Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
Sacandaga Turnpike and Bridge Company Record Book, 1814-1819

Finding aid created by
Shannon Wait, May 2010

Summary Information
Title: Sacandaga Turnpike and Bridge Company record book
Creator: Sacandaga Turnpike and Bridge Company
Inclusive dates: 1814-1819
Extent: 1 volume
The record book contains meeting minutes and financial records of a turnpike and bridge construction company in Schenectady, New York.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site:

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1977. M-1787 .

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.


Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.

Preferred Citation:

Sacandaga Turnpike and Bridge Company Record Book, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


The first private turnpike in the United States opened in Pennsylvania in 1794, sparking the development of many such ventures. One was Sacandaga Turnpike and Bridge Company, which was incorporated in 1812 in Schenectady, New York. The company built and maintained several roads and bridges in Schenectady and Scotia, New York. Supported by public stock subscription, it charged tolls for use of the turnpike and paid dividends to its stockholders. In 1814, the Board of Directors elected James Boyd as president and James Bailey as treasurer. The company was active until at least 1819.

Collection Scope and Content Note

The Sacandaga Turnpike and Bridge Company record book contains 152 pages documenting the company's meetings and financial transactions. The front of the book comprises 134 pages of minutes of stockholders' meetings for the company, spanning 1814-1819. These record Board of Directors elections, leadership changes, contracts with clients, reports by surveyors, business brought up at meetings, and resolutions passed. The contracts, in particular, contain substantial information about road and bridge specifications, locations, and costs. They frequently provide details about the road width, arch, items to be dug up and removed, and the placement of wood "steppers." The minutes also record interactions and financial transactions with shareholders, the results of inspections, and the salaries of board officers (p. 127). At the back of the volume, 18 pages of receipts document the payments made to the treasurer after the completion of contracts. These cover the years 1814-1816.

Subject Terms

    • Roads--Design and construction.
    • Roads--New York (State)
    • Schenectady (N.Y.)
    • Scotia (N.Y.)
    • Toll bridges.
    • Toll roads--New York (State)
    Genre Terms:
    • Meeting minutes.
    • Receipts.
    Contents List
    Container / Location Title
    Volume   1  
    Sacandaga Turnpike and Bridge Company record book,  1814-1819 [series]