Clinton H. Haskell Civil War collection (1841-1895)

Collection processed and finding aid created by Christopher Tounsel, July 2010, and Philip Heslip, March 2011
Manuscripts Division, William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan

Summary Information

Title: Clinton H. Haskell Civil War collection
Creator: Haskell, Clinton H.
Inclusive dates: 1841-1895
Extent: 120 items
Clinton H. Haskell Civil War collection contains miscellaneous letters, military orders, telegrams, and documents related to the Civil War.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site:

Access and Use

Acquisition Information

1948. M-732, M-975, M-1275.

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.


Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information

Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.


Gift of Clinton H. Haskell

Preferred Citation

Clinton H. Haskell Civil War Collection, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


This collection is arranged chronologically.


The Clinton H. Haskell Civil War collection documents various aspects of the Civil War. After the election of Abraham Lincoln as President, eleven southern states seceded from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America. The war began in 1861 and lasted until 1865.

Collection Scope and Content Note

Clinton H. Haskell Civil War collection (120 items) contains miscellaneous letters, military orders, telegrams, and documents related to the Civil War from 1843 to 1895. The bulk of the collection is comprised of letters written by army officers and politicians, both Union and Confederate, during and after the Civil War.

Subject Terms

  • Arlington (Wash.)
  • Augusta (Ga.)
  • Baltimore (Md.)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
  • Boston (Mass.)
  • Brooklyn (Ship)
  • Buffalo (N.Y.)
  • Burnside, Ambrose Everett, 1824-1881.
  • Charleston (S.C.)
  • Charlotte (N.C.)
  • Chattanooga (Tenn.)
  • Cold Harbor, Battle of, Va., 1864.
  • Columbia (S.C.)
  • Columbus (Ga.)
  • Confederate States of America. Army.
  • Corinth (Miss.)
  • Cumberland Gap Campaign, 1862.
  • Eutaw (Ala.)
  • Georgia--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
  • Fort Jackson (La.)
  • Harpers Ferry (W. Va.)
  • Jackson (Miss.)
  • Johnson Island Prison.
  • Louisville (Ky.)
  • Lynchburg (Va.)
  • Memphis (Tenn.)
  • Mobile (Ala.)
  • Montgomery (Alb.)
  • Morris Island (S.C.)
  • Morristown (N.J.)
  • Murfreesboro (Tenn.)
  • Petersburg (Va.)
  • Port Hudson (La.)
  • Raleigh (N.C.)
  • Richmond (Va.)
  • Saint Louis (Mo.)
  • Shiloh, Battle of, Tenn., 1862.
  • Tupelo (Miss.)
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
  • Vicksburg (Miss.)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
  • Vicksburg (Miss.)--History--Siege, 1863.
  • Washington D.C.
  • Wilmington (N.C.)
  • Yazoo City (Miss.)
  • Andrew, John A. (John Albion), 1818-1867.
  • Augur, Christopher Columbus, 1821-1898.
  • Banks, Nathaniel Prentiss, 1816-1894.
  • Beauregard, G. T. (Gustave Toutant), 1818-1893.
  • Bowers, Theodore Shelton, 1832-1866.
  • Bragg, Braxton, 1817-1876.
  • Breckinridge, John C. (John Cabell), 1821-1875.
  • Brent, George William, 1821-1872.
  • Buchanan, Franklin, 1800-1874.
  • Custis, George Washington Parke, 1781-1857.
  • Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889.
  • DeSaussure, Wilmot G. (Wilmot Gibbes), 1822-188.
  • Devin, Thomas C. (Thomas Cassimer), 1822-1878.
  • Ewell, Richard Stoddert, 1817-1872.
  • Forrest, Nathan Bedford, 1821-1877.
  • Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890.
  • Gillmore, Quincy Adams, 1825-1888.
  • Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885.
  • Harding, William White, 1830-1889.
  • Harris, Isham G. (Isham Green), 1818-1897.
  • Hurlbut, Stephen Augustus, 1815-1882.
  • Johnston, Joseph E. (Joseph Eggleston), 1807-1891.
  • Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870.
  • Martindale, J. H. (John Henry), 1815-1881.
  • Maury, Dabney Herndon, 1822-1900.
  • McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885.
  • McPherson, James Birdseye, 1828-1864.
  • Manigault, Edward, 1817-1874.
  • Niernsee, John Rudolph, 1814-1885.
  • Pickett, George E. (George Edward), 1825-1875.
  • Pillow, Gideon Johnson, 1806-1878.
  • Price, Sterling, 1809-1867.
  • Quinby, I. F. (Isaac Ferdinand), 1821-1891.
  • Rains, George Washington, 1817-1898.
  • Rosecrans, William S. (William Starke), 1819-1898.
  • Ruggles, Daniel, 1810-1897.
  • Scott, Winfield, 1786-1866.
  • Scranton, Charles, 1822-1888.
  • Seward, William Henry, 1801-1872.
Genre Terms:
  • Cartoons (humorous images)
  • Letters (correspondence)
  • Orders (military records)

Contents List (Request Materials)

Request materials for use in the Clements Library
Container / Location Title
Box   1  
Clinton H. Haskell Civil War collection [series]
  1841 May 24 . Irvin Mcdowell ALS to Mr. Schriver; Washington, [D.C.]. (3 pages)
Acknowledges the circumstances under which Schriver left the Army, did everything he could to assist in his situation. He is enjoying the fine weather, dispels the rumor that he declined a promotion. Gen. [Winfield] Scott was "violently opposed" to this.
  1850 July 20 . William Howard Seward ALS to Miss Clarke; Washington, [D.C.]. (1 page)
Expressing gratefulness for Clarke; he mentions Mrs. Seward, "who is one of two sisters, who throughout all of my…career have sustained and cheered" him in "every good work and word."
  1855 November 17 . George Washington Parke Custis ALS to Joseph Gales; Arlington House, [Arlington, Virginia]. (1 page)
Concerning one of Gales's publications which included a portraiture of George Washington "taken from his life." References Mount Vernon, says that his health is not so good.
  1861 January 8 . Carl Schurz ALS to P. Frank Meeker; Rochester. (2 pages)
He plans on spending five days in Michigan. "My terms are $50 and hotel-expenses, and my subjects, France since 1848 and American Civilization, the latter having some reference to our present..difficulties."
  1861 January 19 . A.F. Ravenel ALS to Christopher Gustavus; Charleston, South Carolina. (1 page)
The North-Eastern Railroad will carry troops, "in the service of the State", to and from Charleston.
  1861 February 14 . Daniel E. Sickles ALS to Mr. Kelly; House of Representatives [Washington, D.C.]. (2 pages)
Introducing him to Cornelius Vanderbilt, Jr.
  1861 March 2 . Wilmot Gibbes De Saussure ALS to Edward Manigault; Charleston, [South Carolina]. (1 page)
Requests leave to make requisition for "three 8 in Columbia and two 24 pds…for the use of the Batteries at Monies Island."
  1861 March 4 . Thomas Casimir Devin ALS to Adjutant General Reed; New York. (1 page)
Requests supplies for his cavalry regiment [the Jackson Horse Guards], including light artillery labre "in lieu of the mixed equipment…which is composed in part of the the Straight Eng. on Prussian Hussar Labre." Likes the progress and prospects for his regiment.
  1861 March 5 . States Rights Gist ALS to General Jones. (1 page)
Rights encloses the requisition of six South Carolina regiments for arms,"for the insiduations of the Board of Ordnance."
  1861 March 21 . Edward Manigault ALS to Micah Jenkins; Charleston, [South Carolina]. (1 page)
The Board of Ordnance rejects Jenkins's application for arms on the grounds that improved arms should not be issued to troops "not actually called into active service." Capt. White, Arsenal Keeper in Columbia, has been ordered to issue Jenkins 870 musket and sets of infantry equipment.
  1861 March 25 . Edward Manigault DS; Charleston, South Carolina. (1 page)
Partially-printed Invoice of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores turned over by Manigault to L.M. Hatch for transport to R.S. [Roswell S.] Ripley at Sullivan's Island. Included on the back is a note dated December 12, 1862, from Ripley stating that everything was "issued and received at posts under my command...much was expended during the operations against Fort Sumter."
  1861 March 31 . Wilmot Gibbes De Saussure ALS to Edward Manigault; Morris Island, [South Carolina]. (1 page)
Requests leave to acknowledge the receipt of "Six Copies of the Coast Survey of Charleston Harbor for the use of the Batteries established at this Post."
  1861 May 3 . David R. Jones ALS to Edward Manigault; Charleston, [South Carolina]. (1 page)
Order for friction tubes used for guns to be sent to Memphis, Tennessee.
  1861 May 15 . Gideon Johnson Pillow ALS to Isham G. Harris; Memphis, Tennessee. (1 page)
Request to Gov. Harris to authorize him to purchase ten or fifteen thousand rifles and sword bayonets, at thirty dollars, deliverable in twenty days.
  1861 May 29 . Jefferson Davis ALS to Braxton Bragg; Richmond, Virginia. (1 page)
Telegram requesting Bragg to "send as proposed, necessity great, and immediate. Rifleman preferred."
  1861 June 1 . "Fritz" ALS to "Dear Mary"; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. (2 pages)     Located in the Pen and Ink collection 
Letter mentioning that "Damned Hound dark shooter, Jackson one who I suppose is one of your saints now." Sends love to a friend whose letter "I will answer...tomorrow but I had to put down the rebel first. Includes drawings of a gallows, shoes on the Confederate flag, and an American flag with certain blackened stars falling, symbolizing certain states' secession.
  1861 June 10 . Joseph Eggleston Johnston ALS to Pierre Gustave T. Beauregard; Harper's Ferry, [West Virginia]. (1 page)
Shares intelligence from Baltimore concerning the movement of Union troops.
  1861 June 14 . Henry P. Hale ALS to Pierre Gustave T. Beauregard; Petersburg, Virginia. (1 page)
Informs Beauregard that Col. Lucius Peyton has been imprisoned in Washington, D.C.; he believes that he will be "handled very roughly" and suggests that should Beauregard have prisoners to exchange to think of Peyton.
  1861 July 7 . Drake De Kay DS to Thurlow Weed; Washington, [D.C.]. (2 pages)
Partially-printed pass to Thurlow Weed; he will be allowed to travel "over Ferries + Over the Bridges + within the lines and into any camps" in Virginia or the District of Columbia.
  1861 July 9 . John Louis Taylor Sneed ALS to Gideon I. Pillow; Head Quarters, River Brigade [Tennessee]. (2 pages)
In light of a prior concern that Union troops were descending the river with hopes of taking Memphis, he was advised to order a "Drummond Light" from New Orleans that could illuminate the river within range of their guns.
  1861 July 21 . Daniel Ruggles ALS to Mark Arnold; Brooke's Station, [Virginia]. (1 page)
Orders to take "energetic measures to guard Mathias' Point and Boyds Hole," with the hopes of preventing Union troops from landing. Notes "Heavy firing all day at Bull Run--Thursday killed 950 of the enemy and took 40 killed and 30 wounded."
  [1861] August 17 . George Brinton McClellan ALS to Col. Scott; Washington, D.C. (2 pages)
Discusses matters pertaining to Mathias Harris, a chaplain.
  1861 September 5 . Armand Beauregard ALS to Pierre Gustave T. Beauregard; New Orleans, Louisiana. (2 pages)
In French: Has received his letter from April 28, and assures him that he does not need to worry. Notes a naval engagement in which the "Massachusetts" attacked this fort. Requests that Pierre send him a picture of himself that was taken in Virginia
  1861 November 17 . Ulysses Simpson Grant ALS to Lorenzo Thomas; Head Quarters, Cairo, [Illinois]. (1 page)
Discusses problems that the office has had to deal in terms of maintaining accurate correspondence, in light of the fact that "a portion of this command have been kept so actively moving" that mistakes have been made.
  1861 November 22 . Rev. John Flavel ALS to Pierre Gustave T. Beauregard; C.S. Prison, Richmond, [Virginia]. (2 pages)
A prisoner taken at Manassas, he was placed on a list as an ensign to be sent home. He has been at the prison "four long months…waiting for my release." He's in the Episcopal church, "a Church that has never meddles with the causes that brought on this unhappy war." Compares the position of priest with that of the surgeon.
  1861 December 19 . Robert M. Clark LS to Isaac I. Stevens; Port Royal Ferry, South Carolina. (2 pages)
Regarding the poor state of the 79th Regiment Highlanders, "on account of its want of Said officers." The officers request that he "fill the vacant offices, that the Regiment may be enabled to perform its duty satisfactorily."
  1861 December 27 . Joseph Eggleston Johnston ALS to Pierre Gustave T. Beauregard; Centreville. (2 pages)
. Concerning an order to "changing details", discusses the placement of two brigades
  1862 January 25 . Henry Wager Halleck ALS to George Brinton McClellan; St. Louis, Missouri. (1 page)
Asks McClellan whether he should "discharge all who consent to transfer", which would greatly reduce regiments and objected by officers. This issue arose after unarmed volunteers were declined, and a proposal put in place to allow "watermen in the volunteers to transfer to the navy." McClellan's orders currently forbid this.
  1862 February 3 . W.W. Harlee ALS to W.H. Gist; Mars Bluff, [South Carolina]. (2 pages)
Expresses issues concerning the Executive Council, including a short response to a letter about the possible removal of the "Governor and Council."
  1862 February 4 . Charles Scranton ALS to Philip Kearny. (2 pages)
Regarding a sketch of the "Country west of Bull Run", writes about ays of transporting guns over difficult roads.
  1862 February 13 . John Henry Martindale ALS to Mr. Bryan; Hall's Hill, Virginia. (3 pages)
Concerning lawsuits and conditions in his region of Virginia; "Our stay here has been prolonged beyond our expectations…exegencies may arise to call Gen McClellan personally…I think we shall go where he goes."
  1862 March 18 . J.D. Reinhardt ALS to Pierre Gustave T. Beauregard; Lamar, [Mississippi]. (1 page)
States that people of the country are not only willing to give material to make cannon but that women are willing to give candle sticks and other "useful ornaments." Should he need anything they will be found at Lamar Depot.
  1862 March 24 . Quincy Adams Gillmore ALS to L.H. Pelorye; Head Quarters, Tybee Island, Georgia. (1 page)
Workers are growing tired of the duties given them; "I cannot see how we can get along without them, especially when we commence drilling with all our details at the guns." A boat sent to him as an express boat is not fit for that purpose, and he instead will use her for towing; "there are suitable boats at Hilton Head."
  1862 April 11 . Sterling Price ALS to Pierre Gustave T. Beauregard; Memphis, Tennessee. (1 page)
Requesting instructions for the movement of troops; some troops seem ready "to start to Corinth [Mississippi]"
  1862 April 12 . Jean Jacques Alexander Mouton LS to O.O. Cobb; Camp near Corinth, [Mississippi]. (5 pages)
Discusses the Battle of Shiloh; "Herewith I respectfully Submit a report of the part taken by the 18th La. Vols on the engagements of the 6th & 7th [April]" During the fight he was wounded in the face.
  1862 April 15 . W.G. Mullen ALS to Daniel D. Bidwell; Fort Jackson, [Louisiana]. (1 page)
Union forces have been threatening the fort for three days.
  1862 May 14 . J.R. McCahn ALS to Isham G. Harris; Cumberland Gap. (2 pages)
McCahn is in command of 106 men from middle Tennessee, including men that enlisted before the Conscription Bill. He and his men do not want to serve under their colonel and requests Harris to use his influence with the Secretary of War to remove them from under the colonel's command. He would like to raise his own company or battalion.
  1862 May 22 . James Chestnut, Jr. ALS to J.B. Moore; Columbia, South Carolina. (1 page)
There are reports of "very irregular and illegal actions" of people near Moore's command, including talk salt that is state property and threatening damage to private property. He has been directed by the Governor and Council to order Moore to use force "to protect private as well as public property...if your force is inefficient more must be supplied to you."
  1862 May 22 . John B. Moore ALS to W.W. Harlee; Camp Reliance. (2 pages)
Has received a dispatch with news that Union forces arrives in a harbor with steamers and shelled pickets. The people leaving the town were in "great Depression." Includes accounts of some men deserting.
  1862 July 3 . James M. Eason ALS to J.K. Sass; Charleston, [South Carolina]. (1 page)
Has enclosed a copy of a telegraph; he hopes to be supplied in a few days, has ordered $70,000 worth of materials for his ship. Mentions having the "Boiler in Vessel", wonders when Sass will be able to pay [for the costs in outfitting an ironclad]
  1862 August 25 . Braxton Bragg Printed Doc.; Headquarters, Chattanooga, Tennessee. (1 page)
General Orders No. 124, that "troops of this command will be in readiness to move at an hour's notice." Describes how the enemy is devastating their country and the that they have been assigned the proud duty of "punishing and driving forth these deluded men," and their role in protecting the people of Tennessee and Kentucky. Signed by J.M. Otey.
  1862 August 25 . John Cabell Breckinridge ALS to William J. Hardee; Jackson, Mississippi. (1 page)
Telegram stating that he will join the campaign with a small force of Kentuckians and Louisianans in a few days.
  1862 September 10 . [Ulysses Simpson] Grant Doc. to J.B. McPherson; Head Quarters, Corinth, Mississippi. (pages)
Special Orders No. 190; "The Ordnance of this District [the District of West Tennessee] will be removed to Jackson, Tennessee, with as little delay as practicable."
  1862 September 15 . J. Portevent ALS to Daniel Ruggles; Jackson, Mississippi. (1 page)
Portevent has been requested to "Consult with you and obtain your Cooperation, in Defense of Pearl River." He wants to construct two flats that would obstruct the river at Holmis Bayou, use five to ten men "to manage these flats and to operate in small boats to prevent communication with the Enemy," and "obtain Subsistence for 20 men from your department while engaged in this work."
  1862 September 19 . W.N.R. Beall ALS to Daniel Ruggles; Port Hudson, [Louisiana]. (1 page)
Telegram asking if "there [is] no way that I can get hold of some of the…Conscripts at Brook Haven."
  1862 September 24 . W.N.R. Beall ALS; Port Hudson, [Louisiana]. (1 page)
Requesting that this letter be forwarded to Little Rock, [Arkansas]. He has heard that "there is a line of Carriers" to General Holme.
  1862 September 24 . George William Martin ALS to Daniel Ruggles; Parish of St. Helena, [Louisiana]. (2 pages)
Describing the actions of the 22nd Louisiana Regiment, which, under the auspices of the Conscript Act passed by the Confederate Congress, "are arresting [and] seizing citizens" of up to fifty years old "for the purpose of filling up this regiment…their manner in so doing is extremely rude." He confirms that the Act has not yet been passed or become law and has provision protecting certain groups of people.
  1862 October 11 . Thomas Indino ADS; Charleston, South Carolina. (2 pages)
Special Orders No. 190 from Beauregard; the "Commanding General" will proceed "without delay to Columbus Georgia."
  1862 October 16 . Henry H. Bell ALS to J.C. Febiger; U.S.S. Sloop Brooklyn, off Mobile Bar. (2 pages)
Orders to proceed to blockade Horn Island [Mississippi] and Petit Bois Pass [Mississippi], accompanied by the "OH Lee." A captain suspects that a steamer loaded with cotton and "observes small craft frequently passing in that direction." Febiger "will please examine...the Horn Island Pass with the view of taking your vessel through to the support of the Jackson inside."
  1862 October 16 . J.J. Pope LS to Thomas Jordan; Charleston, [South Carolina]. (3 pages)
Regarding the condition of batteries in Georgia.
  1862 October 17 . W.H. Echols ALS to Thomas Jordan; Charleston, South Carolina. (1 page)
Provides solutions to some of the problems listed by Pope in the previous letter; "The only means of remedying the evil is the construction upon the surface a grillage of piles, for erection of a magazine…the floor should be raised above the bottom of the base [and] with Casing for ventiliation." [on back of letter from J.J. Pope to Thomas Jordan, dated October 16, 1862]
  1862 October 22 . William S. Rosecrans ALS to Henry Wager Halleck; Corinth, [Mississippi]. (4 pages)
Marked "Unofficial," he confirms his order to report for duty to Maj. Gen. Wright. Mentions that they have had some "stiming times here, and I think it probable will have more of the same since Bragg has gone over the mountains, and the Rivers are low." Voices frustration that, ever since the Battle of Iuka, "politicians" on Grant's staff have exhibited jealousy. Describes grievances expressed by Grant in correspondence with him, his plans for the area of Corinth.
  1862 October 31 . George Washington Rains ALS to Thomas Jordan; Head Quarters Gov. Works, Augusta, [Georgia]. (4 pages)
. Lists supplies at the Augusta Arsenal and includes information concerning the "Government Powder Works," and "Government Foundry [and] Machine Works." Mentions the Richmond Arsenal and states that "Genl Bragg's Army has been supplied with a million of cartridges and some 12,000 rounds of field Battery Ammunition within the past two months, with other supplies from the Arsenal."
  1862 November 3 . [Thomas Jordan] ADf; Charleston, [South Carolina]. (1 page)
Draft of a letter to D.N. Ingraham, concerning "Quaker guns 'on gunboats'" and the arrangement of ships in the harbor; they might be arranged and anchored "near the line of Boom."
  1862 November 19 . E.B. Grubb ALS to H. Moffett; Stafford Court House, [Virginia]. (4 pages)
Discusses drinks and elections, the results of which "took me by surprise very agreeably." Believes the North is tired of fighting. Says that "Burnside…lacks what McClellan had an intimate knowledge of the Country," mentions a man he knows who was mortally wounded at Antietam.
  1862 . [General McClellan's staff]. (1 page)     Located in the Graphics Division 
Two autographed cartoons. One shows Stonewall Jackson hiding behind a tree while a commander asks where he is, and the other shows Lincoln prodding Napoleon as the Frenchman gazes in the direction of Richmond.
  1863 January 15 . [Ulysses Simpson] Grant Document; Memphis, Tennessee. (2 pages)
Special Orders No. 15; assigns Brig. Gen. C.S. Hamilton "to the command of the District of Columbus, Jackson, Corinth and Memphis," and his command will be known as the "District of West Tenn." Emphasizes the importance of maintaining the lines from Memphis, east of Corinth and from Grand Junction to Corinth. Gives orders concerning the handling of public stores and property in the area. Signed by W.T. Clark.
  1863 January 25 . G. Covert ALS to Maryan [Covert]; Louisiana before Vicksburg. (4 pages)
The letter is intended to let Maryan know that he is "still alive and well." He is within sight of Vicksburg but aren't causing much damage as they are digging a canal and "going to me Vicksburg a day land town." Complains about the pay, which he could use to support her. He wants them to move to Memphis.
  1863 March 4 . Isaac Ferdinand Quinby LS to James B. McPherson; Head Quarters, Grand Lake, Arkansas. (1 page)
Acknowledges his arrival at Grand Lake and the receipt of Quinby's order. Will go reconnoitering in the morning and report results back as soon as possible. After establishing command and examining his surroundings, he will come and see him.
  1863 March 24 . E.B. Grubb ALS to H. Moffett; n.p. (8 pages)
Updates him on happenings in the community, and states that "I do hope that we may succeed at Vicksburg [and] Charleston for I cannot but think that, with those places in our hands…Rosecrans…I am inclined to think him the very best man we have." Discusses the "avowed vipers of the South" and the "Snaking Copperheads of the North."
  1863 April 1 . George Luther Stearns ALS to Mr. Sanborn; Buffalo, New York. (1 page)
Discusses Blacks wishing to go to war; "We are meeting with all the success that we dared to hope for," both for the blacks and whites involved in the '"enterprize."
  1863 April 19 . E.B. Grubb ALS to H. Moffett; n.p. (2 pages)
Updates him on happenings in the community, rails against Copperheads.
  1863 April 30 . Milton E. Bacon ALS to Daniel Ruggles; Okolona. (2 pages)
Regarding a raid; "We all partake of the humiliation resulting from such an extension march of the enemy, without the loss on his part, of a single man." Cannot conclude that a single Union soldier was killed. Attempts to recount the facts of the event. Laments the condition of the country; "If something is not done soon to restore confidence, our agricultural interest, will be ruined or abandoned, and the State...will fall into the hands of the enemy."
  1863 June 2 . Nathan Bedford Forrest ALS to Braxton Bragg; Spring Hill, [Tennessee]. (2 pages)
Telegram regarding enemy movements; Union troops left for Murfreesboro [Tennessee], except four infantry regiments and a cavalry regiment. "A Lady…reports all the Troops from Lavergne to Nashville have been mored" there, has men ready "at a moments notice." They have captured seventy head of cattle from the enemy.
  1863 June 4 . Mason E. McKnerr ALS to "Dear Maggie"; U.S. Steamer Yankee. (2 pages)
Has obtained a leave of absence and talks about going home. He fell sick upon reaching Maryland and could not reach his friends in time and was taken prisoner with two companions on his journey back to Virginia. He has been treated kindly and expects to be in Washington, [D.C.] in a day. Says that Old Capitol [Prison] "has the reputation of being the best Southern house in that city."
  1863 July 23 . Nathaniel Prentiss Banks ALS to Mrs. Day; Headquarters, New Orleans, Louisiana. (3 pages)
Expresses shock over the sudden death of Colonel Lincoln, which she had informed him of.
  1863 July 30 . [Mason E. McKnerr] "Eddie" ALS to "My Dear Maggie"; Old Capitol. (1 page)
States that "all of the officers leave this prison tomorrow." Apologizes for not knowing when she called to see him but will write when he reaches his destination. Tells her to let friends and family know that he wishes them goodbye, tells her to pay back twenty dollars in gold that he borrowed from someone who will remain at Old Capitol.
Box   2  
  1863 August 17 . Mason E. McKnerr ALS to Edward Herbert; Johnsons Island, [Ohio]. (1 page)
Concerning the status of letters that he has sent to his wife since his arrival at the prison, all of which remain unanswered. "Will you be so kind as to see her…in the reception of this and tell her I have written and whare [sic] she must direct to." Sees no prospect of exchange and grows tired of prison life, "but will have to grin and bear it." He hopes to leave "before cold weather sets in."
  1863 October 19 . [Ulysses Simpson] Grant Printed Doc.; Head-Quarters, Louisville, Kentucky. (1 page)
General Orders, No. 2; subject to the President's approval, appoints William T. Sherman "to the Command of the Department and Army of the Tennessee."
  1863 October 22 . N.G. Watts LS to [James McPherson]; Edwards' Depot, [Mississippi]. (1 page)
Requests an interview concerning the exchange of prisoners. "At this time we have no general exchange, but Officer for Officer of equal rank may be delivered by each party." He is anxious to visit his hometown of Vicksburg, and hopes his surgeon, who is traveling with him, can assist the sick and wounded there.
  1863 October 25 . William F. Greaves ALS to Maj. Gen. McPhearson [James McPherson]; Hind's County, Mississippi. (3 pages)
Notifies him that someone "belonging to your Army on its way to Vicksburg" took "a negro man named Frank by forceable means out of my possession," saying that he would take him back to Vicksburg. Requests that the Maj. Gen. look into the matter and, if possible, to return the man home to his family.
  1863 October 31 . Francis T. Nichols DS; Lynchburg, Virginia. (1 page)
Confederate surgeon writing his pay, for the amount of $100, for services rendered in October 1863.
  1863 November 17 . R.G. Morgandye ALS to "My friend Alice"; Chattanooga, Tennessee. (4 pages)
He remains in Chattanooga, and will probably be there until Spring. Union and Confederate lines are extremely close at some parts, but "we are not allowed to converse with them." One orderly stays in bed reading Jane Eyre. The rebels still hold Lookout Mountain [Georgia]. Describes tents in the camp and lists there dimensions.
  1863 December 25 . John Charles Frémont ALS to K. Heinzen; New York. (3 pages)
Discusses matters in the world of politics; includes mentions of the Democratic Party, Lincoln, and the story that "Mr. Wilkes had attacked Mr. [William] Seward for the delivery of Genl. Scott's maps [and] plans to the French authorities."
  1863 December 31 . Mortimer D. Leggett ALS to James B. McPherson; Head Quarters, Camp near Abbeville. (1 page)
States that his men have not been outside his lines except two members of the 68th Ohio, who he believes deserted. He has sent scouts and would like a small force of cavalry to move tomorrow. "Shall be on careful watch."
  1864 January 4 . Washington Lafayette Elliott ALS to J.T. Sprague; Mossy County, Tennessee. (2 pages)
Describes an engagement between his cavalry and Longstreet's on [December] 29th, which "left our Cavalry victorious, driving the…four miles with Many of his dead wounded [and] prisoners in our possession." In dire need of supplies.
  1864 January 22 . Sumner Carruth ALS to John B. Stickney; Morristown, New Jersey. (4 pages)     Located in the John B. Stickney papers 
Hopes Gen. Burnside is successful, "and should you hear any thing more I should be pleased to know." Refuses to provide a signature on Stickney's certificate claiming that he has not been reported and assigned "and that you will lose you bank [and] pay," because "you must blame no one but yourself and the Trans department."
  1864 January 24 . Thomas McElroy ALS to James B. McPherson; U.S.S. "Petret" off Haines Bluff. (2 pages)
Discusses events along the Yazoo River. Recounts a recent encounter with enemy scouts at Liverpool Bluffs, regrets not being able to capture the steamboat "Shark." He thinks "it would be advisable to have a Steam-boat morring up and down in the neighborhood of Yazoo City."
  1864 January 28 . Sumner Carruth ALS to John B. Stickney; Morristown, New Jersey. (2 pages)     Located in the John B. Stickney papers 
Requests some receipts from an ordnance turned in at Cincinnati; "if I am wrong about you turning in the Ordnance [and] if you know who did will you please inform me." Asks if he has decided on whether he will go to the regiment with him and if he has heard anything "that induces you to believe the 9th Corps will leave Knoxville Tenn soon."
  1864 March 11 . J.M. Clarke DS to ; Boston, Massachusetts. (1 page)     Located in the John B. Stickney papers 
Orders assigning Capt. Stickney, who reported for duty on recruiting service, to recruit for his regiment in Boston.
  1864 March 18 . Harry E. Eastman ALS to James B. McPherson; Redbone Church. (1 page)
Concerning Rebel mail he had previously handed to McPherson; the carrier was a "chickapee Confederate Soldier," and includes information on the route.
  1864 March 22 . John Alexander McClernand LS to Capt. Cooke; Headquarters, Pass Cavallo, Texas. (1 page)
Communicating that he has learned from "colored refugees from Port Lavaca" that there are two schooners in Lavaca Bay, [Texas]; "the latter, loaded with cotton, is commanded by Capt. Poindexter, who professes the intention to run the blockade by night."
  1864 March 30 . J.W. Eayre DS. (7 pages)
General Orders No 5.; General Court Martial findings for the Union Army, from "Head Quarters, 4th Div. 2nd Corps."
  1864 May 8 . George Edward Pickett ALS to Pierre Gustave T. Beauregard; Petersburg, Virginia. (2 pages)
Telegram concerning the arrival and movement of men. "The enemy seem to be encamped in line" in certain locations on the Appomattox [River] to the James [River].
  1864 June 1 . W.J. Crook ALS to Hattie Crook; New Hope Church, Georgia. (6 pages)
Recounts the activities and minor skirmishes his regiment has participated in, extols General Johnston; "I still believe this is to be the last year of the war. The gigantic campaign which today makes the earth tremble beneath its tread must and will decide the destiny of this embryo nation of ours."
  1864 June 9 . Joseph Gottlieb ALS to John B. Stickney; Near Cold Harbor, [Virginia]. (4 pages)     Located in the John B. Stickney papers 
Regarding the Battle of the Wilderness, as well as the Battle of Spotsylvania. Describes Union and Confederate movements in the region surrounding Richmond; "we are within 10 miles of the rebel capital."
  1864 July 29 . William White Harding ALS to Ambrose E. Burnside; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (2 pages)
Brings to his attention a captain of the Provisional 2nd Regiment of Pennsylvania that captured North Carolina prisoners and commanded "that gallant charge [and] distinguished himself by his brave conduct on the occasion." He also served near Petersburg. "Any...promotion that you may feel at liberty to extend to him will be warmly appreciated."
  1864 August 3 . John B. Stickney ALS to John Albion Andrew; New York. (2 pages)     Located in the John B. Stickney papers 
Concerning a policy for the payment of soldiers that will benefit recruiting efforts. In addition, he would be pleased to suggest ways that the state can meet its quota.
  1864 August 19 . Thomas Jordan ALS to Pierre Gustave T. Beauregard; Richmond, [Virginia]. (4 pages)
Concerning Confederate affairs.
  1864 September 30 . A.J. Vaughan, Jr. ALS to [W.J. Crook]; Eutaw, Alabama. (4 pages)
Speaks of a wound that he is recovering from; he will have an artificial foot made in Montgomery. Discusses Sherman in Atlanta; "The face of Atlanta had a very bad effect upon many of our weakened individuals in the war." Includes an ANS on the back by Crook, which states that "I will enclose a letter from my old Brigadier General...who had his foot shot off at Moniella 4th of July is one of my strongest friends."
  1864 November 4 . Jones Mitchell Withers ALS to Pierre Gustave T. Beauregard; Montgomery, Alabama. (1 page)
Telegram directing him to follow Beauregard's instructions concerning the disposition of "enrolled free negroes [and]…slaves."
  1864 December 1 . Dabney Herndon Maury ALS to George William Breand; Mobile, [Alabama]. (1 page)
Is inclosing a letter from Gov. [Charles] Clark of Mississippi concerning state troops that he wants transferred to "Confederate States service." He is convinced that joining the Confederate army would be better than their disbandment which, "at this present juncture, would be most unfortunate."
  1864 December 19 . Richard Taylor LS to George William Brent; Meridian, Mississippi. (1 page)
Has spoken with Gov. Clark of Mississippi regarding the transfer of state troops into the Confederate Army, and the various circumstances in which those troops can be raised.
  1864 December 24 . John R. Niernsée ALS to James Tupper; Columbia, South Carolina. (3 pages)
Stating that he has "not been able to obtain official information" on whether he will continue as Architect or Engineer for the State." He has no carpenters, laborers, or materials for "boxes to be made for the purpose you specify" as part of the construction of the New State House.
  1865 January 8 . S.E. Norton ALS to A. Remar; Head Quarters, Cav. Corps. (4 pages)
A detailed report of supplies for the Quartermaster's Department of the Corps, including "About One Millon [and] half Dollars is due on claims for horses Killed in action. This is one of the most just claims of the soldiers."
  1865 January 12 . J.W. Glenn ALS to E. Willis; Macon. (1 page)
Requests one hundred platoon wagons for the Army and the order from Maj. Norman W. Smith for the Dixie Works to begin making them immediately. [on back of Smith Martin Luther's letter dated January 24, 1865]
  1865 January 13 . John S. Tyler ALS to F.N. Clarke; Boston, [Massachusetts]. (2 pages)     Located in the John B. Stickney papers 
States that Clarke's approval is necessary for an appointment that "Capt. J.B. Stickney", who "was an efficient recruiting agent during the year 1863," has "received from the State Executive--I commend him to you, as every way worthy."
  1865 January 17 . E.E. Maxey ALS to E.J. Harvie; Tupelo, Mississippi. (2 pages)
Copy of a letter describing various troop movements, particularly around Nashville. It mentions "Detachments from Sherman's forces…leaving Nashville for Savannah, via New York, by Transport."
  1865 January 24 . Smith Martin Luther NS; Mobile, Alabama. (1 page)
Regarding trains for the departments of Georgia and the Carolinas; "if the Transportation department can not furnish the necessary wagons…it is recommended that they be at once ordered from 'Dixie' or other works."
  1865 January 26 . Winfield Scott Hancock ALS to Messrs. Spence, Richardson, & Co.; Washington, D.C. (1 page)
"I regret to inform you that I weigh 218 pounds."
  1865 January 27 . C.L. Sayre ALS to George William Brent; Augusta, Georgia. (2 pages)
Sharing that he ordered the impressment of "the necessary number of Negroes" to assist in rebuilding Georgia's railway lines with a detachment of Calvary, but the Calvary returned without orders and "without having accomplished the object for which they were sent."
  1865 February 19 . Robert Edward Lee ALS to William J. Hoke; Wilmington, North Carolina. (1 page)
Telegram reading, "Can you ascertain [John] Schofield's strength"
  1865 February 21 . A.P. Mason ALS to George William Brent; Augusta, Georgia. (1 page)
Requesting "leave of absence for thirty days" with the privilege of an extension in order to visit his family in Richmond. "I have not had a leave for more than one year."
  1865 February 24 . William J. Hoke ALS to Lt. Col. [John M.] Otey; Charlotte, North Carolina. (2 pages)
Concerning "a considerable quantity of bacon…and no one can tell, whether it belongs to the Government, or to individuals." He has ordered to "impress bacon according to law by depositing money for it."
  1865 February 28 . Wade Hampton LS to Lt. Col. John M. Otey; Head Quarters, Cavalry. (1 page)
Six officers will be selected from the cavalry to handle animals "in the line of march which will probably be pursued by the enemy--I would respectfully represent that it will be of much detriment to the service that these officers be separated from their commands at the present time [and] would request that six officers who have been on duty as Post to me temporarily for this duty." With ANS on the bottom of the page.
  1865 March 24 . Stephen A. Hurlbut ALS to C.I. Christensen; New Orleans, [Louisiana]. (2 pages)
Has been made aware of a petition signed and sent to President Lincoln "urging my removal. This I have no objection to [and] concur with the prayer of the petitioners, but am not in favor of the manner."
  1865 April 10 . Braxton Bragg Document; Raleigh, North Carolina. (1 page)
Memo reading, "Chiefs of the several Staff Departments will hold themselves in readiness to move at a first hour's notice. Forage, Subsistence…will be kept provided for a march to Charlotte, N.C. By direction of Genl. Bragg." Signed by J.B. Sall to G.T. Gordon et al.
  1865 April 13 . Franklin Buchanan ADS to A. McLaughlin; Columbus, Georgia. (1 page)
Receipt acknowledging that he has received from McLaughlin "Three Thousand ($3000) dollars to defray the expenses" of himself and three others going "to Mobile while under orders from The Navy Department, for which I hold myself responsible To The confederate government."
  1865 April 28 . Richard Stoddert Ewell ALS to Christopher Columbus Augur; Fort Warren, Massachusetts. (2 pages)
"I intrude again on you…that you would intercede with Genl Hoffman to whom I have written to ask permission for Maj. Brown to quarter with the Genl Officers…At present no intercourse is allowed between prisoners in different parts of the Fort."
  1865 July 5 . William Baya ALS to Andrew Johnson; U.S. Military Prison, Johnson's Island. (1 page)
Baya "makes application for Pardon under your Proclamation of the 29th May 1865 and ask to be restored to the rights of citizenship."
  1865 July 6 . William Baya ADS; [Johnson's Island]. (1 page)
"I…solemny swear in the presence of Almighty God, That I will henceforth faithful support, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States and the Union of States thereunder." Includes a personal history identifying himself as a resident of St. Augustine County, Florida, and former lieutenant colonel of the 8th Regiment of Florida Infantry in the Confederate States Army. [enclosed with Baya's July 5, 1865 letter to Andrew Johnson]
  1865 November 1 . Winfield Scott ALS to J.M. Drake; Elizabeth, [New Jersey]. (2 pages)
"All public notice of excitement is injurious to me. Quietness is the great necessity of my little remainder of life."
  1865 November 17 . Stewart Van Vliet ALS to Adam Badeau; New York. (3 pages)
Relaying a message from "Mr. Grinnell" to Grant concerning an invitation "intended to include his staff."
  [1865] . Theodore S. Bowers ALS to E.O. Babcock; City Point, Virginia. (1 page)
"Provide transportation at Fort Monroe for the Infantry, as the boats from here are not sea-going, and the troops must be transferred. Most of the Infantry left here this evening and the remainder will go early in the Morning. The Artillery will get off in the morning on boats that will go through. No provisions need be made for it."
  1866 August 2 . Gustave Paul Cluseret ALS to George Henry Thomas; New York. (4 pages)
Hopes "to write the history of the army of Cumberland, assuring me of your concurrence." Discusses the type of project he would like it to be; "In order to accomplish what I propose, I must…have your...concurrence, as well by the communication of the documents as by verbal information and the revision of my work before its publication, also a good publisher." Includes his service record.
  1868 May 5 . U.S. Senate Doc. (1 page)     Located in the Graphics Division 
Ticket of admittance to the impeachment proceedings of Andrew Johnson
  1895 December 12 . A.D. Frankenberry ALS to George M. Geitel; Point Marion, Pennsylvania. (1 page)
Lists his service record in the war, including that he "marched with Gen Shermans army on the Atlanta Campaign." Includes a coded message from Sherman with the code broken down.
  Undated, October 17 . James R. Howard ALS; Jamestown, Tennessee. (2 pages)
Describes recent skirmishes with [Frank] Wolford's brigade. "I have thinned them in Fentress, Clinton [and] Wayne Counties, and trust soon to exterminate them all."
  Undated . D.A. Warden Doc. (1 page)     Located in the Graphics Division 
Printed song entitled "Sherman's on the Track." Published by Johnson & Co, Song Publishers, Philadelphia