Augusta and Francis R. Holland papers  1818-1849 (bulk 1840-1849)
full text File Size: 14 K bytes


Francis Raymond Holland, the son of William Holland (1790-1860) and Anna Elizabeth Schumacher, was born in Salem, North Carolina, in 1820. In 1841, Holland left North Carolina to become a preacher and missionary in Jamaica. While there, he was head of and taught at the Moravian Training School in Fairfield, Parish of Manchester, Jamaica, where he taught grammar, arithmetic, geography, composition, and Bible studies.

In July 1844, Holland returned to Salem to be ordained a deacon and, in September of that year, married Augusta E. Wolle (b. 1820), the daughter of Jacob Wolle and Eliza Horafield of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. They had at least one daughter named Mary Elizabeth Holland. Over the next few decades the family would move between Jamaica, Ohio, and Pennsylvania, where Holland would preach, serve as a missionary, and teach in various capacities. In May 1866, he and his family moved to Hope, Indiana, where he founded the Seminary for Young Ladies, which he ran for 13 years.

Holland held a number of official church positions throughout his life. In 1869, he was a delegate of the Northern Province of the Moravian Church in America and attended the General Synod, held in Herrnhut, Germany. In 1873, he was elected to the Provincial Elders' Conference, an office he held for five years. He retired in 1879 and spent his remaining years in Indiana with his wife. He died in 1894.

Mary Steiner Denke (b. 1793) was a Holland family friend. She was the widow of Reverend Christian Frederick Denke, a Morovian missionary to the Delaware and Chippewa Indians. She lived at a Moravian settlement in Salem, North Carolina, but apparently traveled frequently, to Macon, Georgia in 1840, to France in 1845, and to the Pyrenees Mountains in 1846.