William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan
Finding aid for
Finding aid created by
Samuel Blodget Collection, 1802-1803
Cari Griffin, January 2019
Samuel Blodget collection
Blodget, Samuel, 1757-1814
This collection is made up of four letters, a bill, and a receipt, providing information about merchant, economist, and amateur architect Samuel Blodget, Jr.'s proposal for a National University and a monument to George Washington, to be erected in Washington, D.C.
The material is in English
William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu
Access and Use
Gift of Dr. Joseph Fields, 1951. M-845.
The collection is open for research.
Copyright status is unknown
Samuel Blodget Collection, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan
The collection is arranged chronologically.
Samuel Blodget, Jr., was born August 28, 1757, in Goffstown, New Hampshire, to Samuel Blodget and Hannah White. He served with the New Hampshire militia from 1775 to 1777, before becoming a merchant. By 1789, Blodget resided in Philadelphia and conducted business in Boston. He founded the Boston Tontine Association in 1791 and then, using funds from the enterprise, established the Union Bank (Boston) in 1792. Blodget collaborated with Ebenezer Hazard in 1792 to create another tontine plan in Philadelphia; its proceeds were used to found the Insurance Company of North America.
Blodget was actively involved in the development of Washington, D.C., following its establishment as capital of the United States. In 1792, he acquired 494 acres in the D.C. area at the cost of $36,000. Blodget claimed to have studied architecture during travels to Europe and received an appointment as Superintendent of Buildings in 1793. That same year, he established a lottery as means of fund-raising for the district. The prize would be a hotel, planned by White House architect James Hoben. Delays announcing a winner, coupled with the failure to complete construction of the hotel by end of 1794, cost Blodget his position as superintendent. Ultimately, in 1802, the courts deemed him legally responsible for the failed hotel. Unable to pay the $21,500 required to complete its construction, Blodget served time in debtor's prison during the latter half of 1803.
Blodget saw one of his architectural designs come to fruition: the Bank of the United States in Philadelphia (1795). He remained steadfast in his support of Washington, D.C.'s development, delivering a memorial to congress on January 10, 1803, advocating for a combined national university and monument to George Washington. Blodget is credited as being one of the first American authors to write on political economy. He published a pamphlet titled, Thoughts on the Increasing Wealth and National Economy of the United States of America (1801) and Economica: A Statistical Manual for the United States (1806).
Blodget married twice. First, to Dorothy Folsom in 1778, and then, following her death in 1790, he married Rebecca Smith, daughter of the provost at the University of Pennsylvania, in 1792. He died on April 11, 1814, in Baltimore.
Collection Scope and Content Note
This collection is made up of four letters, a bill, and a receipt, providing information about Samuel Blodget, Jr.'s proposal for a National University and a monument to George Washington, to be erected in Washington, D.C. The documents focus on Blodget's efforts to raise funds through subscription for the establishment of the university and the creation of the memorial honoring George Washington.
- Two letters in the collection, addressed to Colonel William Scollay (1756-1809) of Boston, contain financial matters related to the university and the Washington memorial. The letter of March 5, 1803, respects the delivery of Blodget's memorial to the United States Congress on January 10, 1803, his appreciation for Scollay's support, and Blodget's impatience for "the surveyor [to] lay out the ground, of the city in time to begin the work this season." The second letter, dated May 4, 1803, pertains to the appointment of Bushrod Washington (1762-1829) as a trustee for collected funds.
- A draft letter to Blodget from Colonel William Scollay, dated June 4, 1803, pertaining to collecting money for the National University project. He suggests that a draw be made in the name of Bushrod Washington.
- One bill, dated December 10, 1802, for the cost of engraving a view of the national university.
- A receipt for an $800 advance collected from Blodget for the Washington monument subscription, December 13, 1802.
- Lotteries--United States.
- Monuments--Washington (D.C.)
- Universities and colleges--Washington (D.C.)
- Washington, Bushrod, 1762-1829.
- Washington (D.C.)--History.
- Scollay, William, 1756-1809.
- Bills of sale.
- Letters (correspondence)
- Receipts (financial records)
Additional Descriptive Data
Blodget, Samuel. Economica: A Statistical Manuel of the United States.
Henry Newman Family Papers, 1777-1872