Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
History of the Four Quarters of the Globe , 1791-1793

Finding aid created by
Galen Wilson, August 1987, and Meg Hixon, February 2012

Summary Information
Title: History of the Four Quarters of the Globe
Creator: Anonymous
Inclusive dates: 1791-1793
Extent: 1 volume
Abstract:
This volume, compiled between 1791 and 1793, contains detailed geographical, historical, and other descriptive accounts of Western Europe and the Americas, as well as a general history of astronomy. Appendices include an index of geographic locations and a general timeline of world history, with a focus on Biblical events and European affairs. This is the third volume of a 3-volume work.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu


Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

M-4908.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.

Preferred Citation:

History of the Four Quarters of the Globe , William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


History

This volume, compiled by "I. C. Junr." between 1791 and 1793, is the third volume of a 3-volume work. It contains detailed geographical, historical, and other descriptive accounts of Western Europe and the Americas, as well as a general history of astronomy. Appendices include an index of geographic locations and a general timeline of world history, with a focus on Biblical events and European affairs.


Collection Scope and Content Note

This is the third and final volume of a multi-volume work (pages 508-966) written by "I. C. Junr." between November 3, 1791, and March 4, 1793. The cover of the 460-page volume is hand-tooled in gold leaf and bears the title "Manuscript Account from Germany to Turkey in Europe with a Description of America Finishing with a Copious Explanation of the Terrestrial & Celestial Globes." The author's concluding remarks refer to it as a "History of the Four Quarters of the Globe," begun around November 1789 (p. 880). The work includes geographic, historic, and descriptive accounts of Western Europe and the Americas, a geographic index, a timeline of events in world history, a general history of astronomy, and an index. He notes that the previous volumes described Asia, Africa, and Eastern Europe.

The book begins with a partial description of Germany, continued from the previous volume. Further geographically-organized sections focus on other Continental powers, islands in the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, and the Americas. Each section opens with a general description of a nation's history, geography, people, cities, and (sometimes) important buildings. The author included information on soil quality, climate, and the people, often commenting separately on men and women, and on common religious beliefs. Charts, lists, or other quantitative data accompany some of the descriptions. The author treated several "American States" individually, though New England is described as a singular entity.

The appendices include a table of geographical information about cities, islands, and landmarks (pp. 882-889); a timeline of world history from the Creation of the World in 4004 BC to 1784 AD, focusing on Europe and listing Biblical events, deaths of notable people, and political developments (pp. 890-904); a history of astronomy (pp. 905-917); and additional information on land, water, tides, winds, and stars (pp. 918-965). Celestial information includes tables of zodiac signs (p. 926) and a list of constellations (pp. 927-928). The geographical information is followed by definitions, solutions, problems, and paradoxes (pp. 939-965). The mathematical, navigational, and geographical problems and solutions are presented in a question-and-answer teaching format (similar to Isaac Watts's The Knowledge of the Heavens and the Earth Made Easy or Joseph Randall's A System of Geography, for example).

Subject Terms

    Subjects:
    • Astronomy--History--Early works to 1800.
    • Caribbean Area--Description and travel--Early works to 1800.
    • Caribbean Area--History--Early works to 1800.
    • Caribbean Area--Politics and government--Early works to 1800.
    • Geography--History--Early works to 1800.
    • Europe--Description and travel--Early works to 1800.
    • Europe--History--Early works to 1800.
    • Europe--Politics and government--Early works to 1800.
    • North America--Description and travel--Early works to 1800.
    • North America--History--Early works to 1800.
    • North America--Politics and government--Early works to 1800.
    • South America--Description and travel--Early works to 1800.
    • South America--History--Early works to 1800.
    • South America--Politics and government--Early works to 1800.
    Genre Terms:
    • Gazetteers (dictionaries)
    • Histories.
    Contents List
    Container / Location Title
    Volume   3  
    History of the Four Quarters of the Globe ,  1791-1793 [series]
    Page   508  
    Germany
    Page   521  
    Bohemia
    Page   525  
    Holland
    Page   542  
    Flanders
    Page   544  
    France
    Page   583  
    Spain
    Page   607  
    Portugal
    Page   617  
    Switzerland
    Page   632  
    Italy
    Page   662  
    Hungary
    Page   668  
    Turkey
    Page   683  
    Great Britain
    Page   727  
    Islands of Scotland
    Page   731  
    Ireland
    Page   737  
    Isle of Man
    Page   738  
    Isle of Wight
    Page   739  
    Isles of Scilly and Jersey
    Page   740  
    Guernsey and Alderney
    Page   741  
    Sark and Iceland
    Page   743  
    Faro Islands, Baltic Isles
    Page   745  
    Mediterranean Isles
    Page   752  
    "This finishes a general description of Asia, Africa, and Europe. August 1792. Page of the work 450. No. 36."
    Page   753  
    America: general geographical description
    Page   754  
    [America]: Minerals, precious metals and stones
    Page   755  
    [America]: Age of discovery
    Page   756  
    [America]: French and Indian War
    Page   757  
    [America]: Statistics of governmental bodies
    Page   759  
    [America]: American Indians
    Page   763  
    New Britain (Labrador)
    Page   767  
    Canada (Quebec)
    Page   777  
    Nova Scotia
    Page   778  
    American States: New England
    Page   790  
    New York
    Page   792  
    New Jersey
    Page   794  
    Pennsylvania
    Page   799  
    Maryland
    Page   802  
    Virginia
    Page   806  
    North and South Carolina, Georgia
    Page   812  
    Spanish America: East and West Florida
    Page   815  
    New Mexico and California
    Page   817  
    Old Mexico, or New Spain
    Page   821  
    South America: Terra Firma or Castilla del Oro
    Page   826  
    Peru
    Page   832  
    Chile
    Page   833  
    Paraguay
    Page   836  
    Patagonia
    Page   838  
    Brazil
    Page   842  
    French America: Cayenne
    Page   843  
    Dutch America: Surinam
    Page   845  
    Islands: Newfoundland
    Page   846  
    Cape Breton, St. John's, Bermuda
    Page   847  
    Bahamas
    Page   848  
    Falklands, Tierra del Fuego
    Page   849  
    Juan Fernández Islands
    Page   850  
    British Islands: Jamaica
    Page   856  
    Barbadoes
    Page   858  
    St. Christopher's, Antigua, Nevis, Montserrat, Barbuda, Anguilla, Dominica, Granada, St. Vincent's
    Page   861  
    Spanish Islands: Cuba, St. Domingo, Puerto Rico, Margarita, Trinidad
    Page   864  
    French Islands: Martinique, Guadeloupe, St. Lucia, Tobago, St. Bartholomew, Marigalante, Deseada
    Page   867  
    Dutch Islands: Sint Eustatius, Curaçao
    Page   869  
    Danish Islands: St. Thomas, St. Croix
    Page   869  
    "Finished thus far in Novr. 3d. 1792. Page of the Work 568."
    Page   871  
    Appendix: Pacific discoveries
    Page   873  
    Sandwich Islands
    Page   877  
    Northern Archipelago
    Page   882  
    Geographical table
    Page   890  
    Chronological List of Remarkable Events
    Page   904  
    "Finished to here. December 22, 1792. Page of the Work 608."
    Page   905  
    The Origin and Progress of Astronomy
    Page   909  
    The Sun
    Page   910  
    Mercury
    Page   911  
    Venus, Earth
    Page   912  
    The Moon
    Page   913  
    Mars, Jupiter
    Page   914  
    Saturn
    Page   916  
    Comets
    Page   918  
    General Divisions of the Earth
    Page   922  
    Winds
    Page   924  
    Tides
    Volume   3 Page   926
    General description of the Heavens
    Page   926  
    The Zodiac
    Page   927  
    Constellations
    Page   929  
    Description of the Terrestrial and Celestial Globes
    Page   939  
    Problems on the Terrestrial Globe (40 problems)
    Page   949  
    Problems on the Celestial Globe (26 problems)
    Page   956  
    Problems in Navigation, solved by the Globes (10 problems)
    Page   960  
    Geographical and Astronomical Paradoxes (40 problems)
    Page   966  
    "Finish'd and concluded... and tho' this work May perhaps have the appearance of industry and perseverance, it was done at a small part (only) of leisure, from business. I. C. Junr. March 4th 1793."