Richard Clough Anderson papers (1821-1822)

Collection processed and finding aid created by Meg Hixon, November 2011
Manuscripts Division, William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan

Summary Information

Title: Richard Clough Anderson papers
Creator: Anderson, Richard C. (Richard Clough), 1750-1826
Inclusive dates: 1821-1822
Extent: 10 items
The Richard Clough Anderson papers contain 10 letters from several veterans regarding land in central Ohio and northern Kentucky, granted to them by military warrants.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site:

Access and Use

Acquisition Information

1993. M-2955.2.

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.


Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information

Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.

Preferred Citation

Richard Clough Anderson Papers, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


The collection is arranged chronologically.


Richard Clough Anderson was born on January 12, 1750 at Goldmine, Hanover County, Virgina, to Robert Anderson, the son of a Scottish immigrant, and Elizabeth Clough. Richard was educated at home and at the age of 16 entered into an apprenticeship with Patrick Coots, a local merchant. He served with the Hanover Minutemen and the 5th Virginia Regiment during the Revolutionary War, and participated in the early reconnaissance efforts near Trenton on Christmas Day, 1776; in June 1783, he was a charter member of the Society of the Cincinnati. Toward the end of the war, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel, and after the war he was appointed surveyor general for western lands distributed to Virginia veterans. He moved to Middletown, near Louisville, Kentucky, and became the first master of the Lexington Masonic Lodge. He died on October 15, 1826. Anderson married twice: Elizabeth Clark (m. November 24, 1787) and, following her death in 1795, Sarah Marshall (m. September 17, 1797). His son, Richard C. Anderson, Jr., became a member of the United States House of Representatives from Kentucky.

Collection Scope and Content Note

The Richard Clough Anderson papers contain 10 letters from several veterans regarding land in southwestern Ohio, granted to them by military warrants. The correspondents, writing from a variety of locations in southwestern Ohio, requested Anderson to assist in registering their claims, delineated by military warrants issued by the United States government after their Revolutionary War service. The claims contain specific descriptions of the new property boundaries, often pegged to local geographic features, and one contains a manuscript map of the relevant plots (July 25, 1821). The collection reflects the procedural elements of western settlement in the early 1820s.

Subject Terms

  • Government property.
  • Northwest, Old--History--1775-1865.
  • Real property--Kentucky.
  • Real property--Ohio.
  • Veterans--Government policy--United States--History--19th century.
Genre Terms:
  • Letters (correspondence)

Contents List (Request Materials)

Request materials for use in the Clements Library
Container / Location Title
Box   12, Small Collections Folder   20
Richard Clough Anderson papers,  June 20, 1821-May 21, 1822 [series]

Additional Descriptive Data

Related Materials

The Josiah Harmar papers contain a letter written by Richard Clough Anderson to Josiah Harmar, August 18, 1790.

The Croghan family papers contain the following map:

Anderson, Richard C. [Connection 700 Acres On Eagle Creek: July 1804]. 1804.

The Book Division has the following volume: Anderson, Edward L. Soldier And Pioneer: a Biographical Sketch of Lt.-Col. Richard C. Anderson of the Continental Army. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1879.


"Anderson, Richard Clough." Kentucky Encyclopedia. John E. Kleber, Ed. University Press of Kentucky, 1992, p. 21.

Hill, Edwin C. The Historical Register: A Biographical Record of the Men of Our Time Who Have Contributed to the Making of America. New York: 1919.