George Sackville Germain papers  1683-1785
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Additional Descriptive Data

In addition to this finding aid, the Clements Library has created three other research aids:

  • The Subject Index and Contributor List provides access to events, people, places, and topics discussed in the Correspondence and Documents series (Volumes 1-16). The index also contains a list of contributors.
  • The Volume Guide includes notes on the contents of each of the 22 volumes in the collection.
  • The Guide to Volumes 17-21 provides lists of the documents in each of these volumes.

The Germain papers include 38 maps, now housed in the Clements Library Map Division. Below is a chronological list of the maps:

Below is a list of eight printed items concerning Germain and published in his lifetime. For more books related to Germain, search "Sackville, George Germain, Viscount, 1716-1785" in the library's online catalog.

Biographical Timeline

1716 Germain is born George Sackville
1737 Appointed clerk to the council in Dublin
1740 Promoted lieutenant-colonel of the 28th foot
1743 June Appointed one of George II's aides-de-camp
1745 May Shot in the chest during a battle at Fontenoy
1748 Transferres to the colonelcy of the 12th dragoons then the 3rd dragoon guards
1754 Marries Diana Sambroke
1757 Promoted major-general and lieutenant-general of the ordnance
1759 Fiasco at the Battle of Minden prompts his resignation from the army
1760 Found guilty of disobedience
1765 Appointed post of vice-treasurer of Ireland in the Rockingham ministry
1767 His son, and later heir, Charles is born
1770 Receives Lady Elizabeth Germain's fortune and estate of Drayton in Northamptonshire and assumes the surname Germain
1775 November Appointed secretary of state for the American colonies under Lord North, and over the next 6 years, directs the British armies in America
1778 Wife Diana dies of measles
1782 February He resignes as secretary of state
1785 Germain dies
Alternate Locations

Many of the maps acquired with the Germain papers are located in the Clements Library Map division. See below for a complete list of these maps.

Related Materials

The following Clements Library collections contain letters to and from Lord Germain:

The Clements Library Graphics Division has two portraits of Germain: a print and a painting:

The Derbyshire Records Office, the Ashmolean Museum, and the British Museum all contain letters to and from Germain. The King George III Manuscripts at the British Museum includes copies of many of the letters in the Franklin-Pownall-Cooper copybook.


Adams, Randolph Greenfield. The Papers of Lord George Germain: A Brief Description of the Stopford-Sackville Papers Now In the William L. Clements Library. Ann Arbor: The William L. Clements library, 1928.

Brown, Gerald Saxon. The American Secretary; The Colonial Policy of Lord George Germain, 1775-1778. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1963.

Mackesy, Piers. "Germain, George Sackville , first Viscount Sackville (1716--1785). "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004

Cumberland, Richard. Character of the Late Lord Viscount Sackville. London: Printed for C. Dilly..., 1785.

The Historical Manuscripts Commission calendared the Germain Papers, but approximately one third of the Clements Library collection is not included in its Report on the Manuscripts of Mrs. Stopford-Sackville:

Sackville, George Germain. Report On the Manuscripts of Mrs. Stopford-Sackville, of Drayton House, Northamptonshire. London: Printed for H.M.S.O. by Mackie & Co., 1904, 1910.