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Schoff Revolutionary War collection (1766-1896)

Collection processed and finding aid created by Christopher Tounsel, June 2010, and Shannon Wait, March 2011
Manuscripts Division, William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan

Summary Information

Title: Schoff Revolutionary War collection
Creator: Schoff, James S. (James Stanley), 1900-1984
Inclusive dates: 1766-1896
Extent: 0.75 linear feet
The Schoff Revolutionary War collection contains approximately 240 miscellaneous single-items related to various military, social, political, and logistical aspects of the American Revolution, as well as its causes and aftermath.
Language: The material is in English
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
909 S. University Ave.
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734-764-2347
Web Site:

Access and Use

Acquisition Information

M-1006 et al.

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.


Copyright status is unknown

Processing Information

Cataloging partly funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.

Additional cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC).

Preferred Citation

Schoff Revolutionary War Collection, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan


The items are arranged chronologically, with undated materials at the end.


The American Revolutionary War was a military conflict between Great Britain and thirteen British colonies in North America, fought from 1775 to 1783. In 1783, the Treaty of Paris ended the war and granted sovereignty to the United States of America.

Collection Scope and Content Note

The Schoff Revolutionary War collection contains approximately 240 miscellaneous items related to aspects of the American Revolution, spanning January 13, 1766, to February 4, 1896. Topics covered include the causes and lead-up to the war, unrest in Boston, British and American strategy, battles and skirmishes, prisoners of war, and social aspects of the conflict. See the "Detailed Box and Folder Listing" for an item-level inventory of the collection.

Subject Terms

  • Logistics--History.
  • Massachusetts--History--Revolution, 1775-1783.
  • Military art and science--History--18th century.
  • New York (State)--History--Revolution, 1775-1783.
  • Saratoga Campaign, N.Y., 1777.
  • South Carolina--History--Revolution, 1775-1783.
  • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Campaigns.
  • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Causes.
  • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Participation, German.
  • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Prisoners and prisons.
  • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Registers.
  • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Social aspects.
Genre Terms:
  • Documents.
  • Letters (correspondence)
  • Military records.

Contents List

Container / Location Title
Schoff Revolutionary War collection [series]
Box   1  
  1766-June 1776
  1766 January 13 . Thomas Gage ALS to William Johnson; New York. (1 page)     Located in Thomas Gage papers, American Series 
Negative estimate of Major Robert Rogers, arrived from England to be appointed Commandant of Michilimackinac.
  1766 January 15 . Thomas Gage LS to John Bradstreet; New York. (2 pages)     Located in Thomas Gage papers, American Series 
Gives rules concerning the marching and quartering of troops when so called. Voices precautions observed by the Secretary at War [William Barrington] when a civil authority demands military aid to suppress riots or other disturbances. Includes orders from Richard Maitland to John Bradstreet concerning military aid in support of a civil power.
  1766 March 15 . Richard Smith ALS to Sons of Liberty. Committee of Correspondence. New York; Burlington, [New Jersey]. (2 pages)
Can't find men willing to join Sons of Liberty though many agree with their cause, including Quakers whose religious principles interfere with "vigorous measures." Comments on state of courts and disapproval of Stamp Act.
  1768 April 7 . John Lane ALS to John Rowe; London, [England]. (2 pages)
Discusses letters from Gen. Conway and Col. Isaac Barre that praise Boston for their public support of the colonies. Barres believes that the interests of the colonies are inseperable from those of Britain and that measures should be made to please both.
  1768 November 6 . William Wildman Barrington ALS to "My Lord"; Cavendish Square, [London]. (2 pages)
King's opinion on Ireland and restoration of peace in America and Boston in particular.
  1769 October 31 . AD to [unknown]; Boston, [Massachusetts]. (1 page)
Account of non-importation riots. Hopes that further violence can be prevented. Foresees future confusion. England has brought this trouble on themselves.
  1770 March 23 . James Bowdoin, Samuel Pemberton, and Dr. Joseph Warren ADS to John Manners, marquees of Granby; Boston, [Massachusetts]. (3 pages)
Petition to remove troops from Boston and Massachusetts Bay and matters relating to the "Massacre" on March 5th. Condemns possible depositions that might cast the people of Boston as the instigators of the affair and discusses a public examination made by Justices at Faneuil Hall.
  1770 December 24 . Charles Paxton ALS to George Townshend; Boston, [Massachusetts]. (4 pages)
Regarding the Boston Massacre and trial of British soldiers.
  ca. 1770 . [Thomas Hutchinson?] AD; New Orleans, [Louisiana]. (3 pages)
Plan of attack of New Orleans in order to free the people from Spanish rule and enjoy the liberties of English subjects. Estimates 6,000 "Negroes" live between Illinois and Balise, and estimates the amount of indigo and Indian corn those working on plantations produce.
  1771 May 30 . Thomas Hutchinson DS to Massachusetts General Court; [Boston], Massachusetts. (2 pages)
The king was pleased by a report he sent concerning the disposition of the people of Massachusetts. Experiencing trouble concerning westward settlements made without titles. Parliament desires to maintain possession of the colony for the King's timber. Notes reasons and possible solutions for the pitiful state of the militia
  1772 April 1 . Thomas Hutchinson Document to Henry Knox. (2 pages)
19th or early 20th century manuscript copy of Hutchinson's appointment of Henry Knox as second Lieutenant of a company of Grenadiers with Thomas Dawes (1731-1809) as Captain, as well as a militia regiment with John Erving as Colonel.
  [1772] . Caesar Rodney ALS to Thomas Rodney; s.l. (1 page)
Business matters.
  1773 January 6 . Thomas Hutchinson DS to Mass. General Court; [Boston], Massachusetts. (9 pages)
Speech given to council and house contending that British Parliament is supreme.
  1773 July 20 . John Trumbull ALS to Hannah Quincy; New Haven, [Connecticut]. (3 pages)
Explaining the background of an unspecified poem. Comments on poets' emotions and their effects on writing. Mentions Alexander Pope's "Eloisa to Abelard."
  1774 January 19 . J.W. Banyar LS to John Bradstreet; New York, [New York]. (2 pages)
Seeking Bradstreet's approval of land grants in New York from the King. One of the men, William Bishop of Chester, was a personal tutor for the Royal Family; this connection could be beneficial for New York in "Regard to the Contest now depending in England."
  1774 December 6 . Silvanus How ADS to (inhabitants of) Massachusetts; [Worcester], Massachusetts. (1 page)
Response from the Petersham, Massachusetts, Committee of Correspondence regarding a letter sent out by the governor to gain support and labeling anyone who will not sign this letter a rebel.
  [1774-1779] . Joseph Reed AD to William Henry Drayton; s.l. (8 pages)
"State of Affairs" written by Reed to assist Drayton in writing a history of the revolution. Begins with the year 1774, when the people of Boston received Parliament's intent to "coerce them into compensation for the destruction of the Tea."
  1775 January 2 . Silas Deane ALS to Patrick Henry; Wethersfield, Connecticut. (7 pages)
Discusses the state of Boston. Believes the militia of Massachusetts and other New England provinces will be ready by Spring. The militiamen are told to be ready to "march at a Minutes Warning." Comments on Western expansion and settlers, disdain for the Quebec Act, politics and Continental Congress, and charters of colonies.
  1775 January 5 . Samuel Downe ALS to Joseph Fish; Boston, [Massachusetts]. (3 pages)
Detail on state of Boston during British occupation.
  1775 February 1 . Benjamin Nash ADS; [Deerfield, Massachusetts]. (1 page)
Censure of Loyalist John Williams, who insinuated that sending a delegate to the Provential Congress was treason. "[A]ll Commercial Connection" will be withdrawn from him, which is in accordance with the advice of the Continental Congress.
  1775 March 5 . John André ALS to Mary André; Quebec. (4 pages)
Describes his life in Quebec and a Native American ceremony and traditional dress. He is not well acquainted with the Indians but has seen them dance and perform a ceremony before the governor [Guy Carleton] and mentions yelling, scalping, and mutilating.
  1775 March 30 . William Cooper LS to Committee of Correspondence. Reading, [Massachusetts]; Boston, [Massachusetts]. (1 page)
Notes army movement and asks for a joint meeting of the committees at Faneuil Hall to "determine upon measures of safety."
  1775 May 3 . John Pigeon ALS to Elbridge Gerry; Cambridge, [Massachusetts]. (2 pages)
Letter from Commissary General to Gerry, "or in his absence to one other of the Com[mit]tee of Supplys." Looking for Captain Foster to "procure the list of military stores" and expects Gerry's powder to be in his store shortly, "the small arms are extreemly called for." Notes shortages of supplies, including clothing, writing materials, rum, lemons. Engineers in need of a bed for the mortar. Wants cash to purchase "a few small articles for the army." Encountered Foster and is enclosing his list of stores [not included]. Note on verso mentions the need for cattle to be slaughtered for the camp.
  1775 June 24 . John Chester ALS to Jabez Huntington; Cambridge, [Massachusetts]. (3 pages)
Describes the confusion of Continental Army at Boston after the battle of Bunker Hill. Is assured that all rumors of his death have been dispelled, especially to Mrs. Chester.
  1775 June 27 . William Leslie ALS to John Leslie; Sandy Hook, [New Jersey]. (4 pages)
News of War from a British soldier. Describes the Battle of Breed's Hill and gives thoughts on George Washington.
Folder   : Oversize Manuscripts  
  1775 July 1 . U.S. Continental Congress DS to David Bradish (1 page)     Located in Oversize Manuscripts 
Commission signed by John Hancock, for Bradish as "Captain of a Company in the 31st Regiment Commanded by Col. Phinny."
Box   1  
  1766-June 1776
  1775 July 18 . George Washington LS to Jonathan Trumbull; Cambridge, Massachusetts]. (2 pages)     Located in the George Washington collection. 
In Thomas Mifflin’s hand. Regarding dissatisfaction at the assignment of officers made by the Continental Congress. Argues that the Army has a greater right to control appointments and to supercede those made by provinces. A representative from Massachusetts has been sent to the Congress with Washington's opinion to reconcile this issue.
  1775 July 21-24 . Benja[min] Harrison AL (copy) to George Washington; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. (4 pages)
Providing news from Philadelphia regarding the Continental Congress, the state of the army, appointments, and recommendations. Includes remarks on contributions of Connecticut regiments, recommendations for Edmund Randolph and Thomas Price, and news of the death of Robert Mckenzie at Bunker Hill.
  1775 July 27 . Harry Farrington Gardner ALS to John Radcliffe; Boston, [Massachusetts]. (8 pages)
Comments on British troops and patriot defenses at Boston, desire among British troops for General [Henry] Lee to be killed, Burgoyne and Lee correspondence. Notes events since April 19, 1775. Mentions Loyalists in New York.
  1775 August 1 . Massachusetts Militia, Col. Phinney's Regiment, Capt. David Bradish's Company Muster Roll (2 pages)     Located in Oversize Manuscripts 
Muster roll for David Bradish's Company.
  1775 September . Doc. (2 pages)     Located in Oversize Manuscripts 
"An Effective Roll of Capt. John Lamb's Company of Artillery," listing men's names, ages, heights, occupations, places of birth, enlistment dates, discharges, and desertions. Page two includes a note: "4 days before march to Albany."
  1775 October 3 . Edward Hand ALS to Katharine Hand; Prospect Hill. (3 pages)
News from a soldier in the Continental army. Has learned that General Howe has been named "Commander in Chief of the British Troops." Is interested to hear the impact that the regulations of the Committee of safety for the government of the Pennsylvania militia had on Lancaster County.
  1775 November 14 . William Irvine ALS to James Wilson; Carlisle, [Pennsylvania]. (2 pages)
Thoughts on raising a militia. Believes that "500 men could be raised in this County" [Cumberland County].
  1775 November 15 . Gershom Pomeroy ALS to Mary Pomeroy; Dorchester, [Massachusetts]. (2 pages)
Arrival of two thousand more troops in Boston. Hopes for peace.
  1775 December 26 . Thomas McKnight Cy to Rev. Dr. McKnight; Norfolk, [Virginia]. (4 pages)
Regarding the Battle of Great Bridge [Virginia]. Inclosing a copy of a letter from Thomas McKnight to Rev. Dr. McKnight to be kept in case he needs to provide informaton concerning his landholdings. Gives instructions should he write to him via London.
  [ca. 1775] . John André drawing; Quebec. (1 page)     Located in the Gold Star collection 
Pencil sketch of Indians and Canadians.
  [ca. 1775-1776] . John Avery AL to "The Printers". (3 pages)
Causes of war, including the sweeping powers of government which caused the Glorious Revolution and has continued to the present day.
  [ ca. 1775-1780] . Joseph Covel ADS. (2 pages)
Detail of war service.
  1776 January 1 . Donald Campbell ALS to David Wooster; Head Quarters near Quebec. (2 pages)
Comments on supply shortages, need for reinforcements and more medicine.
  1776 January 13 . Thomas Taylor ALS to Rev. Thomas Percy; Wrightsburgh, Georgia. (4 pages)
Description of the region surrounding Savannah, [Georgia]. Lists crops the land produces. Some deaths attributed to smallpox. Majority in the Province [Georgia] seem loyal to British government and are ignorant of the grievances expressed by other colonies. Loyalist thoughts on rebel propaganda and non-importation, encounter between Militia and a band of loyalists, news that Canada has been reduced.
  [1776 January 18] . B[enedict] Arnold ALS to Hector McNeill (2 pages)
Glad to hear of McNeill's recovering health. Accepts his offer of cash, "as we are really Distressed for, that Article." Grants McNeill liberty to give orders regarding Captain Moran. "I wish it was In your power to bestow happiness &c., but the Guilty Con[s]ciences, of those lukewarm wretches Joined to the frowns of their Country must be Sufficient to blast, them unless they are Callous." Hopes McNeill can come soon and that the year will end "more propitious, than the last, who we have met a Severe Check, I believe the last years balance greatly in our favour." Published in William Bell Clark, ed., Naval Documents of the American Revolution, Vol. 3 (Washington, D.C.: 1968), p. 840-841. Donated by Peggy Harrington, from the collection of Kevin Harrington, 2014.
  1776 January 21 . Eliakim Willis ALS; Malden. (2 pages)
Burning of houses in Charlestown.
  1776 February 17 . Walter Spooner ALS to William Tallman; Watertown. (2 pages)
Report of cannon and troops.
  1776 February 20 . George Town, South Carolina Committee LS to North Carolina Council; George Town, [South Carolina]. (1 page)
Will supply 300 pounds more gunpowder in addition to the seven hundred pounds already sent. The Committee looks forward to hearing that the "insurgents in your province" are reduced and that peace has been restored.
  1776 February 20 . Daniel Hathway ALS to Mrs. Daniel Hathway; Winter Hill Head Quarters, [Massachusetts]. (1 page)
Regiment information. Quartering.
  1776 March 18 . William Greene ALS; Cambridge, [Massachusetts]. (2 pages)
Troops at Boston and Bunker Hill. There has been much destruction in Boston but not as much as expected. He received permission from Gen. Washington this morning to go into Boston and purchase any goods that he thinks worthwhile.
  1776 March 18 . Daniel Roberdeau ALS to U.S. Continental Congress Committee of Accounts; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. (1 page)
Payment for Committee of Safety.
  1776 March 20 . Elisha Porter LS to William Bacons; Pitsfield. (2 pages)
Orders to march to Canada to join U.S. blockade of Quebec. Will receive provisions at Bennington, [Vermont] and then proceed to Ticonderoga. Instructions for troops to maintain good order and discipline on their march.
  1776 March 20 . Joseph Trumbull ALS to Christopher Leffingwell; Windham. (2 pages)
British evacuation of Boston. Plans on being in Lebanon tommorow to discuss future operations.
  1776 March 25 . U.S. Continental Congress CyS. (2 pages)
Allowing a ration of provision for officers' servants per day.
  1776 March 30 . Josiah Quincy, [ Jr.] ALS to Benjamin Lincoln; Braintree, [Massachusetts]. (3 pages)
Information on fortifying Boston Harbor, addressing such questions as how many passages for ships there are into the Harbor and what the depth and width of the channel for each passage is.
  1776 April 2 . Ed Snickers ALS to James Mercer. (1 page)
Requests money for supplies (a quarter-page of calculations on the back).
  1776 April 8 . John G. Frazer ADS to Artemas Ward; Camp Boston, [Massachusetts]. (1 page)
Report from the officer of the day. The century at main guard had to be confined for negligence of his duty.
  1776 April 19 . Timothy Pickering ADS; [Massachusetts]. (2 pages)
No law requires captors to pay for maintenance of prisoners from captured vessels. Courts trying to condemn all vessels infesting the America's coast, sprecifically mentioning those of Suffolk, Middlesex, and Essex counties.
  1776 April 19 . Walter Spooner ALS to William Tallman and Elisha Pope; Watertown. (2 pages)
Information about orders.
  1776 April 26 . Benjamin Bourne ALS to Shearjashub Bourne; Newport Camp, [Rhode Island]. (2 pages)
Speculation that the American Navy is going to attack soon. Several cannon shots have been heard at sea and the frigate Cerebus , with 8 guns, has been sighted.
  1776 April 27 Joshua Jacob ADS; New York. (1 page)
Number and pay of troops in company, 23rd Regiment of Foot.
  1776 May 5 . Sir Henry Clinton CyS; North Carolina. (2 pages)
Pardon to all rebels who lay down arms. Mentions the rebelliousness of North Carolina. Has declared all men in arms or taking part in unlawfully established committees as enemies of the state. Judges still allowed to hold Courts according to the provincial laws and constitution.
  1776 May 6 . John Fothergill ALS to John Bartram; London, [England].
Hopes William Howe will settle problems with colonies.
  1776 May 8 . William Woodford ADS. (1 page)
List of prisoners sent to Williamsburg. General Lee examined Hopkins and Whitehurst for supplying the Fleet and other reasons.
  1776 May 9 . Connecticut General Assembly CyS to Connecticut Pay Table Committee; Connecticut. (2 pages)
Request on behalf of Mary Savage for wages for her husband, Abejah Savage, who is a prisoner in Quebec. The Assembly decided to honor the request.
Volume   1: Custom Traycase  
  1776 May 14 . C[aesar Rodney] ADf to [John Haslet?]; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. (4 pages)     Located in an individual custom traycase 
Regarding a resolution of Congress, recommending assemblies and committees to "Assume regular Government." Comments on the necessity of laying the foundation of a new government.
Box   1  
  1766-June 1776
  1776 May 16 . B[enedict] Arnold ALS to [John] Stout; Sorel, [Quebec, Canada]. (2 pages)
Orders to make a delivery to Colonel [Israel] Shreve (1734-1799) and relay information about supplies. Includes lists of men's names on the verso.
  1776 June 6 . Baltimore County Committee ALS to Maryland Council of Safety; Baltimore Town, [Maryland]. (1 page)
Request one thousand pounds to be used by the Committee of Batlimore County for cannon carriages and militia.
  1776 June 8 . Nathan Fitz Randolph ALS to Mercer & Schenk; Sloop Greyhound , Squan Beach, [New Jersey]. (1 page)
Description of a fight over the grounded sloop Greyhound .
  1776 June 14 . James Read Cy to U.S. Continental Congress Naval Committee. (1 page)
Account for various ships.
  1776 June 18 . Document. (22 pages)
"A Good Soldier of Jesus Christ" sermon on defense of country and Christian living in military camps. Includes such topics as enduring hardness and the Christian life being "truly a warfare."
  1776 June 21 . William Knox LS to John Boddington; Whitehall, [London, England]. (2 pages)
Great Britain transport of stores. Refers to a letter from Lord [Jeffery] Amherst received by Lord George Germain concerning two transports of troops to East Florida and where stores should be delivered. Virginia, St. Augustine, and Pensacola are mentioned as destinations.
  1776 June 24 . John Bradford ALS; Boston, [Massachusetts]. (1 page)
Capture of British vessels, the George and the Anna Bella (he hopes they can save it because it sails very fast). Yesterday eleven vessels were sighted east from the Cape.
  1776 June 27 . Massachusetts Council DS to Enos Hitchcock; Watertown, Massachusetts. (1 page)
Appointment to Chaplain of Col. Edward Wiglesworth's regiment, which was raised by Massachusetts to reinforce the Continental Army in Canada.
  1776 June 28 . Samuel Squire & Jonathan Fitch DS; New York. (1 page)
Drawing Provisions. Mentions the march of an expedition under Maj. Gen. Charles Lee.
Box   2  
  July 1776-September 1781
  1776 July 6 . Benjamin Mills and Benjamin Bonney ALS to Elisha Porter and Israel Chap[i]n. Chesterfield, [Massachusetts]. (1 page)
Chesterfield's Committee of Safety "have had Gideon Bisbee before them and find him sensible of his Error in departing from his Duty under your Command."Bisbee is returning to his post, "& humbly implores the Pardon of his officers, appears penitent and Promises Reformation."Recommend that Bisbee be returned to his former standing without corporal punishment "(if consistent with Justice, Honor, & the good of the common cause).""To Colo. Elisha Porter, & Capt. Israel Chapen-- In the canady Expedition."
  1776 July 9 . Nathaniel Ramsey LS to U.S. Continental Congress. Council of Safety. (1 page)
Reimbursement for money spent on militia, mentions payment of forty pounds to Col. Thomas Ewing.
  1776 July 10 . New Hampshire Committee of Safety DS to Nicholas Gilman. (1 page)
Order to pay Major Jonathan Childs ninety pounds to purchase firearms.
  1776 July 11 . New Hampshire Committee of Safety DS to Nicholas Gilman. (1 page)
Order to pay Timothy Walker one hundred and seventy one pounds as an additional bounty for soldiers he is "desired to muster."
  1776 July 11 . New Hampshire Committee of Safety DS to Nicholas Gilman. (1 page)
Order to pay Colonel Joshua Wingate advance wages.
  1776 July 13 James Wadsworth ALS to Philip B. Bradley; New York. (1 page)
Regarding creating an arrangement of the regiments in the Brigade.
  1776 July 15 . Joseph Reed ALS to U.S. Continental Army. Commanding Officer of troops at Bergen; Head Quarters, New York. (1 page)
Discharging militia of New Jersey to New York.
  1776 July 26 . William Atlee LS to Edward Hand; Lancaster, [Pennsylvania]. (1 page)
Boys being sent to be trained as drummers and fifers. Plans on giving some money for their care on the way.
  1776 July 27 . William Sharpe ALS to Cornelius Harnett; Salisbury, [North Carolina]. (4 pages)
Description of supplies and preparations for continuing war, including General [Griffith] Rutherford's plans to march two thousand men to the "Middle and Valley settlements" [Cherokee settlements in the western Carolinas]. Possible help from Virginians. Recounts violence in the area.
  1776 August 5 . Robert Yates ADS; Albany, New York. (2 pages)
Requesting payment for the sloop Anna he and "R R Livingston" bought as part of a secret committee for the use of the state of New York.
  1776 August 13 . Thomas Twisleton ALS to Dr. Leigh; Off Staten Island, [New York]. (2 pages)
Saw fleet with Hessian division and Howe. Notes rumors of truce between Washington and Howe.
  1776 August 27 . Connecticut Governor & Council of Safety ADS to Connecticut. Pay Table Committee; Lebanon, [Connecticut]. (1 page)
Money Order for three hundred pounds to Colonel Jonathan Fitch for tents and clothing for the Continental Army in the Northern Department.
  1776 September 14 . Sam[ue]l Dashwood ALS to "Committee[e] of Corresponds..." (1 page)
Providing information on Tory spies, particularly Isaac Jones (1728-1813) from Weston. While Dashwood was in the home of Dr. Silvester Gard[i]ner (1708-1786), "a Notted Tore," Mr. Wheaton and his sons visited, and their news of Jones's escape was greeted happily. Calls Jones "our fri[e]nd" and believes he will provide as much information as he can, which requires he "keep in with the pore Devels as he called them or he would not be abl[e] to give them any mor[e] Information." Jones informed Wheaton that Captain O'Brien, possibly Jeremiah O'Brien (1744-1818), was at Newbery collecting provisions to deliver to Machias, and suggests that he get an Admiral to send a ship. Acknowledges that much has escaped his memory but heard enough to "Consider that sd Jones was Gre[a]t an Enemy to America as any in itt."
  1776 September 25 . William McKerachan ADS to Christopher Utman; Westmoreland, [Pennsylvania]. (1 page)
Receipt for salt petre.
  1776 November 5 . John Morin Scott ALS; White Plains, [New York]. (2 pages)
Has heard of a great movement of carriages in the "Enemies Army", that their advance guards have been drawn, and that they are possibly moving westward. This is speculation pending the return of his and Gen. Clinton's scouts. Urges expedition of commissions. Discusses the state of clothes for Clinton's brigade and his as well.
  1776 November 26 . Charles Lee ALS to Sir William Howe. (3 pages)
Offers suggestion that hospital workers be exempt from war, sparked from a story in which soldiers killed a surgeon's mate attending to a wounded Hessian. Medical staff should not be considered prisoners; white flags should be hoisted from hospital tops. Lee complains of the treatment American prisoners are receiving under Howe while British prisoners are treated with humanity. Calls for better treatment and stipends for officers on both sides.
  1776 December 12 . William Alexander, Lord Stirling ALS to David Rittenhouse; Blue Mounts. (1 page)
Intelligence about Cornwallis and Hessians. Cornwallis's force is at "New Penny Town in New Jersey", while some British and Hessians are in Trentown [Trenton]. He has three British prisoners with him and wants them sent to a nearby town. He lists their names of the prisoners (2 grenadiers and a Highlander of the light infantry).
  1777 January 10 . Moses Hazen Cy to Jacob Bayley; Albany, [New York]. (1 page)
Discusses frontier situation. Hopes to command the lake [Lake Champlain] and, once Crown Point is rebuilt, solidify their position there.
Volume   2: Custom Traycase  
  1777 January 21 . Israel Putnam LS to Council of Safety, Philadelphia; Princeton, [New Jersey]. (2 pages)     Located in an individual custom traycase 
Notes deserters and a skirmish between a British foraging party and New Jersey Militiamen. Accompanied by an engraving of Israel Putnam.
Box   2  
  July 1776-September 1781
  1777 March 5 . Joseph Webb ALS to Thomas Mumford; Wethersfield, Connecticut. (1 page)
Seeking officers on behalf of his brother, Col. Webb.
  1777 March 19 . Massachusetts Court of General Sessions 4 DsS to Bristol County Sheriff; Taunton, Massachusetts. (7 pages)
Charges against the loyalist Chace. He has been "inimically disposed" and represents a danger to public peace and safety. Includes warrant and indictment against him. The verdict states that his further presence in Massachusetts is dangerous to the state.
  1777 April 16 . John Gordon DS; York. (1 page)
Provision return from Quartermaster Gordon. "Provision Return of Capt Nickels and Capt Whites Companys."
  1777 April 22 . Anthony Wayne ALS to Richard Varick; Ticonderoga, [New York]. (1 page)
Request for a new gun to be made as his current one is rusty. He doesn't have anything worth communicating but remains alert in hearing from the enemy.
  1777 May 7 . Charles Lee ALS; New York, [New York]. (3 pages)
Misrepresentations of his treatment as prisoner of the British have resulted in British soldiers like Col. Campbell to be closely confined and in other ways poorly dealt with. Affirms that William Howe has treated him with respect all along and hopes that when the recipient reads the letter that Campbell and the others will be placed in conditions reflective of their rank.
  1777 May 28 . O[liver] Ellsworth DS to John Lawrence; Hartford, [Connecticut]. (1 page)
Authorizes Lawrence, Treasurer, to pay Captain David Holmes for the "Purchase and Premium" of 335 lbs. of saltpeter. Signed on verso by Shubail Child, acknowledging receipt of payment. Audited in September 1777 by [?] Pitkin. Accompanied by printed portrait of Oliver Ellsworth, engraved by E. Mackenzie "from a Painting by J. Herring."
  1777 May . Anonymous AD; Pennsylvania. (5 pages)
British war accounts, expenses, and figures. Included are the costs for a horse, medical bills, and boots from the shoe maker.
  1777 June 20 . Rich[ar]d Bail[e]y ALS; s.l. (2 pages)
Requests delaying departure of the Arwin galley with stores for Canada until he can confirm it contains all intended cargo. Notes recent and upcoming convoys. Intends to visit the War Office in London and discuss stores in New York with the Navy board. "The Admiral informs me he knows not of any Convoy for Canada; has just received a Report from the Agent that Eleven of the Principal Rebel Prisoners made their Escape from Prison last Night." NB: The crew of the Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Rising States were the first Americans imprisoned at Forton Prison in Portsmouth, England, following their capture on April 5, 1777, by the HMS Terrible . They attempted to escape five days after their arrival in mid-June.
  1777 July 23 . Oliver Cumings ADS; Dunstable, [Massachusetts]. (2 pages)
Order to muster soldiers living on the west side of Salmon Brook to meet with arms and other equipment at the alarm post.
  1777 July . Selectmen of Reading, Massachusetts DS to State of Massachusetts; Reading, Massachusetts. (6 pages)
Accounts due to Reading for "necessitous Persons from Charlestown." Includes costs of wood, butter, potatoes, and other items.
  1777 August 5 . Josiah Parker ALS to John Page; Germantown, [Pennsylvania]. (3 pages)
Writes about the movements of Howe and Burgoyne. Notes news of the evacuation of Ticonderoga, expressing fear that Burgoyne's success will drive Howe to Virginia and allow Burgoyne to capture Albany. Mentions troubles of the campaign in the North thus far. Believes that the militia could repel Howe if he decided to make a move on Philadelphia.
  1777 August 10 . Thomas Dundas ALS to Edward Burd, Jr.; Reading, [Massachusetts]. (3 pages)
Notes troop movements and the coming battle at Saratoga. Howe's fleet has kept them in "anxious suspense." Speculates that an English army has landed in Connecticut or gone up the North River to join Burgoyne, which must be Howe's intent. Until they defeat Washington's army, the capture of Philadelphia or any other place "will be but a small Step towards conquering America."
Volume   3: Custom traycase  
  1777 August 12 . George Clinton ALS to Pierre Van Cortland; New Windsor, [New York]. (2 pages)     Located in an individual custom traycase 
Notes suppression of a loyalist insurrection led by [Capt.] Man. Explains why he can't afford to spare troops from the Highlands.
Box   2  
  July 1776-September 1781
  1777 August 21 . Benjamin Burton DS; Camp at Rhode Island. (2 pages)
Muster Roll for the month of July for Capt. Burton and Col. Henry Shelburne.
  1777 August 24 . Campbell and Galbraith Doc.; Kingston, Jamaica. (2 pages)
Advertisement for sale of sloop Sally and her cargo, including the sale of slaves. Lists the prices for each item.
Volume   4: Custom traycase  
  1777 August 25 . George Clinton ALS to [Pierre Van Cortland]; Albany, [New York]. (2 pages)     Located in an individual custom traycase 
Regarding American victories at Fort Stanwix and Bennington. Expresses the possibility for a complete victory in the state of New York. Mentions: Benedict Arnold, Peter Gansevoort, Bary St. Leger, and John Burgoyne.
Box   2  
  July 1776-September 1781
  1777 August 31 . Tobias Fernald ALS to Andrew P. Fernald; Vanschiack's Island. (1 page)
Awaiting troops and Gen. Arnold. Mentions news of Arnold's success raising the siege at Fort Stanwix and victory at Bennington. They pursued fleeing enemy troops as far as "Lake Onida" [Oneida] before Arnold returned to the fort.
  1777 September 17-20 . Horatio Gates Cy to Bennington, Vermont Committee of Safety; Camp on Bemis Heights. (1 page)
Discusses preparation for Saratoga. Comments on news that Burgoyne has occupied Forts Ann, George, and Edward southwards of Lake George. Believes that the British are planning "upon one Rash Stroke." It is urgent to reinforce the army. Requests immediate reinforcements. Includes copy of a letter to commanding officer of New Hampshire militia to march to Bennington.
  1777 September 23 . William Whipple ALS to Jonathan Chase; Portsmouth, [New Hampshire]. (2 pages)
Recommending that as much of the state militia as possible join the Northern Army. Extols them for services they've already rendered.
  1777 September 26 . Alexander Scammell ALS to Jonathan C. Chadbourn; Camp Now or Never. (3 pages)
Account of the Battle of Freeman's Farm [which took place on September 19, 1777, the first component of the Battle of Saratoga]. Claims that "Burgoyne commanded in person directly opposite to where we were."
  1777 September 28-November 20 . John André Manuscript; Germantown, [Pennsylvania] and Philadelphia Camp, [Pennsylvania]. (12 pages)
Accounts of encounters with American troops, including troops marching to meet Washington at Wilmington, [Delaware], and Washington's rousing of the troops to "exterminate" the British army. Fears a lack of provisions in Philadelphia for the winter, unless the coutnry people bring in their produce. Describes last few engagements in the Philadelphia area before Washington sets up winter quarters at Valley Forge. Copies of contemporaneous maps of the area included in folder.
  1777 November 7 . Benjamin Harrison ALS to Robert Morris; Berkeley, James River [Virginia]. (3 pages)
Mentions war rumors. Refers to Washington in Philadelphia and discusses Gates and Burgoyne. Finds that tobacco is in every part of the country. If Howe is beaten soundly, perhaps more pressure would be applied upon England to acknowledge independence. British eyes would be opened to the fact that they may encounter "war with all the rest of the world."
  1777 November 7 . Unknown Doc. to Israel Putnam; Poughkeepsie Precinct, [New York]. (3 pages)
List of wives and children of loyalists to be sent to New York, "By order of General Putnam."
  1777 November 8 . William Egerton Godfrey DS to Col. John Davis; Carlisle, [Pennsylvania]. (1 page)
Certifying that James Ramsey granted the use of a brick house (owned by James Smith) to Capt. Corrans' Company of Artillery - beginning in April. On the same page: United States ANS to James Ramsey; November 8, 1777. Receipt for rent payment.
  1777 . John Dunlap Doc.; Pennsylvania. (2 pages)
Counterfeit 6 pence note; "This Bill shall pass current for Six Pence, according to an Act of General Assembly of the Common Wealth of Pennsylvania, passed the Twentieth Day of March, in the Year One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy Seven. Dated the tenth Day of April, A.D. 1777." Written in manuscript, "Couterfeit is to go to Hell."
Folder   : Oversize Manuscripts  
  1777 . [Anthony Wayne] AL to George Washington; [Fort Ticonderoga, New York]. (3 pages)     Located in Oversize Manuscripts 
Grievances of officers, including little pay which causes them to incur debts "which they can have no prospect of discharging," and "do not act with that cheerfulness and Alacrity which will procure good order and discipline."
Box   2  
  July 1776-September 1781
  1778 January 30 . Benjamin West ALS to Samuel West; John's Island, South Carolina. (4 pages)
Description of town of Bethlehem and Charleston, South Carolina. Mentions Moravians that live in Bethlehem. Provides descriptions of Pennsylvania with its rich soil and abundance of German farmers, how Negroes are treated in Virginia, and the difficulties of life in Charleston for white people. A fire has burnt a third of the city and "there is at present an embargo on all shipping in this harbor."
  1778 February 2 . Clement Biddle ADS to U.S. Army Forage Masters. (1 page)
Orders forage masters to provide hay or pasture for army-owned cattle.
  1778 February 25 . Benjamin West ALS to Samuel West; Charles Town, South Carolina. (2 pages)
Descibes life in Charleston. Gives a review of his health. Lives on a diet of rice and milk. Doesn't think he will fall into the vices prevalent in the area; they've actually had a good effect on his mind and morals. Esteems an acquaintance for "his humanity, towards the most miserable part of the human species...the slaves of which he has the command of about one thousand."
  1778 May 18 . Henry Grove ALS to Leslie Grove; Roseau, Dominica. (3 pages)
The island of Dominica is destitute of means of defense against the French. Hopes that British troops on the continent will make a sweep in the West Indies. Asserts that England must have declared war against France, which he wishes had happened two years ago.
  1778 June 26 . Guy Carleton, Baron Dorchester DS to John Powell; Quebec. (3 pages)
Warrant to pay Quebec militia and an account of expenses paid by Taschereau, Paymaster to the Canadian Militia.
  1778 July 23 . Benjamin West ALS to Samuel West; Charles Town, [South Carolina]. (4 pages)
Description of keeping slaves in South Carolina, plantation life, and Charleston. Describes plantations with hundreds of slaves used to plant rice and indigo, though one hundred is thought to be the number needed to be profitable. Slaves' lives are handled with indifference. Describes the manner slaves are tried for capital crimes.
  [1778 July] . Dan[ie]l Harrington 3 DsS, Pay Abstracts; [Cambridge, Massachusetts?]. (3 pages, total)
Capt. Daniel Harrington's company in Colonel Reed's Regiment. Three pay abstracts, for the months of April, May, and June 1778 for "Guarding the Troops of Genl. Burgoynes Army." [Convention Army]
  1778 August 12 . Benjamin West ALS to Samuel West; Charles Town, [South Carolina]. (3 pages)
Includes personal news regarding his health and diet. Provides description of Ephrata, [Pennsylvania], which has separate houses of worship for the women and men, and the customs of its inhabitants.
  1778 August 13 . Samuel Adams ALS to Sally [Mrs. Samuel Adams]; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. (2 pages)
Describes Philadelphia after American occupation. Sends personal remarks to his wife. Describes an exotic tree in Philadelphia that has grown significantly since the British army left. Expects to return to Englishtown soon.
  1778 September 15 . Richard Brooks Roberts Document. (2 pages)
Muster roll, Company of South Carolina Continentals, Regiment of Artillery.
  [1778] October 2 . S.G. ALS to [Grace Coxe?] Kempe. (2 pages)
Smuggled letter written on a thin piece of paper with family news and request that the British aid the captured Colonel Bayler, an American commander. Extolls his character and voices concern about his treatment. Expressed belief that both countries will find ruin from the war.
  1778 October and November 20 . J.D. Schweighauser and Peltier Dudoyer DS; Nantes, [France]. (3 pages)
Written in French, a document regarding the sale of the ship Drake .
  1778 November 2 . Benedict Arnold, Seagrove & Constable, and M. Clarkson Doc. (copy); Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. (4 pages)
Permission for Capt. James Duncan to purchase "European, India, and other Goods" on their joint accounts - if the British leave New York soon. If the Troops remain, and he is able to procure and convey the goods, they may be purchased on their joint accounts. Purchases of "Rice & Vessells" in Carolina and Georgia by the signers will be made on joint accounts. With Benedict Arnold and John R. Livingston document (copy), [1777 July 22]. Certification of letters to New York.
  1778 November 30 . Benedict Arnold ALS to Philip John Schuyler; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. (5 pages)
Describes Schuyler's court martial and speculates on positive support from Generals [Henry] Lee and [Arthur] St. Clair. Arnold plans to buy land in New York, "the Gentlemen of the State of New York were satisfied with my Conduct when Commanding in This State." Arnold hopes to become a citizen of New York.
  1778 November . Benjamin Burton Document; Rhode Island. (2 pages)
Capt. Burton's muster roll for November 1778.
  1779 January 17 . J[ohann von] Ewald ALS to [Jeannette van Horne]; Flushing. (2 pages)
Affectionate letter written by a Hessian officer. Ewald writes that he misses Jeannette and her five sisters and wishes that she would pay his respects to her mother. He asks her to remember their time together in Brunswick and Flatbush. Mentions his host, "Mster Vanderbil." [In French]
  1779 February 1 . Israel Putnam ALS to E. Williams; Reading Head Quarters. (1 page)
Regarding a prisoner exchange, including a "Master of the Brig Hallifax" and a "Master of a Victualling transport in the Enemy's Service."
  1779 March 1 . [Unknown] ALS to Benjamin Willcox; Dartmouth, [Massachusetts]. (1 page)
Concerning the posting watch of four men per night for enemy vessels. If an enemy is discovered before nightfall the guard should be doubled. Warns of punishment if men do not follow orders.
  1779 April 25 . Moses Hazen ALS to "the gentlemen majestrates, Select men of Surveyors of the Roads and all other Inhabitants Living on the road from this Place to Coos;" Charles Town, New Hampshire. (1 page)
Informing residents that his regiment will march to Coos "for the Protection of this frontier Country," and due to a large amount of baggage he asks that they prepared the road and bridges.
  1779 April 29 . Ephraim Blaine ALS to Joseph Reed; Carlisle, [Pennsylvania]. (1 page)
Provisions difficult to procure. Laments previous expectations of a plentiful harvest. The rye and early wheat has been destroyed. Low money makes it difficult to obtain supplies. Families won't be able to support their families until crops in the ground provide relief.
  1779 June 29 . John Hancock DCy; Massachusetts Bay. (1 page)
Discusses Joseph Henderson's staffing needs to guard prisoners aboard a guardship, warning it is "insufficient to receive the prisoners now in Boston." Assigns men from Dorchester Heights for guardship duty, absolving the town from further draft responsibilties. Empowers the Council "to make Such further Provision as they shall think necessary for the reception of the prisoners that now are or may be sent in to Boston."
  1779 July 22 . Benjamin West ALS to Samuel West; Charlestown, [South Carolina]. (1 page)
Fills his brother in on what has taken place in his life since he last wrote, including serving in the army, being a prisoner, returning home, and falling sick. He is about to sail to Philadelphia to see him but says that if he is captured he might write from St. Augustine, Savannah, or New York.
  1779 July 27 . [Nathanael Greene] ADf to George Washington. (4 pages)
Suggested measures for deployment of troops in view of enemy strength in New York, including the sending of three brigades to New Jersey. Reference to the security of the coasts of Connecticut and New Jersey.
  [1779 July] . Benjamin West ALS to Samuel West; On Sloop Claudia in Cape Fear River, North Carolina. (2 pages)
Letter describing Benjamin's attempt to get home and the problems his ship has encountered. Includes thoughts on death, fears that he will never return home, and refers to North Carolina as the best place for a lawyer on the continent.
  1779 August 4 . "List of Tories..." Doc. (2 pages)
"A List of Tories found in the Indian Country in the Year 1779." Lists 135 men, the captain of their company, and an accounting of their rations. Captains include: Capt. Butlar, Capt. Tinbrook, Capt. Coldwell, Capt. McDonel, and Capt. Hare. Note: May be in reference to Butler's Rangers, led by John Butler (1728-1796), and captains may include Walter Butler (1752-1781), Peter Ten Broeck, William Caldwell (1750-1822), John McDonell, and Peter Hare.
  1779 October 27 . "trustees of Easthampton" Doc. to "your Excellency" (3 pages)
In regards to a letter recently sent to Dr. Buell, "Recommending to the Inhabitants to refund 400 pounds to Mr Isaacs for Dry Goods taken by the Rebels upon their way from Newyork to this place." Defends the inhabitants as unaware of Isaacs' travelling to New York and stating that they acted on their own behalf. Recommends giving a permit to Isaacs so that "as a Merchant might be Permited to Bring out a few Articles supposing the Inhabitant would be willing to Purchase Them of him as a Merchant." Includes a list of foodstuffs, including hogs and bushels of wheat, corn, and flaxseed.
  1779 November 9 . N[athaniel] Peabody ADfS to [William] Whipple; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. (4 pages)
Mentions Gerard visiting camp. Notes men gathering on the Jersey shore. Will send Congressional journals as they are published and will copy extracts of other journals. Mentions Lee heading to South Carolina and his secretary's pay. No further news of "the Enemies movements worth notice since their Evacuation of R[hode] Island." General [John] Sullivan returned, having "accomplished the designs of his Mission." Not surprised by news "of a Certain Genl. being under arrest." Notes developments concerning "Counterfeit Continental money" and the trial and impending execution of men. " to our finances, no material alteration in Congress-- but out of Doors the Devil himself Reigns Triumphant." Notes New York delegates [Philip] Schuyler, [James] Duane, General [John Morin] Scot[t], [William?] Floyd, and [Ezra] L[']Hommedieu. References struggles between New York and New Hampshire delegates over grants and a manifesto published in "Dunlaps Paper." On the verso, a crossed out note offers Peabody's compliments to Mr. Laurens. Donated by Peggy Harrington, from the collection of Kevin Harrington, 2014.
  1779 . William Brittan, Isaac Tuckerman, and others 6 ADs to Josiah Mersereau and others; Rutland, [Massachusetts]. (7 pages)
Receipts relating to the Convention Army prisoners of war.
  1780 January 21 . John Tanner ALS to [John Hallum]; Ship Confederacy , Martin[ique]. (3 pages)
Giving an account of their near shipwreck. Sailed from Philadelphia on October 26, 1779, and lost a man overboard on November 4th. Bowsprit was damaged due to heavy waves, detailing actions taken and describing the masts and yards falling. Notes injuries of one man whose hand was mangled, had his arm removed, and died. The ship's pumps were unscathed and she did not spring leaks at first. Describes actions taken following the accident, difficulties in storms, and severe damage to the rudder. "…the middle of Novr on the banks of newfoundland, without Mast or Ruther, and the Pepole half scared to death, we ware in a Malencoley situation, In that Condition we drove about twenty three days & by our reconing did not altter our Possetion more than 120 or 130 Miles." Improvised sailing techniques, their landing in Martinique, and work to refit the ship.
  1780 June 20 . Job Haskell ADS to Benjamin Sanger; Chichester, [Massachusetts]. (1 page)
Orders for Sgt. Sanger to assemble the men "in order to rais two soldiers for six months."
  [1780] August 4-September 22 . James Abeel DS to David Wolfe; s.l. (1 page)
List of David Wolfe's travelling expenses for his trip between Shawangunk, [New York], and Morristown, [New Jersey], for the Deputy Quarter Master General, James Abeel.
  1780 December 14 . John Lambert ALS to his Uncle; Parole of Honor, Puerto Rico. (8 pages)
Letter from British naval officer of the HMS Deal Castle , telling of their encountering a hurricane in the West Indies. Description of their subsequent shipwreck and treatment at the hands of the Spanish, including a forced march and brief imprisonment. Brief mention of French merchant ships and suspicions of privateers.
  1780 December 26 . Henry Seaton CyS; Rutland, Vermont. (2 pages)
Regarding the parole of British Capt. Henry Seaton. Acknowledges his status as a prisoner of war and his permission to go to New York to "Negotiate a set of Bills of Exchange" drawn by him on Capt. Duncan Munro for seventy four pounds. Promises not to bear arms or consider himself freed.
  1780 . AD; Newburyport, Massachusetts. (2 pages)
Payroll list of soldiers from Newburyport, Massachusetts.
  1781 January 10 . Jonathan Nesbitt and Company ALS; L'Orient, France. (1 page)     Filed with [1781] Jonathan Nesbitt & Co. ALS to John Brown; L'Orient, France.  
Concerns the impact of "contrary winds", praises the quality of the St. James as being "without exception the compleatest Merchant ship that we sail'd from this Port to America."
  1781 January 10 . John Story ALS to Nathanael Greene; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. (3 pages)
Discusses the mutiny of Pennsylvania troops; they refused to be commanded by their officers and one captain was killed, two others were wounded. General [Anthony] Wayne's efforts could not stop them, and they would not lay down their arms until "they had justice done them." They marched to Prince Town [Princeton] and are now at Trenton where they are discussing matters with a "Committee of Congress and Governor [Joseph] Reed."
  1781 January 18 . de Beauner ALS to Jonathan Williams; Nantes, [France]. (1 page)
Money owed [in French].
  1781 February 14 . Robert Adair AMsS to Alexander Campbell; London, [England]. (1 page)
Regarding the pension of Capt. Alexander Campbell of the 74th regiment, who broke his thigh and sustained other injuries as a result of a fallen tree while on duty.
  1781 March 10 . J[ohn] Taylor ALS to William McEwen; Hillsborough, [New Jersey]. (1 page)
Invitation to attend the next meeting of the newly formed "Whig Society of Somerset." Describes the Society’s aims: "promoting Agriculture, the Interest of the Country, the Interest of the Community at large, for counterworking the designs of the disaffected, for promoting a union of Sentiments & measures amongst the Whigs, and for helping on the great cause of american freedom." Meeting will be held at Mr. Mershon’s tavern.
  1781 March 13 . Nathaniel Harrington, Jr. ALS to Nathaniel Harrington; Cape Francais, Hispaniola [Haiti]. (2 pages)
Avoiding authorities after capture of his privateer. During his journey throughout Europe he "was obliged to go to Paris to obtain Money of Dr. Franklin to carry me to America."
  1781 March 20 . Caleb Clap ALS to Betsey Stone; West Point, [New York]. (3 pages)
Unable to visit Rutland, Massachusetts, any time soon.
  1781 March 29 . John Monier ALS to [Cousin of John Monier's]; New York. (2 pages)
British soldier comments on supplies. News of Britain's Declaration of War against the Dutch. Comments on actions between French and British fleets off the Chesapeake and rumors that the French are worried and have gone back to Boston or Rhode Island. "By this Rumpus, I hope the way is made clear to General Arnold and that our Reinforcement of about 1500 Men have found him by this Time."
  1781 April 5 . U.S. Continental Army, 1st Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment DS to John Rodgers; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. (1 page)
Commission as surgeon of the first Pennsylvania Regiment beginning on October 1st, 1779. Witnessed by Samuel Huntington.
  1781 April 16 . Col. Donald Campbell ALS to "General"; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. (2 pages)
Summarizes news from Nathanael Greene at Deep River, North Carolina (from Greene's letter to Samuel Huntington dated March 30, 1781). Regarding Cornwallis' movements, Ramsey's Mill, and the Battle of Guilford Court House.
  1781 May 3 . Francis Douze ALS to Henry Lee; Baltimore, Maryland. (3 pages)
Requests help in communicating with Washington to get orders to go back to his unit [In French].
  1781 May 11 . U.S. Continental Army, 3rd Artillery Regiment ADS; Boston, [Massachusetts]. (1 page)
List of rejected recruits with reasons for rejection. Included are names, towns engaged from, and causes rejected.
  1781 May 29 . Joseph Lyman ALS copy to Sam[ue]l Huntington; Hatfield, [Massachusetts]. (1 page)
Comments on the death of Rev. Jonathan Huntington (1733-1781), Samuel's brother. Calls for Samuel to offer his "assistance & friendship" to his relatives. As executor of the estate, inquires whether Samuel has resolved "those Debts which were left in your hands for settlement." "Your Excellency being engrossed by the weighty concerns of the Continent will direct some Agent of yours to adjust these Matters with me." Addressed to "Saml Huntington Prest of Congress." Short list of items appears on the reverse, including such miscellanea as foot and hand wheels, pipe and tobacco boxes, and horse tack.
  1781 June 2 . Thomas Loomis DS to Lewis Nathan; Southington, [Connecticut]. (1 page)
Provisions to French Department, including cattle.
  1781 June 7 . [Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd marquis of Rockinham] AL to [David] Hartley; Wimbledon, [England]. (1 page)
Lord Rockingham sends his compliments to Hartley for his account of Captain Barderick's arrival. "L Cornwallis & his Army have had a narrow Escape - & as to L Rawdon & the Remnant with his Lordship, they seem, as yet, not to be quite out of danger ."
  1781 June 8 . [Robert Aiken] AD to President & Council of the State of Pennsylvania; [Pennsylvania]. (2 pages)
Invoice for the sale of [Thomas] "Hutchin's Map" for seven pounds. On the opposite side, dated June 9, 1781 from Philadelphia, is a Joseph Gardner ADS to David Rittenhouse directing payment of the account.
  1781 June 12 . Sir Henry Clinton DS to David Thomas; Headquarters, New York, [New York]. (2 pages)
Warrant for expenses; Henry Bruen and Archibald Robertson are to be paid twenty two thousand pounds enabling them to pay "Two Hundred Days Forage" to the Troops in this District for the present Campaign."
  1781 June 15 . David Cobb ALS; Head Quarters, [New Windsor, New York]. (1 page)
Conveys Washington's congratulations of General Greene's force in South Carolina. Provides details of Continental victories throughout the Southern theatre and the capture of prisoners. Notes the evacuation of Camden, [South Carolina] by Lord Rawdon.
Folder   : Oversize Manuscripts  
  1781 June 30 . Document; [Massachusetts]. (1 page)     Located in Oversize Manuscripts 
Payroll list of soldiers from "Captain Reuben Davis' Company in Colonel Luke Drury's Regiment of Levies Raised for three Months Agreable to a Resolve of the Common Wealth of Massachusetts." Includes names, ranks, service information, wages, rations, and other information.
Folder   : Oversize Manuscripts  
  1781 July 1 . John Hancock Partially Printed DS to William Allen; [Massachusetts]. (1 page)     Located in Oversize Manuscripts 
Appointment of William Allen as 1st Lieutenant in Captain Thomas Hollis Jr.'s 5th Regiment. Signed by John Hancock, with State seal. Also signed by secretary John Avery.
Box   2  
  July 1776-September 1781
  1781 September 3 . Erskurius Beatty ALS to John Pratt; Yorktown, [Virginia]. (3 pages)
Major Campbell and "our Commandt." have taken command of a house. The landlord and landlady give them "many a sour look" due to the troops presence on the field, "but Damn them." Beatty expects to be in Carlisle soon.
  1781 September 24 . Groton, [Connecticut] Selectmen DS to Connecticut Committee of the Pay-Table; Groton, [Connecticut]. (1 page)     Located in the African American and African Diaspora Collection 
Document certifying that he served in "Capt. Amos Stanton's Company Col. Shelburns Regiment in the Connecticut Line and Served until he died."
Box   3  
  October 1781-1896 and   undated
  1781 October 17 and [1781 October] 18 . Philip Van Cortlandt ALS; Camp before York, [Virginia]. (2 pages)
Regarding Cornwallis' offer to surrender. Cortland has just left Washington and "it seams the haughty Brittain is humbled... in the Morning I Expect all will be settled so that we shall make a most Glorious affair of it." Text on verso from the morning of the 18th [of October, 1781,] claiming that he has no yet heard from Head Quarters.
  1781 October 26 . Nisbit Balfour DS to David Thomas; Charleston, [South Carolina]. (2 pages)
Warrant to pay James Fraser, barrack master, two thousand pounds.
  1781 November 3-1781 November 6 . William Alexander, Lord Stirling ADf to William Heath and George Clinton; Saratoga and Albany, New York. (3 pages)
Regarding the magnitude of Cornwallis's surrender and the war in New York. Does not believe that there is any more threat "of the Enemy's invading this Country" and thus feels that the militia shouldn't be kept in the field.
  1781 . Jonathan Nesbitt & Co. ALS to John Brown; L'Orient, France. (1 page)
Concerning matters pertaining to shipping. They are preparing the St. James to dispatch and another ship, the Franklin , was captured and carried into England.
  1782 January 8 . Charlestown, Massachusetts, Assessors ADS to Mssrs. Kittell & Carter; Charlestown, [Massachusetts]. (1 page)
Order to collect twenty one shillings and one penny from Edward Dixon for non-payment of hire of substitute for Continental Army service.
  1782 January 15 . Samuel Breck 3 ALsS to John Lillie; Boston, [Massachusetts] and West Point, [New York]. (3 pages)
Assures Lillie that his position as French fiscal agent is "favourable" in spite of a new consul and that there is good rapport between him, the Consul General, and the "French Officers." French ships in the harbor have departed for the West Indies and speculates that they will return to "assist in the reduction of New York."
  1782 January 22 . Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur Rochambeau LS to Benjamin Harrison; Williamsburg, [Virginia]. (2 pages)
Regarding the movement of French troops. Greene has requested reinforcements while Washington has ordered "only to cover and protect Virginia." He would like to send one corps as far as the Dan River and is sending "Mr. Dumas," adjudant quartermaster general, to talk to Washington about that corps's march. Hopes that Harrison will provide as much furnished lodging as possible.
  1782 March 2 . Robert Spencer ADS to Ralph Price; s.l. (1 page)
Receipt for stowing rum from captured ship.
  1782 March 4 . Gr[eenberry] Lee ALS to John Martin; Richmond County, [Georgia]. (3 pages)
Grateful to have been appointed commander of the 2nd Battalion and promises his full service, but is aware of the "many difficulties I shall have to encounter." "However desirous the people may be to Establish this Government and oppose the Common Enemy there are Circumstances that render it morally imp[ossible] at this time to draw maney of them into the field." Believes more than half of his battalion would be unable to make it until harvest without provisions being made for them and cannot bring them to serve without force. "... besides we are Obliged to keep a Considerable part [of] our small force Continually in quest of A Bandittry of [illegible] that are hovering on our frontiare and frequently making depredations on us." Has not received many orders and will have to undergo another draft in order to execute the ones he has. Is in need of gunpowder and paper." "Several of [ ] deluded people who were seduced by the British to [ta]ke up arms against there Country are now Convin[c]ed of there error and are surrendering themselves to the mer[cy?] of there Country, and there are sending in propasit[ions?] to know if they can be received, I wish to be favord with your instructions on this subject that I may Govern my self Accordingly."
  1782 April 27 . James Jackson ALS to Anthony Wayne; Hessmans, Georgia. (3 pages)
Concerning British troop movements, specifically movement by [Brig.] Gen. [Alured] Clarke's artillery carriages "to convoy the Choctaws towards Ogeeche." Hessians are to be relieved from Charlestown. British troops will try to plunder and steal some of Wayne's horses. Mentions "whig inhabitants." An American sentry has deserted and Jackson has sent dispatches to capture him.
  1782 April 27 . Anthony Wayne ALS to James Jackson; Head Quarters, Ebenezer, [Georgia]. (4 pages)
Discusses a false rumor from Savannah of his troops leaving Georgia and successful skirmish by "Capt. Carr" involving the death of three Tories.
  1782 May 6 . Elisha Sheldon DS; Worthington. (1 page)
Roll of field staff and officers of the 2nd Regiment Light Dragoons, also known as the 2nd Continental Light Dragoons.
  1782 July 8 . Benjamin Harrison ALS to Unidentified; Richmond, Virginia. (2 pages)
Pertaining to the recruitment of soldiers and Dutch recognition of the United States.
  1782 July 11 . John Stewart ALS to General William Smallwood; [near Charleston, South Carolina]. (6 pages)
Discusses the impact of Tories. The people "of this Country have been so damnably harras'd with the Tories that they have not one to spare us." He mentions information concerning regiments, General [Mordecai] Gist, and the failing health of troops. "We are sickly to a degree of astonishment... the Hospitals filled and filling and no returns from them. God send us Mahommeds Paradise... Our sufferings deserve it we labour under the three Cardinal wants at this time in an extreme degree."
  1782 August 26 . Peleg Wadsworth ALS to Isaiah Dunster; Plymouth, [Massachusetts]. (1 page)
Detailing how he "obtained the Glowber Salts."
  1782 September 3 . Jonathan Nesbitt & Co. ALS to John Brown; L'Orient, France. (4 pages)
Concerning private shipping matters; "your coast being so closely watch'd by the Enemy...those that go on the Coast in Winter will have of better chance." States that he has little to say about politics and cannot say with certainty whether they will have peace or continued war. The British have sent their ambassador from Brussels to Paris. Describes the [Great] Siege of Gibraltar and its implications on the war.
  1782 September 17 . Samuel Kinsey DS; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (2 pages)     Located in the Quaker Collection 
Deposition regarding a Quaker who carried information across British lines and was disowned by his meeting.
  1782 October 21 . Henry Hope (acting Quartermaster General) ADS; Quebec. (3 pages)
Placement of winter quarters for regiments and detachments along the Saint Lawrence and Sorel Rivers. Includes placements of loyalists and families of soldiers.
  1782 December 3 . P. Anspach ALS to Major Cogswell; s.l. (1 page)
John Nicoll settled his account on the purchase of two yoke of oxen, two yokes, and two chains.
Folder   : Oversize Manuscripts  
  [ca. 1782] . DS; Annapolis, [Maryland]. (2 pages)     Located in Oversize Manuscripts 
Chart entitled "General Rendevous to which all the [Recruits] are to Repair Monthly" and "A return of the Officers employed on the recruiting Dates." Details the names of recruiting officers, superintending officers, and recruiting districts, particularly Maryland counties.
Box   3  
  October 1781-1896 and   undated
  1783 April 7 . Joshua Mersereau ALS to William Smith; Elizabethtown, [New Jersey]. (2 pages)
Concerning attempts to settle an account through Smith, asking "the Liberty of troubling your Honor, to present the enclosed to His Excellency Sir Guy Carleton, for obtaining a Speedy Settlement."
  1783 April 12 . Lawson Fagan ALS to William Ryerson; New York, [New York]. (1 page)
Concerns his efforts regarding "the Pass for your friend Musharow Twist." Judge Smith said that he would have the matter done as soon as possible and enclose the pass to Ryerson.
  1783 May 17 . G[ershom?] Mott ALS to [Issac] Guion (1 page)
Addressed to Capt. Lt. Isaac Guion, 2 Regt. Artillery, Quarter Master Generals Office. Requesting information about how the "officers of our line or Regt." have decided regarding "the proposal of Congress of 5 years pay in lieu of half pay." His provisions have been withheld since February and his situation has become desperate, despite applying to Capt. [Isaac?] Hubbell, and requests Guion to intervene. Comments on Tories and the need to prevent men from joining their ranks. See also John Copp ALS to Isaac Guion, October 18, 1787, in Women's History Collection.
  1783 June 5 . Jacob Duché ALS to Anne Coale; Asylum, Lambeth, [England]. (3 pages)
Expresses hopes of returning to America; "we are not without Hopes, that when Peace has had its common...we may be permitted to revisit our native soil." Hopes to be received by some vacant congregation upon his return.
  1783 August 26 . John Lillie ALS to Samuel Breck; West Point, [New York]. (3 pages)     With Breck letter of Jan. 15, 1782 
Fears for new government now that war is over. Sir Guy Carleton has received orders to evacuate New York City. Praises his virtues while claiming that "Committees in America usurp the authority of the United States." Concerns over the country's future considering the current state of "Anarchy & rebellions"
  1783 October 17 . John Lillie AL to Samuel Breck; West Point, [New York]. (2 pages)     With Breck letter of Jan. 15, 1782 
Asks for Breck's help in learning mercantile trade, does not want to spend his days in idleness once he retires to private life. Laments that his education as a youth was cut short, but he still thinks that it is "probable that...I may be able to take charge of property, and enter the theatre of commerce."
  1783 November . Godfrey Byers AD Cy to Edward Cumpston; [Albany, New York]. (2 pages)
The veteran, "late a sargeant of the first New York Regiment," sells land to Edward Cumpston of Albany.
  [after 1784 June 4] . Robertson Duncanson Document. (4 pages)
Details his service record throughout the conflict and his experiences as prisoner of war under the Americans. He was imprisoned on three occasions and left Yorktown for New York a day before Compt de Grasse's fleet trapped Cornwallis. Concludes with orders delivered on June 4, 1784, implying that the document was written after that date.
  1785 May 3 . James Robertson ALS to Walter Rutherford; London, [England]. (3 pages)
Loyalist claims and backlash against them in England.
  1785 June 2 . [Phillipe-Henri, marquis] de Segur L to [Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte] de Rocheambeau; s.l. (1 page)
[In French] Regarding making a copy of a painting of the Siege of York in Virginia which had been presented to the King. Ordered Mr. Blarenberghe to do so, as well as the English garrison leaving the town and laying down their arms. Blarenberghe is busy with travel and painting sieges and battles for the King.
  [ca. 1785] . [Baron von Frederick William Augustus Henry Ferdinand] Steuben ALS, plus 1 page ANS to [Richard?] Peters; s.l. (2 pages)
Concerning Steuben's hopes and fears for his future livelihood following the war. Dismay at the slowness with which his troops were paid. On the back side are expectations for the expenses that will be paid for and compensation he will receive from Congress, as well as a request for "permission for 18 months to settle my affairs in Europe." Contingent on how these how these payments are handle, he will continue his duties as Inspector General and "take upon myself the organization and disciplining of the militia." [In French]
  1786 March 21 . [Charles] Cornwallis ALS to [Banastre] Tarleton; [London, England]. (1 page)
"After what has already passed between us, I own I feel both surprised & hurt at receiving your letter; I can only repeat, what I before declared to you upon my honor, that in the present circumstances it is not in my power to take you to India, and that before I leave this country I will remind his Majesty of your services in America. If I undertook to do more I should only deceive you." See Ban[astre] Tarleton ADfS to [Charles Cornwallis], 1786 March 21.
  1786 March 21 . Ban[astre] Tarleton ADfS to [Charles Cornwallis]; s.l. (3 pages)
Not accompanying Cornwallis to India would be disgraceful. Disappointed about his change in employment and the disconnect between Cornwallis' private appreciation and the public failure to offer reward and recognition. Includes revisions and crossed out portions. See [Charles] Cornwallis ALS to [Banastre] Tarleton, 1786 March 21.
  1786 May 1 . Philip John Schuyler ALS to Stephen van Rensselaer; New York. (2 pages)
Regarding reports that Britain has refused to relinquish posts in America; "Accounts are received that the Lords of London...vily refused to relinquish the ports on the frontiers, alledging in excuse that the...states have violated the treaties of peace...since the date of the treaty."
  1787 February 3 . John Mulliner and William Graham DS to Marinus Willett; New York, New York. (2 pages)
Bail bond. Mulliner and Graham are bound to pay Willett, Sheriff of the City and County of New York, one hundred and forty pounds.
  1787 March 10 . Henry [Howell] and Elizabeth Williams DS; Noddle's Island, [Massachusetts]. (12 pages)
Inventory of furniture, stock, stores, horses, etc. destroyed by a detachment of the American army in 1775. With two pencil sketches of "Woodbine Cot, the Williams residence on Noddle's Island" by John Avery.
  1787 October 21 . Patrick Henry ALS to Thomas Madison; Richmond, [Virginia]. (2 pages)
Regarding Henry's concern about the new constitution; "Division are like to happen, [and] I am afraid for the consequences. I can never agree to the proposed plan with Amendments..."
  1788 December 8 . Martha Dandridge Custis Washington ALS to Mrs. John Welsh; Mount Vernon, [Virginia]. (1 page)
Offers support regarding Mrs. Welsh's land claim, the widow of Revolutionary War veteran. As her husband sends his thoughts and "writes on the subject himelf, it is unnecessary for me to say more than that my best wishes attend you." See also George Washington Cy to Mrs. John Welsh, December 8, 1788, regarding her claim, located in the George Washington Collection.
  1789 February 6 . B[enjamin] Lincoln ALS to John Langdon; Boston, [Massachusetts]. (1 page)
Recommending William Jackson for the office of clerk to the Senate. Notes the good work Jackson did as his aide-de-camp during the Revolution and as his assistant while Secretary of War. Praises his subsequent work assisting delegates to constitutional conventions. Postmark: Boston brown straight-line cancel.
  1789 March 4 . Jos[eph] Buck ADS to John Mulford; s.l. (1 page)
Judge of the Election to Mulford, late collector for the County of Cumberland. Pay request for "Choosing Representatives in Congress for the Constitution of the United States of America." Payment received, signed by eleven members.
  1789 October 21 . [Joshua Mersereau?] AD to Daniel Slater; s.l.. (1 page)
Certifies Salter's performance as a guide on Staten Island. "Daniel Slater was recommended to me as a good Friend to the American Cause" and proper to guide Maj. Gen. Lord Stirling [William Alexander] when he was on Staten Island in 1780. Mersereau took him touring with his brigade and "behaved with Propriety."
  1789 December 25 . Anthony Wayne ADfS to Henry Knox; Richmond, Georgia. (6 pages)
Regarding Native Americans in the South East, particularly the Creek Nation, and Spanish ambitions in the area. Discusses land rights and issues related to westward expansion. References the Proclamation of 1763 and the Treaty of Paris [1783].
Folder   : Oversize Manuscripts  
  1790 July 9 . George Clinton DS to Abner French; New York, [New York]. (1 page)     Located in Oversize Manuscripts 
Revolutionary War land grant in New York, in the townships of Cincinnatus, Sempronius, and Scipio containing a total of eighteen hundred acres.
Box   3  
  October 1781-1896 and   undated
  1790 October 21 . John Eager Howard ALS to Otho Holland Williams; Annapolis, [Maryland]. (1 page)
Regarding soldiers' pensions. Howard had been informed by Williams that "invalid officers" who have received half pay from Maryland would apply to Williams for payment, and Williams has refused to pay them. "I therefore request the favor... to state your objections."
  1790 November 5 . Otho Holland Williams ALS to John Eager Howard; Baltimore, [Maryland]. (2 pages)
Regarding soldiers' pensions. Responds to the October 21st letter, reaffirming what he told Howard before and that he has yet to receive any applications. "And as to 'objections' I have none to state." Forwards message from the Secretary of War [Henry Knox] addressing those who are not entitled to a pension consistent with the laws of Congress.
Folder   : Oversize Manuscripts  
  1790 December 30 . Thomas Mifflin ALS to Common Council of Philadelphia; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. (2 pages)     Located in Oversize Manuscripts 
Mifflin's reply to the council on the subject of the Federal Constitution; "The expectation... that Union of political Sentiments, and the Advancement of the Happiness of the Citizens of Pennsylvania, will be the result of the Constitution... is a striking Proof of the Merits of that Constitution."
Box   3  
  October 1781-1896 and   undated
  1791 January 14 . Alexander Hamilton LS to Josiah Bartlett; Treasury Department, [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania]. (2 pages)
Treasury officers require additional documentation regarding payments made to the states "for settling the accounts of their respective lines in the late army."
  1791 August 29 . Anthony Wayne ADfS to Matthew McAllister; Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. (4 pages)
Recounts news of the French Royal Family escaping from Paris but being subsequently recaptured. Events in France have gripped America. Discusses America's financial situation and the speculation mania. The "Scrip bubble has burst." Mentions compensation for losses sustained by citizens resulting from the "depredations of the Indians."
  1792 June 22 . Anthony Wayne ADfS to Sharp Delany; Pittsburgh, [Pennsylvania]. (2 pages)
Has a small force and feels uneasy being on the frontier and near Indians "without troops to check, or oppose them." Requests that Delany send a weekly parcel to the War Office, where Gen. Knox will include his own dispatches and forward them by post.
  1793 January 18 . Anthony Wayne ADfS to Sharp Delany; Legion Ville, [Pennsylvania]. (1 page)
Acknowledges receipt of letter.
  1793 March 30 . Anthony Wayne ADfS to Sharp Delany; Legion Ville, [Pennsylvania]. (2 pages)
Request for "a statement of accounts between us" so that he can make his will before venturing down the Ohio River. Expresses uncertainty about returning up the Ohio, as "our next interview with the savages will be truly serious."
  1797 May 11-1801 November 2 . DS; [New York]. (6 pages)
Signatures of military officers, witnessed by Richard Hatfield and Ebenezer Purdy. "I ... appointed to the Office of (here take officers title of office) do solemnly promise and swear that I will in all things to the best of my knowledge and ability faithfully perform the trust reposed in me." Signed by approximately 120 officers, including John Paulding, who assisted in the capture of John Andre.
  1803 November 5 . Roger Griswold ALS to Gideon Granger; s.l. (2 pages)
Regarding claim of widow of John Welsh, a Revolutionary War veteran. She has done wisely in presenting her claim to the administration and "could not have selected any Gentlemen... better qualified to solicit her case." He would vote in her favor should the matter be presented to Congress, believing her to be "entitled to the same property."
  1804 February 1 . Gideon Granger LS to Joseph Hopper Nicholson; General Post Office. (1 page)
Regarding claim of Mrs. John Welsh for commutation due as beneficiary of her brother, George Hurlbut.
  1808 February 19 . [Major General] H. Rogers ALS to Joseph Clay; War Office. (1 page)
Regarding invalid pensions, including case of George Richardson.
  1811 February 19 . Thomas R. Gold ADS; Washington, D.C. (2 pages)
Statement on behalf of the heirs of Col. Antill (deceased) for his service in Canada during the Revolution.
  1822 April 21 . A. [I?] Loomis ALS to Anderson Martin; Pittsfield, [Massachusetts]. (3 pages)
Relating the news of Revolutionary War veteran Captain Augustus Stanton's death, following a bad cold. Describes Stanton's last days and his well-attended funeral, which included Shakers. Elder John Lealand delivered a sermon. Has been unable to rent Martin's farm and discusses closing up the farmhouse. Includes a manuscript obituary (1p.) for Stanton, proclaiming him "a man highly esteemed for his social and benevolent qualities his integrity and candor, and for his ardent attachment to his country and her republican institutions."
  1824 February 3 . Asa Connor AMsS; Boscawen, [New Hampshire]. (1 page)
Manuscript copy of poem, "Major And[r]es Farewell to his sweet heart." Romantic lament preceding Major John André's (1750-1780) execution. With some alterations, parallels the poem appearing on the 1780 broadside, "Major Andre Written while he Was a Prisoner in the American Camp." Includes a table of numbers on the bottom of the page and a few calligraphic embellishments.
  1826 July 10 . [Shadrach Underwood] Deposition DfS; Norwich, [Connecticut]. (2 pages)
Application for pension for Revolutionary War service. Underwood, "a man of colour aged sixty three years" served in companies commanded by Captain [Lemuel] Clift and Captain [Reed?], in Col. Thomas Grosvenor's 1st Regiment of the Connecticut Line. Enlisted July 1780 and served "till the close of the war when he was honourably discharged from the said service at West Point… that he was engaged in some small skirmishes but in no battle of any considerable importance." Lost discharge papers but lists three men who will testify to his service. " I have no property except my necessary clothing—I am totally blind and have been so for more than three years and am unable to labour for my subsistance… am dependent on charity for my support… The reason I have not applied sooner for a pension is that I have been able till within three or four years past to support myself without the aid of government…" Signed by A. West and with Underwood's mark.
  1826 July 19 . Horatio Seymour ALS to [James L. Edwards]; Middlebury, [Vermont]. (3 pages)
Concerning Revolutionary War veteran James Fosdick’s pension roll. Seymour had directed the valuation of Fosdick’s property be taken by the Probate Court judge, hoping to avoid delays in waiting for the County Court to convene and missing the current session of Congress. Unable to obtain the opinion of the 1820 County Court concerning Fosdick’s property values, unless done by individual affidavits due to changes in judges. The property in question has been reduced in value due to "the general fall in the value of real estate & the deterioration of this particular property by a violent storm." Relates local opinions about Fosdick, with people believing he ought to receive his pension.
  1828 July 19 . Aaron Ogden circular letter to Samuel Beach; Washington, D.C. (3 pages)
Describing changes made to Revolutionary War pensions.
  1828 September 2 . John Marshall ALS to Martin P. Marshall; Richmond, [Virginia]. (3 pages)
Concerns the election of 1828 and is happy that its heated nature has not damaged the unity of the family. The vast majority of Kentucky and Virginia is in favor of Jackson.
  1830 December 11 . David E[llicott] Evans ALS to Charles E[dward] Dudley; Batavia, [New York]. (3 pages)
Enclosing a paper [included] "at the request of the family of a revolutionary soldier and I believe a very worthy man." The enclosure describes Captain John Burnham's (1758-1837) service in the military, including his capture in 1777 and imprisonment aboard the British prison ship Good Intent . Following the American Revolution, Burnham worked on commercial vessels before being taken prisoner by Algerians in 1793 near the Straits of Gibraltar. He was held as a slave in Algiers and was rescued in 1794 through the combined efforts of British and Swedish Consuls. Notes his efforts to recover amounts lost to the pirates and the cost of his ransom. Met with George Washington who reportedly promised, "Our Americans must be ransomed, and your losses must and without doubt will be made up to you." Details amounts procured and amounts still owed on Burnham's account. Burnham suffered a "most severe paralysis" following his captivity, preventing him from supporting his family.
  1831 March 1 . Samuel Delucenna Ingham ALS to [Ralph Isaacs] Ingersoll; Treasury Department. (1 page)
Response to question about Daggett's signature. Letterhead is "Revolutionary Claims" and references an act about surviving Revolutionary War veterans approved May 15, 1828.
  1832 September 15 . James Schillinger DS; Cape May County, New Jersey. (5 pages)
Pension claim for Revolutionary War service in accordance with the service-pension act of June 7, 1832. Schillinger served in the militia, in a company of guards at Cape May, to protect Whigs and their property from "the ravages, plunder and depredations of the Refugees, whose Boats where hovering along the Shores of the Delaware and Atlantic Ocean between Philadelphia and New York." He served a second stint in the militia under Capt. Beesley while the British occupied New York. He also spent time in the naval service on the Sloop of War Hyder Ally , under Joshua Barney. Includes details on the capture of a British ship from Jamaica.
  1835 April 18 . James Thatcher ALS to John Trumbull; Plymouth, Massachusetts. (2 pages)
In response to an inquiry made by Trumbull concerning the Pilgrim Society. Mentions his experience in the Revolutionary War and describes the recent gift of "Col. Sarjeant's superb painting representing the landing of our fathers." Describes the enclosure for the Plymouth Rock and requests the picture that Trumbull would be willing to present to the society. Mentions Trumbull as a lineal descendant of the Rev. John Robinson.
  1835 May 10 . James Thatcher ALS to John Trumbull; Plymouth, [Massachusetts]. (2 pages)
Describes his service during the Revolutionary War as part of the army of the Northern Department, his time at Ticonderoga and Mount Independence, and the diseases the army experienced. Thatcher contacted Rev. Willis of Kingston regarding Trumbell's descent from Rev. John Robinson and enclosed his billit which is "I presume the most correct account that can be obtained."
  1837 September 15 . Thomas Hord ALS to Pennsylvania Secretary of State [Thomas H. Burrowes]; Winchester, Virginia. (1 page)
Mary Cockron, widow of William Cockron, has requested his Revolutionary War service records. He was part of the Delaware Regiment of the Pennsylvania Line and served 5 years and 2 months. Was taken prisoner at Camden. She is applying for a pension and "any information you can afford from the records.. she is very old [and] in needy circumstances."
  1837 November 29 . W[illia]m F[itch] Arnold ALS to Rt. Hon. T. Spring Rice; Little Messenden Abbey, [Buckinghamshire]. (3 pages)
Requesting that the Chancellor of the Exchequer not remove his Royal pension, granted to the family after Benedict Arnold's death. Arnold praises the loyalty of his father and mother to the Crown during the American Revolution and mentions the "unfavorable influence" their abandonment of the American cause had on the family fortunes. Losing the pension now would force him to relocate "for the sake of cheapness" and put an unfortunate end to the education of his young children.
  1838 October 29 . Tho[m]as Robinson ALS to Henry Kilbourn; Southport. (1 page)
Request for certificates relating to pension claims.
  1841 December 24 . James Gregory ALS to Warren Nixon; Marblehead, [Massachusetts]. (2 pages)
Regarding pension claims. Has discovered the identity of a "poor old widow's" late husband, who served during the Revolution. Hopes Nixon's father can sign the forwarded form. Furthermore, "I hold myself make you any payment."
  1842 January 17 . James Gregory ALS to Warren Nixon; Marblehead, [Massachusetts]. (2 pages)     With Gregory letter of Dec. 24, 1841 
Regarding pension claims. Thanks him for the favor while sending him condolences for his father's death. Plans to forward the affadavit to the Commissioner of Pensions. Offers payment out of gratitude, and has inclosed a list of existing Pension Laws which he hopes might be of use to claimants in his neighborhood.
  1842 April 29 . George A[tkinson] Ward ALS to Hannah Jarvis; New York, [New York]. (2 pages)
Requesting information regarding Jarvis's father, Rev. Dr. Samuel Peters, who is mentioned in Samuel Curwen's journal, "also a refugee during the revolutionary war." Preparing the journal for press. "The period has now arrived when a dispassionate examination of the motives of many of our best inhabitants whose minds were not in unison with the popular sentiments and measures of that day." Asks after a number of other figures who were also exiled. Postage details: City of Toronto strike, with double circles. Toronto "Forwarded" in box. Red, curved "PAID." Also stamped in New York.
  1843 November 18 . J. L. Edward ALS to Jonathan Barnes; Pension Office. (1 page)
Regarding pension claim of Thankful Johnson for the service of Constant Johnson; "the declaration sets forth the Service of Constant Johnson so vaguely that recourse must be had."
  1845 July 26 . Arad Joy ALS to A.C. Flagg; Ovid, [New York]. (3 pages)
Requesting the service records for a list of men claiming to have served in the Revolutionary War, including Adam Walker, who said that he served under Col. [Jacob] Klock.
  1849 August 6 . John P. DuVal ALS to William H. Bates; Tallahassee, [Florida]. (2 pages)
Details the Revolutionary War service of Oliver Hanchet, subsequently having evidence of officers in the Connecticut Line. DuVal concludes by saying that he is a veteran of the War of 1812. In light of Hanchets's service, the folder states that DuVal wrote the letter regarding the procedure for applying for Hanchet's pension and offered to assist in prosecuting the pension claim.
  1850 December 4 . Phillip Princly ALS to Charles Morse; Northampton, [Massachusetts]. (2 pages)
Irishman born in 1746 and worked in the "Woolen Manufacturing business" before immigrating to America in 1827. Visited military camp in County Tipperary commanded by General [John] Irwin (1728-1788) and later [John] Burgoyne (1722-1792). "I have been at the place the moarning they left that place for America; the last fight I saw commanded by Burgoin as a Sham Battle, Burgoin was takin prisoner by a granidier, but all was well with him till he came to America, then he was taken in earnest." Attributes longevity to temperance. Maintains his good memory, hearing, and mobility. Mentions voting for the Whigs in the last election.
  1851 January 7 . Ephraim A. Hall ALS to Ephraim Abott; East Dayton. (2 pages)
Upon hearing that children could recover the pensions of their fathers who served in the Revolutionary War, enquires on the possibility of a pension claim from his grandfather's service and specific information concerning his participation in the war.
  1859 November 10 . James Buchanan partially printed DS to Hannah Crocker (1 page)
"In pursuance of the Act of Congress, approved MARCH 3, 1885, entitled 'An Act in addition to certain Acts granting Bounty Land to certain Officers and Soldiers who have been engaged in the Military Service of the United States...' " Granting 160 acres of land sold at Sioux City, Iowa, to Hannah Crocker, widow of Peter Crocker, a private in the Revolutionary War. George A. Jackson located the tract and is named its assignee.
  [ca. 1850s] . Horatio G. Blach AMs; s.l. (4 pages)
Account of family members' service in French and Indian War and the Revolutionary War. "Rev. Thomas Balch, his son, the Reverend Benjamin Balch, and Grandsons Thomas and Benjamin were interested, and took part."
  1879 November 30 . Charles C[olcock] Jones, Jr. ALS to Julius L. Brown; Augusta, Georgia. (1 page)
Sending an "annotated translation of two French Journals of the Siege of Savannah in 1779" [not present].
  1884 August 11 . Thomas Henry Edsall ALS to J. W. de Krafft; New York, [New York]. (4 pages)
Translating Hessian Revolutionary War manuscripts is going slowly. Recruited help from his "young friend" for the translations of the papers of de Krafft's grandfather, John Charles Philip von Krafft. Asks to keep the manuscripts and journal longer to finish the project. Notes interesting facts gleaned from the documents, including destruction of forts in the fall of 1779 and illnesses in the troops on both sides. Describes de Krafft's grandfather's movements that lead to him enlisting with the Hessian Regiment as a Sergeant, after failing to gain an appointment as a Captain with the American Army. [See Thomas H. Edsall, Journal of Charles Philip von Krafft, Lieutenant in the Hessian Regiment von Bose, 1776-1784 (New York: 1888)].
  1896 February 4 . Department of the Interior. Bureau of Pensions ALS; Washington, D.C. (2 pages)
Regarding the military history of Daniel Gregory, a soldier who served in the Revolutionary War.
  n.d. John Bogart Document; s.l. (1 page)
"To My Expences Going to Philadelphia on public Servis By Order of Coll Lewis Including the Expences of A French Priest as far As Morristown." John Bogart's receipt for $1,487, or £594.16, that the United States owes him.
  n.d. W[alte]r Butler ANS to Mr. Steel; s.l. (1 page)
"Please to send me by the Negro Boy a Quire of the Best paper Major Fonda has in his Store..."
  n.d. Arad Joy printed circular letter; s.l. (3 pages)
Circular listing officers whose descendents may be entitled to pensions.
  n.d. Thoughts upon the Dispute between Great Britain & her Colonies Manuscript; s.l. (17 pages)
Manuscript copy of William Smith, Jr.'s (1728-1793) treatise on how to reform colonial administration, originally produced ca. 1765. Comments on trade, taxation, and how to best use the English Constitution to serve the empire's needs. "...the disputants instead of spending their time, in Collecting arguments Chargeable with a non sequitor, should have pointed to measures conducive to the Common Weal of both Countries, because to that the Constitution (be it what it will) ought to bend, & sooner or later will Bend, unless it is the Will of Heaven to infatuate & destroy us as a Nation." Remarks on the colonies' separate governments, the need to balance overall unity with the desires of particular colonies, and the role that a Constitution which is "friendly to every Branch of the Great whole" could perform in achieving that goal. Describes a possible arrangement for a "Parliament of North America," with a Lord Lieutenant, a Council appointed by the Crown, and a Common Council chosen by the colonies. Details how this would function, how delegates would be chosen, and the benefits that would result both in providing a respectable government and restoring trust. Explains why this course of shared governance should be taken quickly and the negative effects that may happen if it is not.
  n.d. Mrs. John Welsh [Ann Welsh] ALS to Gideon Granger. (3 pages)
Regarding pension claims for her husband and brother. She claims to be a "widow whose suffering, for her Country, in the lose of a Husband & Brother, on whome alone she depended for subsistance, Certainly demands Justice if no more, of that Country in whose service both their lives were sacrificed." She requests twenty or thirty pounds a year.