United States. Army. 29th Infantry orderly book  1814
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Collection Scope and Content Note

The United States. Army. 29th Infantry orderly book (124 pages) contains the general orders, detail orders, and morning reports of a New York infantry stationed at Sackets Harbor from March to September 1814, during the War of 1812. One of the members of the regiment kept the orders.

The volume opens stating the following:

"Major A. B. Sizen Took the command May 11th, 1814 of Smiths cantonment

Samuel B Hickcox

Lieut & Adjutant of the consolidated 5th, 6th, 12th, 15th, & 29th Reg. Infantry"

The morning reports (pages 3-15) are comprised of tables documenting the numbers of troops and officers counted for duty, sick call, absence, arrest, and extra duty. Covered are daily counts for the months April, May, June, and the first half of July 1814. John C. Rochester is listed as commander for April, May and July, and Asa Sizer is listed as commander for June and the empty August table. Page 15 contains three entries for guards serving under Major John Ellis Wool.

The general orders (pages 17-90) comprise the bulk of the volume and cover March 14 to August 18, 1814. The orders come from the headquarters at Sackets Harbor, New York, and include details on the 9th, 13th, 15th, 16th, 23rd, 25th, 26th, and 30th Infantries, as well as a Dragoon of Horses and the 1st United States Riflemen. Various officers signed these orders, including Captain John C. Rochester, Brigadier General E. P. Gains, Brigadier Major James Gleason, War Department Clerk Daniel Parker, Captain of Light Artillery G. W. Melvin, and General Alexander Macomb. The volume also contains occasional orders from Washington D.C. Orders document fort duties, defense, promotions, transfers, appointments, courts martial, and battles.

Notable entries include:

  • June 1 and 12, 1814: Order describing the capture of a British naval force at Sandy Creek by Daniel Appling (1787-1817), leading the 1st United States Riflemen and a group of Oneida Indians. Appling and his troops were charged with protecting naval stores at Oswego under Commodore Isaac Chauncey (pages 50 and 57)
  • August 21, 1814: Order for surgeons to report to Plattsburg, and a report on a battle fought by the Light Infantry on August 15th (page 87)

The detail orders (pages A1-A34, beginning at the back of the volume) contain daily counts of subalterns, sergeants, captains, privates, and police stationed at Sackets Harbor from March 15 through July 13, 1814. Both the 13th and 29th Infantries are documented. Entries also contain brief orders for the regiments and details on leadership assignments. Officers mentioned include lieutenants Rosecrantz, Simonds, Noyes, Smyth, Myers, Childs, Captain John C. Rochester, and Ensign [Bunbridge].

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