R. M. Wenley Papers: 1879-1931
Summary Information
Title: R. M. Wenley Papers
Creator: Wenley, R. M. (Robert Mark), 1861-1929
Inclusive dates: 1879-1931
Extent: 11 linear feet
Extent: 1 oversize folder
Abstract:
Professor of philosophy at Glasgow University and University of Michigan. Extensive correspondence, scrapbooks, lecture notes, addresses, newspaper clippings and other papers relating to questions of philosophy and to his activities at University of Michigan; diaries, 1896-1927, relating to his European travels and career at the University; and photographs.
Call number: 86359 Aa 2; Ac
Language: The materials are in English.
Repository: Bentley Historical Library
1150 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2113
Phone: 734-764-3482
Fax: 734-936-1333
e-mail: bentley.ref@umich.edu
Home Page: http://www.bentley.umich.edu/
Finding aid prepared by: Michigan Historical Collections staff

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

The collection was the gift of Mrs. T. Luther Purdom, Mrs. Herbert C. Sadler, and Mrs. C. D. Campbell (donor nos. 129 and 4645) and came to the library in 1937 and 1968.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open for research.

To protect fragile audiovisual recordings (such as audio cassettes, film reels, and VHS tapes), the Bentley Historical Library has a policy of converting them to digital formats by a professional vendor whenever a researcher requests access. For more information, please see: http://bentley.umich.edu/research/duplication/.

Copyright:

Copyright is held by the Regents of the University of Michigan but the collection may contain third-party materials for which copyright is not held. Patrons are responsible for determining the appropriate use or reuse of materials.

Preferred Citation:

item, folder title, box no., R. M. Wenley Papers, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan


Biography

Robert Mark Wenley was born July 19, 1861 in Edinburgh, Scotland. He enrolled at the University of Glasgow where he won honors in philosophy and came under the influence of Scottish Hegelian philosopher Edward Caird. Among his other teachers were Lord Kelvin in physics and John Nichol in English literature. Because of his health, Wenley interrupted to studies traveling in France, Germany, and Italy. He returned and received his master of arts degree in 1884 and his doctor of philosophy in 1895. In addition, he received a doctor of science degree from the University of Edinburgh in 1891. From 1886 to 1894, he was assistant professor of logic at the University of Glasgow serving. For most of this period, 1888 to 1895, Wenley headed the philosophy department at Queen Margaret College in Glasgow. In 1896, he was invited to come to the University of Michigan to succeed John Dewey at head of the department of philosophy department.

Although influenced by the Hegelianism of John and Edward Caird, Wenley considered himself an objective idealist. At the University of Michigan, he was a popular and influential teacher, knowledgeable in both science and classical scholarship. In addition, Wenley was a prolific writer, authoring hundreds of magazine articles and reviews. He also authored important monographs, including Socrates and Christ (1889); Aspects of Pessimism (1894); and The Life and Work of George Sylvester Morris (1917).

Wenley was a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, the Royal Society of Literature, a members of the Aristotelian Society, the American Psychology Society, and a member of the council of the Goethe Society of London. From 1925 to 1927, he was a director of the American University Union in Europe. He died in March 29, 1929.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Wenley papers have been divided into the following series: Correspondence; University of Glasgow/Queen Margaret College; Biographical and personal; Notes from University of Michigan and other courses and lectures; Speeches and addresses; Miscellaneous; and Scrapbooks.

Subject Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the finding aid database and catalog of The Bentley Historical Library/University of Michigan. Researchers desiring additional information about related topics should search the catalog using these headings.


  • Europe -- Description and travel.
  • Philosophy.
  • Voyages and travels.
  • Ann Arbor (Mich.) -- Dwellings.
  • Dwellings -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor.
  • Living rooms.
  • Diaries.
  • Photographs.
  • Scrapbooks.
  • University of Glasgow.
  • University of Michigan. Dept. of Philosophy.
  • University of Michigan -- Faculty.
  • Wenley, A. G. (Archibald Gibson), 1898-1962.
  • Wenley, R. M. (Robert Mark), 1861-1929.
  • Club (Ann Arbor, Mich.)
  • Quadrangle Club (University of Michigan)
  • Wenley, R. M. (Robert Mark), 1861-1929.
  • Wenley family.
  • Adams, George Plimpton, 1882-1961.
  • Angell, James Burrill, 1829-1916.
  • Angell, James Rowland, 1869-1949.
  • Baldwin, James Mark, 1861-1934.
  • Barbour, Levi L. (Levi Lewis), 1840-1925.
  • Beal, Junius E. (Junius Emery), 1860-1942.
  • Bishop, William Warner, 1871-1955.
  • Britton, Frederic H.
  • Butler, Nicholas Murray, 1862-1947.
  • Caird, Edward, 1835-1908.
  • Carhart, Henry S. (Henry Smith), 1844-1920.
  • Chang, Wyszie Shionyu.
  • Clements, William L. (William Lawrence), 1861-1934.
  • Cooley, Charles Horton, 1864-1929.
  • Cooley, Mortimer E. (Mortimer Elwyn), 1855-1944.
  • Dewey, John, 1859-1952.
  • Donaldson, James, Sir, 1831-1915.
  • Duff, Robert A.
  • Flint, Robert, 1838-1910.
  • Fraser, Alexander Campbell, 1819-1914.
  • Frost, Robert, 1874-1963.
  • Fuller, George N. (George Newman), 1873-1957.
  • Gallagher, Michael James, 1866-1937.
  • Goldman, Emma, 1869-1940.
  • Hobbs, William Herbert, 1864-1952.
  • Hutchins, Harry B. (Harry Burns), 1847-1930.
  • Kelsey, Francis W. (Francis Willey), 1858-
  • Ladd, George Trumbull, 1842-1921.
  • Lloyd, Alfred H. (Alfred Henry), 1864-1927.
  • Masson, David.
  • Mencken, H. L. (Henry Louis), 1880-1956.
  • Murray, John Clark, 1836-1917.
  • Osborn, Chase S. (Chase Salmon), 1860-
  • Romanes, George John, 1848-1894.
  • Russell, Bertrand, 1872-1970.
  • Sinclair, Upton, 1878-1968.
  • Ten Hoor, Marten, 1890-
  • Vibbert, Charles Bruce, 1877-1950.
  • Woodward, Robert Simpson, 1849-1924.
Contents List
Request materials for use in the Bentley Library
Container / Location Title
 
Correspondence [series]
Box   1 Folder   1
Undated
Box   1 Folder   2
1879-1884
Box   1 Folder   3
1885
Box   1 Folder   4
1886
Box   1 Folder   5
1887
Box   1 Folder   6
1891
Box   1 Folder   7
1892-1893
Box   1 Folder   8
1894
Box   1 Folder   9
January-June 1895
Box   1 Folder   10
July-December 1895
Box   1 Folder   11
1896
Box   1 Folder   12
1897
Box   1 Folder   13
1898-1900
Box   1 Folder   14
1901-1905
Box   1 Folder   15
1906
Box   1 Folder   16
1907-1908
Box   1 Folder   17
1909
Box   1 Folder   18
1910
Box   1 Folder   19
1911
Box   1 Folder   20
1912-1913
Box   1 Folder   21
1914
Box   1 Folder   22
1915-1916
Box   1 Folder   23
1917
Box   1 Folder   24
1918
Box   1 Folder   25
1919
Box   1 Folder   26
1920
Box   1 Folder   27
1921
Box   1 Folder   28
1922-1923
Box   1 Folder   29
1924
Box   1 Folder   30
1925
Box   1 Folder   31
1926
Box   1 Folder   32
1927
Box   1 Folder   33
1928
Box   1 Folder   34
1929-1931
 
University of Glasgow/Queen Margaret College [series]
 
University of Glasgow course notes and lectures
Box   11  
RMW notes as student 1880-1884 (9 volumes)
Box   11  
RMW lectures and notes as teacher (3 volumes, 1 folder)
 
Queen Margaret College
Box   11  
RMW lectures and notes as teacher (6 volumes, 1 folder)
Box   11  
Edinburgh Summer School 1895-1896
 
Miscellaneous university and Scottish materials
Box   2 Folder   35
Re. Edward Caird
Box   2 Folder   36
Printed programs of Scottish affairs and events
Box   2 Folder   37
Programs from the University of Glasgow
Box   2 Folder   38
Lists of students at the University of Glasgow and their grade reports
Box   2 Folder   39
Examinations and student papers from the University of Glasgow
Box   2 Folder   40
Papers concerning Wenley's activities at the University of Glasgow
Box   2 Folder   41
Handbills and miscellaneous printed material from the University of Glasgow
Box   2 Folder   42
Political poems
Box   2 Folder   44
Wenley's records and grade reports at the University of Glasgow
Box   2 Folder   45-46
Printed testimonials favoring Wenley's appointment to academic positions in Scotland (2 folders)
 
Biographical and personal [series]
Box   2 Folder   47
Obituaries of Robert Mark Wenley 1929
Box   2 Folder   48
"Looking Backward: A Veteran's Review"
Box   2 Folder   49
Autobiographical material
Box   2 Folder   50-52
"Recollections, reflections and impressions of a vagrant Scot: an essay in informal autobiography" 1916 (3 folders)
Box   2 Folder   53
University of Glasgow honorary degree 1901
Oversize Folder   AC  
Diplomas and citations
 
Notes from University of Michigan and other courses and lectures [series]
Box   2 Folder   60-64
"Philosophy of Religion" (5 folders)
Box   2 Folder   65-67
"Early Greek philosophy" (3 folders)
Box   2  
"Literature in the Victorian Era" (3 folders)
Box   2 Folder   71-73
Shakespeare (3 folders)
Box   3 Folder   74
Protagorean Principle
Box   3 Folder   75
Science and skepticism
Box   3 Folder   76-77
Cause, skepticism, system, etc. (2 folders)
Box   3 Folder   78
Evolution
Box   3 Folder   79
Stoicism
Box   3 Folder   80
"Some Stoic Dogmas"
Box   3 Folder   81
Bibliography of philosophy
Box   3 Folder   82
Re "synthesis of knowledge, skepticism, egotism, etc."
Box   3 Folder   83
Sophists, Protagoras, etc.
Box   3 Folder   84
Epistemology, logic and psychology
Box   3 Folder   85
Hegel, etc.
Box   3 Folder   86
"The history of Philosophy and the dialectic of the logic of Hegel"
Box   3 Folder   87
Plato and philosophy since Hegel
Box   3 Folder   88
Hegelianism, psychology, socialism, etc.
Box   3 Folder   89
Browning, Thackeray, the Historical Novel, and Tennyson
Box   3 Folder   90
John Ruskin, the contributions of Scotland and of women to modern literature, and Shakespeare
Box   3 Folder   91
"Art and Morality", Shakespeare plays, literature criticism, etc.
Box   3 Folder   92
"A comparison of the poetical characters of Aeschylus and Sophocles"
Box   3 Folder   93
English Poetry course
Box   3 Folder   94
State interference and lectures in Britain
Box   3 Folder   100
Ethics course
Box   3 Folder   101
Philosophy course in Schelling, Hegel, and Kant
Box   3 Folder   102
Bible class and "The Western World Wonder-Child" 1908
Box   3 Folder   103
Metaphysics
Box   3 Folder   104
"The Idealistic Movement"
Box   3 Folder   105
"Kant to Hegel"
Box   3 Folder   106
Hegel 1896-1897
Box   3 Folder   107
Stoicism
Box   3 Folder   108
"Philosophical Introduction" 1910
Box   3 Folder   109
Novelists of the nineteenth century 1896-1897
Box   3 Folder   110
Evolution and religion circa 1885
Box   3 Folder   111
Smollett 1919
Box   3 Folder   112
Henry Adams
Box   3 Folder   113-114
Politics (2 folders)
Box   3  
Introductory class September 1896

(also used in succeeding years)

Box   3  
Course I: Philosophy Introduction 1905-1907
Box   3  
History of Modern Philosophy
 
Speeches and addresses [series]
Box   4 Folder   114-135
Miscellaneous speeches and papers (21 folders)
Box   4 Folder   136-145
Papers and addresses regarding education (10 folders)
Box   4 Folder   146-148
Notes and addresses concerning literature (3 folders)
Box   4 Folder   151-154
Notes and addresses (4 folders)
Box   4 Folder   155-158
Philosophy papers and addresses (4 folders)
Box   4 Folder   159-162
Addresses concerning religious issues (4 folders)
 
Miscellaneous [series]
Box   5 Folder   170
University of Michigan examination questions
Box   5 Folder   171
University of Michigan administrative responsibilities, etc.
Box   5 Folder   172-172
Miscellaneous (2 folders)
Box   5  
Essays (published and unpublished) and miscellaneous notes (8 folders)
Box   5  
Papers; include manuscript of Wenley's Socrates and Christ
Box   5  
"Judaism and Philosophy of Religion" galley proofs
Box   5  
Book reviews
Box   5  
Miscellaneous notes and papers
Box   5  
Programs of non-university affairs (2 folders)
Box   5  
Photographs (3 folders)

(See also photos in Ac oversize folder)

Box   6  
Diaries 1896-1927 (3 volumes)

(some years not included)

Box   6  
American University Union, London, notebooks 1925-1927 (8 volumes)
Box   6  
Miscellaneous notebooks, class registers, etc. (13 volumes)
Box   6  
Non-Wenley notebooks (Kate Gibson?) (5 volumes)
 
Scrapbooks [series]
Box   7  
1889-1919
Box   7  
1884-1914
Box   7  
1914-1915
Box   8  
December 1915-March 1918
Box   8  
March 1918-December 1919
Box   9  
December 1919-September 1923
Box   9  
October 1923-1925
Box   10  
April-November 1889
Box   10  
1902-1910
Box   10  
August 1925-April 1926
Box   10  
December 1926-July 1927
Box   10  
Scrapbook (miscellaneous)
Box   10  
Foldered clippings (7 folders)
Additional Descriptive Data
Selected Index to Correspondents
Adams, George Plimpton, 1882-1961.
  • Nov. 11, 1927
Angell, James Burrill, 1829-1916.
  • 1895-1896, Feb. 28, 1998, June 10, 1901, June 2, 1906?, Jan. 31, 1907, Nov. 11, 1908, Jan. 15, 1909, Nov. 12, 1914
Angell, James Rowland, 1869-1949.
  • Dec. 6, 1897, Oct. 25, 1916, Aug. 9, 1927
Baldwin, James Mark, 1861-1934.
  • Dec. 11, 1897
Barbour, Levi L. (Levi Lewis), 1840-1925.
  • Dec. 10, 1897, Dec. 11, 1897, Jan. 6, 1908, Sept. 7, 1917
Beal, Junius E. (Junius Emery), 1860-1942.
  • Jan. 8, 1906, Nov. 14, 1917, Sept. 1, 1923, Mar. 2, 1926
Bishop, William Warner, 1871-1955.
  • Sept. 5, 1917
Britton, Frederic H
  • July 29, 1908, Aug. 3, 1908
Butler, Nicholas Murray, 1862-1947.
  • Dec. 8, 1897, Apr. 19, 1902, Nov. 13, 1917
Caird, Edward, 1835-1908
  • May 8, 1891, Apr. 21, 1894, Jan. 28, 1896
Carhart, Henry S. (Henry Smith), 1844-1920.
  • Mar. 16, 1909
Chang, Wyszie Shionyu
  • Aug. 18, 1924, Apr. 28, 1928
Clements, William L. (William Lawrence), 1861-1934.
  • July 2, 1915
Cooley, Charles Horton, 1864-1929.
  • Dec. 27, 1924
Cooley, Mortimer E. (Mortimer Elwyn), 1855-1944.
  • Aug. 23, 1921
Dewey, John, 1859-1952.
  • Dec. 6, 1897, Jan. 8, 1918
Donaldson, James, Sir, 1831-1915.
  • Mar. 3.1895, Mar. 20, 1895
Duff, Robert A.
  • Mar. 13, 1893
Flint, Robert, 1838-1910.
  • Apr. 16, 1894, Apr. 1, 1895, Aug. 4, 1900, Aug. 30, 1900, Aug. 31, 1900, Mar. 31, 1902
Fraser, Alexander Campbell, 1819-1914.
  • Mar. 6, 1894, Jan. 26, 1895, Apr. 3, 1895
Frost, Robert Lee, 1874-1963.
  • Dec. 12, 1924
Fuller, George N. (George Newman), 1873-1957.
  • Mar. 1, 1918
Gallagher, Michael James, 1866-1937.
  • Oct. 31, 1924
Goldman, Emma 1869-1940.
  • Oct. 11, 1912
Hobbs, William Herbert, 1864-1952.
  • Apr. 25, 1916
Hutchins, Harry B. (Harry Burns), 1847-1930.
  • Dec. 13, 1897, Feb. 19, 1926, Aug. 9, 1927
Kelsey, Francis Willey, b. 1858.
  • Dec. 9, 1897, Apr. 2, 1910, Dec. 25, 1914, Oct. 3, 1917, Oct. 4, 1917, Oct. 5, 1923, Dec. 29, 1924
Ladd, George Trumbull, 1842-1921.
  • Dec. 8, 1897
Lloyd, Alfred H. (Alfred Henry), 1864-1927.
  • May 31, 1896, Dec. 6, 1897, Oct. 1, 1918
Masson, David.
  • Aug. 10, 1891
Mencken, H. L. (Henry Louis), 1880-1956.
  • July 27, 1921?, Aug. 12, 1921?, Aug. 17, 1921?
Murray, John Clark, 1836-1917.
  • Dec. 7, 1897
Osborn, Chase S. (Chase Salmon), 1860-1949.
  • Dec. 20, 1918, July 31, 1919, June 14, 1922, July 20, 1922
Romanes, George John, 1848-1894.
  • Apr. 31, 1891, July 16, 1891, 1896?
Russell, Bertrand, 1872-1970.
  • Apr. 28, 1914, May 7, 1914
Sinclair, Upton, 1878-1968.
  • Aug. 30, 1922
Ten Hoor, Marten, 1890-
  • May 13, 1928, Feb. 17, 1929, Feb. 25, 1929
Vibbert, Charles Bruce, 1877-1950.
  • Sept. 13, 1917, Sept. 22, 1917, Oct. 28, 1918, Mar. 7, 1919, Sept. 6, 1919, Sept. 9, 1919
Woodward, Robert Simpson, 1849-1924.
  • Dec. 21, 1917