Manuscripts Division William L. Clements Library University of Michigan
Finding aid for German Auxiliaries Muster Rolls, 1776-1786
Finding aid created by Philip Heslip, November 2009
Title: German Auxiliaries muster rolls Creator: Great Britain. Army Inclusive dates: 1776-1786 Bulk dates: 1781-1783 Extent: 0.25 linear feet Abstract:
This collection is comprised of seventy muster rolls and 15 additional letters and documents of the German regiments employed by the British to fight in the American Revolutionary War.
Language: The material is in English and German Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave. The University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190 Phone: 734-764-2347 Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu
Access and Use
1929, 1956. M-54, M-1042.
The collection is open for research.
Copyright status is unknown
Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.
The collection has been microfilmed
German Auxiliaries Muster Rolls, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan
This collection is organized alphabetically by the home residence of each army and then by the name of the regiment.
In 1776, the British formed a treaty with the duke of Brunswick and other minor German princes that allowed the hiring of German mercenaries to bolster the British Army in North America. These German Auxiliaries muster rolls document the German regiments employed by the British to fight in the American Revolutionary War. England would pay the German princes annual subsidies, as well as additional fees, for wounded and killed soldiers. All together, approximately 30,000 men came to America from Germany and fought for the British in virtually every major campaign in the war.
Collection Scope and Content Note
This collection is comprised of seventy muster rolls and 15 related letters and documents of the German regiments employed by the British to fight in the American Revolutionary War. Most of the rolls are from 1781 and 1783 and include lists for soldiers captured at Yorktown. The rolls contain details such as the rank and names of the Hessians, casualties, and remarks, such as "sick in the Barracks." These rolls are certified by British commanding officers.
The rosters list the following regiments:
Anhalt Zerbst army under Riedesel, Regiment Prinz Friedrich, Grenadier Battalion von Mengen, Regiment von Riedesel, Regiment von Specht.
Hesse-Cassel. Grenadier Battalion vacant Graff; Grenadier Battalion von Loewenstein,Company von Biesenrodt, Company von Mondorff, Company von Wachs; Grenadier Regiment d'Angelelli, Leib Conmpany; Regiment von Bunau, Leib Company; Regiment Erb Prinz (4 folls for this list names of Hessians captured at Yorktown), Company von Cochenhausen, Company von Fuchs; Regiment von Lossberg, Jr., Company von Baurmeister, Company von Biesenrodt, Company von Romrod, Company von Wilmowsky, Leib Company.
Hesse-Hanau. Artillery detachment under Pausch.
Waldeck. Third Regiment, Company von Alberti, Company von Horn, Company von Penzel.
In addition to muster rolls is a copy of the treaty executed in 1776 between the Duke of Brunswick and George III for hiring German mercenaries. Also enclosed is a barrack account for the first regiment of Anspach troops during the winter of 1777-1778; several receipts, including three accounts submitted to the Great Britain Army Victualing Office (1786); an account of payments to foreign troops in America; and a statement from a surgeon named Pralle of the Bath infantry, certifying that several men belonged to Major General de Rhetz' regiment (1781). Documents are in English and German.
Anhalt (Germany)--History, Military.
Braunschweig (Duchy) Heer. Prinz Friedrich Regiment--History--18th century.