Albert M. Barrett papers: 1900-1937
Summary Information
Title: Albert M. Barrett papers
Creator: Barrett, Albert M. (Albert Moore), 1871-1936
Inclusive dates: 1900-1937
Extent: 3 linear feet (in 4 boxes)
Abstract:
Physician, early specialist in the treatment of mental illness; correspondence; topical files; lectures and publications; casework; and photographs.
Call number: 9766 Aa 2
Language: The material is in English
Repository: Bentley Historical Library
1150 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2113
Phone: 734-764-3482
Fax: 734-936-1333
e-mail: bentley.ref@umich.edu
Home Page: http://www.bentley.umich.edu/
Finding aid created by Lisa B. Hum, 1997

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

The Albert M. Barrett papers were donated as part of the Raymond Waggoner papers (donor 6921) in 1984.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research, except for the case files in box 4 which are restricted for 100 years from date of creation.

To protect fragile audiovisual recordings (such as audio cassettes, film reels, and VHS tapes), the Bentley Historical Library has a policy of converting them to digital formats by a professional vendor whenever a researcher requests access. For more information, please see: http://bentley.umich.edu/research/duplication/.

Copyright:

Donor(s) have not transferred any applicable copyright to the Regents of the University of Michigan. Patrons are responsible for determining the appropriate use or reuse of materials.

Preferred Citation:

[item], folder, box, Albert M. Barrett papers, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan


Biography

Albert Moore Barrett was hired by the University of Michigan in 1906 to organize the first university hospital and clinic in the United States specifically devoted to the treatment of mental diseases. Barrett was born in Austin, Illinois on July 15, 1871, and earned Bachelor of Arts and Medical degrees from the State University of Iowa in 1893 and 1895, respectively. He received postgraduate training in psychiatry at Heidelberg University, Germany, in 1901 and 1902.

Before working at the University of Michigan, Barrett was a pathologist at the Independence, Iowa State Hospital for the Insane from 1895 to 1897 and 1898 to 1901; assistant physician at the Worcester, Massachusetts State Hospital for the Insane, 1897-1898; pathologist at the Danvers, Massachusetts State Hospital for the Insane between 1902 and 1905; and assistant professor of neuropathology at Harvard University during the 1905-1906 academic year.

Barrett was part of a movement in the treatment of mentally ill people which viewed mental illnesses as potentially treatable problems, and which discouraged incarcerating the mentally ill in asylums or penal institutions if at all possible. His work as director of the State Psychopathic Hospital in Ann Arbor was path-breaking in several respects, particularly in the treatment of less severe cases on an outpatient or short-term basis. Barrett saw his model of a psychopathic hospital as a supplement to the existing system of state hospitals for the insane, and believed that a system of mental health centers affiliated with local hospitals would be more effective than the existing, highly centralized, arrangements in each state; it would allow for cooperation with local courts and welfare agencies, and would let patients remain close to home whenever possible.

One of Barrett's main goals was to create a training center for psychiatric workers; making sure that mental patients were treated by properly trained professionals was part of the general trend toward creating a more positive therapeutic environment for the mentally ill. The affiliation of the State Psychopathic Hospital with the University of Michigan was especially useful, because it allowed observation and research along with treatment of patients. Barrett's ideas and work provided the template for future psychiatric education programs at the University of Michigan. He died suddenly on April 2, 1936.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Albert M. Barrett papers comprise 3 linear feet, and have been divided into five series: Correspondence; Topical Files; Lectures and Publications; Photographs; and Casework.

Subject Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the finding aid database and catalog of The Bentley Historical Library/University of Michigan. Researchers desiring additional information about related topics should search the catalog using these headings.


  • Psychiatry.
  • Psychiatric hospitals -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor.
  • Mental health.
  • Mental institutions -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor.
  • Psychiatry -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor.
  • Photographs.
  • Barrett, Albert M. (Albert Moore), 1871-1936.
  • Kalamazoo State Hospital (Mich.)
  • University of Michigan -- Faculty.
  • University of Michigan. Medical School.
  • University of Michigan. Department of Psychiatry.
  • Leopold, Nathan Freudenthal, 1904-1971.
  • Loeb, Richard A., 1905-1936.
  • State Psychopathic Hospital at the University of Michigan.
  • Barrett, Albert M. (Albert Moore), 1871-1936.
  • University of Michigan -- Faculty.
  • State Psychopathic Hospital at the University of Michigan.
Contents List
Request materials for use in the Bentley Library
Container / Location Title
 
Correspondence [series]

The Correspondence series [1.1 linear ft.; 1905-1937] contains letters and memoranda, most of which relate to Barrett's duties as director of the Psychopathic Hospital. There is extensive correspondence with national mental health organizations, staff of state and federal agencies, and other medical practitioners. Topics covered include administration and staffing of the hospital and teaching programs, as well as Barrett's own research. The latter is interspersed through the "Miscellaneous Correspondence, chronological" files in box 1.

Box   1  
American Neurological Association 1933-1936
Box   1  
American Psychiatric Association 1911-1936
Box   1  
Angell, James B. 1907-1909
Box   1  
Camp, Carl D. 1907
Box   1  
Christian, E.A. 1913
Box   1  
Cram, Esther M. 1931-1934
Box   1  
Dana, Charles 1913
Box   1  
de Nancrede, C.B.G. 1908
Box   1  
Detroit Society of Neurology and Psychiatry 1908-1919
Box   1  
Ferris, Governor Woodbridge N. 1913-1915
Box   1  
Fitzgerald, Governor Frank D. 1934-1936
Box   1  
Furstenburg, Dr. A.C. 1935
Box   1  
G-H 1907-1935 (2 folders)
Box   1  
Institute for Psychoanalysis 1931-1936
Box   1  
J 1913-1918
Box   1  
Kline, George M. 1913-1933
Box   1  
Masserman, Jules H. 1934
Box   1  
Meyer, Adolf 1906-1934
 
Michigan
Box   1  
Attorney General 1906-1918
Box   1  
Board of Corrections and Charities 1912-1916
Box   1  
Society for Mental Hygiene 1919-1936
 
State Asylum for the Insane
Box   1  
General 1905-1920 (3 folders)
Box   1  
Superintendents 1906-1907
Box   1  
State Legislature 1932-1934
Box   1  
State Medical Society 1912-1936
Box   1  
Miscellaneous Correspondence, chronological order 1905-1936 (14 folders)
Box   1  
National Association for the Study of Epilepsy 1909
Box   1  
National Committee for Mental Hygiene 1907-1936
Box   1  
National Committee on Dementia Praecox 1934-1935
Box   1  
Postgraduate Psychiatry Seminar 1933-1934
Box   1  
Ruthven, Alexander G. 1930-1934
Box   1  
Secretary of State 1909
Box   1  
Southard, E.E. 1909-1935
 
State Psychopathic Hospital 1906-1919
Box   1  
Board of Trustees 1905-1920
Box   1  
Building Project 1907-1915
Box   1  
Interim Director 1936-1937
Box   1  
Tennant, Agnes 1907
Box   1  
University of Michigan Department of Nervous Diseases and Psychiatry 1910-1917
Box   2  
War Department 1917-1927
Box   2  
Wayne County Clinic for Child Study 1934-1935
Box   2  
Williams, Frankwood E. 1912-1914
Box   2  
Works Progress Administration 1935-1936
 
Topical Files [series]

Topical Files [.7 linear ft.; 1900-1936] consist of correspondence, memoranda and reports relating to a wide variety of issues which were of interest to Barrett. The "State Psychiatric Hospital [SPH]" and "University of Michigan" files are particularly interesting, because they contain information about training programs for psychiatric medical staff, as well as details about building plans for the hospital. "SPH: Statistics and General Information" contains statistical charts of patient information, which are broken down by ethnicity, sex and disease diagnosis. The "Guide for the Preparation of Histories..." and "SPH: Nursing" files provide a sense of interaction between mental hospital staff and patients. This series also contains a "Biographical Information" file about Barrett.

Box   2  
American Medical Association 1930-1936
Box   2  
American Neurological Association 1933-1936
Box   2  
Barnes, Florence B. (UM Department of Psychology) undated
Box   2  
Biographical Information undated
Box   2  
Christian, Edmund, eulogy 1935
Box   2  
Feeblemindedness 1915
Box   2  
Guide for the Preparation of Histories and for the Psychiatric Examination of Cases of Mental Disorders undated
Box   2  
Heidelberg Study 1900-1901
Box   2  
Juvenile Delinquency 1934-1936
Box   2  
Kalamazoo State Hospital Outpatient Care circa 1928
Box   2  
MacGregor Fund 1935
Box   2  
National Committee for Mental Hygiene, Division of Psychiatric Education 1930-1936 (6 folders)
Box   2  
Psycho-neuroses undated
Box   2  
Rockefeller Foundation 1933-1936
 
State Psychiatric Hospital (SPH)
Box   2  
Building Project 1931-1935 (2 folders)
Box   2  
Director's Report 1935
Box   2  
Laboratory Statistics and Activities 1932-1936
Box   2  
Nursing 1921
Box   2  
Statistics and General Information 1920-1935 (2 folders)
Box   2  
Sterilization Bill 1911, undated
 
University of Michigan
Box   2  
Department of Psychiatry-Reports to Dean 1910, 1923, undated
Box   2  
General Hospital-Statistical Program 1933-1934
Box   2  
Graduate School Correspondence 1935-1936
Box   2  
Psychiatric Instruction circa 1925-1933
Box   2  
Veterans Administration 1935-1936
 
Lectures and Publications [series]

The Lectures and Publications series [.7 linear ft.; 1905-c.1930s] contains addresses, lecture notes and reprints of articles by Barrett. Topics vary, from mental diseases and conditions, to Barrett's vision of the ideal role of the mental hospital within the community. The "Lecture Notes" were for a psychiatry course which Barrett taught at the Medical School, circa 1934.

Box   2  
Addresses circa 1920-1930s
Box   2  
Lecture Notes circa 1934 (3 folders)

(3 of 4 folders)

Box   3  
Lecture Notes circa 1934

(4 of 4 folders)

Box   3  
Reprints of Material by AMB 1905-1927 (3 folders)
 
Photographs [series]

Photographs [2 folders; c. 19th century- c.1930] contains Barrett's collection of photographs of prominent psychiatrists, and group pictures of State Psychiatric Hospital staff, with identification of individual staff members, which date from 1912 and the early 1930s.

Box   3  
Early Photographs of Doctors (collection), ca. 19th-mid-20th century
Box   3  
State Psychopathic Hospital Staff 1912, circa 1930
 
Case Files [series]

(open to research)

Case Files [.5 linear ft.; 1906-1934 and undated] contains records of cases which Barrett treated, and some criminal cases for which he acted as a consultant. Several of these files contain personally identifying information regarding patients or criminal defendants, and are subject to a 100-year patient/client confidentiality closure.

Box   3  
Boyadjian, J.B. 1909
Box   3  
Delirium Associated with Endocarditis and Cerebral Arteriosclerosis undated
Box   3  
Heart Disease, Psychogenic Factors undated
Box   3  
Lewis, Isaac 1907-1910
Box   3  
Miscellaneous Cases
Box   3  
Motor Aphasia undated
Box   3  
Psychobiogram undated
Box   3  
Schizo-Mania undated
Box   3  
Tactile Agnosia undated
Box   3  
Tumor at Base of Brain undated
 
Case Files [series]

(Closed to research for 100 years from the date of creation)

Box   4  
Dementia Praecox 1925, undated [Closed to research for 100 years from the date of creation [2025]]
Box   4  
LaCroix, James 1922-1932 (3 folders)  [Closed to research for 100 years from the date of creation [2032]]
Box   4  
Leopold and Loeb Casebooks 1924 (2 folders)  [Closed to research for 100 years from the date of creation [2024]]
Box   4  
McCormick, Stanley 1932-1934 [Closed to research for 100 years from the date of creation [2034]]