William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan
Finding aid for
Finding aid created by
Antonio de Vea Journal, 1675-1676
Shannon Wait, June 2010
Don Antonio de Vea journal
Vea, Antonio de, fl. 1675
The Antonio de Vea journal documents a sea voyage from Peru to the Strait of Magellan in southern Chile in 1675-1676.
The material is in Spanish
William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu
Access and Use
The collection is open for research.
Copyright status is unknown
Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.
Antonio de Vea Journal, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan
Little is known about the life of Antonio de Vea. Spanish by birth, by 1674 he resided in Lima, Peru, and had reached the rank of captain in the Spanish Navy. In 1675, the viceroy of Peru, Baltasar de la Cueva, appointed him commander of an expedition consisting of two ships, 170 men, and various small vessels, and gave him orders to scout the southern coast of Chile for English pirates. The mission was a response to intelligence from Chonos Indians that foreigners had settled at the Pacific mouth of the Strait of Magellan, an area jealously guarded by the Spanish. De Vea and his men explored the coast of Chile from October to December 1675, but found no sign of foreign settlement. In January 1676, de Vea questioned the Chonos Indians onboard the ship and they admitted that the sightings of foreigners had been fabricated. The ships returned to Callao, Peru, in April 1676.
Collection Scope and Content Note
The Antonio de Vea journal contains 106 pages (53 folios) of Spanish-language entries, covering September 21, 1675-April 19, 1676. Between folios 34 and 35, the volume contains an inlaid map of the coast of Chile from Isla de Chiloe to Golfo de Trinidad. Also included with the journal is a printed version of the Spanish text.
The journal comprises entries of varying length, describing sailing conditions and major events that occurred during the journey. In late-October and early-November 1675, de Vea recounted a stop at the island of Doña Sebastiana, and a near-shipwreck on rocks. He also noted receiving supplies, the collapse of a church on the island, and the worsening health of several Native Americans on the ship. In December 1675, he described the abandoned island of Santa Barbara, which was overrun with wild dogs that the Chono Indians had left behind (December 4), fishing with nets in the port of Nuestra Señora de la Concepción (December 7), and a hurricane (December 11). Entries on December 27, 1675, and January 2, 1676, document the questioning of several Indians onboard concerning European pirates. On January 30, de Vea described a shipwreck that killed 16 men, 11 of whom were Chono Indians, near the western entrance to the Strait of Magellan.
After the entry of January 30, he did not write again until mid-March. The entries from March and April 1676 are generally very brief and describe the sailing conditions on the return to Peru, some repercussions of the shipwreck (March 30), and their arrival in Callao (April 17).
- America--Discovery and exploration--Spanish.
- Chono Indians.
- Indians of South America.
- Magellan, Strait of (Chile and Argentina)
- Pirates--South America.
- South America--History--To 1806.
Additional Descriptive Data
The Antonio de Vea journal contains an inlaid map:
Vea, Antonio de. Carta Idrografica Dela Costa Y Islas Que Nuevamente Sean Reconocido, Y Deligneado Por El Gouvernador General D. Antonia De Bea, De Orden Desu ... Enel Recelo De Enemigos En Este Ano De 1676.