John Harvey Kellogg Papers [microform]: 1832-1965 (bulk 1874-1943)
Summary Information
Title: John Harvey Kellogg Papers [microform]
Creator: Kellogg, John Harvey, 1852-1943
Inclusive dates: 1832-1965
Bulk dates: 1874-1943
Extent: 46 microfilms
Abstract:
Battle Creek, Michigan physician, food scientist, founder of the Battle Creek Sanitarium. Correspondence, student notebooks from University of Michigan and Bellevue Hospital, drafts of speeches and lecture notes, newspaper clippings and scrapbooks, and topical files; include material concerning medical theories and practices, especially matters of diet and hygiene, his work with organizations such as the National Vitality League, Race Betterment Foundation, Battle Creek Three Quarter Century Club, Chicago Workingmen's Home and Medical Mission, and Seventh-Day Adventists; also photographs.
Call number: 89500 Aa 2
Language: The materials are in English.
Repository: Bentley Historical Library
1150 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2113
Phone: 734-764-3482
Fax: 734-936-1333
e-mail: bentley.ref@umich.edu
Home Page: http://www.bentley.umich.edu/
Finding aid prepared by: Michigan Historical Collections staff

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

The collection was the gift of Gertrude W. Goodwin (Donor No. 3506), secretary of the Race Betterment Foundation of Battle Creek, Michigan.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

To protect fragile audiovisual recordings (such as audio cassettes, film reels, and VHS tapes), the Bentley Historical Library has a policy of converting them to digital formats by a professional vendor whenever a researcher requests access. For more information, please see: http://bentley.umich.edu/research/duplication/.

Copyright:

Donor(s) have not transferred any applicable copyright to the Regents of the University of Michigan. Patrons are responsible for determining the appropriate use or reuse of materials.

Alternate Format:

The originals of this collection are available for use at the Bentley Historical Library. The microfilm can be borrowed through inter-library loan.

Preferred Citation:

item, folder title, roll no., John Harvey Kellogg Papers [microform], Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan


Biography

John Harvey Kellogg, born February 26, 1852, earned worldwide acclaim in his lifetime as a health reformer and propagandist, and as head of the Battle Creek Sanitarium. Kellogg is now best known in connection with the line of breakfast cereal products made by the company that bears his name. While John Harvey Kellogg conceived the notion of flaked corn as a healthful morning repast, it was his brother, Will Keith, who turned his hand to the development of the breakfast food company. John Harvey Kellogg was also a skilled surgeon, an editor, and scientist who saw himself as primarily an educator determined to focus public attention on preventive medicine as the means to maintain good health. The main thrust of Kellogg's good health message was that vegetarian diet, regular exercise, fresh air, and sunshine are the keys to a long and vigorous life. Kellogg was a testament to the efficacy of his principles, living to age ninety-one and working diligently until succumbing to pneumonia on December 14, 1943.

Kellogg's father, a convert to Seventh Day Adventism, moved his family to Battle Creek when John Harvey was age four; thus the young Kellogg grew up well versed in the health reform principles of the Adventists. Many of these tenets, especially regarding vegetarianism and temperance, were elements of Kellogg's mature thinking on healthful "biologic living." Kellogg, an 1875 graduate of Bellevue Hospital Medical College, brought a solid training in orthodox medicine to his health reform efforts. In this, he differed from most earlier health reformers, whose systems often lacked grounding in science. Kellogg made repeated trips to Europe to keep abreast of developments in medicine, surgery, and physiology in order to buttress the scientific foundations which supported his health teachings.

Upon completion of his medical training, Kellogg returned as medical superintendent of the Adventists' Western Health Reform Institute in Battle Creek. Kellogg's vigorous efforts as a promoter and publicist soon brought the Battle Creek Sanitarium (as the Institute was renamed in 1876) to national prominence as "a place where people learn to stay well." Kellogg used the Sanitarium as a testing ground for the application of his "Battle Creek idea" on the effect of diet, exercise, correct posture, fresh air, and rest on the health and fitness of individuals. The program did enhance health. Kellogg and the Sanitarium prospered, despite policy differences with the Seventh Day Adventists, a 1902 fire which destroyed the building, and receivership debt due to overbuilding, until the 1930s Depression cut down patronage. In good times, Kellogg traded heavily on the celebrity of the Sanitarium's clientele to sell his health reform ideas. In hard times, he relied on the strength of the science which girded his system to keep pushing health. Throughout his sixty-seven year association with the Sanitarium, Kellogg never wavered in his faith in the rectitude of the "Battle Creek idea."

Kellogg was a prolific author and had a ready venue of publication in Good Health, a magazine he edited for nearly seventy years. Kellogg incorporated many of the ideas which appeared first as articles in Good Health into nearly fifty books. Included among them are: Body in Health, Colon Hygiene, New Dietetics, Plain Facts about Sexual Life, Practical Manual of Health and Temperance, and Rational Hydrotherapy. These books manifest Kellogg's efforts to bring the new medical science to the general public. Kellogg also lectured from coast-to-coast touring his message before as large an audience as possible. Finally, Kellogg's dynamic personality attracted disciples to Battle Creek to study at the feet of the master of "rational" medicine; these disciples in turn propagated Kellogg's ideas that medical science pointed to adherence to a vegetarian regimen of moderation as the surest way to good health.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The John Harvey Kellogg papers document the career of a medical doctor and health reformer and advocate. The collection provides telling insight to the operation of the Battle Creek Sanitarium. The papers span the years 1869 to 1965, with the bulk of the materials covering the years 1874 to 1943. Significantly, there are some collected published items in the collection that date as early as 1832. The Kellogg papers consist of correspondence, lectures, notes, memoranda, clippings, scrapbooks, notebooks, photographs, articles, and book manuscripts. These diverse sources provide ample documentation of Kellogg's life, and are an excellent source with which to examine early twentieth-century medicine in general and Kellogg's important innovations in health reform. The collection is also very strong on the development of the Sanitarium and the "Battle Creek idea" of natural health. Kellogg's zealous efforts to proselytize the world at large on the wisdom of the "Battle Creek Idea" are reflected in the papers. Also included are materials relating to his work with organizations such as the National Vitality League, Race Betterment Foundation, Battle Creek Three Quarter Century Club, Chicago Workingmen's Home and Medical Mission, and Seventh-Day Adventists.

The Kellogg collection came to the Michigan Historical Collections in two primary accessions, one in 1962 and another in 1972. Parts of the collection were reprocessed in 1988 prior to the entire collection being microfilmed. The collection is now divided into the following series: Biographical/Personal; Correspondence; Lectures, Speeches, and Related; Notes and Articles; Subject Files; Clippings/ Scrapbooks; Bound Manuscripts/Published Volumes; and Photographs.

Subject Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the finding aid database and catalog of The Bentley Historical Library/University of Michigan. Researchers desiring additional information about related topics should search the catalog using these headings.


  • Battle Creek (Mich.)
  • Depressions -- 1929 -- United States.
  • Food.
  • Hygiene.
  • Ireland.
  • Medicine -- Michigan -- Battle Creek.
  • Physicians -- Michigan -- Battle Creek.
  • Prohibition -- United States.
  • Public health -- United States.
  • Physicians -- Religious life -- Michigan -- Battle Creek.
  • Battle Creek (Mich.) -- Buildings.
  • Battle Creek (Mich.) -- Dwellings.
  • Battle Creek (Mich.) -- Health resorts.
  • Buildings -- Michigan -- Battle Creek.
  • Buildings -- Illinois -- Chicago.
  • Chicago (Ill.) -- Buildings.
  • Chicago (Ill.) -- Missions.
  • Dwellings -- Michigan -- Battle Creek.
  • Families.
  • Health resorts -- Michigan -- Battle Creek.
  • Hospitals -- Michigan -- Battle Creek.
  • Interiors.
  • Laboratories.
  • Medicine -- Michigan -- Battle Creek.
  • Missions -- Illinois -- Chicago.
  • Physical fitness.
  • Slums.
  • Women.
  • Photographs.
  • Scrapbooks.
  • Battle Creek Sanitarium.
  • Bellevue Hospital.
  • Chicago Workingmen's Home and Medical Mission.
  • National Vitality League.
  • Race Betterment Foundation.
  • Seventh Day Adventist Church (Battle Creek, Mich.)
  • Three Quarter Century Club (Battle Creek, Mich.)
  • Battle Creek Sanitarium.
  • Kellogg, John Harvey, 1852-1943.
  • Kellogg family.
  • Barron, Clarence Walker, 1855-1928.
  • Boldyreff, W.
  • Byrd, Richard Evelyn, 1888-1957.
  • Campbell, B. Hodges.
  • Edison, Mary Stilwell.
  • Edison, Thomas A. (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931.
  • Efromoff, G.
  • Fisher, Irving, 1867-1947.
  • Ford, Clara Bryant, 1866-1950.
  • Ford, Henry, 1863-1947.
  • LeHand, Margaret.
  • Liebold, Ernest G., 1884-
  • Osborn, Chase S. (Chase Salmon), 1860-
  • Parran, Thomas.
  • Pavlov, Ivan Petrovich, 1849-1936.
  • Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946.
  • Pingree, Hazen S., 1840-1901.
  • Plunckett, Horace.
  • Pomari, M.
  • Rockefeller, John D. (John Davison), 1874-1960.
  • Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945.
  • Shaw, Bernard, 1856-1950.
  • Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930.
  • Tarbell, Ida M. (Ida Minerva), 1857-1944.
  • Tissier, L.
  • Tolstoy, Alexandra, 1884-1979.
  • Tolstoy, Ilga.
  • Tolstoy, Leo, 1828-1910.
  • Van Shaick, Louis J.
Contents List
Request materials for use in the Bentley Library
Container / Location Title
 
Personal/biographical [series]

Biographical/Personal (0.1 lin. ft.) is a small series drawn from different parts of the collection containing summary information about Kellogg's life as well as some of the awards he received throughout his career.

Roll   1  
Autobiographical and Biographical Notes
Roll   1  
Awards, citations, etc.

(also oversized items filmed on reel 46)

 
Correspondence 1875-1948 [series] (2 linear feet)

The Correspondence series (2 linear ft.; 1875-1948) documents Kellogg's many interests and the operation of the sanitarium. Correspondents in the collection include C. W. Barron, Richard E. Byrd, Mary G. Edison, Irving Fisher, Clara J. Ford, Henry Ford, Margaret LeHand, Ernest G. Liebold, Chase S. Osborn, I. P. Pavlov, Gifford Pinchot, Hazen Pingree, Sir Horace Plunckett, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., Franklin D. Roosevelt, Bernard Shaw, William Howard Taft, Ida Tarbell, Alexandra Tolstoi, Leo Tolstoi, Ilga Tolstoi, and Louis J. Van Shaick.

Roll   1  
1875-1918
Roll   2  
1919-1925
Roll   3  
1926-1935
Roll   4  
1935-February 15, 1938
Roll   5  
February 16, 1938-1941
Roll   6  
1942-1948
 
Lectures, speeches, and related 1875-1943 [series] (4.5 linear feet)

The researcher will find the fullest development of Kellogg's thinking on any specific topic in the Lectures, Speeches, and Related series (4.5 lin. ft.; 1875-1943). This series is arranged chronologically.

Roll   6  
1875-October 1898
Roll   7  
October, 1898-May 1901
Roll   8  
June 1901-August, 1903
Roll   9  
September 1903-December, 1905
Roll   10  
January 1906-July, 1908
Roll   11  
August 1908-September, 1910
Roll   12  
October 1910-July, 1911
Roll   13  
August 1911-March, 1913
Roll   14  
April 1913-July, 1914
Roll   15  
August, 1914-1922
Roll   16  
1923-1933
Roll   17  
1934-1943
 
Notes and Articles (by topic) circa 1890-1943 [series] (4 linear feet)

The Notes and Articles (by topic) series (4 linear ft.; ca. 1890-ca. 1943) contains miscellaneous original and collected material, not always clearly identified. It is arranged alphabetically by broad topic.

Roll   17  
Alcohol
Roll   17  
Arthritis
Roll   17  
Battle Creek Sanitarium
Roll   18  
Battle Creek Sanitarium
Roll   18  
Biologic Living
Roll   18  
Catalog of Kellogg Library
Roll   18  
Circulatory System
Roll   18  
Colon and Gastro-Intestinal Tract
Roll   18  
Diet for special age groups and special cases
Roll   18  
Diet--General
Roll   19  
Diet--General
Roll   19  
Dietetics
Roll   19  
Diseases and Diagnoses
Roll   20  
Diseases and Diagnoses
Roll   20  
Dress
Roll   20  
Education
Roll   20  
Electric current for medical use
Roll   20  
Exercise
Roll   21  
Exercise
Roll   21  
Food
Roll   22  
Health
Roll   22  
History and Health
Roll   22  
Hydrotherapy
Roll   23  
Hydrotherapy
Roll   23  
Longevity
Roll   23  
Manual Swedish Movements
Roll   23  
Meats, tobacco, tea, and coffee
Roll   23  
"Natural Living"
Roll   23  
Physiology
Roll   24  
Physiology
Roll   24  
Politics
Roll   24  
Question Box Lectures
Roll   24  
Race Betterment/Eugenics
Roll   25  
Thermotherapy-Miscellaneous
Roll   25  
Women's Work/Housekeeping
Roll   25  
Miscellaneous
 
Notes and Memoranda (dated) 1876-1941 [series] (1.5 linear feet)
Roll   25  
1876-1906
Roll   26  
1907-1941
Roll   27  
1942-1943
 
Subject Files circa 1885-1920 [series] (1.3 linear feet)

Subject Files (1.3 lin. ft. ca. 1885-1920) is arranged alphabetically by topic and relates primarily to Kellogg's interest in medical missionaries.

Roll   27  
American Medical Missionary College
Roll   28  
Battle Creek Sanitarium
Roll   28  
Chicago Medical Missionary School
Roll   28  
Chicago Medical Missions
Roll   28  
Christian Help Bands
Roll   28  
International Health Association
Roll   28  
International Medical Alliance
Roll   28  
International Medical Missionary and Benevolent Association
Roll   29  
International Medical Missionary Conference
Roll   29  
Legal Papers and Patents
Roll   29  
Medical Faculty Meetings
 
Medical Missionary
Roll   29  
Board
Roll   29  
Convention/Conference
Roll   29  
General
Roll   30  
Lectures
Roll   30  
Miscellaneous and Fragments
Roll   30  
Published
Roll   30  
Mexican Medical Missions
Roll   30  
Michigan Sanitarium and Benevolent Association
Roll   30  
Sanitarium Training School for Missionary Nurses
Roll   30  
Sanitariums (various states)
Roll   30  
Seventh Day Adventist Medical Missionary and Benevolent Association
Roll   31  
Soul (Nature of)
Roll   31  
Miscellaneous
 
Clippings/Scrapbooks 1878-1952 [series] (2 linear feet)

The Clippings/Scrapbooks (2 lin. ft.; 1878-1952) consists of clipping files arranged both chronologically and by topic, and scrapbooks arranged chronologically supplemented by volumes pertaining to specific topics.

Roll   32  
Clippings (dated) 1879-1952
 
Clippings (undated) circa 1890-1965
Roll   32  
Arthritis
Roll   32  
Battle Creek College
Roll   33  
Battle Creek Sanitarium
Roll   33  
Biologic Living
Roll   33  
Health Training
Roll   34  
Kellogg, John Harvey
Roll   34  
Biographical
Roll   34  
Theory and Writings
Roll   34  
Longevity
Roll   34  
Medical Missionaries
Roll   35  
Race Betterment
Roll   35  
Three Quarter Century Club
Roll   35  
Miscellaneous
Roll   35  
Scrapbooks (unbound) 1878-1929
Roll   35  
Scrapbooks 1904-1924
Roll   36  
Scrapbooks 1925-1944
Roll   46  
Scrapbooks 1904-1944

(oversize volume filmed with other outsize materials on reel 46)

Roll   36  
Scrapbooks (undated) circa 1900-1940
 
Bound Manuscripts/Published Volumes circa 1869-1940 [series] (4.5 linear feet)

Bound Manuscripts/Published Volumes (4.5 lin. ft.; ca. 1869-ca. 1940) consists of various ledgers and daybooks, Kellogg's student notebooks, his professional notebooks, manuscripts of essays and other writings, and published works by Kellogg and others in the field of health and nutrition. The notebooks in particular manifests Kellogg's quick mind as student and as a doctor in search of the most recent trends in medicine and surgery. Not part of this Kellogg collection, but also available at the Bentley Historical Library, is a collection of Kellogg's published writings and the Good Health magazine.

Roll   36  
Guestbooks and Registers
Roll   37  
Miscellaneous bound materials (primarily family materials)
Roll   37  
Ledgers and Daybooks 1889-1923
Roll   37  
Index Rerum circa 1888-1896
 
Notebooks
Roll   37  
Student 1869-1873
Roll   38  
Student 1874-1875
Roll   38  
Professional 1876-1899
Roll   39  
Professional 1899-1927
 
Printed works by Kellogg and Sanitarium doctors circa 1890-1940
Roll   40  
Diseases, diagnosis and treatment
Roll   40  
Food and dietetics
Roll   40  
General
Roll   40  
Health and Medical Institutions
Roll   40  
Iron Ration
 
Bound Manuscripts by Kellogg circa 1890-1925
Roll   41  
Health Compendium
Roll   41  
Man the Masterpiece
Roll   41  
Nature's Remedies
Roll   41  
Miscellaneous fragments
 
Works by Others (manuscripts) circa 1885-1940
Roll   42  
A-L
Roll   43  
M-Z
Roll   44  
Miscellaneous
Roll   44  
Van Noorden's Metabolism and Practical Medicine
 
Works by Others (printed) circa 1832-1940
Roll   44  
Alcohol
Roll   44  
Colon and Gastro-Intestinal Tract
Roll   44  
Diet and Food
Roll   44  
Disease, Diagnosis and Treatment
Roll   44  
General Health
Roll   44  
Race Betterment/Eugenics
 
Photographs circa 1880-1940s [series] (0.8 linear feet)

The Photograph series (0.8 lin. ft.; ca. 1880s-ca. 1940s) includes portraits and photos of John Harvey Kellogg with family and friends, other photos concerning the Battle Creek Sanitarium, its buildings and the activities that it administered, Kellogg's interest in a Chicago mission house, and Kellogg's travels. There are also family photos.

Roll   45  
Portraits
Roll   45  
Informal photos of John Harvey Kellogg (alone)
Roll   45  
Informal photos of John Harvey Kellogg (with others)
Roll   45  
Christmas card photographs
Roll   45  
Interiors and exteriors of Battle Creek home

(also oversized photographs filmed on reel 46)

Roll   45  
Kellogg (Mrs.) John Harvey
Roll   45  
Kellogg family
 
Travels
Roll   45  
Africa 1925-1926
Roll   45  
California 1928
Roll   45  
Florida 1918-1919, 1929-1930
Roll   45  
Leysin, Switzerland (Dr. Rollier's clinic)
Roll   45  
Chicago Mission
Roll   45  
Chicago Slums
Roll   45  
Battle Creek Sanitarium (old)
 
Battle Creek Sanitarium (new)

(also oversized photographs filmed on reel 46)

Roll   45  
Dedication ceremonies
Roll   45  
Buildings
Roll   45  
Interiors
Roll   45  
Laboratory scenes (2 folders)
Roll   45  
Pavlov Physiological Institute
Roll   45  
Physical fitness program (2 folders)
Roll   45  
Deer Park
Roll   45  
Other activities
Roll   45  
Staff
Roll   45  
American Medical Missionary College
Roll   45  
Portraits and miscellaneous (non-John Harvey Kellogg)
Roll   45  
Miscellaneous and unidentified
Roll   46  
Album re: summer playground-nutrition program for children 1926

(oversized volume filmed with outsized items on reel 46)