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Title: Japanese literature of the Shōwa period : a guide to Japanese reference and research materials / Joseph K. Yamagiwa.
Author: Yamagiwa, Joseph K. (Joseph Koshimi), 1906-
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THE BASIC REFERENCE WORKS 59 snow)," by Ishikawa Jun, June, 1947; "Mori no yuhi (Evening sun in the forest)," by Kawabata Yasunari, August, 1949; "Honjitsu kyushin (No medical examinations today)," by Ibuse Masuji, August, 1949 - May, 1950; "Mirai no injo (Prostitutes of the future)," by Takeda Taijun, October, 1949; "Shonen shikeishu (Boy under a death sentence)," by Nakayama Gishu, December, 1949; "Makk6machi (Street with many temples)," by Kawasaki Ch6taro, March, 1950; "Ginzagawa (The river Ginza)," by Inoue Tomoichir6, May, 1950 - March, 1951; "T6norikai (A long ride club)," by Mishima Yukio, August, 1951; "Rekishi (History)," by Hotta Yoshie, February, 1952; "Kiri ni yuragu fujinami (A wave of wisteria flowers in the mist)," July, 1951; "Jakurenge (A solitary lotus)," by Nakayama Gishu, February, 1952; and "Noriai jidosha (A bus)," by Ibuse Masuji, April, 1952. 248. Bummei ean (Civilization) Published from February, 1946, to March, 1948, inclusive, by Bummeisha. Edited by Tamiya Torahiko, Bummei became the publishing medium for the so-called honest writers who had tried to write as they thought even in the years immediately prior to World War II. It also published some of the critical essays of the postwar writers belonging to the Kindai Bungaku it A,' + (Modern literature) school and served to produce some of the newer leaders on the postwar Japanese cultural scene. A special issue was entitled "Fukuin seinen no ummei 4 ~ L { e S y (The destiny of the demobilized youths)." "Shikkaiya Yasukichi (The general dealer Yasukichi)," by Funabashi Seiichi, and "Jikkan bungakuron (Treatise on a literature of actual feelings)," by Sasaki Kiichi were notable contributions to Bummei. 249. Bungakkai,_ r! J, (Literary world) A literary magazine begun in October, 1933, and continued somewhat sporadically till April, 1944. It is to be distinguished from the earlier Bungakkai published in the Meiji era. The new Bungakkai was planned by Kobayashi Hideo, Takeda Rintaro, and Hayashi Fusao at a time when literary art was beginning to revive after the decline of proletarian literature. In addition to the above mentioned writers, the members of the group editing Bungakkai included Uno Koji, Kawabata Yasunari, Fukada Kyuya, Hirotsu Kazuo, and Toyoshima Yoshio. It therefore gathered together a singular group of realistic, liberal, and Marxist writers. This came from a desire to organize a people's front against the authoritarianism that was then rearing its head. Later, when the older writers left the coterie, the members did their best to attract a fresh group of young and energetic writers. After the war, Bungakkai was revived in June, 1947. It is still continued with Bungei Shunju Shinsha as the publisher. Some major pieces of fiction published in Bungakkai are "Fuyu no yado (An inn in the winter)," by Abe Tomoji; "Atsumonozaki (Pompon chrysanthemums)," by Nakayama Gishu; "Kyok6 no haru (A false spring)," by Dazai Osamu; and "Hikari to kaze to yume (Light, wind, and a dream)," by Nakajima Atsushi. Notable pieces of criticism include "Futabatei Shimei-ron (On Futabatei Shimei)," by Nakamura Mitsuo; "Iwano Homei-den (A biography of Iwano H6mei)," by Funabashi Seiichi; and Dosutoefusukii no seikatsu (The life of Doestoevski), by Kobayashi Hideo. Also to be noted is a symposium on "Seiji to bungaku { 9 e >i (Politics and literature)," found in the August, 1934, issue. 250. Bungaku annai A J X ~ (Literary guide) A monthly magazine started in July, 1935. This very short-lived literary magazine tried to make the leftwing school and the art-for-art school join hands in opposition to authoritarianism. In this respect it was like Bunka shudan, Bungaku hyoron, and Bungakkai, all of which see. 251. Bungaku gojiichi at r 51 (Literature 51) Begun in May, 1951, and discontinued in September of the same year. 4 numbers in all. Edited by Bungaku Jojuichi no Kai 5t r4 51 ) t (The Society of Literature 51). Published by Nihonsha. According to Yanaihara Isaku, "Literature must be not only the literature of 1951 but also the literature of 1951." The principal writers of fiction were Kat6 Shuichi, Nakamura Shin'ichir6, and Fukunaga Takehiko. Among the pieces of fiction were "Haguruma (A cogwheel)," by Hotta Yoshie, and "Fudo (Natural features)," by Fukunaga. 252. Bungaku hyoron A f f - (The criticism of literature) A magazine for fiction, criticism, and the long poem begun in March, 1934, and discontinued in August, 1936, after thirty numbers had been issued. Published by Naukasha. After the Nihon Puroretaria Bunka Remmei EB 7' C7 7 'I 7 - 4L it ~_ (The Japanese Proletarian Cultural Federation), which had been organized in 1931, was dissolved under oppression by the authorities, such proletarian writers and critics as Yamada Seizabur6, Hashimoto Eikichi, and Shimagi Kensaku still wrote for this magazine. The chief editor was Watanabe Junzo. Like Bunka shuidan (Cultural group), Bungaku hyoron was a vehicle for the presentation of social realistic theory. "Sen kyihyaku sanju yonen burujoa bungaku no dok6 (Trends in bourgeois literature in 1934)," by Miyamoto Yuriko (December, 1934) was a notable contribution, as were Shimagi Kensaku's "Rai (Leprosy)" in the April, 1934, issue and Hashimoto Eikichi's "Tank6 (A coal-mine)" in the October, 1934, issue.
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