Letters, Documents, & Other Manuscripts, Duane Norman Diedrich collection (1595-2007, bulk 1719-1945)

Duane Norman Diedrich Collection
Collection processed and finding aid created by Cheney J. Schopieray
Manuscripts Division, William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan

Summary Information

Title: Letters, Documents, & Other Manuscripts, Duane Norman Diedrich collection
Creator: Diedrich, D. N. (Duane Norman), 1935-2018
Inclusive dates: 1595-2007
Bulk dates: 1719-1945
Extent: 3.5 linear feet
Abstract:
The Letters, Documents, and Other Manuscripts of the Duane Norman Diedrich Collection is a selection of individual items compiled by manuscript collector Duane Norman Diedrich (1935-2018) and the William L. Clements Library. The content of these materials reflect the life and interests of D. N. Diedrich, most prominently subjects pertinent to intellectual, artistic, and social history, education, speech and elocution, the securing of speakers for events, advice from elders to younger persons, and many others.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu

Access and Use

Acquisition Information

1970-2017. M-1523, M-1727, M-1812, M-1829, M-1858, M-1864, M-1884, M-1893, M-1898, M-1900, -1902, M-1907, M-1923, M-1924, M-1949, M-1950, M-1957, M-1958, M-1968, M-1990, M-2013, M-2014, M-2015, M-2017, M-2019, M-2026, M-2034, M-2055, M-2057, M-2060, M-2074, M-2078, M-2111, M-2118, M-2122, M-2125, M-2144, M-2161, M-2171, M-2175, M-2209, M-2215, M-2226, M-2240, M-2257, M-2258, M-2259, M-2291, M-2308, M-2311, M-2321, M-2371, M-2373, M-2384, M-2389, M-2396, M-2400, M-2443, M-2443a, M-2443b, M-2443l, M-2443m, M-2443o, M-2489, M-2490.3, M-2491, M-2503, M-2508, M-2514, M-2520e, M-2520h, M-2538, M-2637, M-2662, M-2662a28, M-2673, M-2682, M-2688, M-2710, M-2710c, M-2710d, M-2710e, M-2710h, M-2710i, M-2710k, M-2710l, M-2712.1, M-2714.3, M-2714.12, M-2714.13, M-2714.20, M-2715.1, M-2724.3, M-2725.1, M-2725.2, M-2725.3, M-2725.4, M-2729.1, M-2731.3, M-2737.5, M-2787.3, M-2793, M-2797, M-2807.1, M-2812, M-2812.1, M-2812.3, M-2839, M-2843.2, M-2859, M-2862, M-2862.1, M-2876.1, M-2876.2, M-2880, M-2891.17, M-2892.3, M-2898, M-2898.2, M-2898.3, M-2907, M-2939.4, M-2947.38, M-2975.13, M-2975.6, M-2980.2, M-2980.4, M-2984.6, M-2995.1, M-2999.4, M-3001.5, M-3001.6, M-3006.3, M-3006.4, M-3006.6, M-3006.13, M-3006.18, M-3006.28, M-3011.1, -3011.3, M-3013.4, M-3016.3, M-3017.1, M-3030.3, M-3046.1, M-3046.2, M-3082.3, M-3093, M-3119.1, M-3120.3, M-3120.7, M-3125, M-3132.2, M-3145.3, M-3159.4, M-3160.2, M-3163, M-3176.3, M-3193.1, M-3193.2, M-3198.6, M-3208.7, M-3219.2, M-3223.6, M-3227.2, M-3228.5, M-3240, M-3279, M-3287, M-3290, M-3298.2, M-3299.1, M-3299.2, M-3299.3, M-3301.3, M-3301.7, M-3312.2, M-3312.3, M-3322.1, M-3327.2, M-3334, M-3342, M-3360, M-3377.1, M-3377.3, M-3377.4, M-3404, M-3443.1, M-3445.3, M-3449.5, M-3449.6, M-3458.5, M-3458.6, M-3460, M-3460.7, M-3476.2, M-3476.4, M-3490, M-3495, M-4009.16, M-4009.2, M-4028, M-4032.1, M-4032.4, M-4052, M-4069, M-4078, M-4106.7, M-4115.2, M-4116.21, M-4121, M-4167, M-4170.1, M-4171.7, M-4173.1, M-4173.3, M-4173.4, M-4173.5, M-4179.2, M-4179.3, M-4191.1, M-4191.3, M-4191.6, M-4263, M-4272.5, M-4293.2, M-4304.5, M-4306.2, M-4306.6, M-4318.2, M-4334, M-4335.1, M-4335.2, M-4336.3, M-4337.2, M-4338.12, M-4338.14, M-4338.16, M-4338.17, M-4338.18, M-4338.19, M-4338.20, M-4338.21, M-4338.24, M-4338.25, M-4338.26, M-4338.27, M-4338.28, M-4338.29, M-4338.3, M-4338.6, M-4341.1, M-4345.1, M-4348.4, M-4348.7, M-4349.1, M-4356.10, M-4356.11, M-4356.13, M-4356.2, M-4356.4, M-4356.5, M-4356.6, M-4356.7, M-4358.3, M-4370, M-4389, M-4397.1, M-4399.3, M-4400.1, M-4400.9, M-4408.5, M-4409.16, M-4439.10, M-4454.1, M-4454.2, M-4454.3, M-4454.4, M-4454.6, M-4454.7, M-4454.8, M-4456, M-4458.1, M-4507.37, M-4507.39, M-4531.1, M-4531.15, M-4531.2, M-4531.3, M-4531.4, M-4531.5, M-4531.8, M-4547.12, M-4547.13, M-4547.15, M-4547.16, M-4547.18, M-4547.2, M-4547.24, M-4547.25, M-4547.4, M-4547.7, M-4547.8, M-4547.9, M-4559.2, M-4566.1 , M-4566.2, M-4566.3, M-4566.4, M-4566.5, M-4566.6, M-4566.7, M-4566.9, M-4583.2, M-4600.1, M-4600.10, M-4600.11, M-4600.22, M-4600.23, M-4600.24, M-4600.25, M-4600.26, M-4600.27, M-4600.28, M-4600.31, M-4600.32, M-4600.35, M-4600.4, M-4600.42, M-4600.43, M-4600.44, M-4600.45, M-4600.46, M-4600.47, M-4600.48, M-4600.49, M-4600.50, M-4600.51, M-4600.7, M-4600.8, M-4622.1, M-4622.100, M-4622.101, M-4622.12, M-4622.13, M-4622.14, M-4622.15, M-4622.16, M-4622.17, M-4622.18, M-4622.19, M-4622.2 , M-4622.20, M-4622.23, M-4622.25, M-4622.26, M-4622.27, M-4622.28, M-4622.34, M-4622.36, M-4622.37, M-4622.38, M-4622.39, M-4622.40, M-4622.41, M-4622.42, M-4622.44, M-4622.46, M-4622.47, M-4622.48, M-4622.5, M-4622.50, M-4622.51, M-4622.52, M-4622.54, M-4622.55, M-4622.57, M-4622.58, M-4622.59, M-4622.62, M-4622.63, M-4622.65, M-4622.66, M-4622.70, M-4622.73, M-4622.76, M-4622.78, M-4622.79, M-4622.8, M-4622.85, M-4622.85, M-4622.86, M-4622.87, M-4622.88, M-4622.89, M-4622.9, M-4622.90, M-4622.91, M-4622.92, M-4622.94, M-4622.96, M-4622.96, M-4622.97, M-4622.98, M-4622.99, M-4623.2, M-4623.3, M-4630, M-4632.1, M-4632.10, M-4632.12, M-4632.2, M-4632.3, M-4632.5, M-4632.6, M-4632.7, M-4632.9, M-4633, M-4634.2, M-4634.3, M-4635.1, M-4635.10, M-4635.11, M-4635.4, M-4635.5, M-4635.6, M-4636.1, M-4636.2, M-4636.4, M-4636.6, M-4636.7, M-4636.8, M-4639.2, M-4639.3, M-4639.4, M-4642.2, M-4642.6, M-4642.7, M-4643.6, M-4652.4, M-4654.2, M-4657, M-4658.2, M-4658.3, M-4663, M-4668.1, M-4671.1, M-4672.1, M-4676.1, M-4676.4, M-4678.2, M-4678.4, M-4681.3, M-4685.3, M-4698.2, M-4698.3, M-4741, M-4751.1, M-4751.2, M-4751.3, M-4751.4, M-4752.3, M-4752.5, M-4765.1, M-4767.1, M-4767.2, M-4767.3, M-4767.4, M-4782.1, M-4782.2, M-4782.4, M-4801, M-4833.4, M-4869.2, M-4871.9, M-4872.1, M-4872.2, M-4985.2, M-4985.3, M-5009.3, M-5009.4, M-5009.5, M-5015.1, M-5015.2, M-5015.3, M-5015.4, M-5035.2, M-5048.1, M-5048.2, M-5050, M-5088.3, M-6039, M-6040.31, M-7012.3.

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Copyright

Copyright status is unknown

Preferred Citation

Letters, Documents, & Other Manuscripts, Duane Norman Diedrich Collection, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan

Arrangement

The collection is arranged chronologically.

Biography

Duane Norman Diedrich was born on January 3, 1935, to parents E. L. "Bud" and Blandina Diedrich, in Bloomington, Illinois. His father had a lengthy career as manager and superintendent for the S. S. Kresge Corporation (later the Kmart Corporation) and his mother worked as a German translator and secretary for State Farm Insurance. The family lived in multiple places in the Midwest, including Kalamazoo, Michigan (where D. N. Diedrich graduated from high school), and Peru, Anderson, and Muncie, Indiana.

"D. N. Diedrich graduated from the University of Michigan (A.B., 1956; M.A., 1957; Ph.D., 1961), and taught at U-M before leaving to pursue a career in academic teaching and administration elsewhere in the Midwest. Drawing upon an interest in history instilled in him by his parents and inspired by a personal letter from General Douglas MacArthur in 1952, Dr. Diedrich began to collect original manuscript letters, documents, speeches, musical manuscripts, and other primary sources pertinent to American history. His first purchase was an original signature of Theodore Roosevelt on a heavy-stock White House card." (Cheney J. Schopieray, One Hundred Selections from the Duane Norman Diedrich Collection of Manuscript Americana, 17th-20th Century. Ann Arbor, Mich.: William L. Clements Library, 2018: vii-viii).

"As a Professor of Speech, Dr. Diedrich incorporated historical manuscripts into his pedagogy. He brought authenticity and authority to his classroom instruction by showing students original speech drafts, podium notes, and varying printed versions of speeches. These materials added relevance, introduced and emphasized concepts, provided illustrations of speechwriting processes, and improved student engagement." (Schopieray, One Hundred ...: xii).

"Dr. Diedrich joined the Clements Library Associates during his graduate student days, in 1958, and served on the organization's Board of Governors beginning in 1975. On July 8, 1977, he made an agreement with the William L. Clements Library to build a collection of showpieces and research-rich manuscripts, by giving and adding items to his collection, and contributing funding and expertise. The collection was to include "original, authentic, and historical holograph manuscripts in the categories of religion, education, government, literature, art, music, business, science, and philanthropy." Working collaboratively with the Library, the Diedrich collection would complement existing holdings, add nuance to certain research areas, and help expand the Manuscripts Division's focus, especially to intellectual, artistic, and social history." (Schopieray, One Hundred ...: viii).

Duane Norman Diedrich died at his home in Muncie, Indiana, on October 25, 2018, and is interred with his parents in Elm Ridge Mausoleum, Muncie.

Collection Scope and Content Note

The Letters, Documents, and Other Manuscripts of the Duane Norman Diedrich Collection is a selection of individual items compiled by manuscript collector Duane Norman Diedrich (1935-2018) and the William L. Clements Library. The content of these materials reflect the life and interests of D. N. Diedrich, most prominently subjects pertinent to intellectual, artistic, and social history, education, speech and elocution, the securing of speakers for events, advice from elders to younger persons, and many others.

For an item-level description of the collection, with information about each manuscript, please see the box and folder listing below.

Subject Terms

Subjects:
  • Apprentices.
  • Autographs--Collectors and collecting.
  • Banks and banking.
  • Charities.
  • Christianity.
  • Church buildings.
  • Composition (Language arts)
  • Congregationalists.
  • Counseling.
  • Debt.
  • Education.
  • Education, Higher.
  • Elections.
  • Elocution.
  • Ethics.
  • Etiquette.
  • Fallen Timbers, Battle of, Ohio, 1794.
  • Guardianship.
  • Harvard University.
  • Holidays.
  • Indians of North America.
  • King Philip's War, 1675-1676.
  • Labor.
  • Libraries.
  • Music.
  • Oratory.
  • Parent and child.
  • Philippines--History--Philippine American War, 1899-1902.
  • Political parties.
  • Poverty.
  • Presidents--United States--Elections.
  • Printers--United States.
  • Quakers.
  • Schools.
  • School buildings.
  • Special events--Planning.
  • Speech.
  • Spiritualists.
  • Students.
  • Teachers.
  • Teachers--Salaries, etc.
  • Theater.
  • Transportation.
  • Tuition.
  • United States. Army.
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
  • United States--History--Revolution, 1776-1783.
  • United States--History--War of 1812.
  • United States. Marine Corps.
  • United States--Travel and description.
  • Washington, George, 1732-1799.
  • Women.
  • World War, 1914-1918.
  • World War, 1939-1945.
Contributors:
  • Abbott, Jacob, 1803-1879.
  • Abington (Mass.)
  • Abt, Franz, 1819-1885.
  • Adams, Charles Francis, 1807-1886.
  • Affleck, Thomas.
  • Aitken, Robert, 1735-1802.
  • Akst, Harry, 1894-1963.
  • Alden, Timothy, 1771-1839.
  • Alexander, Archibald, 1772-1851.
  • Alexander, James, 1691-1756.
  • Allen, Edward A. H. (Edward Augustus Holyoke), 1828-1898.
  • Allen, William H. (William Henry), 1808-1882.
  • American Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge.
  • Andrews, John, 1764-1845.
  • Angel, William Gardner, 1790-1858.
  • Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906.
  • Arthur, T. S. (Timothy Shay), 1809-1885.
  • Ash, Patrick L.
  • Bacheldor, John Marvin, 1826-.
  • Banchen, Charles.
  • Bancroft, George, 1800-1891.
  • Bangs, Elijah Keeler, 1780-1856.
  • Baring-Gould, S. (Sabine), 1834-1924.
  • Barkley, Alben William, 1877-1956.
  • Barnes, Albert, 1798-1870.
  • Barnes, H. P.
  • Barry, Edward.
  • Barstow, C. H. (Charles H.), -1908.
  • Bartlett, John, 1820-1905.
  • Barton, W. K.
  • Beall, F.
  • Beardsley, Levi, 1785-1857.
  • Beasley, Frederic, 1777-1845.
  • Beaumont, Victor.
  • Beecher, Henry Ward, 1813-1887.
  • Beers, Nathan, 1753-1849.
  • Belknap, Jeremiah.
  • Belknap, Jeremy, 1744-1798.
  • Belknap, Samuel.
  • Benjamin, Park, 1809-1864.
  • Benton, Thomas Hart, 1782-1858.
  • Berlin, Irving, 1888-1989.
  • Berrien, John MacPherson, 1781-1856.
  • Beveridge, Albert J. (Albert Jeremiah), 1862-1927.
  • Beverly, J. Parker.
  • Biddle, John, 1789-1859.
  • Biles, Captain.
  • Bingham, Amelia, 1869-1927.
  • Bird, Henry D.
  • Bishop, Henry R., (Henry Rowley), 1786-1855.
  • Blackburn, George, 1765-1823.
  • Blaine, James Gillespie, 1830-1893.
  • Blair, Francis Preston, 1791-1876.
  • Bolmar, A. (Anthony), 1797-1861.
  • Boudinot, Elias, 1740-1821.
  • Boutwell, George S. (George Sewall), 1818-1905.
  • Brackenridge, H. M. (Henry Marie), 1786-1871.
  • Bradford, Alden, 1765-1843.
  • Bradley, Joseph H. (Joseph Habersham), 1802-1887.
  • Bradley, Tom P.
  • Bray, Thomas, 1658-1730.
  • Breed, George.
  • Brewer, Fred M.
  • Bridgman, Laura Dewey, 1829-1889.
  • Brooks, Phillips, 1835-1893.
  • Brougham, John, 1810-1880.
  • Brown, Matthew, 1776-1853.
  • Browne, William B.
  • Brundage, George C.
  • Bucher, George J.
  • Bunnell, Charles P.
  • Burnside, Ambrose Everett, 1824-1881.
  • Burr, Jonathan Kelsey, 1825-1882.
  • Burritt, Elihu, 1810-1879.
  • Butler, David, 1763-1842.
  • Byrnes, Daniel, 1773-1851.
  • Byrns, William, ca. 1839-1875.
  • Cabot, George, 1752-1823.
  • Cady, Mary W.
  • Caldecott, Randolph, 1846-1886.
  • Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850.
  • Calhoun, William B. (William Barron), 1795-1865.
  • Campbell, Charles, 1807-1876.
  • Campbell, John Archibald, 1811-1889.
  • Campbell, Thomas F.
  • Carlisle, James M. (James Mandeville), 1814-1877.
  • Carmichael, M.
  • Carnegie, Dale, 1888-1955.
  • Carpenter, Karen, 1950-1983.
  • Carpenter, Richard, 1946-.
  • Carroll, Lewis, 1832-1898.
  • Carter, Galen.
  • Carver, Edwin J.
  • Catlin, George, 1796-1872.
  • Catlin, Putman.
  • Chambers, Robert, 1802-1871.
  • Channing, W. H. (William Henry), 1810-1884.
  • Charles II, King of England, 1630-1685.
  • Chase, Stephen.
  • Chiffelle, Thomas P.
  • Christina, Queen of Sweden, 1626-1689.
  • Chrysler, Walter P. (Walter Percy), 1875-1940.
  • Clark, Joseph, 1751-1813.
  • Clarke, Charles G., Jr.
  • Clarke, M. St. Clair (Matthew St. Clair)
  • Cleaveland, J. M.
  • Clemens, Samuel Langhorne, 1835-1910.
  • Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908.
  • Clymer, George, 1739-1813.
  • Coffin, Robert Barry, 1826-1886.
  • Coggshall, Mary.
  • Coleman, Dan.
  • Colman, Benjamin, 1673-1747.
  • Cook, Robert.
  • Coolidge, Calvin, 1872-1933.
  • Cooper, Edward, -1889.
  • Cooper, James Fenimore, 1789-1851.
  • Cooper, Peter, 1791-1883.
  • Cormick, Joseph G.
  • Coughenour, Henry.
  • Counts, Elijah.
  • Couper, J. Hamilton (James Hamilton), 1794-1866.
  • Cowles, William H.
  • Coxe, Richard S. (Richard Smith), 1792-1865.
  • Coxe, Tench, 1755-1824.
  • Craik, William, 1761-1814.
  • Crawford, David.
  • Critchley, William.
  • Cronkrite, J. B.
  • Crozer, John.
  • Cullen, Clarence Louis, -1922.
  • Cumming, Hooper, 1788-1825.
  • Cummins, R. K.
  • Curry, A. B.
  • Curtis, Benjamin Robbins, 1809-1874.
  • Cushing, Caleb, 1800-1879.
  • Cutting, John Browne, 1755?-1831.
  • Cutts, Richard, 1771-1845.
  • Cuyler, Theodore L. (Theodore Ledyard), 1822-1909.
  • Dana, Richard Henry, 1815-1882.
  • Dana, Richard Henry, Jr., 1815-1882.
  • Danforth, Royal W.
  • Davidson, John, 1738?-1794.
  • Davidson, Samuel.
  • Davis, David, 1815-1886.
  • Davis, John, 1787-1854.
  • Day, Jeremiah, 1773-1867.
  • Dearborn, Henry, 1751-1829.
  • Delaplaine, Joseph, 1777-1824.
  • Dempster, William R. (William Richardson), 1809-1871.
  • Deneale, George, 1766-1818.
  • Denny, William H. (William Henry), 1796-.
  • Dent, G.
  • Depew, Chauncey M. (Chauncey Mitchell), 1834-1928.
  • Derkheim, David.
  • Dessolles, Jean-Joseph Paul Augustin.
  • Dewey, John, 1859-1952.
  • Dey, Thomas.
  • Dickens, Catherine, 1815-1879.
  • Dickens, Charles, 1812-1870.
  • Dickson, H. A.
  • Disney, Walt, 1901-1966.
  • Dixon, Nathan Fellows, 1774-1842.
  • Dixon, Thomas, 1864-1946.
  • Donn, Thomas C.
  • Donnelly, Ignatius, 1831-1901.
  • Douglass, H. Ford.
  • Dow, Neal, 1804-1897.
  • Dreiser, Theodore, 1871-1945.
  • Dulany, Daniel, 1722-1797.
  • Dummer, Jeremiah, 1681-1739.
  • Duncan, John M. (John Morison), 1795?-1825.
  • Dunham, Daniel.
  • Duyckinck, Evert A. (Evert Augustus), 1816-1878.
  • Dwight, Theodore W. (Theodore William), 1822-1892.
  • Eaton, Samuel, 1737-1822.
  • Eddy, Samuel, 1769-1839.
  • Edwards, John.
  • Edwards, Jonathan, 1703-1758.
  • Egerton, Mathew.
  • Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969.
  • Eisenhower, Earl D. (Earl Dewey), 1898-1968.
  • Eliot, Charles William, 1834-1926.
  • Eliot, Samuel.
  • Elliot, C. A.
  • Elliot, Jonathan, 1784-1846.
  • Ely, Ezra Stiles, 1786-1861.
  • Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 1803-1882.
  • Ennis, Jesse.
  • Erskine, John, 1721-1803.
  • Evans, Evan.
  • Everett, Edward, 1794-1865.
  • Everett, Moses, 1750-1813.
  • Farmin, Uriel.
  • Fenner, Arthur, 1745-1805.
  • Ferre, Jonathan E.
  • Ferris, David, 1707-1779.
  • Fessenden, Benjamin, 1701-1746.
  • Fessenden, William Pitt, 1806-1869.
  • Fiero, Caroline.
  • Finney, Charles G., 1792-1875.
  • Fish, Hamilton, 1808-1893.
  • Flanagan, Virginia.
  • Ford, John.
  • Foster, John C.
  • Fowle, William B., 1795-1865.
  • Fowler, John W.
  • Fowler, O. S. (Orson Squire), 1809-1887.
  • Fredericksburg Academy (Fredericksburg, Va.)
  • French, Daniel Chester, 1850-1931.
  • Frost, Elizabeth.
  • Furness, William Henry, 1802-1896.
  • Gales, Joseph Jr., 1786-1860.
  • Gallatin, Albert, 1761-1849.
  • Gallaudet, Edward Miner, 1837-1917.
  • Gaston, William, 1788-1844.
  • Gates, J.
  • Gayley, Charles Mills, 1858-1932.
  • Geming, A. W.
  • Gerry, Elbridge, 1744-1814.
  • Gibbs, George.
  • Gideon, Jacob, 1779-1864.
  • Gilman, Arthur, 1837-1909.
  • Gilpin, Henry D. (Henry Dilworth), 1801-1860.
  • Githens, Willliam Henry Harrison, 1840-1923.
  • Goddard, J. H.
  • Gontz, J. D.
  • Goodale, Hannah, 1787-.
  • Gore, Christopher, 1758-1827.
  • Gough, John B. (John Bartholomew), 1817-1886.
  • Graves, Charles.
  • Grayson, Clifford Prevost, 1857-1951.
  • Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872.
  • Greenleaf, Benjamin, 1732-1799.
  • Griffith, Henry Wharton.
  • Grote, Elisha.
  • Guiffrida, Francis.
  • Guilford, William.
  • Guthrie, James, 1792-1869.
  • Hackley, Charles William, 1809-1861.
  • Haley, S. G.
  • Hall, John L.
  • Hallsted, John B.
  • Hamilton, Alexander, 1786-1875.
  • Hamilton, James, Jr., 1786-1857.
  • Handy, W. C. (William Christopher), 1873-1958.
  • Haney, John.
  • Harrington, George.
  • Harrison, Benjamin, 1833-1901.
  • Haskins, Charles Homer, 1870-1937.
  • Hawley, Gideon, 1785-1870.
  • Hawley, Joseph R. (Joseph Roswell), 1826-1905.
  • Hawthorne, Julian, 1846-1934.
  • Hayden, Charles, 1764-.
  • Heath, Joseph.
  • Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823.
  • Hedge, Frederic Henry, 1805-1890.
  • Hendricks, Thomas A. (Thomas Andrews), 1819-1885.
  • Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878.
  • Henshaw, Charles.
  • Herrick, Cheesman Abiah, 1866-1956.
  • Higgins, Lizzie.
  • Higginson, Edward, d. 1922.
  • Hildeburn, Charles Swift Riché, 1855-1901.
  • Hill, Charles.
  • Hill, Thomas, 1818-1891.
  • Hoar, George Frisbie, 1826-1904.
  • Hodge, Andrew.
  • Hoffman, Josef, 1876-1957.
  • Holbrook, Joseph C.
  • Holland, J. G. (Josiah Gilbert), 1819-1881.
  • Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 1809-1894.
  • Homer, Winslow, 1836-1910.
  • Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964.
  • Hopkinson, Joseph, 1770-1842.
  • Horsford, Eben Norton, 1818-1893.
  • Hosack, David, 1769-1835.
  • Houston, David Franklin, 1866-1940.
  • Hovey, Edmund Otis, 1801-1877.
  • Hughes, Thomas, 1822-1896.
  • Huntington, Daniel, 1816-1906.
  • Huntington, John.
  • Hyrne, Edward.
  • Idler, Jacob.
  • Ingersoll, Ernest, 1852-1946.
  • Ingersoll, Robert Green, 1833-1899.
  • Ireland, William. H., Jr.
  • Irving, Wag D. K.
  • Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845.
  • Jackson, Joseph.
  • Jacobs, M. (Michael), 1808-1871.
  • Jay, John, 1817-1894.
  • Johnson, Abigail.
  • Johnson, Francis, 1792-1844.
  • Jolson, Al, 1886-1950.
  • Jones, C. S.
  • Jones, J.
  • Judson, A.
  • Kalmar, Bert, 1884-1947.
  • Keith, Agnes.
  • Keith, Thomas.
  • Kemble, Fanny, 1809-1893.
  • Kemp, A. L.
  • Kemp, John, 1763-1812.
  • Kennan, George, 1845-1924.
  • Kennedy, John F., Jr., 1960-1999.
  • Kern, Jerome, 1855-1945.
  • Keyser, Adolphus.
  • Kilpatrick, Judson, 1836-1881.
  • Kingsland, A.
  • Kingsland, D.
  • Kinney, Benjamin Harris, 1821-1888.
  • Knox, Henry, 1750-1806.
  • Krummer, John G.
  • Kryzanosky, Wenzel.
  • L. L. Todd & Company.
  • Lamb, Caroline, Lady, 1785-1828.
  • Lancaster, Joseph, 1778-1838.
  • Landon, Melville D. (Melville DeLancey), 1839-1910.
  • Lanman, Charles, 1819-1895.
  • Launy, Charity.
  • Laurence, Abraham R.
  • Lee, Edmund Jennings, 1797-1877.
  • Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870.
  • Lindsey, John, 1821-1887.
  • Link, H.
  • Linnell, Nathan Seabury.
  • Little, Marion N.
  • Little, Josiah, 1747-1830.
  • Little, Moses, 1724-1798.
  • Lloyd, James Hendrie, 1853-.
  • Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924.
  • Long, Robert, approximately 1602-1673.
  • Loring, S. D.
  • Lowell, James Russell, 1819-1891.
  • Lukens, Cyrus.
  • Lyell, Charles, Sir, 1797-1875.
  • Lykins, Johnston, 1800?-1876.
  • Lyon, Mary, 1797-1849.
  • Maclaurin, Richard C. (Richard Cockburn), 1870-1920.
  • Mallbone, Thomas.
  • Malone, John.
  • Mason, William, 1829-1908.
  • Mather, John P. C. (John Perkins Cushing), 1816-1891.
  • Maurois, André, 1885-1967.
  • Mayo, Charles H. (Charles Horace), 1865-1939.
  • Mayo, William James, 1861-1939.
  • McCalla, John Moore, 1793-1873.
  • McCarthy, Eugene, 1916-2005.
  • McClan, Robert, Jr.
  • McCoy, Isaac, 1784-1846.
  • McDowell, Samuel.
  • McGuffey, William Holmes, 1800-1873.
  • McLain, William, 1806-1873.
  • M'Dowell, George, 1766 or 1767-1841.
  • Metcalfe, Thomas, 1780-1855.
  • Milledge, J.
  • Miller, Ferdinand von, 1813-1887.
  • Miller, Samuel, 1769-1850.
  • Milman, Henry Hart, 1791-1868.
  • Minor, Seth.
  • Moffit, Samuel.
  • Montgomery, James, 1771-1854.
  • Moodey, Samuel, 1676-1747.
  • Moody, Dwight Lyman, 1837-1899.
  • Moore, Thomas, 1779-1852.
  • Morris, Richard.
  • Morris, Robert, 1734-1806.
  • Morris, Staats Long, 1728-1800.
  • Morse, Jedediah, 1761-1826.
  • Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872.
  • Morton, J. Sterling (Julius Sterling), 1832-1902.
  • Morton, Nathaniel, 1613-1685.
  • Motley, John Lothrop, 1814-1877.
  • Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880.
  • Murray, Catherine E.
  • Nast, Thomas, 1840-1902.
  • Nekervis, William.
  • Newburyport (Mass.). Selectmen.
  • Newhall, D. Wendell.
  • Newman, Jesse.
  • Nisbet, Charles, 1736-1804.
  • North, William, 1755-1836.
  • Nott, Eliphalet, 1773-1866.
  • Noyes, Joseph.
  • Obama, Barack.
  • Oden, Benjamin.
  • Ogden, John Cosens, 1751-1800.
  • O'Neal, Manuel M.
  • Orcutt, Samuel.
  • Ord, George, 1781-1866.
  • Otis, Harrison Gray, 1765-1848.
  • Otto, William T., 1816-1905.
  • Ould, Robert.
  • Owen, Robert, 1771-1858.
  • Owens, Mary.
  • Owens, Thomas.
  • Packard, Abel.
  • Palmer, Erastus Dow, 1817-1904.
  • Park, Edwards Amasa, 1808-1900.
  • Park, Laura Hall, 1828-1875.
  • Parker, Francis Edward, 1821-1886.
  • Parker, Theodore, 1810-1860.
  • Parsons, Chase Prescott, 1832-1879.
  • Parsons, Josiah.
  • Patten, Richard.
  • Peabody, George Foster, 1852-1938.
  • Peabody, George, 1795-1869.
  • Peabody, Jacob.
  • Peale, Rubens, 1784-1865.
  • Pearson, E. A.
  • Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920.
  • Peck, Jesse T. (Jesse Truesdell), 1811-1883.
  • Pells, C. L.
  • Pepys, Samuel, 1633-1703.
  • Perit, John W.
  • Phelps, Almira Hart Lincoln, 1793-1884.
  • Phelps, Amos A. (Amos Augustus), 1805-1847.
  • Pickering, Timothy, 1745-1829.
  • Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869.
  • Pierrepont, Edwards, 1817-1892.
  • Pitman, Isaac, 1813-1897.
  • Poe, Neilson.
  • Polhaus, J. W.
  • Poore, Benjamin Perley, 1820-1887.
  • Potter, Zilbast.
  • Powell, Levin M., 1800-1885.
  • Prentiss, S. S. (Seargent Smith), 1808-1850.
  • Prescott, F. M.
  • Prescott, William Hickling, 1796-1859.
  • Quevedo, John R .H.
  • Quincy, Josiah, 1772-1864.
  • Ralli, Pandias Theodore, ca. 1809-1882.
  • Rathburn, J. A.
  • Reed, Joseph, 1772-1846.
  • Reinhart, Benjamin Franklin, 1829-1885.
  • Rexford, Eben E. (Eben Eugene), 1848-1916.
  • Rice, John H. (John Holt), 1777-1831.
  • Rice, Thomas Dartmouth, 1808-1860.
  • Richards, William C. (William Carey), 1818-1892.
  • Ricord, Elizabeth Stryker, 1788-1865.
  • Riggs, Lawrason, 1814-1884.
  • Ringgold, Tench.
  • Ripley, Ezra, 1751-1841.
  • Ritzema, Johannes, 1707-1794.
  • Rives, John C. (John Cook), 1795-1864.
  • Roach, Edward N.
  • Robert, Henry M. (Henry Martyn), 1837-1923.
  • Robinson, Amos.
  • Robinson, David F., 1801?-1862.
  • Rockefeller, John D., Jr. (John Davison), 1874-1960.
  • Rogers, Daniel K.
  • Rogers, H. L.
  • Rogers, William A.
  • Rohr, George.
  • Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945.
  • Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919.
  • Root, Jesse, 1737-1822.
  • Rubinstein, Artur, 1887-1982.
  • Ruby, Herman, 1891-1959.
  • Rumford, Benjamin, Graf von, 1753-1814.
  • Rumpeltes, William M.
  • Rush, Richard, 1780-1859.
  • Sackett, William Augustus, 1811-1895.
  • Sage, Russell, 1816-1906.
  • Sawyer, Salmon.
  • Schlatter, Michael, 1716-1790.
  • Schosert, Helen.
  • Schurz, Carl, 1829-1906.
  • Scofield, A.
  • Sears, Josiah.
  • Seaton, William Winston, 1785-1866.
  • Sergeant, John, 1779-1852.
  • Shanklin, James Maynard, 1836-1863.
  • Shaw, William.
  • Shea, Phil.
  • Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891.
  • Shipley, William.
  • Shumway, Horatio.
  • Sidall, Joseph H.
  • Silliman, Benjamin D. (Benjamin Douglas), 1805-1901.
  • Sills, Henry.
  • Small, P. A.
  • Small, S.
  • Smith, B. F.
  • Smith, Harry B. (Harry Bache), 1860-1936.
  • Smith, Henry, 1766-1818.
  • Smith, John, 1781-1854.
  • Smith, Thomas Lacey, 1805-1875.
  • Snell, Thomas, 1774-1862.
  • Speed, James, 1812-1887.
  • Sprague, Samuel.
  • Sprague, William B. (William Buell), 1795-1876.
  • Staebler, Charles A.
  • Stanton, Edwin L. (Edwin Lamson), 1842-1877.
  • Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, 1815-1902.
  • Stanton, Richard.
  • Stearns, William A. (William Augustus), 1805-1876.
  • Stephens, Lemuel.
  • Stewart, George W.
  • Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 1811-1896.
  • Strauss, Johann, 1825-1899.
  • Strickland, William, 1787-1854.
  • Stuart, Alexander H. H. (Alexander Hugh Holmes), 1807-1891.
  • Studer, Jerome.
  • Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874.
  • Sumner, George.
  • Swing, Joseph M. (Joseph May), 1894-1984.
  • Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930.
  • Tallmadge, Benjamin, 1754-1835.
  • Talmage, T. De Witt (Thomas DeWitt), 1832-1902.
  • Taylor, Bayard, 1825-1878.
  • Taylor, Charles.
  • Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850.
  • Tenent, John, Jr.
  • Terry, Geer, 1775-1858.
  • Thacher, Peter, 1677-1739.
  • Thompson, Mary Nexsen.
  • Thompson, Rebecca B.
  • Tibbets, C. E.
  • Titcomb, Henry.
  • Todd, John B. S. (John Blair Smith), 1814-1872.
  • Todd, Samuel.
  • Tordoff, Joseph B.
  • Totten, Catlyna.
  • Town, Ithiel, 1784-1844.
  • Trotter, Newbold Hough, 1827-1898.
  • Trueblood, Thomas C. (Thomas Clarkson), 1856-1951.
  • Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972.
  • Tucker, Ebenezer, 1758-1845.
  • Tyler, John, 1790-1862.
  • Tyler, Royall, 1757-1826.
  • Union College (Schenectady, N.Y.) Trustees.
  • Upham, Timothy, 1807-1843.
  • Urieta, Maria de.
  • Van Dyke, Henry, 1852-1933.
  • Vandergrift, William.
  • Varick, Richard, 1753-1831.
  • Vattemare, Alexandre, 1796-1864.
  • Virginia. General Assembly. House of Burgesses.
  • Wadsworth, James Wolcott, 1877-1952.
  • Walker, Zachariah.
  • Walt Disney Productions.
  • Walter, Bruno, 1876-1962.
  • Wanamaker, John, 1838-1922.
  • Wanzer, George.
  • Warfield, Catherine A. (Catherine Ann), 1816-1877.
  • Waring, M.
  • Warren, William Fairfield, 1833-1929.
  • Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915.
  • Waterbee, Samuel.
  • Watson, James W.
  • Wayland, Francis, 1796-1865.
  • Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852.
  • Webster, Noah, 1758-1843.
  • Weed, Elijah.
  • West, J. J.
  • West, Stephen.
  • Wharton, Arabelle Griffith.
  • Wharton, Emily.
  • Wharton, Thomas I. (Thomas Isaac), 1791-1856.
  • Wharton, Mary.
  • White, Andrew Dickson, 1832-1918.
  • White, William Allen, 1868-1944.
  • Whiton, John M. (John Milton), 1785-1856.
  • Whittier, John Greenleaf, 1807-1892.
  • Wightman, Thomas.
  • Wilkins, John, 1761-1816.
  • Willard, Emma, 1787-1870.
  • Willard, Joseph, 1738-1804.
  • Willcut, David.
  • Williams, Adèle Cutts Douglas, 1835-1899.
  • Williams, Thomas H.
  • Williams, William, 1731-1811.
  • Willig, George, 1764?-1851.
  • Willis, Henry.
  • Willis, Nathaniel Parker, 1806-1867.
  • Wilmot, David, 1814-1868.
  • Wilson, Thomas, 1703-1784.
  • Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924.
  • Winslow, Philinda.
  • Winthrop, John, 1588-1649.
  • Winthrop, Robert C. (Robert Charles), 1809-1894.
  • Wirt, William, 1772-1834.
  • Wood, Joseph, approximately 1778-1830.
  • Woolworth, Aaron, 1763-1821.
  • Woolworth, Frank Winfield, 1852-1919.
  • Wright, Horatio Gouverneur, 1820-1899.
  • Wroughton, Ann.
  • Wroughton, Thomas.
  • Wyman, Morrill, 1812-1903.
  • Yates, Eliza M.
  • Yates, M. T. (Matthew Tyson), 1819-1888.
  • Yeates, Jasper, 1745-1817.
  • Young, E. B.
  • Zane, Isaac, 1743-1795.
  • Zanuck, Darryl Francis, 1902-1979.
Genre Terms:
  • Bills of exchange.
  • Documents (object genre)
  • Certificates.
  • Circulars (fliers)
  • Diaries.
  • Engravings (prints)
  • Letters (correspondence)
  • Lists (document genres)
  • Notebooks.
  • Pamphlets.
  • Photographic postcards.
  • Photographs.
  • Poems.
  • Receipts (financial records)
  • Speeches (documents)
  • Weather diaries

Contents List

Container / Location Title
 
Letters, Documents, and Other Manuscripts, Duane Norman Diedrich Collection,  1595-2007 [series]
Box   1  
  1595 November 6 . Maria de Urieta DS (with attachments) to Juan Perez de Aguirre; San Luis Minas de Potosi, [Mexico] (12 pages)
Loan of money by Juan Perez de Aguirre to Maria de Urieta (free woman of African descent), guaranteed by Juan de Vargas. [In Spanish. No translation.]
 
  1645 June 5 . John Winthrop ADS; [Boston, Massachusetts] (1 page)
"Joan the wife of Jo:Stowe of Hull sworne sayth that she knoweth Purnell the wife of Jo:Bartoll & did come over in the shippe with her, & she sayth that her carriage was vere light, & havinge her Cabin near this attestant, she did once or twice rise in the night from her children & they would crye in her absence; & she was verye familiar with the Boatswain & would oft. sitt drinking tobacco wth him: & this is the worst that this Attestant did see or knowe by her."
 
  1652 August 25 . Christina ADS to Johann Olafsson Kiernin; Stockholm, [Sweden] (1 page)
Official document, with seal [Iin Swedish. No translation].
 
  1667 July 13 . Rob[ert] Long DS; [London, England] (1 page)
Warrant for issuance to Samuel Pepys (1633-1703) of taxes and money for the use of the "Citty port and Garrison of Tanger." [Gift of Enid Gosling in the name of John Gwynne Gosling and John R. G. Gosling.]
 
  1674 July 31 . Charles II, King of England; Samuel Pepys DS; Windsor Castle, [England] (1 page)
Confirmation of a warrant granted by the Duke of York for Thomas Beckford to become slopseller to the Royal Navy. Also signed by Samuel Pepys. Includes a note dated June 26, 1662, pasted on the verso, "D of Y- For ye delivering of all books and papers relating to ye victualing into ye hands of Saml Pepys Esqr." [Gift of Enid Gosling in the name of John Gwynne Gosling and John R. G. Gosling.]
 
  1677 January 28 . Daniel Dunham ADS; Plymouth, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Dunham's last will and testament, bequeathing all property to his wife, Hannah, "to her proper use & dispose for the benefit of her and my two children," Hannah and Mehetabel. Docketed on verso by Nathaniel Morton (1613-1685).
 
  1678/79 March 8 . Nathaniel Morton DS; New Plymouth, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
"Respecting the disbursements and charge of the Late Indian warr." Provides financial details and land agreements between New England colonies following the fighting with Native Americans in King Phillip's War. [Original in Gold Star Collection]
 
  1694 June 4 . Ann and Thomas Wroughton DS to George Hooper; Dorchester County, Maryland (2 pages)
Deed transferring ownership of land on eastern shore of Maryland to Hooper for 3000 pounds of tobacco. Includes Wroughtons' "marks."
 
  1700 September 2 . Edw[ar]d Hyrne ALS to Wife [Elizabeth Massingberd Hyrne?]; Charlestown, [South Carolina] (3 pages)
Personal letter to his wife commenting on the birth of their son and his desire for her to join him in Charlestown. Notes household difficulties without her. Discusses merchant affairs, such as the shipment of goods to Jamaica, purchasing a plantation, and other financial matters. "My Dear I am come into a Country where great improvem[en]t may be made of Money, & if I had yo'r Fortune in my Hands or 1/2 or 1/3 of it, I cou'd make more Advantage of it here (w'th God's Blessing) in a few Years than my Lord chancellor can do w'th putting it out at Interest whilst we live." Acknowledges difficulties of living in the southern colonies. Briefly mentions the sale of wine in South Carolina. Addressed to Burrell Massingberd.
 
  1700 November 13 and 1700 November 19 . Edw[ar]d Hyrne Cy and ALS to Brother; Charlestown, [South Carolina] (3 pages)
Upset by the handling of their affairs in chancery, and the Lord Chancellor's decrees that were prejudicial to his wife's interests. Has been offered a new plantation on the Cooper River within ten miles of Charleston. Describes the plantation in detail. He would purchase it if he believed his wife had enough money. "...you must know that tho a small Plantation may & will maintain a Family very handsomly; so that they shall want for nothing (provided they have Slaves proportionable to manage it w'ch must always be understood) yet it will not raise an Estate in a great many Years, nor then neither, w'thout great Frugality." Notes the profitability of cattle.
 
  1704 July 7 . Elizabeth Frost DS to Thomas Lincoln; Boston, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Grants power of attorney to Lincoln. Signed by Samuel Sewall, Jr., and Jane Green.
 
  [ca. 1705] . [Thomas Bray] AMs.; [London, England] (3 pages)
"A General Plan Of a Penitential Hospital for the Employing and Reforming Lewd Women." Notes that the lack of employment drives women to "that abominable Course of Life." Imprisoning the women "is to expose them to the same Temptations afresh." Warns against sending them to the colonies before reformation, comparing it to sending plague victims "to the unspeakable mischief of the people there, and the scandal of the Christian Religion." Recommends the construction of a house next to a church to supervise, employ, and reform the women, including through prayer and mortification.
 
  1710 May 3 . Jer[emiah] Dummer, Jr. ALS; London, [England] (1 page)
Heartily sorry for affairs in Massachusetts Bay: "Learning & good manners have been travelling westward severall thousand years, & ‘tis a pitty methinks they should Journey on & goe to the westward of New England by our driving away the hopefull young men to the Colony of Connetticut. I don't know any candidates for the ministry that will equall Mr. Adams & Mr Cuttler, when we have lost." Siege of Douai has caught the French by surprise. "We shall in all probability kindle such a fire in France as will burn to the foundations of it." Quarrelling at home over Dr. Henry Sacheverell (1674?-1724): "The Clergy, Women & the Mobb are almost universally on his side... Many People christen their children Sacheverell, beleiving it will engage a blessing upon their posterity, whilst with equall extravagance many people call their Dogs by that name. ‘T is well this Parliament has a year longer to set, for were there to be a new election now, it might make a Civil War." Includes a note on Dummer on the verso, dated April 3, 1841.
 
  1714/15 February 8 . Doc.; [Boston, Massachusetts?] (5 pages)
Memorandums and Inspections on a towns' inhabitants, many of which are women. Written by three different people reporting on inhabitants possibly involved in immoral or criminal conduct or suffering from poverty. Notes women living without their husbands and those suspected of having "fowle disease." Mentions people's housing and its condition. Notes those believed to be idle. Includes a reference to a man and his wife who "keep an Indian Woman" and a woman who "lives alone (save a Negro woman sometimes with her)." Notes a mixed-race man married to a Native American.
 
  1717 May . Samuel Mo[o]dey DS; York, [District of Maine] (2 pages)
Moodey and the Church of Christ at York recommend Margaret Hilton to the Church of Christ at Manchester following her removal there. "We Comit her to ye Watch &c Beseeching you to Receive her in ye Lord, as becometh Saints." Includes notes written by a descendant. "She probably united with the church at York, after being driven from Moscongus 1696 by the Indians." Verso includes a note from J.B. to Moodey, dated Boston, April 24, 1717, requesting prayers.
 
  1719 June 19 . Joseph Heath ALS; DS to Edward Hutchinson; Brunswick, [District of Maine] (3 pages [total])
Provides details of a recent survey of Arrowsic Island, Maine, noting it contains less acreage and meadowlands than expected. Also includes financial accounts between Edward Hutchinson and the "Co. of the 15 Year Scheme" from January 1741 to August 1760, signed by Joshua Winslow.
 
  1719 November 24 . Joseph Jackson Partially printed DS; Boston, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Bill of lading, with printed illustration of a sailing ship. "Shipped by the Grace of God in good Order and well Conditioned, by Jona[than] Belcher." Shipment of "flower" from Boston to Piscataqua. "And so God send the good Ship to her desired Port in safety. Amen."
 
  1722 December 16 . [James Alexander] ADf to John Clark; New York, [New York] (1 page)
Asks Clark, a bookseller, to pay the bearer upon delivery of a "Steel Seal" cut with a coat of arms. Includes a pen and ink illustration of the coat of arms.
 
  1722/23 January 22 . Samuel Sprague ACyS to Josiah Marshall; Rochester, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Certification of Josiah Marshall to teach grammar school, as Samuel Hunt (1681-1730) and Timothy Ruggles (1685-1768) examined his education and character. Selectmen Samuel Sprague and John Briggs note that the town has agreed to hire Marshall "to be our schoolmaster to Teach Chilldren to Read Wright Cipher and Latten."
 
  1725 September 16 . Josiah Sears DS to Joseph Staples; Bridgewater, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Contract apprenticing 8-year-old Mary Sears of Bridgewater to learn to "sew, spin both woolen and Linein" and to learn to read and write under Joseph Staples of Yarmouth. "She shall not commit fornication, nor contract matrimony with in the said term." Witnessed by Nath[anie]l and Abigail Otis.
 
  [1727] July 24 . B[enjamin] Fessenden ALS to Thomas Prince; Sandwich, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Intends to visit Boston. Has heard of Mr. Eldad "going forth." Comments on the establishment of separate meetings and his surprise at Mr. Ruggle's advice about manning pulpits. Notes meetings among the "Dissatisfyed." "We had a full Assembly Yesterday, making Sanwich Allowances for the Season."
 
  1730/31 February 25 . Benjamin Colman and Peter Thacher ALS? to [Nathanael] Eells; Boston, [Massachusetts] (4 pages)
Dispute over the censure of Benjamin Fessenden, pastor of Sandwich, Massachusetts. They believe that suspension of ministers "must be done upon no other Grounds than clear Necessity, unquestionable authority, and Reasons & Proofs proportioned to the weight of the Sentence." Disagree with the council's procedures and feel it violated the Congregational constitution, platform, and principles. Discusses the limited authority of Synods and Councils over individual churches. "... we w[oul]d be very ready to bear our Testimony ag[ain]st ch[urc]hs & Min[ister]s for gross, known & proved faults. But we dare not take suspicions for Proofs, nor break in upon the Dear Liberties of Men, & the peace of Society."
 
  1732 December 29 . Benj[amin] Colman ALS; s.l. (1 page)
Writes regarding an unsettled financial dispute over an estate. "How all ye Income of ye Estate those last years should be spent, is like ye other Mysteries of Iniquity before us."
 
  [after 1734 May 28] . Jacob Peabody ADS; Topsfield, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Two extracts from the Topsfield town book, by Jacob Peabody, town clerk, concerning committees appointed at "a Legall Town Meeting" to hire a schoolmaster. Appointed John Howlet, Eliezer Lake, and George Bixby on 1731/2 March 21. Appointed Eliezer Lake, George Bixby, and John Wildes on 1734 May 28.
 
  1734 September 8 . Charles Taylor ALS to [Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts]; Richmond County, [New York] (1 page)
Requests salary from Society for instructing 44 poor youth for previous half year. "...the most of them I teach to write and Cypher I teach all of them the Church Catechism with the Explanation thereof & to bear a part in the Publick Worship I have taught several of them upon account of the venerable Societies bounty without any other Consideration." Witnessed and signed by "the Minister and the Justices of his Majesties peace."
 
  1735/6 March 8 . Charles Taylor ALS to [Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts]; Richmond County, [New York] (1 page)
Requesting compensation for teaching 28 students. Witnessed and signed by "the Minister and the Justices of his Majesties peace."
 
  1738 February 22 . Henry Willis DS to Jonathan Fouwell; Orange County, [Virginia] (1 page)
Fine levied against Fouwell "for swearing three oaths," to be paid to the church warden.
 
  1738 June 16 . Jer[emia]h Belknap DS to Christopher Kilby; Boston, Massachusetts (2 pages)
Articles of Agreement between Jeremiah Belknap and Christopher Kilby over the rights to a waterway under Brattle Street in Boston. The agreement stipulates that the Belknaps are able to use, amend, and repair the watercourse on Kilby's land - "to bear & pay all the Cost & charge which shall be Expended by digging or breaking up the ground and unstopping amending or repairing the said Draine or Watercourse, and will do as little hurt or Spoil as may be to the sd Kilbys land, and to Exonerate and freely discharge him and keep him harmless from paying any part of the Charge in repairing the said Draine..." The agreement is based on an earlier agreement between Joseph Belknap (Jeremiah's father) and Thomas Wallis, April 10, 1704. Witnessed and signed by John Haslot and Samuel Swift, Jr.
 
  1741 October 7 . David Ferris and William Shipley AM to John Swett [estate]; Wilmington, [Delaware] (2 pages)
Inventory and appraisal of John Swett's estate by Ferris and Shipley. Contains a detailed listing and valuation of his house, furnishings, clothing, horses and tack, and one year of John Williams' time, possibly as an indentured servant. Included in this folder is a legal document from William Shaw to John Swett, New Castle, [Delaware], 1741 November 19.
 
  1741 November 19 . William Shaw Partially printed DS to John Swett [estate]; New Castle, [Delaware] (1 page)
Benjamin Franklin printing of legal document, signed by New Castle Register William Shaw, concerning the Swett estate. Elaborately cut-out and embossed Delaware seal. Included in this folder is an inventory and appraisal of the John Swett estate by David Ferris and William Shipley, Wilmington, [Delaware], 1741 October 7.
 
  1749 April 1 . Thomas Mallbone AMsS; Cambridge, [Massachusetts] (34 pages)
Manuscript copy of laws of Harvard College, "made by the President and Fellows, and consented to by the Overseers of said College. Anno Domini 1734." Admittance of T. Mallbone to Harvard signed by Edward Augustus Holyoke (1728-1829), Henry Flynt (1675-1760), Joseph Mayhew, and Thomas Marsh. Includes one page written in Greek
 
  1750 March 15 . J[ohannes] Ritzema ALS to Benjamin Meynema; New York, [New York] (1 page)
[Written in Dutch. No translation.]
 
  [1750] . J[ona]th[an] Edwards ALS to Rev. [Joseph] Bellamy; Northamp[ton, Massachusetts] (1 pages)
Council will meet in Northampton in May to "look into the state of things and give me advice with respect to my duty in my circumstances; and also to give advice to the people here that have adhered to me what cause they shall take under their very difficult circumstances." Wants Rev. Bellamy to attend. "I shall think it of great Importance that some ministers should be here that give a fair Representation of things relating to Canaan & Stockbridge." Notes several ministers he hopes to call for the council.
 
  1757-1885 . 41 DSs; (44 pages [total])
Tuition receipts. Includes receipts for male and female students from Louis Agassiz (1807-1873), public schools, boarding schools, music lessons, etc.
 
  1759 January 15 . [Thomas] Wilson AN to [Thomas] Broughton; London, [England] ()
"Dr. Wilson desires upon ye Terms of ye Society 150 of ye Indian Instructed to be sent to our Plantations & Islands in America." Possibly referencing Wilson's work The Knowledge and Practice of Christianity Made Easy to the Meanest Capacities: Or, an Essay Towards an Instruction of the Indians.
 
  1759 December . Samuel Eaton AMsS; [Cambridge, Massachusetts] (30 pages)
Manuscript copy of Harvard College's laws, likely penned by Samuel Eaton upon admission. "This Body of Laws for Harvard College was made by the President and Fellows thereof, and consented to by the Overseers of said College Anno 1734." Signed on the last page by Edward Holyoke (1689-1769), Belcher Hancock, Thomas March, William Kneeland, and Joseph Jackson.
 
  1763 May 21 . Amos Robinson ALS to Eliezer Lake; Lebanon, [New Hampshire?] (1 page)
Has had trouble paying his debts due to his struggling trade. "Our people are so universally in Debt yt they but few git Clothes and them yt Do Cant Pay for ye Making Not More than one Quarter of ym Which Makes it Verry Difficult for me." Includes religious sentiments.
 
  1766 February 10 . Michael Schlatter Partially printed DS to Nathan Potts and Priscilla Morgan; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (1 page)
Marriage certificate of Potts and Morgan, signed by German Reformed minister Michael Schlatter, early leader of the Reformed churches in Pennsylvania. A manuscript note, "Marriage Certificate to Mr. Nathan Potts and Miss. Proscilla Morgan. febr. 1766," is also included.
 
  1768 January 22 . J. Jones ALS to John Heywood; Egginton, [England] (1 page)
Did not see Miss Mandor and advises Jones to ignore her failure to write. "...it is the natural variableness and oddity of a Womans Temper to be continually Teazing what she best loves . . . and remember that sometime you may have it in your Power to make an ample return for all her Cruelty, tho' you then most likely will, and ought to forget and forgive it." Believes Mandor loves Heywood. Comments on keeping letters private and printing some verses. "I think they are much more compact and connected than some I have seen of Mr. Drownys Printing."
 
  1769 May 5 . Elias Boudinot ALS to Elizabeth Cumming; Eliza[beth]town, [New Jersey] (2 pages)
Took ill after trip to visit lands he had intended to patent. Attributes his recovery to God's mercy. Looks forward to her visit. Includes a brief note by E. [B?]acon confirming the letter's recipient was her mother.
 
  1769 October 11 . Isaac Zane ALS to John Pemberton; Marlbro Forge, [Virginia] (4 pages)
Discusses bills of lading for shipments and the exchange of bonds. Comments on family and his attempts to get witnesses to stay longer for a delayed court proceeding. Asks after an African American boy. "I should like to hear whether the Negroe Lad is Expected to Come as I have reserv'd a berth for him at a fire..." Sends regards to Rachel Wilson, noting hospitality and friendship among Quakers internationally.
 
  1773 April 3 - 1776 July 31 . Seth Minor Doc. to Joshua Huntington; s.l. (1 page)
Account of work and costs. Includes work performed at a Quaker meetinghouse, building a coffin, working on a dam, making furniture, "mending & painting a Cradle," and various construction jobs.
 
  1774 April 8 - 1775 January 11 . Doc.; [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania?] (2 pages)
Accounts of books, "115 History's," bought from Robert Aitken (1735-1802) and to whom they were sold, including to various Quakers. Notes payments received from Quakers and other individuals for books.
 
  1775 June 24 - 1775 June 26 . [Virginia. House of Burgesses] DS; [Virginia] (2 pages)
Receipt for wages in the House of Burgesses and for Commissioners "to settle the Militia Acct." Signed by Andrew Lewis (1720-1781), William Fleming (1729-1795), Champion Travis, Robert Nicholson on behalf of James Mercer (1736-1793), and Jacob Bruce on behalf of James Holt. Includes two additional partial signatures for a commissioner and a doorkeeper.
 
  1776 January 3 . W[illia]m Williams ADS to Com[mittee] of the Pay Table; Lebanon, [Connecticut] (2 pages)
Order to pay Jona[than] Lester £8.15.5 for building gun carriages at Norwick, ordered by the Governor and Council of Safety. Verso: Tom Lester DS; Hartford, Connecticut, January 4, 1776. Acknowledging receipt of £8.15.5 from the Treasurer.
 
  1776 May 28 . DS; West Springfield, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Signed subscription list for establishing a school at West Springfield. Signed by the founding subscribers with the number of each signers children written next to each name. "We the subscribers sensible of the necessity of the Education of youths & being desirous of promoting a school for such purpose promise... to pay the sums severally affix'd to our names... to be paid unto some capable school dame for her Instruction in such school at the rate of five shillings lawfull money per week..." Includes a note on the verso, "a Subscribtion for Mrs Granger to keep Shool."
 
  1777 April 30 . John Brown Cutting ALS to Andrew Craigie; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (3 pages)
Has been staying with Dr. Tillotson, "who is just sitting out for the Northern Department." Discusses the "late Medical Arrangement establish'd by Congress," and the lower pay slated for the "Apothecary General to the several Departments" than for "a Senior Surgeon in the Hospital." Notes the difficulties facing the Apothecary General, especially "under the present situation of affairs." Discusses his efforts since the last campaign to procure "every valuable Drugg I cou'd lay my hands on, and compounding for the first Supply of our new Army." Was disheartened by Dr. Smith being appointed "Continental Druggist" but was placated when he was appointed Apothecary General of the Middle Department.
 
  1779 April 16 . B[enjamin] Greenleaf Partially printed DS to Josiah Little; Essex County, Massachusetts (1 page)
Benjamin Greenleaf, "Judge of the Probater of Wills, &c.," appoints Josiah Little as guardian of George Sawyer.
 
  1779 May 31 . John Crozer ALS to James Knowles; s.l. (2 pages)
Crozer, Knowles' guardian, advises him on love and courtship, grooming, behavior, and friendship. Warns him that "first love, fixed perhaps only on desire, will Vanish in the fruition & instead of delight may leave a Loathing Cloy." Hopes to act as guardian to Knowles' siblings, but knows his sister currently objects. Advises him on how to nurture a good relationship with his sister.
 
  1780 October 18 . Jeremy Belknap ACyS? to Mary Osburn; s.l. (2 pages)
Sending specimens of evergreen. "...every Occur[r]ence In the Natural World is capable of Some Moral Improvement I here transcribe by Mrs Belknaps Desire some Verses written on a Similar Occasion." Includes verse, "On Gathering a Basket of evergreens, December 15, 1775"
 
  1781 August 23 . Stephen West ALS to Governor [Thomas Sim] Lee; Annapolis, [Maryland] (2 pages)
"At the very beginning of the present War I apprehended that the making of fire Arms & of every useful Article of Manufacture were essentially necessary for the well being of the State." Disappointed that he has not received encouragement or assistance. Outfitted the army with guns on demand and has produced more arms, but carries a considerable debt to his workers and has not been paid. Advises on actions to take for the state's arms. With proper aid could also outfit the army with woolen goods.
 
  1782 May 20 . Joseph Williard ALS to John Tyng; Cambridge, [Massachusetts] (2 pages)
Letter informing Tyne of a recent vote of the Harvard Corporation to have the college president encourage the city selectmen to decline Major Torrington's license for a Tavern. "...it is their duty to take every step in their power to preserve the good morals of the students..." Underscores the importance of the public image of Harvard University as having a moral student body.
 
  1783 May 20 . John and Samuel Davidson DS to Thomas Gantt; Annapolis, [Maryland] (1 page)
Account for linens, thread, and ribbons purchased of the Davidsons, June 27, 1781; payable by "Crop Tobacco at 12/6 pCent."
 
  1783 July 21 . Rev. Jos[eph] Clark ALS to Samuel Forman; Freehold, [New Jersey] (3 pages)
Clark praises Forman's improvements in writing and composition, noticed in a recent letter. Returning the letter with corrections and offers to do so with subsequent correspondence. Comments on Forman's inconsistent capitalization and details three rules for capitalization. Encourages the use of a dictionary and offers advice on learning correct spelling.
 
  1784 September 9 and 1785 February 21 . Thomas Affleck Partially printed DS to Tench Francis; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (2 pages)
Deed for a tract of land sold from famed Philadelphia joiner Thomas Affleck to merchant Tench Francis. Includes a signed note by Robert Martin certifying that Peter Notley witnessed the signing of the deed poll.
 
  1786 July 17 . Moses Little and Josiah Little DS to Benjamin Greenleaf; [Essex County, Massachusetts?] (1 page)
Agreement to pay Benjamin Greenleaf with corn, to be delivered to him at Newburyport. Witnessed by Hannah Greenleaf.
 
  1787 January 10 . Fredericksburg Academy Doc. to Mary Sullivan; [Fredericksburg, Virginia] (1 page)
Tuition bill for two quarters at the Fredericksburg Academy.
 
  1787 April 24 . G. Dent Partially printed DS to Thomas Harwood [Commissioner of loans at Annapolis]; s.l. (1 page)
Receipt for fourteen certificates worth for interest on a loan-office certificate from Harwood, continental loan officer from Maryland. Signed, "G. Dent for R. Alexander."
 
  1787 December 13 . J[asper] Yeates ALS to Edward Hand; [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania] (2 pages)
Has been unable to get Hand's hard money, and his efforts with Mr. Delaey and Richard Peters were unfruitful as they left town in a hurry. "We this morning announced the Ratification of the federal Constitution at the Court House. The inclosed is the Order of Procession [not present] & thirteen Guns were fired in Memoriam." Comments on deliberations on "the 10 miles square for the Exclusive Jurisdiction of Congress," and ratifying "the System." See also J[asper] Yeates to William Hamilton, March 23, 1789.
 
  1788 November 1 . Ezra Ripley ALS to George Thacher; Concord, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Fondly reminiscences of their student days and celebrates their lasting friendship. "I rejoice to find, that, my friend, who is pleased to stile himself, the Hebrew, has not, upon being called to take a seat in the first Council of America, overlook his old friend Ezra, who still attends to the feeding his few sheep in the wilderness." Comments on settling disagreements, discovering truth, and his longstanding views on religion. "The influence of your words, reach ye millions of America, and generations yet unborn. Your feeling and benevolent heart now has scope."
 
  1789 February 12 . Aaron Woolworth ALS to Levi Hart; Bridgehampton, [New York] (2 pages)
Read of the death of Hart's wife in the newspaper and sends condolences. Comments on grief, sympathy, and religion.
 
  1789 March 23 . J[asper] Yeates ALS to William Hamilton; Lancaster, [Pennsylvania] (2 pages [total])
Yeates writes in the same folio as a letter sent to him from William Maclay, dated March 13, 1789, concerning "the permanent residence of Congress." Maclay wants to "bring forward information from every part of Pennsylvania to throw light on this important subject," and is disturbed by having not heard from Lancaster. Maclay presses Yeates to send the requested information and to have Hamilton "furnish some Member of Congress with proposals... relating to the Terms on which he will give grounds for the public Buildings, and let out Lots for private Persons." Yeates expresses surprise at the letter and "The Propriety of being peculiarly active at this Period." Advises Hamilton to speak to Clymer and Fitzsimmons about his "Intentions & Dispositions" as well as to write to members of Congress. Has heard that Congress "will in all Probability settle at some Place between Delaware & Susquehannah." See also J[asper] Yeates ALS to Edward Hand, December 13, 1787.
 
  1789 July 10 . Newburyport, [Massachusetts] Selectmen DS; Newburyport, [Massachusetts] (2 pages)
"List of the In[n]holders & Retailers in the Town of Newburyport the last year." Affirm that the list corresponds with licensed innholders and retailers from the past year, "and to the best of our knowledge, the persons named therein, have maintain'd good rule and order in their respective houses and shops..." Signed by Thomas Thompson, Benjamin Balch, William G. Johnson, and Edward Rand.
 
  1789 September 15 . Jesse Root ADS to Sheriff of Windham, Connecticut; Windham, [Connecticut] (1 page)
Orders the Windham sheriff to summon Moses Spafford to appear in court at Norwich to answer a suit brought by Levi Huntington. Huntington accused Spafford of neglecting his promise to provide "a good Merchantable House Frame" in 1787. "...in raizing the same the Deft. by Negligence & deceipt and for want of Integrity & Deligence & Skill in his profession raized said House Frame with one End thereof Nine Inches lower than the other." Notes the costs incurred in fixing the mistakes. Docketed on the verso by the Windham sheriff September 16, 1789, asserting that he read the writ to the defendant. Includes a list of costs, continuations, and defaults through May 27, 1790.
 
  1789 October 7 . Albert Gallatin ALS to Alexander Addison; Fayette County, [Pennsylvania] (4 pages)
Offers his opinions on government and politics upon hearing Addison is participating in the Convention. Believes the [Pennsylvania] Constitution needs amending but that the assent of the citizens is necessary for "any alteration which without subverting the liberties of the people might gratify the wishes of that numerous & powerful body of Men who from the first establishment of our Constitution have been averse to it." Discusses splitting the Legislature into two houses and the difficulties in making them true checks to the other's power. Comments on the Bill of Rights and the limitations it imposes on the branches of government. Notes the dangers to changing the government so soon after implementing it. Sending resolutions he hopes will be adopted [not included]. [Original in to be Gold Star collection]
 
  1790 April 13 - 1803 September 6 . Robert Cook Ms; [Pennsylvania] (15 pages)
"A bill of Rates Carpenter and House-Joiner Work Settled and agreed on by the Subscribers, For the County of Franklin and Shippensburg." Lists charges for various jobs and names of the subscribes. Also includes several pages of accounts dated from 1795 to 1803, ranging from labor costs to the sale of meat and hay.
 
  1790 May 13 . Cha[rle]s Nisbet ALS; Wilmington, [Delaware?] (1 page)
Discusses financial issues related to Dickinson College at Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Trustees have procured 1000 pounds from the State Assembly but still have as much unpaid in subscriptions and overdue tuition. They have threatened to sue but Nisbet believes it will be fruitless.
 
  [1791 May] . John Kemp ADS to Cyrus King; [New York City, New York] (2 pages)
Cyrus King's ticket of admission into the Columbia College "Second Mathematical Class from May 1791 to May 1792." NOTE: John Kemp became professor of mathematics at Columbia in 1786. With: Cyrus King AN regarding the ticket of admission.
Box   2  
  1792 February 19 . Ms; New Brunswick, [New Jersey] (10 pages)
"Constitution of Library." Notes regarding the formation of a library company in New Brunswick. Considers election of office-holders and their duties, responsibilities and dues of subscribers and members, purchasing books and maintaining a catalog. Describes the types of books to be collected, the arrangement of the library, and the processing of checking out books. Details fines and rules.
 
  1792 July 12 . Benj[amin] Oden ALS to George Sibbald; Woodyard, [Maryland] (2 pages)
Has sent Sibbald's note to him to Hugh Roberts for collection. Sibbald may pay either in money or in wine, "such as good sherry, Lisbon or Madiera, all of good quality."
 
  1792 December 21 . John Wilkins, Jr. ALS to Clement Biddle; Pittsburgh, [Pennsylvania] (2 pages)
Informs Biddle that he has not received any pay records. Will be at Washington, Union Town, and Denniston's Mill in January to pay "the officers & soldiers of the six months State Militia." Has not received accounts of men who used their own arms, so he has paid them in full on application. Inquires about other payment matters, including for Col. Irvine and Major McCulley.
 
  1793 May 27 . Richard Varick DS to Daniel Phenix; New York, [New York] (1 page)
Orders for Phenix, Treasurer, to pay Abraham Van Gelder to light the public lamps using the "Lamp fund." Docketed on verso by Abraham Van Gelder, acknowledging receipt of payment.
 
  1793 June 12 . Cha[rle]s Nisbet ALS to Alexander Tweedie; Carlisle, [Pennsylvania] (3 pages)
Comments on the uncertainty of health, difficulties obtaining good servants, and affairs in Scotland. Describes the moral state of the United States, lamenting the decline in religiosity and its negative impact on servants' behavior. Notes shortages in coal and lumber, the impact of the Hessian Fly, and other agricultural details. Laments the public's attachment to the "French Mob" and notes efforts to support the French. Mentions military troubles with Native Americans in southern and middle states, Native American distrust of the U.S. government, and his fears that it will bring war with Great Britain. Notes Britain's ongoing presence in Detroit and Niagara, contrary to treaty agreements, and his belief that they use Native Americans to gain more lands. Comments on politics and elections: "Their leaders & public Men are such as may be expected from the characters of those who chuse them, noisly ignorant, assuming & impudent, but professed Flatterers of the People." Discusses relations with France, French immigrants, Irish unrest, and his worries about the outcomes of the war. Mentions the administrative and teaching difficulties at Dickinson College.
 
  1793 November 4 . H[enry] Knox ALS to [Lucy Flucker] Knox; Falls of Schuylkill, [Pennsylvania] (3 pages)
Comments on the good health of their daughter. Notes frequent communication and travelers to Philadelphia, with some catching ill, likely with yellow fever. The "sultry" weather makes "the work of purification" difficult. The President has rooms in Germantown and is expected to remain there until they are confident in Philadelphia's healthiness. Believes Congressmen will also assemble in Germantown. Hopes that "you and the rest of our dear little flock" will join him.
 
  [1793] . Abington, Massachusetts, Inhabitants Doc.; Abington, [Massachusetts] (4 pages)
Abington town meeting appointed Aaron Hobart and Jacob Dyer as a committee to draft instructions for Luke Buknall, "representative in the general Court of Massachusetts," to uphold the law against theatrical performances. Believes the effort to repeal the law is "unconstitutional inexpedient and absurd." Repeal of the law against theaters "will equally conclude in favor of drunkenness bribery fraud adultery robbery burglary murder and every species of irregular apetite." Argues that prohibition of vice is necessary and that it does not impinge on the constitution or bill of rights. "...it is your duty as a member of the legislature to difuse wisdom knowlege and virtue through the body of the people as necessary for the preservation of their liberties and privileges, and to encourage industry frugality and punctuality in their dealings." Underscores the theater's harm to the poor and young.
 
  1794 April 14 . Doc. to Gardener; New London, [Connecticut] (2 pages)
Account of costs owed by Gardener, listing amounts for repairing boats, pails, churns, washing and die tubs, and making oars. Also notes items purchased, such as lobster pots, hoops, and pails. Includes an account for materials for constructing a house, including "rum for ra[i]sing" the frame.
 
  1795 December 12 . Theu[ni]s Dey Ms to Horanian Literary Society; New York, [New York] (6 pages)
Opening argument for the Horanian Literary Society, titled "Is not Party Spirit disadvantageous to a Republican form of Government?" The speech details how a democratic society and the party spirit that accompanies it is antagonistic to the Republic. Underscores his allegiance to the Constitution rather than any political party. Blames party spirit for resistance to adopting the Constitution, the "insurrection in an Neighbouring State," possibly referring to the Whiskey Rebellion, and general factionalism. Dey refers to the Roman Republic and poses that it was party spirit that led to its downfall. He also references how "the evil of party spirit" is apparent in the Modern French Republic.
 
  1796 December 9 . Moses Everett ALS to [H. Everett]; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (2 pages)
Everett writes home describing his journey to Philadelphia. He mentions passing through Boston and New York. He describes his lodging and his activities, staying at the City Tavern and at Mrs. Skinner's boarding house in Philadelphia. "Judge Livermore of New Hampshire, Mr. Lyman of Springfield & several other Senators & representatives board at the same Place. Yesterday I was highly gratified on seeing the President [George Washington] & hearing his speech to both Houses of Congress."
 
  1796 December 18 . Moses Everett ALS to [H. Everett]; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (2 pages)
Everett describes being introduced to George and Martha Washington at their respective Levees. "The President receives the Gentlemen standing in a drawing room- those who are strangers are individually introduced to him, to whom he bows without taking them by the hand - a Circle is formed around him in which he walks & addresses himself to one & another just as it happens in the Way of common Conversations- the Gentlemen retire one after another or in small Parties after having tarried 10 or 15 minutes without the least formality..." Describes Martha Washington's Levee, noting social protocol and food: "Mrs. Washington Receives the Ladies & Gentlemen who attend In a capacious and elegant Drawing Room. When we entered she was seated with about 20 or thirty ladies placed on her right hand- seats were provided for the gentlemen by the side of them so as nearly to form a semicircle in the room- The President was there & took a seat beside the gentlemen or Ladies as it happened and conversed with individuals on common topics.."
 
  1797 January 1 . M. Waring ALS to John Muir; s.l. (1 page)
Waring notes the Lottery Company committee is willing to settle John Davidson's account, "in part in Prize Tickets & Cash."
 
  1797 April 2 . N[oah] Webster ALS to [Barzillai] Hudson & [George] Goodwin; New York [City, New York] (1 page)
Has given Isaac Beers an order for 500 selections. Spelling books are needed by the city. "While no other provision is made, you will find a ready market for all you can spare. It would be well to calculate on a considerable demand here." Comments on pricing and payments. "You run no risk in printing too many."
 
  1797 June 3 . Rob[er]t Aitken ALS to John Nicholson; [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania] (1 page)
Robert Aiken, Philadelphia printer, notes his serious financial straits. Owes a $500 note to the U.S. Bank. "All my earnings, at least from what could be spared over Maintenance, has gone to pay balance of the Invoice of Books, Wood Merch'ts for Joins & boards of printing Office, Bricklayer &c so that I am pinched beyond measure, Unable to purchase a R[ea]m of paper to retail in my shop."
 
  1797 July . Henry Titcomb DS; Newburyport, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Payment of three months wages ($100.00) to Titcomb, schoolmaster, by the town of Newburyport.
 
  1797 August 3 . John Erskine ALS to [Increase] Sumner; Lauriston, [Scotland] (1 page)
Congratulates Sumner on his election as governor. Sending books for Sumner and his wife, including the second volume of his recently published Sketches and hints of Church History, in which are many "proofs, that even in this enlightened century the church of Rome has retained her absurd idolatries & superstitions, & her treacherous & persecuting spirit." Acknowledges several Catholic leaders that "were of liberal & tolerant principles." Sends books for "Mr. Hyslop's Colledge." "I know infidelity is making rapid progress every where, & therefore have sent for that colledge at different times, some of the best books in defence of Christianity, which are now become rare."
 
  1797 September 27 . Union College Board of Trustees ALS to Robert Yates; Schenectady, [New York] (1 page)
Need their treasurer to be authorized to receive "the donation of the Legislature" on behalf of Union College in order to pay the salary of a tutor, Mr. Yates. Enclosing a draught [not included] to be signed accordingly. Signed by D. Romey, John Glen, John B. Smith, John Yates, and Joseph C. Yates.
 
  1797 October 2 . Rob[er]t Aitken ALS to John Nicholson; [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania] (1 page)
Has sent Nicholson's bill book that better meets his specifications. Hopes that Robert Morris (1734-1806) could pay him.
 
  1797 October 7 . Staats [Long] Morris ALS to Lewis Morris; Fort McHenry, [Maryland] (2 pages)
Calhoun will arrive tomorrow at Charleston. Mentions his desire to share "some West Indian preserves" with the Gibbes party. While he was on furlough, all but one man in the company caught ill. Yellow fever has been prevalent in the area but has not struck the garrison. Had his pocket picked again while on his journey from New York to Baltimore. Believes a Frenchman took it at Elton.
 
  1797 December 2 . Rob[er]t Morris ALS to Israel Whelen; Hills, [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania] (3 pages)
Discusses problems with land he bought of Whelen and Miller, upon Israel Whelen's recommendation. Sold them to Europeans who sent agents to verify their quality and were shown the wrong lands. When they returned, they found that the real land "consist[ed] almost wholly of rocks and Stones, except some Part on the Slope of the Hill..." A portion of the land was also already claimed by others. Disappointed because the Europeans planned "to buy extensively of Pensylvania Lands and were recommending similar speculations to their Friends." Asks him what is to be done, "for these people expect redress both as to quantity & quality."
 
  1798 January 27 . Rob[er]t Aitken ALS to John Nicholson; [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania] (1 page)
Attempting to set up a printing business, but Mr. Appele will not supply anything until he receives a stove and boards that he believes were wrongly taken. Is in need of "oil in Juggs, & pitchers ready for Mixing the black-- & some Coal."
 
  1798 May 14 . And[re]w Hodge ALS to B. M. Mumford; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (2 pages)
Comments on the figurehead Mr. Rush prepared for a ship, the Fair Lady. "...the head was to represent his Dulcenia--after the head engaged was painted & not til then, I observed she had a fancy Dress--the petticoat buttoned up to the Knee to I supposed your friend might be pleased in seeing & feeling (in due time) the handsome Leg--her delicacy would not wish it exposed to the Sight of every one." Had Rush prepare a new figurehead. "...this one has the picture of her Dearly Beloved at her Breast & a Letter from him in her hand." Comments on the need to paint and gild it.
 
  1798 May 30 . Rob[er]t Aitken ALS to John Nicholson; [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania] (1 page)
Experiencing anxiety over "the present affliction." Mr. Vaughan has been promoting subscriptions to their publication, but he fears they will not raise enough money "to make any kind of beginning, as the funds for such a work I fear will be rather pinching, I do not speak of letter press, but a vast expence of copper & engraving &c."
 
  1798 June 21 . Rob[er]t Aitken ALS to John Nicholson; [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania] (1 page)
Sending copies of printing business accounts for Nicholson and Robert Morris (1734-1806). The accounts relate to printing items for the Pennsylvania Land Company.
 
  1798 September 15 . Charles Nisbet ALS; Carlisle, [Pennsylvania] (8 pages)
Detailed discussion of various topics in natural and moral philosophy, especially regarding (and with untranslated quotations from): Erasmus' Colloquia Familiaria; Albertus Magnus; and Nostradamus. Compares Nostradamus quotes to historical events, particularly the French Revolution. Mentions "the Philadelphia fever," swarms of Hessian flies, political trouble between France and England, and American foreign relations with France. "The Strength of America at present seems to be the Command it has of the French West India Islands, by with-holding their Provisions, tho' I fear that our Government has not Strength enough to prevent the Sans Culot[t]es of the Soutthern States from supplying our Enemies in these Islands."
 
  1798 October 12 . Samuel Eddy CyS; Providence, Rhode Island (2 pages)
"An Act for regulating the Fishery and removing Obstructions in Pawcatuck River." Signed by Samuel Eddy, Secretary, attesting to its veracity as a copy of the act passed in January 1798. Includes a paper seal of Rhode Island.
 
  1798 October 15 . Arthur Fenner LS to Jonathan Trumbull; Providence, Rhode Island (1 page)
Remitting a copy of act on regulating fisheries in the Pawcatuck River, "in Conformity to one enacted by the Legislature of the State of Connecticut... of October A.D. 1785." Also sending a copy of "the Revision of the Laws of this State."
 
  1798 November 16 . A[rthur] Fenner LS to Jonathan Trumbull; Providence, Rhode Island (1 page)
Remitting a copy of act on regulating fisheries in the Pawcatuck River.
 
  1799 January 21 . John [Gottlieb Ernestus] Heckewelder ALS to Samuel Sitgreaves; Bethlehem, [Pennsylvania] (9 pages (total))
Seeking reparations for losses sustained during the Revolution. Comments on his attempts to recover his losses and be granted land, partially to support a "Settlement for the benefit of the Christian Indians." Did not want certificates relating to his cause read in Congress, fearing it would reveal the extent of his espionage against the British during the Revolution and negatively impact missionary work among the Chippewas in Canada. Includes two enclosures: "Representation of Facts -- seting forth the suffrings and losses sustained by John Heckewelder during the late American war," (4 pp.) and "Inventory & Valuation of Property lost to John Heckewelder & family on Muskingum on being taken Captives by the Enemy Indians the 3d day of September 1781," (3 pp.) Includes commentary on Native American warriors during the Revolution, the sufferings of Christian Indians, his work among them, and losses sustained when he was taken captive in 1781.
 
  1799 April 15 . H[enr]y Smith ALS to John Corlis; Providence, [Rhode Island] (1 page)
Requests prices for black and white marble and Newark stone for fireplaces. Provides dimensions for the needed marble slabs.
 
  1800 April 25 . [George Deneale?] Cy to [Henry] Lee; Alexandria, [Virginia] (2 pages)
Notes alarm raised by Lee's Congressional resolution regarding the formation of rules and regulations for the District of Columbia. People fear for their liberties, "this is owing to a supposition that congress at present can have no knowledge of the people or their local situation and of course cannot have their Interests in view in assuming the Jurisdiction at this early period." Asks for advice about having to relinquish his position in Virginia government or national government.
 
  1800 May 8 . John C[osens] Ogden ALS; New Castle, Delaware (2 pages)
Making arrangements for the return of the papers concerning the Congressional claim by his mother-in-law, Mary Clap Wooster, widow of Gen. David Wooster (1711-1777). "The happy hour appears to be approaching when in the change of men, and measures of a national concern, the patriots of 1776, and military men in the revolutionary war, will find patrons & benefactors, at least to pity, and to hear their just, modest & manly supplications with patience and decency."
 
  1801 August . [Elbridge Gerry] AL to [William?] Jenks; Cambridge, Massachusetts (5 pages)
Instructions written in the third person regarding education of "the children," commenting on philosophy of education, books and other materials, and curriculum. Believes the children's education "can only be promoted, by making it a pleasure." The "Globes, maps, & books" of the school need attention. Lists the books in use at the school. Provides instructions for the whitewashing of fences and painting of the barn and outhouses, including recipes for paints (white, yellow, and olive).
 
  1801 December 23 . DS; Hatfield, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Pledge to pay for a school master, to teach two evenings per week during the months of January and February. Includes ten signatures.
 
  1802 April 12 - 1827 January 2 . John Andrews AD to Ralph Cross and Jane Greenleaf; Newburyport, [Massachusetts] (25 pages [total])
Marriage certificate of Cross and Greenleaf, signed by John Andrews, "one of the ministers of the first religious society in Newburyport." Included in this folder are 24 ADs. [Hampden County, Massachusetts], April 15, 1811-January 2, 1827. Certificates for "intention of marriage" issued to various couples in the towns of Monson, Palmer, Ludlow, and Wilbraham, signed by the various town clerks.
 
  1802 - 1831 December 17 . AD to Asahel Hawkins; [Rhode Island] (22 pages [total])
16 receipts for accounts paid by Hawkins to various merchants and innkeepers. Extensive listing of goods and services purchased, mostly meals, lodging, and alcohol, including brandy, rum, cider, gin, and bitters.
 
  1803 July 29 . Geo[rge] Clymer ALS to Robert Milligan; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (3 pages)
Gives a detailed description of a new carriage, worried Catharine may not approve of it. Quotes from William Shakespeare. Comments on ongoing warfare and worries that if one side decisively wins it will prove troublesome for the freedom of the seas. Critiques Judge [Samuel] Chase's (1741-1811) recent charge to jury concerning natural rights. "Judge Chase denies the natural rights and admits only the social-- According to him there can be no claims to rights beyond what may have been dealt out by the Social compact. Of course all is gratuitous, and every one must be content."
 
  1804 January 10 . George Cabot ALS to Jonathan Williams; Boston, [Massachusetts] (2 pages)
The recent loss of a son has delayed his response. Comments on education, salaries of instructors, and their abundance in Connecticut and Massachusetts. "... personal services of every kind have risen in price & the opulence has raised in some degree the scale of education here, so as to employ more Instructors than usual..." Background note: Cabot was later president of the Hartford Convention on December 15, 1814.
 
  1804 January . Samuel Belknap ADS to Joseph Tolman; Boston, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Bill for silver tea spoons, knives and forks, and a pocket book. Samuel Belknap listed as silver and goldsmith at 30 Cornhill, Boston, in directories of the period.
 
  1804 September 5 . Thomas P. Chiffelle DS; Charleston, [South Carolina] (2 pages)
Chiffelle agrees to to pay for the education of Edward Berard, son of a widow of St. Domingue, recently arrived in Charleston, "that may make him an useful member of society and a prop to his mother in her declining years." Sending her son, age 9, to a New Haven, Connecticut, grammar school and subsequently Yale College. Includes a signed statement, in French, by Mme Berard agreeing to the proposition.
 
  1805 January 12 . W[illia]m Nekervis ALS to Richard Hill Morris; Richmond, [Virginia] (3 pages)
Letter by cashier at the Farmer's Bank of Virginia. Remarks on "the melancholy intelligence contained" in Morris' letter about a recent misfortune, but emphasizes his faith in Morris' "integrity as a merchant." Comments on securing a position for his brother. His own financial straits prevent him from setting his brother up locally. Notes elections for a director, meetings of the stockholders, and his presenting Morris' cause to the President of the bank.
 
  1807 March 15 . H[enry] Dearborn ALS to H[enry] A.S. Dearborn; Washington, [D.C.] (3 pages)
Sending advice to his son who has started practicing law at Portland. Sent a letter to Mr. S. Lee on his behalf and recommends he avoid requesting aid from him, "but if he discovers a disposition to assist you in your practice, and to cultivate a friendly acquaintance, meet him half way." Recommends not seeking the office of District Attorney until he has further developed his professional career. "... it is safest to rise gradually..." "You should never for an hour forget the importance of acquiring a correct & logical habit of speaking & reasoning, both in private & in public your habits are now forming, which will in a great measure remain through life..."
 
  1807 April 23 . John Tenent, Jr. ALS to John Nisbet; Glasgow, [Scotland] (1 page)
Comments on trade and family. Bemoans that Nisbet's shipment of cordials was seized by excise agents. Tenent quotes from Robert Burns' (1759-1796) humorous poem, "Scotch Drink," cursing tax men who deprive "poor d--d drinkers."
 
  1807 September 4 . Newburyport, Massachusetts, Selectmen DS; Newburyport, [Massachusetts] (2 pages)
List of innkeepers and retailers who have been licensed and "maintained good rule and order in their respective houses or ships..." Signed by D.A. White, James Nelson, and Sewell Toppan.
 
  1808 August 29 . Samuel Moffit Partially printed receipt to T. Beall; Georgetown, [Washington, D.C.] (1 page)
Tax payment to the Corporation of Georgetown.
 
  1808 October 2 . Cath[erine] E. Murray ALS to [Julia Stockton] Rush; Piney Grove, [South Carolina] (3 pages)
Pleasant summer among friends and family, including a visit by Dr. Rush. Comments on lovely "Celebrated Virginia ladies," Mrs. Wickham and Mrs. Decatur. Sends thanks to Dr. Rush for a book. "...all the world are engaged in Politics. - Our retired situation keeps us from all the bustle made on such occasions."
 
  1808 December 9 . Purveyor of Public Supplies [Tench Coxe] Printed letter to [Arms contractors]; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (1 page)
Stresses the importance of good arms for the safety and defense of the country. "The lives of our fellow citizens, to whom the use of them is committed, depend upon the excellence of their arms... Their being delivered with punctuality, and in due season, are also essential to prudence, and may be so to the public safety." Comments on the manufacturing of arms, patterns, prices and contracts. "It is prudent... for the contractors to provide, from their respective commencements, for making good work out of materials really fit and proper." Charles Williams was appointed "the important duties of proving and inspecting" by the Secretary of War.
 
  1809 April 29 . Royall Tyler DS to Solomon Goodale; Brattleboro, [Vermont] (1 page)
Goodale received payment by Amos H. Rice in cash and maple sugar for rent due the corporation of the University of Vermont. Witnessed and signed by Royall Tyler.
 
  1812 February 15 . [Sir Benjamin Thompson, Count] Rumford ALS to Thomas Butler; Auteuil, near Paris, [France] (4 pages)
Does not have plans for the house and does not have the time necessary to prepare them. "Were I to build a house for myself I know that I should pay particular attention to many circumstances little attended to by Architects." Describes the general principles for his ideal house.
 
  1812 March 4 . W[illia]m B. Calhoun ALS to Andrew Calhoun; N[ew] Haven, [Connecticut] (3 pages)
Written as a student at Yale College. Mentions recent "disturbances" at the college, attributing his not participating in the events to the "kind and ever-watchful hand of the Almighty." Some students face dismissal for refusing to inform on classmates. "...a majority of our class feel very much irritated at what the faculty have done in order to extort it. The character of an informer is always considered despicable by the students in general." Notes the firing of cannons from the fort. Is in need of money to purchase supplies. Mr. Taylor will be established "at the Brick Church," replacing Mr. Stuart. Notes Mr. Frost "preached a missionary sermon here" and expects a missionary society will be established soon.
 
  1812 June 27 . William B. Fowle ALS to Caleb H. Snow; Boston, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Comments on Bonaparte and learning French, joking "If the expectation that Buonaparte will come here to give us a fraternal hug is the reason why you wish to learn the French language; I can save you some trouble by assuring you that altho' he poisons his wounded soldiers, yet his submissive subjects in America will stand in no danger." Inquires after Snow's political leanings, "for I have heard that you was a full blooded French Democrat!!" Discusses books, including the encyclopedia and publications by Fisher Ames, and the utility of studying history. Argues the merits of republicanism and prays that "God may dissolve the cloud which hangs over our once happy country & once more restore the day." Pledges his support for American rulers. Mentions Latin translations and inquires about Snow's plans for the future upon leaving Brown University. "You are a little too roguish for a Minister not enough so for a Lawyer & just enough so for a Midw--- I mean Doctor.."
 
  1812 August 21 . [F.?] Beall Partially printed receipt; Geo[rgetown, Washington, D.C.] (1 page)
Land tax payment. The partially printed portion includes costs for horses and for slaves above 12 and 16 years old. These lines have been crossed out on this document.
 
  1812 September 10 . Nathan Beers ALS to Henry Davis; New Haven, [Connecticut] (2 pages)
His son is leaving for Middlebury College, and he hopes he will not disappoint. "I know not that I ever experienced similar feelings, or ever had so deep a sence of the responsibility of Parents respecting their children as I do at present when my son is about to enter on so new and untryed a scene: this together with the unsettled & convulsed state of our Country & the heavy Clouds impending over it seem to keep alive these feelings..." John Phelps Beers attended Middlebury from 1812-15, received an AB at Yale in 1817, and died in 1819.
 
  1812 September 21 . John McCalla ALS to Martha McCalla; Fort Wayne, [Indiana] (3 pages)
Letter from John to his mother in Lexington, Kentucky. Notes reading the Bible and singing masters performing church music. Remarks on William Hull, the "Grand Traitor," written around one month after Hull's surrender of Fort Detroit. "I wish indeed that it was true, that Hull the 'Grand Traitor,' is captured. I could wish that they would bring him by Fort Wayne. I wish for him to see an Army of Kentuckians assembled to carry the war to that spot which he betray'd. But all that I am afraid of is that we are only brought here to build a Fort and to burn a few small Towns." Needs winter clothing. Muses about possibly marching to Fort Defiance, Detroit, or Canada. Comments on commanders and how the mean "almost idolize" General Harrison. Two servants, "boys from the line," attend to cooking and the horses.
 
  [ca. 1812] . Anonymous AMs.; s.l. (12 pages)
First person account of the Battle of Fallen Timbers titled: "Recollections of General Wayne's campaign against the Northwestern Indians in [the] years 1793, & 4." First person account of the Battle of Fallen Timbers. Narrative briefly describes the lead-up to the campaign and provides an account of the army's arrival at Cincinnati in May, 1793, to the arrival of General Anthony Wayne in Greenville in late 1794. Describes mobilization and movement of the soldiers, building of Fort Recovery, several Indian attacks, and the closing of the campaign.
 
  1813 February 12 . Richard Morris ALS to Lewis Morris; Bloomingd[ale] (2 pages)
While visiting family on Christmas vacation he caught the measles. Notes the dismissal of his father's overseer, "whose conduct I made mention in my last letter to Mamma." Blames mistakes in his letters on boys "fiddling on their violins about me." Aunt Sally has gone to spend time at Uncle Gouverneur's home as his wife is confined. Notes that "the icehouse is filled" and remarks on their game cocks.
 
  1813 December 25 . T[imothy] Pickering ALS to Elizabeth Pickering; Washington, [D.C.] (3 pages)
Letter stressing the importance of literary education. Pickering offers Elizabeth (his daughter) advice on methods of learning proper language, reading, and spelling. "To have read many books is a poor cause for triumph, or for self-complacency- unless they have been understood; and it is impossible to understand them fully, unless the meaning of every word is known. The dictionary, therefore, must be resorted to... Correct spelling is now so universal among females of your standing, that I hold it impossible for you to omit the requisite attention to it." Urges her to use "your needle less, & your pen & books more." Applauds how she reads aloud and encourages her to use Mr. Gardner's library in Boston, "in which you may find a large store of mental food."
 
  1814 July 25 . Benj[ami]n Tallmadge ALS to John Treadwell; Litchfield, [Connecticut] (3 pages)
Tallmadge, a Continental Army officer and a member of Congress writes to Treadwell, a former governor of Connecticut, about making a donation for the purpose of "spreading the Gospel & the knowledge of our holy religion among the Heathen..." Asks about the current state of Bible and missionary societies in the area. Also interested in donating "a Tract of Land in the State of Ohio, to be leased or sold, for the above purpose."
 
  1814 August 20 . Rubens Peale ALS to James Trimble; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (1 page)
Letter from painter Rubens Peale regarding the shipping of paintings that belong to the State. Peale mentions asking his father and other artists for their advice on the best methods of shipping. Included is a Peale Museum silhouette marked "Joseph Russell," located in the Prints Division.
 
  [1814 December 28-1815 June 28] . Jacob Idler Partially printed receipt to William Duane; s.l. (1 page)
Six month subscription to the Daily Aurora. Also includes charges for six services related to the "Brig America," dated March 22, 1815.
Box   3  
  1815 February 13 . St[ephe]n Chase ALS to Stephen Chase; Baltimore, [Maryland] (5 pages)
Son's letter to his father. Mentions the high cost of postage and the difficulty of getting bank notes. Would only obtain a commission in the army if he was unable to support himself otherwise. Notes Maryland raising troops for defending the region. Dislikes the "negroes and political sentiments of the Inhabitants of Baltimore," but prefers the area to New England, comparing the climate and starting businesses. Discusses peace and the end of the War of 1812: "We have received accounts from New Orleans that the British have cleared out after losing about 3000 men and almost all their principal officers. And O! joy – O! glad as Robinson Crusoe's man Friday says. We have just received information of peace. Peace is in every one's mouth and although the streets are full of People whose mouths are wide open like snuff boxes yet they cannot hold their peace, but run about grinning and chattering like so many monkies."
 
  1815 March 24 . Jesse Ennis DS to Jonathan Alston and Osbourn Alston; Chester, [Pennsylvania] (2 pages)
Bill for carpentry work performed by Jesse Ennis. Work relates to constructing a house. Signed by Joseph Corbit.
 
  1815 September 24 . Joseph Delaplaine ALS to John W. Francis; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (1 page)
Requested Francis to have an engraving of Dr. Hosack made in London. Enclosing a portrait of Washington [not present]. Includes a list of impressions to procure from Boydell's. Topics range from James Heath's riots, military figures and battles, Death of Wolfe, Zenobia, the siege of Gibraltar, and Thomas Paine. Asks Francis to subscribe him for Charles Heath's engraving of "West's Christ healing the sick."
 
  1816 August 26 . Tho[ma]s Snell ALS to Elisha S. Fish; North Brookfield (3 pages)
Discusses putting Fish's sister in the employ of the Snell household. "What you say respecting the manner in which we shall treat her, accords with our views; tho' we may be obliged to put her to work about house more than she will think proper." Glad to hear of "the more flattering prospects of your society respecting religious order & christian privileges." Comments on religion and the growing "kingdom of Christ."
 
  1817 January 4 . Tourtellot & Hawkins DS to Asahel Hawkins; Gloucester, [Rhode Island] (1 page)
Receipt to Asahel Hawkins for $10 "in full for what he subscribed towards harmony school house..."
 
  1817 January 16 . Edmund Lee, Jr. ALS to Philip R. Fendall; Princeton, [New Jersey] (3 pages)
Mentions Fendall's "loss of Cornelia." Currently have a number of "men of talents" in their Society. Will be sending Fendall a copy of Bolingbroke's works. Lists recent works he has read and seeks Fendall's opinion on them. Would like Fendall to send a list of books to read. "I begin to be ashamed that at my time of life I have read so little, the nights are long, and I think I may read at least 100 pages a day with ease..." Is interested in writing and receiving correspondence on "such subjects as may improve myself in writing." Suggests writing on a scientific topic.
 
  1817 May 1 . [Trustees of the Clinton Grammar School Association] Paritally printed DS to Moses Bristol; Clinton, [New York] (1 page)
Certificate stating that Moses Bristoll "is entitled to one Share of twenty Dollars, in the property of Clinton Grammar School Association." Signed by Azel Backus, Joel Bristoll, Jesse Curtiss, and Seth Hastings, Jr., Trustees. Verso: receipt of ten dollars signed by Seth Hastings, clerk.
 
  1817 July 1 . Richard Cutts Partially printed DS to Sally Scofield; Washington, [D.C.] (1 page)
Pension for "Sally Scofield, widow of Samuel Scofield, late a Hospital Surgeon's mate in the United States Army, who died June the 8th, 1813."
 
  1817 September 20; [1817] September 27 . [Joseph Reed] AL [Df?] to [Joseph Gwin]; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (7 pages [total])
Two letters concerning upcoming Pennsylvania elections. Comments on political movements following upheaval in the treasury. Urges continued political action to ensure success. Bemoans the dangers posed by artificers and a press compromised by bribery and corruption. Mentions the state treasurer being caught embezzling. Provides strategies to gain public support. Sending circulars to determine general political opinion and inclinations.
 
  [ca. 1817 October 27] . Evan Evans, et al. DS; s.l. (2 pages)
Subscription list for school to be opened by Ephraim Jackson. Notes number of scholars each person will send to the school, cost of tuition, and expenses to be covered.
 
  1817 . Caroline Lamb ALS to Joseph Lancaster; s.l. (3 pages)
Disagrees with Lancaster's ideas of education of the working classes. "Mankind is too well taught already- make schools dear- make learning difficult- unteach what has been taught & by that means alone restore every thing to order- for either must we all consent to live free & equal here -- or the lower orders must be kept from tasting of the Tree of Knowledge." Offers her help regardless.
 
  1818 March 10 . Jesse [F.]? Newman ALS to Henry B. Curtis; Sandusky, [Ohio] (3 pages)
Working as a merchant and assistant post master. Describes Sandusky, noting its expanding population, rapid construction, etc. Describes Walter Knapp's capture by a party including two Native Americans and his being held at Fort Malden in Canada. Notes Knapp's brothers helping him escape to Detroit and then to Sandusky. "I have the above information from Walter's own Mouth." Has not been able to draw a plan of the city, as he has been "busily engaged in trading with the indians."
 
  1818 June 26; 1818 July 30 . Thomas Wightman ALS to "Gentlemen of the Humane Society of Newbury Port"; Boston, [Massachusetts] (2 pages [total])
Engraver desires payment for a Gold Medal prepared for the Humane Society in 1814. Verso: S. T., CyS to Thomas Wightman; Newbury Port, 1p. 1818 July 30. Suggestion for Wightman to seek out his payment from a David Fairman, who the Society had paid for the Medal.
 
  [1818 June] . Edw[ar]d Barry ALS to T[homas] Philipps; Phila[delphia, Pennsylvania] (1 page)
Letter from Barry, theatrical manager, regarding the qualifications of a bugle player name Howard. "he plays very indifferently & would require 2 or 3 weeks rehearsal before he could enter into any agreement to take an orchestra part: besides this he is book-keeper (& not bar-keeper) to one of the stage offices." Encloses a news clipping about English tenor Charles Incledon's performance at a concert of the Handel and Haydn Society. The clipping is now affixed to the letter. Addressed to T. Philipps Esqr, Shorts' Soda Fountain, South Street, Baltimore.
 
  1818 July 29 . George Willig DS to T.R. Parcker; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (1 page)
Itemized bill for music sent to Parcker in Boston. Materials include instructions for playing the fife, guitar, and bassoon. Lists titles of other sheet music sent, including "A Canadian boat Song," "Hail to the chief," "Battle of Prague," various love songs, and others. Totals $38.25 for approximately 33 titles.
 
  1818 October 14 . James [ ] and Samuel Eliot Partially printed DS to William W[inston] Seaton; [Washington, D.C.] (1 page)
William W. Seaton, editor of the National Intelligencer, purchases land in Washington, D.C.
 
  1819 April 4 . Geo[rg]e Blackburn ALS to Ferdinand Campbell; Baltimore, [Maryland] (7 pages)
Asbury College professor of mathematics comments on Baltimore and on American society, religion and education to a former colleague at William and Mary. Bitterly critical of present American society and pessimistic about human nature. "Why did God make such a contemptible scoundrel as man? From what I have seen of this biped during half a century it is a truth that I would not call into existence such a race of being if I had the power of doing it." Agrees with Jefferson that "Nothing can save America from Despotism but the universal education of the rising generation." Comments on college matters. Considering going to the west or to Canada.
 
  1819 April 23 . Josiah Parsons ADS; Gilmantown, [New Hampshire] (1 page)
Marriage notice for John Kimball and Nancy Adams. Dated in the Quaker style and signed by Josiah Parsons, Town Clerk.
 
  1819 September 7 - 1819 December 1 . Hooper Cumming DS; Albany, [New York] (2 pages)
Receipts for payments paid by Joseph Fry, Treasurer of a Presbyterian church, for various services, including "for a plan and estimate of enlargement of Church" by P. Hooker, "services as Choirister" by Walter B. Roberts, and the salary of Hooper Cumming, pastor.
 
  1819 November 1 . Daniel [K.?] Rogers Cy; Weare, [New Hampshire] (2 pages)
Writes that he is "sensibly feeling that my days are but few," and that "my redemp[t]ion seems to draw nigh." Gives religious reflections on faith and death. Exhorts his dear friends to "accept of the Spirit" to ensure their salvation, and not to mourn those who "are taken from this world of trouble into eternal rest." Dated in the Quaker style. On verso: "Coppy of Daniel R. Rogers."
 
  1819 December 13 and 1820 April 9 . Putman Catlin and T[homas I.] Wharton ALS; Cy to T[homas I.] Wharton and Putnam Catlin; Montrose, [Pennsylvania]; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (5 pages [total])
Having difficulty collecting money from debtors. Would prefer not to sell personal property and cattle to raise money and does not wish to close debtors' mortgages. His son, George Catlin (1796-1872), is trained in law but "goes to try his hand at painting." Wharton's letter from April 9, 1820, discusses government acts concerning the appraisals of property and his fears it will prevent their recovering debts. Comments on Catlin's son, believing he "has every prospect I think both of gaining a living and making himself a name here. We are not rich enough yet to give much encouragement to his Ionical and fancy painting but by portrait painting several persons here gain a respectable income and his talent in that department is considerable."
 
  1819 December . Gideon Hawley Circular pamphlet; Albany, [New York] (16 pages)
Instructions for the Better Government and Organization of Common Schools. Prepared and Published Pursuant to a Provision in the Act for the Support of Common Schools, Passed April 12th, 1819. Albany: Websters and Skinners, 1819.
 
  1820 January 27 . Thomas Metcalfe ALS to Rob[er]t Poague; Washington, [D.C.] (3 pages)
Discusses the heated Congressional debate over the Missouri bill. Notes John Randolph's blistering commentary on slavery's extension. "...he thought Gentlemen had conscientious objections to slavery in Missouri-- they talked of morality, benevolence, humanity and religion; but now he perceived they were willing to make Missouri river the boundary of their consciences." Worries about the political landscape. "...I fear that the era of good feeling & harmony has already gone by."
 
  1820 June 28 . David Hosack ANS; New York, [New York] (1 page)
Certifying that Anson Dickinson (1779-1852) is unfit for military service. Jam[es] W. Moore signed and approved the note.
 
  1820 July [1810?] . Capt. Biles Ms; w.l. (1 page)
Descriptive list of mineral springs outside of Philadelphia. Notes their distance from Philadelphia or New York, the accommodations available, and the quality of the waters.
 
  [1820] August 13 . H[arrison] G[ray] Otis ALS; s.l. (1 page)
Comments on school during war. Background note: Otis was a member of the Harford Convention on December 15, 1814, United States senator from 1817-1822, and the Mayor of Boston from 1829-1832. "I feel that nothing will go on well in School while the din of arms re sounds in our ears..." Wants the "little boys" to see "the play of the great boys."
 
  1820 August 28 . Will[iam] Gaston ALS; Georgetown, [Washington, D.C.] (1 page)
Requests sheet music for piano. Includes a list of titles.
 
  1820 November 14 . John M. Duncan ALS to Benjamin Silliman; Glasgow, [Scotland] (1 page)
News that the Ministers in London have abandoned the Bill of Pains and Penalties, received by the people with much rejoicing (relating to the trail of Queen Caroline). "The popular rejoicing has been extreme, many of the poorer classes in the suburbs, who are suffering most from the distress of the times had their windows illuminated, and tar barrels and bonfires were numerous through the streets."
 
  [ca. 1820?] . Doc.; New York, [New York] (2 pages)
Catalogue of Furniture Manufactured by Robert McConachy. Lists articles of household furniture and their prices.
 
  1821 January 6 . Adolphus Keyser ALS to Rev. David Benedict; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (3 pages)
Respecting the probability of obtaining scholars in the French, German, and Hebrew languages. Currently engaged teaching "a Gentleman of this City" French and German. A permanent position at Brown College would be desirable. Gives his price for 36 lessons to 20 scholars, with additional instruction for four students supported by charity, "two of your Congregation & two of the Episcopal." Closes with statements in German and Hebrew.
 
  1821 February 23 . George Gibbs ALS to [William] King; Boston, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Letter to the first Governor of Maine. Forwarding a bag of barley from Sweden, to attempt cultivation. Persons in New York and Connecticut will also be making trials respecting the barley.
 
  1821 June 4 . Timothy Alden ALS to Margaret F. Mead; Newark, [New Jersey] (2 pages)
"We live in one of the most delightful places I ever saw. My academy begins to fill up very well. I have 60 scholars and a good many others who have bespoke a place..." Sending her the quarterly catalog of his Newark Academy [not included].
 
  1821 June 18; 1821 July 18 . C[harity] Launy ALS; DS to John Slidell ; New York, [New York] (3 pages [total])
Willing to deduct money from his overdue bill for medical services to Mrs. Marschalk. Mentions Samuel Latham Mitchill (1764-1831) investigating the matter, "which you must acknowledge is one of our first scientific Characters." Included is a bill for services to Mrs. Marschalk, July 18, 1821, from the estate of Christian Marschalk. Includes cost of instruments, attending on Mrs. Marschalk and teaching her nurse the use of the instruments. Includes a statement certifying the account, signed by Charity Launy and Joseph Greenleaf.
 
  1821 November 7 . J[edediah] Morse ALS; New Haven, [Connecticut] (1 page)
Discusses the contents and sales of Morse's "New Gazeteer." "..They have sold by subscription chiefly, nearly their whole edit[io]n of 3,000 before the books are from the hands of the binder. This Gaz. Is accompanied by a new Atlas of 20 Maps, very handsome & corrected to this time, price 4 dols. colored." Comments on exchanging books.
 
  1822 April 4 . C[hristopher] Gore ALS to John Lowell; Waltham, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Has little regard for current affairs. Critiques Alexander Hill Everett's (1790-1847) new book on Europe, especially his writing on the British Navy, and has prepared a rebuttal. Seeks Lowell's assistance in publishing it. Disappointed that George Cabot (1752-1823) liked the book. Comments on James Monroe (1758-1830). "the malignant Foe of the British Treaty of Washington, Hamilton and Jay, the Cherisher & Supporter of the reviling & blasphemous Tom Paine." [NOTE: The William L. Clements Library holds a copy of the rebuttal. Christopher Gore, Remarks on the Censures of the Government of the United States. Boston, Wells and Lilly, 1822].
 
  1822 July 7 . M[ary] N[exsen] Thompson ALS to Cassandra Smith; Michilimackinac, [Michigan] (6 pages)
Extract from her journal, June 17 to July 5. Travel from Sacket's Harbor, N.Y., to Fort Niagara, to Buffalo, past Cleveland, then up the Detroit River, Lake St. Clair, and Lake Huron to Fort Mackinac. Mary Thompson, wife of Maj. Alexander Ramsay Thompson, wrote extensively of her journey and encounters with military figures and soldiers. With varying degrees of detail, she wrote of Col. Brady, General and Mrs. Porter at Buffalo; children on board and the noise they made; Fort Malden; picking up [Henry] Schoolcraft; Native Americans along the Detroit River and shore of Lake St. Clair, noting their clothing and activities; Thunder Bay; a July 4th celebration on board; Fort Mackinac; dancing Indians; and Fort Brady.
 
  1822 September 2 . Zach[ariah] Walker and Tench Ringgold DS (copy); Washington, [D.C.] (2 pages)
Seizure of Zachariah Walker's property, including "negroes," Joe Smart, James Brown, and Milly, by Marshal Tench Ringgold in virtue of a writ of fieri facias. Walker certifies that he waived his right for an appraisal.
 
  1822 November 16 . J[oseph] Hopkinson ANS to James Nelson Barker; [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania] (1 page)
Requests his presence at Mr. Ewing's office "to decide upon the Addresses offered for the opening of the Theatre."
 
  1822-1844 . 3 DSs; Boston; s.l. (3 pages [total])
Receipts for hardware and other goods, including paper. Receipt dated August 3, 1822, Boston, signed by John Bradford. Receipt ca. February [1828?] signed by David Cobb. Receipt for August 19, 1844, signed by Edward Southworth.
 
  1823 January 12 . M[ ] C[armichael] ALS to Maurice Carmichael; New Orleans, [Louisiana] (7 pages)
Travelled from Memphis to New Orleans by steamboat. Mentions Indian traders of four or five different tribes, noting that Chickasaw traders are the most successful. Describes the Mississippi River, settlements alongside of it, and types of boats plying it. Discusses crops, timber, cotton, and the trade in them along rivers. Comments on Natchez, Baton Rouge, and New Orleans. "From the accounts I had of it in my travels through the States and the idea I had brought with me from Europe, I had been induced to view [New Orleans] as a receptacle for all the felons from most parts of this side of the Atlantic." Surprised at its respectability and active police presence. Notes New Orleans' population, trade, rent, and entertainment. Comments on his dealings with Moars Milne and Company. Working on credit, especially as Tennessee money is doing poorly. Quality cotton grown in Memphis and Mississippi: "This is encouraging to landholders in the New Purchase."
 
  ca. 1823 June 20 . W[illiam] North ALS to Jones Mumford; (2 pages)
Encourages Jones to pursue "female society," but warns him not to let pleasure "interfere with duty." Advises him to work hard at studies so as to be "a brilliant in your father's cap." Gives advice about living apart from other students and taking notes on readings.
 
  1823 June 23 . Galen [Carter] ALS to Timo[thy] Jarvis Carter; Bethel, [Maine] (3 pages)
Letter from Galen to his brother, letting him know that he is leaving his current location for elsewhere. He reflects at length on Timothy's sickness, providing diagnoses and suggested remedies and advice. Worries about Carter's mental and emotional state. There is a mention of Timothy's father being concerned about his welfare. "...your complaints do not arise so much from Calculi in the blad[d]er as from an enlarged Prostate Gland. If this opinion be correct, your disease is not so alarming... Should the dificulty to urinate continue or increase... I would advice you to make trial of the Bal. Cassavai, in doses of 10 to 20 drops, twice per day, taken in a little water..."
 
  1823 September 1 . [Joseph] Gales and [William] Seaton DS; [Washington, D.C.] (1 page)
Joseph Gales and William Seaton, editors of the National Intelligencer, certify that two affixed notifications of court cases were published in the Intelligencer "according to the order of the Court in the cases respectively." Concerns chancery cases involving estates.
 
  [1824] March 15 . E[liza] J; Abigail Johnson ALS to Mrs. Benjamin Munn; Derby, [Connecticut] (4 pages)
Johnson writes to brother and sister Munn, including religious reflections. Attended a camp meeting where they heard "Elder Banngs," possibly Nathan Bangs (1778-1862), preach. Discusses a number of women making a living at weaving and of the solace her religious faith provides despite her doubts as to her worthiness. News of friends and family, including deaths and estate woes. They heard that "there was a girl near you that had five children at a birth we wish to know the truth of it."
 
  1824 May 17 . George Rohr ADS; Frederick County, Maryland (1 page)
Randolph Campbell swears that the woman before him was the same woman that his father, William Campbell, freed from slavery.
 
  1824 August 1 . [Ebenezer Tucker] Document; [Egg Harbor, New York] (3 pages)
"Articles of association for Sea Bathing Establishment". Notes terms of Tucker's sale of Tucker's Beach to subscribers, distribution of certificates and stock, stockholder meetings and votes. Share holders agree to only sell the property as a whole instead of piece-meal, to maintain it as "a pleasant resort for sea bathing and rational amusement." Does not include any subscribers' names.
 
  1824 August 19 . Rich[ar]d Patten Partially printed DS; New York, [New York] (1 page)
Receipt for a thermometer purchased by Mr. Boardman. Written on illustrated Navigation Warehouse receipt.
 
  1824 September 27 . Frederic Beasley ALS to Rev. Lacey; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (1 page)
Recommends Matthias O. Dayton as Professor of Languages for the academy in Albany.
 
  1824 December 20 . A. Judson ALS to B. P. Putnam; Plymouth, [Massachusetts?] (1 page)
Would like Putnam to pay all the taxes owed on his land. Plans to sell it soon.
 
  1824-1834 . [Philadelphia merchants] 9 DSs to Mr. Butler; Miss Butler; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (9 pages [total])
Nine receipts for china, household and cloth goods, purchased by Mr. and Miss Butler of Gardiner & Veron, Townsend Sharpless, R. Tyndale, and L. J. Levy's. Includes partially printed receipts, with two illustrated receipts, one featuring a beehive and the other a ship and lighthouse.
 
  1825 January 18 . George Rohr ADS; Frederick County, Maryland (1 page)
James A. Murphy swears that the man in front of him, York Jones, "is the same that was manumitted by Jacob Hams."
 
  1825 July 5 . Miss Lymans Institution for Young Ladies Doc.; (1 page)
"Terms of the Miss Lymans Institution for Young Ladies," listing curriculum and costs. Includes a receipt for D. Griscom's fees for his his son from July 5, 1824 to April 5, 1825, listing tuition, board, books, and supplies.
 
  [1825] August 16 . John H. Rice ALS to [Jeremiah] Day; Theological Seminary, Virginia (1 page)
Introduces Mr. Hudson, "commending him to your paternal feelings as head of the college." Addressed to "The Reverend Doctor Day, President Yale College."
 
  1825 November 21 . Jonathan Elliot DS; Washington, [D.C.] (1 page)
Publisher of the Washington Gazette certifies that the affixed advertisement, for the public sale of real estate, appeared in the Gazette 76 times beginning on March 3, 1825. Includes notes on how the lot was divided and corrects typographical errors in the article.
 
  1826 April 20 . [Jean-Joseph Paul Augustin] Dessolles ALS to [Societe pour L'enseignement Elementaire]; Paris, [France] (2 pages)
In French, translation included. Accepts the position of President of the Society for Elementary Education. Praises the Society, the teaching method they propagated in France, and the benefits they provide for the lower classes. Translated excerpt: "What a benefit for humanity to bring within everyone's reach those initial developments of the intellectual faculties which round out man's existence and from which proceed the moral and religious ideas which will later serve him to organize his life and to insure his happiness." Includes a note about a speech being published in the newspapers, which repeats similar ideas.
 
  1826 June 9 . John B. Hallsted DS to Peter McCarty; New York, [New York] (4 pages)
Agreement concerning Hallsted, a carpenter, building a house for McCarty. Describes how McCarty will pay Hallsted. Provides a detailed description of the building to be constructed and materials to be used. Witnessed and signed by William Reynolds
 
  [before] 1826 July . AMs [Df?]; [Uniontown, Pennsylvania] (5 pages)
"Prospectus of a New Weekly Paper, to be Entitled The Western Reporter," to be published in Uniontown, Fayette County, Pennsylvania. Quotes from Albert Gallatin concerning the freedom of the press and emphasizes the significance of this right to the United States. "Where, indeed, except in our own country, do we find 'the unlimited, unrestrained liberty of the press?' " Underscores their commitment to human rights and freedoms, "without regard to color, creed, or country - of Western interests - of General Science and Literature- of Agriculture - of Domestic manufacture..." Admits and explains their friendly views to the current administration but vows impartiality. Promises to avoid opposition to other publications. Describes the type of content to be included in the paper.
 
  1827 January 2 . E[zra] S[tiles] Ely ALS to Howard Malcom; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (3 pages)
Lists works on Hopkinsianism, providing separate categories for those of "the highest pitch of sublimination," "more moderate Hopkinsianism," and those "In opposition to Hopkinsianism." Wishes Malcolm well in his work "in pulling down the strong holds of Satan, and in winning souls for Christ."
 
  1827 January 10 . Ithiel Town ALS to Jonathan Livermore and Samuel Chittenden; New York, [New York] (3 pages)
Extensive construction details for a bridge to be built at Taylors Falls [Massachusetts?]; includes two small drawings of structural details; letter was sent to architect Alexander Parris (1780-1852), who evidently passed the project on to Town, a well-known bridge builder and holder of a patent for a truss bridge. The letter is worn through in spots and one of the drawings has lost some detail.
 
  1827 March 13 . John and Elizabeth H. ALS to Hannah Gurnett; Horsham, [England] (3 pages)
Parents write to daughter in Upper Canada. They fear removal of discriminatory laws against Catholics in England will give them power; in such a case they would consider moving to America. They have sent her a likeness of [John?] made by an itinerant. Offer religious encouragement and send transcribed text of hymn[s].
 
  1827 April 4 . Mathew Egerton & Son ADS to Capt. Jenkins; [New Brunswick, New Jersey?] (1 page)
Receipt for mahogany bureau and bookcase, made out to Captain Jenkins, Steam Boat Thistle.
 
  1827 September 13 . Edward Everett ALS; Winter Hill, Charlestown, [Massachusetts] (2 pages)
Everett writes about the Massachusetts Journal, praising the publication for numerous reasons. Pleased with its restrained use of advertisements and its publication of public documents and items of "scientific, literary, & general interest." Notes its liberal political course. Asks for the recipient to support the paper by recommending it to friends.
 
  1827-1828 . Ms; Cambridge, [Massachusetts?] (40 pages)
"Subjects proposed weekly for the Dissertations of the Jun. Class of the Theological School of Cambridge." Includes 35 religious topics to discuss, often accompanied by lists of books to consult concerning them.
 
  1828 September 19 . H[enry] D. G[ilpin] ALS to Jos[hu]a Gilpin; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (18 pages)
Fifth letter in a series of five letters describing Gilpin's travels from Newcastle to Pittsburgh. Describes travel in western Pennsylvania en route to Pittsburgh. Notes local colleges, landscape, and canals. Discusses Pittsburgh manufactories, commerce, acquaintances. Includes a sketch of a keel boat and notes other watercraft. Describes journey to Philadelphia, noting landscape and German farmers.
 
  1828 January 16 . Timothy Upham ALS to Nathaniel G. Upham; Washington, [D.C.] (3 pages)
Student of the Medical College, writing to his brother. Has obtained items from the "Negro Society" to send to Nathaniel. Finds Washington medical lectures to be the best he has yet attended, finding ones in other cities deficient in dissections. "At Washington we have just as many bodies for dissection as we wish--all the slaves, day labourers--& poor people are thrown into a place called "Potteres field," and are taken up with impunity, even in the day time." Has been introduced to many "whales amongst small fishes": Clay, Calhoun, Macomb, Porter, and Webster, among others. Has attended the House of Representatives and heard Elias Kane and Thomas Benton speak. Notes Benton's participation in a duel. Mentions speculation about who will compose Jackson's cabinet. Enclosing a sprig of Laurel taken "from the tomb of Washington" [not included].
Box   4  
  1828 February 8, April 25 . Elizabeth Ricord 2 ALsS to Peter Macarty; Woodbridge, [New Jersey] (2 pages [total])
Discusses payment of a school account for "Nancy," including expenses with A. Brokaw. Notes her scholarly progress. Encloses a card to distribute to friends "who would be glad to send their daughters in the country."
 
  1828 August 1 . Printed Doc.; [New Haven, Connecticut] (2 pages)
A printed letter addressed to parents, explaining the reasons and outcome of a discussion of a large student protest again board conditions at Yale. Notes general dissatisfaction with food and the administration and faculty's failure to improve the situation. Discusses the college's response to the student boycott of the Hall. Includes the names of 134 students who signed the circular. Included in P[andias Theodore] Ralli ALS to James B. Porter, August 9, 1828.
 
  1828 August 9 . P[andias Theodore] Ralli ALS to James B. Porter; Yale College, New Haven, [Connecticut] (4 pages)
Discussion of a large student protest against board conditions at Yale. Notes numbers of students having withdrawn from Yale following the unjust expulsion of four classmates over the boycott of the Hall. Mentions the impact this affair and the students' circular has had. "Greeks" have opted not to participate in the student demonstration. The letter is written on a printed letter addressed to parents, explaining the reasons and outcome of the affair.
 
  1828 September 4 . H[enry] D. Gilpin ALS to Jos[hu]a Gilpin; Oaklands, [Maryland] (7 pages)
First in a series of five letters, approximating a journal describing Gilpin's trip from Newcastle to Baltimore and onward to Pittsburgh. This first letter (Sept. 4, 1828) recounts travel by steamboat, detailing fellow passengers' use of alcohol and those in love. Notes social calls in Baltimore and maps of the area. Letters are accompanied by a carte-de-visite of Henry Gilpin and six newspaper clippings concerning his death.
 
  1828 September 7 . H[enry] D. G[ilpin] ALS to Joshua Gilpin; Baltimore, [Maryland] (12 pages)
Second letter in a series of five letters, describing Gilpin's travels from Newcastle to Pittsburgh. This letter discusses maps of Baltimore and roads, well-to-do local residents and their homesteads and farms, including the Caton Manor. Mentions artwork in a Catholic's home. Notes an outdoor political gathering with candidates giving stump speeches. Briefly mentions using a "Camera Lucida."
 
  1828 September 11 . H[enry] D. Gilpin ALS to Joshua Gilpin; Uniontown, [Pennsylvania] (23 pages)
Third letter in a series of five letters, describing Gilpin's travels from Newcastle to Pittsburgh. This letter remarks on wealthy social acquaintances around Baltimore and those visiting at the Caton Manor, recalling an "exceedingly strange" woman who has recovered and another who "talks politics too much." An elderly acquaintance has promised to send Gilpin's Biography of the Signers to Marquess Wellesley. Mentions holding prayer meetings in the Manor chapel for African Americans. "nearly all the negroes however have deserted the old faith, and turned methodists..." Describes his travels westward through Maryland and Pennsylvania, noting their ascent of "Negro Mountain." Describes how it got its name from " a very fierce battle which took place on its top, when the Indians still inhabited all these parts, between a chief & a negro." Notes the natural landscape in western Pennsylvania and the local interest in economic markets. Comments on roads, bridges, and infrastructure. Discusses lodging at Uniontown and a review of the local military volunteers.
 
  1828 September 14 . H[enry] D. Gilpin ALS to Jos[hu]a Gilpin; Pittsburg[h], [Pennsylvania] (11 pages)
Fourth letter in a series of five letters describing Gilpin's travels from Newcastle to Pittsburgh. This letter notes the extreme weather and food conditions he has had to tolerate. Met with Colonel Evans and discussed some business matters, likely concerning land. Describes western Pennsylvania landscape and their tract of land, noting timber.
 
  1828 November 7 . David Derkheim DS to Mrs. G. Marks; (1 page)
Receipt for constructing a walnut coffin.
 
  1828 December . [John Milton Whiton]? AMs; (16 pages)
"Dissertation on the State and Place of Departed Spirits." Recommends using Ecclesiastes 8:8. Comments on death, the departure of the spirit from the body, and where the spirit dwells as it awaits resurrection. Notes the distinction between Heaven and Paradise for pure spirits and spiritual misery and Hell for evil ones.
 
  1829 March 5 . Alexander Hamilton, Jr. LS to Samuel W[hittelsey] Dana; New York, [New York] (3 pages)
Comments on a recent letter from William Plumer to John Q. Adams concerning the 1803-1804 Congress discussing New England seceding over slavery. Notes dissatisfaction over unequal Southern representation and tax benefits and fears that Southern and Western interests outweighed Northern ones. Describes specifics about establishing a separate government. Was told Alexander Hamilton had agreed to attend a "select meeting of the Leading Federalists in New England" to discuss the measures. Asks for specifics about Dana's relationship with Alexander Hamilton, if he had heard of the plan, and who was involved in it. Seeking to defend his father's "Fame" and "refute the Calumny conveyed."
 
  1829 April 28 . E[liphalet] Nott ALS; U[nion] C[ollege], [Schenectady, New York] (1 page)
Too late to comply with the recipient's request before the Legislature adjourns. May be willing to write an address, similar to the speech he would have made, once he has more time. "But I doubt whether the public are prepared for receiving the views of the subject I have taken - and whether the freedom with which I have spoken would not do injury in certain quarters."
 
  1829 . Henry Coughenour AMs; [Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania] (52 pages)
Name and date taken from cover; there is no proof that Henry Coughenour penned any of the recipes which are primarily for cakes, pies, preserves, and beers, wines, and liquors. Also includes the names Andrew Kauffm[an], with a later date in the inside cover [1837?], along with the names Magdalena Herr, Miss Courkholder, and David banks elsewhere in the book. Has recipe for "Indian Flatjacks," "Poor mans pound cake," and "A Compleat Cure for the Hieves."
 
  1830-06-09 . [Jeremiah] Day ADS to Johanni O Colton [John Owen Colton]; [New Haven, Connecticut] (1 page)
Certification of Colton's proficiency in Latin writing. In Latin and signed "Jeromius Day."
 
  1830 February 3 . John G. Krummer DS; ANS to Elizabeth Mehaffey; Litiz, Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania (2 pages [total])
Certificate of commendation from the principal of the Seminary for Young Ladies at Litiz. Includes a note from Krummer to Mehafey calling on her to "prove that the instructions received whilst a pupil at our Seminary have been beneficial to the advancement of your present & future welfare." Encourages dependence on Jesus and the grace of God.
 
  1830 February-1830 March . H[enry] Wharton Griffith ADfs + 4 Printed Docs.; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (22 pages; 15 pages)
A printed pamphlet and 2 printed circulars comment on the quarrel between Henry Wharton Griffith and R. Dillon Drake which led to the the duel between William Miller, Jr., and Charles G. Hunter. Several manuscript drafts are included of portions of Charles H. Duryee's pamphlet, which include pen and ink sketches of faces, abstract doodles, and a man in a red jacket and turban[?]. Two manuscript drafts also appear of a public letter, seemingly by Henry W. Griffith, about Drake's initial physical attacks.
 
  1830 March 20 . [Committee of the Proprietors] DS to Parlee Keith; [East Bridgewater, Massachusetts] (1 page)
Committee of the Proprietors of the East Bridgewater Meetinghouse received payment of Parlee Keith for pew rent. Signed by John A. Whiting, Samuel D. Shaw, Seth Richard, and Alvan Shaw.
 
  1830 March 27 . John Biddle ALS to Edward Rutledge; Washington, [D.C.] (2 pages)
Unable to give Rutledge information on the value of land claimed by Mr. Portier. Notes that land sales near Green Bay, Wisconsin, are "not frequent" and ideas of the value of land are not settled. If the "bill establishing the Territorial Govt of Huron" passes, it will be near to Portier's land and will increase its value. Provides a rough estimate of value for Portier's farm. "The claim has not yet been acted upon by Congress but probebly will be decided by the H. of Reps during the next week."
 
  1830 May 7 . Elijah K[eeler] Bangs ALS to Charles F. Seidel; Phila[delphia, Pennsylvania] (2 pages [total])
Letter written to the principal of the Moravian Seminary at Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. The letter is regarding the poor conduct of Elijah's daughter, Mary Ann Bangs, at the school. He gives the teachers full authority to punish her as deemed proper. On the same sheet, Elijah writes to his daughter, Mary Ann Bangs, regarding her misconduct at school. He threatens that she will invoke his unending displeasure. If she does not improve her behavior he will "convey you to some lone dark Woodland farm, there to a ruff farmer, will bind you, as servant, untill you are eighteen, or as long the law will admit." NOTE: Seidel was the principal of the seminary from 1818-1819 and 1822-1836. Elijah Bangs owned a china shop on North Main Street in Philadelphia.
 
  1830 July 22; 1830 August 12 . Isaac McCoy and J[ohnston] Lykins ALS to James Polke; Fayette, Missouri; Prairie Creek, [Indiana?] (2 pages [total])
Remarks on the death of Josephus, relying on religious faith. Received Polke's letter offering to purchase McCoy's farm, and is sending Lykins to finalize the sale. Preparing to return west to survey Delaware lands above the Kauzau River. "I shall be attended by a guard of Indians." Passage of the Indian bill is gratifying to missionaries such as McCoy, and prospects have never been more promising. Need more missionaries. Includes a note from Lykins explaining his failure to attend to the sale of McCoy's farm and arranging to do so at a later date.
 
  1830 October 16 . Andrew Jackson AL to [Philip G.] Randolph; s.l. (1 page)
To the acting Secretary of War. Enclosing a letter from the Governor of Massachusetts requesting a loan of surveying equipment. [Gov. of Mass. letter not present].
 
  1830 November 14 . W. ALS to Mr. Lamb; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (8 pages)
Notes the decline of popular interest in theater and how "Theatrical taste is getting exceedingly bad." Blames the great number of theaters for spreading acting talent too thinly. Believes the low price of admission draws a less sophisticated crowd, driving the decline in theatrical tastes. Comments on the appeal of high versus vulgar theater. Gives advice about what types of productions to show on different nights of the week, not forcing actors to sing, being judicious in using stars, and reigning in actors' improvisation and romantic displays on the stage. Discusses how to avoid distractions from the performances' illusions. Quotes from John Dryden. Advice to a beginning stage manager. Author could possibly be William Burke Wood (1779-1861), William Warren (1767-1832), or Francis Courtney Wemyss (1797-1859).
 
  1830 December 24 . W[illiam] G[ardner] Angel ALS to Russell G. Dorr; Washington, [D.C.] (4 pages)
Discusses his recent election and the narrow margin of his majority. "... I have always remarked thro life that I have lost more friends and become more obnoxious by an excercise of plain honest dealing than I did by shuffling & deceit." No suitable positions are available for the president to appoint Dorr to, and advises Dorr to refrain from entering politics at all. Political offices prove financially and morally bankrupting. "Vicissitudes are so great and changes so frequent that the continuance of an office when once bestowed is so frail and uncertain that the incumbent lives in constant fear of being turned out, He loses his native independence and becomes a fawning sycophant ever ready to kiss the foot of him who is in power... The idle and extravagant habits acquired by office holders leads them unerringly to poverty and totally unfits them for other avocations." Advises Dorr to be "honest and faithful" with his clients and to be "content with small & certain gains and do not enter upon political life till you have secured a competence of lucre."
 
  1830 December 31 . H[enry] D. B[ird] ALS to R[obert] M[ontgomery] Bird; Port Clinton, [Pennsylvania] (3 pages)
Comments on Robert's latest play and it being "given to F.," likely referring to Edwin Forrest (1806-1872), the actor. Discusses awaiting public reactions. Muses on names for "Yr. Fanatick," possibly a character. Worried that the topic is "too ticklish for your 2nd play. Religion (particularly in this presbyterian country) is a rather delicate subject for the stage..." Comments on local women and Pennsylvania Dutch girls. Discusses his personal finances.
 
  [ca. 1830] . AMs; [Blawenburg, New Jersey] (17 pages)
"Constitution of the Blawenburgh Temperance Society." Includes articles of association and list of 226 members, with Rev. Peter Labagh (1773-1858) listed as the first.
 
  1831 May 9 . Geo[rge] McDowell & Son ALS to Lawrence Lewis; Baltimore, [Maryland] (1 page)
Comments on the costs and details of binding "Rees' Cyclopedia."
 
  1831 September 10 . Geo[rge] McDowell & Son ALS to Lawrence Lewis; Baltimore, [Maryland] (1 page)
List of costs associated with binding various books, including Rees' Cyclopedia and the Life of Washington. Includes a letter notifying Lewis of the completion of his order and a note from October 3, 1831, certifying payment.
 
  1831 October 17 . M[atthe]w Brown Partially printed DS; Canonsburg, [Pennsylvania] (3 pages)
Fund-raising document for Jefferson College describing its history, philosophy, location, and reliance on tuition for funding. Students are expected to perform manual labor on the college farm in addition to their studies. "The object is to promote health and vigor, both of body and mind, to form habits of industry and economy, to impart some practical as well as scientific knowledge of agriculture, gardening, and the mechanic arts, and greatly to reduce the expenses of a college education." Handwritten addition by college President Brown sets forth amounts required to endow a scholar and the benefits associated with doing so; scholarships may be endowed both by individuals and by Sabbath School association. Lists costs of tuition, board, and other expenses.
 
  1832 February 17 . Samuel Todd ADS to Asa Fox; Plymouth, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Contract for provision of housing material. Lists details of the materials, its delivery, and costs.
 
  1832 March . F[rancis] P[reston] Blair Printed Doc.; Washington, [D.C.] (1 page)
"Proposals for an Extra Globe." Proposal for printing thirty numbers of an "extra Globe" to support Andrew Jackson's reelection. Criticizes his political opponents, noting the hazards they pose to America. "The Champion of an unreasonable Tariff and the Author of Nullification, having no principle in common but a restless ambition, are found united in their efforts to baffle the President in his foreign negotiations, kindle faction in our halls of legislation, and fill our country with discontent and anarchy." Notes the "causeless rejection of our Minister to Great Britain." Calls for subscriptions to the special editions of the Globe.
 
  [1832?] July 7 . Mary [Wharton] ALS to T[homas] I. Wharton; Bordentown, [New Jersey] (3 pages)
Hopes to come home to hear his speech. Heard her first speech this past Fourth of July, "and I am sure you do not wish me to remain with that as a specimen in my head." Comments on the weather, her housing, and sewing a purse. Discusses Fourth of July celebrations, including songs. Many do not respect the local clergyman. Notes many musical residents and the famed "Mr. Waldie," "as distinguished in his way... as the president in his."
 
  1832 July 31 . Ch[arle]s Banchen ALS to Tho[ma]s I. Wharton; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (3 pages)
Discusses the local cholera epidemic. Tries to allay Wharton's fears. "The cases are, I understand, with the exception of that at the Almshouse, of the ordinary character attributable to irregularity of habit or great imprudence in some particular indulgence, and altogether confined to the class chiefly affected at New York." Philadelphians are remaining calm. "...the streets are as crouded and every one taken up in his own pursuits as tho' no cholera had appeared." Lists the number of cases and deaths.
 
  1832 August 27 . Hannah Goodale ALS to John Ayer; Mackinaw, [Michigan] (3 pages)
Goodale writes on behalf of Frederick Ayer (1803-1867), John's brother, offering condolences for the death of his father. Reflects on death and religion. Describes Frederick having gone with a trader to live, preach, and establish a school among the Indians at La Point (Madeline Island in Lake Superior). "After he considered it his duty to go he went very cheerfully, for he truly loves the souls of the poor Indians, and seems not to be at home unless he is among them." Comments on the Native American reaction to Frederick at La Pointe and his plain living. "To some people it would be next to banishment to go nine hundred miles into an Indian Country, some of the way almost impassable and settle down among them without one Christian friend, only one white man, and he an Indian wife. But all this your Brother has done cheerfully, accounting himself honoured and esteeming it a favour thus to be a forerunner to prepare the way of the Lord and make his paths straight." Includes extracts from a letter Frederick wrote to her from Sault Ste. Marie, commenting on religious gains there and his travels.
 
  1832 November 16 . Alden Bradford Partially printed DS to [Sheriff of Bristol County]; New Bedford, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Sheriff of Bristol County ordered to "attach the goods or estate of Frederic P. Taber of said Fairhaven painter," or arrest Taber to answer for the debts owed to James Bosworth, Jr., "portrait painter." Regarding the arrest of Tabor for indebtedness in Bosworth v. Tabor. Alden is the Judge of Fairhaven County, Massachusetts writing on behalf of James Bosworth. Includes manuscript note signed by Benja[min] T. Sisson, Deputy Sheriff, "the within precept satisfied-- and have charg my fees to Deft."
 
  1833 May 11 . David Butler ALS; Troy, [New York] (2 pages)
Asks for help with a young man, Houghton, whose scholarship has been supported "by those who are not his relations" because of his family's poverty. After having "fallen into rather profligate company" at Union College, he lost the financial support of his benefactors. Wishes to mend his ways. Hopes he and Mr. Kirk may have some way of employing the boy, as "it may perhaps be the means of preserving his from ruin." Asks for a copy of his "discourses to young men" to use with the boy.
 
  1833 June 14 . Thomas Moore ALS to G[ilbert] S. Newton; Sloperton [Cottage, England] (1 page)
"Thanks, my dear Newton, to Mrs. N. and yourself for the pretty waltz, which I play over often to remind me of that agreeable evening, and those sweet Transatlantic tones, in which ‘like a wizard, by a spell / of my own teaching, I was caught.'"
 
  1833 July 16 . W[illia]m Wirt ALS to William Rawle; White Sulphur Springs, Virginia (4 pages)
Comments on lands he purchased in Florida several years ago. Provides a detailed proposal and experiment to use destitute German immigrants, recruited in northern cities, as labor in southern states. Notes concerns about the climate and German immigrants' reputation of breaking indentures. Describes the recent German immigrant population and their good character. Wrote up "a plan of association," had a German clergyman translate it, and distributed it amongst immigrant families. Notes his obligations to set up and equip the workers and his son-in-laws' labor directing work and sending the produce to market. Workers split a third of the profits. Intends to grow cotton but may expand to sugar. "I reserve to myself the right of encreasing the colony at pleasure, but with white and consequently free labour only, there being an express stipulation against the introduction of slave or coloured labour."
 
  1833 August 9 . Seargent [Smith Prentiss] ALS to George L. Prentiss; Vicksburg, [Mississippi] (3 pages)
Letter from Seargent to his brother apologizing for writing so infrequently. Pleased that George enjoys college and advises him to study oration to supplement his academics, explaining in detail the importance of such an endeavor. "This attainment is to every man of the utmost importance. In fact, it is no less than the power of using his other attainments - for of what advantage is information - unless one has the power of conveying it - and shewing to the world that one possesses it..." Discusses how elocution brings men to greatness. Uses Henry Clay (1777-1852) as an example. "...his superiority consists in the power & adroitness with which he brings his information to bear."
 
  1834 February 17 . Almira H[art] L[incoln] Phelps ALS; AL to [Zilpah Polly Banister] Grant; Guilford, Vermont (5 pages [total])
Asks Ipswich Academy Headmistress Grant, as a "distinguished teacher," to write recommendations of her textbooks, Lectures on Botany and Lectures to Young Ladies, for the publisher. Revising her Child's Geography and asks Grant's opinion about female education in Geology and Greek. "I have long thought we ought to direct our pupils more to the contemplation of nature in her various forms than we have been accustomed to do." Working on a "Chemistry for Beginners." Phelps is trying to address "some of the deficiencies I have formerly felt, and which Teachers now complain of with respect to School Books." Would like teachers' feedback. Enclosed is an anonymous letter to be read to the "little ones." Tells of writing songs and visiting a public school closing exercise in which the writer joined them in reciting. Sang in classrooms. Tells a fanciful tale of a mouse inhabiting her boot while she napped.
 
  1834 March . John Ford ALS to Timothy R. Green; Saratoga Springs, [New York] (1 page)
Letter soliciting business for the Pavilion Hotel in Saratoga Springs, "calculated expressly for Families & parties." Includes a description of the hotel accommodations and an apology for not having had apartments to suit Green the previous year.
 
  1834 June 30 . W[illiam] Strickland ALS to James Mitchell and Robert McCoy; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (1 page)
Recommends John Kenworthy, "a painter & glazier in my employ."
 
  1834 June 30 . G. ALS to Henry B. Curtiss; Verona, [New York] (3 pages)
Was unable to visit due to pleurisy and attending a select school. Studying made his health suffer, so he has turned to farming. Notes his brother working as a carpenter and joiner. Comments on farming and land in Verona. Discusses business failures and scarcity of money. "Much is said about the U.S. Bank as the cause of distressing the Country, as also concerning the President of the U.S. both have here Friends and Enemies as in most parts of the Union." Describes local sect of "Perfectionists" who "pretend to be equal with Christ having power to work miracles, yet cautious how they attempt it as I have not heard of their performing any such deeds." Notes the upheaval they have caused in drawing church members away and proclaiming their desire to "break down & ultimately destroy the churches of the present day." The area may be rid of them soon, as they propose moving west, "where you may possibly be blest with them in Ohio."
 
  1835 January 1 - 1835 February 28 . Journal; [Maine] (56 pages)
Detailed "slice of life" journal with marginal illustrations, seemingly kept by a barber but with many references to women and women's work. Potpourri of topics, including social visits, women's and agricultural labor, religion, reading, religion, weather, death and health, cleaning and food preparation, tailoring, sewing, schools. Includes multiple drawings of straight-edge razors and references to getting and giving shaves. Describes reading the Bible, newspapers, periodicals, and novels. Notes the "Bank War" with U.S. Banks and the Treasury, federal land grants, and fires in New York City. Many fine pen and ink illustrations provide more details on the day's occurrences. Illustrations include razors, scissors, irons, buckets, a casket, manicules, clothing, people warming feet in hot water, clothes being washed, barrels, the moon, a mole, a musical instrument, an ax and grinder, kettles, wash tubs, baking and food, a goat, letters, logs being pulled, a butchered calf and a fish, a hearth, an umbrella, and a heart with arrows. [References Lydia Haskell, in need of new housing, create separate finding aid]
 
  1835 January 29 . Isaac McCoy ALS to James Polke; Westport, Missouri (4 pages [total])
Writes about sickness and death in their families. Includes religious reflections. Discusses financial matters relating to a land transfer. Sending a copy of his "Annual Register of Indian Affairs" [not included]. Had asked a cousin to "write all that he could recollect of former doings of, and with the Indians." Written on free sheet of prospectus for Isaac M'Coy's Indian Advocate. "PROPOSALS for publishing, on the Kauzau river, within the Indian Territory, west of the state of Missouri, and three hundred miles west of St. Louis, a semi-monthly periodical, to be entitled, THE INDIAN ADVOCATE, Devoted chiefly to Indian Affairs."
 
  1835 May 15 . W[illiam] H[enry] Channing ALS to Julia M. Allen [Channing]; Havre, [France] (4 pages)
Grateful for a safe sea voyage. Beautiful letter to his future wife, thinking of their future life together and their courtship thus far. Reflects on whether she wants to be his soul's keeper and to aid him in his work "of moral reformation, of human salvation." "Remember you are free - wholly free, as free in my view as if we had never explained to each other the labyrinth of causeless anxieties, in which our hearts have been entangled... that I was indeed candid in my conversations with you, candid to the degree of folly and presumption - both in what I said relative to you and our intercourse, and my own character and prospects..." Briefly mentions books he left for her to read.
 
  1835 May 18 . Richard Stanton ALS to Lawrence Lewis; Alexandria, [Virginia] (2 pages [total])
Letter concerning construction details of Washington's tomb. Stereoscope view of tomb, of later date, is included. Enclosed: James MacPherson ALS to Richard Stanton; Baltimore, Maryland, 1p. May 18, 1835. Apologizes for misunderstandings about the tomb's dimensions. Includes pen and pencil sketch of Washington's tomb. Letter accompanied by Alexander Gardner stereoscope view of the tomb.
 
  1835 July 25 . A. Scofield ALS to Eliphalet Nott; Auburn, [New York] (3 pages)
Letter regarding the question of admitting an African American young man into college. "He is a sensible, decent boy, well prepared to enter sophomore in any college in the land is anxious to enjoy the advantages of regular collegiate courses under your administration." Could be admitted at a school in Hudson, Ohio, but would prefer not to. "... when I think of Africa and her wrongs and the present condition of her exiled sons I feel as though it was time for humanity to awake and put on strength and moderation and wisdom and energy for in regards to this whole matter great events for good or ill are to follow in quick succession. And if the wise fail to act, fools cannot be restrained..."
 
  1835 October 19 . Jacob Abbott ALS to John S. C. Abbott; Roxbury, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Writes regarding John's recent move and construction on a church. Would like to speak to him about "the Magazine," but his presence is not required. Gives a detailed account of everything he did that day. Mentions steel plates, proofs, and an engraver.
 
  [ca. 1835] . [American Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge] L; (4 pages)
Details of a plan to publish a national library for district schools. Hope to collect 50 to 100 "instructive works on various subjects in all the departments of useful Knowledge calculated to benefit & interest the Youth of our Country." Lists estimates of different costs associated with establishing the library.
 
  1836 January 9 . Josiah Quincy Partially printed DS; [Cambridge, Massachusetts] (1 page)
"Abstract of Laws and Regulations of the University in Cambridge [Harvard], for the Information of Parents and Guardians of Students accepted on Examination." Admitting John Ganson (1818-1874) as a member of the Freshman class on the condition that he passes a satisfactory examination of Latin syntax and Greek grammar and writing. Includes a revised dress code pasted over the previous version.
 
  1836 March 12 . Nathan Seabury Linnell AMsS to Miss Charlotte; s.l. (3 pages)
Reflections on youth, the formation of man's disposition, and childhood pleasures. Notes the irony of youth's impatient expectation of growing up to obtain happiness when most grown men look fondly on childhood as the happiest stage of life. Contrasts the empty pursuit of wealth and fame to the happiness and blessedness offered by religion. Item was originally laid in The Christian Parlor Magazine, volume 3 (1847).
 
  1836 March 14 . Nathan F[ellows] Dixon ALS to Nathan F[ellows] Dixon, Jr.; Westerly, [Rhode Island] (8 pages)
Written as his son nears the completion of his studies at New Haven Law School. Comments on money he has sent to Nathan. Discusses young men's indecision about their careers and the importance of adhering to a chosen profession. Compares a man who switches professions without mastering either to a hybrid animal "... the misjoinder of a Sharke's foreparts, to a Bear's hind parts--would form a Compound animal--but poorly Calculated to get a good Living in either air or watter." Gives advice regarding the profession of law, encouraging Nathan to work in his law offices before returning to Cambridge and "Judge Story's Law School." Profits to made as a lawyer in New York City are greater than those of a merchant. Emphasizes the importance of scientific and mathematical knowledge for lawyers, the value of rising before the sun and exercising, the benefits of manual labor, natural philosophy, and good habits. Acknowledges that some classes of people will not pursue or benefit from these practices, including slave holders. Discusses their family history.
 
  1836 June 9 . J[ohn] Davis ALS to Phineas; Senate Chamber, [Washington, D.C.] (2 pages)
Discusses finances and dealing in scrip. Notes that $500 of the scrip belongs to Webster. Includes a signed note from [Daniel] Webster (1782-1852).
 
  1836 July 13 . John Sergeant ALS to J[ames] C[ole] Van Dyke, Jr., W[illiam] H[enry] Steele, and W.W. Demerest; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (1 page)
Has to decline the Philoclean Society's invitation, likely at Rutgers College, as he will be leaving for Newport. Wishes the institution well and hopes "that the blessings of Providence may rest upon every effort to promote the cause of piety and learning."
 
  1836 August 21 . E[lijah] J. Weed ALS to John McLean; Washington, [D.C.] (2 pages)
Has been ordered north "to attend to the erection of the Marine Barracks at Norfolk & Charleston," as the "Creek Campai[g]n has finished. Comments on the Creek War, calling it "much of a humbug." "The Indians from what I could understand were goaded to desperation by the villanous whites around them - they were openly swindled out of their lands and other property - without the slightest means of redress... had I have had a choice I should have much sooner fought on their side than with the whites." Mentions the pleasant landscape and not losing any members of his corps. Sorry to have missed meeting Captain Taylor. Notes the unfair dismissal of Simpson and Harvey from the post office. Mentions the current presidential election. "The friends of Van Buren here are becoming alarmed at the news from the south & west."
 
  1836 September 7 . John Haney ALS to John Haney, Thomas [Haney], and William Haney; Galena, [Illinois] (3 pages)
Instructions to his sons in Rushville, regarding money and travel to Galena. Gives instructions for settling Thomas in to a new job at the Galena Advertiser, arranged through the editor, Mr. Bartlett. "A young man as smart as you can go any where, and do any thing."
 
  1836 November 14 . Cha[rle]s Graves ALS to James M. Smith; Shingle Creek, New York (3 pages)
Graves has been teaching: "I have engaged in this school as a kind of benevolent effort. To elevate if possible the standard of popular education, that pillar of our country's glory." Ann Maddock and Eliza Van Duzer, from Gouvernour, will be attending his school and boarding with his family. Describes local religious revivals, headed by Mr Stephens and Mr. Wicks "You know there is in such popular excitements a certain degree of feeling which carries men to such and such extremes and all who fall short of the standard set up by the leaders are regarded as hereticks." Comments on the loudness of revivalists' prayers and describes a revival meeting in detail. Discusses works recently read, including Peter Simple and Last Days of Pompeii.
 
  1837 January 31 . C[harles] W[illiam] Hackley ALS to Mahlon Dickerson; New York, [New York] (2 pages)
Letter of recommendation for James S. Woolley to act as mathematics teacher upon "one of our vessels of war." Notes Wooley "has been for two years past prosecuting mathematical and physical studies in the University in this city with eminent success." Note: Letter written while Hackley was Professor of Mathematics at the University of New York.
 
  1837 June 24 . Levi Beardsley ALS to A[zariah] C[utting] Flagg; C[herry] Valley, [New York] (3 pages)
Details of banking and the "money market." Comments on Flagg's circular "proposing to accept from the Central Bank about 10 per cent in specie instead of 25 of the Canal monies." Willing to send the specie, even if it is inconvenient, as "the constant demand for change renders it very desirable to retain all that we have and more will be wanted." Worried that the reduction of specie will render them penniless soon. Asks whether he expects other banks to comply with his request and make it "desirable that the Central shall furnish the amount indicated." Would like Flagg to "pay the interest & reduce the stock without using all the specie" so it can be returned to them" instead of turning it over to other Banks."
 
  1837 November 22 . A[rchibald] Alexander ALS to Cortlandt Van Rensselaer; Princeton, [New Jersey] (1 page)
Unable to accept Van Rensselaer's invitation to preach at the opening of his new church, on account of his "delicate and variable" health. Unable to travel during winter. "... but should providence so order it, that the weather should be pleasant and my health as good as usual, you may possibly see me in Burlington, on that day."
 
  1837 November 24 . Sam[ue]l Miller ALS to C[ornelius] C. Cuyler; Princeton, [New Jersey] (1 page)
Cuyler's church had applied for aid "in furnishing the means for completing the salary... of your Professor of 'Pastoral Theology,' " but they have not received any money. Action needs to be taken.
Box   5  
  1838 February 13 . N[oah] Webster Printed Circular S to Moby, Kimball, & Merrill; New Haven, [Connecticut] (1 page)
Printed circular letter on the evils of over-publication of books. Prices of the Elementary Spelling Book has been drastically reduced. Notes the need to "restrict licenses in the number of copies" and for publishers to hold firm on prices. "I must urge them all to adopt this course, in which their interest, and the good of the public, in having well-made Books, are deeply concerned."
 
  1838 April 19 . Th[oma]s D[artmouth] Rice ALS to Fra[nci]s Weymms [Wemyss]; Louisville, [Kentucky] (1 page)
Notes travel arrangements for a minstrel show in Pittsburgh. "...are not the terms you propose pretty heavy - for Pittsburg. However we always agree on terms, and when I arrive we will arrange matters mutually beneficial for both parties." Includes a postscript noting, "My Houses here were overflowing Every night."
 
  1838 June 3 . F. M. Prescott ALS to T. O. Prescott; Camp on White River Opposite Yorktown, [Indiana] (7 pages)
Was directed to Indianapolis to "take the level in a locating party" for the "Central Canal North of Indianapolis." Found the long walks and weather difficult. engineering. Comments on James becoming an artist. Describes a typical day "examining the country to find the most fit place for Canals, roads, or what not." Requires strenuous effort in a rough camp setting. Notes the goals of the party and the engineers and other members of the crew. The work demands knowledge in "Geology, Minerology, Botany, Political Economy, and Law." T. A. Morris serves as the locating party's leader.
 
  1838 August 2 . H[enry] D[ilworth] Gilpin ALS to [Joshua Gilpin]; Washington, [D.C.] (15 pages)
Describes a trip in Virginia with President Martin Van Buren, Secretary of War Joel Poinsett, and Secretary of Navy James Paulding. Stopped at Fortress Monroe and Fort Calhoun, noting General [Andrew] Jackson's fondness for the area. Notes their reception at Norfolk and Portsmouth, visiting the Norfolk Navy Yard and the "Exploring Squadron" headed to the South Seas. Comments on dinners and social engagements. Travelled on to Richmond, disembarking at Jamestown and describing the ruins. Describes the President's reception in Richmond. Studied the "manufacture of 'a mint sling,' " an alcoholic drink, noting how to make one.
 
  1838 September 30 . Salmon Sawyer ALS to Aaron Sawyer; [Appanoose], Hancock Co., Illinois (4 pages)
Responding to his cousin, who had inquired about "speculation &c in the West." Some think the area "the very Garden of the world while others... are disappointed and return back". Living three miles or more from streams and rivers minimizes chances of sickness. Sawyer notes that the area is excellent for selling goods; business is principally done on navigable streams. Persons who are able to speak in native languages are able to engage in profitable trading with Indians. The Blackhawks will not speak English. He also notes: high demand for blacksmithing, prices of foodstuffs, farming, land speculation and squatters in Iowa Territory, types of timber, and hunters and rifles. Asks for newspapers. Advises on the best travel route to Iowa.
 
  1838 October 10 . Sam[ue]l Waterbee DS to Mr. Scranton; (1 page)
Bill for four chairs.
 
  [1838] November 16 . Francis E[dward] Parker Partial ALS to John A[bbot] Emery; [Cambridge, Massachusetts?] (3 pages)
Discusses tutor [Jones] Very's (1813-1880) preoccupation with "Transcendental philosophy as applied to religion." Notes Very's decline into mental illness, "though sound on every other subject became entirely insane on religion." Very asserted that "he was perfect, he could commit no sin," and believed he was communing with God. Warned of impending judgment. Very was removed from the educational institution by recommendation of the President and other professors. Remarks on Mr. Reed leaving Dartmouth "as his standing was not very good here (as a scholar) he chose to go where he could begin anew and do better." College has been relatively quiet, except for "a few bonfires, & a cow was lodged one night in a recitation room." Happy to have missed the admission of Charles Soul, calling it "a ceremony so perverted." Sending Cleveland's Antiquities along with the letter. Addressed to John A. Emery, Student at Phillips Academy, Exeter N.H.
 
  1838 December 22 . W[illiam] S[prague] Buell ALS to Ebenezer Lane; Albany, [New York] (4 pages (total))
On account of a shared acquaintance with Lane's "near friends," Sprague asks for help in collecting "the autographs of the distinguished men of this and other countries" to be deposited in "some public institution." Interested in governors, judges of the Supreme Court, and members of the U.S. Senate who come from the West, to address a deficiency in his collection. "... I wish to preserve an entire document rather than a mere fragment or signature." Asks for any letters to be sent to Samuel Ingram, Member of Congress, who will forward them to Sprague. Sprague notes that he was pastor of the West Springfield church "and a neighbor of your excellent mother." Reverse of letter includes biographical details on William Buell Sprague, noting "he has... one of the largest collection of autographs in America." Includes a list of "Folio letters wanted" on a separate sheet.
 
  1838-1840 . Charles Hayden Ms; (20 pages)
"A genealogy of the late Col. Josiah Hayden..." Book made by hand from older paper, including the cover made from a page of Josiah Hayden's journal. Provides a detailed history of the Hayden family.
 
  1839 February 4 . Daniel Webster ALS to A. B. Gale; Washington, [D.C] (1 page)
Advises Gale, "young friend," on his education. Prompts Gale to remain at Exeter. "You can never enjoy better means of education, than those which you now possess. Your friends do not doubt your capacity to learn; they are only conscious that you should be attentive & assiduous. And let me assure you, that without earnest attention & [serene?] study, you cannot give your friends pleasure, or do yourself honor." Accompanied by an engraved portrait of Daniel Webster by Avignon and Buttre
 
  1839 March 29 . R[alph] W[aldo] Emerson ALS to John G. Ladd; Concord, [Massachusetts] (2 pages)
Looks forward to seeing his cousin when he visits in the summer. Emerson will have "an opportunity of seeing you once again in our green fields, & talking with you of old & new times, of the books you have read, the men you have seen, the growth of your affections, your intellect, & and your character." Hopes for news from Andover. Addressed to Ladd at Phillips Academy, Andover.
 
  Undated . [Sister?] and Charles Henshaw AL to James H. Eldredge; [Boston, Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Description and list with prices of furnishings purchased for Eldredge. With: Charles Henshaw ALS to James H. Eldredge. Boston, [Massachusetts], May 20, 1839.
 
  1839 May 20 . Charles Henshaw ALS to James H. Eldredge; Boston, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
List of furnishings sent by rail to Eldredge (possibly related to undated letter to James H. Eldredge).
 
  1839 September 20 . Edward [Cooper] ALS to H. C. Cooper; Rutgers College, New Brunwick, [New Jersey] (3 pages)
Has entered the remarkably talented junior class at Rutgers. Describes friends, professors, classwork, buildings, literary societies, and life at Rutgers. "The deportment of the students is very good, strictly moral and the greater part are religious in their walk and conversation." Mentions that there are "not any ultra maniacs" among his classmates. Notes the promise the class holds for the "Dutch Church and the theological institutions," and the great number of students who attend the Dutch church because "most of the students are dutchmen." Describes the college president, who reminds him of "the old Puritan fathers about to land on our American Shores." Cooper later became a Presbyterian clergyman and educator.
 
  1839 November 16 . John W. Perit ALS to Pela[t]iah Perit; Philad[elphi]a, [Pennsylvania] (3 pages)
Letter regarding a painting sent for exhibit in Philadelphia. Perit reflects on the painting, offering his praises on the artist, [Samuel L.] Waldo, and his representation of Pelatiah. "A Connecticut friend who knows you says the painter is a Wizzard." Notes others who have found the artwork to be extraordinary.
 
  1839 November 18 - 1840 January 6 . Ms; [Birdsboro, Pennsylvania?] (2 pages)
Register of pupils at the Birdsborough School House, with names of students, their ages, admittance date, and the progress of their studies.
 
  1840 January 23 . D. & A. Kingsland ALS to H[enry] Howard; New York [City, New York] (3 pages (total))
Writing about the lands they own in Michigan, the taxes paid upon them, and those that are still owed. Includes a 2-page table showing specific sections, ranges, and acreage for D. & A. Kingsland's land-holdings in 11 Michigan counties. Note: Henry Howard was the Auditor General for the State of Michigan from 1839-1840.
 
  1840 January 26 - 1842 August 28 . George Wanzer Journal; (44 pages)
Detailed weather journal with a hand-painted cover, "WEATHER, TABLE." Notes precipitation, wind, temperatures. "An a count of the wether the depth of the snow at the time of my commencin foor feet." Notes depths of snow and changes in seasons. "... the snow being oll gon except the drifts round a bout and the spring burds made thare aperance, such as the bluburd and the robing." Remarks on storms, agricultural work, seasonal birds and frogs, northern lights, and details about the appearance of the sun and moon. Includes sporadic short poems preceding the first of the month and other extracts from books. Reflects on the passage of time with the New Year.
 
  1840 February 8 . Richard Rush ALS to J[ames] K[irke] Paulding; Sydeham, near Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (4 pages)
Comments on his activities while in England, including visiting navy yards. Enclosing a copy of a "navy pay-roll of Cromwel's time" and a sample of teak wood [not present]. Mentions Dutch history. Interested in Paulding's recent report and the outcomes of Captain Perry's "experiments with the Paixhan guns." Comments on a model of a steam frigate, "and by my notions it will be the Alligator, snapping turtle (with a touch of h_ll and the d___l) and every thing else to boot." Agrees that the Navy Board should be abolished. Comments on how the navy practices with their guns, believing the higher costs of practicing with ball cartridges would be rewarded in battle. Believes war is a possibility
 
  1840 February 14 . D[avid] Crawford ALS to A. L. Miner; Putney, [Vermont] (3 pages)
Letter by a War of 1812 veteran, regarding the qualifications of Gen. William Henry Harrison. Unable to attend the Co. Convention at Arlington. "The nomination of Genl. H. seems to have united the whigs. We are now out of the fog... It appears to me that one thing only can prevent success & that is the efforts now making in the slave states to induce a belief there that the northern whigs are all abolitionists." Notes responses to assertions by the "'Spoils Party' that Genl. H. is too old, that he is wanting in talents & that he lacked skill & courage as a Genl." Emphasizes Harrison's prior political positions and actions in the War of 1812 and the Northwestern Territory against the British and Native Americans. "They s[ay] he is a 'poor man' - lives in a log cab[in] be it so- He has been faithful in the 'log ca[bin'] let him be master of the 'white house'."
 
  1840 May 1 . [?] Lloyd AMsS to Thomas I. Wharton; Logan Square, [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania?] (2 pages)
Poem in honor of delivery of two elbow chairs for Wharton's office. Celebrating Wharton and their friendship.
 
  1840 May 15 . Abel [Packard] ALS to Lucy W. Packard; Phillips Academy, Andover, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Describes a May Day frolic at Andover and the Phillips Academy in the spring. Notes coursework. Enjoyed with Mr. Grover's remark on seeking excellence rather than happiness, copying it into her commonplace book. Exhorts her sister to seek excellence, believing happiness will ensue. Comments on Lucy's religious state. Notes a revival in the local Baptist Church.
 
  1840 July 2 . Mary [W. Cady] ALS to David Cady; South Hadley, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Hopes to stay for a short while after the end of the term. Her finances are running low at Mt. Holyoke College, noting her expenses for books, personal items, living costs, and missionary contributions. Mentions daydreaming of home rather than studying.
 
  1840 July 5 . Thomas H[art] Benton ALS to B[enjamin] B. French; Washington, [D.C.] (1 page)
Regarding pens used to sign bills related to the expungement of Andrew Jackson's censure by the Senate. Thanks French for the gift of two pens. Benton will preserve them. "They have each done enough; and having acted their parts in such memorable events, will be exempted from future use,& guarded with honor."
 
  1845 August 29 . Tho[ma]s [Lacey] Smith ALS to Levi Lewis; New Albany, [Indiana] (3 pages)
Bemoans Whig victories in Indiana. "We fought pretty hard for the old cause in Indiana but fortune has not smiled on us this time. Hard cider and log cabins, carried the day in this region, and I am almost ready to fear, that a restless desire of change, and the discontent produced by the hard times, as, they are called will trump over reason and good sence throughout the land." Comments on local election campaigning, including meetings, heated discussions, and his own participation in stump speeches. Remarks on a recent trial of Dr. S. McClellan's brother, which ended with a hung jury. Read of "a great gathering at Lancaster... it must have been almost a match for some of the Whig fandangos." Describes a political propaganda tool used in Indiana, "‘the big ball' an wooden machine fixed upon an axis supported on a wagon built for the purpose, with a variety of devices painted upon it, and hauled through the country, to be emblematical I suppose of the ball of whiggery rolling over the land." Remarks on local agriculture, the quality of the soil, and mosquitoes, "but I think them a much more civil kind than those I have seen in the south." Purchases butter from a Dutch family, describing their property and musing on how struggling farmers in Pennsylvania and New Jersey could prosper in Indiana.
 
  1840 October 4 . Charles Sumner ALS to J. Kenyan; Boston, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Letter of introduction for President Francis Wayland (1796-1865) of Brown University. Describes Wayland as "one of the most distinguished literary & scientific gentlemen of my country, & the author of several works on Ethical & Political science of marked merit." Wayland is travelling to England to study schools, including Oxford and Cambridge, "that he may find the secret of English education."
 
  1841 February 6 . Mary Lyon ALS to Sophia L. Porter; S[outh] Hadley, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Letter requesting Porter to reply whether or not she wishes to have a place reserved for her at the seminary. Letter is in the hand of C.A. Hyde. Note: Sophia L. Porter graduated from Mount Holyoke Female Seminary in 1857. She then attended Oberlin College and graduated from there in 1860. She later taught in Ohio, Connecticut, and New York and was Principal of Chatham Academy in New York from 1867-1878.
 
  1841 February 21 . [Geer Terry] AL to Melzar Gardner; [Enfield, Connecticut] (3 pages)
Letter from a supporter of the "workingmens cause." Describes the difficulties workers face, especially with education and with prejudices against them. Asks recipients to petition Melzar to print school lessons in his weekly paper, and offers suggestions to make them useful. Signed, "The working men of the New England States."
 
  1841 March 30 . W[illia]m H[olmes] McGuffey ALS to Gen. J. T. Worthington; Athens, [Ohio] (1 page)
Written as President of Ohio University. Hopes that Worthington will attend an upcoming board meeting. Notes an upcoming change in the commencement time. Remarks on a change in the English Department and institutional finances. With printed engraving of McGuffey, on opposite side: "The Eclectic Educational Series," listing where it received rewards from 1873-1885.
 
  1841 June 27 . Thomas H. Williams ALS to Nathan Williams; Cambridge, [Massachusetts] (7 pages)
Williams writes to his brother at Yale from Cambridge, where he is working and saving to attend law school soon. He transcribes Lewis J. Cist's poem, "My beautiful! My own!" Recommends newspaper articles and promises to send editions if Nathan will preserve them. Describes his recent activities, notes his financial affairs, and hopes to earn a position at the Law Library. Mentions temperance meetings, dentistry, Gives a humorous account of Harvard students setting a tool shed on fire. They produced a satirical play program entitled "Shantee Conflagration or the Baffled Sneaks," copied by Thomas. The letter also includes a scale-drawing and description of Williams' room in "Warland's Building" on Harvard Street, including placement of furniture and artwork.
 
  1841 June 28 . Josiah Quincy to Mr. Wheeler; Cambridge, Massachusetts (1 page)
Note requesting Mr. Tutor Wheeler's attendance at a Harvard College faculty meeting. Possibly referring to Charles Stearns Wheeler, a tutor in Greek and History instructor from 1838-1842.
 
  1841 July 16 . H[enry] H[art] Milman ALS to Dan[ie]l Webster; Westm[inste]r Abbey, [England] (4 pages)
Charles and Mary Lyell will be visiting America on a scientific excursion. "Mr Lyell, you well know, is among the most distinguished Geologists in Europe." Introduces the Lyells to Webster. Milman would like to visit America to see the Niagara Falls, a primeval forest, and a vast river. "You are held in high official dignity; and I am sure as a man by sentiment and profession of peace, that the affairs of your country cannot be entrusted to those more disposed to promote public harmony between the countries, and private friendship between the individual members of either [Country?]"
 
  1841 October 17 . William [Guilford] ALS to Nathan and Mrs. Guilford; Yale College, [New Haven, Connecticut] (4 pages)
Imagines life at home and describes his own room. "Do you not see in that room - the floor of which is so dirty - In one corner a heap of dirty clothes and in an other a cap, four or five books and a pair of shoes?" Joined the Linonian Society. Describes his activities at Yale, including social visits, attending church services, roommates, food. See also William Guilford's letter of 1841 November 1.
 
  1841 October 22 . George Peabody ALS to Messrs Peabody, Riggs & Co.; London, [England] (3 pages)
Comments on financial and business matters, including loans, debts, and credits. Discusses items to be shipped on the Great Western and his limits for orders of Bank Shares. Mentions the sale of American stocks in England, Union Bank stock, an order of flour. Requests information on Samuel Taylor, formerly of George Rigg's company; send him $225 to Taylorsville, Wisconsin Territory. Money is scarce, and loans on stocks are out of the question.
 
  ca. 1841 October . C. A. B. Notebook; [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania?] (21 pages)
Contains remarks on Philadelphia's historic houses and landmarks (mostly quoted from John F. Watson's Annals of Philadelphia). Several newspaper articles, some illustrated, are pasted into the notebook relating to Philadelphia landmarks. Includes a number of pen-and-ink and pencil sketches, such as the monument at the Treaty Tree, a drawing of a Southwark Bank note from June 1837, and a wonderfully detailed sketch of William Penn's former residence, the "Slate-roof House," as it appeared in June 1841, signed C.A.B.. This sketch includes information on the current merchants in the house, including storefront signs and wares for sale. [The author of this journal may possibly be Charles A. Besson. A finished ink image of the "Slate Roof House" is held by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.]
 
  1841 November 1 . William [Guilford] ALS to Nathan and Mrs. Guilford; Yale College, [New Haven, Connecticut] (4 pages)
Describes a violent altercation between Yale students and local firemen over a dispute about using the town Green. Notes students going to evening prayer, "some with bloody noses some with black eyes some with their arms in a sling... and some with their coats minus a tail." Discusses how the dispute continued through the night, with some students destroying a fire engine and threats of destroying a Yale building. "A Yankee is a prudent man, as long as the fight is confined to fists he is brave enough, but when it comes to attacking the rooms at night, they fear the balls of the Southerners pistols." See also William Guilford's letter of 1841 October 17.
 
  1841 November 20 . C[harles] G[randison] Finney ALS to W[illia]m Dawes; Boston, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Electing Amasa Walker as professor of Political Economy at Oberlin College. Walker has an anticonservative viewpoint and is opposed to the "Banking system & thinks this trading upon false capital a great National evil." Notes that another man seeking employment is "with us in his views in respect to plain Diet, Living, Abolition, Sanctification, &c &c." Discusses "shocking carelessness" in regards to fires in Tappan Hall. References religion in the area and gives instructions to insure his father's house.
 
  1842 February 10 . Charles and Catherine Dickens ALS to J. H. Adams; Hartford, [Connecticut] (2 pages)
Thank-you note for a musical performance of the previous evening.
 
  1842 February 18 . T[heodore] W[illiam] Dwight ALS to Sophia N. Dwight; New Haven, [Connecticut] (3 pages)
Comments on reactions to Charles Dickens, who is visiting in America. "Mr. Dickens has been all the rage here for this two weeks past. In every party, in every reading society, in every sewing circle, in every district school, in ever bar room, the cry has been ringing, where is Dickens?" Describes Dickens, noting he appears somewhat dandyish and "possesses a pardonable spice of his vanity." Mentions beards, arranging for Sophia to visit New Haven, and details of his situation there.
 
  1842 April 4 . Sir Cha[rles] Lyell ALS to [Benjamin] Silliman; New York [City, New York] (3 pages)
Reflection on his lectures, venues, attendees, and ticket prices. Notes poor management by the Lyceum and his expectation that he will not be fully remunerated. Anxious to do field work. Has travelled from Niagara to Georgia and met with many who "ascribe the taste they have for science to your tuition." Discusses his upcoming travel plans.
 
  1842 April 23 . Geo[rge] Catlin ALS; Egyptian Hall, [London, England] (2 pages)
Apologizes for delays in correspondence, attributing them to a "severe affliction." Glad for offers for assistance in Glasgow. Will be in Liverpool in the summer. Written on paper with a black border.
 
  1842 June 24 . Francis Johnson Partially printed DS to E. Burd; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (1 page)
Receipt for the services of Frank Johnson's band on June 22, 1842. On F. Johnson's personalized printed receipt, with an image of a music book surrounded by instruments.
 
  [18]42 July 2; 1843 June 26 . John C. Rives ADS and ALS to M[atthe]w St. Clair Clarke; s.l. (5 pages [total])
Two-page document concerning profits, payments, and costs associated with printing of Clarke's multi-volume work, The Documentary History of the American Revolution. Mentions [Peter] Force's printing costs. Accompanied by a three-page letter from Rives dated June 26, 1843, regarding his purchase of Clarke's interest in the work. Comments on Clarke's progress on additional volumes of the work, projected government subscriptions and appropriations, expected costs, and payments to Clarke. Includes a signed note from Clarke agreeing to the statements in the letter. [NOTE: See also Clarke's letter of March 3, 1847]
 
  1842 December 19 . AL to Uncle Aaron; s.l. (2 pages)
Henry did not want to let the writer see his letter, as he had misrepresented the number of people who would be present at Middletown. Has been disagreeing with Henry in regards to playing cards. Refused to return Henry's cards. "...I thought it wrong for a young man in College to have Cards for it was well to avoid the appearance of Evil." Only evidence he has that Henry uses the cards is a story he has heard of several boys, Henry included, refusing to allow a Middletown College tutor into their room. Sending the cards to Uncle Aaron.
 
  1842-1852 . 3 Partially printed DsS to Samuel Tribou; (3 pages [total])
Receipts for magazine subscriptions purchased by Samuel Tribou: Youth's Companion, Boston Recorder, Illustrated Family Magazine. The receipt for the Boston Recorder has the printed date 1842 changed to 1852.
 
  1843 March 14 . Philinda [Winslow] ALS to Rev. Horace Winslow; Henrietta, [New York] (4 pages)
Wonders why it has been so long since he has written. Has only received one letter, "& that from the Sand[wich] Islands." Details about classes, their difficulty, etc. She mentions studying "french mental philosophy" and "conchology." She is in the process of deliberating whether or not to continue her studies. Would like to stay past the term. Her father "thinks it foolish to do so, but I am consulting my own interest." She relays information about family and friends, including Upham's plans to travel to Ohio and his education. She has been scolded for not calling on her mother. Mention of religious meetings and "unusual interest in religion in all this section of country." Presbyterians and Methodists are getting along well with each other.
 
  1843 June 22 . Park Benjamin ALS to Brantz Mayer; New York, [New York] (3 pages)
Regarding the style of publication for Mayer's forthcoming book. Describes "The Irish Sketch-Book" form. Notes types of paper and presses. "Moreover it will not be worked on a double-cylinder press but on an Adams press, which gives a perfect register and a beautiful impression." Mentions types of engraving plates, their effects, and limitations. Would like to use full-page wood engravings. Discusses booksellers, selling prices, and proofs. Enclosed: One-page, undated manuscript biographical sketch of Park Benjamin.
 
  [18]43 August 23 . J[ames] W. Watson ALS to William Young; [Princeton, New Jersey] (4 pages)
Watson writes to his father that he has been continually ill, as "[c]old, very cold weather does not, and in my opinion, never can agree with me." President of Princeton advised him to stay to his rooms. However, he does not wish to return home his senior year, "the polishing year," and miss the lectures in science given by "able and efficient Professors" such as Henry and Dod. "We all know, that there is no royal road to Science, its path is obscure and rugged - its defiles many." Excuses himself for writing home so much ("you must certainly think I am troubled with a kind of epistolatory Diarrheoa..."), but since his friends left he feels as a "stranger in a strange land." Briefly comments on finances.
 
  1843 November 13 . Emma Willard ALS to Miss English; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (2 pages)
Letter of introduction for Mr. Nichols, an agent for the publishers of her "historical works." Reflects on her recent divorce and its impact on "the estimation of many who loved me. But bad as that was, to have violated my own conscience and lost 'the peace of God' in my heart, would have been worse." Notes general drop in school enrollment because of hard times.
 
  1843 December . J. M. Cleaveland ALS to Henry W. Cleaveland; Princeton, [New Jersey] (2 pages)
Cleaveland gives a fanciful depiction of the terrors of the night, student's late-night studying, and alcohol abuse during "revels with the jolly crew." Assures his family that he has taken the teetotal pledge, and wrote the "above nonsense . . . more for sport and to let off steam than anything."
 
  1844 January 11 . William A. Rogers ALS to John W. Andrews; Springfield, [Ohio] (3 pages)
Suspects that Andrews' assertion of a link between poverty and population levels is true. "I suppose the increase of poverty and population to spring in those cases from the same cause - a preponderance of the animal passions over the moral sentiments - of a love of present indulgence over a provident regard for the future welfare of the individual and his family..." Compares Irish and Scottish residents to illustrate his point. Worries about the availability of land and the spread of disease and famine if the American population continues to grow.
 
  1844 January 24 . Jospeh Noyes ALS to Noah J. Noyes; Boston, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Tells of his son, George, being shipwrecked in the Pacific Ocean on a deserted island for seven months. "4 of the crew were drown'd, the rest about 24 in all made a raft & got clear from the rocks & moor'd in 2 fathoms water & were obliged to ride out 8 days & 7 nights... then they got on shore, But no hou[s]es or tree all desolate without man, or beast except a Dog." Eventually rescued and taken to the Sandwich Islands, and George took a position with a merchant in Oahu. His daughter settled in Cincinnati, [Ohio]. Has suffered financial losses and is sending notes in the hopes that Noah can help him settle some outstanding bills he needs to collect. Post-script details a falling out with a Mr. Coombs over a debt. See also: Joseph Noyes ALS to Noah J. Noyes, February 9, 1846.
 
  1844 April 14 . Samuel Orcutt ALS to Joseph W. Wright; Owego, [New York] (3 pages)
Describes their move to Owego, the region, its agriculture, lumbering business, and residents. Father considering buying a farm. "...the people seem to be verry kind, and kind the right way too, there are some I expect that would like to pick a fellow's pocket, but they seem in general to be verry obliging to us as strangers." Notes religion and education in the area. Experiencing emotional pangs upon moving away from friends and family.
 
  1844 August 22 . M[atthew] Brown ALS; Canonsburg, [Pennsylvania] (2 pages)
Will be resigning his position, likely as President of Jefferson College, at the next board meeting and hopes a successor will be appointed, possibly the recipient. Assurance of the successor's acceptance of the position will limit disruption and harm to the college. Mentions an upcoming meeting of the Presbyterian Synod. Notes some calling for Robert Brackenridge, Professor Green, and Mr. Guffey to be his successor.
 
  [before 1844 December 25] . Samuel McDowell DS; AMs; (6 pages [total])
Commissioners appointed to "select a scite to build a county Jail" chose to use the "present jail lot." Appoint E. P. McNeal, Austin Miller, and E. C. Crisp as jail commissioner to "superintend the erection" of the jail and make necessary contracts to complete the jail by 25 December 1844. Signed by Samuel McDowell, clerk. Includes architectural plans for the county jail.
 
  1844 December 26 . J[ames] Montgomery ALS to [Fanny Bury] Palliser; Sheffield, [England] (3 pages)
Poet Montgomery gives Mrs. Palliser permission to use some of his pieces in the poetry collection she is publishing, but warns her "that it will be well for you to secure yourself from loss, . . . verse, original or selected, being the least marketable of all literacy commodities." He amusingly describes the letters he receives from hopeful poets "as a notorious character in the way of literature," and the burden it is for him to be unable to help them. Likely written to Fanny Bury Palliser about her collection, Modern Poetical Speaker (London: 1845).
 
  [between 1844 and 1851] . Laura Bridgman ALS to [George Nixon] Briggs; [Boston, Massachusetts] (1 page)
Letter written to Massachusetts Representative George Nixon Briggs, governor of Massachusetts from 1844-1851, from Laura Brigman, the first known deaf/blind person to be educated. The letter offers kind words and hopes that Briggs will come and visit the Perkins Institution again to see her and the rest of "the blind girls" again. She also mentions sending Julia Brace, who was a student at the institution for a year, a present.
 
  1845 February 4 . J[ames] Fenimore Cooper ALS to Jos[eph] R[eed] Ingersoll; Cooperstown, [New York] (1 page)
Comments on "how near you and I are to making a Marquess" and encourages him to proceed. References the "Bloody Lord John." Acknowledges that he owes Ingersoll some money. "We need not muster all the Johnstone's in the books, but stick to the noble line." Curious about the genealogy of Thomas Gregory and Patrick Henry. Offended Campbell by refusing to go with him on a social visit. Mentions transatlantic postage. Original in [To Be] Goldstar.
 
  1845 February 4 . W[illia]m A[ugustus] Sackett ALS to John H. Sackett; Seneca Falls, [New York] (3 pages)
Comments on the value of education and urges him not to stop his classical studies. Remarks on the usefulness of knowing ancient languages. "You say Washington did not understand these languages This may be true- but he lived in a different period & acquired his distinction by different means." Gov. [Williah H.] Seward (1801-1872) was at John Sackett's family home. Jests about "Yankee girls" and whether they can "understand the Catechism & can make pumpkin pies in a way about to the liking of us Yorkers." Sends regards to Mr. and Mrs. Crittenden. Remarks on the election of Trustees to the Academy, including himself, and the possible removal of the male teacher. Expects their factory to be operational soon.
 
  1845 February 28 . [Nicholas Marie] Alexandre Vattemare ALS to [Philip C. Johnson or William B. Hartwell]; Paris, [France] (6 pages [total])
Received the five boxes of "splendid collections of Books, maps, Minerals &c" to be distributed to libraries. Pleased with how this reflects on the people of Maine. The Museum of Natural History and the Royal School of Mines are preparing "collections of Mineralogical and Geological specimens" to send to Maine. Comments on details of arranging future international exchanges of biological and geological specimens. Requests additional copies of maps for the Secretary of the Navy, Secretary of War, and Geographical Library. Includes a "List of Books transmitted to the Honorable Secretary of the State of Maine for the State Library."
 
  1845 March 19 . Uriel Farmin ALS to Noah and Samuel Jewett; Ceresco, Wisconsin Territory (3 pages)
Regarding the principles of Fourierism. Comments on the evils of the "Isolated household, and the unitary mode of doing business," noting nature's tendency to form groups and associations. "See cattle and Horses in their natural state go in herds. Yea and men in their wild state, do the same. Look at our Western savages. Look at the Turk and the wandering Moor." Believes the divine injunction to "Love thy neighbor as yourself" requires communal living. Discusses the working man's plight under capitalism, especially in European cities and in mines. "His case is immensely worse than the slavery of the Africans of the South.—The master of the negro slave is bound by law to keep his slave and provide for his wants, in sickness and old age. But the poor man who has to labor for his bread, barely enough many times to sustain life." Argues that capitalism and individualism inspire crime and allow for the rise of "peace officers, such as Lawyers, Judges, Justices, Pettifog[g]ers &c—a complete set of Blood Suckers, Idlers, non-producers, living upon the labor, the bone, and the sinew of the nation." Advocates for the need to unify interests. Discusses communal property, arbitration without lawyers, and the underlying beliefs of Associationism.
 
  1845 April 9 . Albert Barnes ALS to A[ndrew] H[ull] Foot[e]; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (3 pages)
Thanks Foote for the gift of a cane from overseas, "that sacred mountain." Notes recent "remarkable coldness and deadness in religion," with few revivals. Discusses people from "the asylum." Mentions the recent publication by the U.S. Exploring Expedition.
 
  1845 May 11 . Joseph G. Cormick ALS to Isaac Fowler; [Columbus, Ohio] (2 pages)
Letter from the Ohio State Penitentiary to the Sheriff of Sandusky, offering a description of a 15-year-old escaped prisoner, William H. Green. Notes his known travels, physical appearance, and clothing.
 
  1845 July 16 . T[imothy] S[hay] Arthur ALS to Amelia B. Welby; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (1 page)
Is editing a handsome annual and requests a contribution of a poem.
 
  1845 September 30 . Benjamin P[erley] Poore ALS; Paris, [France] (2 pages)
Trying to determine which of the papers he mailed have been mislaid. Remarks on the historical research he has undertaken for the recipient. Looked at accounts of "Radisson's expedition to Hudson's Bay," especially materials relating to La Salle. Copied a document from 1632 relating to the "restoration of Quebec," Samuel de Champlain, and Jacques Cartier. Believes the American continent was discovered by Cousin in 1488, and provides some notes on Cousin's travels. Is busy "accumulating a large quantity of matter for the State." The Parisian Legation is uninterested in his work. Has access to Marine and War Departments, but expects Mr. Broadhead's recent report may restrict future use. Attempting to access other archives.
 
  1845 October 16 . AL to Tim C. Ward; New Albany, [Indiana] (7 pages)
Happy to have heard from home, Fryeburg, Maine, but expresses homesickness. Will stay in New Albany for another term, even though it is difficult to retain students due to the summer break and the "Hoosier love of change." A school for girls which has recently opened and the nearby Anderson school have drawn away students. Has had to stay in New Albany due to debts he has incurred while not being paid. Does not believe "any school in this western country can flourish be profitable and live long-- that hasn't money to hold it up it won't live on its reputation as many of our eastern schools do." Notes the high number of charity students, the burden of unpaid tuition, and the unlikelihood of their school's survival. Will keep trying to make a living in the West, believing his options better than back east. Considering moving to Tennessee, believing teachers do better when they move frequently. Advises them not to emigrate to the West. Brief mention of a daguerreotype artist.
 
  1845 December 25 . C. S. Keeler ALS to Henry [C. Nash]; [Whitestown, New York?] (5 pages)
Declined invitation to sleigh ride because of poor health and low spirits. Mentions Christmas and working in a store. Comments on Thanksgiving and feeling poorly about not celebrating holidays. Finds tending the store difficult work and has contemplated quitting. Talks of visiting Pittsfield, [Massachusetts], old acquaintances there, and members of the Pittsfield Young Ladies Institute. Feeling lonesome after selling his canary. Reminiscences about school friends, sleighing and skating, including a story about an African American falling into a pond, correcting himself after using a racial epithet.
 
  [1845] . Signature; s.l. (1 page)
Ojibwa totem, "Moonlight Night." "Flying Gull" crossed out. Possibly the autograph of Gish-ee-gosh-e-gee, whose portrait was painted by George Catlin in 1845.
Box   6  
  1846 January 4 . Henry Sills ALS to Mary Spenser Pease; St. Louis, [Missouri] (3 pages)
Bleakly reflects on the passing time. Lauds Mrs. Marsh and her literary works. Describes a "tortuous, miserable trip" from Chicago to Springfield to St. Louis. Lectured at the Supreme Court in Springfield. Extremely fatigued from travel, but is keeping notes on his experiences in the hopes of producing a volume. Has finished his course of lectures on Ireland and plans on publishing them. "I trust that Providence will deliver me from the trade for ever. It is a truly sickening occupation - & were it not, that it enables me, at present, to see the country, I would lie down and die." Preparing to deliver lectures on Milton, Swift, Burke, and Fox. Describes his fatigue and headaches.
 
  1846 February 9 . Joseph Noyes ALS to Noah J. Noyes; Boston, [Massachusetts] (2 pages)
Muses on the decline of Newbury, Massachusetts. Comments on the "whig Prayer" of Doctor Jenks "at Court." "...he praised God that the members of the House, had & was about to still further to push the temperance Reform; But Nothing about the Freedom of a Vast portion of our Great population who sit in Darkness & the Shadow of Death." Joseph is skeptical of assemblymen, Whigs, or Democrats, being willing to act to "bring on the Kingdom of our God." Notes Jenks' religious arguments in support of slavery, stating that most old clergymen "have no bowels of compassion for the miserable wretches, slavery is an organized sin!!" On the reverse, in another hand, comments on Divine mercy, human unworthiness, and the coming of spring. See also: Joseph Noyes ALS to Noah J. Noyes, January 24, 1844.
 
  1846 June 8 . H[enry] M[arie] Brackenridge ALS to W[illia]m L[earned] Marcy; Tarentum, [Pennsylvania] (2 pages)
A friend is preparing to publish a newspaper to circulate "the earliest news and the fullest information in relation to the Mexican war." Will be helping him with editorials, enclosing a clipping from the Daily Dispatch as an example [included]. Has also sketched a map of Mexico for the newspaper. Comments on recent events in the Mexican War. Makes suggestions to advance the American position, including strategic geographical locations, negotiations with local peoples and granting them a portion of California, and encouraging the formation of separate confederacies from Mexican territories to gain passage rights. Discusses the future bombardment of Vera Cruz.
 
  [18]46 June 15 . J[ohn] M[arvin] Bacheldor ALS to Deacon [John] Bacheldor; [Williamstown, Massachusetts] (10 pages [total])
Written from Williams College. Describes New England and New York scenery, including mountains. Notes reasons for choosing Williams College over Oberlin (partly missing). Hears Albert Barnes (1798-1870), Theodore Frelinghuysen (1787-1862) and Stephen Higginson Tyng (1800-1865) preach. Includes 2 incomplete ALsS from Bacheldor to his parents, 6 pp., no date. Mentions revival meetings, conversions, small religious gatherings, and his personal walk with God. Discusses his education, the local church "showing off" and adding an organ, a temperance sermon against liquor and tobacco, and the rivalry between Williams College and West College. Refers to wild animals and possibly race. "Tell him to remember too those sable ones whose eager orbs look out from midst the darkness to him as their advocate of 'Freedom to all' As for me Black, White & Copper color are the same & I a bachelor."
 
  1846 July 16 . L[emuel] Stephens ALS to Anna [Stephens]; "Saut de St. Marie" [Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan] (3 pages)
Describes the Native American settlement at the Falls of St. Mary. Travelled from Pittsburgh to Cleveland, Detroit, and the Falls of St. Mary by stage and steam boat. Describes scenery along the River St. Mary, including Native Americans. Notes travelers bound for "Copper Country" and the high "copper fever" at Detroit. Their voyage on Lake Superior is expected to last one to four days.
 
  1846 [after August 4] . L[evin] M[ynn] Powell DS; Fort Pitt Foundry, [Pennsylvania] (2 pages)
"Register of Guns." Provides details of the casting of an iron 8-inch shell gun at the Fort Pitt Foundry. "This gun was cast in a hollow core similar to No 54 - The water flowed through the core for 39 hours, at the rate of two (2) cubic feet per minute or about 35000 gallons in all." Includes columns to record the "Result of Experiments."
 
  1846 August 17 . Rob[er]t McClan, [Jr.] ALS to Mother; Janesville, [Wisconsin] (4 pages)
McClan describes his journey to Janesville from Geneva, New York, and his financial struggle upon arriving. He mentions traveling through Rochester, Buffalo, over Lake Erie (by steamboat) to Detroit, and also stopping at Mackinaw Island and Milwaukee. Describes Janesville and its residents, with the bulk of the population from New York. Starting his printing business is difficult, and he feels homesick. Has been working intermittently at the Janesville Gazette and will send a copy of an edition he worked on. Worried that if John Gould comes, "I must again do the rolling, and be a n----r for him."
 
  1846 November 26 . Elihu Burritt ALS to Lane; London, [England] (1 page)
Asks Lane to become a secretary of the League of Universal Brotherhood. Burritt hopes to send him 1000 signatures to the Pledge, and hopes that Lane will send Burritt American signatures by December 3. Written on illustrated stationery of the League of Universal Brotherhood, with logo of clasped hands and pledge not to serve the cause of war.
 
  1846 December 11-1847 July 26 . Doc.; [Bedford City, Virginia] (9 pages)
"A Table of the Weather and Temperature by Fahrenheit Thermometer In Bedford Co[un]ty, Virginia, near Peaks of Otter." Includes thrice-daily thermometer readings, wind direction, remarks on the weather, and the average temperature for the month.
 
  1847 January 21 . A[nthony] Bolmar ALS to C[hristian] Schrack; West Chester, Pennsylvania (1 page)
Wishes to know the price of linseed oil and cabinet varnish, as he intends to paint "the out side & part of the inside of my school." Written on illustrated "A. Bolmar's Boarding School for Boys" letterhead, featuring an image of the school's exterior.
 
  1847 January 21 . John C. Foster DS to Caroline E. Lake; Cayuga County, New York (1 page)
License to teach in the common schools of the town and district of Cayuga County, by authority of Foster, "County Superintendent of common schools."
 
  1847 February 8 . John Jay Printed LS to Daniel Webster; [New York City], New York (3 pages)
Partially printed circular letter regarding a resolution of the New York Historical Society respecting the procurement of printed and manuscript materials for the society. Lists items of interest for the Historical Society's collections. Encourages submission of original writing by members and information on the "Indian names and geographical terminology of this State." Signed by John Jay, Domestic Corresponding Secretary of the New York Historical Society. On The New York Historical Society Library Historical Rooms stationery.
 
  1847 March 3 . M[atthe]w St. Clair Clarke ALS to B[enjamin] B[rown] French; Washington, [D.C.] (1 page)
Paying out money appropriated for the purchase of books for several members of the 29th Congress. "...one half of the sum arising from the cost of volumes One, Two and Three of the Documentary History is due and payable to me – the other half is payable to Col P. Force. I further claim the half of the volumes, Four, Five & Six of the same work – about which Mr John C. Rives and myself have an unsettled controversy." Includes a note on the verso: "Mr Clarke requests Mr F. to retain this letter- it may be necessary to refer to it hereafter."
 
  1847 March 14 . D[aniel] Byrnes ALS to Jacob F. Byrnes; s.l. (2 pages)
Account of a cure effected by mesmerism. Describes the female patient's symptoms and reaction to the doctor's mesmerism. Notes the doctor's work with other patients. Dated in the Quaker style.
 
  1847 August 7 . Charles P. Bunnell ALS to J[ames] K. Polk; Butternuts, New York (1 page)
Request for a commission in the army, to fight in the Mexican War. "my request is that you will commission me in some part of your Army whare my burneing seperate may be satisfyed. I am young onley nineteen. my Blood Boiles to be with my countryman in arms"
 
  1847 November 25 . John Lindsey ALS to Jane Lindsey; Bethany College, [West] Virginia (3 pages)
Comments on family health. Was joined in preaching by Professor Mason, who decided to pursue the ministry. "You may be ashured that when he told me he had selected me as his tutor in that great work I felt my importance." Comments on his college studies. Acknowledges his romantic interest in a woman who he hopes to marry but who suffers from poor health. "So you will again see that the fortune-teller who said I was to be an old bachelor was right."
 
  1847 December 20 . J[ohn] W. Fowler ALS to A. G. Washburn; Cherry Valley, [New York] (3 pages)
Letter to the father of a student at Fowler's school, the State and National Law School. Explains responsibilities and traits of successful law students. Notes how he worked with Fowler's son to inspire him. Acknowledges he experienced difficulties with practicing public speaking and detailing how he helped the student overcome them. Praises Washburn's son and expects him to make a fine lawyer. See also letter dated July 5, 1849.
 
  ca. 1847-1848 . [Zachary Taylor] AL fragment to T. Allison; s.l. (1 page)
Fragment of a letter. Mentions his Presidential nomination and his military service. Comments briefly on the Battle of Buena Vista, "all other affaires of the kind I was ever engaged in being mere children play when compared with it."
 
  [18]48 February 13 . Catlyna Totten ALS to Dan[ie]l Huntington; [Washington, D.C.] (2 pages)
Praising Huntington's painting, "Faith." Many have expressed admiration of it. "...it fills my eye and touches my heart . . . and with this emblem before us I trust our weak faith may be strengthened and kept in lively exercise."
 
  1848 March 9 . Rebecca [Bacon Thompson] ALS to Chauncey M[inott] Thompson; [New York City, New York] (3 pages)
Rebecca saw Henry Clay in a procession and attended a memorial procession for John Quincy Adams. Chauncey's father is generally pleased with his school report, but stresses the importance of spelling. "...nothing shows a deficiency in education so much, as bad spelling." Discusses Chauncey's education and college preparation at Mr. Swinburne's school. Mentions a fancy ball at Madame Ferrero's. Their father is recovering his health but needs the use of a crutch.
 
  1848 May 12 . Joseph H. Sidall ADS; s.l. (1 page)
Plan of lot for schoolhouse.
 
  1848 May 18 . C.P. Gay ALS to Frances M. Gay; New York, [New York] (3 pages)
Comments on the family missing her as she is away at school, likely at the Bloomfield Female Seminary. "It will try your patience some at first as you have so long been unaccustomed to regular lessons and close application, but in a little time you will find it a pleasure and then your progress will be rapid & agreeable." Notes her need to "prescribe some rules in speaking & acting" for herself. Cautions her against allowing "any ill humor towards any of your associates or teachers," connecting her sisters' successes to fostering these relationships. Addressed to Miss Frances M. Gay, care of Mr. R[obert] L. Cook[e], Bloomfield, New Jersey. Note: Robert L. Cooke (1809-1877), was principal of the Bloomfield Female Seminary.
 
  1848 June 21 . P. A. & S. Small ALS to Cornelius & Son; [York, Pennsylvania] (2 pages)
Requesting information about lamps to be made for use in the local Presbyterian Church, to light the pulpit. Includes sketch and specifications.
 
  1848 July 28 . Giles LaBar ALS to [Reuben] N[elson]; Beaver Meadows, [Pennsylvania] (3 pages)
Remarks on Nelson's "anniversary exercises," his disappointment in not being able to attend, and good reviews of the exhibitions. Notes the good work that the "Wyoming Seminary" [Wyoming Conference Seminary] will perform in the Wyoming Valley region of Pennsylvania, asking, "what is more necessary than Education and general intelligence to counteract the influx of all kinds of characters, such as usually flood these sections?" Comments on the state of society in "the two lowest and largest Pennsylvania Coal Basins," including the failure of the higher classes to look beyond pecuniary interests towards social ones. Notes a general lack of investment in education. Will likely leave soon, as he feels his mission is not making progress. Brief mention of the "Company that vacated Wyoming Seminary in July 1847." Considering attending the Huntington Camp Meeting.
 
  1848 July 31 . E. A. Pearson ALS to Ephraim Abbot; Rye Beach, New Hampshire (3 pages)
Detailed suggestions for adding on to and renovating a house. Can retain the services of Joel Harlow, a "House wright." Encourages Abbot to meet with Harlow to discuss particulars.
 
  1848 August 11 . H. P. Barnes ALS to John S. Graham; Ithaca, [New York] (1 page)
Sending application for a charter to form a Sons of Temperance chapter in Ithaca. The local division has proven "more particular than is for the interest of the cause" in accepting members. "The applicants are mostly persons whose advantages have not been the most favorable yet they express a hope that they would be able to reach a class who would not be likely to come under the influence of our present Division."
 
  1848 September 1 . A. W. Geming ALS to I. Woodward; New York, [New York] (6 pages)
Has been travelling, befriending sailors. Comments on seasickness and the joys of recovering from it. "...it is upon the same principle that induced the negro to say 'he loved to hit his shin, it felt so good to rub it.'" Notes the beauties of the ocean, jests about mermaids, and comments on his refusal to create a travel itinerary. Travelled along the Hudson River and visited Washington Irving's residence and "the place where Andre was hung." Discusses crowds in New York City, the contrast of classes, and the negative effects of Wall Street. Describes New York City, the burning of a gas factory, and its impact on business. Would like to go to California and make his fortune.
 
  1848 October 2 . B. F. Smith ALS to Cornelius & Company; Charleston, [South Carolina] (3 pages)
Duplicate of a letter written September 22. Saw standing gas lamps on Corinthian columns in a store window and was told they were available from Cornelius & Co. Seeking standing lamps for a Baptist church that is getting gas soon. Inquires about prices for various fixtures. Includes pen-and-ink sketches of desired patterns and fixtures.
 
  1848 November 18 . Daniel ALS to Clinton; New Haven, Connecticut (4 pages)
Yale student, remarks on maintaining punctual correspondence. Has had to work much harder at school this year to maintain his class standing; mentions attending Professor [Denison] Olmsted's (1791-1859) lectures. Unable to afford to go away for Thanksgiving. "...I must pick my turkey bones without the prospect of a frolic in the evening, or participating in any of those glad festivities which invest a N. England Thanksgiving with such a magic charm." Comments on punishments doled out for the students participating in and observing a banned celebration, the "Euclid burial." The severity of punishments stems from students pelting a "very unpopular" sophomore tutor, [Edward Whiting] Gilman (1823-1900), with snowballs, chasing him, and accosting him. Students continued to harass the tutor by obstructing his reading of prayers at church. Guns saluted the election of Taylor to the Presidency. "...I am willing to trust Genl. Taylor on every point save one, and that is the Wilmot Proviso." Distrusts Taylor's position on slavery on account of his southern ties and own personal investment in slavery, believing he has an interest in transplanting slavery to "a new and more productive soil."
 
  1848 December 14 . G[eorge] Breed ALS to Thomas Biddle; Pittsburgh, [Pennsylvania] (2 pages)
Following up in regards to real estate in Pittsburgh, giving particulars about certain properties and their costs. Includes a pen-and-ink map showing lots, roads, railroads, and described properties near the Allegheny, Ohio, and Monongahela Rivers.
 
  1848 December 27 . John Edwards ALS to Mr. Rhodes; Troy, [New York] (2 pages)
An immigrant from England writes from his new home in New York. He worked first at a farm, then a paper mill, and finally at a planing machine. He will probably be out of work until the end of winter. His wife worked first at picking for a weaver and then at a carpet factory. Notes their respective wages. Edwards also talks about cost of boarding, food, fuel and clothing. He describes the people in the city.
 
  [1848?] . J[ohn] C. Calhoun ALS to Ja[me]s A. Houston; s.l. (2 pages)
Calhoun has the highest opinion of Houston as a reporter. "During the long period I have been a member of Congress, no reporter has ever reported me with greater satisfaction to myself. Indeed, considering my manner of speaking, I have been surprised that you have on several occasions been able to report me with so much accuracy." Mentions his Oregon speech.
 
  1849 January 20 . J[acob] Gideon Partially printed DS; Washington County, D.C. (1 page)
Partially printed presentment for assault and battery, modified for "bastardy". "The Jurors of the United States for the County aforesaid, do, upon their OATH, PRESENT Charles P. Sengstack for begetting an illegitimate child upon one Mary Kirby." Signed by J. Gideon, Foreman
 
  1849 January 22 . C. A. Elliot ALS to Father; East Hampton, [New York] (3 pages)
Letter from Elliot to his father updating him on recent events. He is enjoying his studies, particularly his Greek, and he is happy with his father's mentioning that he might buy a piano for "the Girls." He suggest buying one of Chickerings. Elliot lists off the prices of some of his recent purchases and asks his father for ten dollars.
 
  [ca. 1849 February-March] . J[oh]n MacPherson Berrien ALS to Reverend Doctor Butler; s.l. (2 pages)
Legal opinion on the presidential oath being administered to Zachary Taylor on March 4, 1849. "...he cannot enter upon the execution of the duties of his office, until he has taken it."
 
  1849 April 10 . R[obert] Chambers ALS to F[rederica Maclean] Rowan; Edinburgh, [Scotland] (4 pages)
Discusses writing and translating Rowan may do for Chambers, having seen a recent letter Rowan wrote to Count Krasinski on the subject. More interested in original works but is willing to consider translated pieces. : "we are disposed, from what the Count has said regarding you, to ask you assistance for an[?] work of a periodical nature which we think of commencing in a few months -- an additional effort to instruct the people, and therefore on the cheap principle. The subject we have thought of for your pen -- though entirely as an experiment, is The Sepulchres of Etruria..."
 
  1849 April 19 . Joseph Henry ALS to Rev. C. W. Butler; Smithsonian Institution, [Washington, D.C.] (2 pages)
To Butler, Rector of Trinity Church, Washington. Impressed by Mr. Lord's lectures at Princeton, but cannot invite him to speak at the Smithsonian because of their lack of funds (on account of building construction). Has a great number of applications from other lecturers he must also consider.
 
  1849 May 30 . Luther Loomis AD CyS; [Suffield, Connecticut] (4 pages)
Copy of Asahel Hatheway's last will and testament specifying distribution of his estate, with detailed instructions for the maintenance of his mentally handicapped son and daughter. "And whereas my son Mark Anthony Hatheway & Parmelia Hatheway are by the Providence of God deprived of the due exercise of their reason, & being desirous that everything should be done for them which can contribute to their comfort and convenience..." Original will dated November 16, 1822. Certified an authentic copy by Luther Loomis, Clerk. Includes July 1, 1850, Resolution of Connecticut General Assembly concerning the Hatheway estate.
 
  1849 June 2 . Elisa ALS to Mrs. George B. Richmond; Wareham, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Describes the wearying practice of teaching school. "...my burden is fifty little dirty, ragged urchins, ignorant, self willed and vicious, added to a feeling of genuine homesickness, vexation and disgust." Comments on schoolteachers' disposition and her hope that religion can effect a good change in her. Discusses her housing situation and briefly mentions clothing.
 
  1849 July 5 . A[braham] R. Laurence ALS to Abraham R. Laurence, Jr.; New York [City, New York] (3 pages)
Comments on education, believing the combination of practice and theory best suited for true learning. Recalls corresponding with Dr. Priestly, "a Unitarian Divine," about books to use for a history lecture. Satisfied with Abraham's choice of the law profession. Praises the school and methods of [John W.] Fowler (of the New York State and National Law School). Discusses oration, noting Cicero, Demosthenes, the Debates of the Virginia Convention on the Constitution, and the oratory styles of Patrick Henry and James Madison. See also letter dated December 20, 1847.
 
  1849 August 13 . Noble ALS to "Sister"; New Haven, [Connecticut] (4 pages)
Acknowledges his deficiencies in correspondence. New Haven has been experiencing "quite a good deal of sickness in the form of Dysentery" and a number of cholera cases. Notes a number of sudden deaths. Mentions "Commencement Week" and his expectation that fewer people will attend than usual. Comments on his boarding situation and going to view Claude-Marie Dubufe's (1790-1864) paintings depicting Adam and Eve. Uncertain whether he can visit home on account of construction in his store.
 
  1849 October 9 . W[illiam] P[itt] Fessenden ALS to James D. Fessenden; Portland, [Maine] (2 pages)
Fessenden chastises his son for overspending on indulgences and declares that this will be the last time he pays his son's debts for "personal indulgence." See also William Pitt Fessenden ALS to James D. Fessenden, October 11, 1849.
 
  1849 October 11 . W[illiam] P[itt] Fessenden ALS to James D. Fessenden; Portland, [Maine] (4 pages)
Fessenden recounts his son's expenditures and advises him to budget his money and avoid indulgences. "Hard as I am compelled to labour for the support and education of my children, and pressed as I am to meet necessary expenses, your course hitherto can find no palliation except in the want of experience, & the thoughtlessness of youth. You will not have this excuse for the future." Commands James to not incur debts; his allowance is satisfactory for all pocket expenses. Remarks on James' use of the formal "Dear Sir" in his letters: "Whether it means to denote a sense of injury & a feeling of anger, or is mere inadvertence, I will not undertake to say - If the former, it is not only ridiculous, but, when you have been so clearly in the wrong, and I have so repeatedly pardoned your errors, and so affectionately watched over you & ministered to your comfort and welfare, it is most unfeeling, and would denote a coldness & hardness of heart, which, if I could believe it of you, would be quite as bad as plunging a dagger into mine." See also William Pitt Fessenden ALS to James D. Fessenden, October 9, 1849.
 
  1849 October 23 . Wethersfield School District Committee AD; Wethersfield, [Connecticut] (18 pages)
Report of meeting of voters of the Fourth School District in the First School Society, who approved a new school tax. Tax collector Romanta Welles charged with collecting the tax and delivering the sum to the treasurer of the district, who may seize and dispose of "goods or chattels" of nonpayers. If such property is lacking, he may commit the person "unto the Keeper of the Gaol" until the tax is paid. Signed and dated by Alfred Francis, Justice of the Peace. Lists names, amounts owed, and amount collected.
 
  1849 October 26 . W[illiam] H. Allen and Jesse T. Peck Partially printed DS to Peter Whaley; [Carlisle, Pennsylvania] (3 pages)
Bill for goods and services and grade report of Peter Whaley from Dickinson College. He performed "satisfactorily" in Mental Philosophy, Natural Sciences, Ancient Languages, Mathematics, and "not satisfactorily" in Moral Philosophy. Written on sheet with printed explanation of billing requests, recommending that students from out of town have a patron to handle their money for them.
 
  1849 November 8 . D[avid] F[ranklin] Robinson ALS to Henry C[ornelius] Robinson; Hartford, [Connecticut] (3 pages)
Fatherly advice to a son beginning his studies at Yale. Comments on expenses and being cautious with money. "Money in the first place is hard to get honestly, as all the world are in pursuit of the prize..." Emphasizes the importance of education and preparing sufficiently for professional life afterwards. Encourages his son to live religiously.
 
  1849 December 17 . C.S. Jones and George W. Stewart CyS to Robert A. Armistead; Washington, D.C. (2 pages)
Copy of the legal agreement that Jones and Stewart are to pay $1,000.00 to Robert Armistead, administrator of the estate of the late George Hope. Lucy Williams and her child, slaves currently being held in a Washington County jail as fugitives, had filed a petition of freedom against George Hope – for herself and her child. Lucy and "her said child and any other child or children she may have" will be released from custody on the condition that they remain in Washington until the results of the petition has been decided. Signed by T. H. Goddard, Justice of the Peace.
 
  1849 December 22-26 . Salmon ALS to William Fay; Baton Rouge, Louisiana (4 pages)
Asks if Fay will be "traveling for the purpose of seeing the romantic wilds of America." Advises him to travel with a woman to "receive the first attention first served and first chance to all tables & entertainments." Comments on the doctor he works for, likely Dr. Denny, and other men in the office. Compares the warm Louisiana winter to the harsh northern one. Describes local Christmas traditions, including festivities among African Americans. "...such music as these darkeys will make for a few days cant be beat with tin horns, goard shells & gravel or beans." Discusses slavery among cotton and sugar plantations, noting the number of former Northerners amongst local slaveholding families. Mentions the wharf and freight, the garrison and its "arms & balls many of which have been on the Battle field of Mexico." Notes the doctor's dentistry practice and Americans' poor dental health. Salmon was an assistant to Dr. William H. Denny, whose letter of October 25 is in this collection. See also Salmon ALS to William Fay, January 24-28, 1850.
 
  18[40s?] March 12 . AD to Thomas E. Johnson; s.l. (1 page)
Subscribers' contract with Thomas E. Johnson to teach "an orderly English school." Salary, dates for term left blank; subscribers' names, number of scholars not included. Curriculum specified.
 
  [1850] January 24-28 . Salmon ALS to W[illia]m Fay; Baton Rouge, Louisiana (2 pages)
Speculates about Fay's winter pleasure activities. Comments on bachelorhood and settling down to raise a family. Describes the inauguration of Louisiana governor, Joseph Marshall Walker (1786-1856). Notes a local circus he attended and gives advice about selling apple peelers. See also Salmon ALS to William Fay, December 22-26, 1849.
 
  1850 February 8 . Elizabeth ALS to Amelia [Day]; Marietta, [Ohio] (3 pages)
Discusses news of family and acquaintances. Notes the demands of childrearing but is unwilling to let Amelia take one of her children to raise. Doubts she will be able to travel east, especially with children. Wishes Day could come visit, noting friends asking after her and inquiring for daguerreotypes. Discusses a young man teaching, wondering if he is "as low spirited as when a tutor at Yale." Written on illustrated letterhead for Marietta College, featuring the college grounds and two buildings.
 
  1850 February 10 . J. A. Rathbun ALS to Sister; Gowanda, [New York] (4 pages)
Comments on teachers at the local school and notes the local literary society. Discusses his own teaching, but the number of scholars has diminished due to scarlet fever and the mumps. Describes "Spirit rappings" in western New York. "To be short, it porported . . . to be a spirit holding communication with mortals." Notes the respectability of believers. Some attribute the rappings to the devil or magnetism, "I think neither can be the case as the latter idea is preposterous & the devil has other business."
 
  1850 April 19 . J[ames] Hamilton Couper ALS to Robert Anderson; Near Darien, [Georgia?] (11 pages (total))
Plans, modifications, specifications and drawings for the tomb of Gen. Duncan Lamont Clinch (1787-1849), father-in-law of Robert Anderson. Includes contract with Chandler & Colby, stone cutters, for preparation of stonework for tomb. Chandler & Colby DS with Peter G. Munro; Boston, [Massachusetts], 3pp. August 1, 1850. Also includes 3 architectural drawings done with ink and watercolor plus 3 pp. specifications and notes.
 
  1850 July 1 . Connecticut General Assembly; John P. C. Mather Partially Printed DS; Hartford, Connecticut (5 pages)
Resolution of the Connecticut General Assembly concerning the estate of Asahel Hatheway. His remaining heirs had asked that funds no longer required for the support of Mark Anthony Hatheway, who "has been for more than thirty years deprived of his reason, and has now become nearly idiotic...", be distributed to them. As "no judicial court is competent to grant relief in the premises,..." the matter has been taken to the Assembly, who approves their request. Document signed by Secretary of State, John P. C. Mather, with state seal. Located in folder of the May 30, 1849, copy of Asahel Hatheway's will and testament.
 
  1850 July 4 . E[dwards] A[masa] Park ALS to [Joel] Hawes; Andover, [Massachusetts] (2 pages)
Sending a copy of his recent sermon [not included], where he tried to "unite the 'Old' and the 'New School' parties." Asks for feedback. Comments on theological controversy between Dr. Taylor and Dr. Humphrey over doctrine of "ability" and the "nature of sin." Feels that Dr. Taylor "did not pay sufficient attention to our impulses, our instinctive feelings."
 
  1850 September 5 . Edmund O[tis] Hovey ALS to Theron Baldwin; Crawfordsville, [Indiana] (3 pages)
Requesting continuation of funds from the Society for the Propagation of Theological & Collegiate Education at the West for the use of Wabash College. Provides information on graduates, the conversion of students, numbers of students entering the ministry, studying theology, or teaching. Religious revival not as pronounced as in years past. Notes on Wabash College's history. Supporting Wabash ensures "that a powerful influence will have been exerted toward accomplishing similar ends, for regions, onward toward the setting sun." Dr. White's son died of typhoid fever.
 
  1850 December 2 . Theodore Parker ALS to General Jones; Boston, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Glad to see Jones is interested in temperance reform and the right to land. References Mill's Political Economy.
 
  [18]50 December 8 . J[ames] M[aynard] Shanklin ALS to John Shanklin; Crawfordsville, [Indiana] (4 pages)
Letter written to J. M.'s father regarding a letter of advice which he recently received. Includes remembrances of home. He talks about other students at Wabash College and about his plans to remain there over vacation. He mentions his studies, boarding situation, and upcoming examinations. The letter's postscript explicitly details tuition costs as well as room and board.
 
  [ca. 1850-ca. 1860] . Partial AMs; s.l. (6 pages)
Partial Fourth of July speech reflecting on American governance and history. Compares America to the "aged and Enfeebled systems" of Europe, dismissing their critiques. Compares America to ancient Greece and Rome. Notes usual criticisms and stereotypes of Americans, acknowledging kernels of truth about commercial interests and motivations.
 
  [18]51 January 10 . N[athaniel] P[arker] Willis ALS to B[enjamin] B. French; [New York, New York] (2 pages)
Remarks on their friendship and mutual regard for Jenny Lind. Jenny Lind "is the angel we see her to be." Extends an open invitation for a visit.
 
  1851 January 10 . John Brougham ALS to R. Cornell White; [New York?] (1 page)
Declining invitation to the "presentation of a silver Trumpet to the Empire Engine Co. No. 42." Sends his regards to "that glorious association of disinterested and noble hearts, the Firemen." Promises to come if he is able "and sing you a song or do something or another to assist in enlivening the latter end of the entertainment."
 
  1851 January 20 . Russell Sage ALS to F[reeman] Nye; B[artlett] Nye; Troy, [New York] (1 page)
Would like to buy their stock in the Commercial Bank. Inquires if they will trade for bonds of the Champlain & Ogdensburgh Railroad Company or require cash. Remarks on changes in the Commercial Bank Board of Directors (which he conveys confidentially)
 
  1851 January 25 . Mary Coggsha[ll] ALS to Mother; Cincinnati, [Ohio] (6 pages)
Elaborate dream of visitation by dead relatives and friends, where she acted as "an electrical medium." ..."the room seemed transformed into light, and all the Brothers and sisters except Sarah came to us and embraced us, talking and singing of the joys of heaven and the glories of the future existence after this earthly sleep." Has felt a spiritual presence with her and mentions going into an "internal state" where she communes with her deceased father. He has intervened to restore her son's health. "To think that my Father whose loss I have mourned so long should be the guardian of my child." Notes local excitement over spirit rappings and their incidence in her house. "Many believe and many are frightened. We think that great and glorious truths are to be brought to light."
 
  1851 March 3 - 1852 June 29 . Cumberland County, New Jersey Committee for building an alms house AMs; [Cumberland County, New Jersey] (18 pages)
Minutes, agreements, proposals, and accounts recorded by the committee to "superintend the building of a new Alms House on the Farm now owned by the County." Notes decisions about the size and construction of the almshouse. The Committee visited the Trenton "Lunatic Asylum" and the Newark almshouse. Met with Robert Reeves "(Architect & Builder)" and discussed plans. Notes preparing newspaper advertisements and a dispute with Reeves about whether he fulfilled his contract. Includes a copy of the contract and the bill Reeves submitted.
 
  1851 May 12-14 . David Willcut ADS to Griffith Mendenhall; [Indiana] (2 pages)
Authorizing Mendenhall as an agent for the Union Literary Institute, "established for the benefit of colored persons." Includes character reference and recommendation for Mendenhall. Signed by David Willcut, President, and other members of the Institute. Includes a paper seal.
 
  [18]51 June 28 . J. J. West ALS to Ja[me]s W. West; Milledgeville, [Georgia] (3 pages)
Letter written from Oglethorpe College in Milledgeville, Georgia describing college life in general, the "same old round of occupations, pleasures, and duties." Describes a student riot/rebellion (February 1851) including breaking windows, firing pistols, etc. "The others took up, broke the windows of the college buildings, fired pistols & made such a noise that even the Irishmen working on the R.R. were so badly scared that they hardly dared to show their noses." Comments on local vice, including gambling. Mentions his romantic attachment, etc.
 
  [18]51 July 31 . M. A. S. ALS to Florilla W. Hinckley; Hampden, [Maine] (3 pages)
Letter from a female student, frustrated with her studies and trying to overcome feelings of inadequacy and self-consciousness. "I always expect to be poor, and I never expect to know much more than I do now, for it costs so much to go to school that I can't afford it, I expect to work hard for a living as long as life lasts, to be sick and weary." Trying to cultivate a more optimistic outlook. Comments on her current boarding house, its scant library, and a desire to have more conversation and company. Contemplating moving to the South to teach, noting a young woman who is also considering the move. Mentions a young lady who teaches drawing lessons and has travelled to Europe.
 
  1851 August 6 . Lucretia Mott ALS to Lucy Stone; Auburn, New York (3 pages)
Discusses opinions on the best place to hold the convention. Notes Cyrus M. Burleigh opposing Pennsylvania, believing "we had not strength for such an undertaking." If Worcester is selected, some women who travelled for the convention last year may not be able to attend. Amy Post hopes for Rochester. Her poor health will likely prevent her attendance. "I have been troubled with a constant cough for 6 mo. past, and now have quite a sore throat, occasioned in part by much speaking. Growing years also admonish me to leave some of the good causes of Reform with younger & fresher hands." Enclosing money from the sale of the Proceedings, but sales have been slow. References anti-slavery meetings and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
 
  1851 September 4 . J. W. Polhaus ALS to George Gemunder; Boston, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Letter to violin maker in German. No translation.
 
  1851 September 26 . Edward Everett ALS to D[aniel] Webster; Cambridge, [Massachusetts] (4 pages)
Sending Webster's speech (from March 7, 1850) to the printers. Requests Webster's preference for a running title: either "general adjustment of the slavery question," "Mr. Clay's resolutions," or "Mr. Clay's Compromise Resolutions." Requests Webster's preference for the title page of his speech of July 17, 1850: "On the Compromise Bill" or "on the Compromise Measures." Would like Webster to tell him about Oregon, for inclusion in the memoir.
 
  1851 October 8-1851 October 17 . E[liza] M. Yates ALS to Sister Wait; Shanghai, [China] (4 pages)
Comments on missionary life in China. Feeling thankful for a box of goods and the support of friends for the missionary cause. Notes the contents, selling them to raise money, and their uses amongst the missionaries and schools. Discusses health and other missionaries. "If the missionaries did not take care of each other in sickness, -- the sick -- and none escape -- would suffer greatly." Miss Baker will open a girls' boarding school and is slowly learning the "dialect." Mr. Yates was complimented by scholarly Dr. Lockhart on his facility for the language and making himself understood by the natives. See also: Matthew T. Yates ALS to Brother Wait, 1852 September 25.
 
  1851 October 13 . W[illiam] A. Stearns ALS to Mr. Greely; Cambridgeport, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Is sending him a discourse. "Had I known, when it was written some years ago that any body would ever desire to see it, I should have taken some pains to make it legible." Asks that it not be exposed "to the eyes of any who might consider it a fair subject for criticism."
 
  [ca. 1851] . Candor AL to [Jeremiah] Hacker; [Portland, Maine] (1 page)
Criticism of newly founded Portland Y.M.C.A. branch for not accepting all denominations in its ranks. Compares it to the prejudice of the Dark Ages, as having "the same i[n]tolerant spirit by setting themselves apart as being more holier and purer than their honest neighbor? Is it not equivalant to saying 'stand aside for I am holier than thou?" Signed with the pseudonym, "Candor," and addressed to the "Editor of the Pleasure Boat."
Box   7  
  1852 February 9 . Charles G. Clarke, Jr. ALS to John Sears; Hudson, Ohio (4 pages)
Letter to John Sears at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, from Clarke at Western Reserve College, Hudson, Ohio. References a "fuss in college," possibly at the University of Michigan. Clarke describes how a poor student might receive funding for his education, hoping to sway Sears to transfer. He also describes the Western Reserve college, building by building as they appeared in the catalogue. Clarke writes about seeing Lajos Kossuth, revolutionary and former governor of Hungary, and the large crowds gathered to hear him speak. Kossuth was touring the U.S. for the cause of Hungarian Independence following his release from prison. "A week ago last Saturday the Hungarian exile, Louis Kossuth, passed through this place on his way to Cleveland... I went with several of the students. At 11 o'clock A.M. he addressed the assembled multitude from the balcony of the American House..." Mentions students' transferring "because they think it will be more honorable to graduate at some eastern institution." Discusses religion.
 
  1852 May 23 . J. Parker Beverly ALS to Richard Potter; Curtice's Creek, Tuolomne [Tuolumne] County, Calfornia (4 pages)
Has been healthy and satisfied working in the mines. "... we have the satisfaction of digging the Gold from the Earth to pay us for our labor instead of taking it, after it has been aloyd and maid into coin." Comments on profits, labor, prospectors, and costs of mining for gold on their land claim. Changes in mine processes, moving away from the use of quicksilver and small rockers in favor of Long Tom sluice boxes. Describes the construction and use of sluice boxes. Thoughts on how long their claim will last; worried that the purchasing of water for the sluice boxes will limit them. Discusses shares held on the claim.
 
  1852 May 29 . C. L. Pells ALS to George; Baltimore, [Maryland] (5 pages)
Concerned about the punctuality of his cousin George's postmaster. Discusses the presidential campaign of 1852 and the impending convention. Mentions Millard Fillmore, Lewis Cass, Whig party politics, etc. "The political fires are beginning to burn with that quadrennial brilliancy & heat peculiar to the Presidential campaign." Popular opinion favors Cass to be nominated. Worries that John P. Hale will lose his seat to "some of the eaters of Southern dirt." Asks George's opinion of "the ‘illustrious Magyar,' " Lajos Kossuth, (1802-1894). Notes the beginning of seasonal excursions, including to Washington's tomb.
 
  1852 May . W[illia]m B. Browne Partially printed DS; Staunton, Virginia (1 page)
Monthly report for Miss M. F. Pilson from the Augusta Female Seminary, signed by Principle William B. Brown. Includes ratings in deportment, neatness, diligence, various studies and "extra branches."
 
  [18]52 June 3 . Victor Beaumont ALS to C. G. Brewster; New York, [New York] (1 page)
Letter of reply regarding an inquiry into the dates, cost, etc. of attending courses in Civil Engineering. The letter is written on a two-page printed circular which advertises the "School for Instruction in Civil Engineering" in New York, founded by Victor Beaumont.
 
  1852 June 6 . H. Link ALS to [Mr. and Mrs. Keller]; Little Falls, [New York] (4 pages)
Sends sympathy for the death of their loved one. Describes how the author and Elizabeth were contacted by the spirits of Henry Keller and Julia Bowen. "Mourn no more for the loss a dear son-- he lives! He lives! In a Glorious world of light & love." Would like to keep these events private, because "There is so much ridiculing and sneering about it."
 
  1852 July 20 . W[illia]m R[ichardson] Dempster ALS to [Joseph Hartwell Barrett]; Saratoga Springs, [New York] (1 page)
Intends to perform "one of my original Ballad Entertainments" in Middlebury and hopes to have it advertised. Signed "Wm. R. Dempster, composer of The May Queen, Lament of the Irish Emigrant, The Blind Boy & other songs."
 
  1852 July 30 . W[illia]m R[ichardson] Dempster ALS to Jos[eph] H[artwell] Barrett; Rutland, [Vermont] (2 pages)
Wishes Barrett to announce that he will perform in Middlebury "by putting out a Bill to that Effect," as there is not adequate time to advertise in the newspapers.
 
  1852 August 10 . H[oratio] Shumway Partially printed DS to Moses Bristol; [Buffalo, New York] (2 pages [total])
Signed by the president and secretary of the Buffalo Female Academy. Certificate stating that Moses Bristol owns one share of stock worth $100 in the Buffalo Female Academy. Verso: note written by Moses Bristol, February 3, 1866.
 
  1852 September 25-27 . M[atthew] T. Yates ALS to Bro. Wait; Shanghai, China (4 pages)
Comments on the health of the mission circle. Have been in Shanghai for five years, now comfortably settled in the North Carolina Mission House. Ruminates over the years spent as a missionary in China and trying to learn Chinese. People are becoming more acquainted with the facts of the gospel and are attending preaching in droves, but "The Chinese seem to be devoid of the Moral, or religious element in their constitution. They manifest no great zeal in worshiping their idols..." See also E[liza] M. Yates ALS to sister Wait; October 8-17, 1851.
 
  1852 October 15 . Laura V[an Der Spiegle] H[all] Park ALS to Charles Goody Lincoln; San Francisco, [California] (4 pages)
Has settled in since Lincoln left. Spanish man assisted with carpentry, sawing wood, varnishing furniture and other tasks. Sister is happy, mother has been sick. Notes that the Senate would not confirm General Wilson. Quotes letter from Mary Wallace, chiding Lincoln for not writing. Mentions the upcoming execution of Jose Forni for murder. [Note: Jose's execution - the first legal execution to take place in San Francisco - occurred on December 10, 1852].
 
  1852 October 26 . Rob[er]t C[harles] Winthrop ALS to Rev. [Clement Moore] Butler; Boston, [Massachusetts] (4 pages)
Unable to attend a meeting in Washington. Has been "overwhelmed with calls for literary & oratorical efforts." Wishes their organization well, "& I earnestly hope that its influence will surround the Capitol like an atmosphere, neutralizing the malaria which has been too long prevalent." Comments on the death of Henry Clay (1777-1852), wishing he had led a more righteous life but glad his memorials are moral ones. Laments the death of Daniel Webster (1781-1852). "...we shall not look on his like again. Yet both you & I would gladly have had some features of his character & some passages of his career Blotted out." Would like a copy of Butler's discourse on Webster, if he publishes one "...do not say in it what I hear dr. Vinton said -- that 'he died the victim of political persecution.' "
 
  1852 October 29 . Lawrason Riggs ALS to E[lisha] Riggs; St. Louis, [Missouri] (3 pages)
Farming in Missouri is in a "high state of prosperity," but the low level of the river causes difficulty. Worried about the financial future. "I cannot however but see a storm ahead judging from the present appearance of the financial sky." Comments on new banks increasing the circulation of money and the recent "Illinois Banking Law." Discusses banks and banking. State of the market.
 
  1852 November 2 . B[enjamin] H[arris] Kinney ALS to J[ohn] C[hester] Buttre; Worcester, Massachusetts (2 pages)
Discusses Buttre producing an engraving of Kinney's of Ethan Allen from a daguerreotype. Notes the difficulties of producing a good daguerreotype of such a large statue. Sending two original daguerreotypes in different lights [not present].
 
  1852 December 22 . Jona[than] E. Ferre ALS to Nephew; Agawam, [Massachusetts] (4 pages)
Acknowledges their differing views on the presence of "ministering spirits." Ferre believes that "we have both good and evils spirits constantly exerting an influence upon our minds." Influence of evil spirits over the thoughts of all is spiritual warfare, as written of in the Bible. Discusses the existence of guardian angels. Gives an account of a pious young woman receiving communications from her deceased grandmother and aunt, her guardian angels. "She is strictly forbidden to have any intercourse with the rapping spirits of the day being told that they are disorderly. She is in perfect freedom to make any disclosures she pleases." The family prefers this news not be made public. Men of the Primitive Church had similar gifts. Notes local regulars at Spiritualist meetings.
 
  1852 December 23-26 . S. G. Haley ALS to Maria (sister); Hooksett, [New Hampshire] (4 pages)
Letter from a teacher to his sister. Unable to follow her advice about limiting his interactions with women, as his teaching requires it. "... how can I get rid of speaking to the girls here, who attend my school, and who are real smart, pretty, fascinating girls, and, old enough when they improve every opportunity to speak to me?" Promises not to attend any more balls. He lists the names and ages of all of his students, underlining young women's names. Describes the daily class schedule. He also expresses how much he misses home, how Hooksett is a "rum hole" and describes his attitudes towards loud children and improvements he needs to make as a teacher. See also Haley letter dated January 14, 1853.
 
  1852 October 11-1854 October 30 . 5 ADsS; [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania] (23 pages [total])
Regarding the court case of E. C. and P. H. Warren vs. James Hunter and Bros, concerning the Hunter's pollution of Mill Creek (Pennsylvania) with chemical wastes, infringing on the water rights of the Warren's paper mill. Includes a letter from attorney Thomas Wharton to James Hunter & brothers warning them to desist from depositing dyes and chemicals into the river; two copies of testimony given by Frederick A. Genth on September 16, 1854, concerning his chemical analysis of the river water; short statements from various witnesses; and a record of filing Genth's deposition. Case tried by Thomas I. and Henry Wharton.
 
  1853 January 2-[1908] . Isaac Pitman 8 items; various (14 pages total)
8 items related to Isaac Pitman: 3 Shorthand ALs written in Pitman's hand, dated January 2, 1853; January 26, 1859; and January 18, 1886. One TL transcription of the 1853 shorthand letter to Benn Pitman. One ALS Photographic Institute Company postcard from Benn Pitman to Alex Hill [September 4, 1908]. 2 printed pamphlets regarding Pitman's shorthand and life. 1 photogravure of Isaac Pitman, 1890.
 
  1853 January 14 . S. G. Haley ALS to Geo[rge] H. Haley (brother); Hooksett, [New Hampshire] (4 pages)
Letter from a teacher to his brother, regarding his homesickness. Grateful for George's advice about girls. He writes out lines from a poem that he composed, "Old Kearsarge." He talks about going to Concord the next week and relays information regarding current events - particularly dealing with family matters. See also Haley letter dated December 23, 1852.
 
  1853 February 25 . W[illiam] McLain ALS to Horatio Seymour; Colonization Rooms, Washington, [D.C.] (1 page)
Seymour has been elected to the position of Vice President of the American Colonization Society. Forwarding a copy of the Annual Report [not included].
 
  1853 March 6 . Elijah Counts ALS to Isaiah D. Counts; s.l. (2 pages)
Comments on the construction of a railroad from Uniontown, Pennsylvania, to Logansport or Peru, Indiana, and efforts to get the line to pass through certain towns. The railroad may pass close to Counts's house. Notes prices of nearby land; encourages his brother to buy soon.
 
  1853 March 8 . J.M. Carlisle, Rich[ar]d S. Coxe, Jos. H. Bradley, W. Redin, J. Hellen, Walter [ ], and Jno. Marbury ALS to Franklin Pierce; Wash[ington, D.C.] (1 page)
Members of the Bar of Washington, D.C., recommend Philip Barton Key (1818-1859) as U.S. Attorney. Signed by J. M. Carlisle, Rich[ar]d S. Coxe, Jos. H. Bradley, W. Redin, J. Hellen, Walter S. [Con?], and Jno. Marbury.
 
  1853 June 17 . Hamilton Fish ALS to Colin M[acrae] Ingersoll; New York [City, New York] (1 page)
Requests information on the organization of the faculty at Yale. Lists seven queries regarding wages, hours, terms, hiring requirements, privileges, etc.
 
  1853 June 26 . Geo[rge] C. Brundage ALS to "friend"; Gibson (2 pages)
Has been busy, having "the whole management of the farm." Includes news concerning mutual acquaintances. Discusses farming business and offers marriage advice. "Don't think of anything else, keep poking about the rubbish of the world till you have stirred up a gem worth possessing in the shape of a w.i.f.e." Encourages him to marry soon and emphasizes the positive benefits of marriage.
 
  1853 July 1-[1860 December] . Cyrus Lukens AMs; s.l. (82 pages)
Diary of daily weather and events. Dates recorded in the Quaker style. Notes the anniversary of the "Great Fire 1850," death of Gen. Taylor, the reception of General Pierce, the opening of the Crystal Palace, eclipses, accidents, parades, exhibitions, social visits, the "U.S. National Show," and fires, including a deadly one at "Welch's Circus, Chinese Museum." In 1857, notes the loss of the S.S. Central America and a "Great run upon the banks" leading to the "suspension of spiecie payment." Notes the anniversary of the Pennsylvania Literary Society. Records the 1860 Presidential election and Lincoln's majority in Philadelphia and Pennsylvania. "So Ends my Diary Book. I being in Council Bluffs, Iowa"
 
  1853 September 21 . Thomas and Mary Owens ALS to Richard Owens; Cincinnati, Ohio (3 pages)
Letter to parents in Welsh; concerns business matters in part.
 
  1853 November 05 . J[ohn] A[rchibald] Campbell ALS to Duncan G. Campbell; Mobile, [Alabama] (7 pages)
John Campbell's advice to his son before his son leaves to study "mathematical science" in Germany. Campbell mentions the importance of "patient persevering study," choosing "honorable & moral" friends, and not making any "extravagant expenditure" or partaking in diversions. Advises him about not interfering with German government or laws.
 
  1853 November 25 . Sam[ue]l F.B. Morse ALS; Poughkeepsie, [New York] (1 page)
Responds to a request for his autograph. "So small a favor as my autograph cannot be denied, and I therefore comply with your request, trusting that your life so recently commenced may be devoted to the cause of Him who preserves it, and to Him who died to save you." With: Engraved portrait of Samuel F.B. Morse, 1867, from the original painting by [Alonzo] Chappel.
 
  1853 November 29 . F[rancis] Wayland ALS to N. Ropes; Providence, [Rhode Island] (4 pages)
Has been busy and seldom in Boston. Comments on the news from Crimea of suffering among the troops. "How horrible is the news from the Crimea The amount of death by disease and slaughter is awful." Emphasizes the need for Christianity.
 
  1853 December 16 . Henry H. Sage ALS to [Alonzo Dwight] Blodgett; Buffalo, [New York] (2 pages)
Comical letter detailing Sage's "request & requirements" in order for him to perform at Blodgett's "Grand Concerto." "First Being in delicate health I should require the exclusive services of not more than seven colored male servants, with a female hairdresser to prepare my jetty locks for each entertainment." Requests two fine hotel rooms, restorative food and drink to counteract the heat, waiting maids for his "favorite poodle and two beautiful grey Tom-cats," as well as additional freight cars to help his pianist, Signor J. Randolpho Blogetti, cart his baggage and luxurious mustache. Remarks on payment. Written on illustrated J. Sage & Sons stationery, including an image of two cherubs playing a flute and reading, accompanied by a printed J. Sage & Sons envelope. "Publishers of Sheet Music & Wholesale & Retail Dealers in Piano Fortes & Musical Merchandise."
 
  1853 September 17 - 1854 February 4 . Lizzie Higgins Diary; [near Norwalk, Ohio] (27 pages)
Manuscript diary beginning in Washington, D.C. Describes her journey by railroad through Baltimore, Pennsylvania, and Ohio. Remarks on religion, social visits, health. Tells of a visit with Grandma Hoyt, who told them "of her being taken prisoner by the Indians & of their painting her up and telling her that she was a pretty little squaw and of her filling her pockets with bullets to kill the Indians, and crying when her sister threw them away because they made her so heavy. She telling her sister that now she had no way to kill the Indians." Comments on spirit rappings and mediums and her anxiety that participating in them are contrary to the Bible.
 
  1854 April 12 . John Smith ADS to Samuel Nelson; G[reat] S[alt] L[ake] City, [Utah] (1 page)
Patriarchal blessing from John Smith, Patriarch of the Mormon Church.
 
  1854 April 22 . C[aleb] Cushing ALS to Brantz Mayer; Washington, [D.C.] (1 page)
Cushing (then U.S. Attorney-General) thanks historian Brantz Mayer for his letter and "two accompanying discourses." He comments on English history and on the Michael Cresap-James Logan affair, probably in reference to two 1851 Mayer works: "Mexico, Aztec, Spanish and Republican" and "Tah-Gah-Jute: or Logan and Captain Michael Cresap."
 
  1854 September 15 . W[illiam] A. Stearns ALS to Mr. Pollock; Cambridgeport, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Has no copies of the discourse requested by Mr. Pollock, but believes that it may be obtained from the publisher, James Munroe & Co. Sending "a copy of a sermon, in Commemoration of Daniel Webster" [not present].
 
  1854 September 21 . J[onathan] K[elsey] Burr ALS to "Sister"; Burlington, New Jersey (4 pages)
Comments on prevailing "fever and ague" in the region and the end of the cholera season. Describes a camp meeting at which Burr (and 11 others) preached. "Communion with nature, on the Camp Ground after a long draught, means the breathing an atmosphere surcharged with dust - the Endurance of heat that would startle a Thermometer if had ventured there - and many other things that partake very much of the nature of inconveniences." Notes the emotional reactions of attendees.
 
  [1854?] . Fanny Kemble ALS; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (3 pages)
Arranging details for her upcoming reading in Baltimore of Shakespeare's Merry Wives of Windsor.
 
  1855 January 30 . Josiah Quincy ALS to M[ary] A. Quincy; No. 1, Beacon Hill Place, [Boston, Massachusetts] (1 page)
Wishes her a belated happy New Year. "It is never too late to follow the impulses of the heart, which time may strengthen, but cannot weaken nor to recall an opportunity, lost by your absence, to express the best affections toward you of your Grandfather."
 
  1855 May 9 . Edward Everett ALS to Thomas Talbot, J.G.D. Stearns, John Baldwin, W[illia]m H. Odiorne, Thomas B. Edwards; Boston, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Declining an invitation to the "celebration of the Second Centennial Anniversary of the Incorporation of Billerica [Massachusetts]" "There are but a few of the ancient towns of Massachusetts, whose early history contains a fuller record of the stirring & trying scenes of border life." Comments on Indian attacks on the town; "men, women, & children were killed or carried into a captivity worse than death. But the great and good men of those times relied upon a wisdom & strength beyond those of man; & possessed the fortitude & resolution which carried them through the dreadful ordeal. They left a precious inheritance to their children."
 
  [1855] June 4 . W[illia]m H[ickling] Prescott ALS to [John Stetson Barry]; [Boston, Massachusetts] (4 pages)
Thanking Stetson for sending him a copy of his History of Massachusetts. His progress in the book is slow due to his failing eyesight. Despite this, Prescott offers a lengthy critique of both the content and the writing itself. "The subject you have chosen is a noble one... A person, to do justice to our pilgrim fathers, should have some of their blood in his veins... The manner in which you have inlaid your narrative with brief extracts from your original authorities shows how freely you have drawn from the best sources of information & has the advantage of carrying the reader back more vividly to the scenes you describe..."
 
  [18]55 July 16 . Edward Everett ALS to [George William] Childs & [Robert E.] Peterson; Boston, [Massachusetts] (4 pages)
Edward Everett declines to review or offer his opinion on a volume sent to him previously by Childs & Peterson. The demands on his time and controversies attendant upon unfavorable reviews prevents him from undertaking such work. "I accordingly formed a rule to myself more than thirty years ago, not to express opinions of books except under peculiar circumstances, which would require or warrant an exception..."
 
  1855 July 26 . John [T?] Huntington ALS to Charley; Cape May, [New Jersey] (3 pages)
Huntington amusingly describes social life at the Mount Vernon Hotel where he is vacationing. "Last night there was a ‘Hop' in the Dining-Room which is 412 feet long, & such an array of bare-skinned dresses & beauty I never did see. Alas for the pomps & vanities of this remarkable world! What are we coming to?"
 
  1855 October 19 . Susan B. Anthony ALS to Mrs. C. M. Crowley; Rochester, [Massachusetts?] (2 pages)
Encourages Mrs. Crowley to work for the cause of women's rights and to enlist a woman in Cattaraugus County to canvas the area. "Cattaraugus ought to produce one woman with the requisite will- She has hundreds with the talent." She encloses printed materials to assist her in her efforts. Enclosures: One blank petition for the Senate and Assembly of New York to enfranchise women and one printed circular for insertion in local newspapers, "Justice to Women," advertising an upcoming convention and featuring an illustration of a train of shoes with an "E.A. Miller" banner. Crowley lived in Randolph, New York. Envelope stamped Worcester, Massachusetts.
 
  [18]55 November 21 . Geo[rge] Sumner ALS to Clinton C[assady? ]; New York [City, New York] (4 pages)
Received his recipient's "interesting, clear and eloquent address on the 4th July last," which Sumner believes is sound for its strict neutrality and interest in "real liberty in Europe." Has finished writing his lecture on "the changes which education is working on the masses in Europe" Hopes the example of American education "may help progress & liberty, without the aid of gunpowder & fillibusters." Dedicates a portion of the lecture to school systems in Holland and Ireland Plans to return to Boston.
 
  1855 December 3 . John Tyler ALS to M. D. Phillips; Sherwood Forest [Plantation, Virginia] (1 page)
Declines an invitation to deliver a lecture. "My lectures are never attended with any charge but are entirely voluntary and for the benefit of the Institutions or associations before which they are delivered."
 
  1855 December 31 - 1857 July 19 . AMs; (40 pages [total])
Journal of a surveyor in Princeton, Illinois, with an account of his journey from (and return to) Lowell, Massachusetts. Describes landscape, passing through Canada and Detroit. Comments on his surveying work, religion, books he read, local education. Notes local hostility to the road surveys, with some residents threatening bodily harm. Witnessed "two young ladies... kissing each other frantically" and believes Dr. Sewall needs a wife, "for he hugs me outrageously nights." Comments on courtship and women, political meetings and the "Kansas matter," Fourth of July celebrations. Criticizes young women's behavior and comments on their appearance. Attended a sermon on the "Woman's sphere." Suffered from a lingering illness. On his return journey, visited a manufactory in Troy, New York. Includes an 11-page speech on common schools.
 
  1855-1857 . William Vandergrift Various; (8 items)
2 ALsS, 2 ADfs, 2 Docs, 1 Memo, 1 Account. regarding Vandergrift's building activities, with two plans for schoolhouses at Newportville, Pennsylvania. [Originals located in the William R. Vandergriff papers]
 
  1856 Januray 28 . James Guthrie DS to A[lexander] H[amilton] Bowman; Treasury Dept. [Washington, D.C.] (1 page)
Informs Bowman that he has been selected by the President as a commissioner to meet at the Philadelphia mint to test "the correctness of the Assay of the coinage of the U States"
 
  1856 April 16 . Henry D[ilworth] Gilpin ALS to Henry S[tephens] Randall; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (4 pages)
Will send a volume of James Madison's letters for Randall's use, "if you think the safety of the Express can be relied upon." Praises Randall's biographical work on Thomas Jefferson (which would be published in 1858). Comments on how quickly original sources can vanish. Wondering if the Documentary History of New York has continued.
 
  [1856] October 17 . H[arriet] B[eecher] Stowe ALS to Mr. Thomas; London, [England] (3 pages)
Hopes to visit her anti-slavery friends in Scotland in the spring. "A great crisis my dear Sir is hurrying on, and I am much comforted by the deep & brotherly interest which England feels for & with us who are called to suffer for & with the cause of freedom-- When I say us I mean the suffering brave of America who stand now as once your covenanters did for a sacred cause."
 
  1857 April 11 . A[mbrose] E. Burnside ALS to Mrs. Green; Bristol, Rhode Island (1 page)
Notification that he will no longer rent her house. Originally laid in notebook of the Bristol, Rhode Island Maternal Association of St. Michael's Church (Blandina Diedrich Collection).
 
  1857 May 30 . J[acob] Gideon ALS to "the President"; Washington, [D.C.] (1 page)
Recommending John S. Edwards for the position of Marshal, District of Columbia.
 
  1857 July 7 . Thomas C. Donn and J. H. Goddard ADS (copy); [Washington, D.C.] (2 pages)
Copy of the October 23, 1856 contract binding 16-year-old orphan Patrick Lynch as an apprentice to Michael McDermott, coach maker. With an amendment dated July 7, 1857: Letitia McDermott, widow of Michael McDermott, transfers her right to Patrick Lynch, apprentice.
 
  1857 August 23 . J. D. Gontz ALS to Mr. Logan; Galena, [Illinois] (3 pages)
Describes Galena, commenting on lead ore in the region. Traveled from Johnstown [New York] to Galena by stage and steamer. "...but when we arrived on the Mississipa it was raging at its greatest hight i have seen farmes and Houses and a few small villages that the watter was up to the seckond stories of the houses and the inhabitants were forced to fly to the mountains and in camp out until the water would fall and the they would get back to their homes again"
 
  1857 September 2 . J[ames] Hamilton ALS to W[illiam] W. Corcoran; Newport, Rhode Island (6 pages)
Urging Corcoran to engage in speculation of Texas lands, especially for coal and salt. Hopes to meet with Corcoran to discuss "the details of your proposed agency for paying the Texas Debt." Contrasts coal mining in Texas to the northern states.
 
  1857 November 25 . W[illia]m H. Ireland, Jr. ALS to M.A.W. Man[ ]; New York, [New York] (10 pages)
Thanksgiving greetings; is sending a group of verses to brighten the recipient's holiday. Includes 9 pages of rhyming verses and musical score to sing them by. Describes in detail a steamer trip to New York, then to Perth Amboy, New Jersey, accompanied by a dog. The verses include 23 pen & ink illustrations, including: turkey, a man dressing, Steamboat Sylvan Shore, men taunting his dog, mishaps on the streets of New York, African American ticket salesman, ticket booths, life preservers, ports, stagecoach, tree, woman playing the piano, man preparing for bed, etc.
 
  1857 December 10 . Alex[ande]r H. H. Stuart ALS to J.E. Peyton; Richmond, [Virginia] (1 page)
Comments on Republican politics. "If we can only persuade the Republicans to give up their sectional organization, & the conservative portion of them to unite with the Whigs & Americans, under the common denigration of ‘opposition', ‘People's' or ‘National Union' party, we can, undoubtedly, carry the election of 1860, provided we have a national candidate."
 
  [ca. 1857?] . Doc.; [Massachusetts?] (1 page)
Manuscript sketch of a school house. Floor plan and facade elevation. Pen and ink, with watercolor. [Located in Oversize Manuscripts]
 
  1858 February 12 . W[illia]m P. M[ason], Jr. ALS to W[illia]m P. Mason; Vienna, [Austria] (8 pages)
Describes pre-Lenten balls and parties in "southern Germany." Emperor and Empress in attendance at a grand ball. Comments on clothing, dancing, women, and a daguerreotype. The Baroness "is persuaded that I own a gold-mine or two, with much of the western country, & innumerable negroes, & that it was by some unexplicable providence that I am not black myself..."
 
  1858 March 22 . Caroline Fiero ALS to Milla Bush; Oberlin, [Ohio] (8 pages)
First impressions of college. Describes accommodations, courses, and religious attendance required of Oberlin students. "I never heard of so many prayers in my life as there are offered here. It is prayer after prayer or some kind of religious meeting all the time." Heard about a murderer in a recent letter.
 
  1858 April 1 . Josiah Quincy ALS to W[illiam] B. Sprague; Boston, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Thanks Sprague for sending him the 3rd and 4th volumes of Annals of the American Pulpit. Reflection on meeting Presbyterian minister Dr. John Witherspoon ca. 1792 and hearing him preach. "I was particularly struck with his style & manner in the delivery of his discourse. It was solemn, direct, with no display of oratory, or for effect. Terse . . . obviously studied, but without full notes, and relying more on his logic than on imagination for the result to be produced." Etc. Description and speaking style of Samuel Stanhope Smith, who presided over the marriage of Quincy and his wife "Excuse erasures & interlineations. At Eighty six the thread of thought breaks in ye weaving and splicing & knotting is unavoidable." [Note: Smith was also author of a sketch of the life of John Witherspoon, published in volume three of Sprague's Annals]
 
  [18]58 May 20 . Geo[rge] Bancroft ALS; New York, [New York] (1 page)
Bancroft writes stating that he will be sending "Page 11" tomorrow. "I give up in despair teaching our stereotypers exactness."
 
  1858 September 14 - 24 . Edwin J. Carver ALS to Mr. and Mrs. John Carver; New York City, [New York] (8 pages)
Letter to his parents in Norwich, England. Detailed descriptions of New York City and Long Island. Notes the celebration of the completion of the Atlantic Telegraph. Comments on local farms and gardens, their produce, and insects. Discusses the construction of Central Park, "or Central stoneheap as Mr Richards calls it. It may be a park a hundred years hence, but it wont be much before." Mentions various religious services, including a Henry Ward Beecher sermon attacking slavery. Notes the burning of Quarantine Station on Staten Island. Remarks on various newspapers and other publications.
 
  1858 October 18 . D[aniel] Huntington ALS to L. Terry; Paris, [France] (1 page)
Letter introducing T. B. Raynolds and Mrs. Bond and asking Mr. Terry to "be kind" to them during their stay in Rome.
 
  1858 November 6 . H[ezekiah] Ford Douglass ALS to Thomas Peiner; Chicago, [Illinois] (1 page)
Arrangements to bring Frederick Douglass to Aurora to deliver two lectures in Illinois. One on "Self Made Men" and the other on "the Races." Will charge an admission fee of 15 cents to defray Douglass's expenses of $50.00 per day
 
  1859 July 22 . W[illiam] A. Stearns ANS; Amherst, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
"'God bless you'; so prays your friend & servant." Written while President of Amherst College.
 
  1859 September 16 . Theo[dore] L[edyard] Cuyler ALS to Theodore Tilton; [New York, New York?] (2 pages)
Remitting an article on John Griscom, "the great Quaker-the friend of Wilberforce - the father of 'Houses of Refuge,' " for publication in The Independent. Mentions Tilton's antislavery speech.
 
  1859 October 10 . Edward Everett ADS; Boston, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Edward Everett, statesman, writes about Washington, praising his character. "It is one of the most striking proofs of the purity and elevation of Washington's character and of his hold upon the affections of his Countrymen, that toward the close of his first administration, notwithstanding the lengths to which party violence had already gone, the rival leaders were equally urgent in their appeals to him not to retire from public life, and he was elected for a second term unanimously."
 
  1859 October 30 . ALS; [New York City, New York] (4 pages)
Letter from a businessman, describing New York City. Saw an elephant. Comments on the construction of Central Park, "which is destined to be one of the greatest attractions in the country but it will take a big pile of money to make it so." Discusses ponds and water supply, city construction, manufacturing businesses. Notes the places he visited, including the Five Points district, the Battery Castle Garden, the Astor House, and other prominent buildings. City snow storm made the city muddy, making portions "very filthy, loathsome, & disgusting, I think if Mother would go down there & see how some specimens of human nature exist & subsist, she would think our cow yard was a beautiful posy bed in comparison." Notes the "nastiness" of the New York marketplace.
 
  1859 November 18 . Bayard Taylor Partially printed LS; New York, [New York] (1 page)
Public speaker's form letter agreeing to lecture on March 20th. "My subjects are 'Moscow,' 'Life in the North,' 'Alexander Von Humboldt,' 'The Animal Man.'" Includes a manuscript note about fees.
Box   8  
  1860 January 21 . [George Ord] AL to Leighton [Coleman]; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (4 pages)
Admonishes Coleman for travelling by railroad by night. Coleman expects "Dr. Worcester's bulky Dictionary will be delivered to subscribers" shortly. Comments on its adoption of Webster's "Yankee orthography." Discusses Webster's encouragement of a separate American alphabet and reform of English language, challenging Jared Sparks's (1789-1866) assertion that it originated with Benjamin Franklin. Mentions English philologists compiling an English dictionary and expected resistance to American additions. "...will they adopt the innovations of our Yankee projectors? I presume they will not; as they are not apt to submit to the dictation, by foreigners, in matters of literature." Notes spelling of specific words, especially "saviour," and the role of scripture in opposing language changes. "...but the cold-blooded lexicographer was inexorable." Encourages Coleman to have his theology students remain true "to the orthography of the sacred Scriptures, in all their writings." Mentions a forthcoming publication on philology "in the Transactions of our learned Philosophical Society."
 
  1860 January 27 . C[harles] F[rancis] Adams ALS to F. W. Bird; Washington, [D.C] (4 pages)
Discusses Republican politics. Does not feel as strongly as Bird. Discusses recent points made by Miles Taylor, a pro-slavery congressional representative from Louisiana, and how certain policies have demoralized his party. "He hoped therefore that for the future silence should be tried, so that men might find where they could agree, and not where they differed." Silence can prove more powerful than speaking on contentious issues. Refuses to vote for "Mr. Clark's resolution" [Note: Ambrose W. Clark was a representative from New York] "I am not in the habit of attaching a great deal of importance to any one moment in the progress of this great struggle, and perhaps I do not therefore see so much the necessity of present and immediate action as you do." "In my belief an organization may yet be reached by abstaining from improper and irrelevant debate. I think that the object of the utmost possible importance to the very existence of the government during the next year."
 
  1860 January 30 . Charles Campbell ALS to J. B. Lippincott & Company; Petersburg, Virginia (2 pages)
Sending $100. Clarifying that his order of 150 copies of History of Virginia did not include those for booksellers' subscribers. Finds the thickness of the book prevents it from opening properly and hopes its binding can be altered.
 
  1860 August 11 . L. L. Todd & Company Printed Letter to John C. Patterson; Lowell, Massachusetts (3 pages [total])
Regarding the business of Photochromatic Oil Painting and their hopes to engage traveling salesmen. Describes the process and its ability to enable people to paint landscapes "without the aid of a teacher." Comments on the work of salesmen. Lists references. Includes separate flier for the process, which was to be executed on glass.
 
  1860 August 23 . Geo[rge] Harrington LS to Theodore Glancy; Committee Rooms, Washington, D.C. (1 page)
Secretary of the Republican Executive Congressional Committee, Presidential Campaign of 1860 [Lincoln v. Breckinridge] forwards a copy of the Report of the Covode Investigation Committee. On official illustrated Committee stationery, with an image of an American eagle. With: Republican Executive Congressional Committee, printed circular letter; Washington, D.C., 3pp.; 1860. Denouncing the Democratic Party and its policies in support of slavery, disunion. Encourages the formation of clubs to distribute speeches and documents supporting the Republican cause.
 
  1860 August 24 . George Bancroft ALS to Mr. Falkner; New York, [New York] (3 pages)
Letter to Falkner, asking him to take in his son, John Chandler Bancroft, while in Paris to study the fine arts. He provides an introduction and states what he would like his son to experience while in Paris.
 
  1860 September 6 . [ ] Cassidy ALS to Rev. S. Guyer; Freeport, [Illinois] (4 pages)
[Peter] Cartwright will speak at the dedication of the church at Apple River. Discusses cost and content of Cartwright's lectures, including lectures on the settlement of the West and the introduction of Methodism into the West.
 
  1860 September 7 . W[illiam] A. Stearns ALS to [Edward?] Sohier; Amherst, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Regarding Mr. Phillip's bequest "to the Colleges of Mass." Considering calling a meeting of the Corporation. Written while President of Amherst College.
 
  1860 October 20 . C. E. Tibbets ALS; Jeffersonville, Ohio (4 pages)
Letter from a Connecticut woman taking time off from Oberlin College to teach and earn money. School teachers have flocked to Ohio, depressing wages. Lydia Maria Child's stepson teaches school. Studying to keep up with class at Oberlin while away. Compares Yankees to Southerners. Discusses teaching. Notes the formation of Sunday School. Briefly mentions the election of Abraham Lincoln.
 
  1860 October 21 . Chase P[rescott] Parsons ALS to "Cousin C."; Fort Wayne, Indiana (8 pages)
Presidential election news, noting "we are badly whipped in this State . . . the probability seems to be that the Little Giant is not destined to go the White House at present." Discomfort being associated with pro-slavery on account of his affiliation with the Democrats. Ideas about slavery have changed after living in a slave state, but still finds the system wrong. Clarifies his position as a Democrat, wishing the issue of slavery "work out its own cure." Brief mention of Southern disunion. Difficulties finding his cousin employment. Notes his own struggles to find a well-paying position. Discusses Hesiod's saying, "He is a fool who has not learned how much better is the half of a thing than the whole of it." Compares it to Christian beliefs. Hunting in Indiana, particularly its abundance of squirrels. Written on stationery for Goodrich's New Readers, Edited by Noble Butler, A. M. Butler's Grammars, the Officially Authorized Text-Books for the State of Indiana.
 
  1860 November 30 . A[ndrew] D[ickson] White ALS to A. Gailey; Trenton, [New Jersey?] (1 page)
Sending a signature to Gailey [clipped]. Will send Gailey a letter he received from Rev. Dr. Neil if he is able to find it.
 
  1860 December 27 . Rob[er]t C[harles] Winthrop ALS to B[enjamin] B. French; Boston, [Massachusetts] (2 pages)
Agrees to help grow the National Intelligencer's subscription list. Notes anxieties about Fort Moultrie and that the nomination of Wilmot to the cabinet threatens further alienating the South. "We must look higher for help, for vain is the help of man."
 
  [1860] . City Committee AMs to Committee appointed by the Maj. Genl., 1st Light Div. M.V.; [Boston, Massachusetts] (1 page)
Orders and program of procession for military escort of Japanese delegation. Listing of companies involved, specifications for firing of salute.
 
  1860 . Ed[ward] N. Roach DS to William A. Maury; s.l. (1 page)
Money owed from Philip B. Key's estate "For making out distribution among the creditors, copy same & for final settlement of his administration & copy &c."
 
  1861 January 29 . Robert Ould CyS; Washington County, D.C. (3 pages)
Charges against Godard Bailey (of the Department of the Interior) for the theft of bonds issued by the States of Missouri, North Carolina, and Tennessee, and belonging to the Indian Trust Fund. Signed by Jno. A. Smith, certifying it as a true copy.
 
  1861 February 5 . Rich[ar]d H[enry] Dana, Jr. ALS to W[illiam] M[axwell] Evarts; Boston, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Consoles Evarts for loss in Senate race, but believes it will benefit him financially not to serve. At least "we are saved the disgust of seeing Horace Greeley in the Senate. If that had happened, I should have put my mouth in the dust."
 
  1861 February 15 . Knight & Hero ALS to W[illia]m Thwing; Yokohama, [Japan] (2 pages)
Comments on trade from Yokohama and the likelihood of direct trade to the U.S. and England. Typhoons have destroyed the cotton and rape seed crops, but expects markets will recover by next November. Was surprised by the delivery and shipment of "uncolored Japan Teas." Tea, silk and oil will be important export products. Mentions prices for various trade goods. "The Japanese wants are growing fast, and an Import list will greatly increase this year."
 
  1861 April 15 . Catherine A[nn] Warfield ALS to Mr. Bonne[y?]; Beechmore, Oldham County, Kentucky (3 pages)
Had been advised to send him a story. A mutual friend was to have written Bonney, but believes he was distracted by "the disastrous turn of our political affairs." Her publisher, Mr. J. C. Derby, was to have sent the story. Concerned for the manuscript, titled "Angoisse: A tale of Dauphiny," as it is the only copy. Would like it returned if he does not want it, but will send the remaining 100 pages if he likes it.
 
  1861 May 18 . Josiah Quincy ALS to Mary A. Quincy; Boston, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Approves of her marriage to Dr. [Benjamin] Gould. Believes Gould to be worthy of her in every regard. "May your lives be long and without a cloud, and be as propitious to their close as in their beginning."
 
  1861 October 7 . Josiah Quincy ALS to M[ary] A. Quincy; Quincy, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Sending a gift to celebrate her marriage [to Benjamin A. Gould], "as an evidence of my happiness at the gratifying prospects of your coming life & of my best wishes that an union, which has in every respect my approbation, may prove to you all the fondest affections could hope or desire."
 
  [18]61 November 25 . J[ohn] L[othrop] Motley ALS to C. C. Perkins; Vienna, [Austria] (8 pages)
Assessment by U.S. Minister to England and Austria as to British sentiment ("the much benighted English public") over siding with the Union or Confederacy. Notes his efforts to convince President Lincoln, his cabinet, and other leading figures "that the intentions of the English government toward us were perfectly honorable." Emphasizes that the English press does not reflect general English sentiment. "You see it isn't America so much as the ultra liberal party in England that these journals are attacking." Believes it a mistake to expect sympathy from the English government as well as to play into Confederate wishes for the Union to "quarrel with England." Notes the changes in opinion concerning Napoleon and the Italians. Mentions' the battle of Ball's Bluff and several notable and noble deaths. "The diplomatic corps here generally believe that the Southern Confederacy is to be made into a kingdom with an English prince on its throne!" Written on Legation of the United States of America at Vienna stationery.
 
  1862 February 20 . Rich[ard] H[enry] Dana, Jr. ALS to William M[axwell] Evarts; Boston, [Massachusetts] (4 pages)
Possibility that Dana may replace Gideon Welles as Secretary of Navy if Welles retires. "The office must go to a New England man." While it goes against his "material interests," he would accept it because of the war and because he thinks he would add honesty and "pride of character" to the Cabinet. Notes how Evarts could help him obtain the post.
 
  ca. 1862 March 6 . [Carl Schurz] AMs; s.l. (73 pages)
Manuscript Civil War speech with revisions and marginal notes, including asides about crowd reactions. "Speech of Carl Schurz delivered at the Cooper Institute, N.Y. City, on Thursday, March 6, 1862." Mentions general surprise over the outbreak of war and the necessary actions to "put down the rebels in arms, and then to restore the union." Comments on slavery's role in bringing the war. Opposes the restoration of slavery and calls for immediate emancipation. "Slavery is like an egg, once broken, it can never be repaired." NOTE: Published as The Life of Slavery, Or the Life of the Nation : Speech of Hon. Carl Schurz, at the Mass Meeting, Cooper Institute, New York, March 6, 1862 (New York: G.P. Putnam, 1862). With: Carl Schurz' personal calling card and ANS; s.l., 2pp., undated. "For Genl. Grant. Should be happy to have a 10 or 15 minutes talk with Genl. Grant in the course of the day (note not about a petition for office, but about a matter which occurred three years ago, in which they were both concerned and which turns out to be of some consequence now. Will call for an answer at 2 P.M."
 
  1862 April 28 . O. S. Fowler AMs to Clara Bass; Bloomington, Illinois (14 pages)
Phrenological character analysis of Clara Bass, including notes on emotional, economic, and health tendencies. Comments on her likely character as a wife and mother. With printed covers.
 
  1862 July 22 . Edward Everett ALS to C[harles] A. Dana; Boston, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Edward Everett writes to Charles Dana (managing editor of the New York Tribune until 1862 and editor of the New York Sun from 1868) telling him of his progress on writing a "memoir of Washington." He describes the manner in which he is going about his research and responds to Dana's suggestion that he not "go deeply into the events of the Revolutionary War." Notes his efforts to differentiate the memoir from his entry on Washington in the Encyclopedia Britannica.
 
  [18]62 August 2 . B[enjamin] R[obbins] C[urtis] ALS to [Edwin Wallace] Stoughton; Maplehurst (2 pages)
Would like to visit Canada and London but will not visit Britain, "a place where there are so many people hostile, utterly hostile to my country in its peril." Is busy with legal cases.
 
  1862 November 3 . Josiah Quincy ALS to Susan Morton Quincy Gould; Boston, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Best wishes for his [great] granddaughter. "May you inherit & exemplify the virtues and talents of her whose name you bear and like her be the pride & joy of all who may have the happiness of your society, an honour to your sex and to human nature."
 
  1862 November 24 . R[ichard] H[enry] Dana, Jr. ALS to W[illia]m M[axwell] Evarts; Boston, Massachusetts (4 pages)
Comments on the law surrounding ships captured during Civil War.
 
  [18]62 November 24 . W[illiam] H[enry] Furness ALS to Oliver Johnson; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (1 page)
Furness asks Johnson if he will see a friend of his, Miss Rosa Towne, off to Port Royal.
 
  1863 January 20 . Dan Coleman DS; [North Carolina] (2 pages)
Copyright registration for Samuel Lander's ‘Our own School Arithmetic' with the "Confederate District Court for the District of Cape Fear in the District of North Carolina." Submitted in compliance with the Congress of the C.S.A.'s act "to continue in force certain laws of the United States of America." Witnessed and signed by Dan Coleman, clerk.
 
  [18]63 February 18 . Charles [Hill] ALS to Martha [Hill]; New Bern, North Carolina (3 pages)
Reflects on their correspondence and married life. Theo. Fisher is assistant surgeon of the 44th regiment. Describes a private school, including the schoolroom, teacher, children's antics, discipline, etc. "I know enough about schools to know that one cannot always judge of a school by one visit." Updates from camp. Mentions a clerk whose wife is with him in camp. Enclosing a hyacinth [not included]. "Gen Foster has given the blacks permission to drill and they are going into it. Those who have seen them say that they drill very well. I have full confidence in the ability of the negro as he is seen here at least, to make soldiers. And I believe that we shall begin to prosper just as soon as we are humble enough to accept help from the negro, and not before." Hopes for African American education. Comments on news from home. Treasures Martha's pictures. Includes a note to his child, Eddie. Glad they can communicate by mail. "The poor little black children cannot hear from their papas so for they can't write. don't you pity them?"
 
  1863 April 16 . R[ichard] H[enry] Dana, Jr. ALS to William M[axwell] Evarts; s.l. (6 pages)
Advice on where to stay, whom to visit, and what to wear while in London. Enclosing letters of introduction [not present].
 
  [18]63 April 19 . Royal W. Danforth ALS to Mrs. Richardson; Raynham, [Massachusetts?] (4 pages)
Father grapples with idea of his youngest son working in the city. He had been in Boston and met "a man who was puting up machines for sewing Boots & Shoes," and has contracted to work in Philadelphia. Worried about the struggle with temptation and danger. Includes reflections on old age and religion. "...I am wearing out shal soon if suffured to live pass into old age & second childhood Here comes the great question what is the destiny of our being, or in other words why were we called into life and action in this beautifull world & subjected to all the trials & temtation that surround us."
 
  1863 June 17 . Franz Abt ALS to D. Liebhardt; Forest Hills, [New York?] (3 pages)
News of his travels (in German script).
 
  [18]63 August 5 . A. A. Phelps ALS to Bro. Hillman; Lyndonville, N[ew] Y[ork] (2 pages)
Discussing the cost of insuring he and his wife. Ages and insurance rates. Queries about deductions. "I think I shall get my wife insured some time this summer, if I can get the cash to spare . . . Does such an operation imply any distrust in the God of Providence? I presume the question is often asked you? I want to be right & mean to be." Written on illustrated letterhead of a bearded man, by Putnam Brothers, publishers
 
  1863 October 15 . Will[iam] Byrns ALS to Mrs. William Byrns; Ann Arbor, Mich[igan] (3 pages)
Describes of Ann Arbor. Notes efforts to find lodging, with remarks on the contents of his room and the exorbitant cost of rent. Mentions the lecture room at the Medical School and remarks on fellow students.
 
  1863 October 18 . Will[iam] Byrns ALS to Mrs. William Byrns; Ann Arbor, Michigan (3 pages)
Changed lodgings. Notes crowded medical lectures and the presence of students from every state, plus Canada and Cuba. Describes his courses and method of studying. Gives thoughts on the faculty.
 
  1863 October 25 . Will[iam] Byrns ALS to Mrs. William Byrns; Ann Arbor, Michigan (4 pages)
Pleased with his boarding place. Befriended a young man who served in the same regiment as Byrns. Compares the medical college with others in the country. Plans for winter break. Sends love for his wife; concerned about her health and happiness. Dislikes being separated, but believes it is better "than I were in the army." Mentions the local Presbyterian church.
 
  1863 October 28 . [William Byrns] ALS to Mrs. William Byrns; Ann Arbor, Mich[igan] (3 pages)
Describes his daily routine at the medical college and college buildings. "Attached to the library is quite a large museum & the Collections of zoological specimens is the largest & most varied I have ever seen. The prepared specimens of the birds & mammals of the U.S. are numerous & not well arranged. The collection of impressions of medals is the most complete in the U.S. There are many plaster casts, but I don't admire them." Fears that his wife regrets their marriage. Acknowledges the difficulties of living apart. Disapproves of her wanting to teach.
 
  1863 November 1 . Will[iam] [Byrns] ALS to Mrs. William Byrns; Ann Arbor, Michigan (3 pages)
University of Michigan faculty member requests that an African American student leave the institution; reaction by abolitionist students. "The negro was informed by one of the Faculty that for the pease & harmony of the institution he had better leave, & he left, Whereupon some members of the class from Oberlin Ohio & others who were more than Abolitionists drew up a call for an indignation meeting to be held immediately after the lecture yesterday." Faculty suppressed the abolitionist meeting. "...very many of the ultra radicals of the class declare that a student from Egypt who is reported as being active & sending the negro away- will have to leave the institution." Attendance at an Episcopal church and topics covered. Wonders if she will accompany him to Buchanan for the holidays. Misses her and promises not to be separated for so long again. Studies are going well but does not expect to graduate. "The class is so enormously large - upwards of 320 now - that one cannot get the advantages that are to be obtained in lesser colleges."
 
  1863 November 3 . John Henry Reid ALS to William [Reid?]; Johnstown, [New York?] (2 pages [total])
Writing to William about a circular sent to him by Union College. Accusations of William joining members of the Senior class in "bolt[ing] their recitations to day, setting an example of great disorder and exerting a pernicious influence among the whole College." Urges caution to avoid jeopardizing his degree. Includes partially printed Union College reprimand, dated October 29, 1863, and signed by L[aurens] P[erseus] Hickock (1798-1888).
 
  1863 November 5 . Newspaper; Detroit, Michigan (4 pages)
Detroit Advertiser and Tribune, vol. 28, no. 126. Page 2 features a letter to the Editor by Alpheus W. Tucker, an African American student asked to leave the University of Michigan on account of his race. Discusses the expulsion, reflects on the racial antagonism and "Copperheadism" at the University that motivated it, and opposition to the injustice. "... received a note from Prof. Ford, stating that there was quite an objection amongst the students to my attendance, and that the Faculty had blamed him for receiving my name, and he thought it best that, to prevent an outburst amongst the students, I had better leave." Located in Oversize Manuscripts. See also William Byrns ALS to Mrs. William Byrns, Ann Arbor, Michigan, November 11, 1863, for further discussion of the expulsion.
 
  [18]63 November 25 . M[ichael] Jacobs ALS to S[amuel] W. Crawford; Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (2 pages)
Respecting Jacobs's recent book, "Rebel Invasion" [Notes on the rebel invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania, and the battle of Gettysburg, July 1st, 2d and 3d, 1863]. Crawford apparently liked the book and has some additional information for Jacobs about "these terrific struggles, in which you & your 'Pa. Reserves' took so distinguished a part." Edward Everett mentioned it during his recent speech, which has helped facilitate sales. The 10,000 copy edition will soon be sold and an enlarged edition will probably follow.
 
  1864 January 18 . J[no.?] Milledge ALS to A[bner] J. Leavenworth; s.l. (2 pages)
Dr. Stiles recently made a public appeal "to awaken our people to their danger." Asked Milledge to do likewise. Milledge seeks assistance with the writing of a lecture or address on the topic, "Our lives our fortunes and our most sacred honor." Hopes to increase Confederate patriotism. "It is the army in the rear and not in the front that we have to beat back and overcome."
 
  1864 January 29 . E[rastus] D[ow] Palmer ALS to Frederic E[dwin] Church; Albany, [New York] (4 pages)
Palmer requests Church to send him "Stewarts' picture" for an exhibition. He describes overworking himself in his studio, and mentions his sculptures "Peace Found," "Peri," "Evening," "Mercy Pleading" and compares his work on "Evening" to his previous sculpture, "Sappho." Notes a portrait of himself painted by Elliott.
 
  1864 April 13 . Thomas Keith and Agnes Keith DS to Parlee Keith; Plymouth, [Massachusetts] (2 pages)
Sale of half-part of a pew from the "Meeting House of the Union Society of East & West Bridgewater." Witnessed and signed by B. W. Keith, Justice of the Peace.
 
  1864 May 3 . E[ben] N[orton] Horsford ALS to W[illia]m Cullen Bryant; Cambridge, [Massachusetts] (2 pages)
Thanks for a favorable review in the Evening Post of Horsford's plan to use roasted wheat for Army rations. Notes how armies of the past, including the "troops besieging Carthage," did likewise.
 
  1864 September 13 . Thomas Hill ALS to Augustus Story; Harvard College, [Cambridge, Massachusetts] (4 pages)
Discusses Story's "proposed gift to Harvard College" and matters with donation handling. "One motive for founding a scholarship may not occur to you, --it would be a very pleasant thing to very many friends of the College to have the honorable & highly honored name of your family thus perpetuated on our books." Comments on the selection of scholarship recipients.
 
  1864 October 3 . [Horatio G. Wright] ALS to Ed H. Wright; Harrisonburg, [Virginia] (4 pages)
Affectionate letter to son describing his tent and a marvelous dog. "He is not a bit afraid in a fight and capers about without caring for the bullets . . . I call him Pete because I got him at Petersburg when he was a puppy." Have had two fights and chased enemy to Harrisonburg area. Written on Headquarters Sixth Army Corps stationery.
 
  1864 October 20 . J[ames] G[illespie] Blaine ALS to Schuyler Colfax; Augusta, Maine (4 pages)
Urging Colfax to remain as Speaker of the House and not accept a Cabinet post.
 
  1864 December 18 . D[avid] Wilmot ALS to Ulysses Mercur; Washington, [D.C.] (2 pages)
Wilmot believes the election of Landon to the Senate would cause Republican party difficulties. He will try to get the President to offer him a judgeship instead; enlists Mercur's help in doing so.
 
  1864 . 2 printed Docs.; Syracuse, [New York] (2 pages (total))
"Syracuse School" Senior Class annual exams for History and Arithmetic.
 
  1865 March 14 . W[illiam] W[inston] Seaton ALS to W[illia]m Gunton; Washington, [D.C.] (2 pages)
William W. Seaton, editor of the National Intelligencer to William Gunton, President of the Bank of Washington. Regarding Seaton's claim against the estate of Joseph Gales and a postponement of debts owed to the Bank of Washington. Illinois Coal Stock and properties assigned to Mr. Carlisle will be used to settle debts to the Bank of Washington. A bond of [Robert] Olyphant, President of the "Delaware and Lacawanna [Lackawanna]" Railroad Company will serve as security.
 
  1865 April 9-10 . E. B. Young ALS to Edward; Hudson, [New York] (6 pages)
Admonishes Edward for not writing his family more frequently. Advises him not to marry "till you have means and an income sufficient to support both of you and can lay up something besides for a wet day, sick days & finally old age." Warns Edward against ruinous practices, including "tavern haunting, drinking, associating with bad women, gambling, and an inordinate patronizing of Livery Teams & stables all these keep a man poor in purse & character." Notes characteristics one should seek in a spouse, especially good education, practical economy, and housewifery skills. "...recollect that marriage is a lottery, both parties to it trying to entrap each other by hiding their bad qualities to come out bitterly after marriage." Warns Edward about marrying "a 1st full blooded cousin," noting potential birth defects and believing it criminal. "...I don't want you mortified for life or me to have fools for grandchildren." Believes the country will rebound after the end of the Civil War. Experiencing some difficulties due to the high price of silk. Mentions fabrics, clothing, and other items purchased for his mother, including a reference to false teeth: "...as soon as I get her new Teeth I think I shall have as good looking an old woman as any man has, and you need not be ashamed of her." Briefly notes a local celebration of [Robert E.] Lee's (1807-1870) surrender, "a General Illumination & Torch light procession &c."
 
  1865 April 13 . George S. Boutwell ALS to Schuyler Colfax; Groton, Massachusetts (3 pages)
Praises Colfax's address on education. Notes the importance of education. Celebrates recent victories and the closing of the Civil War. This is a triumph such as mankind have never before witnessed,-- a triumph of the people not only over rebels and tyrants, but also over the unnatural and inhuman distinctions of society by which some enjoy the rights, privileges and property which justly belong to others."
 
  [18]65 May 25 . Will H. Githens ALS to Wife; Near Alexandria, Virginia (4 pages)
Letter from Regimental Surgeon, 78th Ill. Vol. Infantry regarding the recently completed Grand Review of the Army. He describes their welcome, the attendance and decorations, seeing Sherman and the President, and the monumental nature of the occasion. Contrasts the generosity of the women against Confederate women, who "would rather cut our throats than give us a mouthful of food." "...the world will never see the like again. I have no idea such immense armies will ever be called for in this or any other country again. I feel proud that I was one of them, and glad that I was permitted to see it - proud also that I am a Western soldier..."
 
  1865 May 31 . James Speed ALS; Wash[ington, D.C.] (2 pages)
Signed as Attorney General and written shortly after President Johnson issued a proclamation of general amnesty. To a former Confederate: "I am glad to learn your purpose to return to loyalty & duty. Permit me to say however that it pained me to see you writing about ‘my government' - This government is... as much yours as mine. The sooner this fact is felt & acknowledged the better. It seems to me that until such is your feeling, you cannot begin to be what I know you desire to be a good citizen."
 
  1865 August 18 . Charles Lanman ALS to E[vert] A[ugustus] Duyckinck; Stratford, Connecticut (2 pages)
Expressing irritation at exclusion from Duyckinck's Cyclopaedia of American Literature. Threatens to make this mistreatment public and question his "conduct as a compiler." Lists some of his accolades and honors. Includes Duyckinck's reply dated at New York, 1865 August 21.
 
  1865 August 21 . Evert Duyckinck ALS to Cha[rle]s Lanman; New York, [New York] (4 pages)
Responding to Charles Lanman's indignant letter [dated August 18, 1865] about being excluded from the new edition of the Cyclopaedia of American Literature. Assures Lanman that his omission was not mean-spirited but due to the absence of a reply to a circular sent to him. Sending another circular and notes the information required. Found Lanman's letter unjust to himself and Mr. Scribner.
 
  [ca. 1865?] [after 1830?] . AMs; s.l. (23 pages)
Manuscript copy of portions of "Reminiscences of Philadelphia," by Sarah Hall (1761-1830) published in Selections of the Writings of Mrs. Sarah Hall (1833). Account of manners, customs, buildings, fashions, and the state of society in Philadelphia preceding the Revolution. Comments on servants and slaves. Includes a newspaper clipping from ca. February 7, 1822, about organized burglaries involving household servants.
 
  1866 January 17 . John B. Gough ALS to Dr. E. S. Crosier; Cin[cinna]ti, [Ohio] (1 page)
Unable to fulfill Crosier's request because of a busy schedule "It is always my desire to keep the Temperance Cause whenever it is in my power to do so." Notes his current lecture obligations
 
  1866 February 20 . R.K. Cummins ALS to "sister"; Mobile, [Alabama] (7 pages)
Discusses work and wages as a shipping clerk for the Mobile and Ohio Railroad Company. Describes travel from Ohio to Louisiana, and the room and board in New Orleans. Suffering from rheumatism. Notes the recovering business climate, cotton industry. Population of southern cities increasing as northerners move south for the cotton industry, but laborers scarce as "so many of the negroes that have died, & have flocked to the cities & town's." Small pox proving deadly among African Americans. Former slaves are "doing better than was expected," and none of the expected disturbances occurred during Christmas and New Year's. Discusses the political climate. "If congress would only admit the southern members, & do away with the Freedmans Bureau, we would be one United Government again, the most dissatisfaction in the south is on account of our still haveing military rule, & the non admittance of their representatives." Mentions Reconstruction policy, Sherman for the Senate, abolition, etc. "I have no doubt now but that the Abolition of Slavery will be the better for the Whites of this country, but in time the extinction of the Blacks." On official "Office of the Mobile and Ohio R.R. Co." stationery.
 
  1866 June 5 . R[obert] E. Lee ALS to J. W. Sapsley; Lexington, [Virginia] (3 pages)
Informs the father of a student that his son is not keeping up with his studies and should be withdrawn from the college, likely Washington College. "I do not think it would be to his advantage to continue here, without reaping an adequate return for the expenditure of his time & money."
 
  1866 July 20 . J[ohn] B[lair] S[mith] Todd ALS to "J. W. Batchedor" [John B. Batchelder]; Fort Randolph, Dakota Ter[ritor]y (2 pages)
Written by Mary Todd Lincoln's cousin and delegate from the Dakota Territory to the House of Representatives. Concerning his photograph "transmitted through the War Dept." "I regret very much that we have no artist in this quarter to touch it up, as you desire-- we are too far removed from the centre of civilization to afford the luxury of the fine arts." Explains his hair color and complexion. "I am glad to hear that you are progressing finely with your picture of the last hours of the President... The subject is a grand one, the tragic death of our Martyr President and well calculated to excited the loftiest emotions of genius." NOTE: John B. Batchelder designed Alonzo Chappel's 1868 painting The Last Hours of Abraham Lincoln.
 
  1866 October 28 . Horace Greeley ALS to C. B. [ ]; New York [City, New York] (1 page)
Intends to lecture in Cincinnati during the coming winter and will likely be able to provide a lecture for the recipient at that time. "I am so deeply engrossed in our political canvass that I cannot clearly see my way after the election." On Office of the Tribune stationery. [Original in the Horace Greeley Collection]
 
  1866 November 15 . Robert Barry Coffin ALS to E. C. Stedman; New York, [New York] (1 page)
Poet, also known as Barry Grey, declines invitation to a farewell dinner for James Lorimer Graham (1831-1876).
 
  1867 December 27 . [Pop?] ALS to "Brothers"; Bethany, W[est] Virginia (2 pages)
Delayed in writing due to a recent move, possibly from Dowagiac, Michigan. Sharing their new house with another family, "we were acquainted with them in Mich[igan]." Provides great detail about a dinner, possibly for Christmas. Notes the Christmas and New Year vacation for Bethany College, and John will commence after classes resume. [Currently housed in folder with John Lindsey ALS to Jane Lindsey, November 25, 1847]
 
  1868 January 11 . Horace Greeley ALS to H. R. Waite; New York [City, New York] (1 page)
Agrees to give a lecture on February 3, "my 57th birth-day." Suggests the following topics for the talk: "Great Men, Abraham Lincoln, Self-Made Men, or America Westward of the Mississippi." On "Office of the Tribune" stationery. [Original in the Horace Greeley Collection]
 
  1868 November 7 . R[ichard] H[enry] Dana, Jr. ALS to W[illiam] M. Evarts; Boston, [Massachusetts] (8 pages)
His supporters deserted or became neutral, resulting in a small vote for Dawes. Massachusetts Congress and the State Central Committee responsible for Butler's success. Comments on Radical Republicans. "But, I do not think B.'s heresies nor his bad character hurt him much."
 
  1868 November 12 . David Davis ALS; Bloomington, Ill[inois] (1 page)
Regarding Abraham Lincoln's papers. "I have given away all the letters in my possession of Mr. Lincoln's, which it is proper I should give away." The papers left by Lincoln at his death have not yet been examined. "They are in my custody." Will send any that ought to belong to the letter's recipient.
 
  1868 December 30 . Johann Strauss Partially printed DS to Josef Homole; Wien, [Austria] (4 pages)
Employment contract for musician Josef Homole, written in German. Signed by Johann Strauss as Hofballmusik-Direktor and Capellmeister. Signed by Josef Homole. With wax seal.
 
  1869 February 16 . William Tod Otto and Elisha Grote Partially printed DS to James Serrill; Washington, [D. C.] (3 pages [total])
Patent for toy savings bank with illustration of Columbia with scenes of industry and innovation. Includes two illustrations of the "magic Savings Bank" and its schematics, as well as the printed patent. [Located in Oversize Manuscripts]
 
  1869 March 11 . Hamilton Fish ALS to [Ulysses S.] Grant; New York, [New York] (3 pages)
Declining nomination for Secretary of State. "Nothing would give me greater pleasure than to be associated with your Administration, and to give the best of my humble abilities to aid in advancing the high objects which are the aim of your thoughts & your hopes & to which the Country looks hopefully and confidently for the inauguration of a new era in the Government-- An era of honesty, economy, & fidelity."
 
  1869 April 1 . Neal Dow ALS to W[illia]m P[itt] Fessenden; Portland, [Maine] (7 pages)
Appreciation for nomination to the diplomatic service. Prefers a position in Switzerland, Belgium, or Holland. Dispute over the Alabama threatens relations with Britain. Likely in reference to British-built warships used by the Confederate States in the Civil War. Gives advice on how to best handle English anxieties and assure American desires are met. "The London Times said the Americans did not care so much for the pecuniary consideration involved in the Alabama claims, as they did for the national humiliation they had suffered-- or fancied they had suffered from the action of the British Gov't and I want them to suffer the humiliation of asking us to be kind enough to send in our bill- and be friends once more." Comments on other English newspaper articles on the affair.
 
  1869 July 23 . Susan B. Anthony ALS to Cha[rle]s F. Hatch; New York, [New York] (2 pages)
Please to permit Thomas Phelan, who has "faithfully served The Revolution," passage on Hatch's road. "The Erie R.R. Co. have passed him over their road - & I hope the Southern Michigan & Lakeshore will do the same - & thus help one more young man out of this over crowded City to the great west." Written on The Revolution (Woman's Bureau) stationery.
 
  1869 August . Printed Doc.; Milledgeville, [Georgia] (4 pages)
"Let every Southern Educator read this. From the Milledgeville Union, August, 1869. Worcester's Quarto Dictionary." Printed flier comparing Webster's dictionary unfavorably to Worcester's dictionary. Comments on dictionaries mislabeling themselves as "Webster's." Notes the history of Worcester's Quarto, Octavo, and Great Pictorial dictionaries. The Webster's dictionary of 1864 displayed various political prejudices and revised definitions of words, including "Congress," "Compact," and "Constitution." Compares the former and new definitions of the word "State," showing the introduction of words and "radical" expressions related to a "National Government." "The doctrines necessarily implied in the new miscalled 'Webster's' definitions, are on ground more than half way from that of the old Republic to an Imperial Despotism, which many are now openly advocating." "We are not - we never were - a 'nation.' We are a community of nations, bound together by the compact of the United States Constitution."
 
  [1860s] . [Professor Zendavesta] AM to Emma Dyer; (4 pages)
Horoscope of Emma Dyer, with predictions for her life. Written on illustrated letterhead with a printed astrological diagram. "The Stars influence, but do not compel."
 
  [1870 July 18] . Elizabeth Cady Stanton ALS to Cha[rle]s Mumford; [New York, New York] (4 pages)
Letter regarding preparations and fees for public speeches.
 
  1870 October 6 . J[osiah] G[ilbert] Holland ALS to [Daniel?] W. Burton; Springfield, Massachusetts (1 page)
Written in the first year of the publication of Scribner's Monthly. Holland was editor and 1/3 owner of the publication. "My new magazine is soon to appear and I am too much absorbed in the matter to undertake any outside work. When I am running with a heavy train at full speed, I find it very hard to switch off upon another track without harm to the machinery." Hopes he has a good centennial and is grateful for the invitation.
 
  1871 October 14 . Ferdinand von Miller ALS to Editor of the Chronicle Times; Burnel House, [Cincinnati, Ohio?] (1 page)
Letter written by Miller with the intent of being published in the Chronicle Times. It is a public letter written "To the Citizens of Cincinnati" commending and thanking all who took part in the completion of the Tyler Davidson Fountain. Hopes it will link Cincinnati to Munich. [NOTE: Miller was the second director of the Royal Bronze Foundry in Munich.]
 
  1872 March 4 . S[abine] Baring-Gould ALS; Colchester, [England] (1 page)
Has sent an article "on the 'Waldeuses,' a demolition of the fables current relatives to them." He is currently at work on "Lives of the Saints," but will try to write a paper on "The Monks and Nature" for him. Is well-read in the history of the Reformation and could possibly write on a related subject. Written on East Mersea Rectory letterhead.
 
  1872 September 16 . Peter Cooper ALS to Arthur F. Sptson; New York, [New York] (1 page)
"...men in all, the ages that have past, have failed, to Realize the fact -- That hea[l]th, pace, and Competance -- Forms the grand sum of the reall hapyness of mankind -- We fail to realize that that 'Health consists with temperance alone -- And Peace, O vertue Peace is all thine own.' "
 
  1872 November 12 . Edward Higginson ALS to [Mrs. Higginson]; Cambridge, [Massachusetts] (5 pages)
Eyewitness account of great Boston fire by Harvard student. Notes destruction caused by fire and residents' attempts to save their household goods. Mentions the use of demolition to prevent the further spread of the fire. "The streets were now jam[m]ed with people, firemen from all parts of New England, policemen from New York and thieves from everywhere." An attempted arsonist was shot dead. Served as a guard.
 
  1872 November 25 . Joseph R. Hawley ALS to [Ulysses S.] Grant; Hartford, [Connecticut] (2 pages)
Letter regarding a preliminary report [not present] from the Centennial Commission. Hawley gives his view on the matter of Government appropriations for the Centennial Exhibition, and advice on what should be included in the Inaugural Address. Hopes for some comment on "specie payment." Congratulates Grant on his recent reelection. "So infamous and persistent were the slanders that it became, in my view, necessary to the national honor that you should be reelected. And I have full confidence that we are to have four years of administration that will rank with the very highest the country has enjoyed." Includes a small printed portrait of Hawley.
 
  1873 January 18 . W[illia]m C[arey] Richards ALS to Dappleton & Co.; New York, [New York] (1 page)
To the Chairman of the Lecture Committee, YMCA. Looking to fill vacancies in his lecture schedule. The letter is written on a 2-page printed advertising circular, showing Professor W.C. Richards' scientific lecture schedule and topics, 1872-1873. Circular dated May 1, 1872. Includes an addition from August 29, 1872, noting Richards' recent return from Europe, "bringing with him the finest Electrical and Spectroscopic instruments ever constructed."
 
  1873 January 29 . Josiah Quincy ALS to Luke Bemis; Boston, [Massachusetts] (2 pages)
Sending a memoir of Gridley Bryant, "the Engineer of the Quincy railroad which was the first in the United States." Remarks on the public interest (and benefit) surrounding the founding of the Quincy Railroad. Comments on its relationship to granite.
 
  1873 March 29 . Edwin L. Stanton ALS to W[illiam] P. Dole; Washington, D.C. (1 page)
Enclosing a bill [not present].
 
  [18]73 April 22 . Henry Ward Beecher ALS to [George W. Bungay]; s.l. (2 pages)
Declines a request for him to speak. "...tho' I preach on temperance, I have no lectures—and off handed talks I cannot give—with any comfort,-- except at home."
 
  1874 Janurary 31 . R[ichard] H[enry] Dana, Jr. ALS to [William M.] Evarts; [Boston, Massachusetts] (4 pages)
Discusses Evarts' consideration of a judicial appointment. "I have always doubted whether the post would have suited you. Your talents and temperament fit you best for forensic life... You shine most in debate." Thoughts on the position of Chief Justice, Congress, and the distinction between men of merit and those who receive rewards. Mentions President Grant.
 
  1874 April 18 . Th[omas] Nast Illustration Signed; s.l. (1 page)
Pen-and-ink self-portrait of Thomas Nast lecturing to a displeased crowd.
 
  1874 November 21 . Arthur Gilman ALS to Lucy Larcom; Cambridge, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Letter by Arthur Gilman, founder of Radcliffe College. Praises Lucy Larcom's new book; he will give it to his daughter for Christmas. "I never saw a book of the kind in which the beauty and grace of the pictures were so admirably complementary of the grace and sweetness of the verse, and the brightness and purity of the sentiment." Requests the author to write a few lines for his daughter so that he can place them in the book. Thanks her "In the name of all papas and mamas."
 
  1875 September 21 . W[illiam] T. Sherman ALS to J[ohn] E. Williams; St. Louis, Missouri (4 pages)
Assures Williams that "no delusion will seize me-- that no party, clique or combination will induce me to commit the act of destruction that you fear." Would prefer to "resume my old place as President of the 5th St. Railroad, than to be President of the US. There are plenty of Contestants. Let them fight it out." Disagrees with both political parties. Is unafraid of his enemies and is able to support his family even if they abolish his office. Comments on religion and education. "I confess I would dislike to see Religion enter into Politics, for when Religion begins, Reason ceases." Written on Headquarters Army of the United States letterhead.
Box   9  
  1876 February 10 . Oliver Wendell Holmes ALS to [Katherine Sedgwick] Washburn; [Boston, Massachusetts] (4 pages [total])
Praises her part in a reading of Othello. "They give new meaning to the delineations and thoughts of the great poets and lift the lesser ones - so that we can see the light of the glow worms, as well as of the stars." Accompanied by a 1-page printed broadside copy of the letter with manuscript corrections by Katherine Sedgwick Washburn, changing "Washburn" to "Valerio."
 
  1876 March 10 . W[illiam] T. Sherman ALS to J[ohn] E. Williams; St. Louis, Missouri (8 pages)
Sorry that he noticed and recorded Stanton's insults and that Belknap has been corrupt. "The very Congress that took away from our poor frontier officers & soldiers the simple privilege of choosing their own traders, and gave it to Belknap for political uses, are now amazed that he used it to make money." Displeased with how the War Department fawns over Stanton, "more obsequiously than black slaves ever did to a master." Notes changes in Ulysses S. Grant. He "is not now the man he was when he breathed the pure air of the Camp, and associated with men who thought & were ready to back their thoughts with action." Courts at Washington are not to be trusted, comparing them to those at Constantinople. Fears Grant will be unable to keep power from passing to the "Old Rebel Element." Disappointed with "the system of bartering & trading offices and Government favors." Notes how if a bank operated on the same principles, it would fail. Has been avoiding returning to Washington.
 
  1876 May 9 . Charles W[illiam] Eliot ALS to Cha[rle]s E. Fitch; Cambridge, Mass[achusetts] (4 pages)
Sends his report on a "National University" and a letter on the tax exemption status of churches and educational institutions. Recommends an article in the June 1875 edition of the Atlanticon schools' economy. "We, as a people, have invented such communistic methods in education as providing children with school books and transporting them to school at the public expense. We have also invented the very undemocratic method of educating to a high degree the few at the expense of the many." Believes free tuition is "as inexpedient as it is unjust." Written on Harvard University letterhead.
 
  1876 September 10 . Jerome Studer ALS to Ella; Fort Wayne, Indiana (4 pages)
Description of Fort Wayne theater, including a piece featuring Major John Andre, possibly as a part of U.S. Centennial celebrations. "...Major Andre's Sun has set and I sincerely hope never to rise again at least while I am stage manager of the Litterary association." Comments on acting the part of General Putnam, costumes, audience reception, and the playing of patriotic music. On a rousing rendition of the Star Spangled Banner: "... the entire audience all that could raise wind enough had Joined in with them -- oh Ella it was Grand -- at last the bell rang up went curtain -- and up went every Actor's heart like a bunch of Feathers."
 
  1877 March 9 . T[homas] A[ndrews] Hendricks ALS to Horatio King; Omaha, Nebraska (1 page)
On his way to California for business. Sneers at the Rutherford B. Hayes administration and its "ill-gotten gains," but wishes for their success in "the interests of the Country."
 
  1878 March 1 . Geo[rge] Bancroft ALS to President [Charles William] Eliot; Washington, D.C. (2 pages)
Letter of recommendation to Harvard College for Charles Morris Addison, who is visiting prior to matriculation.
 
  [18]79 January 15 . D[aniel] Huntington AL to Judge Hilton; [New York, New York] (1 page)
Letter written in 3rd person, regretfully turning down an invitation to Judge Hilton's house. Includes printed biography of Huntington.
 
  1879 March 5 . C[harles] H. Barstow ALS to E.; Crow Agency, Montana (1 page)
Newspaper reports about Indian depredations are exaggerated. "There is only one band of Sitting Bulls warriors on Glendive Creek, and Miles sent three companies from Ft Custer last week to meet them. There is no probably [sic.] of their reaching this Post if they were disposed to which they are not. and even if they should we could muster too strong a force for them to ever think of making an attack on the Agency. we have now about 800 crow warriors camped around the stockade. Probably the Sioux on Glendive were only a hunting party." On Office of the United States Indian Agent. Crow Agency, Montana stationery.
 
  [18]79 July 26 . Benj[amin] D. Silliman ALS to [Horatio] Seymour; Babylon (4 pages)
Read Seymour's address "to the prisoners at Auburn." Comments on criminals and penal reform. "When we remember that it is but the accident of birth & training that has made us what we are, that made the criminal classes what they are we may well deal kindly with them, & be charitable in our estimate of their evil."
 
  [ca. 1870s?] . [Hugh Judson Kilpatrick] AMs speech; s.l. (7 pages)
Eloquent, patriotic, and inspirational speech by Hugh Kilpatrick to a group of students, possibly for a military academy commencement. Argues against the role or luck. "...a good name -- an honored position among your fellow men -- places of high honor & trust are the result of work - energy - & brains." Several pages written on Judson Kilpatrick, New York Agent, C.S. Carter, Am'n Literary Bureau stationery. Manuscript note in a different hand, written on the final page, verso: "Presented by Mrs Gen Kilpatrick Rec'd July 1st 1885 Portland Ore.
 
  1881 February 18 . O[liver] W[endell] Holmes ALS to Charles G. Leland; Beverly Farms, [Massachusetts] (4 pages)
Hopes that Leland received the manuscript of Post-Prandial all right. Gives his thoughts on the Phi Beta Kappa poem and elocution while reading poems. Notes the disadvantages Leland faced with his recent reading, including audience exhaustion following an event with Wendell Phillips. Mentions Leland's work with "Indian Legends."
 
  1881 May 1 . D. Wendell Newhall ALS to Asa Smith; Sterling, [Massachusetts] (4 pages)
A spiritualist medium writes of his intense experiences 30 years previously. In his old age, wonders how he will be remembered, referencing Swedenborgian beliefs "that spirits love to be remembered by the associates left behind." "...how futile it is to talk, or tell anyone of the phenomena of which we know, and with what a power it fastened itself upon me." Keeps the events they experienced, seemingly a spirit possession, secret to avoid ridicule.
 
  1881 June 22 . B[enjami]n Fr[anklin] Reinhart ALS to [Edgar] Saltus; New York, [New York] (1 page)
Thanks Saltus for the poem, "The Answer," which he wrote in Reinhart's Albums, and "cannot fail to be greatly admired by all who can appreciate grandeur of thought..."
 
  1881 August 9 . Edw[ar]d A.H. Allen ALS to [Elijah?] Baldwin; Sherborn, [Massachusetts] (2 pages)
Enclosing a circular of his school [not present]. "Sherborn is a small town, - the population almost wholly agricultural, - with no hotel, saloon, livery stable or factory. It is very quiet, not to say dull, - but in this account the better suited to the wants of a school."
 
  1882 November 10 . Th[omas] Nast LS to Cha[rle]s Townsend; Morristown, New Jersey (2 pages)
Nast comments on his career and explains how he came to be a caricaturist. "I think I have always been inclined to caricature more than to serious subjects, but I think it was the wars which gave me my particular vocation."
 
  1883 January 17 . Oliver Wendell Holmes ALS to [Charles William] Eliot; [Boston, Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Eloquent statement regarding his retirement from Harvard. "The pain of separation from the scene of my labors and from the companionship which lightened them, is greatly softened by the kind words and wishes which have followed me as I said goodby to them."
 
  1883 March 5 . W[illiam] T. Sherman ALS to W[illiam] A. Richardson; Washington, D.C. (3 pages)
Sherman expresses his thanks for Richardson's praise on his recently published memoirs. Notes the range in reactions to it. He reflects on the value of memoirs for the preservation of the historical events of the Civil War. "If Grant, McLellan, mead, Thomas, Sheridan &c had done the same from 1866 to 1870 we should have had in a comparatively small compass all that need be preserved for the future history. Mentions efforts to compile records of the Civil War, "at a rate which will reach 1864 & 5, some time in the next Century." Scoffs at the recording efforts prior to 1863, when the Army "assumed form & spirit." "The next war will come on us, before we have cleared away the rubbish of the past." Written on Headquarters Army of the United States letterhead.
 
  [18]83 May 3 . R[obert] G[reen] Ingersoll AQS; s.l. (1 page)
Signed card, with the quote, "The school house is my cathedral."
 
  1883 May 20 . W[illiam] T[ecumseh] Sherman ALS to Mrs. Hall; Washington, D.C. (8 pages)
Lengthy remarks on the poor character of naval cadet, Mr. Lowell. Rachel Sherman took "extreme offence at Mr. Lowell." Notes Lowell's disdain for soldiers and remarks on the distinction between men of words and men of action. Plans to travel across the country by way of the Great Lakes, and by rail across Dakota, Montana, etc. to Puget Sound, then to San Francisco. Friends will be traveling by boat or by way of Shasta [Mountain]. Cannot stay long because the Chief Justice is accompanying him and the next session of the Supreme Court will be starting soon. Gives advice concerning her son's education: "He should complete his education in one of our American colleges of which we have several as good as those at Oxford and Cambridge - I will enumerate Yale, Harvard and Princeton." Partially written on Headquarters Army of the United States stationery.
 
  [18]84 January 24 . Susan B. Anthony ALS to Laura Home Carpenter; Riggs House, Washington, D.C. (2 pages)
Encourages Laura to help recruit financial support for the cause of women's suffrage through the sale of a Convention report. Includes printed envelope: "National Woman Suffrage Association. 1881. 1882."
 
  1884 April 1 . J[ames] R[ussell] Lowell ALS to L. Barrett; [London, England] (2 pages)
Responding to a speech request. "I hate speechmaking, despite all false appearances to the contrary, and shall come in a very ill humour unless you find a substitute."
 
  1884 June 12 . Zibast. Potter ALS to Louis P[hilippe] d'Orleans; Washington, D.C. (8 pages)
Discusses the presidential election of 1884 and the Democratic, Republican, and "Greenback" candidates. "Since the Union Veterans of the Civil War have united with the Confederate veterans of that war in raising funds for the erection & support of a House at Richmond Virginia for the disabled Confederate Veterans the fires of discord & animosity engendered by the War have been entirely smothered. I am pleased to assure you on the Authority of distinguished representative men of the South, that there is no feeling now existing between the North & South on war questions." Mentions disagreements over tariffs and free trade, d'Orleans work on the history of the Civil War, celebrating "Decoration day," monuments to Garfield, including a hospital in his honor. Notes the system of examination for the hire of government employees. Believes that the Presidential term limit will be extended to six years. Mentions political reform and foreign naturalization.
 
  1884 November 8 . "Le" ALS to Maurice M. Feustmann; Leadville, Colorado (7 pages)
Letter from "Le," to his son, Maurice M. Feustmann, attending high school in Philadelphia. Feustmann's father offers him a great deal of advice pertaining primarily to academic studies, and also to social difficulties. The advice specifically describes methods of studying mathematics, spelling, grammar, penmanship, and dealing with other students. There is a section of the letter dedicated to the prejudice of other students and Professors "against the Jew." Suggests combatting this by making them "ashamed of their unreasoning prejudice." Directs him to avoid "unpleasantness," but if an "insult is directed right at you resent it as best you know how and if it don't suit the other party, why lick somebody, that's all." Suggests Feustmann take up athletics to supplement his academic studies. Written on A. Y. and Minnie Mines stationery.
 
  1885 March 7 . W[illiam] T. Sherman ALS to Julia K. Dyer; St. Louis, Missiouri (4 pages)
Declines an invitation to attend a "carnival" for Massachusetts Civil War veterans. Emphasizes his retirement and living "with my family as any ordinary citizen." "You in common with the world generally supposes that my best sympathies go out to my comrades of the Great Civil War of 1861-5, whereas there still remain to me comrades of the Florida War, of the Mexican War, and the numerous Indian Wars since 1865...all these are my 'comrades' and each class calls on me to recognize their claims to the charity of the nation. They call for me from Maine to California."
 
  1885 December 23 . Edwards Pierrepont ALS to [William Maxwell] Evarts; [New York, New York] (4 pages)
Advice to Evarts as a senator relating to the Silver Question (free coinage of silver). Compares gold and silver and government practices relating to both. Notes English practices. Written on stationery with a black mourning border.
 
  1886 January 9 . W[illiam] T. Sherman ALS to Geo[rge] Morris Phipps [George Morris Phillips]; St. Louis, Missouri (3 pages)
Inscribed two volumes of his memoirs for Phillips. Comments on the importance of both his and General Grant's memoirs, as more accurate histories than those taken down by correspondents who were not involved directly in the military activities. Correspondents wrote these histories because commanders were busy during the war.
 
  1886 February 27 . W[illiam] T. Sherman ALS to May; St. Louis, Missouri (4 pages)
Recently returned from a trip and has been "used by from hot cars - and handshaking which disabled my right hand so that for a week I could not write." Glad to hear of her impending marriage. Comments on wedding presents. Will send money, "a small sum, but you know I have a family of a hundred thousand soldiers every one of whom has a boy named after me and who expects me to educate & provide for him."
 
  1886 April 21 . W.K. Barton ALS to "Father"; Cambridge, Massachusetts (16 pages)
Lengthy letter from a soon to be graduating Harvard student. He writes to his father, who had received a letter regarding Barton's academic work, to assure him that his degree is not in jeopardy. He discusses his grades, exams, and the upcoming graduation, stressing that his father must come to the Class Day. "I had a thousand times rather have you come to my graduation than to my marriage or funeral." The letter includes a brief schedule of events for Graduation Week. Written on Holworthy Hall, Harvard University letterhead.
 
  [ca. 1886] . Webb School Printed Doc.; Bellbuckle, Tennessee (4 pages)
Promotional information on the Webb School, its course of instruction and results. Includes manuscript corrections of printer's errors.
 
  1887 January 26 . M[orrill] Wyman ALS to Rev. S[ ]; Cambridge, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Has answered questions of importance.
 
  [18]87 August 6 . Benj[amin] Harrison ALS to M. Rosenthal; Indianapolis, Indiana (1 page)
Declines to speak to the students in Ann Arbor because of his busy schedule.
 
  1887 October 20 . Thomas Hughes ALS to [ ]; Chester, [Cheshire, England] (1 page)
Returns the sender's card with his signature [not present]. "...as I on the whole rather dislike this autograph business I shall not pay the postage. If you ever get this I hope it may be a warning to you to renounce the 'autograph fiend.' " On mourning stationery. Accompanied by an engraved portrait of Hughes, "The Author of Tome Brown at Oxford," and a portrait clipped from a serial publication
 
  1887 October 29 . D[wight] L[yman] Moody TLS to E. H. Bok; Northfield, Massachusetts (2 pages)
Seeking financial contributions and support. Gives the numbers of students at "Mt. Hermon for young men at Gill and the Young Ladies Seminary at Northfield." "The students represent nineteen different nationalities, and many of them have the hope of returning to their far-off homes to work for their Master." Describes tuition costs and the desire to establish an endowment to assist students. Seeking donations. On Mouth Hermon Boys' School and Northfield Seminary stationery.
 
  1887 November 27 . D[aniel] Huntington ALS to Mr. Derby; [New York, New York?] (1 page)
Asking to be sent a copy of Appleton's Cyclopedia.
 
  1887 November 30 . Phillips Brooks ALS to [Thomas Wentworth] Higginson; Boston, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Regarding his hymn O Little Town of Bethlehem "There is a simple air to my small Christmas Carol which was made for it by my Chorister in Philadelphia where the verses were written there twenty years ago." On "233 Clarendon Street. Boston" stationery Accompanied by a printed page from a Christmas hymnal, O Little Town of Bethlehem and a printed, engraved portrait of Phillips Brooks
 
  1888 May 26 . Frederic H[enry] Hedge ALS to Mr. Sanborn; Cambridge, [Massachusetts] (4 pages)
Memorial service for Amos Bronson Alcott by the Concord School of Philosophy is appropriate. Reminisces about his acquaintance with Alcott, whom Hedge met frequently at Emerson's house. "...Alcott stands in my recollection for the best representation I have known of the spiritual hero... & if he did not move the earth with his spiritual lever he has impressed himself as a grand & significant figure on his contemporaries."
 
  1888 June 30 . O[liver] W[endell] Holmes ALS to [Charles William] Eliot; Beverly Farms, Massachusetts (3 pages)
Impressed by Eliot's speech for the Phi Beta Kappa Society. "Simple and sensible as Franklin or Lincoln without scholastic airs or theatrical flourishes . . . I could not help thinking of Webster's 'then patriotism is eloquence' - for as a patriotic appeal to the American heart it seems to me better than any poem." On mourning stationery.
 
  1888 August 13 . J[ulius] Sterling Morton ALS to C. F. S. Templin; s.l. (2 pages)
Is unable to accept the invitation to the State Prohibition Convention. "I am a Temperance man. But- as you know- do not think prohibition is right." Comments on governmental control of alcohol sales and interstate commerce. Nature provides for the survival of the fittest, but "Prohibition provides for the continuance of those whom Nature dooms." Considers the responsibility of the individual versus the responsibility of society. "The Home is the unit of the State. When the Homes are all right and all the fathers and mothers of the Republic are doing their full duty to the children there will be no need of Laws and prisons. I place the Home over and above all Law and all police power. Prohibition exalts Laws and Policemen over Home influences and Mothers."
 
  1888 December 24 . Cha[rle]s R[iché] Hildeburn ALS to Bishop Hurst [John Fletcher Hurst?]; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (2 pages)
Will send Hurst the 19 laws of Pennsylvania listed on page two of the letter, at a cost of $10.00 each. "19 Franklin imprints." On The Athenæum of Philadelphia stationery.
 
  1889 March 18 . John G[reenleaf] Whittier ALS to [Thomas DeWitt] Talmadge [Talmage]; Amesbury, Massachusetts (2 pages)
Thanks for an "elegant volume wherein good advice which is often most unpotable to those who most need it, is sweetened by beautiful illustrations."
 
  1889 April 1 . Henry [Ievers?] ALS to E. G. Scott; Quebec, [Canada] (8 pages)
Restricting membership to the Montmorency Fish and Game Club and exacting different fees for resident and non-resident members. Restricting membership will be beneficial to fishing. Encloses names of present officers and members, assuring Scott that he can send his proxy to any of them to vote on his behalf. Quotes Scott's angry letter regarding membership dues. Writes of their initial meeting in 1887 with Ossie Richardson and a subsequent fishing trip where they benefited from the improvements made by the club. Comments on potential entrance fees.
 
  1889 June 18 . Charles M[ills] Gayley ALS to C. W. Loring; Ann Arbor, Mich[igan] (2 pages)
Writes on behalf of Dr. Ellicott Evans, who is bedridden and unable to attend the 50th reunion of the Harvard class of 1839
 
  1890 January 1 . Frank W. Woolworth and John R. H. Quevedo TDS; [Elmira, New York?] (2 pages)
An employment contract stating that J. R. H. Quevedo will be a manager for F. W. Woolworth & Co. for one year, at $8.00 per week (total $468.00). With: F.W. Woolworth AQS; s.l., 1p. February 15. 1917, "Energy Push and perseverance will accomplish wonderful results."
 
  1890 January 20 . Julian Hawthorne ALS to Mr. Tinker; Sag Harbor, New York (2 pages)
Enjoying Sag Harbor, noting activities to promote health and "finishing a new novel." Advocating for his friend, Edward Kemeys (1843-1907), "the American Barye," a sculptor of wild animals, "the only one now in existence." Notes Kemeys' financial straits and celebrated works. "...he is as brave as a grizzly, and as modest and unassuming as a girl." Carnegie had intended to purchase a sculpture for Central Park but the plan did not go through. Bemoans the rich's lack of appreciation for art. Kemeys' wife is attempting to open a store to support their family. Asks Tinker to see if her can persuade "many men" to buy some of Kemeys' work to decorate their homes.
 
  1890 July 8 . William T. Sherman ALS to To[?]; New York [City, New York] (4 pages)
Attended a meeting of the Society of the Army of the Potomac to "oblige friends and to get away from New York on the 4th of July." Discusses travel plans, including his intention to attend the unveiling of the "Grant Statue in Chicago." Notes his last visit to Washington, D.C., appearing at Palmer's Theatre for the "Actors fund, a Charity for the benefit of poor actors and actresses." Sherman gives his thoughts on monuments which he considers appropriate for himself and for Ulysses S. Grant. Disapproves of extravagant tombs.
 
  1890 November 25 . Clifford P[revost] Grayson ALS to George Corliss; New York, [New York] (3 pages)
Glad there is prospect of Monet's work being shown at Academy of Fine Arts exhibition. Asks if Mr. Johnson might lend an "uncommonly good work by Edelfelt."
 
  [18]91 March 8 . Charles L[utwidge] Dodgson ALS to Edith Dodgson; Christ Church, Oxford, [England] (7 pages)
Eloquent and thoughtful advice to his niece regarding her education. Had hoped she would take a "sojourn of 2 or 3 years in Oxford." Emphasizes the role of education in preparing people to perform God's work and advance the good of mankind.
 
  1891 September 10 . J. B. Cronkrite ALS to "Chas"; Battle Creek, Michigan (2 pages)
Letter to the composer of a violin waltz regarding the publication of his music. Cronkrite suggests that Chas. might print the music himself, but that it would likely be better to have him publish the first few of his works in order to get his name circulated. Notes the number of dealers carrying their publications. Written on "J. B. Cronkrite Music Engraver and Printer" letterhead.
 
  1892 April 1 . George Kennan TDS to J[ames] B. Pond; [Washington, D.C.] (1 page)
Kennan agrees to deliver 100 lectures between November 14, 1892, and April 15, 1893 Pond will receive the fees collected from the lectures and will pay Kennan $100 per lecture, plus travel expenses and advertising.
 
  [18]93 April 26 . D[aniel] Huntington ALS to [Jonathan Scott?] Hartley; [New York, New York] (2 pages)
Recommends George Innes Jr.'s work and vouches for his worthiness as an associate. Offers to examine "his picture now at the Exhibition."
 
  1893 November 11 . W[illia]m F[airfield] Warren TLS to Messrs. Balch Brothers; Boston, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Letter by the first president of Boston University Appreciated the copy of "American Landmarks" [Note: by George Cleveland and Robert Campbell, published by Balch Bros. 1893]. "The work is well adapted to increase the fame and the wholesome influence of the precious historic shrines to whose representation its pages and pictures are devoted. Historical places of noble and sacred associations are among the best of teachers in every nation." On Boston University President's Office stationery
 
  1894 October 29 . Benj[amin] Harrison ALS to M[urat] Halstead; New York [City, New York] (1 page)
Will not attend an Oxford Club dinner because he needs Tuesday to prepare for a speech. "You know I am always distrait & nervous when I have a speech before me & generally disgusted when I have one behind me." Written on black bordered, personalized stationery.
 
  1895 February 20 . John Bartlett ALS to Mr. Boughton; Cambridge, [Massachusetts] (2 pages)
A great deal of literary content in this letter from American publisher, John Bartlett. Mentions the publication of "Sparks Life of Washington" and an address included in "Irvings Life." "... As the Bible [referring to "Uncle Sam's" Bible] excludes everything sectional, party, and exparte, I think Harrison's Commentary would be injurious. Why not quote from the "Father's" as a motto for the title page: I am not a Virginian, but an American. Patrick Henry... This would come home to the Southern bosom..."
 
  [18]95 September 12 . A.B. Curry ALS to James A. Christie; Boston, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Regarding the combination of the Boston College of Oratory with the School of Expression. Written on embossed School of Expression stationery. Enclosed: 2-page printed circular announcement to the students, graduates, and friends of the Boston College of oratory respecting plans for the new school.
 
  1895 September 30 . Elizabeth ALS to Mary H. Thomas; St. Petersburg, [Russia] (10 pages)
Letter from Elizabeth to her mother, detailing her journey from Germany to Russia by train. She describes the sorts of difficulties that she had communicating with officials and with other travelers due to her not knowing German or Russian. Some of her anecdotes include nearly missing her train at the Berlin Station, being provided a sleeping car, comparing architectural styles and natural scenery in the different countries, women agricultural workers, and the difficulty of dealing with the Russian customs agents (due to language barrier). See also letter of 1895 December 26.
 
  1895 December 26 . Elizabeth ALS to Mary H. Thomas; Nizhny Novgorod, [Russia] (4 pages)
Letter from Elizabeth to her mother, reflecting on two meetings of the Zemstvo at the Hall of the Nobility. She mentions a woman, apparently active in school reform, called "Miss Shteven." There is a description of a rural home outside of Nizhmi that includes notes on the education of children there, a description of the house and surroundings and religious symbols located around the home. Locals worry of an impending war between England and America. She mentions her further travel plans, including visiting clerical schools. See also letter of 1895 September 30.
 
  1896 August 9 . Eben E. Rexford AMsS; Shiocton, Wisconsin (1 page)
Holograph of first eight lines of first stanza of "Silver Threads Among the Gold"
 
  1896 August 25 . Chalon to Casterman; ()
Montreal
 
  1896 August 25 . Chauncey M. Depew Telegram to C[harles] H[enry] Coster; Newport, R[hode] I[sland] (1 page)
Addressed to Coster, care of J. P. Morgan & Co. "Leave C Vanderbilt in that proxy the same as before. important." On Postal Telegraph Cable Company telegram. [NOTE: Donated by Michael Courlander, 1989]
 
  1897 May 7 . Ignatius Donnelly ALS to James Dangerfield, Jr.; Hastings, Minnesota (1 page)
Letter regarding the authorship of Shakespearean plays and Donnelly's idea of the "Shakespeare-Bacon Cipher." Written on illustrated State of Minnesota House of Representatives letterhead. Features exterior view of the "New State Capitol in Course of Construction."
 
  1898 January 23 . Theodore [Herman Albert Dreiser] ALS to S[ara] J. White; New York, [New York] (7 pages [total])
Sending publications that carry or refer to his works. Believes White's mother would object to his reading Quo Vadis. Mentions other literary pieces White may enjoy. Includes a clipped illustration of a cartoon tiger, noting fervor for the illustrator, [Jimmy] Swinnerton (1875-1974). Discusses health and death. Comments on Paul [Dresser's] new song, "On the Banks of the Wabash," claiming to have written the words. Comments on their personal relationship and the joy White brings. "...we can truly say we have enjoyed love." Hints at his desire for a physical relationship. Written on Salmagundi Club stationery. Includes an AN fragment, March 19, 1898, with portions redacted. Mentions the need to postpone marriage while he tends to Tillie.
 
  1898 April 29 . H[enry] C[abot] Lodge TLS to William; Washington, D.C. (1 page)
Seeking a report of William's speech before the Sons of the American Revolution. Grateful for William's allusions to Lodge's service. Reflects on the Spanish-American War. "War is a very terrible business, and I for one would have done anything to consistent with the honor and dignity of the country to have avoided it, but the horrors of that Cuban war right at our own doors and the determination of Spain to do nothing to remedy the situation have forced this condition of affairs upon us." On U.S. Senate stationery.
 
  [1898-1899] . 4 printed fliers; Brooklyn, New York (8 pages (total))
Four flyers for Dramatic Readings, put on by the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, Department of Philology. Henry Lawrence Southwick: "I, Hamlet, the Man of Will." Leland Powers: "Borrowed Spectacles." Garrett P. Serviss: "Spain and Her Hundred Years of Glory." F. Hopkinson Smith: "The Story of Colonel Carter of Cartersville." Garrett P. Serviss: "Old Holland and the Romance of the French Republic." George Riddle: "King Henry V." Burton Holmes (lectures): "Grecian Journeys" and "Grand Cañon of Arizona."
 
  1899 May 18 . Ja[me]s Hendrie Lloyd ALS to Dr. Baldwin; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (1 page)
Appointments at the Methodist Hospital are made by competitive examination. Candidates must have an A.B.
 
  1899 May 19 . Harry B[ache] Smith TLS to Mr. Waller; New York, [New York] (1 page)
Librettist Smith comments to composer Waller on a libretto the latter has sent for criticism, "the one Wagner began last spring." Believes it has "not the ghost of a chance," and suggests other librettists for him to work with who are worthy of his musical talent. "...never write music for the book of an inexperienced librettist, for libretto making is not a matter of inspiration. It is a trade."
 
  1899 July 26 . Ernest Ingersoll ALS to Mr. Mead; New York, [New York] (3 pages)
Arrangements concerning natural history lectures to be delivered by Ingersoll, who is traveling throughout the east and is especially interested in lecturing at large schools and colleges. Mentions his terms and variety of topics. Written on "Ernest Ingersoll, Lectures on Natural History and Travel" letterhead.
 
  1899 October 11 . Geo[rge] F[risbie] Hoar TLS to [George S.] Boutwell; Worcester, Massachusetts (2 pages)
Agrees that the United States army and navy have no right to be in the Philippine Islands, "unless they be needed there to protect the people against foreign aggression." Comments on the positions of William McKinley and William Jennings Bryan and their political maneuvering. Republican politicians. On Committee of the Judiciary, United States Senate stationery.
 
  1899 November 24 . Benj[amin] Harrison TLS to J[ames] H[enry] Smart; Indianapolis, Indiana (1 page)
Happy to have received a letter from President Smart, "as it gave me an assurance that you were still at the helm." Hopes to give more attention to his position as a Trustee of Purdue University. Believes the article in the Southern Review of Commerce will bring more Southern students to Purdue.
 
  1899 December 5; 1899 December 16-17 . [Urias D. Lockman?] ALS to Ella Fulmer; Manaoag, Philippines (17 pages (total))
C Company, 13th U.S. Infantry. Commencement of general operations, driving Filipinos "from town to town through the muddy rice fields and through the mountains. Uses racial epithets. Bombardment of San Fabian, landing on shore under fire, releasing Spanish prisoners, and unloading supplies. Combat causalities among his own company and the 33rd as they traveled to Santa Tomas and San Jacinto. Food rations, Christmas, receiving newspapers, and mail service. Mentions Emilio Aguinaldo and a general in the mountains. Soldiers act sick to get sent to the hospital. Heavy fighting in the south, with northern Filipino reinforcements. Written on paper taken from a convent school, with one page written on the reverse of a Manaoag city tax receipt for January 1898 written in Spanish. Guarding rice paddies to prevent Aguinaldo's army pressing workers into service. Discusses Filipino's language use.
 
  1901 December 1 . Melville D[eLancey] Landon ALS to Mrs. Tilford; New York, [New York] (1 page)
Sending the only copy of a book for her critical review. "I looked them all over and didn't see one that would just suit you. So I have written a book especially for you." Written on Colonial Club letterhead.
 
  1902 April 9 . [Edward Miner Gallaudet] ALS to Herbert D[raper] Gallaudet; St. Louis, [Missouri] (3 pages)
Has been able to keep up with his schedule despite a foot injury, resulting from a poor-fitting new shoe. "I have worked quite hard on my journey, making addresses, attending banquets, visiting schools, meeting committees, etc., and feel a good deal as Prince Henry did when he boarded the Deutschland for his homeward voyage." Must deliver one more lecture before his trip is over. Gives advice regarding Herbert's seminary course. On "Planters Hotel Co." illustrated stationery, with matching envelope.
 
  1902 June 23 . Woodrow Wilson TLS to E[lgin] R[alston] L[ovell] Gould; Princeton, N[ew] J[ersey] (1 page)
Responding to Gould's note of congratulation, for Wilson's appointment as president of Princeton. "One of the most delightful things which I look forward to in the difficult tasks that are ahead of me, is that of the number of warm friends I have, from whom I can get not only the sort of counsel I need, but also the sort of cheer and strength of heart."
 
  1902 August 6 . Thomas Dixon, Jr. ALS to Mrs. Hudson; Dixondale, Gloucester Co., Virginia (2 pages)
Is gathering material for two volumes to follow the Leopard's Spots, "one a romance of the Ku Klux Klan, and a sequel to the Leopard's Spots." Would like to know inside information about Jefferson Davis and references to "the best printed matter." Sending a copy of his book along with an autographed book plate.
 
  [19]03 January 19 . S[amuel] L[anghorne] Clemens ALS to Mrs. Osborn; Riverdale on the Hudson, [New York] (2 pages)
Eloquent thanks for roses given by Mrs. Osborn. Hopes that once Mrs. Clemens is well, Professor Osborn and herself will come visit. On "Riverdale on the Hudson" stationery.
 
  1903 January 28 . Henry Van Dyke ALS to [James A.?] Tufts; Princeton, New Jersey (1 page)
Has agreed to edit "The Gateway Series" for the American Book Company, "a new series of the English texts required for entrance to college." Hopes that Tufts will edit Macaulay's essay on Addison. Notes publishing details and compensation. On Department of English, Princeton University stationery.
 
  1903 July 23 . Grover Cleveland ALS to Worthington C. Ford; Buzzard Bay, Mass[achusetts] (2 pages)
Cannot comply with Ford's request. Did not save any of his Presidential messages. "During my second administration I was in the habit of writing them in pencil and destroying the sheets as fast as they came from the copyist." L. Clarke Davis of the Philadelphia Ledger surprised him by showing him the original draft of Cleveland's Inaugural Address.
 
  1903 October 8 . Daniel Chester French ALS to S[amuel] H[arden] Church; Glendale, Massachusetts (2 pages)
French expresses his gratitude for the invitation to speak at the Carnegie Institute for Founder's Day, but is unable to comply. "Whatever my vocation in life may be, however, it is certainly not speaking, and any word I may have to say upon art to my fellow mortals must be said, however imperfectly, through the work of my hands." On Daniel French's personal stationery.
 
  1905 April 6 . W[illia]m H[oward] Taft TLS to Harry W. Goddard; Washington, [D.C.] (2 pages)
Enjoyed his trip to Worchester, Massachusetts. Appreciates Goddard's hospitality, "as well as by the members of the Board of Trade at Worcester who attended the magnificent banquet which you held in Mechanics Hall." "I thank you for the copy of the paper which you sent me, which gave on the whole a very good report of the speech, and of which I have no reason to complain in view of my laziness in not preparing a formal address." On War Department, Washington stationery.
 
  1905 May 22 . Winslow Homer ALS to Laura N[orcross ] Marrs; [Scarboro, Maine] (4 pages)
To Mrs. Kingsmill Marrs, at the Albemarle Hotel. Marrs has chosen "a proper season to arrive here- for a rest, - & a beautiful Summer home. "Weather recently turned. Has kept interested in work, "quite outside of my trade- which I think very little of- as its made up of all honor & no profit." "I am well & happy with lots of money (how I got it is my own business)."
 
  1906 December 11 . Grover Cleveland ALS to L. Clark Davis; Princeton, [New Jersey] (2 pages)
Remarks concerning an address: "I think a little over 5000 words; and these words will be about as common place, if not as absolutely poor, as- as- are generally offered up on such an occasion." Glad the "foolish project" of copyrighting the address was abandoned. Acknowledges this leaves it "undefended" against newspaper reprintings, "except as it will be protected by its own badness." Unable to accept a dinner invitation from the President of the New England Society.
 
  [19]07 February 25 . [Robert E.] Peary Cy to Henry L. Smith; "On the Train" (1 page)
Asks Smith to inform Mr. Latham of the location of the church and the time of the lecture. Smith owes Peary $115. "My talk takes from sixty to seventy minutes. I shall be with you at 8.45 sharp." Retained copy of a signed note.
 
  1907 July 17 . Woodrow Wilson TLS to Professor E. P. Adams; St. Hubert's Essex County, New York (1 page)
Concerning Adams' decision to leave Princeton for Colorado. "I of course do not wish to persuade you against your own advantage, but I cannot help thinking that the possibilities of Princeton ought to be enough to hold a man whom we value as much as we do you." On Princeton University President's Room stationery
 
  1907 December 1 . [Booker T. Washington] AMs; New Bedford, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Rough manuscript outline for a speech on the progress of African Americans, and some of the problems facing both the north and the south. Written on the back of "Parker House, New Bedford" stationery. Includes a clipped printed portrait of Washington, "President of the Normal and Industrial Institute of Tuskegee, Alabama, A school That is doing Valuable Work Among the Southern Negroes."
 
  1908 December 7 . Woodrow Wilson TLS to Harry C. Black; Princeton, New Jersey (2 pages)
Declines to speak at the banquet of the Quadrangle Club on the Friday before Commencement. Receives many invitations for club banquets and wants to avoid risking too many responsibilities for that day. "I know that you and the gentlemen associated with you in the club will appreciate how embarrasing the question is to me, and I know that you will not think that it is through any disinclination to risk the permanent addition of another Commencement duty." On Princeton University President's Room stationery.
 
  1910 June 10 . Clarence L[ouis] Cullen TLS to [Fred Charters] Kelly; Atlantic City, New Jersey (1 page)
Complements Kelly's writing on O. Henry, William Sydney Porter, and criticizes the "prodigious mass of drivel" written on him since his death. Dissatisfied with New York newspapers' accounts of O. Henry using "hearsay," but notes it being "more or less unavoidable, considering what a virtual recluse Porter was." Comments on his relationship with O. Henry and their activities in New York. Describes O. Henry. Will likely write about him. On reverse, in pen, "for John S. Mayfield from Fred C. Kelly, Apr. 12, 1959."
 
  1910 September 21 [delivered] . [William Howard Taft] 2 typed speeches; Cincinnati, Ohio (23 pages (total))
1. Typed speech, with manuscript corrections, delivered at the Opening of the Ohio River Dam at Cincinnati, 2pp. Marked "File." 2. Typed speech, with manuscript corrections, delivered at the Opening of the Ohio River Dam at Cincinnati, 21pp. Marked "2d draft." Comments on waterway conventions, Congressional politics concerning waterway improvements, and regulating transportation. Discusses Cincinnati, commerce, transportation, improving trade along the Ohio River, and financial and political hurdles for doing so.
 
  [printed in 1910] . Carte-de-visite; [Washington, D.C.] (1 page)
Portrait of Abraham Lincoln, seated. From a negative purchased by collector Frederick Hill Meserve (1865-1962). On reverse, handwritten note reads, "A photograph by Alexander Gardner- Wash. Apr. 9, 1865."
 
  1911 May 24 . John Wanamaker ALS to [Thomas B. Crosby]; Bad Ems, Germany (2 pages)
Notes on books about Abraham Lincoln, including "the volumes of Lincolns life letters & speeches." Convinced a circulating library in Biarritz, France, to give him one of their Lincoln books. Promises to send books on Lincoln "not much circulated in England" to Crosby, Lord Mayor of London. Comments on the Mayor preparing to give a speech and the success of the recent Guildhall meeting. Cannot make the coronation, especially since he would not have a seat in the Abbey. Written on Englischer Hof (Hôtel D'Angleterre) Und Park Villa stationery.
 
  1912 May 14 . Richard C[ockburn] Maclaurin partial TLS to E[dwin] T. Cole; [Cambridge, Massachusetts] (1 page)
Page two of a letter to Professor Cole, expressing appreciation for his work. Written as President of MIT.
 
  [19]12 August 18 . Henry M. Robert ALS to Reverend Peter Robertson; Chautauqua, New York (2 pages)
Letter in response to Robertson's suggestion that a board be appointed to investigate the causes of the failure of one of the Ohio River dams and recommending Mr. Hill be a member. An Army officer appealing to the Chief of Engineers or Secretary of War would be inappropriate and "against military etiquette." Robert also mentions the details of re-writing his "Rules of Order."
 
  1912 August 31 . Real Photo Postcard; Barre, Vermont (1 page)
Real photo postcard of Theodore Roosevelt as Progressive Party candidate for the President of the United States. Verso: "Roosevelt spoke in front of the Church street school house. this is only a little of the crowd. A splendid speech. The man with his arm over the railing is our lawyer. we are still in war."
 
  1913 February 5 . Charles H. Haskins TLS to Albert Bushnell Hart; Cambridge, Massachusetts (1 page)
Respecting the admission of Tyson into the graduate school. Awaiting his certificates from Oskaloosa College, Iowa, as the school is unknown to them. Is looking into Miss Hazard's case concerning being awarded a Ph.D. without a full year's residence. On Harvard University, The Graduate School of Arts and Sciences stationery.
 
  1914 April 14 . Richard C[ockburn] Maclaurin TLS to Edwin T. Cole; [Cambridge, Massachusetts] (1 page)
Cole's budget recommendations were approved by the Executive Committee. Explains provisions for an assistant, renting an armory and target range, and pay for cadet officers and incidental expenses. On official MIT "Office of the President" stationery.
 
  1914 October 3 . W[illia]m H[oward] Taft TLS to Miss L. P. Loring; New Haven, Connecticut (2 pages)
Typed letter with manuscript revisions. Would like to speak at Symphony Hall, but Loring's proposed dates are not convenient. Describes his speaking schedule for November and accepting payment for his time. "I do a great deal of free work, but the truth is that with three children, one beginning the profession of law and two in College, and the small salary of a Professor, and only a limited income in addition, I find it necessary, in order to avoid the charge worse that that of infidelity, to accept such a generous tender as that you make, in case we agree upon a date." On Taft's personal stationery
 
  1914 December 22 . W[illia]m H[oward] Taft TLS to William E[leazar] Barton; New Haven, Connecticut (1 page)
Expresses his appreciation for Barton's accurate account of his speech at the Congregational Club. "There is nothing quite so exasperating as the slovenly, sloppy, inaccurate short accounts given in daily newspapers of ones impromptu speeches." On Taft's personal stationery.
 
  1915 February 4 . "Daddy" ALS to Kip; Belleair Heights, Florida (4 pages)
Has been playing a lot of golf. Sending a picture [not present] of wrecked cars that "tried to beat the train to the road crossing near the golf course." His caddy was involved, noting disapprovingly that "He will not work waiting to have the case settled and get damages from the Rail Road Co." Sending a picture of himself, a check to help replenish the recipient's funds, and a poetry verse, "the golfers lament," that he believes can be turned into song [not present]. Hotel and golf courses are crowded. Written on illustrated Belleview stationery, featuring an image of the hotel's exterior, its grounds, and a court with a fence.
 
  1915 May 27 . Richard C[ockburn] Maclaurin TLS to Edwin T. Cole; [Cambridge, Massachusetts] (1 page)
Hopes that Major Cole may be detailed for further service at MIT. Maclaurin has written to the Adjutant General respecting the matter. On official MIT "Office of the President" stationery.
 
  1915 June 29 . H[enry] C[abot] Lodge TLS to Charles G. Washburn; Nahant, Massachusetts (3 pages)
A great deal of political content, primarily concerning party politics. There are brief comments on women's suffrage, national prohibition, and "social welfare legislation;" however, the bulk of the letter stresses the importance of getting Wilson out of office. "National prohibition and woman suffrage are not party questions and divide the progressives as they do the Republicans." References Theodore [Roosevelt] and [John W.?] Weeks. Written on U.S. Senate, Committee on Private Land Claims stationery.
 
  1916 May 11 . John D[avison] Rockefeller, Jr. TLS to Albert J. Weil; New York [City, New York] (1 page)
Encourages Weil to establish himself in a single church during his New York visits. "Otherwise one is so apt to drift from church, or attend none, and thereby lose the opportunities for Christian service and the helpful and restraining influence which affiliation with some one church affords."
 
  1916 May 27 . J[ames] W. Wadsworth, Jr. TLS to Reverend Paul R. Hickock; Washington, D.C. (2 pages)
Wadsworth reflects on fraternity life at Yale, and its distinctions from fraternities at other colleges. Acknowledges the great value that fraternities have with young men and for America. Includes manuscript revisions. Written on U.S. Senate letterhead.
 
  1916 June 29 . Charles W. Eliot TLS to Perriton Maxwell; Cambridge, Massachusetts (1 page)
Comments on American men serving in the armed forces, noting that the "immense majority" of American mothers are in no need of a message on "the subject of giving their sons to the Country." "...it is the duty of every American, in time of war, to forego the privileges, which as a free man he exercises in time of peace, and to surrender to the State his right 'to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness'. " Believes American preparation would benefit from copying "the legislation of the ancient Swiss Republic."
 
  1916 July 12 . And[rew] D[ickson] White TLS to Reverend Paul R. Hickock; Ithaca, New York (5 pages)
Typed letter with manuscript revisions. White reflects on fraternities at Cornell University. He acknowledges the "evils" of fraternities, but emphasizes their potential for positive effects and recent improvements. A fellow fraternity member, Theodore Munger, "always came out with hearty expressions of joy that he had lived to see so much of the old follies, fooleries, and boyish pranks done away with." Considering organizing the Cornell student body "into clubs on the general plan of the fraternities."
 
  1916 July 19 . John Malone ALS to Margaret; McAllen, Texas (2 pages)
Letter from Malone, of the 12th U.S. National Guard, Company F. Describes trying environmental conditions and how soldiers killed four Mexicans "for cutting up one of our boys." Notes how they left the bodies to serve as an "example of the rest." Uses racial slurs. Has given up beer. Written on W.C.T.U. and Methodist Church Soldiers' Reading Room stationery. See also John Malone ALS to Margaret; 1917 February 15.
 
  1916 September 28 . Richard C[ockburn] Maclaurin TLS to W[illiam] B. Munro; [Cambridge, Massachusetts] (1 page)
Congratulations on the success of Munro's cooperative branch store. Pleased to hear of "the good service that Major Cole has rendered." On official MIT "Office of the President" stationery. Sent to Professor W. B. Munro, Harvard Cooperative Society.
 
  1916 October 7 . Charles W. Eliot TLS to W. R. Castle, Jr.; Cambridge, Massachusetts (1 page)
Will sign copies of his book, The Road towards Peace. Comments on recent labor legislation. "[B]oth parties truckle to the labor organizations incessantly." Notes the strength of the "Canadian law for the investigation of industrial disputes" in preventing strikes. Most Americans sympathize with strikers, because they feel strikes will raise wages. Recent events may alter this opinion, as "they are beginning to suffer from the increased cost of transportation, food, clothing, and houses,-- an increased cost which is caused chiefly by higher wages."
 
  1916 October 30 . Charles W. Eliot TLS to Perriton Maxwell; Cambridge, Massachusetts (3 pages [total])
"I enclose a brief statement about the teachings of the great War in respect to Christianity." Includes a signed, two-page piece about the teachings of Jesus and how organized religion corrupted them. Calls for a return Christianity's "simple essentials," abandoning "rites, dogmas, and creeds" which failed to restrain man's baser instincts. Hopes for greater respect for the heroism "of the doctor, nurse, fireman, policeman, rescuer, and lonely struggler against want, sickness, and temptation," rather than just reverence for soldiers.
Box   10  
  1917 February 15 . John Malone ALS to Margaret; McAllen, Texas (2 pages)
Letter from Malone, of the 12th U.S. National Guard, Company F. Hopes that his last letter did not hurt her feelings. Racial hatred. "Well Margaret we had a narrow escape the other night a few greaser's started something and we finished it we just shot his place so full of holes that it looked like a rifle range we were going to see how close we could come to his eyebrows with our six shooter's only the officer's had to but in he's lucky he's liven we just love to shoot these greaser's down here for pastime or to amuse our self's." Written on "The Army and Navy Young Men's Christian Association" stationery. See also John Malone ALS to Margaret; 1916 July 19.
 
  1917 March 15 . Joseph B. Tordoff ALS to "Friend"; Camp Kearny, California (5 pages)
Headquarters Company, 143rd Field Artillery. Serving as the "radio man of the second Battalion," describes the equipment he uses and having to know how to fix telephones in the trenches. Notes weather at camp and troubles with mud. Comments on the price of provisions in San Diego. Describes a recent review, which included his regiment, the Utah Field Artillery, and the "144th (Grizzles?) crack regiment." The 144th has to borrow guns, horses, and signal kits. Written on illustrated YMCA stationery, "National War Work Council Army and Navy," with images of the YMCA logo and American flag.
 
  1917 September 10 . Charlie ALS to Myrtle; France (8 pages)
Apologizes for length between letters; mentions censors. Comments on British Expeditionary Forces, the locations where they are serving, the food issued to them, and cooking in the trenches. Brief mention of the Battle of the Somme and his rations during it. Describes trench warfare, "when the opposing sides sit down & face one another ‘to gain time' shelling, bombing & shooting one another more or less frequently." Notes lulls in the fighting; time spent at camps and in French villages. Comments on clothing and mud in the trenches, and soldiers' willingness to risk leaving the trenches to dry their feet. "Even in the Battle of Arras in late spring, I have seen men literally stuck fast in the mud." Describes fighting in the beginning of the war, with reliance on field guns, and the shift to trench warfare. Strategies of fighting evolved due to trenches and attempts to force combatants "to get a move on," as in the battle of Neuve Chapelle. Notes the advantages of defense rather than offense, with "Barbed wire entanglements scores of feet thick, the fire of machine guns as numerous as daisies in a June..." Mentions the use of "gas & liquid fire," his serving for 27 months, and receiving the Meritorious Service Medal.
 
  [1918] January 5 . Edwin ALS to Folks; Camp McClellan, Anniston, Alabama (2 pages)
Comments on a recent snowstorm and the heaters in the camp. Describes being quarantined and coming down with measles. "Send a cake down because we only get what sick people get." Written on Y.M.C.A. "With the Colors" letterhead, with images of Y.M.C.A. logo and American flag. See also: Edwin ALS to his uncle; September 3, 1918.
 
  1918 February 15 . Franklin D[elano] Roosevelt TLS to J. C. Heddle; Washington D.C. (1 page)
Thanks Heddle for answering the Navy's call for binoculars. "The glasses will be very useful in the prosecution of Naval Operations until victory is won." Will return the binoculars at the end of the war if possible. Written on Navy Department, Assistant Secretary's Office letterhead. Accompanied by: 1. Check for $1.00 from the Navy Disbursing Office to J. C. Heddle 2. Typed letter (copy) explaining the purpose of the check. "Navy's Call for Binoculars, Spy-Glasses, Telescopes, Sextants and Chronometers."
 
  1918 March 22 . [Barbé?] TLS to Mac; Lonoke, Arkansas (1 page)
Comments on Mac's transfer to the Cavalry. "I suppose politics plays a great big part in the Intelligence Dept., more so than in other branches of t[h]e service." Notes other men in the service, poking fun at one's interest in life insurance. Describes a married couple living in his house, "He is a Phi Kap from Columbia and is a flier." Mentions flying commencing in Lonoke soon and the arrival of cadets. Comments on another Phi Kap who married an actress "and she sure startles the natives here with her rags." "Everybody back here thinks the war is going to last for at least a couple of years longer.... I think myself it will go a year or two, but am hoping it will end before then. I would like to get out to-morrow if I could."
 
  1918 May 6 . Neilson Poe ALS to Jane Righter; France (4 pages)
Poe, of the 28th Infantry, AEF. Poe's close friend Pardee is engaged to a woman that he once courted and feels betrayed. Currently in rest billets. Future orders unknown. Frequent practice alerts make it impossible to tell whether alarms are fake or real "you don't know... whether you are coming back after a short hike or are really going up to one of the advance positions. You have to pack all your belongings & you have a very few minutes to do it in." Recently participated in artillery and infantry assault on the front lines. Aerial dogfights.
 
  [1918] May 31 . Malbone ALS to Gladys; Paris, [France] (2 pages)
Malbone, a Red Cross worker, writes from the Gare du Nord the day after the Germans took Soissons. Vivid description of the influx of refugees from the Aisne valley. Eloquent and thoughtful reflection on the refugees, war, democracy, liberty, and equality. Discusses strong women from the country, children, war and the French people, and feeding the thousands of refugees. Remarks on the French and American spirit and the ties that bind them. Distinguishes between a militaristic German government and the mass of German people. On American Red Cross (Croix-Rouge Américaine) stationery.
 
  1918 July 8 . Tho[ma]s F. Campbell ALS to I. F. Campbell; [France] (4 pages)
Sgt. Thomas F. Campbell, Co. B, 306th Infantry, 77th Division. Writes from a hospital. "if luck wasn't with me, we would be prisoners of the 'hun' and that is pretty bad..." He and four other men injured in a ten-minute fight. Hand grenade shrapnel removed from his feet (12-14 pieces). American nurses are patient and pretty.
 
  1918 July 14 . "Cecil" ALS to "Grandma"; Camp Macarthur, Texas (4 pages)
123rd Ordnance Depot. Promoted to corporal after eight days; currently serves as the "private secretary to the commanding officer," and expects to be promoted to an ordnance sergeant. Notes pay and his desire to be stationed in California. Friends and family sending him fruits and other food. Comments on food in the camp and his awareness that the variety will change once he goes overseas. See also, "Cecil" ALS to "Grandma," November 20, 1918.
 
  1918 August 12 . H. A. Dickson ALS to Geo[rge] W[ylie] P[aul] Hunt; s.l. (1 page)
Company A, 314th Engineers, American Expeditionary Forces. Written on a postcard with a printed American Eagle atop a shield, with the stars and stripes. "Well Governor, things are happening near and about here." Mentions the "great drive" and hopes that fighting will cease before winter. Looking forward to receiving letters to lessen his lonesomeness. Includes censor stamp.
 
  1918 August 14 . W[illiam] H. Cowles ALS to Colonel C. W. Cowles; s.l. (4 pages)
H. is getting along very well; his nurse moved nearby. Gives news from the front lines. "I am glad I came over altho' at times it is dull, dirty, and dangerous and I would not miss it for a fortune." Allied plane shot down a German bomber. "Blew up hitting the ground but from the looks of it, it was a monster."
 
  1918 August 15 . A. L. Kemp ALS to R. B. Eastman; Aix-les-Bains, France (1 page)
Picture postcard with image of Hôtel Bernascon, Aix-les-Bains. Spending his seven days of leave at Aix-les-Bains, "a wonderful summer Resort." Includes censor stamp.
 
  1918 August 24 . H. L. Rogers Typed circular; s.l. (5 pages)
"American Expeditionary Forces Headquarters Services of Supply Office of the Chief Quartermaster, A.E.F." H. L. Rogers, Major General, U.S. Army Chief Quartermaster. Publishing information received by the supply office about which items can be distributed, which have been discontinued or will not be issued, and particulars about various items in use. Notes on rolling kitchens and cooking equipment, marmites and milk cans, dishes. Details on bunks, gear, furniture, tools, flags and standards. Specifics on repairing office machinery. Rules about coffins and grave markers.
 
  1918 August 31 . "Curly" ALS to "Moore"; s.l. (3 pages)
Company K, 2nd Pioneer Infantry, American Expeditionary Force. Comments on the cigarettes Moore sent and mishaps with mail. Was quickly sent overseas after arriving at camp. "I imagine the Army life is quite different from the days when you were in a uniform. Over here it is like one big family." Comments on Commissioned Officers fraternizing with other soldiers. Inquires after events at the Texaco station and whether anyone else has been drafted yet. See also, "Curly" TLS to "Moore," November 17, 1918.
 
  [19]18 September 3 . Edwin ALS to Uncle Simon; Camp Wadsworth, Spartanburg, South Carolina (4 pages)
Medical Replacement Unit #25. Compliments his uncle on the supportive letter he sent. "The knowledge that those at home are behind us, striving for the end of this catastrophe makes for the one thing we all need and that is gritty nerve & stamina." Comments on his turning to religion in the Army. Notes adjusting to army food, receiving inoculations and vaccines. "As the Medical Corp is consider the paramount branch of the service and its non-commissioned officers ranking higher than those in any other branch of Uncle Sam's army I am intending to make a hard upward fight for position." Written on Y.M.C.A. "With the Colors" letterhead, with images of Y.M.C.A. logo and American flag. See also: Edwin ALS to his Folks; January 5, [1918].
 
  [19]18 September 13 . AL to Mother; Camp Mills, Long Island, New York (1 page)
"I am over at the Y.M.C.A. but I'm not supposed to be, I sneaked out as I had nothing to do." Comments on his clothing, noting of his hobnail shoes, "I can't hardly carry them, they are so heavy." Written on Y.M.C.A. "With the Colors" letterhead, with images of Y.M.C.A. logo and American flag.
 
  1918 October 10 . Wenzel [Kryzanosky] ALS to Irma Kryzanosky; s.l. (3 pages)
Lieutenant, Motor Supply Train 415, Motor Truck Company 455, American Expeditionary Forces. Disappointed in the mail for not delivering her letters. "What are the news and how is the war, what about peace?" Making progress in his sector, "takeing prisoners every day." Hopes the war ends soon, so they can be reunited. Wishes they had stayed in Puerto Rico. Envelope includes censor stamp, "officers mail."
 
  1918 October 12 . "Kenneth" ALS to Mr. Gibbs; [near Bordeaux, France] (5 pages)
Notes restrictions placed on his communications (on account of censors). Was stationed near Bordeaux, France, living in a "large chateau." Describes the country around Bordeaux, his attempts to learn French, and speaking with locals. Was selected to attend school and has been working with rifles and grenades. Believes he will be restless when he returns home, on account of moving about so frequently. A long line of soldiers waited at the Quartermaster store because they had chocolate in stock. Enclosing the chocolate wrapper and seal [not included]. Mentions the "sugar question" and wonders how they are handling it back home. Cannot provide more details on the events at the front than can be otherwise obtained. "The President handled the Kaiser in his usual crafty way and we are anxiously awaiting the answer. Of course we all know what the final answer will be...." Written on Y.M.C.A. "On Active Service" stationery.
 
  1918 November 6 . Paul ALS to Mother; [London, England] (12 pages)
Describes his travel to Liverpool on board the S.S. Megantic, White Star Line, including other passengers and evasive maneuvers. Travelled to London by train. Describes London and darkening the city at night. Notes air raid shelters, food rations, and beliefs that the war is almost over. Ordered to Queenstown, Ireland. Written on American Officers' Club stationery. See also Paul ALS to Mother, November 12, 1918; November 23, 1918.
 
  [19]18 November 12 . Paul ALS to Mother; Queenstown, Ireland (12 pages)
Signing of the armistice has altered his plans and made future movements uncertain. "Of course all flying (except joy hops) has been suspended." Describes his travels from London to Queenstown. American naval men forbidden to visit Cork, "on account of dangerous complications with the Sinn Feiners." Describes the Irish countryside and his station. See also Paul ALS to Mother, November 6, 1918; November 23, 1918.
 
  1918 November 13 . "Tad" ALS to "Peggy"; s.l. (8 pages)
Battery B, 56th Artillery Regiment, Coast Artillery Corps, American Expeditionary Forces. Comments on the end of the war. "I just guess the huns know who is boss now... When I first heard it—well I cannot explain just how I did feel." A portion of the letter was cut out by a censor. Describes barrages, including by an African American artillery outfit. Notes military police with German prisoners of war. Describes the shelling of a village and the American movement up the main road. Germans with stretchers helped the Red Cross without guards. "... ever since early morning details of germans have been carrying in our wounded just as if they had always been with us and they sure have saved some lads." Appreciates receiving letters from home. Written on Y.M.C.A. stationery.
 
  1918 November 16 . Joseph C. Holbrook ALS to Effie Granade; France (8 pages)
Battery Co. 11. Signed "JC," with purple stamped signature "Joseph C. Holbrook 1st. Lieut. Q. M. C., U. S. A. Detailed description of the armistice celebration in "a large city" in France on November 11. Cheers, songs, music by an African American U.S. band, also a white U.S. band," including the Star Spangled Banner, Limey Stable Blues, etc. Streetlights lit for the first time in four years. Children shouting "La Guerre est fini; mon père sera à sa maison beintôt," women dressed in mourning: "To me, that is the most pathetic sight I've ever witnessed. They looked on with an expression of mixed joy and sorrow." French and American soldiers danced. City covered with allied flags: "To be in a foreign land, war-torn, bleeding but triumphant, and to see 'The Stars and Bars' waving in majesty and triumph from every door is Heaven on earth and makes a fellow happy that he is an American and willing to be a Champion of right." Nurses will be giving a "Victory Dance" to the officers.
 
  1918 November 17 . "Curly" TLS to "Moore"; s.l. (1 page)
Corporal Alfred Vos, Headquarters Detachment, Army Service Corps, American Expeditionary Forces. Disappointed that Moore is the only one "of the Texaco bunch" that has written. "I guess the rest of them are so busy making money on their jobs for the government that they haven't time to write a guy that is over here on this side of the water." Brief mention of celebration on account the signing of the armistice. Has been transferred to Army Headquarters. See also, "Curly" ALS to "Moore," August 31, 1918.
 
  1918 Novembr 20 . "Cecil" TLS to "Grandma"; [Camp Macarthur, Texas] (2 pages)
Remarks on the end of the war and his uncertainty about when he will be sent home. Sent pictures of himself to family members. Family news, including the poisoning of a pet. Notes rains and flooding of local rivers. Written on Y.M.C.A. stationery. See also, "Cecil" ALS to "Grandma," July 14, 1918.
 
  1918 November 23 . Paul ALS to Mother; Wexford, Ireland (6 pages)
Describes Wexford, quarters, and the life of a soldier after the war. Notes playing sports and recreational flying. Uncertain what orders he will receive. Comments on local residents and the Sinn Fieners. "The war dropped out from under my feet in a way. All my plans have been built on it for so long that I was bewildered with the rapid change. It is hard for me to realize that it is really over and that the world is at peace." On U.S. Naval Forces Operating in European Waters. U.S. Naval Aviation Forces, Foreign Service. U.S. Naval Air Station. Wexford, Ireland stationery. See also Paul ALS to Mother, November 6, 1918; November 12, 1918.
 
  1918 December 6 . Virginia Flanagan ALS to Margaret Power; [France] (4 pages)
American Red Cross, Military Hospital Number 1, American Expeditionary Forces. Sends condolences to Margaret upon the death of her mother. Comments on the loss of her own mother recently after arriving in France. "While I have enjoyed my stay here I will be glad to get home to the dear Old U.S.A." "Nurses mail" cancellation, along with censor stamp.
 
  1918 December 21 . Geo[rge] J. Bucher ALS to Harriet [Hudson]; Kelberg, Germany (4 pages)
Headquarters Company, 16th Field Artillery, American Expeditionary Forces. Describes the occupation troops' march into Germany, the weather, countryside. Rode four days in the Radio Detail's truck, noting how they set up a station at every stop. Grateful for the pictures and possible Christmas gift, if the mail service can accommodate all the packages being sent. Thompson Yards Inc. sent a draft for eighty-one francs to all of their "former employees who are in service overseas." Notes the tires stripped from German cars to be used for "war material." Envelope includes censor stamp.
 
  1919 January 1 . Wag D. K. Irving ALS to "Sir"; Rupt-en-Woëvre, France (3 pages)
302nd Field Artillery, Bat. C, American Expeditionary Forces. Disappointed at having not received more letters or a Christmas package from home. "... I don't mind as I am used to disappointments hoping this life will end this year for me any way & the rest of the 302." Did not get vacation, but has visited Verdun, Nancy, and Toul, France, "& quite a number of the citys that has been shook up." Had to give their traders guns and caissons to another outfit. Attending motorcycle school at Rupt, after already taking classes on trucks and tractors. Frustrated with his studies, preferring aviation, but may study flying when he returns home. "I was hauling number three Gun that sent the first shot at the Hun from the 302 I would like to be the first to step on the USA soil when we all come Marching home." Written on Knights of Columbus illustrated stationery, includes image of Knights of Columbus emblem and American Flag.
 
  1919 January 1 . Helen Schosert ALS to "Violet"; s.l. (4 pages)
Sends Christmas and New Year greetings. Comments on the Spanish flu pandemic. "...hope the Flue situation has cleared up by this time and that the schools and churches are again open." Working the night shift as a nurse, describing her patients, the size of her ward, and the doctors. "I find nursing in a military hospital quite different from a civilian hospital. I always like the Wenotchee [Wenatchee] Deaconess Hospital because it had to me an atmosphere of home about it while here there is an atmosphere of discipline order and milit[arism] that you can't get away from." Written on illustrated YMCA letterhead, with YMCA logo and American flag.
 
  1919 March 19 . Phil Shea ALS to Julia Shea; [Fréjus, France] (1 page)
Musician, 52nd Pioneer Infantry Band, American Expeditionary Forces. Postcard, "Fréjus (Var)—Ancien Aqueduc Romain." Image of Roman aqueducts, which Phil visited the day before writing the postcard. Includes censor's stamp. See also Phil Shea ALS to Julia Shea, Undated.
 
  1919 April 12 . Charles A. Staebler ALS to Winifred Lyle Enos; Magny-Lambert, [France] (5 pages)
11th Field Artillery, American Expeditionary Forces. Hoping she is less angry, as it is "not the best for beauty or health to remain angry over 12 hours at any one time." Has been busy preparing for General John Pershing (1860-1948) and "the trip into Germany." Explains the discrepancies in the Review, noting "we are as a step child in the 6th Div." on account of its seeing less action than the 11th Field Artillery. Anger over the uneven distribution of Distinguished Service Crosses. Comments on General Pershing's inspection of the troops. "He seemed to be a real fatherly old gentleman—I liked my conversation with him very much—I was expecting him to be a real H—cat like some of the inspectors that we get." Dispute over sending mentholatum. Written on American Y.M.C.A. and American Red Cross stationery. Envelope includes censor's stamp. See also, Charles A. Staebler ALS to Winifred Lyle Enos, April 21-22, 1919.
 
  1919 April 21-22 . Charles A. Staebler ALS to Winifred L[yle] Enos; Magny-Lambert, France (5 pages)
11th Field Artillery, C Battery, American Expeditionary Forces. Sad to be leaving his battery for a position at Division Headquarters. His men got into a fight after a soldier from another battery insulted him. Comments on the ruckus related to Staebler being kept at 6th Division Headquarters. Expects to head into Germany soon. "I don't want to go—but I know my new job is a regular gold brick job—so in several days I will be having a great time and forget all about ‘C' Battery." Written on American Red Cross stationery, with the Y.M.C.A. envelope stamped by censor. See also, Charles A. Staebler ALS to Winifred Lyle Enos, April 12, 1919.
 
  1919 October 14 . Cheesman A. Herrick TLS to Atlantic Monthly; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (1 page)
Submitting his paper on "Ireland: England's Dilemma." On Girard College, President's Office stationery.
 
  [ca. 1920] June 4 . George Foster Peabody TLS to Don C[arlos] S[e]itz; Saratoga Springs, New York (2 pages)
Disapproves of recent efforts to "quash the indictment against the American Woolen Company." Mr. Hughes' "highly technical plea" seems to justify widespread prejudice against lawyers. Comments on speculative investment made by J. P. Morgan & Co.
 
  1921 April 1 . Josef Hofmann TLS to Mr. Tremblay; Aiken, S[outh] C[arolina] (1 page)
Notes the effect of the color of a piano on the perception of its tone "While it is not true that the color of a piano actually affects it tone, nevertheless one fact must be borne in mind: that what attracts the eye, distracts the ear. It is therefore possible that a black case will appear to have a better tone than a mahogany case." Advice on Tremblay's performance program, including the removal of one of Liszt's Rhapsodies in favor of one of his less brilliant pieces - "so as to avoid an anti-climax." Will not be able to accept his invitation
 
  1921 July 2 . [William Howard Taft] ADf; s.l. (7 pages)
Draft of a speech on the importance of classical studies. Andrew Fleming West of Princeton will lead a "convention of scholars and educators" in Philadelphia to discuss cultural education and the humanities. Comments on reforms to the education system and the recent backlash against classical studies. Criticizes psychological studies of pedagogy and narrow vocational education. "The importance of hard mental work had been minimized. The ideal sought has been a wafting of the pupil on a flowery bed of ease to a complete education." Written on reverse side of Taft's personal stationery. [Note: dated 3 days after his Supreme Court Justice nomination]
 
  1922 March 16 . Charles W. Eliot TLS to W. R. Thayer; Cambridge, Mass[achusetts] (1 page)
Sorry that Thayer is unable to attend a meeting at his Club "for I am planning to give some reminiscences, going back as far as 1869." "Your wish that I may live as long as my vigor lasts is a very sensible one."
 
  1922 August 15 . W[illiam] A[llen] White TLS to Isaac Markens; Emporia, Kansas (1 page)
Thoughts on Lincoln's Gettysburg Address "It was something more than words. It was an executive attitude of hope and faith and charity in a troubled time. It's greatness was what Adams defined as true oratory which 'consists in the man, the subject and the occasion.'" On "The Emporia Gazette" stationery
 
  [after 1923 May 28] . W[illiam M.] Critchley ALS to "Dear Comrade"; [Lake Pleasant, Massachusetts?] (4 pages)
Reunited by an article in the National Tribune with his "comrade," likely from the 13th New Hampshire Volunteers, Co. K, in which Critchley served during the Civil War. "I am the only one in the Band living now... I Still play the Cornet, I was out Memorial Day & I had the Honor to Blow the Taps at Memorial services at the Cemetary in greenfield." Newspaper article published on the event reported Crithcley's age of 87. Also participated in a "Camp at Weirs N.H. last fall," possibly for a gathering of the Military Order of Foreign Wars, where General Clarence Edwards (1860-1931) had him play "Dixie as I played it for President Lincoln at Grants Head Quarters at City Point in 1865." Remembers how Abraham Lincoln requested he play "Dixie's Land, I said Mr. President that's a Confederate Tune, he smiled and said it was But we've Captured it... he call[e]d for it Every time we serenaded him." Has an item of Jefferson Davis's that he took from his office in Richmond along with two orders for Confederate ambulances. N.B.: Letter dated July 6, [18]92, but internal evidence places it ca. 1923, indicating the first sheet may have been recycled from an earlier unfinished letter.
 
  1923 June 17 . Albert Beveridge TLS to E. J. Edwards; Beverly Farms, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Letter of appreciation to Edwards, particularly regarding an article written by Edwards about Beveridge's Lincoln speech before the Republican Club in 1898. Notes the impact of Edwards on Beveridge's career. "It was that which gave me my first recognition in the east; and, beyond all doubt, it helped to start moving those forces which finally landed me in the Senate." On Beverly Farms, Massachusetts, stationery. Accompanied by: Typed copy of Beveridge's letter on The McClure Newspaper Syndicate stationery, 1p.
 
  1924 April 14 [delivered] . [Calvin Coolidge] TDf; [Washington, D.C.] (7 pages)
Typed speech with manuscript revisions by Calvin Coolidge. Given before the Daughters of the American Revolution at their annual meeting. Comments on the meaning of the American Revolution, the participation of women in politics, and the American political system. "You are each 'the heir of all the ages,' the daughter of every revolution that has aimed to broaden the rights and secure the liberties of the human race." Emphasizes the importance of political participation and suffrage, especially in the first presidential election following women gaining the right to vote.
 
  1924 April 17 . Photograph Signed; [Washington, D.C.] (1 page)
Photograph of the American Composers & Authors (ASCAP), visiting President Calvin Coolidge, at the White House. 21.5" x 9.5" silver gelatin print. Signed by the 14 composers. [Located in Oversize Manuscripts]
 
  1924 June 9 [delivered] . [Calvin Coolidge] Typed speech; [Washington, D.C.] (4 pages)
Typed speech with manuscript revisions by Calvin Coolidge. Commencement speech delivered at Georgetown University. Notes rising numbers of college graduates and its implications. "The advancement of intelligence has been marked by a continual elimination or amelioration of the more undesirable tasks." Notes the work ahead for graduates and the country's need for their loyalty.
 
  1924 September 24 . [Walter Percy Chrysler] TLS to [Walter P. Chrysler, Jr.]; New York City, New York (2 pages)
Pleased that his son is acclimating to the Hotchkiss School. Gives advice regarding correspondence habits and financial support for books and supplies. Walter, Jr., should have the New Haven tailor fit him for a suit. Discusses the clothes that he should obtain and wear. On Walter P. Chrysler's personal stationery.
 
  1925 October 13 . Albert J. Beveridge TLS to George P. Hambrecht; Beverly Farms, Massachusetts (1 page)
Thanks Hambrecht for his letter regarding Beveridge's work on John Marshall. Writing a similar work on Abraham Lincoln, finding it more difficult than the Marshall biography. "...it is well-nigh like Sanskrit compared to the A. B. C. primer." Will produce a companion to his Marshall work. Discusses writing from source materials, including the trustworthiness of recollections. Will try to write a requested letter of appreciation for Hambrecht's work, but finds his own work "so pressing, heavy and continuous... that it takes all my time and strength to the exclusion of every other activity."
 
  1926 September 22 . Dale Carnegie TLS to A. A. Wallgren; Paris, [France] (2 pages)
Arranging for Public Speaking Courses. Suggests 'the secret of making money' as a subject for an upcoming talk. "I believe you were intending to prepare a talk on Fruit of the Family Tree. If you found time to do so, splendid. If not, and you want to assign a topic, here is one: What is the Secret of Making Money? You know some men who could afford to buy a new Rolls Royce every spring. You know others, with perhaps just as much intelligence, whose exchequer could hardly stand the strain of a bicycle. Why? Luck, or courage, or judgment, or superior knowledge, or personality, or what? J. Pierpont Morgan once said that he could walk into an office and pick out at a glance the men who will succeed in life. Can you? How?" On Dale Carnegie's personal stationery.
 
  1927 November 25 . W[illia]m H[oward] Taft TLS to Dr. Hamilton Holt; Washington, D.C. (2 pages)
Taft voices his opinion on Holt's ideas for improving teaching methods and on the importance of having qualified teachers. Comments on memorable teachers. Written on Supreme Court of the United States stationery.
 
  1929 January 26 . W[illia]m H[oward] Taft TLS to H. Wilkinson Moore; Washington, D.C. (1 page)
Apologizes for being unable to "give you the time which you ask for in respect to the general subjects which you discuss." Comments on having his views published. "I deprecate having my views published in a desultory way in the press." Typed on Supreme Court of the United States stationery.
 
  1929 August 22 . Franklin D[elano] Roosevelt TLS to James Elmer Christie; Albany, [New York] (1 page)
To the president of the Board of Education at Nyack, New York. Congratulates the city of Nyack on their new "Junior-Senior High School" Responding to Christie's request for an autographed photograph. "Your City may well be proud for that progressive public spirit that promotes the education of its children." On Roosevelt's Governor stationery, State of New York Executive Chamber Albany.
 
  1929 October 1 . Herbert Hoover TLS to Edgar T. Read; Washington, [D.C.] (1 page)
Congratulations on the 100th Anniversary of the Calvary Methodist Protestant Church. "I... wish you every blessing in continuing your part of the invaluable service rendered by religious bodies to the people and the Nation." On White House stationery.
 
  1930 February 27 . D[avid] F[ranklin] Houston Typed MsS to [John E. Boos]; s.l. (2 pages)
Houston remarks on President Wilson's inaugural address, noting that "two of his sentences were reminiscent of Lincoln." Quotes from Wilson's speech and President Lincoln's first inaugural address. With printed image of Wilson on the stationery. [Note: the pencil notation "Houston" in the upper left corner of page one, the format of the manuscript, the type of paper, and the printed image match other manuscripts compiled by John E. Boos for his Lincoln collection].
 
  1930 April 17 . Irving Berlin TLS to Edward J. Sieler, Jr.; New York [City, New York] (1 page)
Responding to Sieler's inquiry about the withdraw of Berlin's account from the Lefcourt National Bank & Trust. Notifies Sieler that he intends to "be away from New York City for an indefinite period of time." Also concerned about information his attorney, Dennis F. O'Brien, acquired concerning the Normandie National Securities Corporation, which holds a controlling interest in the bank. "Naturally, in making a selection of banks in which I might continue my accounts, I decided upon those whose management has been successful over a long period of years." Written on Irving Berlin personal stationery.
 
  1931 March 2 . C[harles] H[orace] Mayo TLS to Roger Metcalf; Rochester, Minn[esota] (1 page)
Advice respecting medical school. Recommends attending pre-med summer school and studying year-round during medical school to cut down on the high costs. Suggests that he may decide on a specialization after his internship or after working in the field. On Dr. Charles H. Mayo personal stationery.
 
  1934 October 11 . W[illiam] J[ames] Mayo TLS to Roger Metcalf; Rochester, Minn[esota] (1 page)
Advice respecting pre-medical work and choice of medical school. Three years of pre-med work should be sufficient, with at least a 2-year internship. Recommends Harvard and the University of Pennsylvania if he intends to pursue clinical training. Recommends Rochester or Yale if he intends to "gain a knowledge of some particular science connected with medicine, rather than to practice medicine." On Dr. William J. Mayo personal stationery. Includes manuscript notes on the verso about eighteenth- and nineteenth-century American history.
 
  1935 August 13 . Franklin D. Roosevelt TLS to Lillian D. Wald; White House, Washington, D.C. (2 pages)
Regarding corporate gifts to charities. Wants to prevent corporations from "buying good-will." Notes the distinction between proper and improper gifts. Invites her to come by in the fall. On White House stationery.
 
  1936 December 31 . Typed Document; New York [City, New York] (1 page)
"French Foreign Performing Royalties on Unpublished Music from June 30 to December 31st, 1936." Calculation of royalties owed to Irving Berlin, Inc. by RKO Radio Pictures Inc. Lists films which used his original music, the amount received in French and American currency. Typed on Irving Berlin, Inc., Statement of Royalties printed sheet.
 
  1937 August 6 . F[ranklin] D. R[oosevelt] TNS; Cy to Basil O'Connor; Washington, [D.C.] (2 pages [total])
Note requesting O'Connor to respond to the enclosed typed copy of a letter from George B. Eager, Jr., to Franklin D. Roosevelt, dated August 2, 1937. Letter from the University of Virginia (Dept. of Law) requesting letters of recommendation for Franklin Jr.'s admissions application. "No doubt this will seem to you, as it does to a great many parents, to be an arbitrary and completely unnecessary requirement. However, we make no exceptions whatsoever, and we have found it one of the most valuable items of the formal application in, so to speak, scaring away undesirable applicants."
 
  1937 September 27 . Dale Carnegie Printed program signed; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (4 pages)
"Program Opening Session Dale Carnegie Course in How to Speak Effectively, How to Win Friends and Influence People." Lists speakers, including Carnegie and former participants, as well as dates of the program. Notes the cost of the course and what the tuition covers. Participants are to give a number of short speeches to be critiqued. Participants given three books: Dale Carnegie's Public Speaking and Influencing Men in Business and How to Win Friends and Influence People, as well as Richard Borden's Public Speaking as Listeners Like It. "You will develop a new skill in human relationships. You will win increased influence, increased prestige, and you will lead a richer happier life." Signed by Dale Carnegie.
 
  [ca. 1939 January 9] . W[illiam] C. Handy AMsS; TLS to Elliott Shapiro; [New York, New York] (3 pages [total])
Manuscript copy of sheet music for "St. Louis Blues" made by Handy for Elliott Shapiro. Includes a signed, typed cover letter from Pearl Carn to Elliott Shapiro, dated January 9, 1939, and written on William C. Handy stationery with an ASCAP logo.
 
  [1941] . Herbert Hoover TLS to Mrs. Ronald M. Macpherson; s.l. (2 pages)
Problems facing Stanford with regards to students who cannot afford to attend the school. Notes University expenditures per student. "Steadily the proportion of the educational costs borne by student fees has increased from virtually nothing in my day to almost one-half today. And, as we look forward into Stanford's next half-century, nothing appears more certain that that out of the present world conditions will emerge higher educational costs for the University and for its students to share." Advocates for the formation of the "Refunders Club," for alumni to donate funds to aid students "of meager finances." Would like feedback on the proposed program. On Herbert Hoover personal stationery.
 
  1942 February 23 . Joe [May] Swing TLS to Beverly F. Brown and Louise Brown; Fort Bliss, Texas (1 page)
Received their telegram and wishes that Beverly could join him. "I think we would still make a good team." On Headquarters, Division Artillery, First Cavalry Division, Fort Bliss, Texas Stationery. See also: Joe Swing TLS to Beverly [F. Brown] dated May 16, 1945.
 
  1942 May 15 . M[arion] N. Little TLS to J. W. Bunkley; U.S.S. Beaver (7 pages)
Detailed list of activities performed on the California following the attack on Pearl Harbor, from December 7, 1941, to December 11, 1941. Describes working on the ship, evacuating and rescuing men, removing the deceased, salvaging operations, and working on mooring lines. Notes damage to the ship, flooding and fires onboard, and efforts to repair and contain issues. Mentions assistance from other crafts. Includes manuscript corrections and annotations. Written on U.S.S. Beaver stationery.
 
  1942 October 3 . "Daddy" ALS to Carolyn D. Young; Washington, [D.C.] (2 pages)
From one of George C. Marshall's aides to his daughter regarding the use of the autopen. Page one bears the original Marshall autograph used to create the matrix for General Marshall's autopen. "The machine will be used to sign thousands of letters of condolence to parents or wives of U.S. Soldiers who are killed or wounded in this war. The fact that these letters are signed by a machine should be kept a secret but you can see that it would be impossible for Gen. Marshall to sign all of them personally and still direct this tremendous war." On War Department Office of the Chief of Staff official stationery.
 
  1943 November 3 . Fred M. Brewer ALS to Jane A. Brewer; Osaka, Japan (1 page)
Comments on letters received at camp and helping with the camp library. "After reading a group of books thoroughly, we are allowed to exchange them with the English camp." Notes health and the weather. On printed Japanese stationery.
 
  1943 December 28 . Tho[ma]s C. Trueblood ALS to John E. Boos; Bradenton, Florida (1 page)
Boyhood memories of Lincoln's campaign and news of his assassination. Believes him to have been "the most splendid individual in history." Signed Thos. C. Trueblood, Professor Emeritus of Speech, University of Michigan.
 
  1944 January 11 . Bruno Walter TLS to Edward Johnson; New York, New York (1 page)
To Johnson, General Manager of the Metropolitan Opera. Decided against signing any contracts for the upcoming season, including with the Metropolitan Opera or the Philharmonic Symphony Society. Frank discussion of negative experiences with the Metropolitan Opera.
 
  1944 February 27 . Tho[mas] C. Trueblood TDS to [John E. Boos?]; Ann Arbor, Michigan (2 pages)
Thomas Trueblood, Professor Emeritus of Speech at the University of Michigan, gives his personal views on Abraham Lincoln and monuments to him. Notes two Lincoln anecdotes that he considers little known, including his resistance to anti-English feeling during the Civil War and attempts to execute Confederate leaders. Includes portions of a letter he wrote to John E. Boos, December 28, 1943. On illustrated stationery featuring an image of a waving American flag.
 
  1944 March 29 . Al Jolson, Harry Akst, Herman Ruby, and Bert Kalmar Partially printed DS to Leo Feist, Inc.; s.l. (4 pages)
"Uniform Popular Song- Writers Contract" respecting royalties, foreign revenues, and compensation for orchestrations for "The Kid That I've Never Seen." " Signed twice by each of the four writers.
 
  1944 May 10 . Jerome Kern TDS to T.B. Harms Company; Washington, [D.C.] (4 pages)
Assigning the copyright for 36 of Kern's songs to the T. B. Harms Company . Includes "When Your Heart's on Fire Smoke Gets in Your Eyes."
 
  1944 July 27 . Harry S. Truman TLS to John W. Carey; [Washington, D.C.] (1 page)
Letter to John Carey of the Sioux City Journal thanking him for sending a marked copy of the Sunday edition. Comments briefly on the importance of fewer campaign speeches. On U.S. Senate Committee on Interstate Commerce stationery.
 
  1945 January 15 . Tom P. Bradley ALS to Al T. Healy; [Philippines] (2 pages)
Headquarters 40th Infantry Div. Fin. Sec. Discusses stamps in the Philippines and stamp collecting. His group assigned to handle civilian affairs. Filipinos seem pleased to have Americans return, especially following the destruction of Japanese withdrawal. "... they apparently brought nothing into the islands except war materials and took all the civilian supplies for their own use since the occupation." Still experiencing air raids.
 
  1945 February 24 . Manuel O [Manuel M. O'Neal] ALS to Mr. and Mrs. B. H. O'Neal; Philippines (2 pages)
O'Neal, of the 1879th Engineer Aviation Battalion, Co. B. Remarks on military life and his health. "Some of the boys across the way are picking a guitar & a girl is singing something, of course I don't understand what she is singing but she has a nice voice. Most of the people can speak some English... We had a show the other night, something new since we have been here. The picture was old, but most of the boys enjoyed after not having seen one in so long." Uses racially derogative language concerning Japanese and promises they "will pay dear for the trouble they have caused." Sending home Japanese currency. Includes a numerical cypher on the envelope. On United States Army stationery.
 
  [19]45 March 7 . John Dewey TLS to [S. A.] Nock; Key West, Florida (1 page)
Relates an anecdote about a graduate student in the English department at Columbia and their discussion about the date of a piece of English literature. Mentions reviews. Dewey makes a comment on Barzun's book which as yet he has not read. Remarks on the deceased George Carpenter, a professor at Columbia.
 
  1945 [ca. April-May] . Pat[rick] L. Ash AMsS to Edith L. Gingrich; s.l. (10 pages)
2nd Bn. 14th Marines, H. and S. Bty., 4th Marine Division. History of the 4th Marine Division, noting its service in the Marshall Islands, Saipan, Tinian, and Iwo Jima. Vividly describes his experiences at Iwo Jima, including the initial landing and first night on the island. "... one would never suspect that on this tiny island of volcanic ash was soon to be fought the bloodiest battle of the entire war and the hardest fight in the one hundred and sixty nine years of the United States Marine Corps." Attributes survival to God.
 
  1945 May 14 . "Frank" [Francis Guiffrida] ALS to Walter Bielefield; Okinawa, [Japan] (2 pages)
Lt. Commander Francis Guiffrida, H&S Co., Medical Battalion, 1st Marine Division. Sending a Japanese infantry manual and a Japanese 31 caliber rifle: "I'm not going to be so generous with that because it is the only one I have and they are not easy to get. Some men out here pay a tremendous price for them." Would like Walt to hold it for him until he returns. Describes the condition of the rifle and advice on ammunition. The battle [of Okinawa] is still "raging furiously." "When you see Marine die - and especially when among them are your friends, the smallest battle gains much importance." On American Red Cross stationery.
 
  1945 May 16 . "Joe" [Joseph May] Swing TLS to Beverly [F. Brown]; [Philippines] (1 page)
Headquarters, 11th Airborne Division. References Beverly's note to "Look" about a "filthy thing they had about George Patton." "After 101 days straight of killing Japs, with an average of 93.8 per day, on the 102d day we failed to bag any game, so far as we are concerned, at an end." Attended a fiesta in San Juan, "in honor of one of the companies that liberated the town." A rest camp has been formed "on the beach near Lemery." Misses baseball. Will head to Mindoro for quail hunting. "Big things are evidently being cooked up by all the brass hats, but none of it trickles down to the lower levels, so we just sit, wait, and see what is going to happen." See also: Joe Swing TLS to Beverly and Louise Brown dated February 23, 1942.
 
  1945 September 24 . Dwight [D. Eisenhower] TNS; Cy to Arthur Eisenhower; s.l. (2 pages [total])
Enclosing a TL from Dwight Eisenhower to C.H. McClean. Written on Headquarters, U. S. Forces, European Theater, Office of the Commanding General stationery. Includes a typed copy of the letter, thanking McClean, of the Graybar Electric Company, for providing an electric fan for Eisenhower's mother. "...there is nothing more dear to me than the comfort and wellbeing of my Mother. Anyone who is nice to her has placed me everlastingly in his debt." Arthur has told him that McClean has a son in the 42nd Division.
 
  1948 September 26 . Earl [Eisenhower] ALS to Arthur [B. Eisenhower]; s.l. (1 page)
Letter concerning the upcoming inauguration of Dwight D. Eisenhower as president of Columbia University. Received a belated invitation. Notes no effort to attend the inauguration of Milton as President of Kansas State, "and, out side of the fact that Columbia is larger than Kansas State, I see no difference in their position."
 
  1951 January 3 . Dwight D. Eisenhower TLS to Arthur B. Eisenhower; s.l. (1 page)
Letter written regarding the transfer of $10,000.00 of Dwight Eisenhower's funds from Arthur Eisenhower's bank to the Dupont Circle Bank in Washington D.C. Signed both "Ike" and "Dwight D. Eisenhower." On D.D.E. personal stationery, featuring five stars.
 
  1953 September 19 . W[illiam] C. Handy TLS to Bob Whittemore; New York, New York (3 pages)
Recording of Handy's address at the University of Michigan will be broadcast over "500 Radio Stations through the Field of Education." Handy discusses the influence music has and how orders for their music are coming in from distant places. Political campaigns in New York: "one of our racial group will more than likely be elected to an important office for the first time, and yet, I fall back on an oft repeated quotation, 'I care not who makes the Nation's laws if I can write the Nation's songs.'" Discusses the state of the music publishing business. Article by Arno L. Bader, English professor at the University of Michigan, on "The Memphis Blues." Mentions his father's objections to studying music, but the state of the nation prevented him from attending Wilberforce University for Theology. Received an honorary Doctorate of Music from Wilberforce. "We publish much Sacred music written by more than 50 Race composers and about as many of the other racial group and this letter is my request to be permitted to send you sample copies that your Minister of Music could look over for its inclusion in your churches." Has received letters from "Senators, Congressmen, Governors, Mayors, ex-Presidents, and Generals of the front rank." Describes several of his compositions, inspirations, and honors bestowed upon him. On Handy Brothers Music Co., Inc. stationery.
 
  1956 July 30 [approved] . Dwight Eisenhower Printed DS to [Duane N. Diedrich]; [Washington, D.C.] (1 page)
Public Law 851 - 84th Congress. H.J. Res. 396. Joint resolution to establish "In God We Trust" as the national motto of the United States. Signed by Dwight Eisenhower, 1960. With: Whitman, Ann C. 1908-1991 TLS to D. N. Diedrich; Washington D.C., 1p. May 14, 1960. Whitman informs Diedrich that the President signed the copy of Public Law 851 and that she is returning it with his best wishes. On White House stationery. With: 3 newspaper clippings: Two regarding the national motto, 1956. One regarding Ann Whitman.
 
  1958 January 3 . Herbert [Hoover] TLS to Neil MacNeil; New York, New York (1 page)
Regarding a speech to be given at Valley Forge on Washington's birthday, for the Freedoms Foundation. Would like MacNeil to read the opening paragraph and the final paragraph. "If I don't do this I simply can not take the time to prepare a speech, and I don't want to either." On Hoover's personal stationery.
 
  1958 April 2 . Walt Disney TLS to Dr. Robert A. Reid; s.l. (1 page)
Refuses a request for a speaking engagement. "It is not my practice to accept speaking engagements because I do not consider myself a speaker and furthermore, time is not available for such activities because of the pressure of production and business affairs." On Walt Disney's personal stationery.
Box   11  
  1961 June . André Maurois AMsS; [France] (2 pages)
Written in French, includes typescript but no translation. Maurois describes a French press luncheon with President John F. Kennedy. Comments on journalists' difficult questions, touching on matters in France, the Soviet Union, England, and the United States. Admires Kennedy's diplomatic answers and poise. Describes Kennedy's tactics and the importance of strong oratory skills. References Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. Includes the 1961 June 2 issue of France-Soir (8pp), featuring a picture of John F. Kennedy and Jackie Kennedy Onassis.
 
  [1964] December 2 . Darryl F[rancis] Zanuck TLS to Elmo Williams; s.l. (8 pages)
Zanuck summarizes recent conferences in Paris and their importance to his studio (20th Century Fox). Remarks on the studio's finances and the upcoming 1965 production year: 13 "important" films at a cost of $46,650,000. Detailed comments on the production of: Fantastic Voyage, Do Not Disturb, Our Man Flint, Flight of the Phoenix, The Day Custer Fell, The Sand Pebbles, Call Me When the Cross Turns Over, and others. Mentions Salvador Dali, Honor Blackman, Doris Day, Rod Taylor, James Stewart, Audrey Hepburn, Charlton Heston, Burt Lancaster, Brigitte Bardot, Steve McQueen, Sean Connery, and others. "We have learned today that even good pictures do not do business if they do not have that added touch or that added "gimmick", or if they do not have that certain something that will pull in an audience."
 
  1965 June 22 . Dwight D. Eisenhower TLS to Lou Cohen; Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (1 page)
Unable to give a speech for Cohen's United Nations committee. "I have been advised by my doctors to begin cutting down drastically on my out-of-town engagements, particularly when they involve ceremonies requiring a speech from me. I have promised both the doctors and my family to observe their instructions..." Applauds the United Nations. Offers possibilities for other speakers, including Richard Nixon, [George W.] Romney, [Mark O.] Hatfield, and [William] Scranton. On DDE Gettysburg Pennsylvania 17325 stationery (raised gold lettering).
 
  1969 January 31 . Arthur [Rubinstein] ALS to Muriel and George Marek; [New York City, New York] (2 pages)
Rubinstein thanks the Mareks for his birthday present: volumes of Liszt-Wagner correspondence, in which he was surprised to find two autograph letters by Liszt and Wagner. "And so - let me rethank you from the bottom of my heart for the regal gift!" On Rubinstein's personal stationery.
 
  [1972 May, delivered] . Eugene McCarthy AMsS; s.l. (3 pages)
McCarthy's notes for a speech delivered to the Commonwealth Club in San Francisco. References literature, Ayn Rand, politics, Vietnam and the military, courts, Congress, and presidential powers. NOTE: McCarthy unsuccessfully ran for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States in 1968, 1972, and 1992.
 
  1973 February 13 . Karen Carpenter and Richard Carpenter TDS to Ars Nova, Inc.; [California] (7 pages)
Ars Nova, Inc., employment contract for performances by "The Carpenters." Compensation: 15% of the total receipts or $150,000.
 
  1975 January 13 . W[illia]m M. Rumpeltes TLS to Buddie Nicholas; Grand Island, Nebraska (2 pages [total])
Sending a copy of the original message he recorded from Marshall Foch while acting as the first class wireless operator on the U.S.S. Utah. Comments on other services performed by the Utah and his current health. Written on the back of a photocopy of the Naval Signal sent by Marshall Foch on November 11, 1918. "Marshall Foch to Commander in Chief - Hostilities will cease upon the whole front from the eleventh November eleven o'clock (French o'clock) The Allied troops will not cross until a further order the line reached on that date and that hour."
 
  1988 June 13 . John [F.] Kennedy Partially printed DS to Manatt, Phelps, Rothenberg, & Phillips; [Los Angeles, California] (1 page)
Employment application for summer clerk position at the law firm of Manatt, Phelps, Rothenberg, & Phillips. Lists Mrs. J. Onassis as his emergency contact.
 
  2007 May 19 [delivered] . [Barack Obama] Typed speech; s.l. (6 pages)
Typed printed speech, with manuscript corrections by Senator Barack Obama. "Remarks of Senator Obama, Southern New Hampshire University Commencement, Manchester, New Hampshire, Saturday, May 19, 2007." Comments on maturity and how it is reflected in politics and media. Challenges cynicism and calls on graduates to be active citizens. Discusses how he learned that "the world doesn't just revolve around you" and the problem with the "empathy deficit." Describes his decision to organize in Chicago and the need to challenge one's self. Emphasizes the need for perseverance. "Cultivating empathy, challenging yourself, persevering in the face of adversity -- these are qualities that dare us to put away childish things." Notes the power of American youth to enact change.
 
  [no year] July 6 . Josiah Quincy ALS to John Pierce; Cambridge, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Requests Pierce to call a meeting of the Board of Overseers to be held in Quincy's council chambers. Needs to discuss conferring honorary degrees [likely from Harvard University].
 
  [no year] September 9 . Adele Douglas (Mrs. Stephen Douglas) ALS to Mother [Ellen O'Neale Cutts]; St. Louis, [Missouri] (1 page)
Travelling with Mr. Douglas and will be heading south. Fatigued. "... he wanted me so much I consented to go & I do not find any moment to breathe."
 
  Undated . He[nr]y R. Bishop ALS; (1 page)
"I have occasion for four (single) orders for the Oratorio of Tomorrow night: and also, two single for Saturday night!"
 
  Undated . D[aniel?] Dulany ALS; s.l. (1 page)
Regarding the sale of pig iron.
 
  [no year] January 28-30 . Newbold H. Trotter Partially printed Invitation to Ferd[inan]d J. Dreer; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (1 page)
Invitation for viewing of new painting, "Children of the Tropics"
 
  Undated . ADf; s.l. (23 pages)
Manuscript [draft?] of "Origin & History of Corporations." Describes the evolution of corporate history and law in Rome, Greece, and Europe. Discusses the "different species of Corporation and their several characteristics." Notes "the authority by which Corporations may be established," commenting on English and American law.
 
  [no year] July 24 . A[rabelle] G[riffith] W[harton] ALS to T[homas] I. Wharton; Long Branch, New Jersey (2 pages)
Comments on summer resort activities. Has been feeling unwell, "either the air or the bathing or something has been too stimulating for me." Encourages him to visit rather than "remain over those tough old parchments."
 
  Undated . W[illia]m Craik ALS to William Campbell; (3 pages)
Answering Campbell's inquires about Colonel Mercer's "Conduct during the last session of the General Assembly of Maryland." Uncertain about the reliability of his memory, but comments on Mercer's actions concerning taxes, finances, and questioning the "sale of confiscated British Property subsequent to the treaty."
 
  Undated . Sam[ue]l Miller ALS to Rev. [Archibald?] Alexander; s.l. (1 page)
Feeling unwell and will be unable to attend the Board of Missions meeting. Would like Alexander to inform them.
 
  Undated . Geo[rge] Catlin ANS to Mr. Mitchell; (1 page)
Order for printing.
 
  Undated . Jo[seph] Wood ANS to [Anson Dickinson]; [Washington, D.C.] (1 page)
Poem inviting Dickinson to visit.
 
  Undated . D[aniel] Huntington ALS to T. Addison Richards; s.l. (2 pages)
Congratulations to Mr. Richards for his being elected to an artists academy. Assures Richards that his acceptance was based on "your own abilities and marked improvement in landscape."
 
  Undated . John L. Hall DS to H[ubbard] Grave; s.l. (1 page)
Payment on chairs, table, washstand and bedstead. Recipient recorded as H. Graves.
 
  October 25 . W[illia]m H. Denny ALS to Richard Denny; Mocksville, Davie County, North Carolina (3 pages)
Comments on setting up his medical practice and tending to another doctor who fell ill with a fever. Region experiencing an uncommonly sickly season, which has impacted the capacity for the courts to function. Notes the high death toll. A local preacher "said that he had preached 1. and two funeral sermons every day for 3. weeks and that the people had become used to the toll of the bell so as not to mind it." Mentions medicines.
 
  Undated . Amelia Bingham ALS to Mr. Jordan; Cincinnati, [Ohio] (2 pages)
Is busy rehearsing every day, but if the recipient will send for her at the Opera House, she will "run away from my people for an hour or so." On St. Nicholas Hotel stationery.
 
  Undated . Joseph Lancaster ALS to J. Webster; [Newburgh, New York?] (3 pages)
Returning several books. Instructions for printing and payment of handbills and advertisements for lectures Lancaster intends to deliver in the area around Newburgh. Addressed to J. Webster, Webster & Skinner.
 
  Undated . George Bancroft ALS to Reverend W. Ware; s.l. (1 page)
Letter of apology stating that he is unable to write anything substantial until his volume is published.
 
  Undated . J. Gates ALS to J.M. Carlisle; s.l. (1 page)
Forwarding packages for Carlisle to distribute to their appropriate recipients.
 
  Undated . T[homas] DeWitt Talmage AMsS; [New York, New York?] (2 pages)
Quips on ideal womanhood and the character of women. "Fashioned to refine & soothe & lift & irradiate home & society & the world."
 
  Undated . S[abine] Baring-Gould AMsS; s.l. (1 page)
Manuscript copy of "Onward Christian Soldiers," signed by Sabine Baring-Gould (1834-1924). Housed in individual custom box.
 
  Undated . D[aniel] Webster ALS to R[obert] C. Winthrop; [Boston, Massachusetts] (2 pages)
Regarding the unpleasant speaking conditions at Faneuil Hall. Will not return until the problems are fixed.
 
  Undated . Robert Owen Signature; s.l. (1 page)
Cut cover: Robert Owen's signature, written on paper headed with printed text "Robert Owen's Millennial Gazette. Registeredfor Foreign Transmission." Addressed to "The Assistant Post Master General of the United States."
 
  Undated . Franklin Pierce ALS to Jeanie [Jane Pierce]; Concord, [New Hampshire] (2 pages)
Plans to travel to Hillsboro. "If my interests there were in as satisfactory condition as I find them here, there would be nothing to annoy me." Attended a lecture by [John B.] Gough at Phoenix Hall on "street life in London." Entertaining, but "did not amount to much in the way of instruction." Will return on Saturday and bring clothing articles that he is "so prone to scatter about."
 
  Undated . D[wight] L. Moody ALS to Dr. Seamour; s.l. (2 pages)
Mr. Jacob will take charge of the choir. Questions regarding the size of the hall. Inquires about the location of the day meeting.
 
  Undated . Phil Shea ALS to Julia Shea; [France] (1 page)
Picture postcard, "Les Ruins de Clermont-en-Argonne." "... the war is about over if not at an end all ready." From "musician Phil Shea U.S. Army." Includes censor stamp. See also Phil Shea ALS to Julie Shea, March 19, 1919.
 
  [World War I era] . 5 envelopes; ()
Two envelopes from Lieutenant V. R. Modruff (21st Field Artillery, 5th Division Regiment, A.E.F.). Two envelopes to N. E. Dutro at Camp Bowie, Texas. One envelope from Private Leslie Henderson (Engineers, A.E.F.).
 
  ca. 1880s? . S. D. Loring Printed Pamphlet; Boston, [Massachusetts] (17 pages)
Some Facts Regarding Water Works Bonds as a Desirable Form of Investment with Statistics "Prepared by S.D. Loring, Dealer in Investment Securities." Promotes investment in water works, comparing them to riskier investments. Notes the public health and safety advanced by water works. Comments on methods of supply, and discusses the British water works as an example. Includes a table of United States towns, organized by population, showing "Receipts and Expenditures of some Leading Water Works."
 
  Undated . Alben W[illiam] Barkley Signed photograph; s.l. (1 page)
International News Photo of Barkley standing, with gavel. Signed "Sincerely Alben W. Barkley"
 
  Undated . Irving Berlin AQS; s.l. (1 page)
Signed, "Alexanderly yours."
 
  Undated . W[illiam] H[oward] T[aft] ANS to [ ]; s.l. (1 page)
"File these papers left me...for use in connection with my political speech and also my annual message - WHT."
 
  Undated . Theodore Roosevelt TMs; s.l. (4 pages)
Typed draft of a section from the second chapter in Theodore Roosevelt's autobiography, including redacted portions and revisions which appear in the printed edition. Discusses his speech "The Strenuous Life," and translations of it into Chinese and Italian. Comments on types of success, coming from unique abilities of the exceptional man and from dedication and perseverance. "I need hardly say that all the success I have ever won have been of the second type. I never won anything without hard labor and the exercise of my best judgment and careful planning and working long in advance."
 
  Undated . Photograph; (1 page)
Carte de visite photograph of Henry Ward Beecher (1813-1887), mounted on paper printed with his name and Brooklyn, N.Y.
 
  Undated . [Randolph Caldecott] Illustration; s.l. (3 pages (total))
Three pencil and ink drawings of rural life. [NOTE: Originals located in the Graphics Division].
 
  Undated [ca. 1930s?] . [Walt Disney Productions] Film Cell; s.l. (1 page)
Hand-painted film cell of Happy from Walt Disney's "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs." Original located in the Graphics Division.
 
  Undated . Theodore Roosevelt AQS; s.l. (1 page)
"With warm regards to a fellow Republican and lover of American history."
 
  Undated . AMs; [Boone County, Indiana] (12 pages)
Address of a teacher at the Indiana Sugar Plain school, as he departs "its chair as Teacher." Notes significance of education and the duties of children and parents. Proper education assures a better future for all. Role of family, schools, community, religion, and the press. Applauds Quakers' dedication to education but underscores the need for a broader public school system. Disputes the notion that Jesus' apostles were unlearned. Comments on the difficulties facing Quaker boarding schools and the Sugar Plain school, including irregular attendance and poor behavior. Includes unattributed selections from Charles Northend's The Teacher and the Parent; a Treatise upon Common-School Education.
 
  [no year] August 11 . Emily Wharton ALS to T[homas] I. Wharton; Long Branch, [New Jersey] (3 pages)
Describes resort activities, including attending a small fair with fireworks and a tableaux. Comments on her tableau, "a scene from the Tempest where Miranda is discovered playing chess with Ferdinand."

Additional Descriptive Data

Related Materials

In addition to this collection of individual letters, documents, and other manuscripts, the Duane Norman Diedrich Collection includes a variety of other archives and manuscripts, which have their own catalog records. Please search the finding aids or Library catalog for "Duane Norman Diedrich Collection" to identify them.

Bibliography

Schopieray, Cheney J. One Hundred Selections from the Duane Norman Diedrich Collection of Manuscript Americana, 17th-20th Century. Ann Arbor, Mich.: William L. Clements Library, 2018.