Manuscripts Division
William L. Clements Library
University of Michigan

Finding aid for
John L. Fink Orderly Books, 1812-1815

Finding aid created by
Philip Heslip, October 2009

Summary Information
Title: John L. Fink orderly books
Creator: Fink, John L.
Inclusive dates: 1812-1815
Extent: 2 volumes
These two orderly books were kept by John L. Fink, captain and later lieutenant of the 13th Infantry, United States Army, headquartered at Sackets Harbor, New York, during the War of 1812. The volumes contain regimental, brigade, and general orders; "Morning Reports" that register promotions, enlistment, reductions, absenteeism, desertions, and deaths; rules for recruiting; and other accounts and receipts.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site:

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

1972. M-1611.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.


Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information:

Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.

Preferred Citation:

John L. Fink Orderly Books, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


John Lawrence Fink was a captain, and later lieutenant, of the 13th Infantry, United States Army under Colonel John Chrystie, during the War of 1812. In 1805, Fink had a butchers stand on Spring Street in New York City. Just before the war, he was an officer in a cavalry called the Flying Artillery , made up of butchers. Fink entered the official army on March 12, 1812, as a captain. He rose to 1st lieutenant on July 25, 1814, and was honorably discharged on June 15, 1815. On October 13, 1812, at the Battle of Queenstown, Fink was taken prisoner by the British and sent to Quebec. He and his cohort of prisoners of war were paroled to Boston and next to Staten Island where they were clothed and fed but not allowed to participate in war efforts. Fink remained in Staten Island until July 25, 1814, when he was promoted to captain. He participated in the Battle of Plattsburg in September 1814.

After the war, Fink tried his hand at farming in Susquehanna, Pennsylvania, and later worked at the customs house in New York City. He died November 1, 1850, in Greenpoint, Long Island.

Collection Scope and Content Note

The Fink orderly books (2 volumes) were kept by the captain, and later lieutenant, of the 13th United States Infantry, headquartered at Sackets Harbor, New York, during the War of 1812.

The first volume consists of "Rules with Regard to Recruiting," forms to use for the commander, orders issued to new recruits from the Broadway Quarters in 1812, accounts of bounties and premiums for Captain Fink’s recruits (April 17-June 30, 1812), and accounts of clothing and provisions for enlistees (1813-1814). In the middle of the book is a copy of three verses of a Civil War era song entitled Manassas, attributed to J.A. of 12th Ohio Regiment and published by the Tobacco Factory, in Richmond, 1861.

The second volume contains regimental, brigade, and general orders, from Sackets Harbor (February 6-May 12, 1815); "Morning Reports" that register promotions, enlistment, reductions, absenteeism, desertions, and deaths, as well as miscellaneous receipts (January-April, 1815); and provision returns (January-April, 1815).

Subject Terms

    • Recruiting and enlistment.
    • Sackets Harbor (N.Y.)
    • Soldiers--United States--Registers.
    • United States--History--War of 1812.
    • United States--History--Civil war, 1861-1865--Songs and music.
    • United States--History--War of 1812--Equipment and supplies.
    • United States--History--War of 1812--Registers, lists, etc.
    • United States--History--War of 1812--Sources.
    • United States. Army--Order-books.
    • United States. Army--Registers.
    • United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 13th.
    • United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 13th--Order-books.
    Genre Terms:
    • Orderly books.
    Contents List
    Container / Location Title
    John L. Fink orderly books [series]
    Volume   1  
    Rules with Regard to Recruiting, Orders, and Premiums,  1812-1814
    Volume   2  
    Orders and Morning Reports,  February 6-May 12, 1815
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Related Materials

    The Clements Library Map Division holds a selection of War of 1812 era maps of Sackets Harbor:

    • American Army Unites C.S.H. (October 24, 1813)
    • Map of Sacketts Harbor w/explanation notes by Patrick May
    • Plan of Sacketts Harbor (ca. 1815)
    • Sackets Harbor- Wilkinson- Diagram and Plans (1816)

    De Voe, Thomas F. The Market Book, Containing a Historical Account of the Public Markets in the Cities of New York, Boston, Philadelphia, and Brooklyn. New York, 1862.