Letters, Documents, & Sermons, Blandina Diedrich collection (1652-1967, bulk 1726-1886)

Blandina Diedrich Collection
Collection processed and finding aid created by Cheney J. Schopieray
Manuscripts Division, William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan

Summary Information

Title: Letters, Documents, & Sermons, Blandina Diedrich collection
Creator: Diedrich, D. N. (Duane Norman), 1935-2018
Inclusive dates: 1652-1967
Bulk dates: 1726-1886
Extent: 1.25 linear feet
The Blandina Diedrich Collection is a selection of manuscript items compiled by her son Duane Norman Diedrich and dedicated to her memory. The content of these letters, sermons, documents, and other materials reflect the life and interests of Blandina Diedrich (1903-1996), most prominently subjects pertinent to Christianity, home, and the family.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site: www.clements.umich.edu

Access and Use

Acquisition Information

1969-2018. M-1497, M-1898, M-1905, M-1924, M-1968, M-2034, M-2057, M-2125, M-2149, M-2188, M-2209, M-2257, M-2426, M-2443, M-2491, M-2534b, M-2570, M-2574, M-2636, M-2681, M-2683, M-2713.4, M-2714.1, M-2714.19, M-2724.2, M-2738.1, M-2752.6, M-2772, M-2777, M-2793, M-2812.5, M-2828.1, M-2853.2, M-2865.2, M-2884.6, M-2939.2, M-2939.3, M-3001.4, M-3006.15, M-3006.22, M-3006.26, M-3006.27, M-3011.6, M-3016.2, M-3020, M-3046.1, M-3046.2, M-3052, M-3082.2, M-3084, M-3093, M-3116.5, M-3120.7, M-3128.3, M-3208.2, M-3228.5, M-3230.1, M-3230.6, M-3238, M-3252, M-3289.1, M-3301.16, M-3301.19, M-3327.3, M-3342, M-3386.2, M-3460, M-3462.1, M-3472, M-3476.4, M-3495, M-4013, M-4040, M-4047, M-4069, M-4102.1, M-4115.2, M-4116.22, M-4117.4, M-4137.4, M-4146.5, M-4151.1, M-4163.1, M-4170.1, M-4172.23, M-4173.2, M-4175.2, M-4180.1, M-4191.1, M-4203.1, M-4204.5, M-4221.9, M-4242.3, M-4243.3, M-4293.2, M-4310.2, M-4320.1, M-4338.1, M-4338.2, M-4338.7, M-4338.8, M-4338.13, M-4338.23, M-4348.7, M-4354, M-4356.12, M-4358.2, M-4392.1, M-4409.16, M-4429.1, M-4436, M-4439.10, M-4458.5, M-4461.1, M-4461.2, M-4506.3, M-4507.27, M-4520.7, M-4531.7, M-4532.4, M-4540.1, M-4559.2, M-4566.10, M-4600.12, M-4600.41, M-4601.1, M-4622.31, M-4622.45, M-4622.71, M-4622.72, M-4622.77, M-4635.3, M-4643.16, M-4643.17, M-4678.3, M-4700.6, M-4790.1, M-4872.3, M-4990.1, M-7097.5.

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.


Copyright status is unknown

Preferred Citation

Letters, Documents, & Sermons, Blandina Diedrich Collection, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


The collection is arranged chronologically.


The Blandina Diedrich Collection is a selection of manuscript items compiled by her son Duane Norman Diedrich (1935-2018) and dedicated to her memory.

Blandina Steege was born on December 25, 1903, in Bloomington, Illinois, to parents of German descent Herman and Augusta Steege. Herman Steege was a dairy farmer. In 1927, Blandina married Elmer L. "Bud" Diedrich (1904-1988). She worked as a German translator and secretary for State Farm Insurance, taught Sunday school at the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod, and served in many church, educational, and philanthropic organizations. Blandina Diedrich had one son, Duane Norman Diedrich (1935-2018). The family lived in several different locations in Illinois, Michigan, and Indiana, traveling for Bud Diedrich's work as manager and superintendent for the S. S. Kresge Company. Blandina Diedrich passed away on January 3, 1996, and is interred at Elm Ridge Mausoleum in Muncie, Indiana.

Collection Scope and Content Note

The Blandina Diedrich Collection is a selection of manuscript items compiled by her son Duane Norman Diedrich and dedicated to her memory. The manuscripts reflect the life and interests of Blandina Diedrich, most prominently Christianity, home, and the family. Items include sermons from prominent ministers or preachers of different Protestant denominations, documents related to church operations and discipline, letters by prominent and everyday persons respecting their faith and beliefs, correspondence of missionaries, and reflections on religion's role in all manner of human endeavor.

The collection is comprised of over 260 letters, manuscript sermons and hymns, documents, and other items. For a comprehensive inventory and details about each item in the collection, please see the box and folder listing below.

Subject Terms

  • Adventists.
  • American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions.
  • American Home Missionary Society.
  • Baptism.
  • Baptists.
  • Calvinism.
  • Catholics.
  • Charities.
  • Children.
  • Christianity.
  • Christmas.
  • Church buildings.
  • Clergy.
  • Conversions--Christianity.
  • Death.
  • Ecclesiastical law.
  • Episcopal Church--Bishops.
  • Episcopal Church--United States--Clergy.
  • Episcopalians.
  • Evangelicalism.
  • Libel and slander.
  • Methodists.
  • Millerite movement.
  • Missionaries.
  • Mother and child.
  • Mothers.
  • Presbyterians.
  • Quakers.
  • Religious education.
  • Revivals.
  • Salvation.
  • Shakers.
  • Slavery.
  • Soul.
  • Sunday schools.
  • Swedenborgians.
  • Theology.
  • Women.
  • Abbot, Benjamin, 1762-1849.
  • Abbot, Joseph.
  • Abbott, Maria.
  • Adams, Joseph B.
  • Adsit, H. G.
  • Alexander, William Patterson, 1805-1884.
  • Allen, Benjamin, 1680-1754.
  • Anderson, Rufus, 1796-1880.
  • Archer, Ph. W.
  • Auburn Theological Seminary (New York, N.Y.)
  • Babcock, Samuel B. (Samuel Brazer), 1807-1873.
  • Balbirnie, George.
  • Ballou, Hosea, 1796-1861.
  • Bamber, Jno.
  • Baring-Gould, S. (Sabine), 1834-1924.
  • Bartlett, John, 1820-1905.
  • Beardslee, Julius Oliver, 1814-1879?.
  • Beardslee, Jane.
  • Beecher, Henry Ward, 1813-1887.
  • Belcher, Moses.
  • Bellamy, Joseph, 1719-1790.
  • Bellows, Henry W. (Henry Whitney), 1814-1882.
  • Benham, J. M.
  • Bent, N. T. (Nathaniel Tucker), 1810-1856.
  • Bidwell, Ira M.
  • Bingham, Mrs. Chester.
  • Bispham, N. W.
  • Blackwell, Henry Browne, 1825-1909.
  • Blount, Richard A., 1774-1849.
  • Boardman, Daniel, 1687-1744.
  • Boardman, Richard, 1738-1782.
  • Bowen, Elias.
  • Bradbury, Thomas.
  • Brown, Issac.
  • Brown, Samuel H.
  • Bullard, John, 1756-1821.
  • Burder, George, 1752-1832.
  • Burnap, George W., 1802-1859.
  • Calhoun, George A. (George Albion), 1788-1867.
  • Calhoun, Henry.
  • Campbell, James Robinson, 1800-1864.
  • Carroll, Mrs.
  • Cathcart, Robert, 1759-1849.
  • Chamberlain, Levi.
  • Chapin, William C.
  • Chapman, Thomas.
  • Cheever, George B. (George Barrell), 1807-1890.
  • Cherry, Henry.
  • Children's Aid Society (New York, N.Y.)
  • Claggett, Thomas John, 1743-1816.
  • Clark, D. W. (Davis Wasgatt), 1812-1871.
  • Collyer, Robert, 1823-1912.
  • Congregational Society (Spencer, N.Y.)
  • Coryell, V. M.
  • Crane, Abijah, 1789-1847.
  • Crawford, Henry Ellet, 1838-1866.
  • Dalton, Asa, 1824-1912.
  • Davison, Alfred D.
  • Dawson, C. C.
  • De Charms, Richard, 1796-1864.
  • Dillen, J. W.
  • Dow, Neal, 1804-1897.
  • Edwards, Timothy, 1669-1758.
  • Eliott, William, Jr.
  • Elliott, Stephen, 1806-1866.
  • Finley, Samuel, 1715-1766.
  • Flagg, William J.
  • Freeman, James, 1759-1835.
  • Friml, Rudolf, 1879-1972.
  • Furness, William Henry, 1802-1896.
  • Garfield, Israel.
  • Garrettson, Catherine.
  • Gibbs, Charles Henry.
  • Gilbert, B.
  • Goodwillie, David.
  • Hamelon, Thomas.
  • Goodrich, John.
  • Grady, William.
  • Gray, H.
  • Griswold, Ezra.
  • Gunn, Elihu.
  • Gwombly, A. S.
  • Halliday Samuel B. (Samuel Byram), 1812-1897.
  • Harford, Lady.
  • Hastings, Thomas, 1784-1872.
  • Hawes, Joel, 1789-1867.
  • Hewitt, L. M.
  • Hoard, Samuel.
  • Hoge, Moses D. (Moses Drury), 1818-1899.
  • Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964.
  • Hopkins, J. H.
  • Hutchins, Joseph, 1747-1833.
  • Ives, Mary.
  • James, Francis.
  • Jay, William, 1769-1853.
  • Jewett, Moses.
  • Julian, D. B.
  • Kemp, James, 1764-1827.
  • Kenney, W.
  • Key, Francis Scott, 1779-1843.
  • Kimberly, Mary H.
  • Koerper, Robert H.
  • Kossuth, Lajos, 1802-1894.
  • Ladd, William, 1778-1841.
  • Leavitt, Joshua, 1794-1873.
  • Lilley, John.
  • Lord, Joseph, 1672?-1748.
  • Lyell, Thomas, 1775-1848.
  • Maclay, R. S.
  • Maitland, Richard.
  • Markham, George.
  • Marshall, S. G.
  • Mason, Abraham.
  • Masters, Frank.
  • McDaniel, Rufus H., 1850-1940.
  • McIlvaine, Charles Pettit, 1799-1873.
  • Meade, William, 1789-1862.
  • Mecom, Jane, 1712-1794.
  • Meriam, J., -1888.
  • Metcalf, Kendrick.
  • Miller, Samuel, 1769-1850.
  • Montgomery, Mary.
  • Moore, Richard Channing, 1762-1841.
  • Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872.
  • Murray, John, 1742-1793.
  • Murray, Nicholas, 1802-1861.
  • Newton, John, 1725-1807.
  • North, William, 1755-1836.
  • Packard, Hezekiah, 1761-1849.
  • Patterson, Robert.
  • Pease, Mary.
  • Peters, Hugh, 1598-1660.
  • Pettibone, Mrs. H. P.
  • Pitkin, J. B. (John Budd), 1802-1835.
  • Priestley, Joseph, 1733-1804.
  • Putnam, Dolly.
  • Putnam, Silas.
  • Read, Hollis, 1802-1887.
  • Ripley, Ezra, 1751-1841.
  • Rodgers, John, 1727-1811.
  • Rogers, Augustus Dodge, 1823-1896.
  • Rogers, Daniel.
  • Ross, James, 1762-1847.
  • Sawtell, Elin, 1799-1885.
  • Seabury, Samuel, 1729-1796.
  • Skinner, D. H.
  • Smith, Henry L., -1853.
  • Smith, Josiah, 1704-1781.
  • Smith, Mary Caroline.
  • Snodgrass, W. D.
  • Soule, Joshua, 1781-1867.
  • Sparhawk, Ebenezer, 1738-1805.
  • Sprague, William Buell, 1826-1906.
  • Spratt, O. W.
  • Staong, Aaron.
  • Stebbins, Nehi.
  • Stone, Isaac, 1797-1850.
  • Stone, William L. (William Leete), 1792-1844.
  • Sunday, Billy, 1862-1935.
  • Sutherland, David.
  • Swan, James.
  • Taft, Alphonso, 1810-1891.
  • Taylor, Knowles, 1793 or 1794-1850.
  • Thompson, F. A.
  • Thornton, John, 1720-1790.
  • Townsend, Jonathan, 1698-1762.
  • Tracy, Isaac.
  • Tyler, S. A.
  • Union Society (Bridgewater, Mass.)
  • Van Nest, P. S.
  • Van Vleck, Arthur Lawrence.
  • Ward, Miles.
  • Watson, Arthur V.
  • Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852.
  • Wentz, Horace A.
  • West, Stephen, 1735-1819.
  • Wheeler, Edmund.
  • White, William, 1748-1836.
  • Whitefield, George, 1714-1770.
  • Whittier, John Greenleaf, 1807-1892.
  • Wickes, Lewis Alfred, 1809-1850.
  • Willard, Julius A., ca. 1793-1884.
  • Willis, Henry, 1691-1740.
  • Willis, Zephaniel.
  • Wylie, W. (William), 1776-1858.
Genre Terms:
  • Clippings (information artifacts)
  • Documents (object genre)
  • Hymns.
  • Letters (correspondence)
  • Manuscripts (documents)
  • Photographs.
  • Poems.
  • Sermons.
  • Tickets.

Contents List

Container / Location Title
Box   1  
Letters, Documents, and Sermons, Blandina Diedrich Collection,  1652-1967 [series]
Box   1  
  1652 August 10 . H[ugh] Peters ALS to John Winthrop; s.l. (1 page)
Peters wrote this letter to his friend and colleague John Winthrop in New England, encouraging him to return with his family to London, where life in the Cromwellian Commonwealth is good.
  [ca. 1668 December 25?] . Ms. Sermon Notes; s.l. (18 pages)
Sermon notes relating to Romans 9:33, "As it is written, Behold I lay in Sion a stumbling stone, & rocks of offence: & whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed." Includes marginal notes identifying Biblical verses referenced in the sermon. Comments on Jesus's mission to be the foundation of God's works, to unify mankind as worshippers, and save them. Remarks on the "stumbling" of man over Jesus via contempt due to his humble beginnings, commenting on the usefulness of his earthly poverty and death.
  1699 August 7 . Joseph Lord ALS to John Cotton; Dorchester, [South Carolina] (1 page)
Regarding infant baptism. "For Christ May take Possession of an Infant by his Spirit wn there is no Act of Faith in ye Infant laying hold on Christ in a Promise." Discusses various figures and their positions on the matter. Suspects "our Neighbor Hawks is inclineing to ye Anabaptists." See also Lord to Cotton, September 5, 1699.
  1699 September 5 . Joseph Lord ALS to John Cotton; Dorchester, [South Carolina] (1 page)
Defense of infant baptism. Notes others' positions on the matter. Requests clarification of Cotton's views on church discipline and the excommunication of children. See also Lord to Cotton, August 7, 1699.
  1726 May 1 . [Timothy Edwards] AMs.; [Windsor, Connecticut] (32 pages)
Notes for a sermon given on Ecclesiastes 9:5 "For the living know that they shall dye, etc." Later dates and brief mentions of the occurences that brought about its use appear on the manuscript, including "Latter end 1745 being ye Sabbath after ye Death of ye wido'w [Hudson?]" Reflects on the creation of the world, dispensation of divine providence to good and evil men, the enjoyments of life, and the knowledge of death. "...man Comes up as a Flower and makes a Show for a Little time, but presently he is Cut down and withereth away." Discusses how to live profitably: "by turning from Sinfull pleasures unto god, is ye onely way to have true pleasure and prosperity while we Live here."
  1726 September 1 . Benjamin Allen ALS to Thomas Prince; Bridgewater, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Requesting assistance for poor Harvard student, John Shaw (1708-1791). Gives a character reference. Has no self-interest in the matter, only believing it May benefit "the Glory of God and the Good of his people."
  1728/9 January 24 and 1732 December 7 . Joseph Lord Cy; Chatham, [Massachusetts] (25 pages)
Two letters: One abt ye change of ye Sabbath: The other abt ye beginning of it by rev. Joseph Lord of Chatham." Biblical study regarding the distinction between setting aside the "Seventh day" vs. the "Sabbath." Includes a story from October 1697 of a waylaid ship of pious men that were rescued from starvation through prayer, being accompanied by dolphins which they caught every day except on the Sabbath. Describes Biblical arguments for observing the Sabbath and the parameters for its observation, arguing for its beginning the evening of the seventh day. Includes three pages of mathematical computations and a note about the Earth's diameter.
  1732 April 2 - 1733 October 21 . Ms. Sermon Notes; Southboro, [Massachusetts] ( 7 pages)
Manuscript notes for sermon on Psalm 119: 57. "Thou art my portion, O Lord..." Discusses the difference between good and evil men, with the former desiring after God and spiritual goods and the latter after trivial, temporal things. "My flesh & my heart faileth, but God is ye strength of my heart & my portion for Ever."
  1735 February 17 . Henry Willis DS; Orange County, [Virginia] (1 page)
Fine levied on David Bruce "for not frequenting his parish Church," payable in current money or tobacco.
  1738 February 22 . Henry Willis DS; Orange County, [Virginia] (1 page)
Fine levied against a man for "swearing three oaths," payable to church warden in money or tobacco.
  1738 June 8 . Isaac Tracy ADS to Isaac Huntington; [New London, Connecticut] (1 page)
Charges against Sabbath breakers from Norwich, Connecticut, sent to Isaac Huntington, "one of his Majesties Justices of the peace for the County of New London."
  1738 December 25 . [Joseph?] Bellamy AMs.; s.l. (4 pages)
With cover stating "A Sermon written by the Rev Dr Bellamy and preached Dec 25th 1738. Presented by Rev W. W. Munroe. Apl 28/66."
  1739 July 15 . [Daniel Boardman] AMs.; New Milford, [Connecticut] (20 pages)
Sermon on Proverbs 17:16.
  1740 July 13 . [Daniel Boardman] AMs.; New Milford, [Connecticut] (20 pages)
Sermon on Canticles 2:14.
  1740 September 28 . [Daniel Boardman] AMs.; New Milford, [Connecticut] (20 pages)
Sermon on Proverbs 28:1.
  1741 January 3 . [Daniel Boardman] AMs.; New Milford, [Connecticut] (16 pages)
Sermon on Luke 3:7.
  1742 . Israel Garfield ALS to Mary Brewer; s.l. (1 page)
Garfield fervently expresses his religious awakening, his hopes and fears concerning salvation. Advises Brewer "never to be satisfied till you are come to a well grounded hope through grace that god is friend and reconciled father..."
  1743 . Congregational Church (Exeter, New Hampshire) LS; Exeter, [New Hampshire] (3 pages)
Complaints against Pastor John Oldin (1681-1754) for behavior toward congregation.
  1746 May 7 . Josiah Smith ALS to Benjamin Colman; Charlestown, [South Carolina] (2 pages)
Regarding Rev. George Whitefield's arrival in Charlestown.
  1746 September 26 . [Separatist Church (Killingly, Connecticut)] AMsS; [Killingly, Connecticut] (15 pages)
Confessions of faith and church covenants. Signed by church members.
  1750 August 29 . G[eorge] W[hitefield] ALS to William Bradford; London, [England] (2 pages)
"Oh that I could hear that religion was revived amongst you! Oh that the time of my embarkation was come! But I fear it must yet be retarded some time longer."
  1751 June . [Rev. Daniel Rogers?] AMs.; Exeter (6 pages)
"A Psalm of David", Psalm 23.
  1752 January 25 . G[eorge] Whitefield ALS to William Lunnell; Bethesda, [Georgia] (2 pages)
Letter of encouragement from Whitefield at his Bethesda Orphanage.
  1752 January . Ms.; Neck [New England?] (12 pages)
Notes for revival meeting sermons, part based on Romans 11:36.
  1752 February 6-1781 April . Ms. Sermon Notes; [Massachusetts?] (16 pages)
Manuscript notes for a sermon on Romans 14:8, including notations on seven different funerals where the sermon was performed, including at the funerals of Oliver Peabody (d. 1752) and Rev. Aaron Smith (1713-1781). "For whether we live we live unto ye Lord, and whether we die we die unto ye L: whether we live yf. or die, We are the Lord's." Gives context for the scriptural selection. Emphasizes that humans' lives are not their own and they do not have authority over death. Discusses the uncertainties of life and death, the implications and requirements of "Living or Dying to ye Lord," the Christian's duty to do so, and the comforts this yields. Notes the possibility of death, mentioning the sudden loss of eminent men and smallpox contagions to underscore the dangers of sudden death and the need for spiritual readiness. Discusses serving and dedicating one's life to the Lord, the impact of man's relationship to the Holy Spirit and Jesus, and being prepared to die according to God's will. Underscores God's authority as man's maker, thus turning ownership over life and death to Him. References Philippians 1:21, Mark 10:19, Colossians 3:24, Galatians 6:14, Ephesians 2:10, 1 Corinthians 6:19-20, 2 Corinthians 5:5, Psalms 116, John 12:26, John 21:19, Hebrews 6:19.
  1760 April 27 - 1793 August 18 . Ms. Sermons; s.l.
Sermons on John 10:16 and on Psalms 8:5.
  1762 July 19 . Moses Belcher ADS Cy to Samuel Coit; [Preston, Connecticut] (1 page)
Summons for witnesses against accused Sabbath-breaker, Joseph Rude.
  1764 April 22 and 1768 July 3 . [Stephen West?] AMs. Sermon Notes; [Stockbridge, Massachusetts?] (16 pages)
Manuscript notes for a sermon on Ephesians 4:23. Comments on Ephesians Book 4 generally, its description of corrupted behavior, and the encouragement of a spiritual reformation. Considers "what is imply'd in the renovation of the Spirit of the Mind," the "Necessity of it in Order to our final Happiness in God," and the "Obligations we are Under to seek after, & Cultivate such a Disposition." Reforming the "spirit of the mind" requires more than simply avoiding sinful behaviors. "...Persons sometimes seem rather to be prejudiced against Vice, than charmed into the Love of true Virtues." A true reformation of the mind will inspire shame and sorrow about past transgressions. Need to vigilantly guard the reformed heart against wickedness and aspire to higher levels of purity. "The Soul in its Natural State is so disordered as to be absolutely incapable of true and Lasting Happiness." Stresses Christianity's fundamental objective in making man into "new Creatures, and form us for Pure and holy Lives," imparting a duty upon followers to strive after "a New heart and cultivate a new Spirit & Temper of Mind." References Jeremiah 6:15, 2 Peter 1:4, John 3:3 [actually quotes from John 3:5 but cites as John 3:3], Revelation 21:27.
  1765 July 26 . Samuel Finley ALS; Princeton, [New Jersey] (1 page)
Expresses sympathy for the loss of his recipient's eyesight (from a stroke), and attempts to console him with religious doctrine (i.e. an eternity of rest, the love of the Lord, etc.)
  1768 September 23 . H. Gray ANS; Boston, Massachusetts (1 page)
Receipt for contribution from church in Beverly, Massachusetts, to sufferers in the Montreal fire.
  1769 February 5 . Richard Maitland ALS to Sandy [Alexander] Maitland; New York, [New York] (3 pages)
Almost time to advertise their land in Saint John Island (now Prince Edward Island). Has spoken with the "American Whitfield" and informed him that he can issue long leases, and they May now recruit Methodist families to settle there for fisheries. Americans "despise" English partisan politics and both parties' bickering, while the Americans remain unanimous. Maitland considers the policy of disbanding the assemblies a mistake.
  [1776 or 1777?] . Samuel Seabury AMs. to ; [New London, Connecticut] (18 pages)
Sermon of Episcopal Bishop on Matthew 5:20.
Box   2  
  1778 May 16 . Jane Franklin Mecom ALS to Jane Mecom Collas; Warwick, Rhode Island (2 pages)
Advice to daughter: cheer up, do not look on the dark side of life, and remember God's mercies. Reminder that when daughter suffers, mother suffers with her. Personal financial difficulties. Knitting and sewing clothing for Revolutionary soldiers. Ways in which a woman might honorably support herself. Apology lest her judgments might be too severe. [NOTE: Mrs. Mecom was the sister of Benjamin Franklin.]
  1778-1779 . Moses Jewett AMs. to Commitee to supply the pulpit with teaching; Massachusetts (3 pages)
Accounts for transportation and boarding of preachers, payment for preaching. Includes names of preachers, boarding families, and payment amounts.
  1779 September 5 . Rev. Ebenezer Sparhawk AMs. Sermon; Templeton, Massachusetts (12 pages)
Sermon 171.
  1779 November 21 . [Joseph Hutchins] AMs. Sermon; [Lancaster, Pennsylvania] (28 pages)
"Second sermon on justice"; Matthew 5:6.
  1781 February 11 . [Joseph Hutchins] AMs. Sermon; Lancaster, [Pennsylvania] (29 pages)
Sermon: "Things lovely, pure, &c"; Philippians 4:8.
  1781 September 19 . [Separatist Church (Killingly, Connecticut)] AMsS; Killingly, [Connecticut] (22 pages)     housed with September 26, 1746 
Confessions of faith and church covenants.
  1781 November 30 . Samuel Hoard, Edmund Wheeler, and Joseph Abbot DS; Lincoln, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Receipt for provisions for ordination of Charles Stearns.
  1782 July 29 - 1782 October 16 . [Separatist Church (Killingly, Connecticut)] AMs.; [Killingly, Connecticut] (5 pages)     housed with September 26, 1746 
Confessions of faith and church covenants.
  1782 October 28 . John Murray DS; Newburyport (2 pages)
Accounts of Presbyterian church for 1780.
  1783 August 20 . J[oseph] Priestley ALS to [Newcome Cappe]; Birmingham, [England] (3 pages)
  1784 October 16 . Miles Ward and William Grady DS to Miles Ward; [Salem, Massachusetts] (1 page)
Receipt for church plate.
  1785 October 25 . N. R. ALS; [England] (1 page)     Enclosed in John Newton ALS to Dr. Robbins, April 19, 1794. 
Asks to become member of recipient's church; belonged to Dr. Cooper's church in Boston.
  1785 November 6 . [Joseph Hutchins] AMs. Sermon; Lancaster, [Pennsylvania] (25 pages)
Sermon: "Reward and punishment"; Matthew 25:46.
  1785 December 8 . John Thornton ALS; Clapham, England (4 pages)
Religious reflections by an early "evangelical."
  [ca. 1785] . William White AMs. Sermon Notes; [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania?] (8 pages)
Notes for sermons on "Profaneness" and "Early Piety," with attached tabs identifying them as "Sermon of Bishop White in his handwriting."
  1786 January 19 . Nehi Stebbins ALS to "Revrent Sur"; Greenwich (2 pages)
Stebbins discusses a dispute with the "revrent" over the clergyman's contract. He complains of frequent Sabbath absences and says that the town cannot pay the minister's salary, which he does not deserve in any case. A conference will be held on the matter, but Stebbins maintains that he cannot pay the minister any more than "if you had told me you would give me a wedge of gold on condition I could fly to the moon."
  1786 February 19 . [Joseph Hutchins] AMs. Sermon; Lancaster, [Pennsylvania] (32 pages)
Sermon, "Rejoicing with others a X-ian duty"; Romans 12:15.
  1786 February 25 . [Joseph Hutchins] AMs. Sermon; Lancaster, [Pennsylvania] (23 pages)
Sermon, "Weariness in well-doing"; Galatians 6:9.
  1786 June 18 . [John Bullard] AMs. Sermon; Pepperell, [Massachusetts] (10 pages)
Sermon on Psalms 50:15.
  1787 January 28 . [Joseph Hutchins] AMs. Sermon; Lancaster, [Pennsylvania] (25 pages)
Sermon: "Anger"; Ephesians 4:26.
  1787 January 28 . [Joseph Hutchins] AMs. Sermon; Lancaster, [Pennsylvania] (28 pages)
Sermon: "The duty of reading the scriptures"; John 5:39.
  1787 March 15 . [John Bullard] AMs. Sermon; Pepperell, [Massachusetts] (16 pages)
Sermon on Hebrews 12:25.
  1787 June 7 . Philadelphia Society of Friends (Joseph Stiles, Benjamin Say, et al.) DS; [Philadelphia] (1 page)
Subscription list to raise funds to build additional space in meeting house.
  1788 August 17 . [Joseph Hutchins] AMs.; Lancaster, [Pennsylvania] (32 pages)
"A hasty valedictory discourse delivered in St. James' Church . . . when I was about to remove to Philadelphia"; Acts 20:26-27.
  1791 April 6 . ADS Charter; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (1 page)     Located in Oversize Manuscripts. 
Charter for the Sixth Presbyterian Church. On vellum with paper seal.
  1792 February 26 . [John Bullard] AMs. Sermon; Pepperell, [Massachusetts] (16 pages)
Sermon, Eph. 1:13-14.
  1793 July 29 . Ms.; s.l. (24 pages)
Mathew 20:7: "Go ye also into my Vineyard, and whatsoever is right, that shall ye receive."
  1793 September 1 . Thomas John Claggett AMs. Sermon; St Paul's Chapel, [Maryland] (34 pages)
Sermon on 1 Corinthians 14-15.
  1794 April 19 . John Newton ALS to Dr. Robbins; London, [England] (7 pages)
Congratulates Robbins on religious revival in Plymouth which has arisen under his ministry. Comments on religious awakenings in England and the state of the Church. Expresses evangelistic zeal, tells of his life in the ministry after being "a daring blaspheming Infidel, and licentious hardened Profligate" in Africa. Enclosed: N. R. ALS; [England], 1p. October 25, 1785.
  1797 February . William North ALS [Df?] to Robert Troup; [Duanesburg, New York] (4 pages)
Comments on the death of [James] Duane, especially noting his support of the Episcopal Church. Different ministers at Duanesburg, lacking any "calculated to draw the different sects, moreover those of no religion, into one congregation." Need to acquire a "man of talents" as their clergyman and the money to pay him for two years, believing the Episcopal church would flourish. Notes the amount of money Duane gave to build the church and other expenses. Worries that without funding and a good clergyman Episcopalianism will fail. "Mr Smith president of the schonectadee Colledge who is continually going about making proslety to presbeterianysm has been invited here by some of our people another Presbiterian preached here today & perhaps next Sunday there will be a third."
  1798 April 30 . B[enjamin] Abbot ALS to "Friends" [Abiel Abbot]; Boston, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Recently attended a wedding, noting one man who appeared discontented. "...poor Billy F appeared solitary & disconsolate amidst the general joy-& seemed to be saying to himself in intelligible, tho' not in articulate language-'my hopes are departed & I alone remain 'to scrape the trencher'." Mentions festivities following the wedding, including a housewarming dance. Getting married the next day and is looking forward to "introducing to you a new sister." Discusses the ministry of Jacob [Abbot], (1768-183) at Hampton Falls and an offer he received from a country congregation.
  1799 July 14 . [John Bullard] AMs. Sermon; Pepperell, [Massachusetts] (28 pages)
Sermon on Revelations 3:17-18.
  1800 November 5 . Thomas Lyell ALS to William Browne; Georgetown, [D.C.] (2 pages)
Believes one should learn from chastisements, but the "human heart is strangely backward and reluctant" in this. Has preached several times in Georgetown and hopes to find a place in the city. There are signs that he will become chaplain to Congress.
  1803 November 5 . Mary Montgomery ALS to Lydda [Lydia?] Baldwin; Richfield, [New York] (3 pages)
Does not sorrow if they do not meet again, for "I trust the Lord has given us many brothers and Sisters in Christ Jesus." Gladened by religious progress in Pennsylvania, hoping it spreads "all over the laand." Accounts of a young child converting and references her own recent conversion. Comments on baptism and her belief there are different ways of performing it. Quotes from hymns about Jesus and sinners. Notes on health and the loss of a family's infant child.
  1804 October - 1804 November . David Goodwillie, Thomas Hamelon, and David Sutherland AL Cys to David Goodwillie and David Sutherland; Barnet, Vermont (4 pages)
Copies of nine letters documenting slander charges involving a Presbyterian congregation. Goodwillie accuses Sutherland of calling his parishioners "notorious swearers, liars & drunkards" in a magazine item appearing in Scotland.
  1805 February 21 . James Ross ALS to Jared Ingersoll; Pittsburgh, [Pennsylvania] (7 pages)
Arguments against the decision in Burch v. McMillan (for slander) and its effect on Presbyterian Clergy.
 1806 March 10. ADS Articles; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (1 page)     Located in Large Oversize Manuscripts. 
Articles of incorporation for the First Independent Church of the City of Philadelphia. On vellum.
  1806 December 27 . ADS Articles; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (1 page)     Located in Large Oversize Manuscripts. 
Articles of incorporation for the Independent Tabernacle Church of Philadelphia. On vellum with paper seal.
  1807 April 4 . Ms.; Providence (3 pages)
"A Plan of the Charitable Female Association formed in Providence, April 4, 1807"
  1807 November 27 . Gorham Hall AMsS; Barnstable, [Massachusetts] (2 pages)
Chain letter. "Being a true Coppy of a letter written by our Blessed Lord and Savour Jesus Christ & found 18 Miles from Iconium Sixty five Years after our Savours Crucifiction." The original letter purported to be discovered by a young child who overturned a "great Stone both round & Large" found near Mesopotamia. Explains commands and punishmnets for failing to abide sacraments and believing in Jesus' writings. "...he that Hath a Coppy of this letter with my own hand written & Spoken with my own mouth & keep It without Publishing It to others Shall not Prosper but he that Publisheth It to others Shall be blessed of me." Keeping a copy of the letter in one's house will offer protection.
  1808 March 12 . Rob[er]t Cathcart ALS to Rev. Ashbel Green; York, [Pennsylvania] (2 pages)
Offering a recommendation for a mathematics professor named Rob[er]t Adrain. Cathcart provides many examples of the positive traits and achievements of Adrain. The letter also includes a brief update of events in the Synod of Philadelphia, including the news of Dr. Davidson having a son placed in his charge. [NOTE: Cathcart only committed to press a single sermon, that being a tribute to his late friend, Dr. Davidson (1750-1812).]
  1810 February 26 . Ezra Ripley ALS to Abel Jones; Concord, [Massachusetts] (2 pages)
Appreciation for Jones' recent testimony of his friendship and approbation. Bereavement; death of Jones's father and the marriage of his sister.
  1811 October 12 . James Freeman ALS to George Thacher; Boston, [Massachusetts] (4 pages)
Praising [George] Turnbull's Moral Philosophy and explaining its merits. [Joseph] Butler's Analogy and the "peculiar absurdities of Calvinism."
  1812 March 31 . Ezra Griswold, John Goodrich, and Aaron Staong ALS to Alexander V. Griswold; Worthington, Ohio (3 pages)     Located in Oversize Manuscripts 
Trustees of the St. John's Church to the Bishop of the Eastern Diocese, Bristol, Rhode Island. Offering sympathies for his recent loss of family members. Recent afflictions of typhus in Worthington; Ezra's son broke his leg while repairing a chimney. Procurement of a clergyman for their Church and to serve as principal of the Worthington Academy.
  1812-1836 . Ms. Log; Arlington, [Virgina?] (39 pages)
Log of deaths with details of funeral sermons. Includes sermon topics, Bible quotations, preacher's name for some of them.
  1813 June . Maria Abbott printed clipping; s.l. (1 page)
Clipping of a printed Bible verse, Deut. v. 29. Signed by Maria Abbott.
  1813 September 18 . Tho[ma]s Chapman ALS to Alexander V. Griswold; Greenfield, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
To the Bishop of the Eastern Diocese, Bristol, Rhode Island. Attempt to convince his son to give up Law in favor of Divinity. St. James Church construction work. Church finances. Thoughts on various preachers.
  1814 September 28 . George Burder ALS to Rev. Morse; Camberwell (2 pages)
  1814 October 28 . J[ames] A. Kemp ALS; Baltimore, [Maryland] (1 page)
Kemp has been assigned the Eastern Shore of Maryland (as assistant bishop). Asks for a character reference on John Cook, who plans to teach in Frederick.
  1815 May 2 . William Jay ALS to "Mr. Conder Bookseller"; Bath (2 pages)
Regarding a sermon sent for publication. Also in this folder is an undated letter to an unknown recipient requesting her/him to send him "the Patriot as usual," and a print of Reverend William Jay, Bath.
Box   3  
  1817 January 26 . [Joseph Hutchins] AMs. Sermon; Barbados (20 pages)
Sermon: "The virtues of the Virgin Mary recommended to Christian women"; Luke 1:27.
  1817 October 13 . George A. Calhoun ALS to Miss S[coville]; New Hartford, [Connecticut?] (2 pages)
Asks Miss S. to communicate his appreciation to "the Ladies" for their financial aid for his religious education; is currently engaged in "missionary labors."
  [1818?] May 8 . Issac [Brown?] ALS to Hosea Brown; Martinsburg, [New York] (4 pages)
Vision of Christ and feelings of salvation during a period of revival.
  1818 July 1 . D. H. Skinner ALS to Fanny and Sally Skinner; Hartford, Maryland (3 pages)
Acidic commentary on New England clergymen.
  1818 July 26 . [Joseph Hutchins] AMs. Sermon; Barbados (23 pages)
Sermon: "Caution in pleasing men"; Thessalonians II verse 4.
  1819 January 31 . [Joseph Hutchins] AMs. Sermon; Barbados (23 pages)
Sermon: "Baptism"; Matthew 28:18-20.
  1819 September . [J. Meriam] AMs.; B. University (7 pages)
Commencement piece entitled "Influence of the Moral systems of the Pagan Philosophers."
  1820 July 16 . [Joseph Hutchins] AMs. Sermon; Barbados (27 pages)
Sermon: "Christ's pre-existence"; John 8:58.
  1820 November 30 . George Markham ALS to Horace Hawkins; St. Louis, Missouri. (3 pages)     Located in Oversize Manuscripts. 
Description of five different Christian sects in St. Louis.
  [ca. 1820] . [Joseph Hutchins] AMs. Sermon; Barbados (13 pages)
Sermon: 1 Timothy I:15.
  1825 February 18 . W[illiam] L[eete] Stone ALS to Susannah P. Stone; Albany, [New York] (3 pages)
Apologizes for not writing more and is now writing to her during a debate on Black Rock Harbor. Would prefer to be with her. Is hopeful that his efforts in regards to the "Notaryship, and the situation in the Bank" will be successful. Discusses acquaintances in Albany and New York City. Brief religious notes, including attendance at Episcopal and Baptist churches in Troy, New York.
  1825 April 19 - 1828 October 2 . Elin Sawtell Ms. Journal; various locations (42 pages)
Preaching log for tour of the southern states. Revival in New Hampshire.
  1825-1837 . Elias Bowen AMs. Sermon Notes; New York (14 pages)
Sermon notes on the folly of wisdom, on summer, on the death of Lucy Richards, and on "Quench not the Spirits." and V. M. Coryell ALS to Elias Bowen; Waverly, [New York], March 28, 1851 (2 pages).
  1826 January 7 . W. D. Snodgrass ALS to Peter M[c]Cartee; New York (2 pages)
  1827 June 1 . Jno. Bamber ALS to John Lingard; Prairie du Long, [Illinois] (4 pages)
Description of climate and agriculture. Religious groups in Ohio and Kentucky. Seeks funds for their growing Catholic congregation in Prairie du Long. Jesuits.
  1828 January 10 . Abr[aham] Mason ALS to Peter McCartee; New York (1 page)
Regarding payment of rent for church pew.
  1828 December 3 . Joshua Leavitt ALS to Roger Leavitt; New York [City, New York] (3 pages)
Written shortly after Leavitt's move to New York City to work as secretary of the American Seamen's Friend Society and editor of the Sailor's Magazine. Describes his plans for establishing various institutions to "repay a part of what we all owe to the poor sailors, by whose toils, dangers, and ruin we obtain almost all the comforts of civilized life." Description of home in New York. Preaching at the New Colony Church in the Bowery; preaching to sailors.
  1829 January 26 . Trustees of the Congregational Society ALS to Miles P. Squire; Spencer, [New York] (2 pages)
Asks the Home Missionary Society for their support in retaining Mr. Clark as minister, as "the exertions of the prosperous wicked" are against him. Includes, on the same leaf, ALS from Wm. Wisner asking for the Society's aid for one year longer to retain Clark.
  1829 February 17 . Zeph[aniel] Willis AMS to Committee for Arrangements for the Ordination in Kepton; Kempton, [West Virginia] (2 pages)
Cook's list of items procured for an ordination. Includes vendors' names, price.
  1829 July 8 . Richard Channing Moore ALS to William; Richmond, [Virginia] (3 pages)
Thoughts on Meade's election as bishop.
  1830 January 15 . Cath[erine] Garrettson ALS to Margaret Livingston; Rhinebeck, [New York] (4 pages)
Letter to Margaret Livingston, wife of Maturin Livingston (1769-1847). Margaret's mother's powerful temptations and "the sugestians of an Enemy she takes for the voice of God." Reflection on the final minutes and death of Julia. Conversions under the ministry of Mr. Remington. Four thousand Choctaw natives have joined "their society." Mention of a love feast.
  1830 August 20 . Knowles Taylor Printed LS to H. D. Smith [Harvey Douglass Smith?]; New York, [New York] (3 pages)
Printed circular sent from the Office of the American Home Missionary Society on behalf of the Executive Committee. The Missionary Society's origins and reliance on the public, summarizing the institution's progress. Comments on the number of "Congregations and Missionary districts" aided, increases in church membership, and the importance of preaching. Mentions the Mississippi Valley as a particular example, on account of its rapid population increase and representation in Congress. "The destinies of the Union will be in their hands. If that portion of the country be not brought under the influence of religion now, it cannot, to human view be done at all. Already the infidel is there,--the Socinian, the Universalist, the Roman Catholic is there. Now or never--is the watchword of all the benevolent Societies in reference to that region." Underscores the necessity of Home Missions, the need for more men to help minister, and the role of auxiliary societies. Grateful for the contribution recently sent. Addressed to H. D. Smith, Sec. Aux[iliar]y Dom[estic] Miss[ionar]y Soc[iet]y, Go[u]verneur, St. Laurence Co., N.Y.
  1830 November 19 . R[ichard A.] Blount ALS to Mary E. Blount; Baltimore, Maryland (3 pages)
Working on the Constitution and Discipline for the Methodist Protestant church. Accused members, admission of members, and the authority of the preacher. Manuscript postmaster's free frank.
  1831 August 8 . W[illiam] P[atterson] Alexander; Geo[rge] W[ashington] Boggs; W[illia]m A. Thomson ALS to Rufus Anderson; Theological Seminary, Princeton, New Jersey (3 pages)
Writing about their negative impressions of [Robert Hervey] Lilly, believing him to have "an unhappy, jealous disposition." "We believed he had talents, a good memory, particular fondness for languages, & hopeful piety, & therefore thought he might be useful in some field of missionary labour. Each of us, however, thought that a connection with us would render us unhappy." Provide examples of his jealous and uncooperative nature, including their dispute over an address to Princeton Theological Seminary professors about establishing a new missionary board. See also R[ufus] Anderson ALS to Archibald Alexander and Samuel Miller, August 17, 1831.
  1831 August 17 . R[ufus] Anderson ALS to Archibald Alexander; Samuel Miller; Boston, [Massachusetts] (4 pages)
Writing from the Missionary Rooms in Boston. Comments on [Robert Hervey] Lilly and the reasons why he believes him ill-disposed to become a missionary. Brethren at Princeton, likely the Princeton Theological Seminary, including Mr. Thomson, [William Patterson] Alexander, and [George Washington] Boggs, have stated that Lilly is of a jealous nature and they would not be willing to serve with him. "Our late friend, Mr. Evarts [Jeremiah Evarts] used to say, that if a jealous man had actually embarked, & this trait was discovered, he ought not to go." Tried to notify Professors Hodges and [Samuel] Miller. Details how he confronted Lilly on the issue and other steps he has taken to bring Lilly's disposition to the attention of Board leaders, only to be rebuffed. See also W[illia]m P[atterson] Alexander, Geo[rge] W[ashington] Boggs, and W[illia]m A. Thomson, ALS to Rufus Anderson, August 8, 1831.
  1831 September 27 . J[ohn] B[udd] P[itkin] ALS to Maria B. Pitkin; Richmond, [Virginia] (6 pages)
Grateful for the maternal affection included in her last letter. "We are separated from each other by a long interval of country, by the walls of a visible church, and in some respects by a difference of religious opinions." Comments on his mother's differing religious views, believing her beliefs "closely confined as your situation in society, has unavoidably rendered it within the narrow walls of a but too contracted and illibural sect." Discusses his efforts to move beyond the "narrowing prejudices of early education" to discover religious truths, admitting he has gone "a considerable distance" from the faith he was raised in. Notes his mother's anxieties about his change in religious beliefs, but underscores the similarities that still exist in their spiritual convictions regarding salvation, Jesus Christ, sin and punishment. Intends to edit and publish a bi-monthly pamphlet, "The Southern Pioneer and Gospel Visiters," with Rev. Otis A. Skinner. Asks his mother to contribute pieces for the pamphlet on "some practical, religious subject, some moral tale, or some piece on religious experience." The pamphlet will focus on "the inculcation of practical piety."
  1831 October 5 . H[ollis] Read ALS to Ann M. Hubbell; Bombay, [India] (4 pages)
Remarks on missing friends, family, and home, and the importance of letters and little remembrances. Believes Hindus have no conscience and are sinful. "There is not a sin mentioned in the black catalogue which Paul has drawn up... which is not illustrated by the Hindoos to a degree of perfection which I did not imagine man capable of this side of the Pit." Recommends [William] Ward's History, Literature and Religion of the Hindoos, and believes it proves the necessity of the Gospel to uplift man. Believes the treatment of women proves the superiority of Christianity. "None but the Christian religion assigns to Women her appropriate place. All other systems of Religion make her a Slave of man." Describes women's work and appearance in India and briefly mentions missionary schools for girls. Comments on Hinduism, the role of Brahamans, and people's celebration of them. "The Hindoo religion... perhaps the most subtle, enslaving & complete system of Priest craft the world ever witnessed." Briefly mentions their missionary work superintending schools, distributing books, and learning languages to aid their proselytization.
  1831 October 11 . Mrs. H. P. Pettibone ALS; New York, [New York] (4 pages)
Encourages her sister's religious awakening; is glad to hear of the religious revival is Simsbury, [Connecticut].
  1832 June 15 . Auburn Theological Seminary Students ALS to James Richards; Auburn Theological Seminary (Auburn, New York) (2 pages)
Exhorting Richards to publish his lectures on the prayer of faith, not to encourage theological controversy, but "to reveal and raise the character of the seminary, & to diffuse throughout the Xtn Community much important knowledge" Wishes to combat erroneous views in the public of the content of Auburn thought.
  1832 November 13 . Ira M. Bidwell ALS to Edmond M. Beebe; Fall River, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Recently attended a four-day religious meeting in Fair Haven, where "sinners were awak[e]ned and converted to God." Recommends Edmond make an herbal plaster to apply to his breast, combined with resting his voice and lungs. If Edmond is unable to continue his preaching circuit, suggests he publish popular English sermons to be sold by subscription. Comments on the subscription process, believing "the extensive acquaintance of a Methodist Preacher would be likely to help him some very considerable."
  1833 January 15 . H[ollis] Read ALS to [William] Eastman; Ahmed[nagar], [India] (4 pages)
Sorry to hear Eastman's health prevents him from preaching. Writes of the death and departure of other missionaries, local converts, the arrival of George and Isabella Boggs, efforts to learn new languages, and his belief that missionaries over 25 should not be sent to India. He and his wife, Caroline, are happy at their mission. Comments on his wife teaching girls and helping "poor & infirm or blind women of the poor House." Discusses the need to be careful in selecting missionaries and preparing them more fully. "No one ought ever to be sent to India as a Missionary who would not be eligible (age excepted) to any Church in N. York or Boston." Notes their distrust of the local population. "Such are the usages of the country, arising partly from necessity & partly from custom that a foreigner is, in the country left almost entirely to the mercy of the Natives in his temporal concerns . . . honesty & truth are not indigenous plants of a heathen clime."
  1833 February 6 - 1833 February 25 . N[icholas] Murray ALsS to J. W. Alexander; Wilkes Barre (2 pages)
Regarding the Presbyterian church. With engraved portrait of Murray.
  1833 February 7 . Silas and Dolly Putnam ALS to Silas Putnam; [Williamstown, New York] (3 pages)
Religious excitement. Visions/hallucinations of Bro. Rowell. "He came to himself for a minute or two, and then was gone again, and was the most of the time almost apparently lifeless, sometimes he would froth at the mouth as if in great distress..."
  1833 October 8 . William H[enry] Furness AMs Cy Sermon; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (15 pages)
Sermon, Gen. 3:13. "And the woman said the serpent beguiled me and I did eat." Creation of the world; the role of work, death and women; temptation.
  1833 October 17 . Levi Chamberlain ALS to Sarah Nichols; Honolulu, [Hawaii] (3 pages)
Reacts to news of Aunt Elizabeth's death, spurring religious reflections on death. Grateful for books sent to his son. Notes on his children, one named after missionary Jeremiah Evarts. Wishes to send his children back to America, believing "The Sandwich Islands is a very undesirable place in which to train up youth. The temptations to which they will be exposed are innumerable." Number of "foreign residents" in Hawaii is increasing, which Chamberlain believes will "be favorable to the object of advancing the nati[ves] in civilization." Notes a new place of worship for seamen and the formation of a new mission. Comments on Hawaiians and race, touching on cannibalism and war.
  1833 December 30 . N[athaniel] T[ucker] Bent ALS to [Harriet Treadwell]; New Bedford, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Did not wish to disturb her husband, John White Treadwell (1785-1857), as he is "so busy in keeping the poor merchants from bankruptcy." Remarks on his activities since moving to New Bedford as an Episcopalian minister, including preaching and lecturing. Notes a well-attended Christmas service, with "music first rate under the direction of Mr. Coolidge a musical professor here." Happy with the town's piety, believing it be deepening. Describes the church and Mrs. W. R. Rotch, "whose husband is immensely rich" and pledged to aid their church despite being "half quaker" [possibly referring to Caroline Stockton Rotch (ca. 1800-1856) and William Rodman Rotch (1788-1860)]. Mrs. Rotch's character, high position in society, and her ability to draw many into the church. Has a number of rich members, and overall the congregation is very amenable to his ideas and give him warning whether their parties will include dancing. Remembers Mrs. Treadwell and Salem fondly, inquiring after friends and affairs at St. Peter's Church. Bemoans the high cost of living in New Bedford and numbers of people becoming financially insolvent.
  1834 February 1 . Julius A. Willard ALS to Aaron Russell; St. Louis, Missouri (3 pages)
His wife has been afflicted with "bodily & mental sufferings." Thankful for God's mercies. Hopes to have a good religious effect on St. Louis, which has recently seen a shift from vice to respectability. "...a harvest of probably 50 souls in 1832 was reaped thro' the unworthy instrumentality of the Presbyterian chh... But they are a feeble & despised set of Christians." Was unable to earn a living as a school teacher in Carrollton, [Illinois], because of "so much sectional prejudice against a Yankee & so much sectarian feeling against a Presbyterian." Notes on bills paid and owed, urging Russell to pay his bill for the "Youth's Companion" in advance.
  1834 April 22 . J. Hawes ALS to S. Hopkins; Hartford, [Connecticut] (4 pages)
Letter from Reverend Hawes to Reverend Hopkins regarding a complaint by a member of Hopkins' church in Montpelier, Vermont. The church member apparently complained of not being "edified" and requested that the minister step down. This letter describes Hawes' views on the case.
  1834 August 11 . George Balbirnie ALS to Mary Parker; Baltimore, [Maryland] (4 pages)
Both are suffering from the death of their partners. Comments on the burial of his wife, their devotion to each other, and his refusal to remarry despite "being engaged in a pursuit that cannot be conducted without a female." Discusses his wife's death and his belief that she would not want him to wed again. Notes letters from family members in Scotland, including excerpts from his brother and mother's sympathetic letter following news of his wife's passing. Provides details of his dye business, including information on steam boilers, dye kettles, and a specially made steam engine. Does not want to make too many plans for the future, quoting Robert Burns, "That the best laid schemes of mice & men go often wrong." Had a wig made of his wife's hair.
  1834 December 25 . James Swan ALS to John Swan; Phila[delphia, Pennsylvania] (3 pages)
Letter updating John on family matters, particularly his daughters. He mentions accounts from New York. He describes giving his daughters copies of Dr. Bedell's Sermons that morning (Christmas morning).
  1835 September 10 . A[bijah] Crane ALS to A[bsalom] Peters; Utica, [New York] (1 page)
Lists New York churches recommended for Peters's patronage; details about the positions and who approved them. Locations include [Tayberd?], Fulton, West Leyden, Westford, and Hamilton. Notes that the Watertown Presbytery and Black River Association is willing to support six missionaries and asks Peters's help in recruiting missionaries. "There is nothing wanting there to make it a delightful region but ministers & piety. I know of no region in this state which has suffered so much for want of an efficient ministry. Their condition is far from being hopeless, but it will be far more difficult now to possess the land than it would have been twenty years since. We must make haste."
  1836 June 22 . William C. Chapin ALS to Mary Howard; Uxbridge, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Chastises Howard heavily for her failure to turn her life over to Jesus Christ and God. Chapin stresses that she should feel guilty for such willing shortcomings and fear death and damnation lest she give her life over to Christ. Urges her turn to Jesus and notes Jesus' willingness to receive her.
  1837 January 1 . L[ewis] A[lfred] Wickes ALS to Absalom Peters; Antwerp, [New York] (2 pages)
Closing his second quarter as a missionary at Antwerp. "...though there May not been what might be called a general revival of Religion, But in different neighborhoods God has made displays of his Grace & Several have been converted to God." Comments on the number of conversions and the general scarcity of "real piety" within the church. "...I am convinced that there is altogether more feeling among the impenitent in the Village than among christians comparatively speaking." Attended "Protracted Meetings" in the area, believing it ripe for more missionary labor. Note the number of meetings he attends and the size of the Sunday School he superintends. Prays for continued blessings on the American Home Missionary Society.
  1837 February 1 . George A. Calhoun ALS to Betsey Cahoun; Weston, [Connecticut] (2 pages)
Describes Calhoun's efforts to raise funds for an orthodox seminary to counter the "New Divinity" and "Taylorism" of Yale Divinity School. Cover page, with address, partially missing. [NOTE: This letter is probably referencing the Hartford Theological Seminary, begun in 1834 by Bennet Tyler and conservative clergy.]
  1837 April 14 - 1849 March 26 . Ms. Petitions; Warwick and Royalston, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Three petitions signed by members of the Baptist Society. April 14, 1837: regarding the payment of the Collector. March 7, 1840: regarding the hiring of Silas Kenney as minister in the Baptist Society. March 26, 1849: regarding the compensation of Silas Kenney for his ministerial work in the Baptist Society.
  1837 July 1 . "Phebe" ALS to Elizabeth Kirk; s.l. (4 pages)
Reflection on religion and the role of Christianity in her life. She describes being ill and on her death bed weeks before and reflects on the vanity of earthly things. The recipient of the letter is a Sabbath School teacher and Phebe offers her thoughts on the matter.
  1838 February 13 . W[illia]m Ladd ALS to Samuel Boyd Tobey; Minot, [Maine] (2 pages)
Ladd describes low funding for the publication of "Hancock on Peace." Describes the distribution of peace tracts to the public and increasing receptivity to them. See also William Ladd ALS to Samuel Tobey, May 25, 1838.
  1838 May 25 . W[illia]m Ladd ALS to Samuel Boyd Tobey; Minot, [Maine] (2 pages)
Considering making a "more extended journey in the cause of Peace than I have ever taken," lasting nine months and covering New York, Ohio, and Philadelphia. Will need books to distribute, considering works by Jonathan Dymond, Thomas Hancock, and Samuel Whelpley. Notes the progress in "peace principles" and the impact of printed tracts on gaining adherents. Stresses the importance of supplying Sunday Schools with materials. Comments on John W. Shephard's Howard and Napoleon Contrasted and other printing matters, including the high demand for "peace books." Remarks on losing members on account of their use of the "gospel rule," which opponents call "our 'quaker principles.' " Includes a one page printed circular describing the American Peace Society's history, objects and means, recent successes, and call for aid in producing and distributing tracts. See also William Ladd ALS to Samuel Boyd Tobey, February 13, 1838.
  1838 December 3 . AL to Benjamin Bowen; Marblehead, [Massachusetts] (2 pages)
Giving "advice, respecting a change in your performance on the organ at St. Michaels." Members of the congregation find his "quick & unnatural interludes" to negatively impact the "solemnity of the service." "It has been said they not only resemble dancing tunes, but some thoughtless boys have actually danced to them." Request that Bowen instead play "some Solemn slow air." Signed, "Many members of the church & congregation at St. Michaels."
  1839 June 23 . S. A. Tyler ALS to Maria B. Taft; Lowell, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Letter from a woman who has lost her husband of 14 years to her sister. She reflects on this loss and details having to move out of her house to another tenement with her children. She has been encouraged to move to Salem, but thus far refuses as she considers he home to be in Lowell. The letter contains further discussion of family matters.
  1840 March 24 . William Buell Sprague ALS to Abiel Abbot; Albany, New York (4 pages)
Regarding religious pamphlet, Mr. Peabody's address. Fanatical Mr. Knapp preaches revival services at Baptist Church. Sprague's "phrenological" opinion on Knapp. Phrenology makes its mark in Albany.
  1840 March 24 . Dan[ie]l Webster ALS to Henry; Washington, [D.C.] (4 pages)
Condolence letter to a relative of Daniel Webster's farm manager, N. Ray Thomas. Final hours and death of Thomas. "Today, you will reach home; you will soon perform the last solemn rites, & leave your beloved brother to sleep with kindred dust. You will, then, my good friend, have done all that love & friendship can do; & must reconcile yourself, without murmuring, to the will of God. This Providence is mysterious, but that which we know not now, we shall know hereafter. Every thing is well, because every thing is in His hands, without whose knowledge not a sparrow falleth to the ground."
  1840 May 17 . Ph. W. Archer ALS to Fletcher H. Archer; Tarborough, [North Carolina] (3 pages)
Written by a circuit riding preacher. Providing detailed description of the lowlands of North Carolina. [See also Archer letter of February 11, 1842].
  1840 May 30 . Samuel Miller AMsS; s.l. (51 pages)
"Report on the Christian Education of Children and Youth"
  1840 August 24-27 . J[ulius] O[liver] Beardslee and Jane [Beardslee] ALS to James [Gordon?], Agnes [Gordon], and Jennette [Gordon?]; Brainerd Station, [Jamaica] (8 pages)
Letter from missionaries. Received newspapers "full of politics dear me what are you coming to in America?" Regarding news in America of trouble in Falmouth, they believe it "is a pack of lies & you might know it to be so coming as it did from the South." Contrary to statements about "prisons being 'full'," states that crime has reduced. References the World's Convention at Kingston, mentioning Rev. Birney and H. B. Stanton, disparaging women's rights supporters, and wishing they had better representation of American ministers. English missionaries are "fearful of encroachment" by Americans, and are advocating "Teetotalism." Brief notes on Jamaican produce and a Miss Low, a "brown woman" who formerly owned slaves and is currently a seamstress. Comments on Jennette's lack of refinement, hoping she will visit, joking that Jamaica will "improve your manners. You know the negro's just 3 years out of slavery are a very refined people." Writes of a "little disturbance" in Falmouth when apprenticed former slaves refused to return to a plantation. "...they were obliged to call out the police to carry them back. I suppose this looked like slavery to some of the blacks of the Island, & they through ignorance, interfered. A squabble ensued which resulted in the injury, perhaps death, of some of both parties." "There is no more ground for saying that Ja. is in an uproar than that all N. Am is anarchy & confusion, when some of the Irish on the Rail roads have a drunken frolick & kill one or two of their number."
  1840 [November 19] . S[amuel] B[razer] Babcock, et al. ALS to Fracis A. Foxcroft; [Dedham, Massachusetts] (8 pages)
Multiple-author letter. News of acquaintances and his parishioners, religion in Massachusetts, financial difficulties of the age. Notes on Locofocos and politics. Brief mentions of Native Americans going to Boston, a Sunday School library, a child's accidental death. Drawings of an omnibus and a boat.
  1840 December 29 . Alice ALS to Juliet P. Brent; Alexandria, [Virginia] (3 pages)
Letter congratulating Brent's recent marriage and newborn including a passage on her own interpretation of love. Alice also reflects on family affairs.
  1841 March 9 . Mary P[ease] ALS to Abigail M. Allan; New Haven, [Connecticut] (4 pages)
Comments on the religious revival in New Haven. Crowds come to hear Jacob Knapp (1799-1874) preach.
  1841 August 15 . Henry L. Smith ALS to M[atthew] S. Culbertson; Fort Livingson, Louisiana (4 pages)
Letter from one 1839 West Point graduate to another. Culbertson was studying Theology at Princeton when Smith sent this correspondence. Smith, assigned to the construction of defenses in New Orleans, writes of the state of religion in Louisiana. He has received an offer from Rev. Bacon to study Theology at New Haven. Will remain in the Army until he can save enough to pay his own way through his studies. Sickness, heat, slaves, Irish soldiers, etc.
  1841 November 11 . Mary Caroline Smith ALS to Rachel C. Tilton; New York, [New York] (4 pages)
Blames procrastination and lost letters for the long lapse in communication. Her husband has command of the Switzerland, a packet ship working the London line. While her husband is away, she returns to her mother's house. Suffered a bout of bilious fever and an unnamed other ailment, but is still grateful for the her blessings. Has been visited by many friends and her bishop, Bishop McCaskey. Wishes she could attend St. Paul's Episcopal Church in Philadelphia. Mentions her reaction to hearing [Stephen H.] Tyng (1800-1885) preach. "I am a bird of passage. My home is every where. A sailors wife should always feel at home & I am happy & contented any where." Has been staying at the U.S. Hotel. Despite their different stations in life they share the same "spiritual states." Leading a large Sunday School class.
  1842 January 24 . J. W. Dillen ALS to William R[ollinson] Whittingham; Middlebury, Vermont (3 pages)
Has been corresponding with Rev. Lyman about possibly relocating to Maryland for health reasons. Comments on his parish in Middlebury, their difficulties retaining ministers, and financial woes. Willing to work in St. James' Parish. Discusses the plan to establish parish schools, applauding clergy oversight but anxious about restrictions it May place on pastors. Mentions attending William Augustus Muhlenberg's educational institution at Flushing, Long Island. ".. am convinced that either the business of teaching or regular parochial duty require (to be done well) nearly all the time of any one person."
  1842 February 11 . Ph. W. Archer ALS to Fletcher H. Archer; Mocksville, North Carolina (3 pages)
Written by a circuit riding preacher. Providing a detailed description of the religion and inhabitants of Mocksville. Slaves, homes, food, and children. [See also Archer letter of May 17, 1840]
  1843 January 7 . A[lfred] D. Davison ALS to T. H. Goodwin; Portsmouth, [Ohio] (3 pages)
Notes on his "contract for the Roman Catholic Church." Working on a Catholic building. References falling in love, plans to marry, and his partner's willingness to be a missionary. Determined to "devote my life to the cause of spreading the Gospel."
  1843 February 13 . Francis James ALS to Sarah H. James; Washington (3 pages)
Criticism of popular preacher, Knapp, and his sermon on a passage from Numbers regarding the healing of Israelites by Moses's brazen serpent.
  1843 July 26 . Joshua Soule and W. Kenney ALS to R. Hopkins; Pittsburgh, [Pennsylvania] (3 pages)
Soule believes Kenney should be removed from the Beaver Street charge.
  1843 September 1 . AL to Nathaniel Deming; Pleasant Garden, [Massachusetts] (4 pages)
Letter between the Shaker Ministry at Pleasant Garden to the Ministry at Hancock, hoping for a growing congregation. Notes on Grove Blanchard and Jonas Nutting being called to Boston to answer for "restraining Lionel Hopkins of his liberty." Lionel's mother had sent him to Pleasant Garden and subsequently tired to convince him to leave. Describes the attempt to bring Lionel to the court and the court proceedings against the members of Pleasant Garden. Notes accusations of abuse and restraining him against his will. Describes Lionel being physically examined, his testimony about his choice to stay with the Shakers, and the court dismissing the case. Lionel returns with the Shakers. Notes on books and newspaper accounts of Shakers.
  1843 December - 1844 January 3 . J. M. Benham ALS to Abijah Crane; Maryland, [New York] (3 pages)
Discusses religious work. Notes a new minister in the Baptist church and the erection of a new Methodist church having diminished his congregation. He will be going before the Presbytery for ordination and will advise holding a three day meeting "which were once in operation in Oneida County & which affected so much for the cause of Christ." Comments on a singing school.
Box   4  
  1844 February 29 . Elihu Gunn ALS to Avery D. Hubbard; Hamilton, New York (4 pages)
Asking forgiveness for unguarded and foolish statements he'd made regarding Avery. Importance of God and Duty. Trusts that the "hand of God" has brought him to Hamilton to study. Deaths in the family. A local mechanic has invented a perpetual motion machine. Excitement about the railroad, politics, abolition, Millerism, reform, and Fourierism is "far too much for the good of morals and the cause of Christ."
  1844 May 8 - 1844 May 23 . Elihu Gunn ALS to Avery D. Hubbard; Hamilton, New York (4 pages)
Gunn, writing from the Hamilton Literary and Theological Institution, writes about his studies, his Prussian friend, previous education at Oberlin, and the anticipated hardships that will accompany foreign missionary work. He also offers his views on Millerism, abolition, and the 1844 Presidential election. "I hope the time will soon come when those who profess to be the friends of the slave will be willing to show the sincerity of their profession at the ballot". He notes that faculty at Hamilton are not allowed to have an antislavery society at the institution.
  1844 June 13 . John Lilley ALS to Hezia McAfee; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (3 pages)
Has been busy with work, nightly prayer meetings, and recovering from an illness. Sends religious blessings to Hezia and family. "I hope you enjoy many blessing[s] both spiritual and temporal and that the candle of the Lord shines around you." His physical trials were no comparison to the religious dangers he faced in urban workshops, "where many wicked men combined to treat religion as a mockery and even to spurn the word of God." Comments on John Douglas Bemo, a Seminole Presbyterian missionary, and a delegation of Native Americans stopping in Philadelphia where money and tools were distributed. "I was glad to hear you say you was interested in John Bemo. there is very few but what are but we who was with him and seen his private conduct for a year knew most and loved him best." Working as a tract missionary for the Philadelphia society.
  1844 June 14 and [1884] . C. C. Dawson Manuscript hymn and sheet music; [Lowell, Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Be Ye Perfect. Sheet music with Rev. E. Mason. On verso of sheet music are printed advertisements for Ayer's Hair Vigor and Ayer's Sarsaparilla, by J.C. Ayer & Co.
  1844 July 27 . C. C. D[awson] Manuscript hymn and sheet music; Lowell, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Rejoice Evermore.
  1844 November 21 . G[eorge] W[ashington] Burnap ALS to James Munroe; Baltimore, [Maryland] (1 page)
Letter to Burnap's publisher stating that he has enclosed the title page and preface of his book. He wishes that Munroe would allow him to see the whole book before it goes to press.
  1844 December 7 . G[eorge] W[ashington] Burnap ALS to James Munroe; Baltimore, [Maryland] (1 page)
Letter to Burnap's publisher stating that he has enclosed the table of contents for his book. He requests 100 copies of the book as soon as possible.
  1844 December 9 . R[ichard] De Charms Partially printed ALS to Henry G[ardner] Foster; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (4 pages)
Letter written on printed Swedenborgian circular "To the members of the Central Convention, and others favorable to the cause of the New Jerusalem." Requesting correspondence, financial aid for the acting committee, and for people to join the church's general body and then form their own societies. Lists work currently being undertaken, primarily printing church literature, and advocates the distribution of Job Abbott to inform those "who are approaching the new church." Comments on recent converts, including "Rev. Mr. [ ], a young moravian clergyman," who was accused by his congregation of being a Swedenborg. "...having occasion to notice the Millerite excitement in this city, he preached on the subject of the Lord's second advent... while people were looking for the Lord yet to come in the material sky, he had come already as a glorious spiritual sense in the clouds of the letter of his Word, and openly avowed his belief that the advent had taken place through his servant Emanuel Swedenborg." Describes the Moravian reaction to his preaching and his training to become a preacher for the New Church. De Charms is going to preach in Baltimore, and hopes the new railroad being built to Ohio will make Baltimore "a radiating point of new-church light."
  1845 February 25 . Augusta ALS to Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Wolle; New Carmel, [Jamaica] (4 pages)     Located in Oversize Manuscripts. 
Lengthy letter to parents, discussing life as a Moravian missionary in Jamaica.
  1845 March 11 . Union Society, East & West Bridgewater, Massachusetts DS to Parlee Keith; East Bridgewater (1 page)
Pew rent.
  1845 April 17 . Lois ALS to "Parents" [Thomas Lee]; Providence, [Rhode Island] (2 pages)
Letter on current events, particularly updates on family and friends, including the death of a woman from "nervous brain fever." Describes how the Adventists are getting along in Providence. "The Second Advent folks are getting along quite well have some persicution some malicious person took up Brother Everet and put him in jail he prayed and sung all night some of the prisoners ware verry mad but he prayed untill they shut their mouths he has always been very strong and a peacible nice steady man they took him up for drinking and abusing his family which is a lie... he wont say one word in his own defence says the Lord will take care of him."
  1845 November 18 - December 6 . AMs. "An account of the sickness & last hours of my beloved Father"; s.l. (14 pages)
Possibly written by Nathaniel Glover Allen about his father, Wilkes Allen (1775-1845). Visiting his father, hopes for salvation, and emotions accompanying impending death. Father wished to be buried in Chelmsford, [Massachusetts], "the scene of his ministerial labors." Visits from friends and family, preaching at local churches, the shifts in his father's health and mental state. Describes their Thanksgiving, his father's symptoms, and doctors and reverends tending to him. Comments on his father's death bed, religion, final passing, and funeral. Quotes hymns, including one his father sang derived from the poem "The Dying Christian," and Isaac Watts's "Death and Burial of a Saint." Copies the hymn sung at his father's funeral.
  1846 January 14 . Moses D[rury] Hoge ALS to Betsey Lacy; Richmond, [Virginia] (4 pages)
His congregation will build a new church; he advocates the Gothic style. Comments on school, learning French. Includes a pencil drawing of a church.
  1846 February 28 . H[enry] Calhoun ALS (mutilated) to "Brethren" [Milton Badger]; Canal Dover, [Ohio] (3 pages)
Quarterly report to the American Home Missionary Society. Preaches multiple times on Sunday and notes people attending church for the first time in a long while. Mentions the presence of multiple religious perspectives and attempting to harmonize them. "Differences of doctrine & sentiment prevail still to a considerable extent. Old school & New school and Oberlin views all have their representatives in my church." Attempting to encourage better respect of the Sabbath's sanctity. Brief mention of anti-gambling legislation, believing it will "destroy two Nine Pin Alleys here." Discusses their Sunday school, lack of a Temperance Society, and the good work of the Bible Society. "...there are not less than 100 families in this township destitute of all religious books. Truly I am on Missionary ground." Remarks on a recent Quarterly Union meeting, his interest in receiving donated books from the Tract Society, his commission, and annual statistics.
  1846 March 3 . J[oel] Hawes ALS to [Joseph H. Rogers]; Hartford, [Connecticut] (3 pages)
Comments on the process of "dissolving the pastoral relation" and refusing ordination. Dislikes ministry employment that has a pre-set termination date, as it renders "the relation between a minister and his people a mere secular affair--so much pay for so much service." Worries that such arrangements "prevent permanency in the pastoral relation." Apologizes for the haste in which he wrote and the likelihood he misaddressed Rogers, as "you are a stranger to me I know not whether you are an ordained minister, a candidate or a layman."
  1846 March 5 . Thomas Davis; William Wylie ALS to Francis Gailey; Locust Grove, [Ohio]; Baltimore, [Maryland] (3 pages)
Religious reflections. Giving "some information of the brethren in the Safety League on Bushcreek." Their religious society, a split from the local Presbyterian Church, is doing "tolerably good" despite small members. Heard from "malignants," or Presbyterian ministers, that "Mr. Gailey's members are nearly all leaving at the East." Requests information from Gailey on the state of their church. Wylie welcomes Gailey's intention to visit and asks him to answer Davis's questions.
  1846 June 17 . Henry Cherry ALS to Helen M. Rockwood; India (1 page)
Letter to Rockwood regarding his missionary work in India. Written on the same letter: Jane Rendall ALS to Helen M. Rockwood; Dindigul, [India], July 15, 1846. 3 pages. Letter to Rockwood regarding her arrival in India, describing the scenery, her activities, her missionary work, etc.
  1846 August 26 . "Marge" ALS to Lucy B. Fowler; Springfield, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Requests an update on family affairs from her aunt Lucy as she has not heard directly from them in awhile. She provides an account of recent events in Springfield including the election of "good minister Mr Porter" to professorship at Yale. She laments his leaving and praises him as an exemplary man. [NOTE: Noah Porter III (1811-1892) was a minister at Springfield from 1843-1846 and was appointed professor of metaphysics and moral philosophy at Yale until he was made president of the University in 1871. He was president until 1886.]
  1846 August 31 . F.A. Thompson ALS to Rev. G.N. McMillan; [Springhill, Tennessee?] (3 pages)
Sorry to hear that McMillan intends to return to Lane Seminary next session. Sermon preparation and delivery.
  1847 April 24-26 . [J.?] Backus ALS to [DeWitt] Clinton [Lathrop]; Buffalo, [New York] (3 pages)
Hints at a personal dispute with women. Notes a local revival, his own conversion, and his desire to be more pious. Teaching a Sunday School class and has been asked to teach another at the Dutch Reformed Church. Discusses the young minister at his church. Wishes to visit, reflecting on their friendship. Hopes to become a minister rather than continue teaching. Briefly mentions a local vote. Asks after acquaintances, including whether Clinton's father "challenged Asa to a duel yet."
  1847 May 17 . Arthur V. Watson ALS to Jacob Harvey; Ardrahan, County Galway, Ireland (4 pages)
Appealing to "Friends in New York" for aid to help relieve famine in Ireland. "...as Curate of the Protestant Church in the West of (the extreme west of Ireland) I am called on to witness many scenes of the most heart rending wretchedness." Notes the rising distress, his region reaching "the same miserable plight as our more unfortunate neighbors," and the cessation of all public works. Mentions Belgian merchants purchasing all the corn available in Galway and all other provisions being sold at exorbitant "famine price." Worried about impending "vice and criminality," especially from unemployed servants. "My house is surrounded from morning until night by female applicants for Relief." Describes the weakened and starving condition of residents. "...the mirth of the land is gone,--and to employ no exaggerate terms, a strong lad might push his way through the most dense crowd--all are shadows." Appreciates the aid already rendered by America and hopes God will bless continued charitable efforts.
  1847 July 7 . K[endrick] Metcalf ALS to Benj[amin] Hale; Duanesburg, [New York] (4 pages)
Returned from a visit to New Hampshire, where he met with Bishop C[arlton] Chase (1794-1870) and preached for him. Comments on other religious happenings in New Hampshire amongst Episcopalians. Despite financial difficulties in N.H., hopes to send a missionary to Orford. Speaks of delegates at a diocese convention at Manchester. Went to Concord to attend a session of the State Legislature, where he encountered [Charles Brickett] Haddock (1796-1861). Asks about Hale's role in the "great transaction of bribery & corruption" between Trinity Church and Geneva College, convincing New York State legislators to refuse petitions requesting an appeal. Hopes Hale "got the grant secured to the college on something more than conditional premises." Mentions Bishop [William Heathcote] De Lancey (1797-1865), the good effect he has had in New York, and his efforts to dissolve the seminary. "I am more & more convinced that if our church in this country is to be saved from schism, it May be by restraining, if not reducing, the power or the general Convention."
  1847 October 8 . J. H. Hopkins ALS to Henry Cowles; Sharon Centre, Ohio (3 pages)
Sending a pamphlet, first published in Honolulu 1836 and recently republished in Buffalo, "containing an appeal from the Missionaries of the Sandwich Islands to their friends in the United States." Notes letters from the Sandwich Islands published in religious journals. Comments on local efforts to publish and distribute the pamphlet to those "who will be likely to respond to the principles it contains." Believes Cowles, as a professor at Oberlin College, is in a position to bring the appeal to the notice of a great number of ministers, "especially to the young men who are under your care and influence in the theological department of the Institution." Discusses the slow rate of the world's conversion and the gloomy state of "the spiritual horizon," believing ministers are failing Jesus' commands to "preach his gospel to every creature." Also sending Rev. William Todd's sermon on foreign missions to circulate among Cowles' colleagues and students. Has also sent copies of the appeal to Prof. [John] Morgan (1802 or 1803-1884) and Prof. [Charles] Finney (1792-1875).
  1848 January 12 . Mary H. Kimberly ALS to M. F. Sweeting; [Camillus, New York] (2 pages)
Ecstatic Methodist revival.
  1848 April 11 . "Father" [Isaac Stone] ALS to D[uenna] Stone; Baltimore, [Maryland] (3 pages)
Travelled through New York State by wagon, railroad, stage, and steamboats in order to attend a religious General Conference. Visited New York City and went to Williamsburg to visit his brother-in-law's grave. Stayed with a Methodist in Philadelphia, visited Fairmount Water Works, attended service at Trinity Church, and visited recently returned missionaries ill with "African fever." "They are from the Oneida Conference and went to Africa two years ago last November . They have a native girl from Africa who was one from the recaptured slaves of the Bark Pons." Staying with a Methodist Episcopal minister in Baltimore before heading to Washington, D.C.
  1848 May 8 . R. S. Maclay ALS to Jonathan Loyd; Fuh Chow, [China] (3 pages)
Missionary writes of his attempts to learn Chinese.
  1848 August 24 . W[illiam] B. Sprague ALS to Dr. Gilman; Albany, [New York] (4 pages)
Letter of appreciation to Dr. Gilman for agreeing to write down his recollections of Dr. Brazer. He assures Gilman that he has the desire to be an impartial historian with regards to his work. He also mentions that he had been planning to include the late Dr. Palmer in his project.
  [post] 1849 January 1 . Hezekiah Packard ALS to George Packard; [Salem, Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Clergyman, recently turned 87 and is writing to his children despite "bodily infirmities." Notes on Christmas as a religious season and celebrating the New Year. Religion connects his dispersed family together. Assured that his departed family members are in heaven, and that God forgives the penitent. Sending a circular [not present]. Family news.
  1850 January 5 . N. W. Bispham ALS to Sarah Ann Endress; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (3 pages)
Comments on Christmas presents and dinner. Attending an Episcopal church where Mr. Canfield preaches and is trying to "live to the glory of god." News of acquaintances and family health.
  1850 January 17 . W[illia]m J. Flagg ALS to E. C. Kinney; New York, [New York] (4 pages)
Regarding alterations to a religious publication. "...the public should think it irreverent not to thee and thou an angel, because you see they are not Sweedenborians [i.e. Swedenborgians], and what is printed for the public's reading should conform to its taste." Discusses the Swedenborgian thought on angels.
  1850 September 3 - November 11 . A[rthur Lawrence] Van Vleck ALS to C[hristiana] S[usanna] Van Vleck; Sharon, [Barbados] (2 pages)
Moravian missionary writing home. Requests recipe for streusel. Discusses shipping sugar and its different varieties. Exchanging diaries with his mother. Inquires after his mother's garden and pigs, and offers advice. Details on daily life, including drinking coffee and water, shining shoes, cold baths, mattresses, clothing. Albums.
  1851 January 3 . C[harles] P[ettit] McIlvaine ALS to David Ch[ ]ity; Cinc[innati, Ohio] (1 page)
McIlvaine writes regretfully that he did not receive the information regarding a committee meeting until after the time of the meeting. He has examined the proof sheets and has nothing to remark on.
  1851 March 28 . V. M. Coryell ALS to Elias Bowen; Waverly, [New York] (2 pages)     Included in Bowen, Elias 4 AMs.; New York, 14 pp. 1825-1837. 
Coryell, a minister, is dreading having to move again, as he is comfortably settled and happy with his church. There has been a religious revival there recently.
  1851 October 23 . B. Gilbert ALS to "Beloved Children" [Gottlieb Bassler]; Athens, [Georgia?] (4 pages)
Mentions his children possibly moving to Pittsburgh. Discusses Mr. Buck's building, his good works, and his desire that they "come to them leave the slave state." Recent religious conference did not experience any revivals despite the presence of the Bishop and good preaching on a variety of subjects, including Sunday Schools. Conference was advised "against screaming he said, that was not preaching." Remarks on a man working at a factory store, his infant's bowel distress, and the likelihood that the child will not survive. A man and woman left for a religious circuit. Work is being done at the railroad depot. Gives news of acquaintances' health.
  1852 July 14 . Robert Patterson ALS to John W. Gibson; Ellerslie, [Maryland] (3 pages)
Disappointed that Gibson did not visit. Reflects on Gibson's health and the need to be spiritually prepared for death, comparing worldly preparations for a long voyage to the religious neglect for the soul's final journey. Includes an anecdote about a dying master, whose servant notes the work he undertook for worldly travels but the lack of preparation for the upcoming spiritual one. Intends to travel across the Atlantic to where he was born, with the travails of the trip causing him to muse on mortality. Discusses the death of Henry Clay and its newspaper coverage.
  1852 November 28 . L. M. Hewitt ALS to Cousin; Camptown, [Pennsylvania] (4 pages)
Hewitt writes to his cousin who he has not seen in some time. He reflects on a number of events that had occurred the previous year and of which his cousin took part. Hewitt meditates at length on life's events, including two passages regarding the marriage of a woman to a widower.
  1852 December 28 . William Buell Sprague ALS to J. A. Roberts; Albany, New York (4 pages)
Description of his work on the Annals of the American Pulpit series.
  1853 September 17 . S. G. Marshall ALS to John A[llen] Gano; Daviess County, Kentucky (2 pages)
Informing Gano that he has "constituted three Churches on the foundation of the appostels and prophets." Believes the movement is growing, but notes the people's poverty prevents them from supporting a preacher. Worries about getting enough money to support himself and has written to the "Brethren at the state meeting" to appeal for aid. "...I have no prospect of getting money for my years preaching to get me a decent suit of clothes for winter." Disappointed that Gano did not respond to his earlier letter. The money the Brethren are spending and the high number of preachers who can "ride in there fine buggys." Asks Gano to pray for him. "I conclude the Brethren did not feel willing to contribute any thing last spring to help get me a horse, and that you have burnt my letter."
  [1854 January] . Horace A. Wentz Manuscript prayer; s.l. (1 page)
The Lord's Prayer in Cherokee
  1854 March 13 . Henry ALS to Hazen; Andover, [Massachusetts] (4 pages)
Compares some published statistics on religious conversions among students at Andover and Dartmouth. Several students look to go abroad to minister, others beyond the Rockies. Opinions on merits of faculty members, with longer comments on Edwards Amasa Park, whose theology is neither right nor wrong, but harmless.
  1854 March 18 . Aug[ustus] D[odge] Rogers ALS to J[oseph] B[arlow] Felt; Salem, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Responding to Felt's request for information on the "descent of Rev. Nath[aniel] Rogers of Ipswich, from the proto-martyr." Provides genealogical data and references, including Benjamin Brook's Lives of the Puritans and other books, memorandum books, word of mouth, personal papers, gravestones. Notes Rev. Dr. Bentley bequeathing "what is supposed to be the original portrait of the martyr" to the Worcester Antiquarian Society. Mentions the "Bible which is said to have belonged to the martyr," and its various owners. Traces Mr. Savage's doubt to "an inadvertent statement of Mr. Hunter (the famous N.E. Historian Antiquarian in his communication to the Hist. Society in his article on the Suffolk emigration to N.E.) that Richd of W. & John of D. were brothers & that he has been unable to trace their descent from the martyr." Mr. Hunter has since become convinced of the "truth of the tradition."
  1854 September 9 . Frank Masters ALS to [Mrs. Masters]; Princeton, [New Jersey] (3 pages)
Writes to his wife of his studies at Princeton Theological Seminary; he feels privileged to be there. Some comments on his professors. Expresses deep religious convictions.
  1854 December 6 . Henry W. Bellows ALS to Rev. Conway; New York, [New York] (3 pages)
Bellows regrets that he will be away and cannot preach for Conway's Society.
  1855 March 13 . Davis Wasgatt Clark ALS to "Bro Van Densen"; Cin[cinnati, Ohio] (4 pages)
Offers thanks for Densen's sympathies and memorial for a recently deceased friend (or family member). Talks about the distribution of a circulation called the Repose. Discusses the matter of upcoming election of delegates. An issue Clark is concerned with is the Fugitive Slave Law.
  1855 May 31 . [Lajos] Kossuth ALS to Editor of the (N.Y.) Independent; London, England (6 pages)
Lengthy letter with marginal notes and edits by Kossuth, in which he discusses religion and his religious beliefs.
  [18]55 November 21 . Sam[ue]l H. Brown ALS to "Cameron"; Frankford, [Virginia] (3 pages)
Samuel Brown, preacher, requesting information on obtaining a copy of Bagster's Hebrew and English Old Testament and Greek and English New Testament. Some notes on other published versions of the Bible. Brown describes how he has settled in to Virginia and the state of religious affairs in the area. He describes Methodism as losing its strength (in the area) to Presbyterianism.
  1857 August 8 . D. B. Julian ALS to Mr. Bruner; Newbern, North Carolina (4 pages)
Mr. Vestal reports that members of his church (Methodist) approve of Bruner's conduct and persons attached to the code of honor express themselves favorably as well. Admires his course in declining a challenge, and suggests it May get a good precedent (citing an example at the Progress office). Julian is working as foreman at the Daily Progress, earning $7.50 and board.
  1858 August 4 . J[ames] R[obinson] Campbell ALS to J[ohn] N[iel] McLeod; Mission House, Saharanpur, [India] (4 pages)
Grateful for the hospitality shown to his wife upon her arrival in New York. Sad to hear of Brother Wylie's illness. News about local Indian rebels and campaigns. Insurrectionists "have not succeeded in their horrid purposes of extermination of christians..." Description of the mission.
  1859 February 2 . A. S. Gwombly AMs. Sermon; s.l. (20 pages)
His first sermon to his congregation; based on Genesis story of Rebekah and Eliezer and entitled "Hindrances to a Pastor's Usefulness"
  1859 February 23 . [Missionary] ALS to Fidelia Fisk; s.l. (4 pages)
  1859 April 11 . H. G. Adsit ANS to Pamelia Malin; Palinsville (1 page)     housed with September 26, 1746 
Confessions of faith and church covenants.
  1859 September 12 . Robert H. Koerper ALS to Edwards; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (3 pages)
Liberal church matters are progressing in Philadelphia.
  [18]59 December 28 . George W. ALS to "darling sister" [Kittie]; Petersburg, [Virginia] (6 pages)
Describes Christmas in Petersburg, Virginia, briefly mentioning African Americans' extended celebrations and comparing Southern and Northern traditions. Notes on churches and Christmas decorations. Writes of a fellow store clerk leaving, possibly to go further south, and his desire to go into business with him. Forwarding a wedding card from an acquaintance, and notes his disinclination to marry soon. Explains why Lizzie is "not the girl for me," emphasizing her deceitfulness, and asks for advice about how to break off his correspondence with her. Describes a white porcelain angel he received as a Christmas present from Emma Young, which he reciprocated with a book of William Cullen Bryant's poems. Includes an excerpt of a Thomas Moore poem. Hints at his courtship with Emma Young.
  1860 August 15 . Robert Collyer ALS to M[oncure] D[aniel] Conway; Chicago, [Illinois] (4 pages)
Declines joining in the missionary endeavor because his ties to Chicago are too important.
  1860 November 21 . W[illiam] Meade ALS; Millwood, [Virginia] (2 pages)
Requests help for Rev. Dana who is seeking employment in the ministry.
  1861 April 17 . H[osea] Ballou ALS to T[homas] J[efferson] Sawyer; Medford, [Massachusetts] (4 pages)
Happy to have Hist. Soc. Library at Tufts and will act as interim librarian. Comments on roots of Civil War.
  1861 May 13 . Henry W. Bellows ALS to C[harles] K[napp] Dillaway; New York, [New York] (3 pages)
Bellows will try to preach for Dillaway's congregation once during vacation. Thanks him for his "constancy."
  1861 June 3 . Children's Aid Society DS to Cyrus W. Field; [New York, New York] (4 pages)
Requesting a financial donation for the Children's Aid Society. Details some of the work of the organization, and is signed by eight members of the society: William W. Rooth, J. C. Williams, M. Hurt, Cyrus W. Field, William Russell, Howard Potter, William Gilman, and B. J. H[inland?].
  1861 October 8 . W[illiam] H[enry] Furness AMs. Sermon; s.l. (14 pages)
Sermon on wickedness of slavery and the south and in support of the president and the war. Based on Isaiah 58:6.
  [18]62 April 9 . Henry E[llet] Crawford ALS to Miss Craig; Princeton, New Jersey (3 pages)
Unable to visit, as he has been asked to preach. Has heard that Mr. Harrison will be stopping at Norristown, [Pennsylvania], on his way to the Presbytery at Pottstown, [Pennsylvania], and he hopes to visit them both. Has to go to recitation shortly.
  1862 April 15 . Mrs. Chester Bingham ALS to "Mrs. Juliand"; Belmont, [New York] (2 pages)
Regarding Episcopalians in the region, noting the preaching of Lewis Thibou, her own conversion, and attempts to build a church. Acquired land and have begun to raise a building, but are still in need of money. "...the other Churches in this Village feel as though they did not care to give us the use of their houses any longer & I felt we must ask of our sister Churches for help." Asks for a contribution.
  1862 June 22 . Stephen Elliott AMs. Sermon; Savannah, [Georgia] (21 pages)
Sermon preached at Christ Church; 1st epistle of Paul to Corinthians, 15:58.
  1862 November 16-17 . S. Ba[rlow?] ALS to "Cousin"; Lee (4 pages)
Grateful for sympathy. Describes his son Albert's sickness and death, noting his symptoms of sore and swollen throat and vomiting. Notes neighbor and doctor visits. Reflects on his son's character, seeking solace in religion. Comments on a friend's loss of several of his children and both of them trying to submit to God's will.
  1863 June 3-4 . Q. A. [M] ALS to Mary; Sprinfield Farm, [Pennsylvania?] (4 pages)
Went to the city to attend a large gathering at the First Presbyterian Church, likely the Pennsylvania State Sunday School Convention held at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Notes some 1,500 children in attendance with addresses made by Mr. Wells, Mr. Huntington [possibly Frederic Dan Huntington, 1819-1904], Mr. Chidlow [possibly Benjamin Williams Chidlaw, 1811-1892], Mr. Taylor, & Dr. [John Henry Augustus] Bomberger. Robert McKnight presided. Provides details of the convention's proceedings and some information contained in reports from Cumberland County. Discusses food. Happy with Mary's school report. Briefly notes the successful rescue of a man from a collapsed well. $3,500 was raised for [William Miller] Paxton's church to purchase an organ.
  1863 November 13 . H. L. B. ALS to Dollie; Bordentown, [New Jersey] (2 pages)
Informs her that he has been unwell with a back complaint, but will be attempting to get out of bed for "the coming Lord's day." "Why is it that he should be thus afflicted I am unable to say--perhaps for his sins."
  [18]64 December 12 . W[illiam] B. Sprague ALS to Mr. [Harsha]; Albany, [New York] (2 pages)
Letter regarding acquiring a letter or autograph of Dr. [Philip] Doddridge (1702-1751). Sprague states that he does not know where a letter of Doddridge could be obtained, though he owns one and previously owned two. He gave the second to his youngest son. He mentions his own inquiry into the family of Rev. Dr. Thomas Clark.
  1866 May 31 . A. Boo[ ] ALS to "Cousin A."; Whitestone, Long Island (4 pages)
Renewing correspondence, "as you are now a great man at least an Hon. having been to the legislature." Comments on Long Island, access to New York City, ships in the Long Island Sound, and a "fine manufacturing village" on the island along with a "large tin factory." Local school and church doing well, with the church having recently profited from a revival. "There was in many churches during the winter on the island quite a spirit of revival and many were the places where God in a special manner was present and I suppose you was in Boston during the great awakening there these past few months." Longs for "righteous legislators in our national councils and that the spirit of our fathers might rest upon us that we might as a people in all things acknowledge the hand of God and strive to keep his commands." Congress seems "to be slowly working out the difficult problem of reconstruction and I hope we May yet do justice to both black & white." Believes the "Christian Church" has a duty to lead the nation.
  1866 September 20 . R[ufus] Anderson LS to Mark Hopkins; Boston, [Massachusetts] (16 pages)
Declining re-election as Corresponding Secretary of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. Describes his personal history with the American Board, beginning in 1822. Has been in charge of foreign correspondence since 1832 working constantly for little pay. Comments on the state of the American Board when he first began his work, noting the number of missions, missionaries, and members in contrast to present numbers. "I find that every missionary of the Board now in the field, excepting Mr. and Mrs. Spaulding of Ceylon, Mr. and Mrs. Thurston of the Sandwich Islands, and Messrs. Kingsbury and Byington of the Choctaw mission, went forth during my connection with it." Notes the development of "native ministry," the number of converts, and publications. Mentions growing funds and public enthusiasm for the cause and the work of translating the Bible. "Western Asia, India, Burmah, China, with their six hundred millions of souls, were not open to the Gospel forty years ago; but they are all open now." Confident in the missionary cause's success and the good work of the American Board's officials. Mentions the deaths of members and applauds his wife's support.
  1866 December 24-25 . Nellie ALS to [Sarah]; Cleveland, [Ohio?] (6 pages)
Grateful for gifts sent, describing their receiving the package from the postman. Had to work on an upcoming "Sabbath School Festival." Her mother has been ill with "Inflammation of the Stomach and Liver." Describes gifts exchanged for Christmas, including fabric and a collection of religious poems, The Changed Cross, possibly by Anson D. F. Randolph. Briefly comments on a passage sent from "Dr. Bushnell's sermon," possibly Horace Bushnell. Discusses religion and the willingness to "do and suffer God's will." Attended Methodist meetings held by Dr. [Walter] Palmer and Mrs. [Phoebe] Palmer, of the Holiness Movement. Discusses lectures, attending a Sunday School Teacher's Institute led by Mr. Pardee of New York, and going to a meeting of the "good Samaritans" who sew for the Industrial School. Mentions the rising popularity of "short dresses." Comments on Mr. Pardees talking of Ralph Wells, "a very successful S. S. Superintendent," and her wish that she could attend his school.
  1867 October 20 . AL to [Sarah A. Bennet]; New Point, Indiana (10 pages)
Quotes from an article published in the Liberty Herald on June 5, 1867, relating to Ambrose Colston's death following a train accident. Copies Mary Louisa Chitwood's (1832-1856) poem, "To the Memory of a Friend." Had been uncertain whether he could survive another winter, but has now turned eighty and health is improving. Notes the household labor he can still perform and the help he receives from other residents in his house. Family news, including infant deaths and Ambrose's train accident. "I cant get along with this for I am blind with tears." New Point lacks a church. "... it is a young place we have preaching fr[e]quently but I cant here it we have a sabath school but not the interist taken in it that there should be." Received a religious paper. Portions of the letter written on small scraps of paper.
  1868 March 16 . John G[reenleaf] Whittier ALS to "My dear friend"; Amesbury, [Massachusetts] (3 pages)
Sympathy on the death of the recipient's mother. Reflects on the loss of his own mother.
  18[68?] August 16 . H. W. F. ALS to [wife]; Cowley St. John, [Oxford, England] (9 pages)
American Anglican, possibly studying with the Society of St. John the Evangelist. Visits Paris and London. Remarks on English churches, their sacristies, and their commitment to confession. Discusses ritualism. Comments on an encounter he and Father [Simeon Wilberforce] O'Neill had with a laborer who "scoffed at our cassocks." Describes the view from father [Oliver Sherman] Prescott's room, noting Christ Church Meadow and the Cherwell and Isis Rivers. Sentimental notes to his wife, wishing she was with him. See also: W. F. ALS to wife, August 18-20, 18[68?].
  1868 August 18-20 . W. F. ALS to [wife]; Cowley St. John, Oxford, [England] (12 pages)
American Anglican, possibly studying with the Society of St. John the Evangelist. Describes the clothing he wears and draws a picture of his new biretta. Comments on the Father's heavy work load, describing him as "a typical monk. Such a one as the founder of the monastic life whould have loved." Mentions the recitation of canonical hours, the food and beer, and a local flower show and its fruit. Notes how deserted Oxford is due to the schools' long vacation and describes the area. Speaks disparagingly of the locals. Went for a walk with Father [Simeon Wilberforce] O'Neill. Encourages his wife's uncle to move to England "when he gives up the Seminary," citing reasons why it is a good place to live. Notes the "spiritual depth of the movement," likely referring to the Oxford Movement shifting Anglicanism towards Catholicism. Notes devoutness, popularity of confession, preaching on forgiveness of sin and the resurrection of the body. Comments on Ritualists and the "extreme wing." Expecting a large crowd for the opening of the monastery in October, including the principal of the Cuddesdon theological seminary. Comments on Dr. [Edward Bouverie] Pusey, [Henry Parry] Liddon, and Father [Richard Meux] Benson's work ethic, reputation, and shabby dress. See also: H. F. W. to wife, August 16, 18[68?].
  [18]70 March 17 . S[amuel] B[yram] Halliday ALS to ; [Brooklyn, New York] (3 pages)
Regarding the author's employment as a pastoral helper. Lewis Tappan and others have responded to the idea earnestly. Notes the need for more people laboring for the church. Includes a draft of a petition to help encourage the creation of the position at Plymouth Church, "in view of the vast amount of labor to be performed in an organization of such extendid [sic] membership as ours." Note: Halliday served as Henry Ward Beecher's assistant at Plymouth Church for nearly 20 years, from 1870 until Beecher's death.
  1871 March 3 . O. W. Spratt ALS to C. M. Preston; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (1 page)
Inquiring after Preston's wish to subscribe to the National Baptist. Notes the low price, the four month's passage since Preston's subscription began, and his desire to know whether or not Preston will pay the $2.50 fee. Written on "The National Baptist. A Religious and Family Newspaper" stationery, listing Spratt as General Agent. See also O. W. Spratt ALS to C. M. Preston, April 18, 1871.
  1871 April 18 . O. W. Spratt ALS to C. M. Preston; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania] (2 pages)
Five months have passed since Spratt advanced Preston the cost of a subscription to the National Baptist. Frustrated at Preston's silence on the matter and will not be sending any further newspapers. "Our paper--as I explained to you is a cash paper, and if you allow any loss from having given you credit it comes out my own pocket." Written on "The National Baptist. A Religious and Family Newspaper" stationery, listing Spratt as General Agent. See also, O. W. Spratt ALS to C. M. Preston, March 3, 1871.
  [1872] December 31 . Octav[ian] ALS to "Belle"; Gettysburg, [Pennsylvania] (7 pages)
Letter wishing the best for the new year, and relaying the events of the Christmas Season. He mentions attending a Christmas Festival at Church, gifts that he'd received and details about family affairs.
  1876 March 26 . C[harles] H[enry] Gibbs ALS to "Father & Mother" [Hannah Gibbs]; Waterville, Maine (4 pages)
Notes on mail, weather, baptism of several students in the Baptist church. "...more of those who came out in the late revival will ultimately join the Methodist church than any of the others as the meetings were started by them and holden in their house." Gives advice on proper letter-writing and gram March Written on illustrated Colby University stationery, featuring an image of the University campus and grounds.
  1879 February 17 . Neal Dow ALS to Editor, Manchester Examiner & Times; s.l. (1 page)
Regarding a charge of intemperance against Rev. Charles H. Spurgeon.
  [18]79 December 22 . Alphonso Taft ALS to Martin I. Townsend; Cincinnati (3 pages)
Taft's son has entered into a marriage engagement with a girl from Cincinnati whose father is a prominent lawyer, and Taft is requesting Townsend to provide him with an idea of the reputability of the lady and her family.
  1883 June 24 . Henry Ward Beecher AMs. Sermon Notes; s.l. (9 pages)
Notes for a sermon titled, A Narrow God, on Isaiah 54:5. Equality of the rich and poor in the eyes of God.
  1883 December 25 . "Grandpa Santa Claus" AMs. to "Baby Fell"; Buffalo, New York (4 pages)
Poem, "To Baby Fell on his first Christmas." Explains why Santa came a day late. Comments on infants' dependence, divine protection, spirituality and righteous living, and possible successes in the child's future. "A Howards Mission May be thine / Or as the sainted Whitefeild [sic] shine / A Newtons height May reach / In tee another Bacon May / Be reproduced some distant day / Philosophy to teach."
  1885 January 12 . George B[arrell] Cheever ALS to Alfred Roe; Englewood, [New Jersey] (6 pages)
Espouses temperance cause, supports Bible-reading and prayer in schools. Attacks Romanists for opposing religion in schools.
  1885 April 5 . Henry Ward Beecher AMs. Sermon Notes; s.l. (11 pages)
Notes for an Easter Sunday sermon, on Hebrews 13:8.
Box   5  
  1886 October 9 . H[enry] B. Blackwell ALS to Geo[rge] W. Emerson; Boston, Massachusetts (2 pages)
Letter of response to Emerson regarding the agenda of the women's suffrage movement. Includes a description of advancements already made towards those goals. Letterhead "Office of Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association, 5 Park Street."
  1891 February 5 . John G[reenleaf] Whittier AMsS; Amesbury, [Massachusetts] (1 page)
Poem about God's will, prayer, and the place of Church in the State.
  1895 February 9 . John Bartlett ALS to [John B.] Bouton; Cambridge, [Massachusetts] (2 pages)
Praising Uncle Sam's Bible. "Accept my sincere thanks for your kindness in sending me The U.S. Bible. It is without question The Bible for us, it needs no commentator. Its creed should come home to every true American's business and bosom. I believe a universal knowledge of the patriotic hymns, which you suggest, would go far to preserve us as a nation. I hope every member of the next congress will read Uncle Sam's Bible, and accept its creed."
  [1896] . Ms.; [Rochester, New York] (17 pages)
Writes of a Christian Endeavor convention in Rochester, presided over by Clarence Barbour (1867-1937). Travel to Rochester, registration, and the aims of the convention to deepen evangelistic and missionary imperatives. Provides details of speeches made by preachers, local politicians. "...C. E. stand for Christ Exalted, Conscience Enlightened, Church Energized, Collections Enlarged, Country Evangelized." Includes Armenians' appeals on behalf of Armenians being persecuted in Turkey, describing their plight and calling for American intervention to preserve Christianity in the region. "You shed your blood for the slaves. Our present condition is a hundred times worse than slavery." Details how Armenians can convert Muslims.
  [after 1910] . R[ufus] H. McDaniel Manuscript hymn; Bethel, Ohio (1 page)
Since Jesus Came Into My Heart. Published in Songs for Service.
  1911 April 14 . W[illiam] A. Sunday TNS to the chief usher, for Joe Cantillion; Toledo, Ohio (1 page)
Ticket for reserved seats at the Boody House in Toledo. With a "Billy Sunday Evangelistic Campaign Beginning April 9, 1911" envelope, bearing a printed image of Rev. W. A. Sunday.
  1920 December 10 . Herbert Hoover TLS to Howard C. Robbins; s.l. (1 page)
Letter requesting that Reverend Robbins take note of and promote donations for "Children's Relief Sunday" on the 19th of December .
  [1924] . Photograph of Sabine Baring-Gould, Signed; s.l. (1 page)
Signed photo of Sabine Baring-Gould in clerical garb. Author of "Onward Christian Soldiers"
  1945 August 21 - 1948 September 26 . Clara ALsS, TLS to Fannie; Chengtu Sze and Kwangtung, China (3 items (12 pages))
Letters from a missionary in China. August 21, 1945: Briefly describes the Mission office. Includes descriptions of the geography of the area of China where she is located (Chengtu Sze). Visit to a Chinese church. September 26, 1947: Describes her lodgings and surrounding city (Kwangtung). Describes the mission school and hospital. September 26, 1948: Describes the stamp that was on the original envelope in which it was sent (not present); mention of the new constitution adopted the previous month. Describes two doctors with whom she was associated, a Dr. Chen and Dr. Sieh Lang Huang (woman who graduated from the University of Michigan Medical School).
  1965 October 6 . Rudolf Friml AMuQS to Blandina Diedrich; s.l. (1 page)     Original manuscript is located in the Rudolf Friml collection. 
Musical quotation by Rudolf Friml, inscribed to Blandina Diedrich.
  1967 June 29 . Rudolf Friml AMuQS to Blandina and E.L. Diedrich; s.l. (1 page)     Original manuscript is located in the Rudolf Friml collection. 
Musical quotation by Rudolf Friml, inscribed to Blandina and E.L. Diedrich.
  Undated . Joseph B. Adams ALS to Mrs. Sr. Woodhull; Princeton, [New Jersey] (2 pages)
Thanks Mrs. Woodhull for financial assistance which allowed him to finish Seminary. He will be joining the presbytery of Lewistown, Pennsylvania as a missionary: "I rejoice in the prospect of preaching Jesus to the poor and destitute."
  Undated . Sabine Baring-Gould AMsS; s.l. (1 page)     Original located in custom folio. 
"Onward Christian Soldiers" Holograph, signed by Sabine Baring-Gould.
  Undated . [Henry Ward Beecher] AMs. Sermon Notes; s.l. (9 pages)
Notes for a sermon on Luke 13:24.
  Undated (May 25) . R[ichard] Boardman ALS to Mary Thorn; s.l. (3 pages)
"...as a poor Black said a few days ago if the Methodist preachers had not come among us, the Devil who'd have come and fatched us all"
  Undated (March 17) . Tho[mas] Bradbury ALS to [Isaac] Watts; s.l. (3 pages)
Responding to theological and personal criticisms made by Watts against Bradbury.
  Undated . [Mrs. Carroll?] Ms. List; Mount Clare, [Baltimore, Maryland?] (2 pages)
List of Mrs Carroll's wearing apparel.
  Undated . [Asa Dalton?] Ms.; [Portland, Maine?] (15 pages)
Attribution and geography suggested by penciled notation on the final page of the manuscript. "The Morality of Mahometonism as it appears in itself, and as compared with Christian Ethics." Psalms 19:7, "The law of Lord is perfect, converting soul." Remarks on his limited source base, only having access to a "few chapters from the Kor[a]n and a hurried examination of two or three dissertations on the system of Mahomet," and the difficulties of commenting on any "foreign religion" and its morality. Compares the Koran unfavorably to the Old Testament, calling it "an awkward & sorry parody of it." The "true & good" contained in the Koran is tainted by "their vicinity to & connection with so much more that is monstrous, absurd & false." Compares Islam to Roman Catholicism. Believes Mohammed copied from the Bible, muddying scriptures and selecting "the least elevated, the most gross & carnal parts of them." Sees the Koran emphasizing sensual life over the spiritual one, only discouraging those acts which "his followers could most easily be dissuaded from." Disagrees with Islam's belief in predeterminism, its lack of general principles, and its focus on the punishment of sin rather than the evil of sin itself. Compares the Koran to the Gospel and objects to Islam's low estimate of women.
  Undated (November 4) . William Eliott, Jr. ALS to James Munroe; St. Louis, [Missouri] (1 page)
Letter to Eliott's publisher regarding his dissatisfaction with the binding of his most recent book. He discusses the prices of the copies, and requests verification that his prices are accurate.
  Undated . Rudolf Friml Printed Sheet Music; s.l. (6 pages)
Printed sheet music by Rudolf Friml. "Valse Christine." With a manuscript inscription by Rudolf Friml to Blandina Christine Diedrich.
  Undated . Lady Harford Ms. hymn; s.l. (2 pages)
Oh why is Life so much desir'd.
  Undated . Thomas Hastings Manuscript hymn; s.l. (1 page)
Christian submission in bereavement.
  Undated . [Joseph Hutchins] AMs. Sermon; s.l. (26 pages)
Sermon: "Young Men likewise exhort, to be sober-minded"; Titus 2:6.
  Undated (July 29) . Mary Ives ALS to Sarah E. Metcalf; Strykersville, [New York] (1 page)
Brief note asking about current affairs, and requesting mutual visits. The letter remarks on some churches and benevolent societies in the town.
  Undated . F[rancis] S[cott] Key ALS to T[h]om[as] [Cutts?]; s.l. (2 pages)
Tom's friends are concerned for him on account of "the painful and perilous situation which you have so long sustained, & the share of calamity which we understood you have yourself bourne," possibly in reference to British attacks on Saco, Maine, in 1814. Tom wrote of the recent hardships suffered by his city as "the dispensation of God, & seem to look to his mercy and goodness as the only hope of deliverance." Inquires of Tom's sincerity in this statement and whether it has caused him religious reformation. Notes Tom's former retreat from religious conviction. " May I hope that the awful scenes [a]round you have awakened you to see and feel what it is to live and to die 'without God and without hope.' "
  Undated . S[amuel] F.B. Morse AMs. Speech; Pokeepsie, New York (4 pages)
Speech to a Christian Association in New York. Enclosed portrait of Samuel F. B. Morse.
  Undated . John Rodgers AMs. Sermon Notes; s.l. (11 pages)
Sermon notes concerning Christian duty to use time wisely; includes scriptural references. Rodgers was a prominent New York Presbyterian clergyman.
  Undated . Billy Sunday AQS; s.l. (1 page)
  Undated . [Jonathan Townsend?] AMs. Sermon Notes; [Needham, Massachusetts?] (4 pages)
Manuscript notes for a sermon on Psalms 79:8-9. "This Psalm is a Prayer which does consist of Pathetical Lamentation, fervent supplication, and a Resolution to praise God when those mercies should be bestowed upon his People which they prayed for." Gives context for the psalm, believing it originated from "some fatal calamity" and admits uncertainty about the author. Examines the lamentation, the judgment they suffered under, and their supplications. Considers the arguments put forth in the psalm for God offering mercy, emphasizing the need to turn to God when people are brought low. Asserts that the church will persist despite difficulties and that God reigns supreme even if enemies of the church overpower adherents in earthly terms. Acknowledges declension in the church, God's promise to chastise sinners, and the multiple purposes behind God's decision to allow followers' suffering. Suffering allows man to exalt God's intervention, mercy, and glory. Notes the benefits of man experiencing hardships, including the encouragement of humility and obedience, the ability to prove one's religious sincerity, the inspiration of prayer and faith in future deliverance, and the revelation of God's power. Includes references to Psalms 87:5, 2 Chronicles 16:9, Psalms 89:30-32, Exodus 15:6, Deuteronomy 32:13-15, Deuteronomy 8:15-16, Proverbs 15:8, Exodus 14:10.
  Undated . Rev. P.S. Van Nest ALS to John Smith; s.l. (3 pages)
List of 21 questions from a Pastor to a member of the church.
  Undated . Horace [B.] ALS to Dollie; [Burlington, New Jersey?] (8 pages)
Clergyman's letter to his wife describing deep sadness over his being removed from his parish. Notes the parish's great sympathy to him. Mention's the Bishop's presence, references to "his case," and parishioners' attempts to comfort him. Had difficulty writing a sermon for the opening of lent. "Hill says no to the question of resigning-so say others of my people. I do not know what to do." Experiencing pain in his hand, causing him to worry about writing sermons in the future. See additional Horace B. ALS to Dollie, Undated.
  Undated . Horace [B.] ALS to Dollie; [Burlington, New Jersey?] (3 pages)
Clergyman's letter to his wife, describing his illness that interrupted his sermon. Comments on a parishioner becoming "permanently disabled," its causing her to be unable to sing in the church choir, and his relief that this "cuts a knot that I have been trying to untie ever since I came into the Parish." Brief mention of a well-attended session of Sunday school. Describes a dream. See additional Horace [B.] ALS to Dollie, Undated.
  Undated . Ms. Sermon; s.l. (26 pages)
"xt. exalted because he loved righteousness." Textual sermon based on Hebrews 1.9: "Thou hast loved righteousness and hated iniquity; therefore GOD, even thy GOD hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows." Discusses how Jesus "was made subject to the Father," and by doing so was able to absolve sins. Reflects on Jesus's service granting him "full acceptance and a glorious reward," noting the power and glory that derive from Jesus's labors. Considers "what especially in the service of our Savior secured the divine approbation," attributing it to the combination of Jesus's compassion and refusal to excuse guilt. "In all the kindness which he shows to a guilty perishing world, he still manifests a supreme regard to the honor of God-the purity of his law and his holy government." Argues that believers must value both aspects of Jesus's character and emulate both forgiveness and strict adherence to God's laws. Includes a list of places, mainly around Auburn, New York, dated between February 1820 to October 1845 possibly places where the sermon was read. Back cover includes the statement, "Dr. Wicks of Auburn."

Additional Descriptive Data

Related Materials

In addition to this collection of individual letters, documents, and sermons, the Blandina Diedrich Collection includes a variety of other archives and sermons, which have their own catalog records. Please search the finding aids or Library catalog for "Blandina Diedrich Collection" to identify them.


Schopieray, Cheney J. One Hundred Selections from the Duane Norman Diedrich Collection of Manuscript Americana, 17th-20th Century. Ann Arbor, Mich.: William L. Clements Library, 2018.