Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Warder-Haines Papers, 1789-1854; bulk 1822-1854

Finding aid created by
Philip Heslip, March 2011

Summary Information
Title: Warder-Haines papers
Creator: Warder, Elizabeth Haines
Inclusive dates: 1789-1854
Bulk dates: 1822-1854
Extent: 0.5 linear feet
The Warder-Haines papers (178 items) contain letters collected by Elizabeth Haines Warder, a Quaker from southeastern Pennsylvania, concerning her extended family and friends, primarily between the 1820s and 1850s. Much of the collection consists of letters between the women of the families concerning sickness, death, childbirth, and personal matters, as well as the anti-slavery movement, science and medicine, and Quakerism in Germantown, Philadelphia, and Cincinnati.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site:

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1992. M-2911.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.


Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.

Preferred Citation:

Warder-Haines Papers, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


This collection is organized chronologically.


Elizabeth Bowne Haines was born in 1815 to Reuben Haines (1786-1834) and Jane Bowne, both Quakers of Germantown, Pennsylvania. In 1840, she married Dr. John Aston Warder (1812-1883), the son of Philadelphia Quakers Jeremiah Warder (1780-1849) and Ann Aston (1786-1871). John A. Warder and Elizabeth Haines had seven children: Anna Aston, Jane Haines, Elizabeth, Reuben Haines, John Haines, William, and Robert Bowne Warder (1848-1905).

John A. Warder graduated from Jefferson Medical College in 1836, and in 1837, after a brief residency in Alabama, he established a medical practice in Cincinnati, Ohio. He retired from medicine in 1855 to pursue interests in horticulture, viticulture, forestry, natural history, and astronomy. He published and lectured extensively in these fields, and was president of the Cincinnati Society of Natural Resources. During the Civil War, Warder served as a brigade surgeon of the 1st Brigade of the Ohio Militia. He helped found and was the first president of the American Forestry Association (1875). By 1880, he and his family were living on a farm in Miami County, Ohio. Warder died in 1883.

Reuben Haines and Jane Bowne Haines had eight children and lived in the Wyck House of Germantown, Pennsylvania. Reuben was the corresponding secretary for the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, and was known as a local supporter of the arts.

Collection Scope and Content Note

The Warder-Haines papers (178 items) contain letters collected by Elizabeth Haines Warder, a Quaker from southeastern Pennsylvania, concerning her extended family and friends, primarily between the 1820s and 1850s. Much of the collection consists of letters between the women of the families (mothers, daughters, sisters, cousins, and friends). The women discussed family issues such as sickness and health, death, childbirth, and personal matters, as well as the anti-slavery movement, science and medicine, and Quakerism in Germantown, Philadelphia, and Cincinnati. Dr. John A. Warder contributed twelve letters, all written to his wife Elizabeth during her visits to family members, and during his travels as physician and lecturer in medicine. These relate to everyday family matters and rarely touch on his professional and scientific interests. Topics of note include descriptions of Tuscaloosa, Alabama, written by family members during their sojourn in the winter of 1836-1837. The family also discussed a cholera, or possibly typhoid fever, epidemic in Cincinnati from 1850 to 1852.

Other items of note:

  • October 30, 1798: Sarah Hartshorne of New York to Elizabeth Bowne concerning sickness and recovery
  • July 11, 1828: Oliver Armstrong to Jeremiah and John A. Warder containing a description of Springfield, Ohio
  • April 18, 1830: Elizabeth B. Haines to her mother Jane Haines reporting on social events in New York City, such as a party that lasted until 3am and visiting the American Museum
  • February 14, 1832: Elizabeth W. Janney to Ann Aston Warder concerning family news and charitable donations, including $300 to a "Black orphan shelter"
  • February 16, 1832: Caroline Cadbury to Ann Aston Warder containing family news, including ailments and treatments of many family members, and a mention of her children enjoying Peter Parley's 1st Book of History
  • March 7, 1832: John H. Warder to Jeremiah Warder reporting that sister Betsey took in a "runaway negro" but found out that she had "run away from Justice instead of Slavery[.] They have so much difficulty in procuring servants they think but to keep her until they meet with another"
  • July 26, 1832: Benjamin H. Warder to Jeremiah Warder concerning the opinions in Philadelphia about President Jackson, and a cholera epidemic in New York that is a "blessing in disguise in clearing off a mass of pollution--It has been very fatal in the neighborhood of the five points, occupied principally by prostitutes…"
  • September 1, 1832: Benjamin H. Warder to Jeremiah Warder containing treatments for cholera and typhoid fever
  • October 29 and December 6, 1832: Letters from James, John H., and Benjamin Warder to Jeremiah Warder discussing Andrew Jackson's presidential reelection chances, Jackson's attack on the United States Bank and South Carolina's reaction to the speech, and various Quaker affairs
  • October 1834: Remarks about the death of Reuben Haines on a funeral invitation from Walter R. Johnson
  • December 3, 1836: Friend to Ann A. Warder in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, warning her to "guard thy tongue- thy looks- even thy thoughts since they will be known through thy frank nature as if the spies of the inquisition were around thee- let Slavery and all its evils- Jacksonism and Van Bur-moral degradation and all other evils- pass unnoticed- for although- those outlaws- may not attack thee- yet the Doctor must pay the penalty of your impudence…"
  • December 23, 1836: [Ann A. Warden] to Jane B. Haines, containing a humorous descriptions of her family's squalid living conditions in Tuscaloosa, Alabama
  • March 3, 1837: John A. Warder and Elizabeth Haines Warder to John Haines describing the relationship between slaves and their masters and the workings of the cotton gin
  • December 25, 1837: John Warder to Ann Haines, discussing Christmas presents and details of her young daughter's clothing
  • September 20, 1838: J.B. Haines to Elizabeth Haines Warder discussing family news and describing their garden and the viewing of an eclipse
  • November 20, 1838: Ann Haines to Elizabeth Haines Warder with a description of a "new method of walking upon water, by means of a small balloon attached to the body" invented in Germany, and a discussion of Democratic Congress member Charles Ingersol
  • April 13, 1840: J.S. Haines to Elizabeth Haines Warder with a description of an experiment with "Jacoby's batteries" and the process of electroplating with copper
  • October 11, 1840: Sister to Elizabeth Haines Warder with a mention of cousin Ann, who is a member of the Liberia School Association
  • August 16, 1842: Elizabeth B. Warder to Ann Haines containing a description of an attempted hypnotism, then termed "neurology" and "phreno-mesmirism"
  • November 2, 1842: Elizabeth Haines Warden to Ann Haines, concerning Henry Clay and John Crittenden visiting Cincinnati, searching for fossils, and seeing a "beautiful Exhibition of Deguerin [Daguerreian] Pictures accompanied by fine music" (early photography)
  • January 11, 1843: William Warder to his brother John Warder discussing Transcendentalist philosophy and "eclecticism"
  • March 19, 1843: Charles Comte de Miollis to Jane B. Haines describing his visits to General Andrew Jackson at the Hermitage
  • July 15, 1843: Ann A. Warder to Ann Haines concerning her sons strong anti-slavery beliefs
  • February 12, 1844: Mary W. Rannels to Ann Haines about practicing hypnosis and witnessing "the evils of slavery" in St. Louis, Missouri
  • March 18, 1844: John A. Warder and Elizabeth Warder to Ann Haines discussing their opinions of a new Charles Dickens book entitled A Christmas Carol
  • February 15, 1847: Ann A. Warder to Ann Haines concerning travel in the Mid-West, slavery in St. Louis and the "delusive dogma of the slaveholder"
  • January 21, 1849: Jane Haines to Robert B. Haines concerning an expedition of Quakers to California during the Gold Rush
  • [1854]: J.B. Haines to Elizabeth Haines Warder concerning a sick child and the practice of medical bleedings

The collection contains several sketches:

Subject Terms

    • Antislavery movements.
    • California--Gold discoveries.
    • Cholera.
    • Cincinnati (Ohio)
    • Dickens, Charles, 1812-1870. Christmas carol.
    • Germantown (Philadelphia, Pa.) .
    • Hypnotism.
    • Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845.
    • Physicians--Ohio--Cincinnati.
    • Quakers.
    • Society of Friends--Ohio.
    • Society of Friends--Pennsylvania.
    • Springfield (Ohio)
    • Saint Louis (Mo.)
    • Transcendentalism.
    • Tuscaloosa (Ala.)
    Subjects - Visual Materials:
    • Shelby County (Ind.)--Maps, Manuscript.
    Genre Terms:
    • Letters (correspondence)
    Contents List
    Container / Location Title
    Box   1 Folders   1-25
    Warder-Haines papers,  1789-1854 [series]
    Additional Descriptive Data


    • Armstrong, Oliver.
    • Cadbury, Caroline.
    • Haines, Ann.
    • Haines, Hannah.
    • Haines, Jane Bowne, d. 1911.
    • Haines, Reuben.
    • Haines, Sarah.
    • Hartshorne, A.
    • Hartshorne, Sarah.
    • Janney, Elizabeth W.
    • Rannels, Mary W.
    • Warder, Benjamin H.
    • Warder, Elizabeth Bowne Haines.
    • Warder, Jeremiah.
    • Warder, James.
    • Warder, John Aston, 1812-1883.
    • Warder, John H.
    Related Materials

    The Clements Library has many collections related to Quaker families and physician practices in the 19th century, including the Quaker collection and the American Science and Medicine collection among others.

    The William Young papers contain a letter from Reuben Haines to James Irvine (July 14, 1786)

    The American Philosophical Society has Warder-Haines family material in the Wyck Association collection (Pennsylvania)

    The Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institute, has a collection of Reuben Haines and Haines family papers (Washington D.C.)

    Earlham College's Friends Collection and College Archives has a Warder family papers collection (Indiana)

    The Forest History Society's George H. Wirt Collection contains a letter and several speeches and reports written by John A. Warder (North Carolina)

    Haverford College's Quaker and Special Collections has material related to the Reuben Haines (Pennsylvania)


    Clepper, Henry. Leaders of American Conservation. Natural Resources Council of America, 1971.

    Warder, J. A. Address Delivered Before the Otoe County Horticultural Society in Nebraska City, September 12th, 1878. [Nebraska City]: The Society, 1878.