William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan
Finding aid for
Finding aid created by
Eckert and Baxter Records, 1814-1816
Philip Heslip, October 2009
Eckert and Baxter records
Eckert, John Welsh and Baxter, J.
Abstract: A letterbook of John Welsh Eckert and J. Baxter, British merchants who traded cotton, sugar, cocoa, and other items between the Caribbean and Europe during the War of 1812.
The material is in English and Spanish
William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu
Access and Use
The collection is open for research.
Copyright status is unknown
Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.
Eckert and Baxter Records, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan
John Welsh Eckert and J. Baxter were British citizens living in the port city Cartagena, Colombia, just after the Spanish had regained control of the province. They organized the trading of cotton, sugar, cocoa, and other goods between the Caribbean and Europe.
Collection Scope and Content Note
This volume documents John Welsh Eckert and J. Baxter's shipping business between 1814 and 1816. The book contains copies of letters written to investors that describe details about shipments of cotton, sugar, cocoa, hides, straw for hats, rum, gold (dust and bars), paint, wooden planks, and, in one letter, Peruvian sheep or llamas, to Cartagena, Cuba, Montego Bay, England, and Europe. They occasionally report on developments between the British and Americans during the War of 1812, since the American embargo of raw cotton to England made it a particularly valuable commodity. The letters mention the prices of goods and the value of cargo. Another issue is the settlement and collection of unpaid debts and disputes, the largest of which was the loss of two ships, one lead by Captain William Purcell, which were captured by Spanish privateers. Much of the business concerned Thomas O'Reilly (a London merchant in Kingston Jamaica), Mr. John Burke, Captain Campbell, and Captain Darby. Ships mentioned include the Ship Annete , the Sloop Chance , the British Sloop Herold , the Brig El Blanco (landing in Montego Bay), and the Brig Caledonia .
Approximately one third of the letters are in Spanish and the rest are in English.
- Caledonia (Brig)
- Cartagena (Colombia)
- Chance (Sloop)
- Montego Bay (Jamaica)--Commerce--History.
- St. James Parish Church (Montego Bay, Jamaica)
- United States--History--War of 1812.