Robert of Brunne's "Handlyng synne".
Mannyng, Robert, fl. 1288-1338., William, de Wadington, 13th cent., Furnivall, Frederick James, 1825-1910.

[The Third Commandment.*. [¶ Memento vt sabbatum sanctifices. tercium mandatum D.]]

The þryd*. [þredde O, þridde D.] commaundement yn oure lay
ys*. [Hys O.] 'holdë weyl þyn*. [halewe wel þe D.] halyday,'
And come blelyche to þe*. [þy O, redily to goddes D.] seruyse
whan holy chyrche settyþ asyse.
     804
Of al*. [alle O, alle D.] þe festys þat*. [þat om. D.] yn holy chyrche are,*. [aren D.]
Holy sunday men oght*. [þe holy s. m. owe to sparen, D.] to spare; Page  30
Holy*. [þe D.] sunday ys byfore*. [be-forn D.] alle fre,
Þat euer ȝyt were, or euer shal*. [shul OD.] be.
     808
For þe pope may, þurgh hys powere,
Turne þe halydays yn*. [alle þe halydayȝis of D.] þe ȝere
How as he wyl,*. [With counseyl . . owyn D.] at hys owne wyl,
But þe sunday shal*. [muste D.] stondë styl.
     812
Þe halydays*. [halydayȝes D.] þat yn heruyst are,
In ȝolë*. [at ȝool D.] he may sette hem þare,
And of þe ȝolë euery feste*. [fest O, ȝool . . feste D.]
May he settë yn*. [yn þe O, he may setten in D.] herueste.*. [heruest O.]
     816
But, he may, þurgh*. [ne may be D.] no resun,
Þe sunday puttyn*. [Harl. put; putte O, puttyn D.] vp no dowun;*. [down O, ne doun D.]
Þarfore þe sunday specyaly
ys hyest to halew,*. [halewe O, heiȝest to haue D.] and most wurþy;*. [wrþy O.]
     820
And þat day þou owyst and shal*. [by license for shalt.]
For to herë þy*. [þou to here þin seruyse al D.] seruyse al;
Matyns messe here,*. [matenys & masse D.] to rede or syngge,*. [syngge O.]
Euery deyl to þe endyngge.*. [euerydele . . endyngge O, eche sunday D.]
     824
weyte þy*. [O. omits þy; þi D.] tyme, and be nat*. [nat OD.] þe last
To come whan*. [qwan D.] holy watyr ys cast.
Come fyrst to matyns, ȝyf þat*. [þat om. D.] þou may,
For hyt ys goddys ownë*. [cristis owyn day D.] day.
     828
God made þe wrldë, este*. [est O, word est D.] & west,
yn syxë days; þe seuenþe to reste.*. [he rest OD.]
Þan restyd*. [restede O, restyd D.] he hym fro al erþly werkys.*. [fro euere werk D.]
How dur*. [dur þan O, dar þan eyþer prist or clerk D.] oþer prestys or clerkys,
     832
Or þou lewed*. [ony lewd D.] man, þat day werche,
whan þat day ys*. [qwan it is D.] halewed yn holy chyrche?
Þe seruyng man, þat seruyþ yn*. [a seruaunt seruynge be D.] þe ȝere,
Oweþ to come when*. [Howith . . qwan D.] he haþ leysere.
     836
Ȝyf þou come noght,*. [nat O, not D ('Nota bene' in margin of B).] algate y rede [folio 6b] Page  31
Ete noght ar*. [not til D.] þou haue holy brede,
For to*. [to om. D.] many þyngës hyt may auayle,
To soule helpe, or*. [(To om.), soulehelpe for D.] lyuës trauayle.
     840
Þy body, ȝyf it þan*. [it D, þan HO.] smartly endes,*. [endys O.]
Hyt ys for housyl*. [housul O, hosil D.] aȝens þe fendes;*. [fendys O.]
And holy watyr take of þe prestys*. [of pristis D.] hand,*. [honde O.]
For anoylyng*. [a noyntyng D.] hyt wyl*. [wyle O.] þe stande.*. [stonde O.]
     844
Sum tyme hyt was wnt to be dowun*. [doun O, wont be don D.]
To halewe þe satyrday at þe noun,*. [at non D.]
Namëlyche*. [a namely D.] yn Ing[e]londe;*. [ynglande O.]
And nawer*. [nawher O, nowhere D.] so moche*. [mechil D.] y vndyrstand.
     848
when þat custome*. [custum O, qwan . . custum D.] was wnt to be,
Þan was grace, & grete*. [gret O, þer grace & al D.] plente;
And þere men haunted*. [þer men hauntyn O, þer men hau D.] þat custome*. [custum OD.] lest,
Falleþ oft tymë grete*. [ofte . . . gret O, often many D.] tempest.
     852
Þe satyrday ys specyaly*. [specyally . is D.]
Ordeyned to wurschype*. [wrshepe O, honoure D.] oure lady,*. [ladye O.]
And þat for*. [ys for O, is for D.] a grete*. [gret O.] resun;—
whan Ihesu deyd þurgh*. [qwan i. deyȝede þorwh D.] passyun,
     856
hys dyscyplys douted*. [douȝttedyn D.] echoun*. [echone O.]
wheþer he shulde ryse or noun.*. [none O, qweþer . . non D.]
Alle þat beleued yn hym byfore,*. [Alle þo þat trowedyn . . . beforn D.]
Alle here beleuë was nygh forlore,*. [trouþe was forlorn D.]
     860
Fro þe fryday þat he deyde,
To tyme*. [deyȝed . til D.] þat he ros, as he seyde.
But hys modyr, vyrgyne*. [blessid D.] Marie,
She bare þe beleue vp*. [þe truþe D.] stedfastly
     864
Fro þe fryday at þe noun
Tyl alle þe satyrday was doun,*. [non (om. alle) . . al don D.]
And alle*. [al O.] þe nyȝt*. [nyght O.] tyl þat he ros,
     867
Of alle*. [al O.] oure beleue*. [trouþe D.] she bare þe los;— Page  32
Þat, crystyn men beleuyn now*. [leuyn D.] echon,
In here þat tyme was hyt alone;*. [was a lon D.]
And for þat skylle, þan*. [þen O.] þynkeþ me,
Þe satyrday may here ounë*. [owyn D.] be:
     872
Þarefore þat day al holy cherche
Þeyr*. [Her O.] seruyse of here*. [her seruyse for her D.] þey werche.
And ryȝt*. [ryþt.] now for þe*. [þys O.] samë skylle,*. [þat ilke skil D.] [folio 6b:2]
A tale þerforë telle y wylle.
     876
The Tale of the Vine-Storms and the Saturday half Holy-Day.
In Nauerne, be-ȝunde þe see,*. [A tale]
In Venyse,*. [O. a later hand has inserted in before a.] a gode*. [grete D.] cyte,*. [Cytee O.]
Dwellyd a prest of Yng[e]lond,
And was a-uaunsed, y vndyrstond.
     880
Euery ȝere at þe florysyngge,
whan þe vynys shuldë*. [qwan her vynnys gunne to D.] spryngge,
A tempest þat tyme began*. [gan D.] to falle,
And fordede here vynys alle;
     884
Euery ȝere withoutyn fayle,
And fordyde here grete*. [for-dede al her D.] trauayle.
Þerfor þe folk*. [folke O.] were alle*. [al O, weryn alle D.] sory
Þurgh þe cyte comunly.*. [alle comounly D.]
     888
Þys prest seyd, "y shal ȝow telle
what*. [qwat D.] shal best þys tempest felle:
On Satyrday shul ȝe ryngge noun,*. [þe s. s. ȝe rynge non D.]
     891
And late no lenger no werke be doun:*. [lengere werk be don D.]
But halewe[n]*. [halewyn D.] alle comunly
Yn þe wurschype*. [wrshepe O.] of oure lady;
For, þat manere*. [maner O.] halewe*. [be þat maner halewyd D.] we Page  33
Þurgh Inglond yn oure*. [þat O, In ynglond my D.] cuntre;
     896
And ȝyueþ*. [ȝeuyþ O, ȝeue ȝe D.] better ȝoure offryngys*. [offryng D.]
And tyþeth weyl alle ȝourë þynges.*. [tyþe ȝe bettere ȝoure newyng D.]
And*. [O and D omit And.] ȝyf ȝe do þus goddys heste,*. [hest O, be-hest D.]
     899
He saueþ ȝoure vynys fro þe tempest."*. [fro tempest D.]
At hys cunsel, on þys manere
Halewede þey, al þat yche*. [halewedyn D, om. yche.] ȝere;
And whan hyt come to*. [þe O, qwan it cam þe somerys D.] somer tyde,
Tyme of þe tempest to vnryde,*. [suyche tyme as tempest gan vp hyde D.]
     904
Here vynys florshedë*. [floreschedyn D.] feyre & weyl
withoutyn tempest euery*. [with out tach a D.] deyl.
Þan commaunded þey, and made*. [Þei comaundyd þan & madyn D.] a cry
Yn the wurschyp,*. [wrshepe O.] of oure lady,
     908
'On satyrday shulde men noun ryngge,
And syþyn halew of allë*. [al O, halewyn of alle D.] þyngge,
And here tyþys to ȝeuë*. [tyþis ȝeuyn D.] ryȝt*. [ryght O.]
Mochë bettyr at here myght.'
     912
And so, grete*. [þe gret O, þe grete D.] tempest secede al, [folio 7a]
Þat on þeyr*. [here O, here vynys w. wont D.] frutys was wnt to fal.
Seþyn, oueral yn þat cuntre
Þere þey made nat þys solemnyte,
     916
were*. [weryn D.] here vynys al destroyed,
And þe folk*. [folke O.] mochyl*. [& all þe folk meche D.] a-noyd.
Fel hyt on*. [it fel so D.] a satyrday
A man hyréd folke tó*. [herede folk to þe D.] ful pay;
     920
Þe half day ne haléwd*. [halewede O.] he noght,*. [haleday he halewid not D.]
For al*. [al an O.] hole day hyt shulde be wroght;*. [for on þe holyday be wrout D.]
Þe tymë come*. [com O.] þat noun*. [cam . noon D.] þey rong,*. [ronge O, runge D.]
As þey hadde*. [as it was D.] ordeyned hem among:*. [amonge O.]Page  34
     924
Alle*. [Al O.] þe wyrkmen homward*. [homwarde O, homward þei D.] ȝede,
But he and hys dede furþ hys*. [here D.] dede.
Ouþer men seyd,*. [seidyn D.] þey shuld nat werche
Lengyr þan þey rong*. [ronge O, runge D.] none at þe chyrche.*. [at cherche D.]
"Comyþ alle home, & hauyþ doun,
     929
And haleweþ with vs at þe*. [þis.] noun
In þe wurschype*. [wrshepe O.] of oure lady,
As now ys custome*. [custum OD.] comunly."
     932
One of hem swore hys oþe
Þat he ne wlde,*. [schulde not D.] for lefe ne*. [no O.] loþe,
Halew*. [Halewe O.] morë at þe*. [halewyn m. a. þat D.] none*. [noun O.]
Þan hyt wás wnt to be done;*. [doun O, for t. be don D.]
     936
Ne he ne shulde,*. [he wold not D.] for oure lady,
But wyrchë forþe þe*. [furþ þat O.] day holy.*. [forth al dayly D.]
Dowun*. [Down O, Doun D.] he smotë hys mattok,
And fyl hym self ded as a stok.*. [at þat strok D.]
     940
(21Mattok*. [Mattoke O.] is a pykeys,
Or a pyke, as sum men seys.21*. [21_21 not in D.])
Þe*. [þat D.] caytefe lay, and myȝt nat speke;
Furþ, for ded, men gan hym streke;
     944
Men crydë*. [creydyn D.] fast 'a prest, a prest.'
But no wrde come out of*. [wurd cam fro D.] hys brest.
As þey stode, & made grete*. [gret O, stodyn & madyn get D.] þrong,*. [þronge.]
A gode man stodë hem a-mong,*. [amonge O.]
     948
And seyd*. [seyde O.] "þys man ys at þe ded;
wyl*. [wyle O.] ȝe do allë at*. [Wil ȝe don alle be D.] my rede?
Allë men þat þys chaunce sees, [folio 7a:2]
Syttyþ dowun vpp-on ȝoure*. [down opon ȝoure O, oure H.] knees;*. [seen . . kneen D.]
     952
And pray we god, þat alle þyng*. [al þynge to god þat al D.] may,
And to oure lady þat owyþ þys day, Page  35
Þat she graunte vs swyche a*. [graunt vs þat D.] ȝyfte
     955
Þat he may speke, & take hys shryfte,*. [& take . schrifte D.]
In swych a forward, þat he & we
Shul euer more chastyed*. [chastyde O, chastysyd D.] be."
when þey to prey on knees*. [qwan þei on knees doun D.] gan falle,
Þe*. [þat D.] man spake fyrst among*. [amonge O, among D.] hem alle:
     960
"whan y swore, he seyd, so hastly,*. [& seyde qwan I swor stedfastly D.]
Þat y wlde*. [I schuld D.] nat leue, for oure lady,
Ne halewe þys day of my*. [to halewe . . myn D.] note,
An*. [& D.] hande y sagh come to my þrote,
     964
And hyldë me þarby so sore*. [held me þerby sore D.]
Þat y to ȝow myȝt*. [myghte O, myȝt D.] speke no more.
Oure lady was with me so wroþe
Þat y swore by here an oþe,
     968
Þat y wlde nat leue for here to werche
Þoght men rong*. [þoghe men runge O, þowh men runge non D.] noun at þe cherche;
Ne here helpe hadde be, þat was*. [hadde here helpe be þat was O, ne wer hir helpe þat is D.] so nere,
Þe hand me haddë*. [þat hand me schulde a D.] strangled here.
     972
And ȝe þat stondeþ*. [stondyn OD.] me bysyde,
Þat preyd for me þat ychë*. [preyedyn for me in þat D.] tyde,
Blessed mote ȝe allë be
For ȝoure preyers haþ*. [ȝoure preyer haþ O, ȝoure preyerys han D, oure . . . H.] saued me."
     976
Of þys tale ys alle*. [al OD.] þe entent
To kepe weyl*. [holdyn wel D.] þe commaundëment,—
Þat ys, to holde wel*. [weyl O, to om. D.] þyn halyday
In allë þyngë*. [al þynge O, alle þyng H.] þat þou may.*. [in clene lyuyng . man wyf & may. D.]
     980
Ne þou shalt swere vnwurschyply,*. [ne swere not vn-wurþly D.]
By oure lorde, ne by*. [by om. D.] oure lady.
Swyche men halewe nat*. [sweche men halwyn not D.] gostly,
Þat on þe*. [þe om. D.] halyday leuyn no foly. Page  36
     984
Ȝyf þou make karol or play,
Þou halewyst nat þyn halyday.*. [brekyst þin holyday D.]
Ȝyf þou come ouergladly þar tyl,*. [come gladly þertille D.]
And ȝyuest þarto mochyl*. [ȝeue þerto meche D.] þy wyl,
     988
yn þat hast þou mochyl*. [haddist þou meche D.] plyȝt, [folio 7b]
For synne wyl*. [wyle O.] come þurgh swychë*. [swylke O, of þat D.] syȝt.
Ȝyf þou euer settyst swerde eyþer ryng*. [settyst euer swerde or rynge O, ȝif þou cause peple to gret gaderyng D.]
For to gadyr a wrastlyng,*. [gadere a wrastlynge O, to make revel or D.]
     992
Þe*. [þi D.] halyday þou holdest noght
whan swyche bobaunce for þe ys wroȝt.*. [qwan suych ryot . . wrout D.]
Cuntek*. [Cunteke D.] þere comyþ, or ouþer bobaunce,*. [or o. dystaunce O, & distaunce D.]
And summan*. [summe men D.] slayn, or lost*. [and lost O.] þurȝe*. [þurghe O, & lorn be D.] chaunce.
Ȝyf*. [And ȝif D.] þou euer yn felde, eyþer in*. [or in O, or D.] toune,
Dedyst floure-gerland or coroune*. [Sette fflour garlond vp on þi croun D.]
To makë wommen to gadyr*. [wommen gadere O, to do women gadere D.] þere,
To se*. [see O, sen weche þ . . ore were D.] whych þat feyrer were;
     1000
Þys ys aȝens þe commaundëment,
And þe halyday for þe ys shent;
Hyt ys a gaderyng for lecherye,*. [of leccheryȝe D.]
And ful grete pryde, & hertë hye.*. [herte enuyȝe D.]
     1004
Ȝyf þou euer ianglyst at*. [þou make Iangelyng at ony D.] messe
Yn þe cherche with*. [with om. D.] more or lesse,
And lettyst*. [to lette D.] men of here preyers,*. [preyerys OD.]
For hem perel soþely*. [al here pereyl forsoþe D.] þou berys;
     1008
Þe halyday þou holdest nat*. [haldyst nat O, þin holiday . . . not a D.] ryȝt,
And lettyst to wurschyp*. [wrshype O, þat lettyst to wurschep god of myȝt D.] god almyȝt.
Halyday*. [þe haliday D.] was made for preyere, Page  37
To god oure herende*. [erende O, arende D.] for to bere.
     1012
Certys we ouȝt þan with ful*. [owyn to be ful of D.] mynde
To preye god vs of synne*. [& pray god out of synne vs D.] vnbynde,
And yn gode lyfe vs wysse & rede,
And for-ȝeue vs al*. [he forȝeue vs D.] oure mysdede.
     1016
Ȝyf þou hauntyst to make þy*. [haunte . . þis D.] play
At þe tauerne on þe halyday,
To many on comyþ þarfore*. [many come þeder for to do D.] euyl
Þurgh cumberaunce*. [þorw encoumbraunce D.] of þe deuyl.
     1020
Holy chyrchë wyl*. [wyle O.] þe werne
Þe halyday to go*. [þat day to gon D.] to þe tauerne,
And namly byfore*. [be forn D.] þe noun
     1023
whan goddys seruyse owyþ to*. [qwil . . . schulde D.] be doun.
Tauerne*. [þe tauerne D.] ys þe deuylys knyfe
Hyt sleþ þe, oþer soule or*. [sleth boþe soule & D.] lyfe;
One of þys, shal hyt*. [þese it schal D.] do, [folio 7b:2]
Ȝyf þou haunte comunly þarto.*. [þou it vse to gon D.]
     1028
Hytshortyþ þy lyfe, ouer moche*. [meche D.] drynkynge,
And*. [it D.] sleþ þy soule with bakbytyngge;
Hyt wastyþ þy body, and makeþ þe drye,*. [it dreyȝe D.]
And gadryd lecherye*. [gaderyþ lechours O, gaderith many D.] to glotonye;
     1032
And þe comaundment ys brokun,
And þe halyday, byfore of spokun.*. [Þe holy day is ofte broken; & þe comaunde|ment al fore-spoken D.]
Ȝyf þou do any man o dawe*. [of dawhe D, O. gloss 'to þe deþ.']
On þe halyday for any lawe,
     1036
Swychë men greuusly*. [sueche m. g. þei D.] werche
Aȝens þe state of holy chyrche:
For holy preyere,*. [preyer O, to be holy in lyuyng D.] and for þe pees,
þe halyday god hyt chees.*. [ordeyned is D.]
     1040
Ȝyf þou euer with iogeloure, Page  38
with hasadoure, or*. [oþer O, or (ony roytour) D.] with rotoure,
Hauntyst tauerne, or were to any pere*. [were helpere D.]
To pley at þe ches*. [at ches D.] or at þe tablere,
     1044
Specyaly before þe noun
whan goddys seruyse owyþ*. [oghte O, qwan . . schulde D.] to be doun,
Hyt ys*. [It were D.] aȝens þe comaundment
And holy cherches*. [þat al holy cherche D.] asent.
     1048
Ȝyf þou be*. [ȝif he were D, 'ordred' inserted in a later hand.] 'infra sacros,'
And art a clerk, & hast þe los*. [& he were clerk & hadde þe loos D.]
Of subdekene,*. [Sodeke (om. of) D.] or dekene by name,
So moche art þou*. [meche he were D.] þe more to blame.
     1052
Þys lerned*. [lerenyde O, þese lerede D.] men ȝyuen*. [ȝeuyn OD.] ensample so
Þat þe lewd*. [lewede O, lewde (om. þat) D.] men þe more mysdo.
God ȝyue us grace þe halyday*. [oure holiday D.]
To kepë*. [þat it be D.], Ihesu cryst to pay.
     1056