assigne hit, in fee and heritage, frely and quyetly pesibly and holy, yeldyng therof yerely to hym and to his heires xij. d. at Mighelmas, for all seruyce, custome, and exaccion. And the forsaid Roger and his heires warantiȝed all the forsaid londes to the forsaid Symon, and to his heires, or to whom he wold assigne hit, ayenst all men and women. And for this graunte, & cetera, the forsaid Symon yaf to hym iiij. mark and j. half of siluer into warison. And for-asmoch as he willed þat all thise þynges, & cetera.

A Charter of Symon Balehorne I-made to the chirche of seynt Frideswithe for all his londes and rentes, & cetera.

1241, April 5. Grant to St. Frides|wyde's Priory, by Simon Balehorn, of no. 505, and no. 504, and no. 507, and no. 503, and other lands and buildings in Walton.

THE sentence of this euydence is that Symon Balehorn, for goddis sake and for the helthe of his soule yaf, & cetera, to god and to the chirche of [folio 145] Seynt Frideswith of Oxenford Page  377 and to the chanons there seruyng god now beyng and to be, into fre and perpetuel almesse, all his londes and rentes*. [Wigram, i. 424.] with ther pertynentis, that is to sey, ij. acres that lieth in the feld that is I-called Brademore nexte to the lond of the abbesse of Gode|stowe of the north parte; and j. acre that is I-called the heued|acre the which lieth in the feld of Brademore; and all the arable lond the which was of Roger Waterman, the which lieth bitwene the lond that was of Semere and the new dich, of the fee of the abbesse of Godestowe; and all the lond that Osmonde myller helde of hym, the which lieth bitwene the lond of Thomas fitȝ Walter and the lond of Alisaundre Mason, Savyng the fee of the saide Osmonde to hym and to his heires; And x. buttis of arable lond the*. [See note 1, p. 410.] [which] lye beside the buttis that were somtyme of Symon Semere; And iij. acris, of the which one lieth and strec|chith hit-self vnto the hede acre I-called the heuedacre, And ij. acris the which strecchith them-self into the forsaid heuedacre, the whiche were of the fee of hastel*. ['Axcilde praetor' in no. 502: Wood's City of Oxford, i. 350.] marchaunte; And ij. buttes, the which lien behynde the kyngis halle, with the bildyngis above I-bilded, and half j. acre there-with, half I-bilded: To be had and to be holde, frely quyetly pesibly and holy, to them and to ther successours as*. [Read 'and.'] to ther assignes, yeldyng for the said tenementis seruyces, the which ben I-conteyned fully in the charters of the yevers, the which he had and delyuered to the same assignes. And Symon and his heires warantiȝed for euer all the forsaid tenementis with all her pertynentis to the forsaid chanons ayenst all men and women. And he made this warantiȝyng to the forsaid Chanons, the v. day of Aprell, the xxv. yere of the reigne of kyng henry the sone of kynge Iohn.

[folio 141b] A Charter of a couenaunte I-made bitwene the abbesse of Godestowe and the priour of seynt Frides|with, the which priour quyte-claymed to the abbesse all rentis that the abbesse was I-wonyd to pay to þem.

1286, Nov. 1. Exchange by Godstow with St. Frides|wyde's Priory of quit-rents, St. Frides|wyde's giving up 16s. 3d. in superiori|ties over Godstow property, viz. (a) 'Ship hall' in St. Frides|wyde's parish, 2s.; (b) house in St. Michael's, South Gate, 2s.; (c) seld in the Cord|wainry, 10s. 3d.; (d) 'Elmen hall' in St. John Bapt. parish, 2s.; but retain|ing 1s. 9d. on the seld in the Cord|wainry and 2s. 3d. on 'Spalding's Entry' (as in no. 563). Godstow acquitting St. Frides|wyde's of 16s. 3d. in charges over St. Frides|wyde's property, viz. (a) 6s. 8d. in Knighton, Berkshire (no. 16-18); (b) sums of 1s. 6d., 6d., 7d., 2s. 7d. due by lands out|side North Gate; (c) sums of 8d. and 1s. 9d. due by land in Beaumont; (d) 2s. due by land in St. Peter's in the East.

THE sentence of this couenaunte*. [Wigram, i. 121.] is, that at the fest of Alhalewyn, the yere of our lord a thousand two hundred foure Page  378 score and vj. and the xiiij. yere of the reigne of kyng Edward, hit was accorded, bitwene broþer Robert Ewelme, priour at that tyme of seynt Frideswith of Oxenford, and [folio 142] the Couente of the same place, of the one parte, and Mabile Wafre, at that tyme abbesse of Godestowe, and the Couente of the same place, of the other parte, that is to sey, that the seid Robert priour and Couente of the forsaid hous of seynt Frideswyth lete, graunted, and quyte-claymed for them and for*. [MS. 'to.'] þere successours, as into a perpetuel eschaunge, to the forsaid abbesse of Godestow and to the Couente of the same place and to ther successours, all the rentes the which the forsaid abbesse and Couente were I-wonyd to pay to the forsaid priour and Couente of seynt Frideswith yerely at our lady day in marche and at Mighelmasse by even porcions, for all ther tenementis with-in the towne of Oxenford or with-out, that is to sey, of the house somtyme of Stephyn Bisshop, the which is I-called Shiphalle, in seynt Frideswith parissh, ij. shillings; of the hous of hugh Palmer in seynt Mighell parissh of the sowthe, ij. shillings; of the selde of hugh Palmer, in the Cordewaynrye, in seynt Mighell parissh of the sowthe*. [Read 'north': 'borealis' in the Latin.], x. shillings iij. d.; of the house somtyme of Stephyn Bisshop, in seynt Iohn Baptist parissh, the which is I-called Elmenehalle, ij. shillings; ou[t]take iiij. shillings yerely to be resceived to the forsaid priour and Couente of seynt Frideswith and to ther successours for euer of ij. tenementis in Oxenford: that is to sey, of the seld that was somtyme of hugh Palmer, in Cordewaynere, xx. shil|lings*. [in error for 'xxid.'] j. d. at ij. termes of the yere by even porcions, that is to sey, at oure lady day in marche, and at Mighelmasse; And of the tenemente that somtyme Adam Spaldyng held in seynt Frideswith parissh, ij. shillings iij. d, at the same termes by even porcions; like-wise the forsaid abbesse and Covente of Godestowe, for them and ther successours, lete, graunted, and vtterly quyte|claymed for euer, as into an eschaunge, to the forsaid priour and Couente of seynt Frideswith and to ther successours, vj. shillings viij. d, the which Iohn Payne of knyghton was I-woned to paye yerely to the forsaid abbesse and Couente of Godestowe; And Page  379 xviij. d, the which the baillifes without the north yate of Oxen|ford were I-woned to resceive for the lond that was somtyme of Denyse Borewalde yerely at our lady day in marche; and vj. d, the which the said baillifes were I-woned to resceive at the same terme for heuedacre; and vij. d, the which the said baillifes were I-woned to resceive at the same terme for buttes; And ij. shillings vij. d, the which the said baillifes were I-woned to resceive by yere at Mighelmasse for the lond of Denyse Bore|wald and heuedacre; And viij. d, the which the heires of henry Baker were I-woned to resceive yerely at the fest of seynt Petir ad vincula for londes in bewmont; And xviij. d, [with] ij. hennes or iij. d, the which the heires of william Cuddyng were I-woned to resceive by yere at our lady day and at Mighelmasse by even porcions [for*. [Line omitted in MS., supplied from St. Frideswyde's Cartulary.] lands in Beaumont; and of the place formerly of Cerle] in seynt Petir parissh of the Est, ij. shillings at the same termes. And that all thise thynges, & cetera.

[folio 142] An endenture I-made bitwene the abbesse of Godestowe and the priour of seynt Frideswith for boymylle.

1358, May 10. Exchange between Godstow and St. Frides|wyde's Priory, Godstow giving (a) Boy-mill (no. 501) and pertinents, (b) two places in St. Cle|ment's parish, (c) land at Wolvercot, with at|tached right of pasture, Godstow taking in exchange Ailmer's|well, and other lands in Walton, without the tithe of Ailmer's|well. The lands to be treated as already exchanged, pending the obtaining licences in mortmain. Obligation in £200 to observe this agreement.

THE sentence of this endenture*. [Wigram's Cartulary of St. Frides|wide, i. 472.] is, that ther was a couenaunte I-made [folio 142b] bitwene the abbesse and Couente of Godestowe of the one parte, and the prioure and Couente of seynt Frideswith of the other parte, that is to sey, that the forsaid abbesse and Couente and the forsaid priour and Couente accorded in the maner vndirwritten; that is to sey, that the said abbesse and Couent shold yeve and graunte, to the forsaid priour and Couente, one place of a site of a mylle, I-called Boymylle, with all the Iles, waters, fyssheweres, lokes, weres*. [Latin 'viis' = 'ways.'], longyng to the site of the said place of the mylle, And also ij. buttes of lond I-called the mylle acre; with ij. places in gruggesete*. ['Brugset,' i.e. the district east of Magdalen Bridge, in St. Clement's parish.], wherof one lieth bitwene the abbot of Oseney tenement of the Est parte and the pathe ledyng toward yiftele*. [Iffley.] of the west parte, And anoþer place lieth ayenst streight Gollesshepene*. [Bollshipton, now Headington Hall South Park [Wood's City of Oxford, i. 283].], bitwene Page  380 the tenemente of Richard Deye of the Est parte and the tene|ment of Iohn Glouer of the west parte; with all that lond liyng in Wolgarecote feld, I-called Twysdelowe, and the com|mune of the same lond, with fre entryng and goyng out to the same, with all his pertynentis: To be had and to be hold, to the said priour and Couente and to ther successours for euer, into an eschaunge of lond and mede I-called Dilmereswelle, horestone, and hawslondich, the which the said priour and Couente yave and graunted to the seid abbesse and Couente and to ther successours for euer, savyng euermore to the said priour and Couente and to ther successours the tythe of the lond and of the mede of Dilmereswelle: To be had and to be hold, to the said abbesse and Couente and to ther successours for euer. Also the said abbesse and Couente and priour and Couente aforsaid accorded that either party myght do frely ther owne profite in all thynges touchyng the said eschaunge, with|out ony acquyteyng of bothe parties, as hit is I-said aboue, tille the said parties myght lawfully opteyne licence of the kyng (with commune costes of them) and of other the which had to entermete in that parte of the fore eschaunge to be made. And that all these thyngis shold be I-fulfilled wele and truly, the said parties bounde them-self euerych to other in ij. hundred pound of sterlyngis, vndir this condicion, that yf the parties aforsaid come not*. [Omit 'not': Latin 'contraveniant.'] agayn the said couenauntes in ony thynge, the said obligacion shold abide surely in his strength. Into witnesse of the which the forsaid parties put there seales to euerych others writyng. The date, the thursday in the Ascen|cion of our lord, the xxxij. yere of the regne of kyng Edward the thirde after the conqueste.

Denyse Burewold's lands, and the deeds relating to them.

Reference to no. 502.

FURTHERMORE hit is to be noted that the forsaid chirch of seynt Frideswith had ther, of ye yifte of Denyse Borewold, xxvj. acris of lond, the charters of the which ben not I-writte here, for the chirch of Godestowe hath them and holdeth into an eschange [folio 143] for there londes, the which they had in Seynt Page  381 Clementis parissh of Oxenford, as hit is I-shewed I-vndre|writte*. [Now on p. 371.] of the same.

[Deeds not referring distinctly to one parish.]
[folio 139] A Charter of Robert Doylle for a mede that is I-called Lambeye and one busshell of whete of the mylles vndir the Castell of Oxon. The parissh of Seynt Thomas*. [The Castle mills were there.].

A.D. 1138/9. Grant to Godstow, by Robert Doyly, of half of Lambey meadow, and a dole from Ox|ford Castle mills.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Robert Doylle, for the sowles of his auncetours and for the helthe of his owne sowle and of his wyfes sowle and also of his children, graunted and yaf, into perpetuell almesse, to god and to oure lady and to seynt Iohn Baptist and to the chirche of Godestow and to the mynchons ther seruyng god, [half of] a mede that is I-called lambeye, and a busshell of whete of the mylles vndir the castell of Oxenford euery yere to be I-paid, frely and quyetly fro all seculer seruyce. Thise beyng witnesses, & cetera.

*. [[NOTE.—Robert Doyly died about 1142. Reginald of St. Valerie (no. 878, § 15) gave the other half of Lambey. At the dissolution (Monast. iv. 370) Godstow still possessed Great Lambeie, 8 acres, worth yearly 1s. 8d. an acre, and Little Lambeie, 5 acres, worth 2s. 4d. an acre.]]
Rent-charge of Hugh of Tew.
[folio 154] A Charter of Water of Tywe and Emelyne his wyf, I-made to the mynchons of Godestowe, for ix. shillings of rente in Oxenforde.

About 1150. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Walter of Tew, of 9s. rent|charge given in 1138/9 by his father Hugh.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Water of Tywe and his wyf Emelyne and his heires yaf, & cetera, to god & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestowe there seruyng god, into perpetuel almesse, ther lond of Oxenford, that is to sey, ix. shillings worth, the which his fadir hugh of Tywe and his modir Mabile yaf to the same chirche with ther doughter. And they willed that the forsaid chirch and mynchons shold hold hit, frely and quyetly and stedfastly fro all seculer seruyce and exaccion for euer. These beyng, & cetera.

Page  382
A-nother Charter of the same, worde by worde, & cetera.

Duplicate of no. 513.

John Kepeharme's land.
[folio 132b] A Charter of Symond, Preest of seynt Petir, to Iohn kepeharme, for all his londe in Oxenford.

About 1170. Sale to John Kepe|harme, by Simon, priest of St. Peter's, of land and a parti|wall. Quit-rent, 1d. yearly. Purchase|money, £3.

THE sentence of this charter is that Symon, preste of seynt Petir, graunted, lete, and delyuered, to Iohn kepeharme his lond, the which is bitwene ther lond where he dwelleth the which Walter Crompe helde of the hospital of Ierusalem, that lond aforsaid, with the half of the gabill of his house where he dwelled so that the gable shold be to theym commune, he graunted also, as hit is afore I-said, and lete, to the fore-named Iohn, in length and in brede as the chambre the which is aboue the grounde yeveth, and in depyth vnto the grounde the which he yaf vnto the hospitall of seynt Iohn at the Est yate of Oxen|ford the which Agamond Bolter held, to hym and to his heires, surely and stedfastly in fee and in heritage, frely quyetly and worshipfully, yeldyng therof yerely j. d at Mighelmasse for all seruyce. And for this graunte and yifte of the forsaid diuided ground the afore-named Iohn yaf to hym lx. shillings of recogny|cion. And he and his heires warantiȝed the forsaid lond to the forsaid Iohn and to his heires ayenst all men: and that the afore-write couenaunte of hym and his heires shold be sure for euer, to hym and to his heires, Symond, preest, strengthed hit with the witnesse of his seale, & cetera.

*. [[NOTE.—This deed comes after no. 566 in the MS., and is the last deed in the St. Frideswyde's parish set. There is, however, nothing definite to identify the land with that parish, nor to show how it came to Godstow. The seller appears among the witnesses to no. 516: viz.—Walcheline, abbot of Abingdon, 1159-64; Godfrey, abbot of Einsham, 1155-80; Wigod, abbot of Oseney; Alfred, abbot of Dorchester; Ralph of St. Martin's, dean of Oxford; Simon, priest of St. Peter.]]
Gift of Henry of Oxford.
[folio 92] A Charter of henry Oxenford the Whiche yaf to theym j. hide of lond in Walton.

About 1164. Grant to Godstow, by Henry of Oxenford, of a hide.

THE sentence of this charter is, that henry of Oxenford, with the assent and graunte of his most dere lord and most worship|full Page  383 kyng henry of Inglond, graunted and yaf to the chirch of god, & cetera, and to the mynchons of Godestowe [folio 92b] there servyng god, j. hyde of lond in Walton that was of Chamberlayn, in-to perpetuell almesse, for the helthe of his most worthy lord kyng henry of Inglond and Alienore the quene and there children, and for the helthe of his soule and of his fadir and modir and his children. To be hold, fre and quyetly, and assoiled and losed fro all seculer service and exaccion, as he hym-self held hit most frely and quyetly. And confermed this yifte with this present graunt and the assent of his dere son Iohn. These beyng witnesse*. [See note at end of no. 515.], & cetera.

Rent-charge of Jeffrey, son of Durand.
[folio 154b] A Charter of Geffrey Durante I-made to the mynchons of Godestowe for j. marke of Rente, & cetera.

About 1190. Grant to Godstow, by Jeffrey son of Durand, of a rent|charge of 13s. 4d.

THE sentence of this charter is that Geffrey durant and molde his wyf graunted, & cetera, to god & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestow ther seruyng god, whan þe same Moolde yelded her-self to be a mynchon to the same chirch, into pure and perpetuel almesse, j. marke of rent the which Peter ther sone shold yeld yerely to the forsaid mynchons of the lond that Roger sorus held [and] of the lond of Eweyn, the which were of the mariage of the said moolde, the which londis the same Petir held heritably of the forsaid mynchons. This mark of rent they yaf to the forsaid chirch for the helth of ther soules and of ther Aunceturs and of fadirs and modirs and oþer frendis, thise beyng, & cetera.

[folio 154] A Charter of Iulian, abbesse of Godestow, I-made to Peter fitȝ Geffrey Durant for j. marke of londe in Oxenforde, & cetera.

About 1200. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Peter son of Jeffrey son of Durand, of no. 517.

THE sentence of this Charter is that Iulian, abbesse of Gode|stow, and the Couente of the same place, with ther comon counseil and assent, graunted and toke, to Petir fitȝ Geffrey Durant and to his heires, j. mark of rent in Oxenford: To be Page  384 hold of them, the which Geffrey the fadir of the forsaid Petir and Moolde the modir of hym yaf to the chirch of Godestowe whan the same Moolde toke the habite of Religion with them, of the londis that Eweyn and Roger Sorus held of Geffrey the fadir of the forsaid Petir. Of these aforsaid londes the said Petir shold yeld yerely one marke of siluer at ij. termes, at Mighelmasse half one mark and at Ester half one marke. Of this rente truly to be yelded he yaf to them fewte in the chapiter. These beyng witnesse, & cetera.

[folio 153b] A Charter of Petir fitȝ Geffrey Durant, I-made to the mynchons of Godestowe, for j. marke of Rente in Oxenford.

About 1200. Duplicate of no. 518. Purchase|money, £3 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Petir fitȝ Geffrey Durant graunted, & cetera, into pure and perpetuel almesse, to god & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestow ther seruyng god, for the helth of his fadir soule and modir soule and of all his predecessours, the yifte that his fadir and his modir made to þe chirch aforsaid, whan Moolde his modir in the same chirch toke the abite of Religion, that is to sey, one marke of rente in Oxenford of the londes that Eweyn and Roger Soriss held of Geffrey his fadir, the whiche lond was of the mariage of his modir. And Petir fitȝ Geffrey and his heires shold hold these londis into fee and heritage of the chirch of Godestowe, yeldyng therof euery yere one marke of siluer at ij. termes, at Mighel|masse half a mark and at Ester half one marke. And for this yifte, & cetera. And for-asmoch as he graunted fewte of that tenement to the same chirch of Godestowe in there chapiter, the covent of Godestowe yaf to hym v. mark of siluere. These beyng witnesse, & cetera.

Page  385
Lands given by Laurence Kepeharme.
[folio 119] A Charter of henry Doilly made to Laurence fitȝ Iohn kepeharme for ij. londis in the towne of Oxenford.

About 1190. Sale to Laurence Kepe|harme, by Henry Doyly, of lands in and outside Oxford, to be held by quit|rent of 1s. Purchase|money, £4.

THE sentence of this charter is, that henry Doilly, the sone of henry Doilly, constable of kyng henry the second, willed to be know to all his men and frendes, englissh and frenssh, bothe to*. [MS. 'two to.'] tho that were present þan, and also to tho that were to come, that he graunted and yaf to laurence fitȝ Iohn kepeharme ij. londis in the towne of Oxenford, the whiche were of his fee, that is to sey, the lond of Osbert Fadir, the which is bitwen the chirche-yerd of seynt Mildreth and the house of Edmond Sowter; and þe lond of henry Fitȝ Aubrey, the which is in the parissh of seynt Iudoce: and iij. londes with-owte the towne of Oxenford, the which is of his fee, that is to sey, the lond of Richard Rasy, the which is bitwene the mylles that ben vndir the castell of Oxenford and the brigge by the which hit is to go to Oseney; and the lond of hardyng, peletere, the which is bitwene the lond of Stephyn hanton and the lond of Walter Westbury; and the lond of Walter fitȝ Vitelle, the which is bitwene the lond of Leswyne Fosse and the lond of Iohn Leche of Brecchyme: To be hold to hym and to his heires, of hym and his heires, surely and stably in fee and heritage, frely and quyetly and worshipfully, yeldyng therof euery yere xij. d in two termes of the yere, for all service, that is to sey, vj. d. at oure Lady day in marche and vj. d. at Mighelmasse, for his homage and for his seruyce And for iiij. li. of siluer, the which the forsaid Laurence yaf to hym in Recognycion or agayn|knowlechyng. And that this his yifte and graunte, & cetera, he confermed hit with his seale, & cetera.

[folio 118] A Charter of laurence kepeharme I-made to the abbesse of Godestowe for all his londes and tenementis with-in the Borough and subarbis of Oxenforde.

About 1210. Grants to Godstow, by Laurence Kepe|harme, of the reversion of five rent|charges (10s. 8d.), with con|tingent rights, held in Oxford of the fee of D'Oilly (as in no. 520), and reversion of 4 rent|charges (10s.), on tenements held of Godstow, and rever|sion of a rent-charge of 5s. on Godstow lands out|side North Gate; and rever|sion of a holding in St. Judoc's parish (as in no. 561) all subject to his own life-inter|est.

THE sentence of this charter is, that laurence kepeharme, for the helthe of his sowle, and of all his fadirs and modirs, auncetours Page  386 and successours, charitifly graunted, after his decesse, to god & cetera and to the holy mynchons of Godestowe ther seruyng god, into pure fre and perpetuell almesse, all his londes and tenementis with-in the borough and subarbis of Oxenford, the which laurence held of Henry Doilly by the service of xij. d by yere for all seruyce, that is to sey: that lond the which was of Osbert fadir, the which the hospitall of seynt Iohn with-out the Est gate held for viij. d. by yere; and that lond that was of henry fitȝ Avbrey, the which yelded xij. d. by yere; and that lond that was of Richard Rasy vndir the Castell of Oxenford, the which yelded yerely v. shillings at iiij. termes of the yere, that is to sey, at Ester xv. d, at Midsomer xv. d, at Mighelmasse xv. d, and at Cristmas xv. d; and the lond of William Burgeys vndir the Castell of Oxenford, the which lond yelded ij. shillings by yere, that is to sey, at Estir xij. d, and at myghelmasse xij. d; and the lond of ambrose, the which is beside the lond of lewyn Fosse, the which lond of ambrose yelded ij. shillings by yere at the same termes.

And furthermore he graunted iiij. tenementis that ben of the fee of seynt Iohn Baptist chirch of Godestowe, that is to sey: a tenement that Roger Neis held, yeldyng therof yerely iiij. shillings ij. d, that is to sey, at Ester xxv. d and at myghel|masse xxv. d; and another tenement that Roger [folio 118b] Welleblot held, yeldyng therof yerely ij. shillings, that is to sey, at Ester xij. d and at myghelmasse xij. d; And another tenement that Roger Osmond held, yeldyng therof yerely xxviij. d, that is to sey, at Ester xiiij. d and at Mighelmasse xiiij d; And another tenement that Brekespere held, yeldyng therof yerely xix. d*. [Probably in error for 'xviii. d.'], that is to sey, at Ester ix. d and at Mighelmasse ix. d.

Furthermore he gravnted certayn tenementis without the north yate of Oxenford, the which walter harmer held of the same fee, yeldyng therof yerely v. shillings, that is to sey, at Ester xv. d, at Midsomer xv. d, at Mighelmasse xv. d, and at Cristmasse xv. d.

Furthermore he graunted a tenement that Robert home held, in the parissh of seynt Iudoce, and yelded therof yerely ij. shillings, that is to sey, at Estir xij. d and at Mighelmasse xij. d, and therof shold be yelded to Richard Beaufu j. li. of Comyn yerely for all seruyce, that is to sey, at Mighelmasse. Page  387 All these tenementis shold remayn or abide to the fore-named laurence, as they ben devided afore, all the dayes of his lyf: And aftir ther *. [i.e. 'his.'] decesse, they sholde remayn and abide, sadly and quyetly, to god and to the chirche of seynt Iohn Baptist of Godestowe and to the holy mynchons ther seruyng god. And for-asmoche as he willed all thise thyngis afore I-writte, as they ben aboue diuided, shold be ferme and stedfast for euer, he put to this writyng his sele, & cetera.

*. [[NOTE.—The parish here called of St. Judoc (confessor, commemorated on July 25) is more commonly styled of St. Budoc, who has no place in the calendar. See Wood's City of Oxford, ii. 44-7. The church and parish disappeared at an early date. In no. 561 the St. Judoc's property is reckoned to be in St. Ebbe's parish.]]
[folio 119] A Charter of henry Doilly, the sone of henry Doilly, the kyngis Constable, confermyng all the yiftis the which laurence kepeharme made to the mynchons of Godestowe, of the tenementis in Oxen|ford, the whiche he held of hym in the same towne.

About 1210. Confirma|tion to Godstow, by Henry Doyly, as overlord, of Laurence Kepe|harme's gift of no. 521, retaining the quit|rent as in no. 520.

THE sentence of this charter is, that henry Doilly, the son of henry doilly, the kyngis constable, graunted, and with his charter confermed, to god, & cetera, and to Iulian, Abbesse, and to the mynchons of Godestowe there seruyng god, for the love of god and for the helthe of his sowle and of his wyfes sowle and his auncetours, all the yiftis that laurence kepeharme made to them in Oxenford of the tenementis that they held of hym in Oxen|ford: To be had and to be hold to the forsaid Abbesse and mynchons for ever, into fre pure and perpetuel almesse, Savyng xij. d. to hym and to his heires yerely to be paid at ij. termes of the yere, that is to sey, at Mighelmasse vj. d and at seynt Marie day in marche vj. d, for all seculer exaccion and demaunde. And that this his graunte, & cetera.

[folio 141] By the Castell of Oxenforde.
A Charter of Stephyn hamton and William his sone and his heire I-made to the mynchons of Godestowe for j. li. of pepir.

About 1220? Surrender to Godstow, by the Hampton family, of 1 lb. pepper and with it of feudal rights over part of Laurence Kepe|harme's lands.

THE sentence of this evidence is that Stephyn hamton and William his sone and heire yaf, and graunted, to god & cetera and to the ladies of Godestowe, j. li. of pepir, the which laurence Page  388 kepeharme ought to paye yerely to them of ther lond the which lieth beside the Castell in the Est parte*. [The position of the Castle to the west of it puts this land in what is now St. Peter le Baily parish.], into pure and perpetuel almesse, for the sowles of all ther auncetours, and they and all they shold be fully partyners of there confraternite, benefetis, and praiers of all the couente. And for al so moche as they wolde, & cetera.

[folio 155b] Oxenford Castell.
A Covenaunte which Anneys, Abbesse of Gode|stowe, made with Iohn fitȝ Pagane for xlij. pens by yere.

About 1360. Agreement between Godstow and John son of Pain, for an increased rent in considera|tion of an advance of money.

THE sentence of this conuencion is, that Iohn fitȝ pagane shold yeve xlij. d. yerely in ij. termes, that is to sey, at Alhalewyn day xxj. d and in the Annunciacion of oure lady xxj. d, for the lond afore the yate of the castel of Oxenford, for the which he yelded first xviij. d to the chirch of Godestowe. And for the encrese of the ij. shillings of rente, [they] yaf to the forsaid Iohn xx. shillings in his grete nede. And the said Abbesse and couente graunted this couenaunte to be sure to the forsaid Iohn and to his heires. Thise beyng witnesse, & cetera.

Quit-rents from Peter son of Torald.
[folio 119b] A Charter of Petir fitȝ Torald I-made to the mynchons of Godestowe for xiiij. shillings of rente in Alhalewyn parissh, and of vj. shillings of rent in seynt crosses parissh and ij. shillings of rent in the same parisshe.

About 1250. Grants to Godstow, by Peter son of Torald, of 14s. rent|charge in All Saints, subject to 1s. quit|rent (see no. 554); and of 6s. rent-charge in Holywell with rever|sion of the land which paid it; and of 2s rent-charge in Holy|well: quit-rents to rectory of St. Peter|in-the-East, 1s. 4d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Petir fitȝ Torald graunted, lete, and quyte-claymed, for hym and his heires for euer, to god & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestowe ther servyng god, in-to pure and perpetuel almesse, xiiij. shillings of yerely rent of ij. mesis*. [See nos. 548-553.] the which Walter Goldsmyth [folio 120] held of hym in all halewyn parissh of Oxenford, of the which xiiij. shillings of rent the mynchons of Godestowe yelded to the chief lord of that fee xij. d by yere for all seruyce. Page  389 He graunted also, and yaf, to the forsaid mynchons of Gode|stowe, vj. shillings of yerely rent of the londe that Richard Wever and his wyf held of hym in seynt Crosses parissh*. [See no. 636.] in the subarbis of Oxenford, the which lond they held of hym to the lyf of them; And after ther dethe the forsaid lond, the which they held of hym for vj. shillings by yere, shold turne agayn and abide to the mynchons of Godestowe for euer. He graunted also, and yaf, to the forsaid mynchons of Godestowe, ij. shillings of yerely rent of the lond the which William fitȝ Gerard held of hym in the forsaid parissh of seynt Crosse. Of the which ij. aforsaid tenementis the mynchons of Godestowe shold yerely pay, to the person of seynt Petir and of seynt Crosse of halywelle, xvj. d. for all seruyce. And that thise aforsaid thyngis, & cetera.

Lands acquired from Stephen son of Waryn miller.

[NOTE.—These lands seem to have been near the corner where Canterbury Gate of Christ Church comes up to Corpus Christi College, and so partly in St. Edward's, partly in St. Frideswyde's, and partly in St. John's parishes.]

[folio 131] A charter of Adam Fitȝ Richard Goldesmyth I-made to Waryne Myller for all his lond that fille to hym by queste*. ['Quest' = bequest: the Latin is 'ex legato patris mei.'] of his Fadir.

About 1190. Grant to Waryn miller, by Adam son of Richard goldsmyth, of land (probably in St. Frides|wyde's parish). Quit-rent, 4s. Purchase|money, £1 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Adam fitȝ Richard Goldsmyth, with the wille and consente of Iugen his moder and Geffrey and Reynold his brethern, graunted, lette, and delyuered, to Waryne Miller all his lond that fille to hym of the queste*. ['Quest' = bequest: the Latin is 'ex legato patris mei.'] of Richard his fadir, the whiche lond lieth bitwene the kyngis hye-wey and the lond of William kysseblancpayn, and in depith vnto the lond of Robert Pur of Chester behynde the lond of William kysseblancpayn: To be hold, to hym and to his heires, of hym and his heires, surely and stedfastly in fee and heritage, frely and quyetly and holy, yeldyng therof yerely iiij. shillings at ij. termes of the yere, for all exaccion and seruyce, that is to sey, ij. shillings at Mighelmasse and ij. shil|lings at palme sonday: and for this her graunte and letyng of lond the forenamed Waryne yaf to hym ij. marke of siluer in warison, and made to hym fewte of the tenement. And Page  390 he and his heires warantiȝed to hym and to his heires the tenure ayenst all men and women. And that this his grauntyng and letyng of the forsaid tenement shold be sure for euer, to the forsaid Waryn and to his heires, of hym and his heires, he confermed [hit] with the puttyng to of his seale, & cetera.

A charter of Geffrey Goldsmyth to Waryne Miller confermyng the same.

About 1190. Confirma|tion to Waryn miller, by Jeffrey (son of Jeffrey) goldsmith, brother of grantor, of no. 526. Purchase|money, 2 silver bezants = 4s.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Geffrey Goldsmyth graunted & cetera to Waryne, Miller, all that lond of his owne, the which lieth in brede bitwene the lane and the lond that was of William kysseblancpayn, and in lengthe fro the strete vnto the lond of Thomas fitȝ Elrice and behynde the lond of william kysseblancpayn vnto the lond of Robert Pur of Chester, to hym and to his heires, to be had and to be holde, of [folio 131b] hym and his heires, in fee and heritage, frely quyetly fully and holy, in brede and lengthe, as hit is I-put afore, yeldyng therof yerely iiij. shillings at ij. termes of the yere for all seruyce, as the charter of Adam his brother of that same lond witnesseth, that is to sey, ij. shillings at Mighelmasse and ij. shillings at palme sonday: and he and his heires shold warantiȝe all the forsaid lond, holy, to the forsaid Waryne and to his heires, ayenst all men and women. And for this his graunte, & cetera, the afore|named Waryne yaf to hym ij. besauntis in warison, and did fewte to hym of the same tenement. And hit is to be know that Adam his brother lete and toke by his wille and his graunte all the forsaid lond to the forsaid Waryne: To be had and to be holde, heritably, as the charter of the same Adam wit|nesseth. And that this his graunte, & cetera.

A Charter of Richard Rasy and Gunnylde his wyf I-made to Waryne Miller for all ther londe in Oxenforde, & cetera.

About 1190. Sale to Waryn miller, by Richard Rasy, of land near no. 526. Quit-rent, 13d. Purchase|money, £1 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Richard Rasy and Gunnylde his wyf graunted, lete, and delyuered, to Waryne Miller ther lond that lieth bitwene the lond of Adam Chynnore and the lond of the same Waryne: To be had and to be holde, to hym and to his heires, of them and ther heires, in fee and heritage, frely and quyetly, worshipfully and holy, in lengthe Page  391 and in brede and in depenesse, yeldyng therof yerely to them and to ther heires xiij. d, at ij. termes of the yere, for all seruyce, that is to sey, vj. d obolus at Ester and vj. d obolus at Mighel|masse. And for ther graunte, & cetera, the afore-named Waryne yaf to them ij. marke of siluer for a recognicion. And they and ther heires warantiȝed to the forsaid Waryne and to his heires the foresaid lond, holy, ayenst all men and women that myght live or dye. And for-asmoche as they willed that the forsaid lond shold be sure to the forsaid Waryne and to his heires, of them and ther heires, they confermed hit to-gedirs with ther seales, & cetera.

A charter of Stephyn fitȝ Waryne Miller of Oxen|ford I-made to the mynchons of Godestowe for shiphalle and another halle in Seynt Iohn-is strete in Oxenford, & cetera.

About 1230. Cancelled draft (see no. 530) of grant to Godstow, by Stephen son of Waryn miller, of no. 526 (now called Ship Hall); and of no. 639; and of no. 528. Quit-rent to the mesne lord, 2d. Purchase|money, £6 13s. 4d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Stephyn fitȝ Waryne yaf, & cetera, to god & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestowe, for hym and his heires for ever, ther*. [Take in after 'Godstowe.'] seruyng god and to serue for euer, for the helthe of his sowle and for the sowles of his fadir and modir and also of his wyf Molde, all the londe that he had by right heritage and possessed in the towne of Oxenford, with all his pertynentis, that is to sey, all that lond that his fadir bought of Adam fitȝ Richard Goldsmyth, the which lieth bitwene the kyngis hye-wey and the lond that was somtyme of william kysseblancpayn, And the said lond strecchith hit-self in depthe vnto the lond that was somtyme of Thomas fitȝ Ailrich and vnto the lond that was somtyme of Robert Pur of chestre behynde the lond that was some [folio 132] tyme of William kysseblanc|payn the which is in seynt Frideswith parisshe; Also all the lond that he held and had of the priour of seynt Frideswith, the whiche is in seynt Iohn-is strete of Oxenford, the which lieth bitwene the lond that Albert somtyme held and the lond that Wil|liam Waterman somtyme held; Also all the lond that he held and had of Richard Rasy and Gunnylde his wyf, that is to sey, that lieth bitwene the lond that was somtyme of Adam Chynnore, and the lond that his fadir held somtyme of Adam fitȝ Richard Goldsmyth: To be hold and to be had for euer, to the said Page  392 mynchons seruyng god in the said monastery and to serue, with all there pertynentis, into free and perpetuel almesse, doyng natheles therfor yerely to the chief lordis of tho feis seruyce to them dew therof, after the tenour of the charters the which his fader had therof, and yeldyng yerely to hym and to his heires ij. d. of siluer at Ester, for all seruyce, exaccion, and demaunde. And the said Stephyn and his heires warantiȝed to the said mynchons and to ther successours for euer all the forsaid londes and tenementis, with all ther pertynentis, ayenst all men and women. And for this yifte, & cetera, the forsaid mynchons yaf to his grete nede, that is to sey, to aquyte hym of the Iewrye and in other placis where he was indetted, x. marke of siluer in warison. And that this yifte, & cetera.

[folio 141] A Charter of Stephyn fitȝ Waryn myller of Oxenford I-made to the mynchons of Godestowe for all his londes, & cetera.

About 1230. Grant to Godstow, by Stephen, son of Waryn miller, of (a) land formerly of Adam goldsmith (no. 526), (b) land held of St. Frides|wyde's Priory (no. 639); and (c) land formerly of Richard Rasy (no. 528). Quit-rent to the mesne lord, 1d. Purchase|money, £6 13s. 4d., and three corrodies.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Stephyn fitȝ Waryn myller of Oxenford yaf & cetera, for hym and his heires for euer, to god & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestowe ther seruyng god and to serue for ever, for the helthe of ther sowles and the sowles of ther fadir and moder and of Molde his wyf, all that lond the which he had and was possessed of by right heritage in the towne of Oxenford, with all his pertynentis: that is to sey, all that lond the which his fadir bought of Adam fitȝ [folio 141b] Richard Goldsmyth, the which lieth bitwene the place*. [The Latin has 'inter placeam domini regis.' The reference is to a lane now blocked, which in nos. 526 and 527 was open, possibly leading to a postern in the southern wall of Oxford.] of the kyng and the lond that was somtyme of William Cusse|blankpayne, and his said lond strecchith hit-self in depyth vnto the lond that was somtyme of Thomas fitȝ Ailrich and vnto the lond that was somtyme of Robert Porchestre behynde the lond that was somtyme of William Cusseblank|payne, the which is in seynt Frideswith parissh, the which is in seynt Iohn strete of Oxenford; Also all the londe that he held of the priour of seynt Frideswith, the which lieth bitwene the lond that Alberte held somtyme and the lond that William Waterman held somtyme; And all the lond that he held and Page  393 was possessed of Richard Rasy and Gonnylde his wyf, that is to sey, the which lieth bitwene the lond that was somtyme of Adam Chynnor and the lond the which his fadir somtyme bought of Adam fitȝ Richard Goldsmyth: To be hold and to be had for euer, to the seid mynchons in the said monastery seruyng and to serue, with all the pertynentis, into fre and per|petuell almesse, Doyng nathelese þerof yerely vnto the chief lordes of the fees seruyce dew and I-wonyd to them therof, after the tenoure of the charters the which his fader had therof, Also yeldyng therof yerely to hym and to his heires j. d. of siluer at Ester, for all seruyce, exaccion, and demaunde. And the said Stephyn and his heires warantiȝed to the forsaid mynchons and to ther successours for euer all þe forsaid londes and tenementis, with all ther pertynentis, ayenst all men and women. And for this graunte, & cetera, the forsaid mynchons yaf to them to ther grete nede, that is to sey, to aquyte hym of the Iewry and otherwise where he was endited x. markes of siluer in warison. And furthermore they graunted to hym and to his wyf molde, with ther seruant to serve them while they lived, two corrodies of ij. mynchons and a corrodye of one seruant to ther susteynynge. And that this his yifte, & cetera.

Lands of Hugh Palmer.
[folio 155] A Charter of couenaunte I-made bitwene Anneys, the doughter of William Aunfrey, and hugh Pavmer of Oxenford for all his*. ['his' for 'her.'] londes and rentes in Oxen|ford and in the subarbis therof.

About 1260. Agreement between Hugh Palmer and Agnes Humfrey, by which Hugh takes Agnes's lands, under|taking to provide her with board, clothing, and lodg|ing, till her death or her taking the veil, and to pay her £13 6s. 8d. when she took the veil, or bequeath her that sum if he died before that, or if she died before taking the veil to allow her to bequeath £13 6s. 8d. as she pleased.

THE sentence is this, that a couenaunte was I-made, bitwene Anneys, the doughtir somtyme of William Aunfrey*. ['Humfrey' in the duplicate, no. 532.] of Oxen|ford, of the one partie, and hugh Paumere, Cordewaner, of the other parte, that is to sey, that the forsaid Anneys yaf, & cetera, to the forsaid hugh all her londes and rentis in the towne and subarbis of Oxenford: To be had and to be hold, to the forsaid hugh and to his heires and to his assignes, as hit is dyvyded and conteyned in the charter that the forsaid Anneys made specially of the forsaid londes tenementis and rentis. And for this yifte, Page  394 & cetera, the forsaid hugh shold fynde the forsaid Anneys wor|shipfully, al so longe as she lived, in vitaile clothyng and shoyng and in all other necessaries, So that the forsaid Anneys shold redely serue the forsaid hugh, as she did afore, tille she willed to translate her-self into religion; And whan she wold entir religion, the forsaid hugh shold yeve to the same xx. marke into subsidie. And yf hit so happened that the forsaid hugh died or she entred religion, he shold yeve to her xx. mark aforsaid to do after her owne wille, so that the forsaid hugh shold not have powere to make a testament of the forsaid londes, rentis, and tenementis, goodes mevable and vnmeuable, in the towne of Oxenford and subarbis, nother his executours shold not have no admynystracion of his goodes, tille the forsaid Anneys were fully I-satisfyed of the forsaid xx. marke. And yf hit happened that the forsaid Anneys dyed or she entred religion, hit shold be lawfull to be-queth the forsaide xx. mark to whom-so-euer she wold, or to commytte them to the disposicion of her exe|cutours in her testament. And to this couenaunte truly and with-out gyle to be hold, bothe parties sured ther trouth, and to this wrytyng of either partie euerych of them sette seales to other, þise beyng, & cetera.

[folio 139b] The parisshes of seynt myghell at the north yate, seynt Olde, and seynt Mighell at the South yate, and of Seynt Edwarde.
A Charter of Anneys, somtyme the doughtere of William humfrey of Oxenford, I-made to hugh Paumer the sone of Raf Paumere, for all his*. ['his,' as often, for 'her.'] londes and rentes in Oxenford and in the subarbes of Oxenford, & cetera.

About 1260. Cancelled draft of a grant (see no. 531) to Hugh Palmer, by Agnes Humfrey, of land in St. Mary's parish; a seld in the Cord|wainry in St. Michael's|at-North|Gate parish, with a quit|rent from a solar over it; rent|charges on tenements in St. Aldate's parish; a rent|charge on land in St. Michael's|at-South|Gate parish; a rent|charge on land out|side Little Gate (in St. Ebbe's parish?); and a rent|charge in St. Edward's parish. Quit-rent to the mesne lord, gloves. Purchase|money, £13 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Anneys, somtyme the doughter of william humfrey of Oxenford, yaf & cetera, for her and her heires, to hugh Paumer the sone of Raf Paumere of Oxenford, all his*. ['his,' as often, for 'her.'] londes and rentes in the towne and subarbes of Oxenford, that is to sey, that lond*. [In St. Mary's parish: see nos. 640 and 644.] in length and in brede, with all his pertynentis, the which was somtyme of Iohn Brid|porte, and hit lieth bitwene the lond of William Spysere the Page  395 yonger of the one parte and the lond that was of Aleyn fitȝ Walter of the other parte, in seynt Olde*. [The Latin has 'Sancte Edarie,' a badly written attempt at 'Marie.' It is correctly given as 'seynt Mary' in no. 533.] parissh; and that selde in Cordewaynrye, the [which] selde is I-sette bitwene the lond that was somtyme of Robert Oweyn of the one parte and the lond of Walter Feteplace of the other, in seynt Mighels parissh of the north of Oxon; [folio 140] And of the solare aboue the forsaid seld, xij. d of yerely rente; And of the tenemente[s] in seynt Olde parissh, of the which Iohn longe holdith one, and the heires of Adam Dissh the second, and the assignes of Robert Cachefreynes the thirde, of xiiij. shillings vj. d; and of the lond of Robert Shireburn, the which is bitwene the lond of Geffrey Stamdell of the one parte and the lond that was somtyme of William Farendon of the other parte, in the same parissh, xij. d; And of the lond of Andrew derham, the which is [between] the lond of the hospitall of seynt Iohn of the other parte and the lond of laurence Wyth of the other parte in the same parissh, j. d; And of the lond that was somtyme of William Smarteknave, vndir the walle, with-out the south yate, in seynt Mighels parissh of the South of Oxenford, the which is bitwene the lond of Iohn Briton of the one parte and the lond of Robert Clanefeld of the other, iij. shillings; And of the lond that was of Symeon Walyngford, with-oute the lytell yate, iiij. d; And of the lond, the which Robert Cromme held in seynt Edwardes parissh of Oxenford, vj. d: To be hadde and to be hold, to the forsaid hugh and to his heires or his assignes, with all rightes and clayme that [s]he had or myght have by descent or by a-chete or by ony maner right in all the forsaid londes and tenementis and rentes, frely quyetly holy wele and in pease for evere, yeldyng therof to the chief lordes of the forsaid fees dew seruyce and I-woned, And to her and to her heires j. paire of white gloves of j. d at Ester, for all seruyce, custome, and demaunde. And Anneys and her heires warantiȝed aquyted and defended, by the forsaid seruyce, all the forsaid tenementes londes and rentes, with all ther pertynentis, to the said hugh and to his heires and to his assignes ayenst all men and women for euer. And for this yifte, & cetera, the forsaid hugh yaf to her before handes xx. marke of sterlynges. And þat all these afore, & cetera.

Page  396
[folio 114b] A Charter of hugh Palmer of Oxenford for all his londis and rentis in the towne and subarbis of Oxenford.
The parissh of Seynt Olde.

About 1270. Grant to Godstow, by Hugh Palmer, of lands and rent|charges as in nos. 531, 532, with other rents and lands.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Hugh Palmer of Oxen|ford yaf & cetera, to god & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestowe ther seruyng god and to serue for euer, all his londis and rentis in the towne and subarbis of Oxenford, that is to sey, all that lond in length and in brede, with all his pertynentis, the which lieth bitwene the lond of William Spicenare of the one parte and the lond of Geffrey vndir the walle of the other parte, in seynt mary parissh; and all that selde in Corde|wenare, that is bitwene the lond þat was somtyme of Robert Oweyn and the lond of Walter Feteplace, in seynt Mighell parissh of the north of Oxenford; and xiiij. shillings vj. d. of yerely rent of the tenement, in the parissh of seynt Olde, the which lieth bitwene the lond that was somtyme of Iohn Renne|waite and the venelle (anglicè, a lane) that ledith to the Backehowse; and xij. d. of yerely rent of the lond that was somtyme of Robert Shireburn, in the same parissh, the which lieth bitwene the lond that was somtyme of Richard Elsefeld and the lond that was somtyme of William Farendon; and iij. shillings of yerely rent of the lond that lieth bitwene the lond that was somtyme of Iohn Burton and the lond of henry perle, [folio 115] vndir the walle of Oxenford, in the parissh of seynt Michell at the Sowthe yate; and xvj. shillings of yerely rent, in the same parissh, vndir the walle, at sullewyngstole, of the lond that lieth bitwene the lond of Piers Wynburn and the lond of Nicholas Criklade; and j. acre of mede in the bisshoppis|heyte as the lotte wolle yeve: To be had and to be hold, with all the forsaide rentis and pertynentis, withyn the borow of Oxenford and with-out, to the forsaid mynchons and to ther successours, into pure and perpetuel almes, al so frely and goodly as ony almesse myght be yeve or assigned for euer, Savyng the rentis of the said londis and tenementis dew and I|wonyd in tymys I-ordeyned. And that all these thyngis, & cetera.

Page  397
Lands of Robert Maynard, chaplain of Godstow.
[folio 92b] A conuencion I-made bitwene the abbesse and Couent and the forsaid Robert Maynard for certayn londes.

1272, Dec. 25. Grant of life-rent, by Godstow, to Robert Maynard, of 8 acres in Beaumont and 1 acre in St. Giles's. Grant to cease if Robert become a monk or friar. Quit-rent, 9s.

THIS conuencion was I-made in the fest of oure lordis birthe, the yere of grace Ml. CC. lxxij., bitwene the religeous ladies the abbesse of Godestow and the Couent of the same place, and Robert maynard of Oxenford, Chapeleyn, of the other parte: that is to sey, that the said Religious ladyes, for them and their successours, graunte and lette to the said Robert to the ende of his lyf ix. acris of lond, that is to sey, v. acris in Bewmounte the which were somtyme of wylberte Sowter; also in the same feld, iij. acris, the which lye bitwene the lond of Iohn Culuerd of the one parte and the lond that is I-called diche acre of the other parte; Furthermore, j. acre, which lieth in the parissh of seynt Gyles, bytwene the lond [folio 93] of Petir Godeale of the one parte and the lond of william of Irlond somtyme held of the other parte: To be had, to the seid Robert al so longe as he lived in seculer habite, of the forsaid abbesse and couent and ther successours, frely and quyetly, wele and in pease, yeldyng therof to the forsaid religious ladies and to ther successours ix. shil|lings of siluer at ij. termes of the yere, that is to sey, at Mighelmas iiij. shillings vj. d and at the Annunciacion of our lady iiij. shillings vj. d, for all custome and demaunde. And the seid Abbesse and mynchons or religious ladies and ther successours warantiȝed all the said lond to the said Robert al so long as he lived ayenst all men. And yf the said Robert died, or entred religion, all the said lond, with-out ony lessenyng or agayn-saiyng of the said Robert or of his assignes, shold turne agayn to the said Religious ladies or to þere successours. Into witnesse of the which thyng, & cetera, bothe parties put to ther seales everiche to other, & cetera.

[folio 92b] A charter of maister Robert maynard of iij. acris of lond in bewmounte.

1284. Quit-claim to Godstow, by Robert Maynard, of all right in 3 acres (part of no. 534).

THE sentence of this charter is, that Robert maynard of Oxenford, chapelayn, yaf and quyte-claymed vttirly, to god Page  398 & cetera and to the mynchons of Godestowe þere seruyng god and to serue for euer, for his soule and for the soules of his auncetours, iij. acris of his arable lond, tho (that is to sey) the which lien in Bewmounte, bitwene the lond of Iohn Caluert of the one parte, and the lond that is I-called dyche acre of the other parte, the which he held afore in fee of the forsaid mynchons: To be had and to be hold, with all ther pertynentis, to the forsaide mynchons and to ther successours, for hym and his heires or his assignes, into fre pure and perpetuel almesse for ever, So that the said Robert or his heires or his assignes shold not in no wise chalenge ne neuer [ask] right ne clayme in the forsaid iij. acris of lond with ther pertynentis. And that this his yifte and graunte and quyteclaymyng shold be sure and stable, & cetera*. [Among the witnesses are: Nicholas of Kingston, maior, and Andrew of Derham, Philip of O., ballivi, of Oxford, who took office in Sept. 1283.].

A quyte-clayme of Robert Maynard of his lond in Bewmounte.

About 1284. Quit-claim to Godstow, by Robert Maynard, of all title in two half-acres (possibly part of 534), one to go to the Infirmary of Godstow.

THE sentence of this quyte-clayme is that Robert Maynard of Oxenford, for hym and his heires, graunted, and quyte-claymed for euer, for the helthe of his soule, to the abbesse of Godestowe and to the mynchons there seruyng god and to serve for euer, j. half acre of arable lond, the which lieth in the subarbis of Oxenford in Bewmounte, bitwene the lond of Iohn Culuard of the one parte and the lond that is I-called the harmlond of the other parte. Also he lefte and quyte-claymed to the same mynchons, to the nede of the fermory of Godestowe, j. other half acre of lond, the which also lieth in Bewmounte, bitwene the lond of the said abbesse and mynchons of the forsaid place, of þe one parte, and the lond of William Craumpe, of the other: To be had and to be hold, to the said abbesse and mynchons and to ther suc|cessours for ever. Into the witnesse of the whiche thynge, & cetera.

Licences in Mortmain for properties in and near Oxford.
[folio 192] Another Licence I-made to Odo Watlyngton and to Alice fitȝ Alice Southam for ij. mesys to be mortised in Oxenford.

1290/1, March 10. Licence in mortmain, byEdward I, empower|ing God|stow to receive a messuage in St. Frides|wyde's parish (no. 566) from Odo, chaplain of Godstow, and a messuage (no. 652) in St. Mary's parish from Alice Southam.

THE sentence of this charter is, that Edward, by the grace of god kyng of Englond, & cetera, willed to be know that, Page  399 though hit were provided by the common counseil of his reame and ordeyned that hit shold not be lawfull to Religious peple or to other to entre the fee of ony man so that hit shold come to morte-mayne with-oute his licence and of the chief lord of the which hit was I-holde inmediatly, He willyng nathelesse yaf speciall licence, to Odo of watlyngton, and to Alice the doughtir of Alice Southam, al so moch as was in hym, that the same Odo and Alice myght yeve and assigne to his welbeloued in crist, the abbesse and Couent of Godstow, two mesys with ther pertynentis in Oxenford: To be had and to be hold to the said abbesse and Couente and to ther successours for ever. And also he yaf a speciall licence to the same Abbesse and Couente that they myght resceive tho houses of the same Odo and Alice, notwith|stondyng*. [In error for 'not willing.'] that the same Odo and Alice or her heires, or the forsaid abbesse and Couent or ther successours, by the cause of the forsaid statute, shold be occasioned or greved in ony thynge therof by hym or by his heires, Savyng nathelesse seruyces of the same fee dewe and I-woned to the chief lordes of that fee. Into witnesse of the which he made to be made his patente lettres, Hym-self beyng witnesse, at Longe Icchynton, the x. day of Marche, the xix. yere of his reigne, & cetera.

*. [[NOTE.—The convenience of having only one licence, in the cumbrous process of acquiring several lands in mortmain, has brought into one deed Odo of Watlington, chaplain of Godstow, and Alice Sotham, an inmate or pensioner (no. 652) of the nunnery. By a slip, Mr. Wigram, in his Cartulary of St. Frideswide, i. 123, has married them ('licence for Odo of Watlington and Alice his wife to give, and ... Godstow to receive two messuages').]]
[folio 113] A Charter of Odo, Chapeleyn, I-made to the mynchons of Godestowe, for a mese with the per|tynentis and xx. shillings of yerely rent in Seynt Mary parissh of Oxenford.

1291. Sale to Godstow, by Odo, chaplain (who had been acting as agent of the con|vent), of a messuage (no. 566) in St. Frides|wyde's parish; and of a rent-charge (no. 658) over a messuage (no. 649) in St. Mary's parish. Quit-rents, a clove|gilliflower at Easter to the mesne lord, and 4s. to the chief lord (St. Frides|wyde's Priory). Purchase|money, £35 6s. 8d.

THE sentence of this charter is that Odo, Chapelayn of Godestowe, yaf, & cetera, to god & cetera to the mynchons of Godestowe ther servyng god and for ever to serue, a mese with his pertynentis, that is I-sette bitwene the lond that was of Roger Sauser of the one parte and the lond of moolde hordle of the other, in the strete of Shideward, in the parissh of seynt Frideswyde of Oxenford; also with xx. shillings of yerely rent Page  400 of all that tenement that is I-sette bitwene the house of Iohn Weston of the west parte and the strete that is I-called Shide|yerde of the Est parte, in seynt mary parissh of Oxenford, the which tenement Thomas Sowtham somtyme held in the same parissh, with all the right and clayme that myght hap to hym or to his heires of all the forsaid tenement because of the xx. shillings: To be had and to be hold, to the seid mynchons and to ther successours, frely quyetly wele and in pease for euer, yeldyng therof yerly to hym to his heires or to his assignes j. clowe-gelofre at Ester; and to the priour of seynt Frideswythe of Oxenford iiij. shillings at ij. termes of the yere, that is to sey, at Mighelmasse ij. shillings and at our lady day in marche ij. shillings, for all seculer seruyce, exaccion, and demaunde: and the forsaid Odo, his heires, or his assignes, warantiȝed, aquyted and for euer defended, all the forsaid mese, also with the forsaid xx. shillings of rent of the same tenement that was somtyme of Thomas Sowtham, to the seid mynchons and to ther successours. And for this yifte, & cetera, the forsaid mynchons yaf to hym liij. mark. And that this his yifte, & cetera.

[folio 111] An Inquysicion I-made of a mese and an acre of mede in the subarbis of Oxenford and ij. placis of the commune pasture in wolgarecote.

1321, May 8. Proof that Godstow had owned a messuage and mea|dow in Walton, and two pasture|lands in Wolver|cote, before the Statute in Mortmain (7 Edw. I, 1279); and had not leased a messuage and 10 acres in Walton to Thomas Tyes.

THE sentence of this evidence is, that ther was an Inquysicion I-take, afore the Eschetour of the kyng a this half the water of Trente, at Oxenford, the friday next aftir the fest of seynt Iohn the port latyn, the xiiij. yere of the reigne of kyng Edward the sone of kyng Edward, by the vertu of the*. [Read 'the brefis which.' The Latin is 'virtute cuiusdam brevis sibi directi [MS. has 'directis' in error] ad suggestionem abbatisse.'] which brefis were directed to hym at the suggestion of the abbesse of Gode|stowe, I-made in the kyngis courte,

of a mese and j. acre of mede in the subarbis of Oxen|ford, and ij. placis of good pasture in wolgarecote, that were I-gote to the same house longe afore the publicacion or openyng of the statute I-made of londis and tenementes [folio 111b] not to be put to morte-mayne; And of a mese and x. acris of lond with the pertynentis in the same subarbis, the which she held of the Page  401 kyng in chief, to have aliened, into*. [Take with 'in chief.'] pure and perpetuel almesse, to Thomas Tyes to the terme of his lyf, by the licence of kyng Edward the fadir of the kyng, but licence not I-gote of the kyng that was at that tyme:

vpon tho thyngis, by the othe of Robert Boteley, William leigh, Robert Cramford, Iohn london, Stephyn Dounylle, Iohn Wyghthull, Thomas Boste, Robert heyford, Thomas hore, William Witney, Iohn Fouke, and Iohn Iarme, I-swore, the which [said] by there othe that the forsaid mese and j. acre of mede the which ben in Walton in the subarbis of Oxenford, And the forsaid ij. placis of good pastures the which ben in Wolgarecote in the hundred of Wotton, longe afore þe publisshyng or openyng of the statute aforsaid, were I-gote of olde fundacion to the chirche of Godestowe in tyme out of mynde. They said also that one mese and x. acris of lond, with the pertynentis, in the same subarbis, were never aliened to Thomas Tyes aforsaid to the terme of his lyf, nother other-wise, but he held hem at the wille of the seid abbesse in villenage or bondage. Into witnesse of the which the forsaid Iuryours put to this Inquysicion ther seales: The date, day, place, and yere aboveseid.

Lease of the Cherwell fishery.
[folio 105] A Charter of ther fysshweres of Charewelle I-lete to ferme vnto Henry Kyngeston and William More, Fysshers.

About 1330. Lease for two lives, by Godstow, of a fishery in Cher|well, with appended meadow|strips, yearly quit|rent, £2. Purchase|money, £4.

THE sentence of this charter