William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan
Finding aid for
United States. Army. 138th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment Diary, 1863-1864
James S. Schoff Civil War CollectionFinding aid created by
Erin Platte and Meg Hixon, October 2011
United States. Army. 138th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment diary
This diary, kept by a soldier in the 138th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment, chronicles the regiment's movements throughout Maryland and northern Virginia between June 16, 1863, and January 1, 1864.
The material is in English
William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu
Access and Use
The collection is open for research.
Copyright status is unknown
Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.
United States. Army. 138th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment Diary, James S. Schoff Civil War Collection, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan
The 138th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment, containing 10 companies, was one of the first regiments to organize after President Abraham Lincoln's call for volunteers. The regiment mustered at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, on August 26, 1862, under Charles L.K. Sumwalt, and spent much of 1863 in Maryland and northern Virginia, pursuing Confederate General Robert E. Lee. They first saw action in the Battle of Wapping Heights on July 23, 1863, and served as part of the Army of the Potomac and, later, the Army of the Shenandoah. The regiment was mustered out on June 23, 1865.
Collection Scope and Content Note
This diary, kept by a soldier in the 138th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment, chronicles the regiment's movements throughout Maryland and northern Virginia between June 16, 1863, and January 1, 1864. The author listed three soldiers from Company A who died, deserted, or were discharged, and he also frequently mentioned Captain L. C. Andress of Company H, who died on November 12, 1863. He composed entries of varying lengths on an almost daily basis, consistently noting the regiment's movements during the pursuit of Lee from Pennsylvania to Virginia. The author also documented various aspects of camp life. Though the regiment saw little action, it did participate in guard duty near Washington, D. C. The soldier reflected upon the history of the war as he passed Manassas, where he saw "Graves every mile or so" (October 19). In early December, he received 10 days of leave. In the back of the journal, which concluded on January 1, 1864, the author recorded his "Expenses for Mess" and the amount of money sent home to his wife.
- Maryland--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
- United States. Army--Military life.
- United States. Army. Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment, 138th (1862-1865)
- United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Campaigns.
- Virginia--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
Additional Descriptive Data
Lewis, Osceola. History of the One Hundred and Thirty-eighth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. Norristown, [Pa.]: Wills, Iredell & Jenkins, 1866.