William Tell Claude editorials (1846-1849)

Collection processed and finding aid created by Rob S. Cox, July 1996
Manuscripts Division, William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan

Summary Information

Title: William Tell Claude editorials
Creator: Claude, William Tell
Inclusive dates: 1846-1849
Extent: 216 pages
The William Tell Claude manuscript contains all of Claude's editorial columns written between December, 1846 and June, 1849, probably for the Maryland Republican.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu

Access and Use

Acquisition Information

1985. M-2195.

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.


Copyright status is unknown.

Preferred Citation

William Tell Claude Editorials, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


During the 1840s, William Tell Claude wrote a semi-weekly column for a Whig newspaper in Annapolis, Md., probably the Maryland Republican, commenting on local, state, and national affairs. A fiery writer and editor, Claude adopted the quintessentially Whiggish love of internal improvement and public support of private enterprise, and expressed a progressive outlook on a number of contemporary issues, including the abolition of capital punishment and opposition to the "war of conquest" raging in Mexico. Not surprisingly, given that he worked in Maryland, Claude fell silent on the issue of slavery.

During the election of 1848, Claude labored ceaselessly in support of Whig candidates, praising their principles, accomplishments, and experience, and he was unrelenting in his gloating approval of the party's successful presidential candidate, Zachary Taylor. At the same time that he waved the Whig banner, Claude never shrank from attacking the opposition, waving his editorial dagger freely in the direction of the rival Democratic Standard.

Collection Scope and Content Note

The William Tell Claude manuscript contains all of Claude's editorial columns written between December, 1846 and June, 1849, probably for the Maryland Republican. As a deeply committed and tireless publicist, Claude launched a series of front door and back door attacks on the Democratic opposition, criticizing the Democratic war in Mexico and smearing the names of Democratic candidates for office.

The origins of the manuscript are unclear, but it appears to have been compiled at a later date, possibly simply to be retained for convenient reference, possibly for separate publication. Only one work of Claude's appears to found its way into print as a separate work, however, his war-time Address to the people of Anne Arundel County (1861).

Subject Terms

  • Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848.
  • Annapolis (Md.)--Description and travel.
  • Anne Arundel County (Md.)--Description and travel.
  • Astor Place Riot, New York, N.Y., 1849.
  • Benton, Thomas Hart, 1782-1858.
  • Butler, William Orlando, 1791-1880.
  • Canals.
  • Capital punishment.
  • Cass, Lewis, 1782-1866.
  • Chapman, John G., 1798-1856.
  • Chesapeake and Ohio Canal (Md. and Washington, D.C.)
  • Clay, Henry, 1777-1852.
  • Constitutional law.
  • Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889.
  • Debt, Imprisonment for.
  • Debts, Public.
  • Democratic Party.
  • Democratic Party (Md.)
  • Fillmore, Millard, 1800-1874.
  • Fourth of July celebrations.
  • Free trade.
  • Kane, John K., 1795-1858.
  • Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865.
  • Maryland Historical Society.
  • Maryland--Politics and government--1775-1865.
  • Mexican War, 1846-1848.
  • Mexico--Foreign relations--United States.
  • Newspapers--Maryland--Annapolis.
  • Oregon question.
  • Political corruption.
  • Polk, James K. (James Knox), 1795-1849.
  • Pratt, Thomas George, 1804-1869.
  • Presidents--United States--Election--1844.
  • Presidents--United States--Election--1848.
  • Protectionism.
  • Public libraries.
  • Public works.
  • Railroads.
  • Scott, Winfield, 1786-1866.
  • Sellman, John S.
  • Spain--Colonies--America.
  • Tariff.
  • Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850.
  • Texas--Annexation to the United States.
  • Thomas, Phillip Francis, 1810-1890.
  • United States--Foreign relations--Mexico.
  • United States--History--War of 1812.
  • Washington, George, 1732-1799.
  • Whig Party (U.S.)
  • Whig Party (Md.)
  • Wise, Henry A., 1806-1876.
Genre Terms:
  • Editorials.

Contents List (Request Materials)

Request materials for use in the Clements Library
Container / Location Title
Volume   1  
William Tell Claude editorials,  1846 December 6-1849 June 23 [series]
Page   1  
Maryland's disastrous involvement in public improvements prior to  1846
Page   2  
Democrats falsely blame Whigs for Maryland's debt; Whigs rescue Maryland
Page   3  
Effectiveness of Whig state government vs. ineffectiveness of Democratic national government
Page   4  
Annual message of Governor Thomas George Pratt (1804-1869), particularly regarding a. the Mexican War
Page   5  
b. destructive competition between canal and railroad
Page   6  
c. completion of Chesapeake and Ohio Canal; d. Governor's salary;
e. Court of Chancery
Page   7  
Governor's message and Mexican War; President James K. Polk's (1795-1849) views on annexation of Texas
Page   8  
Mexican opposition to American designs in Texas
Page   9  
United States should negotiate settlements to Texas and Oregon disputes
Page   10  
Abolition of capital punishment
Page   11  
Benefits of abolition of capital punishment
Page   12  
Capital punishment; response to Annapolis Democratic Herald editorial on import duties
Page   13  
Attacks Annapolis Democratic Herald plan for moderate duty on tea and coffee; Locofocos (Democrats)
Page   14  
Protectionism; Democrats feign interest in "the poor man"
Page   15  
Attacks the lies of Democratic Herald editor
Page   16  
Support for resolutions of Maryland legislature honoring volunteers
Page   17  
Warns local Whigs against political apathy
Page   18  
Whigs must work hard on small projects as well as great
Page   19  
All men must work for good of the community rather than personal gain
Page   20  
Raising sufficient revenue to meet state expenses in coming year
Page   21  
Long-term effects of state revenue policy
Page   22  
Need for thorough examination by state legislature of all public works projects
Page   23  
State revenue-raising projects
Page   24  
State revenue-raising projects
Page   25  
Debate over Governor's salary
Page   26  
Governor's salary
Page   27  
Democrats caused the cut-back in Governor's salary out of political spite for Governor Pratt
Page   28  
Eliminating the state debt
Page   29  
Plan for paying state debt
Page   30  
Plan for paying state debt
Page   31  
Condemns Democratic Herald attack on Gen. Zachary Taylor (1784-1850)
Page   32  
Defends letter of Taylor which elicited Democratic attack
Page   33  
Democratic Herald plan for controlling war expenses; Thomas Hart Benton (1782-1858)
Page   34  
Condemns transfer of historic material from State Library to Maryland Historical Society
Page   35  
Condemns transfer of material from State Library
Page   36  
Condemns transfer of material from State Library
Page   37  
Whig-sponsored resolutions in state legislature regarding the Mexican War and Taylor
Page   38  
Defense of Taylor
Page   39  
Attack on Democratic conduct of the war
Page   40  
Attack on Polk's position on Texas annexation
Page   41  
Sarcastic reply to Democrats' cries of treason in Maryland legislature
Page   42  
Salary of the Chancellor of Maryland
Page   43  
Warning against cutting government expenses too far
Page   44  
Resolutions in Maryland legislature opposing acquisition of territory in Mexican War
Page   45  
Value of territory gained from Mexico (quote fromDemocratic Herald )
Page   46  
Spain's experience in Mexico
Page   47  
History of dispute between Mexico and United States over Texas
Page   48  
American might oppresses Mexico
Page   49  
United States action against Mexico violates international and moral law; freedom of speech
Page   50  
Democratic attempts to compare Mexican War and War of  1812
Page   51  
Historic right and duty to disagree with government when it is wrong
Page   52  
Biennial sessions conflict with triennial gubernatorial election
Page   53  
Biennial state legislative sessions--difficulties of the proposal
Page   54  
Flaw in legislative plan for biennial sessions
Page   55  
Biennial sessions and gubernatorial elections
Page   56  
Imprisonment for debt
Page   57  
Hardship for poor caused by imprisonment for debt
Page   58  
"Fraudulent" debtors deserve imprisonment
Page   59  
Argument against debtor imprisonment
Page   60  
Efforts of Democrats to effectively remove Taylor from command in Mexico; Gen. Winfield Scott (1786-1866)
Page   61  
Winfield Scott
Page   62  
Attacks political intrigue behind efforts to undermine Taylor
Page   63  
End of session of the Maryland legislature
Page   64  
Importance of selecting next Governor
Page   65  
Whig record should convince voters to elect a Whig Governor in next election
Page   66  
Recalls Democratic Herald attacks on Taylor and mentions Taylor as presidential candidate
Page   67  
Disparages Democratic criticism of Taylor
Page   68  
Selecting a new Governor
Page   69  
Whig political record in Maryland
Page   70  
Economic reasons for Democrats' enthusiasm for war with Mexico
Page   71  
American success and heroism in the Mexican War
Page   72  
Compares American invasion of Mexico to Napoleon's invasion of Russia
Page   73  
Urges equitable peace settlement with Mexico; proof of Taylor's Whig loyalties lies in the vituperation against Taylor by Democrats
Page   74  
Defense of Taylor
Page   75  
Mob of unruly pleasure-cruisers interrupt peaceful celebration in Annapolis of Fourth of July
Page   76  
Account of Fourth of July disturbance which erupted in gunfire
Page   77  
Fourth of July disturbance
Page   78  
Fourth of July disturbance; names of five wounded Annapolis men
Page   79  
Defense of Taylor and of Whig interest in him as a presidential candidate
Page   80  
Defense of Taylor and Whigs
Page   81  
Defense of Taylor and Whigs
Page   82  
Political record of Democratic gubernatorial candidate Phillip Francis Thomas (1810-1890)
Page   83  
Democratic national convention of  1844
Page   84  
Polk's nomination in  1844 reveals the poor principles of Democrats
Page   85  
Importance of the coming state election
Page   86  
Worthiness of Whig candidates
Page   87  
Support or opposition to Taylor an issue in state election
Page   88  
Praise for Whig gubernatorial candidate William Goldsborough
Page   89  
Political record of Democratic gubernatorial candidate Thomas
Page   90  
Attacks Thomas's "representation graduated by taxation" plan
Page   91  
Exhortation to all Whigs to vote in the state election
Page   92  
Comments on state election
Page   93  
Whig/Democrat divisions
Page   94  
Local Whig/Democrat divisions
Page   95  
Immorality of the "War of Conquest" with Mexico
Page   96  
Immorality of the Mexican War; Polk's annual message and the Mexican War
Page   97  
Controversy over Polk's claim in his message that Mexico began the war
Page   98  
Cause of the Mexican war
Page   99  
Anecdote of the drunken debtor; blame for Mexican War rests with Polk
Page   100  
New session of the state General Assembly
Page   101  
Recounting of Whig accomplishments in previous Assembly session
Page   102  
Whig accomplishments in State Assembly
Page   103  
Importance of coming presidential election with regard to resolving Mexican War
Page   104  
Democratic policy in prosecuting the Mexican War
Page   105  
Inaugural Address of Governor Thomas
Page   106  
Democrats block early selection of Senator for  1849
Page   107  
"Constitutional outrages" perpetrated by the Democrats
Page   108  
Democratic actions help to bring decline in the Republic
Page   109  
Proceedings of the Maryland House and Senate regarding aborted selection of Senator
Page   110  
Proceedings of Maryland House and Senate regarding aborted selection of Senator
Page   111  
Proceedings regarding selection of Senator
Page   112  
Reply of Democratic Senator John S. Sellman to previous editorial
Page   113  
Previous obstruction of justice by Sen. Sellman
Page   114  
Previous obstructions of justice by Sellman
Page   115  
Previous obstructions of justice by Sellman
Page   116  
Sellman's own defense; paraphrase of Lincoln's "House Divided" speech
Page   117  
Whigs must united to remove the Polk administration in coming election
Page   118  
Support for Henry Clay (1777-1852) over the years
Page   119  
Taylor should be Whig candidate in such contentious times; Taylor compared to George Washington
Page   120  
Efforts by the Polk administration to prolong war with Mexico
Page   121  
Belligerent and bellicose attitude of Polk
Page   122  
Eulogy of John Quincy Adams (1767-1848)
Page   123  
Eulogy of Adams
Page   124  
Hopes for less political strife when state legislature reconvenes in two years
Page   125  
Hopes for less political strife in legislature
Page   126  
Praise for Clay following rumors he would withdraw his name from consideration for the Whig nomination as President
Page   127  
Praise for Clay's withdrawal
Page   128  
Differences of opinion among Whigs
Page   129  
Praise for Taylor and his modesty; quote from Washington's Inaugural Address
Page   130  
Praise for Taylor's modesty
Page   131  
Whig nominating caucus for local election
Page   132  
Second nominating caucus consisting of disaffected Whigs and Democrats
Page   133  
Influence of the United States' example in the decline of European monarchy
Page   134  
Taylor declares that he is a Whig
Page   135  
Constitutional encroachments
Page   136  
Democratic objections to the Whig nomination of Taylor
Page   137  
Democratic objections to Taylor's nomination
Page   138  
Democratic objections to Taylor's nomination
Page   139  
Whigs must unite behind nominee of national convention
Page   140  
Democratic nominations for President and Vice President: Lewis Cass (1782-1866) and William O. Butler (1791-1880)
Page   141  
Democratic attempts to ruin Gen. Winfield Scott
Page   142  
Democratic attempts to ruin Scott
Page   143  
Democratic attempts to ruin Scott; Whig nominations for President and Vice President: Taylor and Millard Fillmore (1800-1874)
Page   144  
Whig nominations for President and Vice President
Page   145  
Whig nominations for President and Vice President
Page   146  
Democratic attempts to block a vote of thanks for Taylor in U.S. Congress (1847)
Page   147  
Attempts to block vote of thanks for Taylor
Page   148  
Ingratitude and political attack unleashed by Polk administration on Taylor
Page   149  
Ingratitude received by Taylor
Page   150  
Letter from Polk to John K. Kane (1795-1858),  1844 June 19, regarding tariffs
Page   151  
Letter from Polk to Kane
Page   152  
Polk's record on the Tariff
Page   153  
Democrats can no longer stem popular will for protective tariff; measures of the Polk administration
Page   154  
Measures of the Polk administration
Page   155  
Measures of the Polk administration
Page   156  
Measures of the Polk administration; Whig nomination for Senate of Maryland: Charles R. Stewart
Page   157  
Charles R. Stewart
Page   158  
Whig republican doctrine; praise for Taylor
Page   159  
Praise for Taylor--presidential veto power
Page   161  
Subversion of republican doctrines by Polk and the Democrats
Page   162  
Subversion of republican doctrines by Democrats
Page   163  
Quote from Henry A. Wise (1806-1876) regarding the corruption practiced by Lewis Cass while Secretary of War
Page   164  
Graft of Secretary of War Cass
Page   165  
Graft of Secretary of War Cass
Page   166  
Whig majority in Maryland must carry state for Whigs
Page   167  
Character and history of Taylor
Page   168  
Character and history of Taylor; character and history of Cass
Page   169  
Character and history of Cass; pre-election exhortation to Whigs
Page   170  
Pre-election exhortation to Whigs
Page   171  
Pre-election exhortation to Whigs; upcoming presidential election
Page   172  
Political character of Cass
Page   173  
Political character of Cass regarding treatment of volunteer soldiers
Page   174  
Cass' treatment of soldiers compared to that of Taylor
Page   175  
Cites Senator Jefferson Davis (1808-1889) regarding Taylor's treatment of American volunteers in Mexico
Page   176  
Final pre-election exhortation to support Taylor and the Whigs
Page   177  
Final pre-election exhortation
Page   178  
Taylor and his treatment by Congress
Page   179  
Character of Taylor
Page   180  
Celebration of Whig victory in Election of  1848
Page   181  
Celebration of Whig victory
Page   182  
Castigation of the Democratic Party
Page   183  
Explanation of Whig victory
Page   184  
Taylor and his increasing fame and support
Page   185  
The future under a Whig administration
Page   186  
Annapolis's celebration of a day of thanksgiving declared by the Governor of Maryland
Page   187  
Closeness of the election within North and South--not a sectional vote
Page   188  
Slavery and free soil issues belong in Congressional, not Presidential, elections; plan for a public library suggested by John G. Chapman (1798-1856)
Page   189  
Plan for a public library
Page   190  
Apathy among Annapolis's citizenry
Page   191  
Tax to liquidate school debt
Page   192  
Tax to liquidate school debt
Page   193  
Apathy among citizenry and officials regarding government of Annapolis
Page   194  
Need for a tax to liquidate city debt
Page   195  
Plan to let state of Maryland assume city debt of Annapolis
Page   196  
Plan regarding Annapolis's debt
Page   197  
Plan regarding Annapolis's debt
Page   198  
Need for Whigs and Democrats to put aside political differences for good of nation
Page   199  
Taylor must remove many Democrats from government in order to begin his work; account of Taylor's Inauguration
Page   200  
Account of Taylor's Inauguration; Taylor's non-partisan stand subverted by Democrats in Anne Arundel County
Page   201  
Local Democrats subvert Taylor's non-partisan stand
Page   202  
Local Democrats subvert Taylor's non-partisan stand
Page   203  
Plea for unity among local Whigs in city election
Page   204  
Plea for Whig unity; city election hinged on removal of hogs from city limits
Page   205  
Apathy of Annapolis voters; death of Jeremiah Little Hughes, former editor of the Maryland Republican
Page   206  
Death of Hughes
Page   207  
Necessity of removing Democrats from government posts
Page   208  
Taylor is without doubt a Whig and therefore justified in removing Democrats
Page   209  
Macready-Forrest Riot in New York,  1849
Page   210  
Macready-Forrest Riot
Page   211  
Macready-Forrest Riot; support for rubbish removal in hopes of avoiding cholera onslaught
Page   212  
Maryland's public debt and resources to overcome the debt
Page   213  
Maryland's public debt and resources to overcome the debt
Pages   214-6  
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