Mexican War collection  1845-1894
full text File Size: 29 K bytes

Contents List

Container / Location Title
Box   1  
Mexican War collection [series]
  1845 March 19 . David Conner ALS to F. M. [Dimmie]; U.S. Ship Cumberland. (1 page)
Thoughts on mutiny of Mexican Army under Pedro de Ampudia; Troops marching to Unca.
  1845 September 14 . F. K. Mayrant ALS to John S. Richardson; Charleston, South Carolina. (3 pages)
Comments on colleagues, love, camp meetings.Local fatigue with discussing the possibility of war with Mexico.Accounts of a Peruvian brigadier general in Charleston and his tall tales of Mexico and Egypt.Soldiers from Fort Moultrie sent to Texas.Local suicide by poison.
  1846 November 16 . William Learned Marcy LS to Silas Wright; War Department. ()
Regarding the raising of troops for the Mexican War. Informs Wright, who is governor of New York, of the particular requirements for his state.
  1846 November 23 . John C. Pemberton LS to Capt. Arnold & Lt. Deas; Saltillo. (1 page)
Difficulty of procuring supplies with "sufficient alacrity and energy." He will call on their departments for supplies.
  1846 November 27 . L[eonidas] W[atkins] Walton ALS to "Mother" [Evelina S. Walton]; Monterey, [California]. (6 pages)
Mild illness in the military camps. Remarks on General [Antonio López de] Santa Anna (1794?-1876), the Mexican Army, and his faith that the Americans will hold Monterey. Believes [Pedro de] Ampudia (1803-1868) may be imprisoned, "as it is known to be a positive fact and constant practice amongst the Mexicans to incarcarate their defeated Generals." Comments on General Santa Anna and his political and military position. Assures his mother that her worries about his "want of the common necessaries of life" are unfounded. Remarks on Spanish dry goods stores and the Mexican man who cooks for them and his desire to settle in Atlanta. Misses the company of women, noting difficulties interacting with local ladies. "…the Girls here are very shy and the ladies man is put to considerable trouble even to get a glimpse of his fair one, He must get up Sunday morning at four Oclock, station himself in a corner of the Cathedrel and await the coming of his ladie love for the purpose of attending Mass." Notes the rich women's beauty and his concerns over priests' influence. Discusses laboring women, their work in markets, and their race. "… though you would at first glance pronounce them mulatoes, upon close examination you would decide upon the Indian." Mentions [La]fayette McLaws (1821-1897) and [James] Longstreet (1821-1904).
  1846 December 7 . Henry Stanton ALS to R. F. Loper; Washington. (1 page)
Has succeeded in securing 140 boats.
  1846 December 30-1848 March 2 . Thomas J. Barclay typed Manuscript; Pittsburgh to Mexico City. (70 pages)    [Note: The Thomas J. Barclay journal is described in its own finding aid.]
Journal detailing service in the Westmoreland Guards of the Second Pennsylvania Volunteers, from Pittsburgh to Mexico City and back.
  1847 January 1-1848 July 14 . Richard Coulter journal; Pittsburgh to Mexico City. (100 pages)    [Note: The Richard Coulter journal is described in its own finding aid. ]
Journal detailing service in the Westmoreland Guards of the Second Pennsylvania Volunteers, from Pittsburgh to Mexico City and back.
  1847 January 6 . Elihu Burrit ALS; Birmingham, England. (1 page)
Grateful for his support "and the detachment of Peace recruits you sent for the Grand army." Sent 3,000 signatures to America, and there are now over 6,000 ‘Leaguers’ on each side of the Atlantic.
  1847 February 4 . S. Arnold ALS to Ezra Peirce [Pierce]; Farmington, [New York?]. (3 pages)
Glad Pierce has settled in at Albany "& felt yourself so much at home, amidst the din of the stirring capital of the Empire State." Has been following the state legislature closely, despite its lack of action in its early sessions. Approves of a petition to "prevent the spread of slavery over any territory, which may be acquired of Mexico, by conquest or treaty." Believes the extension of slavery was a motivating factor in the war and without it the war will soon cease. Approves of efforts to allow railroad companies to carry freight past November 1st, believing the high cost of canal travel in the winter is a heavy burden. Dislikes the petition trying to overturn the license law and abolish capital punishment. "This desire can only arise from a morbid philanthropy, a mistaken sympathy for the murderer or it is the entering wedge to a system of innovation designed ultimately to overthrow all government & lead us back into a state of anarchy & barbarism." Explains his reasons for supporting capital punishment, including religious ones.
  1847 February 17 . Ambrose Hundley Sevier et al. ALS to James Knox Polk; Senate Chamber. (1 page)
Recommendation for J. O'Blair "for the office of captain," and description of his qualifications.
  1847 March 15 . Joseph Wilson ALS to Peter Roe Dalton; U.S. Ship Lexington, Monterey Bay, Upper, California. (3 pages)    [Note: Original located in the Dalton collection]
Comments on likelihood of U.S. winning California; strength of troops; and mixed ancestry of Californians and Mexicans.
  1847 March 29 . William E. Mullin ALS to A. Boyd Hamilton; Vera Cruz. (4 pages)
Account of the capture of Vera Cruz, with discussion of casualties.
  1847 April 11 . James R. Irwin Cy. to Thomas S. Jesup; Quarter Master’s Office. Vera Cruz, Mexico. (6 pages)
Irwin is now chief of the Quarter Master's Department for southern army. Details on transportation of forces under Winfield Scott.
  1847 June 4 . John E. Wool ALS to John P. Cushman; Buena Vista, Mexico. (8 pages)
Description of the battle at Buena Vista, including strategy, casualties, and heroism of Zachary Taylor.
  1847 June 23 . Nathaniel Lyon ALS to George A. Tisdale; Puebla, Mexico. (4 pages)
Comments on General Scott not being given command by the president; Lyon’s movement with army.
  1848 January 29 . Frederick Berkee ALS to Charles Smith; Lerma, Mexico. (3 pages)
Mexican guerrillas hide in mountains and steal mail of both Americans and Mexicans; Rumors of prospect of peace.
  1848 January 30 . John E. Wool ALS to John P. Cushman; Army of Occupation. Head Quarters. Monterey, Mexico. (7 pages)
Wool is in command of the Army of Occupation; Mexico is conquered but still at war.
  1848 February 8 . Frederick Berkee ALS to Daniel Smith; Lerma, Mexico. (3 pages)
Treaty of peace rumored to be imminent. It is thought that U.S. will leave 10,000 troops in Mexico for several years to suppress guerillas. Mexicans believe that a revolution may be brewing in the U.S., which would be favorable to Mexican interests.
  1848 March 3 . Peter Krieg ALS to Joseph Hisky; Tacubaya, [Mexico]. (3 pages)
Non-Commissioned Officer in Company D, Voltigeurs.Writes of being at the front lines of battles"I am no Coward and I have seen a great deal of fighting but I can assure you it makes a person feel mighty ticklish when the balls come whistling and singing about your Ears, to see your comrades shot down by your side, horse without Riders, Men without legs or Arms lying about."Becoming adjusted to seeing death, having lost 45 men out of a company of 99 before taking Mexico City.Constant guerrilla warfare and General Winfield Scott (1786-1866) having the Army march through the countryside regardless, taking them fifteen days to march between Vera Cruz and Jalapa.Describes the Battle of Cerro Gordo, the initial "execution" while they could not fire on the Mexican position, and their eventual triumph."… the balls rained on us, but they could not stop us, they were fighting against American Soldiers, at sun down the American flag floated from the heights of Cerro Gordo."Promoted to sergeant and acts as interpreter; currently stationed at the Bishop’s Palace in Tacubaya, which he describes.Comments on never harming Mexican citizens and the expectation of peace."…they want peace, if our government will only sign the treaty. if they do I will be home by next October ready to vote for the Democratic Candidate for President."Sends regards to friends and family, joking that he will bring home "a live Mexican" if Laura would like "a Copper coloured Beau."Sent to Joseph Hisky, "Piano Forte Maker" in Baltimore, Maryland.
  1848 April 2 . Frederick Berkee ALS to Daniel Smith; Lerma, Mexico. (3 pages)
Praises the commander of his regiment, Albert C. Ramsey, and his lieutenant, Thomas Franklin McCoy.
  1848 April 21 . P. B. Ma[roin] ALS to L. J. Maroin. Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. (4 pages)
Description of "illumination… in honor of the recent victories gained at Mexico" held at Independence Hall, including a "transparent painting" of Washington and candle-lit windows. Transparencies of General Zachary Taylor and battles of the Mexican-American war on other public buildings.Business in taking and selling daguerreotypes is doing well.Family news.
  1848 April 22 . John E. Wool ALS to John P. Cushman; Army of Occupation. Head Quarters. Monterey, Mexico. (4 pages)
End of Guerrilla warfare; "we are as much at peace, as we would be if we were in the United States."
  1848 June 4 . Joseph Wilson ALS to Peter Roe Dalton; U.S. Ship Lexington off San Blas. (4 pages)    [Note: Original located in the Dalton collection]
Rumors of peace; discussion of casualties.
  1848 September 4 . Isaac Toucey LS to John Y. Mason; s.l. (4 pages)
Opinion regarding validity of particular military commissions.
  1849 . Rodolphe Emerson DS; Le Havre, France. (8 pages)
Depositions in litigation involving shipment of merchandise to New Orleans and Vera Cruz. [In French]
  1850 October 4 . D. Williamson McNulty ALS to Thomas Jefferson McKean; Cincinnati, Ohio. (3 pages)
News of fellow veterans of the 15th Infantry, including one who is despondent over failed romance, and one who has committed suicide. McNulty has married a woman from Kentucky and is working as a printer.
  1854 April 11 . Alfred Mordecai ALS to Philip Ricard Fendall; Washington Arsenal. (5 pages)
Request for remuneration for trip to Mexico to settle war claims.
  [After 1894] . LeGrand M. Cox typed Ms; Chicago, Illinois. (12 pages)
Account of his service in the Illinois Regiment during the Mexican War and description of travel to California via Panama in 1854, and return via Nicaragua in 1855.
  Undated . John Franklin Meginness MsS; s.l. (60 pages)
Detailed description of his service with Company D, Fifth U.S. Infantry. Accounts of participation in several battles, including at National Bridge and Cerro Gordo, as well as good description of Mexico City.