Jacob van Zwaluwenburg memoir  Undated
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van Zwaluwenburg, Jacob, b. 1843

Rank : Private

Regiment : United States. Army--Infantry Regiment, 16th

Service : 1861 May-1865

Born on January 16, 1843, in Elburg, Netherlands, Jacob van Zwaluwenburg emigrated to America with his family in 1850 to avoid the military conscription of his elder brother. Shortly after settling in western Michigan, his father contracted typhoid and died, and the family was split and spread out over the state, with Jacob being shuttled from one elder sibling to another.

Ironically, in a fit of patriotic fervor, Jacob enlisted in the 16th U.S. Infantry at the start of the Civil War, and saw considerable action in the western theatre, including the Battles of Shiloh, Corinth, Perryville, and Stones Rivers, as well as the Chattanooga Campaign.