Norton Strange Townshend family papers  1807-1995
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Container / Location Title
Correspondence [series]   

For an index of correspondents, see "Additional Descriptive Data" below.

Townshend Family Correspondence [subseries]

Scope note: The Townshend Family subseries, spanning approximately 3 linear feet, is comprised of all letters to and from the members of the Townshend family, including spouses and in-laws, such as the Woods, the Wings, and the Boyntons. The correspondence of Margaret Wing Dodge, granddaughter of Norton S. Townshend, is part of the Townshend Family subseries. "Additional Descriptive Data" contains an index of major correspondents in each subseries. Arranged chronologically, the series sheds light on Norton Strange Townshend’s political, educational, and agricultural activities, as well as his family and personal life. The earliest letters are between family members in Ohio and Northamptonshire and relate family news, religion, and daily life. Correspondence is relatively frequent during1839-1841, when Norton studied medicine in New York City and Europe, and wrote to his parents describing visits to European hospitals, impressions of Paris and London, and thoughts on his career. Joel and Rebecca’s correspondence with their son is filled with religious and philosophical references and advice. Between 1848 and 1854 the period during which Townshend served in the Ohio General Assembly (1848-1849), the U.S. House of Representatives (1851-53), and the Ohio State Senate (1854-55), a great deal of incoming political correspondence addresses such issues as the "balance of power" deadlock upon which Townshend capitalized in Ohio, the debates over the boundaries of slavery, opinion on Ohio’s Black Laws, and other political matters. Also important are Salmon P. Chase’s letters to Townshend, which shed light on their political alliance and the slavery debate in the U.S. Senate. During Norton Strange Townshend’s service as a medical inspector in the Civil War, 1863-1865 he and his wife Margaret exchanged over 100 letters on topics such as Townshend’s work and travels, family news, and farm matters. Townshend also sometimes referenced Margaret’s sister and her husband, Miriam and Thomas Easterly, who were living in St. Louis and struggling financially during the time that Townshend was stationed there. During this period, he also corresponded frequently with his son James, particularly concerning James’ education and thoughts on church and religion. Three letters from his younger children, Arthur Bailey and Mary, also survived. In one letter, dated April 17, 1865, 10-year old Arthur reacts to the death of Lincoln and the attempted assassination of William H. Seward. Family correspondence trails off considerably after the war, although in the mid 1880s Townshend and James exchange a series of letters concerning James’ declining health from tuberculosis.

Margaret Wing’s correspondence with her mother, Alice (Townshend) Wing is included in the Townshend family correspondence. Several dozen of Margaret’s letters were written in 1909 during a tour of Europe. She described sightseeing, visiting art museums, and traveling by rail. Many of the 20th century letters in this subseries are from Margaret’s friend from Vassar College, Elizabeth Schneider, a ghostwriter living in Boston. Schneider was particularly fond of sharing her opinions on books and plays. Other 20th-century letters are mainly to and from Townshend’s children and grandchildren and shed some light on their relationships, travels, and careers.

Box   1  
 19 July 1827-5 December 1864 (44 folders)
Box   2  
 7 December 1864-16 July 1873 (32 folders)
Box   3  
 28 July 1873-11 December 1886 (43 folders)
Box   4  
 13 December 1886-30 July 1896 (29 folders)
Box   5  
 18 February 1897-27 June 1934 (29 folders)
Box   6  
 8 August 1934-1978 (17 folders)
Undated, c.  1840s-1950s (9 folders)
Dodge Family Correspondence [subseries]

Scope note: The Dodge Family subseries contains correspondence to and from the members of the Dodge family and ranges from 1838-1989 with the bulk of materials from the early 20th century. The earliest letters were written among the children of Thomas Dodge, a farmer in Massena, New York. Many were penned by Thomas Dodge, Jr., who moved to Indiana and described some difficulties of living on the frontier, such as finding a teacher for the schoolhouse and making ends meet. Later letters shed light on the courtship of Isabella Donaghue, who married Orange Dodge, and on the inter-faith marriage between Fletcher Dodge and his wife, Ray Cohen. Fletcher Dodge’s letters in particular are frank and very interesting, describing ideas about work, monogamy, his family, fraternities, and many other topics.

 20 June 1836-26 April 1881 (15 folders)
Box   7  
 18 December 1881-13 February 1913 (43 folders)
Box   8  
 23 February 1913-14 November 1946 (40 folders)
Box   9  
 15 November 1946-13 October 1989 (40 folders)
Undated, c.  1840s-1910s (6 folders)
Box   10  
Undated, c.  1910s-1970s (6 folders)