Josiah Edmond King papers 1861-1865
Tadeusz Andrzej Bonawentura Kościuszko was born near Kosów, Poland (now Kosava, Belarus), in February 1746, the son of Ludwig Tadeusz Kościuszko and Thecla Ratomska. From 1765-1769, he attended the Royal Military School in Warsaw, Poland, and from 1769-1774 he studied military subjects and art in Paris, France, before returning to Poland. Kościuszko traveled to the United States in 1776, where he received a congressional appointment as a colonel of engineers. He served in the Continental Army throughout the war. In 1783, he became brevet brigadier general, and in 1797, the United States Congress awarded him monetary compensation and 500 acres of land in Ohio for his wartime service. Kościuszko returned to Poland, where he became a lieutenant general in the Polish Army. He served in the Polish-Russian War of 1792 and led the Revolution of 1794 (the unsuccessful "Kościuszko Uprising"). He spent two years in Russia as a prisoner of war, and later lived in the United States, Paris, and Switzerland. Tadeusz Kościuszko died on October 15, 1817.