Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Lancaster Zouaves Records, 1862

James S. Schoff Civil War Collection

Finding aid created by
Rob S. Cox, March 1997

Summary Information
Title: Lancaster Zouaves records
Creator: Lancaster Zouaves
Inclusive dates: 1862
Extent: 21 pages
The records of the Lancaster Zouaves contain the Constitution, By-Laws, Rules of Order, membership rolls, and minutes of the unit that became Company K of the 122nd Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site:

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1980. M-1898.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.


Copyright status is unknown.

Preferred Citation:

Lancaster Zouaves Records, James S. Schoff Civil War Collection, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


"Zouave" regiments of the Union Army adopted uniforms inspired by the zouaves of the French Army. Following the extensive publicity given to Duryea's and Ellsworth's zouaves (5th and 11th New York Volunteer Infantry units respectively) early in the war, several states accepted zouave units into their ranks.

One of these units, the Lancaster (or First City) Zouaves, was initially organized in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, during the winter of 1861-62, in response to the national crisis. Drilling throughout the early months of 1862, the regiment held a benefit ball at Fulton Hall, Lancaster, on April 8 to assist in the purchase of uniforms. With the proceeds, the unit outfitted themselves in blue uniforms with red trim and leggings. Through the influence of state senator, Gen. Bartram A. Schaeffer, the company was outfitted during the summer with rifles and were reorganized (and thus sometimes called Schaeffer's Zouaves), becoming the nucleus for a Lancaster County Regiment, the 122nd Pennsylvania Infantry, a one year regiment. As Company K, the Lancaster Zouaves served under Amiel W. Whipple in the 3rd Division of the 3rd Corps, Army of the Potomac. They were present at Fredericksburg and engaged at Chancellorsville, before being mustered out of the service in May, 1863.

Collection Scope and Content Note

The records books of the Lancaster Zouaves contains the Constitution, By-Laws, Rules of Order and membership rolls of the unit that became Company K of the 122nd Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment. It appears to have been kept by W.H.H. Cox (identified as secretary), though Cox's name does not appear on the muster rolls of the 122nd Pennsylvania. The book includes meeting minutes for the company's brief existence, records of the election of officers, details on the organization of the company, drills and parades, and other standard military matters. Of particular interest are the elaborate plans, expense accounts, and reports for the benefit ball held in April, 1862.

Subject Terms

    • Military uniforms.
    • Soldiers--Recreation.
    Genre Terms:
    • Administrative records.
    • Minute books.
    Contents List
    Container / Location Title
    Volume   1  
    Lancaster Zouaves records: "Constitution and By-Laws of the 'Lancaster Zouaves'",  1862 Feburary-1862 July [series] (21 pages)
    Additional Descriptive Data

    Sprenger, George F. Concise history of the camp and field life of the 122nd regiment, Penn'a volunteers. (Lancaster, Pa.: The New era steam book print, 1885)