Norton Strange Townshend family papers (1807-1995)

Collection processed and finding aid created by Shannon Wait
Manuscripts Division, William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan

Summary Information

Title: Norton Strange Townshend family papers
Creator: Townshend family
Inclusive dates: 1807-1995
Extent: 20.5 linear feet of manuscripts, 66 cased photographs, 3 linear feet of paper photographs, 8 cubic feet of photographic slides, 6 cubic feet of realia.
The Norton Strange Townshend Family papers include correspondence, diaries, essays, lectures, printed matter, clippings, financial and legal papers, photographs, daguerreotypes, ephemera, realia, maps, and books belonging to the Townshend and Dodge families, who were connected by the marriage of Margaret Wing (granddaughter of Norton Townshend) and Homer Levi Dodge (grandson of Levi Dodge) in 1917. Much of the collection documents the life and career of politician and agricultural educator Norton Strange Townshend, including his political, educational, and social reform activities.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site:

Access and Use

Acquisition Information

1997-2011. M-3437, M-4183, M-4460, M-4724, M-4732, M-4733, M-4851, M-4881.

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.


Copyright status is unknown

Alternate Format


The collection has been donated to the Clements Library through the generosity of Alice Dodge Wallace and other descendants of the Townshends. The items were received in several installments, 1997-2009.

Preferred Citation

Norton Strange Townshend Family Papers, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


 The Norton Strange Townshend family papers have been arranged into 13 series. Within each series, items are arranged chronologically or by topic. See scope and content notes for a more detailed explanation. 
  • Series I: Correspondence
  • Series II: Joel Townshend papers
  • Series III: Norton S. Townshend papers
  • Series IV: Margaret Bailey Townshend papers
  • Series V: Other Townshend family members’ papers
  • Series VI: Dodge family papers
  • Series VII: Genealogical research
  • Series VIII: Collection-related materials
  • Series IX: Books
  • Series X: Photographs and Visual Materials
  • Series XI: Realia
  • Series XII: Dodge Photographic Slides
  • Series XIII: Miscellaneous (housed after the Books series, in Box 41)


The Townshend Family papers deal chiefly with the Townshend family of Clay Coton, England, and Avon and Columbus, Ohio, particularly with abolitionist, politician, and agricultural educator, Norton S. Townshend (1815-1895). The collection also includes items from the Dodge (of Massena, New York), Wing (of Bement, Illinois), Wood (of Avon, Ohio), Bailey, and Easterly (both of St. Louis, Missouri) families, who were linked to the Townshends through marriage. Although the Dodges and Townshends were not connected until 1917, the Dodge materials date from 1838 and are quite voluminous.

Norton Strange Townshend:

Norton Strange Townshend was born on Christmas Day 1815 in Clay Coton, Northamptonshire, England, the only child of Joel and Rebecca (Norton) Townshend. The family made their living by farming and grazing livestock on 200 acres of rented land. Norton began his education at four years of age at Bitteswell Seminary in Leicestershire and continued to study there until the family immigrated to the United States in 1830. When the Townshends settled on a farm in Avon, Ohio, Norton’s numerous duties on the farm forced him to end his formal education, although he continued to be taught by his father and made good use of the family library of over 100 books. During this period, Townshend learned a great deal about livestock breeds and expressed an interest in innovative farming techniques, such as draining fields with tile and grafting fruit trees with a wax mixture.

In 1836, Townshend taught district school for a year, as well as Sunday school at the Congregational Church in Avon, indicating that his schooling, though informal, had been effective. In 1837, he began the study of medicine with Dr. Richard L. Howard, and in the winter he attended classes at Cincinnati Medical College. While in Cincinnati, he befriended Salmon P. Chase (future Ohio Senator and Governor, U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice. and U.S. Treasury Secretary) and worked as a "forwarder" on the Underground Railroad, procuring and dispatching carriages hiding escaped slaves northward.

Townshend continued his medical studies at the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City, receiving his M.D. in May 1840. After graduation, he immediately set sail for Europe, where he observed surgeries and toured hospitals in Scotland, Ireland, England, and France, made temperance speeches and visited relatives in Northamptonshire, and served as a delegate at the World Anti-Slavery Convention of 1840 in London, the latter at the urging of his friend James G. Birney (see Related Collections, below). Returning to Avon, Ohio, the next year, he began his medical practice, and in 1843 married a family friend, 17-year old Harriet Wood.

In the 1840s, Townshend became very active in civic life, joining the anti-slavery Liberty Party and subsequently its successor, the Free Soil Party, and serving as a trustee at Oberlin College. In 1848, he was elected to the Ohio House of Representatives, where he took advantage of a deadlock between Democrats and Whigs to secure a partial repeal of Ohio’s discriminatory Black Laws and cast the deciding vote to send Chase to the U.S. Senate. In 1850-51, he unsuccessfully proposed extending the franchise to women and African Americans at the Second Ohio Constitutional Convention. He was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from 1851-53 and then served in the Ohio State Senate 1854-1855.

In January 1854, Harriet died of tuberculosis. Townshend married a 31-year old mathematics teacher, Margaret Ann Bailey, in October (see Margaret Bailey Townshend biography, below). Margaret became stepmother to his two surviving children, James and Mary (the firstborn, Arthur, died of croup at age four), and had three of her own: Arthur, Harriet, and Alice (see Townshend children biographies below). Margaret’s sister was married to the renowned daguerreotypist Thomas Easterly, who took portraits of Townshend and the Baileys.

In 1854, Townshend ended his full-time practice of medicine and devoted himself to farming and to the establishment of Ohio Agricultural College at Oberlin, which offered practical scientific training to farmers. The College was moved from Oberlin to Cleveland during the following two years in an attempt to attract more students, but never received the enrollment that Townshend and his colleagues envisioned. In 1857, Townshend became a trustee of the Ohio State Asylum for the Education of Idiotic and Imbecile Youth, an institution he had helped to found. He would remain on the Asylum Board for 21 years. He was also elected a member of the State Board of Agriculture, 1858-1863, and 1868-1869, twice serving as its president.

In January 1863, Townshend was appointed medical inspector in the Union Army at the rank of lieutenant colonel. He traveled through the south and west, inspecting hospitals, prisons, and camps and monitoring quantities of food, vaccines, and medical supplies, until he was honorably mustered out of the service in October 1865. Townshend then returned to the farm and, in 1869, accepted a one-year appointment as Professor of Agriculture at Iowa Agricultural College in Ames during its first operational year. After coming home, he served as a trustee of the new Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College (which became Ohio State University in 1877), at a time when its site and curriculum had not been determined. He voted for its location in Columbus and argued against including liberal arts classes in its curriculum, preferring a purely vocational school, but lost out on that measure.

In 1873, Townshend was asked to resign from the Board of Trustees so that he could be elected chair and professor of Agriculture during the first academic year. He served as professor for the next 18 years, while supervising the Ohio State Farm and the Agricultural Experiment Station for a time. In 1892, he was made Ohio State University’s first Professor Emeritus to honor his teaching and research at the University. He died July 13, 1895, at the age of 79. Three years later, he was honored by Ohio State University with the dedication of Townshend Hall, the newly-built agricultural building.

Margaret Ann Bailey Townshend:

Margaret Ann Bailey was born July 26, 1823, in Clarksburg, Virginia (now West Virginia), to John and Sarah (Lang) Bailey. She was the second of five children: Adoniram "Judson", born 1821; Anna "Miriam" (1826);, Sally Melinda "Linda" (1830); and Mary (1833). The family had moved repeatedly by the time that Margaret had reached age ten: first to Kentucky in 1826, where they were very poor; then to St. Louis County, Missouri, by 1830; and from there, south to nearby Jefferson County, Missouri, around 1832. John Bailey was employed farming and preaching. Early in life, he owned three slaves, but freed them for religious reasons around the time that he married Sarah.

In August 1835, both parents died of "congestive fever" (probably malaria) within four days of each other, leaving five orphans under the age of 15. The children were divided among three households, and Margaret and Miriam went to live with a neighboring physician, Dr. Hathaway, who promised to provide them with an education but instead required endless labor from them and sold their possessions for his own benefit. Margaret wrote to her uncle, who found a new, more kindly guardian for Margaret and Miriam. Using her dwindled inheritance of less than $200 from the Bailey estate, she was able to begin her formal education. She attended the Monticello Female Seminary in Godfrey, Illinois (25 miles north of St. Louis), from 1842-1846. After graduation, she taught school there in order to support and pay for the educations of her sisters.

By 1849, she was in southern Ohio, teaching at the Putnam Classical Institute, and then in 1853, secured employment at the Esther Institute in Columbus, where she taught mathematics and served as assistant principal. On October 17, 1854, she married Norton Strange Townshend, whom she had met through her physician, and left city life for his farm to the north.

Margaret thus became stepmother to Townshend’s two children, James and Mary, and soon began adding children of her own to the family. Arthur Bailey Townshend was born in 1855, followed by Harriet in 1857, and Alice in 1860. In addition to raising five children, financial documents show that Margaret managed the farm while her husband was away, first from 1863-1865, while he was serving as a medical inspector, and then in 1869-1870, when he went to Ames, Iowa, to serve as Professor of Agriculture.

Margaret was also active in civic life. During the Civil War, she raised funds for the U.S. Sanitary Commission. She also participated in the annual Ohio State Fair, serving as a judge of bread, butter, and sewing machines. After moving to Columbus, she founded the Ohio State University Club, a lecture and literary group for women in Columbus, and hosted the meetings in her own home. She died of pneumonia March 14, 1912, at the age of 88.

Townshend Children and Their Families:

Norton S. Townshend and his first wife, Harriet (Wood) Townshend had three children. The first was Arthur Smith Townshend, who was born November 11, 1844, and died of croup on May 11, 1849. A second child, James Houghton Townshend, was born September 28, 1846, and in the early 1870s moved to Minnesota, where he learned the milling business. He lived most of his adult life in Stillwater, Minnesota, and in 1882 married Sarah McCartney, with whom he had four children, only one of whom, Grace (b. 1884), lived past the age of one year. James died of tuberculosis at age 41 on June 29, 1888.

Norton and Harriet’s youngest child, Mary Rebecca, was born on December 21, 1849. She married Henry Patrick Boynton, a lawyer, in 1875 and they had four children--three biological (Arthur, Sidney and Percy) and one adopted (Olga). Percy was considered the "family archivist," whose brief biographies of several ancestors are in the collection.. Mary died March 5, 1915, in Elyria, Ohio.

Townshend and his second wife, Margaret (Bailey) Townshend, also produced three children. The eldest was Arthur Bailey Townshend, born July 30, 1855. Arthur was in the first graduating class of what is now Ohio State University, and became a physician, studying at Starling Medical College in Columbus, Ohio, and the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York. Remaining in New York City, he married Ella Whitley in 1890, and they had one son, Bailey Townshend, born 1896. Arthur died in 1929.

The Townshends’ second child was Harriet Norton Townshend, born September 12, 1857. Harriet also attended Ohio State, although she did not graduate. Harriet was engaged, but her fiancé died before the wedding; she never married. She worked as a librarian at the Ohio State University Library for over 30 years, and was active in several lecture clubs. She lived to be 92, dying May 1, 1950.

The youngest child was Alice Margaret Townshend born June 18, 1860. Like her siblings, Alice attended Ohio State University, graduating in 1880. She married Charles Mayhew Wing, son of Townshend’s friend and Ohio State University trustee Lucius B. Wing. Charles was the president and general manager of the Wing Cigar Company of Columbus, Ohio, and president of First National Bank there. The pair had five children: Lucius (1882-1946), Shirley (1885-1925), Margaret (1886-1981), Alice (1888-1935), and Herbert (1895-1960). Alice and Charles died in 1926, within a year of their son Shirley’s death. Through Margaret Wing, the Townshends are connected to the Dodge family.

Dodge Family:

Thomas Dodge was born in New Hampshire in 1773. In 1799, he married Hannah Kesar (b. 1777), and the couple had 11 children between 1800 and 1821. Their firstborn was Thomas Dodge, Jr., followed by Wallis, Nancy, Luther, Eliza, Hannah, Sibel, Levi and Lepha (twins), Clarissa, and Angeline. From the time of Thomas and Hannah’s marriage until 1817, the family lived in Vermont, where Thomas was a captain and major in the Andover militia. They then moved to Massena, New York, and purchased 160 acres of land, which they farmed. As the children reached adulthood, several of them left New York and travelled west; Thomas Jr. went to Indiana, where he farmed and did business, and Wallis left for New Orleans. Among them, the 11 brothers and sisters produced 44 children.

Unlike several of his brothers, Levi R. Dodge remained in Massena, marrying Lois Payne in 1844; they had seven children. He worked as a clerk for a period, but spent most of his life as a farmer,. Their fourth child, Orange Wood Dodge, was born in 1850. Orange married Florence Isabella Donaghue, known as Isabella or "Bell", in 1882, though Bell had a number of admirers before her marriage. Both were graduates of Potsdam Normal School. After graduating from Middlebury College in Vermont, Orange Dodge worked as a teacher of classical languages, science, and geometry at the Ogdensburg Free Academy, beginning around 1880. Isabella was active in lecture groups and a dedicated volunteer at the library, which named its children’s room for her.

The couple’s first child, Fletcher Donaghue Dodge, was born in 1883, followed by Homer Levi Dodge in 1887. The brothers attended the Ogdensburg Free Academy, where their father taught. After graduating from high school, Fletcher got a degree from St. Lawrence University, and held jobs as diverse as businessman, civil engineer, and trade association lobbyist. He married three times: first to Ray Cohen, a Jewish art teacher in 1913; then in 1927 to Emilie Davis, with whom he had a daughter, Jane Mansfield Dodge; and finally to Eleanor Hill Amendt in 1956. Fletcher committed suicide in 1971, after developing glaucoma and a number of other health problems.

Homer Dodge attended Colgate University and got his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Iowa in 1914, continuing on as an instructor and then assistant professor. At the University of Iowa, he met Margaret Wing, a Home Economics instructor, and the two married in 1917, thereby connecting the Dodges to the Townshend Family. Their first child, Alice, was born in 1920, followed by Amy in 1923 (stillborn), and Norton in 1927. During his lifetime, Homer held numerous faculty and administrative positions at the University of Oklahoma, American Association of Physics Teachers, the National Research Council's Office of Scientific Personnel, and was President of Norwich University 1944-1950. He was also an avid canoeist and lover of nature. He died in 1983, two years after the death of Margaret Wing Dodge.

Collection Scope and Content Note

The Norton Strange Townshend Family Papers consist of 20.5 linear feet of manuscripts, 66 cased photographs, 3 linear feet of paper photographs, 8 cubic feet of photographic slides, and 7 cubic feet of realia, arranged into 13 series. For more detail, see scope and content notes, below.

The Correspondence series (Boxes 1-10) contains all the collection’s letters, postcards, and telegrams (with the exception of official military correspondence, financial correspondence, and genealogy correspondence, which are under "Topical Files," "Financial Correspondence," and "Genealogical Correspondence," respectively). Correspondence spans the years 1827-1989 and makes up around one quarter of the collection. It is subdivided by family into the "Townshend Subseries" and "Dodge Subseries," and arranged chronologically, with undated items at the end. The series contains correspondence to and from prominent Ohio politicians, such as Salmon P. Chase; who wrote 34 letters to Townshend; William Medill; Rutherford B. Hayes; and notable agricultural educators, including James Sullivant and John Klippart. Correspondence among family members is also voluminous, and documents a wide variety of issues during the mid-19th to early-20th centuries, including social and family life, courtship, women’s work and viewpoints, travel, and attitudes toward education. For an index of correspondents, see "Additional Descriptive Data."

The Joel Townshend papers series (Box 10) brings together documents by and related to Norton Townshend’s father, Joel Townshend (1780-1864). It includes a few religious writings, as well as financial and legal documents that shed light on the family’s life in Northamptonshire, England, and Ohio. Most items date from 1810 to 1830, with the exception of a biography of Townshend written in the 1930s or 1940s by his great-grandson, H. Percy Boynton.

The Norton S. Townshend papers series (Boxes 10-26) is the largest series in the collection and contains diaries, published and unpublished writings, printed materials, clippings, broadsides, biographical materials, and other items relating to nearly every facet of Townshend’s adult life. These materials document Townshend’s political involvement, particularly in local and national antislavery, in agricultural movements, and in the U.S. House of Representatives. The series also includes papers about his educational career, family life, Civil War service, and religious views and work. Townshend frequently worked and reworked his ideas on paper, and both his published and unpublished writings are a rich source of intellectual and reform history. Townshend was also an inveterate collector and preserver of interesting items, including materials relating to northern Ohio’s Liberty Party, his admission tickets to medical courses and the World Anti-Slavery Convention, an application to the Ohio State Asylum for the Education of Idiotic and Imbecile Youth, of which he was a trustee, and dozens of fliers and handbills for lectures given by himself and others.

The Margaret Bailey Townshend papers series (Boxes 26-27) is comprised of two diaries, a rich autobiographical writing entitled "Genealogy," describing her childhood and education, a small number of clippings, and materials relating to her education and career as a teacher in Illinois and Ohio in the 1850s. Many items in the Realia series (below) also relate to Margaret Bailey Townshend.

The Other Townshend family members’ papers series (Boxes 28-30) contains materials relating mainly to Townshend’s children and their spouses, but also includes James B. Wood (Townshend’s father-in-law), Harriet Wood Townshend (Townshend’s first wife), Margaret Wing Dodge (Townshend’s granddaughter), and several other relatives. The bulk of this series is made up of their writings, which are autobiographical, religious, and cultural in subject. Also of interest is biographical information on family members, including articles on Townshend’s children, who were early students of Ohio State University, and a number of obituaries of these family members.

The Dodge family papers series (Boxes 30-34) consists of materials produced and collected by the Dodges of upstate New York, from 1839 to approximately 1970, and documenting their family life, travels, hobbies (in particular the outdoors and canoeing), financial and legal transactions, and civic engagement. Incorporated are some writings by various family members, including Levi R. Dodge, F. Isabella (Donaghue) Dodge, Homer Dodge, and family friend Lydia Sayer Hasbrouck; topical files, the bulk of which are 20th century; biographical materials such as obituaries and clippings; and periodicals on topics of interest to the Dodges.

The Genealogical research series (Boxes 35-37) reflects the family’s interest in its own history and consists of correspondence, family trees, historical essays, as well as commercially produced family histories for some lines. The materials reflect a particular interest in finding links between various family members and such prominent figures as the Townshends of Raynham Hall, the Green family of Vermont, and General Grenville Dodge. This series pertains mainly to the 20th century and is arranged by family, except for the correspondence, which is arranged chronologically.

The Collection-related materials series is made up of documents and articles that shed light on the outreach efforts made on behalf of the collection, particularly for the Easterly items, prior to their accessioning by the William L. Clements Library. The series is comprised of fliers, museum publicity materials, and articles on exhibits. Materials date from the late 20th century, particularly the 1990s.

The Books series contains three items that are housed with the collection: Sermons on Various Subjects by the Late Rev. Thomas Strange, Kilsby, Northamptonshire, with Some Memoirs of His Life (1807); the Townshend Family Bible (with manuscript notes on births, deaths and marriages); and Robert W. McCormick’s 1988 self-published biography of Townshend: Norton S. Townshend, M.D. Antislavery Politician and Agricultural Educator. The rest of the books, including books from the personal libraries of Norton Townshend, Joel Townshend, Margaret Bailey Townshend, and the Dodge family, are housed in the Book Division of the Clements Library; for the list of titles, search for "M-3437" in the University of Michigan's library catalog.

The Visual materials series is arranged by type of item and then by subject. This includes daguerreotypes by prominent daguerreotypist Thomas M. Easterly, other photographs, drawings/prints, and maps. The materials range from the 1840s to the 1970s. See also Realia series below.

The Realia series contains approximately 8 linear feet of objects, including items from the childhood and teaching career of Margaret Bailey Townshend, intricate hairwork jewelry and a hair wreath made with the locks of at least 16 family members, geological materials and fossils collected by Norton Townshend and possibly Thomas Easterly, and other three-dimensional objects such as a glass vial for medicine, ribbons from the Ohio State Fair, and decorative objects. Also noteworthy are a number of paper objects, such as Civil War era chromolithograph animal toys, a Japanese paper lantern, and an alphabet game for children.

The Dodge Photographic Slides series includes eight cubic feet of photographic slides, totaling approximately 22,000 slides, attributed to Homer L. Dodge. They document travels around the southwest United States and to countries such as Japan, Canada and Sweden.

The Miscellaneous series contains envelopes without accompanying letters, blank letterhead, and a binder of transcriptions of select letters from Harriet Wood Townshend to Sarah Wood Keffer.

Subject Terms

  • Abolitionists--Ohio.
  • African Americans.
  • Agricultural Education--United States.
  • Agriculture--Ohio.
  • Agriculture--Study and teaching.
  • Agriculture--United States--History.
  • Antislavery movements--Ohio.
  • Avon (Ohio)
  • British Americans.
  • Cincinnati College.
  • Clay Coton (England)
  • College of Physicians and Surgeons in the City of New York.
  • Columbus (Ohio)
  • Congregationalists--United States.
  • Courtship.
  • Death.
  • Elyria (Ohio)
  • Emigration and immigration.
  • Esther Institute (Columbus, Ohio)
  • Farmers.
  • Farms--Ohio.
  • Free Soil Party (U.S.)
  • Fugitive slaves--Ohio.
  • Hairwork.
  • Hairwork jewelry.
  • Iowa State University.
  • Legislators--Ohio.
  • Liberty Party (Ohio)
  • Medicine--History--19th century.
  • Medicine--Study and teaching.
  • Mendenhall, Thomas C. (Thomas Corwin), 1841-1924.
  • Monticello Female Seminary.
  • National Grange.
  • Northamptonshire (England)
  • Oberlin College.
  • Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station.
  • Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College.
  • Ohio. Constitutional Convention (1850-1851)
  • Ohio--politics and government.
  • Ohio--Social life and customs--19th century.
  • Ohio State Board of Agriculture.
  • Ohio State Fair.
  • Ohio State Asylum for the Education of Idiotic and Imbecile Youth.
  • Ohio State University.
  • Ohio State University--Faculty.
  • Religion.
  • Social reformers--United States--Biography.
  • State Archaeological Association of Ohio.
  • Stepfamilies.
  • Temperance.
  • Underground Railroad.
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--African Americans.
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Medical care.
  • United States--History--Politics and government--1849-1853.
  • Voyages and travels.
  • Women--Education.
  • Women--Ohio.
  • Bailey, Gamaliel, 1807-1859.
  • Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873.
  • Easterly, Thomas M. (Thomas Martin), 1809-1882.
  • Fairchild, James Harris, 1817-1902.
  • Greenwood, Grace, 1823-1904.
  • Hasbrouck, Lydia Sayer, 1827-1910.
  • Hayes, Rutherford Birchard, 1822-1893.
  • Kirtland, J. P. (Jared Potter), 1793-1877.
  • Klippart, John H. (John Hancock), 1823-1878.
  • Langston, John Mercer, 1829-1897.
  • Medill, William, 1802-1865.
  • Mendenhall, Thomas C. (Thomas Corwin), 1841-1924.
  • Sullivant, Joseph, 1809-1882.
  • Townshend, Margaret Bailey, 1823-1912.
  • Townshend, N.S. (Norton Strange), 1815-1895.

Contents List

Container / Location Title
Correspondence [series]     For an index of correspondents, see "Additional Descriptive Data" below. 
Townshend Family Correspondence [subseries]

The Townshend Family subseries, spanning approximately 3 linear feet, is comprised of all letters to and from the members of the Townshend family, including spouses and in-laws, such as the Woods, the Wings, and the Boyntons. The correspondence of Margaret Wing Dodge, granddaughter of Norton S. Townshend, is part of the Townshend Family subseries. "Additional Descriptive Data" contains an index of major correspondents in each subseries. Arranged chronologically, the series sheds light on Norton Strange Townshend’s political, educational, and agricultural activities, as well as his family and personal life. The earliest letters are between family members in Ohio and Northamptonshire and relate family news, religion, and daily life. Correspondence is relatively frequent duringInclusive dates: 1839-1841, when Norton studied medicine in New York City and Europe, and wrote to his parents describing visits to European hospitals, impressions of Paris and London, and thoughts on his career. Joel and Rebecca’s correspondence with their son is filled with religious and philosophical references and advice. Between Inclusive dates: 1848 and Inclusive dates: 1854 the period during which Townshend served in the Ohio General Assembly (1848-1849), the U.S. House of Representatives (1851-53), and the Ohio State Senate (1854-55), a great deal of incoming political correspondence addresses such issues as the "balance of power" deadlock upon which Townshend capitalized in Ohio, the debates over the boundaries of slavery, opinion on Ohio’s Black Laws, and other political matters. Also important are Salmon P. Chase’s letters to Townshend, which shed light on their political alliance and the slavery debate in the U.S. Senate. During Norton Strange Townshend’s service as a medical inspector in the Civil War, Inclusive dates: 1863-1865 he and his wife Margaret exchanged over 100 letters on topics such as Townshend’s work and travels, family news, and farm matters. Townshend also sometimes referenced Margaret’s sister and her husband, Miriam and Thomas Easterly, who were living in St. Louis and struggling financially during the time that Townshend was stationed there. During this period, he also corresponded frequently with his son James, particularly concerning James’ education and thoughts on church and religion. Three letters from his younger children, Arthur Bailey and Mary, also survived. In one letter, dated Inclusive dates: April 17, 1865, 10-year old Arthur reacts to the death of Lincoln and the attempted assassination of William H. Seward. Family correspondence trails off considerably after the war, although in the mid Inclusive dates: 1880s Townshend and James exchange a series of letters concerning James’ declining health from tuberculosis.

Margaret Wing’s correspondence with her mother, Alice (Townshend) Wing is included in the Townshend family correspondence. Several dozen of Margaret’s letters were written in Inclusive dates: 1909 during a tour of Europe. She described sightseeing, visiting art museums, and traveling by rail. Many of the 20th century letters in this subseries are from Margaret’s friend from Vassar College, Elizabeth Schneider, a ghostwriter living in Boston. Schneider was particularly fond of sharing her opinions on books and plays. Other 20th-century letters are mainly to and from Townshend’s children and grandchildren and shed some light on their relationships, travels, and careers.

Box   1  
 19 July 1827-5 December 1864 (44 folders)
Box   2  
 7 December 1864-16 July 1873 (32 folders)
Box   3  
 28 July 1873-11 December 1886 (43 folders)
Box   4  
 13 December 1886-30 July 1896 (29 folders)
Box   5  
 18 February 1897-27 June 1934 (29 folders)
Box   6  
 8 August 1934-1978 (17 folders)
Undated, c.  1840s-1950s (9 folders)
Dodge Family Correspondence [subseries]

The Dodge Family subseries contains correspondence to and from the members of the Dodge family and ranges from Inclusive dates: 1838-1989 with the bulk of materials from the early 20th century. The earliest letters were written among the children of Thomas Dodge, a farmer in Massena, New York. Many were penned by Thomas Dodge, Jr., who moved to Indiana and described some difficulties of living on the frontier, such as finding a teacher for the schoolhouse and making ends meet. Later letters shed light on the courtship of Isabella Donaghue, who married Orange Dodge, and on the inter-faith marriage between Fletcher Dodge and his wife, Ray Cohen. Fletcher Dodge’s letters in particular are frank and very interesting, describing ideas about work, monogamy, his family, fraternities, and many other topics.

 20 June 1836-26 April 1881 (15 folders)
Box   7  
 18 December 1881-13 February 1913 (43 folders)
Box   8  
 23 February 1913-14 November 1946 (40 folders)
Box   9  
 15 November 1946-13 October 1989 (40 folders)
Undated, c.  1840s-1910s (6 folders)
Box   10  
Undated, c.  1910s-1970s (6 folders)
Joel Townshend Papers,  1811-c. 1945 [series]

The Joel Townshend (father of Norton Townshend) series is relatively small, extending less than half a linear foot. It contains Townshend’s writings (mainly on religious topics), some biographical information compiled by family members, and Townshend’s legal and financial papers, which record the material existence of the family, both in Clay Coton, Northamptonshire, and Avon, Ohio. Of particular note among his legal papers is an Inclusive dates: 1811 document, "Request by the Poor Inhabitants of Clay Coton," apparently penned by Joel and concerning the use of commons by the poor.

Writings [subseries] (3 folders)
Biographical information [subseries]
"Joel Townshend Biography" by H. Percy Boynton
Book List
Legal papers,  1811-1858 [subseries] (3 folders)     1810 land indenture located in oversize 
Financial papers [subseries]
[n.d.] (1 folder)
Receipt book,  1814-1830
Receipt book,  1818-1829
Ledger,  1831-1857
Norton Strange Townshend Papers [series]
Diaries and Notebooks, c.  1825-1880 [subseries]

The diaries and notebooks series is comprised 24 items, spanning Inclusive dates: 1825 to the 1880s. Townshend’s two school notebooks document his education at Bitteswell School in England, and are interesting in light of his strong emphasis on practical education later in life. They are also the only manuscript items in the collection representing Townshend’s childhood. The bulk of the subseries consists of Townshend’s diaries, which for the most part contain fairly short, terse entries describing his work, weather, and travel. The exception is his Inclusive dates: 1848-1853 "Memoranda Book," which is made up of long and fascinating entries on such topics as skepticism of Spiritualists, the funeral of Henry Clay, meeting and befriending the poet Grace Greeenwood, and other subjects. The diaries Townshend kept during the Civil War sometimes mention Thomas and Miriam Easterly, whom Townshend visited while stationed in St. Louis. Townshend also kept notebooks based on topics, and these are placed at the end of the series, and concern lessons that Townshend taught as a Sunday School teacher and thoughts on agricultural and veterinary topics.

Box   10  
School notebook,  1825
School notebook,  1828
Box   11  
"Memoranda Book",  1848-1853
Diary,  1849
Diary,  1857
Diary,  1858
Diary,  1859
Diary,  1860
Diary,  1861
Diary,  1862
Diary,  1863
Diary,  1864
Diary,  1865
Diary,  1866
Diary,  1867
Box   12  
Diary,  1868
Diary,  1869
Diary,  1870
Diary,  1871
Diary,  1875
Antislavery and temperance notebook,  1840
Sketches of Bible class lessons,  1867-1868
Composition book, [n.d.], c.  1870s-1880s
Agricultural and veterinary notes,  1879
Manuscript Writings and Lectures [subseries]

Townshend’s writings are divided into manuscripts and printed materials. The manuscripts, some of which are fragmentary, are arranged by topic, as many of them lack titles. Townshend had a tendency to write using bullet points, and to rework topics a number of times; the manuscripts, which span roughlyInclusive dates: 1840 to Inclusive dates: 1890 reflect this. Townshend’s early writings, from the Inclusive dates: 1840s and Inclusive dates: 1850s focus especially on the topics of antislavery and temperance, and some appear to be outlines of lectures given throughout northern Ohio. After the Civil War, his focus shifts to agricultural and veterinary matters, as well as to religion and religious education, which he views with the eye of a devout, but skeptical, reformer. He also writes on a number of sociological topics, such as the role of women in society and strategies for improving the life of the farmer.

Abolition (7 folders)
Box   13  
African Americans
Agricultural Societies
General (3 folders)
Ohio State Board of Agriculture (3 folders)
Agriculture (31 folders)
Box   14  
Agriculture, cont’d (6 folders)
Archaeology (2 folders)
Autobiographical (6 folders)
Chase, Salmon P. (3 folders)
Cremieux, Adolphe
Griffing, Charles S.S.
Kirtland, Jared P.
Westwater, James
Botany (6 folders)
Civil War
Education (3 folders)
Box   15  
Education, cont’d (5 folders)
Farmers and Farm Life
General (10 folders)
Farm as an Education (3 folders)
Farmer’s Library
Lights and Shades of Farm Life
Farmers’ Needs
History (2 folders)
Liberty Party (2 folders)
Medicine (6 folders)
Box   16  
Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College/Ohio State University (9 folders)
Ohio Asylum for the Education of Idiotic and Imbecile Youth (3 folders)
Oration/Public Speaking (2 folders)
Philosophy (4 folders)
Politics (5 folders)
Religion (14 folders)
Box   17  
Republican Party (2 folders)
Science (5 folders)
Temperance (3 folders)
Veterinary Science (14 folders)
Miscellaneous (8 folders)
Published Writings,  1847-1888 [subseries]

Townshend’s published writings are arranged alphabetically by title or first line and include several printed speeches he gave as a Congressman; a number of articles on agriculture and veterinary science, written for newspapers in the Inclusive dates: 1880s and several articles for the journal Farm and Fireside. Also of note is his Inclusive dates: 1847 article, "Committee on Swine," which criticizes racism through an extended livestock metaphor, and "Ohio Constitutional Convention, Remarks of Mr. Townshend," which also addresses and criticizes racial inequality.

"A Talk about Fungi" ( 1877)
"Address of the Lorain County Liberty Convention" ( 1841)
"Agricultural Meeting" [n.d.]
"Agricultural Meeting at Lansing" ( 1881)
"Agriculture, as an Art and as a Science" ( 1872)
Box   18  
"Agriculture of Lorain County" ( 1867)
"An Experiment in Pig Feeding" ( 1887)
"Beef and Pork Production" ( 1883)
"Canadian Reciprocity" ( 1853)
"Columbus Horticultural Society Address" ( 1886)
"Committee on Swine" ( 1847)
"Dairying" ( 1883)
"Diseases of Sheep" ( 1873)
"Drainage for Health and for Profit" ( 1883)
"First Lessons in Veterinary Surgery" ( 1883)
"Grain Growing" ( 1883)
"Hog Cholera" ( 1883)
"Influence of Through Draining on Climate" ( 1886)
"Mr. President and Gentlemen of the State Board…" [n.d.]
"Ohio Constitutional Convention. Remarks of Mr. Townshend" ( 1851)
"Ohio State University" ( 1887)
"Reading for the People--Book Clubs" [n.d.] (4 folders of duplicates)
"Reply to Communication of Mast, Crowell & Kirkpatrick, Publishers of the Farm and Fireside" (7 folders of duplicates)
Box   19  
"Salmon P. Chase"  1887 (4 folders of duplicates)
"Science and Agriculture" ( 1872)
"The ABC of Veterinary Science" ( 1883)
"The Coming Fence" ( 1883)
"The Farm as an Educator" [n.d.]
"The Farmer’s Food and Drink" ( 1883)
"The Farmer’s Home" ( 1883)
"The Farmer’s Library" ( 1883)
"The Farmer’s Mission" ( 1854)
"The Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College versus the Ohio State Grange" ( 1877)
"The Present Position of the Democratic Party" ( 1852)
The Secrets of Progressive Agriculture,  1888, a Farm and Fireside compilation which includes the following essays by Townshend: "Progress of Agriculture in Ohio," "Ohio Soils and Climate," "Farm Products of Ohio," "Farming as an Occupation," "Farm Labor," "Experiments--What They Have Proved," "The Farmer’s Helps and Hindrances," "Education on the Farm," "Stock Feeding," "Veterinary Science--Its History and Value," "Disease," "Principles of Treatment," "Horses and Their Diseases," "Cattle and Their Diseases," "Some Diseases of Sheep," "Some Diseases of Swine," "Stock Breeding," "Poultry and Their Diseases", "Legislation in Regard to Contagious Diseases"
"The Social Life of Farmers" ( 1883)
"The Time for Cutting Wheat" [n.d.]
"The Union of the Democracy--The Resolutions of ‘98" ( 1852)
"To Prevent Misunderstanding or Misrepresentation…" ( 1848)
"Wheat" ( 1879)
"When to Cut Wheat" ( 1878)
"Who Are Successful Farmers?" ( 1875)
"Wool and Mutton" ( 1883)
Biographical Information and Articles,  1850s-1994 [subseries]

This subseries consists of clippings and articles, both contemporary and posthumous, containing biographical information on Norton Strange Townshend. Materials are arranged chronologically and shed light on the basic facts of Townshend’s life, as well as on his involvement in education, the suffrage movement in Ohio, and other reform pursuits. Of particular interest to researchers are the sketches written by family members (including Margaret Bailey Townshend, Harriet N. Townshend, and H. Percy Boynton), which reveal Townshend more intimately through recollections and impressions. Also of note are five folders of newspaper obituaries located at the end of the subseries.

"The Convention and Its Men" ( 1850)
Box   20  
Clippings, c.  1850s-1870s
Clippings, c.  1870s-1880s (2 folders)
Clippings, c.  1880s (2 folders)
Clippings, c.  1890s (2 folders)
"Sketch of Professor N.S. Townshend" (3 folders of duplicates)
"Life of Dr. N.S. Townshend" ( 1894)
"Norton S. Townshend" by Margaret Bailey Townshend, Townshend’s wife ( 1898)
"A Brief History" ( 1899)
"Judge Stevens’ Address" ( 1906)
"Norton Strange Townshend" by Harriet Norton Townshend, Townshend’s daughter ( 1907)
"Commencement at Ohio State University" ( 1909)
"Little Stories of the Woman Suffrage Movement in Ohio" ( 1918)
"The First Faculty" by Thomas Mendenhall ( 1920)
"A Famous Immigrant" by Sylvia Boynton ( 1931)
"In Recording the English Boyhood…" by H. Percy Boynton, Townshend’s grandson ( 1940)
"To Fulfill a Wish Often Expressed" by H. Percy Boynton ( 1940)
"A Doctor of the Old School" by George C. Jameson ( 1942)
"History of Oberlin College (excerpt)" by Robert Samuel Fletcher( 1943)
"An Early American Crusader" by John F. Cunningham ( 1944)
"Norton Strange Townshend--Physician, Legislator, ‘Father of American Agricultural Education’" by Linden F. Edwards ( 1948)
"Notes on the Medical Background and Experiences of Dr. Norton Strange Townshend" by H. Percy Boynton ( 1948)
"Ohio Agricultural Hall of Fame" ( 1968)
"OSU’s ‘Little House’" ( 1969)
Box   21  
"Centennial Edition" ( 1970)
"Townshend Haunts Campus" ( 1975)
"U-Hall Rededication" ( 1975)
"A Union Army Medical Inspector: Norton Townshend" by Robert McCormick ( 1994)
"Norton S. Townshend: A Reformer for All Seasons" by Frederick J. Blue and Robert McCormick ( 1994)
"Ohio A&M: Norton Townshend’s Last Crusade" ( 1994)
"Garments from Dr. Norton Strange Townshend’s Early Life" ( 2005)
Obituaries (5 folders)
Topical Files, c.  1840-1900 [subseries]

The topical files are comprised of materials collected on a variety of subjects by Norton Strange Townshend. Topics are arranged alphabetically. Especially voluminous are his files on the Civil War, which include inspection forms of prisons filled out by Townshend, circular letters to medical inspectors and surgeons, instructions and orders, and official correspondence. Also of interest are the "Fliers for Lectures," which document some of the venues and topics of Townshend’s many public speeches, and his files on "Abolition," "Liberty Party," and "Republican Party," which contain printed matter relating to these topics, revealing to some extent the day-to-day functioning of local antislavery organizations. Townshend’s file on the "Ohio State Asylum for the Education of Idiotic and Imbecile Youth" contains information on the institution’s founding, an application for admission, ephemera, and a set of meeting minutes for a policy meeting in which Townshend participated. Files on Ohio Agricultural & Mechanical College/Ohio State University and Ohio State Agricultural Experiment Station document the early history, policies, and actions of these institutions.

Abolition,  1840s-1850s
Advertisements, includes advertisement for Thomas Easterly’s studio,  1850s-1890s (2 folders)
Agriculture, c.  1860s-1880s (4 folders)
Centennial Board of Finance,  1876
Chase, Salmon P. (includes Chase’s 1847 lecture, "Emancipation in the British West Indies")
Civil War,  1863-1866
Circular letters (13 folders)
Box   22  
Official correspondence (7 folders)
Orders and instructions (6 folders)
Reports (3 folders)
Miscellaneous (includes partially printed card, permitting Norton Townshend to remain in St. Louis, Missouri, February 1864) (2 folders)
Columbus Horticultural Society
General, c.  1820-1868
Course Admission Tickets,  1839-1840 (2 folders)
Freedmen’s Aid Commissions, c.  1865-1870
Kirtland, Jared and Kirtland Society,  1845,  1877 (2 folders)
Lecture Fliers
 1886-1888, [n.d.]
Medicine,  1863-1865
Oberlin College,  1850
Ohio Agricultural College,  1854-1855 (2 folders)
Box   23  
Ohio Agricultural College, cont’d (1 folder)
Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station,  1880-1882
Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College/Ohio State University,  1877-1883 (3 folders)
Ohio State Asylum for the Education of Idiotic and Imbecile Youth,  1857-c. 1860s (2 folders)
Poetry, [n.d.]
General, c.  1840-1851 (2 folders)
Bills,  1862
State Archaeological Association of Ohio,  1875-1885 (3 folders)
Student Writings, c.  1880s (4 folders)
Temperance, [n.d.]
Townshend Hall,  1890s (5 folders)
Miscellany, c.  1850s-1880s
Clippings, 1840s-1890s [subseries]

This subseries is comprised of newspaper clippings saved by Townshend, both in scrapbooks and loose. The bound clippings are from an earlier period and focus especially on politics, while the loose clippings are mostly concerned with agricultural topics. Some are the lectures of Townshend’s friends and colleagues printed in newspapers.

Box   24  
Newspaper scrapbook,  1844
Newspaper scrapbook,  1840s-1880s
Loose clippings (6 folders)
Box   25  
Loose clippings, cont’d (7 folders)
Legal papers and calling cards,  1840-1884 [subseries]
Calling and business cards (3 folders)
Certificates, (3 folders)      American Bible Society certificates and diplomas located in Oversize. 
Land Indentures
 1863-1871     1857 land indenture located in Oversize 
Petitions,  1849-1869
Will,  1884
Miscellaneous     includes Townshend's 1840 passport 
Financial papers [subseries]
Account book,  1840s
Box   26  
Ledger,  1850s
Financial records
Margaret Bailey Townshend Papers [series]
Diaries [subseries]

Margaret Bailey Townshend’s diaries contain fairly long entries describing daily events. Her Inclusive dates: 1888-1889 diary records her reactions to the death of her stepson, James, and her sister, Miriam.

[n.d.], mostly blank
Autobiographical writings [subseries]

The most significant item in this small subseries is a 30-page autobiographical sketch entitled "Genealogy," in which Margaret describes being orphaned at 12, securing an education despite many obstacles, her teaching career, the marriage proposals that she rejected, and meeting Norton Strange Townshend.

 1894-1908 (1 folders)
Education and teaching career [subseries]

This subseries is comprised of a few fliers, arranged by date, for schools at which Margaret taught, including the Monticello Female Seminary.

Obituaries [subseries]
Clippings [subseries]
Legal papers,  1845-1906 [subseries]
Certificates     Certicates are located in Oversize 
Box   27  
Financial papers [subseries]
Bound items,  1894-1912 (5 folders)
Records and financial correspondence,  22 July 1890-1 June 1905 (21 folders)
Box   28  
Records and financial correspondence,  2 June 1905-13 June 1912 (18 folders)
Other Townshend Family Members Papers [series]
Writings,  1833-1958 [subseries]
James B. Wood (father of Harriet Wood Townshend) [subseries]
"My Own Life,"  1833
"My Own Life" typescript, bound with "Townshends and Woods in Avon" by H. Percy Boynton
Harriet Wood Townshend [subseries]
"Reflections on the Immortality of the Soul" [n.d.]
James H. Townshend [subseries]
"High and Low Milllings in the Manufacture of Flour," c.  1875
Mary Townshend Boynton [subseries]
"Architecture: "Saxon, Norman and Early English,"  1893
"At John Lateran" [n.d.]
"Books Which Have Wrought Reforms" [n.d.]
"Critical Period of American History, The" [n.d.]
"Crusades from a Saracen Standpoint, The"  1890
"English Lake School, The" [n.d.]
"Excursions of an Evolutionist by John Fiske" [n.d.]
"Gossip about the Royal Family" [n.d.]
"Goths and the Moorish Conquest, The"  1898
"'In Memoriam' is a poem both…" [n.d.]
"Italian Painting from  1400 to 1650" [n.d.]
"Last Days of Pheidias" [n.d.]
"Rise and Growth of Italian Republics,"  1886
Box   29  
"Studies from The Prologue" [n.d.]
"Study of Childhood, A" [n.d.]
"Versailles" [n.d.]
Harriet N. Townshend [subseries] (1 folder)
Charles M. Wing, husband of Alice Townshend Wing diary,  1876 [subseries]
Margaret Wing Dodge [subseries]
Bound items,  1902-1967 (2 folders)
Loose items,  1897-1923
Loose items,  1927-1958
Box   30  
Biographical Information,  1854-1950 [subseries]

This subseries contains biographical information, almost entirely clippings, concerning various members of the Townshend family. The subseries is arranged by person, from earliest to latest born, and includes obituaries and articles on members of the Townshend family. Harriet N. Townshend, who was the last member of the first class of Ohio State University, receives particular attention.

Rebecca (Norton) Townshend, mother of Norton Strange Townshend
Lucius B. Wing, father-in-law of Alice Townshend Wing
Harriet Wood Townshend, first wife of Norton Townshend
Mary Townsend Boynton, daughter of Norton and Harriet Townshend
Arthur B. Townshend, son of Norton and Margaret Townshend
Harriet N. Townshend, daughter of Norton and Margaret Townshend (3 folders)
Charles M. Wing, husband of Alice Townshend Wing
Alice Townshend Wing, daughter of Norton and Margaret Townshend (2 folders)
Shirley Wing, son of Alice Townshend Wing
Legal papers [subseries]
Financial papers,  1900-1921 [subseries]
Records (9 folders)
Miscellaneous [subseries]
[n.d.] (2 folders)
Dodge Family Papers [series]
Box   31  
Writings,  1839-1957 [subseries]

These writings, both published and unpublished, are on a variety of topics: religious, personal, and professional. They are arranged by author in order of earliest to latest birth date. Lydia Sayer Hasbrouck, the famous dress reformer and publisher ofSybil, was a family friend of the Dodges, and a poem she gave to them is included.

Levi R. Dodge [subseries]
Religious testimony,  1839
Lydia Hasbrouck, friend of Orange W. Dodge [subseries]
"The First Eclogue,"  1885
(Florence) Isabella Donaghue Dodge [subseries]
School notebook,  c. 1870
"Reading,"  c. 1870
"Prayer Rock" [n.d.]
"The Advantage of Good Thoughts" [n.d.]
"The Mountains Were Brought Near Us…" [n.d.]
"The Mountains Were Brought Near Us…", typescript
"My Visit to Iowa" [n.d.]
"My Visit to Iowa", typescript
"In the Early Days…" [n.d.]
Homer L. Dodge [subseries]
"Challenges of the Atomic Age" ( 1945)
"Running the Big Sault in an Open Canoe" ( 1957)
Biographical information [subseries]

This subseries contains biographical information on the Dodges, including related lines, such as the Donaghues and the Bakers. The items range from the late 19th to mid-20th century.

Obituaries (5 folders)
Clippings (3 folders)
Calling cards and Legal papers
Calling and business cards (1 folder)
Dodge legal papers [subseries]

The Dodge legal papers subseries is organized chronologically and contains land indentures and agreements, mainly between the members of the Dodge family.

 8 May 1839-26 February 1841
 28 September 1841-4 May 1845
 3 September 1846-22 March 1862
 2 July 1889-13 November 1901
 5 May 1923-6 August 1935
 31 December 1936-15 November 1937
Box   32  
Drawer   : Oversize Manuscripts  
Certificates [subseries]     Certificates located in Oversize 
Box   32  
Dodge financial papers [subseries]

The Dodge financial papers are separated into correspondence (which mainly concerns the estate of F. Isabella Donaghue Dodge), and records, which date back considerably further and document the sales of a store run by Thomas Dodge in Massena, NY during the mid-19th century, as well as the financial transactions of later Dodge family members.

Correspondence [subseries]
 24 September 1934-17 December 1936
 7 January 1937-20 March 1937
24 March-3 May 1937
24 May-25 October 1937
28 October-13 December 1937
 20 December 1937-21 February 1938
8 March-12 April 1938
29 April-14 December 1938
 19 December 1938-11 January 1939
19 January-28 November 1939
Records [subseries]
Box   33  
Clippings [subseries] (2 folders)
Topical Files,  c. 1890s-1970s [subseries]

This subseries contains various items collected by the Dodges, mainly during the 20th century. The topical files on the Alpha Club and the Mary D. Bean Library show Isabella Donaghue Dodge’s civic and intellectual engagement with the community. The files also reflect the Dodges’ interest in travel, canoeing, and the outdoors.

Advertisements (2 folders)
Alpha Club (4 folders)
Appalachian Trail (2 folders)
Cosmos Club
Holiday cards (3 folders)
Lane Artists Series
Mary D. Bean Library (2 folders)
Ogdensburg Free Academy (2 folders)
Physics (2 folders)
Potsdam Normal School
Railroad poster
Retirement guides
St. Lawrence University
Vacations & travel ephemera (4 folders)
Box   34  
Vacations & travel ephemera (4 folders)
Vassar College
Vermont (4 folders)
Periodicals [subseries]
American Canals (Febrary  1982; May  1982)
American White Water (Spring  1959)
Box   35  
Appalachia (June  1968)
Canadian Magazine, The (March  1899)
Canoe (March  1982)
Consumers’ Research Bulletin (July  1944; May  1945; July  1945)
Down River (December  1975)
Journal of Engineering Education, The (April  1955)
Living Wilderness (July  1940; Summer 1953) Winter-Spring  1958)
Genealogical Research [series]
Genealogical correspondence [subseries]

Much of the family history of the Townshend and Dodge families was pieced together through letters written among family members. Some of the correspondence pertains to a possible link between the Townshends and the Townshends of Raynham Hall.

 25 April 1899-7 July 1929
 17 January 1932-4 October 1934
 5 October 1934-27 January 1937
 16 August 1940-1 November 1945
 5 November 1945-28 May 1947
 3 July 1947-11 February 1948
4-31 March 1948
31 March-16 April 1948
4 August-7 September 1948
7-8 September 1948
 10 September 1948-3 January 1949
 7 January 1949-8 March 1950
 9 November 1951-4 May 1956
 4 May 1956-30 January 1960
 24 March 1960-2 February 1966
 8 March 1967-2 March 1969
 2 March-25 December 1969
 2 February-3 October 1970
 25 January 1971-3 December 1973
 27 December 1973-23 October 1976
 12 June-25 September 1980
 12 October 1980-14 October 1983
 28 November 1983-27 May 1985
 29 June 1985-24 September 1990
 8 May 1991-13 September 1995
Genealogical Information [subseries]

The genealogical information subseries is arranged primarily by family. It contains family trees, essays, and materials collected about each family’s history, including commercially produced family histories for some of the lines. The Bailey line files contain the family history of Norton Townshend’s second wife, Margaret Bailey. Information on the Wing line relates to ancestors of Charles Wing, husband of Townshend’s daughter, Alice. The Wood line is comprised of information on the family of Townshend’s first wife, Harriet. The general genealogy information file is comprised of tips on genealogical research and tools useful to the genealogist, collected by the avid genealogists of the Townshend and Dodge families. Research by Alice Dodge Wallace, great-granddaughter of Norton Townshend, includes a number of note-cards with information on her ancestors and family members. Research by Wallace’s research consultant, Dr. M. Susan Barger is contained in a 450-page document which illuminates in great detail the many lines of the Townshend, Dodge, Wing, Hyde, and related families.

Townshend line (2 folders)
Box   36  
Townshend line (4 folders)
Bailey line (2 folders)
Easterly line
Wing line (4 folders)
Wood line (3 folders)
Dodge line (8 folders)
Box   37  
Dodge line, (8 folders)     Dodge genealogy book is located in Oversize 
Hyde line (5 folders)
Donaghue line
General genealogy information (3 folders)
Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) and Sons of the American Revolution (SAR) materials     DAR and SAR certificates are located in Oversize 
Research by Alice Dodge Wallace (5 folders)
Box   38  
Research by Dr. M. Susan Barger (4 folders)
Collection-related materials [series]
General (3 folders)
Box   39  
General (4 folders)
Articles (7 folders)
Books [series]     Most books have been transferred to the Clements Library's Book Division and are housed there. Search for "M-3437" in the University of Michigan library catalog to locate them. 
Box   : Book Division  
Sermons on Various Subjects by the Late Rev. Thomas Strange, Kilsby, Northamptonshire, with Some Memoirs of His Life. J.W. Morris: Dunstable, 1807.
Townsend, Malcolm. The Townsend's. New York: Mooney & Co. Press, 1895.
Bensusan, S.L. Holbein; Illustrated with Eight Reproductions in Colour. London: T.C. & E.C. Jack, [1909?].
McCormick, Robert W. Norton S. Townshend, M.D. Antislavery Politician and Agricultural Educator. Self-published: Worthington, Ohio, 1988.
Box   40  
Townshend Family Bible (with notes on births, deaths and marriages)
Box   41  
Clippings, notes and ephemera removed from books (2 folders)
Miscellaneous [series]
Envelopes (3 folders)
Blank letterhead (2 folders)
Other (3 folders)
Transcript book, with Percy Boynton’s transcriptions of Harriet Wood Townshend’s letters to her sister, Sara Wood Keffer
Visual materials [series]     The following items are housed in the Graphics Division: The "Cahill Collection," Easterly's Niagara Views, and two c. 1810 "Cries of London" prints (gingerbread seller, woven mat seller).   The following four maps have been transferred to the Map Division:  "The wonderground map of London Town" (1914), "Map of the United States to illustrate Olney's School Geography" (c. 1840), "Ornamental map of the United States and Mexico" (1848), "Perrine's new military map illustrating the seat of war" (1862). 
"Cahill Collection" [subseries]

These daguerreotypes and ambrotypes were accessioned as a set and are thought to have been the collection of (Sarah) Melinda Bailey Cahill and the Cahill family. Melinda was the sister of Margaret Bailey Townshend. The family had as their portraitist Melinda’s brother-in-law, Thomas Easterly, but only the daguerreotypes bearing the characteristic "Easterly, Artist" mats, or Easterly's handwriting on the verso, can be attributed to Easterly with absolute certainty. However, a number of the daguerreotypes of unclear provenance bear the characteristics of Easterly’s work.

    The Cahill collection and the Niagara views are housed in the Graphics Division. 
Box   42  
#1 Mary Bailey, sixth-plate daguerreotype, unknown daguerreotypist,  c. 1852 [EA-13]
#2 Mary Bailey, sixth-plate daguerreotype, Thomas M. Easterly (daguerreotypist),  c. 1852 [EA-14]
#3 Mary Bailey, sixth-plate daguerreotype, Thomas M. Easterly (daguerreotypist),  c. 1852 [EA-15]
#4 Mary Bailey, sixth-plate daguerreotype, Henry Long and Enoch Long (daguerreotypists),  c. 1848-49 [EA-16]
Box   43  
#5 William F. Cahill, sixth-plate daguerreotype, Thomas M. Easterly (daguerreotypist),  c. 1855 [EA-22]
#6 William F. Cahill, sixth-plate daguerreotype, J.J. Outley
(daguerreotypist),  c. 1852 [EA-24]
#7 [Florence?] Cahill, sixth-plate daguerreotype, unknown daguerreotypist,  c. 1862 [EA-30]
#8 [Florence?] Cahill, sixth-plate daguerreotype, unknown daguerreotypist, c. 1862 [EA-31]
#9 [Florence?] Cahill, sixth-plate ruby glass ambrotype, unknown photographer,  c. 1862 [EA-33]
#10 [Florence?] Cahill, sixth-plate ruby glass ambrotype, unknown photographer,  c. 1862[EA-34]
#11 [Paul?] Cahill, ninth-plate daguerreotype, unknown daguerreotypist,  c. 1862 [EA-32]
Box   44  
#12 (Sarah) Melinda Bailey Cahill, sixth-plate daguerreotype, Thomas Easterly (daguerreotypist),  c. 1850 [EA-3]
#13 (Sarah) Melinda Bailey Cahill, sixth-plate daguerreotype, perhaps Henry & Enoch Long (daguerreotypists), due to similarity in setting to #4,  c. 1848-1849 [EA-17]
#14 (Sarah) Melinda Bailey Cahill, sixth-plate daguerreotype, unknown daguerreotypist,  c. 1848-49 [EA-18]
#15 (Sarah) Melinda Bailey Cahill, sixth-plate daguerreotype, probably Thomas Easterly (daguerreotypist), due to similarities in dress and pose to #12,  c. 1850 [EA-19]
#16 (Sarah) Melinda Bailey Cahill and infant, sixth-plate daguerreotype, unknown daguerreotypist,  c. 1856 [EA-21]
#17 (Sarah) Melinda Bailey Cahill, sixth-plate daguerreotype in gutta-percha frame, unknown daguerreotypist,  c. 1865 [EA-25]
#18 (Sarah) Melinda Bailey Cahill, sixth-plate daguerreotype, unknown daguerreotypist,  c. 1865 [EA-26]
#19 (Sarah) Melinda Bailey Cahill, sixth-plate daguerreotype, unknown daguerreotypist,  c. 1865 [EA-27]
Box   45  
#20 (Anna) Miriam Bailey Easterly, sixth-plate daguerreotype, possibly Henry and Enoch Long, due to similarity of paper covering on back of frame to #4,  c. 1848-1849 [EA-4]
#21 (Anna) Miriam Bailey Easterly, sixth-plate daguerreotype with applied color, Thomas Easterly (daguerreotypist), August  1849. Behind daguerreotype is written, "Equal’d by few." Written on each of four edges of seal on backside of daguerreotype is: "T.M. Easterly" / "Daguerrean" / "St. Louis, MO" / " August 1849" [EA-5]
#22 (Anna) Miriam Bailey Easterly, sixth-plate daguerreotype, Thomas Easterly (daguerreotypist),  c. 1849. Inside case, behind daguerreotype is a "T. M. Easterly Daguerrean Artist" printed newspaper advertisement [EA-6]
#23 (Anna) Miriam Bailey Easterly (possibly in wedding attire), sixth-plate daguerreotype, Thomas Easterly (daguerreotypist),  c. 1850 [EA-7]
#24 (Anna) Miriam Bailey Easterly, sixth-plate daguerreotype, Thomas Easterly (daguerreotypist),  c. 1854 [EA-8]
#25 (Anna) Miriam Bailey Easterly with sewing basket, sixth-plate daguerreotype, Thomas Easterly,  c. 1860 [EA-9]
#26 (Anna) Miriam Bailey Easterly, sixth-plate daguerreotype, Thomas Easterly,  c. 1865 [EA-10]
#27 (Anna) Miriam Bailey Easterly, sixth-plate daguerreotype, Thomas Easterly (daguerreotypist),  c. 1852 [EA-20]
Box   46  
#28 Margaret Ann Bailey Townshend, sixth-plate daguerreotype, unknown daguerreotypist,  c. 1850 [EA-11]
#28 Norton Strange Townshend, sixth-plate ruby glass ambrotype, unknown photographer,  c. 1861 [EA-12]
#29 Norton Strange Townshend, quarter-plate daguerreotype, Thomas Easterly (daguerreotypist),  c. 1865 [no EA number]
#30 Case containing portraits of (clockwise from top left): (Anna) Miriam Bailey Easterly, Thomas Easterly, (Sarah) Melinda Bailey Cahill, and Mary Bailey, daguerreotypes, Thomas Easterly (daguerreotypist),  c. 1850 [EA-1]
#31 Case containing portraits of Thomas Easterly and (Anna) Miriam Bailey Easterly, daguerreotypes, Thomas Easterly (daguerreotypist),  c. 1850 [EA-2]
Box   47  
#32 Unidentified man (possibly William Frank Cahill), quarter-plate tintype in gutta-percha frame, unknown photographer,  c. 1865 [EA-23]
#33 Unidentified young woman in Easterly’s studio chair, sixth-plate daguerreotype, Thomas Easterly (daguerreotypist),  c. 1865 [EA-28]
#34 Unidentified young man, sixth-plate daguerreotype, unknown daguerreotypist,  c. 1850 [EA-29]
#35 Unidentified little girl, sixth-plate ruby glass ambrotype, unknown photographer [EA-35]
#36 Unidentified little girl, sixth-plate ruby glass ambrotype, unknown photographer [EA-36]
Box   48  
Four views of Niagara (clockwise from left: "Rapids Above Niagara Falls," "Niagara," "Niagara," and "Table Rocks") in one frame, Thomas Easterly (daguerreotypist),  c. 1853
Photographs [subseries]
Box   49  
Family album, c. 1875 May have belonged to Sarah Melinda Cahill, Margaret Townshend’s sister
Box   50  
Wing albums
 c. 1908
Box   51  
Box   52  
 c. 1917
Box   53  
Margaret Bailey Townshend album, c.  1890
Donaghue Family album, c.  1900
Unbound paper photographs
Bailey, Mary
Cahill, Miriam
Cahill, Sarah Melinda (Bailey)
Dodge, Homer L.
Dodge, Isabella (Donaghue)
Dodge, Margaret (Wing)
Dodge, Homer and Margaret
Other Dodges
Dodge Groups
Box   54  
Drummond, Grace (Greenleaf)
Easterly, Thomas
Faxon, Belle
Greenleaf, Florence Cahill
Thanbyah, Moung
Townshend, Bailey
Townshend, Harriet Norton (5 folders)
Townshend, James
Townshend, James children
Townshend, Margaret Bailey
Townshend, Norton (3 folders)
Townshend Groups (6 folders)
Wallace, Alice Dodge
Wiggins, "Blind Tom"
Wing, Alice Townshend (3 folders)
Wing, Charles M. (3 folders)     One photograph is located in Oversize. 
Wing, Lucius Bliss
Wing, Mary Mayhew (2 folders)
Wing, Shirley
Townshend animals
Family graves
Homes (3 folders)     Two photographs of unidentified Dodge homes are located in Oversize 
Unidentified (5 folders)
Miscellaneous (3 folders)
Other visual materials
Miscellaneous (8 folders)
Box   55  
Boxed daguerreotypes and photographs
#1 Norton Strange Townshend, daguerreotype, c. 1843 (case made by Matthew Brady)
#2 James Houghton Townshend, daguerreotype, c. 1850
#3 Norton Strange Townshend, ambrotype, c. 1861
#4 Glass plate and metal frame (no image)
#5 Florence Cahill Greenleaf, framed albumen print, c. 1875
#6 Alice Townshend Wing as a baby, ambrotype, c. 1860
#7 Charles Mayhew Wing, ambrotype, c. 1863
#8 Charles Mayhew Wing, tintype, c.  1865
#9 Charles Mayhew Wing, ambrotype, c.  1859
#10 Norton Strange Townshend and Harriet Wood Townshend, daguerreotypes, c. 1850
#11 Three unidentified young boys, daguerreotype, c. 1850s
#12 Children of Norton S. Townshend and Margaret Bailey Townshend, tintype, c. 1863
#13 James Houghton Townshend as a boy, ambrotype, c. 1860 (includes two small tintypes)
#14 Margaret Bailey Townshend, ambrotype, c. 1860
#15 Unidentified young boy, tintype, c. 1860
#16 Unidentified young man, ambrotype, 1858
#17 Lock of Arthur Smith Townshend’s hair,  c. 1849
#18 Lock of Mary Florence Cahill Greenleaf’s hair, c. 1860s
#19 Unidentified soldier (possibly a Wing relative), cased tintype, c. 1855-1865
#20 Unidentified man in uniform, ruby-glass ambrotype, c. 1850s-1860s
#21 Unidentified middle-aged woman, ambrotype, c. 1856-1860
#22 Unidentified man and woman, tintype, c. 1865
#23 Unidentified man in uniform, tintype, c. 1860
#24 Unidentified man, cased tintype,  c. 1865-1870
#25 Unidentified man and woman, cased tintype, c.  1870
#26 Framed carte de visite of Harriet Norton Townshend,  c. 1864
Realia [series]     Two late 19th century wooden boxes have been transferred to the Graphics Division. 
Box   55  
Ohio State Fair and other agricultural ribbons, c. 1850s-1880s
Box   56  
Wooden blocks,  c. 1860
Wax profile of Joseph Lancaster,  c. 1840
Geological items (quartz pebble, Herkimer "diamonds," shark tooth) in birdseye maple box.     Box and Herkimer diamonds believed to be owned by Thomas Easterly. 
Marbles,  c. 1870
Small framed portrait of George Townshend, c. 1900
Buttons and epaulets from Norton Townshend’s Civil War uniform, 1863
Slate and stylus, c. 1865
Yellow lustreware mug,  c. 1810
Norton Townshend’s childhood cup, c. 1820
China bowl
Box   57  
Geometric wooden blocks and teaching aids (belonged to Margaret Bailey Townshend), c.  1850
Engraved calling card plates
Inkwell (belonged to Norton Townshend)
Magnifier (belonged to Norton Townshend)
Loupe (belonged to Norton Townshend)
Blue transferware vase, c. 1830s-1850s
Glass vial for medicine
Vassar ring (belonged to Margaret Wing), c. 1908
Brooch, c. 1850s
Glass tube
Fan from Centennial Exhibition,  1876
Fold-out paper lantern,  c. 1910
Mother Goose puzzle,  1882
Mathematics teaching aids: color tablets, wooden sticks (belonged to Margaret Bailey Townshend), c. 1840s
Paper animal toys, c.  1860s
Potholder (belonged to Margaret Bailey Townshend), c. 1830
Ivory Stanhope viewer, c. 1870
Slate (belonged to Margaret Bailey Townshend), c. 1840
Box   58  
Locket with photograph of Margaret Bailey Townshend and lock of her hair, c. 1860
Wheat stalk collected by Norton Townshend
Brooch with unidentified hair,  c. 1870
Hair wreath (contains the hair of at least 16 members of the Townshend and Bailey families), c. 1870
Hair bracelets,  c. 1870
Hair watch fob,  c. 1870
Braided lock of hair
Ring (made of hair or other fiber)
Geological items (gems, crystals, fossils, shells) believed to have belonged to Norton Townshend and Thomas Easterly
Metal souvenir keychain and lock
Box   59  
Eyeglasses (belonged to Harriet N. Townshend),  c. 1900
Three pocketknives,  c. 1840s-1870s
Metal calling card case with angel (belonged to Margaret Bailey Townshend),  c. 1855
Pencils and pens (belonged to Norton S. Townshend)
Small ivory notebooks,  c. 1870s
Pipe (belonged to Norton S. Townshend)
Lacquered box (with "Bay of Tunis" figure)
Townshend china, brought from England,  c. 1800
Box   60  
Wooden school stool (made by Margaret Bailey Townshend),  c. 1842
Box   61  
Flour bag from James Townshend’s mill, c.  1870
Dodge Photographic Slides,  c. 1950s-1970s [series]
Box   62  
Photographic 35mm slides of travel and outdoor activities.
Box   63  
Photographic 35mm slides of travel and outdoor activities.
Box   64  
Photographic 35mm slides of travel and outdoor activities.
Box   65  
Photographic 35mm slides of travel and outdoor activities.
Box   66  
Photographic 35mm slides of travel and outdoor activities.
Box   67  
Photographic 35mm slides of travel and outdoor activities.
Box   68  
Photographic 35mm slides of travel and outdoor activities.
Box   69  
Photographic 35mm slides of travel and outdoor activities.

Additional Descriptive Data

Alternate Locations

The majority of books accompanying the collection, including items from the personal libraries of Norton S. Townshend, Joel Townshend, Margaret Bailey Townshend, and the Dodge Family, have been transferred to the Clements Library's Book Division. For the list of titles, search for "M-3437" in the University of Michigan's library catalog.

Four maps have been transferred to the Map Division: "The wonderground map of London Town" (1914), "Map of the United States to illustrate Olney's School Geography" (c. 1840), "Ornamental map of the United States and Mexico" (1848), "Perrine's new military map illustrating the seat of war" (1862).

Forty daguerreotypes and ambrotypes, two prints, and two wooden boxes have been transferred to the Graphics Division.

Related Materials

The Salmon P. Chase papers, located at the Library of Congress, contain correspondence from Norton S. Townshend.

The Salmon P. Chase collection, located at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania Archives, contains correspondence from Norton S. Townshend.

The George Washburn papers, at the Western Reserve Historical Society, contain correspondence from Norton S. Townshend.

The W.G. Markham papers at Cornell University contain correspondence from Norton S. Townshend.

The Rutherford B. Hayes and Hayes family papers at the Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center contain two letters from Norton S. Townshend and six letters that mention him.

Townshend’s Civil War Medical Inspector File is at the National Archives in Washington, D.C.

Ohio State University Archives has a "biographical file" on Norton S. Townshend, and a letter from Robert Browning to Margaret Bailey Townshend, concerning the naming of the Browning Dramatic Society at the Ohio State University.

Oberlin College Archives has the minutes of the Oberlin College Board of Trustees; Townshend was a trustee 1845-1857.

The John H. Klippart papers at the Ohio Historical Society contain correspondence from Norton S. Townshend.

Wilbur H. Siebert papers at the Ohio Historical Society contain notes from an interview with Townshend concerning his role in the Underground Railroad.

The Lakewood Historical Society owns several Norton S. Townshend letters, including one to his parents concerning politics in 1848.

Iowa State University Archives has a file on Norton S. Townshend, including several biographical articles, a description of his teaching style, and a course catalog that shows what classes he taught 1869-1870.

Lorain County Historical Society, Elyria, Ohio.

Colorado State University has some textiles from the Townshend family in its Historic Costume and Textiles Collection, including a nightshirt and smock made by Rebecca (Norton) Townshend and worn by Joel and young Norton, respectively. They also have a embroidered bag owned by Norton Townshend’s daughter, Harriet.

Missouri Historical Society has a number of Easterly daguerreotypes related to these Townshend papers.. Easterly’s daguerreotypes are also held at the Newberry Library and the Smithsonian Institution.

The Center for the History of Physics at the American Institute of Physics has the Homer L. Dodge papers.

The William L. Clements Library has the James G. Birney papers, which may contain references to Norton Strange Townshend and the Liberty Party in Ohio.


Adams, George Worthington. Doctors in Blue. Henry Schuman: New York, 1952.

Blue, Frederick J.Salmon P. Chase: A Life in Politics . Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1987.

Brown, Jeffrey P. and Andrew R.L. Cayton [eds.].The Pursuit of Public Power: Political Culture in Ohio: 1787-1861 . Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1994.

Fletcher, Robert Samuel.A History of Oberlin College, from its foundation through the Civil War (2 v.) . Oberlin: Oberlin College, 1943.

Kilgo, Dolores A.Likeness and Landscape: Thomas M. Easterly and the Art of the Daguerreotype . St. Louis: Missouri Historical Society Press, 1994.

History of Lorain County, Ohio ,with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent Men and Pioneers . Philadelphia: Williams Brothers, 1879.

McCormick, Robert.Norton Strange Townshend: Antislavery Politician and Agricultural Educator . Self-published, 1988.

Marcus, Alan I.Agricultural Science and the Quest for Legitimacy . Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press, 1985.

Mendenhall, Thomas C. and James E. Pollard.History of the Ohio State University . Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1920.

Middleton, Steven. The Black Laws: Race and the Legal Process in Early Ohio. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2005.

Scheumaker, Helen.Love entwined: The curious history of hairwork in America . Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007.

Siebert, Wilbur Henry. The Mysteries of Ohio’s Underground Railroads. Columbus, Ohio: Long’s College Book Company, 1951.

Index of Correspondents:

Ames Jr., Azel .
  • 1870: December 8 and 22
  • 1880: February 26
  • 1905: January 11 and 23
Bailey, Gamaliel.
  • 1855: March 30
Bliss, Philemon .
  • 1885: April 12
Boynton, Mary (Townshend)
  • 1865: April 4 and 17
  • 1866: October 5
  • 1895: July 22
  • 1896: June 8
  • 1911: July 26
  • 1912: February 5 and 18, March 7 and 31,
  • Undated (Box 6, Folder 26)
Chase, Salmon P.
  • 1848: January 20
  • 1849: January 23 and 26
  • 1850: February 24, July 15, August 10
  • 1851: May 24, June 16, October 22, November 5
  • 1852: February 24, June 16
  • 1853: May 7, June 8, August 5 and 21, September 9 (two letters), October 31
  • 1854: February 10, February 12, March 18, August 6 and 14, October 30
  • 1855: January 6, February 13
  • 1861: February 1, March 26, July 31, October 26
  • 1862: January 20
  • 1863: January 17, March 27
Coon, John V.
  • 1849: February 2
Cotton, Jerome.
  • 1852: January 15
Dodge, Margaret Wing .
  • 1909: June 29, July 9, 14, 26 and 31, August 5 and 13
  • 1917: June 26, July 3, August 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 17, 18, 20 (two letters), 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, and 30
  • 1920: November 18
  • 1923: February 21, August 17, November 28
  • 1924: July 9
  • 1925: November 4, 20, 23
  • 1927: August 29, December 5
  • 1931: September 25
  • 1933: July 17
  • 1934: June 27, July 23, November 18, December 13, December 30
  • 1935: April 23, April 24, June 14, August 14 and 24, September 7 and 22
  • 1936: June 28
  • 1937: January 22
  • 1938: August 9 and 28, December 23
  • 1940: May 15, November 20, December 9 and 12
  • 1941: February 1, 9, and 24
  • 1942: February 7, May 3 and 20, June 28
  • 1943: February 15
  • 1944: October 15
  • 1956: September 1
  • 1962: August 21
  • 1963: May 17
  • 1964: March 22, August 11 and 13
  • 1965: December 31, 1965
  • 1966: November 16
  • 1967: March 25, April 5, June 22 and 28, August 20, September 4
  • 1968: April 10, May 23,
  • 1969: July 12, August 4
  • 1970: February 5
  • 1971: December 22
  • 1973: May 2, August 13
  • 1975: June 29
  • 1978: February 14, December 22
Easterly, Miriam (Bailey) .
  • 1858: October 17
  • Undated (Box 6, Folder 20),
Fairchild, James.
  • 1877: February 17
  • 1897: February 13
Gangener, A.M.
  • 1861: March 8
Greenwood, Grace.
  • 1889: July 4
  • 1890: January 23
  • 1895: July 17
  • Undated (Box 6, Folder 26)
Griffing, Charles S.S.
  • 1852: January 5
  • 1875: June 21
  • 1878: June 22
Hayes, Rutherford B.
  • 1870: September 20
  • 1888: April 16
Hines, Homer H.
  • 1877: June 6
Hubbard, William B.
  • 1862: November 12
Hutchins, John.
  • 1849: February 3
Klippart, John.
  • 1860: May 24
  • 1863: November 27
  • 1864: December 28
  • 1868: March 20
Langston, John Mercer .
  • 1861: February 19.
Livermore, Abiel A.
  • 1878: December 1
Medill, William .
  • 1851: July 8
Meeker, Claude.
  • 1924: August 1
Mendenhall, Thomas .
  • 1919: January 13
Milliken, John M.
  • 1863: March 4
  • 1884: January 19
Norton, Elizabeth.
  • 1833: February 22
  • 1841: April 1
Norton, John.
  • 1844: June 27
Norton, Thomas.
  • 1832: March 20
Orton, Edward.
  • 1871: January 8
Schneider, Elizabeth .
  • 1913: September 29, December 13
  • 1914: February 27, March 12, April 16, September 26, December 17
  • 1915: February 2, April 5
  • 1916: May 23
  • 1928: May 19, November 21
  • 1929: October 5 and 21,
  • 1930: March 27, November 6
  • 1932: August 17
  • 1934: August 8
  • 1942: August 29
  • 1943: July 8, November 30
  • 1946: April 9
  • 1951: September 6
  • 1953: September 26
  • 1954: June 4, October 1, December 21
  • 1955: July 7
  • 1956: March 31, December [?]
  • 1957: April 10, September 13
  • 1959: January 27
  • 1960: April 4, November 19
  • 1961: April 3
  • 1965: February 18, July 4
  • 1969: November 24
Strange, Mary .
  • 1839: March 23
Sullivant, James .
  • 1872: March 17
  • 1873: January 6
  • 1886: August 8, September 13
Townshend Wing, Alice .
  • 1895: July 26
  • 1917: October 18
  • 1919: November 19
  • 1923: September 7
  • 1925: November 2 and 18
Townshend, Arthur .
  • 1865: April 17
Townshend, Harriet Norton .
  • 1907: June 28
  • 1924: September 23
  • 1944: September 20
  • 1946: February 7, December 16
  • 1947: July 22, July 30
Townshend, Harriet (Wood)
  • 1841: August 11
  • 1852: April 16, 26, and 28, May 11, 20, and 26, July 2, 4, and 21, August 15 and 24, September 27, October 5 and 22, November 16
  • 1853: April 4, 9, 17, and 28, May 23
  • 1854: January 1
  • Undated (Box 6, Folder 19),
  • Undated (Box 6, Folder 20)
Townshend, James H.
  • 1864: November 21, December 2, 10, and 23
  • 1865: January 6 and 13, February 16, May [?]
  • 1882: June 2, 17, and 22
  • 1887: June 8, July 11 and 20
  • Undated (Box 6, Folder 19)
Townshend, Joel.
  • 1827: July 19
  • 1840: August 4
  • Undated (Box 6, Folder 18 [two letters]),
Townshend, Margaret (Bailey)
  • 1852: December 25
  • 1854: Undated (Box 1, Folder 28)
  • 1863: November 19
  • 1864: January 19 and 25, July 1,
  • 1865: January 15, 19, and 23, February 9, 17, and 19, April 16 and 27
  • 1867: February 1
  • 1868: April 13
  • 1881: November 11
  • 1895: November 5
  • 1903: October 25
  • 1907: February 12
Boynton, Mary (Townshend) .
  • 1865: April 4, 17
  • 1866: October 5
  • 1895: July 22
  • 1896: June 8
  • 1911: July 26
  • 1912: February 5 and 18, March 7 and 31
  • Undated (Box 6, Folder 26),
Townshend, Norton .
  • 1839: October 28
  • 1840: March 4, April 16, May 25, July 14
  • 1841: January 1, February 2, April 7
  • 1849: February 19, March 20
  • 1850: May 9, July 3, December 31
  • 1852: [Unclear month] 17 (Box 1, Folder 18), January 15 and 19, May 25 and 27, July 2, 12, and 20, August 2
  • 1854: February 24
  • 1862: May [illegible date], December 22
  • 1863: May 9, October 24
  • 1864: May 24, July 8, 16, and 17, August 15, 20, 22, 26, 29, and 31, September 4, 6, 8, 12, 14, 15, 19, 24, 26, 29, October 7 and 18, November 12, 18, 19, 20, 26, 28, December 1, 7, 8, 11, 14, 15, 22, 25, 29, 30
  • 1865: January 13, 15, 19, 28, February 13, 16, 18, 22, 28, March 1, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 20, 28, 30, April 1, 3, 7, 8, 23, 28, May 4, 6, 9, 28, 30, June 2, 6, 7, 11, 15, 18, 28, 30, July 3, 9, 15, 18, 20, 23, 28, 31, August 7, 8, September 5, 7, 15, 16, 20 [two letters], 26, 27, 28 [two letters], 29 [two letters], October 1 [two letters], October 11 (two letters), 15, 18, 20 [two letters], 22, 27 [two letters], 31, November 1, 3, 5, 6, 9
  • 1866: January 16 and 25, February 7, 15, and 20, March 9, 11, and 16, May 29, June 6 and 9, October 18
  • 1867: January 15, June 15
  • 1870: January 19, November 30
  • 1874: March 4 and 12
  • 1875: January 4, 16, and 20
  • 1876: July 14
  • 1877: January 30, February 22, March 6, September 22, October 15, December 17
  • 1878: February 4
  • 1879: February 10 and 11
  • 1880: February 17, May 12 and 25, June 30, July 3
  • 1881: April 21, May 17, July 8 and 26, August 11, September 30, October 1 and 3, November 21, December 6 and 8 [two letters]
  • 1882: February 6 and 7, March 22, 23, and 25, April 15 and 20, May 22, June 2, 3, and 9 [2 letters], July 16, 29, and 31, August 10 [two letters]August 12, August 14, September 12, October 2, 12, and 17, November 1, 8, 11 [two letters], and 15, December 1
  • 1883: January 1, 8 [two letters], 22, and 31, February 8, 10, 16, and 20, March 26 [three letters], April 6, 7, 12, 14, and 23, May 6, 16, and 18
  • 1884: April 4, June 17
  • 1885: April 29, July 4, November 19
  • 1886: April 8, October 12, November 6 [2 letters]
  • 1887: August 10, November 24
  • 1888: February 15, April 22, June 16
  • 1889: May 8, October 14
  • 1892: March 9 and 16, May 7
  • 1893: March 5
  • Undated (Box 6, Folder 19),
  • Undated (Box 6, Folder 20),
  • Undated (Box 6, Folder 21),
  • Undated (Box 6, Folder 22),
  • Undated (Box 6, Folder 23),
  • Undated (Box 6, Folder 24),
  • Undated (Box 6, Folder 25),
Thorne, Charles.
  • 1877: November 17
  • 1884: November 10
  • 1886: December 23
Treat, Joseph.
  • 1849: February 2
Washington, Booker T.
  • 1903: April 17
Wood, James.
  • 1833: May 22 and 29
  • 1834: March 6
  • 1841: July 7
  • 1867: April 7
Welch, A.S.
  • 1870: January 17
  • 1873: December 12
Wing, Charles M.
  • 1926: April 27, November 23
Wing, Lucius Bliss .
  • 1877: December 31
  • 1886: March 15, April 6
  • 1889: November 25
  • 1892: July 25
Cohen, Ray .
  • 1912: January 19
  • 1913: January 14 and 20, February 1, 13, and 23, April 8, 15, and 23, May 1 and 6, June 18, August 22, November 23
  • 1914: March 20, April 17, May 21, October 14, November 2 and 28
  • 1915: January 4, April 15 and 24
  • 1916: June 29
  • 1917: January 11, February 13, March 16, August 10 and 21, December 21
  • 1919: April 15, August 25
  • 1920: November 20
  • 1921: January 8 and 28, [?] November
  • 1922: December 20
  • Undated (Box 10, folder 2)
Dodge, Fletcher.
  • 1901: June 23, August 5
  • 1902: March 16, April 1
  • 1903: April 19, July 21, October 18 1904: February 23, October 3
  • 1905: October 11 and 30, November 12
  • 1906: January 13 [two letters], February 3, 4, 19, and 24, March 7, May 13, 14, 24, June 10, 15, 18, 22, July 2, 5, 15, 22, and 28, August 6, 19, and 24, September 2, 3, 9, and 23, October 4 and 9, November 11, 25, December 5, 9, 11, 23, and 30
  • 1907: February 10, February 17 [two letters], March 3, 10, 12, and 31, April 7, 14, and 21, June 30, July 8, 14, and 24, August 4, 18, and 25, September 1, 8, 15, and 26, October 8, 20, and 27, November 3 and 24, December 3, 9, 15, 24, and 29
  • 1908: January 20, February 2, March 11, 27, and 29, April 5 and 25, May 5 and 17, June 4 and 6, July 13, August 29, September 14 and 20, October 6, 14, and 27, November 3, 23, and 30, December 6
  • 1909: January 4, 11, and 25, February 7, 9, 12, 16, and 27, March 7 and 28, April 2, July 15, August 1, September 19 and 25, November 14, December 12 and 28
  • 1910: January 3, February 12, March 6 and 10, April 4, May 27 and 30, June 2, September 17, October 8 and 29, November 6
  • 1911: April 5 and 15, May 17, June 28, August 31
  • 1912: March 6, May 4
  • 1913: January 3 and 14 [two letters], August 6, December 26
  • 1914: February 18, March 15, September 30, October 3
  • 1915: June 26, July 29
  • 1916: June 3
  • 1919: January 23 and 31, February 15, November 22
  • 1920: February 25, March 11, April 23, May 7, 8, and 25, June 11 and 29, September 25, October 15
  • 1922: July 14, October 31, November 21, December 20
  • 1923: April 23
  • 1927: December 12
  • 1929: May 21, July 2
  • 1933: June 6 [two letters]
  • 1944: May 19, September 19, October 11, October [?]
  • 1945: February 19
  • 1946: January 2
  • 1955: April 17
  • Undated [Box 10, folder 1 (7 letters)],
  • Undated [Box 10, folder 2],
  • Undated [Box 10, folder 3 (5 letters)],
  • Undated [Box 10, folder 4 (3 letters)],
  • Undated [Box 10, folder 5],
  • Undated [Box 10, folder 6]
Dodge, Levi R.
  • 1871: November 5
Dodge, Homer.
  • 1914: September 25, December 22
  • 1934: May 15 and 17
  • 1935: January 15
  • 1937: January 18, 22 [two letters], 25 [two letters], 26 [two letters], February 1 [3 letters], 2, 12 [two letters], 13, 19, and 20, March 2, 3, 5, and 18, June 5 and 7, September 16
  • 1938: June 18
  • 1941: November 8
  • 1944: September 22, October 26, November 10, December 20
  • 1945: January 23 and 24, August 20, November 9
  • 1946: August 26
  • Undated [Box 10, folder 1]
  • Undated [Box 10, folder 3]
Dodge, Isabella Donaghue.
  • 1879: June 15, November 23
  • 1880: September 1, October 24, December 5 and 7
  • 1881: October 30
  • 1882: May 16 and 27, October 17 and 20
  • 1906: October 16
  • 1908: May 1
  • 1915: January 1
  • 1925: April 6
  • 1926: March 24
  • 1928: February 14, June 4, July 11
  • 1929: May 21
  • 1930: November 30
  • 1932: February 8
  • 1934: June 20
  • 1935: February 7, March 7 and 19, October [?], October 21
  • 1936: December 14
  • Undated [Box 10, folders 4 and 5 (7 letters)]
Dodge, Lois.
  • 1870: December 4
  • 1871: February 16, April 2, June 1
  • 1882: June 15
Dodge, Luther A.
  • 1881: September 24, October 30, November 26, December 13
Dodge, Orange W.
  • 1879: April 2
  • 1880: October 3
  • 1881: February 21 and 27, March 10, 16, 20, 24, and 27, April 6, 12, 21, and 26
  • 1882: January 15, 21, and 29, February 14 and 26, March 4, 12, 16, 23, and 29, April 2, April 9, 12, 19, 22, 26, 30, and 33 [sic], May 7, 14, 25, and 31, October 17 and 28
  • 1883: March 2
  • 1885: May 3 and 4, October 4 and 6
  • 1886: June 27
  • 1892: January 1, March 24, October 29
  • 1894: February 24
  • 1905: October 5 and 27, November 15
  • 1906: July 29 and 31
  • 1913: January 14
  • 1914: July 8
  • Undated [Box 10, folder 2]
Dodge, Thomas .
  • 1843: November 25
  • 1844: January 26, October 13
  • 1845: March 15
  • 1846: May 16, July 28
  • 1847: June 25, November 11
  • 1848: June 20, August 30
  • 1849: May 15, October 15
  • 1850: February 20, April 5
  • 1852: June 29
  • 1853: January 3, November 8
  • 1855: January 15
  • 1857: February 7
  • 1859: October 20