Mark T. Warner papers: 1813-1974 (bulk 1916-1974)
Summary Information
Title: Mark T. Warner papers
Creator: Warner, Mark T. (Mark Thomas), 1889-1975
Dates: 1813-1974 (Majority of material found within 1916-1974)
Extent: 3 linear feet
Abstract:
Colorado clergyman, proponent of the creation of the Black Canyon of the Gunnison River as a national monument, U.S. Army chaplain during World War II. Correspondence with family members while serving as chaplain during World War II, also other documents from his military service, including programs from services he performed during the war; papers accumulated from his career as Presbyterian minister in Colorado, especially notes from sermons; scattered papers of other, earlier family members; and Black Canyon Monument series which includes correspondence, blueprints and landscaping designs, clippings, and various publications; files relating to research and writing of book about Black Canyon; and photographs and postcards of the area.
Call number: 93311 Aa 2
Language: The material is in English
Repository: Bentley Historical Library
1150 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2113
Phone: 734-764-3482
Fax: 734-936-1333
e-mail: bentley.ref@umich.edu
Home Page: http://www.bentley.umich.edu/
Finding aid created by Caryn Stein and Terry Hoover, 1993, 1995

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

The collection was the gift of Robert M. Warner (donor no. 3808), 1991.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open to research.

To protect fragile audiovisual recordings (such as audio cassettes, film reels, and VHS tapes), the Bentley Historical Library has a policy of converting them to digital formats by a professional vendor whenever a researcher requests access. For more information, please see: http://bentley.umich.edu/research/duplication/.

Copyright:

Donor(s) have transferred any applicable copyright to the Regents of the University of Michigan but the collection may contain third-party materials for which copyright was not transferred. Patrons are responsible for determining the appropriate use or reuse of materials.

Preferred Citation:

[item], folder, box, Mark T. Warner Papers, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan


Biography

Mark Thomas Warner was born February 10, 1889 in Monroe, Ohio. He attended Muskingum College in New Concord, Ohio (1912-1915), Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio (1916-1918), and Xenia Theological Seminary in Xenia, Ohio (1915-1918) where he received his certification as a Presbyterian minister.

Warner assumed the pastorate of the United Presbyterian Church in Montrose, Colorado in July 1918. He remained the pastor of that congregation throughout his life, except during the years that he served as a chaplain in the U.S. Army during World War II. As a pastor, he was also active in missionary activities, and in promoting the welfare of Native Americans in Colorado.

Also active in promoting conservation, Warner was instrumental in having the Black Canyon region of Colorado declared a National Monument. The Black Canyon of the Gunnison River is located in western Colorado near the town of Montrose. The steep terrain and rocky rim area protected the Black Canyon from development during the 1800s. In 1928, an investigating committee headed by Warner, recommended that the Montrose Lions Club build a road to the canyon rim. The club began clearing ground in the Summer of 1929 while Warner campaigned to have the county aid in the road building activity.

The road was completed in the Fall of 1930, but well before that Warner and his committee were beginning to petition the National Park Service requesting the canyon be designated a national monument. After being rejected several times, the committee petitioned again in the Spring of 1932. The new Park Service director expressed an interest and a study was begun of the area. In the Fall of 1932, the Depression forced the Lions Club to disband and Warner immediately began to lobby the Montrose Chamber Of Commerce for their active support of the monument proposal.

The idea gained regional support in western Colorado. On the advice of Roger W. Toll of the Park Service, and with the assistance of local photographer Dexter Walker, Warner began to assemble information packets outlining the boundaries of the proposed monument and extolling its visual and geologic beauty. These packets were sent to members of the Park Service, Colorado's senators and representatives and other influential parties at the state and federal levels. Early in 1933, Colorado representative Edward T. Taylor became Warner's Washington advocate. He guided the petition through the Washington bureaucracy and by February 28, the Black Canyon Monument proclamation was approved. It was signed by President Hoover on March 22, 1933.

Warner remained actively involved with the Black Canyon Monument, serving on the local committee which provided input regarding the ongoing developments to the park. He wrote numerous articles about the history of the region and in 1967, with the help of Dexter Walker, wrote "Through The Black Canyon", a short book about the history of the canyon and the creation of the monument.

Mark Warner married Bertha Rich of Hamilton, Ohio on May 21, 1919. They had two children, Jeanne (born in 1922) and Robert (born in 1927).


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Mark T. Warner Papers (3 linear ft.) include correspondence with family members while serving as chaplain during World War II and other documents from his military service, including programs from services he performed during the war; papers accumulated from his career as Presbyterian minister in Colorado, especially notes from sermons; scattered papers of other, earlier family members; and papers relating to is efforts to have Black Canyon Monument established. The papers are organized into of five series: Personal; Chronological; Church Files, Military Files; and Black Canyon Monument.

Subject Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the finding aid database and catalog of The Bentley Historical Library/University of Michigan. Researchers desiring additional information about related topics should search the catalog using these headings.


  • Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park (Colo.)
  • Chaplains, Military.
  • Clergy -- Colorado.
  • Colorado.
  • World War, 1939-1945 -- Chaplains.
  • Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park (Colo.)
  • Chaplains, Military.
  • Colorado.
  • Diaries.
  • Sermons.
  • Photographs.
  • Postcards.
  • Presbyterian Church -- Colorado.
  • United States. Army -- Chaplains.
  • United States. National Park Service.
  • Warner, Mark T. (Mark Thomas), 1889-1975.
  • Warner, Mark T. (Mark Thomas), 1889-1975.
Contents List
Request materials for use in the Bentley Library
Container / Location Title
 
Personal Files 1813-1973 [series]

The Personal Files (0.3 linear ft.) contains a miscellanea of personal and family documents. Included are scattered papers of Mark Warner's father, John Warner, as well as material documenting Mark Warner's activism on behalf of conservation and Native American welfare causes.

Box   1  
Biographical Information
Box   1  
Clippings 1928-1968
Box   1  
Fishing data 1920-1924
Box   1  
"The Indians of Colorado" by Mark Warner
Box   1  
Miscellaneous
Box   1  
Monroe, Ohio (hometown)
Box   1  
Ouray Memorial Park 1947-1949
Box   1  
Postcards
Box   1  
Speech (for a funeral)
Box   1  
United Presbyterian Theological Seminary 1914-1917

(include essays, etc.)

Box   1  
Warner, Bertha (wife)
Box   1  
Warner, John (father) 1813-1884
 
Chronological Files [series]

The Chronological Files (0.5 linear ft.) contain a mixture of correspondence and personal papers from various activities. Especially rich is the period during World War II when Warner wrote home to his family of his activities as an army chaplain.

Box   1  
1909-1917
Box   1  
1918
Box   1  
1921-1927
Box   1  
1928
Box   1  
1931-1939
Box   1  
1940
Box   1  
1941
Box   1  
1942
Box   1  
1943
Box   1  
1944
Box   1  
1945
Box   1  
1946
Box   1  
1948-1950
Box   1  
1951-1960
Box   1  
1961-1966
Box   1  
1969-1974
 
Church Files 1927-1958 [series]

The Church Files (0.7 linear ft.) consists of subject files from Warner's career as a Presbyterian minister. Of some interest are his sermon notes, which contain insight into his thoughts about morality and scripture. The folder titled "missions" contains information on his desire to keep congregations in remote areas of Colorado open, despite a lack of funds, especially the mission at Telluride.

Box   1  
Book of Forms: Prayers for major events
Box   1  
Clippings 1928-1945
Box   1  
Congregational Reports 1927-1935, 1945
Box   1  
Correspondence 1917-1957
Box   1  
Missions, Telluride 1940-1958, 1948-1953 (2 folders)
Box   1  
Presbytery, Western Colorado 1947-1974 (2 folders)
Box   1  
Programs 1916-1951
Box   1  
Sabbath School 1920-1926
Box   2  
Sermon Notes (3 folders)
 
United Presbyterian Church
Box   2  
General 1919-1936
Box   2  
Minutes, Member Lists, Constitution 1910-1943
 
Military Files 1928-1946 [series]

The Military Series (0.5 linear ft.) contains a diary, photographs, correspondence from his superior officers, as well as programs from services he performed.

Box   2  
Church Services
Box   2  
Circular Letters from Chief of Chaplains
Box   2  
Correspondence (personal) 1944-1946
Box   2  
Marriage Records 1944-1946
Box   2  
Miscellaneous (materials collected by MW during, and about, the war)
Box   2  
Monthly Report of Chaplains September 1940-April 1944
Box   2  
Photographs of MW and other officers in uniform
Box   2  
Photos from South Pacific service
Box   2  
Office of the Corps Chaplains 1928-1945 (2 folders)
Box   2  
Notebook 1941-1946

(contains military records, orders, appointments, memoranda, etc.)

Box   2  
Diary 1943-1945

(includes transcripts)

 
Black Canyon National Monument 1930-1967 [series]

The Black Canyon Monument (1 linear ft.) series details Warner's efforts to protect and preserve this natural area of Colorado. The series is comprised of three subseries: Topical Files; Writings; and Photographs.

 
Topical Files

The Topical Files subseries pertains to the creation of the Black Canyon National Monument and subsequent modifications to the park area. Included is historical background and data about the parks creation and early operation. A correspondents list is included which identifies the authors and dates of the letters in the correspondence folders which follow. These contain letters showing how the monument was created, developed and administered. Included here are responses from National Park Service Directors Arno B. Cammerer and A.E. Demaray, United States Representative Edward Taylor, Colorado Governor Lee Knous and Herbert Hoover's secretary Lawrence Rickey. The correspondence written between 1929 and 1939 document the major period of Warner's activity. Also of note is the folder "Wilderness Proposal, 1970-1973" which documents, with maps, drawings and an environmental statement, the attempt to create a wilderness area within the perimeter of the park.

Box   3  
Attendance statistics (incomplete) 1930-1939
Box   3  
Blueprints and landscaping designs 1934-1935 and master plan, 1970 1934-1970
Box   3  
Descriptive data 1932 and diary, 1934 1932-1934
Box   3  
Correspondents list
Box   3  
Correspondence 1926-1939
Box   3  
Correspondence (incomplete) 1940-1972
Box   3  
Correspondence and memos undated
Box   3  
Clippings 1930-1973
Box   3  
Government brochures and publications 1925-1970
 
Wilderness proposal 1970-1973
Box   3  
Proposal (includes the proposal, maps and notice of public hearings) 1970
Box   3  
Environmental study 1973
 
Writings

The Writings subseries consists of publications and unpublished writings about the history and development of the canyon area which were written by Mark Warner and Dexter Walker. A bound copy of Through The Black Canyon, along with its drafts and other materials relating to its publication and sale are included. The remaining material in this series contains additional manuscripts and articles by Warner and Walker about the Black Canyon.

 
Through the Black Canyon file
Box   3  
Through the Black Canyon, published copy 1972
Box   3  
Articles and research materials used to create Through the Black Canyon
Box   3  
Correspondence 1957-1973
Box   3  
Manuscript and notes undated
Box   3  
Legal and business papers 1972-1976
Box   3  
"Exploring the Black Canyon," (1916 manuscript of a newspaper article)
Box   3  
"Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park," 1934
Box   3  
"Through the Canyon," 1963
Box   3  
"First Road to the Black Canyon," manuscript by Dexter Walker undated
 
Photographs

The Photographs subseries include images taken in and around the Black Canyon. This material includes: photographs showing the construction and dedication of the rim road in 1930; early aerial views of the canyon; and color photos taken from the canyon rim.

Box   3  
Aerial views of the canyon undated
Box   3  
Building and dedication of the first road 1930
Box   3  
Color photographs of the Black Canyon undated
Box   3  
Postcards of the region 1959, undated