Henry H. Willard papers  1862-1863
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Willard, Henry H.

Rank : Private

Regiment : 4th Indiana Cavalry Regiment, Co. E (1862-1865)

Service : 1862 August 22-1865 June

As a private in Co. E, 4th Indiana Cavalry during the Civil War, Henry H. Willard performed some of the most unglamorous cavalry duty imaginable in the states of Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama. Mustering into the service late in August, 1862, a time of critical need in the Union army, the 4th Cavalry were immediately divided into two battalions and rushed to the front. Four companies were sent under the command of Maj. John A. Platter to Henderson, Ky., and the remaining companies, including Willard and Co. E, were ordered to Louisville, and from there, into the interior.

Shortly after arriving in Kentucky, the necessities of war further divided Willard's detachment, as the elusive raiders of John Morgan threatened to invade Ohio. While Willard remained in Kentucky, a portion of his battalion was ordered back into Indiana to guard the river crossings, and thereafter shadowed Morgan through northern Kentucky. Once reunited in October, the battalion continued in pursuit of Morgan, wending southward to Gallatin, Tenn., and taking part in several minor engagements. On January 6, 1863, Willard's battalion settled down for the winter in Murfreesboro, and for some time, Willard was detached to serve in the Assistant Adjutant General's office at the headquarters of the 14th Army Corps. Although he contracted an "inward fever" and lost 35 pounds, he apparently never considered seeking a discharge, and continued at his post.

On June 24, with the entire regiment once again reunited, the 4th Indiana Cavalry left Murfreesboro to take part in the Tullahoma Campaign. Although uncertain, it appears that despite his Captain's efforts to bring him back into the ranks, Willard may have continued to work for at headquarters of the 14th Corps. The regiment later went on to take part in the Chickamauga, Franklin and Nashville, and Atlanta Campaigns, remaining in Tennessee and Alabama through the conclusion of the war, up to and including the final campaign of the war against Mobile. Willard was discharged from the service in June, 1865, shortly before his regiment was mustered out.