Nathan D. Stanwood papers 1852-1860
The state of Nebraska entered the union in 1867 and its western counties were initially populated largely by acquisition of lands through the Homestead Act of 1862 or through the sale of lands owned by railroad corporations. Box Butte County remains one of the more sparsely populated regions in the country, and the major source of income remains agriculture. The land is relatively arid, and a majority of farms are involved in the production of wheat and cattle. Although crime has never been particularly rampant in the county, Box Butte has experienced its share of juvenile delinquencies and drunken escapades.