Jacob Ellsworth Reighard Papers: 1887-1942 (bulk 1890-1920)
Summary Information
Title: Jacob Ellsworth Reighard Papers
Creator: Reighard, Jacob Ellsworth, 1861-1942
Inclusive dates: 1887-1942
Bulk dates: 1890-1920
Extent: 13 linear feet
Abstract:
The Jacob Ellsworth Reighard collection contains the papers and photographs of a noted professor of zoology, including his research, class lectures and correspondence. Jacob Reighard was responsible for the development of modern zoological teaching and research at the University of Michigan and a national leader in the field of zoology.
Call number: 86457 A-2
Language: The materials are in English.
Repository: Bentley Historical Library
1150 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2113
Phone: 734-764-3482
Fax: 734-936-1333
e-mail: bentley.ref@umich.edu
Home Page: http://www.bentley.umich.edu/
Finding aid prepared by: Bentley Historical Library Staff

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

The collection was donated by the University of Michigan Department of Zoology (donor no. 21009) in 1945.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

To protect fragile audiovisual recordings (such as audio cassettes, film reels, and VHS tapes), the Bentley Historical Library has a policy of converting them to digital formats by a professional vendor whenever a researcher requests access. For more information, please see: http://bentley.umich.edu/research/duplication/.

Copyright:

Copyright status is unknown. Patrons are responsible for determining the appropriate use or reuse of materials.

Preferred Citation:

item, folder title, box no., Jacob Ellsworth Reighard Papers, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan


Biography

Jacob Ellsworth Reighard, professor of zoology at the University of Michigan, was born at LaPorte, Indiana, July 2, 1861, the son of John D. and Mary Hulburt Reighard. Reighard attended the public schools at LaPorte, Indiana, entered the Literary Department of the University of Michigan in the fall of 1878, and graduated with the Ph.D degree in 1882. Following his graduation he taught for three years in Indiana and Massachusetts. During the last two years of this period he was a private student of Dr. E.L. Mark of Harvard University. After this he spent a year at Michigan in the study of medicine.

He began his teaching career at Michigan in 1886 when he was appointed Instructor in Zoology. During the absence of Professor Joseph B. Steere he served as Acting Assistant Professor, 1887-88, and was made Assistant Professor of Zoology in 1889. Jacob Reighard was directly responsible for many changes in the character of zoology courses. To the old group of courses dealing with the systematics and natural history of various animal groups, he added Vertebrate Dissections, Histology of Vertebrates, Elements of Biology (Animal Life), and Embryology, each of which required laboratory work as well as the usual lectures or recitations. Beginning in 1889 the zoological courses were listed in two groups in the catalogue, "General Zoology" Systematic taught by Professor Steere, and Animal Morphology given by Professor Reighard. In 1892 Professor Reighard was made Professor of Animal Morphology; his department was separated from the old department and was known as the Morphological Laboratory.

Professor Reighard spent the year 1894-95 in study at the University of Freiburg, Germany. After his return in 1895 his title was changed to Professor of Zoology and Director of the Zoological Laboratory and the Museum of Zoology. The museum position he retained until 1913. He continued as Director of the Zoological Laboratory until 1925 when he relinquished the active directorship, retaining his professorship until his retirement as professor emeritus in 1927. In 1936, after the close of his active career, the University of Michigan conferred upon him the honorary degree of Doctor of Science.

With Professor Frederick C. Newcombe and Dr. George P. Burns of the Department of Botany, Professor Reighard was a cofounder of the University of Michigan Biological Station on Douglas Lake in Cheboygan County in 1909 and was its first Director. Professor Reighard's contribution to the development of the research function of the Museum of Zoology during his directorship, 1895-1913, was stated thus by his successor: "During this time the museum was made up of a number of collections under the direction of the heads of several teaching departments. It is largely due to Professor Reighard that the Museum of Zoology did not become an adjunct to a teaching department but was an independent research department of the University. Professor Reighard directed the scientific work of the Michigan Fish Commission for the years 1890-1895 during which time a number of important research projects were carried through to completion. Although for lack of support this series of investigations came to a close in 1895, the present Institute for Fisheries Research of the Michigan Department of Conservation probably should be considered to be "the delayed outgrowth of the scientific work which he did for the Michigan Fish Commission" some decades earlier.

For the years 1898-1901. Professor Reighard was in charge of the Biological Survey of the Great Lakes conducted by the U.S. Fish Commission, and for some years beginning in 1917 he directed important researches on the food fishes of the Great Lakes. As an outgrowth of the latter and possibly indirectly as the result of his own earlier work on the Great Lakes came the establishment in Ann Arbor of the Great Lakes Laboratory of the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries (now the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service).

Professor Reighard held membership and served as officer in various scientific organizations including A.A.A.S. (vice president of Section F, 1910), American Society of Naturalists, American Society of Zoologists (vice president of the eastern branch and president of the central branch in 1903), the Ecological Society of America, American Fisheries Society (president, 1915), and the Michigan Academy of Science (president, 1900). He presided at two sessions on Animal Behavior at the International Zoological Congress at Boston in 1907. For some years he served as trustee and member of the Executive Committee of the Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, and was a member of the Board of Scientific Advisers of the Michigan Geological and Biological Survey.

Professor Reighard was always interested in the improvement of methods and in the application of new methods to zoological research. An expert photographer, he described methods of photographing embryos, of photographing breeding fishes in their natural habitats, and of photographing coral-reef fishes by means of a submerged camera which he devised. His book on the "Anatomy of the Cat" written with H.S. Jennings has had extensive use in anatomical laboratories and was revised by Dr. Rush Elliott in the 1930's with the collaboration of Professor Reighard.

In the later years of his active career, increasing deafness caused Reighard to learn speech reading. His interest in helping others, afflicted with the same infirmity, led him to translate a number of German papers on this subject and to prepare several original papers, some of which are still in manuscript form. This work and the completion of manuscripts on breeding habits of fishes occupied much of his time after his retirement.

Jacob Reighard was responsible for the development of modern zoological teaching and research at the University of Michigan. Through his teaching, his researches and his leadership in zoological organizations he exerted a marked influence upon zoology in the United States. Reighard died February 13, 1942 in Ann Arbor, Michigan. [This sketch is an edited version of the memorial read before the Faculty Meeting, College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, April 6, 1942, and was compiled by George R. La Rue, Peter Okkelberg, and John F. Shepard.]


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Jacob Reighard collection consists of thirteen feet of correspondence, speeches, lectures, drafts of writings, University of Michigan lecture and course materials, and files of research materials and field notes. The collection covers the period of 1887 to 1942. The collection has been organized into four series; Correspondence, Writings and Speeches, University Lecture and Course Materials, and Research Materials and Field Notes. This finding aid also contains a selective inventory of correspondents found within the Reighard papers.

Subject Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the finding aid database and catalog of The Bentley Historical Library/University of Michigan. Researchers desiring additional information about related topics should search the catalog using these headings.


  • Deaf -- Means of communication.
  • Death.
  • Evolution.
  • Fishes -- Great Lakes.
  • Fur trade -- Michigan.
  • Great Lakes.
  • Manistee River (Mich.)
  • Philippines -- History -- 1898-1946.
  • Underwater photography.
  • Zoology.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Education and the war.
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor.
  • Fish.
  • Laboratories.
  • Zoology.
  • Photographs.
  • Underwater photography.
  • Watercolor paintings.
  • Lombard, Warren P. (Warren Plimpton), 1855-1939.
  • Michigan. State Board of Fish Commissioners.
  • Reighard, Jacob Ellsworth, 1861-1942.
  • United States Fish Commission.
  • University of Michigan. Biological Station.
  • University of Michigan. Dept. of Zoology.
  • University of Michigan -- Faculty.
  • University of Michigan. Museum of Zoology.
  • University of Michigan. Zoological Laboratory.
  • Abel, John Jacob, 1857-1938.
  • Adams, Charles C. (Charles Christopher), 1873-1955.
  • Agassiz, Alexander, 1835-1910.
  • Amateur Fencers League of America.
  • Angell, James Burrill, 1829-1916.
  • Bailey, L. H. (Liberty Hyde), 1858-1954.
  • Baker, Frank Collins, 1867-1942.
  • Barbour, Levi L. (Levi Lewis), 1840-1925.
  • Birge, E. A. (Edward Asahel), 1851-1950.
  • Bumpus, Hermon Carey, 1862-1943.
  • Burrows, Julius C. (Julius Caesar), 1837-1915.
  • Cattell, James McKeen, 1860-1944.
  • Clark, Hubert Lyman, 1870-1947.
  • Clements, William L. (William Lawrence), 1861-1934.
  • Cobb, Frank Irving, 1869-1923.
  • Conklin, Edward Grant, 1863-1952.
  • Davenport, Charles Benedict, 1866-1944.
  • Dean, Bashford, 1867-1928.
  • Dewey, John, 1859-1952.
  • Forbes, Stephen Alfred, 1844-1930.
  • Fordney, Joseph W. (Joseph Warren), 1853-1932.
  • Gage, Simon Henry, 1851-1944.
  • Gilman, Daniel Coit, 1831-1908.
  • Harvey, E. Newton (Edmund Newton), 1887-1959.
  • Hay, Oliver Perry, 1846-1930.
  • Herrick, Francis Hobart, 1858-1940.
  • Hubbard, Lucius L. (Lucius Lee), 1849-1933.
  • Hubbs, Carl L. (Carl Leavitt), 1894-1979.
  • Hutchins, Harry B. (Harry Burns), 1847-1930.
  • Jenks, Jeremiah Whipple, 1856-1929.
  • Jennings, H. S. (Herbert Spencer), 1868-1947.
  • Johnston, John Black, 1868-1939.
  • Jordan, David Starr, 1851-1931.
  • Kellogg, John Harvey, 1852-1943.
  • Lane, Alfred C. (Alfred Church), 1863-
  • Langley, S. P. (Samuel Pierpont), 1834-1906.
  • Larue, George R. (George Roger), 1882-
  • Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947.
  • Loeb, Jacques, 1859-1924.
  • McMillan, James, 1838-1902.
  • Mark, E. L. (Edward Laurens), 1847-
  • Meyer, Adolf, 1866-1950.
  • Morgan, Thomas Hunt, 1866-1945.
  • Mosher, Eliza Maria, 1846-1928.
  • National Conference on Race Betterment.
  • Okkelberg, Peter Olaus, 1880-
  • Osborn, Henry Fairfield, 1857-1935.
  • Peabody, George Foster, 1852-1938.
  • Pearl, Raymond, 1879-1940.
  • Pingree, Hazen S., 1840-1901.
  • Putnam, Frederic Ward, 1839-1915.
  • Ruthven, Alexander Grant, 1882-1971.
  • Shull, Aaron Franklin, 1881-1961.
  • Smith, William Alden, 1859-1932.
  • Stockard, Charles Rupert, 1879-1939.
  • Wenley, R. M. (Robert Mark), 1861-1929.
  • Whitman, Charles Otis, 1842-1910.
  • Woodward, Robert Simpson, 1849-1924.
  • Worcester, Dean C. (Dean Conant), 1866-1924.
Contents List
Request materials for use in the Bentley Library
Container / Location Title
 
Biographical material [series]
Box   1  
Biographical material
 
Bibliographies of writings [series]
Box   1  
Bibliographies of writings
 
Correspondence [series]

The Correspondence series (boxes 1-8) are especially complete for the years 1890 to 1920, the period of Reighard's greatest professional accomplishment. Thereafter the correspondence dwindles to a few folders. The letters are rich in discussion of the development of zoology as a profession, in Reighard's studies of Great Lakes fish biology, in his administration of the University's zoological Laboratory, its biological station at Douglas Lake, and the Museum of Zoology in Ann Arbor. Reighard was teacher and colleague to America's most important zoologists, whose papers are represented in these correspondence files. H.S. Jennings, noted for his work in animal behavior and genetics at Johns Hopkins University, worked closely with Reighard at the University and at Douglas Lake. Dean C. Worcester, member of the first U.S. Philippine Commission, wrote long and extensive letters describing his life in the Far East. A more complete listing of Reighard's correspondents is included with this finding aid.

Largely a zoological collection, the Reighard correspondence also describes such subject areas as the impact of the First World War on the University of Michigan, the dispute among faculty members over an allegedly pro-German teacher (Walter Kcelz), the attempt to legislate the fur seal trade (April 1913), the development of underwater photography (letter from Francis N. Balch, July 1, 1910), and the problems and adjustments of Reighard as a hearing-impaired individual.

 
1890-1899 [subseries]
Box   1  
1890-1891
Box   1  
1892
Box   1  
January-June 1893
Box   1  
July-December 1893
Box   1  
January 1894
Box   1  
February 1894
Box   1  
March 1894
Box   1  
April-June 1894
Box   1  
July-September 1894
Box   1  
October-December 1894
Box   1  
January-February 1895
Box   1  
March-June 1895
Box   1  
July-August 1895
Box   1  
September-October 1895
Box   1  
November 1895
Box   1  
December 1895
Box   1  
January 1896
Box   1  
February 1896
Box   1  
March 1896
Box   1  
April 1896
Box   1  
May 1896
Box   1  
June 1896
Box   1  
July-August 1896
Box   1  
September-October 1896
Box   1  
November-December 1896
Box   1  
January 1897
Box   1  
February 1897
Box   1  
March 1897
Box   1  
April 1897
Box   1  
May 1897
Box   1  
June-July 1897
Box   1  
August 1897
Box   1  
September 1897
Box   1  
October 1897
Box   1  
November 1897
Box   1  
December 1897
Box   1  
January 1898
Box   1  
February 1898
Box   1  
March 1898
Box   1  
April 1898
Box   1  
May 1898
Box   1  
June 1-12, 1898
Box   1  
June 13-20, 1898
Box   1  
June 21-30, 1898
Box   1  
July 1-15, 1898
Box   1  
July 16-31, 1898
Box   1  
August 1-10, 1898
Box   1  
August 11-20, 1898
Box   1  
August 21-31, 1898
Box   1  
September 1898
Box   1  
October 1898
Box   1  
November 1-15, 1898
Box   1  
November 16-30, 1898
Box   1  
December 1-15, 1898
Box   1  
December 16-31, 1898
Box   1  
January 1-10, 1899
Box   1  
January 11-25, 1899
Box   1  
January 26-31, 1899
Box   2  
February 1-15, 1899
Box   2  
February 16-20, 1899
Box   2  
February 21-28, 1899
Box   2  
March 1-10, 1899
Box   2  
March 11-20, 1899
Box   2  
March 21-31, 1899
Box   2  
April 1-15, 1899
Box   2  
April 16-30, 1899
Box   2  
May 1-10, 1899
Box   2  
May 11-20, 1899
Box   2  
May 21-31, 1899
Box   2  
June 1-10, 1899
Box   2  
June 11-20, 1899
Box   2  
June 21-25, 1899
Box   2  
June 26-30, 1899
Box   2  
July 1-10, 1899
Box   2  
July 11-15, 1899
Box   2  
July 16-20, 1899
Box   2  
July 21-25, 1899
Box   2  
July 26-31, 1899
Box   2  
August 1-10, 1899
Box   2  
August 11-20, 1899
Box   2  
August 21-31, 1899
Box   2  
September 1-15, 1899
Box   2  
September 16-30, 1899
Box   2  
October 1-15, 1899
Box   2  
October 16-31, 1899
Box   2  
November 1-15, 1899
Box   2  
November 16-30, 1899
Box   2  
December 1-15, 1899
Box   2  
December 16-31, 1899
 
1900-1909 [subseries]
Box   2  
January 1-15, 1900
Box   2  
January 16-31, 1900
Box   2  
February 1900
Box   2  
March 1-15, 1900
Box   2  
March 16-31, 1900
Box   2  
April 1900
Box   2  
May 1-15, 1900
Box   2  
May 16-31, 1900
Box   2  
June 1-10, 1900
Box   2  
June 11-20, 1900
Box   2  
June 21-30, 1900
Box   2  
July 1-10, 1900
Box   2  
July 11-20, 1900
Box   2  
July 21-31, 1900
Box   2  
August 1-10, 1900
Box   2  
August 11-31, 1900
Box   2  
September 1900
Box   2  
October 1-10, 1900
Box   2  
October 11-31, 1900
Box   3  
November 1900
Box   3  
December 1900
Box   3  
January 1-15, 1901
Box   3  
January 16-31, 1901
Box   3  
February 1901
Box   3  
March 1901
Box   3  
April 1-15, 1901
Box   3  
April 16-25, 1901
Box   3  
April 26-30, 1901
Box   3  
May 1-10, 1901
Box   3  
May 11-15, 1901
Box   3  
May 16-20, 1901
Box   3  
May 21-25, 1901
Box   3  
May 26-31, 1901
Box   3  
June 1-10, 1901
Box   3  
June 11-20, 1901
Box   3  
June 21-30, 1901
Box   3  
July 1-5, 1901
Box   3  
July 6-10, 1901
Box   3  
July 11-15, 1901
Box   3  
July 16-20, 1901
Box   3  
July 21-25, 1901
Box   3  
July 26-31, 1901
Box   3  
August 1-5, 1901
Box   3  
August 6-10, 1901
Box   3  
August 11-20, 1901
Box   3  
August 21-31, 1901
Box   3  
September 1-15, 1901
Box   3  
September 16-30, 1901
Box   3  
October 1-15, 1901
Box   3  
October 16-31, 1901
Box   3  
November 1-15, 1901
Box   3  
November 16-30, 1901
Box   3  
December 1-15, 1901
Box   3  
December 16-31, 1901
Box   3  
1901 undated
Box   3  
January 1902
Box   3  
February 1902
Box   3  
March 1902
Box   3  
April 1902
Box   3  
May 1902
Box   3  
June 1-10, 1902
Box   3  
June 11-30, 1902
Box   3  
July 1-15, 1902
Box   3  
July 16-31, 1902
Box   3  
August 1-15, 1902
Box   3  
August 16-31, 1902
Box   4  
September 1902
Box   4  
October 1902
Box   4  
November 1902
Box   4  
December 1902
Box   4  
January 1-11, 1903
Box   4  
January 12-19, 1903
Box   4  
January 20-31, 1903
Box   4  
February 1-15, 1903
Box   4  
February 16-28, 1903
Box   4  
March 1-19, 1903
Box   4  
March 20-31, 1903
Box   4  
April 1-7, 1903
Box   4  
April 8-21, 1903
Box   4  
April 22-30, 1903
Box   4  
May 1-14, 1903
Box   4  
May 15-23, 1903
Box   4  
May 24-31, 1903
Box   4  
June 1-10, 1903
Box   4  
June 11-21, 1903
Box   4  
June 22-30, 1903
Box   4  
July 1-17, 1903
Box   4  
July 18-31, 1903
Box   4  
August 1903
Box   4  
September 1903
Box   4  
October 1903
Box   4  
November 1903
Box   4  
December 1-11, 1903
Box   4  
December 12-31, 1903
Box   4  
January 1904
Box   4  
February 1904
Box   4  
March 1904
Box   4  
April 1904
Box   4  
May 1904
Box   4  
June 1-18, 1904
Box   4  
June 19-30, 1904
Box   4  
July 1904
Box   4  
August 1904
Box   4  
September-October 1904
Box   4  
November 1904
Box   4  
December 1904
Box   4  
January-February 1905
Box   4  
March 1905
Box   4  
April 1-15, 1905
Box   4  
April 16-22, 1905
Box   4  
April 23-30, 1905
Box   4  
May 1-10, 1905
Box   4  
May 11-31, 1905
Box   4  
June 1-9, 1905
Box   4  
June 10-30, 1905
Box   4  
July 1905
Box   4  
August 1905
Box   4  
September 1905
Box   4  
October 1905
Box   4  
November 1905
Box   4  
December 1905
Box   5  
January 1906
Box   5  
February 1906
Box   5  
March 1-2, 1906
Box   5  
March 13-31, 1906
Box   5  
April 1-15, 1906
Box   5  
April 16-30, 1906
Box   5  
May 1-15, 1906
Box   5  
May 16-31, 1906
Box   5  
June 1-20, 1906
Box   5  
June 21-30, 1906
Box   5  
July 1-20, 1906
Box   5  
July 21-31, 1906
Box   5  
August 1-15, 1906
Box   5  
August 16-31, 1906
Box   5  
September 1-18, 1906
Box   5  
September 19-30, 1906
Box   5  
October 1906
Box   5  
November 1906
Box   5  
December 1906
Box   5  
January 1907
Box   5  
February 1907
Box   5  
March 1-13, 1907
Box   5  
March 14-31, 1907
Box   5  
April 1907
Box   5  
May 1907
Box   5  
June 1907
Box   5  
July 1907
Box   5  
August 1907
Box   5  
September 1907
Box   5  
October 1907
Box   5  
November 1907
Box   5  
December 1907
Box   5  
1907 undated
Box   5  
January 1908
Box   5  
February 1908
Box   5  
March 1-15, 1908
Box   5  
March 16-31, 1908
Box   5  
April 1-16, 1908
Box   5  
April 17-30, 1908
Box   5  
May 1-18, 1908
Box   5  
May 19-31, 1908
Box   5  
June 1-15, 1908
Box   5  
June 16-30, 1908
Box   5  
July 1-11, 1908
Box   5  
July 12-21, 1908
Box   5  
July 22-31, 1908
Box   5  
August 1-17, 1908
Box   5  
August 18-31, 1908
Box   5  
September 1-18, 1908
Box   5  
September 19-30, 1908
Box   5  
October 1908
Box   5  
November 1-15, 1908
Box   5  
November 16-30, 1908
Box   5  
December 1-14, 1908
Box   5  
December 15-31, 1908
Box   5  
January 1-18, 1909
Box   5  
January 19-31, 1909
Box   5  
February 1-10, 1909
Box   5  
February 11-28, 1909
Box   5  
March 1-22, 1909
Box   5  
March 23-31, 1909
Box   6  
April 1-18, 1909
Box   6  
April 19-30, 1909
Box   6  
May 1909
Box   6  
June 1-7, 1909
Box   6  
June 8-16, 1909
Box   6  
June 17-30, 1909
Box   6  
July 1-2, 1909
Box   6  
July 3-12, 1909
Box   6  
July 13-21, 1909
Box   6  
July 22-31, 1909
Box   6  
August 1909
Box   6  
September 1909
Box   6  
October 1909
Box   6  
November 1909
Box   6  
December 1-7, 1909
Box   6  
December 8-31, 1909
 
1910-1919 [subseries]
Box   6  
January 1910
Box   6  
February 1910
Box   6  
March 1910
Box   6  
April 1910
Box   6  
May 1910
Box   6  
June 1910
Box   6  
July 1-20, 1910
Box   6  
July 21-31, 1910
Box   6  
August 1910
Box   6  
September 1910
Box   6  
October 1910
Box   6  
November 1910
Box   6  
December 1910
Box   6  
1910 undated
Box   6  
January 1911
Box   6  
February 1911
Box   6  
March 1911
Box   6  
April 1-20, 1911
Box   6  
April 21-30, 1911
Box   6  
May 1-10, 1911
Box   6  
May 11-20, 1911
Box   6  
May 21-31, 1911
Box   6  
June 1911
Box   6  
July 1911
Box   6  
August 1911
Box   6  
September 1-10, 1911
Box   6  
September 11-30, 1911
Box   6  
October 1911
Box   6  
November 1-15, 1911
Box   6  
November 16-30, 1911
Box   6  
December 1911
Box   6  
January 1-20, 1912
Box   6  
January 21-31, 1912
Box   6  
February 1912
Box   6  
March 1-20, 1912
Box   6  
March 21-31, 1912
Box   6  
April 1-15, 1912
Box   6  
April 16-30, 1912
Box   6  
May-June 1912
Box   7  
July 1912
Box   7  
August 1912
Box   7  
September-October 1912
Box   7  
November-December 1912
Box   7  
1912 undated
Box   7  
January 1913
Box   7  
February 1913
Box   7  
March 1913
Box   7  
April 1913
Box   7  
May 1-15, 1913
Box   7  
May 16-31, 1913
Box   7  
June 1913
Box   7  
July 1-15, 1913
Box   7  
July 16-31, 1913
Box   7  
August 1913
Box   7  
September-October 1913
Box   7  
November-December 1913
Box   7  
January 1914
Box   7  
February 1914
Box   7  
March 1914
Box   7  
April 1914
Box   7  
May-June 1914
Box   7  
July-August 1914
Box   7  
September-December 1914
Box   7  
1914 undated
Box   7  
January-February 1915
Box   7  
March-April 1915
Box   7  
May 1915
Box   7  
June 1915
Box   7  
July-August 1915
Box   7  
September 1915
Box   7  
October 1915
Box   7  
November-December 1915
Box   7  
1915 undated
Box   7  
January 1916
Box   7  
February 1916
Box   7  
March-April 1916
Box   7  
May 1916
Box   7  
June 1916
Box   7  
July 1916
Box   7  
August 1916
Box   7  
September 1916
Box   7  
October 1916
Box   7  
November 1916
Box   7  
December 1916
Box   7  
January 1917
Box   7  
February 1917
Box   7  
March 1917
Box   7  
April 1917
Box   7  
May 1917
Box   7  
June 1917
Box   7  
July 1917
Box   7  
August 1917
Box   7  
September 1917
Box   7  
October 1917
Box   7  
November 1917
Box   7  
April -December, 1934
Box   8  
January 1918
Box   8  
February 1918
Box   8  
March 1918
Box   8  
April 1918
Box   8  
May 1918
Box   8  
June 1918
Box   8  
July 1918
Box   8  
August 1918
Box   8  
September 1918
Box   8  
October 1918
Box   8  
November 1918
Box   8  
December 1918
Box   8  
January 1919
Box   8  
February 1919
Box   8  
March 1-14, 1919
Box   8  
March 15-31, 1919
Box   8  
April 1919
Box   8  
May 1919
Box   8  
June 1919
Box   8  
July 1919
Box   8  
August 1919
Box   8  
September 1919
Box   8  
October 1919
Box   8  
November 1919
Box   8  
December 1919
 
1920-1940 [subseries]
Box   8  
January-February 1920
Box   8  
March 1920
Box   8  
April 1920
Box   8  
May 1920
Box   8  
June 1920
Box   8  
July-September 1920
Box   8  
October 1920
Box   8  
November 1920
Box   8  
December 1920
Box   8  
1921
Box   8  
1922-1924
Box   8  
1925
Box   8  
1926-1927
Box   8  
1928-1930
Box   8  
1931-1940
 
Subject [subseries]
Box   8  
Correspondence, concerning publication of revised edition of Anatomy of the Cat August 1931-March 1932
Box   8  
Correspondence, concerning publication of revised edition of Anatomy of the Cat April-December 1932
Box   8  
Correspondence, concerning publication of revised edition of Anatomy of the Cat 1933-1935
Box   8  
Correspondence, concerning his interest in speech reading and speech correction work 1928-1938
Box   8  
Notes and other materials concerning speech reading
Box   8  
"Journal of trip down the Manistee River with W.P. Lombard" August 26-September 14, 1909
Box   8  
Correspondence, concerning his resignation from Zoology Department 1922-1927
 
Writings And Speeches [series]

The Writings and Speeches series (boxes 8-9), though largely concerning fish zoology, also contain lectures on such interesting topics as "Death" (Ann Arbor Unity Club, 1889), Evolution and Darwinism (various talks, 1908-1912), and speech-reading (1926-1927).

Box   8  
Miscellaneous
Box   8  
Article, undated: "The Habits of Some American Freshwater Fishes"
Box   8  
Lecture material, undated: "The Evolution of the Nest-Building Instinct of Fishes"
Box   8  
Article, undated: "Apparatus for Photographing Vertebrate Embryos"
Box   8  
Paper, undated: "On the Possibility of Determining the Quantity of Oxygen set free by Aquatic Plants"
Box   8  
Paper, undated: "The Fish Hospitals at Loggerhead Key"
Box   8  
Article, undated: "Bermudas Fish Problems"
Box   8  
Article, undated: "The Breeding Behavior of Nocomis Micropogon (Cope)"
Box   8  
Paper, undated: "Sex Recognition and Sexual Selection in Vertebrates"
Box   8  
Paper, undated: "A Substitute for the Theory of Warning Coloration"
Box   8  
Paper, undated: "The Biological Meaning of Conspicuousness in Animals"
Box   8  
Paper, undated: "Warning Colors in Coral Reef Fishes"

(International Zoological Society, Boston)

Box   8  
Paper "Death" November 4, 1889

(Ann Arbor Unity Club)

Box   8  
Talk "The Relation of Field Work to the Teaching of the Natural Sciences?" 1891

(Michigan Schoolmasters Club)

Box   8  
Lecture "Inland Aquarium and Scientific Stations" 1892-1893

(Prismatic and Bohemian Clubs, Detroit)

Box   8  
Talk Concerning Wall-Eyed Pike 1893
Box   8  
Paper "Heredity" March 6, 1893

(Ann Arbor Unity Club)

Box   8  
Talk Concerning the Great Lakes March 15, 1893

(Bohemian Club, Detroit)

Box   8  
Lecture "The Work of the State Fish Commission" 1894
Box   8  
Paper "Some characteristics of Recent Work on the Biology of Fresh Waters" 1897
Box   8  
Article "Methods of Plankton Investigation in their Relation to Practical Problems" 1898
Box   8  
Lecture "The Biology of the Great Lakes" 1898

(Field Museum, Chicago)

Box   8  
Speech material, 1899: Concerning Trichina
Box   8  
Article "A Plan for the Investigation of the Biology of the Great Lakes" 1899
Box   8  
Talk Concerning the Teaching of Biology May 1900

(Appointment Committee Course)

Box   8  
Talk Concerning Human and Animal Behavior 1906

(University of Kansas; University of Nebraska)

Box   8  
Lecture Concerning Evolution 1907 (4 folders)

(Detroit)

Box   9  
Paper, "Evolution of the Pearl Organs of American
Box   9  
Minnows and Suckers 1908

(Boston)

Box   9  
Talk, Concerning Evolution January 18, 1908

(Education Club, Detroit)

Box   9  
Article, "An Experimental Study of Warning Coloration in Coral Reef Fishes" 1909
Box   9  
Talk, "The Present Status of Darwinism" February 17, 1909

(Ann Arbor Research Club)

Box   9  
Talk, "Darwinism to Date" February 25, 1909

(Twentieth Century Club, Detroit)

Box   9  
Article, "The Pearl Organs of American Minnows in their Relation to the Factors of Descent" 1910

(Science Magazine)

Box   9  
Lecture, "A Naturalist's View of Adaptation" July 14, 1910

(popular talk on evolution)

Box   9  
Talk, Concerning Evolution 1911

(St. Andrew's Episcopal Church, Ann Arbor)

Box   9  
Talk, "Birds and Animals of the Woods" March 13, 1911

(Boy Scouts talk)

Box   9  
Lecture, Concerning Evolution January 12, 1912

(Battle Creek, Michigan)

Box   9  
Lecture, Symposium on Adaptation April 2, 1914

(Michigan Schoolmasters Club, Ann Arbor)

Box   9  
Address, "The Senses and Learning in Fishes" October 18, 1916

(Presidential Address,American Fisheries Society, New Orleans)

Box   9  
Lecture, "Senses and Learning in Fishes" August 15, 1919

(Summer Session Lecture)

Box   9  
Paper, "The Problems of the Adult Deafened" Scientific Club of the University of Michigan 1924
Box   9  
Article, "The University Teaching of Speechreading to the Adult Deafened" January 19, 1924

(School and Society)

Box   9  
Paper, "A Preliminary Biological Examination of Loon Lake and Loon Lake Bog Pond on the Sylvania Club Property Gogebic County, Michigan in August " 1926
Box   9  
Article, "Speech Reading for the Deafened" July 17, 1926

(School and Society)

Box   9  
Talk, Concerning Respiration and Voice 1927

(class at Michigan State Normal College)

Box   9  
Paper, "Speech-Reading for Adult Deafened May 19, 1927

(Zoology Journal Club)

Box   9  
Paper, Concerning lip reading November 12, 1927

(Scientific Club of the University of Michigan)

Box   9  
Talk, "Early Fisheries Work in Michigan" May 29, 1940

(Karl Lagler's class)

Box   9  
Miscellaneous reprints of writings
 
University Lecture And Course Materials [series]

The University Lecture and Course Materials series (box 9-11) have been arranged either by course or research topic. They contain extensive files for Reighard's courses in Vertebrate Zoology, Organic Evolution, Ecology, and the Literature of Zoology.

Box   9  
Biology lecture notes 1887
Box   9  
Zoology 8 and 8a: Vertebrate Zoology and Comparative Anatomy (24 folders)
Box   9  
Skate (fish) (5 folders)
Box   9  
Turtle
Box   9  
Wall-Eyed Pike (3 folders)
Box   9  
Perch (2 folders)
Box   9  
Teleosto
Box   9  
Notes on literature of filling of teleost egg
Box   9  
Necturus (Salamander)
Box   10  
Organic Evolution (14 folders)
Box   10  
Zoology 8 Natural History of Animals with special reference to the principles of ecology and behavior 1916-1917 (10 folders)
Box   10  
Vertebrate Embryology (11 folders)
Box   10  
Zoology 24 Functions and Activities of Animals 1915-1917 (7 folders)
Box   10  
Zoology 12: Current Literature of Zoology (8 folders)
Box   11  
Amblystoma (Salamander) Embryology (5 folders)
Box   11  
Pigeons
Box   11  
Biology of fresh waters
Box   11  
Breeding Habits of Fishes (2 folders)
Box   11  
Breeding Habits (General) (5 folders)
Box   11  
General Biology (5 folders)
Box   11  
Zoological Journal Club Miscellanea (4 folders)
 
Research Materials And Field Notes [series]

The Research Materials and Field Notes series (boxes 11-13) largely concern observations of Michigan fish. Other topics covered include the establishment of a bureau of fisheries in the Philippine Islands, warning coloration in fish species, and the investigation of possible pollution of the River Raisin near Monroe, Michigan.

Box   11  
Campostoma (Stone-Roller Minnow) (4 folders)
Box   11  
Black Bass
Box   11  
Rock Bass
Box   11  
Eupomotis Gibbosus
Box   11  
Chaenobryttus gulosus
Box   11  
Apomotis cyanellus (2 folders)
Box   11  
Blue Gill
Box   11  
Percina caprodes
Box   11  
Warning coloration (10 folders)
Box   11  
Ichthyomyzon
Box   11  
Miscellaneous (6 folders)
Box   11  
Underwater photography
Box   11  
Zoological laboratory (specifications and descriptions of other laboratories)
Box   11  
"Plan for the Establishment of a Bureau of Fisheries and Marine and Freshwater Investigations" (Philippine Islands) (2 folders)
Box   12  
"An Investigation into the Causes of the Deaths of Carp in the Monroe Carp Pond and in Live Carp in the River Raisin at Monroe, Michigan" (4 volumes)
Box   12  
River Raisin investigation research files (32 folders)
Box   13  
Miscellaneous field notes and notebooks
Box   13  
Diary, of Paul Roby Reighard 1905
Box   13  
Record book of observations and readings circa 1890
Box   13  
Articles by others
Box   13  
"The Distribution of Boleosoma Nigrum in Douglas Lake, Michigan" by Harry V. Heimburger
Box   13  
"Report on the Breeding Habits of Sturgeon in the Great Lakes" by S.O. Mast
Box   13  
Concerning Yellow-Bellied Sapsucker by Margaret W. Taggart
Box   13  
"The Development of the Genital Ducts of Amia Calva" by Waldron (?)
Box   13  
"The Lepidoptera of the Douglas Lake Region based on the collections made during the summers of 1911 and 1912" by Paul S. Welch
Box   13  
Notes on the development of the Epyphysis by R.H. Wolcott Miscellaneous papers (4 folders)
Box   13  
Photographs (10 envelopes)
Additional Descriptive Data
Selective Inventory of Correspondents
Abel, John Jacob (1857-1938)
  • May 30, 1896
Adams, Charles Christopher, (1873-1955)
  • Dec. 4, 1902 and earlier; Dec. 23, 1902; Apr. 23, 1903; May 1903, June 1903; July 26, 1903
Agassiz, Alexander (1835-1910)
  • May 8, 1894; June 22, 1906
Amateur Fencers League of America
  • Mar. 16, 1915
Angell, James Burrill (1829-1916)
  • June 28, 1891; Apr. 10,1894; Dec. 2, 1895; Jan. 10, 1896; Feb. 8, 1897, July 2, 1897; Nov. 2, 1898; Aug. 5, 1902; Sept. 5, 1902; Apr. 22, 1903, July 17, 1903; Sept. 10, 1903; June 26, 1906; Sept. 26, 1906
Bailey, Liberty Hyde (1858-1954)
  • Feb. 15, 1899
Baker, Frank Collins (1867-1942)
  • May 25, 1906
Barbour, Levi Lewis (1840-1925)
  • Mar. 2, 1897; Letter to J.C. Burrows, Apr. 22, 1902; June 9, 1902, July,1902; Sept. 23, 1902; Nov. 11, 1902; Jan. 1903; June 1903, Dec. 11, 1903; June 14, 1904
Birge, Edward Asahel (1851-1950)
  • Feb. 4, 1894; Mar. 1894; May 20, 1894; May 15, 1906; June 7, 1906, Aug. 8, 1906
Bumpus, Hermon Carey (1862-1943)
  • July 20, 1903
Burrows, Julius Caesar (1837-1915)
  • Jan. 1902; Jan. 23, 1904; Mar. 14, 1904
Cattell, James McKeen (1860-1944)
  • Sept. 22, 1903
Clark, Hubert Lyman (1870-1947)
  • July 31, 1899; Aug. 8, 1899; Mar. 3, 1900; Apr. 1, 1901; Feb. 24, 1902, Mar. 8, 1902; Apr. 22, 1902; May 4, 1905
Clements, William Lawrence (1861-1934)
  • Feb. 20, 1915
Cobb, Frank Irving (1869-1923)
  • Feb. 7, 1899; Feb. 12, 1899; Feb. 15, 1899; Feb. 18, 1899
Conklin, Edward Grant (1863-1952)
  • July 13, 1903
Davenport, Charles Benedict (1866-1944)
  • Apr. 5, 1900; Dec. 1, 1908
Dean, Bashford (1867-1928)
  • Nov. 28, 1899; Sept. 4, 1907; Feb. 6, 1909; Feb. 16, 1912; Apr. 6, 1912, Mar. 10, 1915
Dewey, John (1859-1952)
  • June 6, 1898; Jan. 1902; Mar. 27, 1902; May 1, 1902; Sept. 16, 1902, 1908 undated
Dodge, Charles Wright
  • Feb. 23, 1915; Feb. 24, 1915
Forbes, Stephen Alfred (1844-1930)
  • Jan. 1894; Mar. 19, 1894; Sept. 1897; Nov. 17, 1897; May 6, 1898, Jan. 23, 1899; Apr. 30, 1900; June 6, 1901; Feb. 3, 1902; May 9, 1902, June 1902; Nov. 1902; Dec. 3, 1902; Jan. 26, 1903; Oct. 30, 1903, Apr. 12, 1904; June 18, 1904 (copy); July 11, 1905; Apr. 30, 1906, May 26, 1906; June 7, 1909; Feb. 16, 1911; Mar. 4, 1911
Fordney, Joseph Warren (1853-1932)
  • Jan. 1903; Feb. 12, 1903; Apr. 2, 1903
Gage, Simon Henry (1851-1944)
  • Oct. 26, 1897; Feb. 1899; Feb. 5, 1903; June 25, 1903; May 1913
Gilman, Daniel Coit (1831-1908)
  • June 27, 1899
Harvey, Edmund Newton (1887-1959)
  • Apr. 21, 1919; Apr. 26, 1919
Hay, Oliver Perry (1846-1930)
  • Apr. 1, 1894
Herrick, Francis Hobart (1858-1940)
  • Oct. 23, 1901 and earlier; Nov. 2, 1901; May 4, 1903; Apr. 18, 1905, Mar. 26, 1908; May 1911; Jan. 26, 1912; Mar. 27, 1912
Hubbard, Lucius Lee (1849-1933)
  • Mar. 18, 1910; Mar. 23, 1910 (to W.H. Hobbs); Nov. 1911; Dec. 15, 1911, Jan. 26, 1912
Hubbs,Carl Leavitt (1894-?)
  • Oct. 20, 1917; Oct. 20, 1919; Nov. 4, 1919
Hutchins, Harry Burns (1847-1930)
  • Oct. 14, 1915 (to Hutchins re: selection of new Graduate School dean)
Jenks, Jeremiah Whipple (1856-1929)
  • Feb. 2, 1898
Jennings, Herbert Spencer (1868-1947)
  • Sept. 28, 1895; Dec. 29, 1895; Feb. 22, 1896 (2); Apr. 1896; May 1, 1896, Jan. 10, 1897; Feb. 28, 1897; Apr. 14, 1897; May 26, 1897; Oct. 30, 1897, Dec. 21, 1897; Jan. 1898; Feb. 22, 1898; Mar. 1898; Apr. 1898; May 1898, June 1898; July 7, 1898; Sept. 1898; Oct. 27, 1898; Nov. 14, 1898, Dec. 25, 1898; Jan. 1899; Feb. 1899; Mar. 1899; Apr. 1899; Apr. 20, 1899, May 1899; June 1899; Sept. 11, 1899; May 1903; June 1903; July 13, 1903, Sept. 4, 1903; Jan. 2, 1904; Aug. 1904; Sept. 29, 1904; Dec. 11, 1904, Mar. 29, 1905; Apr. 8, 1905; Feb. 27, 1906; Sept. 24, 1906; May 1907, July 10, 1907; Apr. 17, 1908; Jan. 23, 1909; Mar. 9, 1909; Apr. 2, 1909, May 30, 1910; Aug. 2, 1910; Feb. 3, 1911; Apr. 16, 1911; May 1911; (also see letters, Aug. 24, 1931; Sept. 19, 1931; Dec. 9, 1931; and Jan. 10, 1933, in folders concerning the publication of the Anatomy of the Cat.)
Johnston, John Black (1868-1939)
  • July 5, 1901 and earlier; July 16, 1901; Oct. 1901; Nov. 2, 1901, May 21, 1902; June 26, 1902; July 1902; Sept. 21, 1902; Jan. 1903, Mar. 29, 1903; Apr. 22, 1903; Dec. 2, 1903; Jan. 1904; Mar. 22, 1904, Apr. 4, 1904; May 6, 1904; Apr. 16, 1905; Mar. 21, 1906; Mar. 4, 1908, Oct. 20, 1911; Feb. 25, 1912; May 21, 1912; Dec. 1914; Jan. 23, 1915
Jordan,David Starr (1851-1931)
  • Jan. 9, 1906; Apr. 18, 1911; May 2, 1911
Kellogg, John Harvey (1852-1943)
  • May 26, 1897; June 9, 1897; June 14, 1897; June 24, 1897
Lane, Alfred Church (1863-1948)
  • Mar. 13, 1906 and earlier; Apr. 28, 1906; May 1906j June 1906; July 5, 1906; Aug. 1906; Sept. 1, 1906; Nov. 1906; Jan. 24, 1907; Feb. 4, 1907, Apr. 19, 1907; May 18, 1907; July 22, 1909
Langley, Samuel Pierpont (1834-1906)
  • Jan. 2, 1894
La Rue, George Roger (1882-1967)
  • Aug. 24, 1914 and earlier; Aug. 28, 1914; Sept. 1914; July 17, 1917, Aug. 10, 1917; July 1918; Aug. 14, 1918; June 12, 1919; July 1919, Aug. 1919; Sept. 20, 1919
Lillie, Frank Rattray (1870-1947)
  • June 8, 1903 (and earlier); July 24, 1909
Loeb, Jacques (1859-1924)
  • June 8, 1897; May 1, 1919
McMillan, James (1838-1902)
  • Letter to J.B. Angell, May 18, 1900; Letter to J.B. Angell, June 12, 1900, Aug. 7, 1901; Dec. 2, 1901; Jan. 1902; Apr. 26, 1902
Mark, Edward Laurens (1847-1946)
  • Throughout
Meyer, Adolf (1866-1950)
  • Apr. 8, 1904
Morgan, Thomas Hunt (1866-1945)
  • Feb. 20, 1893; Mar. 20, 1893
Mosher, Eliza Maria (1846-1928)
  • Jan. 25, 1903
National Conference on Race Betterment
  • Dec. 1913 Feb. 1914
Okkelberg, Peter Olaus (1880-?)
  • Aug. 2, 1914 and earlier
Osborn, Henry Fairfield (1857-1935)
  • June 14, 1899; Nov. 25, 1908
Peabody, George Foster (1852-1938)
  • Sept. 26, 1886; Oct. 6, 1906
Pearl, Raymond (1879-1940)
  • Dec. 3, 1905; Apr. 23, 1906 and throughout earlier; June 1906, July, 4, 1906; Aug. 13, 1906; Sept 7, 1906; Oct. 22, 1906 Oct. 11, .1907, Mar. 17, 1908; Apr. 3, 1908; Sept. 6, 1908; Sept. 26, 1910; May 24, 1913
Pingree, Hazen Smith (1840-1901)
  • Dec. 29, 1896; Feb. 25, 1899; Mar. 1899
Putnam, Frederic Ward (1839-1915)
  • Aug. 11, 1903
Ruthven, Alexander Grant (1882-1971)
  • June 9, 1903; Aug. 12, 1906; July 4, 1907; Sept. 7, 1908; July 24, 1909, July 24, 1910; Sept. 19, 1910; Nov. 23, 1911; Nov. 16, 1915; Jan. 11, 1916, Oct. 5, 1916; Jan. 9, 1917; Mar. 23, 1918; Apr. 2, 1918 (letter concerning pro-German faculty); Apr. 24, 1918 (letter concerning Koelz)
Shull, Aaron Franklin (1881-1961)
  • July 22, 1909; May 23, 1910 and earlier; Mar. 25, 1911; Sept. 1911, July 14, 1914; Sept. 1918
Smith, William Alden (1859-1932)
  • Apr. 2, 1912
Stockard, Charles Rupert (1879-1939)
  • Apr. 28, 1908
Wenley, Robert Mark (1861-1929)
  • Apr. 25, 1910; Apr. 26, 1910; Apr. 28, 1910
Whitman, Charles Otis (1842-1910)
  • Oct. 10, 1902 and earlier; Oct. 14, 1902
Woodward, Robert Simpson (1849-1924)
  • June 23, 1906
Worcester, Dean Conant (1866-1924)
  • July 31, 1897; Aug. 1897; Sept. 9, 1897; Aug. 30, 1898; Feb. 1899, July 29, 1899; Dec. 6, 1899; Feb. 1900; Apr. 12, 1900; Mar. 9, 1901, May 5, 1901; Jan. 23, 1902; Apr. 23, 1903 (long letter from Phil. Is.) Sept. 3, 1903; Oct. 21, 1903; Mar. 7, 1904; Apr. 19, 1904 (long), Mar. 14, 1907; Apr. 7, 1907; Mar. 26, 1909 (long); July 1909 July 11, 1910; Dec. 12, 1910; Feb. 19, 1914; Apr. 1914; June 29, 1914, Sept. 5, 1914; Dec. 24, 1915